434 results match your criteria BMC psychology[Journal]


Evaluation of the effect of fatigue on the coping behavior of international truck drivers.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jul 6;8(1):70. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Fatigue can affect the behavior of drivers. While the driver must be able to respond and cope appropriately to the critical situations, which is known as the ability to cope with a crisis. It is likely that the fatigue can change the people's coping style and thereby increase the chance of the crashes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00440-2DOI Listing

Relational trajectories in families with parental mental illness: a grounded theory approach.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jul 1;8(1):68. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Faculty of Education, Monash University, Clayton, Melbourne, VIC, 3800, Australia.

Background: Adult children of parents with mental illness experience a myriad of complex emotions as they attempt to make meaning of the lived experiences of their parents. A crucial time for adult children is emerging adulthood, a time when they move away from their family of origin and establish their own identity and independence. Despite existing research that provides a static description of adult children's lived experiences, the literature lacks an explanatory theory about the dynamic, relational processes that occur as adult children progress from one life stage to the next. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00432-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329432PMC

Social trust predicts sleep disorder at 6 years after the Great East Japan earthquake: data from a prospective cohort study.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jul 1;8(1):69. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Informatics and Public Health, Tohoku University School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1, Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8575, Japan.

Background: The physical and psychological health impacts on victims of the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) have lasted for a long time. Some cross-sectional studies have reported a relationship between social networks and/or social support and mental health among victims. Previous studies were cross-sectional observations at one time point after a disaster, it remains unclear whether the lack of social trust soon after the GEJE predicts long-term mental health outcomes among the victims. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00436-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329408PMC

A "messy ball of wool": a qualitative study of the dimensions of the lived experience of obesity.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 25;8(1):67. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Tasmanian College of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Locked bag 1377, Launceston, Tasmania, 7250, Australia.

Background: Obesity is a multi-dimensional condition with causal factors beyond the physiological into the behavioural, dietetic and psychological. Understanding the lived experience of those who are overweight and obese and self-perceived barriers to access and engagement in intervention are imperative to formulating a systemic response to the complex problem of obesity. This study aims to identify the social, psychological and systemic factors impeding engagement with weight-loss behaviour and interventions, and to formulate a framework for responding to these. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00416-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318440PMC

Early detection of parenting stress in mothers of preterm infants during their first-year home.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 23;8(1):66. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Background: Maternal stress following the birth of an infant is well acknowledged. It is particularly so when infants are born prematurely as their mothers cannot fully take on their parenting role until their infant(s) is discharged from neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). In this exploratory study, we examined whether these mothers' parenting stress would lessen during their first-year reunification with their infant(s) as they settle into motherhood at home. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00435-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313173PMC

Correction to: Association among dispositional mindfulness, self-compassion, and leukocyte telomere length in Chinese adults.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 22;8(1):65. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

China Center for Behavior Economics and Finance, South Western University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, China.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00433-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310325PMC

How do mothers of adolescents with chronic pain experience their own quality of life?

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 16;8(1):64. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Faculty of Health and Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Postboks 4, St. Olavs plass, 0130, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Chronic pain is a major health problem globally with severe personal and economic consequences. Maternal chronic pain is associated with their children's pain. Family pain models and shared environmental aspects are important in the understanding of chronic pain among adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00430-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298795PMC

What are you sexting? Parental practices, sexting attitudes and behaviors among Italian adolescents.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 15;8(1):63. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy.

Background: Sexting has recently emerged as a public health and social issue. The present study had two aims: a) to preliminarily test adolescent gender differences on parental practices regarding adolescent online life, parental monitoring, adolescent attitude towards sexting and sexting behaviors; b) to separately test for male and female adolescents a conceptual model in which sexting behaviors are explained by the parental practices and monitoring, with the mediation of adolescent negative attitude towards sexting.

Methods: Direct and indirect links between the variables in the model were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00425-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296734PMC

Development of a new virtual reality test of cognition: assessing the test-retest reliability, convergent and ecological validity of CONVIRT.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 12;8(1):61. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, 3086, Australia.

Background: Technological advances provide an opportunity to refine tools that assess central nervous system performance. This study aimed to assess the test-retest reliability and convergent and ecological validity of a newly developed, virtual-reality, concussion assessment tool, 'CONVIRT', which uses eye-tracking technology to assess visual processing speed, and manual reaction time (pushing a button on a riding crop) to assess attention and decision-making. CONVIRT was developed for horse jockeys, as of all sportspersons, they are most at risk of concussion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00429-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291630PMC

Autism Spectrum Social Stories In Schools Trial 2 (ASSSIST2): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial analysing clinical and cost-effectiveness of Social Stories™ in primary schools.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 12;8(1):60. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.

Background: Interventions designed to support children with a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) can be time consuming, needing involvement of outside experts. Social Stories™ are a highly personalised intervention aiming to give children with ASC social information or describing an otherwise difficult situation or skill. This can be delivered daily by staff in education settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00427-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291714PMC

Understanding relatives' experience of death rattle.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 12;8(1):62. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Laurens Cadenza, Oosterhagen 239, Rotterdam, 3078 CL, the Netherlands.

Background: Death rattle is a frequently occurring symptom in the last phase of life. The experience of death rattle of relatives has been found to vary. It is unclear if treatment with medication is useful. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00431-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291713PMC

Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the active-emphatic listening scale.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 11;8(1):59. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Graduate School of Education, Hokkaido University of Education, 1-15-55, Shiroyama, Kushiro-shi, Hokkaido, 085-8580, Japan.

Background: Active-emphatic listening is active listening that focuses on empathy. The Active-Empathic Listening Scale (AELS) is a self-report scale comprising three dimensions: sensing, processing, and responding. However, translated versions are not available for languages used in Asian countries, such as Japanese. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00422-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291695PMC

Adult attachment style and maternal-infant bonding: the indirect path of parenting stress.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 8;8(1):58. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: The quality of maternal-infant bonding is related to important child outcomes. The literature has assumed that the ability to form relationships is a relatively stable trait, and research studies have suggested that a mother's attachment style in close adult relationships is related to mother-infant bonding. The transition to parenthood is also often stressful, and the adult attachment style may relate to parenting stress in the first year after birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00424-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7278048PMC

The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on risk and protective factors of depressive relapse - a randomized wait-list controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 5;8(1):57. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: The aim of this randomized wait-list controlled trial was to explore the effects of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) on risk and protective factors for depressive relapse within the domains of cognition, emotion and self-relatedness.

Methods: Sixty-eight individuals with recurrent depressive disorder were randomized to MBCT or a wait-list control condition (WLC).

Results: Completers of MBCT (N = 26) improved significantly on measures assessing risk and protective factors of recurrent depression compared to WLC (N = 30) on measures of rumination (d = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00417-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7275325PMC

Social media use disorder and loneliness: any association between the two? Results of a cross-sectional study among Lebanese adults.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 1;8(1):56. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Jounieh, Lebanon.

Background: In Lebanon, it is already established that mental disorders are prevalent among the population. Lebanese people are active users of social media platforms. To date, no study has previously explored the relationship between mental health and social media use disorder in Lebanon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00421-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268264PMC

Family Club Denmark #strongertogether - a volunteer intervention for disadvantaged families: study protocol for a quasi-experimental trial.

BMC Psychol 2020 Jun 1;8(1):55. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

VIVE - The Danish Centre for Social Science Research, Herluf Trolles Gade 11, 5200, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Need-oriented family support programs are examples of voluntary-based interventions increasingly recognized by the public sector as an important contribution to health and social care provision. Voluntary interventions are attractive because of their focus on activism, inclusion, and participation, but also their low cost and easy accessibility. There is an increasing demand for documentation of the effectiveness of family support programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00426-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268605PMC

Construct and factorial validity of Neurobehavioral Disorder associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE).

BMC Psychol 2020 May 27;8(1):53. Epub 2020 May 27.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Dr W, Lethbridge, Alberta, T1K 3M4, Canada.

Background: ND-PAE, as a condition needing further study, requires validation. Few studies have assessed the validity of ND-PAE with none using a prospective sample.

Methods: Fifty-eight children underwent multidisciplinary FASD assessments and were evaluated for ND-PAE using a prospective, clinical approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00405-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251837PMC

Appraisals and coping mediate the relationship between resilience and distress among significant others of persons with spinal cord injury or acquired brain injury: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 20;8(1):51. Epub 2020 May 20.

Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, UMC Utrecht Brain Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, and De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Many significant others of persons with serious conditions like spinal cord injury (SCI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) report high levels of psychological distress. In line with the stress-coping model, the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between personal resource resilience and psychological distress, and whether appraisals of threat and loss, and passive coping mediate this relationship.

Methods: Significant others (n = 228) of persons with SCI or ABI completed questionnaires shortly after admission to first inpatient rehabilitation after onset of the condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00419-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238738PMC

Perceived leader integrity as a mediator between ethical leadership and ethical climate in a teaching context.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 20;8(1):52. Epub 2020 May 20.

University of Edinburgh Business School, University of Edinburgh, 29 Buccleuch Place, Edinburgh, EH8 9JS, UK.

Background: Scandalous incidents occurring in prominent organisations in the world have brought to limelight the role of leaders in shaping the ethical climate of their organisations. As a result, several studies across different organisational/occupational contexts and climes have examined and unanimously proven that ethical leadership was positively related to ethical climate. However, there is rarely any of these studies that was conducted in teaching context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00420-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238651PMC

Feasibility of a virtual reality-based interactive feedback program for modifying dysfunctional communication: a preliminary study.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 14;8(1):50. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Functional communication is vital in many areas of daily life, and modifying dysfunctional communication has been emphasized in various social areas, including family and school. The present preliminary study addressed the feasibility of a virtual reality (VR)-based interactive feedback program for the modification of dysfunctional communication.

Methods: Thirty-seven healthy young males completed psychological assessments associated with functional communication and participated in the VR-based program, consisting of the three tasks of 'exploring the communication style,' 'practicing functional communication,' and 'expressing empathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00418-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227289PMC

Validity and reliability of the Greek version of Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS).

BMC Psychol 2020 May 14;8(1):49. Epub 2020 May 14.

School of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Vragadinou Str, 3041, Limassol, Cyprus.

Background: The need for developing pragmatic and reliable measures that affect evidence-based practice has been highlighted in organizational studies. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Greek version of Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS). ILS is a brief and effective tool for measuring leadership when implementing evidence based practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00413-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7226931PMC

How anxious is too anxious? State and trait physiological arousal predict anxious youth's treatment response to brief cognitive behavioral therapy.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 12;8(1):48. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Psychology, Christopher Newport University, 1 Avenue of the Arts, Newport News, VA, 23606, USA.

Background: Exposure therapy is the gold standard for treating childhood anxiety, yet not all youth improve. Children do not always have insight on their distress, which can limit the utility of self-reported units of distress (SUDS) during exposures. Physiological assessment provides an objective means of monitoring emotional arousal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00415-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216690PMC

Is there prejudice from thin air? Replicating the effect of emotion on automatic intergroup attitudes.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 6;8(1):47. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Previous studies showed that anger, rather than sadness, created automatic intergroup bias in a minimal group context.

Methods: The current research reports a single study (N = 99) aiming to replicate this finding and further to test whether the intergroup bias manifests as ingroup favoritism, outgroup derogation, or both.

Results: Our results failed to replicate the effect of anger on automatic bias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00414-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201959PMC

Personality traits, emotional intelligence and decision-making styles in Lebanese universities medical students.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 5;8(1):46. Epub 2020 May 5.

Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Jounieh, Lebanon.

Background: This study aims to assess the impact of personality traits on emotional intelligence (EI) and decision-making among medical students in Lebanese Universities and to evaluate the potential mediating role-played by emotional intelligence between personality traits and decision-making styles in this population.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between June and December 2019 on 296 general medicine students.

Results: Higher extroversion was associated with lower rational decision-making style, whereas higher agreeableness and conscientiousness were significantly associated with a higher rational decision-making style. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00406-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201943PMC

A systematic review regarding women's emotional and psychological experiences of high-risk pregnancies.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 3;8(1):45. Epub 2020 May 3.

Department of Psychology, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: High-risk pregnancy refers to a pregnancy that negatively affects the health of the mother, the baby, or both. High-risk pregnancy evokes a range of emotional and psychological experiences for the expectant mother, and can adversely affect both the mother and the baby's health. Medical research on high-risk pregnancy abounds, while women's emotional/psychological experiences are not sufficiently documented, and hence much less attention and/or programming is directed to support women with high risk pregnancies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00410-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7197168PMC

Dosing parameters for the effects of high-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation on smoking cessation: study protocol for a randomized factorial sham-controlled clinical trial.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 1;8(1):42. Epub 2020 May 1.

Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, 14203, USA.

Background: Despite the considerable success of comprehensive tobacco control efforts, tobacco use remains one of the greatest preventable causes of death and disease today. Over half of all smokers in the US make quit attempts every year, but over 90% relapse within 12 months, choosing the immediate reinforcement of smoking over the long-term benefits of quitting. Conceptual and empirical evidence supports continued investigation of high frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in reducing relapse and decreasing cigarette consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00403-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193364PMC

Psychometric evaluation of the modified 19-item Bengali version of WHOQOL scale using Rasch analysis: a cross-sectional study of a rural district in Bangladesh.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 1;8(1):44. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Statistics, Data Science and Epidemiology; Faculty of Health, Arts and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC, 3122, Australia.

Background: This investigation aims to validate the psychometric properties of the modified 19-item Bengali version World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) instrument in a typical healthy rural population in Bangladesh.

Method: The cross-sectional investigation collected 300 adults aged 18-85 years from Narail, a rural district of Bangladesh using a multi-stage cluster random sampling technique. Face-to-face interviews were conducted between July and August 2018 using an Android phone installed with a mobile data collection application CommCare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00411-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195788PMC

Perceived social support and psychological wellbeing among Nepalese adolescents: the mediating role of self-esteem.

BMC Psychol 2020 May 1;8(1):43. Epub 2020 May 1.

Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences, Pokhara, Nepal.

Background: Adolescence is characterized by unique, multiple physical, psychological and social development. Understanding the well-being of adolescents and the factors that contribute to it will help towards clarifying and defining ways to better help adolescents prepare for adult life. Therefore, the present study aims to find out the relationship between Perceived Social Support (PSS) and Psychological Well-Being (PWB) among Nepalese adolescence based on mediating role of Self-esteem (SE). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00409-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195718PMC

An early intervention to promote maternal sensitivity in the perinatal period for women with psychosocial vulnerabilities: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 28;8(1):41. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Frederiksberg Hospital, Nordre Fasanvej 57, Vej 8, Indgang 1, 1.sal, 2000, Frederiksberg, Denmark.

Background: Maternal mental well-being and social circumstances during pregnancy and early childhood impact the child's well-being and development. Supportive and sensitive parenting is one of the strongest predictors of positive emotional, social and behavioral outcomes for the child. Knowledge is needed about how to detect and support vulnerable families already during pregnancy and in the postnatal period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00407-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7189589PMC

Metacognitive beliefs mediate the relationship between anxiety sensitivity and traits of obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 26;8(1):40. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Department of Psychology and Sports Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, AL10 9BB, UK.

Background: Metacognition has been shown as a key contributor to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder as well as other anxiety-related disorders, yet its role in the development and maintenance of these disorders remains unclear. This study aims to investigate whether anxiety sensitivity traits are related to obsessive-compulsive symptoms in the general population and whether the relationship between anxiety sensitivity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms is mediated by metacognition.

Methods: Non-clinical volunteers (N = 156, mean age: 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00412-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7184693PMC

Examining the impact of a social skills training program on preschoolers' social behaviors: a cluster-randomized controlled trial in child care centers.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 23;8(1):39. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada.

Background: Preschoolers regularly display disruptive behaviors in child care settings because they have not yet developed the social skills necessary to interact prosocially with others. Disruptive behaviors interfere with daily routines and can lead to conflict with peers and educators. We investigated the impact of a social skills training program led by childcare educators on children's social behaviors and tested whether the impact varied according to the child's sex and family socio-economic status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00408-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181512PMC

Prevalence of depression and anxiety and correlations between depression, anxiety, family functioning, social support and coping styles among Chinese medical students.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 22;8(1):38. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

School of Basic Medical Sciences, Chongqing Medical University, No.1 Yixueyuan Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Background: Medical students experience depression and anxiety at a higher rate than the general population or students from other specialties. While there is a growing literature on the high prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms and about potential risk factors to the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms among medical students, there is a paucity of evidence focused on the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms and associations with family function, social support and coping styles in Chinese vocational medicine students. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms among Chinese medical students and assess the correlation between depression/anxiety symptoms and family function, social support and coping styles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00402-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178943PMC

Prevalence and heritability of handedness in a Hong Kong Chinese twin and singleton sample.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 22;8(1):37. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St. Andrews, Scotland.

Background: Left-handedness prevalence has been consistently reported at around 10% with heritability estimates at around 25%. Higher left-handedness prevalence has been reported in males and in twins. Lower prevalence has been reported in Asia, but it remains unclear whether this is due to biological or cultural factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00401-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178737PMC

Social stigma is an underestimated contributing factor to unemployment in people with mental illness or mental health issues: position paper and future directions.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 21;8(1):36. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Scientific Center for Care and Wellbeing, Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Background: As yet, little is known about the effects of mental health stigma on sustainable employment. This is surprising, as mental health stigma is common, and because people with severe and common mental disorders are 7 and 3 times more likely to be unemployed, respectively, than people with no disorders. As the global lifetime prevalence of mental disorders is 29%, the high unemployment rates of people with these health problems constitute an important and urgent public health inequality problem that needs to be addressed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00399-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171845PMC

Validation of the English version of the Mood Rhythm Instrument.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 17;8(1):35. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Mood Disorders Program and Women's Health Concerns Clinic, St. Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Disruption of biological rhythms has been linked to the pathophysiology of mental disorders. However, little is known regarding the rhythmicity of mood symptoms due to the lack of validated clinical questionnaires. A better understanding of the rhythmicity of mood symptoms can help identifying individuals whose severity of mood symptoms follows an altered circadian rhythm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00397-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7165411PMC

Pilot trial of a group cognitive behavioural therapy program for comorbid depression and obesity.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 17;8(1):34. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

College of Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, 13210, USA.

Background: Depression and obesity are significant global health concerns that commonly occur together. An integrated group cognitive behavioural therapy program was therefore developed to simultaneously address comorbid depression and obesity.

Methods: Twenty-four participants (63% women, mean age 46 years) who screened positively for depression with a body mass index ≥25 were recruited from a self-referred general population sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00400-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164235PMC

Attachment style and addictions (alcohol, cigarette, waterpipe and internet) among Lebanese adolescents: a national study.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 16;8(1):33. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Jounieh, Lebanon.

Background: The prevalence in the Lebanese general population of cigarette and waterpipe smoking, alcohol drinking and internet use seems to be increasing lately. So far, no study was done relating the above to attachment styles in Lebanese adolescents. Consequently, the objective of our study was to assess the relationship between attachment styles (secure, preoccupied, fearful, and dismissing) and addictions (cigarettes, water pipes, alcohol, and internet) among this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00404-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164203PMC

Mindfulness is not associated with dissonant attitudes but enhances the ability to cope with them.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 10;8(1):32. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Department of Health Promotion, Care and Public Health Research Institute (Caphri), Maastricht University, Maastricht, 6200 MD, The Netherlands.

Background: Explicit and implicit attitudes have been studied extensively, but there is less attention to reducing dissonance between them. This is relevant because this dissonance (IED) results in distress and has inconsistent effects on behavior, e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0377-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7146909PMC

Cognitive fatigue in relation to depressive symptoms after treatment for childhood cancer.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 10;8(1):31. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Paediatrics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Cognitive fatigue after childhood cancer is frequently overlooked despite guidelines recommending follow-up, and might be mistaken for depression due to overlapping symptoms. Our objectives were: 1) to examine ratings of fatigue in survivors of paediatric brain tumours (BT) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) compared to healthy controls, 2) to examine the relationship between symptoms of depression and cognitive fatigue, and 3) to evaluate parent-child concordance in ratings of cognitive fatigue.

Methods: Survivors of BT (n = 30), survivors of ALL (n = 30), and healthy controls (n = 60) aged 8-18 years completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the Beck Youth Inventories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00398-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7146960PMC

The relation of alexithymia and attachment with type 1 diabetes management in adolescents: a gender-specific analysis.

BMC Psychol 2020 Apr 6;8(1):30. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, P.O.Box: 19395-4763, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Several studies indicate the role of psychosocial factors in the management and control of chronic diseases in adolescents. In this regard, the roles of attachment and alexithymia in the management of type 1 diabetes in adolescents and related gender-specific patterns have rarely been the focus of empirical research. In this study we investigate the gender-specific relationship of alexithymia and attachment with self-care and blood glucose level in adolescents with type1 diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-00396-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7137281PMC

What influences the selection of contextual cues when starting a new routine behaviour? An exploratory study.

BMC Psychol 2020 Mar 30;8(1):29. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

UCL Interaction Centre, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6EA, UK.

Background: Contextual cues play an important role in facilitating behaviour change. They not only support memory but may also help to make the new behaviour automatic through the formation of new routines. However, previous research shows that when people start a new behaviour, they tend to select cues that lack effectiveness for prompting behaviour. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0394-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7106637PMC

The effect of induced optimism on the optimistic update bias.

BMC Psychol 2020 Mar 29;8(1):28. Epub 2020 Mar 29.

Department of Psychology, Otemon Gakuin University, 2-1-15, Nishi-ai, Osaka, Ibaraki, Japan.

Background: Individuals tend to have an optimism bias, processing desirable information more frequently than undesirable information. However, people who have been diagnosed with depression often have a more pessimistic view of the future. A recent study suggests that future expectations in individuals with dysphoria become more optimistic when asked to make optimistic future predictions about the future. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0389-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7104539PMC

Long-term follow-up of residual symptoms in patients treated for stress-related exhaustion.

BMC Psychol 2020 Mar 19;8(1):26. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Institute of Stress Medicine, Region Västra Götaland, Carl Skottsbergs gata 22B, SE-413 19, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Many patients with stress-related exhaustion seem to struggle with long-term recovery. The primary aim of this study was to explore residual symptoms and perceived recovery in patients previously treated for stress-related exhaustion, 7 years after seeking care.

Methods: A total of 217 former patients (74% women) previously treated for exhaustion disorder were asked to participate in follow-ups 2, 3, 5, and 7 years post treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0395-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7081527PMC

Early maladaptive schemas as common and specific predictors of skin picking subtypes.

BMC Psychol 2020 Mar 19;8(1):27. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, via di San Salvi 12 - Building 26, 50135, Florence, Italy.

Background: Three distinct subtypes of Skin Picking (SP) have been identified in previous research: Focused, Automatic and Mixed. Early Maladaptive Schemas (EMS) were not investigated across the subtypes. Understanding which EMS are associated with the subtypes might suggest the evaluation of Schema Therapy for SP and guide clinicians using it according to subtypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0392-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7081682PMC

The use of a psychological testing instrument as an indicator of dissatisfaction with aesthetic dental treatment - a preliminary study.

BMC Psychol 2020 Mar 14;8(1):24. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Adelaide Dental Hospital, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: The use of psychological testing to indicate the potential for dissatisfaction with dental treatment has many potential patient and clinician benefits but has been rarely investigated. The study aimed to explore the use of the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) psychological testing instrument in describing the relationship between pre-treatment psychological traits and aesthetic restorative treatment satisfaction.

Methods: Thirty patients requiring aesthetic restorative dental treatment completed three questionnaires, namely 1) a pre-treatment expectation assessment, 2) an SCL-90-R analysis pre-treatment and 3) an outcome assessment post-treatment to assess patient's expectations and satisfaction of the proposed dental treatment relating to function, aesthetics, comfort and tissue preservation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0391-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071627PMC

A randomized controlled trial of a six-session cognitive behavioral treatment of emotional disorders in adolescents 14-17 years old in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS).

BMC Psychol 2020 Mar 14;8(1):25. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, UIT The Arctic University of Norway, 9037, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: This study aims to investigate effectiveness of a 6-week, transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety and depression in adolescents, the Structured Material for Therapy (SMART), in naturalistic settings of child and adolescent mental health outpatient services (CAMHS).

Methods: A randomized controlled trial with waiting list control (WLC) was performed at three community CAMHS in Norway. Referred adolescents (N = 163, age = 15. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0393-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7073009PMC

Association between HEXACO personality traits and medical specialty preferences in Mexican medical students: a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Psychol 2020 Mar 14;8(1):23. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Unidad de Investigación Biomédica 02 Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Médico Nacional de Occidente, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Avenida Belisario Domínguez # 1000, Col. Independencia, 44340, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

Background: Medical specialty is a critical choice in a physician's life because it determines their professional future and medical practice. While some are motivated to choose a specific specialty based on the monetary gain it can provide, others are inspired by seeing the work performed by a physician or by a patient's recovery. It is common to stereotype doctors' personalities by their specialty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0390-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071694PMC

Swipe-based dating applications use and its association with mental health outcomes: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychol 2020 Mar 4;8(1):22. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Western Sydney University, University Centre for Rural Health, 61 Uralba Street, Lismore, NSW, 2480, Australia.

Background: Swipe-Based Dating Applications (SBDAs) function similarly to other social media and online dating platforms but have the unique feature of "swiping" the screen to either like or dislike another user's profile. There is a lack of research into the relationship between SBDAs and mental health outcomes. The aim of this study was to study whether adult SBDA users report higher levels of psychological distress, anxiety, depression, and lower self-esteem, compared to people who do not use SBDAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0373-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7055053PMC

The relationship between existential well-being and mood-related psychiatric burden in Indian young adults with attachment deficits: a cross-cultural validation study.

BMC Psychol 2020 Feb 24;8(1):21. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine, Medical University Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 31, A-8036, Graz, Austria.

Background: Attachment and spirituality are thought to have deep evolutionary roots but are always interpreted within the framework of culture, religion and personal beliefs. While insecure attachment has been observed to be positively related with psychopathology, a positive mental health effect has often been described for spirituality. To examine the cross-cultural validation of previous research focused on Austrian young adults with Western socialization, we attempt to replicate our study examining the influence spirituality has on the connection between insecure attachment and mood-related psychiatric burden with Indian young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-020-0388-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7041092PMC
February 2020