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    800 results match your criteria BMC Women's Health [Journal]

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    An implementation science protocol of the Women's Health CoOp in healthcare settings in Cape Town, South Africa: A stepped-wedge design.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 18;17(1):85. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, USA.
    Background: HIV persists as a public health emergency in South Africa, especially among women of childbearing age. In response to the HIV epidemic, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS has put forth the 90-90-90 global goals to achieve an AIDS-free generation by 2020. This goal aspires to have 90% of people living with HIV diagnosed; 90% of those who test positive on sustained antiretroviral therapy (ART); and 90% of those on ART be virally suppressed. Read More

    Frequency and genotypes of Chlamydia trachomatis in patients attending the obstetrics and gynecology clinics in Jalisco, Mexico and correlation with sociodemographic, behavioral, and biological factors.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 15;17(1):83. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Servicio de Gastroenterología, Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose Eleuterio Gonzalez, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Av. Gonzalitos and Madero, Mitras Centro PC, 64460, Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico.
    Background: Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and genotypes of C. trachomatis in patients attending an obstetrics and gynecology clinic in Jalisco, Mexico and correlates them with sociodemographic, behavioral, and biological factors. Read More

    The cedar project: using indigenous-specific determinants of health to predict substance use among young pregnant-involved aboriginal women.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 15;17(1):84. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.
    Background: Indigenous women in Canada have been hyper-visible in research, policy and intervention related to substance use during pregnancy; however, little is known about how the social determinants of health and substance use prior to, during, and after pregnancy intersect. The objectives of this study were to describe the social contexts of pregnant-involved young Indigenous women who use substances and to explore if an Indigenous-Specific Determinants of Health Model can predict substance use among this population.

    Methods: Using descriptive statistics and hierarchical logistic regression guided by mediation analysis, the social contexts of pregnant-involved young Indigenous women who use illicit drugs' lives were explored and the Integrated Life Course and Social Determinants Model of Aboriginal Health's ability to predict heavy versus light substance use in this group was tested (N = 291). Read More

    Is economic dependence on the husband a risk factor for intimate partner violence against female factory workers in Nepal?
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 13;17(1):82. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Unit for Health Promotion, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9-10, 6700, Esbjerg, Denmark.
    Background: Violence related injury is a serious public health issue all over the world. This study aims to assess the association between several socio-economic factors and intimate partner violence (IPV) in Nepal.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 236 women working in carpet and garment factories in Kathmandu, Nepal. Read More

    Benign metastasizing leiomyoma presenting as multiple cystic pulmonary nodules: a case report.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 12;17(1):81. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Chonbuk National University Medical School, San 2-20, Geumam-dong, Deokjin-gu, Jeonju, Jeonbuk, 561-180, South Korea.
    Background: Benign metastatic leiomyoma (BML) is an extremely rare disease. Although uterine leiomyomas are benign histologically, they can metastasize to distant sites. While the incidence is very low, the lung is the organ most frequently affected by BML. Read More

    Inadequate birth spacing is perceived as riskier than all family planning methods, except sterilization and abortion, in a qualitative study among urban Nigerians.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 11;17(1):80. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative, Abuja, Nigeria.
    Background: Fertility is high in Nigeria and contraceptive use is low. Little is known about how urban Nigerians perceive the risk of contraceptive use in relation to pregnancy and birth. This study examines and compares the risk perception of family planning methods and pregnancy related scenarios among urban Nigerians. Read More

    Study comparing 3 hour and 24 hour post-operative removal of bladder catheter and vaginal pack following vaginal surgery: a randomised controlled trial.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 11;17(1):78. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Neonatology, Consulatant Neonatologist, National Institute of medical and sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
    Background: Traditional practice after vaginal hysterectomy was to keep the vaginal pack and urinary catheter for 24 hours post operatively. But there were studies that prolonged cathterisation was associated with urinary infection. So this study was conducted to compare the post operative outcome when the urinary catheter and vaginal pack were removed after 3 hours and after 24 hours after surgery. Read More

    Effect of periodontitis on the development of osteoporosis: results from a nationwide population-based cohort study (2003-2013).
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 11;17(1):77. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Periodontology, Wonkwang University Daejeon Dental Hospital, Wonkwang University College of Dentistry, 77, Dunsan-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon, 35233, Korea.
    Background: The prevalence of osteoporosis associated with the aging process is anticipated to increase along with the rising aging population. Periodontitis that the most common chronic infections of humankind is considered the risk factor for osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to identify the association between osteoporosis and periodontitis using a population-based cohort. Read More

    Relationship between sleep quality and cardiovascular disease risk in Chinese post-menopausal women.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 11;17(1):79. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Esther Lee Building, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.
    Background: Menopause is an inevitable stage affecting every middle-aged woman. China has a large and increasing group of post-menopausal women. Most post-menopausal women suffer from increased risks for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and sleep problems. Read More

    3-dimensional versus conventional laparoscopy for benign hysterectomy: protocol for a randomized clinical trial.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 7;17(1):76. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Roskilde University Hospital, Koegevej 7-13, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark.
    Background: Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures for women of reproductive age. Laparoscopy was introduced in the 1990es and is today one of the recommended routes of surgery. A recent observational study showed that operative time for hysterectomy was significantly lower for 3-dimensional compared to conventional laparoscopy. Read More

    Factors associated with utilization of long-acting and permanent contraceptive methods among women who have decided not to have more children in Gondar city.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 6;17(1):75. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Background: Despite the fact that long acting family planning methods reduce population growth and improve maternal health, their utilization remains poor. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence of long acting and permanent family planning method utilization and associated factors among women in reproductive age groups who have decided not to have more children in Gondar city, northwest Ethiopia.

    Method: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from August to October, 2015. Read More

    Eating behavior and psychological profile: associations between daughters with distinct eating disorders and their mothers.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 6;17(1):74. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    School of Psychology, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico.
    Background: Associations of eating behaviors and psychological profile between mothers and daughters with eating disorders exist, but it is important to dissect the influence of the mother in each specific disorder since all eating disorders must be seen or treated not as one entity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of eating behavior and psychological profile between mothers and daughters with different eating disorders and a control group.

    Methods: The study group included young girls with anorexia nervosa (AN, n = 30), bulimia nervosa (BN, n = 30), binge eating disorder (BED, n = 19), and a control group of women (Non-ED, n = 54) together with their mothers. Read More

    A qualitative study of Filipina immigrants' stress, distress and coping: the impact of their multiple, transnational roles as women.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 5;17(1):72. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Faculty of Nursing, Cumming School of Medicine, Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada.
    Background: Migration is associated with a number of stress factors which can affect mental health. Ethnicity, gender and socioeconomic status can intertwine with and influence the process of migration and mental health. Philippine migration to Europe has increased in recent years and has become more feminised. Read More

    Differences in drug use between men and women: an Italian cross sectional study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 5;17(1):73. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    CIRFF, Center of Pharmacoeconomics, Federico II University of Naples, via Domenico Montesano 49, Naples, Italy.
    Background: Drugs are the most important treatment option for most diseases, and the majority of medical consultations result in a prescription. Women and men receive different drug prescriptions and differ in therapeutic response to pharmacological therapy. This disparity is due to biological factors (sex differences) or/and behavior, lifestyle and life experience (gender differences). Read More

    Awareness, attitudes and perceptions regarding HIV and PMTCT amongst pregnant women in Guinea-Bissau- a qualitative study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Sep 4;17(1):71. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Bandim Health Project, INDEPTH Network, Apartado 861, 1004, Bissau Codex, Guinea-Bissau.
    Background: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major cause of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) strategies have proven effective in decreasing the number of children infected in utero, intrapartum and during the breastfeeding period. This qualitative study explores knowledge and perceptions of HIV amongst pregnant women, healthcare workers' experiences of the national PMTCT services, and barriers to PMTCT, during a period of programme scale-up in urban Guinea-Bissau (2010-11). Read More

    Perceptions of Mexican women regarding barriers in mental Heath Services in primary care.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 31;17(1):70. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Epidemiological and Psychosocial Research at the Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz National Institute of Psychiatry, Calzada México-Xochimilco 101. San Lorenzo Huipulco, Tlalpan, C.P.14370, Mexico City, Mexico.
    Background: The recent mental health care reforms in Mexico call for the regular evaluation of the services provided. This involves analyzing the opinions of those who utilize them on a daily basis, particularly women, since they are the main health service users. This study explores the barriers to mental health care perceived by a group of women attending primary care centers. Read More

    Sowing the seeds of transformative practice to actualize women's rights to respectful maternity care: reflections from Kenya using the consolidated framework for implementation research.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 30;17(1):69. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Population Council, PO Box 17643-00500, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Background: Despite years of growing concern about poor provider attitudes and women experiencing mistreatment during facility based childbirth, there are limited interventions that specifically focus on addressing these issues. The Heshima project is an evidence-based participatory implementation research study conducted in 13 facilities in Kenya. It engaged a range of community, facility, and policy stakeholders to address the causes of mistreatment during childbirth and promote respectful maternity care. Read More

    Are women adequately informed before gynaecological surgery?
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 25;17(1):68. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.
    Background: Surgery for pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, and hysterectomy are the most common gynaecological surgeries that can affect the function of the bladder and bowel as well as one's sexual life. There is evidence that adequate patient information given preoperatively regarding expected outcomes of surgery is important because well-informed patients are more satisfied with the results of surgery and recover faster. However, there is little known about the amount and quality of information given to women before surgery. Read More

    Results of a pilot study in the U.S. and Vietnam to assess the utility and acceptability of a multi-level pregnancy test (MLPT) for home monitoring of hCG trends after assisted reproduction.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 22;17(1):67. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Drive, Stanford, CA, 94304, USA.
    Background: To evaluate the utility and acceptability of using multi-level pregnancy tests (MLPTs) at home to monitor hCG trends following assisted reproductive technology (ART).

    Methods: One hundred and four women presenting for ART at either Stanford Medicine Fertility and Reproductive Health Clinic (Stanford, CA) or Hung Vuong Hospital (Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam) participated in this pilot study. Women were asked to perform the MLPT at home, primarily on days when they were also scheduled to receive standard clinic-based serum hCG testing. Read More

    Effects of prolonged exercise versus multiple short exercise sessions on risk for metabolic syndrome and the atherogenic index in middle-aged obese women: a randomised controlled trial.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 22;17(1):65. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Munhwa-ro 266, Jung-gu, Daejeon, 35015, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Many people, although they may recognise the positive effects of exercise, do not exercise regularly owing to lack of time. This study aimed to investigate the effects of prolonged single-session exercise and multiple short sessions of exercise on the risk of metabolic syndrome and the atherogenic index in middle-aged obese women.

    Methods: Thirty-six participants were divided into the single-session group, multiple-session group, and control group. Read More

    Reasons for delay in decision making and reaching health facility among obstetric fistula and pelvic organ prolapse patients in Gondar University hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 22;17(1):64. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Gondar, P.O.Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Background: Obstetric fistula and pelvic organ prolapse remain highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, where women have poor access to modern health care. Women having these problems tend to stay at home for years before getting treatment. However, information regarding the reasons contributing to late presentation to treatment is scarce, especially at the study area. Read More

    The reproducibility of self-reported age at menarche: The Tromsø Study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 22;17(1):62. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Community Medicine, UiT- The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Background: Previous studies of the reproducibility of self-reported age at menarche have been limited because of small study samples, short follow-up and the limited age span of the women included.

    Methods: The present study assessed the reproducibility of age at menarche in 6731 women with a wide variation of age when giving the information about age at menarche. The women reported age at menarche in a self-administered questionnaire, both in 1986-1987 and 1994-1995. Read More

    Colony stimulating factor-1 and leukemia inhibitor factor expression from current-cycle cannula isolated endometrial cells are associated with increased endometrial receptivity and pregnancy.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 22;17(1):63. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Departamento de Toxicología, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, México City, CDMX, Mexico.
    Background: Poor endometrial quality is associated with more than a third of embryo implantation failures. Current ultrasonography technology lacks the capacity to determine efficiently the endometrial receptivity during ongoing cycle transfers. We analyzed the relationship between the gene expression profile associated with implantation and clinical pregnancy from endometrial cells taken during embryo transfer. Read More

    "If I have only two children and they die… who will take care of me?" -a qualitative study exploring knowledge, attitudes and practices about family planning among Mozambican female and male adults.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 22;17(1):66. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Sociology and Centre for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, Universiteit Antwerpen (Antwerp University), Sint-Jacobstraat 2, BE-2000, Antwerpen, Belgium.
    Background: By focusing upon family planning counselling services, the Mozambican government has significantly enhanced the general health of female and male clients. However, little is known about the experiences of family planning by female and male adults. This article focuses on knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding contraceptive methods and fertility intentions. Read More

    Therapeutic comparison between treatments for Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus: study protocol of a randomized prospective and controlled trial.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 10;17(1):61. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
    Postgraduate Program in Biophotonics Applied to Health Sciences, Nove de Julho University/UNINOVE, 249 Vergueiro Street, Liberdade, São Paulo, SP, 01504-001, Brazil.
    Background: Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a lymphocyte-mediated disease of unknown etiology that can cause intense itching as well stenosis, hindering the evacuation and urination. It can also limit the sex life due to severe local pruritus, pain and dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse). The standard treatment for this disease is the use of topical corticosteroids to reduce the clinical symptoms and to try to increase disease-free intervals. Read More

    A comparison of intimate partner and other sexual assault survivors' use of different types of specialized hospital-based violence services.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 7;17(1):59. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    Ontario Network of Sexual Assault/Domestic Violence Treatments Centres, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
    Background: Little is known about the health service utilization of women sexually assaulted by their intimate partners, as compared with those sexually assaulted by other perpetrators. To address this gap, we describe the use of acute care services post-victimization, as well as a broad range of survivor and assault characteristics, across women assaulted by current or former intimate partners, other known assailants, and strangers.

    Methods: Information was gathered from individuals presenting to 30 hospital-based sexual assault and domestic violence treatment centres using a standardized data collection form. Read More

    Cardiovascular RiskprofilE - IMaging and gender-specific disOrders (CREw-IMAGO): rationale and design of a multicenter cohort study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 7;17(1):60. Epub 2017 Aug 7.
    Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584, CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Background: Reproductive disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPD) like pre-eclampsia (PE), are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Detection of early signs of cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as identification of risk factors among women of reproductive age which improve cardiovascular risk prediction, is a challenge and current models might underestimate long-term health risks. The aim of this study is to assess cardiovascular disease in patients with a history of a reproductive disorder by low-dose computed tomography (CT). Read More

    A qualitative exploration of cervical and breast cancer stigma in Karnataka, India.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Aug 2;17(1):58. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Research Triangle Institute Global India Private Limited, 21 Nehru Place, Paharpur Business Centre, Suite no. 610, Nehru Place, India.
    Background: Breast and cervical cancer are two of the most common cancers among women worldwide and were the two leading causes of cancer related death for women in India in 2013. While it is recognized that psychosocial and cultural factors influence access to education, prevention, screening and treatment, the role of stigma related to these two cancers has received limited attention.

    Methods: Two qualitative exploratory studies. Read More

    Case report: term birth after fertility-sparing treatments for stage IB1 small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 28;17(1):56. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138, Sheng-Li Rd. Northern District, Tainan, 70403, Taiwan.
    Background: Advances in cervical cancer management for childbearing women have led to less radical approaches. Use of fertility-sparing treatment to treat small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is challenging owing to the aggressive nature of the disease, even in early stage disease.

    Case Presentation: A 25-year-old nulligravida woman presented with malodorous vaginal discharge and was diagnosed to have an exophytic cervical SCNEC. Read More

    How active are women who play bingo: a cross-sectional study from the Well!Bingo project.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 28;17(1):57. Epub 2017 Jul 28.
    Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Scotland, FK9 4LA, UK.
    Background: The benefits of physical activity are well established, yet large numbers of people are not sufficiently active to gain health benefits. Certain population groups are less physically active than others, including older women from areas of high economic deprivation. The Well!Bingo project was established with the aim of engaging such women in the development of a health promotion intervention in a bingo club. Read More

    Profiles of lipids, blood pressure and weight changes among premenopausal Chinese breast cancer patients after adjuvant chemotherapy.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 27;17(1):55. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Department of Clinical Oncology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong SAR.
    Background: Adjuvant chemotherapy improves outcome of patients with early breast cancer. However, chemotherapy may be associated with long term toxicities. In this retrospective cohort study, the objectives were to determine body weight, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure and fasting lipids levels of young premenopausal Chinese breast cancer patients after adjuvant chemotherapy. Read More

    Implications of male circumcision for women in Papua New Guinea: a transformational grounded theory study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 27;17(1):53. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, PO Box 6811, Cairns, Australia.
    Background: Male circumcision reduces the risk of female-to-male transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is being explored for HIV prevention in Papua New Guinea (PNG). PNG has a concentrated HIV epidemic which is largely heterosexually transmitted. There are a diverse range of male circumcision and penile modification practices across PNG. Read More

    Transvaginal Sonography: perception and attitude of Nigerian women.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 27;17(1):54. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Department of Radiography, Faculty of Clinical Science, College of Health Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
    Background: To assess the attitude to and perception of transvaginal sonography (TVS) among Nigerian women of mixed educational status in order to ascertain factors that may prevent them from submitting to TVS when recommended.

    Methods: A Cross-sectional survey was adopted for the study. In all, one missionary, one government and eight private hospitals were enlisted. Read More

    Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy versus vaginal sacrospinous fixation for vaginal vault prolapse, a randomized controlled trial: SALTO-2 trial, study protocol.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 26;17(1):52. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Máxima Medical Centre Veldhoven, De Run, 4600 5500, MB, Veldhoven, The Netherlands.
    Background: Hysterectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures during lifetime. Almost 10 % of women who have had a hysterectomy because of prolapse symptoms, will visit a gynaecologist for a surgical correction of a vaginal vault prolapse thereafter. Vaginal vault prolapse can be corrected by many different surgical procedures. Read More

    Risk factors and a prediction model for lower limb lymphedema following lymphadenectomy in gynecologic cancer: a hospital-based retrospective cohort study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 25;17(1):50. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yaizu City Hospital, 1000, Dobara, Yaizu-shi, 425-8505, Japan.
    Background: Lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is a chronic and incapacitating condition afflicting patients who undergo lymphadenectomy for gynecologic cancer. This study aimed to identify risk factors for LLL and to develop a prediction model for its occurrence.

    Methods: Pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLA) with or without para-aortic lymphadenectomy (PALA) was performed on 366 patients with gynecologic malignancies at Yaizu City Hospital between April 2002 and July 2014; we retrospectively analyzed 264 eligible patients. Read More

    Frequency and predictors of anxiety and depression among pregnant women attending tertiary healthcare institutes of Quetta City, Pakistan.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 25;17(1):51. Epub 2017 Jul 25.
    SMART Afghan International Trainings & Consultancy, Kabul, Afghanistan.
    Background: Anxiety and depression (A&D) are commonly reported among pregnant women from all over the world; however, there is a paucity of workable data from the developing countries including Pakistan. The current study, therefore, aims to find out the frequency and predictors of A&D among pregnant women attending a tertiary healthcare institutes in the city of Quetta, in the Balochistan province, Pakistan.

    Methods: A questionnaire based, cross-sectional survey was conducted. Read More

    Anxiety and depression among infertile women: a cross-sectional survey from Hungary.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 24;17(1):48. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Nagyvárad tér 4, Budapest, H-1089, Hungary.
    Background: Infertility is often associated with a chronic state of stress which may manifest itself in anxiety-related and depressive symptoms. The aim of our study is to assess the psychological state of women with and without fertility problems, and to investigate the background factors of anxiety-related and depressive symptoms in women struggling with infertility.

    Methods: Our study was conducted with the participation of 225 (134 primary infertile and 91 fertile) women, recruited in a clinical setting and online. Read More

    Is surgical excision necessary for the treatment of Granulomatous lobular mastitis?
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 24;17(1):49. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    Department of Surgery, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Chungbuk National University School of Medicine, 410 Sungbong-ro, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju, 28644, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea.
    Background: We aimed to investigate the role of surgical excision in treating granulomatous lobular mastitis.

    Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients with granulomatous lobular mastitis treated from March 2008 to March 2014. We analyzed clinical features and therapeutic modalities and compared the patient outcomes based on treatment. Read More

    Endometrial scratching in women with implantation failure after a first IVF/ICSI cycle; does it lead to a higher live birth rate? The SCRaTCH study: a randomized controlled trial (NTR 5342).
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 21;17(1):47. Epub 2017 Jul 21.
    University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Background: Success rates of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) are approximately 30%, with the most important limiting factor being embryo implantation. Mechanical endometrial injury, also called 'scratching', has been proposed to positively affect the chance of implantation after embryo transfer, but the currently available evidence is not yet conclusive. The primary aim of this study is to determine the effect of endometrial scratching prior to a second fresh in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycle on live birth rates in women with a failed first IVF/ICSI cycle. Read More

    Increasing family planning in Myanmar: the role of the private sector and social franchise programs.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jul 1;17(1):46. Epub 2017 Jul 1.
    Global Health Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 550 16th Street, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.
    Background: This study examines the influence of clinical social franchise program on modern contraceptive use.

    Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of contraceptive use among 2390 currently married women across 25 townships in Myanmar in 2014. Social franchise program measures were from programmatic records. Read More

    Exposure of hospitalised pregnant women to plasticizers contained in medical devices.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jun 20;17(1):45. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    Axe TGI-PEPRADE, Institut Pascal, Sigma Clermont, CNRS, Université Clermont Auvergne, 63001, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
    Background: Medical devices (MDs) in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are not a well-known source of exposure to plasticizers, in particular during pregnancy. Because of its toxicity, the di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) has been replaced by other plasticizers such as di (isononyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxilic acid (DINCH), tri-octyltrimellitate (TOTM) and di-(isononyl) phthalate (DiNP). Our study aimed to quantify the plasticizers (DEHP and alternative plasticizers) contained in PVC medical devices used for hospitalised pregnant women and to describe which these MDs had been used (type, number, duration of exposure). Read More

    Impact of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on maternal mental health during pregnancy and postpartum: results from a randomized controlled trial in Vietnam.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jun 17;17(1):44. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Background: Micronutrient malnutrition has been associated with maternal depressive symptoms (MDS), but little is known about the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation. This paper examined the effects of preconceptional micronutrient supplementation on MDS during pregnancy and postpartum.

    Methods: We used data from a double-blind controlled trial (PRECONCEPT) in which 5011 Vietnamese women were randomized to receive weekly supplements containing either a) multiple micronutrients (MM) b) iron and folic acid (IFA) or c) folic acid (FA) until conception (n = 1813). Read More

    Association between the ERCC1 polymorphism and platinum-based chemotherapy effectiveness in ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jun 17;17(1):43. Epub 2017 Jun 17.
    Reproductive Medicine Center, Jinan Military General Hospital, 25 Shifan Road, Tianqiao District, Jinan, Shandong Province, 250031, China.
    Background: Ovarian cancer is a prominent public health problem which affects people all around the world. Platinum-based chemotherapy is a common treatment for ovarian cancer, however, the effectiveness of chemotherapy varies from patient to patient. The excision repair cross complementation group 1 (ERCC1) protein may mediate chemotherapy resistance. Read More

    POstLAparoscopic Reduction of pain By combining intraperitoneal normal salinE And the pulmonary Recruitment maneuver (POLAR BEAR trial). RCT to estimate reduction in pain after laparoscopic surgery when using a combination therapy of intraperitoneal normal saline and the pulmonary recruitment maneuver.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jun 13;17(1):42. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MUMC+, GROW - School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, PO Box 5800, 6202 AZ, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
    Background: Shoulder pain and pain in the upper abdomen are common complaints after laparoscopy, sometimes surpassing the pain at incision sites. The incidence of shoulder pain ranges from 35 to 80%. Post-laparoscopic pain is caused by retention of carbon dioxide in the abdomen, which irritates the phrenic nerve and diaphragm, causing referred pain in the shoulder and in the upper abdomen. Read More

    Effects of peer health education on perception and practice of screening for cervical cancer among urban residential women in south-east Nigeria: a before and after study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jun 9;17(1):41. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
    Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.
    Background: Effective female education on cervical cancer prevention has been shown to increase awareness and uptake of screening. However, sustaining increase in uptake poses a challenge to control efforts. Peer health education has been used as an effective tool for ensuring sustained behavior change. Read More

    A case report of bicornis bicollis uterus with unilateral cervical atresia: an unusual aetiology of chronic debilitating pelvic pain in a Cameroonian teenager.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jun 2;17(1):39. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
    Background: Congenital uterine anomalies like bicornis or bicornuate uterus are relatively rare in sub-Saharan Africa. They are associated with an increased rate of spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery, and infertility. The occurrence of bicornis bicollis uterus with unilateral cervical atresia is exceptional and its management is controversial. Read More

    Cervical cancer risk perceptions, sexual risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infections among Bivalent Human Papillomavirus vaccinated and non-vaccinated young women in Uganda - 5 year follow up study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 Jun 2;17(1):40. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, 221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Background: Previous studies were conflicting regarding the associations between HPV vaccination, cervical cancer risk perceptions, high-risk sexual behaviors and STIs. This study compared the HPV-vaccinated and non-vaccinated young women in Uganda regarding cervical cancer risk perceptions, high-risk sexual behaviors, syphilis and HIV infections 5 years after vaccine implementation.

    Methods: This was a population-based comparative cross-sectional survey conducted in Uganda. Read More

    Experiences with VHA care: a qualitative study of U.S. women veterans with self-reported trauma histories.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 May 30;17(1):38. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Center for Chronic Disease Outcomes Research, Minneapolis VA Healthcare System, Minneapolis, MN, 55417, USA.
    Background: Women veterans in the United States, particularly those with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or a history of military sexual assault, have unique health care needs, but their minority status in the US Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has led to documented healthcare disparities when compared to men. This study's objective was to obtain a richer understanding of the challenges and successes encountered by women veterans with self-reported service-related trauma histories (particularly those with a history of military sexual assault and/or posttraumatic stress symptomology) receiving VHA care.

    Methods: Thirty-seven female Vietnam and post-Vietnam (1975-1998) era veterans were randomly selected from a cohort of PTSD disability benefit applicants to complete semi-structured interviews in 2011-2012. Read More

    Can community health workers play a greater role in increasing access to medical abortion services? A qualitative study.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 May 25;17(1):37. Epub 2017 May 25.
    Action Research & Training for Health (ARTH), Satyam, Ramgiri, Badgaon, Udaipur, Rajasthan, 313011, India.
    Background: Despite being legally available in India since 1971, barriers to safe and legal abortion remain, and unsafe and/or illegal abortion continues to be a problem. Community health workers have been involved in improving access to health information and care for maternal and child health in resource poor settings, but their role in facilitating accurate information about and access to safe abortion has been relatively unexplored. A qualitative study was conducted in Rajasthan, India to study acceptability, perspectives and preferences of women and community health workers, regarding the involvement of community health workers in medical abortion referrals. Read More

    Breast cancer relatives' physical activity intervention needs and preferences: qualitative results.
    BMC Womens Health 2017 May 19;17(1):36. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, USA.
    Background: While many risk factors for breast cancer, such as family history, are not modifiable, some, however, can be modified. The study used formative qualitative research to learn about the physical activity intervention preferences and needs of first-degree female relatives (FDFRs) of breast cancer patients; that information was then used to develop a targeted physical activity intervention.

    Methods: Twenty FDFRs first completed a 12-week physical activity intervention and then attended two sequential focus groups (7 groups total). Read More

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