22,665 results match your criteria Bangladesh Journal Of Pharmacology[Journal]


Field test of electrokinetically-delivered thermally activated persulfate for remediation of chlorinated solvents in clay.

Water Res 2020 Jun 20;183:116061. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Water Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia. Electronic address:

In situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) has demonstrated success in remediating soil and groundwater contaminated with chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs). However, its performance is often hindered in low-permeability or heterogeneous media due to an inability to effectively deliver the oxidants. This field-scale study investigated the novel approach of applying electrokinetics (EK) to enhance the delivery of persulfate in a low-permeability media and the ability of electrical resistance heating (ERH) to thermally activate the delivered persulfate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.116061DOI Listing

Phylogenetic and genetic analyses of the emerging Nipah virus from bats to humans.

Infect Genet Evol 2020 Jul 2:104442. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Kunming, Yunnan, China; Yunnan Provincial Key Laboratory of Vector-borne Diseases Control and Research, Pu'er, Yunnan, China. Electronic address:

Little is known about the genetic features of Nipah virus (NiV) associated with virulence and transmission. Herein, phylogenetic and genetic analyses for all available NiV strains revealed sequence variations between the two genetic lineages of NiV with pathogenic differences, as well as among different strains within Bangladesh lineage. A total of 143 conserved amino acid differences, distributed among viral nucleocapsid (N), phosphoprotein (P), matrix protein (M), fusion protein (F) and glycoprotein (G), were revealed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104442DOI Listing

Cost-efficiency analysis of voluntary vaccination against n-serovar diseases using antibody-dependent enhancement: a game approach.

J Theor Biol 2020 Jul 2:110379. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga-koen, Kasuga-shi, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan; Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga-koen, Kasuga-shi, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan.

Records of epidemics acknowledge immunological multi-serotype illnesses as an important aspect of the occurrence and control of contagious diseases. These patterns occur due to antibody-dependent-enhancement (ADE) among serotype diseases, which leads to infection of secondary infectious classes. One example of this is dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome, which comprises the following four serotypes: DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2020.110379DOI Listing

Ancestral origin, antigenic resemblance and epidemiological insights of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2): Global burden and Bangladesh perspective.

Infect Genet Evol 2020 Jul 1:104440. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet 3100, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

SARS-CoV-2, a new coronavirus strain responsible for COVID-19 has emerged in Wuhan City, China and still continuing its worldwide pandemic nature. Considering the severity of the disease, a number of studies are underway, and full genomic sequences have already been released in the last few weeks to enable the understanding of the evolutionary origin and molecular characteristics of this virus. Bioinformatics analysis, satellite derived imaging data and epidemiological attributes were employed to investigate origin, immunogenic resemblance and global threat of newly pandemic SARS-CoV-2 including Bangladesh perspective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7327474PMC

The Global Gag Rule: The death trap for comprehensive sexual and reproductive healthcare and way to overcome the US gag rule.

J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol 2020 Jun 11;27(2):e87-e99. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Unit of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Defence Health, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (National Defence University of Malaysia), Kem Perdana Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The United States of America (USA) is one of the largest bilateral donors in the field of global health assistance. There are beneficiaries in 70 countries around the world. In 2015, the USA released US$638 million for the improvement of global health status by promoting family planning services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15586/jptcp.v27i2.677DOI Listing

Identification of secondary metabolites in Averrhoa carambola L. bark by high-resolution mass spectrometry and evaluation for α-glucosidase, tyrosinase, elastase, and antioxidant potential.

Food Chem 2020 Jun 23;332:127377. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Chemistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea; Mass Spectrometry Converging Research Center and Green-Nano Materials Research Center, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

In this study, paper spray ionization (PSI) coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry has been used to identify secondary metabolites from ethanol extracts of Averrhoa carambola L. bark (ABE). Various phytoconstituents including phenolic acids, flavonoids, xanthones and terpenoids were identified from the bark. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.127377DOI Listing

Arsenic exposure-related hyperglycemia is linked to insulin resistance with concomitant reduction of skeletal muscle mass.

Environ Int 2020 Jun 30;143:105890. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Background: Alargebodyof evidence has shown a link between arsenic exposure and diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms have not yet been clarified.

Objective: We explored the association between arsenic exposure and the reduction of skeletal muscle mass as a potential mechanism of insulin resistance for developing arsenic-related hyperglycemia.

Methods: A total of 581 subjects were recruited from arsenic-endemic and non-endemic areas in Bangladesh and their fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum insulin, and serum creatinine levels were determined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105890DOI Listing

Aflatoxin exposure was not associated with childhood stunting: results from a birth cohort study in a resource-poor setting of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Public Health Nutr 2020 Jul 3:1-10. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Nutrition and Clinical Services Division, icddr,b, Dhaka1212, Bangladesh.

Objective: Chronic aflatoxin exposure has been associated with childhood stunting (length-for-age/height-for-age < -2 sd), while data lacks for Bangladesh, a country with substantial burden of childhood stunting. This paper examined the association between aflatoxin exposure and childhood stunting in a slum setting of Dhaka city.

Design: In this MAL-ED aflatoxin birth cohort study, plasma samples were assayed for aflatoxin B1-lysine adduct (AFB1-lys) by MS at 7, 15, 24 and 36 months of age for 208, 196, 173 and 167 children to assess chronic aflatoxin exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020001421DOI Listing

Cholera toxin phage: structural and functional diversity between biotypes.

AIMS Microbiol 2020 28;6(2):144-151. Epub 2020 May 28.

School of Environment and Life Sciences, Independent University, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Cholera is a severe form of watery diarrhea caused by toxigenic strains. Typically, the toxigenic variants of harbor a bacteriophage, cholera toxin phage, integrated in their genome. The genes from the phage genome encode the cholera toxin, which is responsible for the major clinical symptoms of the disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/microbiol.2020009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326730PMC

Draft Genome Sequence of Bacillus cereus TN10, a Chromium-Resistant and -Reducing Strain Isolated from Tannery Effluent.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jul 2;9(27). Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Here, we present the draft genome sequence of strain TN10, which exhibited chromium resistance and chromium-reducing ability. The whole-genome sequence analysis of strain TN10 will help us to understand its genetic factors involved in the bioremediation of Cr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00603-20DOI Listing

Promising application of monoclonal antibody against chikungunya virus E1-antigen across genotypes in immunochromatographic rapid diagnostic tests.

Virol J 2020 Jul 2;17(1):90. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.

Background: Three different genotypes of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) have been classified: East/Central/South African (ECSA), West African (WA), and Asian. Previously, a rapid immunochromatographic (IC) test detecting CHIKV E1-antigen showed high sensitivity for certain ECSA-genotype viruses, but this test showed poor performance against the Asian-genotype virus that is spreading in the American continents. We found that the reactivity of one monoclonal antibody (MAb) used in the IC rapid diagnostic test (RDT) is affected by a single amino acid substitution in E1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12985-020-01364-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330967PMC

Does 'Fear of COVID-19' trigger future career anxiety? An empirical investigation considering depression from COVID-19 as a mediator.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2020 Jul 2:20764020935488. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Business Administration, North Western University, Khulna, Bangladesh.

Background: Due to the outbreak of COVID-19, the mental health of the people all around the world is severely disrupted.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to identify whether 'Fear of COVID-19' impacted on future workforces' career anxiety at the first place and whether depression from COVID-19 has any indirect effect on 'Fear of COVID-19' and future workforces' career anxiety.

Method: Based on three different scales related to 'Fear of COVID-19', depression and career anxiety, a structured questionnaire was developed and the survey data was collected for this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764020935488DOI Listing

Exploring access to government-led support for children with disabilities in Bangladesh.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(7):e0235439. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Political Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

While access to support for individuals with disabilities has attracted international attention, children with disabilities and their families continue to face a range of barriers that limit their timely access to the needed support, including health service. This is even worse for children with disabilities living in resource poor settings like Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which families of children with disabilities have knowledge about and access to government support for their children with disabilities in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0235439PLOS

iPromoter-BnCNN: a Novel Branched CNN Based Predictor for Identifying and Classifying Sigma Promoters.

Bioinformatics 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, United International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Motivation: Promoter is a short region of DNA which is responsible for initiating transcription of specific genes. Development of computational tools for automatic identification of promoters is in high demand. According to the difference of functions, promoters can be of different types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btaa609DOI Listing

Accumulation of trace elements in selected fish and shellfish species from the largest natural carp fish breeding basin in Asia: a probabilistic human health risk implication.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Soil and Environment Laboratories, BCSIR Laboratories, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Intake of fish contaminated with non-essential hazardous trace elements poses a significant risk to human health. In this study, trace elements (As, Pb, Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn) were measured in edible tissues of seven commercially important fish and shellfish species (Otolithoides pama, Pseudapocryptes elongatus, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, Liza parse, Notropis atherinoides, Apocryptes bato, and Rhinomugil corsula) from a natural carp breeding basin, Halda river, Bangladesh. The elements were detected by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and the hierarchy of elemental levels (mg/kg) was Zn (61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09766-1DOI Listing

W.T.Aiton exhibits anti-nociceptive and anti-diarrheal effects in Albino mice and an in silico model.

Animal Model Exp Med 2020 Jun 8;3(2):169-181. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmacy International Islamic University Chittagong Chittagong Bangladesh.

Background: () is an enthnomedicinally important herb reported to have significant medicinal values. The present study aimed to explore the in vivo and in silico anti-nociceptive and anti-diarrheal effects of a rhizome methanol extract (Me-RCR).

Methods: The analgesic effects of Me-RCR were assessed using acetic acid-induced writhing and the formalin-induced flicking test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ame2.12119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323701PMC

Supplements of an aqueous combination of and boost antioxidative effects and impede hyperlipidemia.

Animal Model Exp Med 2020 Jun 29;3(2):140-151. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Pharmacy International Islamic University Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malaysia.

Background: and , locally known as bashok and tulsi, are two ethnomedicinally important herbs that have been using as dietary supplements for several therapeutic applications. This study evaluated the combined effect of both the herbs as an antioxidative and antihyperlipidemic agent.

Methods: Antihyperlipidemic effect was assessed in a high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemic model in Wistar albino rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ame2.12115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323702PMC

Intravenous -acetylcysteine in severe cutaneous drug reaction treatment: A case series.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2020 20;8:2050313X20934708. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Internal Medicine and ICU, Square Hospitals Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Drug-induced serious adverse reaction is an unpleasant event with high rate of mortality. Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are most common among the serious adverse drug reactions. There is no selective drug therapy for the management of serious adverse drug reactions-associated mucocutaneous blisters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X20934708DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307482PMC

Evaluating antimicrobial resistance in the global shrimp industry.

Rev Aquac 2020 May 8;12(2):966-986. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Centre for Sustainable Aquaculture Futures University of Exeter Exeter UK.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a growing threat to global public health, and the overuse of antibiotics in animals has been identified as a major risk factor. With high levels of international trade and direct connectivity to the aquatic environment, shrimp aquaculture may play a role in global AMR dissemination. The vast majority of shrimp production occurs in low- and middle-income countries, where antibiotic quality and usage is widely unregulated, and where the integration of aquaculture with family livelihoods offers many opportunities for human, animal and environmental bacteria to come into close contact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/raq.12367DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319481PMC

Genomic Characterization of to Explore Transmission Patterns Identifies New Subtype in Bangladesh.

Front Microbiol 2020 16;11:1220. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.

, the causative agent of leprosy, is an unculturable bacterium with a considerably reduced genome (3.27 Mb) compared to homologues mycobacteria from the same ancestry. In 2001, the genome of was first described and subsequently four genotypes (1-4) and 16 subtypes (A-P) were identified providing means to study global transmission patterns for leprosy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7308449PMC

Utilization of Family Planning Methods Among Postpartum Mothers in Kailali District, Nepal.

Int J Womens Health 2020 24;12:487-494. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Chitwan Medical College, Chitwan, Nepal.

Background: Postpartum contraceptives use offers a distinctive opportunity to maintain appropriate birth spacing for health benefits to both mother and child. However, the concept of postpartum family planning (PPFP) is poorly understood and contraceptives use during the postpartum period remains low in Nepal. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the factors affecting the utilization of family planning (FP) methods among postpartum mothers in the Kailali district, Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S249044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322141PMC

Nitrative DNA damage in lung epithelial cells exposed to indium nanoparticles and indium ions.

Sci Rep 2020 Jul 1;10(1):10741. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Environmental and Molecular Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu, Mie, Japan.

Indium compounds have been widely used in manufacturing displays of mobile phones, computers and televisions. However, inhalation exposure to indium compounds causes interstitial pneumonia in exposed workers and lung cancer in experimental animals. 8-Nitroguanine (8-nitroG) is a mutagenic DNA lesion formed under inflammatory conditions and may participate in indium-induced carcinogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67488-3DOI Listing

Gold-standard cholera diagnostics are tarnished by lytic bacteriophage and antibiotics.

J Clin Microbiol 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Stanford University (USA).

A fundamental, clinical and scientific concern is how lytic bacteriophage, as well as antibiotics, impact diagnostic positivity. Cholera was chosen as a model disease to investigate this important question because cholera outbreaks enable large enrollment, field methods are well established, and the predatory relationship between lytic bacteriophage and the etiologic agent share commonalities across bacterial taxa. Patients with diarrheal disease were enrolled at two remote hospitals in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00412-20DOI Listing

Micronutrient intake and the probability of nutrient adequacy among children 9-24 months of age: results from the MAL-ED birth cohort study.

Public Health Nutr 2020 Jul 2:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD21205, USA.

Objective: To estimate the total energy and micronutrient intakes of children 9-24 months of age and evaluate the probability of adequacy (PA) of the diet in seven MAL-ED sites.

Design: Cohort study. Food intake was registered monthly using 24-h recalls beginning at 9 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020000877DOI Listing

Determinants of hypertension in Nepal using odds ratios and prevalence ratios: an analysis of the Demographic and Health Survey 2016.

J Biosoc Sci 2020 Jul 2:1-9. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

This cross-sectional study investigated the factors associated with hypertension among Nepalese adults aged 18 years or above using data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2016. Prevalence ratios (PRs) and odds ratios (ORs) were obtained using log-binomial regression and logistic regression, respectively. Initially, unadjusted PRs and ORs were obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932020000346DOI Listing

Opportunities for gender transformative approaches in a community-based drowning reduction program in Bangladesh.

Int J Equity Health 2020 Jul 1;19(1):108. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

The George Institute for Global Health India, 311-312, Third Floor, Elegance Tower, Plot No. 8, Jasola District Centre, New Delhi, 110025, India.

Background: Community-based programs in rural low-and middle-income country settings are well-placed to conduct gender transformative activities that aid program sustainability and catalyse wider social change, such as reducing gender inequities that in turn improve health outcomes. The Anchal program is a drowning prevention intervention for children aged 1-5 years old in rural Bangladesh. It provides community crèche-based supervision delivered by local trained paid-female volunteers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-01226-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329458PMC

Genome-wide identification, characterization and expression profiling of gibberellin metabolism genes in jute.

BMC Plant Biol 2020 Jul 1;20(1):306. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Basic and Applied Research on Jute Project, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Manik Mia Avenue, Dhaka, 1207, Bangladesh.

Background: Gibberellin (GA) is one of the most essential phytohormones that modulate plant growth and development. Jute (Corchorus sp.) is the second most important source of bast fiber. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-020-02512-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329397PMC
July 2020
3.813 Impact Factor

Relaxed Lockdown in Bangladesh During COVID-19: Should Economy Outweigh Health?

Int J Health Policy Manag 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Institute of Statistical Research and Training, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2020.98DOI Listing

Inhibitory Activities of Polyphenolic Extracts of Bangladeshi Vegetables against α-Amylase, α-Glucosidase, Pancreatic Lipase, Renin, and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme.

Foods 2020 Jun 29;9(7). Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada.

The aim of the study was to determine the in vitro enzyme inhibition activities of aqueous polyphenolic extracts of nine popular Bangladeshi vegetables, namely ash gourd, bitter gourd, brinjal, Indian spinach, kangkong, okra, ridge gourd, snake gourd, and stem amaranth. Polyphenolic glycosides were the major compounds present in the extracts. Inhibition of α-amylase (up to 100% at 1 mg/mL) was stronger than α-glucosidase inhibition (up to 70. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9070844DOI Listing

Occurrence of Host-Associated Fecal Markers on Child Hands, Household Soil, and Drinking Water in Rural Bangladeshi Households.

Environ Sci Technol Lett 2016 Nov;3(11):393-398

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, United States.

We evaluated whether provision and promotion of improved sanitation hardware (toilets and child feces management tools) reduced rotavirus and human fecal contamination of drinking water, child hands, and soil among rural Bangladeshi compounds enrolled in a cluster-randomized trial. We also measured host-associated genetic markers of ruminant and avian feces. We found evidence of widespread ruminant and avian fecal contamination in the compound environment; non-human fecal marker occurrence scaled with animal ownership. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326215PMC
November 2016

Predicting Vibrio cholerae infection and disease severity using metagenomics in a prospective cohort study.

J Infect Dis 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Susceptibility to Vibrio cholerae infection is impacted by blood group, age, and pre-existing immunity, but these factors only partially explain who becomes infected. A recent study used 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing to quantify the composition of the gut microbiome and identify predictive biomarkers of infection with limited taxonomic resolution.

Methods: To achieve increased resolution of gut microbial factors associated with V. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa358DOI Listing

Potential attenuation of biochemical parameters and enzymatic functions in Cyprinus carpio fingerlings by Phenthoate 50 EC insecticide exposure.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Fisheries, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, 2202, Bangladesh.

The risks of the health-associated problems of pesticide-exposed non-target organisms are ubiquitous, therefore an emerging concern to strike the balance between benefit and risk factors. In the present study, by elucidating multiple biomarkers, the effects of Phenthoate 50 EC on the acute toxicity tests and different pathophysiological changes of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fingerlings were studied in time- and concentration-dependent manners. The LC of Phenthoate 50 EC for the fish was 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09697-xDOI Listing

Biomedical research in developing countries: Opportunities, methods, and challenges.

Indian J Gastroenterol 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, South Kensington, London, SW7 2BU, UK.

Health research is essential for improving global health, health equity, and economic development. There are vast differences in the disease burden, research budget allocation, and scientific publications between the developed and the low-middle-income countries, which are the homes of 85% of the world's population. There are multiple challenges, as well as opportunities for health research in developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12664-020-01056-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325473PMC

Health-related quality of life in parous women with pelvic organ prolapse and/or urinary incontinence in Bangladesh.

Int Urogynecol J 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Community-based Rehabilitation Sciences, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-12-4 Sakamoto, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki, 852-8523, Japan.

Introduction And Hypothesis: We assessed the association of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence (UI), alone and in combination (POP-UI), and related factors with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in parous women in Bangladesh.

Methods: The study included 357 parous women: 107 with POP alone, 124 with POP-UI, and 126 with UI alone. Data were collected on sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, symptom duration, UI severity and type, POP stage, and the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00192-020-04410-5DOI Listing

The emergence of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O PanAsia-02 sub-lineage of Middle East-South Asian topotype in Bangladesh.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 18;7(2):360-366. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh.

Objective: This research work was conducted for the molecular characterization of the circulating foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus in Bangladesh and revealed out their serotype.

Materials And Methods: The gene of six field isolates of FMD virus (FMDV) serotypes (two serotypes O, two serotypes A, and two serotypes Asia 1) was subjected for sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Neighbor-joining trees were constructed by using the Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis 6, having the field nucleotide sequences of FMDV and related sequences available in the GenBank. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320810PMC

Migratory birds as the potential source for the transmission of and other fungus to Bangladesh.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 7;7(2):338-344. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Objectives: Migratory birds play a major role in the transmission of pathogens globally, but still their role in the transmission of fungi in Bangladesh is not known. The present study was carried out for the isolation and molecular detection of fungi including from migratory birds traveling to Bangladesh.

Materials And Methods: A total of 50 fecal samples were collected from BaojaniBaor, Magura, and areas close to Jahangirnagar University, Savar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g427DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320803PMC

Growth and reproduction performances of earthworm () fed with different organic waste materials.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 6;7(2):331-337. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Fisheries Management, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Objective: The purpose of the experiment was to examine the effect of different food sources on the growth and reproduction performances of an epigeic earthworm .

Materials And Methods: The experiment was carried out in 18 cylindrical plastic containers for 10 weeks. The study was designed with six treatments, each having three replicates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g426DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320800PMC

Post-natal macro- and microscopic changes of the thymus of Sonali chicken in Bangladesh.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 24;7(2):324-330. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Objectives: Avian lymphatic system plays a very significant role in immunity as well as disease control. This research aimed to investigate the histomorphological changes and involution of the thymus of Sonali chicken at different post-natal stages in Bangladesh as the age-related changes of the thymus of Sonali chicken were not described before.

Materials And Methods: A gross and microscopic investigation was performed on the thymus of 25 healthy Sonali chickens representing different stages of post-natal life: days 1, 14, 28, 42, and 56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g425DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320798PMC

Dynamics of somatic cell count and intramammary infection in lactating dairy cows.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 25;7(2):314-319. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Population Medicine and AMR Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Objective: The influence of intramammary infection (IMI) and types of bacteria was assessed on somatic cell count (SCC) in dairy cows' milk with respect to breed, age, parity, stage of lactation, milk production, and mammary quarter location.

Materials And Methods: After recording data in a structured questionnaire, 360 samples of quarter milk were collected. The samples were subjected to SCC and isolation and identification of bacteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320813PMC

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, lessons to be learned!

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 18;7(2):260-280. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been reported as a worldwide emergency. Due to the extensiveness of spread and death, it has been declared as a pandemic. This review focused on the current pandemic situation and understanding the prevention and control strategies of COVID-19. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g418DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320801PMC

The impact of different levels of L-methionine (L-Met) on carcass yield traits, serum metabolites, tibial characters, and profitability of broilers fed conventional diet.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 18;7(2):253-259. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Dairy and Poultry Science, Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

Objectives: The experiment was undertaken to investigate the performances of broilers with respect to meat yield traits, leg bone quality, blood metabolites, and economic profitability fed conventional diets supplemented with L-methionine (L-Met).

Materials And Methods: Day-old broiler chicks ( = 144) of either sex were used to conduct the experiment from d1 to 33 days in a battery cage rearing system. Birds were distributed randomly into four dietary treatments, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320799PMC

Is the COVID-19 pandemic masking dengue epidemic in Bangladesh?

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 15;7(2):218-219. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh.

COVID-19 is now a pandemic. Like other countries, Bangladesh is putting all its efforts to combat this pandemic. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection causing a severe flu-like illness and, sometimes causing a potentially lethal complication called severe dengue. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320811PMC

The emergence of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Bangladesh: Present status, challenges, and future management.

J Adv Vet Anim Res 2020 Jun 22;7(2):198-208. Epub 2020 Mar 22.

Department of Plant Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Immediate after the official declaration of COVID-19 in Bangladesh on 8 March 2020, it has created public panic which results in price plummeting of the capital market and price hike of many essential commodities. Worldwide, the outbreak of COVID-19 has declared a pandemic. In response, the Government of Bangladesh has initiated some strict measures such as stopping the entry of passengers from Europe, stopping on-arrival visas and self-quarantine for 2 weeks for all passengers return from abroad. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/javar.2020.g410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320814PMC

Medication understanding and health literacy among patients with multiple chronic conditions: A study conducted in Bangladesh.

J Public Health Res 2020 Jun 18;9(1):1792. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Pharmacy, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Medication understanding is critical for patients who suffer from multiple chronic conditions in order to reduce medication error and is often associated with poor health outcomes and low adherence. This study aims to identify the gap of medication knowledge among multiple chronic condition patients in Bangladesh, in order to aid physicians and other healthcare providers in improving health literacy. Individual interviews of a convenience sample of multiple chronic condition patients in Bangladesh were held where they were asked a number of questions for assessing medication related literacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2020.1792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315107PMC

The Practice of Gastrointestinal Motility Laboratory During COVID-19 Pandemic: Position Statements of the Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association (ANMA-GML-COVID-19 Position Statements).

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2020 Jun;26(3):299-310

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, practices of gastrointestinal procedures within the digestive tract require special precautions due to the risk of contraction of severe acute respiratoy syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Many procedures in the gastrointestinal motility laboratory may be considered moderate to high-risk for viral transmission. Healthcare staff working in gastrointestinal motility laboratories are frequently exposed to splashes, air droplets, mucus, or saliva during the procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5056/jnm20107DOI Listing

'Look under the sheets!' Fighting with the senses in relation to defecation and bodily care in hospitals and care institutions.

Med Humanit 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Brighton, UK.

This essay focuses on sensory aspects of care in situations surrounding defecation in hospitals and other care institutions. Sensory activity does not merely encompass pleasant experiences that enhance healing and well-being. Anthropologists-and other disciplines as well-have paid little attention to unpleasant and disgusting experiences that our senses meet and that may rather increase pain and suffering in the context of care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medhum-2019-011766DOI Listing

Individualized care for patients with intersex (disorders/differences of sex development): Part 3.

J Pediatr Urol 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, 17033, USA.

The focus of this article is to review the complex determinants of gender assignment in a child with a disorder of sex development using four different clinical cases. While the care of patients with DSD may be shared across several specialties and opinions regarding their management may vary, this may be further complicated by psychosocial, cultural and economic factors. In this regard, access to behavioral health specialists with experience and specialization in the treatment of patients with DSD should be a foundational component of the standard of care and can greatly assist in the complex decision-making regarding gender assignment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpurol.2020.06.004DOI Listing

Role of vitamin D in preventing of COVID-19 infection, progression and severity.

Authors:
Nurshad Ali

J Infect Public Health 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet 3114, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

The outbreak of COVID-19 has created a global public health crisis. Little is known about the protective factors of this infection. Therefore, preventive health measures that can reduce the risk of infection, progression and severity are desperately needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2020.06.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305922PMC