1,513 results match your criteria Bee Stings


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in refractory anaphylactic shock after bee stings: A case report.

Perfusion 2022 May 17:2676591221103540. Epub 2022 May 17.

Intensive Care Unit, 108 Military Central Hospital, Vietnam.

An allergy to insect stings is one of the most frequent causes of anaphylactic reactions. Such reactions can be fatal, even on the first reaction, although it very rarely happens. The use of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) in refractory anaphylactic shock was previously described. Read More

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Anaphylactic reactions in the build-up phase of rush immunotherapy for bee venom allergy in pediatric patients: a single-center experience.

Clin Mol Allergy 2022 Apr 29;20(1). Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Center for Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Medical Centre and Faculty of Medicine Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Anaphylaxis occurs in up to 3.5% of hymenoptera stings and can be a life-threatening emergency. Venom immunotherapy (VIT) provides excellent protection from further episodes of anaphylaxis and is well tolerated. Read More

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Review of venom immunotherapy at a regional tertiary paediatric centre.

J Paediatr Child Health 2022 Apr 13. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology, John Hunter Children's Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim: Bee stings can result in allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Venom immunotherapy (VIT) is a definitive cure for bee venom allergy, but controversy surrounds whether accelerated protocols are safe in children. Our primary aim was to assess the safety profile of ultra-rush bee VIT compared with conventional bee VIT at a regional paediatric tertiary centre. Read More

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Itch in Hymenoptera Sting Reactions.

Front Allergy 2021 20;2:727776. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Insect stings and the resulting itch are a ubiquitous problem. Stings by members of the insect order Hymenoptera, which includes sawflies, wasps, bees and ants, and especially by bees and wasps are extremely common, with 56-94% of the population being stung at least once in their lifetime. The complex process of venom activity and inflammation causes local reactions with pain and pruritus, sometimes anaphylactic reactions and more seldomly, as in case of numerous stings, systemic intoxication. Read More

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Critical Upper Airway Edema After a Bee Sting to the Uvula.

Wilderness Environ Med 2022 Mar 15. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Lankenau Medical Center, Lankenau Institute for Medical Research, Wynnewood, PA. Electronic address:

Hymenoptera stings of the upper airway are rare events, but can result in rapid, life-threatening airway emergencies. The allergenic and toxic mediators that are released from the stings of bees, wasps, and hornets can cause local tissue inflammation and edema with subsequent upper airway obstruction. We report the case of a 15-y-old girl who suffered a bee sting to the uvula while zip-lining in Costa Rica. Read More

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What We Know about Sting-Related Deaths? Human Fatalities Caused by Hornet, Wasp and Bee Stings in Europe (1994-2016).

Biology (Basel) 2022 Feb 11;11(2). Epub 2022 Feb 11.

Animal Health Research: Galicia (INVESAGA), Department of Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain.

Epidemiology of Hymenopteran-related deaths in Europe, based on official registers from WHO Mortality Database (Cause Code of Death: X23), are presented. Over a 23-year period (1994-2016), a total of 1691 fatalities were recorded, mostly occurring in Western (42.8%) and Eastern (31. Read More

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February 2022

Kounis syndrome: Acute myocardial infarction following multiple bee stings.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2021 31;9:2050313X21999206. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

District General Hospital, Kilinochchi, Sri Lanka.

Usually, bee sting systemic envenomation is self-limited mild allergic reaction rarely associated with systemic manifestations such as anaphylaxis, myocardial injury, encephalitis, acute kidney injury and serum sickness. Kounis syndrome also known as allergic myocardial infarction is uncommon clinical feature and reported cases are scarce in literature. Herein, we described a hypothetical case of Kounis syndrome diagnosed in a 74-year-old man initially presenting for anaphylactic reaction. Read More

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Anti-rheumatic activity of topical nanoemulsion containing bee venom in rats.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2022 Mar 8;172:168-176. Epub 2022 Feb 8.

Khalil Abad Health Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Purpose: Bee Venom (BV) has been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for many centuries. However, its clinical use is limited by pain and fear of bee stings/injection. Nanoemulsions (NEs) are nanocarriers that are able to help their content(s) penetrate through the skin. Read More

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The Use of Over-the-Counter Sleep Aid Containing Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride Among Saudis.

Cureus 2021 Dec 22;13(12):e20622. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City - Ministry of National Guard-Health Affairs, Riyadh, SAU.

Background Diphenhydramine is a first-generation H1 receptor antihistamine that is usually used for the treatment of allergy, insect bites such as mosquitos, bee stings, and some types of skin rashes. However, it possesses antiparkinsonian, antitussive, antiemetic, and most importantly hypnotic properties. This study aimed to assess the prevalence, frequency of use, and dosage of over-the-counter (OTC) sleep aid containing diphenhydramine hydrochloride used among Saudis. Read More

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December 2021

Fatal outcome following multiple bee stings: A rare case.

Clin Case Rep 2022 Jan 25;10(1):e05303. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Babol Branch Islamic Azad University Babol Iran.

Anaphylactic shock is an unexpected, life-threatening, and sometimes fatal occurrence that affects patients in 75% of instances without a prior history of allergies. The severity of the reaction can vary among individuals. We report a case who died suddenly after being stung by bees in various parts of his body. Read More

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January 2022

[Venomous Animals in the Portuguese Territory: Clinical Management of Bites and Stings].

Acta Med Port 2021 Nov 2;34(11):784-795. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

Serviço de Doenças Infeciosas. Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto. Porto. Portugal.

There are many native species of animals with the potential to cause severe disease in Portugal. Of the four clinically relevant snake species, the vipers (Vipera latastei and Vipera seoanei) are the most concerning. They can cause severe disease and require in-hospital management, monitoring and specific treatment, including the administration of anti-snake venom serum. Read More

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November 2021

Diethyl Azelate for the Treatment of Brown Recluse Spider Bite, a Neglected Orphan Indication.

In Vivo 2022 Jan-Feb;36(1):86-93

New Frontier Labs LLC, San Antonio, TX, U.S.A.

Background/aim: Brown recluse spider bite releases hemolytic and cytotoxic phospholipase D to the wound that may cause necrosis or even death. We examined diethyl azelate (DEA), a plasma membrane fluidizer with a broad range of immunomodulatory activities, as a potential treatment for the brown recluse spider bite.

Materials And Methods: Topical DEA was used in emergency to treat brown recluse spider bites in a human subject. Read More

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January 2022

Acute coronary artery dissection after multiple bee stings.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2022 25;35(1):86-87. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas.

The occurrence of an acute coronary syndrome following an anaphylactic or anaphylactoid reaction is known as Kounis syndrome. Previous reports of Kounis syndrome described an acute coronary syndrome due either to vasospasm or atherosclerotic rupture of a coronary artery in the presence of cutaneous manifestation from the anaphylactic reaction. We report a case of a 33-year-old man who presented with anterior wall acute myocardial infarction immediately after honeybee stings without the presence of cutaneous manifestations other than the bee sting lesions. Read More

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Guideline for the Safe Use of Hyaluronidase in Aesthetic Medicine, Including Modified High-dose Protocol.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2021 Aug 1;14(8):E69-E75. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Ms. Murray is with Clinical Academic Kings College in London, England.

Vascular occlusions can occur with injection of dermal fillers, causing devastating outcomes for the patient. Hyaluronidase is an enzyme that was first used in general medicine in 1949, but has gained widespread use in aesthetic medicine to dissolve hyaluronic acid (HA)-based dermal fillers. Knowledge of this drug and its use for other aesthetic indications is evolving, and there is often anxiety attached to the administration of animal-derived product due to fears of an allergic reaction. Read More

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Immunotherapy with insect venoms: Entomologist's expertise secures choice of treatment.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2022 03 20;128(3):331-333. Epub 2021 Nov 20.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

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Bee sting leading to stroke: a case report and review of the literature.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Nov 15;14(11). Epub 2021 Nov 15.

General Surgery, BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

In India, bee stings are very common, seen mainly in farmers and honey collectors. Usually, it presents with local reactions and anaphylaxis. It rarely requires urgent hospitalisation. Read More

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November 2021

Successful use of a subcutaneous injection port for modified cluster venom immunotherapy.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2022 03 10;10(3):879-881.e1. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

Aydin Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Aydin, Turkey.

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Immunotherapy with Vespula venom for Vespa velutina nigrithorax anaphylaxis: Preliminary clinical and immunological results.

Clin Exp Allergy 2022 02 10;52(2):345-347. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

Allergy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

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February 2022

Clinical and immunological characteristics of bee venom hypersensitivity among beekeepers in Thailand.

Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 2021 Oct 31. Epub 2021 Oct 31.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Background: Bee venom (BV) hypersensitivity can be severe and potentially life-threatening. Beekeepers heavily exposed to bee stings and are thus at a high-risk group. The data on bee sting reactions among beekeepers in Thailand is limited. Read More

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October 2021

[Acute coronary syndrome after insect bites: a systematic review of available literature].

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2021 11;22(11):944-949

U.O. Cardiologia, Ospedale "Guglielmo da Saliceto", Piacenza.

Background: Kounis syndrome is a hypersensitivity coronary disorder induced by exposure to several triggers; the most common are antibiotics, followed by insect bites.

Methods: We reviewed the literature and identified 66 patients who experienced acute coronary syndrome after insect bites.

Results: The median age was 51 years, and 19. Read More

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November 2021

Bee Venom Does Not Reduce the Risk for Parkinson's Disease: Epidemiological Study among Beekeepers.

Mov Disord 2022 01 16;37(1):211-213. Epub 2021 Oct 16.

Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Background: Based on the promising results from preclinical studies, bee venom has been investigated as a neuroprotective agent in Parkinson's disease.

Objective: To assess if longstanding exposure to bee venom is associated with decreased risk for Parkinson's disease among beekeepers.

Methods: Questionnaire gathering information about diagnosis of Parkinson's disease and exposure to bee stings was posted to 6500 members of Slovenian beekeepers' organisation. Read More

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January 2022

High prevalence of sensitization to bumblebee venom among greenhouse workers.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2022 02 23;10(2):637-639. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Occupational Medicine Department, Helsinki, Finland.

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February 2022

Combining Discordant Serum IgE and Skin Testing Improves Diagnostic and Therapeutic Accuracy for Hymenoptera Venom Hypersensitivity Immunotherapy.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2022 03 14;10(3):837-843.e3. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Allergy and Immunology, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Md.

Background: Diagnosis of patients with hymenoptera venom hypersensitivity consists of elucidating clinical symptoms suggestive of systemic reaction (SR) and then confirmation of sensitization via intradermal skin testing (IDST) first and serum IgE assays such as ImmunoCAP (ICAP) as a complementary modality of diagnosis.

Objective: Determine the concordance between ICAP and IDST in patients with a clinical history suggestive of hymenoptera venom SR. Determine whether venom immunotherapy would change on the basis of IDST versus ICAP results. Read More

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infection attributed to bee sting: a case report.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2021 Dec;10(1):1890-1895

The Seventh People's Hospital of Nanhai, Foshan, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

is a pathogenic marine bacteria associated with high mortality. Changes in climate and the global seafood trade have increased the prevalence of marine and freshwater systems affected by . As a result, the incidence of land animals, plants, and insects contacting and acting as disease vectors is on the rise. Read More

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December 2021

Africanized Honey Bee Sting-Induced Stress-Related Cardiomyopathy: A Bee or Octopus Trap.

Cureus 2021 Jul 28;13(7):e16681. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Cardiology, Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex, Champs Fleurs, TTO.

The Africanized honey bee commonly referred to as the "killer bee," is a hybrid of the East African lowland honey bee with various European honey bees. These bees tend to be more hostile as compared to other bee species. Their stings may have devastating clinical sequelae, including cardiovascular, cerebrovascular events, and fatalities. Read More

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Bee Venom: From Venom to Drug.

Molecules 2021 Aug 15;26(16). Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Physiology Division, Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62521, Egypt.

Insects of the order Hymenoptera have a defensive substance that contains many biologically active compounds. Specifically, venom from honeybees () contains many enzymes and peptides that are effective against various diseases. Different research papers stated the possibility of using bee venom (a direct bee sting or in an injectable form) in treating several complications; either in vivo or in vitro. Read More

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Bee stings in Brazil: Epidemiological aspects in humans.

Toxicon 2021 Oct 19;201:59-65. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address:

Bees are insects of the order Hymenoptera and are involved in human accidents. In Brazil, bees that cause accidents are crosses derived from Europeans with African bees and are known for their aggressive behavior. Despite being considered an important public health concern, epidemiological studies at the national level are scarce. Read More

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October 2021

Clinical significance of plasma PAF acetylhydrolase activity measurements as a biomarker of anaphylaxis: Cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(8):e0256168. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Allergology, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland.

Introduction: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) has a direct role as a mediator in the pathogenesis of various disorders with an inflammatory component, including those with allergic aetiology. The peripheral blood concentration of PAF is dynamically regulated by plasma PAF acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). Previous research suggest that low activity of plasma PAF-AH could be a predictive marker for increased severity of some types of allergic hypersensitivity reactions-especially anaphylaxis. Read More

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December 2021