2,979 results match your criteria BMC medical education[Journal]


Pharmacovigilance in healthcare education: students' knowledge, attitude and perception: a cross-sectional study in Saudi Arabia.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jul 2;20(1):210. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11149, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Medication safety and pharmacovigilance (PV) remains as an important discipline worldwide. However, there is a significant lack of knowledge of PV and adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting among students in the healthcare field. Thus, this study is aimed to measure knowledge, attitude, and perceptions and compares it between healthcare students (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02116-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331118PMC

Modified paramedian versus conventional paramedian technique in the residency training: an observational study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jul 2;20(1):211. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Biotechology R&D Center, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan.

Background: Residency training includes positive and negative aspects. Well-trained doctors must be educated, but the process may bring additional risks to patients. Anesthesiologists' performance when conducting neuraxial anesthesia is related to their experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02118-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330994PMC

Use of profession-role exchange in an interprofessional student team-based community health service-learning experience.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jul 2;20(1):212. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

College of Medicine, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: During interprofessional clinical practice, compared to understanding of one's own professional role and function, it might be more difficult to clarify the roles and contributions of the other health-care team members because of the inter-professional barrier. In order to provide students the opportunity for real experience with other professions in team environments and enhance their perceptions of other professions' roles, this study developed a comprehensive and multi-dimension extracurricular interprofessional education (IPE) model through designing and integrating a profession-role exchange component, that was medical students as pharmacists or nurses, pharmacy students as physicians or nurses, and nursing students as physicians or pharmacists in the interprofessional health-care student team, into the service learning experience in a real community setting.

Methods: In this pre/post-intervention study, the effect of integrated profession-role exchange experiences on the students' attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration and their role clarification was evaluated among 60 student volunteers (20 medical students, 20 pharmacy students and 20 nursing students). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02127-zDOI Listing

Nursing staff's and physicians' acquisition of competences and attitudes to interprofessional education and interprofessional collaboration in pediatrics.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jul 2;20(1):213. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Center for Pediatrics - Department of general pediatrics, adolescent medicine, and neonatology, Medical Center, Medical Faculty, University of Freiburg, Mathildenstrasse 1, 79106, Freiburg, Germany.

Background: Interprofessional education (IPE) is deemed essential for interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in healthcare systems. IPC has positive effects for both patients and healthcare professionals. Especially in pediatrics, IPC is paramount for adequate care of patients and their families though there is a lack of data on the attitudes towards IPE and IPC and acquisition of respective competences in pediatric nursing and medical staff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02128-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331121PMC

The influence of income on medical school admissions in Canada: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jul 1;20(1):209. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine Waterloo Regional Campus, McMaster University, 10 Victoria Street South, Kitchener, N2G 1C5, Canada.

Background: The socioeconomic status of applicants to Canadian medical schools has been understudied in the past two decades. Institutional efforts have been made to address the lack of socioeconomic diversity across Canada during this time. We investigated the income characteristics of medical school applicants, as well as the relationship between applicant income and offer of admission, to characterize the current state of socioeconomic diversity in medical admissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02126-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329437PMC

Becoming a coach: experiences of faculty educators learning to coach medical students.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jul 1;20(1):208. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Assistant Dean of Student Affairs, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, USA.

Background: Despite the growth of coaching in medical education, many questions remain about the process of becoming a coach for medical students. We sought to understand the process through which faculty acclimated to this new role, and what benefits and challenges they experienced.

Methods: A multi-phase qualitative focus group study was conducted with 20 faculty at one medical school in the United States during the initial year coaching was implemented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02119-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329385PMC

No apparent association between lecture attendance or accessing lecture recordings and academic outcomes in a medical laboratory science course.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 30;20(1):207. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, 4002, Australia.

Background: The effect of availability of lecture recordings on academic outcomes is not clear and it is not known whether these recordings change the association between lecture attendance and academic outcomes. Few surveys of lecture attendance or lecture recordings use by students are linked to academic outcomes. The aims were (i) to determine any association between lecture attendance and academic outcomes for students who had access to lecture recordings, (ii) to determine any association between accessing lecture recordings and academic outcomes and (iii) to use a survey to determine why students attend lectures and/or access lecture recordings in a course in medical laboratory science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02066-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329538PMC

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on final year medical students in the United Kingdom: a national survey.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 29;20(1):206. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

The Hillingdon Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Uxbridge, UK.

Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) global pandemic has resulted in unprecedented public health measures. This has impacted the UK education sector with many universities halting campus-based teaching and examinations. The aim of this study is to identify the impact of COVID-19 on final year medical students' examinations and placements in the United Kingdom (UK) and how it might impact their confidence and preparedness going into their first year of foundation training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02117-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7323883PMC

How is self-regulated learning documented in e-portfolios of trainees? A content analysis.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 26;20(1):205. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Department of Primary and Community Care, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: It is assumed that portfolios contribute to self-regulated learning (SRL). Presence of these SRL processes within the documentation kept in portfolios is presupposed in common educational practices, such as the assessment of reflective entries. However, questions can be asked considering the presence of SRL within portfolios. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02114-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318487PMC

Resident attitudes and benefits of mock oral board examinations in radiation oncology.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 26;20(1):203. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale School of Medicine, 35 Park Street, New Haven, CT 06516, USA.

Background: Presently, educational programming is not standardized across radiation oncology (RO) training programs. Specifically, there are limited materials through national organizations or structured practice exams for residents preparing for the American Board of Radiology (ABR) oral board examination. We present our 2019 experience implementing a formalized program of early mock oral board examinations (MOBE) for residents in post-graduate years (PGY) 3-5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02106-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318518PMC

Promoting positive perceptions of and motivation for research among undergraduate medical students to stimulate future research involvement: a grounded theory study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 26;20(1):204. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Center for Innovation in Medical Education, Leiden University Medical Center, Hippocratespad 21, Zone V7-P, PO Box 9600, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: Research is of great value to make advancements within the medical field and, ultimately, offer the best possible patient care. Physician-scientists are key in contributing to the development of medicine, as they can bridge the gap between research and practice. However, medicine currently faces a physician-scientist shortage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02112-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318757PMC

Correction to: Exam performance of different admission quotas in the first part of the state examination in medicine: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 25;20(1):202. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Division of Study and Teaching, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, House 2, 23562, Lübeck, Germany.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02098-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318504PMC

An observational study of self-monitoring in ad hoc health care teams.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 23;20(1):201. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Inselspital University Hospital Bern, Freiburgstrasse 16c, 3010, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Working in ad hoc teams in a health care environment is frequent but a challenging and complex undertaking. One way for teams to refine their teamwork could be through post-resuscitation reflection and debriefing. However, this would require that teams have insight into the quality of their teamwork. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02115-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313223PMC

Medical, nursing, and physician assistant student knowledge and attitudes toward climate change, pollution, and resource conservation in health care.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 23;20(1):200. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Anesthesiology, Environmental Health Sciences, Yale School of Medicine, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA.

Background: Climate change and pollution generated by the health care sector impose significant public health burdens. This study aimed to assess medical, nursing and physician assistant student knowledge and attitudes regarding climate change, pollution from the health care sector, and responsibility for resource conservation within professional practice.

Methods: In February-March, 2018, medical, nursing, and physician assistant students at Yale University (1011 potential respondents) were sent a 17-question online Qualtrics survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02099-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310528PMC

Development and maintenance of a medical education research registry.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 19;20(1):199. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Innovation, NYU Robert I. Grossman School of Medicine, 462 1st Avenue, New York, NY, 10016, USA.

Background: Medical Education research suffers from several methodological limitations including too many single institution, small sample-sized studies, limited access to quality data, and insufficient institutional support. Increasing calls for medical education outcome data and quality improvement research have highlighted a critical need for uniformly clean and easily accessible data. Research registries may fill this gap. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02113-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305610PMC

Validity, reliability and feasibility of a new observation rating tool and a post encounter rating tool for the assessment of clinical reasoning skills of medical students during their internal medicine clerkship: a pilot study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 19;20(1):198. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Systematic assessment of clinical reasoning skills of medical students in clinical practice is very difficult. This is partly caused by the lack of understanding of the fundamental mechanisms underlying the process of clinical reasoning.

Methods: We previously developed an observation tool to assess the clinical reasoning skills of medical students during clinical practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02110-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304120PMC

Correction to: Medical specialists' basic psychological needs, and motivation for work and lifelong learning: a two-step factor score path analysis.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 17;20(1):196. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02108-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7301483PMC

Comparing video-based versions of Halsted's 'see one, do one' and Peyton's '4-step approach' for teaching surgical skills: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 17;20(1):194. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Trauma, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany.

Background: Teaching complex motor skills at a high level remains a challenge in medical education. Established methods often involve large amounts of teaching time and material. The implementation of standardized videos in those methods might help save resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02105-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298758PMC

Perception, attitude, practice and barriers towards medical research among undergraduate students.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 17;20(1):195. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Clinical Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, 1107-2020, Lebanon.

Background: Early exposure to medical research, specifically at the undergraduate level, contributes in building a solid medical education for students. In 2014, the Medical Research Volunteer Program (MRVP) was established at the American University of Beirut (AUB). This program provides undergraduate students with the opportunity to be involved in ongoing medical research projects, on a voluntary basis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02104-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298799PMC

Psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Fraboni scale of ageism: evidence from medical students sample.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 17;20(1):197. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

School of Nursing, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hangkong Rd., Qiaokou District, Wuhan, 430030, Hubei Province, China.

Background: The increasing of older adults has led to enormous demand for medical care. However, as a group with unique needs and characteristics, older adults are often discriminated against in the medical field. In this paper, we aimed to translate the Fraboni Scale of Ageism (FSA) into Chinese and examine its construct validity, content validity, and reliability in Chinese mainland medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02111-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7302149PMC

How group coaching contributes to organisational understanding among newly graduated doctors.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 16;20(1):193. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Learning and Philosophy, Aalborg University, Kroghstræde 3, 9220, Aalborg, Denmark.

Background: Practising medicine at an expert level requires skills beyond medical expert knowledge. Research shows that newly appointed consultants feel less prepared to deal with leadership issues compared to issues regarding medical expertice. Newly graduated (NG) doctors and residents in particular struggle with leadership and organisational issues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02102-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298786PMC

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of faculty on mentorship: an exploratory interpretivist study at a sub-Saharan African medical school.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 15;20(1):192. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

School of Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Mentorship has become a routine part of undergraduate training in health professions education. Although many health professions training institutions have successfully incorporated faculty-student mentorship in their formal training, many others especially in Sub-Saharan Africa have not fully embraced this. Institutionalized mentorship programmes are effective methods of enhancing student learning experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02101-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294640PMC

What occupational therapists' say about their competencies' enactment, maintenance and development in practice? A two-phase mixed methods study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 15;20(1):191. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Rehabilitation in greater Montreal (CRIR), Montréal, Canada.

Background: Understanding how professional competencies are actually enacted in clinical practice can help university programs better prepare their graduates. The study aimed to describe 1) the perceived competency level of occupational therapists holding an entry-to-practice master's degree 2) the factors perceived as impacting the enactment of competencies; and 3) the strategies used to maintain and further develop level of competency in the seven practice roles: expert in enabling occupation, communicator, collaborator, practice manager, change agent, scholarly practitioner and professional.

Methods: Descriptive two-phase mixed methods sequential design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02087-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294620PMC

Evaluation of the effect of items' format and type on psychometric properties of sixth year pharmacy students clinical clerkship assessment items.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 12;20(1):190. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmacy, The University of Jordan, Queen Rania Street, Amman, 11942, Jordan.

Background: Examinations are the traditional assessment tools. In addition to measurement of learning, exams are used to guide the improvement of academic programs. The current study attempted to evaluate the quality of assessment items of sixth year clinical clerkships examinations as a function of assessment items format and type/structure and to assess the effect of the number of response choices on the characteristics of MCQs as assessment items. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02107-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291500PMC

Embedding international medical student electives within a 30-year partnership: the Ghana-Michigan collaboration.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 12;20(1):189. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Background: Global health experiences are an increasingly popular component of medical student curricula. There is little research on the impact of international medical electives embedded within long-standing, sustainable partnerships. Our research explores the University of Michigan medical student elective experience in Ghana within the context of the Ghana-Michigan collaborative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02093-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291437PMC

Medical students on long-term rural clinical placements and their perceptions of urban and rural internships: a qualitative study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 10;20(1):188. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

University Centre for Rural Health, Western Sydney University, PO Box 3074, Lismore, NSW, 2480, Australia.

Background: There is some anecdotal evidence that anxiety about the responsibility of an intern influences rural future intentions. Additionally, research has shown that urban interns have reported that they are worried about being 'forced' to work in non-metropolitan hospitals in their first year after graduation. This study sought to explore rural medical students' perceptions and expectations of a rural internship and how local health services and/or their medical school can prepare them best for a rural intern position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02103-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288540PMC

Pharmacy students' perspectives on the initial implementation of a teaching electronic medical record: results from a mixed-methods assessment.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 9;20(1):187. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Purdue University College of Pharmacy, 575 W. Stadium Ave, West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA.

Background: Electronic medical records (EMRs) have been used for nearly three decades. Pharmacists use EMRs on a daily basis, but EMRs have only recently been incorporated into pharmacy education. Some pharmacy programs have implemented teaching electronic medical records (tEMRs), but best practices for incorporating tEMRs into pharmacy education remain unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02091-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7285515PMC

Program on high value cost-conscious education in intensive care: Educational program on prediction of outcome and cost awareness on Intensive Care admission.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 8;20(1):186. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Intensive Care (ICU) involves extended and long lasting support of vital functions and organs. However, current training programs of ICU residents mainly focus on extended support of vital functions and barely involve training on cost-awareness and outcome. We incorporated an educational program on high-value cost-conscious care for residents and fellows on our ICU and measured the effect of education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02100-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7282117PMC

Ob/Gyn resident self-perceived preparedness for minimally invasive surgery.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 5;20(1):185. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, D.C, USA.

Background: Very little is known regarding the readiness of senior U.S. Ob/Gyn residents to perform minimally invasive surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02090-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7275515PMC
June 2020
1.409 Impact Factor

Gender differences in specialty preference among medical Students at Aleppo University: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 5;20(1):184. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Pathology, Aleppo University, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Mouhafaza, Aleppo, Syria.

Background: This study aims to identify gender differences in specialty preference and career choice among Syrian medical students.

Method: A cross-sectional study comprising currently enrolled second, fourth and sixth year medical students at Aleppo University was conducted. Demographics, specialty preferences and factors influencing this decision were collected and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02081-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7275529PMC

Workplace resources, mentorship, and burnout in early career physician-scientists: a cross sectional study in Japan.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 3;20(1):178. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Public Health, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Kaga 2-11-1, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8605, Japan.

Background: Physician-scientists are a vital segment of the healthcare workforce, but they may face significant challenges balancing and integrating clinical responsibilities, scientific research, and domestic responsibilities. This study investigates factors associated with burnout among highly successful early career physician-researchers in Japan.

Method: Among 1790 physician awardees of Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists by the Japanese Ministry in 2014-2015, 490 participated in this cross-sectional survey in 2016 (usable response rate 23. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02072-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268538PMC

A feasibility study of an exercise intervention to educate and promote health and well-being among medical students: the 'MED-WELL' programme.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 3;20(1):183. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Graduate Entry Medical School, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Background: Medical School programme workloads challenge the physical and mental health of students particularly in compressed graduate entry programmes. There is evidence that physical activity (PA) can improve holistic care and help maintain wellness among medical students. We tested the feasibility of introducing an exercise programme to the medical school curriculum which would educate and promote health and well-being among its students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02097-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271428PMC

Stress and its association with academic performance among dental undergraduate students in Fujian, China: a cross-sectional online questionnaire survey.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 3;20(1):181. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Prosthodontics, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the amount and sources of stress in dental undergraduate students in Fujian, China, and the factors associated with stress.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during the second semester of the 2017-2018 academic year at the School of Stomatology, Fujian Medical University, China. A total of 396 students were surveyed with the Dental Environment Stress Questionnaire (DES) and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) using an online survey system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02095-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271445PMC

Impact of take-home messages written into slide presentations delivered during lectures on the retention of messages and the residents' knowledge: a randomized controlled study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 3;20(1):180. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Biostatistics unit, Delegation à la Recherche Clinique (DRCI), University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background: Lectures with slide presentations are widely used to teach evidence-based medicine to large groups. Take-home messages (THMs) are poorly identified and recollected by students. We investigated whether an instruction to list THMs in written form on slides would improve the retention thereof by residents, and the residents' level of knowledge, 1 month after lectures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02092-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271544PMC

Medical students as health coaches: adding value for patients and students.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 3;20(1):182. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Medical Education Innovation and Research Centre (MEdIC), School of Public Health, Imperial College London, Room 331, 3rd floor Reynolds Building, Charing Cross Campus, St Dunstan's Rd, London, W6 8RP, UK.

Background: Underlying the global burden of chronic disease are common and modifiable risk factors such as unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and tobacco use. Health coaching is being introduced into healthcare as an effective tool in facilitating behaviour change and addressing lifestyle risk factors in patients. Although some medical schools are training students in health coaching, there is little research on this emerging practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02096-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271500PMC

Impact of an educational intervention on pharmacovigilance knowledge and attitudes among health professionals in a Nepal cancer hospital.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 3;20(1):179. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nobel College, Affiliated to Pokhara University, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Pharmacovigilance (PV) knowledge and attitudes among health care professionals (HCPs) directly affect the practice of PV and reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in a hospital. The main aim of the study was to assess the impact of an education intervention on the knowledge and attitude of HCPs attached to the regional PV center in an oncology based hospital of Nepal.

Methods: A pre-post intervention questionnaire-based study was conducted amongst HCPs, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02084-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268292PMC

Gender awareness among medical students in a Swiss University.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 3;20(1):156. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Gender is an important social determinant, that influences healthcare. The lack of awareness on how gender influences health might lead to gender bias and can contribute to substandard patient care. Our objectives were to assess gender sensitivity and the presence of gender stereotypes among swiss medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02037-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268694PMC

Analyzing the interaction of main components of hidden curriculum in medical education using interpretive structural modeling method.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 1;20(1):176. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Hidden curriculum (HC) is considered as unintended learning experiences in medical education (ME). This may include values, norms, beliefs, skills, and knowledge which could potentially influence learning outcomes. HC has key components that must be identified and considered properly by individuals and organizations involved in ME. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02094-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7269001PMC

Measuring social interdependence in collaborative learning: instrument development and validation.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 1;20(1):177. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Universiteitssingel 60, 6229, ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: In health professions education, several collaborative learning approaches have been used. As collaborative learning has a theoretical background of social interdependence theory, a theory informed and valid instrument to measure social interdependence is required to evaluate and compare several learning approaches. The aim of this study was to develop an instrument (the SOcial interdependence in Collaborative learning Scale; SOCS) to measure students' perceived social interdependence in collaborative learning and validate it. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02088-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268626PMC

Leadership training programs in graduate medical education: a systematic review.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Jun 2;20(1):175. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Medicine Residency Program Director in the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Background: With the increasing recognition that leadership skills can be acquired, there is a heightened focus on incorporating leadership training as a part of graduate medical education. However, there is considerable lack of agreement regarding how to facilitate acquisition of these skills to resident, chief resident, and fellow physicians.

Methods: Articles were identified through a search of Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, ERIC, PsycNet, Cochrane Systemic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1948 to 2019. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02089-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268469PMC

"How can I do more?" Cultural awareness training for hospital-based healthcare providers working with high Aboriginal caseload.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 29;20(1):173. Epub 2020 May 29.

Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, PO Box 41096, Casuarina, Northern Territory, 0811, Australia.

Background: Aboriginal cultural awareness training aims to build a culturally responsive workforce, however research has found the training has limited impact on the health professional's ability to provide culturally safe care. This study examined cultural awareness training feedback from healthcare professionals working with high Aboriginal patient caseloads in the Top End of the Northern Territory of Australia. The aim of the research was to assess the perception of training and the potential for expansion to better meet workforce needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02086-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260793PMC

Taking care of our future doctors: a service evaluation of a medical student mental health service.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 29;20(1):172. Epub 2020 May 29.

School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Studies suggest medical students experience high levels of mental distress during training but are less likely, than other students, to access care due to stigma and concerns regarding career progression. In response, The School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge supported the development of the 'Clinical Student Mental Health Service' to provide specialist input for this vulnerable group. This study evaluates the efficiency and effectiveness of this service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02075-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7257172PMC

Scholarly productivity of faculty in primary care roles related to tenure versus non-tenure tracks.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 29;20(1):174. Epub 2020 May 29.

Research Group for Underrepresented Minorities in Academic Medicine, Division of Academic Affairs, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, 600 Moye Blvd AD-47, Greenville, NC, 27834, USA.

Background: Increasing the number of primary care physicians is critical to overcoming the shortage of healthcare providers. Primary care physicians are increasingly called upon to address not only medical concerns but also behavioral health needs and social determinants of health which requires ongoing research and innovation. This paper evaluated scholarly productivity of faculty in tenure versus non-tenure tracks in primary care roles, defined as family medicine, internal medicine, internal medicine/pediatrics and pediatrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02085-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7260735PMC

Use of web-based game in neonatal resuscitation - is it effective?

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 26;20(1):170. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore 169608, Singapore.

Background: Knowledge and skills decline within months post simulation-based training in neonatal resuscitation. To empower 'Millennial' learners to take control of their own learning, a single-player, unguided web-based Neonatal Resuscitation Game was designed. The present study investigates the effectiveness of the game on retention of resuscitation knowledge and skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02078-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249390PMC

Improving the assessment of communication competencies in a national licensing OSCE: lessons learned from an experts' symposium.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 26;20(1):171. Epub 2020 May 26.

Institute of Medical Education, Department of Assessment and Evaluation, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: As the communication competencies of physicians are crucial for providing optimal patient care, their assessment in the context of the high-stakes Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is of paramount importance. Despite abundant literature on the topic, evidence-based recommendations for the assessment of communication competencies in high stakes OSCEs are scarce. As part of a national project to improve communication-competencies assessments in the Swiss licensing exam, we held a symposium with national and international experts to derive corresponding guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02079-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249637PMC

Standard setting made easy: validating the Equal Z-score (EZ) method for setting cut-score for clinical examinations.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 25;20(1):167. Epub 2020 May 25.

Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: This study aims to assess the feasibility, reliability and validity of the panel-based Equal Z-score (EZ) method applied to objective structural clinical examination (OSCE) of Chinese medical students and undertaking a comparison with the statistical techniques-based Borderline Regression Method (BRM).

Methods: Data received from two cohorts of 6th and 7th year medical students in Taiwan who set the mock OSCE as a formative assessment. Traditionally this medical school uses BRM to set the pass/fail cut-score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02080-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249316PMC

Exam performance of different admission quotas in the first part of the state examination in medicine: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 25;20(1):169. Epub 2020 May 25.

Division of Study and Teaching, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, House 2, 23562, Lübeck, Germany.

Background: Most medical students in Germany are admitted via selection procedures, which are adjusted to the demands of the universities. At Lübeck medical school, scores from interviews that measure non-academic skills and pre-university GPAs are summed to arrive at an admission decision. This article seeks to illuminate the effectiveness of this selection procedure in comparison to other non-selected student groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02069-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249435PMC

Exploring assessor cognition as a source of score variability in a performance assessment of practice-based competencies.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 25;20(1):168. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G4, Canada.

Background: A common feature of performance assessments is the use of human assessors to render judgements on student performance. From a measurement perspective, variability among assessors when assessing students may be viewed as a concern because it negatively impacts score reliability and validity. However, from a contextual perspective, variability among assessors is considered both meaningful and expected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02077-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249646PMC

Hybrid simulation of pediatric gynecologic examination: a mix-methods study of learners' attitudes and factors affecting learning.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 24;20(1):164. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Didactics and Medical Simulation, Medical University of Lublin, Chodźki 4, 20-094, Lublin, Poland.

Background: Children and adolescents with reproductive health issues may require immediate or emergency care, however in many countries availability of the pediatric and adolescent gynecology (PAG) service is low. That being said, teaching PAG examination to OBGYN, pediatrics and emergency medicine residents seems reasonable, and cannot be underestimated. In order to provide residents with opportunity to learn PAG examination, a high-fidelity hybrid simulation workshop was implemented in our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02076-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245870PMC

The state of ethics education at medical schools in Turkey: taking stock and looking forward.

BMC Med Educ 2020 May 24;20(1):162. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Public Health, Acibadem University, School of Medicine, Kayışdağı Caddesi No:32, 34752, İstanbul, Ataşehir, Turkey.

Background: Ethics teaching is globally considered an essential part of medical education fostering professionalism. It does not only provide knowledge for good clinical conduct, but also trains medical students as virtuous practitioners. Although Turkey has had a considerable experience in ethics education of healthcare professionals, the general state of ethics curricula at medical schools in Turkey is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02058-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7245803PMC
May 2020
1.409 Impact Factor