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    Immunosuppressive and angiogenic cytokine profile associated with Bartonella bacilliformis infection in post-outbreak and endemic areas of Carrion's disease in Peru.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jun 19;11(6):e0005684. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    ISGlobal, Barcelona Centre for International Health Research, Hospital Clínic - Universitat de Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
    Analysis of immune responses in Bartonella bacilliformis carriers are needed to understand acquisition of immunity to Carrion's disease and may allow identifying biomarkers associated with bacterial infection and disease phases. Serum samples from 144 healthy subjects from 5 villages in the North of Peru collected in 2014 were analyzed. Four villages had a Carrion's disease outbreak in 2013, and the other is a traditionally endemic area. Read More

    Prevalence of Vector-Borne Pathogens in Southern California Dogs With Clinical and Laboratory Abnormalities Consistent With Immune-Mediated Disease.
    J Vet Intern Med 2017 May 30. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Vector Borne Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
    Background: Studies investigating the prevalence of vector-borne pathogens in southern California dogs are limited. Occult infections might be misdiagnosed as idiopathic immune-mediated disease.

    Hypothesis/objectives: (1) To determine the prevalence of vector-borne pathogens in southern California dogs with compatible clinical findings using PCR and serologic panels and (2) to determine whether testing convalescent samples and repeating PCR on acute samples using the same and different gene targets enhance detection. Read More

    Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato detected in the blood of Norwegian patients with erythema migrans.
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2017 May 13. Epub 2017 May 13.
    Sørlandet Hospital Health Enterprise, Department of Medical Microbiology, Egsveien 100, PO-Box 416, NO-4604, Kristiansand, Norway.
    The most common tick-borne human disease in Norway is Lyme borreliosis. Ticks in Norway also harbour less known disease-causing agents such as Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis, Borrelia miyamotoi and Rickettsia helvetica. However, human infections caused by these pathogens have never been described in Norway. Read More

    [Tick-borne infections in Denmark].
    Ugeskr Laeger 2017 May;179(20)
    The castor bean tick, Ixodes ricinus, is common in woodlands in most of Denmark. Besides Borrelia burgdorferi, it can harbour a number of pathogenic microorganisms such as tick-borne encephalitis virus, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia helvetica, Francisella tularensis, Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis, Bartonella spp., Borrelia miyamotoi and Babesia spp. Read More

    Bartonella Species, an Emerging Cause of Blood-Culture-Negative Endocarditis.
    Clin Microbiol Rev 2017 Jul;30(3):709-746
    Department of Molecular Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA
    Since the reclassification of the genus Bartonella in 1993, the number of species has grown from 1 to 45 currently designated members. Likewise, the association of different Bartonella species with human disease continues to grow, as does the range of clinical presentations associated with these bacteria. Among these, blood-culture-negative endocarditis stands out as a common, often undiagnosed, clinical presentation of infection with several different Bartonella species. Read More

    Management of Bartonella Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis without Cardiac Surgery.
    Emerg Infect Dis 2017 May;23(5):861-863
    Two cases of Bartonella prosthetic valve endocarditis were cured when treated for 2 weeks with gentamicin and 3 months with doxycycline. Clinical cure correlated with decreased Bartonella antibody titers. This report suggests a strategy to monitor, treat, and cure Bartonella prosthetic valve endocarditis. Read More

    Seroprevalence of Bartonella Species in Patients with Ocular Inflammation.
    Adv Exp Med Biol 2017 Apr 13. Epub 2017 Apr 13.
    Laboratory of Rickettsiae, Chlamydiae and Spirochetes, National Institute of Public Heath-National Institute of Hygiene, Warsaw, Poland.
    Bartonella species, vector-borne etiologic agents of many systemic or self-limited infections, are responsible for a widening spectrum of diseases in humans, including inflammatory conditions of the eye. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is any relationship between uveitis and the evidence of Bartonella spp. infection in the serum, ocular fluid, and cataract mass in patients with intraocular inflammation. Read More

    Evaluation of TaqMan Array Card (TAC) for the Detection of Central Nervous System Infections in Kenya.
    J Clin Microbiol 2017 Apr 12. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Division of Global Health Protection, CDC-Kenya.
    Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are often acute with significant morbidity and mortality. Routine diagnosis of such infections is limited in developing countries and requires modern equipment in advanced laboratories that may be unavailable to a number of patients in sub-Saharan Africa. We developed a TaqMan Array Card (TAC) that detects multiple pathogens simultaneously from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Read More

    Multiorgan Involvement Confounding the Diagnosis of Bartonella henselae Infective Endocarditis in Children With Congenital Heart Disease.
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2017 May;36(5):516-520
    From the *Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, †Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, and ‡Division of Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
    Two children with congenital heart disease status post surgical correction presented with prolonged constitutional symptoms, hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia. Concern for malignancy prompted bone marrow biopsies that were without evidence thereof. In case 1, echocardiography identified a multilobulated vegetation on the conduit valve. Read More

    Vertebrate Ticks Distribution and Their Role as Vectors in Relation to Road Edges and Underpasses.
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2017 Jun 12;17(6):376-383. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    3 Instituto Universitario de Enfermedades Tropicales y Salud Pública de Canarias , Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Spain .
    Roads fragment vertebrate populations and affect the dynamics and dispersal patterns of vertebrate parasites. We evaluated how vertebrate ticks distribute near roads and road underpasses in human-caused road-fragmented landscapes in Seville, SW Spain. We sampled 49 stations with 93 individualized sampling points and assessed tick abundance. Read More

    Prevalence, diversity, and host associations of Bartonella strains in bats from Georgia (Caucasus).
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Apr 11;11(4):e0005428. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Vector-Borne Disease, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America.
    Bartonella infections were investigated in seven species of bats from four regions of the Republic of Georgia. Of the 236 bats that were captured, 212 (90%) specimens were tested for Bartonella infection. Colonies identified as Bartonella were isolated from 105 (49. Read More

    Acute Unilateral Vision Loss in a Female Adolescent Due to Ocular Bartonellosis.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Apr 11. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    From the Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI.
    Acute worsening of visual acuity with optic disc edema is commonly assumed to be due to idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Bartonella henselae is an unusual cause to abrupt vision loss that is associated with optic disc edema and exudative macular stars seen on examination. It is an important cause to be aware of because it responds very well to antibiotic treatment. Read More

    Laboratory Approach to the Diagnosis of Culture-Negative Infective Endocarditis.
    Heart Lung Circ 2017 Mar 16. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology Laboratory Services, Institute of Clinical Pathology Medical Research, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Westmead Hospital and the Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:
    Blood-culture negative endocarditis (BCNE) accounts for up to 35% of all cases of infective endocarditis (IE) and is a serious life-threatening condition with considerable morbidity and mortality. Rapid detection and identification of the causative pathogen is essential for timely, directed therapy. Blood-culture negative endocarditis presents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Read More

    Cat-bite-induced Francisella tularensis infection with a false-positive serological reaction for Bartonella quintana.
    JMM Case Rep 2017 Feb 28;4(2):e005071. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University , Örebro SE 701 82 , Sweden.
    Introduction. Tularaemia is caused by infection with Francisella tularensistransmitted via direct contact with an infected hare carcass or indirectly through the bites of vectors, but may be cat-bite-associated as well. Medical history and reliable diagnostic analysis are important in order to differentiate it from other cat-associated infections, e. Read More

    Seroprevalence of Bartonella species, Coxiella burnetii and Toxoplasma gondii among patients with hematological malignancies: A pilot study in Romania.
    Zoonoses Public Health 2017 Mar 22. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Center for One Health Research, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Patients receiving immunosuppressive cancer treatments in settings where there is a high degree of human-animal interaction may be at increased risk for opportunistic zoonotic infections or reactivation of latent infections. We sought to determine the seroprevalence of selected zoonotic pathogens among patients diagnosed with haematologic malignancies and undergoing chemotherapeutic treatments in Romania, where much of the general population lives and/or works in contact with livestock. A convenience sample of 51 patients with haematologic cancer undergoing chemotherapy at a referral clinic in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, was surveyed regarding animal exposures. Read More

    Serological and molecular prevalence of canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) in Korea.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Mar 16;10(1):146. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Parasitology, Animal Medical Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro, Gwangju, 61186, South Korea.
    Background: Previous surveys in dogs from Korea indicated that dogs are exposed to a variety of vector- borne pathogens, but perception for a nation-wide canine vector-borne disease (CVBD) occurrence has been missing. We report here results of both serological and molecular prevalence studies for major CVBDs of dogs from all over the South Korean Peninsula except for Jeju Island.

    Results: Serological survey of 532 outdoor dogs revealed the highest prevalence for Dirofilaria immitis (25. Read More

    Death of Military Working Dogs Due to Bartonella vinsonii Subspecies berkhoffii Genotype III Endocarditis and Myocarditis.
    Mil Med 2017 Mar;182(3):e1864-e1869
    Intracellular Pathogens Research Laboratory, Comparative Medicine Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, 1060 William Moore Drive, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27607.
    Objectives: As a result of extensive field-related activities, military working dogs (MWDs) have an increased occupational risk for acquiring vector-borne infectious diseases.

    Methods: Indirect fluorescent antibody, Bartonella alpha-proteobacteria growth medium enrichment culture, and 16-23S Bartonella intergenic transcribed spacer polymerase chain reaction were performed using blood, serum, or tissue specimens.

    Results: Endocarditis was diagnosed in three MWDs infected with Bartonella vinsonii subspecies (subsp. Read More

    Prevalence study and risk factor analysis of selected bacterial, protozoal and viral, including vector-borne, pathogens in cats from Cyprus.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Mar 13;10(1):130. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Molecular Diagnostic Unit, Diagnostic Laboratories, Langford Vets and School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford, UK.
    Background: Feline infectious agent studies are lacking in Cyprus. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and risk factors for various feline infectious agents, including feline vector-borne pathogens (FVBP), in cats from Cyprus.

    Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive, multicentre study was performed on 174 feline samples [138 owned and 36 shelter-feral, including both healthy (43) and non-healthy (131), cats] from private veterinary clinics from all six districts of Cyprus. Read More

    Molecular detection of Bartonella henselae in 11 Ixodes ricinus ticks extracted from a single cat.
    Parasit Vectors 2017 Mar 13;10(1):105. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    University Hospital, Goethe-University, Institute for Medical Microbiology and Infection Control, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
    Background: Bartonella henselae is a highly prevalent, vector-borne pathogen. Transmission to humans and animals by ticks is discussed controversially. Here, we present a case report, where eleven Ixodes ricinus ticks all harbouring B. Read More

    Clinical Profile and Visual Outcome of Ocular Bartonellosis in Malaysia.
    J Trop Med 2017 7;2017:7946123. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
    Background. Ocular bartonellosis can present in various ways, with variable visual outcome. There is limited data on ocular bartonellosis in Malaysia. Read More

    Bartonella henselae in canine cavitary effusions: prevalence, identification, and clinical associations.
    Vet Clin Pathol 2017 Jun 6;46(2):326-330. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Department of Physiological Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
    Background: Previous reports suggest an association between Bartonella infection and effusions in dogs and human beings.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of Bartonella infection in canine effusions and to investigate historic and clinical parameters predictive of Bartonella in dogs with effusions.

    Methods: Canine cavitary effusions submitted for analysis and, if available, paired EDTA blood, were screened for Bartonella infection using the Bartonella α-proteobacteria growth medium enrichment culture/PCR diagnostic platform (Bartonella enrichment PCR or ePCR) at Galaxy Diagnostics, Inc. Read More

    Borrelia Diversity and Co-infection with Other Tick Borne Pathogens in Ticks.
    Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2017 14;7:36. Epub 2017 Feb 14.
    INRA, UMR Bipar, INRA, Anses, ENVA Maisons-Alfort, France.
    Identifying Borrelia burgdorferi as the causative agent of Lyme disease in 1981 was a watershed moment in understanding the major impact that tick-borne zoonoses can have on public health worldwide, particularly in Europe and the USA. The medical importance of tick-borne diseases has long since been acknowledged, yet little is known regarding the occurrence of emerging tick-borne pathogens such as Borrelia spp., Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia spp. Read More

    Whole-Genome Analysis of Bartonella ancashensis, a Novel Pathogen Causing Verruga Peruana, Rural Ancash Region, Peru.
    Emerg Infect Dis 2017 Mar;23(3):430-438
    The genus Bartonella contains >40 species, and an increasing number of these Bartonella species are being implicated in human disease. One such pathogen is Bartonella ancashensis, which was isolated in blood samples from 2 patients living in Caraz, Peru, during a clinical trial of treatment for bartonellosis. Three B. Read More

    Prolonged course of hepatic granulomatous disease due to Bartonella henselae infection.
    Acta Gastroenterol Belg 2016 Sep-Dec;79(4):497-499
    Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is an emerging zoonosis caused by Bartonella henselae. The disease is usually self-limiting and typically presents in about 90% of all cases as a subacute regional lymphadenopathy. We present a case report of an unusual CSD presentation, persistent hepatic granulomatous disease due to Bartonella henselae infection despite combination therapy with doxycycline and rifampicin. Read More

    Prevalence and clinical presentation of Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira, Bartonella and chikungunya virus infections among hospital-based febrile patients from December 2008 to November 2009 in Bangladesh.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 Feb 13;17(1):141. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Background: We conducted a study to identify Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira, Bartonella, and Chikungunya virus infections among febrile patients presenting at hospitals in Bangladesh.

    Methods: We collected blood samples from patients at six tertiary hospitals from December 2008 to November 2009 and performed laboratory tests at the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

    Results: Out of 720 enrolled patients, 263 (37%) were infected with Rickettsia; 132 patients had immunofluorescence antibody titer >64 against spotted fever, 63 patients against scrub typhus fever and 10 patients against typhus fever. Read More

    Shifts in the ecological niche of Lutzomyia peruensis under climate change scenarios in Peru.
    Med Vet Entomol 2017 Jun 2;31(2):123-131. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Section of Entomology, Academic Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Instituto de Medicina Tropical 'Daniel A. Carrión', Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.
    The Peruvian Andes presents a climate suitable for many species of sandfly that are known vectors of leishmaniasis or bartonellosis, including Lutzomyia peruensis (Diptera: Psychodidae), among others. In the present study, occurrences data for Lu. peruensis were compiled from several items in the scientific literature from Peru published between 1927 and 2015. Read More

    Intestinal parasites and vector-borne pathogens in stray and free-roaming cats living in continental and insular Greece.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jan 31;11(1):e0005335. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Località Piano D'Accio snc., Teramo, Italy.
    This survey investigated the distribution of various intestinal parasites and vector-borne pathogens in stray and free-roaming cats living in four regions of Greece. A total number of one hundred and fifty cats living in three Islands (Crete, Mykonos and Skopelos) and in Athens municipality was established as a realistic aim to be accomplished in the study areas. All cats were examined with different microscopic, serological and molecular assays aiming at evaluating the occurrence of intestinal parasites, and exposure to or presence of vector-borne infections. Read More

    Bartonellosis, One Health and all creatures great and small.
    Vet Dermatol 2017 Feb;28(1):96-e21
    Department of Clinical Sciences, The Comparative Medicine Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA.
    Background: Bartonellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease of worldwide distribution, caused by an expanding number of recently discovered Bartonella spp.

    Objectives: This review serves as an update on comparative medical aspects of this disease, including the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, treatment and challenges.

    Results: Of comparative medical importance, Bartonella spp. Read More

    Bartonella bovis and Candidatus Bartonella davousti in cattle from Senegal.
    Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2017 Feb 24;50:63-69. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Research Unit of Emerging Infectious and Tropical Diseases (URMITE) UMR CNRS 7278 IRD 198 INSERM U1015, Aix-Marseille University, Institute of Research for the Development, Dakar, Senegal. Electronic address:
    In Senegal, domestic ruminants play a vital role in the economy and agriculture and as a food source for people. Bartonellosis in animals is a neglected disease in the tropical regions, and little information is available about the occurrence of this disease in African ruminants. Human bartonellosis due to Bartonella quintana has been previously reported in Senegal. Read More

    Prevalence of Bartonella species infections in cats in Southern Germany.
    Vet Rec 2017 Apr 27;180(13):325. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    Clinic of Small Animal Medicine, Centre for Clinical Veterinary Medicine, LMU Munich, Veterinaerstrasse 13, Munich 80539, Germany.
    Bartonella species are zoonotic pathogens, and infections in cats are common. However, prevalence in cats in Southern Germany is still unknown. Therefore, prevalence of Bartonella species DNA in blood of 479 Southern German cats was determined using a previously published conventional PCR targeting a fragment of the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region. Read More

    Molecular Survey of Bacterial Zoonotic Agents in Bats from the Country of Georgia (Caucasus).
    PLoS One 2017 27;12(1):e0171175. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    Division of Vector-Borne Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America.
    Bats are important reservoirs for many zoonotic pathogens. However, no surveys of bacterial pathogens in bats have been performed in the Caucasus region. To understand the occurrence and distribution of bacterial infections in these mammals, 218 bats belonging to eight species collected from four regions of Georgia were examined for Bartonella, Brucella, Leptospira, and Yersinia using molecular approaches. Read More

    Bacillary angiomatosis with bone invasion.
    An Bras Dermatol 2016 Nov-Dec;91(6):811-814
    Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES) - Vitória (ES), Brazil.
    Bacillary angiomatosis is an infection determined by Bartonella henselae and B. quintana, rare and prevalent in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. We describe a case of a patient with AIDS and TCD4+ cells equal to 9/mm3, showing reddish-violet papular and nodular lesions, disseminated over the skin, most on the back of the right hand and third finger, with osteolysis of the distal phalanx observed by radiography. Read More

    Zoonotic pathogens in Atlantic Forest wild rodents in Brazil: Bartonella and Coxiella infections.
    Acta Trop 2017 Apr 8;168:64-73. Epub 2017 Jan 8.
    Laboratório de Hantaviroses e Rickettsioses, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (IOC), Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Zoonotic pathogens comprise a significant and increasing fraction of all emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases that plague humans. Identifying host species is one of the keys to controlling emerging infectious diseases. From March 2007 until April 2012, we collected a total of 131 wild rodents in eight municipalities of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Read More

    Critical Aspects for Detection of Coxiella burnetii.
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2017 Jan;17(1):33-41
    5 Centre for Vector and Infectious Diseases Research, National Institute of Health Doutor Ricardo Jorge , Águas de Moura, Portugal .
    Coxiella burnetii is a globally distributed zoonotic γ-proteobacterium with an obligatory intracellular lifestyle. It is the causative agent of Q fever in humans and of coxiellosis among ruminants, although the agent is also detected in ticks, birds, and various other mammalian species. Requirements for intracellular multiplication together with the necessity for biosafety level 3 facilities restrict the cultivation of C. Read More

    The utility of a country-specific Bartonella henselae antigen in an IgM-indirect fluorescent antibody assay for the improved diagnosis of cat scratch disease.
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2017 Jan 11;87(1):22-24. Epub 2016 Oct 11.
    Department of Clinical Laboratory Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi University, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8505, Japan.
    Bartonella henselae strains genetically differ among nations. The utility of Japanese-specific YH-01 strain was investigated in developing indirect fluorescence antibody assay (IFA) for IgM in comparison with conventional IFA employing Houston-1 strain by testing 100 Japanese patients suspected of cat scratch disease. The country-specific IFA greatly improved the accuracy of diagnosis. Read More

    Cat-Scratch Disease: A Pitfall for Lymphoma Evaluation by FDG-PET/CT.
    Clin Nucl Med 2017 Feb;42(2):106-107
    From the *Nuclear Medicine Department, †Hematology Department, and ‡Histopathology Department, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Université de Lyon 1, France.
    FDG-PET/CT is a standard of care in staging and response assessment of Hodgkin lymphoma. Hence, it is important to recognize pitfalls owing to the potential therapeutic impact. We report a case of a 29-year-old woman affected by stage III bulky Hodgkin lymphoma. Read More

    The excreted microbiota of bats: evidence of niche specialisation based on multiple body habitats.
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 2017 Jan 15;364(1). Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    Centre for Viral Zoonoses, Department of Medical Virology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0001, South Africa.
    Animal-associated microbiotas form complex communities, which play crucial functions for their host, including susceptibility to infections. Despite increasing attention to bats as reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens, their microbiota is poorly documented, especially for samples potentially implicated in pathogen transmission such as urine and saliva. Here, using low-biomass individual samples, we examined the composition and structure of bacterial communities excreted by insectivorous bats, focusing on three body habitats (saliva, urine and faeces). Read More

    Tick-Borne Diseases in Turkey: A Review Based on One Health Perspective.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Dec 15;10(12):e0005021. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America.
    The importance of tick-borne diseases is increasing all over the world, including Turkey. Global warming, environmental and ecological changes and the existence of suitable habitats increase the impact of ticks and result in frequent emergence or re-emergence of tick-borne diseases (TBDs) with zoonotic characteristics. In Turkey, almost 19 TBDs have been reported in animals and men, involving four protozoa (babesiosis, theileriosis, cytauxzoonosis, hepatozoonosis), one filarial nematode (acanthocheilonemasis), ten bacterial agents (anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, aegyptianellosis, tick-borne typhus, Candidatus Rickettsia vini, Lyme borreliosis, tick-borne relapsing fever [TBRF], tularaemia, bartonellosis, and hemoplasmosis), and four viral infections (tick-borne encephalitis [TBE], Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever [CCHF], louping-ill [LI], and lumpy skin disease [LSD]). Read More

    Investigation of zoonotic infections in risk groups in Ordu University Hospital, Turkey.
    Niger J Clin Pract 2017 Jan;20(1):6-11
    Kuşadası Universal Hospital, Medical Microbiology, Aydın, Turkey.
    Aims: Zoonotic diseases, which are a major public health problem in our city, have a negative impact on public health and also cause economic losses due to yield losses of animals and deaths. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of tularemia, bartonellosis, brucellosis, Q fever, and cystic echinococcosis in the risk groups for zoonotic infection.

    Subjects And Methods: Ninety serum samples were taken from people in the risk groups in covering veterinarian, butchers, farmers and examined with the following tests: Microagglutination test for tularemia, indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for bartonellosis, standard tube agglutination test for brucellosis, IFAT IgG for Q fever, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay IgG test for cystic hydatid. Read More

    Pet-Related Infections.
    Am Fam Physician 2016 Nov;94(10):794-802
    School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford, United Kingdom.
    Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Read More

    Rapid, Sensitive Detection of Bartonella quintana by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification of the groEL Gene.
    Int J Mol Sci 2016 Dec 1;17(12). Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Changping, Beijing 102206, China.
    Trench fever, caused by Bartonella quintana, is recognized as a re-emerging and neglected disease. Rapid and sensitive detection approaches are urgently required to monitor and help control B. quintana infections. Read More

    Carrion's disease: an eradicable illness?
    Infect Dis Poverty 2016 Dec 1;5(1):105. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    ISGlobal, Barcelona Ctr. Int. Health Res. (CRESIB), Hospital Clínic - Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Carrion's disease is a neglected tropical disease caused by Bartonella bacilliformis, a vector-borne pathogen restricted to the Andean valleys of Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. Carrion's disease is a biphasic illness; in the acute phase the case-fatality rate can be as high as 88 %, related to high parasitemia, arriving to almost all erythrocytes, and secondary bacterial infections close related with the development of transient immunosuppression in the earlier illness phases. In addition, there are an undefined number of asymptomatic carriers that are reservoirs of the etiological agent of Carrion's disease in endemic areas, they make take into account due to they are the perpetuators of this disease. Read More

    Bartonella-associated inflammatory cardiomyopathy in a dog.
    J Vet Cardiol 2017 Feb 12;19(1):74-81. Epub 2016 Nov 12.
    Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Viale da Vinci, Grugliasco, Torino, 10095, Italy.
    A 6-year-old, male, mongrel dog was presented for acute onset of dyspnea and cough. At admission, the dog was cachectic and severely depressed. The electrocardiogram showed a sinus rhythm conducted with left bundle truncular branch block and interrupted by frequent multiform ventricular ectopic beats organized in allorhythmias. Read More

    Resolution of spontaneous hemoabdomen secondary to peliosis hepatis following surgery and azithromycin treatment in a Bartonella species infected dog.
    J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2016 Nov 13;26(6):851-857. Epub 2016 Apr 13.
    Oradell Animal Hospital, Paramus, NJ, 07652.
    Objective: To describe a case of hemoperitonium in a dog with Bartonellosis and peliosis hepatis (PH) lesions that resolved following antimicrobial therapy.

    Case Summary: A 3-year-11-month-old 22.5 kg female spayed mixed breed dog presented for progressive lethargy and vomiting. Read More

    Status Epilepticus Due to Cat Scratch Disease: Recognition, Diagnosis, and Thoughts on Pathogenesis.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2016 Nov;32(11):789-791
    From the *Department of Emergency Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill; †Departments of Emergency Medicine and Pediatric Emergency Medicine; ‡Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Critical Care, WakeMed Health and Hospitals, Raleigh, NC; and §Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC.
    Despite the publication of a number of case reports since the 1950s, physician awareness of the unique relationship between cat scratch disease (CSD) and acute encephalopathy remains limited. This report alerts emergency medicine physicians to include CSD encephalopathy (CSDE) in the differential diagnosis when a previously healthy child presents with status epilepticus. Prompt recognition of this relationship impacts the selection of initial diagnostic studies and antibiotic choices and permits reliable insight into prognosis. Read More

    Lymphatic Circulation Disseminates Bartonella Infection Into Bloodstream.
    J Infect Dis 2017 Jan;215(2):303-311
    School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiaotong University.
    The hallmark of Bartonella infection is long-lasting intraerythrocytic parasitism. However, the process of Bartonella bacteremia is still enigmatic. In the current study, we used Bartonella tribocorum to determine how Bartonella invasion into the bloodstream from dermal inoculation might occur. Read More

    A family of genus-specific RNAs in tandem with DNA-binding proteins control expression of the badA major virulence factor gene in Bartonella henselae.
    Microbiologyopen 2017 Apr 28;6(2). Epub 2016 Oct 28.
    Department of Molecular Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
    Bartonella henselae is a gram-negative zoonotic bacterium that causes infections in humans including endocarditis and bacillary angiomatosis. B. henselae has been shown to grow as large aggregates and form biofilms in vitro. Read More

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