296 results match your criteria BMC psychology[Journal]


Early maladaptive schemas as predictors of maternal bonding to the unborn child.

BMC Psychol 2019 Apr 11;7(1):23. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, 9037, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: The quality of an expectant mother's bonding to the fetus has been shown to be associated with important developmental outcomes. Previous studies suggest that bonding quality is predicted by, for example, social support, psychological well-being, and depression. However, little is known regarding the role of maternal cognition in maternal-fetal bonding. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0297-9DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Pregnancy denial and early infant development: a case-control observational prospective study.

BMC Psychol 2019 Apr 11;7(1):22. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Service de Psychothérapie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent, Pôle Femme-Parents-Enfant, Av du Gl Koenig, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 51092, Reims Cedex, France.

Background: The denial of pregnancy is the non-recognition of the state of the current pregnancy by a pregnant woman. It lasts for a few months or for the whole pregnancy, with generally few physical transformations. In this study, we will consider the denial of pregnancy as a late declaration of pregnancy (beyond 20 weeks of gestation) as well as a lack of objective perceptions of this pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0290-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458722PMC

Quality of health care with regard to detection and treatment of mental disorders in patients with coronary heart disease (MenDis-CHD): study protocol.

BMC Psychol 2019 Apr 8;7(1):21. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, Kerpener Straße 62, 50937, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Mental disorders (MD), such as depression, anxiety, and cognitive impairment, are highly prevalent in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Current guidelines on cardiovascular diseases recommend screening and appropriate treatment of MD; however, the degree of implementation of such recommendations in clinical practice is unknown. This study aims to analyze the quality of health care of patients with CHD and MD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0295-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454733PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Development of the Japanese version of the three-item loneliness scale.

Authors:
Tasuku Igarashi

BMC Psychol 2019 Apr 5;7(1):20. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Graduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 464-8601, Japan.

Background: Loneliness is a major risk factor for mental and physical health worldwide. The Three-Item Loneliness Scale (TIL Scale; Hughes et al., 2004) has been widely applied to measure loneliness in a simplified format, but no validated Japanese version has been developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0285-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449911PMC

Response: Sharpe, Goldsmith and Chalder fail to restore confidence in the PACE trial findings.

BMC Psychol 2019 Mar 26;7(1):19. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Irish ME/CFS Association, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

In a recent paper, we argued that the conclusions of the PACE trial of chronic fatigue syndrome are problematic because the pre-registered protocol was not adhered to. We showed that when the originally specific outcomes and analyses are used, the evidence for the effectiveness of CBT and graded exercise therapy is weak. In a companion paper to this article, Sharpe, Goldsmith and Chalder dismiss the concerns we raised and maintain that the original conclusions are robust. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0296-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434781PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

The General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) as an outcome measurement in a randomized controlled trial in a Norwegian stroke population.

BMC Psychol 2019 Mar 22;7(1):18. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Geriatric Medicine and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Several studies have documented the variety of post-stroke psychosocial challenges, which are complex, multifaceted, and affect a patient's rehabilitation and recovery. Due to the consequences of these challenges, psychosocial well-being should be considered an important outcome of the stroke rehabilitation. Thus, a valid and reliable instrument that is appropriate for the stroke population is required. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0293-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431023PMC

Development of the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ): factor structure, reliability, and validity.

BMC Psychol 2019 Mar 19;7(1):17. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Bielefeld University, School of Public Health, Department of Prevention and Health Promotion, Universitätsstraße 25, Bielefeld, 33615, Germany.

Background: Informed choice is of ethical and practical importance in mammography screening. To assess the level to which decisions regarding such screening are informed is thus imperative, but no specific instrument has been available to measure informed choice in the German mammography screening programme. The aims of this study were to develop the Informed Choice in Mammography Screening Questionnaire (IMQ) and to find first evidence for the factor structure, reliability and validity of its different components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0291-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423759PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Impact of parent-adolescent bonding on school bullying and mental health in Vietnamese cultural setting: evidence from the global school-based health survey.

BMC Psychol 2019 Mar 18;7(1):16. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Global Health Entrepreneurship, Division of Public Health, Graduate School of Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, 113-8519, Japan.

Background: The mental well-being of adolescents is a crucial issue affecting lives of both adults and young people. Bullying and mental health problems are important factors that can have a negative impact on the mental well-being of adolescents. Public awareness of mental health problems among adolescents is rapidly growing in Vietnam. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0294-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421663PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The PACE trial of treatments for chronic fatigue syndrome: a response to WILSHIRE et al.

BMC Psychol 2019 Mar 12;7(1):15. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Academic Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College London, London, UK.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is chronic disabling illness characterized by severe disabling fatigue, typically made worse by exertion. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is thought by some to be the same disorder (then referred to as CFS/ME) and by others to be different. There is an urgent need to find effective treatments for CFS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0288-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419398PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Possible relation between consumption of different food groups and depression.

BMC Psychol 2019 Mar 6;7(1):14. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

University Institute of Health Sciences Research (IUNICS- IdisBa), University of Balearic Islands, Carretera Valldemossa Km 7,5, 07122, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

Background: Diverse studies have investigated the relationship between diet and depression. In fact some cross-sectional studies suggested that a healthy diet reduced the risk for depression. The main objective of this study was to assess the relationship of consumption of different food groups with depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0292-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6404288PMC

Effects of adding psychosocial stimulation for children of lactating mothers using an unconditional cash transfer platform on neurocognitive behavior of children in rural Bangladesh: protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2019 Mar 5;7(1):13. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Maternal and Child Health Division (MCHD), Internationational Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), Mohakhali, Dhaka, 1212, Bangladesh.

Background: There is sufficient evidence that psychosocial stimulation (PS) benefits children's neurocognitive behavior, however, there is no information on how it works when delivered through an Unconditional Cash Transfer (UCT) platform for poor rural population in developing countries. The objective of this study is to measure effects of adding PS for children of lactating mothers enrolled to receive UCT with health education (HE) on neurocognitive behavior of children in rural Bangladesh.

Methods: The study will be conducted at 11 unions of Ullapara sub-district in Bangladesh. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0289-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402152PMC
March 2019
5 Reads

Exploring the relationship between the big five personality characteristics and dietary habits among students in a Ghanaian University.

BMC Psychol 2019 Feb 22;7(1):10. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, Department of Dietetics, University of Ghana, P.O. Box KB 143, Korle- Bu, Accra, Ghana.

Background: Adherence to good dietary practices has been linked to disease prevention and better quality of life yet, University students are known to have poor dietary intake and diet quality. For an effective behaviour modification in dietary habits, an understanding of the association between an individual's personality traits and dietary habits are of much significance. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between personality traits and dietary habits among University students in Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0286-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387496PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and associated factors of common mental disorders among adult patients attending HIV follow up service in Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychol 2019 Feb 22;7(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Psychiatry, College of health and medical sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia.

Background: In developed countries, there are well documented mental health impacts of HIV/AIDS and patients' quality of life. Acquiring HIV/AIDS can be a serious psychological trauma and can predispose a person to different mental disorders. Co-occurring mental illness complicates diagnosis, help-seeking, quality of care provided, treatment outcomes and adherence. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0281-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387475PMC
February 2019
13 Reads

Attentional avoidance in peer victimized individuals with and without psychiatric disorders.

BMC Psychol 2019 Feb 22;7(1):12. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Postbox 100131, 33501, Bielefeld, Germany.

Background: Attentional biases are a relatively robust phenomenon among clinical populations but less pronounced in healthy participants. However, regarding the components of attentional biases and the directions of attention allocation, there are several inconsistencies in the literature. The present study examined whether these inconsistencies can be traced back to previous experiences of relational peer victimization in clinical populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0284-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387543PMC
February 2019

Moral orientations in psychology: contrasting theoretical perspectives.

Authors:
James C Wiley

BMC Psychol 2019 Feb 22;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Psychology, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1S 5B6, Canada.

Background: The relational development systems (RDS) metamodel embodies a newly recognized scientific paradigm that stands in contrast to the nature-nurture split. It suggests that the bidirectional relationship between an organism and its environment must be the central focus of scientific inquiry.

Main Body: RDS theorists suggest scientists have a moral obligation to benefit human kind. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0287-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387503PMC
February 2019

Parents of healthy children assign lower quality of life measure to scenarios labeled as cancer than to identical scenarios not labeled as cancer.

BMC Psychol 2019 Feb 21;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Comparative Effectiveness Research, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.

Background: While it is commonly understood that a cancer diagnosis evokes feelings of fear, the effect of labeling a child's illness as "cancer" remains unstudied. We hypothesized that lower health utility scores would be assigned to disease states labeled as cancer compared to identical disease states without the mention of cancer.

Methods: In this randomized study, caregivers of healthy children were asked to assign health utility values to different scenarios written as improving, stable, or worsening. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0280-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385384PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

The influence of pre-motivational factors on behavior via motivational factors: a test of the I-Change model.

BMC Psychol 2019 Feb 20;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200, Maastricht, MD, Netherlands.

Background: The I-Change Model for explaining motivational and behavioral change postulates that an awareness phase precedes the motivation phase of a person, and that effects of pre-motivational factors on behavior are partially mediated by motivational factors. This study tests this assumption with regard to physical activity.

Methods: Observational longitudinal survey study (baseline, three months, six months) amongst Dutch adults (N = 2434). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0283-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381617PMC
February 2019

Psychological and work-related outcomes after inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation of chronic low back pain: a prospective randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2019 Feb 15;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute of Health, Nutrition, and Sport Sciences, Europa-Universität Flensburg, Auf dem Campus 1, 24943, Flensburg, Germany.

Background: This study investigated the long-term effects (12 months post-rehabilitation) of a standard inpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation program for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), in which a control group (CG) received pain competence training and an intervention group (IG) received combined pain competence and depression prevention training.

Methods: In this prospective control group study with cluster-block randomization, a total of n = 583 patients were included into per protocol analyses. To examine the effects of rehabilitation on depressive symptoms, pain self-efficacy, and work ability, patients were stratified in repeated-measures analyses of variance by treatment condition (IG vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0282-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377771PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

The transportability of Memory Specificity Training (MeST): adapting an intervention derived from experimental psychology to routine clinical practices.

BMC Psychol 2019 Feb 1;7(1). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Science, KU Leuven, Tiensestraat 102, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Accumulating evidence shows that a cognitive factor associated with a worsening of depressive symptoms amongst people with and without diagnoses of depression - reduced Autobiographical Memory (rAMS) - can be ameliorated by a group cognitive training protocol referred to as Memory Specificity Training (MeST). When transporting interventions such as MeST from research to routine clinical practices (RCPs), modifications are inevitable, with potentially a decrease in effectiveness, so called voltage drop. We examined the transportability of MeST to RCPs as an add-on to treatment as usual with depressed in- and out- patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0279-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359774PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The hidden identity of faces: a case of lifelong prosopagnosia.

BMC Psychol 2019 Jan 22;7(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.

Background: Not being able to recognize a person's face is a highly debilitating condition from which people with developmental prosopagnosia (DP) suffer their entire life. Here we describe the case of J, a 30 year old woman who reports being unable to recognize her parents, her husband, or herself in the mirror.

Case Presentation: We set out to assess the severity of J's prosopagnosia using tests with unfamiliar as well as familiar faces and investigated whether impaired configural processing explains her deficit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0278-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343346PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Psychosocial assessment of the family in the clinical setting.

BMC Psychol 2019 Jan 11;7(1). Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE, USA.

Children develop in the context of the family. Family functioning prominently shapes the psychosocial adaptation and mental health of the child. Several family psychosocial risk factors have been shown to increase the risk of behavioral problems in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0277-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329152PMC
January 2019

Wellbeing intervention for chronic kidney disease (WICKD): a randomised controlled trial study protocol.

BMC Psychol 2019 Jan 8;7(1). Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Menzies School of Health Research, Institute of Advanced Studies, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 4066, Alice Springs, NT, 0870, Australia.

Background: Incidence of end stage kidney disease (ESKD) for Indigenous Australians is especially high in remote and very remote areas of Australia (18 and 20 times the rate of comparable non-Indigenous people). Relocating away from family and country for treatment, adjusting to life with a chronic condition and time lost to dialysis cause grief and sadness which have immense impact on quality of life and challenges treatment adherence. We describe the first randomised controlled trial to address both chronic disease and mental health in Indigenous people with ESKD, which is the first to test the effectiveness of a culturally adapted e-mental health intervention in this population. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0264-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325814PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

Exploratory study of the impact of perceived reward on habit formation.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 20;6(1):62. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Background: Habits (learned automatic responses to contextual cues) are considered important in sustaining health behaviour change. While habit formation is promoted by repeating behaviour in a stable context, little is known about what other variables may contribute, and whether there are variables which may accelerate the habit formation process. The aim of this study was to explore variables relating to the perceived reward value of behaviour - pleasure, perceived utility, perceived benefits, and intrinsic motivation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0270-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302524PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Stigma doesn't discriminate: physical and mental health and stigma in Canadian military personnel and Canadian civilians.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 19;6(1):61. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Background: Illness-related stigma has been identified as an important public health concern. Past research suggests there is a disproportionate risk of mental-health stigma in the military, but this same finding has not yet been established for physical-health stigma. The current study aimed to assess the independent contribution of mental and physical health on both enacted stigma (discriminatory behaviour) and felt stigma (feelings of embarrassment) and to determine whether these associations were stronger for military personnel than civilians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0273-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300033PMC
December 2018

Music-instruction intervention for treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder: a randomized pilot study.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 19;6(1):60. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

The William J. Erdman II, Professor and Chair, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Pennsylvania, 1800 Lombard St. First Floor, Philadelphia, PA, 19146, USA.

Background: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a common sequelae of severe combat-related emotional trauma that is often associated with significantly reduced quality of life in afflicted veterans. To date, no published study has examined the effect of an active, music-instruction intervention as a complementary strategy to improve the psychological well-being of veterans with PTSD. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and potential effectiveness of an active, music-instruction intervention in improving psychological health and social functioning among Veterans suffering from moderate to severe PTSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0274-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299962PMC
December 2018
1 Read

The Mizan meta-memory and meta-concentration scale for students (MMSS): a test of its psychometric validity in a sample of university students.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 18;6(1):59. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Somnogen Canada Inc, College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Predisposing factors for metacognitive dysfunctions are common in university students. However, there is currently no valid questionnaire instrument designed to assess metacognitive aspects including meta-memory and meta-concentration in students. To address this need, the present study investigated the psychometric validity of a brief questionnaire, the Mizan meta-memory and meta-concentration scale for students (MMSS) in university students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0275-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299649PMC
December 2018

A problem shared is a problem halved? Comparing burdens arising for family caregivers of patients with disorders of consciousness in institutionalized versus at home care.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 14;6(1):58. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany.

Background: Disorders-of-consciousness (DOC) are rare conditions leading to very severe physical and mental disabilities. Providing care for DOC patients has been described as a stressful experience, eroding the physical and psychological health of the caregiver. Different forms of care may have different impacts on the caregivers and institutionalized care has been suggested to have an unburdening effect, but this possibility has never been empirically studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0272-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295043PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Music therapy intervention in cardiac autonomic modulation, anxiety, and depression in mothers of preterms: randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 13;6(1):57. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.

Background: Mothers of preterm infants often have symptoms of anxiety and depression, recognized as risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases and associated with low rates of heart rate variability (HRV). This study aimed to evaluate the influence of music therapy intervention on the autonomic control of heart rate, anxiety, and depression in mothers.

Methods: Prospective randomized clinical trial including 21 mothers of preterms admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary hospital, recruited from August 2015 to September 2017, and divided into control group (CG; n = 11) and music therapy group (MTG; n = 10). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0271-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292022PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Mental health, violence and psychological coercion among female and male trafficking survivors in the greater Mekong sub-region: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 12;6(1):56. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Gender Violence and Health Centre, Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Human trafficking is a pervasive global crime with important public health implications that entail fundamental human rights violations in the form of severe exploitation, violence and coercion. Sex-specific associations between types of violence or coercion and mental illness in survivors of trafficking have not been established.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 1015 female and male survivors of trafficking (adults, adolescents and children) who received post-trafficking assistance services in Cambodia, Thailand or Vietnam and had been exploited in various labor sectors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0269-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292017PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Changes and predictive value for treatment outcome of the compulsive exercise test (CET) during a family-based intervention for adolescents eating disorders.

Authors:
Ingemar Swenne

BMC Psychol 2018 Nov 15;6(1):55. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, S-75185, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: The aim of this study was to explore changes in the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) following a family-based intervention in adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (ED). It was hypothesized that compulsive exercise would improve with successful intervention against the ED but also that a high level of compulsive exercise at presentation would be associated with a less favourable outcome.

Method: The CET, the Eating Disorders Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and body mass index were available for 170 adolescents at presentation and at a one-year follow-up. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0265-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238357PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Children with mixed developmental language disorder have more insecure patterns of attachment.

BMC Psychol 2018 Nov 15;6(1):54. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

APHP Hospital Necker Enfants Malades, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 149-162 rue de Sèvres, 75015, Paris, France.

Background: Developmental Language disorders (DLD) are developmental disorders that can affect both expressive and receptive language. When severe and persistent, they are often associated with psychiatric comorbidities and poor social outcome. The development of language involves early parent-infant interactions. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0268-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238300PMC
November 2018
20 Reads

Validity and reliability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey in Sri Lanka.

BMC Psychol 2018 Nov 12;6(1):52. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Teaching Hospital-Kandy, Kandy, 20000, Sri Lanka.

Background: With ever increasing educational expectations and demands, burnout has emerged as a major problem negatively affecting the wellbeing of different student populations. Even though the validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) is widely assessed across the globe, there is a paucity of related literature in the South Asian settings. Hence, this study was aimed at assessing the factorial structure, validity, and reliability of the MBI-SS among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0267-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233560PMC
November 2018
30 Reads

A dyadic planning intervention to quit smoking in single-smoking couples: design of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2018 Nov 12;6(1):53. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Health Psychology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, De Brug, FA12, POB 30.001, 9700, RB, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Tobacco use is the largest preventable cause of death. Smoking cessation interventions that use implementation intentions show promising results. Implementation intentions are if-then plans that specify a certain behaviour within a situational context. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0266-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233499PMC
November 2018

Validation of a cross-cultural instrument for child behavior problems: the Disruptive Behavior International Scale - Nepal version.

BMC Psychol 2018 Nov 3;6(1):51. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Research Department, War Child, and Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Obtaining accurate and valid measurements of disruptive behavior disorders remains a challenge in non-Western settings due to variability in societal norms for child behavior and a lack of tools developed outside of Western contexts. This paper assesses the reliability and construct validity of the Disruptive Behavior International Scale - Nepal version (DBIS-N)-a scale developed using ethnographic research in Nepal-and compares it with a widely used Western-derived scale in assessing locally defined child behavior problems.

Methods: We assessed a population-based sample of 268 children ages 5-15 years old in Nepal for behavior problems with a pool of candidate items developed from ethnographic research. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0262-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215604PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Existence, triggers, and coping with chronic sorrow: a qualitative study of caretakers of children with sickle cell disease in a National Referral Hospital in Kampala, Uganda.

BMC Psychol 2018 Oct 20;6(1):50. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

Department of Nursing, College of health sciences, Makerere University, P.O.BOX. 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Worldwide, sickle cell disease is recognized as one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. Caregivers and patients with such chronic illnesses experience economic, physical, social and psychological distresses which may lead to chronic sorrow. Chronic sorrow is viewed as a normal reaction to loss, however it can progress to a pathological state such as depression if the coping styles are ineffective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0263-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6196010PMC
October 2018

A cognitive versus behavioral approach to emotion regulation training for externalizing behavior problems in adolescence: Study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2018 Oct 10;6(1):49. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Developmental Psychology, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584, CS, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Interventions for adolescents with externalizing behavior problems are generally found to be only moderately effective, and treatment responsiveness is variable. Therefore, this study aims to increase intervention effectiveness by examining effective approaches to train emotion regulation, which is considered to be a crucial mechanism involved in the development of externalizing behavior problems. Specifically, we aim to disentangle a cognitive and behavioral approach to emotion regulation training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0261-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180356PMC
October 2018

Media multitasking is associated with altered processing of incidental, irrelevant cues during person perception.

BMC Psychol 2018 Oct 11;6(1):44. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, 140H Lazenby Hall, Columbus, OH, 43220, USA.

Background: Media multitasking (MMT)-using and switching between unrelated forms of media-has been implicated in altered processing of extraneous stimuli, resulting in performance deficits. Here, we sought to extend our prior work to test the hypothesis that MMT might be associated with enhanced processing of incidental environmental cues during person perception.

Method: We tested the relationship between individual differences in MMT and person perception, by experimentally manipulating the relevance of environmental cues that participants could use to make trait and personality judgements of an unfamiliar social target. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0256-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6180433PMC
October 2018

Factor analysis of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measures (CORE-OM) in a Kenyan sample.

BMC Psychol 2018 Oct 1;6(1):48. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 19676, Nairobi, 00202, Kenya.

Background: There is no generic psychotherapy outcome measure validated for Kenyan populations. The objective of this study was to test the acceptability and factor structure of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure in patients attending psychiatric clinics at two state-owned hospitals in Nairobi.

Methods: Three hundred and forty-five patients filled out the CORE-OM after their initial therapy session. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0260-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167850PMC
October 2018
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Coming to terms with oneself: a mixed methods approach to perceived self-esteem of adult survivors of childhood maltreatment in foster care settings.

BMC Psychol 2018 Sep 17;6(1):47. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Liebiggasse 5, 1010, Vienna, Austria.

Background: A broad range of psychopathological sequelae was found in adult survivors of institutional childhood maltreatment (IM). Childhood maltreatment is also associated with lower self-esteem (SE). In previous qualitative research, adult survivors of IM reported feelings of worthlessness and self-doubts, but research on IM and its associations with SE is still scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0259-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6142332PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

A journey through chaos and calmness: experiences of mindfulness training in patients with depressive symptoms after a recent coronary event - a qualitative diary content analysis.

BMC Psychol 2018 Sep 13;6(1):46. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Division of Nursing, Department of Cardiology and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Psychological distress with symptoms of depression and anxiety is common and unrecognized in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Efforts have been made to treat psychological distress in CAD with both conventional methods, such as antidepressant drugs and psychotherapy, and non-conventional methods, such as stress management courses. However, studies focusing on the experiences of mindfulness training in this population are still scarce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0252-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6136221PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Effectiveness of the settings-based intervention Shaping the Social on preventing dropout from vocational education: a Danish non-randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2018 Sep 12;6(1):45. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Studiestræde 6, DK-1455, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Lack of formal education is an important social determinant of health inequality and represents a public health problem. School dropout is particularly common in vocational education; however few prevention programs targeting dropout in the vocational school setting have been evaluated. The purpose of the present study was to test the effect on school dropout of a settings-based intervention program (named Shaping the Social) that targeted the school organization in order to create social and supportive learning environments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0258-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6134754PMC
September 2018

PEACH, a smartphone- and conversational agent-based coaching intervention for intentional personality change: study protocol of a randomized, wait-list controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2018 Sep 4;6(1):43. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Psychology and URPP Dynamics of Healthy Aging, University of Zurich, Andreasstrasse 15, 8050, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: This protocol describes a study that will test the effectiveness of a 10-week non-clinical psychological coaching intervention for intentional personality change using a smartphone application. The goal of the intervention is to coach individuals who are willing and motivated to change some aspects of their personality, i.e. Read More

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https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0257-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6123904PMC
September 2018
20 Reads

Emotion regulation and its relation to symptoms of anxiety and depression in children aged 8-12 years: does parental gender play a differentiating role?

BMC Psychol 2018 Aug 20;6(1):42. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of Psychology, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Symptoms of anxiety and depression are prevalent and highly comorbid in children, contributing to considerable impairment even at a subclinical level. Difficulties with emotion regulation are potentially related to both anxious and depressive symptoms. Research looking at maternal contributions to children's mental health dominates the literature but ignores the potentially important contributions of fathers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0255-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6102894PMC

How group singing facilitates recovery from the symptoms of postnatal depression: a comparative qualitative study.

BMC Psychol 2018 Aug 17;6(1):41. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Centre for Performance Science, Royal College of Music, Prince Consort Road, London, SW7 2BS, UK.

Background: Previous research has demonstrated that making music can enhance positive emotions as well as support positive psychological functioning. However, studies tend to be limited by lack of comparison with other psychosocial interventions. This study builds on a three-arm randomised controlled trial (RCT) that demonstrated that group singing for mothers and babies, but not group creative play, can lead to faster recovery from moderate-severe symptoms of postnatal depression than usual care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0253-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6098577PMC
August 2018
9 Reads

Preventing at-risk children from developing antisocial and criminal behaviour: a longitudinal study examining the role of parenting, community and societal factors in middle childhood.

BMC Psychol 2018 Aug 10;6(1):40. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Personal Social Services Research Unit, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK.

Background: Many childhood risk factors are known to be associated with children's future antisocial and criminal behaviour, including children's conduct disorders and family difficulties such as parental substance abuse. Some families are involved with many different services but little is known about what middle childhood factors moderate the risk of poor outcomes. This paper reports the quantitative component of a mixed methods study investigating what factors can be addressed to help families improve children's outcomes in the longer term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0254-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086042PMC
August 2018
11 Reads

Consequences of screening in cervical cancer: development and dimensionality of a questionnaire.

BMC Psychol 2018 Aug 10;6(1):39. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Section of General Practice and Research Unit for General Practice, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, P. O. Box 2099, DK-1014, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Cervical cancer screening will inevitably lead to unintentional harmful effects e.g. detection of indolent pathological conditions defined as overdetection or overdiagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0251-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086061PMC
August 2018
28 Reads

An exploration of the link between adult attachment and problematic Facebook use.

BMC Psychol 2018 Aug 10;6(1):34. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Risky and Extreme Behaviours Research Group (REX-GROUP), School of Psychology, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland.

Background: Previous studies have reported on positive and negative psychological outcomes associated with the use of social networking sites (SNSs). Research efforts linking Facebook use with depression and low self-esteem have indicated that it might be the manner in which people engage with the site that makes its use problematic for some people. The aim of the current study was to test a theoretical model of problematic Facebook use, using adult attachment style as the predictor variable of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0245-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6085659PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

The effectiveness of Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting for Foster Care (VIPP-FC): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2018 Aug 3;6(1):38. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Institute for Education and Child Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: Foster children are at higher risk of the development of behavior and emotional problems, which can contribute to the development of insecure attachment bonds with their foster parents and (subsequently) to placement breakdown. Sensitive parenting might minimize the adverse effects of the behavior and emotional problems. Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline in Foster Care (VIPP-FC) is an adaptation of the evidence-based Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) and aims at increasing sensitive parenting and the use of sensitive discipline strategies of foster parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0246-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091108PMC

Adult children of parents with mental illness: parenting journeys.

BMC Psychol 2018 Jul 27;6(1):37. Epub 2018 Jul 27.

Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo Campus, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Individuals who have lived with childhood parental mental illness are at increased risk of developing mental health concerns. Yet there is limited knowledge about how a person's childhood experiences of parental mental illness may influence their subsequent parenting roles.

Methods: This narrative study generated parenting narratives of adult children who had lived with childhood parental mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40359-018-0248-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6062862PMC
July 2018
1 Read