11,303 results match your criteria Baltic Journal Of Road And Bridge Engineering[Journal]


Health assessment of harbour porpoises (PHOCOENA PHOCOENA) from Baltic area of Denmark, Germany, Poland and Latvia.

Environ Int 2020 Jun 29;143:105904. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bünteweg 17, 30559 Hannover, Germany.

Harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), the only resident cetacean species of the Baltic Sea is formed of two subpopulations populations, occurring in the western Baltic, Belt Seas and Kattegat and the Baltic Proper, respectively. Harbour porpoises throughout these areas are exposed to a large number of human activities causing direct and indirect effects on individuals, that might also harm this species on a population level. From Latvia, Poland, Germany and Denmark 385 out of 1769 collected dead harbour porpoises were suitable for extensive necropsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105904DOI Listing

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - handbook for qualified systematic reviews.

Food Nutr Res 2020 18;64. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Systematic reviews (SRs) constitute a major part of the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNRs). The step-by-step procedure used to develop SRs has evolved considerably over time and is often tailored to fit the exposure and outcomes in focus.

Objective: To describe a detailed procedure for developing qualified SRs commissioned by the NNR2022 project. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29219/fnr.v64.4404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307435PMC

The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2022 - principles and methodologies.

Food Nutr Res 2020 18;64. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNRs) constitute the scientific basis for national dietary reference values (DRVs) and food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) in the Nordic and Baltic countries.

Objective: To define principles and methodologies for the sixth edition of NNR to be published in 2022 (NNR2022).

Design: The principles and methodologies of the previous edition of NNR were used as a starting point. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29219/fnr.v64.4402DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7307430PMC

Abrupt increase in harvested forest area over Europe after 2015.

Nature 2020 Jul 1;583(7814):72-77. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Bio-Economy Unit, European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy.

Forests provide a series of ecosystem services that are crucial to our society. In the European Union (EU), forests account for approximately 38% of the total land surface. These forests are important carbon sinks, and their conservation efforts are vital for the EU's vision of achieving climate neutrality by 2050. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2438-yDOI Listing

Novel Mitochondrial DNA Lineage Found among (De Geer, 1776) of the Nordic-Baltic Region.

Insects 2020 Jun 26;11(6). Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi 5D, 51006 Tartu, Estonia.

The complex consist of three Northern American species as well as a common Holarctic mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) (De Geer, 1776). These sister species exhibit important ecological differences and are capable of transmitting various pathogens, but cannot always be differentiated by morphological traits. To investigate the complex in Europe, we compared three molecular markers (COI, ND5 and ITS2) from 54 Estonian mosquitoes as well as two COI marker sequences from Sweden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/insects11060397DOI Listing

Attitudes towards migration from the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: similar history but different psychiatric trainees?

Int Rev Psychiatry 2020 Jun 30:1-7. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Hospital de Magalhães Lemos, Porto, Portugal.

This article aimed to describe and compare migration tendencies between junior doctors training in psychiatry in the Baltic countries. A cross-sectional survey was circulated in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 2013-2014 as part of the Brain Drain study. The 61-item, anonymous questionnaire covered participants' demographic data, experiences of short-term mobility, long-term migration and trainees' attitudes towards migration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540261.2020.1777777DOI Listing

Description of a new species of marine amoeba Korotnevella mutabilis n. sp. (Amoebozoa, Dactylopodida).

Eur J Protistol 2020 Apr 6;75:125701. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Protistology, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya nab. 1, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia.

Korotnevella (Amoebozoa, Dactylopodida) is a genus of naked lobose amoebae with a dactylopodial morphotype. The cell membrane of these amoebae is covered with a monolayer of scales. The structure and size of scales are considered as species-specific features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejop.2020.125701DOI Listing

Chemico-Proteomics Reveal the Enhancement of Salt Tolerance in an Invasive Plant Species via HS Signaling.

ACS Omega 2020 Jun 9;5(24):14575-14585. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China.

HS is a small molecule known to have multiple signaling roles in animals. Recently, evidence shows that HS also has signaling functions in plants; however, the role of HS in invasive plants is unknown. is a typical invasive species growing along the beaches of southern China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c01275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315593PMC

The origin of isolated populations of the mountain weevil Liparus glabrirostris - the flagship species for riparian habitats.

J Hered 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sławkowska, Kraków, Poland.

Liparus glabrirostris is one of the largest European weevils, and it has been recently proposed as the flagship species for threatened riparian habitats in mountains. For effective conservation of its populations (and associated habitats), it is crucial to understand its history, contemporary distribution, genetic diversity and predict changes in the range, including its highly isolated populations on the Baltic coast. Here, we examined numerous populations of L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/esaa018DOI Listing

The helminthofauna of the garfish Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1760) from the southern Baltic Sea, including new data.

Ann Parasitol 2020 ;66(2):237-241

Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdańsk, ul. Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland.

The garfish Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1760) is a marine fish which can be found in the shallow waters of the Baltic Sea in the spring and summer spawning period. In 2010 and in 2016, 73 specimens of garfish collected in the Gulf of Gdansk (southern Baltic Sea) were examined for the presence of helminths. The fish were found to support the nematode Anisakis simplex (Rudolphi, 1809) L3, Hysterothylacium aduncum (Rudolphi, 1802) L4, ad. Read More

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January 2020

Body mass, mercury exposure, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in three Baltic colonies.

Environ Int 2020 Jun 23;142:105866. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Aarhus University, Department of Bioscience, Arctic Research Centre (ARC), Frederiksborgvej 399, PO Box 358, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark; Henan Province Engineering Research Center for Biomass Value-added Products, School of Forestry, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China. Electronic address:

The Baltic/Wadden Sea Flyway of common eiders has declined over the past three decades. Multiple factors such as contaminant exposure, global warming, hunting, white-tailed eagle predation, decreased agricultural eutrophication and infectious diseases have been suggested to explain the decline. We collected information on body mass, mercury (Hg) concentration, biochemistry and untargeted metabolomics of incubating birds in two colonies in the Danish Straits (Hov Røn, n = 100; Agersø, n = 29) and in one colony in the Baltic proper (Christiansø, n = 23) to look into their metabolisms and energy balance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105866DOI Listing

Lead isotopic signatures in blood from incubating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in the central Baltic Sea.

Environ Int 2020 Jun 22;142:105874. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Department of Biology, Høgskoleringen 5, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway. Electronic address:

The Christiansø colony of common eiders (Somateria mollissima) in the central Baltic Sea were exposed to high levels of Pb during the 2018 breeding season that were not present in 2017. Due to these high Pb blood levels, the present study investigated possible Pb sources and Pb dynamics within this vulnerable colony. We analyzed body mass and lead isotopic ratios (Pb-IRs) in blood taken from the same incubating eiders at the early (day 4) and late (day 24) stages of incubation during the 2018 breeding season (n = 23). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105874DOI Listing

Seroprevalence of avian influenza in Baltic common eiders (Somateria mollissima) and pink-footed geese (Anser brachyrhynchus).

Environ Int 2020 Jun 22;142:105873. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Aarhus University, Department of Bioscience, Arctic Research Centre (ARC), Frederiksborgvej 399, PO Box 358, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark; Henan Province Engineering Research Center for Biomass Value-added Products, School of Forestry, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China. Electronic address:

Blood plasma was collected during 2016-2018 from healthy incubating eiders (Somateria molissima, n = 183) in three Danish colonies, and healthy migrating pink-footed geese (Anser brachyrhynchus, n = 427) at their spring roost in Central Norway (Svalbard breeding population) and their novel flyway through the Finnish Baltic Sea (Russian breeding population). These species and flyways altogether represent terrestrial, brackish and marine ecosystems spanning from the Western to the Eastern and Northern part of the Baltic Sea. Plasma of these species was analysed for seroprevalence of specific avian influenza A (AI) antibodies to obtain information on circulating AI serotypes and exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105873DOI Listing

Nutrient mitigation under the impact of climate and land-use changes: A hydro-economic approach to participatory catchment management.

J Environ Manage 2020 Jun 24;271:110976. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

IFM Biology, Linköping University, SE 581 83, Linköping, Sweden.

Excessive nutrient loadings into rivers are a well-known ecological problem. Implemented mitigation measures should ideally be cost-effective, but perfectly ranking alternative nutrient mitigation measures according to cost-effectiveness is a difficult methodological challenge. Furthermore, a particularly practical challenge is that cost-effective measures are not necessarily favoured by local stakeholders, and this may impede their successful implementation in practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110976DOI Listing

The Process of Producing Bioethanol from Delignified Cellulose Isolated from Plants of the Miscanthus Genus.

Bioengineering (Basel) 2020 Jun 21;7(2). Epub 2020 Jun 21.

School of Life Science, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Nevskogo 14, Kaliningrad 236006, Russia.

Plants of the Miscanthus genus ( Anderss.) have a unique index of biomass production in relation to the occupied area. Miscanthus plants can be attributed to promising second-generation raw materials for the production of bioethanol and biofuel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering7020061DOI Listing

Postglacial establishment of locally adapted fish populations over a steep salinity gradient.

J Evol Biol 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Centre for Marine Evolutionary Biology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Studies of colonisation of new habitats that appear from rapidly changing environments are interesting and highly relevant to our understanding of divergence and speciation. Here we analyse phenotypic and genetic variation involved in the successful establishment of a marine fish (sand goby, Pomatoschistus minutus) over a steep salinity drop from 35 PSU in the North Sea (NE Atlantic) to 2 PSU in the inner parts of the postglacial Baltic Sea. We first show that populations are adapted to local salinity in a key reproductive trait, the proportion of motile sperm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13668DOI Listing

High variability in hip fracture post-acute care and dementia patients having worse chances of receiving rehabilitation: an analysis of population-based data from Estonia.

Eur Geriatr Med 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Purpose: Rehabilitation is a fundamental part of hip fracture (HF) care; however, the best strategies are unclear. This study maps index HF patients' post-acute care (PAC) in Estonia and compares the PAC of patients with and without a diagnosis of dementia.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using validated population-based data from the Estonian Health Insurance Fund using inclusion criteria: age ≥ 50 years, International Classification of Diseases code (S72. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41999-020-00348-5DOI Listing
June 2020
0.552 Impact Factor

In Vitro Toxicological Screening of Stable and Senescing Cultures of , , and .

Toxins (Basel) 2020 Jun 17;12(6). Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Environmental Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Rokietnicka 8, 60-806 Poznań, Poland.

Toxicity of cyanobacteria is the subject of ongoing research, and a number of toxic metabolites have been described, their biosynthesis pathways have been elucidated, and the mechanism of their action has been established. However, several knowledge gaps still exist, e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/toxins12060400DOI Listing

External trap-and-release membrane inlet for photoionization mass spectrometry: Towards fast direct analysis of aromatic pollutants in aquatic systems.

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Joint Mass Spectrometry Centre, Chair of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, University of Rostock, Dr.-Lorenz-Weg 2, 18059, Rostock, Germany.

Rationale: Fast and sensitive detection of aromatic hydrocarbons (AHs) in water is of high importance because of their high impact on human health and the environment. For this, resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) coupled to trap-and-release membrane-introduction mass spectrometry (T&R-MIMS) offers the possibility of sensitive on-line water analysis with minute time-resolution.

Method: REMPI is a versatile tool for sensitive gas-phase analysis, in which AHs are selectively ionized in complex gas mixtures by the subsequent absorption of at least two photons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8863DOI Listing

Asymptomatic Right Atrial Thrombosis After Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital.

Right atrial thrombosis is a rare, but potentially serious complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment. We conducted a retrospective multicenter study to assess the incidence, treatment, and outcome of asymptomatic right atrial thrombosis detected at routine echocardiography of children after acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment in the Nordic and Baltic countries. Eleven (2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001848DOI Listing

Adaptation potential of the copepod to a future warmer Baltic Sea.

Ecol Evol 2020 Jun 15;10(11):5135-5151. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences Stockholm University Stockholm Sweden.

To predict effects of global change on zooplankton populations, it is important to understand how present species adapt to temperature and how they respond to stressors interacting with temperature. Here, we ask if the calanoid copepod from the Baltic Sea can adapt to future climate warming. Populations were sampled at sites with different temperatures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6267DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297749PMC

Can Survey Measures Predict Key Performance Indicators of Safety? Confirmatory and Exploratory Analyses of the Association Between Self-Report and Safety Outcomes in the Maritime Industry.

Front Psychol 2020 29;11:976. Epub 2020 May 29.

Operational Psychology Research Group, Department of Psychosocial Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Safety management may be improved if managers implement measures based on reliable empirical knowledge about how psychological factors cause or prevent accidents. While such factors are often investigated with self-report measures, few studies in the maritime industry have investigated whether self-report measures predict objectively registered accidents. The current pre-registered study used structural equation modelling to test whether "Safety attitude," "Situation awareness," "Reporting attitude" and "Safe behaviour" predicted "Number of reports" and "Number of safety events" in the following year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00976DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7273337PMC

SNP genotyping reveals substructuring in weakly differentiated populations of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) from diverse environments in the Baltic Sea.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 16;10(1):9738. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Centre for Integrative Genetics (CIGENE), Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences (IHA), Faculty of Life Sciences (BIOVIT), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), PO Box, 5003, Aas, Norway.

Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is one of the most important fish species in northern Europe for several reasons including its predator status in marine ecosystems, its historical role in fisheries, its potential in aquaculture and its strong public profile. However, due to over-exploitation in the North Atlantic and changes in the ecosystem, many cod populations have been reduced in size and genetic diversity. Cod populations in the Baltic Proper, Kattegat and North Sea have been analyzed using a species specific single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66518-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298039PMC

Bioactive Molecular Networking for Mapping the Antimicrobial Constituents of the Baltic Brown Alga .

Mar Drugs 2020 Jun 13;18(6). Epub 2020 Jun 13.

GEOMAR Centre for Marine Biotechnology (GEOMAR-Biotech), Research Unit Marine Natural Products Chemistry, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Am Kiel-Kanal 44, 24106 Kiel, Germany.

The brown alga is common to the intertidal zones of the Baltic Sea, where it is exposed to high fouling pressures by microorganisms. Our previous studies showed, repeatedly, the consistent antimicrobial activity of crude extracts against human pathogens, while untargeted metabolomics analyses have revealed a variety of metabolites. In this study, we applied the UPLC-QToF-MS/MS-based "bioactive molecular networking" (BMN) concept on the most bioactive hexane and -butanol subextracts of Baltic coupled with in silico dereplication tools to identify the compounds responsible for antimicrobial activity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md18060311DOI Listing

Ecological and Geochemical Conditions for the Accumulation of Antioxidants in the Leaves of (L.) Bigel.

Plants (Basel) 2020 Jun 13;9(6). Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Institute of Living Systems, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Universitetskaya Str., 2, 236040 Kaliningrad, Russia.

The article explores how location affected the dynamics of accumulation of ascorbic acid (AC) and oxidized forms of AC-dehydroascorbic acid (DAA) and diketogulonic acid (DKGA) in beach pea during ontogenetic development. Our analysis focuses on research of the ecological and geochemical conditions growing of the plant on the Curonian Spit. The level of hydrogen peroxide and the activity of enzymes that break it down were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants9060746DOI Listing

Taxonomic diversity of sputum microbiome in lung cancer patients and its relationship with chromosomal aberrations in blood lymphocytes.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 15;10(1):9681. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Kemerovo State University, Kemerovo, Russian Federation.

Here we report a pilot-sized study to compare the taxonomic composition of sputum microbiome in 17 newly-diagnosed lung cancer (LC) patients and 17 controls. Another object was to compare the representation of individual bacterial genera and species in sputum with the frequency of chromosomal aberrations in the blood lymphocytes of LC patients and in controls. Both groups were male; average age 56. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66654-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7295751PMC

Hand surgery in Lithuania.

J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2020 Jun 15:1753193420932729. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Baltic American Clinic, Vilnius, Lithuania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753193420932729DOI Listing

Zooplankton impact on lipid biomarkers in water column vs. surface sediments of the stratified Eastern Gotland Basin (Central Baltic Sea).

PLoS One 2020 12;15(6):e0234110. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Geoscience Center, Georg-August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Sediments from stratified marine environments often show an enhanced preservation of organic matter (OM) which is attributed to the limitation, or absence, of oxygen in the bottom waters and surface sediments. Yet there is still a limited knowledge about the changes that the associated biomarker signals undergo in the different parts of a stratified environment, and as to which extent the situation in the productive upper parts of the water column is eventually reflected in the sedimentary record. To better understand these processes we studied particulate matter samples from the stratified, partly anoxic Eastern Gotland Basin (EGB, Central Baltic Sea) during a strong cyanobacterial bloom in August 2016. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0234110PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292411PMC

Mitochondrial performance of a continually growing marine bivalve, Linnaeus, depends on the body size.

J Exp Biol 2020 Jun 11. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Marine Biology, Institute for Biological Sciences, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany.

Allometric decline of mass-specific metabolic rate with increasing body size in organisms is a well-documented phenomenon. Despite a long history of research the mechanistic causes of metabolic scaling with body size remain under debate. Some hypotheses suggest that intrinsic factors such as allometry of cellular and mitochondrial metabolism may contribute to the organismal-level metabolic scaling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/jeb.226332DOI Listing

Overall comparison and source identification of PAHs in the sediments of European Baltic and North Seas, Chinese Bohai and Yellow Seas.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 29;737:139535. Epub 2020 May 29.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; Hubei Key Laboratory of Environmental and Health Effects of Persistent Toxic Substances, Institute of Environment and Health, Jianghan University, Wuhan 430056, China.

An international sampling campaign was carried out to comprehensively investigate the occurrence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the marine sediments from the European Baltic and North Seas, Chinese Bohai and Yellow Seas. The concentrations of ∑PAHs in the samples from these four seas were in the range of 0.91-5361 ng/g dry weight (dw), 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139535DOI Listing

[The contribution of M. N. Akhutin in field surgery (to the 75th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic war)].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2020 May;28(3):499-502

The Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "The Peoples' Friendship University of Russia" (RUDN University), 117198, Moscow, Russia.

The article is devoted to M. N. Akhutin (1899-1848), one of the founders of the Russian military field surgery, lieutenant general of the medical service, professor, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of medical Sciences, chief of the Military medical Academy (1940-1941). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.32687/0869-866X-2020-28-3-499-502DOI Listing

Effects of environmentally relevant concentrations of diclofenac in Mytilus trossulus.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 30;737:139797. Epub 2020 May 30.

Department of Environmental Analysis, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 63, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland.

The presence of pharmaceuticals in the marine environment is a growing problem of global importance. Although awareness of the significance of this issue is increasing, many questions related to the ecotoxicology of pharmaceuticals remain unclear. Diclofenac is one of the drugs most commonly detected in the marine environment and its potential toxicity has been previously highlighted, thus its impact on organisms deserves a special attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139797DOI Listing

A Mobile Application for Smart Computer-Aided Self-Administered Testing of Cognition, Speech, and Motor Impairment.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Jun 6;20(11). Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Applied Informatics, Vytautas Magnus University, 44404 Kaunas, Lithuania.

We present a model for digital neural impairment screening and self-assessment, which can evaluate cognitive and motor deficits for patients with symptoms of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI), Parkinson's disease (PD), Huntington's disease (HD), or dementia. The data was collected with an Android mobile application that can track cognitive, hand tremor, energy expenditure, and speech features of subjects. We extracted 238 features as the model inputs using 16 tasks, 12 of them were based on a self-administered cognitive testing (SAGE) methodology and others used finger tapping and voice features acquired from the sensors of a smart mobile device (smartphone or tablet). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20113236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7309061PMC

Seeking the True Time: Exploring Otolith Chemistry as an Age-Determination Tool.

J Fish Biol 2020 Jun 9. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Department of Environmental research and monitoring, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.

Fish otoliths' chronometric properties make them useful for age and growth rate estimation in fisheries management. For the Eastern Baltic Sea cod stock (Gadus morhua), unclear seasonal growth zones in otoliths have resulted in unreliable age and growth information. Here, a new age estimation method based on seasonal patterns in trace elemental otolith incorporation was tested for the first time and compared with the traditional method of visually counting growth zones, using otoliths from the Baltic and North seas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfb.14422DOI Listing

Provision of community-based mental health care, Latvia.

Bull World Health Organ 2020 Jun 21;98(6):426-430. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

European Observatory on Health System and Policies, Department of Health Care Management, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Problem: In Latvia, the move towards community-based mental health-care services has been slow.

Approach: The hospital managers of the only psychiatric hospital in Riga decided to establish two community-based clinics that were financially and administratively integrated with the hospital. The clinics were established using a step-wise approach by redistributing resources, including psychiatrists, nurses and beds, from the hospital to the new clinics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.239913DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265933PMC

Expression and Prognostic Significance of Cadherin 4 (CDH4) in Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Med Sci Monit 2020 Jun 8;26:e922836. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Life Science Institute, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Aberrant expression of cadherin family members and their possible biological function have been widely studied in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the expression of cadherin 4 (CDH4) and its value in RCC diagnosis and prognosis remains elusive. MATERIAL AND METHODS The TCGA database was used to analyze the expression of CDH4 and its clinical parameters and prognosis in 891 RCC patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.922836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297024PMC

Applying a combined geospatial and farm scale model to identify suitable locations for mussel farming.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Jul 30;156:111254. Epub 2020 May 30.

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Seestraße 15, 18119 Rostock, Germany. Electronic address:

Mussel farming has increasingly come into focus as a potential mitigation measure for fish farms and eutrophication, in addition to being a food source. This study presents a GIS-based suitability analysis combined with a farm scale model to identify appropriate mussel farming sites. The sites are investigated in terms of potential mussel harvest, nutrient removal, and effects on water transparency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111254DOI Listing

Cigarette butts on Baltic Sea beaches: Monitoring, pollution and mitigation measures.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Jul 16;156:111248. Epub 2020 May 16.

Marine Research Institute, Klaipeda University, Universiteto ave. 17, LT-92294 Klaipeda, Lithuania; Leibniz-Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Seestrasse 15, D-18119 Rostock, Germany.

OSPAR, Rake and Flood accumulation zone methods were applied at 29 beaches of the German and Lithuanian Baltic Sea coast (2011-2018) to monitor cigarette butt pollution. Also, butt pollution prevention measure - ballot bin, was tested. The number of cigarette butts was significantly higher in Germany than in Lithuania, but the percent of butts from total litter items was similar. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111248DOI Listing

From macro to micro, from patchy to uniform: Analyzing plastic contamination along and across a sandy tide-less coast.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Jul 23;156:111198. Epub 2020 May 23.

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Seestrasse 15, D-18119 Rostock, Germany.

In search of an effective method to evaluate plastic contamination, macrolitter (>25 mm), mesolitter (5-25 mm), large microlitter (2-5 mm), large and small microplastics (2-5 mm and 0.5-2 mm) abundances in surface beach sands were simultaneously determined by two methods in four beach zones at six locations along the 100-km-long marine coast of the Curonian Spit National Park and the neighboring cities. Mean (median) content of plastic items per m is 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111198DOI Listing

Patient reported exposure to smoking and alcohol abuse are associated with pain and other complications in patients with chronic pancreatitis.

Pancreatology 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Medical Department, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Background/objectives: Smoking and alcohol abuse are established risk factors for chronic pancreatitis (CP). Few studies have examined how exposure to smoking and alcohol abuse act as risk factors for complications in CP. Our aim was to examine associations between patient reported exposure to smoking and alcohol abuse and complications in CP in a large cohort of patients from the Scandinavian and Baltic countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pan.2020.05.001DOI Listing

Measuring the quality of care in small countries: the empirical analysis of 30-day mortality following acute myocardial infarction and ischaemic stroke in Latvia.

Health Policy 2020 Jul 27;124(7):695-700. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum - University di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

The evaluation of quality of care is a complex task that, over the last decades, has been performed using the Donabedian model as its main conceptual framework. Small countries are an ideal setting in which to make innovative, empirical evaluations of the quality of care. In this research, we discussed the challenges and opportunities of assessing hospital performance in Latvia, a small country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.05.017DOI Listing

Is diet partly responsible for differences in COVID-19 death rates between and within countries?

Clin Transl Allergy 2020 27;10:16. Epub 2020 May 27.

Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Reported COVID-19 deaths in Germany are relatively low as compared to many European countries. Among the several explanations proposed, an early and large testing of the population was put forward. Most current debates on COVID-19 focus on the differences among countries, but little attention has been given to regional differences and diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13601-020-00323-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7250534PMC

Molecular design of hypothalamus development.

Nature 2020 06 6;582(7811):246-252. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Molecular Neurosciences, Center for Brain Research, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

A wealth of specialized neuroendocrine command systems intercalated within the hypothalamus control the most fundamental physiological needs in vertebrates. Nevertheless, we lack a developmental blueprint that integrates the molecular determinants of neuronal and glial diversity along temporal and spatial scales of hypothalamus development. Here we combine single-cell RNA sequencing of 51,199 mouse cells of ectodermal origin, gene regulatory network (GRN) screens in conjunction with genome-wide association study-based disease phenotyping, and genetic lineage reconstruction to show that nine glial and thirty-three neuronal subtypes are generated by mid-gestation under the control of distinct GRNs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2266-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292733PMC
June 2020
42.351 Impact Factor

Factors influencing the spatial and temporal distribution of microplastics at the sea surface - A year-long monitoring case study from the urban Kiel Fjord, southwest Baltic Sea.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Sep 20;736:139493. Epub 2020 May 20.

GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre of Ocean Research Kiel, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany.

Microplastics are ubiquitous to most marine environments worldwide, and their management has become one of the major challenges facing stakeholders. Here we monitored monthly, between March 2018 and March 2019, the abundance of microplastics (0.3-18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139493DOI Listing
September 2020

Multibeam bathymetry data of discovery gap in the eastern North Atlantic.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 13;31:105679. Epub 2020 May 13.

Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences.

We present a multibeam bathymetry dataset of Discovery Gap; a narrow gap in ridge of the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone (eastern North Atlantic). The gap serves as gateway for the exchange of deep water between the Madeira and Iberian abyssal plains. A bathymetric survey was carried out during the 43 cruise of the research vessel (R/V) in October 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260289PMC

Anisakid nematode species identification in harbour porpoises () from the North Sea, Baltic Sea and North Atlantic using RFLP analysis.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2020 Aug 20;12:93-98. Epub 2020 May 20.

Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research (ITAW), University of Veterinary Medicine, Foundation, Hannover, Werftstrasse 6, 25761, Büsum, Germany.

Harbour porpoises () are the only native cetacean species in the German North and Baltic Seas and the final host of (.) , which infects their first and second gastric compartments and may cause chronic ulcerative gastritis. belongs to the family Anisakidae (Ascaridoidea, Rhabditida) as well as the phocine gastric nematode species (. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2020.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260678PMC

Hydrocarbon-Oxidizing Bacteria in the Digestive System of Fish as an Indicator of Coastal Pollution.

Dokl Biol Sci 2020 Mar 1;491(1):71-74. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 199034, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Assessment of pollution of marine environment and biota with hydrocarbons is of particular importance, since oil products are among the priority pollutants of many seas. Development of new environmental toxicological biomarkers is one of the promising methods of integrated assessment of pollution effects. Here, the first investigation on the abundance of hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria in the digestive system of coastal fish (stickleback, dace, white bream, common bleak, perch, gudgeon, and roach) from the eastern Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea has been performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S001249662002009XDOI Listing

A spatial model for nutrient mitigation potential of blue mussel farms in the western Baltic Sea.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Sep 23;736:139624. Epub 2020 May 23.

Technical University of Denmark, Danish Shellfish Center, Øroddevej 80, 7900 Nykøbing Mors, Denmark.

Worldwide, coastal and marine policies are increasingly aiming for environmental protection, and eutrophication is a global challenge, particularly impairing near-coastal marine water bodies. In this context, mussel mitigation aquaculture is currently considered an effective tool to extract nutrients from such water bodies. Mussel mitigation farming using longline systems with loops of collector material is a well-developed technology and considered promising in the western Baltic Sea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139624DOI Listing
September 2020

Environmental impacts of grey water discharge from ships in the Baltic Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Mar 23;152:110891. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Hörselgången 4, 41756 Göteborg, Sweden.

Discharge of grey water from ships is today unregulated in most sea areas, including the Baltic Sea. Annually, an estimated 5.5 million m grey water is emitted to the Baltic Sea with largest contribution from RoPax (4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.110891DOI Listing

Transcranial duplex ultrasound monitoring of intracranial arterial stenosis treated with ELUTAX "3" drug-eluting balloon.

Interv Neuroradiol 2020 May 31:1591019920929812. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Neurology, Alicante General University Hospital, Alicante, Spain.

We report the results of transcranial ultrasound monitoring in three patients with intracranial arterial stenosis of the middle cerebral artery treated with the only drug-eluting balloon certificated for intracranial use in highly symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis, ELUTAX "3" (AR Baltic Medical). We performed transcranial Doppler ultrasounds 24 h, 72 h, 10 days, 15 days and 30 days after the angioplasty, thereby measuring mean flow velocity (MFV) in the maximum stenosis area in patients with symptomatic steno-occlusive disease of the middle cerebral artery treated with ELUTAX "3". Two patients were treated during mechanical thrombectomy (MT) due to acute ischemic stroke and one patient was treated on elective basis due to symptomatic pre-occlusive stenosis, with recurrent transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) refractory to medical therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019920929812DOI Listing