Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    945 results match your criteria BMC Women's Health [Journal]

    1 OF 19

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis: species distribution of Candida and their antifungal susceptibility pattern.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 15;18(1):94. Epub 2018 Jun 15.
    Department Clinical Laboratory, Fitche Hospital, P.O. Box 46, Oromia Administrative Region, Ethiopia.
    Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a global issue of concern due to its association with economic costs, sexually transmitted infections, and ascending genital tract infection. The aim of this study was to determine species distribution and antifungal susceptibility pattern of Candida species causing vulvovaginal candidiasis.

    Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2015 to December 2016 at the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia. Read More

    One in five women suffer from pelvic floor disorders in Kersa district Eastern Ethiopia: a community-based study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 15;18(1):95. Epub 2018 Jun 15.
    Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Background: Hundreds of millions of women suffer from pelvic floor disorders globally, often in silence. Women in developing countries do not disclose their problems due to associated social stigma or lack of access to services. Thus, the extent of the problem remains largely unknown. Read More

    Adversities and mental health needs of pregnant adolescents in Kenya: identifying interpersonal, practical, and cultural barriers to care.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 15;18(1):96. Epub 2018 Jun 15.
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O Box 47074-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Background: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008). In this paper we have applied an engagement interview framework to examine interpersonal, practical, and cultural challenges faced by pregnant adolescents. Read More

    Depression, sexual dysfunction and sexual quality of life in women with infertility.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 14;18(1):92. Epub 2018 Jun 14.
    Universal Council of Epidemiology (UCE), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Imam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Women suffering from infertility are at higher risk of experiencing psychological problems. Sexual function and sexual related quality of life is not considered as it should be. We designed this study to assess depression, sexual function and sexual quality of life in Iranian women with infertility. Read More

    'Doing hymen reconstruction': an analysis of perceptions and experiences of Flemish gynaecologists.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 13;18(1):91. Epub 2018 Jun 13.
    Faculty of Medicine, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Background: Hymen reconstruction (HR) involves the restoration of the hymeneal membrane's gross anatomical integrity. Among the medical profession, hymen reconstruction receives particular attention and its necessity is debated because the surgery is not medically indicated, and often reveals conflicting social norms on virginity and marriageability between health professionals and their patients. The focus of this paper is not to address the many open questions that the ethics and politics around HR reveal, but rather aims at contributing to the much-needed empirical evidence. Read More

    Colposcopy telemedicine: live versus static swede score and accuracy in detecting CIN2+, a cross-sectional pilot study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 11;18(1):89. Epub 2018 Jun 11.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: This cross-sectional pilot study evaluates diagnostic accuracy of live colposcopy versus static image Swede-score evaluation for detecting significant precancerous cervical lesions greater than, or equal to grade 2 severity (CIN2+).

    Methods: VIA or HrHPV positive women were examined using a mobile colposcope, in a rural clinic in Kolkata, India. Live versus static Swede-score colposcopy assessments were made independently. Read More

    Pyosalpinx complicating chronic hydrosalpinx in a 50-year old virgo woman: a case report.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 11;18(1):90. Epub 2018 Jun 11.
    Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Ospedale Regionale Bellinzona e Valli, 6500, Bellinzona, Switzerland.
    Background: Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the upper genital tract, including the uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes, and pelvic peritoneum. Tubo-ovarian abscess and pyosalpinx are common complications associated with pelvic inflammatory disease. They are usually encountered in sexually active women, but rare cases in Virgos have also been described. Read More

    Patterns of missing data in the use of the endometriosis symptom diary.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 8;18(1):88. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
    University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany.
    Background: Endometriosis is a common, chronic condition in women of reproductive age that is characterized by the presence of functional endometriotic lesions outside the uterus. The Endometriosis Symptom Diary (ESD) is an electronic patient-reported outcome (ePRO) instrument that assesses women's experience of endometriosis symptoms, with pain scored using a 0-10 numeric rating scale. This study investigated patterns of data missing from the ESD in the VALEPRO study. Read More

    Low uptake of cervical cancer screening among HIV positive women in Gondar University referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: cross-sectional study design.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 7;18(1):87. Epub 2018 Jun 7.
    College of Medicine and Health Science, Reproductive Health Department, University of Gondar, Gondar City, Ethiopia.
    Background: Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death in women worldwide. Majority of the cases are found in developing countries. The increasing risk of cervical cancer death and the high prevalence of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in Human immuno-deficiency virus(HIV) positive women calls for determining the level of premalignant cervical cancer (Ca) screening uptake. Read More

    Factors associated with occupation changes after pregnancy/delivery: result from Japan Environment & Children's pilot study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 5;18(1):86. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
    Department of Environmental Health, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, 1-1, Iseigaoka, Yahata-nishi-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka, 807-8555, Japan.
    Background: In Japan, although the number of females who continue to work after marriage has recently increased, the proportion of those working while parenting their infants is still not clearly increasing, indicating that it is still difficult for them to continue working after delivery. The present study aimed to clarify factors influencing females' continuation of work, using data obtained by continuously following up the same subjects and focusing on occupation changes, family environments, and the type of employment after pregnancy or delivery.

    Methods: Based on the results of the questionnaire survey, which was conducted involving 164 participants at 4 universities, as part of the Japan Environment and Children's Pilot Study (JECS Pilot Study) led by the Ministry of Environment and the National Institute for Environmental Studies, the occupational status was compared between the detection of pregnancy (weeks 0 to 7) and 1 year after delivery. Read More

    Family planning utilization and factors associated among women receiving abortion services in health facilities of central zone towns of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: a cross sectional Study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 5;18(1):83. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
    Department of Midwifery, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
    Background: Abortion remains among the leading causes of maternal death worldwide. Post-abortion contraception is significantly effective in preventing unintended pregnancy and abortion if provided before women leave the health facilty. However, the status of post-abortion family planning (PAFP) utilization and the contributing factors are not well studied in Tigray region. Read More

    Impediments to communication and relationships between infertility care providers and patients.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 5;18(1):84. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
    Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive #15, New York, NY, 10032, USA.
    Background: Infertility patients generally see provider-patient communication and relationships as important, but as often insufficient, raising critical questions regarding why these gaps persist, and how they might best be addressed.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews of approximately one hour each were conducted with 37 ART providers and patients (17 physicians, 10 other health providers, and 10 patients) and were thematically analyzed.

    Results: Patients see clinicians' interactions as ranging widely from good to bad, related to several specific barriers and factors. Read More

    Socioeconomic and religious differentials in contraceptive uptake in western Ethiopia: a mixed-methods phenomenological study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 5;18(1):85. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
    Ethiopian Public Health Association, P.O. Box 7117, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Background: Despite the large-scale investment in access to contraceptives, high population growth and unintended pregnancies are posing pressures in Ethiopia where the economy is incapable of holding overpopulation. The aim of this study was to assess and explore socioeconomic and religious differentials in contraceptive uptake.

    Methods: A mixed-methods phenomenological study was conducted in western Ethiopia, Oromia region. Read More

    Determinants of breast cancer early detection for cues to expanded control and care: the lived experiences among women from Western Kenya.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 1;18(1):81. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
    School of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology (SPST), Health Science Platform, Tianjin University, 92 Weijin road, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300072, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Estimately, 70-80% of cancer cases are diagnosed in late stages in Kenya with breast cancer being a common cause of mortality among women where late diagnosis is the major ubiquitous concern. Numerous studies have focused on epidemiological and health policy dynamics essentially underestimating the determining factors that shape people's choices and cues to health care service uptake. The study sought to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and health seeking behavior towards breast cancer and its screening in a quest to explain why women present for prognosis and treatment when symptomatic pointers are in advanced stages, impeding primary prevention strategies. Read More

    What does a breast feel like? A qualitative study among healthy women.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jun 1;18(1):82. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
    Department of Culture Studies, Tilburg School of Humanities and Digital Studies, Warandelaan 2, 5037 AB, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
    Background: Restoring the body as normal as possible increases quality of life. Aesthetically, almost perfect breast reconstructions can be created. However, these reconstructed breasts have almost no sensation. Read More

    Reproductive choices: a qualitative study of Dutch Moroccan and Turkish consanguineously married women's perspectives on preconception carrier screening.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 31;18(1):79. Epub 2018 May 31.
    Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, VU University, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081, HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Cousin marriages, in the Netherlands most frequently between Turkish or Moroccan couples, are at higher risk of having offspring with recessive disorders. Often, these couples not perceive or accept this risk, and it is hardly considered a reason to refrain from family marriages. Preconception carrier screening (PCS) is offered to Jewish groups, and more recently in the Netherlands, to genetically isolated communities. Read More

    The effect of 8 weeks aerobic exercise on severity of physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome: a clinical trial study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 31;18(1):80. Epub 2018 May 31.
    Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Science, Mashhad, Iran.
    Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder among women of reproductive age. Nearly 40% of women report problems with their menstrual cycles. Exercise is one of the recommended treatments to reduce symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Read More

    Postnatal care utilization among urban women in northern Ethiopia: cross-sectional survey.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 30;18(1):78. Epub 2018 May 30.
    School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
    Background: Postnatal care service enables health professionals to identify post-delivery problems including potential complications for the mother with her baby and to provide treatments promptly. In Ethiopia, postnatal care service is made accessible to all women for free however the utilization of the service is very low. This study assessed the utilization of postnatal care services of urban women and the factors associated in public health facilities in Mekelle city, Tigrai Region, Northern Ethiopia. Read More

    The degree of bother and healthcare seeking behaviour in women with symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse from a developing gulf country.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 30;18(1):77. Epub 2018 May 30.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.
    Background: The healthcare-seeking behaviour of women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is affected by several factors including the cultural background. There is limited number of studies which addressed the healthcare-seeking behaviour in women with POP. The aim of this study was to determine the degree of bother, social impact and healthcare seeking behaviour of symptoms of POP in one of the Gulf countries and compare the results to published data from other areas. Read More

    Sexual initiation and associated factors among young women in West Shoa, Ambo Town, Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 30;18(1):76. Epub 2018 May 30.
    Department of Public Health, College of Health Science, Arsi University, Assela, Ethiopia.
    Background: For physiological as well as behavioral reasons, sexual debut increases young individuals' risk for infection with sexually transmitted infection including HIV. It is fundamental to recognize the factors related to sexual debut in a broader context for designing and implementing effective interventions targeting youth.

    Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study was employed from January to May, 2013 among females of Ambo town. Read More

    Experiences of being screened for intimate partner violence during pregnancy: a qualitative study of women in Japan.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 29;18(1):75. Epub 2018 May 29.
    St. Luke's International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner. IPV threatens women's health, and during pregnancy women are more vulnerable to violence. Therefore, IPV screening has been recommended during antenatal care; however, health care providers have expressed concern about the negative impact on women and therefore have been reluctant in conducting IPV screening. Read More

    Life after pelvic organ prolapse surgery: a qualitative study in Amhara region, Ethiopia.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 29;18(1):74. Epub 2018 May 29.
    Research group for Global Health Anthropology, Centre for International Health, Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Background: Women living in resource constrained settings often have limited knowledge of and access to surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, little is known about experiences during recovery periods or about the reintegration process for women who do gain access to medical services, including surgery. This study aimed to explore women's experiences related to recovery and reintegration after free surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse in a resource-constrained setting. Read More

    When a mother has cancer: strains and resources of affected families from the mother's and father's perspective - a qualitative study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 25;18(1):72. Epub 2018 May 25.
    Department of Medical Psychology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.
    Background: When a mother has cancer, families with minor children are confronted with major challenges for all family members. According to the Family Adjustment and Adaptation Response (FAAR) Model, the (im) balance between strains and resources of families affected by cancer can be an important indicator on the families' adjustment to the situation. Hence, this study aims to explore the strains and resources of families of mothers with cancer from the mother's and father's perspective. Read More

    "It has not occurred to me to see a doctor for that kind of feeling": a qualitative study of Filipina immigrants' perceptions of help seeking for mental health problems.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 25;18(1):73. Epub 2018 May 25.
    Faculty of Nursing, Cumming School of Medicine, Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada.
    Background: Immigrant women face greater barriers to health care, especially mental health care, than non-immigrant women. However, immigrants are a heterogeneous group and bring with them a range of different personal, social, cultural and economic factors, which impact both mental health and access to care. In this study, we explored factors that influence Filipina immigrants' perceptions of help seeking from a general practitioner for mental health problems in Norway. Read More

    Eliminating the high abortion related complications and deaths in Cameroon: the restrictive legal atmosphere on abortions is no acceptable excuse.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 24;18(1):71. Epub 2018 May 24.
    United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Abuja, Nigeria.
    Background: The abortion law in Cameroon is highly restrictive. The law permits induced abortions only when the woman's life is at risk, to preserve her physical and mental health, and on grounds of rape or incest. Unsafe abortions remain rampant with however rare reported cases of persecution, even when these abortions are proven to have been carried out illegally. Read More

    Mothers' autonomy and childhood stunting: evidence from semi-urban communities in Lao PDR.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 22;18(1):70. Epub 2018 May 22.
    National Center for Laboratory and Epidemiology, Ministry of Health, Ban Watnak, Sisattanak district, Vientiane Capital, Lao People's Democratic Republic.
    Background: Childhood stunting (height-for-age z-scores below - 2), a form of chronic undernutrition, remains a global health burden. Although a growing literature has examined the association between mothers' autonomy and childhood stunting, these studies have been limited to countries in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa where women have relatively lower social status than do men. Little research has analyzed the effect of mothers' autonomy on childhood stunting in Lao PDR, where women's social status is relatively high compared to that in other countries. Read More

    Major dietary patterns in relation to menstrual pain: a nested case control study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 21;18(1):69. Epub 2018 May 21.
    Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
    Background: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most prevalent gynecological disorders, experienced by approximately two third of young women during menstruation. According to literature, nutrition can play a key role in the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhea. This study aims to investigate the relation between dietary patterns and the risk of dysmenorrhea among university students. Read More

    Performance of OncoE6 cervical test with collection methods enabling self-sampling.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 21;18(1):68. Epub 2018 May 21.
    Clinic for Gynecology CCM/CBF, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: The paradigm shift from cytological screening to Human Papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening for cervical cancer allows the introduction of new technologies in sample collection and diagnostics. The OncoE6™ Cervical Test (OncoE6 Test) is a rapid, easy-to-use lateral flow method detecting HPV16/18 E6 oncoproteins that has proven to detect high-grade cervical lesions with high specificity. If compatible with self-collection samples, this technology might allow for decentralized screening of hard-to-reach populations. Read More

    Prevalence of emergency contraceptive pill use among Spanish adolescent girls and their family and psychological profiles.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 16;18(1):67. Epub 2018 May 16.
    Departamento de Psicología Experimental, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.
    Background: Adolescent girls' family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine the prevalence of ECP use among girls who have had sexual intercourse and (2) comparatively analyze their family and psychological profiles according to whether they have used ECPs.

    Methods: The sample of 1735 Spanish girls aged 15 to 18 came from a representative sample of the 2014 edition of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Read More

    A community-based qualitative study on the experience and understandings of intimate partner violence and HIV vulnerability from the perspectives of female sex workers and male intimate partners in North Karnataka state, India.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 11;18(1):66. Epub 2018 May 11.
    Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, 750 Bannatyne Ave, Winnipeg, R3E 0W3, Canada.
    Background: Research has increasingly documented the important role that violence by clients and the police play in exacerbating HIV vulnerability for women in sex work. However few studies have examined violence in the intimate relationships of women in sex work, or drawn on community partnerships to explore the social dynamics involved. A community-based participatory research study was undertaken by community and academic partners leading intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV prevention programs in Bagalkot district, Karnataka state, India. Read More

    Dietary pattern and health-related quality of life among breast cancer survivors.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 10;18(1):65. Epub 2018 May 10.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, Korea.
    Background: There is limited evidence for the association between dietary pattern and quality of life among breast cancer survivors. We examined the association between dietary patterns and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Korean breast cancer survivors.

    Methods: Our study included a total of 232 women, aged 21 to 79 years, who had been diagnosed with stage I to III breast cancer and who underwent breast cancer surgery at least 6 months prior to our baseline evaluation. Read More

    The FOAM study: is Hysterosalpingo foam sonography (HyFoSy) a cost-effective alternative for hysterosalpingography (HSG) in assessing tubal patency in subfertile women? Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 9;18(1):64. Epub 2018 May 9.
    Department of Reproductive Medicine, VU University Medical Centre, Postal code, 7057 1007, MB, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Tubal pathology is a causative factor in 20% of subfertile couples. Traditionally, tubal testing during fertility work-up is performed by hysterosalpingography (HSG). Hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy) is a new technique that is thought to have comparable accuracy as HSG, while it is less expensive and more patient friendly. Read More

    MENOS4 trial: a multicentre randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a breast care nurse delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) intervention to reduce the impact of hot flushes in women with breast cancer: Study Protocol.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 8;18(1):63. Epub 2018 May 8.
    King's College, London, London, UK.
    Background: Women who have been treated for breast cancer may identify vasomotor symptoms, such as hot flushes and night sweats (HFNS), as a serious problem. HFNS are unpleasant to experience and can have a significant impact on daily life, potentially leading to reduced adherence to life saving adjuvant hormonal therapy. It is known that Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is effective for the alleviation of hot flushes in both well women and women who have had breast cancer. Read More

    Selected indicators and determinants of women's health in the vicinity of a copper mine development in northwestern Zambia.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 1;18(1):62. Epub 2018 May 1.
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.
    Background: Large projects in the extractive industry sector can affect people's health and wellbeing. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), women's health is of particular concern in such contexts due to potential educational and economic disadvantages, vulnerability to transactional sex and unsafe sex practices. At the same time, community health interventions and development initiatives present opportunities for women's and maternal health. Read More

    Efficacy and safety outcomes of robotic radical hysterectomy in Chinese older women with cervical cancer compared with laparoscopic radical hysterectomy.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 May 1;18(1):61. Epub 2018 May 1.
    Department of Gynecology, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital and Hainan Branch, Haitang Bay, Sanya, China.
    Background: Recently, as a complex integrating a number of modern high-tech means, robotic surgery system is a well-deserved revolutionary tool in globally minimally invasive surgical field. For the first time in China, the objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety outcomes of robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH) in Chinese older women with cervical cancer compared with laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH).

    Methods: In this prospective, randomized and double-blinded study, 60 Chinese older women with cervical cancer were evenly divided to accept the RRH or LRH. Read More

    Emotional violence and maternal mental health: a qualitative study among women in northern Vietnam.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Apr 24;18(1):58. Epub 2018 Apr 24.
    Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, DK-1353, Copenhagen K, Denmark.
    Background: Worldwide, intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a pressing and prevalent public health problem. Existing research has found close associations between IPV and perinatal mental health, yet little is known about women's own perceptions of these associations. This study aimed to explore Vietnamese women's experiences of emotional partner violence and their perceptions of the implications of such violence for their mental health. Read More

    Evaluation of human-papillomavirus testing and visual inspection for cervical cancer screening in Rwanda.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Apr 24;18(1):59. Epub 2018 Apr 24.
    International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France.
    Background: A pilot screening campaign in Rwanda, based on careHPV-testing followed by visual inspection with acetic acid triage (careHPV+VIA triage), was evaluated against other WHO-recommended screening options, namely HPV screen-and-treat and VIA screen-and-treat.

    Methods: 764 women aged 30-69 underwent at visit 1: i) VIA, and cervical cell collection for ii) careHPV in Rwanda, and iii) liquid-based cytology and GP5+/6+ HR-HPV PCR in The Netherlands. All 177 women positive by VIA, careHPV and/or PCR were recalled, of whom 84% attended. Read More

    Unfulfilled need for contraception among women with unmet need but with the intention to use contraception in Rakai, Uganda: a longitudinal study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Apr 27;18(1):60. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
    Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda.
    Background: Longitudinal data from a rural Ugandan cohort was used to estimate rates of unfulfilled need for contraception, defined as having unmet need and intent to use contraception at baseline but having an unintended pregnancy or with persistent unmet need for contraception at follow up.

    Methods: Between 2002 and 2009 (5 survey rounds), a total of 2610 sexually active non-pregnant women with unmet need for contraception at the start of an inter-survey period were asked whether they intended to use any method of contraception until they desired a child. Modified Poisson multivariate regression was used to estimate unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% CI of unfulfilled need for contraception. Read More

    Prevalence and associated factors of dysmenorrhea among secondary and preparatory school students in Debremarkos town, North-West Ethiopia.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Apr 24;18(1):57. Epub 2018 Apr 24.
    Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, PO Box- 1560, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
    Background: Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynecologic disorders and a frequently observed cause of anxiety and discomfort among female adolescents. Its prevalence varies between 16% and 91% in women of reproductive age. Its population statistics are too scant in Ethiopia. Read More

    The women's heart health programme: a pilot trial of sex-specific cardiovascular management.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Apr 16;18(1):56. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    National Heart Centre Singapore, 5 Hospital Drive, Singapore, 169609, Singapore.
    Background: There is increasing knowledge of sex-specific differences in cardiovascular disease and recognition of sex disparities in management. In our study, we investigated whether a cardiovascular programme tailored to the specific needs of women could lead to improved outcomes.

    Methods: We randomised 100 female patients to receive cardiology follow-up with the conventional sex-neutral cardiac programme (control), or the sex-tailored Women's Heart Health Programme (intervention). Read More

    A cluster randomized controlled trial to assess the impact on intimate partner violence of a 10-session participatory gender training curriculum delivered to women taking part in a group-based microfinance loan scheme in Tanzania (MAISHA CRT01): study protocol.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Apr 2;18(1):55. Epub 2018 Apr 2.
    Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.
    Background: Worldwide, almost one third (30%) of women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner. Given the considerable negative impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women's physical health and well-being, there is an urgent need for rigorous evidence on violence prevention interventions.

    Methods: The study, comprising a cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) and in-depth qualitative study, will assess the impact on women's past year experience of physical and/or sexual IPV of a participatory gender training curriculum (MAISHA curriculum) delivered to women participating in group-based microfinance in Tanzania. Read More

    Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of asymptomatic bacteriuria among women with pelvic organ prolapse in Abakaliki, South-East Nigeria.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Mar 27;18(1):53. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    National Obstetric Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, Nigeria.
    Background: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is the herniation of pelvic organs from its anatomical confines, and it is of considerable importance to the practicing gynaecologist in middle and low income countries. It is commonly associated with, urinary tract infection (UTI), both symptomatic and asymptomatic due to anatomical and physiological changes. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria among women with pelvic organ prolapse, to know the organisms commonly implicated and the sensitivity pattern. Read More

    Anatomical landmarks of the intra-pelvic side-wall as sources of pain in women with and without pregnancy-related chronic pelvic pain after childbirth: a descriptive study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Mar 27;18(1):54. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 564, 751 22, Uppsala, SE, Sweden.
    Background: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 15-24% of women and can have a devastating impact on quality of life. Laparoscopy is often used in the investigation, although in one third of the examinations there is no visible pathology and the women may be dismissed without further investigation. Also, the contribution of skeletal, muscular, periosteal and ligamentous tissues to CPP remains to be further elucidated. Read More

    Vaginal health and hygiene practices and product use in Canada: a national cross-sectional survey.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Mar 23;18(1):52. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Department of Psychology, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road E, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1, Canada.
    Background: The vaginal microbiome influences quality of life and health. The composition of vaginal microbiota can be affected by various health behaviors, such as vaginal douching. The purpose of this study was to examine the types and prevalence of diverse vaginal/genital health and hygiene behaviors among participants living in Canada and to examine associations between behavioral practices and adverse gynecological health conditions. Read More

    The impact of thyroid-stimulating hormone levels in euthyroid women on intrauterine insemination outcome.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Mar 20;18(1):51. Epub 2018 Mar 20.
    Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Inonu University, 44315, Malatya, Turkey.
    Background: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels on intrauterine insemination (IUI) outcomes among euthyroid women.

    Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. A total of 302 women who started their first IUI cycle in our fertility center were included in this study. Read More

    Relationships between determinants of adjuvant endocrine therapy adherence in breast cancer.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Mar 19;18(1):48. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
    College of Nursing, Gachon University, 191 Hambakmeo-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon, 21936, South Korea.
    Background: Interventions that promote adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) adherence are critical to improve breast cancer survival. The development of interventions would benefit from a better understanding of the reasons for adherence and the causal relationships of determinants using theoretical or model approaches. The aim of the present study was to identify reasons for AET adherence in breast cancer patients with sequential relationships and inter-relationships. Read More

    Determinants of family planning use among married women in bale eco-region, Southeast Ethiopia: a community based study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Mar 12;18(1):50. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Department of Natural Resource Management, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Madda Walabu University, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia.
    Background: Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal deaths by allowing women to delay motherhood, space births, avoid unintended pregnancies and abortions, and stop childbearing when they reach their desired family size. Despite the fact that family planning is advantageous for maternal and newborn health and the services and commodities are free of charge, the reason of not using modern family planning methods is unclear in Bale Eco-Region. Read More

    Married women's autonomy and post-delivery modern contraceptive use in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Mar 12;18(1):49. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Department of Geography, Western University, London, ON, Canada.
    Background: Although use of modern contraception is considered beneficial in lowering maternal and child mortality rates, the prevalence of contraceptive use remains low in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This study examined modern contraceptive use and its linkage to women's autonomy.

    Methods: Data were drawn from the 2013-2014 Democratic Republic of Congo Demographic and Health Survey. Read More

    What women say about their dysmenorrhea: a qualitative thematic analysis.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Mar 2;18(1):47. Epub 2018 Mar 2.
    Indiana University School of Nursing, 600 Barnhill Drive, NU E415, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.
    Background: Dysmenorrhea is highly prevalent and is the leading cause of absence from school and work among women of reproductive age. Evidence suggests that dysmenorrhea may also be a risk factor for other chronic pain conditions. Limited research has examined women's experience with dysmenorrhea using qualitative data. Read More

    Facing HIV infection and unintended pregnancy: Rakai, Uganda, 2001-2013.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 27;18(1):46. Epub 2018 Feb 27.
    Heilbrunn Department of Population and Family Health, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA.
    Background: Unintended pregnancy is a persistent and global issue with consequences for the health and well-being of mothers and babies. The aim of this paper is to examine unintended pregnancy over time in the context of substantial human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and increasing access to anti-retro viral therapy (ART).

    Method: Data are from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) - a cohort of communities with 10,000-12,000 adults, ages 15-49, in Rakai District, Uganda. Read More

    1 OF 19