322 results match your criteria BMC sports science medicine & rehabilitation[Journal]


The effects of textured insoles on quiet standing balance in four stance types with and without vision.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2019 4;11. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

1School of Health and Social Care, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, TS1 3BX UK.

Background: Wearing a textured shoe insole can decrease postural sway during static balance. Previous studies assessed bipedal and/or unipedal standing. In contrast, we aimed to investigate if textured insoles modulated postural sway during four stance types (bipedal, standard Romberg, tandem Romberg, and unipedal), with and without vision. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-019-0117-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449971PMC

Clinical outcomes and radiologic assessment of a modified suture button arthroscopic Latarjet procedure.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Apr 16;20(1):173. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Sports Medicine, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Shenzhen First Affiliated Hospital, Shenzhen University, No.3002 Sungang West Road, Futian district, Shenzhen, 518000, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: As several neurologic and hardware complications have been reported with screw fixation. Suture buttons are used to serve as an alternative to screw fixation to obtain better outcome and to reduce the complication. The purpose of this study was to observe the clinical outcomes and make the radiologic assessment of a modified suture button (MSB) arthroscopic Latarjet procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2544-xDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Holistic physical exercise training improves physical literacy among physically inactive adults: a pilot intervention study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 11;19(1):393. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Cardiovascular Diabetology Research Group Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology Department of Internal Medicine Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Background: Physical literacy (PL), given as a multidimensional construct, is considered a person's capacity and commitment to a physically active lifestyle. We investigated the effect of a holistic physical exercise training on PL among physically inactive adults.

Methods: A non-randomised controlled study was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6719-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458734PMC

Endocrine parameters in association with bone mineral accrual in young female vocational ballet dancers.

Arch Osteoporos 2019 Apr 9;14(1):46. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Performance, Faculty of Education, Health and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall Campus, Gorway Rd, Walsall, WS1 3BD, UK.

Less is known on bone mass gains in dancers involved in vocational dance training. The present study found that, as young vocational dancers progress on their professional training, their bone health remains consistently lower compared to non-exercising controls. Endocrine mechanisms do not seem to explain these findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-019-0596-zDOI Listing

A study of reproducibility of kinesiology tape applications: review, reliability and validity.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Apr 9;20(1):153. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Institute for Research on Musculoskeletal Disorders, School of Medicine, Valencia Catholic University, c/ Quevedo, 2, 46001, Valencia, Spain.

Background: Literature addressing the mechanical properties of kinesiology tape is quite scarce. There are no studies which focus on the mechanical characteristics of kinesiology tape, its mechanical properties, nor its adherence following the ISO international standard test methods for tape elongation.

Methods: This study quantified the mechanical characteristics of 380 samples of kinesiology tape from 19 different brands and in 4 different colors using a dynamometer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2533-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454724PMC

Osteoarthritis- a systematic review of long-term safety implications for osteoarthritis of the knee.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Apr 9;20(1):151. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Australasian College of Sport and Exercise Physicians, 257 Collins Street, Melbourne, VIC, 3000, Australia.

Background: There is no cure for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and typically patients live approximately 30-years with the disease. Most common medical treatments result in short-term palliation of symptoms with little consideration of long-term risk. This systematic review aims to appraise the current evidence for the long-term (≥12 months) safety of common treatments for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2525-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454763PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Allometric scaling of aerobic fitness outputs in school-aged pubertal girls.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Apr 8;19(1):96. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Study and Research Group in Physical Activity and Exercise (GEPAFE), State University of Londrina (UEL), Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

Background: This study aimed to determine the allometric exponents for concurrent size descriptors (stature, body mass and fat-free mass) and also to examine the contribution of chronological age and pubertal status combined with above mentioned size descriptors to explain inter-individual variability in the peak of oxygen uptake (VO) among girls during circumpubertal years.

Methods: The final sample included 51 girls (10.7-13. Read More

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https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1462-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452511PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Trends in heterosexual inexperience among young adults in Japan: analysis of national surveys, 1987-2015.

BMC Public Health 2019 Apr 8;19(1):355. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.

Background: It has been suggested that an increasing number of Japanese adults remain sexually inexperienced; however, no study has assessed this issue using nationally representative data.

Methods: We used data from seven rounds of the National Fertility Survey of Japan, 1987-2015, and included adults aged 18-39 years (18-34 years in the 1987 survey) in the analyses (sample size 11,553-17,850 [1987-2010]; response rate 70.0-92. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6677-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452514PMC

The correlation between common 2D femoral notch parameters and 3D notch volume: a retrospective MRI study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Apr 6;20(1):146. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Department of Sports Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Xuhui District, Shanghai, 200233, China.

Background: Although the stenotic femoral intercondylar notch was associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, the parameters for notch assessment were numerous. The present study aimed to compare the 2-dimensional (2D) femoral notch parameters, including the notch width (NW) and notch width index (NWI), with the 3-dimensional (3D) notch volume based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to determine appropriate femoral parameters for ACL injuries.

Methods: Two hundred forty individuals were included in this study, including 120 patients with ACL ruptures and 120 age- and gender-matched individuals without ACL ruptures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2530-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451777PMC

Early assessment with F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography to predict short-term outcome in clear cell renal carcinoma treated with nivolumab.

BMC Cancer 2019 Apr 2;19(1):298. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Urology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: We reported previously the usefulness of 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) to predict prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated with molecular targeted agents. Herein we describe a preliminary research of nine patients who underwent FDG-PET/CT before and after initiation of nivolumab.

Methods: Patients with metastatic RCC who were treated by nivolumab from October 2016 to March 2017 were enrolled in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5510-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446392PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

The association between smoking and knee osteoarthritis in a cohort of Danish patients undergoing knee arthroscopy.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Apr 1;20(1):141. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Background: It has been suggested that smoking is associated with reduced risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, supplementary studies are needed to further investigate any such potential association. Thus, our aim was to examine the relationship between smoking and early or more established knee OA in a cohort of relatively young patients with meniscal tears. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2518-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444863PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Footprint coverage comparison between knotted and knotless techniques in a single-row rotator cuff repair: biomechanical analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Mar 25;20(1):123. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: The objective of this biomechanical study is to compare two variations of single-row knotless techniques (Knotless repair and Rip-stop Knotless repair) against a single-row double-loaded anchor (DL) repair, focused on evaluating contact pressure and contact area amongst three different single-row techniques for rotator cuff repairs.

Methods: A total of 24 fresh frozen human shoulders were tested. Specimens were randomly assigned into one of the three single-row (SR) repair groups: A Knotted single-row double-loaded anchor (DL) repair, a Knotless (K) repair, or a Knotless Rip-Stop (KRS) repair. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2479-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434825PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Quadriceps-sparing versus traditional medial parapatellar approaches for total knee arthroplasty: a meta-analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Mar 20;20(1):117. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Institution of Sports Medicine, Beijing Key Laboratory of Sports Injuries, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, 100191, China.

Background: There is still controversy regarding whether Quadriceps-sparing (QS) approach for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) lead to better earlier recovery as well as compromising low limb alignment and prosthesis position compared with conventional medial parapatellar (MP) approach. To overcome the shortcomings and inaccuracies of single studies, the clinical outcomes and radiographic assessments of QS approach and MP approach were evaluated through meta-analysis.

Methods: We performed this meta-analysis according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2482-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425686PMC

Using an intervention mapping approach to develop prevention and rehabilitation strategies for musculoskeletal pain among surgeons.

BMC Public Health 2019 Mar 18;19(1):320. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark.

Background: The aim of the present study was to describe the development of strategies to prevent and rehabilitate musculoskeletal pain among surgeons. Musculoskeletal pain affects surgeons' life, and evidence on interventions for effective prevention and rehabilitation is lacking for this occupational group.

Methods: An Intervention Mapping approach was used to develop intervention strategies specifically tailored to surgeons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6625-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423851PMC

Anthropometric profiles of 8-11 year old children from a low-income setting in South Africa.

BMC Public Health 2019 Mar 18;19(1):314. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Centre for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, WITS Medical School, University of the Witwatersrand, Parktown, Johannesburg, 2050, South Africa.

Background: Communities in low-to-middle income countries undergoing rapid urbanisation as well as nutrition transition are particularly at risk for associated health issues such as overweight and obesity. South Africa has a double-burden of both under- and over-nutrition, creating some uncertainty as to where to direct healthcare interventions. Therefore, providing anthropometric data in vulnerable populations, such as in early childhood, is much needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6530-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421691PMC

Different training durations and styles of tai chi for glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2019 Mar 14;19(1):63. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Basic Medical College, Chengdu University of TCM, Chengdu, 610075, China.

Background: Physical activity is an important part of the diabetes management plan. However, the effects caused by different training durations and styles of Tai Chi have not been evaluated. We conducted an updated systematic review of the effects of Tai Chi on patients with type 2 diabetes based on different training durations and styles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-019-2475-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419417PMC

Blood management in hip fractures; are we leaving it too late? A retrospective observational study.

BMC Geriatr 2019 Mar 12;19(1):79. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

School of Health and Sports Science, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland, 4556, Australia.

Background: Anaemia in hip fracture patients has been associated with increased risk of allogenic blood transfusion (ABT), poorer functional outcomes and increased mortality. Few studies have reported the prevalence of anaemia on admission or its progression prior to surgery in this cohort. We aimed to measure the prevalence of anaemia on admission in older persons who sustain a hip fracture, identify if anaemia develops or progresses prior to surgery, and to report associations with outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1099-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419431PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Association between locomotive syndrome and blood parameters in Japanese middle-aged and elderly individuals: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Mar 14;20(1):104. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

COI Project Center, Juntendo University, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.

Background: Locomotive syndrome (LS) is associated with weakness and loss of function in the musculoskeletal organs. We aimed to determine the association between LS components and blood parameters in middle-aged and elderly individuals.

Methods: We included 223 middle-aged and elderly individuals in this study (104 men and 119 women; age: 40-85 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2480-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417127PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

New dedicated blunt straight needles and sutures for uterine compression sutures: a retrospective study and literature review.

BMC Surg 2019 Mar 11;19(1):33. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.

Background: We developed a dedicated blunt straight needle with No. 2 polydioxanone sutures (2-Monodiox®) for uterine compression sutures (UCSs) and aimed to assess the outcomes and complication rates of UCSs for postpartum hemorrhage by comparing with commercially available needle and suture types.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed between January 2010 and February 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12893-019-0495-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417176PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Influence of different rehabilitative aerobic exercise programs on (anti-) inflammatory immune signalling, cognitive and functional capacity in persons with MS - study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Neurol 2019 Mar 8;19(1):37. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Deparment of Neurology, Kliniken-Valens, Rehabilitationsklinik-Valens, Taminaplatz 1, 7317, Valens, Switzerland.

Background: Studies have shown positive effects of therapeutic exercise on motor- and cognitive function as well as on psychosocial outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). A reduction of inflammatory stress through physical exercise has been suspected as one key mechanism, mediating the positive effects of exercise in the context of MS. The primary objective of this trial is to investigate the acute and chronic effects of different exercise modalities on (anti-)inflammatory immune signalling as well as on cognitive and functional capacity in persons with MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-019-1267-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407211PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Technically measured compositional physical work demands and prospective register-based sickness absence (PODESA): a study protocol.

BMC Public Health 2019 Mar 4;19(1):257. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Various physical work demands are shown to be associated with sickness absence. However, these studies have: (a) predominantly used self-reported data on physical work demands that have been shown to be inaccurate compared with technical measurements, (b) principally focused on various physical work demands in 'isolation', i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6581-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398236PMC

Enhancing safe routes to school programs through community-engaged citizen science: two pilot investigations in lower density areas of Santa Clara County, California, USA.

BMC Public Health 2019 Mar 1;19(1):256. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

Background: While promoting active commuting to school can positively affect children's daily physical activity levels, effectively engaging community members to maximize program impact remains challenging. We evaluated the initial utility of adding a technology-enabled citizen science engagement model, called Our Voice, to a standard Safe Routes to School (SRTS) program to enhance program engagement activities and student travel mode behavior.

Methods: In Investigation 1, a prospective controlled comparison design was used to compare the initial year of the Santa Clara County Public Health Department's SRTS program, with and without the Our Voice engagement model added, in two elementary schools in Gilroy, California, USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6563-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6397479PMC

The salt between the beans: a qualitative study of the role of auxiliary midwives in a hard-to-reach area of Myanmar.

BMC Health Serv Res 2019 Feb 28;19(1):138. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Nossal Institute for Global Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Auxiliary Midwives (AMWs) are unpaid volunteer health workers assisting qualified paid midwives in maternal and child health care mainly in hard-to-reach areas of Myanmar. This paper describes the relationship between AMWs and the health system in providing maternal and child services as perceived by the community, AMWs themselves and health care providers in one remote township of Myanmar.

Method: A qualitative study was conducted in Ngape Township, Myanmar. Read More

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https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-3958-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393966PMC
February 2019
4 Reads
1.659 Impact Factor

Effects of a motivational, individual and locally anchored exercise intervention (MILE) on cardiorespiratory fitness: a community-based randomised controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 28;19(1):239. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Public Health, Section for Health Promotion and Health Services, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 2, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Background: Risk factors for chronic disease, including low cardiorespiratory fitness levels (VO), are often present in middle-aged populations. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a motivational, individual, and locally anchored physical activity intervention on increasing VO in 30-49 year-olds with low VO.

Methods: 232 adult volunteers with low VO were randomised to intervention (n = 115) or routine care (n = 117). Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6556-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393962PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Dietary and physical activity patterns related to cardio-metabolic health among Malaysian adolescents: a systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 28;19(1):251. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: A sedentary lifestyle and an unhealthy diet are major factors in the increasing prevalence of obesity among Malaysian adolescents. The purpose of this systematic review is to compile the evidence from observational and intervention studies among Malaysian adolescents to evaluate the associations between diet and physical activity (PA) as determinants of cardio-metabolic risk factors.

Methods: A systematic search of Medline via the PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane Review and Web of Science databases was conducted for studies on the associations between diet and PA factors and cardio-metabolic risk factors among Malaysian adolescents aged 13-18 years that were published until 31 August 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6557-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396523PMC
February 2019
2.264 Impact Factor

Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time: a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 21;19(1):222. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Background: Existing research has documented inconsistent findings for the associations among breakfast frequency, physical activity (PA), and sedentary time in children. The primary aim of this study was to examine the associations among breakfast frequency and objectively-measured PA and sedentary time in a sample of children from 12 countries representing a wide range of human development, economic development and inequality. The secondary aim was to examine interactions of these associations between study sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6542-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385453PMC
February 2019

Emotional stimuli candidates for behavioural intervention in the prevention of early childhood caries: a pilot study.

BMC Oral Health 2019 Feb 18;19(1):33. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Clinic of Stomatology, Institution Shared with St. Anne's Faculty Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Oral diseases, such as early childhood caries (ECC), have a complex etiology with common, behaviour-related risk factors. Appropriately targeted behavioural intervention using effective tools can help to eliminate risk behaviour leading to ECC. The aim of this study was to ascertain which visual stimuli with a supporting text evoke the strongest emotional response in infants' mothers and, therefore, are suitable candidates for inclusion in behavioural interventions within the prevention of ECC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-019-0718-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379970PMC
February 2019

Patients with non-operated traumatic primary or recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation have equally poor self-reported and measured shoulder function: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):59. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern, Campusvej 55, DK-5230, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Patients with non-operated traumatic primary anterior shoulder dislocation (PASD) are assumed to have less shoulder impairment than patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations (RASD). This may impact treatment decision strategy. The aim was to study whether patients with non-operated traumatic PASD have less shoulder impairment than those with RASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2444-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368725PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Hydrogen-rich solution attenuates cold ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat liver transplantation.

BMC Gastroenterol 2019 Feb 8;19(1):25. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Transplantation and Pediatric Surgery, Postgraduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.

Background: Liver transplantation (LT) is considered the standard treatment for end-stage liver disease, but ideal donors remain in limited supply, resulting in an unavoidable increase in the need to use grafts from marginal donors. The attenuation of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in such marginal donors is therefore crucial for reducing the possibility of the primary non-function of grafts and graft loss. Some reports have found that molecular-hydrogen showed antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in preventing IRI in some non-hepatic transplant models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12876-019-0939-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368804PMC
February 2019
7 Reads

Imaging use for low back pain by Ontario primary care clinicians: protocol for a mixed methods study - the Back ON study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 2;20(1):50. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Background: At any one time, one in every five Canadians has low back pain (LBP), and LBP is one of the most common health problems in primary care. Guidelines recommend that imaging not be routinely performed in patients presenting with LBP without signs or symptoms indicating a potential pathological cause. Yet imaging rates remain high for many patients who present without such indications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2427-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359752PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Positive and negative well-being and objectively measured sedentary behaviour in older adults: evidence from three cohorts.

BMC Geriatr 2019 Jan 30;19(1):28. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, 7 George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9JZ, UK.

Background: Sedentary behaviour is related to poorer health independently of time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether wellbeing or symptoms of anxiety or depression predict sedentary behaviour in older adults.

Method: Participants were drawn from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (LBC1936) (n = 271), and the West of Scotland Twenty-07 1950s (n = 309) and 1930s (n = 118) cohorts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1026-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354406PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Reliability of mobility measures in older medical patients with cognitive impairment.

BMC Geriatr 2019 Jan 23;19(1):20. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Applied Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Hochschule für Gesundheit (University of Applied Sciences), Gesundheitscampus 6-8, 44801, Bochum, Germany.

Background: Mobility is a key indicator of physical functioning in older people, but there is limited evidence of the reliability of mobility measures in older people with cognitive impairment. This study aimed to examine the test-retest reliability and measurement error of common measurement instruments of mobility and physical functioning in older patients with dementia, delirium or other cognitive impairment.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in a geriatric hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1036-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343264PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Multimodal prehabilitation in colorectal cancer patients to improve functional capacity and reduce postoperative complications: the first international randomized controlled trial for multimodal prehabilitation.

BMC Cancer 2019 Jan 22;19(1):98. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Máxima Medical Center, Veldhoven, the Netherlands.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most prevalent type of cancer in the world. Surgery is the only curative option. However, postoperative complications occur in up to 50% of patients and are associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates, lower health related quality of life (HRQoL) and increased expenditure in health care. Read More

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https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-5232-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341758PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Association of objective sedentary behaviour and self-rated health in English older adults.

BMC Res Notes 2019 Jan 11;12(1):12. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Centre for Public Health, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK.

Objective: Reducing sedentary behaviour (SB) might improve the health of older adults. However, we know little about how objectively measured SB impacts on self-rated health in older adults. We aimed to explore the associations between objectively measured SB and self-rated health in English older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4050-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330416PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Regional outbreak of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST834 in Japanese children.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Jan 9;19(1):35. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Infection Control Science, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.

Background: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection has recently become a challenging problem worldwide and in Japan. We experienced 10 pediatric patients infected with CA-MRSA and hospitalized from 2011 to 2014 in a tertiary care hospital in Saitama, Japan, and assessed the characteristic of the strains using a whole genome sequencing (WGS)-based approach.

Methods: CA-MRSA strains isolated from infected patients who required hospitalization for treatment were evaluated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3646-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327381PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Within-person pain variability and physical activity in older adults with osteoarthritis from six European countries.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 5;20(1):12. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: This study examines the association of both pain severity and within-person pain variability with physical activity (PA) in older adults with osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods: Data from the European Project on OSteoArthritis were used. At baseline, clinical classification criteria of the American College of Rheumatology were used to diagnose OA in older adults (65-85 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2392-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320627PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Time course analyses of structural changes in the infrapatellar fat pad and synovial membrane during inflammation-induced persistent pain development in rat knee joint.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 5;20(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Department of Joint Surgery and Sports Medicine, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint disease in aging societies, which is accompanied by chronic inflammation and degeneration of the joint structure. Inflammation of the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) and synovial membrane (IFP surface) plays essential roles in persistent pain development in patients with OA. To identify the point during the inflammatory process critical for persistent pain development, we performed a time course histological analysis in a rat arthritis model. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2391-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6320593PMC
January 2019
12 Reads

Important cardiac transcription factor genes are accompanied by bidirectional long non-coding RNAs.

BMC Genomics 2018 Dec 27;19(1):967. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Division of Cardiovascular Regeneration, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, the University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Heart development is a relatively fragile process in which many transcription factor genes show dose-sensitive characteristics such as haploinsufficiency and lower penetrance. Despite efforts to unravel the genetic mechanism for overcoming the fragility under normal conditions, our understanding still remains in its infancy. Recent studies on the regulatory mechanisms governing gene expression in mammals have revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important modulators at the transcriptional and translational levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-018-5233-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307297PMC
December 2018

Correction to: Effectiveness of a new model of primary care management on knee pain and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis: Protocol for THE PARTNER STUDY.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 12 20;19(1):443. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

After the publication of this protocol [1], our collaborator Prima Health solutions advised us of their intent to withdraw from the study. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2362-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302386PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

The impact of unhealthy food sponsorship vs. pro-health sponsorship models on young adults' food preferences: a randomised controlled trial.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 20;18(1):1399. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Communication, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Background: Unhealthy foods are promoted heavily, through food company sponsorship of elite sport, resulting in extensive exposure among young adults who are avid sport spectators. This study explores the effects of sponsorship of an elite sporting event by: (A) non-food brands (control), (B) unhealthy food brands, (C) healthier food brands, or (D) an obesity prevention public health campaign on young adults' brand awareness, attitudes, image perceptions, event-sponsor fit perceptions, and preference for food sponsors' products.

Methods: A between-subjects web-based experiment was conducted, consisting of four sponsorship conditions (A through D) featuring three product categories within each condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6298-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302434PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Activated iNKT cells enhance the anti-tumor effect of antigen specific CD8 T cells on mesothelin-expressing salivary gland cancer.

BMC Cancer 2018 Dec 17;18(1):1254. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.

Background: Salivary gland cancers are not sensitive to conventional radiotherapy or chemotherapy regimens. Therefore, the development of a new treatment strategy is of critical importance for improving the prognosis. We examined the expression of mesothelin molecules in salivary gland cancers and the efficacy of adoptive cell therapy based on mesothelin-specific chimeric antigen receptor transduced T cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-5179-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296067PMC
December 2018

The association between self-rated health and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level: a cross-sectional and 5-year longitudinal study.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 17;18(1):1380. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan.

Background: Although self-rated health (SRH) independently predicts mortality, the biological background of this association remains unexplained. This study aimed to examine the association between SRH and serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level.

Methods: Subjects were 899 participants aged 35-69 years (237 men and 662 women) in the Daiko Study, part of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6251-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297960PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Dissemination and genetic analysis of the stealthy vanB gene clusters of Enterococcus faecium clinical isolates in Japan.

BMC Microbiol 2018 Dec 13;18(1):213. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Bacteriology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-8511, Japan.

Background: VanB-type vancomycin (VAN) resistance gene clusters confer VAN resistances on Enterococcus spp. over a wide range of MIC levels (MIC = 4-1000 mg/L). However, the epidemiology and the molecular characteristics of the VAN susceptible VanB-type Enterococcus still remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12866-018-1342-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293572PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Angle-specific analysis of isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring torques and ratios in patients after ACL-reconstruction.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 6;10:23. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

5Exercise Science and Neuroscience, Department of Exercise & Health, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany.

Background: Strength deficits, muscle imbalances, and quadriceps inhibition are common after the surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), even after the patient's returned-to-sport. Typically, asymmetries between the operated and non-operated leg as well as the hamstring/quadriceps (HQ) ratio are calculated using maximum isokinetic torque values. Moreover, the knee flexion angles, which correspond to the measured torque values, were not considered. Read More

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https://bmcsportsscimedrehabil.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-018-0112-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282246PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Fear avoidance beliefs as a predictor for long-term sick leave, disability and pain in patients with chronic low back pain.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Dec 3;19(1):431. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Back Centre Copenhagen, Health Centre Nørrebro, Mimersgade 41, 2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark.

Background: Subgrouping patients with chronic low back pain is recommended prior to selecting treatment strategy, and fear avoidance beliefs is a commonly addressed psychological factor used to help this subgrouping. The results of the predictive value of fear avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain in prognostic studies are, however, not in concordance. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the association between fear avoidance beliefs at baseline and unsuccessful outcome on sick leave, disability and pain at 12-month follow-up in patients with entirely chronic low back pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2351-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278039PMC
December 2018

Normal weight obesity and physical fitness in Chinese university students: an overlooked association.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 4;18(1):1334. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Physical Education, Exercise, Health and Technology Centre, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.

Background: The primary aim of this study was to examine the associations of normal weight obesity (NWO) with physical fitness in Chinese university students. As a secondary aim, we assessed whether possible differences in physical fitness between students classified as NWO and normal weight non-obese (NWNO) were mediated by skeletal muscles mass.

Methods: A total of 383 students (205 males and 178 females, aged 18-24 years) from two universities volunteered to participate in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6238-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278052PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Exercise as 'precision medicine' for insulin resistance and its progression to type 2 diabetes: a research review.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 23;10:21. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Bone Disease, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1111 Amsterdam Avenue, Babcock 10th Floor, Suite 1020, New York, 10025 New York USA.

Type 2 diabetes and obesity epidemics are in effect in the United States and the two pathologies are linked. In accordance with the growing appreciation that 'exercise is medicine,' it is intuitive to suggest that exercise can play an important role in the prevention and/or treatment of these conditions. However, if exercise is to truly be considered as a viable alternative to conventional healthcare prevention/treatment strategies involving pharmaceuticals, it must be prescribed with similar scrutiny. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-018-0110-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6251139PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Effects of high intensity interval training on exercise capacity in people with cystic fibrosis: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 6;10:19. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

1School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Faculty of Health Science, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845 Australia.

Background: In people with cystic fibrosis (CF), higher exercise capacity is associated with better health-related quality of life (HRQoL), reduced risk of hospitalisation for a respiratory infection and survival. Therefore, optimisation of exercise capacity is an important treatment goal. The Australian and New Zealand clinical practice guidelines recommend that people with CF complete 30 to 60 min of moderate intensity aerobic exercise on most days of the week. Read More

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https://bmcsportsscimedrehabil.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-018-0108-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219072PMC
November 2018
16 Reads

Swimming induced pulmonary oedema in athletes - a systematic review and best evidence synthesis.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2018 1;10:18. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

5Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, Australia.

Background: Swimming induced pulmonary oedema is an uncommon occurrence and usually presents during strenuous distance swimming in cold water. The prevalence is most likely underreported and the underlying mechanisms are controversial. The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence with regards to prevalence, pathophysiology and treatment of swimming induced pulmonary oedema in endurance athletes. Read More

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https://bmcsportsscimedrehabil.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-018-0107-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211602PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Protocol for evaluating the impact of a national school policy on physical activity levels in Danish children and adolescents: the PHASAR study - a natural experiment.

BMC Public Health 2018 Nov 8;18(1):1245. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Centre of Research in Childhood Health, Research Unit for Exercise Epidemiology, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark.

Background: In 2014 the Danish Government introduced a wide-ranging school reform that applies to all public schools in Denmark. The reform involves changes in several aspects of the school structure and content. In a physical activity promotion perspective, a distinctive feature of the school reform is that it has become mandatory to integrate an average of 45 min of daily physical activity in the regular school day. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6144-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225578PMC
November 2018
7 Reads