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    893 results match your criteria BMC Women's Health [Journal]

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    "Self-development matters" - Perception of Sakhis (CHWs) assessing self-development outcomes of their participation in the HBNC Program.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 21;18(1):42. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    Central Research Services, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad, 388325, India.
    Background: Community Health Workers (CHWs) play an instrumental role in promoting socio-behavioural change at the community level, which results in changed indicators of community health. While outcomes are mostly reviewed for achieving program objectives, it is pertinent to understand the process of program implementation mainly from the perception of participating CHWs.

    Methods: A qualitative study to understand the perception of Sakhi's (CHWs) regarding the outcomes of their participation in Home-Based Neonatal Care (HBNC) Program implemented by a non-governmental organization (NGO). Read More

    Timing of abortion among adolescent and young women presenting for post-abortion care in Kenya: a cross-sectional analysis of nationally-representative data.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 17;18(1):41. Epub 2018 Feb 17.
    African Population and Health Research Center, 2nd Floor APHRC Campus, Manga Close Off Kirawa Road, P.O. Box 10787-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Background: Complications of unsafe abortion are a leading cause of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Adolescents and young women are disproportionately represented among those at risk of these complications. Currently, we know little about the factors associated with young women's timing of abortion. Read More

    Breast cancer in Ethiopia: evidence for geographic difference in the distribution of molecular subtypes in Africa.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 14;18(1):40. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Dept of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden.
    Background: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with several morphological and molecular subtypes. Widely accepted molecular classification system uses assessment of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) and proliferation marker Ki67. Few studies have been conducted on the incidence and molecular types of breast cancer in Sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

    Listening to their voices: understanding rural women's perceptions of good delivery care at the Mibilizi District Hospital in Rwanda.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 12;18(1):38. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    Institute of Public Health, Ruprecht-Karls University Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 324, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Background: Poor quality maternity care may lead to increased maternal dissatisfaction, and subsequent decreased utilization of health services or both. In a responsive health system, determining suitable delivery care, in the mother's opinion, may lead to an improved quality of services and the mother's satisfaction. In Rwanda, there is still limited knowledge and inadequate research regarding patient satisfaction and preferences, especially for women's perceptions and needs during childbirth. Read More

    Prevalence of dysmenorrhea among University students in Northern Ghana; its impact and management strategies.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 13;18(1):39. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, P.O.Box TL 1350, Tamale, Ghana.
    Background: The period of menstruation is an eventful one for a significant number of post-pubescent females as they experience lower abdominal pains referred to as dysmenorrhea. This study conducted among female students of the Tamale campus of the University for Development Studies assessed the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its impact on the students and treatment methods applied.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain data from 293 randomly selected female students. Read More

    Factors associated with menstrual cycle irregularity and menopause.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 6;18(1):36. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    College of Pharmacy and Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyungpook National University, 80 Daehak-ro, Daegu, 41566, South Korea.
    Background: A regular menstrual cycle is an important indicator of a healthy reproductive system. Previous studies reported obesity, stress, and smoking as the factors that are associated with irregular menstruation and early menopause. However, the integrative effects of these modifiable risk factors have not been fully understood. Read More

    Women's contraceptive discontinuation and switching behavior in urban Senegal, 2010-2015.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 5;18(1):35. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
    Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA.
    Background: With the focus of global and national family planning initiatives on reaching "additional user" targets, it is increasingly important for programs to assess contraceptive method discontinuation and switching. This analysis calculated the discontinuation rate and method-specific discontinuation rates, examined reasons given for contraceptive discontinuation, and assessed characteristics associated with subsequent contraceptive switching and abandonment among women living in urban areas of Senegal.

    Methods: Data came from the Measurement, Learning & Evaluation project's 2015 survey of 6927 women of reproductive age living in six urban sites (Dakar, Pikine, Guédiawaye, Mbao, Kaolack and Mbour). Read More

    A qualitative study of developing beliefs about health, illness and healthcare in migrant African women with gestational diabetes living in Sweden.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 5;18(1):34. Epub 2018 Feb 5.
    Department of Endocrinology, Malmö University Hospital, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden.
    Background: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is associated with health risks for both mother and child, and is particularly relevant to migrant women and women of African origin. With today's extensive global migration, contact with the new society and health system confronts the migrant's culture of origin with the culture of the host country. The question is whether immigrants' patterns of beliefs about health, illness, and health-related behaviour change over time, as no previous studies have been found on this topic. Read More

    Menstrual hygiene management among women and adolescent girls in the aftermath of the earthquake in Nepal.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 2;18(1):33. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Maternal, Adolescent, Reproductive and Child health (MARCH) Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
    Background: Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is an essential aspect of hygiene for women and adolescent girls between menarche and menopause. Despite being an important issue concerning women and girls in the menstruating age group MHM is often overlooked in post-disaster responses. Further, there is limited evidence of menstrual hygiene management in humanitarian settings. Read More

    Normal/high-fat milk consumption is associated with higher lean body and muscle mass in Japanese women aged between 40 and 60 years: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 2;18(1):32. Epub 2018 Feb 2.
    Departmant of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Yushima 1-5-45, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-8510, Japan.
    Background: Milk is known to contain various nutrients that may have health benefits for postmenopausal women who are at an increased risk of cardiovascular and musculoskeletal diseases. We investigated the association between normal/high- and low-fat milk consumption and body composition in Japanese women aged 40 to 60 years.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study used the baseline data collected in a previous study that examined the effects of a dietary supplement on a variety of health parameters in 85 Japanese women aged 40 to 60 years. Read More

    Traumatic events: exploring associations with maternal depression, infant bonding, and oxytocin in Latina mothers.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Feb 1;18(1):31. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL, USA.
    Background: Childhood and adulthood traumatic experiences negatively impact maternal-infant bonding and increase risk of postpartum depression (PPD). Lower oxytocin levels have also been associated with PPD and compromised mother-infant bonding. Despite advances in these areas of investigation, much of the research has not included Latinas, who are important because they have high rates of fertility, traumatic events, and PPD. Read More

    Validity of St Gallen risk categories in prognostication of breast cancer patients in Southern Sri Lanka.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 31;18(1):30. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Galle, Sri Lanka.
    Background: Although, there are many developments in the field of management, breast cancer is still the commonest cause of cancer related deaths in women in Sri Lanka. This emphasizes the need for validation of treatment protocols that are used in Sri Lanka for managing breast cancers. There are no published papers on treatment and survival of breast cancer patients in Sri Lanka. Read More

    Trauma, attachment style, and somatization: a study of women with dyspareunia and women survivors of sexual abuse.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 30;18(1):29. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Public Health, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Background: Evidence points toward shared characteristics between female survivors of sexual abuse and women with dyspareunia. This study explored, for the first time, similarities and differences between women who were exposed to sexual abuse to those with dyspareunia, in order to examine whether insecure attachment styles and high somatization level are associated with trauma among women with dyspareunia.

    Methods: Attachment styles were explored using the Experience in Close Relationships Scale to reflect participants' levels of anxiety and avoidance. Read More

    Distant and proximate factors associated with maternal near-miss: a nested case-control study in selected public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 27;18(1):28. Epub 2018 Jan 27.
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan Africa countries with the highest maternal mortality. Maternal near-misses are more common than deaths and statistically stronger for a comprehensive analysis of the determinants. The study aimed to identify the factors associated with maternal near-miss in selected public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Read More

    Subclinical hypothyroidism would not lead to female sexual dysfunction in Chinese women.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 25;18(1):26. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Department of Thyroid & Parathyroid surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, West China Hospital, Guoxue Alley 37#, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China, Postal code: 610041.
    Background: There is dearth of research about female sexual dysfunction (FSD), especially in China, because of conservative beliefs. Previous studies indicated the relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism and anxiety and depression. However, there is dearth of research regarding the relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism and FSD in Chinses women. Read More

    Preparing for a trial to test a postpartum weight retention intervention among low income women: feasibility of a protocol in a community-based organization.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 25;18(1):27. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Division of General Internal Medicine, Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.
    Background: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) causes intergenerational harm, negatively affecting a mother's cardiovascular health and ability to have future healthy pregnancies. Low-income minority women are at highest risk for PPWR with little guidance concerning timeline or strategy to lose weight after delivery. An academic-community partnership conducted observational and focus group work to develop an intervention for PPWR among low-income mothers. Read More

    Role of HIV in the desire of procreation and motherhood in women living with HIV in Spain: a qualitative approach.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 24;18(1):24. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Red de Investigación en Sida, Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Avenida Monforte de Lemos 5, Madrid, Spain.
    Background: Improved antiretroviral treatments and decrease in vertical transmission of HIV have led to a higher number of women living with HIV to consider childbearing. However, stigma and social rejection result in specific challenges that HIV positive women with procreation intentions have to face with. Our objective was to in depth analyse elements shaping their desire for procreation and specifically investigate the impact of HIV. Read More

    Predictors of abnormal cytology among HPV-infected women in remote territories of French Guiana.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 24;18(1):25. Epub 2018 Jan 24.
    Centre d'Investigation Clinique Antilles-Guyane, CIC INSERM 1424, Centre hospitalier de Cayenne, Ave des Flamboyants, 97300, Cayenne, French Guiana.
    Background: Cervical cancer prevention using cervical cytology is insufficiently sensitive, a significant proportion of HPV-infected women having normal cytology. The objective of the present study was to try to identify factors associated with abnormal cytology in HPV-infected women living in remote areas of French Guiana.

    Methods: A study was conducted in women aged 20-65 years having HPV infections confirmed by HPV DNA detection using the GREINER-BIO-ONE kit. Read More

    Does women's caste make a significant contribution to adolescent pregnancy in Nepal? A study of Dalit and non-Dalit adolescents and young adults in Rupandehi district.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 22;18(1):23. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Tribhuvan University, People's Dental College, Kirtipur, Nepal.
    Background: Adolescent pregnancy is a public health concern worldwide. There are disparities in the occurrence of adolescence pregnancy in different social groups and settings; however, few studies have focused on the contribution of a woman's caste in early pregnancy in Nepal. This study aimed to examine the association between caste and adolescent pregnancy; and investigate factors that influence this among women of Dalit and non-Dalit caste groups. Read More

    Real-world experience of women using extended-cycle vs monthly-cycle combined oral contraception in the United States: the National Health and Wellness Survey.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 18;18(1):22. Epub 2018 Jan 18.
    Teva Pharmaceuticals, 41 Moores Road, Frazer, PA, USA.
    Background: The real-world experience of women receiving extended-cycle combined oral contraception (COC) versus monthly-cycle COC has not been reported.

    Methods: Data were from the United States 2013 National Health and Wellness Survey. Eligible women (18-50 years old, premenopausal, without hysterectomy) currently using extended-cycle COC (3 months between periods) were compared with women using monthly-cycle COC. Read More

    Knowledge of cervical cancer and Pap smear among Uyghur women from Xinjiang, China.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 17;18(1):21. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Gynecology, People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, No. 91 Tian Chi Road, Urumqi, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, 834000, China.
    Background: Cervical cancer is a significant public health issue in Xinjiang China. In order to provide scientific basis for cervical cancer intervention in Xinjiang, women's knowledge of cervical cancer was investigated in this study. Besides, relations between Uyghur women's awareness and their age, educational background, yearly household were evaluated. Read More

    Is the likelihood of spousal violence lower or higher among childless women? Evidence from Nigeria demographic and health surveys.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 16;18(1):20. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
    Background: Few studies have been able to determine whether the likelihood of spousal violence is higher or lower among childless women compared with women who have children. This is because most studies linking childlessness and spousal violence were either qualitative or were conducted among childless women attending fertility clinics. In the fewer quantitative studies that linked childlessness and spousal violence, results are mixed and yet to be verified in Nigeria using nationally representative sample data. Read More

    Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain intensity among Palestinian female university students.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 15;18(1):18. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Physiology, Pharmacology, and Toxicology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 44839, Palestine.
    Background: Few studies on gynaecological problems of young females in Arab countries were published. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain among university students in Palestine.

    Methods: A cross - sectional study was carried out on a randomly selected sample of An-Najah National University female students. Read More

    Surmounting difficulties to provide home based neonatal care - reflections of community health workers.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 15;18(1):17. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Program Monitoring and Research, Ambuja Cement Foundation, Mumbai, 400059, India.
    Background: In India, community health workers' (CHW) effectiveness in providing home-based neonatal care (HBNC) has been well documented. The nature of challenges faced and strategies adopted while providing HBNC services need to be studied in-depth.

    Methods: A qualitative study to understand the challenges faced and strategies used by Sakhis (women CHW) while providing services as part of a HBNC program implemented by a non-profit organization. Read More

    Gender-based violence screening methods preferred by women visiting a public hospital in Pune, India.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 15;18(1):19. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA.
    Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major global public health concern and is a risk factor for adverse health outcomes. Early identification of GBV is crucial for improved health outcomes. Interactions with health care providers may provide a unique opportunity for routine GBV screening, if a safe, confidential environment can be established. Read More

    Modified Pilates as an adjunct to standard physiotherapy care for urinary incontinence: a mixed methods pilot for a randomised controlled trial.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 12;18(1):16. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, UK.
    Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a distressing condition affecting at least 5 million women in England and Wales. Traditionally, physiotherapy for UI comprises pelvic floor muscle training, but although evidence suggests this can be effective it is also recognised that benefits are often compromised by patient motivation and commitment. In addition, there is increasing recognition that physical symptoms alone are poor indicators of the impact of incontinence on individuals' lives. Read More

    Knowledge of cervical cancer and HPV vaccine in Bangladeshi women: a population based, cross-sectional study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 11;18(1):15. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), 68 Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed Sharani, Mohakhali, Dhaka, 1212, Bangladesh.
    Background: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge of cervical cancer among Bangladeshi women and to assess their willingness to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine.

    Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted from July to December 2011 in one urban and one rural area of Bangladesh. A total of 2037 ever-married women, aged 14 to 64 years, were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Read More

    A qualitative study on coping behaviors and influencing factors among mothers in Japan raising children under three years old while experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 10;18(1):14. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Health Informatics, School of Public Health, Kyoto University, Yoshida Konoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.
    Background: No studies illustrating the coping behaviors of mothers experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms, or the factors that contribute to these behaviors, have been investigated. Therefore, the present study sought to develop a conceptual framework on the coping behaviors and contributing factors of mothers experiencing physical and mental subjective symptoms.

    Methods: This qualitative study involved theoretical sampling and semi-structured interviews of mothers who were raising children under 3 years of age in Japan and had experienced physical and mental subjective symptoms since giving birth. Read More

    Differentials in health-related quality of life of employed and unemployed women with normal vaginal delivery.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 10;18(1):13. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
    Background: The combination of child care and domestic work demands on both housewives and the employed (hired) women may impact their health-related quality-of-life. There is paucity of studies to ascertain this. This study investigated the differences in health-related quality of life of employed and unemployed women with normal vaginal delivery and associated socio-demographic variables. Read More

    The effect of sleep pattern changes on postpartum depressive symptoms.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 9;18(1):12. Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, 0628, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.
    Background: Research indicates that poor sleep is associated with postpartum depression; however, little is known regarding this relationship among postpartum women who are at high for postpartum depression. This study examined the relationship between changes in self-reported sleep patterns (from six weeks to seven months postpartum) and depressive symptoms at seven months postpartum among women who were at high risk for postpartum depression.

    Methods: Participants (n = 122) were postpartum women who were at an increased risk for postpartum depression (personal or maternal history of depression) and had participated in a randomized exercise intervention trial. Read More

    Pattern and determinants of contraceptive usage among women of reproductive age from the Digo community residing in Kwale, Kenya: results from a cross-sectional household survey.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 8;18(1):10. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    International Centre for Reproductive Health, Mombasa, Kenya.
    Background: Contraceptive usage has been associated with improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes. Despite significant resources being allocated to programs, there has been sub-optimal uptake of contraception, especially in the developing world. It is important therefore, to granulate factors that determine uptake and utilization of contraceptive services so as to inform effective programming. Read More

    Are pelvic adhesions associated with pain, physical, emotional and functional characteristics of women presenting with chronic pelvic pain? A cluster analysis.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 8;18(1):11. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Primary Care and Population Sciences, Human Development and Health, University of Southampton Faculty of Medicine, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK.
    Background: Chronic pelvic pain is a debilitating condition. It is unknown if there is a clinical phenotype for adhesive disorders. This study aimed to determine if the presence or absence, nature, severity and extent of adhesions correlated with demographic and patient reported clinical characteristics of women presenting with CPP. Read More

    Effectiveness and safety of ferric carboxymaltose compared to iron sucrose in women with iron deficiency anemia: phase IV clinical trials.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K, 190006, India.
    Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a significant problem worldwide particularly in women. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) in comparison to iron sucrose (IS) in women with IDA.

    Method: Two hundred patients at Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences Medical College and Hospital, Jammu & Kashmir, India identified with IDA were enrolled for the study. Read More

    Referral gynecological ambulatory clinic: principal diagnosis and distribution in health services.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Division of Gynecology, Medical School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
    Background: The association between gynecological diagnoses and their distribution in the health sectors provides benefits in the field of women's health promotion and in medical and interdisciplinary education, along with rationalization according to level of care complexity. Thus, the objective is analyze the clinical-demographic characteristics, main diagnoses in gynecological ambulatory care, and their distribution in health services.

    Method: This is a research project of retrospective audit study design with a chart review of data from 428 women treated at University Ambulatory Clinic of Women's Health, the facility in gynecology and training for Family and Community Medical Residents, São Paulo, Brazil, from 2012 to 2014. Read More

    Impact of the Urban Reproductive Health Initiative on family planning uptake at facilities in Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Background: The 2012 London Summit on Family Planning set ambitious goals to enable 120 million more women and adolescent girls to use modern contraceptives by 2020. The Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (URHI) was a Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation funded program designed to help contribute to these goals in urban areas in India, Kenya, Nigeria, and Senegal. URHI implemented a range of country-specific demand and supply side interventions, with supply interventions generally focused on improved service quality, provider training, outreach to patients, and commodity stock management. Read More

    Health related quality of life of gynaecologic cancer patients attending at Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital (TASH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Reproductive Health and Health Service Management, School of Public Health, College of Health sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Background: Being diagnosed with gynaecologic malignancy certainly will have different sequelae which can hamper quality of life (QOL).This study aimed to assess health related quality of life (HRQOL) among gynaecologic cancer patients attending at Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital (TASH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Methods: This study employed facility-based cross-sectional study design on 153 gynaecological cancer patients attending TASH using the Amharic version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30). Read More

    Young Australian women's accounts of smoking and quitting: a qualitative study using visual methods.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South, NSW, 2751, Australia.
    Background: Although the overall rate of smoking in Australia continues to decline, the rate of decline has begun to slow. Rates of smoking among young women in Australia have been a particular concern, which has led to the development of targeted public health campaigns. Poststructuralist theory has successfully been used in research to explore the way in which young women experience smoking. Read More

    Menstrual health and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in Uganda (MENISCUS): a feasibility study.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 3;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
    Background: Management of menstruation can present substantial challenges to girls in low-income settings. In preparation for a menstrual hygiene intervention to reduce school absenteeism in Uganda, this study aimed to investigate menstruation management practices, barriers and facilitators, and the influence of menstruation on school absenteeism among secondary school students in a peri-urban district of Uganda.

    Methods: Qualitative and quantitative studies were conducted among consenting girls and boys aged 14-17 years in four secondary schools in Entebbe sub-District, Uganda. Read More

    Rubella natural immunity among adolescent girls in Tanzania: the need to vaccinate child bearing aged women.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 3;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Institute of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre Göttingen, Kreuzbergring 57, 37075, Göttingen, Germany.
    Background: Rubella primary infection during early stages of pregnancy is associated with high risk of congenital Rubella syndrome (CRS). Prevention of CRS in the resource-limited countries requires multiple strategies. Here, we document the data on the magnitude of Rubella natural immunity among adolescent girls which is a crucial group in devising effective control strategies to prevent CRS. Read More

    The association between hope, marital status, depression and persistent pain in men and women following cardiac surgery.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 2;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Department of Research and Development, Division of Emergencies and Critical Care, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, P.O Box 4956, Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Cardiac surgery is a major life event, and outcomes after surgery are associated with men's and women's ability to self-manage and cope with their cardiac condition in everyday life. Hope is suggested to impact cardiac health by having a positive effect on how adults cope with and adapt to illness and recommended lifestyle changes.

    Methods: We did a secondary analysis of 416 individuals (23% women) undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft and/or valve surgery between March 2012 and September 2013 enrolled in randomized controlled trial. Read More

    Prevalence of human papillomavirus infection among women from quilombo communities in northeastern Brazil.
    BMC Womens Health 2018 Jan 2;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Post-graduate Program in Adult and Child Health, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil.
    Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a member of the Papillomaviridae family. The prevalence of HPV genotypes may vary according to the region and the population studied. Quilombo communities are ethnic and racial groups with difficult access to health services compared to the general population in Brazil. Read More

    Effects of gestational age and the mode of surgical abortion on postabortion hemorrhage and fever: evidence from population-based reproductive health survey in Georgia.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Dec 28;17(1):136. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Institute of Clinical Medicine, Rikshospitalet, Division of Women and Children, University of Oslo, Sognsvannsveien 20, 0372, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Every year around 50 million unintended pregnancies worldwide are terminated by induced abortion. Even in countries, where it is legalized and performed in a safe environment, abortion carries some risk of complications for women. Findings of researchers on the factors that influence the sequelae of abortion are controversial and inconsistent. Read More

    Self-sampling for human papillomavirus DNA detection: a preliminary study of compliance and feasibility in BOLIVIA.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 12 22;17(1):135. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Unité de Microbiologie Pharmaceutique et Hygiène, Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.
    Background: Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates in Bolivia are among the highest in Latin America. This investigation aims to evaluate the possibility of using simple devices, e.g. Read More

    Effectiveness of message framing on women's intention to perform cytomegalovirus prevention behaviors: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Dec 20;17(1):134. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Department of Health Science, Brigham Young University, 4103 LSB, Provo, UT, 84602, USA.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of message framing on women's intention to perform cytomegalovirus (CMV) prevention behaviors involving handwashing, not sharing food and eating utensils, not kissing a child on the lips and not placing a pacifier in the mouth after it was in a child's mouth.

    Methods: An online panel of women 18-40 years, who were pregnant or planning a pregnancy were randomized in a 2 × 2 factorial design to receive 1 of 4 CMV fact sheets. The fact sheets were framed as either what could be gained or be lost by following (or not) the recommendations and the likelihood of being affected by CMV (i. Read More

    Burden and correlates of mental health diagnoses among sex workers in an urban setting.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Dec 19;17(1):133. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, St. Paul's Hospital, 608-1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada.
    Background: Women involved in both street-level and off-street sex work face disproportionate health and social inequities compared to the general population. While much research has focused on HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among sex workers, there remains a gap in evidence regarding the broader health issues faced by this population, including mental health. Given limited evidence describing the mental health of women in sex work, our objective was to evaluate the burden and correlates of mental health diagnoses among this population in Vancouver, Canada. Read More

    Health care professionals' attitudes towards population-based genetic testing and risk-stratification for ovarian cancer: a cross-sectional survey.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Dec 16;17(1):132. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Department of Women's Cancer, EGA UCL Institute for Women's Health, University College London, 74 Huntley Street, London, WC1E 6AU, UK.
    Background: Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed at a late stage when outcomes are poor. Personalised ovarian cancer risk prediction, based on genetic and epidemiological information and risk stratified management in adult women could improve outcomes. Examining health care professionals' (HCP) attitudes to ovarian cancer risk stratified management, willingness to support women, self-efficacy (belief in one's own ability to successfully complete a task), and knowledge about ovarian cancer will help identify training needs in anticipation of personalised ovarian cancer risk prediction being introduced. Read More

    Trichomoniasis and associated co-infections of the genital tract among pregnant women presenting at two hospitals in Ghana.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Dec 13;17(1):130. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Department of Microbiology, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.
    Background: Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection is the most prevalent non-viral sexually transmitted pathogen worldwide. Among pregnant women, the infection may cause adverse birth outcomes such as premature rupture of membranes and premature labour. In view of the paucity of information relating to TV among Ghanaian pregnant women, this study investigated its prevalence and associated co-infections among pregnant women. Read More

    Using theory-based messages to motivate U.S. pregnant women to prevent cytomegalovirus infection: results from formative research.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Dec 14;17(1):131. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop E-86, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA.
    Background: An estimated 1 in 150 infants is born each year with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV); nearly 1 in 750 suffers permanent disabilities. Congenital CMV is the result of a pregnant woman becoming infected with CMV. Educating pregnant women about CMV is currently the best approach to prevention. Read More

    Research protocol: Cisplatin-associated ototoxicity amongst patients receiving cancer chemotherapy and the feasibility of an audiological monitoring program.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Dec 11;17(1):129. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Discipline of Audiology, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban, 4000, South Africa.
    Background: Cisplatin is an anti-cancer chemotherapy drug classified as an alkylating agent. It is used for the treatment of a variety of cancers such as cervical, breast, stomach, prostate, bladder and oesophageal, to name a few. However due to its expansive toxicity profile, patients receiving cisplatin can experience high frequency hearing loss, a side effect known as ototoxicity. Read More

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