19,465 results match your criteria Bangladesh Journal Of Plant Taxonomy[Journal]


Ranking of stroke and cardiovascular risk factors for an optimal risk calculator design: Logistic regression approach.

Comput Biol Med 2019 Mar 25;108:182-195. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Stroke Monitoring and Diagnostic Division, AtheroPoint™, Roseville, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Conventional cardiovascular risk factors (CCVRFs) and carotid ultrasound image-based phenotypes (CUSIP) are independently associated with long-term risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. In this study, 26 cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors which consisted of a combination of CCVRFs and CUSIP together were ranked. Further, an optimal risk calculator using AtheroEdge composite risk score (AECRS1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2019.03.020DOI Listing

Genetic effects of welding fumes on the development of respiratory system diseases.

Comput Biol Med 2019 Apr 8;108:142-149. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Bone Biology Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia; Discipline of Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: The welding process releases potentially hazardous gases and fumes, mainly composed of metallic oxides, fluorides and silicates. Long term welding fume (WF) inhalation is a recognized health issue that carries a risk of developing chronic health problems, particularly respiratory system diseases (RSDs). Aside from general airway irritation, WF exposure may drive direct cellular responses in the respiratory system which increase risk of RSD, but these are not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2019.04.004DOI Listing

Patterns of outdoor exposure to heat in three South Asian cities.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 9;674:264-278. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands; London School of Economics and Political Science, Grantham Research Institute, London, United Kingdom.

Low socio-economic status has been widely recognized as a significant factor in enhancing a person's vulnerability to climate change including vulnerability to changes in temperature. Yet, little is known about exposure to heat within cities in developing countries, and even less about exposure within informal neighbourhoods in those countries. This paper presents an assessment of exposure to outdoor heat in the South Asian cities Delhi, Dhaka, and Faisalabad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.087DOI Listing

Integrating Bleeding Control Training Into Surgical Missions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

J Surg Res 2019 Apr 17;241:53-56. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey.

Background: Basic bleeding control (BCon) techniques can save lives globally but the knowledge is not widespread in low-income countries where trauma is a common cause of death. Short-term surgical missions (STSMs) are an effective route to share this public health initiative around the world.

Materials And Methods: Over 2017-2018, the International Surgical Health Initiative organized STSMs to locations in Sierra Leone, Bangladesh, Peru, and Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.03.020DOI Listing

Association of Diabetes With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality in Asia: A Pooled Analysis of More Than 1 Million Participants.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e192696. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Importance: Asia is home to the largest diabetic populations in the world. However, limited studies have quantified the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asian populations.

Objectives: To evaluate the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asia and to investigate potential effect modifications of the diabetes-mortality associations by participants' age, sex, education level, body mass index, and smoking status. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2696DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Nipah Virus Sequences from Humans and Bats during Nipah Outbreak, Kerala, India, 2018.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May;25(5):1003-1006

We retrieved Nipah virus (NiV) sequences from 4 human and 3 fruit bat (Pteropus medius) samples from a 2018 outbreak in Kerala, India. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that NiV from humans was 96.15% similar to a Bangladesh strain but 99. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/5/18-1076_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.181076DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Sulforaphane Potentially Ameliorates Arsenic Induced Hepatotoxicity in Albino Wistar Rats: Implication of PI3K/Akt/Nrf2 Signaling Pathway.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2019 ;52(5):1203-1222

Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India.

Background/aims: Agriculture and industrial expansion in recent years have resulted in the undue discharge of arsenic into the environment, building arsenic toxicity a major worldwide anxiety. Oxidative stress is considered as the most conspicuous effect of arsenic toxicity. The current study was designed to evaluate the protective ability of sulforaphane (SFN) against arsenic (As) induced hepatotoxicity by activation of PI3K induced Akt and Nrf2 mediated signaling pathway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33594/000000082DOI Listing
January 2019

High temperature and drought stress cause abscisic acid and reactive oxygen species accumulation and suppress seed germination growth in rice.

Protoplasma 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Henan Grain Crops, Henan Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China.

Seed germination is one of the most important biological processes in the life cycle of plants, and temperature and water are the two most critical environmental factors that influence seed germination. In the present study, we investigated the roles of the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in high temperature (HT) and drought-induced inhibition of rice seed germination. HT and drought stress caused ABA accumulation in seeds and inhibited seed germination and seedling establishment. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00709-019-01354-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-019-01354-6DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The capability of L-carnitine-mediated antioxidant on cock during aging: evidence for the improved semen quality and enhanced testicular expressions of GnRH1, GnRHR, and melatonin receptors MT 1/2.

Poult Sci 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Key Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Ministry of Education and Department of Basic Veterinary Medicine, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China.

Precise natural anti-oxidative compounds have facilitated the research of infertile gametes and the development of novel bio-therapeutics, especially the molecules that are based on the reduction of oxidative stress, such as L-carnitine (LC). In addition to, the defect in the functioning of sperm mitochondrial and the decreasing seminal antioxidant ability due to aging, its essential role in permitting the mitochondrial import and oxidation of long chain fatty acids is worthy. Therefore, current study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary LC on semen quality, seminal antioxidant activity, and their implications for the fertility in aged cocks for 12 wk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pez201DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Field Testing Integrated Interventions for Schistosomiasis Elimination in the People's Republic of China: Outcomes of a Multifactorial Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Immunol 2019 3;10:645. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Infectious Diseases Division, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Despite significant progress, China faces the challenge of re-emerging schistosomiasis transmission in currently controlled areas due, in part, to the presence of a range of animal reservoirs, notably water buffalo and cattle, which can harbor infections. Environmental, ecological and social-demographic changes in China, shown to affect the distribution of oncomelanid snails, can also impact future schistosomiasis transmission. In light of their importance in the , lifecycle, vaccination has been proposed as a means to reduce the excretion of egg from cattle and buffalo, thereby interrupting transmission from these reservoir hosts to snails. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456715PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Fecal Colonization With Multidrug-Resistant Among Healthy Infants in Rural Bangladesh.

Front Microbiol 2019 2;10:640. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland.

Third generation cephalosporins (3GC) are one of the main choices for treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria. Due to their overuse, an increasing trend of resistance to 3GC has been observed in developing countries. Here, we describe fecal colonization of 3GC-resistant (3GCr) in healthy infants (1-12 months old) living in rural areas of Bangladesh. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00640
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00640DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454046PMC
April 2019
1 Read

"Only fixation": Can it be the single remedy for all?

Authors:
Asifur Rahman

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2019 Jan-Mar;10(1):72-74

Department of Neurosurgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_119_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469319PMC

Fusion of the N-terminal domain of Pseudomonas sp. phytase with Bacillus sp. phytase and its effects on optimal temperature and catalytic efficiency.

Enzyme Microb Technol 2019 Jul 3;126:69-76. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University, Busan, 48513, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The beta-propeller phytase (BPP) is an enzyme that hydrolyzes phyate to release inorganic phosphorus. The BPP produced by Pseudomonas sp. FB15 (PSphy) possesses an additional N-terminal domain that is not present in BPP produced by other Bacillus species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2019.04.002DOI Listing

Mortality and cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity in individuals with impaired FEV (PURE): an international, community-based cohort study.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 May;7(5):e613-e623

Population Health Research Institute, Department of Medicine, McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: The associations between the extent of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV) impairment and mortality, incident cardiovascular disease, and respiratory hospitalisations are unclear, and how these associations might vary across populations is unknown.

Methods: In this international, community-based cohort study, we prospectively enrolled adults aged 35-70 years who had no intention of moving residences for 4 years from rural and urban communities across 17 countries. A portable spirometer was used to assess FEV. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2214109X193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30070-1DOI Listing
May 2019
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The incidence, aetiology, and adverse clinical consequences of less severe diarrhoeal episodes among infants and children residing in low-income and middle-income countries: a 12-month case-control study as a follow-on to the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS).

Lancet Glob Health 2019 May;7(5):e568-e584

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Diarrheal diseases remain a leading cause of illness and death among children younger than 5 years in low-income and middle-income countries. The Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) has described the incidence, aetiology, and sequelae of medically attended moderate-to-severe diarrhoea (MSD) among children aged 0-59 months residing in censused populations in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia, where most child deaths occur. To further characterise this disease burden and guide interventions, we extended this study to include children with episodes of less-severe diarrhoea (LSD) seeking care at health centres serving six GEMS sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30076-2DOI Listing

Experimental Studies on MoS-Treated Grinding Wheel Active Surface Condition after High-Efficiency Internal Cylindrical Grinding Process of INCONEL Alloy 718.

Micromachines (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;10(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University Center for Research & Development, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Punjab 140413, India.

This work demonstrates that molybdenum disulfide can be successfully used as an impregnating substance that is introduced in the abrasive tool structure for improving its cutting properties and favorably affecting the effects of the abrasive process. For the experimental studies, a set of MoS-treated small-sized grinding wheels with a technical designation 1-35×10×10×109A5X60L10VE0 PI-50 before and after the reciprocating internal cylindrical grinding process of rings made from INCONEL alloy 718 was prepared. The condition of grinding wheel active surface was analyzed using an advanced observation measurement system based on stylus/optical profilometry, as well as confocal and electron microscopy. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/10/4/255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/mi10040255DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Establishing a novel assay system for measuring renin concentration using cost effective recombinant ovine angiotensinogen.

Heliyon 2019 Apr 4;5(4):e01409. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Center for Highly Advanced Integration of Nano and Life Sciences, Gifu University (G-CHAIN), 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1193, Japan.

Background: Plasma renin can predict future cardiovascular events as well as the prevalence of chronic renal disease in hypertensive subjects. Ovine angiotensinogen (oANG) is a better substrate for measuring renin concentration through activity assay. Recombinant oANG expressed in cells can be utilized as the substrate while measuring plasma renin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451169PMC

Vibriocidal Titer and Protection From Cholera in Children.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Apr 11;6(4):ofz057. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Infectious Diseases Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Background: Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, is a major cause of diarrhea worldwide. Children under the age of 5 have the highest disease burden of cholera. Vibriocidal antibody responses following natural infection and oral cholera vaccination (OCV) are associated with protective immunity, but whether this holds uniformly true in young children is not known. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ofid/article/doi/10.1093/ofid/ofz05
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofz057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457480PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of honey obtained through sugar feeding of bees.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Apr 19;56(4):2267-2277. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

3School of Bioresource, Graduate School, Andong National University, Andong, 760-749 Republic of South Korea.

This study was planned to characterize the physicochemical and antioxidant properties, and microbiological quality of honey obtained from the sandbar pumpkin field. In this study, four sugar supplemented and one control (without sugar fed) honey sample was used. Results revealed that all samples exhibited appropriate maturity considering their low moisture content (~ 19%) and high total solids (~ 80%) and TSS (~ 79%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03714-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443748PMC

Host Selection of Field-Collected and in Bangladesh.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

and appear to play an important role in contemporary malaria transmission in Bangladesh. However, very little is known about the natural host selection of these vectors. Therefore, host selection of these two species was investigated in Bandarban, the most malarious region of Bangladesh. Read More

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http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0923
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0923DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Development and Initial Validation of a Frontline Health Worker mHealth Assessment Platform (MEDSINC) for Children 2-60 Months of Age.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

THINKMD, Inc., Burlington, Vermont.

Approximately 3 million children younger than 5 years living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) die each year from treatable clinical conditions such as pneumonia, dehydration secondary to diarrhea, and malaria. A majority of these deaths could be prevented with early clinical assessments and appropriate therapeutic intervention. In this study, we describe the development and initial validation testing of a mobile health (mHealth) platform, MEDSINC, designed for frontline health workers (FLWs) to perform clinical risk assessments of children aged 2-60 months. Read More

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http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0869
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0869DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
2.699 Impact Factor

Modifying the Parboiling of Rice to Remove Inorganic Arsenic, While Fortifying with Calcium.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute for Global Food Security , Queen's University Belfast , David Keir Building, Malone Road , Belfast BT9 5BN , Northern Ireland.

Using village-based rice processing plants in rural Bangladesh, this study considered how parboiling rice could be altered to reduce the content of the carcinogen inorganic arsenic. Parboiling is normally conducted with rough rice (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b06548DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Dietary Patterns and Determinants of Changing Diets in Bangladesh from 1985 to 2010.

Curr Dev Nutr 2019 Apr 21;3(4):nzy091. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: The government of Bangladesh has implemented multiple policies since 1971 to provide the population with more diverse and nutritious diets.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the drivers of dietary change over time and the roles agriculture and economic development have played.

Methods: We used principal component analysis to derive dietary patterns from 7 cross-sectional rounds of the Bangladesh Household [Income and] Expenditure Survey. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/cdn/article/doi/10.1093/cdn/nzy091/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzy091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6459985PMC
April 2019
1 Read

A decade of cigarette taxation in Bangladesh: lessons learnt for tobacco control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 21;97(3):221-229. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.

Bangladesh has achieved a high share of tax in the price of cigarettes (greater than the 75% benchmark), but has not achieved the expected health benefits from reduction in cigarette consumption. In this paper we explore why cigarette taxation has not succeeded in reducing cigarette smoking in Bangladesh. Using government records over 2006-2017, we link trends in tax-paid cigarette sales to cigarette excise tax structure and changes in cigarette taxes and prices. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-216135.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453316PMC
March 2019
1 Read

A Polyamine Oxidase from (SelPAO5) can Replace AtPAO5 in through Converting Thermospermine to Norspermidine instead to Spermidine.

Plants (Basel) 2019 Apr 15;8(4). Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Laboratory Center, Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Center, Georg-Voigt-Str. 14-16, D-60325 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Of the five polyamine oxidases in , AtPAO5 has a substrate preference for the tetraamine thermospermine (T-Spm) which is converted to triamine spermidine (Spd) in a back-conversion reaction in vitro. A homologue of AtPAO5 from the lycophyte (SelPAO5) back-converts T-Spm to the uncommon polyamine norspermidine (NorSpd) instead of Spd. An loss-of-function mutant shows a strong reduced growth phenotype when growing on a T-Spm containing medium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants8040099DOI Listing

Case Report: Unprovoked venous thromboembolism in a young adult male.

F1000Res 2019 14;8:182. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Maternal and Child Health Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

A 24-year-old male was presented to us with sudden onset of chest pain and dyspnea for the past one hour. There was no history of calf pain, trauma, surgery, prolonged immobilization, long-haul air travel, bleeding diathesis or any other co-morbidity. The patient denied any addiction history. Read More

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https://f1000research.com/articles/8-182/v1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.18202.2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446494PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Antenatal care and skilled birth attendance in Bangladesh are influenced by female education and family affordability: BDHS 2014.

Public Health 2019 Apr 13;170:113-121. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Statistics Data Science and Epidemiology, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Antenatal care (ANC) during pregnancy and skilled birth attendance (SBA) during delivery are important policy concerns to reduce maternal deaths. Bangladesh is one of the developing countries which has made remarkable progress in both services during the last couple of decades by improving the SBA service rate from 16% in 2004 to 42.1% in 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.027DOI Listing

Prevalence of childhood ocular morbidity in a peri-urban setting in Bangladesh: a community-based study.

Public Health 2019 Apr 12;170:103-112. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

National Institute of Ophthalmology and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Objectives: To test a model of integrated pediatric eye care delivery and examine the prevalence and factors associated with childhood ocular morbidity in a peri-urban setting in Bangladesh.

Study Design: Cross-sectional, population-based study.

Methods: The study was conducted in three phases among children aged ≤15 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.026DOI Listing

Rifampin induces expression of P-glycoprotein on the THP1 cell- derived macrophages, causing decrease intra-macrophage concentration of prothionamide.

J Pharm Sci 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, PharmacoGenomics Research Center, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea; Centerfor Personalized Precision Medicine of Tuberculosis, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Rifampin (RIF) has been widely used for the treatment of bacterial infections, including tuberculosis. Treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is a global problem due to reduced drug efficacy. The present study determined the effect of rifampin (RIF) on MDR1 gene (P-glycoprotein, P-gp) expression in THP1 macrophages and analyzed the intracellular concentration of the anti-TB drug prothionamide in the presence of RIF. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00223549193023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.xphs.2019.04.009DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A case-control analysis of maternal diet and risk of neural tube defects in Bangladesh.

Birth Defects Res 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Neurology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objectives: Mothers need a nutrient-rich diet for healthy neural tube development. Neural tube defect risk can be reduced through fortifying grain products with folic acid and taking folic acid supplements. Fortification is not required in Bangladesh. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/bdr2.1505
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bdr2.1505DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Glycoproteomic identification of novel plasma biomarkers for oral cancer.

J Food Drug Anal 2019 Apr 8;27(2):483-493. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan; Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Oral cancer with high incidence rates is occurring in many countries including in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Taiwan. Smoking, alcoholism, and betel nut chewing are considered to be the main risk factors for oral cancer. Further, deaths from oral cancer have increased year by year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfda.2018.12.008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mediation analysis for count and zero-inflated count data without sequential ignorability and its application in dental studies.

J R Stat Soc Ser C Appl Stat 2018 Feb 15;67(2):371-394. Epub 2017 Jul 15.

University of California, San Francisco, USA.

Mediation analysis seeks to understand the mechanism by which a treatment affects an outcome. Count or zero-inflated count outcomes are common in many studies in which mediation analysis is of interest. For example, in dental studies, outcomes such as the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth are typically zero inflated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rssc.12233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457264PMC
February 2018

Trophodynamics and parabolic behaviors of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in an urbanized lake food web, Shanghai.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2019 Apr 12;178:17-24. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science of the Ministry of Education, School of Geographical Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, China.

Understanding the trophic movement and trophic magnification factor (TMF) of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is an important criterion to assess their fate and potential effects in an aquatic ecosystem. This study investigated concentrations and trophodynamics of 16 priority PAHs in food web (food web comprising whole bodies) and food web (food web containing only muscles) of total 14 species ((including plankton, shrimp, whitebait, mussels, snails, red-eared terrapin and seven other fish species) from the Dianshan Lake. Values of δC and δN were determined to assign trophic levels to organisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Efficacy and potential of phage therapy against multidrug resistant spp.

PeerJ 2019 5;7:e6225. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Central Unit for Advanced Research Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

-infected bacillary dysentery or commonly known as Shigellosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The gradual emergence of multidrug resistant spp. has triggered the search for alternatives to conventional antibiotics. Read More

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https://peerj.com/articles/6225
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6225DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452847PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Multilevel Influences on Depressive Symptoms among Men in Bangladesh.

Psychol Men Masc 2019 Jan 19;20(1):104-114. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Emory University.

Depression is a worldwide problem, and is especially prevalent in lower-income countries with insufficient resources and widespread poverty, such as Bangladesh. Yet multilevel determinants of depressive symptoms in men have not been studied in this context. We leverage a novel dataset from men in Bangladesh to determine the community- and individual-level influences of masculine dominance strain and financial strain on the frequency of married men's depressive symptoms in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/men0000150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456076PMC
January 2019

Using healthcare-seeking behaviour to estimate the number of Nipah outbreaks missed by hospital-based surveillance in Bangladesh.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: Understanding the true burden of emergent diseases is critical for assessing public-health impact. However, surveillance often relies on hospital systems that only capture a minority of cases. We use the example of Nipah-virus infection in Bangladesh, which has a high case-fatality ratio and frequent person-to-person transmission, to demonstrate how healthcare-seeking data can estimate true burden. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ije/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ije
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz057DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Estimation and exposure concentration of trihalomethanes (THMs) and its human carcinogenic risk in supplied pipeline water of Dhaka City, Bangladesh.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Institute of Food Science & Technology (IFST), Bangladesh Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Formation of trihalomethanes (THMs) through excessive chlorination in the supplied water and its carcinogenic nature is a public health concern in many parts of the world, including a couple of neighboring countries in Asia. However, the issue was not yet addressed either in the public health policy or in academia in Bangladesh. Therefore, the objectives of this study are to determine the THM concentration in supplied water, its multiple pathways to the human body, and an estimation of resultant carcinogenic risk to urban dwellers in six different regions of Dhaka city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05049-6DOI Listing

High resolution paddy rice maps in cloud-prone Bangladesh and Northeast India using Sentinel-1 data.

Sci Data 2019 Apr 11;6(1):26. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, Center for Spatial Analysis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, 73019, USA.

Knowledge of where, when, and how much paddy rice is planted is crucial information for understating of regional food security, freshwater use, climate change, and transmission of avian influenza virus. We developed seasonal paddy rice maps at high resolution (10 m) for Bangladesh and Northeast India, typical cloud-prone regions in South Asia, using cloud-free Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images from Sentinel-1 satellite, the Random Forest classifier, and the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud computing platform. The maps were provided for all the three distinct rice growing seasons of the region: Boro, Aus and Aman. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41597-019-0036-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41597-019-0036-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472375PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Rohingya refugees and the environment.

Science 2019 04;364(6436):138

Arannyak Foundation, Dhaka 1206, Bangladesh.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw9474DOI Listing

USP36 protects proximal tubule cells from ischemic injury by stabilizing c-Myc and SOD2.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Central Laboratory, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, China. Electronic address:

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a progressive renal injury with high morbidity and mortality, however, the mechanism is far from being clarified and effective clinical interventions are lacking. USP36 is a deubiquitination enzyme involved in a variety of cellular biological processes, but its involvement in renal cell apoptosis and kidney disease is largely unknown. In the present study, we confirmed the decreased expression of USP36 both in vivo in mouse and human AKI samples and in vitro ischemic human renal proximal tubular cells, which are extremely sensitive to the damage of ischemic injury. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006291X193042
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.03.043DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Bacterial Resistance in Pneumonia in Developing Countries-A Role for Iron Chelation.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2019 Apr 10;4(2). Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Anesthesia, Pain Management and Perioperative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 1X5, Canada.

Pneumonia represents one of the major infectious diseases in developing countries and is associated with high mortality, in particular in children under the age of five. The main causative bacterial agents are and type B, accounting for 33% and 16%, respectively, of the mortality in under-fives. Iron modulates the immune response in infectious diseases and increased iron levels can lead to complications such as sepsis and multiorgan failure. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2414-6366/4/2/59
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4020059DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Polymyxin B enhances acrosomal exocytosis triggered by calcium and the calcium ionophore A23187 in ejaculated boar spermatozoa.

Anim Sci J 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

The United Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan.

Polymyxin B (PMB) is beneficial for boar semen storage since it neutralizes the endotoxin of bacteria. However, the direct effect of PMB on boar spermatozoa has been unknown. This study aimed to examine the effect of PMB on acrosomal exocytosis, an essential process for successful fertilization in boar spermatozoa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/asj.13155DOI Listing

Development of an Anatomical Silicone Model for Simulation-based Medical Training of Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injury Repair in Bangladesh.

Cureus 2019 Jan 31;11(1):e3991. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Emergency Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, CAN.

Advancing global healthcare in developing countries has traditionally been an area of interest for many North American medical organizations, as they strive to improve patient outcomes by helping to control disease and death-related illnesses. Women's healthcare in developing countries, in particular, presents a unique set of complexities, revealing high maternal mortality statistics surrounding pregnancy, labor, and childbirth, which is often tied to home births without medically trained attendants. In September 2018, Team Broken Earth, a Canadian-based outreach initiative, hosted a three-day women's healthcare course in Dhaka, Bangladesh, which included simulation-based training stations, for the purpose of advancing clinical skills and education in regards to local labor and delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3991DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443516PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Levocarnitine Improves AlCl-Induced Spatial Working Memory Impairment in Mice.

Front Neurosci 2019 26;13:278. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Aluminum, a neurotoxic substance, causes oxidative stress induced-neurodegenerative diseases. Several lines of evidence suggest that levocarnitine has an antioxidant effect and also plays an important role in beta-oxidation of fatty acids. However, the role of levocarnitine in aluminum-induced neurotoxicity has not been well documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2019.00278DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444114PMC

High quality reference genomes for toxigenic and non-toxigenic Vibrio cholerae serogroup O139.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 10;9(1):5865. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Wellcome Sanger Institute, Wellcome Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire, CB10 1SA, United Kingdom.

Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae of the O139 serogroup have been responsible for several large cholera epidemics in South Asia, and continue to be of clinical and historical significance today. This serogroup was initially feared to represent a new, emerging V. cholerae clone that would lead to an eighth cholera pandemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41883-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458141PMC

Exploring the equity impact of a maternal and newborn health intervention: a qualitative study of participatory women's groups in rural South Asia and Africa.

Int J Equity Health 2019 Apr 11;18(1):55. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Background: A consensus is developing on interventions to improve newborn survival, but little is known about how to reduce socioeconomic inequalities in newborn mortality in low- and middle-income countries. Participatory learning and action (PLA) through women's groups can improve newborn survival and home care practices equitably across socioeconomic strata, as shown in cluster randomised controlled trials. We conducted a qualitative study to understand the mechanisms that led to the equitable impact of the PLA approach across socioeconomic strata in four trial sites in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Malawi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-019-0957-7DOI Listing

Does mobile phone survey method matter? Reliability of computer-assisted telephone interviews and interactive voice response non-communicable diseases risk factor surveys in low and middle income countries.

PLoS One 2019 10;14(4):e0214450. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States of America.

Introduction: Increased mobile phone subscribership in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) provides novel opportunities to track population health. The objective of this study was to examine reliability of data in comparing participant responses collected using two mobile phone survey (MPS) delivery modalities, computer assisted telephone interviews (CATI) and interactive voice response (IVR) in Bangladesh (BGD) and Tanzania (TZA).

Methods: Using a cross-over design, we used random digit dialing (RDD) to call randomly generated mobile phone numbers and recruit survey participants to receive either a CATI or IVR survey on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors, followed 7 days later by the survey mode not received during first contact; either IVR or CATI. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214450PLOS
April 2019
3.234 Impact Factor

First-principles prediction of phonon-mediated superconductivity in XBC (X = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba).

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

School of Physics, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia.

From first-principles calculations, we predict four new intercalated hexagonal XBC (X = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) compounds to be dynamically stable and phonon-mediated superconductors. These compounds form a LiBC like structure but are metallic. The calculated superconducting critical temperature, Tc, of MgBC is 51 K. Read More

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http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C8CP07634K
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8cp07634kDOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Preventive role of Resveratrol against inflammatory cytokines and related diseases

Curr Pharm Des 2019 04 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Life Sciences, North South University, Dhaka-1229, Bangladesh.

Background: Immunity is the ultimate barrier between foreign stimuli and a host cell. Unwanted immune responses can threaten the host cells and may eventually damage a vital organ. Overproduction of inflammatory cytokines may also lead to autoimmune diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612825666190410153307DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Unmasking herd protection by an oral cholera vaccine in a cluster-randomized trial.

Int J Epidemiol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Infectious Diseases Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Several studies have shown that inactivated, whole-cell oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) confer both direct protection on vaccinees and herd protection on populations. Because our earlier cluster-randomized effectiveness trial (CRT) in urban Bangladesh failed to detect OCV herd protection, we reanalysed the trial to assess whether herd effects were masked in our original analysis.

Methods: A total of 267 270 persons were randomized to 90 approximately equal-sized clusters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz060DOI Listing