240,693 results match your criteria BMJ USA[Journal]


Reporting animal research: Explanation and elaboration for the ARRIVE guidelines 2.0.

PLoS Biol 2020 Jul 14;18(7):e3000411. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Veterinary Public Health Institute, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Improving the reproducibility of biomedical research is a major challenge. Transparent and accurate reporting is vital to this process; it allows readers to assess the reliability of the findings and repeat or build upon the work of other researchers. The ARRIVE guidelines (Animal Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments) were developed in 2010 to help authors and journals identify the minimum information necessary to report in publications describing in vivo experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000411DOI Listing

The ARRIVE guidelines 2.0: Updated guidelines for reporting animal research.

PLoS Biol 2020 Jul 14;18(7):e3000410. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Veterinary Public Health Institute, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Reproducible science requires transparent reporting. The ARRIVE guidelines (Animal Research: Reporting of In Vivo Experiments) were originally developed in 2010 to improve the reporting of animal research. They consist of a checklist of information to include in publications describing in vivo experiments to enable others to scrutinise the work adequately, evaluate its methodological rigour, and reproduce the methods and results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000410DOI Listing

Feasibility of computer-generated telephonic message-based follow-up system among healthcare workers with diabetes: a randomized controlled trial.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2020 Jul;8(1)

Internal Medicine, Christian Medical College and Hospital Vellore, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Introduction: To assess the feasibility of computer-generated educational messaging system in healthcare workers of a tertiary care hospital. The secondary objectives were glycemic control, patient satisfaction and adherence to lifestyle modifications.

Research Design And Methods: Single-center parallel-group open-labeled randomized controlled trial with computer generated block randomization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjdrc-2020-001237DOI Listing

Thirteen-year trends in the prevalence of diabetes according to socioeconomic condition and cardiovascular risk factors in a Swiss population.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2020 Jul;8(1)

Unit of Diabetology, Service of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Hypertension and Nutrition Services, Department of Medical Specialties, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

Introduction: To estimate the prevalence of and trends in diabetes according to sociodemographic indicators and cardiovascular risk factors in a Swiss population.

Research Design And Methods: Annual cross-sectional study of adults residing in the state of Geneva. We included 9886 participants (51% women; mean age (SD) of 48. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjdrc-2020-001273DOI Listing

Pulmonary vasculopathy in explanted lungs from patients with interstitial lung disease undergoing lung transplantation.

BMJ Open Respir Res 2020 Jul;7(1)

Department of Thoracic Medicine and Surgery, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) causes increased morbidity and mortality in patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD). Classification schemes, while well-characterised for the vasculopathy of idiopathic PH, have been applied, unchallenged, to ILD-related PH. We evaluated pulmonary arterial histopathology in explanted human lung tissue from patients who were transplanted for advanced fibrotic ILD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjresp-2019-000532DOI Listing

US purchases world stocks of remdesivir: why the rest of the world should be glad to be at the back of the queue.

Authors:
James M Brophy

BMJ 2020 Jul 13;370:m2797. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2797DOI Listing

Covid-19: clinicians need continuing professional development in ethics.

BMJ 2020 Jul 13;370:m2793. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Trinity Centre for Health Sciences, Tallaght University Hospital, Dublin D24 NR0A, Republic of Ireland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2793DOI Listing

Collaboration in times of COVID-19: the urgent need for open-data sharing in Latin America.

BMJ Health Care Inform 2020 Jul;27(1)

Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Alexander von Humboldt", Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjhci-2020-100159DOI Listing

Can I receive and store images sent from patients during remote consultations?

Authors:
Abi Rimmer

BMJ 2020 Jul 13;370:m2675. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

The BMJ.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2675DOI Listing

Sixty seconds on . . . reorganising the NHS.

Authors:
Gareth Iacobucci

BMJ 2020 Jul 13;370:m2818. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

The BMJ.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2818DOI Listing

Ethnicity and covid-19: working locally to reduce inequalities.

Authors:
Rhiannon England

BMJ 2020 Jul 13;370:m2748. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

City and Hackney Clinical Commissioning Group, St Leonards, London N1 5LZ, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2748DOI Listing

Australian treatment outcome study: protocol for the 18-20-year follow-up of a prospective longitudinal cohort examining the natural history of heroin dependence and associated mortality, psychiatric and physical health, and health service use.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e039226. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Matilda Centre for Research in Mental Health and Substance Use, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Introduction: Opioid dependence is a global health priority, currently making the biggest contribution to drug-related deaths. The chronic, long-term persistence of heroin dependence over the life course requires investigation in prospective longitudinal studies, to better understand patterns and predictors of remission and relapse, as well as the impact of changes in substance use on a range of physical and mental health outcomes. Such knowledge is critical in order to identify modifiable risk factors that can be targeted for intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039226DOI Listing

Meniscal tear outcome Study (METRO Study): a study protocol for a multicentre prospective cohort study exploring the factors which affect outcomes in patients with a meniscal tear.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e038681. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, University of Warwick Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK.

Introduction: This study is designed to explore the baseline characteristics of patients under 55 years of age with a meniscal tear, and to describe the relationship between the baseline characteristics and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) over 12 months. Research has highlighted the need for a trial to investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic meniscectomy in younger patients. Before this trial, we need to understand the patient population in greater detail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038681DOI Listing

Novel education-based intervention to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for treatment of gonorrhoea in China: protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e037549. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, China

Introduction: Inappropriate use of antibiotics to treat gonorrhoea can lead to antibiotic resistance. Education programmes may be helpful for improving physician prescribing behaviours in accordance with treatment guidelines. As traditional education based on printed materials may have limited effect on guideline-based treatment, innovative education strategies are needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037549DOI Listing

Role of unsafe medical practices and sexual behaviours in the hepatitis B and C syndemic and HIV co-infection in Rwanda: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e036711. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

School of Population and Public Health, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objectives: This study describes the burden of the hepatitis B, C and HIV co-infections and assesses associated risk factors.

Setting: This analysis used data from a viral hepatitis screening campaign conducted in six districts in Rwanda from April to May 2019. Ten health centres per district were selected according to population size and distance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036711DOI Listing

Risk of invasive candidiasis with prolonged duration of ICU stay: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e036452. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay prior to onset of invasive candidiasis (IC)/candidaemia.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Data Sources: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase and Web of Science databases were searched through June 2019 to identify relevant studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036452DOI Listing

Balloon versus Amplatz for tract dilation in fluoroscopically guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e035943. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Urology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China

Objective: To compare the safety and efficacy of balloon and Amplatz for tract dilation in fluoroscopically guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).

Method: EMBASE, PUBMED, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for pertinent studies up until 30 October 2019. Pooled effects were calculated as ORs with 95% CIs or mean differences (MD) with 95% CIs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035943DOI Listing

Barriers and facilitators to neonatal health and care-seeking behaviours in rural Cambodia: a qualitative study.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e035449. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objectives: Neonatal mortality remains persistently high in low-income and middle-income countries. In Cambodia, there is a paucity of data on the perception of neonatal health and care-seeking behaviours at the community level. This study aimed to identify influencers of neonatal health and healthcare-seeking behaviour in a rural Cambodian province. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035449DOI Listing

Effect of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions alone and combined with nutrition on child growth in low and middle income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e034812. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: This study aimed to provide clarification on the benefits of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) alone separately and combined with nutrition in improving child growth outcomes.

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034812DOI Listing

'Barrier dysfunction in Atopic newBorns studY' (BABY): protocol of a Danish prospective birth cohort study.

BMJ Open 2020 Jul 12;10(7):e033801. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hellerup, Denmark

Introduction: Skin barrier development and dysfunction in premature and mature newborns is important for the risk of atopic dermatitis (AD).

Methods And Analysis: The Barrier dysfunction in Atopic newBorns studY (BABY) Cohort is a prospective birth cohort study of 150 preterm children (gestational age (GA) below 37+0) and 300 term children (GA 37+0 to 41+6). Skin barrier is assessed through transepidermal water loss, tape stripping, Raman-spectroscopy and microbiome sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033801DOI Listing

Medical schools and other educational institutions need to tackle racism head on.

BMJ 2020 Jul 13;370:m2746. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2746DOI Listing

Covid-19: excess all cause mortality in domiciliary care.

BMJ 2020 Jul 13;370:m2751. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2751DOI Listing

Covid-19: Leicester mayor accuses government and PHE of withholding key testing data.

Authors:
Gareth Iacobucci

BMJ 2020 Jul 13;370:m2814. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

The BMJ.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2814DOI Listing

Psychiatric experience with perpetrators.

Authors:
Johan Lansen

Torture 2020 ;30(1):84-88

In Memoriam.

Reprinted from: Lansen, J. (1991). Psychiatric experience with perpetrators and countertransference feelings in the therapist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7146/torture.v30i1.118585DOI Listing
January 2020

Differences in SARS-CoV-2 recommendations from major ophthalmology societies worldwide.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2020 7;5(1):e000525. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.

Objective: Since the WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a public health emergency, medical societies around the world published COVID-19 recommendations to physicians to ensure patient care and physician safety. During this pandemic, ophthalmologists around the world adapted their clinical and surgical practice following such guidelines. This original research examines all publicly available COVID-19 recommendations from twelve major ophthalmology societies around the world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjophth-2020-000525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7342824PMC

Evaluation of 0.2 µg/day fluocinolone acetonide (ILUVIEN) implant in a cohort of previously treated patients with diabetic macular oedema (DMO): a 36-month follow-up clinical case series.

BMJ Open Ophthalmol 2020 5;5(1):e000484. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Ophthalmology, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, Yorkshire, UK.

Objective: To assess the real-world effectiveness and safety of single injection of a fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) implant in previously treated patients with recurrent diabetic macular oedema (DMO) over a 36-month follow-up period.

Methods And Analysis: This is a retrospective study conducted at a single ophthalmology department at the Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK. Data were collected using electronic medical records to identify all patients treated with a FAc implant for DMO between March 2014 and November 2014, followed with a 36-month clinic follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjophth-2020-000484DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7337879PMC

Systematic review of motor control and somatosensation assessment tests for the ankle.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2020 6;6(1):e000685. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Background/aim: Ankle sprains are frequent musculoskeletal injuries that can lead to sensorimotor deficits provoking long-term instability at the ankle joint. A broad variety of clinical tests currently exist to assess sensorimotor processing, and are commonly clinically referred to as proprioceptive tests. However, there is a discrepancy in the use of the term proprioception when looking at the main outcome of these tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2019-000685DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7342858PMC

COVID-19 and metabolic syndrome: could diet be the key?

Authors:
Maryanne Demasi

BMJ Evid Based Med 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Institute for Scientific Freedom, Copenhagen, Denmark

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjebm-2020-111451DOI Listing

Covid-19: US cases soar as Trump pushes for schools to open.

BMJ 2020 07 10;370:m2803. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

New York, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2803DOI Listing

Diversifying medical school education to represent BAME backgrounds.

Authors:
Cameron A Lynch

BMJ 2020 Jul 10;370:m2745. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2745DOI Listing

Current collaboration between palliative care and neurology: a survey of clinicians in Europe.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2020 Jul 10. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Cicely Saunders Institute of Palliative Care, Policy and Rehabilitation, London, UK.

Introduction: The collaboration between palliative care and neurology has developed over the last 25 years and this study aimed to ascertain the collaboration between the specialties across Europe.

Methods: This online survey aimed to look at collaboration across Europe, using the links of the European Association for Palliative Care and the European Academy of Neurology.

Results: 298 people completed the survey-178 from palliative care and 120 from neurology from over 20 countries across Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2020-002322DOI Listing

Non-invasive ventilation deaths fell for first time in 2019, audit finds.

Authors:
Elisabeth Mahase

BMJ 2020 Jul 10;370:m2801. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

The BMJ.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2801DOI Listing

GSK wins legal case over withdrawal effects of paroxetine after 13 years and £9.33m in costs.

Authors:
Clare Dyer

BMJ 2020 Jul 10;370:m2799. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

The BMJ.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2799DOI Listing

Racism: decolonising the NHS.

BMJ 2020 Jul 10;370:m2719. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Whipps Cross Hospital, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2719DOI Listing

Will medical tourism survive covid-19?

Authors:
Megan Tatum

BMJ 2020 07 10;370:m2677. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Penang, Malaysia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2677DOI Listing

Experts protest Trump's withdrawal from WHO.

BMJ 2020 Jul 10;370:m2802. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

New York.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2802DOI Listing

Covid-19 communication aids.

BMJ 2020 07 10;370:m2630. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2630DOI Listing

Non-adherence in non-inferiority trials: pitfalls and recommendations.

Authors:

BMJ 2020 Jul 10;370:m2692. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2692DOI Listing

Covid-19: Symptoms are common after acute phase of disease, Italian study shows.

Authors:
Jacqui Wise

BMJ 2020 07 10;370:m2804. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2804DOI Listing

Covid-19: The inside story of the RECOVERY trial.

Authors:

BMJ 2020 07 10;370:m2800. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m2800DOI Listing

Is clinical effectiveness in the eye of the beholder during the COVID-19 pandemic?

BMJ Evid Based Med 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Oncology, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjebm-2020-111423DOI Listing

Anxiety depression and quality of life screening in palliative medicine: community and hospital pilot study.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Psychiatry, University Hospital Galway, Galway, Ireland

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2019-002183DOI Listing

Furosemide in end-stage heart failure: community subcutaneous infusions.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Cardiology Department, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, North Shields, Tyne and Wear, UK

Background: In chronic heart failure many patients have recurrent hospital admissions and it is the leading cause of admission in people aged over 65 years. In those with end-stage heart failure, there is limited evidence that furosemide can be given subcutaneously to relieve symptoms and avoid hospital admission.

Method: We initiated a community-based continuous subcutaneous infusion (CSCI) furosemide service for the treatment of advanced heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2019-002158DOI Listing

Patient deaths and medical residents: an Asian perspective.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Haematology-Oncology, National University Cancer Institute, National University Health System, Singapore

Objectives: Death is a significant event that affects healthcare providers emotionally. We aimed to determine internal medicine (IM) and paediatric (PD) residents' responses and the impact on the residents following patient deaths, and to compare any differences between IM and PD residents. We also aimed to determine whether sufficient resources and measures were in place to support residents through their grief process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2020-002239DOI Listing