227 results match your criteria BMC obesity[Journal]


Prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among school children in an urban district in Ghana.

BMC Obes 2019 1;6:14. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

3Non-communicable Disease Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: There is limited data on risk factors associated with childhood overweight and obesity in Ghanaian school children. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and associated risk factors in Ghanaian school children.

Methods: Data for this study were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 543 children aged 8 and 11 years, attending private and public primary schools in the Adentan Municipality of Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Read More

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https://bmcobes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40608-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0234-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442428PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Performance of neck circumference to predict obesity and metabolic syndrome among adult Saudis: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Obes 2019 1;6:13. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

2College of Medicine, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Neck circumference (NC) is a novel simple and stable body measurement, a growing body of evidence indicates its validity to diagnose obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Because the cutoff value of NC is gender and ethnic-specific; we conducted the current study to explore the performance of NC to predict general obesity, central obesity, and MetS among adult Saudis of both genders.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which included 3063 adult Saudis (1156 males and 1907 females) with a mean age of 38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0235-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442431PMC

Sleep and weight loss in low-income overweight or obese postpartum women.

BMC Obes 2019 1;6:12. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

3Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, 1835 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.

Background: We conducted secondary data analyses to examine the associations between sleep duration, sleep quality, sleep disturbance and ≥ 5% of weight loss in low-income overweight or obese postpartum women enrolled in a community-based lifestyle behavior intervention study aimed at prevention of weight gain.

Methods: Participants were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children in Michigan. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to assess sleep duration, sleep quality, and sleep disturbance. Read More

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https://bmcobes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40608-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0236-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442411PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Association of parental body mass index (BMI) with child's health behaviors and child's BMI depend on child's age.

BMC Obes 2019 1;6:11. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

1Department of Health and Human Performance, University of Houston, 3875 Holman Street Garrison Gym 104, Houston, TX 77204-6015 USA.

Background: Parent's and child's body mass index (BMI) are strongly associated, but their relationship varies by child's sex and age. Parental BMI reflects, among other factors, parents' behaviors and home environment, which influence their child's behaviors and weight. This study examined the indirect effect of parent's BMI on child's BMI via child health behaviors, conditional on child's sex and age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0232-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442408PMC

A secondary analysis examining the concordance of self-perception of weight and actual measurement of body fat percentage: The CRONICAS Cohort Study.

BMC Obes 2019 1;6. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

2CRONICAS Centre of Excellence in Chronic Diseases, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Av. Armendáriz 497, Miraflores, Lima 18 Peru.

Background: Individuals' self-perceptions of weight often differ from objective measurements of body fat. This study aimed to 1) measure agreement between self-perceptions of weight and objective measurement of body fat by bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) among Peruvian adults; and 2) quantify the association between body fat and a) baseline self-perceptions of weight and b) whether a participant underestimated their weight status.

Methods: Longitudinal data from the CRONICAS Cohort Study of 3181 Peruvian adults aged 35-years and older were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0229-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442421PMC

A randomized home-based childhood obesity prevention pilot intervention has favourable effects on parental body composition: preliminary evidence from the Guelph Family Health Study.

BMC Obes 2019 4;6:10. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

1Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1 Canada.

Background: Home-based lifestyle behaviour interventions show promise for treating and preventing childhood obesity. According to family theories, engaging the entire family unit, including parents, to change their family behaviour and dynamics may be necessary to prevent the development of childhood obesity. However, little is known about how these interventions, which may change the family dynamics and weight-related behaviours of parents, affect weight outcomes in parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0231-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398255PMC

Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity among adults in Hawassa city, southern Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study.

BMC Obes 2019 4;6. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

3School of Public Health, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: In Ethiopia, limited information is available about the epidemiology of over-nutrition. This study assessed the prevalence of, and factors associated with overweight and obesity among adults in Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in August 2015 in the city. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0227-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398229PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Fear of falling in obese women under 50 years of age: a cross-sectional study with exploration of the relationship with physical activity.

BMC Obes 2019 4;6. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

4Faculty of Health and Social Care, Edge Hill University, Road, Ormskirk, St Helens, Lancashire L39 4QP UK.

Background: An understanding of capacity for physical activity in obese populations should help guide interventions to promote physical activity. Fear of falling is a phenomenon reported in the elderly, which is associated with reduced mobility and lower physical activity levels. However, although falls are reportedly common in obese adults, fear of falling and its relationship with activity has not been investigated in younger obese populations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0230-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398230PMC

Adherence to daily dietary and activity goals set within a Māori and Pacific weight loss competition.

BMC Obes 2019 4;6. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

6Environmental Health Indicators Programme, Centre for Public Health Research, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand.

Background: New Zealand Pacific and Māori populations measure disproportionately high on the international body mass index (BMI). Information is needed on what behavioural weight loss goals to recommend and how to attract and retain them in interventions. Our team weight loss competition trial for participants with a BMI ≥30 used cash prizes to incentivise completion of nine daily behaviour goals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-019-0228-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398225PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Weight loss and weight gain among participants in a community-based weight loss Challenge.

BMC Obes 2019 4;6. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

5The University of Texas School of Public Health, Health Science Center at Houston, Brownsville Regional Campus, Brownsville, TX USA.

Background: To describe the characteristics of participants who registered for multiple annual offerings of a community-based weight loss program called The Challenge, and to determine participant characteristics associated with weight change over multiple offerings of The Challenge occurring during the years 2010-2016.

Methods: Multivariable linear mixed effects analyses were conducted to describe percent weight change within and between offerings of The Challenge by participant characteristics.

Results: There were 669 and 575 participants included in the within and between analyses, respectively, for offerings of The Challenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0225-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318905PMC
January 2019

Associations between medical students' beliefs about obesity and clinical counseling proficiency.

BMC Obes 2019 4;6. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

3Departments of Medicine and Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY USA.

Background: Despite evidence that biological and genetic factors contribute strongly to obesity, many healthcare providers still attribute obesity more to controllable behavioral issues rather than factors outside a person's control. We evaluated whether medical school students' beliefs about obesity correlate with ability to effectively counsel patients with obesity.

Methods: Clerkship-year medical students at NYU School of Medicine completed an Objective Structured Clinical Experience (OSCE) that tests ability to effectively counsel standardized actor-patients with obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0222-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360739PMC
February 2019

A technology-assisted health coaching intervention vs. enhanced usual care for Primary Care-Based Obesity Treatment: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Obes 2019 4;6. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

1Veteran Affairs New York Harbor Healthcare System & NYU School of Medicine, New York, USA.

Background: Goals for Eating and Moving (GEM) is a technology-assisted health coaching intervention to improve weight management in primary care at the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) that we designed through prior rigorous formative studies. GEM is integrated within the patient-centered medical home and utilizes student health coach volunteers to counsel patients and encourage participation in VHA's intensive weight management program, MOVE!. The primary aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of GEM when compared to Enhanced Usual Care (EUC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0226-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360675PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Prevalence of obesity among school-age children and adolescents in the Gulf cooperation council (GCC) states: a systematic review.

BMC Obes 2019 8;6. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

University of Strathclyde, Physical Activity for Health Group, Glasgow, G1 1XQ Scotland.

Background: The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have among the highest prevalence of adult obesity and type 2 diabetes in the world. This study aimed to estimate the recent prevalence of obesity among school-age children and adolescents in the GCC States.

Methods: The literature search for obesity prevalence data was carried out in July 2017 in Google Scholar, Physical education index, Medline, SCOPUS, WHO, 2007-2017, and updated in November 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0221-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323696PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Who drinks sugar sweetened beverages and juice? An Australian population study of behaviour, awareness and attitudes.

BMC Obes 2019 3;6. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI), Population Health Research Group, North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia Australia.

Background: The rate of overweight and obesity in Australia is among the highest in the world. Yet Australia lags other countries in developing comprehensive educative or regulatory responses to address sugary drink consumption, a key modifiable risk factor that contributes substantial excess sugar to the diet. Measurement of sugary drink consumption is typically sporadic and nutrition focussed and there is limited knowledge of community perceptions and awareness of the health risks associated with excess sugary drink consumption. Read More

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https://bmcobes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40608-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0224-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317260PMC
January 2019
11 Reads

Quality of life, food tolerance, and eating disorder behavior after laparoscopic gastric banding and sleeve gastrectomy - results from a middle eastern center of excellence.

BMC Obes 2018 27;5:44. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Training and Education Department, Bahrain Defence Force Hospital, Off Waly Alahed Avenue, West Riffa, P. O. Box - 28743, Riffa, Bahrain.

Background: Obesity is a major health problem in Arab countries. Bariatric surgery can improve the quality of life of an obese individual. However, different types of bariatric surgery result in varying levels of food intolerance as a side effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0220-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307176PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Variations in bariatric surgical care pathways: a national costing study on the variability of services and impact on costs.

BMC Obes 2018 26;5:43. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

5Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, 126 University Place, Glasgow, G12 8TA UK.

Background: We undertook a survey of all bariatric centres in Scotland in order to describe current pre- and post-operative care, to estimate their costs and explore differences in financial impact.

Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to each health centre. Descriptive statistics were used to present average cost per patient along with 95% confidence intervals, and the range of costs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0223-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307243PMC
December 2018

Healthy Life Centre participants' perceptions of living with overweight or obesity and seeking help for a perceived "wrong" lifestyle - a qualitative interview study.

BMC Obes 2018 6;5:42. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

1Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Science, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Bjørnsons gate 45, 5528 Haugesund, Norway.

Background: Overweight and obesity are complex conditions, associated with a wide range of serious health issues. In contemporary society, body size is an important part of a person's self-representation. Lifestyle changes are difficult and long-term weight management is associated with a high risk of failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0218-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282310PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Associations between gestational weight gain and rate of infancy weight gain in Hawai'i and Puerto Rico WIC participants.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:41. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa. Agricultural Sciences 216, 1955 East-West Rd, Honolulu, HI 96822 USA.

Background: Excessive gestational weight gain and rapid infancy weight gain (RIWG) are associated with increased susceptibility to childhood obesity. Since low-income and minority children are particularly at risk, investigation of the associations between gestational weight gain and rate of infancy weight gain may inform childhood obesity prevention. This study investigated the associations between gestational weight gain and rate of infancy weight gain during the first four to six months postpartum in participants from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Hawai'i and Puerto Rico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0219-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276143PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Prevalence and correlates of abdominal obesity among adults in Uganda: findings from a national cross-sectional, population based survey 2014.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:40. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

5Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Overweight and obesity are associated with health complications the gravity of which, vary with the regional deposition of the excess fat. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is often used to measure obesity although is an inferior predictor of cardiovascular disease risk mortality and morbidity compared with measures of abdominal obesity. We analyzed data from Uganda's 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) STEPwise approach to surveillance of Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) survey to estimate the prevalence of abdominal obesity and associated factors to provide information on the prevention and control of overweight and obesity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0217-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276139PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Developing a patient-centered outcome for targeting early childhood obesity across multiple stakeholders.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:39. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

3Latino Research Initiative, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX USA.

Background: Patient-centered outcome measures for childhood obesity are limited. Identifying outcomes that patients and families consider important could be a viable avenue for better engagement of patients and interventions that are efficacious and acceptable to patients. Latino children experience high rates of obesity, and under-recognition of obesity in preschool aged children is common. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0216-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276184PMC
December 2018

Understanding the psychosocial impact of weight loss following bariatric surgery: a qualitative study.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:38. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

3Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI USA.

Background: Bariatric surgery leads to changes in mental health, quality of life and social functioning, yet these outcomes differ among individuals. In this study, we explore patients' psychosocial experiences following bariatric surgery and elucidate the individual-level factors that may drive variation in psychosocial outcomes.

Methods: Eleven semi-structured focus groups with Michigan Bariatric Surgery Collaborative (MBSC) patients ( = 77). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0215-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276134PMC
December 2018

Mothers' and fathers' media parenting practices associated with young children's screen-time: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:37. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON Canada.

Background: A major contributor to the growing obesity crisis is screen based sedentary behaviour among young children. Media parenting practices may be an important determinant of children's screen time, however published research exploring the influence of parenting practices on children's screen time has mainly focused on children's television use and the parenting practices of the mother. This study examined children's use of mobile media devices (as well as television use) and included the role of fathers in media parenting, allowing a fuller understanding of the role mothers' and fathers' media parenting practices play on children's screen time in the current media environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0214-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276169PMC
December 2018

Tranexamic acid therapy for postoperative bleeding after bariatric surgery.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:36. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1Department of Surgery, Maasstad Hospital, Maasstadweg 21, 3079 DZ Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Tranexamic acid reduces blood loss associated with various surgical procedures. Postoperative bleeding caused by dissection or bleeding of the enteric staple lines is a well-known complication following bariatric surgery. Reoperation in order to restore hemostasis is frequently necessary (up to 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0213-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276262PMC
December 2018

Discriminative ability of adiposity measures for elevated blood pressure among adolescents in a resource-constrained setting in northeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional analysis.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:35. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

4Paediatric Cardiology Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH), Jos, Nigeria.

Background: Several studies examining the association and discriminative ability of adiposity measures for prehypertension and hypertension among adolescents have reported varying outcomes. We aimed to determine the discriminative ability of the Body Mass index (BMI), Waist Circumference (WC), and Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR) adiposity measures for elevated blood pressure (prehypertension and hypertension combined) among adolescents in Gombe, northeast Nigeria.

Methods: This cross-sectional study used a multi-stage sampling technique and involved 367 secondary school adolescent (10-18 years) boys and girls in Gombe Local Government Area, Gombe State, northeast Nigeria from January to September 2015. Read More

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https://bmcobes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40608-01
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0211-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276203PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

How does childhood socioeconomic position affect overweight and obesity in adolescence and early adulthood: a longitudinal study.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:34. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1Danish Ramazzini Centre, Department of Occupational Medicine, University Research Clinic, Regional Hospital West Jutland, Gl. Landevej 61, 7400 Herning, Denmark.

Background: Childhood socioeconomic position (SEP) has previously been associated with increased risk of overweight among children and adolescents. However, it remains uncertain whether the timing of exposure is important in relation to developing overweight in early adulthood. We aimed to examine how SEP during early (0-8 years) and late childhood (9-14 years) relates to overweight at age 15, 18 and 21. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0210-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276194PMC
December 2018

The complexity of reaching and maintaining a healthy body weight - the experience from adults with a mobility disability.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:33. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, P.O. Box 157, 221 00 Lund, SE Sweden.

Background: People with a disability affecting their mobility are more likely to be overweight or obese than those without a mobility disability. The guidelines on how to prevent and treat overweight/obese adults in the general population have not been adapted to the needs of people with a mobility disability. A reasonable useful first step in the process of adapting such guidelines is to conduct a qualitative study of the perceived needs of these people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0212-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276247PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Obesity moderates the complex relationships between inflammation, oxidative stress, sleep quality and depressive symptoms.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:32. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

3Women's College Research Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: The relationship between obesity and depression is complex. This study assessed the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the link between BMI, inflammation, oxidative stress, sleep quality and self-reported depressive symptoms.

Methods: We used data from the U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0208-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276225PMC
December 2018

Brain activation to high-calorie food images in healthy normal weight and obese children: a fMRI study.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:31. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

1Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center, Little Rock, AR USA.

Background: Understanding how normal weight and obese young children process high-calorie food stimuli may provide information relevant to the neurobiology of eating behavior contributing to childhood obesity. In this study, we used fMRI to evaluate whether brain activation to high-calorie food images differs between normal weight and obese young children.

Methods: Brain activation maps in response to high-calorie food images and non-food images for 22 healthy, 8-10-years-old children ( = 11/11 for normal weight/obese respectively) were generated and compared between groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0209-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276149PMC
December 2018

Separating "good" from "bad" faecal dysbiosis - evidence from two cross-sectional studies.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:30. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

5Unger-Vetlesen Institute, Lovisenberg Diaconal Hospital, N-0440 Oslo, Norway.

Background: Faecal dysbiosis associated with the use of metformin has been conceived as a favourable ("good") dysbiosis and that with intake of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) as unfavourable ("bad"). The study aimed to construct an alternative dysbiosis index (ADI) for the separation of the dysbioses into "good" and "bad", and to validate the ADI.

Methods: Subjects with morbid obesity were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0207-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276176PMC
December 2018

Changes in gastrointestinal symptoms and food tolerance 6 months following weight loss surgery: associations with dietary changes, weight loss and the surgical procedure.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:29. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

2Department of Research, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Brumunddal, Norway.

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) co-morbidity is common in obese patients, but the effect of weight loss surgery on GI symptoms is incompletely elucidated. The aims of the present study were to explore changes in GI symptoms and food tolerance following weight loss surgery and to study whether such changes were associated with dietary modifications and/or the type of surgical procedure [Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) versus Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy (VSG)].

Methods: Participants: Patients with morbid obesity scheduled for weight loss surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0206-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276242PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Use of various obesity measurement and classification methods in occupational safety and health research: a systematic review of the literature.

BMC Obes 2018 1;5:28. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

2Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Health, Ball State University, Muncie, IN USA.

Background: This study systematically examined obesity research in occupational safety and health regarding the use of various obesity measurement and classification methods.

Methods: A systematic search of the PubMed database on English language publications from 2000 to 2015 using related keywords and search of citations resulted in selection of 126 studies. They were categorized into two groups based on their main research question: 1) general physical or mental work-related functioning; and 2) task or body part specific functioning. Read More

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https://bmcobes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40608-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0205-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211422PMC
November 2018
17 Reads

Multi-sensor ecological momentary assessment of behavioral and psychosocial predictors of weight loss following bariatric surgery: study protocol for a multicenter prospective longitudinal evaluation.

BMC Obes 2018 5;5:27. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

1Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, The Miriam Hospital/Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 196 Richmond Street, Providence, RI 02909 USA.

Background: Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective strategy for producing significant and durable weight loss. Yet, not all patients achieve initial weight loss success and some degree of weight regain is very common, sometimes as early as 1-2 years post-surgery. Suboptimal weight loss not fully explained by surgical, demographic, and medical factors has led to greater emphasis on patient behaviors evidenced by clinical guidelines for appropriate eating and physical activity. Read More

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https://bmcobes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40608-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0204-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6217766PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Complex patterns of direct and indirect association between the transcription Factor-7 like 2 gene, body mass index and type 2 diabetes diagnosis in adulthood in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

BMC Obes 2018 2;5:26. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

1Department of Epidemiology, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 123 W Franklin St, Building C, Chapel Hill, NC USA.

Background: Genome-wide association studies have implicated the () gene in type 2 diabetes risk, and more recently, in decreased body mass index. Given the contrary direction of genetic effects on these two traits, it has been suggested that the observed association with body mass index may reflect either selection bias or a complex underlying biology at .

Methods: Using 9031 Hispanic/Latino adults (21-76 years) with complete weight history and genetic data from the community-based Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL, Baseline 2008-2011), we estimated the multivariable association between the additive number of type 2 diabetes increasing-alleles at (rs7903146-T) and body mass index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0200-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167893PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

A new anthropometric index for body fat estimation in patients with severe obesity.

BMC Obes 2018 1;5:25. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

1Department of Gastroenterology, Surgical Division, LIM 35, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455, 2° andar, sala 2208, São Paulo, Cerqueira César CEP: 01246-903 Brazil.

Background: Body mass index (BMI) has been used to assess body adiposity, but it cannot adequately reflect body fat (BF) amount. The body adiposity index (BAI) has been shown a better performance than BMI for this purpose, but it can be inaccurate to estimate BF under extreme amounts of fat. Here, we propose a new anthropometric index, the Belarmino-Waitzberg (BeW) index, for specific estimation of BF in severely obese patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0202-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6166270PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Treatment fidelity in the Camden Weight Loss (CAMWEL) intervention assessed from recordings of advisor-participant consultations.

BMC Obes 2018 10;5:24. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

4Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Variations in the delivery of content and process can alter the effectiveness of complex interventions. This study examined the fidelity of a weight loss intervention (Camden Weight Loss) from recorded consultations by assessing advisors' delivery of content, use of motivational interviewing approach and therapeutic alliance.

Methods: A process evaluation was conducted of advisor-participant consultations in a 12-month randomised controlled trial of an intervention for adult volunteers with a body mass index categorised as overweight or obese. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0203-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6130054PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Association of Metabolic Markers with self-reported osteoarthritis among middle-aged BMI-defined non-obese individuals: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Obes 2018 3;5:23. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

2Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6 Canada.

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease. While it is well-established that obesity affects OA through increased axial loading on the joint cartilage, the indirect effect of obesity through metabolic processes among the body mass index (BMI)-defined non-obese population, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0201-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6120068PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Capsaicinoids supplementation decreases percent body fat and fat mass: adjustment using covariates in a post hoc analysis.

BMC Obes 2018 13;5:22. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

4OmniActive Health Technologies Inc., 67 East Park Place, Suite 500, Morristown, NJ 07950 USA.

Background: Capsaicinoids (CAPs) found in chili peppers and pepper extracts, are responsible for enhanced metabolism. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of CAPs on body fat and fat mass while considering interactions with body habitus, diet and metabolic propensity.

Methods: Seventy-five ( = 75) volunteer (male and female, age: 18 and 56 years) healthy subjects were recruited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0197-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6088424PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

Exploring the associations between systemic inflammation, obesity and healthy days: a health related quality of life (HRQOL) analysis of NHANES 2005-2008.

BMC Obes 2018 6;5:21. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

4Program in Cardiovascular & Metabolic Disorders & Centre for Computational Biology, Duke-NUS Medical School, 8 College Road, Singapore, 169857 Singapore.

Background: Obesity is positively associated with low-level chronic inflammation, and negatively associated with several indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). It is however not clear if obesity-associated inflammation is partly responsible for the observed negative associations between obesity and HRQOL, and also whether systemic inflammation independently affects HRQOL. We conducted an exploratory analysis to investigate the relationships between obesity, systemic inflammation and indices of HRQOL, using NHANES survey data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0196-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091152PMC
August 2018
5 Reads

Prevalence and associated factors of overweight/ obesity among children and adolescents in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Obes 2018 9;5:19. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

3Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Overweight and obesity can be defined as excessive and abnormal fat depositions in our body. They have become one of the emerging and serious public health concerns of the twenty-first century in low income countries like Ethiopia. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the pooled prevalence and review associated risk factors of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0198-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6036672PMC
July 2018
29 Reads

Measurement equivalence of child feeding and eating measures across gender, ethnicity, and household food security.

BMC Obes 2018 11;5:17. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

4Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4235 USA.

Background: Although there have been extensive studies that make group comparisons on child eating and feeding practices, few studies have examined measurement equivalence to ensure that measures used to make such group comparisons are equivalent across important group characteristics related to childhood obesity.

Methods: Using a sample of 243 caregivers with children between the ages of 4 to 6 years, we conducted a measurement equivalence analysis across gender, ethnicity (Latino versus non-Latino White), and household food security. The subscales of the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) and the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) were examined separately using a one factor multi-group confirmatory factor analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0192-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5994658PMC

Avoiding exercise mediates the effects of internalized and experienced weight stigma on physical activity in the years following bariatric surgery.

BMC Obes 2018 2;5:18. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

2School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, 900 Cady Mall, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA.

Background: People living with severe obesity report high levels of weight-related stigma. Theoretically, this stigma undermines weight loss efforts. The objective of this study is to test one proposed mechanism to explain why weight loss is so difficult once an individual becomes obese: that weight-related stigma inhibits physical activity via demotivation to exercise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0195-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6027738PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Improved physiology and metabolic flux after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is associated with temporal changes in the circulating microRNAome: a longitudinal study in humans.

BMC Obes 2018 31;5:20. Epub 2018 May 31.

1Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: The global pandemic of obesity and the metabolic syndrome are leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Bariatric surgery leads to sustained weight loss and improves obesity-associated morbidity including remission of type 2 diabetes. MicroRNAs are small, endogenous RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally, controlling most of the human transcriptome and contributing to the regulation of systemic metabolism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0199-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5984421PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Mighty Mums - a lifestyle intervention at primary care level reduces gestational weight gain in women with obesity.

BMC Obes 2018 4;5:16. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Primary Health Care, Research and Development Unit, Närhälsan, Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Obesity (BMI ≥30) during pregnancy is becoming an increasing public health issue and is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) further increases the risks of adverse outcomes. However, lifestyle intervention can help pregnant women with obesity to limit their GWG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0194-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985595PMC

Abdominal obesity in type 1 diabetes associated with gender, cardiovascular risk factors and complications, and difficulties achieving treatment targets: a cross sectional study at a secondary care diabetes clinic.

BMC Obes 2018 14;5:15. Epub 2018 May 14.

1Department of Clinical Sciences, Section Endocrinology and Diabetes, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Abdominal obesity is linked to cardiovascular diseases in type 1 diabetes (T1D). The primary aim was to explore associations between abdominal obesity and cardiovascular complications, metabolic and inflammatory factors. The secondary aim was to explore whether achieved recommended treatment targets differed between the obese and non-obese participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0193-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5950250PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

The association between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and metabolic risk factors in black and white South African women: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Obes 2018 7;5:14. Epub 2018 May 7.

1Non-Communicable Diseases Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Francie van Zijl Drive, Parow Valley, PO Box 19070, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is associated with metabolic risk, however it is unclear whether the relationship is confounded by racial/ethnic differences in socioeconomic status (SES), lifestyle factors or central adiposity. The aims of the study was, (1) to investigate whether hsCRP levels differ by race/ethnicity; (2) to examine the race/ethnic-specific associations between hsCRP, HOMA-IR and serum lipids [total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoproteins (HDL-C) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL-C)]; and (3) to determine whether race/ethnic-specific associations are explained by SES, lifestyle factors or waist circumference (WC).

Methods: The convenience sample comprised 195 black and 153 white apparently health women, aged 18-45 years. Read More

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https://bmcobes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40608-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0191-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5937032PMC
May 2018
5 Reads

Hemodynamic patterns in obesity associated hypertension.

BMC Obes 2018 16;5:13. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

3Núcleo de Investigação Arterial, Serviço de Medicina Interna, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, 1169-1024 Lisbon, Portugal.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0190-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5902933PMC

Medium and long-term results of gastric banding: outcomes from a large private clinic in UK.

BMC Obes 2018 12;5:12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Birmingham, England.

Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) has been an established bariatric procedure for the last three decades and was, for many years, the first-choice procedure for the treatment of chronic obesity. However, more recently, the popularity of the LAGB has been in sharp decline and has been replaced by other procedures such as the Roux-En-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. A key driver in this decline has been the high revision and early explanation rates reported in some studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0189-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5897937PMC

Community-based childhood obesity prevention intervention for parents improves health behaviors and food parenting practices among Hispanic, low-income parents.

BMC Obes 2018 27;5:11. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

1Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Fogarty Hall, 41 Lower College Rd, Kingston, RI 02881 USA.

Background: Given the current prevalence of childhood obesity among Hispanic populations, and the importance of parental feeding behaviors, we aimed to assess the impact of the evidence-based Healthy Children, Healthy Families (HCHF) intervention on responsive food parenting practices (FPPs) in a low-income Hispanic population.

Methods: This community-based pilot study used a non-experimental pre/post within-subjects design. Parents ( = 94) of children aged 3-11 years old were recruited to participate in an 8-week, weekly group-based intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0188-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5870387PMC

Willingness to participate in weight-related research as reported by patients in PCORnet clinical data research networks.

BMC Obes 2018 1;5:10. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

6Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, Nashville, TN USA.

Background: Since 2014 the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) has funded 13 Clinical Data Research Networks (CDRNs) around the country to support large-scale comparative effectiveness research and pragmatic clinical trials. To provide guidance for future recruitment efforts among CDRNs this study described differential willingness to participate in weight-related research by body mass index (BMI) and sociodemographic characteristics.

Methods: During 2014-2016 we surveyed participants from three CDRNs including the Mid-South CDRN, REACHnet, and the PaTH Network, representing 14 medical centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0187-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5831204PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Serological biomarker testing helps avoiding unnecessary endoscopies in obese patients before bariatric surgery.

BMC Obes 2018 20;5. Epub 2018 Feb 20.

1Department of Surgery, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Background: To assess the value of serological biomarker testing as a substitute for esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) in pre-operative assessment of patients referred for bariatric surgery.

Methods: Sixty-five obese patients with a mean age of 43 years (range: 21-65) and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 44 (range: 36-59) were studied. The patients were tested with a four-biomarker panel: pepsinogen I and II, gastrin-17 (basal and stimulated), and (HP) antibodies (GastroPanel®, Biohit Oyj, Finland). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40608-018-0185-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5819710PMC
February 2018
8 Reads