1,280 results match your criteria Balanitis


Anogenital lichen sclerosus.

Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS 2020 Jan-Jun;41(1):1-9. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Dermatology, Dr. DY Patil Hospital and Research Centre, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Lichen sclerosus (LS) was first described by Hallopeau in 1887. It is a chronic inflammatory condition most commonly involving the anogenital region with a relapsing course and a potential for destruction, functional impairment, atrophy, and malignant changes. LS affects both sexes with a female preponderance of 5:1. Read More

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Pseudoepitheliomatous, keratotic, and micaceous balanitis mimicking lichen sclerosus et atrophicus.

Dermatol Online J 2020 Sep 15;26(9). Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Section of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Verona.

We present a man in his 70s with a hyperkeratotic whitish plaque over the internal prepuce and glans. The lesion was slowly growing for four years prior to presentation and was resistant to several topical treatments. The histological examination of the lesion revealed marked hyperkeratosis and pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, supporting the diagnosis of pseudoepitheliomatous, keratotic, and micaceous balanitis. Read More

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September 2020

Dermoscopy in Monitoring and Predicting Therapeutic Response in General Dermatology (Non-Tumoral Dermatoses): An Up-To-Date Overview.

Authors:
Enzo Errichetti

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2020 Dec 8;10(6):1199-1214. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Institute of Dermatology, "Santa Maria Della Misericordia" University Hospital, Udine, Italy.

Besides the well-known use in supporting the non-invasive diagnosis of non-tumoral dermatoses (general dermatology), dermoscopy has been shown to be a promising tool also in predicting and monitoring therapeutic outcomes of such conditions, with the consequent improvement/optimization of their treatment. In the present paper, we sought to provide an up-to-date overview on the use of dermoscopy in highlighting response predictor factors and evaluating therapeutic results in the field of general dermatology according to the current literature data. Several dermatoses may somehow benefit from such applications, including inflammatory conditions (psoriasis, lichen planus, dermatitis, granulomatous conditions, erythro-telangiectatic rosacea, Zoon balanitis and vulvitis, cutaneous mastocytosis, morphea and extra-genital lichen sclerosus), pigmentary disorders (vitiligo and melasma) and infectious dermatoses (scabies, pediculosis, demodicosis and viral warts). Read More

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December 2020

Kappa and lambda immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization in the evaluation of atypical cutaneous lymphoid infiltrates.

J Cutan Pathol 2020 Nov 14;47(11):1103-1110. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Department of Pathology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine and Beaumont Health Systems, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA.

Background: Atypical cutaneous lymphoid infiltrates are challenging lesions in dermatopathology. We present a summary of the literature regarding kappa and lambda immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH) in the evaluation of atypical cutaneous or mucosal lymphoid infiltrates.

Methods: Relevant articles from 1967 to 2018 in the English language were identified and summarized. Read More

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November 2020

Distribution, antifungal susceptibility pattern and intra-Candida albicans species complex prevalence of Candida africana: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2020 20;15(8):e0237046. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Candida africana is a pathogenic species within the Candida albicans species complex. Due to the limited knowledge concerning its prevalence and antifungal susceptibility profiles, a comprehensive study is overdue. Accordingly, we performed a search of the electronic databases for literature published in the English language between 1 January 2001 and 21 March 2020. Read More

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October 2020

Alpha- and gammaherpesviruses in stranded striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) from Spain: first molecular detection of gammaherpesvirus infection in central nervous system of odontocetes.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Aug 12;16(1):288. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

VISAVET Center and Animal Health Department, Veterinary School, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Herpesvirus infections in cetaceans have always been attributed to the Alphaherpesvirinae and Gammaherpesvirinae subfamilies. To date, gammaherpesviruses have not been reported in the central nervous system of odontocetes.

Case Presentation: A mass stranding of 14 striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) occurred in Cantabria (Spain) on 18th May 2019. Read More

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Atypical manifestations of recent syphilis: study of 19 cases.

An Bras Dermatol 2020 Sep - Oct;95(5):589-593. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Department of Sexually Transmitted Infections, Fundação Alfredo da Matta de Dermatologia e Venereologia, Manaus, AM, Brazil; Department of Dermatology, Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, Manaus, AM, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Syphilis is one of the most common diseases that start with genital ulcers. Aside from the initial, classic ulcerative lesion of syphilis, called hard chancre, atypical presentations are common, with erosions, erythema, edema, balanitis, and other dermatological manifestations. Associated with initial genital lesions, the presence of inguinal adenopathies is frequent, and the presence of hardened and painless lymphangitis on the dorsum of the penis is rare. Read More

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November 2020

Medical Management of Penile and Urethral Lichen Sclerosus with Topical Clobetasol Improves Long-Term Voiding Symptoms and Quality of Life.

J Urol 2020 Dec 27;204(6):1290-1295. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Purpose: We evaluated the success of minimally invasive management of lichen sclerosus with topical and intraurethral clobetasol, as defined by improvement in patient reported outcome measures and nonprogression to surgery.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a review of our prospective ongoing quality improvement study to determine outcomes of our current standard practice for males with penile and urethral biopsy proven lichen sclerosus. Data were collected between 2011 and 2019, and included patient demographic information, medical and surgical histories, and location and extent of lichen sclerosus related pathology. Read More

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December 2020

Follmann Balanitis-An Atypical Form of Primary Cutaneous Syphilis.

JAMA Dermatol 2020 09;156(9):1012

Department of Dermatology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona.

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September 2020

Platelet-rich plasma for male genital lichen sclerosus resistant to conventional therapy: First prospective study.

Dermatol Ther 2020 11 13;33(6):e14032. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Área de Terapia Celular y Medicina Regenerativa, Hospital de Clínicas "Dr. Manuel Quintela", Montevideo, Uruguay.

Ultrapotent topical corticosteroids and circumcision are usually effective for male genital lichen sclerosus (MGLSc); however, refractory cases are often referred to our Male Genital Dermatology Unit. Treatment with autologous platelet-rich plasma (TPRP) has recently been advocated as a safe and effective treatment option, but there have been no prospective studies in men to date. The objective of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of TPRP for MGLSc resistant to conventional therapy. Read More

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November 2020

Zoon's plasma cell balanitis associated with male genital lichen sclerosus.

JAAD Case Rep 2020 Jul 20;6(7):670-672. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Dermatology, APHP, Saint-Louis Hospital, Paris, France.

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An epidemiologic overview of a tertiary referral practice for male paediatric lichen sclerosus.

Paediatr Child Health 2020 Jun 20;25(4):241-245. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta.

Within the paediatric population, changing patterns of circumcisions have confounded the epidemiology and presentation of lichen sclerosus (LS). We sought to evaluate the incidence, demographics, and clinical features of patients presenting to a single Albertan paediatric urologist with LS. This retrospective descriptive analysis evaluated all paediatric patients referred for phimosis to a single paediatric urologist in Edmonton, Alberta. Read More

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Recent advances in understanding and managing Lichen Sclerosus.

F1000Res 2020 15;9. Epub 2020 May 15.

Division of Surgery, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Lichen sclerosus (LS), or balanitis xerotica obliterans as it was previously known, is a chronic inflammatory lymphocyte-mediated scarring dermatosis that often affects the preputial skin and glans, leading to phimosis and urethral strictures if left untreated. We present a narrative review of the literature assessing its aetiology and pathogenesis and discuss its links to penile cancer and its medical and surgical management. Possible hypotheses for the development of LS include chronic exposure to trapped urine, leading to changes in the epithelial structure. Read More

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Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans Associated With Differentiated Penile Intraepithelial Neoplasia and "Bramble-Bush" Elastic Fibers Accumulation: A Finding Not Specific for Penicillamine Intake.

Am J Dermatopathol 2020 Nov;42(11):885-888

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, Valencia, Spain.

We describe the association of balanitis xerotica obliterans and differentiated penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) with dermal elastosis and "bramble-bush" elastic fibers in a diabetic patient with no history of penicillamine intake. An 84-year-old man presented with urethral obstruction syndrome that required postectomy, meatotomy, and foreskin excision. Histopathological examination revealed changes of lichen sclerosus and differentiated PeIN. Read More

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November 2020

Euphorbia urethritis: The minor scourge of the Garden Spurge.

Int J STD AIDS 2020 12 29;31(14):1423-1425. Epub 2020 May 29.

226132Central London Community Healthcare NHS Trust, Hertfordshire, UK.

A 55-year-old man, without evident sexual risk, presented with symptoms of a urethritis and balanitis. This followed directly from exposure to organic residue from a domestic plant, the Euphorbia or Garden Spurge, found on his fingers after gardening. A review of relevant medical literature reveals little putative association between exposure to this plant and genital symptomatology. Read More

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December 2020

Is Non-Chlamydial Non-Gonococcal Urethritis Associated with Significant Clinical Complications in Men? A Systematic Review.

Curr Urol 2020 Mar 20;14(1):1-13. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust, Department of Urology, Lister Hospital, Stevenage.

Background: It is estimated that between 50 and 89% of non-gonococcal urethritis is not caused by . Associations between non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis (NCNGU) with balanoposthitis, epididymo-orchitis and reactive arthritis have been suggested, but evidence to support these often-theoretical relationships is sparse and further investigation is called for. Concerns over increasing antimicrobial resistance has rendered the need for clarity over this question ever more pressing in recent years. Read More

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Primary Urethral Tuberculosis With Urethrocutaneous Fistula in Association With Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans.

Urology 2020 Jul 20;141:e20-e21. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Urology, London North West University Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK; Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

We present an unusual case of isolated urethral tuberculosis. The patient had a history of urethral strictures and persistent discharge from two peno-scrotal fistulas which was confirmed on urethrogram. He was treated with antitubercular treatment and a two stage urethroplasty. Read More

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Treatment of balanitis xerotica obliterans in pediatric patients.

Cir Pediatr 2020 Apr 1;33(2):79-83. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Sección de Urología Pediátrica. Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica. Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron. Barcelona.

Objectives: Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) is a chronic inflammatory disease with a little known incidence in pediatric population. The objective of this work was to describe our experience in the treatment of BXO.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective study carried out in 419 patients undergoing circumcision surgery between January 2014 and January 2017. Read More

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Penile Calciphylaxis.

Urology 2020 Jun 16;140:e8-e9. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Urgences Néphrologiques et Transplantation Rénale, Hôpital Tenon, Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France; Sorbonne Université, Paris, Île-de-France, France; Inserm, UMRS_1155, Paris, Île-de-France, France.

The proposed image reports the case of penile calciphylaxis. Calciphylaxis is a rare obliterative small vessel vasculopathy associated with diabetes mellitus, end-stage renal disease. Penile involvement is even rarer with only 50 cases reported, and agreement on appropriate diagnosis and management is unclear. Read More

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Anogenital Dermatitis in Men Who Have Sex with Men.

Dermatol Clin 2020 Apr 5;38(2):227-232. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Department of Dermatology, Kaiser Permanente, 3701 Broadway, Oakland, CA 94611, USA. Electronic address:

Evaluation of anogenital dermatitis requires a detailed history, including a sexual history. Men who have sex with men have different risk of certain infectious causes compared with men who have sex with women. Infectious causes of balanitis and anal dermatitis are easily treatable once identified. Read More

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Urogenital infections in patients with diabetes mellitus: Beyond the conventional aspects.

Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2019 Jan-Dec;33:2058738419866582

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a widespread disease in our country. Urogenital infections, including urinary tract infections, vaginitis, balanitis, balanoposthitis, and male accessory gland infections, show a higher risk of occurrence in patients with DM that non-diabetic subjects. Both non-drug-related and drug-related mechanisms are involved in their pathogenesis. Read More

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A Rare Cause of a Scrotal Abscess due to the Symbiotic Infection of and in an Adult Male.

Pathogens 2020 Feb 1;9(2). Epub 2020 Feb 1.

Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02111, USA.

() is the major bacteria detected in women with bacterial vaginosis (BV). () has been demonstrated to show a symbiotic relationship with . Some men have been shown to be colonized with in their urogenital or anorectal tracts, however genitourinary infections in males, including balanitis and urethritis, due to this organism appear to be much less common. Read More

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February 2020

Tissue engineered indigenous pericardial patch urethroplasty: A promising solution to a nagging problem.

Asian J Urol 2020 Jan 6;7(1):56-60. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

Department of Urology, Nilratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Objective: Urethral stricture is a highly prevalent disease and has a continued rising incidence. The global burden of disease keeps rising as there are significant rates of recurrence with the existing management options with the need for additional repeat procedures. Moreover, the existing treatment options are associated with significant morbidity in the patient. Read More

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January 2020

Topographical Evaluation of Penile Lichen Sclerosus Reveals a Lymphocytic Depleted Variant, Preferentially Associated With Neoplasia: A Report of 200 Cases.

Int J Surg Pathol 2020 Aug 22;28(5):468-476. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Instituto de Patología e Investigación, Asunción, Paraguay.

Since the seminal study of Hart and Helwig in 1975, there are few detailed pathological studies of lichen sclerosus (LS). The aims of this study were to provide a detailed histopathological description of penile LS, as well as to explore its relationship with penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) or invasive carcinoma. We evaluated 200 patients and designed a topographical approach for the histological evaluation focusing in alterations of the following anatomical layers: squamous epithelium, lamina propria, dartos, and corpus spongiosum. Read More

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squamous cell carcinoma of male and female external genitalia.

Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS 2019 Jul-Dec;40(2):168-171

Department of Dermatology, Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of male and female genitalia can present as Bowen's disease (BD), erythroplasia of Queyrat, Bowenoid papulosis, Paget's disease, pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic, and micaceous balanitis. BD is SCC . It affects both skin and mucous membranes and has the potential to progress to invasive SCC. Read More

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January 2020

Pseudoepitheliomatous, Keratotic, and Micaceous Balanitis.

Dermatol Pract Concept 2020 31;10(1):e2020012. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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December 2019

A novel method to enhance efficacy of topical drugs by condom occlusion in penile dermatoses.

Postgrad Med J 2020 05 19;96(1135):305. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Department of Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar Deemed to be University, Mullana Ambala, Haryana, India.

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A Case of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Anterior Urethra in a Man.

Rev Urol 2019 ;21(2-3):133-135

Integrated Cellular and Molecular Diagnostics Greenbelt, MD.

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the anterior urethra in men is rare, comprising less than 1% of all urologic cancers. The mean age at diagnosis is 60 years and it is nearly twice as common in black men compared with white men. We detail a case of SCC of the anterior urethra in a man presenting with an inguinal mass, meatal stenosis, and balanitis. Read More

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January 2019