19 results match your criteria Basic And Applied Ecology[Journal]

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ATLANTIC BIRD TRAITS: a data set of bird morphological traits from the Atlantic forests of South America.

Authors:
Rodolpho Credo Rodrigues Érica Hasui Julia Camara Assis João Carlos Castro Pena Renata L Muylaert Vinicius Rodrigues Tonetti Felipe Martello André Luis Regolin Thiago Vernaschi Vieira da Costa Mauro Pichorim Eduardo Carrano Leonardo Esteves Lopes Marcelo Ferreira de Vasconcelos Carla Suertegaray Fontana Andrei Langeloh Roos Fernando Gonçalves Cristina Banks-Leite Vagner Cavarzere Marcio Amorim Efe Maria Alice S Alves Alexandre Uezu Jean Paul Metzger Paulo de Tarso Zuquim de Antas Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz Larissa Corsini Calsavara Arthur Angelo Bispo Helder F P Araujo Charles Duca Augusto João Piratelli Luciano N Naka Rafael Antunes Dias Cassiano A F R Gatto Marcelo Alejandro Villegas Vallejos Gregório Dos Reis Menezes Leandro Bugoni Henrique Rajão Jairo José Zocche Guilherme Willrich Elsimar Silveira da Silva Lilian Tonelli Manica André de Camargo Guaraldo Giulyana Althmann Patricia Pereira Serafini Mercival Roberto Francisco Camile Lugarini Caio Graco Machado Fernando Marques-Santos Rafaela Bobato Elivan Arantes de Souza Reginaldo José Donatelli Carolina Demetrio Ferreira José Carlos Morante-Filho Natalia Dantas Paes-Macarrão Arthur Macarrão Marcos Robalinho Lima Lucilene Inês Jacoboski Carlos Candia-Gallardo Vanesa Bejarano Alegre Alex E Jahn Karlla Vanessa de Camargo Barbosa Cesar Cestari José Nilton da Silva Natalia Stefanini Da Silveira Ana Cristina Vara Crestani Adeliane Peterle Petronetto Alex Augusto Abreu Bovo Anderson Durão Viana Andrea Cardoso Araujo Andressa Hartuiq Dos Santos Andreza Clarinda Araújo do Amaral Ariane Ferreira Arnaldo Honorato Vieira-Filho Bianca Costa Ribeiro Caio C C Missagia Camila Bosenbecker Cesar Augusto Bronzato Medolago Cid Rodrigo Rodriguez Espínola Claudenice Faxina Cristiane Estrela Campodonio Nunes Cristine Prates Daniela Tomasio Apolinario da Luz Daniele Janina Moreno Daniele Mariz Deborah Faria Douglas Meyer Eder Afonso Doná Eduardo Roberto Alexandrino Erich Fischer Fabiane Girardi Felipe Borba Giese Felipe Leonardo Santos Shibuya Fernando Azevedo Faria Fernando Bittencourt de Farias Fernando de Lima Favaro Fernando José Ferneda Freitas Flávia G Chaves Flor Maria Guedes Las-Casas Gabriel L M Rosa Gabriel Massaccesi De La Torre Gabriela Menezes Bochio Giselle Evelise Bonetti Glauco Kohler Guilherme Santos Toledo-Lima Gustavo Piletti Plucenio Ícaro Menezes Ingrid Maria Denóbile Torres Ivan Celso Carvalho Provinciato Ivan Réus Viana James Joseph Roper Jaqueline Evelyn Persegona Jean Júnior Barcik Jimi Martins-Silva João Paulo Gava Just João Paulo Tavares-Damasceno João Ricardo de Almeida Ferreira Jonas Rafael Rodrigues Rosoni José Eduardo Teixeira Falcon Laura Maria Schaedler Leonardo Brioschi Mathias Leonardo Rafael Deconto Licléia da Cruz Rodrigues Marcela Afonso P Meyer Márcio Repenning Marcos Antônio Melo Maria Amélia Santos de Carvalho Marcos Rodrigues Maria Flavia Conti Nunes Maria Halina Ogrzewalska Mariana Lopes Gonçalves Maurício B Vecchi Maurício Bettio Michelle Noronha da Matta Baptista Murilo Sérgio Arantes Nicolás Luciano Ruiz Paulo Guilherme Bisetto de Andrade Pedro Henrique Lima Ribeiro Pedro Manoel Galetti Junior Phoeve Macario Rafael de Oliveira Fratoni Rafael Meurer Rafael S Saint-Clair Rafael Spilere Romagna Raquel Caroline Alves Lacerda Ricardo Augusto Serpa Cerboncini Ricardo Brioschi Lyra Ricardo Lau Roberta Costa Rodrigues Rogério Rodrigues Faria Rudi Ricardo Laps Sérgio Luiz Althoff Shayana de Jesus Sumiko Namba Talita Vieira Braga Tamara Molin Thanyria P França Câmara Thayz Rodrigues Enedino Uschi Wischhoff Vanessa Cristina de Oliveira Victor Leandro-Silva Vitor Araújo-Lima Vitor de Oliveira Lunardi Reginaldo Farias de Gusmão Jozélia Maria de Souza Correia Lucas P Gaspar Renata Cristina Batista Fonseca Paulo Affonso Fonseca Pires Neto Ana Carla Medeiros Morato de Aquino Bruna Betagni de Camargo Beatriz Azevedo Cezila Leonardo Marques Costa Roberta Montanheiro Paolino Claudia Zukeran Kanda Erison C S Monteiro Júlia Emi F Oshima Milene Alves-Eigenheer Marco Aurelio Pizo Luís F Silveira Mauro Galetti Milton Cezar Ribeiro

Ecology 2019 Mar 7:e02647. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Laboratório de Ecologia Espacial e Conservação (LEEC), Departamento de Ecologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Câmpus Rio Claro, Avenida 24 A, 1515, 13506-900, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil.

Scientists have long been trying to understand why the Neotropical region holds the highest diversity of birds on Earth. Recently, there has been increased interest in morphological variation between and within species, and in how climate, topography, and anthropogenic pressures may explain and affect phenotypic variation. Because morphological data are not always available for many species at the local or regional scale, we are limited in our understanding of intra- and interspecies spatial morphological variation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2647DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

A global growth-form database for 143,616 vascular plant species.

Ecology 2019 Mar 21;100(3):e02614. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Ecology and Evolution Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, 2052, Australia.

For the majority of plant species in the world, we know little about their functional ecology, and not even one of the most basic traits-the species' growth habit. To fill the gap in availability of compiled plant growth-form data, we have assembled what is, to our knowledge, the largest global database on growth-form as a plant trait. We have, with extensive error checking and data synthesis, assembled a growth-form database from 163 data sources for 143,616 vascular plant species from 445 different plant families. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ecy.2614
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2614DOI Listing
March 2019
18 Reads

Fake spawns and floating particles: a rebuttal of Karkarey et al. "Alternative reproductive tactics and inverse size-assortment in a high-density fish spawning aggregation".

BMC Ecol 2018 11 27;18(1):48. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, 93016, USA.

Courtship and spawning behaviors of coral reef fishes are very complex, and sufficient sampling effort and proper methods are required to draw informed conclusions on their mating systems that are grounded in contemporary theories of mate choice and sexual selection. We reviewed the recent study by Karkarey et al. (BMC Ecol 17:10, 2017) on the spawning behavior of Squaretail coralgrouper (Plectropomus areolatus) from India and found no evidence to support their findings of alternative reproductive tactics, unique school-spawning involving a single male with multiple females, or inverse size-assortment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12898-018-0206-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260699PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Seasonality and predictability shape temporal species diversity.

Ecology 2017 May 18;98(5):1201-1216. Epub 2017 Apr 18.

Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, 97331, USA.

Temporal environmental fluctuations, such as seasonality, exert strong controls on biodiversity. While the effects of seasonality are well known, the predictability of fluctuations across years may influence seasonality in ways that are less well understood. The ability of a habitat to support unique, non-nested assemblages of species at different times of the year should depend on both seasonality (occurrence of events at specific periods of the year) and predictability (the reliability of event recurrence) of characteristic ecological conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1761DOI Listing
May 2017
1 Read

Integrating occupancy models and structural equation models to understand species occurrence.

Ecology 2016 Mar;97(3):765-75

Understanding the drivers of species occrrece s a fundamenal goal in basic and applied ecology. Occupancy models have emerged as a popular approach for inferring species occurrence because they account for problems associated with imperfect detection in field surveys. Current models, however, are limited because they assume covariates are independent (i. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4877056PMC
March 2016
9 Reads

Exploring the role of temperature in the ocean through metabolic scaling.

Ecology 2015 Dec;96(12):3126-40

Temperature imposes a constraint on the rates and outcomes of ecological processes that determine community- and ecosystem-level patterns. The application of metabolic scaling theory has advanced our understanding of the influence of temperature on pattern and process in marine communities. Metabolic scaling theory uses the fundamental and ubiquitous patterns of temperature-dependent metabolism to predict how environmental temperature influences patterns and processes at higher levels of biological organization. Read More

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December 2015
1 Read

Evaluating the landscape of fear between apex predatory sharks and mobile sea turtles across a large dynamic seascape.

Ecology 2015 Aug;96(8):2117-26

The "landscape of fear" model has been proposed as a unifying concept in ecology, describing, in part, how animals behave and move about in their environment. The basic model predicts that as an animal's landscape changes from low to high risk of predation, prey species will alter their behavior to risk avoidance. However, studies investigating and evaluating the landscape of fear model across large spatial scales (tens to hundreds of thousands of square kilometers) in dynamic, open, aquatic systems involving apex predators and highly mobile prey are lacking. Read More

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August 2015
13 Reads

Insect herbivores, density dependence, and the performance of the perennial herb Solanum carolinense.

Ecology 2012 May;93(5):1026-35

Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306-4295, USA.

How insect herbivores affect plant performance is of central importance to basic and applied ecology. A full understanding of herbivore effects on plant performance requires understanding interactions (if any) of herbivore effects with plant density and size because these interactions will be critical for determining how herbivores influence plant population size. However, few studies have considered these interactions, particularly over a wide enough range of densities to detect nonlinear effects. Read More

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May 2012
1 Read

Estimating thresholds in occupancy when species detection is imperfect.

Ecology 2011 Dec;92(12):2299-309

Weyerhaeuser Company, WTC 1B20, P.O. Box 9777, Federal Way, Washington 98063-9777, USA.

Identification of thresholds (state changes over a narrow range of values) is of basic and applied ecological interest. However, current methods of estimating thresholds in occupancy ignore variation in the observation process and may lead to erroneous conclusions about ecological relationships or to the development of inappropriate conservation targets. We present a model to estimate a threshold in occupancy while accounting for imperfect species detection. Read More

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December 2011
2 Reads

Calculating Ne and Ne/N in age-structured populations: a hybrid Felsenstein-Hill approach.

Ecology 2011 Jul;92(7):1513-22

NOAA Fisheries, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, 2725 Montlake Blvd. East, Seattle, Washington 98112, USA.

The concept of effective population size (Ne) was developed under a discrete-generation model, but most species have overlapping generations. In the early 1970s, J. Felsenstein and W. Read More

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Predicting community responses to perturbations in the face of imperfect knowledge and network complexity.

Ecology 2011 Apr;92(4):836-46

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Long Marine Laboratory, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA.

How best to predict the effects of perturbations to ecological communities has been a long-standing goal for both applied and basic ecology. This quest has recently been revived by new empirical data, new analysis methods, and increased computing speed, with the promise that ecologically important insights may be obtainable from a limited knowledge of community interactions. We use empirically based and simulated networks of varying size and connectance to assess two limitations to predicting perturbation responses in multispecies communities: (1) the inaccuracy by which species interaction strengths are empirically quantified and (2) the indeterminacy of species responses due to indirect effects associated with network size and structure. Read More

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Intraspecific competition between co-infecting parasite strains enhances host survival in African trypanosomes.

Ecology 2009 Dec;90(12):3367-78

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, 165 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA.

It is becoming increasingly clear that under natural conditions parasitic infections commonly consist of co-infections with multiple conspecific strains. Multiple-strain infections lead to intraspecific interactions and may have important ecological and evolutionary effects on both hosts and parasites. However, experimental evidence on intraspecific competition or facilitation in infections has been scarce because of the technical challenges of distinguishing and tracking individual co-infecting strains. Read More

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December 2009
2 Reads

Patch size effects on plant species decline in an experimentally fragmented landscape.

Ecology 2009 Sep;90(9):2577-88

University of Kansas, 1200 Sunnyside Avenue, Haworth Hall, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, USA.

Understanding local and global extinction is a fundamental objective of both basic and applied ecology. Island biogeography theory (IBT) and succession theory provide frameworks for understanding extinction in changing landscapes. We explore the relative contribution of fragment size vs. Read More

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September 2009
2 Reads

Using circuit theory to model connectivity in ecology, evolution, and conservation.

Ecology 2008 Oct;89(10):2712-24

National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Santa Barbara, California 93101, USA.

Connectivity among populations and habitats is important for a wide range of ecological processes. Understanding, preserving, and restoring connectivity in complex landscapes requires connectivity models and metrics that are reliable, efficient, and process based. We introduce a new class of ecological connectivity models based in electrical circuit theory. Read More

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October 2008
4 Reads

A comparison of plotless density estimators using Monte Carlo simulation on totally enumerated field data sets.

BMC Ecol 2008 Apr 17;8. Epub 2008 Apr 17.

Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries and Agricultural Production Systems Research Unit, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Plotless density estimators are those that are based on distance measures rather than counts per unit area (quadrats or plots) to estimate the density of some usually stationary event, e.g. burrow openings, damage to plant stems, etc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6785-8-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2422836PMC

New methods for quantifying the spatial storage effect: an illustration with desert annuals.

Ecology 2007 Sep;88(9):2240-7

Center for Population Biology, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA.

Recent theory supports the long-held proposition that coexistence is promoted by species-specific responses to a spatially varying environment. The underlying coexistence mechanism, the spatial storage effect, can be quantified by the covariance between response to the environment and competition. Here, "competition" is generalized to encompass similar processes such as facilitation and apparent competition. Read More

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September 2007
1 Read

The fitting of general force-of-infection models to wildlife disease prevalence data.

Ecology 2006 Sep;87(9):2356-65

USGS-National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA.

Researchers and wildlife managers increasingly find themselves in situations where they must deal with infectious wildlife diseases such as chronic wasting disease, brucellosis, tuberculosis, and West Nile virus. Managers are often charged with designing and implementing control strategies, and researchers often seek to determine factors that influence and control the disease process. All of these activities require the ability to measure some indication of a disease's foothold in a population and evaluate factors affecting that foothold. Read More

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September 2006
2 Reads

The influence of productivity on the species richness of plants: a critical assessment.

Ecology 2006 May;87(5):1234-43

Division of Applied Science, AUT University, Auckland, New Zealand.

Despite much scrutiny the relationship between productivity and species richness remains controversial, and there is little agreement about causal processes. We present the results of a survey of 159 productivity-plant species richness (P-PSR) relationships from 131 published studies. We critically assessed each study with respect to experimental design and for the appropriateness of the surrogates used for productivity. Read More

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Parasite genotypes identify source populations of migratory fish more accurately than fish genotypes.

Ecology 2006 Apr;87(4):823-8

Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA.

DNA-based assignment of individuals to their population of origin has many applications such as mixed-stock analysis, identifying individuals from protected populations, and elucidating migration patterns. However, low genetic differentiation among populations will cause misassignments. Thus, an alternative means of determining an individual's population of origin is needed in cases where there is little or no neutral differentiation among source populations. Read More

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