22,652 results match your criteria Bangladesh Journal Of Plant Taxonomy[Journal]


Exploring access to government-led support for children with disabilities in Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0235439. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Political Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

While access to support for individuals with disabilities has attracted international attention, children with disabilities and their families continue to face a range of barriers that limit their timely access to the needed support, including health service. This is even worse for children with disabilities living in resource poor settings like Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which families of children with disabilities have knowledge about and access to government support for their children with disabilities in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235439PLOS

iPromoter-BnCNN: a Novel Branched CNN Based Predictor for Identifying and Classifying Sigma Promoters.

Bioinformatics 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, United International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Motivation: Promoter is a short region of DNA which is responsible for initiating transcription of specific genes. Development of computational tools for automatic identification of promoters is in high demand. According to the difference of functions, promoters can be of different types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa609DOI Listing

Accumulation of trace elements in selected fish and shellfish species from the largest natural carp fish breeding basin in Asia: a probabilistic human health risk implication.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Soil and Environment Laboratories, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Intake of fish contaminated with non-essential hazardous trace elements poses a significant risk to human health. In this study, trace elements (As, Pb, Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn) were measured in edible tissues of seven commercially important fish and shellfish species (Otolithoides pama, Pseudapocryptes elongatus, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, Liza parse, Notropis atherinoides, Apocryptes bato, and Rhinomugil corsula) from a natural carp breeding basin, Halda river, Bangladesh. The elements were detected by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and the hierarchy of elemental levels (mg/kg) was Zn (61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09766-1DOI Listing

W.T.Aiton exhibits anti-nociceptive and anti-diarrheal effects in Albino mice and an in silico model.

Animal Model Exp Med 2020 Jun 8;3(2):169-181. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmacy International Islamic University Chittagong Chittagong Bangladesh.

Background: () is an enthnomedicinally important herb reported to have significant medicinal values. The present study aimed to explore the in vivo and in silico anti-nociceptive and anti-diarrheal effects of a rhizome methanol extract (Me-RCR).

Methods: The analgesic effects of Me-RCR were assessed using acetic acid-induced writhing and the formalin-induced flicking test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ame2.12119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323701PMC

Supplements of an aqueous combination of and boost antioxidative effects and impede hyperlipidemia.

Animal Model Exp Med 2020 Jun 29;3(2):140-151. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Pharmacy International Islamic University Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Background: and , locally known as bashok and tulsi, are two ethnomedicinally important herbs that have been using as dietary supplements for several therapeutic applications. This study evaluated the combined effect of both the herbs as an antioxidative and antihyperlipidemic agent.

Methods: Antihyperlipidemic effect was assessed in a high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemic model in Wistar albino rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ame2.12115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323702PMC

Intravenous -acetylcysteine in severe cutaneous drug reaction treatment: A case series.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2020 20;8:2050313X20934708. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Internal Medicine and ICU, Square Hospitals Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Drug-induced serious adverse reaction is an unpleasant event with high rate of mortality. Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are most common among the serious adverse drug reactions. There is no selective drug therapy for the management of serious adverse drug reactions-associated mucocutaneous blisters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X20934708DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307482PMC

Evaluating antimicrobial resistance in the global shrimp industry.

Rev Aquac 2020 May 8;12(2):966-986. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Centre for Sustainable Aquaculture Futures University of Exeter Exeter UK.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing threat to global public health, and the overuse of antibiotics in animals has been identified as a major risk factor. With high levels of international trade and direct connectivity to the aquatic environment, shrimp aquaculture may play a role in global AMR dissemination. The vast majority of shrimp production occurs in low- and middle-income countries, where antibiotic quality and usage is widely unregulated, and where the integration of aquaculture with family livelihoods offers many opportunities for human, animal and environmental bacteria to come into close contact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/raq.12367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319481PMC

Genomic Characterization of to Explore Transmission Patterns Identifies New Subtype in Bangladesh.

Front Microbiol 2020 16;11:1220. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.

, the causative agent of leprosy, is an unculturable bacterium with a considerably reduced genome (3.27 Mb) compared to homologues mycobacteria from the same ancestry. In 2001, the genome of was first described and subsequently four genotypes (1-4) and 16 subtypes (A-P) were identified providing means to study global transmission patterns for leprosy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7308449PMC

Utilization of Family Planning Methods Among Postpartum Mothers in Kailali District, Nepal.

Int J Womens Health 2020 24;12:487-494. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Chitwan Medical College, Chitwan, Nepal.

Background: Postpartum contraceptives use offers a distinctive opportunity to maintain appropriate birth spacing for health benefits to both mother and child. However, the concept of postpartum family planning (PPFP) is poorly understood and contraceptives use during the postpartum period remains low in Nepal. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the factors affecting the utilization of family planning (FP) methods among postpartum mothers in the Kailali district, Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S249044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322141PMC

Nitrative DNA damage in lung epithelial cells exposed to indium nanoparticles and indium ions.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 1;10(1):10741. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Environmental and Molecular Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu, Mie, Japan.

Indium compounds have been widely used in manufacturing displays of mobile phones, computers and televisions. However, inhalation exposure to indium compounds causes interstitial pneumonia in exposed workers and lung cancer in experimental animals. 8-Nitroguanine (8-nitroG) is a mutagenic DNA lesion formed under inflammatory conditions and may participate in indium-induced carcinogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67488-3DOI Listing

Gold-standard cholera diagnostics are tarnished by lytic bacteriophage and antibiotics.

J Clin Microbiol 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Stanford University (USA).

A fundamental, clinical and scientific concern is how lytic bacteriophage, as well as antibiotics, impact diagnostic positivity. Cholera was chosen as a model disease to investigate this important question because cholera outbreaks enable large enrollment, field methods are well established, and the predatory relationship between lytic bacteriophage and the etiologic agent share commonalities across bacterial taxa. Patients with diarrheal disease were enrolled at two remote hospitals in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00412-20DOI Listing

Micronutrient intake and the probability of nutrient adequacy among children 9-24 months of age: results from the MAL-ED birth cohort study.

Public Health Nutr 2020 Jul 2:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD21205, USA.

Objective: To estimate the total energy and micronutrient intakes of children 9-24 months of age and evaluate the probability of adequacy (PA) of the diet in seven MAL-ED sites.

Design: Cohort study. Food intake was registered monthly using 24-h recalls beginning at 9 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020000877DOI Listing

Determinants of hypertension in Nepal using odds ratios and prevalence ratios: an analysis of the Demographic and Health Survey 2016.

J Biosoc Sci 2020 Jul 2:1-9. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

This cross-sectional study investigated the factors associated with hypertension among Nepalese adults aged 18 years or above using data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2016. Prevalence ratios (PRs) and odds ratios (ORs) were obtained using log-binomial regression and logistic regression, respectively. Initially, unadjusted PRs and ORs were obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932020000346DOI Listing

Opportunities for gender transformative approaches in a community-based drowning reduction program in Bangladesh.

Int J Equity Health 2020 Jul 1;19(1):108. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

The George Institute for Global Health India, 311-312, Third Floor, Elegance Tower, Plot No. 8, Jasola District Centre, New Delhi, 110025, India.

Background: Community-based programs in rural low-and middle-income country settings are well-placed to conduct gender transformative activities that aid program sustainability and catalyse wider social change, such as reducing gender inequities that in turn improve health outcomes. The Anchal program is a drowning prevention intervention for children aged 1-5 years old in rural Bangladesh. It provides community crèche-based supervision delivered by local trained paid-female volunteers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-01226-zDOI Listing

Genome-wide identification, characterization and expression profiling of gibberellin metabolism genes in jute.

BMC Plant Biol 2020 Jul 1;20(1):306. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Basic and Applied Research on Jute Project, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Manik Mia Avenue, Dhaka, 1207, Bangladesh.

Background: Gibberellin (GA) is one of the most essential phytohormones that modulate plant growth and development. Jute (Corchorus sp.) is the second most important source of bast fiber. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-020-02512-2DOI Listing

Relaxed Lockdown in Bangladesh During COVID-19: Should Economy Outweigh Health?

Int J Health Policy Manag 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Institute of Statistical Research and Training, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2020.98DOI Listing

Inhibitory Activities of Polyphenolic Extracts of Bangladeshi Vegetables against α-Amylase, α-Glucosidase, Pancreatic Lipase, Renin, and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme.

Foods 2020 Jun 29;9(7). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada.

The aim of the study was to determine the in vitro enzyme inhibition activities of aqueous polyphenolic extracts of nine popular Bangladeshi vegetables, namely ash gourd, bitter gourd, brinjal, Indian spinach, kangkong, okra, ridge gourd, snake gourd, and stem amaranth. Polyphenolic glycosides were the major compounds present in the extracts. Inhibition of α-amylase (up to 100% at 1 mg/mL) was stronger than α-glucosidase inhibition (up to 70. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9070844DOI Listing

Occurrence of Host-Associated Fecal Markers on Child Hands, Household Soil, and Drinking Water in Rural Bangladeshi Households.

Environ Sci Technol Lett 2016 Nov;3(11):393-398

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States.

We evaluated whether provision and promotion of improved sanitation hardware (toilets and child feces management tools) reduced rotavirus and human fecal contamination of drinking water, child hands, and soil among rural Bangladeshi compounds enrolled in a cluster-randomized trial. We also measured host-associated genetic markers of ruminant and avian feces. We found evidence of widespread ruminant and avian fecal contamination in the compound environment; non-human fecal marker occurrence scaled with animal ownership. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326215PMC
November 2016

Predicting Vibrio cholerae infection and disease severity using metagenomics in a prospective cohort study.

J Infect Dis 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Susceptibility to Vibrio cholerae infection is impacted by blood group, age, and pre-existing immunity, but these factors only partially explain who becomes infected. A recent study used 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing to quantify the composition of the gut microbiome and identify predictive biomarkers of infection with limited taxonomic resolution.

Methods: To achieve increased resolution of gut microbial factors associated with V. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa358DOI Listing

Potential attenuation of biochemical parameters and enzymatic functions in Cyprinus carpio fingerlings by Phenthoate 50 EC insecticide exposure.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 2202, Bangladesh.

The risks of the health-associated problems of pesticide-exposed non-target organisms are ubiquitous, therefore an emerging concern to strike the balance between benefit and risk factors. In the present study, by elucidating multiple biomarkers, the effects of Phenthoate 50 EC on the acute toxicity tests and different pathophysiological changes of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerlings were studied in time- and concentration-dependent manners. The LC of Phenthoate 50 EC for the fish was 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09697-xDOI Listing

Biomedical research in developing countries: Opportunities, methods, and challenges.

Indian J Gastroenterol 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, SW7 2BU, UK.

Health research is essential for improving global health, health equity, and economic development. There are vast differences in the disease burden, research budget allocation, and scientific publications between the developed and the low-middle-income countries, which are the homes of 85% of the world's population. There are multiple challenges, as well as opportunities for health research in developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12664-020-01056-5DOI Listing

Health-related quality of life in parous women with pelvic organ prolapse and/or urinary incontinence in Bangladesh.

Int Urogynecol J 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Community-based Rehabilitation Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-12-4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki, 852-8523, Japan.

Introduction And Hypothesis: We assessed the association of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence (UI), alone and in combination (POP-UI), and related factors with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in parous women in Bangladesh.

Methods: The study included 357 parous women: 107 with POP alone, 124 with POP-UI, and 126 with UI alone. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, symptom duration, UI severity and type, POP stage, and the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-020-04410-5DOI Listing

The emergence of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O PanAsia-02 sub-lineage of Middle East-South Asian topotype in Bangladesh.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 18;7(2):360-366. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh.

Objective: This research work was conducted for the molecular characterization of the circulating foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus in Bangladesh and revealed out their serotype.

Materials And Methods: The gene of six field isolates of FMD virus (FMDV) serotypes (two serotypes O, two serotypes A, and two serotypes Asia 1) was subjected for sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Neighbor-joining trees were constructed by using the Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis 6, having the field nucleotide sequences of FMDV and related sequences available in the GenBank. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320810PMC

Migratory birds as the potential source for the transmission of and other fungus to Bangladesh.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 7;7(2):338-344. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Objectives: Migratory birds play a major role in the transmission of pathogens globally, but still their role in the transmission of fungi in Bangladesh is not known. The present study was carried out for the isolation and molecular detection of fungi including from migratory birds traveling to Bangladesh.

Materials And Methods: A total of 50 fecal samples were collected from BaojaniBaor, Magura, and areas close to Jahangirnagar University, Savar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g427DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320803PMC

Growth and reproduction performances of earthworm () fed with different organic waste materials.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 6;7(2):331-337. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Fisheries Management, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Objective: The purpose of the experiment was to examine the effect of different food sources on the growth and reproduction performances of an epigeic earthworm .

Materials And Methods: The experiment was carried out in 18 cylindrical plastic containers for 10 weeks. The study was designed with six treatments, each having three replicates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320800PMC

Post-natal macro- and microscopic changes of the thymus of Sonali chicken in Bangladesh.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 24;7(2):324-330. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Objectives: Avian lymphatic system plays a very significant role in immunity as well as disease control. This research aimed to investigate the histomorphological changes and involution of the thymus of Sonali chicken at different post-natal stages in Bangladesh as the age-related changes of the thymus of Sonali chicken were not described before.

Materials And Methods: A gross and microscopic investigation was performed on the thymus of 25 healthy Sonali chickens representing different stages of post-natal life: days 1, 14, 28, 42, and 56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g425DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320798PMC

Dynamics of somatic cell count and intramammary infection in lactating dairy cows.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 25;7(2):314-319. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Population Medicine and AMR Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Objective: The influence of intramammary infection (IMI) and types of bacteria was assessed on somatic cell count (SCC) in dairy cows' milk with respect to breed, age, parity, stage of lactation, milk production, and mammary quarter location.

Materials And Methods: After recording data in a structured questionnaire, 360 samples of quarter milk were collected. The samples were subjected to SCC and isolation and identification of bacteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320813PMC

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, lessons to be learned!

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 18;7(2):260-280. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been reported as a worldwide emergency. Due to the extensiveness of spread and death, it has been declared as a pandemic. This review focused on the current pandemic situation and understanding the prevention and control strategies of COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320801PMC

The impact of different levels of L-methionine (L-Met) on carcass yield traits, serum metabolites, tibial characters, and profitability of broilers fed conventional diet.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 18;7(2):253-259. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

Objectives: The experiment was undertaken to investigate the performances of broilers with respect to meat yield traits, leg bone quality, blood metabolites, and economic profitability fed conventional diets supplemented with L-methionine (L-Met).

Materials And Methods: Day-old broiler chicks ( = 144) of either sex were used to conduct the experiment from d1 to 33 days in a battery cage rearing system. Birds were distributed randomly into four dietary treatments, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320799PMC

Is the COVID-19 pandemic masking dengue epidemic in Bangladesh?

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 15;7(2):218-219. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh.

COVID-19 is now a pandemic. Like other countries, Bangladesh is putting all its efforts to combat this pandemic. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection causing a severe flu-like illness and, sometimes causing a potentially lethal complication called severe dengue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320811PMC

The emergence of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Bangladesh: Present status, challenges, and future management.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 22;7(2):198-208. Epub 2020 Mar 22.

Department of Plant Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Immediate after the official declaration of COVID-19 in Bangladesh on 8 March 2020, it has created public panic which results in price plummeting of the capital market and price hike of many essential commodities. Worldwide, the outbreak of COVID-19 has declared a pandemic. In response, the Government of Bangladesh has initiated some strict measures such as stopping the entry of passengers from Europe, stopping on-arrival visas and self-quarantine for 2 weeks for all passengers return from abroad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320814PMC

Medication understanding and health literacy among patients with multiple chronic conditions: A study conducted in Bangladesh.

J Public Health Res 2020 Jun 18;9(1):1792. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Pharmacy, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Medication understanding is critical for patients who suffer from multiple chronic conditions in order to reduce medication error and is often associated with poor health outcomes and low adherence. This study aims to identify the gap of medication knowledge among multiple chronic condition patients in Bangladesh, in order to aid physicians and other healthcare providers in improving health literacy. Individual interviews of a convenience sample of multiple chronic condition patients in Bangladesh were held where they were asked a number of questions for assessing medication related literacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2020.1792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315107PMC

The Practice of Gastrointestinal Motility Laboratory During COVID-19 Pandemic: Position Statements of the Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association (ANMA-GML-COVID-19 Position Statements).

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020 Jun;26(3):299-310

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, practices of gastrointestinal procedures within the digestive tract require special precautions due to the risk of contraction of severe acute respiratoy syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Many procedures in the gastrointestinal motility laboratory may be considered moderate to high-risk for viral transmission. Healthcare staff working in gastrointestinal motility laboratories are frequently exposed to splashes, air droplets, mucus, or saliva during the procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5056/jnm20107DOI Listing

'Look under the sheets!' Fighting with the senses in relation to defecation and bodily care in hospitals and care institutions.

Med Humanit 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Brighton, UK.

This essay focuses on sensory aspects of care in situations surrounding defecation in hospitals and other care institutions. Sensory activity does not merely encompass pleasant experiences that enhance healing and well-being. Anthropologists-and other disciplines as well-have paid little attention to unpleasant and disgusting experiences that our senses meet and that may rather increase pain and suffering in the context of care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medhum-2019-011766DOI Listing

Individualized care for patients with intersex (disorders/differences of sex development): Part 3.

J Pediatr Urol 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, 17033, USA.

The focus of this article is to review the complex determinants of gender assignment in a child with a disorder of sex development using four different clinical cases. While the care of patients with DSD may be shared across several specialties and opinions regarding their management may vary, this may be further complicated by psychosocial, cultural and economic factors. In this regard, access to behavioral health specialists with experience and specialization in the treatment of patients with DSD should be a foundational component of the standard of care and can greatly assist in the complex decision-making regarding gender assignment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2020.06.004DOI Listing

Role of vitamin D in preventing of COVID-19 infection, progression and severity.

Authors:
Nurshad Ali

J Infect Public Health 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet 3114, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

The outbreak of COVID-19 has created a global public health crisis. Little is known about the protective factors of this infection. Therefore, preventive health measures that can reduce the risk of infection, progression and severity are desperately needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2020.06.021DOI Listing

Umbilical Cord Blood Screening for the Detection of Common Deletional Mutations of α-Thalassemia in Bangladesh.

Hemoglobin 2020 Jul 1:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh.

α-Thalassemia (α-thal) is assumed to be very prevalent in Bangladesh. We aimed to assess the prevalence of the disease in the country and provide a model for α-thal newborn screening in Bangladesh. We collected umbilical cord blood (UCB) samples from 413 unrelated newborns in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03630269.2020.1784755DOI Listing

Impacts of Anthropometric, Biochemical, Socio-demographic, and Dietary Habits Factors on the Health Status of Urban Corporate People in a Developing Country.

Healthcare (Basel) 2020 Jun 27;8(3). Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

This study focused on urban corporate people and applied multinomial logistic regression (MLR) to identify the impact of anthropometric, biochemical, socio-demographic and dietary habit factors on health status. Health status is categorized into four levels: healthy, caution, affected, and emergent. A cross-sectional study, based on convenience sampling method, was conducted to select 271 employees from 18 institutions under the Grameen Bank Complex, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030188DOI Listing

Enhancement of Mechanical Properties and Porosity of Concrete Using Steel Slag Coarse Aggregate.

Materials (Basel) 2020 Jun 26;13(12). Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam 781039, India.

This paper investigates the possibility of utilizing steel slags produced in the steelmaking industry as an alternative to burnt clay brick aggregate (BA) in concrete. Within this context, physical, mechanical (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma13122865DOI Listing

Community-level environmental characteristics predictive of childhood stunting in Bangladesh - a study based on the repeated cross-sectional surveys.

Int J Environ Health Res 2020 Jun 30:1-14. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Institute of Statistical Research and Training, University of Dhaka , Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Coastal morphology makes Bangladesh vulnerable to environmental hazards and climate change. Therefore, environmental characteristics may shape population health, including child health. The prevalence of stunting among under-five aged (U5) children is high in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2020.1777947DOI Listing

Effect of mitochondrial quality control on the lycopene antagonizing DEHP-induced mitophagy in spermatogenic cells.

Food Funct 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, P. R. China. and Heilongjiang Key Laboratory for Laboratory Animals and Comparative Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, P. R. China and Key Laboratory of the Provincial Education Department of Heilongjiang for Common Animal Disease Prevention and Treatment, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, P. R. China.

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a widespread environmental contaminant, which is mainly used as a plasticizer to improve the flexibility of products; however, its extensive use causes male reproductive damage. Lycopene (LYC) has a protective effect on male reproductive toxicity. Nevertheless, the underlying role of LYC in DEHP-induced spermatogenic cell damage remains unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0fo00554aDOI Listing

Structural equation modeling for three aspects of green business practices: a case study of Bangladeshi RMG's industry.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Accounting Departments, Dinajpur Government College, Dinajpur, 5201, Bangladesh.

Green business (GB) had often been regarded as a pervasive trend that underlies the operations and performance of businesses. By portrayal of three aspects view of the green business, this paper evaluates green business approaches within the Bangladeshi ready-made garments (RMG) sector and provides a structured framework for the factors affecting the utilization of green business approaches. This study further evaluates how the environmental, societal, and economic impact derived green business practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09873-zDOI Listing

Phytosterols: Targeting Neuroinflammation in Neurodegeneration.

Curr Pharm Des 2020 Jun 27. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Anatomy, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Gyeongju 38066. Korea.

Plant-derived sterols, phytosterols, are well known for their cholesterol-lowering activity in serum and their anti-inflammatory activities. Recently, phytosterols have received considerable attention due to their beneficial effects on various non-communicable diseases, and recommended use as daily dietary components. The signaling pathways mediated in brain by phytosterols have been evaluated, but little is known of their effects on neuroinflammation, and no clinical studies have been undertaken phytosterols of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612826666200628022812DOI Listing

COVID-19, Australia: Epidemiology Report 19 (Fortnightly reporting period ending 21 June 2020).

Authors:

Commun Dis Intell (2018) 2020 Jun 29;44. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Notified cases of COVID-19 and associated deaths reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) to 21 June 2020. Confirmed cases in Australia notified up to 7 June 2020: notifications = 7,491; deaths = 102. The incidence of COVID-19 has markedly reduced since a peak in mid-March. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33321/cdi.2020.44.54DOI Listing

Designing a novel mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2: An immunoinformatics approach.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh.

SARS-CoV-2 is the deadly virus behind COVID-19, the disease that went on to ravage the world and caused the biggest pandemic 21st century has witnessed so far. On the face of ongoing death and destruction, the urgent need for the discovery of a vaccine against the virus is paramount. This study resorted to the emerging discipline of immunoinformatics in order to design a multi-epitope mRNA vaccine against the spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.06.213DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319648PMC

Human patient simulation: educational issues and practical implications in COVID-19 times.

World Neurosurg 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Neurosurgery Department, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.06.178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319626PMC

Effect of nitazoxanide on diarrhea: A systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Acta Trop 2020 Jun 26:105603. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Evidence Based Medicine Research Group, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, 70000, Vietnam; Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, 70000, Vietnam. Electronic address:

We aimed to systematically review evidence pertaining to the safety and efficacy of nitazoxanide in treating infectious diarrhea. On September 21, 2017, we identified relevant studies using 12 databases. The estimates of the included studies were pooled as a risk ratio (RR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2020.105603DOI Listing

Mass media exposure and maternal healthcare utilization in South Asia.

SSM Popul Health 2020 Aug 7;11:100614. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Department of Sociology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA.

Maternal mortality remains a major population health problem in the developing world due in part to inadequate healthcare before, during, and after childbirth. Mass media has the potential to disseminate information about maternal healthcare that can improve well-being for mothers and infants, particularly among women with limited educational attainment. This study examines the impact of mass media exposure (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306581PMC

How the Bidi Tobacco Industry Harms Child-workers: Results From a Walk-through and Quantitative Survey.

Saf Health Work 2020 Jun 5;11(2):143-151. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: Bidi is an inexpensive, low-processed, hand-rolled tobacco product. In Bangladesh, especially in Rangpur, tobacco farming and bidi processing are common. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of bidi making on children working in bidi factories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2020.02.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303532PMC