439 results match your criteria BMC sports science medicine & rehabilitation[Journal]


The association between physical fitness and mental health in Norwegian adolescents.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):776. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Education and Sport Science, University of Stavanger, 4036, Stavanger, Norway.

Background: Studies indicate that health-related components of physical fitness are associated with mental health outcomes. However, research is scarce concerning this relationship in young adolescents in general and non-existent in Norwegian populations specifically. The aim of the study was to examine whether body composition, muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness were associated with self-reported mental health in Norwegian adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08936-7DOI Listing

Thigh musculature stiffness during active muscle contraction after anterior cruciate ligament injury.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 May 21;21(1):320. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Background: Altered motor unit (MU) activity has been identified after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, but its effect on muscle tissue properties is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare thigh musculature muscle stiffness between control and ACL-injured subjects.

Methods: Thirty ACL-injured subjects and 25 control subjects were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03342-xDOI Listing

Appraisals and coping mediate the relationship between resilience and distress among significant others of persons with spinal cord injury or acquired brain injury: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 20;8(1):51. Epub 2020 May 20.

Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, UMC Utrecht Brain Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, and De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Many significant others of persons with serious conditions like spinal cord injury (SCI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) report high levels of psychological distress. In line with the stress-coping model, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between personal resource resilience and psychological distress, and whether appraisals of threat and loss, and passive coping mediate this relationship.

Methods: Significant others (n = 228) of persons with SCI or ABI completed questionnaires shortly after admission to first inpatient rehabilitation after onset of the condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00419-zDOI Listing

Confidence, attitudes, beliefs and determinants of implementation behaviours among physiotherapists towards clinical management of low back pain before and after implementation of the BetterBack model of care.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 May 19;20(1):443. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Division of Prevention, Rehabilitation and Community Medicine, Unit of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, 581 83, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Implementing clinical guidelines is challenging. To facilitate uptake, we developed a model of care (BetterBack Model of Care) and an implementation strategy to support management of low back pain in primary care. The aim of this study was to evaluate physiotherapists´ confidence, attitudes and beliefs in managing patients with low back pain before and after a multifaceted implementation of the BetterBack Model of Care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05197-3DOI Listing

Periodized resistance training for persistent non-specific low back pain: a mixed methods feasibility study.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2020 8;12:30. Epub 2020 May 8.

1Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: We investigated the feasibility of a 16-week supervised heavy resistance training program with weekly undulating periodization for individuals with persistent non-specific low-back pain (LBP).

Methods: Twenty-five adults with persistent non-specific LBP participated in this mixed methods feasibility study. Participants trained a whole-body program consisting of squat, bench press, deadlift and pendlay row two times per week for 16 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-020-00181-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206666PMC

Cancer incidence attributable to tuberculosis in 2015: global, regional, and national estimates.

BMC Cancer 2020 May 12;20(1):412. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.

Background: Tuberculosis is associated with increased risk of cancer. However, the impact of tuberculosis on global cancer burden is unknown.

Methods: We performed random-effects meta-analyses and meta-regressions of studies reporting the association between tuberculosis and cancer risks by searching PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane library, and CINAHL from inception to 1 June 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-06891-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218646PMC

Compensation claims after knee cartilage surgery is rare. A registry-based study from Scandinavia from 2010 to 2015.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 May 8;21(1):287. Epub 2020 May 8.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akershus University Hospital, 1478, Lørenskog, Norway.

Background: Focal cartilage defects (FCDs) in the knee joint has a high prevalence. A broad range of treatment options exists for symptomatic patients. Knowledge of patient compensation claims following surgical treatment of FCDs is missing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03311-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206764PMC

Effective strategies for childhood obesity prevention via school based, family involved interventions: a critical review for the development of the Feel4Diabetes-study school based component.

BMC Endocr Disord 2020 May 6;20(Suppl 2):52. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, 70 El Venizelou Ave, 176 71 Kallithea, Athens, Greece.

Background: Although there are many interventions targeting childhood obesity prevention, only few have demonstrated positive results. The current review aimed to gather and evaluate available school-based intervention studies with family involvement targeting dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviors among primary schoolchildren and their families, in order to identify the most effective strategies.

Methods: Studies published between 2000 and January 2015 were retrieved from scientific electronic databases and grey literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12902-020-0526-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201517PMC

Identifying facilitators and barriers for adolescents participating in a school-based HIIT intervention: the eXercise for asthma with commando Joe's® (X4ACJ) programme.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 1;20(1):609. Epub 2020 May 1.

Applied Sports Science Technology, Exercise and Medicine (A-STEM) Research Centre, College of Engineering, Bay Campus, Swansea University, Swansea, UK.

Background: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) elicits numerous health benefits, but little evidence is available regarding the feasibility of delivering school-based HIIT interventions. The aim of this study was to explore adolescents' perceptions of a 6-month, 3 × 30-min sessions per week, HIIT intervention delivered either before or after school.

Method: Eighty adolescents allocated to the intervention group (13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08740-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195754PMC

Moderate to vigorous physical activity participation associated with better quality of life among breast and colorectal cancer survivors in Korea.

BMC Cancer 2020 May 1;20(1):365. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Sport Industry Studies, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: To investigate the association between physical activity (PA) and quality of life (QoL) among breast and colorectal cancer survivors in Korea.

Methods: A total of 224 cancer survivors (151 breast and 73 colorectal cancers) who completed treatments were recruited. We measured PA level with Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire and QoL with European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ C-30. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-06819-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193341PMC
May 2020
3.362 Impact Factor

The association between psychological characteristics and physical activity levels in people with knee osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Apr 25;21(1):269. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Centre for Health, Exercise, and Sports Medicine, The University of Melbourne, 161 Barry Street, Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia.

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological characteristics and physical activity levels, measured as the average number of steps per day, in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods: This study analysed baseline data from a randomized controlled trial (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry reference: ACTRN12612000308897). A total of 167 adults aged over 50 years, with knee pain rated as four or more on an 11-point numeric rating scale, and knee OA diagnosed using American College of Rheumatology clinical criteria, were recruited from the community (62 men and 105 women, mean age, 62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03305-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7183118PMC

Validity and reliability of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory in Danish women aged 45 years and older with abnormal cervical screening results.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2020 Apr 23;20(1):89. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Public Health Programmes, Randers Regional Hospital, Randers, Denmark.

Background: State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) scale was developed in the 1980's and has been widely used both in clinical settings and in research. However the Danish version of STAI has not been validated. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of STAI - state anxiety scale in Danish women aged 45 years and older with abnormal cervical cancer screening results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12874-020-00982-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178932PMC

Nanopore basecalling from a perspective of instance segmentation.

BMC Bioinformatics 2020 Apr 23;21(Suppl 3):136. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Shirokanedai 4-6-1, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-8639, Japan.

Background: Nanopore sequencing is a rapidly developing third-generation sequencing technology, which can generate long nucleotide reads of molecules within a portable device in real-time. Through detecting the change of ion currency signals during a DNA/RNA fragment's pass through a nanopore, genotypes are determined. Currently, the accuracy of nanopore basecalling has a higher error rate than the basecalling of short-read sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12859-020-3459-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178565PMC

High-intensity interval training accelerates oxygen uptake kinetics and improves exercise tolerance for individuals with cystic fibrosis.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2020 13;12. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

1Centre for Preventive Medicine, School of Health and Human Performance, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Exercise training provides benefits for individuals with cystic fibrosis; however, the optimal program is unclear. High-intensity interval training is safe and effective for improving 'functional capacity' in these individuals with peak rate of O uptake typically referenced. The ability to adjust submaximal rate of oxygen uptake (V̇O kinetics) might be more important for everyday function because maximal efforts are usually not undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-020-0159-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7153226PMC

An exploratory study of different definitions and thresholds for lumbar disc degeneration assessed by MRI and their associations with low back pain using data from a cohort study of a general population.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Apr 17;21(1):253. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Silkeborg Regional Hospital, Silkeborg, Denmark.

Background: Lumbar disc degeneration seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is defined as loss of signal intensity and/or disc height, alone or in combination with other MRI findings. The MRI findings and thresholds used to define disc degeneration vary in the literature, and their associations with low back pain (LBP) remain uncertain.

Objective: To explore how various thresholds of lumbar disc degeneration alter the association between disc degeneration and self-reported LBP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03268-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7165403PMC

Towards improving the identification of anterior cruciate ligament tears in primary point-of-care settings.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Apr 17;21(1):252. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Glen Sather Sports Medicine Clinic, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Background: Only a small proportion of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are diagnosed on initial healthcare consultation. Current clinical guidelines do not acknowledge that primary point-of-care practitioners rely more heavily on a clinical history than special clinical tests for diagnosis of an ACL tear. This research will assess the accuracy of combinations of patient-reported variables alone, and in combination with clinician-generated variables to identify an ACL tear as a preliminary step to designing a primary point-of-care clinical decision support tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03237-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7165371PMC

The rat model of COPD skeletal muscle dysfunction induced by progressive cigarette smoke exposure: a pilot study.

BMC Pulm Med 2020 Mar 23;20(1):74. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

School of Rehabilitation Science, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, China.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) skeletal muscle dysfunction is a prevalent malady that significantly affects patients' prognosis and quality of life. Although the study of this disease has attracted considerable attention, a definite animal model is yet to be established. This study investigates whether smoke exposure could lead to the development of a COPD skeletal muscle dysfunction model in rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-020-1109-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092612PMC

Short-term efficacy of reducing screen media use on physical activity, sleep, and physiological stress in families with children aged 4-14: study protocol for the SCREENS randomized controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2020 Mar 23;20(1):380. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Research Unit for Exercise Epidemiology, Centre of Research in Childhood Health, University of Southern Denmark, 5230, Odense, Denmark.

Background: During the recent decade presence of digital media, especially handheld devices, in everyday life, has been increasing. Survey data suggests that children and adults spend much of their leisure on screen media, including use of social media and video services. Despite much public debate on possible harmful effects of such behavioral shifts, evidence from rigorously conducted randomized controlled trials in free-living settings, investigating the efficacy of reducing screen media use on physical activity, sleep, and physiological stress, is still lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8458-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092494PMC

Scaling left ventricular mass in adolescent female soccer players.

BMC Pediatr 2020 Apr 13;20(1):157. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas, Austin, USA.

Background: The aim of the study was to examine the contribution of chronological age (CA), skeletal maturation, training experience and concurrent body size descriptors, to inter-individual variance in left ventricular mass (LVM) among female adolescent soccer players.

Methods: The sample included 228 female soccer players 11.8-17. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02043-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7153237PMC

An improved de novo genome assembly of the common marmoset genome yields improved contiguity and increased mapping rates of sequence data.

BMC Genomics 2020 Apr 2;21(Suppl 3):243. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Biosciences and Informatics, Keio University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 223-8522, Japan.

Background: The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is one of the most studied primate model organisms. However, the marmoset genomes available in the public databases are highly fragmented and filled with sequence gaps, hindering research advances related to marmoset genomics and transcriptomics.

Results: Here we utilize single-molecule, long-read sequence data to improve and update the existing genome assembly and report a near-complete genome of the common marmoset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-020-6657-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7114785PMC

Evaluation of fat-free mass hydration in athletes and non-athletes.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2020 May 1;120(5):1179-1188. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Japan Institute of Sports Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the hydration of fat-free mass (FFM) in athletes and non-athletes.

Methods: We analyzed the data of 128 healthy young adults (athletes: 61 men, 36 women; non-athletes: 19 men, 12 women) using the two-component (2C), 3C and 4C models. Under-water weighing or air-displacement plethysmography and deuterium dilution methods were used for estimating body density and total body water, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04356-yDOI Listing

Neuromuscular shoulder activity during exercises with different combinations of stable and unstable weight mass.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2020 26;12:21. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

1Clinical Exercise Science, Department Sports and Health Science Medicine, University Outpatient Clinic Potsdam, University of Potsdam, Am Neuen Palais 10, House 12, 14469 Potsdam, Germany.

Background: Recent shoulder injury prevention programs have utilized resistance exercises combined with different forms of instability, with the goal of eliciting functional adaptations and thereby reducing the risk of injury. However, it is still unknown how an unstable weight mass (UWM) affects the muscular activity of the shoulder stabilizers. Aim of the study was to assess neuromuscular activity of dynamic shoulder stabilizers under four conditions of stable and UWM during three shoulder exercises. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-020-00168-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7098120PMC

Bone Marrow Concentrate (BMC) Therapy in Musculoskeletal Disorders: Evidence-Based Policy Position Statement of American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP).

Pain Physician 2020 03;23(2):E85-E131

Orthopedic Surgery, University of Paris Est.

Background: The use of bone marrow concentrate (BMC) for treatment of musculoskeletal disorders has become increasingly popular over the last several years, as technology has improved along with the need for better solutions for these pathologies. The use of cellular tissue raises a number of issues regarding the US Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) regulation in classifying these treatments as a drug versus just autologous tissue transplantation. In the case of BMC in musculoskeletal and spine care, this determination will likely hinge on whether BMC is homologous to the musculoskeletal system and spine. Read More

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March 2020
3.542 Impact Factor

Long-term effects of group exercise intervention on maximal step-up height in middle-aged female primary care patients with obesity and other cardio-metabolic risk factors.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2020 16;12:11. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

6Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Low physical performance is a predictor of morbidity and mortality. This study looks at long-term effects of an exercise intervention on maximal step-up height (MSH) in individuals with low physical function. Factors associated with changes in MSH was studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-020-00161-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7074992PMC

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis, phytochemical screening and antiprotozoal effects of the methanolic Viola tricolor and acetonic Laurus nobilis extracts.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2020 Mar 17;20(1):87. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Nishi 2-13, Inada-cho, Obihiro, Hokkaido, 080-8555, Japan.

Background: The antiprotozoal and antioxidant activities of Viola tricolor and Laurus nobilis have been reported recently. Thus, the existing study pursued to assess the growth inhibition effect of methanolic extract of V. tricolor (MEVT) and acetonic extract of L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-020-2848-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7077018PMC

Association between physical work demands and work ability in workers with musculoskeletal pain: cross-sectional study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Mar 14;21(1):166. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Musculoskeletal Disorders and Physical Workload, National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is common in the working population and may affect the work ability, especially among those with high physical work demands. This study investigated the association between physical work demands and work ability in workers with musculoskeletal pain.

Methods: Workers with physically demanding jobs (n = 5377) participated in the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study in 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03191-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071559PMC

MoAIMS: efficient software for detection of enriched regions of MeRIP-Seq.

BMC Bioinformatics 2020 Mar 14;21(1):103. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Department of Electrical Engineering and Bioscience, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 55N-06-10, 3-4-1 Okubo Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 169-8555, Japan.

Background: Methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-Seq) is a popular sequencing method for studying RNA modifications and, in particular, for N6-methyladenosine (m6A), the most abundant RNA methylation modification found in various species. The detection of enriched regions is a main challenge of MeRIP-Seq analysis, however current tools either require a long time or do not fully utilize features of RNA sequencing such as strand information which could cause ambiguous calling. On the other hand, with more attention on the treatment experiments of MeRIP-Seq, biologists need intuitive evaluation on the treatment effect from comparison. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12859-020-3430-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071693PMC

Effect of practice on learning to maintain balance under dynamic conditions in children: are there sex differences?

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2020 5;12:15. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

1Division of Movement and Training Sciences/Biomechanics of Sport, University of Duisburg-Essen, Gladbecker Str. 182, 45141 Essen, Germany.

Background: In youth, sex-related differences in balance performances have been reported with girls usually outperforming same-aged boys. However, it is not known whether sex also has an influence on learning of a new balance task in primary school-aged children. Therefore, the present study investigated sex-related differences in children learning to maintain balance under dynamic conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-020-00166-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059683PMC

Intra- and inter- observer reliability of anthropometric measurements and blood pressure in primary schoolchildren and adults: the Feel4Diabetes-study.

BMC Endocr Disord 2020 Mar 12;20(Suppl 1):27. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University, 70 El Venizelou Ave, 176 71 Kallithea, Athens, Greece.

Background: Feel4Diabetes was a large-scale, multicenter lifestyle intervention aiming to prevent type 2 diabetes among families from vulnerable population groups in six European countries (Belgium, Bulgaria, Finland, Greece, Hungary and Spain). The current study aimed to describe the process that was followed to harmonize and standardize the measurement of anthropometric (weight, height and waist circumference) and blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) indices, as well as to assess the intra- and inter- observer reliability of these measurements.

Methods: A central training workshop was conducted prior to the baseline measurements of the Feel4Diabetes-intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12902-020-0501-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066724PMC

Development and reliability of questionnaires for the assessment of diet and physical activity behaviors in a multi-country sample in Europe the Feel4Diabetes Study.

BMC Endocr Disord 2020 Mar 12;20(Suppl 1):135. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

First Department of Propaedeutic Internal Medicine, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: Assessment of diet and physical activity and their determinants still remains a demanding task, especially when the objective is to evaluate the efficacy of lifestyle interventions. In the context of the Feel4Diabetes study (a European community based intervention study in families with school aged children and at high risk of developing diabetes), we aimed to develop questionnaires for the assessment of food-frequency and eating behaviors, and physical activity and sedentary behaviors in both parents and school-aged children and a questionnaire for overall family's energy balance-related behaviors.

Methods: Questionnaires were developed to be used in 6 countries under standardized harmonization procedures and included questions regarding not only food intake and physical activity, but also questions of their determinants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12902-019-0469-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066729PMC

Sociodemographic and lifestyle-related risk factors for identifying vulnerable groups for type 2 diabetes: a narrative review with emphasis on data from Europe.

BMC Endocr Disord 2020 Mar 12;20(Suppl 1):134. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) comprises the vast majority of all diabetes cases in adults, with alarmingly increasing prevalence over the past few decades worldwide. A particularly heavy healthcare burden of diabetes is noted in Europe, where 8.8% of the population aged 20-79 years is estimated to have diabetes according to the International Diabetes Federation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12902-019-0463-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066728PMC

Two-stage, school and community-based population screening successfully identifies individuals and families at high-risk for type 2 diabetes: the Feel4Diabetes-study.

BMC Endocr Disord 2020 Mar 12;20(Suppl 1):12. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Physical Education, Sport Science and Dietetics, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece.

Background: The implementation of population screening and early prevention strategies targeting individuals at high-risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D) seems to be a public health priority. The current work aimed to describe the screening procedure applied in the Feel4Diabetes-study and examine its effectiveness in identifying individuals and families at high risk, primarily for T2D and secondarily for hypertension, among vulnerable populations in low to middle-income countries (LMICs) and high-income countries (HICs) across Europe.

Methods: A two-stage screening procedure, using primary schools as the entry-point to the community, was applied in low socioeconomic status (SES) regions in LMICs (Bulgaria-Hungary), HICs (Belgium-Finland) and HICs under austerity measures (Greece-Spain). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12902-019-0478-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066727PMC

Time-efficient and computer-guided sprint interval exercise training for improving health in the workplace: a randomised mixed-methods feasibility study in office-based employees.

BMC Public Health 2020 Mar 12;20(1):313. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, UK.

Background: The efficacy of high-intensity interval training (HIT) as a time-efficient exercise strategy for beneficially modifying risk factors for cardiovascular disease has repeatedly been demonstrated in controlled laboratory settings. However, the effectiveness of HIT in an unsupervised workplace setting has not been investigated. The objective of this study was to use mixed methods to investigate the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of a short-duration, high-intensity exercise intervention (REHIT) when applied unsupervised in a workplace setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8444-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068982PMC

Better Knee, Better Me™: effectiveness of two scalable health care interventions supporting self-management for knee osteoarthritis - protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Mar 12;21(1):160. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Hackensack University Medical Center and Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, USA.

Background: Although education, exercise, and weight loss are recommended for management of knee osteoarthritis, the additional benefits of incorporating weight loss strategies into exercise interventions have not been well investigated. The aim of this study is to compare, in a private health insurance setting, the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of a remotely-delivered, evidence- and theory-informed, behaviour change intervention targeting exercise and self-management (Exercise intervention), with the same intervention plus active weight management (Exercise plus weight management intervention), and with an information-only control group for people with knee osteoarthritis who are overweight or obese.

Methods: Three-arm, pragmatic parallel-design randomised controlled trial involving 415 people aged ≥45 and ≤ 80 years, with body mass index ≥28 kg/m and < 41 kg/m and painful knee osteoarthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-3166-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068989PMC

Characterization, dietary habits and nutritional intake of omnivorous, lacto-ovo vegetarian and vegan runners - a pilot study.

BMC Nutr 2019 3;5:51. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

1Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Leibniz University Hannover, 30167 Hannover, Germany.

Background: The number of people preferring plant-based nutrition is growing continuously in the western world. Vegetarianism and veganism are also becoming increasingly popular among individuals participating in sport. However, whether recreationally active vegetarian and vegan populations can meet their nutritional needs is not clear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40795-019-0313-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7050782PMC
December 2019

Assessing physical activity in people with mental illness: 23-country reliability and validity of the simple physical activity questionnaire (SIMPAQ).

BMC Psychiatry 2020 Mar 6;20(1):108. Epub 2020 Mar 6.

Department of Psychiatry, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Physical inactivity is a key contributor to the global burden of disease and disproportionately impacts the wellbeing of people experiencing mental illness. Increases in physical activity are associated with improvements in symptoms of mental illness and reduction in cardiometabolic risk. Reliable and valid clinical tools that assess physical activity would improve evaluation of intervention studies that aim to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour in people living with mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-2473-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7060599PMC
March 2020
2.210 Impact Factor

Role of O-C2 angle in the development of dysphagia in patients with halo-vest fixation.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Feb 28;21(1):131. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Toho University Graduate School of Medicine, 6-11-1 Omori-nishi, Tokyo, Ota-ku, 143-8541, Japan.

Background: Dysphagia is one of the most serious complications in patients treated with a halo-vest brace. However, the cause of dysphagia development by halo-vest fixation is not yet clear. We therefore investigated the incidence of dysphagia and cervical alignment as well as clinical data from medical charts in patients treated with a halo-vest brace. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-3155-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7049204PMC
February 2020

Changes in overweight/obesity and central obesity status from preadolescence to adolescence: a longitudinal study among schoolchildren in Japan.

BMC Public Health 2020 Feb 17;20(1):241. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Hygiene, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 142-8555, Japan.

Background: Little is known about changes in overweight/obesity and central obesity status among schoolchildren from preadolescence to adolescence in Japan, where waist circumference (WC) is generally not measured in annual health examinations at elementary and junior high schools. This study examined changes of overweight/obesity and central obesity status among schoolboys and schoolgirls from preadolescence to adolescence in Japan.

Methods: Study subjects were fourth-grade school children (9 or 10 years of age) from all four of Ina town's elementary schools in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8343-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7027048PMC
February 2020

Can childcare work be designed to promote moderate and vigorous physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and health? Study protocol for the Goldilocks-childcare randomised controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2020 Feb 17;20(1):237. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Despite extensive efforts, issues like obesity and poor physical capacity remain challenges for a healthy work life in several occupations. The Goldilocks work principle offers a new approach, encouraging design of productive work to promote physical capacity and health. This paper presents the protocol for the Goldilocks-childcare study, a randomised controlled intervention trial aiming to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing the Goldilocks work principle in childcare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8291-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7026977PMC
February 2020

Correction to: How to squat? Effects of various stance widths, foot placement angles and level of experience on knee, hip and trunk motion and loading.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2020;12. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

1Institute for Biomechanics, ETH Zurich, Leopold-Ruzicka-Weg 4, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13102-018-0103-7.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-020-0160-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6990583PMC
January 2020

Identification of subclinical tuberculosis in household contacts using exposure scores and contact investigations.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 Jan 31;20(1):96. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: The goal of tuberculosis elimination put forward in the End TB Strategy prioritizes diagnosis and treatment of incipient and subclinical TB, recently defined by key stakeholders as "asymptomatic, early pre-clinical disease during which pathology evolves". Regarded as indicative of a high risk of TB progression, considerable efforts have been made to identify these cases through exploration of biomarkers. The present study aimed to evaluate simple scoring systems for TB exposure as screening tools for subclinical TB, the only identifiable of the incipient and subclinical disease states, in a contact investigation (CI) setting of low HIV-prevalence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-4800-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6995184PMC
January 2020

Exoskeleton for post-stroke recovery of ambulation (ExStRA): study protocol for a mixed-methods study investigating the efficacy and acceptance of an exoskeleton-based physical therapy program during stroke inpatient rehabilitation.

BMC Neurol 2020 Jan 28;20(1):35. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, 212-2177 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.

Background: The ability to walk is commonly reported as a top rehabilitation priority for individuals after a stroke. However, not all individuals with stroke are able to practice walking, especially those who require more assistance from their therapist to do so. Powered robotic exoskeletons are a new generation of robotic-assisted gait training devices, designed to assist lower extremity movement to allow repetitious overground walking practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-020-1617-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6988257PMC
January 2020

The importance of stroke as a risk factor of cognitive decline in community dwelling older and oldest peoples: the SONIC study.

BMC Geriatr 2020 Jan 22;20(1):24. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Department of Health Promotion System Sciences, Division of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Cognitive impairment is a major health concern among older and oldest people. Moreover, stroke is a relevant contributor for cognitive decline and development of dementia. The study of cognitive decline focused on stroke as the important risk factor by recruiting older and oldest is still lagging behind. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-1423-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6977260PMC
January 2020

A new approach to characterize postural deficits in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy and to analyze postural adaptions after an exercise intervention.

BMC Neurol 2020 Jan 16;20(1):23. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Postural instability presents a common and disabling consequence of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). However, knowledge about postural behavior of CIPN patients is sparse. With this pilot study, we used a new approach to i) characterize postural impairments as compared to healthy subjects, ii) allocate possible abnormalities to a set of parameters describing sensorimotor function, and iii) evaluate the effects of a balance-based exercise intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-019-1589-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6966884PMC
January 2020

Intensive, personalized multimodal rehabilitation in patients with primary or revision total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2020 10;12. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

2Sports Sciences - Performance and Technology, Department of Health Science and Technology, School of Medicine, Aalborg University, Niels Jernes Vej 12, DK-9220 Aalborg East, Denmark.

Background: Recent evidence has shown that many patients suffer from persistent pain and impaired function after primary or revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Post-surgical complications may in addition decrease physical performances and lead to more pain and impacted quality of life.The purpose of the study was to assess the changes in pain intensity and functional capacity among patients with post-surgical complications after TKA three weeks of intensive, personalized multimodal rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-020-0157-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6954561PMC
January 2020

E-test versus agar dilution for antibiotic susceptibility testing of Helicobacter pylori: a comparison study.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Jan 10;13(1):22. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Division of Gastroentero-Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine-Dr. Soetomo Teaching Hospital, Universitas Airlangga, Jalan Mayjend Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 6-8 Surabaya, Surabaya, 60131, Indonesia.

Objective: For evaluating the antibiotic resistance of Helicobacter pylori, the agar dilution method is the gold standard; however, using this method in daily practice is laborious. E-test has been proposed to be an uncomplicated method. This study was aimed at validating the E-test and detecting the presence of any bias between the agar dilution method and E-test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4877-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6954499PMC
January 2020

Risk factors for spontaneous miscarriage above 12 weeks or premature delivery in patients undergoing cervical polypectomy during pregnancy.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 Jan 9;20(1):27. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan.

Background: It currently remains unknown whether the resection of cervical polyps during pregnancy leads to miscarriage and/or preterm birth. This study evaluated the risk of spontaneous PTB below 34 or 37 weeks and miscarriage above 12 weeks in patients undergoing cervical polypectomy during pregnancy.

Methods: This was a retrospective monocentric cohort study of patients undergoing cervical polypectomy for clinical indication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2710-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6953220PMC
January 2020

Adaptive radiotherapy in locally advanced esophageal cancer with atelectasis: a case report.

BMC Cancer 2020 Jan 6;20(1):21. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology and Image-Applied Therapy, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: To the best of our knowledge, no study has reported mediastinal shift accompanied with obstructive atelectasis due to bulky primary esophageal tumor components treated with adaptive radiotherapy and concurrent chemotherapy.

Case Presentation: Here we report the case of a 65-year-old male patient diagnosed with locally advanced thoracic esophageal squamous cell cancer, clinical T4bN1M0, stage IVA. Bronchoscopy and computed tomography (CT) revealed an almost complete obstruction of the lumen of the left bronchus due to compression by bulky primary esophageal tumor components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-6505-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945637PMC
January 2020

Beyond BMI: waist circumference and social environment is associated with motor performance ability in kindergartners.

BMC Pediatr 2020 Jan 6;20(1). Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Department of Sports Medicine, Disease Prevention and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Social Science, Media and Sport, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Albert-Schweitzer-Straße, 22, 55128, Mainz, Germany.

Background: The aim of the current study was to examine the relationship between anthropometric characteristics (i.e. body height, body weight, body mass index [BMI] and waist circumference [WC]) with motor performance ability [MPA], social environmental factors of the district (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1872-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6943956PMC
January 2020

"Sarcopenia and intramuscular fat deposition are associated with poor survival in Indonesian patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective study".

BMC Gastroenterol 2019 Dec 30;19(1):229. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Division of Infectious Disease Pathology, Department of Microbiology and Infectious Disease, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Background: A large-scale Japanese study showed that low skeletal muscle index (SMI) and intramuscular fat (IMF) deposition are associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) survival. Here, we evaluated the effects of SMI and IMF on the survival of Indonesian HCC patients, whose characteristics differ from those of Japanese patients.

Methods: SMI and mean muscle attenuation (MA) were evaluated using computed tomography images of the third lumbar vertebra (L3) in a prospective cohort of 100 Indonesian HCC patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12876-019-1152-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6937974PMC
December 2019