11,240 results match your criteria Baltic Journal Of Management[Journal]


Factors influencing the spatial and temporal distribution of microplastics at the sea surface - A year-long monitoring case study from the urban Kiel Fjord, southwest Baltic Sea.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 20;736:139493. Epub 2020 May 20.

GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre of Ocean Research Kiel, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany.

Microplastics are ubiquitous to most marine environments worldwide, and their management has become one of the major challenges facing stakeholders. Here we monitored monthly, between March 2018 and March 2019, the abundance of microplastics (0.3-18. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139493DOI Listing

Multibeam bathymetry data of discovery gap in the eastern North Atlantic.

Data Brief 2020 Aug 13;31:105679. Epub 2020 May 13.

Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences.

We present a multibeam bathymetry dataset of Discovery Gap; a narrow gap in ridge of the Azores-Gibraltar Fracture Zone (eastern North Atlantic). The gap serves as gateway for the exchange of deep water between the Madeira and Iberian abyssal plains. A bathymetric survey was carried out during the 43 cruise of the research vessel (R/V) in October 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105679DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260289PMC

Anisakid nematode species identification in harbour porpoises () from the North Sea, Baltic Sea and North Atlantic using RFLP analysis.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2020 Aug 20;12:93-98. Epub 2020 May 20.

Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research (ITAW), University of Veterinary Medicine, Foundation, Hannover, Werftstrasse 6, 25761, Büsum, Germany.

Harbour porpoises () are the only native cetacean species in the German North and Baltic Seas and the final host of (.) , which infects their first and second gastric compartments and may cause chronic ulcerative gastritis. belongs to the family Anisakidae (Ascaridoidea, Rhabditida) as well as the phocine gastric nematode species (. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijppaw.2020.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260678PMC

Hydrocarbon-Oxidizing Bacteria in the Digestive System of Fish as an Indicator of Coastal Pollution.

Dokl Biol Sci 2020 Mar 1;491(1):71-74. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 199034, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Assessment of pollution of marine environment and biota with hydrocarbons is of particular importance, since oil products are among the priority pollutants of many seas. Development of new environmental toxicological biomarkers is one of the promising methods of integrated assessment of pollution effects. Here, the first investigation on the abundance of hydrocarbon-oxidizing bacteria in the digestive system of coastal fish (stickleback, dace, white bream, common bleak, perch, gudgeon, and roach) from the eastern Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea has been performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S001249662002009XDOI Listing

A spatial model for nutrient mitigation potential of blue mussel farms in the western Baltic Sea.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 23;736:139624. Epub 2020 May 23.

Technical University of Denmark, Danish Shellfish Center, Øroddevej 80, 7900 Nykøbing Mors, Denmark.

Worldwide, coastal and marine policies are increasingly aiming for environmental protection, and eutrophication is a global challenge, particularly impairing near-coastal marine water bodies. In this context, mussel mitigation aquaculture is currently considered an effective tool to extract nutrients from such water bodies. Mussel mitigation farming using longline systems with loops of collector material is a well-developed technology and considered promising in the western Baltic Sea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139624DOI Listing

Environmental impacts of grey water discharge from ships in the Baltic Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Mar 23;152:110891. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Hörselgången 4, 41756 Göteborg, Sweden.

Discharge of grey water from ships is today unregulated in most sea areas, including the Baltic Sea. Annually, an estimated 5.5 million m grey water is emitted to the Baltic Sea with largest contribution from RoPax (4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.110891DOI Listing

Transcranial duplex ultrasound monitoring of intracranial arterial stenosis treated with ELUTAX "3" drug-eluting balloon.

Interv Neuroradiol 2020 May 31:1591019920929812. Epub 2020 May 31.

Department of Neurology, Alicante General University Hospital, Alicante, Spain.

We report the results of transcranial ultrasound monitoring in three patients with intracranial arterial stenosis of the middle cerebral artery treated with the only drug-eluting balloon certificated for intracranial use in highly symptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis, ELUTAX "3" (AR Baltic Medical). We performed transcranial Doppler ultrasounds 24 h, 72 h, 10 days, 15 days and 30 days after the angioplasty, thereby measuring mean flow velocity (MFV) in the maximum stenosis area in patients with symptomatic steno-occlusive disease of the middle cerebral artery treated with ELUTAX "3". Two patients were treated during mechanical thrombectomy (MT) due to acute ischemic stroke and one patient was treated on elective basis due to symptomatic pre-occlusive stenosis, with recurrent transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) refractory to medical therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1591019920929812DOI Listing

Microplastics on sandy beaches of the southern Baltic Sea.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 Jun 27;155:111170. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

University of Warsaw, Faculty of Chemistry, Laboratory of Molecular Interactions, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland.

Microplastic occurrence and composition were investigated along the Polish coast (southern Baltic Sea) on 12 beaches differing in terms of intensity of their touristic exploitation, urbanisation and sediment characteristics. Their mean concentrations varied between 76 and 295 items per kg dry sediment. Fibres and plastic fragments were the dominant microplastic types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111170DOI Listing

Pyrenosetin D, a New Pentacyclic Decalinoyltetramic Acid Derivative from the Algicolous Fungus sp. FVE-087.

Mar Drugs 2020 May 26;18(6). Epub 2020 May 26.

GEOMAR Centre for Marine Biotechnology (GEOMAR-Biotech), Research Unit Marine Natural Products Chemistry, GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Am Kiel-Kanal 44, 24106 Kiel, Germany.

The fungal genus is commonly found in soil, terrestrial, and marine environments, however, has received little attention as a source of bioactive secondary metabolites so far. In a recent work, we reported the isolation and characterization of three new anticancer decalinoyltetramic acid derivatives, pyrenosetins A-C, from the Baltic -derived endophytic fungus sp. FVE-001. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md18060281DOI Listing

Differences in the microbiota of native and non-indigenous gelatinous zooplankton organisms in a low saline environment.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 16;734:139471. Epub 2020 May 16.

Marine Evolutionary Ecology, GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany.

The translocation of non-indigenous species (NIS) around the world, especially in marine systems, is increasingly being recognized as a matter of concern. Species translocations have been shown to lead to wide ranging changes in food web structure and functioning. In addition to the direct effects of NIS, they could facilitate the accumulation or translocation of bacteria as part of their microbiomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139471DOI Listing

Cumulative impact assessment for ecosystem-based marine spatial planning.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 11;734:139024. Epub 2020 May 11.

NIVA Denmark Water Research, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Claims for ocean space are growing while marine ecosystems suffer from centuries of insufficient care. Human pressures from runoff, atmospheric emissions, marine pollution, fishing, shipping, military operations and other activities wear on habitats and populations. Ecosystem-based marine spatial planning (MSP) has emerged worldwide as a strategic instrument for handling conflicting spatial claims among competing sectors and the environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139024DOI Listing

Association of Baltic Sea and Mediterranean diets with frailty phenotype in older women, Kuopio OSTPRE-FPS study.

Eur J Nutr 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Institute of Life Course and Medical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L7 8TX, England.

Purpose: To evaluate the association between Baltic Sea diet (BSD) and Mediterranean diet (MED) with frailty.

Methods: This was a secondary analysis on the osteoporosis risk factor and prevention-fracture prevention study on 440 women aged 65-72 years. Frailty was ascertained with the presence of 3-5 and prefrailty 1-2 of the following criteria: weight loss ≥ 5%, low life satisfaction score, walking speed ≤ 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-020-02290-5DOI Listing

Year-round spatiotemporal distribution pattern of a threatened sea duck species breeding on Kolguev Island, south-eastern Barents Sea.

BMC Ecol 2020 May 25;20(1):31. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Animal Ecology and Systematics, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392, Giessen, Germany.

Background: The long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis) was categorized as ´Vulnerable` by the IUCN after a study revealed a rapid wintering population decline of 65% between 1992-1993 and 2007-2009 in the Baltic Sea. As knowledge about the European long-tailed duck's life cycle and movement ecology is limited, we investigate its year-round spatiotemporal distribution patterns. Specifically, we aimed to identify the wintering grounds, timing of migration and staging of this population via light-level geolocation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12898-020-00299-2DOI Listing

Biofilm formation and its influences on the properties of microplastics as affected by exposure time and depth in the seawater.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 7;734:139237. Epub 2020 May 7.

CAS Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China; Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China; CAS Key Laboratory of Soil Pollution and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China. Electronic address:

The effects of microbial colonization and biofilm formation on microplastics in the marine and coastal environments have aroused global concern recently. However, the simultaneous influences of exposure time and depth on biofilm formation, and subsequently on the properties variations of microplastics is less studied. In this study, polyethylene (PE) film was exposed at three depths (2 m, 6 m, and 12 m) for three time periods (30 days, 75 days, and 135 days) in the coastal seawater of Yellow Sea, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139237DOI Listing

Could biotransport be an important pathway in the transfer of phenol derivatives into the coastal zone and aquatic system of the Southern Baltic?

Environ Pollut 2020 Jul 12;262:114358. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Marine Chemistry and Environmental Protection, Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Al. Marszałka Piłsudskiego 46, 81-378, Gdynia, Poland.

Bird guano and the faeces of marine mammals appear to be a significant yet undisclosed biotransporter of Endocrine Disrupting Compounds in the marine environment. The authors determined the concentration of bisphenol A (BPA), 4-tert-octylphenol (4-t-OP) and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) removed from birds and seals in their droppings into the coastal zone of the Gulf of Gdansk (Southern Baltic Sea).The research was carried out on samples of bird guano collected during the breeding season and after in 2016 at nesting sites, as well as on faecal samples from grey seals (Halichoerus grypus grypus) living in the Seal Centre of the Marine Station in Hel between 2014 and 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114358DOI Listing

Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism during Therapy for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Lymphoma in Caucasian Children.

Cancers (Basel) 2020 May 19;12(5). Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Hospital Rigshospitalet, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) occurs in five percent of children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but whether a genetic predisposition exists across different ALL treatment regimens has not been well studied.

Methods: We undertook a genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis for VTE in consecutively treated children in the Nordic/Baltic acute lymphoblastic leukemia 2008 (ALL2008) cohort and the Australian Evaluation of Risk of ALL Treatment-Related Side-Effects (ERASE) cohort. A total of 92 cases and 1481 controls of European ancestry were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers12051285DOI Listing

Parasites in the changing world - Ten timely examples from the Nordic-Baltic region.

Parasite Epidemiol Control 2020 Aug 5;10:e00150. Epub 2020 May 5.

Laboratory of Parasitology, Department of Bacteria, Parasites & Fungi, Infectious Disease Preparedness, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark.

The world is changing, and parasites adapt. The Nordic-Baltic region in northern Europe - including the Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, and the Baltic States Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - is facing new parasitological challenges due to changes in populations of parasites and their hosts and the spread of new parasites to the region due to climate change. Some changes can also be ascribed to increased awareness and detection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.parepi.2020.e00150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232095PMC

Organic residue analysis shows sub-regional patterns in the use of pottery by Northern European hunter-gatherers.

R Soc Open Sci 2020 Apr 22;7(4):192016. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

BioArCh, Department of Archaeology, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK.

The introduction of pottery vessels to Europe has long been seen as closely linked with the spread of agriculture and pastoralism from the Near East. The adoption of pottery technology by hunter-gatherers in Northern and Eastern Europe does not fit this paradigm, and its role within these communities is so far unresolved. To investigate the motivations for hunter-gatherer pottery use, here, we present the systematic analysis of the contents of 528 early vessels from the Baltic Sea region, mostly dating to the late 6th-5th millennium cal BC, using molecular and isotopic characterization techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.192016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211838PMC

Spatial genetic structure in a crustacean herbivore highlights the need for local considerations in Baltic Sea biodiversity management.

Evol Appl 2020 May 5;13(5):974-990. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Department of Marine Sciences University of Gothenburg Tjärnö Sweden.

Incorporating species' eco-evolutionary responses to human-caused disturbances remains a challenge in marine management efforts. A prerequisite is knowledge of geographic structure and scale of genetic diversity and connectivity-the so-called seascape genetic patterns. The Baltic Sea is an excellent model system for studies linking seascape genetics with effects of anthropogenic stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12914DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7232771PMC

Evidence of rapid adaptive trait change to local salinity in the sperm of an invasive fish.

Evol Appl 2020 Mar 28;13(3):533-544. Epub 2019 Sep 28.

Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences University of Gothenburg Gothenburg Sweden.

Invasive species may quickly colonize novel environments, which could be attributed to both phenotypic plasticity and an ability to locally adapt. Reproductive traits are expected to be under strong selection when the new environment limits reproductive success of the invading species. This may be especially important for external fertilizers, which release sperm and eggs into the new environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12859DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7045711PMC

Impacts of changing society and climate on nutrient loading to the Baltic Sea.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Aug 5;731:138935. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Economics and Management, P.O. Box 27, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland.

This paper studies the relative importance of societal drivers and changing climate on anthropogenic nutrient inputs to the Baltic Sea. Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and Representative Concentration Pathways are extended at temporal and spatial scales relevant for the most contributing sectors. Extended socioeconomic and climate scenarios are then used as inputs for spatially and temporally detailed models for population and land use change, and their subsequent impact on nutrient loading is computed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138935DOI Listing

Adaptation of Rice to the Nordic Climate Yields Potential for Rice Cultivation at Most Northerly Site and the Organic Production of Low-Arsenic and High-Protein Rice.

Front Plant Sci 2020 30;11:329. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Plant Biology, Uppsala BioCenter, Linnean Centre for Plant Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

There is an urgent demand for low-arsenic rice in the global market, particularly for consumption by small children. Soils in Uppsala, Sweden, contain low concentrations of arsenic (As). We hypothesize that if certain paddy rice varieties can adapt to the cold climate and long day length in Uppsala and produce normal grains, such a variety could be used for organic production of low-arsenic rice for safe rice consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212348PMC

Progressive lysosomal membrane permeabilization induced by iron oxide nanoparticles drives hepatic cell autophagy and apoptosis.

Nano Converg 2020 May 19;7(1):17. Epub 2020 May 19.

Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 18221, Prague, Czech Republic.

Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONs) are frequently used in various biomedical applications, in particular as magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents in liver imaging. Indeed, number of IONs have been withdrawn due to their poor clinical performance. Yet comprehensive understanding of their interactions with hepatocytes remains relatively limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40580-020-00228-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7235155PMC

From macro to micro: dataset on plastic contamination along and across a sandy tide-less coast (the Curonian Spit, the Baltic Sea).

Data Brief 2020 Jun 30;30:105635. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 36, Nakhimovski prospect, Moscow, 117997, Russia.

The contamination by macrolitter (>25 mm), mesolitter (5-25 mm), large microlitter (2-5 mm), large and small microplastics (L-MPs (2-5 mm) and S-MPs (0.5-2 mm), accordingly) in the surface beach sand at 6 locations along the 100-km-long marine coast of the Curonian Spit UNESCO National Park and the neighboring city beaches is quantified. In total, 55 samples obtained during 1-2 May 2018 are analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7214824PMC

Rethinking morbidity compression.

Eur J Epidemiol 2020 May 16;35(5):381-388. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Biodemography, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Studies of morbidity compression routinely report the average number of years spent in an unhealthy state but do not report variation in age at morbidity onset. Variation was highlighted by Fries (1980) as crucial for identifying disease postponement. Using incidence of first hospitalization after age 60, as one working example, we estimate variation in morbidity onset over a 27-year period in Denmark. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-020-00642-3DOI Listing

Baltic cod endohelminths reflect recent ecological changes.

J Helminthol 2020 May 15;94:e155. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Veterinary and Animal Science, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

We suggest helminthological investigations of cod as a supplement to traditional biological and hydrographical methods for elucidation of ecological changes in the Baltic Sea. It is under discussion if oxygen deficit or seal abundance should explain the present critical situation of Baltic cod. A comparative investigation of endoparasitic helminths in Baltic cod (Gadus morhua), captured in the same marine habitat with an interval of 35 years (1983/2018) recorded 11 species of helminths comprising trematodes (Hemiurus luehei, Podocotyle atomon, Lepidapedon elongatum), nematodes (Contracaecum osculatum, Hysterothylacium aduncum, Capillaria gracilis, Cucullanus cirratus), cestodes (Bothriocephalus sp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X20000176DOI Listing

Flawed risk assessment of antifouling paints leads to exceedance of guideline values in Baltic Sea marinas.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry (ACES), Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.

The seasonal variations of dissolved and bioavailable copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) were studied in two recreational marinas in Sweden and Finland. The time series from the two marinas were characterized by rising concentrations during the spring boat launching, elevated concentrations all through the peak boating season, and decreasing concentrations in autumn when boats were retrieved for winter storage. This pattern shows a clear link between Cu and Zn concentrations and boating activity, with antifouling paints as the principal source. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08973-0DOI Listing

Migratory behaviour and survival of Great Egrets after range expansion in Central Europe.

PeerJ 2020 30;8:e9002. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Biodiversity Studies and Bioeducation, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland.

Great Egret is one of few Western Palearctic species that underwent a rapid range expansion in the recent decades. Originally breeding in central and eastern Europe, the species has spread in northern (up to the Baltic coast) and western (up to the western France) directions and established viable breeding populations throughout almost entire continent. We monitored one of the first Great Egrets colonies established in Poland to infer migratory patterns and survival rates directly after range expansion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.9002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7196325PMC

Transfer of the Neurotoxin β--methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) in the Agro-Aqua Cycle.

Mar Drugs 2020 May 6;18(5). Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, 10654 Stockholm, Sweden.

The neurotoxic non-protein amino acid β--methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is connected to the development of neurodegenerative diseases. BMAA has been shown to accumulate in aquatic ecosystems, and filter-feeding molluscs seem particularly susceptible to BMAA accumulation. The blue mussels farmed along the Swedish coastline in the Baltic Sea are, due to their small size, exclusively used to produce feed for chicken and fish in the agro-aqua cycle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md18050244DOI Listing

Common dace (Leuciscus leuciscus) - A new host of the myxozoan fish parasite, Myxobolus elegans (Cnidaria: Myxozoa) - Short communication.

Acta Vet Hung 2020 May 8. Epub 2020 May 8.

3Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.

This paper reports the detection of the myxozoan species Myxobolus elegans Kashkovsky 1966 in common dace (Leuciscus leuciscus) that has not been previously listed as its host. The problem of differentiation of phenotypically similar Myxobolus species is addressed. During parasitological survey of common dace from the desalinated part of the Gulf of Finland at the city of Sestroretsk, Russia, numerous oval-shaped plasmodia, 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/004.2020.00009DOI Listing

Cannibalism makes invasive comb jelly, Mnemiopsis leidyi, resilient to unfavourable conditions.

Commun Biol 2020 May 7;3(1):212. Epub 2020 May 7.

Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Kahlaische Str. 10, 07745, Jena, Germany.

The proliferation of invasive marine species is often explained by a lack of predators and opportunistic life history traits. For the invasive comb jelly Mnemiopsis leidyi, it has remained unclear how this now widely distributed species is able to overcome long periods of low food availability, particularly in their northernmost exotic habitats in Eurasia. Based on both field and laboratory evidence, we show that adult comb jellies in the western Baltic Sea continue building up their nutrient reserves after emptying the prey field through a shift to cannibalizing their own larvae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s42003-020-0940-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7205609PMC

2020 update of the WSES guidelines for the management of acute colonic diverticulitis in the emergency setting.

World J Emerg Surg 2020 May 7;15(1):32. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Emergency Surgery, Parma Maggiore Hospital, Parma, Italy.

Acute colonic diverticulitis is one of the most common clinical conditions encountered by surgeons in the acute setting. An international multidisciplinary panel of experts from the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) updated its guidelines for management of acute left-sided colonic diverticulitis (ALCD) according to the most recent available literature. The update includes recent changes introduced in the management of ALCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13017-020-00313-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206757PMC
May 2020
1.062 Impact Factor

Could mycotoxigenic Fusarium sp. play a role in ulcerative dermal necrosis (UDN) of brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha trutta)?

Mycotoxin Res 2020 May 5. Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Nature Protection, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Zielona Gora, ul. Prof. Z. Szafrana 1, 65-516, Zielona Gora, Poland.

Fusarium infections have been reported in aquatic animals, but are still poorly investigated in wild salmonids. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of the fungi and their toxins on the health status of brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha trutta) migrating from the Baltic Sea to the freshwater. Individuals from the wild brown trout population exhibiting ulcerative skin lesions were collected from the Słupia River in Poland and subjected to microbiological, histopathological, and hematological examinations, as well as toxicological analysis for a presence of mycotoxins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12550-020-00395-8DOI Listing

A Retrospective Assessment of Temperature Trends in Northern Europe Reveals a Deep Impact on the Life Cycle of (Acari: Ixodidae).

Pathogens 2020 May 1;9(5). Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Animal Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zaragoza, 50013 Zaragoza, Spain.

This study modelled the changes in the development processes of the health-threatening tick Ixodes ricinus in Northern Europe as driven by the trends of temperature (1950-2018). We used the ECA&D dataset to calculate the annual accumulated temperature to obtain the development rates of the oviposition, incubation, larva-nymph, and nymph-adult molts. Annual values were used to ascertain the trend in development rates of each stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9050345DOI Listing

Microplastics and floating litter pollution in Bulgarian Black Sea coastal waters.

Mar Pollut Bull 2020 May 3;156:111225. Epub 2020 May 3.

Marine Ecology Laboratory, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2 Yuri Gagarin Street, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria.

Although marine plastic litter has been recognized as a global problem, there are insufficient data on the extent of plastic pollution in the Black Sea. The results from this pilot study of the floating marine litter and microplastics along the Bulgarian Black Sea coast revealed high quantities of floating litter (60.3-93. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111225DOI Listing

Performance and Mechanism of Photoelectrocatalytic Activity of MoS/WO Heterostructures Obtained by Reactive Pulsed Laser Deposition for Water Splitting.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2020 Apr 30;10(5). Epub 2020 Apr 30.

REC "Functional Nanomaterials", Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Aleksandra Nevskogo St. 14, 236041 Kaliningrad, Russia.

This work studies the factors that affect the efficiency of the photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) using MoS/WO nano-heterostructures obtained by reactive pulsed laser deposition (RPLD) on glass substrates covered with fluorinated tin oxide (FTO). Another focus of the research is the potential of MoS nanofilms as a precursor for MoO(S) nanofilms, which enhance the efficiency of the photo-activated oxygen evolution reaction (OER) using the MoO(S)/WO/FTO heterostructures. The nanocrystalline WO film was created by laser ablation of a W target in dry air at a substrate temperature of 420 °C. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10050871DOI Listing

Monitoring biofouling as a management tool for reducing toxic antifouling practices in the Baltic Sea.

J Environ Manage 2020 Jun 29;264:110447. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB, Bioscience and Materials, Box 857, 50115, Borås, Sweden.

Over two million leisure boats use the coastal areas of the Baltic Sea for recreational purposes. The majority of these boats are painted with toxic antifouling paints that release biocides into the coastal ecosystems and negatively impact non-targeted species. Regulations concerning the use of antifouling paints differ dramatically between countries bordering the Baltic Sea and most of them lack the support of biological data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110447DOI Listing

Salt intrusion alters nitrogen cycling in tidal reaches as determined in field and laboratory investigations.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Aug 25;729:138803. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Section of Biological Oceanography, Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research, Warnemuende, D-18119 Rostock, Germany; Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Salinization is a growing problem throughout the world and poses a threat especially to freshwater ecosystems. However, much remains to be learned about the mechanisms by which salinity impacts microbially mediated biogeochemical processes. Elevated nitrogen (N) concentrations in estuarine ecosystems have led to their eutrophication, but the relationship between N transformation and the functional genes involved in the response to saltwater intrusion is poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138803DOI Listing

Comparative genomics suggests mechanisms of genetic adaptation towards the catabolism of the phenylurea herbicide linuron in Variovorax.

Genome Biol Evol 2020 May 2. Epub 2020 May 2.

Division of Soil and Water Management, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Biodegradation of the phenylurea herbicide linuron appears a specialization within a specific clade of the Variovorax genus. The linuron catabolic ability is likely acquired by horizontal gene transfer but the mechanisms involved are not known. The full genome sequences of six linuron degrading Variovorax strains isolated from geographically distant locations were analyzed to acquire insight into the mechanisms of genetic adaptation towards linuron metabolism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evaa085DOI Listing

Limited evidence for common interannual trends in Baltic Sea summer phytoplankton biomass.

PLoS One 2020 30;15(4):e0231690. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Ecology, Environment, Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

The Baltic Sea summer phytoplankton community plays an important role in biogeochemical cycling and in the transfer of energy through the food web via zooplankton. We aimed to improve the understanding of the degree to which large-scale versus local environmental dynamics regulate phytoplankton dynamics by analyzing time series at the Baltic Sea scale. We used dynamic factor analysis to study if there are common patterns of interannual variation that are shared ("common trends") among summer phytoplankton total and class-level biomass time series observed across Baltic Sea latitudinal gradients in salinity and temperature. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0231690PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7192432PMC

Fungicide Sensitivity Shifting of in the Finnish-Baltic Region and a Novel Insertion in the Promoter.

Front Plant Sci 2020 15;11:385. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Agroecology, Aarhus University, Slagelse, Denmark.

Septoria tritici blotch (STB) is caused by the ascomycete and one of the predominating diseases in wheat () in Europe. The control of STB is highly reliant on frequent fungicide applications. The primary objective of this study was to assess sensitivity levels of to different fungicide groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7174668PMC

Author Correction: Metabolic activity analyses demonstrate that Lokiarchaeon exhibits homoacetogenesis in sulfidic marine sediments.

Nat Microbiol 2020 Jun;5(6):873

Department of Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41564-020-0728-7DOI Listing

Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs) and - dibenzofurans (PBDFs) in cod (Gadus morhua) liver-derived products from 1972 to 2017.

Sci Total Environ 2020 Jun 10;722:137840. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.

Literature data on the occurrence and prevalence of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PBDDs) and polybrominated dibenzofurans (PBDFs) in foods including seafood are scarce. In this study, a number of cod-derived products including medicinal grade cod liver oils sourced from Northern Atlantic waters (Iceland, Norway) and the Baltic Sea (Poland) during 1972-2001 and canned cod liver sourced from the Baltic Sea in 2017, showed detectable levels of PBDFs: such as 2,3,8-TrBDF at 0.57 to 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137840DOI Listing

Magnetic field sensor based on magnetoplasmonic crystal.

Sci Rep 2020 Apr 28;10(1):7133. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia.

Here we report on designing a magnetic field sensor based on magnetoplasmonic crystal made of noble and ferromagnetic metals deposited on one-dimensional subwavelength grating. The experimental data demonstrate resonant transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect (TMOKE) at a narrow spectral region of 50 nm corresponding to the surface plasmon-polaritons excitation and maximum modulation of the reflected light intensity of 4.5% in a modulating magnetic field with the magnitude of 16 Oe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63535-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7188815PMC

Metal-induced bacterial interactions promote diversity in river-sediment microbiomes.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2020 Jun;96(6)

Proteomics and Microbiology Laboratory, Research Institute for Biosciences, UMONS, 20 Place du Parc, 7000 Mons, Belgium.

Anthropogenic metal contamination results in long-term environmental selective pressure with unclear impacts on bacterial communities, which comprise key players in ecosystem functioning. Since metal contamination poses serious toxicity and bioaccumulation issues, assessing their impact on environmental microbiomes is important to respond to current environmental and health issues. Despite elevated metal concentrations, the river sedimentary microbiome near the MetalEurop foundry (France) shows unexpected higher diversity compared with the upstream control site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiaa076DOI Listing

Latitudinal gradient in dairy production with the introduction of farming in Atlantic Europe.

Nat Commun 2020 Apr 27;11(1):2036. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

BioArCh, Department of Archaeology, University of York, Wentworth Way, Heslington, York, YO10 5DD, UK.

The introduction of farming had far-reaching impacts on health, social structure and demography. Although the spread of domesticated plants and animals has been extensively tracked, it is unclear how these nascent economies developed within different environmental and cultural settings. Using molecular and isotopic analysis of lipids from pottery, here we investigate the foods prepared by the earliest farming communities of the European Atlantic seaboard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-15907-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7184739PMC