58 results match your criteria Bedside Ultrasonography Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm


Application of Point-of-Care Ultrasound for Family Medicine Physicians for Abdominopelvic and Soft Tissue Assessment.

Cureus 2020 Aug 13;12(8):e9723. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington DC, USA.

Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) improves both the sensitivity and specificity with which clinicians can make a variety of diagnoses at the bedside from abdominal aortic aneurysm to kidney stones. In outpatient clinics, urgent care centers, and emergency departments, where ultrasound imaging may be delayed by hours or even days, the use of POCUS can be very helpful. We believe that POCUS facilitates both the triage of patients and provides diagnostic information quickly. Read More

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Point-of-Care Ultrasonography.

Am Fam Physician 2020 03;101(5):275-285

Naval Hospital Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is performed by a physician at the bedside and is standard practice in obstetric, emergency, and musculoskeletal medicine. When compared with formal sonography, POCUS is equivalent in screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm and as accurate in diagnosing deep venous thrombosis. POCUS has high accuracy for diagnosing pneumonia and detecting acute decompensated heart failure but is less accurate than computed tomography for identifying pulmonary embolism. Read More

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The Strongest Risk Factor for Operative Mortality in Acute Type A Aortic Dissection is Acidosis: Validation of Risk Model.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 Winter;32(4):674-680. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Division of Cardiac Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Multiple risk factors for operative mortality in the setting of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) have been described. Recently, the combination of severe acidosis and malperfusion was found to significantly impact operative mortality following surgery for ATAAD and a treatment algorithm was proposed. The purpose of this study is to validate these findings in our institution. Read More

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Point-of-care Ultrasound Trumps Computed Tomography in a Case of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Assessment.

Cureus 2019 Oct 24;11(10):e5989. Epub 2019 Oct 24.

Emergency Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, ZAF.

Patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with aortic emergencies can be some of the highest acuity patients that we manage. Ultrasonography performed at the bedside is traditionally considered to be a screening test that is especially useful in the unstable patient. Computed tomography (CT) with angiography is the imaging modality of choice to confirm the diagnosis and plan the management of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), as an ultrasound is generally thought not to provide the clinician with sufficient anatomical information. Read More

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October 2019

Clinical Application of Point-of-Care Ultrasound Gastric Examination in the Management of an ASA Class 3E Patient: A Case Report.

AANA J 2018 Oct;86(5):379-382

is a urologist at Great River Medical Center.

A 79-year-old ASA class 3 patient scheduled for outpatient testing secondary to prostate cancer, was found to have a previously unknown 10-cm abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) causing acute renal insufficiency and hydronephrosis, requiring prompt surgical intervention. The patient was instructed to return to the hospital for further evaluation of the AAA and emergent ureteral stent placement. During the preanesthetic examination, the patient revealed he had eaten a small amount of food before returning to the hospital, placing him at increased risk of pulmonary aspiration. Read More

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October 2018

Unexpected renal hemorrhage after endovascular repair of complicated type B aortic dissection: two cases report.

BMC Surg 2018 Nov 16;18(1):100. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is the therapeutic choice for type B aortic dissection. One of the most unfavored complications of this procedure is hemorrhage, which has a low incidence but high mortality. Renal hemorrhage (RH) after endovascular aortic repair has been rarely reported. Read More

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November 2018

Traditional and ultrasound physical examinations: a hybrid approach to improve clinical care.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2018 May;64(5):474-480

Faculty of Medicine of the Barbacena, Barbacena/MG, Brasil.

Point-of-care ultrasonography, which is performed at the bedside by physicians who are not specialists in imaging, has become possible thanks to recent technological advances that have allowed for a device with greater portability while maintaining image quality. The increasing use of point-of-care ultrasonography in different specialties has made it possible to expand physical examinations, make timely decisions about the patients and allows the performance of safer medical procedures. In this review, three cases from our experience are presented that highlight the use of point-of-care ultrasonography by clinicians. Read More

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Point-of-Care Ultrasound Performed by a Medical Student Compared to Physical Examination by Vascular Surgeons in the Detection of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

Ann Vasc Surg 2018 Oct 17;52:15-21. Epub 2018 May 17.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Background: The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become increasingly prevalent in medical practice as a non-invasive tool for focused bedside diagnosis. Consequently, some medical schools have begun implementing POCUS training as a standard in their medical school curriculum. The feasability and value of introducing POCUS training at the medical student level to screen for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) should be explored. Read More

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October 2018

Clinics in diagnostic imaging (182). Acute descending aortic dissection with aortic root retrograde extension.

Singapore Med J 2017 12;58(12):690-694

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Changi General Hospital, Singapore.

A 77-year-old man presented with acute-onset severe chest pain radiating to the back and elevated blood pressure. Multiphasic computed tomography of the aorta revealed an intimal tear in the descending thoracic aorta which extended both retrograde to the aortic root and antegrade to the infra-renal abdominal aorta. The initial impression, that the images showed a Stanford type B aortic dissection, was because the portion of the false lumen that extended beyond the aortic arch remained unopacified even on delayed phases, making it challenging to assess the extent of the dissection flap. Read More

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December 2017

Point-of-care ultrasound leads to diagnostic shifts in patients with undifferentiated hypotension.

Am J Emerg Med 2017 Dec 26;35(12):1984.e3-1984.e7. Epub 2017 Aug 26.

Department of Radiology, George Washington University Medical Center, United States.

Objective: To assess the impact of an ultrasound hypotension protocol in identifying life-threatening diagnoses that were missed in the initial evaluation of patients with hypotension and shock.

Methods: A subset of cases from a previously published prospective study of hypotensive patients who presented at the Emergency Department in a single, academic tertiary care hospital is described. An ultrasound-trained emergency physician performed an ultrasound on each patient using a standardized hypotension protocol. Read More

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December 2017

Sonographic Changes in Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter Associated with Supra- versus Infrarenal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

J Neuroimaging 2017 03 22;27(2):237-242. Epub 2016 Aug 22.

Department of Surgery, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauss Allee 11, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.

Background And Purpose: Quantification of changes in optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) using ocular sonography (OS) constitutes an elegant technique for estimating intracranial and intraspinal pressure. Aortic aneurysm repair (AAR) is associated with a reasonable risk of increased spinal fluid pressure, which is largely dependent on the extent of aneurysm repair (supra- vs. infrarenal). Read More

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A majority of rural emergency departments in the province of Quebec use point-of-care ultrasound: a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Emerg Med 2015 Dec 11;15:36. Epub 2015 Dec 11.

Department of Family and Emergency Medicine, Université Laval, Quebec City, QC, Canada.

Background: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) can be used to provide rapid answers to specific and potentially life-threatening clinical questions, and to improve the safety of procedures. The rate of POCUS access and use in Canada is unclear. The objective of this study was to examine access to POCUS and potential barriers/facilitators to its use among rural physicians in Quebec. Read More

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December 2015

Bedside ultrasound to evaluate abdominal pain.

Authors:
Clare Scott

JAAPA 2015 Nov;28(11):54-5

Clare Scott practices emergency medicine at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Md. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

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November 2015

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound: clinical applications in patients with atherosclerosis.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2016 Jan 24;32(1):35-48. Epub 2015 Jul 24.

Division of Angiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is increasingly being used to evaluate patients with known or suspected atherosclerosis. The administration of a microbubble contrast agent in conjunction with ultrasound results in an improved image quality and provides information that cannot be assessed with standard B-mode ultrasound. CEUS is a high-resolution, noninvasive imaging modality, which is safe and may benefit patients with coronary, carotid, or aortic atherosclerosis. Read More

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January 2016

Accuracy of bedside emergency physician performed ultrasound in diagnosing different causes of acute abdominal pain: a prospective study.

Clin Imaging 2015 May-Jun;39(3):476-9. Epub 2015 Jan 20.

Emergency Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS).

Objective: Abdominal pain is a common complaint in the emergency department and accurate diagnosis of its etiology may affect the patient's outcome.

Method: Patients with abdominal pain underwent ultrasound study first by trained emergency physicians and then by radiologists blinded to emergency physician's results.

Result: Emergency physician who performed bedside ultrasound had 78% diagnostic accuracy. Read More

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November 2015

Emergency bedside ultrasound in a case of chest pain and collapse.

Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2014 Oct;75(10):594-5

Acute Medical Registrar in the Department of Acute Medicine, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol BS2 8HW.

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October 2014

[Focused surgical bedside ultrasound: E-FAST (focused assessment with sonography in trauma) - abdominal aortic aneurysm - cholecystolithiasis - acute appendicitis].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2014 Jun;103(12):697-703

Chirurgische Klinik, Spitalnetz Bern, Tiefenau.

Ultrasound is an easy to learn and highly efficient diagnostic tool to complete the clinical examination and improve bedside decision-making. In the trauma room, surgeons are often required to make a quick decision as to whether or not a patient needs an emergency intervention or whether further diagnostics are required. For this reason, education of surgeons in performing focused emergency ultrasound is pivotal. Read More

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Emergency bedside ultrasound diagnosis of superior mesenteric artery dissection complicating acute aortic dissection.

J Emerg Med 2013 Dec 6;45(6):894-6. Epub 2013 Aug 6.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado.

Background: A timely diagnosis of aortic dissection is associated with lower mortality. The use of emergent bedside ultrasound has been described to diagnose aortic dissection. However, there is limited literature regarding the use of bedside ultrasound to identify superior mesenteric artery dissection, a known high-risk feature of aortic dissection. Read More

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December 2013

Systematic review: emergency department bedside ultrasonography for diagnosing suspected abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Acad Emerg Med 2013 Feb;20(2):128-38

Department of Emergency Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

Background: The use of ultrasound (US) to diagnose an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has been well studied in the radiology literature, but has yet to be rigorously reviewed in the emergency medicine arena.

Objectives: This was a systematic review of the literature for the operating characteristics of emergency department (ED) ultrasonography for AAA.

Methods: The authors searched PubMed and EMBASE databases for trials from 1965 through November 2011 using a search strategy derived from the following PICO formulation: Patients-patients (18+ years) suspected of AAA. Read More

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February 2013

Common iliac artery tortuosity simulating aortic dissection on focused abdominal ultrasound in the emergency department.

J Emerg Med 2012 Dec 14;43(6):1055-8. Epub 2012 Aug 14.

ASL N°2 Savonese, SC Medicina e Chirurgia d'Accettazione e d'Urgenza-OBI, Ospedale San Paolo, Savona, Italia.

Background: Bedside ultrasonography performed by the Emergency Physician is a safe procedure for evaluating patients with trauma, hypotension, chest or abdominal pain, and dyspnea of unknown origin.

Objectives: To present a case with apparent concordance between the patient's history, symptoms, signs, and ultrasound imaging, that lead to diagnostic error.

Case Report: A 74-year-old man was admitted to the hospital due to epigastric pain, radiating to the back. Read More

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December 2012

ED ultrasound diagnosis of a type B aortic dissection using the suprasternal view.

Am J Emerg Med 2012 Nov 12;30(9):2084.e1-5. Epub 2012 Jan 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Aortic dissection (AD) is one of the most challenging diagnoses in emergency medicine. This is due, in part, to its variable presentation, ranging from abrupt tearing chest pain in a hemodynamically unstable patient to back pain in a stable patient, as well as its high mortality rates. (1) With the expanding role of ultrasound (U/S) performed by emergency physicians, it is possible to make the diagnosis of AD at the bedside before any other imaging modality has been accessed. Read More

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November 2012

An evidence-based approach to emergency ultrasound.

Emerg Med Pract 2011 Mar;13(3):1-27; quiz 27-8

Kaiser Permanente, CA, USA.

Paramedics bring into the ED an elderly man who is complaining of right-sided chest and abdominal pain. Earlier this morning, a friend had arrived at the patient's home and found him on the floor at the bottom of the stairs. The patient is in pain, somewhat altered, and unable to provide further details about what happened. Read More

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Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm in coronary care unit patients with acute myocardial infarction using portable transthoracic echocardiography.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2012 Jul 29;13(7):574-8. Epub 2011 Nov 29.

Cardiology Department, AP-HP, Bichat Hospital, 46 rue Henri Huchard, 75018 Paris, France.

Aims: Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) represent a high-risk population in which screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is recommended but only occasionally performed. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) may offer the unique opportunity to evaluate the cardiac function and to screen for AAA during the same examination. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of AAA screening at bedside using a portable cardiac ultrasound (US) echo machine and to determine the prevalence of AAA in population with AMI. Read More

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Fast track echo of abdominal aortic aneurysm using a real pocket-ultrasound device at bedside.

Echocardiography 2012 Mar 8;29(3):285-90. Epub 2011 Nov 8.

Echocardiography Department, University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France.

Background: Ultraminiaturization of echographic systems extraordinarily provides the image "within" the clinical examination. Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) diagnosis based on conventional evaluation with a dedicated operator and ultrasound machine is still controversial due to the lack of evidence of the proposed management and guidelines' cost-effectiveness. We hypothesized that less expensive ultraportable devices could identify AAA with the same level of accuracy as conventional approaches. Read More

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Feasibility and reliability of point-of-care pocket-sized echocardiography.

Eur J Echocardiogr 2011 Sep 2;12(9):665-70. Epub 2011 Aug 2.

Levanger Hospital, Nord-Trøndelag Health Trust, Levanger, Norway.

Aims: To study the reliability and feasibility of point-of-care pocket-sized echocardiography (POCKET) at the bedside in patients admitted to a medical department at a non-university hospital.

Methods And Results: One hundred and eight patients were randomized to bedside POCKET examination shortly after admission and later high-end echocardiography (HIGH) in the echo-lab. The POCKET examinations were done by cardiologists on their ward rounds. Read More

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September 2011

Successful sonographic visualisation of the abdominal aorta differs significantly among a diverse group of credentialed emergency department providers.

Emerg Med J 2011 Jun 2;28(6):472-6. Epub 2010 Aug 2.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, B-Building, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.

Background: The aims of this study were to examine the association between emergency department (ED) providers' experience with bedside ultrasound after achieving credentialing for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sonography, and their successful visualisation rate of the abdominal aorta among consecutive patients who presented asymptomatically but with risk factors for AAA.

Methods: Study coordinators enrolled asymptomatic men > 50 years presenting to a single ED with AAA risk factors. One of 20 AAA credentialed ED sonographers screened each subject for AAA. Read More

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Emergency department diagnosis of aortic dissection by bedside transabdominal ultrasound.

Acad Emerg Med 2009 Aug 22;16(8):809-10. Epub 2009 Jun 22.

Department of Emergency Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY, USA.

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Contrast enhanced ultrasonography versus MR angiography in aortocaval fistula: case report.

Abdom Imaging 2010 Jun 25;35(3):376-80. Epub 2009 Mar 25.

Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland.

Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare, life threatening complication of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Time to diagnosis is crucial as preoperative diagnosis and early surgical intervention significantly improve the outcome. The clinical spectrum being varied, the challenge of prompt and reliable diagnosis rests on emergency radiology. Read More

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