3,274 results match your criteria BMC Veterinary Research [Journal]


Phagocyte activity reflects mammalian homeo- and hetero-thermic physiological states.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jul 6;16(1):232. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Botany and Zoology, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, 611 37, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Emergence of both viral zoonoses from bats and diseases that threaten bat populations has highlighted the necessity for greater insights into the functioning of the bat immune system. Particularly when considering hibernating temperate bat species, it is important to understand the seasonal dynamics associated with immune response. Body temperature is one of the factors that modulates immune functions and defence mechanisms against pathogenic agents in vertebrates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02450-zDOI Listing

Antiviral effect of copper chloride on feline calicivirus and synergy with ribavirin in vitro.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jul 6;16(1):231. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Institute of Military Veterinary Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, 666 Liuying West Road, Changchun, 130122, China.

Background: Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a common and highly prevalent pathogen causing upper respiratory diseases in kittens and felines in recent years. Due to the substantial genetic variability of the viral genes, existing vaccines cannot provide complete protection. Therefore, research on FCV antiviral drugs has received much attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02441-0DOI Listing

An EdU-based flow cytometry assay to evaluate chicken T lymphocyte proliferation.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jul 6;16(1):230. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Research and Development Laboratories, FARVET, Carretera Panamericana Sur N°766 Km 198.5, Ica, Peru.

Background: In the poultry industry, quantitative analysis of chicken T cell proliferation is important in many biological applications such as drug screening, vaccine production, and cytotoxicity assessment. Several assays have been established to evaluate this immunological response in chicken cells. However, these assays have some disadvantages including use of radioactive labels ([3H]-Thymidine assay), necessity of DNA denaturation or digestion (BrdU incorporation assay), lack of sensitivity and underestimation of anti-proliferative effects (MTT assay), and modulation of activation molecules and cell viability reduction (CFSE assay). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02433-0DOI Listing

Antimicrobial prescriptions in cats in Switzerland before and after the introduction of an online antimicrobial stewardship tool.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jul 3;16(1):229. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Antimicrobial stewardship activities are essential to improve prudent antimicrobial use. The aim of the present study was to evaluate changes in antimicrobial prescriptions in cats after the introduction of prudent use guidelines promoted by an online antimicrobial stewardship tool (AntibioticScout.ch) in Switzerland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02447-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7333330PMC

Development of a computer-based quantification method for immunohistochemically-stained tissues and its application to study mast cells in equine wound healing (proof of concept).

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jul 2;16(1):228. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Veterinary Biomedicine, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3 200 Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada.

Background: There is a growing interest in the scientific community to use computer-based software programs for the quantification of cells during physiological and pathophysiological processes. Drawbacks of computer-based methods currently used to quantify immunohistochemical staining are the complexity of use, expense of software and overly-simplified descriptions of protocol thereby limiting reproducibility. The precise role of mast cells in equine cutaneous wound healing is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02444-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330934PMC

An insight into the transmission role of insect vectors based on the examination of gene characteristics of African swine fever virus originated from non-blood sucking flies in pig farm environments.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jul 2;16(1):227. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Key Laboratory of Livestock Infectious Diseases in Northeast China, Ministry of Education, College of Animal Science & Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University, No.120, Dongling Road, Shenhe District, Shenyang, 110866, PR China.

Background: Insect vector transmitted pathogens from contaminated environments are a key potential risk for public health. Meanwhile, transmission by non-blood sucking flies needs to be considered. Sequencing and phylogenetic tree analyses were used to study African swine fever virus (ASFV) genes derived from flies collected from pig farms that were infected with ASFV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02420-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7331130PMC

Haemato-immunological responses and effectiveness of feed-based bivalent vaccine against Streptococcus iniae and Aeromonas hydrophila infections in hybrid red tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus × O. niloticus).

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jul 2;16(1):226. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Streptococcosis and Motile Aeromonad Septicemia (MAS) are important diseases of tilapia, Oreochromis spp. and causes huge economic losses in aquaculture globally. The feed-based vaccination may be an alternative to minimize major infectious diseases in tilapia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02443-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330267PMC

A case study of monofilament line entanglement in a common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus): entanglement, disentanglement, and subsequent death.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 30;16(1):223. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Florida Atlantic University, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute, Fort Pierce, FL, USA.

Background: Free-ranging common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) can become entangled in fishing line and other marine debris. Infrequently, dolphins can be successfully disentangled, released back into the wild, and later examined postmortem to better understand the pathology and long-term effects of these entanglements.

Case Presentation: An entangled common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) calf was observed in the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, USA, with monofilament fishing line wrapped tightly around its maxilla. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02436-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325371PMC

Changes in retinal layer thickness with maturation in the dog: an in vivo spectral domain - optical coherence tomography imaging study.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 30;16(1):225. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, 736 Wilson Road, D-208, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

Background: Retinal diseases are common in dogs. Some hereditary retinal dystrophies in dogs are important not only because they lead to vision loss but also because they show strong similarities to the orthologous human conditions. Advances in in vivo non-invasive retinal imaging allow the capture of retinal cross-section images that parallel low power microscopic examination of histological sections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02390-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329457PMC

An unusual presentation of developmental anomalies of the cardiovascular system including tetralogy of fallot, double outlet right ventricle, patent foramen ovale and persistent right aortic arch in a Friesian calf.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 30;16(1):224. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Section of Herd Health and Animal Husbandry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Sciences Centre, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Background: Congenital heart diseases are occasionally encountered in the bovine species. Ventricular septal defects (VSD) and atrial septal defects (ASD) are reported to be the most common; however, a vast collection have been reported [1, 2]. Congenital heart diseases is thought to represent less than 3% of all congenital abnormalities in calves [3]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02439-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325375PMC

Antimicrobial resistance of Pasteurella multocida type B isolates associated with acute septicemia in pigs and cattle in Spain.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 30;16(1):222. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Animal Health (AGR-149). Campus of International Agri-Food Excellence CeiA3, University of Córdoba, Rabanales University Campus, 14071, Córdoba, Spain.

Background: Pasteurella multocida is the etiological agent responsible for several diseases in a wide range of hosts around the world and thus, causes serious economic losses. Acute septicemia associated with capsular type B P. multocida has recently emerged in Europe and continuous outbreaks of these acute processes have been described in Spain since they were first detected in pigs in 2009 and cattle in 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02442-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325301PMC

Serosurvey of arthropod-borne diseases among shelter dogs in the Cumberland Gap Region of the United States.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 30;16(1):221. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Lincoln Memorial University, 6965 Cumberland Gap Parkway, Harrogate, TN, USA.

Background: The Cumberland Gap Region (CGR) of the United States is a natural corridor between the southeastern, northeastern, and midwestern regions of the country. CGR has also many species of ticks and mosquitos that serve as competent vectors for important animal and human pathogens. In this study, we tested dogs from six different animal shelters in the CGR for Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), anaplasmosis, Lyme disease, canine ehrlichiosis and canine heartworm disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02440-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324960PMC

The VetMAX™ M. tuberculosis complex PCR kit detects MTBC DNA in antemortem and postmortem samples from white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum), African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer).

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 29;16(1):220. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

DSI-NRF Centre of Excellence for Biomedical Tuberculosis Research, South African Medical Research Council Centre for Tuberculosis Research, Division of Molecular Biology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, P.O. Box 241, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa.

Background: Bovine tuberculosis and tuberculosis are chronic infectious diseases caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex members, Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, respectively. Infection with M. bovis and M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02438-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325085PMC

Transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac biomarkers in healthy captive male and female squirrel monkeys (Saimiri spp.).

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 29;16(1):217. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Small Animal Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.

Background: Echocardiography is the most frequently used non -invasive diagnostic tool to evaluate cardiac anatomy and function in domestic species but increasingly also in non -domestic species, especially since cardiac disease is being recognized as an important cause of death in captive primates. The purpose of this cross -sectional study was to investigate the feasibility of transthoracic echocardiography in healthy squirrel monkeys as well as to provide species specific normal values for standard echocardiographic measurements. A secondary aim was to determine plasma and serum levels of the cardiac biomarkers, N -terminal pro -brain natriuretic peptide (NT -proBNP) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02406-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322930PMC

Correction to: Effects of hydrolyzed fish protein and autolyzed yeast as substitutes of fishmeal in the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) diet, on fish intestinal microbiome.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 29;16(1):219. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, University of Insubria, Via J.H. Dunant, 3, 21100, Varese, Italy.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02416-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7322861PMC

Gut microbiota profiles of commercial laying hens infected with tumorigenic viruses.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 29;16(1):218. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, 450000, China.

Background: Studies have shown that some viral infections cause structural changes in the intestinal microflora, but little is known about the effects of tumorigenic viral infection on the intestinal microflora of chickens.

Results: A 29-week commercial layer flock positive for avian leukosis virus-J (ALV-J), Marek's disease virus (MDV) and avian reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) was selected, and fresh fecal samples were collected and examined for the composition of the gut microflora by Illumina sequencing of the V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene. The operational taxonomic units (OTUs) of the fecal microbiota differentiated the chickens infected with only ALV-J and those coinfected with ALV-J and MDV or REV from infection-negative chickens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02430-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324990PMC

The acoustically evoked short latency negative response (ASNR) in a unilaterally deaf cat with histologically-confirmed cochleosaccular degeneration.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 26;16(1):215. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Laboratory of Anatomy, Biomechanics and Organogenesis, CP 619, Faculty of Medicine, Free University of Brussels, route de Lennik, 808, B-1070, Bruxelles, Belgium.

Background: A negative potential is occasionally recorded in humans and animals with profound deafness during brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAER) tests if loud intensities are used. This acoustically evoked short latency negative response (ASNR) is hypothesized to be of saccular origin. The sensitivity to sound of vestibular end organs is also used to produce vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP), a test that evaluates vestibular function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02426-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318522PMC

Dietary administration of β-1,3/1,6-glucan and Lactobacillus plantarum improves innate immune response and increases the number of intestine immune cells in roach (Rutilus rutilus).

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 26;16(1):216. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Microbial Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: The aim of the study has been to compare the effect of dietary supplementation of β-1,3/1,6-glucan, Lactobacillus plantarum bacteria or their mixture on the growth performance, selected parameters of the immune system as well as the liver and intestinal histology of roach. Fish were fed for 14 days with four different diets, each treatment being carried out in triplicate. In control group, fish were fed dry commercial starter feed Aller Performa 2 (Aller Aqua, Denmark). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02432-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318362PMC

Enterocytozoon bieneusi in donkeys from Xinjiang, China: prevalence, molecular characterization and the assessment of zoonotic risk.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 15;16(1):196. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

College of Animal Science, Tarim University, Tarim Road 1487, Alar, 843300, Xinjiang, China.

Background: Enterocytozoon bieneusi, a zoonotic pathogen, has the potential to infect both immunocompromised and immunocompetent humans. It is found in large number of animals; however, not much is known regarding its prevalence in equine animals, particularly donkeys. This is the first molecular epidemiological evaluation of E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02409-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313214PMC

Clinical, haematological and biochemical findings in tigers infected by Leishmania infantum.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):214. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, 70010, Valenzano, Italy.

Background: A large number of animal species are susceptible to Leishmania infantum (Kinetoplastida, Trypanosomatidae) in endemic areas, including domestic and wild felids such as tigers (Panthera tigris). Knowledge on the infection of this endangered species is still at its infancy, and therefore this study aims to identify clinical presentation and clinicopathological findings of tigers naturally infected by L. infantum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02419-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310479PMC

First identification and genotyping of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon spp. in pet rabbits in China.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):212. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

The Key Laboratory of Animal Disease and Human Health of Sichuan Province, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, Sichuan, China.

Background: Microsporidia are common opportunistic parasites in humans and animals, including rabbits. However, only limited epidemiology data concern about the prevalence and molecular characterization of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon spp. in rabbits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02434-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310219PMC

A study to assess the correlation between plasma, oral fluid and urine concentrations of flunixin meglumine with the tissue residue depletion profile in finishing-age swine.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):211. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Analytical Chemistry Services, Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, 50011, USA.

Background: Flunixin meglumine (FM) was investigated for the effectiveness of plasma, oral fluid, and urine concentrations to predict tissue residue depletion profiles in finishing-age swine, along with the potential for untreated pigs to acquire tissue residues following commingled housing with FM-treated pigs. Twenty pigs were housed in groups of three treated and one untreated control. Treated pigs received one 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02429-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310148PMC

Administration of glycerol-based formulations in sheep results in similar ovulation rate to eCG but red blood cell indices may be affected.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):207. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sassari, Via Vienna 2, 07100, Sassari, Italy.

Background: The objective of this study was to investigate the metabolic and osmotic effects of different doses of glycerol or a glycerol - propylene glycol mixture in Sarda sheep with the aim to identify those able to beneficially modify ewe's metabolic status without harmful changes in red blood cell (RBC) indices. Thereafter, the selected doses were tested for their effects on ewe's ovarian activity during an induced follicular phase and compared to the effects of a hormonal treatment with equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG).

Results: Glycerol was administered alone (G groups: 90% glycerol and 10% water; % v/v) or in combination with propylene glycol (M groups: 70% glycerol, 20% propylene glycol, 10% water; % v/v). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02418-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310049PMC

Chromatin run-on sequencing analysis finds that ECM remodeling plays an important role in canine hemangiosarcoma pathogenesis.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):206. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Baker Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Background: Canine visceral hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a highly aggressive cancer of endothelial origin that closely resembles visceral angiosarcoma in humans, both clinically and histopathologically. Currently there is an unmet need for new diagnostics and therapies for both forms of this disease. The goal of this study was to utilize Chromatin run-on sequencing (ChRO-seq) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) to identify gene and protein expression signatures that may be important drivers of HSA progression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02395-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310061PMC

Gene expression of prostaglandin EP4 receptor in three canine carcinomas.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):213. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ames, IA, USA.

Background: Chronic inflammation mediated by the cyclooxygenase enzymes, specifically their product prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), can result in the development of cancer. PGE2 promotes cell proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis through interaction with its specific receptors (EP1 receptor - EP4 receptor [EP1R-EP4R]). In multiple human cancers, the expression of EP4R is associated with the development of malignancy and a poor prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02431-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310232PMC

Veterinarians' attitudes and practices regarding opioid-related vet shopping practices in tri-state Appalachian counties: an exploratory study.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):210. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, 2500 North State Street - L216, Jackson, MS, 39216, USA.

Background: The opioid crisis continues to grow in the United States with 46,700 drug overdose deaths due to opioids in 2017 alone. Vet shopping, the practice of soliciting veterinarians for prescription medications, has been receiving national media attention in recent years. A 2014 review of Prescription Monitoring Drug Programs found less than 10 veterinary shoppers nationwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02428-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310014PMC

Pulmonary complications in dogs with acute presentation of pancreatitis.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):209. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, Veterinary Teaching Hospital "Mario Modenato", University of Pisa, Via Livornese Lato monte, San Piero a Grado, 56122, Pisa, Italy.

Background: In humans, respiratory complications in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) are a common life-threatening comorbidity. Since possible lung impairment has not been individually evaluated in canine AP, the aims of the present study were to: (1) describe the prevalence, types and severity of pulmonary complications in dogs with acute presentation of AP, and (2) evaluate their association with mortality. AP diagnosis was based on compatible clinical and laboratory parameters, abnormal canine pancreatic-lipase test, and positive abdominal ultrasound within 48 h from admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02427-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310026PMC

Rapid differentiation of PEDV wild-type strains and classical attenuated vaccine strains by fluorescent probe-based reverse transcription recombinase polymerase amplification assay.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 22;16(1):208. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, 730046, Gansu, PR China.

Background: Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), an intestinal coronavirus that causes acute diarrhea and high mortality in suckling piglets, can result in high economic losses in the swine industry. In recent years, despite the use of China's current vaccine immunization strategy, multiple types of PEDV strains were still found in immunized swine herds. Our research aims to explore a new rapid differentiation method to distinguish the different types of PEDV strains and assess the safety evaluation of classical attenuated vaccine strains in swine herds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02424-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306936PMC

Molecular identification and antibiotic resistance profiling of Salmonella species isolated from chickens in eastern Turkey.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 19;16(1):205. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Microbiology, Veterinary Faculty, Firat University, 23100, Elazig, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to obtain quantitative data about the frequency, genotypic characterization and antibiotic resistance profiling of Salmonella agents in chicken flocks located in eastern Turkey.

Results: Feces samples representing at least 20% of the flock area were collected via sock swabs from commercial poultry flocks in the study region in addition to internal organs (liver, spleen, intestine) collected at necropsy of suspected chickens belonging to small family enterprises. The samples were analyzed by conventional bacteriological methods (ISO 6579:2002/A1:2007) for isolation, and genus specific (invA) PCR for the identification of Salmonella spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02425-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304202PMC

Development and application of a triplex real-time PCR assay for simultaneous detection of avian influenza virus, Newcastle disease virus, and duck Tembusu virus.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 19;16(1):203. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Background: Pathogens including duck-origin avian influenza virus (AIV), duck-origin Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) posed great harm to ducks and caused great economic losses to the duck industry. In this study, we aim to develop a triplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to detect these three viruses as early as possible in the suspicious duck flocks.

Results: The detection limit of the triplex real-time PCR for AIV, NDV, and DTMUV was 1 × 10 copies/μL, which was at least 10 times higher than the conventional PCR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02399-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304117PMC

Impact of dietary Mannan-oligosaccharide and β-Glucan supplementation on growth, histopathology, E-coli colonization and hepatic transcripts of TNF-α and NF- ϰB of broiler challenged with E. coli O.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 19;16(1):204. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Poultry diseases Unit, Animal Health Res. Inst. (ARC), Kafrelsheikh, Egypt.

Background: Using probiotics have become popular. They are considered an alternative to Antibiotic Growth Promoters (AGP). Probiotics are supplemented into animal feed for improving growth performance along with preventing and controlling enteric pathogens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02423-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304200PMC

Occurrence, risk factors and genotypes of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in dogs and cats in Guangzhou, southern China: high genotype diversity and zoonotic concern.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 18;16(1):201. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, 450046, Henan, P. R. China.

Background: Enterocytozoon bieneusi, a common opportunistic fungal pathogen, has a wide range of hosts. Limited epidemiological data on E. bieneusi intestinal infections in companion animals (dogs and cats) in China exists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02421-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7301972PMC
June 2020
1.777 Impact Factor

Study of the immunogenicity of the VP2 protein of canine parvovirus produced using an improved Baculovirus expression system.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 18;16(1):202. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Henan Provincal Engineering and Technology Center of Health Products for Livestock and Poultry; Key Laboratory of Ecological Security and Collaborative Innovation Centre of Water Security for Water Source Region of Mid-line of South-to-North Diversion Project of Henan Province, School of Agricultural Engineering, Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang, 473061, China.

Background: Canine parvovirus (CPV) is now recognized as a serious threat to the dog breeding industry worldwide. Currently used CPV vaccines all have their specific drawbacks, prompting a search for alternative safe and effective vaccination strategies such as subunit vaccine. VP2 protein is the major antigen targeted for developing CPV subunit vaccine, however, its production in baculovirus expression system remains challenging due to the insufficient yield. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02422-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7301529PMC

Ultrasonography of sudden swollen tongue in a calf.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 16;16(1):200. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, 4-101, Koyama-Minami, Tottori, Japan.

Background: In cattle, the lingual diseases are primarily diagnosed postmortem by histopathological examination of the affected tongues obtained after the death or during necropsy. In humans, ultrasonography has been used to provide differential diagnoses, and for preoperative or intraoperative planning of glossectomy in various lingual diseases. This is a bovine clinical case report, in which ultrasonography for sudden swelling of the tongue, which was possibly caused by snake bite, was utilized as a preoperative indication to perform a glossectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02398-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298850PMC

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) genotyping in Austrian pigs in the years 2002 to 2017.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 15;16(1):198. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Institute of Pathology, Department for Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, 1210, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Eight different PCV2 genotypes with varying prevalence and clinical impact have been described so far. PCV2 infection is still widespread among the vaccinated population and several experimental studies have clearly demonstrated that there is no induction of a 100% cross-protective immunity between the PCV2 genotypes. Hence, PCV2a-based vaccines may be ineffective. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02413-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294622PMC

Canine parvovirus: a predicting canine model for sepsis.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 15;16(1):199. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, ULisboa, Av. Universidade Técnica, 1300-477, Lisboa, Portugal.

Background: Sepsis is a severe condition associated with high prevalence and mortality rates. Parvovirus enteritis is a predisposing factor for sepsis, as it promotes intestinal bacterial translocation and severe immunosuppression. This makes dogs infected by parvovirus a suitable study population as far as sepsis is concerned. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02417-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294767PMC

Presence of eimerid oocysts in faeces of a quarantined dog in Iceland is explained by coprophagic behaviour prior to its importation. Case report.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 15;16(1):195. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, 76 Homesteads Road, Placitas, NM, 87043, USA.

Background: All dogs imported into Iceland must undergo mandatory quarantine in a special station before introduction into the country. A faecal sample is collected from the first stool passed by the dog in this station and subsequently examined for the presence of intestinal parasite stages.

Case Presentation: In May 2019 unsporulated oocysts were detected in faeces from a 7-year-old household dog that had been imported from Sweden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02401-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296720PMC

Is humane slaughtering of rainbow trout achieved in conventional production chains in Germany? Results of a pilot field and laboratory study.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 15;16(1):197. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Fish Disease Research Unit, Institute for Parasitology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, D-30559, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, is an important fish in European freshwater aquaculture. This industry sector is dominated by small family-owned enterprises located in rural areas. A large percentage of rainbow trout produced by these small enterprises is marketed directly and killed on demand and not processed in commercial processing plants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02412-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296641PMC

An unusual case of infected uterus masculinus in a dog.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 15;16(1):194. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Paraprostatic cysts are large structures that develop between the prostate gland and urinary bladder, usually in older, intact dogs. Their incidence is reported to be 1.1-5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02396-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296718PMC

Antibiotic dry buffalo therapy: effect of intramammary administration of benzathine cloxacillin against Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in dairy water buffalo.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 12;16(1):191. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Napoli Federico II, Via Delpino 1, 80137, Naples, Italy.

Background: Mastitis is one of the most costly diseases in Mediterranean buffalo (MB). At present, just a few specific antibiotics registered for this dairy specie have been synthetized. Efficacy of an antibiotic dry buffalo therapy (aDBT) against Staphylococcus aureus (S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02410-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291747PMC

Inhibiting autophagy potentiates the antitumor efficacy of Euphorbia royleana for canine mammary gland tumors.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 12;16(1):193. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department and Graduate Institute of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, National Taiwan University, No.1 Sec.4 Roosevelt Rd, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan.

Background: Canine mammary gland tumors (cMGTs) are the most common neoplasms in intact female canines and viewed as a suitable model for studying human breast cancers. Euphorbia royleana has been reported to have a variety of antitumor efficacies. We have prepared the crude extracts of E. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02408-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291717PMC

Evaluation of treatment with a combination of mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone in dogs with meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown etiology: a retrospective study of 86 cases (2009-2017).

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 12;16(1):192. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Institute of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, 52828, South Korea.

Background: Combination therapy with glucocorticoids and adjunctive immunomodulating drugs has been generally accepted as a standard treatment regimen for meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown etiology (MUE). We hypothesized that treatment with MMF as an adjunctive agent along with glucocorticoids would be effective and well-tolerated protocol in dogs with MUE. Eighty-six dogs with MUE between May 2009 and June 2017 were included (59 females and 27 males; mean age of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02414-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291637PMC

"You can be blind because of loving them so much": the impact on owners in the United Kingdom of living with a dog with osteoarthritis.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 11;16(1):190. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Room 608, Agriculture Building, Kings Gate, Newcastle, NE1 7RU, UK.

Background: There is growing awareness that caring for a chronically ill pet may have a detrimental impact on their owner's quality of life. Companion animal orthopaedic disease has received little research interest in this context. Canine osteoarthritis is known to negatively affect the welfare of many dogs in the United Kingdom, but its consequences for their owners has not previously been described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02404-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7291569PMC

Genomic analysis of Escherichia coli strains isolated from diseased chicken in the Czech Republic.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 10;16(1):189. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

Background: Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) can cause various extraintestinal infections in poultry, resulting in massive economic losses in poultry industry. In addition, some avian E. coli strains may have zoonotic potential, making poultry a possible source of infection for humans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02407-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7286222PMC

Stance and weight distribution after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy in fore limb and hind limb amputee dogs.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 10;16(1):188. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

American College of Veterinary Surgeons, Germantown, MD, USA.

Background: Little is known about the weight distribution to the remaining limbs for amputee dogs that undergo orthopedic surgery. The objective of the paper was to describe stance and weight distribution after tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) in forelimb and in hind limb amputees (Amp) and to compare them to four-legged TPLO patients (4L) and amputees without TPLO (Amp). Weight bearing distribution at a stance was compared between groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02402-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288689PMC

Occurrence of Trichophyton verrucosum in cattle in the Ningxia Hui autonomous region, China.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 10;16(1):187. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Agriculture, Ningxia University, Yinchuan, 750021, Ningxia, China.

Background: Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is an important cattle breeding area in China, and cattle breeding bases are located in this area. In Ningxia, dermatophytes have not been paid attention to, so dermatophytosis is becoming more and more serious. For effective control measures, it is important to determine the disease prevalence and isolate and identify the pathogenic microorganism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02403-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288468PMC

Spatial and temporal distribution of foot and mouth disease outbreaks in Amhara region of Ethiopia in the period 1999 to 2016.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 9;16(1):185. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal sciences, University of Gondar, P.O.BOX 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is an economically important trans-boundary viral disease of cloven-hoofed animals. It is caused by FMD virus, which belongs to the genus Aphthovirus and family Picornaviridae. FMD is a well-established endemic disease in Ethiopia since it was first detected in 1957. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02411-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7285603PMC

Ultrastructural changes in endothelial cells of buffaloes following in-vitro exposure to Pasteurella multocida B:2.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 9;16(1):186. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Research Centre for Ruminant Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Malaysia.

Background: Pasteurella multocida B:2 causes haemorrhagic septicaemia in cattle and buffaloes. However, buffaloes are found to be more susceptible to the infection than cattle. Upon infection, the pathogen rapidly spread from the respiratory tract to the blood circulation within 16-72 h, causing septicaemia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02415-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7285459PMC

Duration of immunity against heterologous porcine parvovirus 1 challenge in gilts immunized with a novel subunit vaccine based on the viral protein 2.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 9;16(1):184. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica GmbH, Binger Straβe 173, 55216, Ingelheim, Germany.

Background: Porcine parvovirus 1 (PPV1) is widespread in commercial pig farms worldwide and has a significant impact to the swine industry. Long-lasting immunity achieved by means of vaccination is the main tool to prevent PPV1 infection and its associated clinical signs. Here we evaluated the duration of immunity (DOI) conferred by a novel subunit vaccine based on the viral protein (VP) 2 of PPV1, named ReproCyc® ParvoFLEX. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02394-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7285602PMC

Comparison of physiological demands in Warmblood show jumping horses over a standardized 1.10 m jumping course versus a standardized exercise test on a track.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 8;16(1):182. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Clinical and Diagnostic Services, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 4N1, Canada.

Background: A greater understanding of exercise physiology and biochemistry is required for the sport horse disciplines, including show jumping. Conditioning of horses for show jumping is empirical because they are primarily trained on flat ground, however the equivalent workload between jumping and flat work is currently unknown. The objectives of the study were therefore to compare the physiological demands of Warmblood show jumpers over a standardized 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02400-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7282170PMC