1,310 results match your criteria Balanitis


Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis: a series of eight cases.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Dermatology, University College London Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK.

Background: Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis (PEKMB) is a clinicopathological entity characterised clinically by micaceous scale on the glans, and histologically by acanthosis, hyperkeratosis and pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia. We present a series of eight cases of this rare condition, the first series of more than two cases to be reported.

Objectives: To determine the clinical and histological characteristics of cases of PEKMB, and evaluate treatments used and clinical course. Read More

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Candidiasis presenting as pseudocircinate balanitis in a preschooler.

Pediatr Dermatol 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Candidal balanitis typically affects sexually active adult males and may present as eroded papules, pustules, whitish discharge or erythema with dry glazed appearance. We report an unusual presentation of this common infection in an uncommon demographic, candidal balanitis presenting as coalescent vesicles and erosions arranged in an arcuate pattern in a pre-school child. Read More

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Cutaneous Reactive B-cell Lymphoid Proliferations.

J Cutan Pathol 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Department of Pathology, University of Virginia School of Medicine.

Cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia (CLH), also known as cutaneous pseudolymphoma, is a spectrum of benign conditions characterized by reactive B- and T-cell cutaneous lymphocytic infiltrates. B-cell lymphoid proliferations are a heterogenous group of non-neoplastic cutaneous diseases that must be histopathologically distinguished from cutaneous B-cell lymphomas. These proliferations can be observed as reactive phenomena to infections, medications, allergens, neoplasms, and more. Read More

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Exploring reflectance confocal microscopy as a non-invasive diagnostic tool for genital lichen sclerosus.

Exp Ther Med 2022 Jun 26;23(6):410. Epub 2022 Apr 26.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, SE-41346 Gothenburg, Sweden.

The diagnosis of genital lichen sclerosus (LS) is often confirmed by obtaining a skin biopsy, which can lead to unwanted complications and is uncomfortable in the sensitive genital area. Thus, there is a need of finding novel, non-invasive techniques that can rapidly and accurately diagnose LS. The present study investigated the potential for reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) to diagnose LS compared with healthy penile skin and other common penile skin disorders in males. Read More

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Reactive Arthritis After COVID-19: A Case Report.

Cureus 2022 Apr 13;14(4):e24096. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, SAU.

A 43-year-old healthy male was diagnosed with symptomatic COVID-19. Soon after recovery, he experienced severe back pain, bilateral red eye, and a new penile lesion. He was diagnosed with reactive arthritis, given he presented with arthritis, conjunctivitis, and balanitis. Read More

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Reactive arthritis following COVID-19 vaccination with BNT162b2.

JAAD Case Rep 2022 Jun 11;24:108-111. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York.

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Syphilitic Balanitis of Follmann.

Acta Med Port 2022 May 11. Epub 2022 May 11.

Serviço de Dermatovenereologia. Hospital Garcia de Orta. Almada. Portugal.

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Balanitis xerotica obliterans: An observational, descriptive and retrospective clinical study.

Exp Ther Med 2022 May 31;23(5):361. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

CMI DERMAMED Private Medical Office, 540530 Târgu Mureș, Romania.

Lichen sclerosus is a chronic disease of unknown etiology that can occur in the genital area of both sexes. Balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO) occurs only in the genital area of men and typically affects the foreskin, penile glans, and/or the meatus. In the present report, an observational, descriptive, and retrospective epidemiological clinical study of available data between January 2006 and December 2020 in patients diagnosed with BXO from the casuistic of CMI DERMAMED (Târgu Mureș, Romania) was performed. Read More

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Primary care of preputial adhesions in children - a retrospective cohort study.

Malays Fam Physician 2022 Mar 15;17(1):52-56. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

MCh, Department of Pediatric Surgery, ESIC medical college Hospital, sanath nagar, Hyderabad.

Introduction: Aside from religious circumcisions, the indications for circumcision are few. However, in the cultural context, many patients are unnecessarily referred for circumcision for physiological phimosis (adhesions). Due to parental concerns and misperceptions by general practitioners, non-retractile prepuce is one of the most common indications for referral to a paediatric surgeon in many countries. Read More

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A systematic review of the efficacy and safety of topical cyclosporine in dermatology.

Dermatol Ther 2022 Jun 23;35(6):e15490. Epub 2022 Apr 23.

Department of Dermatology, Rasool Akram Medical Complex Clinical Research Development Center (RCRDC), School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Cyclosporine-A (Cyc-A) was initially prescribed as systemic therapy for patients receiving solid organ transplants or in patients with graft versus host disease (GVHD). Topical Cyc-A is an ideal form of cyclosporine in the treatment of mucocutaneous disorders as it causes fewer systemic side effects and has more stable results than steroids; however, poor absorption through the skin makes the development of new formulations necessary to improve skin permeability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical Cyc-A in different dermatological conditions. Read More

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Comparison of lichen sclerosus in boys and girls: A systematic literature review of epidemiology, symptoms, genetic background, risk factors, treatment, and prognosis.

Pediatr Dermatol 2022 Mar 1. Epub 2022 Mar 1.

Department of Dermatology, Center of Paediatric Dermatology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Studies concerning pediatric lichen sclerosus are limited, and, to date, there have been no studies comparing the course of lichen sclerosus in boys and girls. We sought to examine all publications on boys and girls with lichen sclerosus and assess and compare epidemiology, symptoms and signs, genetic background, risk factors, treatment, and prognosis.

Methods: A systematic search was performed in the Embase, Medline, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases. Read More

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Syphilitic Balanitis of Follmann: Can Dermoscopy Be Useful Tool in the Differential Diagnosis?

Dermatol Pract Concept 2022 Feb 1;12(1):e2022022. Epub 2022 Jan 1.

Dermatology Clinic, University of Trieste, Ospedale Maggiore di Trieste, Italy.

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February 2022

The Antidiabetic Effects and Modes of Action of the Fruit and Seed Aqueous Extracts in NA/STZ-Induced Diabetic Rats.

Pharmaceutics 2022 Jan 22;14(2). Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Physiology Division, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef P.O. Box 62521, Egypt.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disorder that threatens human health. Medicinal plants have been a source of wide varieties of pharmacologically active constituents and used extensively as crude extracts or as pure compounds for treating various disease conditions. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effects and the modes of action of the aqueous extracts of the fruits and seeds of (. Read More

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January 2022

Dermoscopic Characterization of Zoon Balanitis: First Case Series from Asia.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2022 Jan-Feb;13(1):86-89. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Department of Dermatology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Zoon balanitis is a rare chronic inflammatory dermatosis involving genitalia. It is often misdiagnosed or diagnosed late leading to significant patient distress. Dermoscopy can act as a useful modality in prompt diagnosis of zoon balanitis. Read More

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January 2022

Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans:an underestimated cause of secondary phimosis.

Folia Med Cracov 2021 Dec;61(4):93-100

First Department of Pediatric Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Greece, General Hospital "G.Gennimatas", Thessaloniki, Greece.

Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans is a chronic, progressive, sclerosing inflammation of unclear etiology. It involves the external genitalia of males and more specifically the prepuce and its frenulum, the glans, and the external urethral meatus while it may extend to the peripheral part of the urethra. Recent studies have noted an increasing incidence in the paediatric population. Read More

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December 2021

The Great Imitator: Atypical Cutaneous Manifestations of Primary Syphilitic Chancre.

Chin Med Sci J 2021 Dec;36(4):279-283

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

Objective To analyze the reasons of misdiagnosis of primary syphilitic chancre and strengthen the understanding of atypical features of this disease. Methods A case series of twenty-seven challenging primary syphilis patients who were not immediately recognized as chancre was included in our study. The clinical data including the patients' age, sex, skin lesions, HIV status, syphilis serologic test results, treatment, and follow-up results were collected. Read More

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December 2021

Comparative Study of Modifying Meatal Advancement Glandular with Release Chordi versus Snodgrass Surgical Methods Regarding the Repair of Distal Hypospadias.

World J Plast Surg 2021 Sep;10(3):73-77

Department of Surgery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital anomalies of the external genitalia of boys. No single technique can be recommended for the repair of hypospadias in its various forms. We aimed to compare modify meatal advancement glandular with release chordi versus Snodgrass surgical methods in the repair of distal hypospadias. Read More

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September 2021

Urologic dermatology: a comprehensive foray into the noninfectious etiologies of balanitis.

Int J Dermatol 2021 Nov 26. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Balanitis is classically defined as inflammation of the glans penis, often also encompassing the prepuce (balanoposthitis). Several investigations have found that a sizable proportion of urology clinic visits are due to balanitis or related complaints. Balanitis can have numerous complications, including severe pain, urethral stenosis, phimosis, sexual dysfunction, and if untreated, malignancy. Read More

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November 2021

Reply to: Topical cyclosporine 5% cream in Zoon's balanitis resistant to other therapies: A case report.

Dermatol Ther 2022 01 13;35(1):e15215. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Department of Dermatology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

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January 2022

Male circumcision and Sexually transmitted Infections - An update.

Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS 2021 Jan-Jun;42(1):1-6. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Skin and VD, SBKS Medical Institute and Research Centre, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Role of male circumcision (MC) as a tool to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was assessed. An attempt was made to search articles related to association between MC and STIs/HIV. A thorough search was carried out to find out quality articles published in indexed specialty journals. Read More

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A Rare Case Report of BCG Induced Balanitis in a Patient with Transitional Cell Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2021 Sep-Oct;12(5):745-749. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital Air Force, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Primary Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) infection of the glans penis is not a very common entity and has been rarely reported in literature. BCG has been used as an adjuvant therapy in patients of transitional cell urinary bladder carcinoma following transurethral resection of bladder tumor. We report a 66-year-old male patient who was being managed for urinary bladder carcinoma with nine sittings of adjuvant BCG therapy. Read More

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Nail-like presentation of pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis successfully treated with topical 5% 5-fluorouracil: a case report and review of the literature.

Int J Dermatol 2022 06 1;61(6):e211-e213. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, RG Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

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Reactive arthritis: images.

Dermatol Online J 2021 Jul 15;27(7). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Oral Pathology and Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Chile, Santiago.

Reactive arthritis is an extremely rare spondyloarthritis that affects the peripheral joints and spine, resulting in common symptoms such as arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis, and mucocutaneous lesions. On rare occasions, oral lesions such as circinate erosions on the hard and soft palate, gums, tongue, and cheeks may occur. Reactive arthritis may develop during or after genitourinary or gastrointestinal bacterial infections such as Shigella, Salmonella, Yersinia, and Chlamydia. Read More

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Concomitant Follmann balanitis and secondary syphilis.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Aug 10;14(8). Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Dermatology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK

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Emerging presence of urethritis and balanitis by Pasteurella bettyae.

Infect Dis Now 2021 Aug 31;51(5):492-494. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Servicio de Microbiología, Laboratorio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves-Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, Avenida de las Fuerzas Armadas, 2, 18012 Granada, Spain; Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Granada- Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, Granada, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Humans can also be infrequent infected by Pasteurella bettyae. We report the first association of P. bettyae with urethritis and balanitis in men who have sex with men practicing unprotected intercourse. Read More

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A Novel Procedure of Prepuce Reconstruction Customized to the Religious Needs of Some Individuals.

Indian J Plast Surg 2021 Apr 5;54(2):114-117. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, and Gender Identity Clinic, Fortis Hospital Shalimar Bagh, Delhi, India.

 Authors describe a novel procedure in a group of patients for prepuce reconstruction, ensuring complete glans penis coverage who had either been circumcised in childhood or had congenitally short prepuce.  Case records of all cases done by the novel method which involved penile degloving and maintenance of neoprepuce, with the help of de-epithelization of glans penis and a few key sutures performed over the period from January 2010 to December 2019 were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 46 patients, 32 had congenitally short prepuce and 14 had previous circumcision. Read More

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A recurrent rash on the penis.

BMJ 2021 07 7;374:n1666. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergology, Helios St Elisabeth Hospital Oberhausen, Oberhausen, University Witten/Herdecke, Germany.

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Male genital lichen planus: A retrospective study of 89 cases.

Ann Dermatol Venereol 2022 Mar 1;149(1):28-31. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Dermatology Department, Saint-Louis University Hospital, AP-HP, 1, avenue Claude-Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Unlike other types of lichen planus (LP), there are no series concerning male genital LP.

Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and response to treatment of male genital LP.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective study of male patients with genital LP consulting a dermatologist specialized in anogenital diseases between January 2010 and 2019. Read More

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