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    Prevalence and clinical presentation of Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira, Bartonella and chikungunya virus infections among hospital-based febrile patients from December 2008 to November 2009 in Bangladesh.
    BMC Infect Dis 2017 Feb 13;17(1):141. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    International Centre for Diarrheal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Background: We conducted a study to identify Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira, Bartonella, and Chikungunya virus infections among febrile patients presenting at hospitals in Bangladesh.

    Methods: We collected blood samples from patients at six tertiary hospitals from December 2008 to November 2009 and performed laboratory tests at the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

    Results: Out of 720 enrolled patients, 263 (37%) were infected with Rickettsia; 132 patients had immunofluorescence antibody titer >64 against spotted fever, 63 patients against scrub typhus fever and 10 patients against typhus fever. Read More

    Shifts in the ecological niche of Lutzomyia peruensis under climate change scenarios in Peru.
    Med Vet Entomol 2017 Feb 2. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Section of Entomology, Academic Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Instituto de Medicina Tropical 'Daniel A. Carrión', Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.
    The Peruvian Andes presents a climate suitable for many species of sandfly that are known vectors of leishmaniasis or bartonellosis, including Lutzomyia peruensis (Diptera: Psychodidae), among others. In the present study, occurrences data for Lu. peruensis were compiled from several items in the scientific literature from Peru published between 1927 and 2015. Read More

    Intestinal parasites and vector-borne pathogens in stray and free-roaming cats living in continental and insular Greece.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2017 Jan 31;11(1):e0005335. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
    Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Località Piano D'Accio snc., Teramo, Italy.
    This survey investigated the distribution of various intestinal parasites and vector-borne pathogens in stray and free-roaming cats living in four regions of Greece. A total number of one hundred and fifty cats living in three Islands (Crete, Mykonos and Skopelos) and in Athens municipality was established as a realistic aim to be accomplished in the study areas. All cats were examined with different microscopic, serological and molecular assays aiming at evaluating the occurrence of intestinal parasites, and exposure to or presence of vector-borne infections. Read More

    Bartonellosis, One Health and all creatures great and small.
    Vet Dermatol 2017 Feb;28(1):96-e21
    Department of Clinical Sciences, The Comparative Medicine Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 1060 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC, 27607, USA.
    Background: Bartonellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease of worldwide distribution, caused by an expanding number of recently discovered Bartonella spp.

    Objectives: This review serves as an update on comparative medical aspects of this disease, including the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, treatment and challenges.

    Results: Of comparative medical importance, Bartonella spp. Read More

    Bartonella bovis and Candidatus Bartonella davousti in cattle from Senegal.
    Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2017 Feb 24;50:63-69. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Research Unit of Emerging Infectious and Tropical Diseases (URMITE) UMR CNRS 7278 IRD 198 INSERM U1015, Aix-Marseille University, Institute of Research for the Development, Dakar, Senegal. Electronic address:
    In Senegal, domestic ruminants play a vital role in the economy and agriculture and as a food source for people. Bartonellosis in animals is a neglected disease in the tropical regions, and little information is available about the occurrence of this disease in African ruminants. Human bartonellosis due to Bartonella quintana has been previously reported in Senegal. Read More

    Prevalence of Bartonella species infections in cats in Southern Germany.
    Vet Rec 2017 Jan 27. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    Clinic of Small Animal Medicine, Centre for Clinical Veterinary Medicine, LMU Munich, Veterinaerstrasse 13, Munich 80539, Germany.
    Bartonella species are zoonotic pathogens, and infections in cats are common. However, prevalence in cats in Southern Germany is still unknown. Therefore, prevalence of Bartonella species DNA in blood of 479 Southern German cats was determined using a previously published conventional PCR targeting a fragment of the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region. Read More

    Molecular Survey of Bacterial Zoonotic Agents in Bats from the Country of Georgia (Caucasus).
    PLoS One 2017 27;12(1):e0171175. Epub 2017 Jan 27.
    Division of Vector-Borne Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America.
    Bats are important reservoirs for many zoonotic pathogens. However, no surveys of bacterial pathogens in bats have been performed in the Caucasus region. To understand the occurrence and distribution of bacterial infections in these mammals, 218 bats belonging to eight species collected from four regions of Georgia were examined for Bartonella, Brucella, Leptospira, and Yersinia using molecular approaches. Read More

    Zoonotic pathogens in Atlantic Forest wild rodents in Brazil: Bartonella and Coxiella infections.
    Acta Trop 2017 Apr 8;168:64-73. Epub 2017 Jan 8.
    Laboratório de Hantaviroses e Rickettsioses, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (IOC), Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Zoonotic pathogens comprise a significant and increasing fraction of all emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases that plague humans. Identifying host species is one of the keys to controlling emerging infectious diseases. From March 2007 until April 2012, we collected a total of 131 wild rodents in eight municipalities of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Read More

    Critical Aspects for Detection of Coxiella burnetii.
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2017 Jan;17(1):33-41
    5 Centre for Vector and Infectious Diseases Research, National Institute of Health Doutor Ricardo Jorge , Águas de Moura, Portugal .
    Coxiella burnetii is a globally distributed zoonotic γ-proteobacterium with an obligatory intracellular lifestyle. It is the causative agent of Q fever in humans and of coxiellosis among ruminants, although the agent is also detected in ticks, birds, and various other mammalian species. Requirements for intracellular multiplication together with the necessity for biosafety level 3 facilities restrict the cultivation of C. Read More

    The excreted microbiota of bats: evidence of niche specialisation based on multiple body habitats.
    FEMS Microbiol Lett 2017 Jan 15;364(1). Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    Centre for Viral Zoonoses, Department of Medical Virology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0001, South Africa.
    Animal-associated microbiotas form complex communities, which play crucial functions for their host, including susceptibility to infections. Despite increasing attention to bats as reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens, their microbiota is poorly documented, especially for samples potentially implicated in pathogen transmission such as urine and saliva. Here, using low-biomass individual samples, we examined the composition and structure of bacterial communities excreted by insectivorous bats, focusing on three body habitats (saliva, urine and faeces). Read More

    Tick-Borne Diseases in Turkey: A Review Based on One Health Perspective.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Dec 15;10(12):e0005021. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America.
    The importance of tick-borne diseases is increasing all over the world, including Turkey. Global warming, environmental and ecological changes and the existence of suitable habitats increase the impact of ticks and result in frequent emergence or re-emergence of tick-borne diseases (TBDs) with zoonotic characteristics. In Turkey, almost 19 TBDs have been reported in animals and men, involving four protozoa (babesiosis, theileriosis, cytauxzoonosis, hepatozoonosis), one filarial nematode (acanthocheilonemasis), ten bacterial agents (anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, aegyptianellosis, tick-borne typhus, Candidatus Rickettsia vini, Lyme borreliosis, tick-borne relapsing fever [TBRF], tularaemia, bartonellosis, and hemoplasmosis), and four viral infections (tick-borne encephalitis [TBE], Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever [CCHF], louping-ill [LI], and lumpy skin disease [LSD]). Read More

    Investigation of zoonotic infections in risk groups in Ordu University Hospital, Turkey.
    Niger J Clin Pract 2017 Jan;20(1):6-11
    Kuşadası Universal Hospital, Medical Microbiology, Aydın, Turkey.
    Aims: Zoonotic diseases, which are a major public health problem in our city, have a negative impact on public health and also cause economic losses due to yield losses of animals and deaths. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of tularemia, bartonellosis, brucellosis, Q fever, and cystic echinococcosis in the risk groups for zoonotic infection.

    Subjects And Methods: Ninety serum samples were taken from people in the risk groups in covering veterinarian, butchers, farmers and examined with the following tests: Microagglutination test for tularemia, indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for bartonellosis, standard tube agglutination test for brucellosis, IFAT IgG for Q fever, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay IgG test for cystic hydatid. Read More

    Pet-Related Infections.
    Am Fam Physician 2016 Nov;94(10):794-802
    School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Bristol, Langford, United Kingdom.
    Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Read More

    Rapid, Sensitive Detection of Bartonella quintana by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification of the groEL Gene.
    Int J Mol Sci 2016 Dec 1;17(12). Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Changping, Beijing 102206, China.
    Trench fever, caused by Bartonella quintana, is recognized as a re-emerging and neglected disease. Rapid and sensitive detection approaches are urgently required to monitor and help control B. quintana infections. Read More

    Carrion's disease: an eradicable illness?
    Infect Dis Poverty 2016 Dec 1;5(1):105. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    ISGlobal, Barcelona Ctr. Int. Health Res. (CRESIB), Hospital Clínic - Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Carrion's disease is a neglected tropical disease caused by Bartonella bacilliformis, a vector-borne pathogen restricted to the Andean valleys of Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. Carrion's disease is a biphasic illness; in the acute phase the case-fatality rate can be as high as 88 %, related to high parasitemia, arriving to almost all erythrocytes, and secondary bacterial infections close related with the development of transient immunosuppression in the earlier illness phases. In addition, there are an undefined number of asymptomatic carriers that are reservoirs of the etiological agent of Carrion's disease in endemic areas, they make take into account due to they are the perpetuators of this disease. Read More

    Resolution of spontaneous hemoabdomen secondary to peliosis hepatis following surgery and azithromycin treatment in a Bartonella species infected dog.
    J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2016 Nov 13;26(6):851-857. Epub 2016 Apr 13.
    Oradell Animal Hospital, Paramus, NJ, 07652.
    Objective: To describe a case of hemoperitonium in a dog with Bartonellosis and peliosis hepatis (PH) lesions that resolved following antimicrobial therapy.

    Case Summary: A 3-year-11-month-old 22.5 kg female spayed mixed breed dog presented for progressive lethargy and vomiting. Read More

    A family of genus-specific RNAs in tandem with DNA-binding proteins control expression of the badA major virulence factor gene in Bartonella henselae.
    Microbiologyopen 2016 Oct 28. Epub 2016 Oct 28.
    Department of Molecular Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
    Bartonella henselae is a gram-negative zoonotic bacterium that causes infections in humans including endocarditis and bacillary angiomatosis. B. henselae has been shown to grow as large aggregates and form biofilms in vitro. Read More

    Infectious Angiogenesis-Different Pathways, the Same Goal.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2016 Nov;38(11):793-801
    *Resident, Department of Pathology, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain; †Dermatologist, Dermatopathologie Friedrichshafen, Friedrichshafen, Germany; ‡Dermatologist, Department of Pathology, Medical School, Universidad Complutense, Instituto i+12, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain; and §Pathologist, Department of Pathology, Medical School, Universidad Complutense, Instituto i+12, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.
    Infectious angiogenesis is the biological response of neoangiogenesis induced by infectious organisms. The authors present 3 exemplary entities which show paradigmatic clinico-pathological settings of infectious angiogenesis: Bacillary angiomatosis, Orf (ecthyma contagiosum), and Kaposi sarcoma. The authors review the literature and elucidate etiopathogenetic pathways leading to the phenomenon of neovascularization stimulated by infectious organisms. Read More

    Bartonella henselae Infective Endocarditis Detected by a Prolonged Blood Culture.
    Intern Med 2016;55(20):3065-3067. Epub 2016 Oct 15.
    Department of General Medicine, Chiba University Hospital, Japan.
    A 65-year-old Japanese man was admitted with a 4-month history of fatigue and exertional dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a vegetation on the aortic valve and severe aortic regurgitation. Accordingly, infective endocarditis and heart failure were diagnosed. Read More

    Thoracic osteomyelitis and epidural abscess formation due to cat scratch disease: case report.
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 2016 Dec 23;25(6):713-716. Epub 2016 Sep 23.
    Departments of 1 Neurological Surgery and.
    Osteomyelitis of the spine with associated spinal epidural abscess represents an uncommon entity in the pediatric population, requiring prompt evaluation and diagnosis to prevent neurological compromise. Cat scratch disease, caused by the pathogen Bartonella henselae, encompasses a wide spectrum of clinical presentations; however, an association with osteomyelitis and epidural abscess has been reported in only 4 other instances in the literature. The authors report a rare case of multifocal thoracic osteomyelitis with an epidural abscess in a patient with a biopsy-proven pathogen of cat scratch disease. Read More

    [Seroprevalence of Bartonella henselae in occupational risk persons].
    Rev Chilena Infectol 2016 Jun;33(3):355-7
    Laboratorio de Virología e Infectología Molecular, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
    Introduction: Bartonella henselae infection is a worldwide zoonosis with the domestic cat as reservoir. Although people with occupational contact with these pets are risk population only few studies of prevalence in them have been reported.

    Methods: A study of seroprevalence of B. Read More

    Role of Whole-Body MR with DWIBS in child's Bartonellosis.
    Clin Ter 2016 Jul-Aug;167(4):101-4
    Meyer Children's Hospital, Department of Radiology, Florence.
    Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a zoonosis in children, result of infection by Bartonella henselae, a gram-negative bacillus. Infection is generally characterized by regional and self-limited lymphadenopathy after exposure to a scratch or bite from a cat. Rarely, B. Read More

    Molecular Evidence of Bartonella Species in Ixodid Ticks and Domestic Animals in Palestine.
    Front Microbiol 2016 4;7:1217. Epub 2016 Aug 4.
    Al-Quds Nutrition and Health Research Institute - Faculty of Medicine, Al-Quds University and Al-Quds Public Health Society, Abu Deis Palestine.
    Ticks play an important role in disease transmission as vectors for human and animal pathogens, including the Gram-negative pathogen Bartonella. Here, we evaluated the presence of Bartonella in ixodid ticks and domestic animals from Palestine. We tested 633 partly engorged ticks and 139 blood samples from domestic animals (dogs, sheep and camels) for Bartonella using ITS-PCR. Read More

    Infection Rates of Wolbachia sp. and Bartonella sp. in Different Populations of Fleas.
    Curr Microbiol 2016 Nov 11;73(5):704-13. Epub 2016 Aug 11.
    Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sevilla, Profesor García González 2, 41012, Seville, Spain.
    In the present study, a molecular detection of Bartonella sp. and Wolbachia sp. in Ctenocephalides felis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) isolated from Canis lupus familiaris from different geographical areas of Spain, Iran and South Africa, and in Stenoponia tripectinata tripectinata isolated from Mus musculus from the Canary Islands has been carried out by amplification of the 16S ribosomal RNA partial gene of Wolbachia sp. Read More

    Identification and functional analysis of invasion associated locus B (IalB) in Bartonella species.
    Microb Pathog 2016 Sep 8;98:171-7. Epub 2016 Aug 8.
    School of Life Sciences, Shandong University of Technology, No.12 Zhangzhou Road, 255 049 Zhangdian Zibo, Shandong Province, China. Electronic address:
    Bartonellosis is caused by the genus Bartonella. Bartonella is widely distributed in the ruminants, cats, dogs, rodents and other mammals including humans. At least 13 species or subspecies of Bartonella are zoonotic, and each species appears to be highly adapted to one or a limited number of reservoir animals in which it is asymptomatic, while it can be transmitted to humans in which a variety of clinical manifestations can be caused. Read More

    Phylogenetic and geographic patterns of bartonella host shifts among bat species.
    Infect Genet Evol 2016 Oct 27;44:382-94. Epub 2016 Jul 27.
    Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA.
    The influence of factors contributing to parasite diversity in individual hosts and communities are increasingly studied, but there has been less focus on the dominant processes leading to parasite diversification. Using bartonella infections in bats as a model system, we explored the influence of three processes that can contribute to bartonella diversification and lineage formation: (1) spatial correlation in the invasion and transmission of bartonella among bats (phylogeography); (2) divergent adaptation of bartonellae to bat hosts and arthropod vectors; and (3) evolutionary codivergence between bats and bartonellae. Using a combination of global fit techniques and ancestral state reconstruction, we found that codivergence appears to be the dominant process leading to diversification of bartonella in bats, with lineages of bartonellae corresponding to separate bat suborders, superfamilies, and families. Read More

    Ultrasound imaging as the basis of a clinical diagnosis of systemic bartonellosis in a patient after bone marrow transplantation. A case report.
    J Ultrason 2016 Jun 29;16(65):204-9. Epub 2016 Jun 29.
    Department of Transplantation, Children's University Hospital, Krakow, Poland.
    Infections in immunocompromised patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can have a severe and atypical course. Some opportunistic pathogens are difficult to detect in microbiological tests, and that is why treatment success depends on an accurate clinical diagnosis. This article presents a case of a 7-year-old girl with severe aplastic anemia treated with bone marrow transplantation with post-transplantation period complicated by persistent, hectic fever, with peak episodes of 39-40°C, lasting several weeks. Read More

    Bacillary angiomatosis presenting with facial tumor and multiple abscesses: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Jul;95(28):e4155
    aInstitute for Hygiene and Applied Immunology, Center for Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology bDivision of Immunology, Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Dermatology cClinical Institute for Pathology dDepartment of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: The clinical manifestation of bacillary angiomatosis (BA) can be limited to one organ, most commonly the skin, but systemic courses can also occur. We report a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patient with a systemic manifestation of BA caused by Bartonella quintana, diagnosed in Vienna, Austria. The pathogen was detected in multiple organs including a facial tumor which is an unusual finding for BA. Read More

    Similar presentation of cervical lymphadenitis of different etiology in two siblings.
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2016 Aug 12;122(2):e51-4. Epub 2016 May 12.
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery and Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Here, we report chronic suppurating submandibular swelling occurring in two siblings, with one case caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria and the other caused by Bartonella henselae. These two infections share a similar clinical presentation, but the treatment modalities differed. Read More

    Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2016 07;58:56
    University of Sao Paulo (USP), Institute of Tropical Medicine, Laboratory of Seroepidemiology and Immunobiology. Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Severe anemia and cholestatic hepatitis are associated with bartonella infections. A putative vertical Bartonella henselae infection was defined on the basis of ultrastructural and molecular analyses in a three-year-old child with anemia, jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly since birth. Physicians should consider bartonellosis in patients with anemia and hepatitis of unknown origin. Read More

    Whole-Genome Sequencing of Two Bartonella bacilliformis Strains.
    Genome Announc 2016 Jul 7;4(4). Epub 2016 Jul 7.
    irsiCaixa AIDS Research Institute, Badalona, Catalonia, Spain Universitat de Vic-Universitat Central de Catalunya, Vic, Catalonia, Spain
    Bartonella bacilliformis is the causative agent of Carrion's disease, a highly endemic human bartonellosis in Peru. We performed a whole-genome assembly of two B. bacilliformis strains isolated from the blood of infected patients in the acute phase of Carrion's disease from the Cusco and Piura regions in Peru. Read More

    Evidence of Bartonella spp. in Blood and Ticks (Ornithodoros hasei) of Bats, in French Guiana.
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2016 Aug 15;16(8):516-9. Epub 2016 Jun 15.
    1 Research Unit of Emerging Infectious and Tropical Diseases (URMITE), UMR, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM U1095, Aix-Marseille University , Marseille, France .
    We screened blood from 59 bats from French Guiana for Bartonella spp. PCRs were positive for 13.6% and culture was positive in one Noctilio albiventris and one Pteronotus parnellii, as well as in Ornithodoros hasei ticks collected from bats. Read More

    Bartonella melophagi in blood of domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and sheep keds (Melophagus ovinus) from the southwestern US: Cultures, genetic characterization, and ecological connections.
    Vet Microbiol 2016 Jul 18;190:43-9. Epub 2016 May 18.
    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
    Bartonella melophagi sp. nov. was isolated from domestic sheep blood and from sheep keds (Melophagus ovinus) from the southwestern United States. Read More

    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2016 Jun 2. Epub 2016 Jun 2.
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of Espirito Santo (UFES), Espirito Santo, Brazil; and †Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Purpose: To report an unusual case of neuroretinitis caused by Bartonella quintana and its spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic (SD-OCT) features.

    Methods: A 12-year-old girl presented with unilateral neuroretinitis with stellate maculopathy. Bartonellosis was confirmed after serologic testing for antibodies to B. Read More

    Molecular epidemiology of Bartonella species isolated from ground squirrels and other rodents in northern California.
    Epidemiol Infect 2016 Jul;144(9):1837-44
    Graduate Institute of Microbiology and Public Health,National Chung Hsing University,Taichung,Taiwan.
    Bartonella spp. are endemic in wild rodents in many parts of the world. A study conducted in two northern California counties (Sonoma and Yolo) sampling California ground squirrels (Otospermophilus beecheyi) and four other rodent species (Peromyscus maniculatus, P. Read More

    Cat scratch disease in 9-year-old patient - a case report.
    Pol Przegl Chir 2016 Mar;88(2):109-12
    Cat scratch disease (CSD) - bartonellosis, is zoonosis caused by the intracellular gram negativebacterium Bartonellahenselae or Bartonellaquintana. The pathogens of this disease enter the human body usually as a consequence of a bite or scratch by young cats which are the natural source of such bacteria. The illness proceeds asymptomatically or with topical symptoms of infection such as a lump, spot or blister. Read More

    Pathogen exposure varies widely among sympatric populations of wild and domestic felids across the United States.
    Ecol Appl 2016 Mar;26(2):367-81
    Understanding how landscape, host, and pathogen traits contribute to disease exposure requires systematic evaluations of pathogens within and among host species and geographic regions. The relative importance of these attributes is critical for management of wildlife and mitigating domestic animal and human disease, particularly given rapid ecological changes, such as urbanization. We screened > 1000 samples from sympatric populations of puma (Puma concolor), bobcat (Lynx rufus), and domestic cat (Felis catus) across urban gradients in six sites, representing three regions, in North America for exposure to a representative suite of bacterial, protozoal, and viral pathogens (Bartonella sp. Read More

    Molecular detection of Anaplasma platys, Ehrlichia canis, Hepatozoon canis and Rickettsia monacensis in dogs from Maio Island of Cape Verde archipelago.
    Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2016 Jul 3;7(5):964-9. Epub 2016 May 3.
    Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Portugal.
    Tick-borne diseases are emerging worldwide and have an important zoonotic relevance. Dogs play an important role in the epidemiology of several zoonotic tick-borne pathogens acting as sentinels and/or reservoirs. This study focused on the molecular identification of tick-borne pathogens in blood samples of 153 autochthonous asymptomatic dogs in Maio Island, Cape Verde archipelago. Read More

    Prevalence and Diversity of Bartonella Species in Rodents from Georgia (Caucasus).
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 Aug 9;95(2):466-71. Epub 2016 May 9.
    Bacterial Diseases Branch, Division of Vector-Borne Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado.
    Bartonella infections are widespread and highly prevalent in rodents. Several rodent-associated Bartonella species have been related to human diseases. Recently, Bartonella species was reported as the etiology of a human case in the country of Georgia (Caucasus). Read More

    Zoonotic and Vector-Borne Infections Among Urban Homeless and Marginalized People in the United States and Europe, 1990-2014.
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2016 Jul 9;16(7):435-44. Epub 2016 May 9.
    4 Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Introduction: In high-income countries, homeless individuals in urban areas often live in crowded conditions with limited sanitation and personal hygiene. The environment of homelessness in high-income countries may result in intensified exposure to ectoparasites and urban wildlife, which can transmit infections. To date, there have been no systematic evaluations of the published literature to assess vector-borne and zoonotic disease risk to these populations. Read More

    Human pathogens associated with the blacklegged tick Ixodes scapularis: a systematic review.
    Parasit Vectors 2016 May 5;9:265. Epub 2016 May 5.
    Enteric, Zoonotic and Vector-borne Diseases; Communicable Diseases, Emergency Preparedness and Response; Public Health Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Background: The blacklegged tick Ixodes scapularis transmits Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu stricto) in eastern North America; however, the agent of Lyme disease is not the sole pathogen harbored by the blacklegged tick. The blacklegged tick is expanding its range into areas of southern Canada such as Ontario, an area where exposure to blacklegged tick bites and tick-borne pathogens is increasing. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the public health risks posed by expanding blacklegged tick populations and their associated pathogens. Read More

    [Molecular Epidemiology of Bartonella henselae in Stray and Sheltered Cats of Zaragoza, Spain].
    Rev Esp Salud Publica 2016 May 5;90:E5. Epub 2016 May 5.
    Departamento de Patología Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria de Zaragoza. Zaragoza. España.
    Objective: Bartonella henselae is responsible for the Cat Scratch Disease in humans, being it underdiagnosed. This study aims to detect and quantify the load of B. henselae DNA in oral and whole blood samples from stray and shelthered cats from Zaragoza (Spain), and analyze associations with epidemiological and clinical factors. Read More

    Co-circulation of Plasmodium and Bacterial DNAs in Blood of Febrile and Afebrile Children from Urban and Rural Areas in Gabon.
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 2016 Jul 25;95(1):123-32. Epub 2016 Apr 25.
    Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Émergentes (URMITE), Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, France.
    Malaria is considered to be the most common etiology of fever in sub-Saharan Africa while bacteremias exist but are under assessed. This study aimed to assess bacteremias and malaria in children from urban and rural areas in Gabon. DNA extracts from blood samples of 410 febrile and 60 afebrile children were analyzed using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Read More

    Molecular survey on zoonotic tick-borne bacteria and chlamydiae in feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica).
    Asian Pac J Trop Med 2016 Apr 5;9(4):324-7. Epub 2016 Mar 5.
    Department of Veterinary Science, University of Pisa, Viale delle Piagge, 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy.
    Objective: To determine the presence of zoonotic tick-borne bacteria in feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica) from urban areas.

    Methods: Spleen samples from 84 feral pigeons, found dead with traumatic injuries in urban areas, were examined by PCR to detect DNA of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella spp., Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsia spp. Read More

    Long-term spatiotemporal stability and dynamic changes in the haemoparasite community of spiny mice (Acomys dimidiatus) in four montane wadis in the St. Katherine Protectorate, Sinai, Egypt.
    Parasit Vectors 2016 Apr 8;9:195. Epub 2016 Apr 8.
    Department of Parasitology, Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, 1 Miecznikowa Street, 02-096, Warsaw, Poland.
    Background: Long-term field studies of parasite communities are rare but provide a powerful insight into the ecological processes shaping host-parasite interactions. The aim of our study was to monitor long-term trends in the haemoparasite communities of spiny mice (Acomys dimidiatus) and to identify the principal factors responsible for changes over a 12 year period.

    Methods: To this end we sampled four semi-isolated populations of mice (n = 835) in 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012 in four dry montane valleys (wadis) located in the Sinai Massif, Egypt. Read More

    Hematologic Changes Associated with Specific Infections in the Tropics.
    Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2016 Apr;30(2):395-415
    National Health Service Blood and Transplant, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, Level 2, Headington, Oxford OX3 9BQ, UK. Electronic address:
    Anemia frequently accompanies and plays a minor role in the presentation and course of infection, whether parasitic, bacterial, or viral. However, a variety of infections, many of which are common in Africa and Asia, cause specific hematologic syndromes. The pathophysiology of these syndromes is complex, and to some extent, reduced red cell production may form part of an innate protective host response to infection. Read More

    Prevalence of Leishmania infantum and co-infections in stray cats in northern Italy.
    Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2016 Apr 4;45:53-8. Epub 2016 Mar 4.
    Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie per la Salute, la Produzione Animale e la Sicurezza Alimentare (VESPA), Università degli Studi di Milano, Via G. Celoria, 10, 20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address:
    Stray cats in the city of Milan, Italy, were tested for Leishmania infantum and other selected infections. Twenty-seven cats (30.0%) were seroreactive by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT), with an antibody titer of 1:40 for 16 (17. Read More

    Analysis of main T-cell subsets and activated T supressor/cytotoxic cells in patients with Borrelia burgdorferi s. lato only infection and co-infections with Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Bartonella spp. and Babesia microti.
    Ann Agric Environ Med 2016 ;23(1):111-5
    Department of Infectious Diseases, Medical University of Lublin, Poland.
    Introduction: The study was designed to assess the role of some important immunologic factors with regards to both laboratory results and clinical symptoms in patients with confirmed Lyme disease. Additional examinations were carried out for co-infections with a number of tick-borne pathogens.

    Material And Methods: The study group consisted of 54 patients with Lyme disease and a group of 21 healthy controls. Read More

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