19,495 results match your criteria Bangladesh Journal Of Botany[Journal]


Detecting Developmental Delay and Autism Through Machine Learning Models Using Home Videos of Bangladeshi Children: Development and Validation Study.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Apr 24;21(4):e13822. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Division of Systems Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, United States.

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is currently diagnosed using qualitative methods that measure between 20-100 behaviors, can span multiple appointments with trained clinicians, and take several hours to complete. In our previous work, we demonstrated the efficacy of machine learning classifiers to accelerate the process by collecting home videos of US-based children, identifying a reduced subset of behavioral features that are scored by untrained raters using a machine learning classifier to determine children's "risk scores" for autism. We achieved an accuracy of 92% (95% CI 88%-97%) on US videos using a classifier built on five features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/13822DOI Listing

Using functional near-infrared spectroscopy to assess social information processing in poor urban Bangladeshi infants and toddlers.

Dev Sci 2019 Apr 24:e12839. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Labs of Cognitive Neuroscience, Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Children living in low resource settings are at risk for failing to reach their developmental potential. While the behavioral outcomes of growing up in such settings are well-known, the neural mechanisms underpinning poor outcomes have not been well elucidated, particularly in the context of low- and middle-income countries. In this study, we measure brain metabolic responses to social and non-social stimuli in a cohort of 6- and 36-month-old Bangladeshi children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/desc.12839DOI Listing

Experiences of the Emergency Department at the Pyeongchang Polyclinic During the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games.

Yonsei Med J 2019 May;60(5):474-480

Department of Surgery, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Purpose: The 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games involved 2925 elite athletes, and providing proper health care services for these elite athletes was a critical priority. We established an emergency department (ED) in the Pyeongchang Mountain Polyclinic during the Olympics, which served staff and athletes from many countries. This experience, as well as a description of illnesses and injuries encountered during the games, may provide useful information for planning medical care at similar events in the future. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3349/ymj.2019.60
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2019.60.5.474DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

The relationship between biological and psychosocial risk factors and resting-state functional connectivity in 2-month-old Bangladeshi infants: a feasibility and pilot study.

Dev Sci 2019 Apr 23:e12841. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience, Division of Developmental Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.

Childhood poverty has been associated with structural and functional alterations in the developing brain. However, poverty does not alter brain development directly, but acts through associated biological or psychosocial risk factors (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/desc.12841DOI Listing

Graphene-MoS with TiO-SiO layers based surface plasmon resonance biosensor: Numerical development for formalin detection.

Biochem Biophys Rep 2019 Jul 17;18:100639. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Dept. of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

In this article, numerically a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor is developed based on - hybrid structure for the detection of formalin. Based on attenuated total reflection (ATR) method, we used angular interrogation technique to sense the presence the formalin by observing the change of "minimum reflectance with respect to SPR angle" and "maximum transmittance with respect to surface plasmon resonance frequency (SPRF)". Here, we used Chitosan as probe analyte to perform chemical reaction with formalin (formaldehyde) which is consider as target analyte. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrep.2019.100639DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6475660PMC

Rabies-based vaccine induces potent immune responses against Nipah virus.

NPJ Vaccines 2019 15;4:15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107 USA.

Nipah Virus (NiV) is a re-emerging zoonotic pathogen in the genus of the family of viruses. NiV is endemic to Bangladesh and Malaysia and is highly fatal to both livestock and humans (human case fatality rate = 74.5%). Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41541-019-0109-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41541-019-0109-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6465360PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Linguatula serrata, a food-borne zoonotic parasite, in livestock in Bangladesh: Some pathologic and epidemiologic aspects.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2018 Aug 7;13:135-140. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Department of Parasitology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kitasato, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan. Electronic address:

Food-borne parasitic zoonoses are major threats to human health and only next to the 'big three' such as AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. Linguatula serrata is a food-borne zoonotic pentastomid that affects a wide range of animals including humans. Dogs and other carnivores are the final hosts while most herbivores, including domestic ruminants serve as intermediate hosts. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24059390173027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2018.06.001DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Air pollution dispersion from biomass stoves to neighboring homes in Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 23;19(1):425. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Background: Indoor air pollution, including fine particulate matter (PM) and carbon monoxide (CO), is a major risk factor for pneumonia and other respiratory diseases. Biomass-burning cookstoves are major contributors to PM and CO concentrations. However, high concentrations of PM (> 1000 μg/m) have been observed in homes in Dhaka, Bangladesh that do not burn biomass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6751-zDOI Listing

Childhood undernutrition in three disadvantaged East African Districts: a multinomial analysis.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Apr 23;19(1):118. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

World Vision International, Southern Africa Regional Office, H100, Mbabane, Swaziland.

Background: Undernutrition is an important public health indicator for monitoring nutritional status and survival. In spite of its importance, undernutrition is a significant problem health problem in many East African communities. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with childhood undernutrition in three disadvantaged East African Districts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1482-yDOI Listing

Continuing evolution of highly pathogenic H5N1 viruses in Bangladeshi live poultry markets.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2019 ;8(1):650-661

b Department of Zoology , Jahangirnagar University , Dhaka , Bangladesh.

Since November 2008, we have conducted active avian influenza surveillance in Bangladesh. Clades 2.2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/22221751.2019.1605845DOI Listing
January 2019

Tuscan Varieties of Sweet Cherry Are Rich Sources of Ursolic and Oleanolic Acid: Protein Modeling Coupled to Targeted Gene Expression and Metabolite Analyses.

Molecules 2019 Apr 22;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Environmental Research and Innovation Department, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, 5 avenue des Hauts-Fourneaux, L-4362 Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg.

The potential of six ancient Tuscan sweet cherry ( L.) varieties as a source of health-promoting pentacyclic triterpenes is here evaluated by means of a targeted gene expression and metabolite analysis. By using a sequence homology criterion, we identify five oxidosqualene cyclase genes (s) and three cytochrome P450s (s) that are putatively involved in the triterpene production pathway in sweet cherries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081590DOI Listing

Mangosteen Vinegar Rind from Garcinia mangostana Prevents High-Fat Diet and Streptozotocin-Induced Type II Diabetes Nephropathy and Apoptosis.

J Food Sci 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Biomedical Sciences, School of Allied Health Sciences, Walailak Univ., Nakhon Si Thammarat, 80161, Thailand.

Type II diabetes (T2D) nephropathy, a major cause of end-stage kidney disease, progresses and develops from oxidative stress. Natural polyphenols can protect the kidney from diabetic nephropathy exerting antioxidant activities. The present approach enumerates the reno-protective and anti-apoptotic effects of mangosteen vinegar rind (MVR, a phenolic aqueous extract) against high-fat diet (5 g/day up to five weeks)-/streptozotocin (single ip, dose 30 mg/kgBW)-induced T2D nephropathy of albino mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14511DOI Listing

Euthymia in Diabetes: Clinical Evidence and Practice-Based Opinion from an International Expert Group.

Diabetes Ther 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Diabetology & Internal Medicine, Medical university of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Aim: To develop an evidence-based expert group opinion on various types of euthymia associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) and its management.

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome characterized by diverse biomedical and psychosocial features. Emotional health disturbances may lead to psychological and psychiatric dysfunction and may negatively influence glycemic control. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13300-019-0614-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13300-019-0614-6DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Anaerobic Microbial Degradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: A Comprehensive Review.

Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 2019 Apr 24. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

Global Centre for Environmental Remediation (GCER), Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of hazardous organic contaminants that are widely distributed in nature, and many of them are potentially toxic to humans and other living organisms. Biodegradation is the major route of detoxification and removal of PAHs from the environment. Aerobic biodegradation of PAHs has been the subject of extensive research; however, reports on anaerobic biodegradation of PAHs are so far limited. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/398_2019_29
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/398_2019_29DOI Listing
April 2019
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Theobromine Improves Working Memory by Activating the CaMKII/CREB/BDNF Pathway in Rats.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 20;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Environmental Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, 89-1 Enya-cho, Izumo 693-8501, Japan.

Theobromine (TB) is a primary methylxanthine found in cacao beans. cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) is a transcription factor, which is involved in different brain processes that bring about cellular changes in response to discrete sets of instructions, including the induction of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF). Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) has been strongly implicated in the memory formation of different species as a key regulator of gene expression. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/4/888
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040888DOI Listing
April 2019
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A priority based energy harvesting scheme for charging embedded sensor nodes in wireless body area networks.

PLoS One 2019 22;14(4):e0214716. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of EECS, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, United States of America.

This research work proposes a novel priority aware schedule based charging algorithm that uses wireless power transfer (WPT) technique in order to charge embedded sensor nodes (SNs) in a wireless body area network (WBAN). Implanted sensor nodes in WBANs require energy for both information extraction and data transmission to the remote controller unit. Thus, energy shortage of these SNs deteriorates due to the data transmission process of the patient health monitoring system. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214716PLOS

Patients' and Doctors' Perceptions of a Mobile Phone-Based Consultation Service for Maternal, Neonatal, and Infant Health Care in Bangladesh: A Mixed-Methods Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2019 Apr 22;7(4):e11842. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Research School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.

Background: A mobile-based consultation service, or telehealth, can be used for remote consultations with health care professionals for screening, self-care management, and referral. In rural Bangladesh, where there is high demand for scarce male and even scarcer female doctors, remote consultations may help women seeking maternal and child health care. Aponjon is a mHealth service in Bangladesh that provides weekly voice or text messages to pregnant women, new mothers, and family members on various aspects of maternal, neonatal, and infant health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11842DOI Listing
April 2019
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First-principles study on the structural, elastic, electronic and optical properties of LiNbO.

Heliyon 2019 Apr 9;5(4):e01436. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Industrial Physics Division, BCSIR Laboratories Dhaka, BCSIR, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh.

The structural, electronic, elastic, mechanical and optical properties of technologically important lithium niobate (LiNbO) have been investigated by using the first-principle calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) implemented in the CASTEP code. The lattice constants and unit cell volume were calculated from the optimized unit cell, which were in well agreement with the reported theoretical as well as experimental values. Bulk modulus , Young's modulus , shear modulus , Poisson's ratio , elastic anisotropy and compressibility were determined based on the computed values of independent elastic constants (, , , , , and ). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01436DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458495PMC

Antidiarrheal, Analgesic, and Anthelmintic Activities of Honeys in the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest, Bangladesh.

Prev Nutr Food Sci 2019 Mar 31;24(1):49-55. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh.

This study evaluated the antidiarrheal, analgesic, and anthelmintic activities of honey samples from the Sundarbans mangrove forest of Bangladesh. Composite raw honey (RH), and its diethyl ether (DEH), ethanol (ETH), methanol (MEH), and distilled water (DWH) fractions were investigated. RH and its fractions strongly inhibited castor oil-induced diarrheal episodes in mice at a concentration of 250 mg/kg body weight (b. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3746/pnf.2019.24.1.49DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456236PMC

Bacteriological assessments of foodborne pathogens in poultry meat at different super shops in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Ital J Food Saf 2019 Mar 26;8(1):6720. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Microbiology.

Poultry is now considered as a major fast-growing source of meat in the world. The consumers demand safe and hygienic products without contamination with pathogenic microorganisms when the production and consumption of poultry meat is gradually increasing. The present study was conducted to assess the bacterial contamination of dressed chicken collected from different supershops in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Read More

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https://pagepressjournals.com/index.php/ijfs/article/view/67
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/ijfs.2019.6720DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452097PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Molecular Identification and Evaluation of Indigenous Bacterial Isolates for Their Plant Growth Promoting and Biological Control Activities against Fusarium Wilt Pathogen of Tomato.

Plant Pathol J 2019 Apr 1;35(2):137-148. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.

In search of an effective biological control agent against the tomato pathogen f. sp, rhizospheric soil samples were collected from eight agro-ecological zones of Bangladesh. Among the bacteria isolated from soil, 24 isolates were randomly selected and evaluated for their antagonistic activity against f. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.OA.06.2018.0104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464195PMC

Varietal improvement options for higher rice productivity in salt affected areas using crop modelling.

Field Crops Res 2018 Dec;229:27-36

International Rice Research Institute, Philippines.

The rice model ORYZA v3 has been recently improved to account for salt stress effect on rice crop growth and yield. This paper details subsequent studies using the improved model to explore opportunities for improving salinity tolerance in rice. The objective was to identify combinations of plant traits influencing rice responses to salinity and to quantify yield gains by improving these traits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2018.08.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472128PMC
December 2018

Ex ante and ex post effects of hybrid index insurance in Bangladesh.

J Dev Econ 2019 Jan;136:1-17

International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA.

This study assesses both the demand for and effectiveness of an index insurance product designed to help smallholder farmers in Bangladesh manage crop production risk during the monsoon season. Villages were randomized into either an insurance treatment or a comparison group, and discounts and rebates were randomly allocated across treatment villages to encourage insurance take-up and to allow for the estimation of the price-elasticity of insurance demand. Among those offered insurance, we find demand to be fairly price elastic, with discounts significantly more successful in stimulating demand than rebates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2018.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472668PMC
January 2019

Spatial Variability of Groundwater Arsenic Concentration as Controlled by Hydrogeology: Conceptual Analysis Using 2-D Reactive Transport Modeling.

Water Resour Res 2018 Dec 26;54(12):10254-10269. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Copenhagen Denmark.

Combined geological, hydrogeological, and geochemical controls on the arsenic concentration of contaminated aquifers in SE Asia were explored by two-dimensional (2-D) reactive transport modeling of data sets from Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Vietnam. For each site, the field data are summarized and used to create a conceptual 2-D reactive transport model that elucidates characteristic features influencing the groundwater arsenic concentration. Comparison of models for Bangladesh and Vietnam indicates that fine-grained layers overlying young sandy aquifers generate shallow high arsenic groundwater because low vertical groundwater velocities allow sufficient time for kinetic As release from the sediment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018WR023685DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472640PMC
December 2018

Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation and Vitamin A Status Are Associated with Gut Microbiome Composition in Bangladeshi Infants in Early Infancy and at 2 Years of Age.

J Nutr 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Nutrition Department.

Background: Infancy is a crucial period for establishing the intestinal microbiome. This process may be influenced by vitamin A (VA) status because VA affects intestinal immunity and epithelial integrity, factors that can, in turn, modulate microbiome development.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine if neonatal VA supplementation (VAS) affected the abundance of Bifidobacterium, a beneficial commensal, or of Proteobacteria, a phylum containing enteric pathogens, in early (6-15 wk) or late (2 y) infancy. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/jn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jn/n
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz034DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Antenatal Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation Compared to Iron-Folic Acid Affects Micronutrient Status but Does Not Eliminate Deficiencies in a Randomized Controlled Trial among Pregnant Women of Rural Bangladesh.

J Nutr 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Background: Antenatal multiple micronutrient (MM) supplementation improves birth outcomes relative to iron-folic acid (IFA) in developing countries, but limited data exist on its impact on pregnancy micronutrient status.

Objective: We assessed the efficacy of a daily MM (15 nutrients) compared with IFA supplement, each providing approximately 1 RDA of nutrients and given beginning at pregnancy ascertainment, on late pregnancy micronutrient status of women in rural Bangladesh. Secondarily, we explored other contributors to pregnancy micronutrient status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz046DOI Listing

The culture, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Rohingya refugees: a systematic review.

Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci 2019 Apr 22:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Public Health Section, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,Geneva,Switzerland.

AimsDespite the magnitude and protracted nature of the Rohingya refugee situation, there is limited information on the culture, mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of this group. This paper, drawing on a report commissioned by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), aims to provide a comprehensive synthesis of the literature on mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of Rohingya refugees, including an examination of associated cultural factors. The ultimate objective is to assist humanitarian actors and agencies in providing culturally relevant Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) for Rohingya refugees displaced to Bangladesh and other neighbouring countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000192DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Nipah virus: epidemiology, pathology, immunobiology and advances in diagnosis, vaccine designing and control strategies - a comprehensive review.

Vet Q 2019 Dec;39(1):26-55

k National Institute of Virology , Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt of India , Pune , India.

Nipah (Nee-pa) viral disease is a zoonotic infection caused by Nipah virus (NiV), a paramyxovirus belonging to the genus Henipavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. It is a biosafety level-4 pathogen, which is transmitted by specific types of fruit bats, mainly Pteropus spp. which are natural reservoir host. Read More

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December 2019

Ranking of stroke and cardiovascular risk factors for an optimal risk calculator design: Logistic regression approach.

Comput Biol Med 2019 Mar 25;108:182-195. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Stroke Monitoring and Diagnostic Division, AtheroPoint™, Roseville, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Conventional cardiovascular risk factors (CCVRFs) and carotid ultrasound image-based phenotypes (CUSIP) are independently associated with long-term risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. In this study, 26 cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors which consisted of a combination of CCVRFs and CUSIP together were ranked. Further, an optimal risk calculator using AtheroEdge composite risk score (AECRS1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2019.03.020DOI Listing
March 2019
1.240 Impact Factor

Genetic effects of welding fumes on the development of respiratory system diseases.

Comput Biol Med 2019 Apr 8;108:142-149. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Bone Biology Division, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia; Discipline of Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: The welding process releases potentially hazardous gases and fumes, mainly composed of metallic oxides, fluorides and silicates. Long term welding fume (WF) inhalation is a recognized health issue that carries a risk of developing chronic health problems, particularly respiratory system diseases (RSDs). Aside from general airway irritation, WF exposure may drive direct cellular responses in the respiratory system which increase risk of RSD, but these are not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Patterns of outdoor exposure to heat in three South Asian cities.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Apr 9;674:264-278. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen Environmental Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands; London School of Economics and Political Science, Grantham Research Institute, London, United Kingdom.

Low socio-economic status has been widely recognized as a significant factor in enhancing a person's vulnerability to climate change including vulnerability to changes in temperature. Yet, little is known about exposure to heat within cities in developing countries, and even less about exposure within informal neighbourhoods in those countries. This paper presents an assessment of exposure to outdoor heat in the South Asian cities Delhi, Dhaka, and Faisalabad. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00489697193160
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.04.087DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Integrating Bleeding Control Training Into Surgical Missions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

J Surg Res 2019 Apr 17;241:53-56. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey.

Background: Basic bleeding control (BCon) techniques can save lives globally but the knowledge is not widespread in low-income countries where trauma is a common cause of death. Short-term surgical missions (STSMs) are an effective route to share this public health initiative around the world.

Materials And Methods: Over 2017-2018, the International Surgical Health Initiative organized STSMs to locations in Sierra Leone, Bangladesh, Peru, and Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.03.020DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Association of Diabetes With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality in Asia: A Pooled Analysis of More Than 1 Million Participants.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e192696. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Importance: Asia is home to the largest diabetic populations in the world. However, limited studies have quantified the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asian populations.

Objectives: To evaluate the association of diabetes with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in Asia and to investigate potential effect modifications of the diabetes-mortality associations by participants' age, sex, education level, body mass index, and smoking status. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2696DOI Listing
April 2019
7 Reads

Nipah Virus Sequences from Humans and Bats during Nipah Outbreak, Kerala, India, 2018.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May;25(5):1003-1006

We retrieved Nipah virus (NiV) sequences from 4 human and 3 fruit bat (Pteropus medius) samples from a 2018 outbreak in Kerala, India. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that NiV from humans was 96.15% similar to a Bangladesh strain but 99. Read More

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http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/5/18-1076_article.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.181076DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Sulforaphane Potentially Ameliorates Arsenic Induced Hepatotoxicity in Albino Wistar Rats: Implication of PI3K/Akt/Nrf2 Signaling Pathway.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2019 ;52(5):1203-1222

Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India.

Background/aims: Agriculture and industrial expansion in recent years have resulted in the undue discharge of arsenic into the environment, building arsenic toxicity a major worldwide anxiety. Oxidative stress is considered as the most conspicuous effect of arsenic toxicity. The current study was designed to evaluate the protective ability of sulforaphane (SFN) against arsenic (As) induced hepatotoxicity by activation of PI3K induced Akt and Nrf2 mediated signaling pathway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.33594/000000082DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
2.875 Impact Factor

High temperature and drought stress cause abscisic acid and reactive oxygen species accumulation and suppress seed germination growth in rice.

Protoplasma 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Collaborative Innovation Center of Henan Grain Crops, Henan Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China.

Seed germination is one of the most important biological processes in the life cycle of plants, and temperature and water are the two most critical environmental factors that influence seed germination. In the present study, we investigated the roles of the plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in high temperature (HT) and drought-induced inhibition of rice seed germination. HT and drought stress caused ABA accumulation in seeds and inhibited seed germination and seedling establishment. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00709-019-01354-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00709-019-01354-6DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The capability of L-carnitine-mediated antioxidant on cock during aging: evidence for the improved semen quality and enhanced testicular expressions of GnRH1, GnRHR, and melatonin receptors MT 1/2.

Poult Sci 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Key Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Ministry of Education and Department of Basic Veterinary Medicine, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China.

Precise natural anti-oxidative compounds have facilitated the research of infertile gametes and the development of novel bio-therapeutics, especially the molecules that are based on the reduction of oxidative stress, such as L-carnitine (LC). In addition to, the defect in the functioning of sperm mitochondrial and the decreasing seminal antioxidant ability due to aging, its essential role in permitting the mitochondrial import and oxidation of long chain fatty acids is worthy. Therefore, current study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary LC on semen quality, seminal antioxidant activity, and their implications for the fertility in aged cocks for 12 wk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pez201DOI Listing
April 2019
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Field Testing Integrated Interventions for Schistosomiasis Elimination in the People's Republic of China: Outcomes of a Multifactorial Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Immunol 2019 3;10:645. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Infectious Diseases Division, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Despite significant progress, China faces the challenge of re-emerging schistosomiasis transmission in currently controlled areas due, in part, to the presence of a range of animal reservoirs, notably water buffalo and cattle, which can harbor infections. Environmental, ecological and social-demographic changes in China, shown to affect the distribution of oncomelanid snails, can also impact future schistosomiasis transmission. In light of their importance in the , lifecycle, vaccination has been proposed as a means to reduce the excretion of egg from cattle and buffalo, thereby interrupting transmission from these reservoir hosts to snails. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456715PMC
April 2019
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Fecal Colonization With Multidrug-Resistant Among Healthy Infants in Rural Bangladesh.

Front Microbiol 2019 2;10:640. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Eawag, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland.

Third generation cephalosporins (3GC) are one of the main choices for treatment of infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria. Due to their overuse, an increasing trend of resistance to 3GC has been observed in developing countries. Here, we describe fecal colonization of 3GC-resistant (3GCr) in healthy infants (1-12 months old) living in rural areas of Bangladesh. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00640
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00640DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454046PMC
April 2019
1 Read

"Only fixation": Can it be the single remedy for all?

Authors:
Asifur Rahman

J Craniovertebr Junction Spine 2019 Jan-Mar;10(1):72-74

Department of Neurosurgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_119_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469319PMC

Fusion of the N-terminal domain of Pseudomonas sp. phytase with Bacillus sp. phytase and its effects on optimal temperature and catalytic efficiency.

Enzyme Microb Technol 2019 Jul 3;126:69-76. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Biotechnology, Pukyong National University, Busan, 48513, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The beta-propeller phytase (BPP) is an enzyme that hydrolyzes phyate to release inorganic phosphorus. The BPP produced by Pseudomonas sp. FB15 (PSphy) possesses an additional N-terminal domain that is not present in BPP produced by other Bacillus species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2019.04.002DOI Listing

Mortality and cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity in individuals with impaired FEV (PURE): an international, community-based cohort study.

Lancet Glob Health 2019 May;7(5):e613-e623

Population Health Research Institute, Department of Medicine, McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: The associations between the extent of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV) impairment and mortality, incident cardiovascular disease, and respiratory hospitalisations are unclear, and how these associations might vary across populations is unknown.

Methods: In this international, community-based cohort study, we prospectively enrolled adults aged 35-70 years who had no intention of moving residences for 4 years from rural and urban communities across 17 countries. A portable spirometer was used to assess FEV. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2214109X193007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30070-1DOI Listing
May 2019
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The incidence, aetiology, and adverse clinical consequences of less severe diarrhoeal episodes among infants and children residing in low-income and middle-income countries: a 12-month case-control study as a follow-on to the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS).

Lancet Glob Health 2019 May;7(5):e568-e584

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Diarrheal diseases remain a leading cause of illness and death among children younger than 5 years in low-income and middle-income countries. The Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) has described the incidence, aetiology, and sequelae of medically attended moderate-to-severe diarrhoea (MSD) among children aged 0-59 months residing in censused populations in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia, where most child deaths occur. To further characterise this disease burden and guide interventions, we extended this study to include children with episodes of less-severe diarrhoea (LSD) seeking care at health centres serving six GEMS sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(19)30076-2DOI Listing
May 2019
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Experimental Studies on MoS-Treated Grinding Wheel Active Surface Condition after High-Efficiency Internal Cylindrical Grinding Process of INCONEL Alloy 718.

Micromachines (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;10(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University Center for Research & Development, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Punjab 140413, India.

This work demonstrates that molybdenum disulfide can be successfully used as an impregnating substance that is introduced in the abrasive tool structure for improving its cutting properties and favorably affecting the effects of the abrasive process. For the experimental studies, a set of MoS-treated small-sized grinding wheels with a technical designation 1-35×10×10×109A5X60L10VE0 PI-50 before and after the reciprocating internal cylindrical grinding process of rings made from INCONEL alloy 718 was prepared. The condition of grinding wheel active surface was analyzed using an advanced observation measurement system based on stylus/optical profilometry, as well as confocal and electron microscopy. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/10/4/255
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/mi10040255DOI Listing
April 2019
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Establishing a novel assay system for measuring renin concentration using cost effective recombinant ovine angiotensinogen.

Heliyon 2019 Apr 4;5(4):e01409. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Center for Highly Advanced Integration of Nano and Life Sciences, Gifu University (G-CHAIN), 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1193, Japan.

Background: Plasma renin can predict future cardiovascular events as well as the prevalence of chronic renal disease in hypertensive subjects. Ovine angiotensinogen (oANG) is a better substrate for measuring renin concentration through activity assay. Recombinant oANG expressed in cells can be utilized as the substrate while measuring plasma renin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451169PMC

Vibriocidal Titer and Protection From Cholera in Children.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2019 Apr 11;6(4):ofz057. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Infectious Diseases Division, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.

Background: Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholera, is a major cause of diarrhea worldwide. Children under the age of 5 have the highest disease burden of cholera. Vibriocidal antibody responses following natural infection and oral cholera vaccination (OCV) are associated with protective immunity, but whether this holds uniformly true in young children is not known. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ofid/article/doi/10.1093/ofid/ofz05
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofz057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457480PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of honey obtained through sugar feeding of bees.

J Food Sci Technol 2019 Apr 19;56(4):2267-2277. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

3School of Bioresource, Graduate School, Andong National University, Andong, 760-749 Republic of South Korea.

This study was planned to characterize the physicochemical and antioxidant properties, and microbiological quality of honey obtained from the sandbar pumpkin field. In this study, four sugar supplemented and one control (without sugar fed) honey sample was used. Results revealed that all samples exhibited appropriate maturity considering their low moisture content (~ 19%) and high total solids (~ 80%) and TSS (~ 79%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-019-03714-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443748PMC

Host Selection of Field-Collected and in Bangladesh.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

and appear to play an important role in contemporary malaria transmission in Bangladesh. However, very little is known about the natural host selection of these vectors. Therefore, host selection of these two species was investigated in Bandarban, the most malarious region of Bangladesh. Read More

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http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0923
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0923DOI Listing
April 2019
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Development and Initial Validation of a Frontline Health Worker mHealth Assessment Platform (MEDSINC) for Children 2-60 Months of Age.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

THINKMD, Inc., Burlington, Vermont.

Approximately 3 million children younger than 5 years living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) die each year from treatable clinical conditions such as pneumonia, dehydration secondary to diarrhea, and malaria. A majority of these deaths could be prevented with early clinical assessments and appropriate therapeutic intervention. In this study, we describe the development and initial validation testing of a mobile health (mHealth) platform, MEDSINC, designed for frontline health workers (FLWs) to perform clinical risk assessments of children aged 2-60 months. Read More

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http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0869
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0869DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
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