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    2171 results match your criteria BMC Veterinary Research [Journal]

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    Isolation and characterization of olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells from eight mammalian genera.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 17;14(1):17. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, NICN, Marseille, France.
    Background: Stem cell-based therapies are an attractive option to promote regeneration and repair defective tissues and organs. Thanks to their multipotency, high proliferation rate and the lack of major ethical limitations, "olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells" (OE-MSCs) have been described as a promising candidate to treat a variety of damaged tissues. Easily accessible in the nasal cavity of most mammals, these cells are highly suitable for autologous cell-based therapies and do not face issues associated with other stem cells. Read More

    Effects of the isoflavone genistein in early life stages of the Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis: role of the Survivin and proliferation versus apoptosis pathways.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 17;14(1):16. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía-ICMAN.CSIC-Campus Universitario Río San Pedro, Puerto Real, 11510, Cádiz, Spain.
    Background: Phytochemical flavonoids are widely distributed in the environment and are derived from many anthropogenic activities. The isoflavone genistein is a naturally occurring compound found in soya products that are habitual constituents of the aquafeeds. This isoflavone possesses oestrogenic biological activity and also apoptotic properties. Read More

    Infectious keratoconjunctivitis in semi-domesticated Eurasian tundra reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus): microbiological study of clinically affected and unaffected animals with special reference to cervid herpesvirus 2.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 16;14(1):15. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, Arctic Infection Biology, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, Stakkevollveien 23, 9010, Tromsø, Norway.
    Background: Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC) is one of the most common ocular diseases in ruminants worldwide. In addition to keratitis and conjunctivitis, animals with IKC can develop uveitis, corneal ulcer, and in severe cases, blindness. The bacteria Moraxella spp. Read More

    Flaxseed-enriched diets change milk concentration of the antimicrobial danofloxacin in sheep.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 15;14(1):14. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Biomedical Sciences-Physiology, Veterinary Faculty, University of Leon, 24071, Leon, Spain.
    Background: Flaxseed is the most common and rich dietary source of lignans and is an acceptable supply of energy for livestock. Flaxseed lignans are precursors of enterolignans, mainly enterolactone and enterodiol, produced by the rumen and intestinal microbiota of mammals and have many important biological properties as phytoestrogens. Potential food-drug interactions involving flaxseed may be relevant for veterinary therapy, and for the quality and safety of milk and dairy products. Read More

    Molecular identification and investigations of contagious ecthyma (Orf virus) in small ruminants, North west Ethiopia.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 15;14(1):13. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Department of Clinical Studies, University of Gondar, College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, P.O. Box: 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Background: Orf virus, the prototype of parapoxvirus, is the main causative agent of contagious ecthyma. Little is known about the status of the disease in Ethiopia and this study was aimed at determining its status using PCR as a confirmatory tool.

    Methods: a total of 400 randomly selected sheep and goat was screened for the identification of the virus using amplification of B2L gene and transfection of mammalian cells (VERO cells). Read More

    A large-scale study of a poultry trading network in Bangladesh: implications for control and surveillance of avian influenza viruses.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 12;14(1):12. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    Department of Pathobiology and Population Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, UK.
    Background: Since its first report in 2007, avian influenza (AI) has been endemic in Bangladesh. While live poultry marketing is widespread throughout the country and known to influence AI dissemination and persistence, trading patterns have not been described. The aim of this study is to assess poultry trading practices and features of the poultry trading networks which could promote AI spread, and their potential implications for disease control and surveillance. Read More

    Acute-onset high-morbidity primary photosensitisation in sheep associated with consumption of the Casbah and Mauro cultivars of the pasture legume Biserrula.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 11;14(1):11. Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW, 2650, Australia.
    Background: Primary photosensitisation (PS) subsequent to ingestion of the pasture legume Biserrula pelecinus L. (biserrula) has recently been confirmed in grazing livestock. Given the potential utility of this pasture species in challenging climates, a grazing trial was undertaken to examine if both varieties 'Casbah' and 'Mauro' were able to cause photosensitisation in livestock, and if this could be mitigated by grazing in winter, or in combination with other common pasture species. Read More

    The role of transportation in the spread of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae in fattening farms.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 10;14(1):10. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell'Emilia Romagna [Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute of Lombardy and Emilia Romagna] "Bruno Ubertini", Via Bianchi 7/9, 25124, Brescia, Italy.
    Background: Direct and indirect contact among animals and holdings are important in the spread of Brachyspira hyodysenteriae. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of slaughterhouse vehicles in spreading B. hyodysenteriae between unconnected farms. Read More

    Comparative assessment of probiotics and monensin in the prophylaxis of acute ruminal lactic acidosis in sheep.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 9;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 9.
    Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Av. Prof. Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, Cidade Universitária, CEP, São Paulo, SP, 05508-270, Brazil.
    Background: Acute ruminal lactic acidosis (ARLA) is a major nutritional and metabolic disorder usually characterized by excessive or non-adapted intake of diets rich in nonstructural carbohydrates. Feed additives that regulate the ruminal environment have been used to prevent ARLA, such as ionophores and, more recently, yeast culture. Thus, we aimed to compare the efficacy of a yeast-based culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) with that of monensin sodium in the prevention of ARLA in sheep. Read More

    The recovery of added nematode eggs from horse and sheep faeces by three methods.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 5;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Naples Federico II, CREMOPAR Campania Region, Naples, Italy.
    Background: Nematode infections in horses are widespread across the world. Increasing levels of anthelmintic resistance, reported worldwide in equine parasites, have led to the creation of programs for the control of nematodes based on faecal egg counts (FEC). To improve nematode egg counting in equine faecal samples and establish whether the matrix of equine faeces or the eggs affect the counts, the analytical sensitivity, accuracy and precision of Mini-FLOTAC (combined with Fill-FLOTAC), McMaster and Cornell-Wisconsin techniques were compared. Read More

    Development and test of a visual-only meat inspection system for heavy pigs in Northern Italy.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 5;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Food and Drug, Parma University, Via Del Taglio, 10, 43126, Parma, Italy.
    Background: There is a general consensus in recognizing that traditional meat inspection is no longer able to address the hazards related to meat consumption. Moreover, it has been shown that invasive procedures, such as palpation and incision, can increase microbial contamination in carcasses. For these reasons, legislations all over the world are changing meat inspection techniques, moving towards visual-only techniques. Read More

    Evaluation of the influence of kyphosis and scoliosis on intervertebral disc extrusion in French bulldogs.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 5;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hawkshead lane, AL9 7TA North Mymms, Hatfield, UK.
    Background: Although thoracic vertebral malformations with kyphosis and scoliosis are often considered incidental findings on diagnostic imaging studies of screw-tailed brachycephalic breeds, they have been suggested to interfere with spinal biomechanics and intervertebral disc degeneration. It is however unknown if an abnormal spinal curvature also predisposes dogs to develop clinically relevant intervertebral disc herniations. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the occurrence of thoracic vertebral malformations, kyphosis or scoliosis would be associated with a higher prevalence of cervical or thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion in French bulldogs. Read More

    Aberrant use and poor quality of trypanocides: a risk for drug resistance in south western Ethiopia.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 5;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Faculty of Sciences and Bio-engineering Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050, Brussels, Belgium.
    Background: Trypanocidal drugs have been used to control African animal trypanosomosis for several decades. In Ethiopia, these drugs are available from both authorized (legal) and unauthorized (illegal) sources but documentation on utilization practices and quality of circulating products is scanty. This study looked at the practices of trypanocidal drug utilization by farmers and the integrity of active ingredient in trypanocides sold in Gurage zone, south western Ethiopia. Read More

    Prevalence of Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVDV), Bovine Herpes Virus 1 (BHV 1), Leptospirosis and Neosporosis, and associated risk factors in 161 Irish beef herds.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 6;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 6.
    Teagasc, Grange, Dunsany, Trim, Co. Meath, Ireland.
    Background: There are limited data available, in Ireland or elsewhere, to determine the extent of exposure to various endemic diseases among beef cows and factors associated with exposure to causative pathogens. The objectives of this study were to determine the herd and within herd prevalence of Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVDV), Bovine Herpes Virus 1 (BHV-1), Leptospirosis and Neosporosis in a large scale study of commercial beef herds on the island of Ireland, and to examine herd level factors associated with exposure to these pathogens in these herds.

    Results: The average number of cows tested per herd was 35. Read More

    Biopanning of polypeptides binding to bovine ephemeral fever virus G1 protein from phage display peptide library.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 4;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    Key Laboratory of Animal Resistant Biology of Shandong, Ruminant Disease Research Center, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Normal University, No. 88 East Wenhua Road, Jinan City, Shandong Province, China.
    Background: The bovine ephemeral fever virus (BEFV) glycoprotein neutralization site 1 (also referred as G1 protein), is a critical protein responsible for virus infectivity and eliciting immune-protection, however, binding peptides of BEFV G1 protein are still unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to screen specific polypeptides, which bind BEFV G1 protein with high-affinity and inhibit BEFV replication.

    Methods: The purified BEFV G1 was coated and then reacted with the M13-based Ph. Read More

    Influence of silver nanoparticles on growth and health of broiler chickens after infection with Campylobacter jejuni.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 2;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Department of Animal Nutrition and Biotechnology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-786, Warsaw, Poland.
    Background: Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) have gained much attention in recent years due to their biomedical applications, especially as antimicrobial agents. AgNP may be used in poultry production as an alternative to the use of antibiotic growth promoter. However, little is known about the impact of oral administration of AgNP on the gut microbiota and the immune system. Read More

    Significance of clinical observations and biochemical alterations in buffalo calves with dietary abomasal impaction.
    BMC Vet Res 2018 Jan 2;14(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Department of Animal Husbandry and Development of Animal Wealth, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.
    Background: The present study aimed to throw light on the clinical characteristics of abomasal impaction in buffalo calves and its associated biochemical alterations. For this reason, a total of 20 male buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis) with abomasal impaction were studied. The investigated calves were at 6 to 12 months of age and were belonged to three private farms in Dakahlia Governorate besides sporadic cases admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt. Read More

    Bovine tuberculosis visible lesions in cattle culled during herd breakdowns: the effects of individual characteristics, trade movement and co-infection.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 29;13(1):400. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Agri-food and Biosciences Institute, Veterinary Science Division, Stormont, Belfast, Northern Ireland, BT43SD, UK.
    Background: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB), caused by Mycobacterium bovis, remains a significant problem for livestock industries in many countries worldwide including Northern Ireland, where a test and slaughter regime has utilised the Single Intradermal Comparative Cervical Tuberculin (SICCT) test since 1959. We investigated the variation in post-mortem confirmation based on bTB visible lesion (VL) presence during herd breakdowns using two model suites. We investigated animal-level characteristics, while controlling for herd-level factors and clustering. Read More

    Biofilm production and other virulence factors in Streptococcus spp. isolated from clinical cases of bovine mastitis in Poland.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 28;13(1):398. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Microbiology and Clinical Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 13, 10-719, Olsztyn, Poland.
    Background: Mastitis is a common disease in dairy cattle throughout the world and causes considerable economic losses each year. An important aetiological agent of this disease is bacteria of the genus Streptococcus; hence, exploring the mechanisms of virulence in these bacteria is an extremely important step for the development of effective prevention programmes. The purpose of our study was to determine the ability to produce biofilm and the occurrence of selected invasiveness factors among bacteria of the genus Streptococcus isolated from cattle with the clinical form of mastitis in northeastern Poland. Read More

    Effect of ATP and Bax on the apoptosis of Eimeria tenella host cells.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 28;13(1):399. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    College of Animal Science and Technology, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, 030801, China.
    Background: Eimeria tenella (E. tenella) is a species of Eimeria that causes haemorrhagic caecal coccidiosis, resulting in major economic losses in the global poultry industry. After E. Read More

    Coronavirus and paramyxovirus in bats from Northwest Italy.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 22;13(1):396. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Istituto zooprofilattico sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta, Via Bologna 148, 10148, Torino, Italy.
    Background: Bat-borne virus surveillance is necessary for determining inter-species transmission risks and is important due to the wide-range of bat species which may harbour potential pathogens. This study aimed to monitor coronaviruses (CoVs) and paramyxoviruses (PMVs) in bats roosting in northwest Italian regions. Our investigation was focused on CoVs and PMVs due to their proven ability to switch host and their zoonotic potential. Read More

    Data distribution in public veterinary service: health and safety challenges push for context-aware systems.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 22;13(1):397. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale Dell'Università 10, 35020, Legnaro, (PD), Italy.
    Background: Today's globalised and interconnected world is characterized by intertwined and quickly evolving relationships between animals, humans and their environment and by an escalating number of accessible data for public health. The public veterinary services must exploit new modeling and decision strategies to face these changes. The organization and control of data flows have become crucial to effectively evaluate the evolution and safety concerns of a given situation in the territory. Read More

    A randomized, double-blind, prospective, placebo-controlled study of the efficacy of a diet supplemented with curcuminoids extract, hydrolyzed collagen and green tea extract in owner's dogs with osteoarthritis.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 20;13(1):395. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Bone and Cartilage Research Unit, Arthropôle Liège, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.
    Background: We have previously demonstrated that a mixture of Curcuminoids extract, hydrolyzed COllagen and green Tea extract (CCOT) inhibited inflammatory and catabolic mediator's synthesis by bovine and human chondrocytes. A randomly allocated, double-blind, prospective, placebo-controlled study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of a diet containing this CCOT mixture on dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA). Therefore, 42 owner's dogs with OA were randomly assigned to receive for 3 months an experimental diet (control) or the same diet supplemented with CCOT. Read More

    Assessment of a bedside test for N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) to differentiate cardiac from non-cardiac causes of pleural effusion in cats.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 20;13(1):394. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Small Animal Clinic (Internal Medicine), Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Frankfurter Strasse 126, 35392 Giessen, Köln, Germany.
    Background: Cats with pleural effusion represent common emergencies in small animal practice. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the diagnostic ability of a point-of-care ELISA (POC-ELISA) for the measurement of N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) to differentiate cardiac from non-cardiac disease in cats with pleural effusion. The sample material for use of this rapid test was either plasma or diluted pleural effusion. Read More

    Genetic diversity assessment of Tunisian Mycobacterium bovis population isolated from cattle.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 16;13(1):393. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Department of Life Sciences, Research Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology-Microbiology and Health (LR17ES06), Faculty of Sciences, University of Sfax-Tunisia, Sfax, Tunisia.
    Background: The genetic diversity of M. bovis in Tunisia is still underestimated despite the implementation of an eradication program. The lack of data about spatial distribution of the M. Read More

    PCR-diagnosis of Anaplasma marginale in cattle populations of Ecuador and its molecular identification through sequencing of ribosomal 16S fragments.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 15;13(1):392. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Grupo de Investigación en Sanidad Animal y Humana (GISAH), Carrera Ingeniería en Biotecnología, Departamento de Ciencias de la Vida y la Agricultura, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE, Sangolquí, Ecuador.
    Background: Bovine anaplasmosis is an endemic disease in tropical and subtropical areas. It is caused by a bacterium named Anaplasma marginale, and represents an economic problem for cattle farmers due to the losses it generates, such as: mortalities, reduced production, quarantine measures, treatments and control of vectors. The method most often used to diagnose this haemotrophic bacterium is direct examination on blood smear, which sensitivity and specificity are limited compared to other methods such as PCR. Read More

    1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 modulates the phenotype and function of Monocyte derived dendritic cells in cattle.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 13;13(1):390. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Midlothian, UK.
    Background: The active form of the vitamin D3, 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) has been shown to have major effects not only on physiological processes but also on the regulation of the immune system of vertebrates. Dendritic cells are specialised antigen presenting cells which are in charge of the initiation of T-cell dependant immune responses and as such are key regulators of responses towards pathogens. In this study we set out to evaluate the effects of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on the phenotype of cattle monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs) and how the conditioning with this vitamin affects the function of these myeloid cells. Read More

    Birth delivery method affects expression of immune genes in lung and jejunum tissue of neonatal beef calves.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 14;13(1):391. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Grange, Dunsany, Co. Meath, Ireland.
    Background: Caesarean section is a routine veterinary obstetrical procedure employed to alleviate dystocia in cattle. However, CS, particularly before the onset of labour, is known to negatively affect neonatal respiration and metabolic adaptation in humans, though there is little published information for cattle. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of elective caesarean section (ECS) or normal trans-vaginal (TV) delivery, on lung and jejunal gene expression profiles of neonatal calves. Read More

    Bat rabies surveillance in France: first report of unusual mortality among serotine bats.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 13;13(1):387. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    ANSES Nancy Laboratory for Rabies and Wildlife, European Union Reference Laboratory for Rabies, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Management in Zoonoses Control, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, European Union Reference Institute for Rabies Serology, Technopôle agricole et vétérinaire de Pixérécourt, CS 40009, 54220, Malzéville, France.
    Background: Rabies is a fatal viral encephalitic disease that is caused by lyssaviruses which can affect all mammals, including human and bats. In Europe, bat rabies cases are attributed to five different lyssavirus species, the majority of rabid bats being attributed to European bat 1 lyssavirus (EBLV-1), circulating mainly in serotine bats (Eptesicus serotinus). In France, rabies in bats is under surveillance since 1989, with 77 positive cases reported between 1989 and 2016. Read More

    Rapid detection of infectious bovine Rhinotracheitis virus using recombinase polymerase amplification assays.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 13;13(1):386. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Key Laboratory of Animal Resistant Biology of Shandong, Ruminant Diseases Research Center, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Normal University, No. 88 East Wenhua Road, Jinan City, Shandong Province, China.
    Background: Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBRV) is a major pathogen in cattle and has led to significant economic losses to the dairy industry worldwide, and therefore a more optimal method for the rapid diagnosis of IBRV infection is highly needed. In this study, we described the development of a lateral flow dipstrip (LFD) of isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) method for rapid detection of IBRV.

    Methods: Distinct regions were selected as a candidate target for designing the LFD-RPA primers and probes. Read More

    Cellular effects of a turmeric root and rosemary leaf extract on canine neoplastic cell lines.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 13;13(1):388. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Department of Clinical Sciences,Veterinary Medical Center C2-009, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA.
    Background: The use of nutraceuticals is gaining in popularity in human and canine oncology with a relatively limited understanding of the effects in the vastly different tumor types seen in canine oncology. We have previously shown that turmeric root (TE) and rosemary leaf (RE) extracts can work synergistically to reduce neoplastic cell growth, but the mechanisms are poorly understood and require further elucidation.

    Results: Three different canine cell lines (C2 mastocytoma, and CMT-12 mammary carcinoma, D17 osteosarcoma) were treated with 6. Read More

    Molecular cloning and characterization of the family of feline leucine-rich glioma-inactivated (LGI) genes, and mutational analysis in familial spontaneous epileptic cats.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 13;13(1):389. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, 1-7-1 Kyonan-cho, Musashino-shi, Tokyo, 180-8602, Japan.
    Background: Leucine-rich glioma-inactivated (LGI) proteins play a critical role in synaptic transmission. Dysfunction of these genes and encoded proteins is associated with neurological disorders such as genetic epilepsy or autoimmune limbic encephalitis in animals and human. Familial spontaneous epileptic cats (FSECs) are the only feline strain and animal model of familial temporal lobe epilepsy. Read More

    Sero-prevalence, risk factors and distribution of sheep and goat pox in Amhara Region, Ethiopia.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 11;13(1):385. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, University of Gondar, P. O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.
    Background: Sheep pox and goat pox are contagious viral diseases of sheep and goats, respectively. The diseases result in substantial economic losses due to decreased milk and meat production, damage to hides and wool, and possible trade restriction. A study was undertaken in Amhara region of Ethiopia. Read More

    Capillaria hepatica (Calodium hepaticum) infection in a horse: a case report.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 8;13(1):384. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Equine Research Institute, Japan Racing Association, 1400-4 Shiba, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0412, Japan.
    Background: Capillaria hepatica is a zoonotic parasite in humans and animals and has a worldwide distribution. However, infections in mammals apart from rodents, which are natural hosts of the parasite, have rarely been reported. This report describes the first known case of C. Read More

    In silico and phylogenetic analyses of partial BbRAP-1, BbCP2, BbSBP-4 and BbβTUB gene sequences of Babesia bovis isolates from cattle in South Africa.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 8;13(1):383. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Veterinary Parasitology Programme, Research and Scientific Services Department, National Zoological Gardens of South Africa, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa.
    Background: Bovine babesiosis is one of the most economically important tick-borne diseases threatening the livestock industry globally including South Africa. This disease is induced by members of Babesia bovis species. Antigenic variations among geographical strains of B. Read More

    Biosecurity aspects of cattle production in Western Uganda, and associations with seroprevalence of brucellosis, salmonellosis and bovine viral diarrhoea.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 6;13(1):382. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: Many low-income countries have a human population with a high number of cattle owners depending on their livestock for food and income. Infectious diseases threaten the health and production of cattle, affecting both the farmers and their families as well as other actors in often informal value chains. Many infectious diseases can be prevented by good biosecurity. Read More

    Effect of butorphanol, midazolam or ketamine on romifidine based sedation in horses during standing cheek tooth removal.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 6;13(1):381. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Clinic for Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bünteweg 9, 30559, Hannover, Germany.
    Background: Standing surgery, especially dental procedures, are commonly performed in horses. This leads to an increasing demand for reliable sedation protocols. Therefore, it was the purpose of this study to investigate the influence of butorphanol, midazolam or ketamine on romifidine based sedation in horses during cheek tooth removal. Read More

    The functional and molecular studies on involvement of hydrogen sulphide in myometrial activity of non-pregnant buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis).
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 6;13(1):379. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Experimental and Molecular Pharmacology Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, U.P. Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidyalaya Evam Go-Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura, 281001, India.
    Background: Hydrogen sulphide (H2S), a member of the gasotransmitters family, is known to play patho-physiological role in different body systems including during pregnancy. But its involvement in myometrial spontaneity and associated signalling pathways in uterus in non-pregnant animals is yet to be studied. Present study describes the effect of L-cysteine, an endogenous H2S donor, on isolated myometrial strips of non-pregnant buffaloes and the underlying signaling mechanism(s). Read More

    Investigation of c-KIT and Ki67 expression in normal, preneoplastic and neoplastic canine prostate.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 6;13(1):380. Epub 2017 Dec 6.
    Department of Veterinary Clinic, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Univ. Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Rua Professor Dr Walter Maurício Correa, s/n, Unesp/Campus de Botucatu, Mail box- 560, Botucatu, SP, 18618-681, Brazil.
    Background: c-KIT expression has been related to bone metastasis in human prostate cancer, but whether c-KIT expression can be similarly classified in canine prostatic tissue is unknown. This study assessed c-KIT and Ki67 expression in canine prostate cancer (PC). c-KIT gene and protein expression and Ki67 expression were evaluated in forty-four canine prostatic tissues by immunohistochemistry, RT-qPCR and western blot. Read More

    The response of canine faecal microbiota to increased dietary protein is influenced by body condition.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 4;13(1):374. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Department of Nutrition, Genetics and Ethology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Heidestraat 19, 9820, Merelbeke, Belgium.
    Background: High protein diets shift the faecal microbiota into a more unfavourable composition in obese humans. In lean dogs, higher protein consumption is accompanied with increased production of putrefactive fermentation products, whereas obese dogs have a different gut microbiota compared to lean dogs. Still, the impact of high dietary protein on gut microbiota in obese dogs remains unclear. Read More

    Coinfection modulates inflammatory responses, clinical outcome and pathogen load of H1N1 swine influenza virus and Haemophilus parasuis infections in pigs.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 4;13(1):376. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Department of Swine Diseases, National Veterinary Research Institute, Partyzantów 57, 24-100, Pulawy, Poland.
    Background: Respiratory co-infections are important factor affecting the profitability of pigs production. Swine influenza virus (SIV) may predispose to secondary infection. Haemophilus parasuis (Hps) can be a primary pathogen or be associated with other pathogens such as SIV. Read More

    Influence of different sample preparation strategies on the proteomic identification of stress biomarkers in porcine saliva.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 4;13(1):375. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, Regional Campus of International Excellence "Campus Mare Nostrum", Hospital Veterinario 4 planta, University of Murcia, 30100, Espinardo, Murcia, Spain.
    Background: The influence of two different sample treatments comprising the enrichment of glycoproteins by boronic acid and dynamic range compression by hexapeptide libraries, on the detection of stress markers in saliva of pigs was evaluated in this study. For this purpose, saliva samples collected before and after the application of an acute stress model consisting of nasal restraining in pigs were processed without any treatment and with the two different treatments mentioned above. Protein separation by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) followed by identification of proteins using MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry (MS) was used as proteomic technique. Read More

    Effects of intramuscularly administered enrofloxacin on the susceptibility of commensal intestinal Escherichia coli in pigs (sus scrofa domestica).
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 4;13(1):378. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: In the European Union, various fluoroquinolones are authorised for the treatment of food producing animals. Each administration poses an increased risk of development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of parenteral administration of enrofloxacin on the prevalence of enrofloxacin and ciprofloxacin susceptibilities in the commensal intestinal E. Read More

    Pestivirus infection in cattle dairy farms: E2 glycoprotein ELISA reveals the presence of bovine viral diarrhea virus type 2 in northwestern Italy.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 4;13(1):377. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Department of Veterinary Science, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Background: Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) types 1 and 2 are members of the Pestivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family. This genus also includes the HoBi-like virus, tentatively classified as BVDV type 3. BVDV-1 is widely distributed in Italy despite the extensive use of BVDV-1-based vaccines, while BVDV-2 and HoBi-like Pestivirus have been detected occasionally. Read More

    Neglected zoonotic agents in cattle abortion: tackling the difficult to grow bacteria.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 2;13(1):373. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Laenggassstrasse 122, CH-3012, Bern, Switzerland.
    Background: Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydia abortus and Leptospira spp. are difficult to grow bacteria that play a role in bovine abortion, but their diagnosis is hampered by their obligate intracellular lifestyle (C. burnetii, C. Read More

    Evaluation of an accelerated hydrogen peroxide disinfectant to inactivate porcine epidemic diarrhea virus in swine feces on aluminum surfaces under freezing conditions.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 1;13(1):372. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine, 1809 S Riverside Dr, Ames, IA, USA.
    Background: Since its emergence in 2013, porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) spread rapidly throughout the country due, in part, to contaminated livestock trailers. The objective of this study was to test the efficacy of an accelerated hydrogen peroxide (AHP) disinfectant for inactivating PEDV in swine feces on metal surfaces under freezing conditions. One 15. Read More

    Paraffin immunofluorescence for detection of immune complexes in renal biopsies: an efficient salvage technique for diagnosis of glomerulonephritis in dogs.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 1;13(1):371. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Laboratory of Veterinary Clinical Pathology, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Korimoto, Kagoshima, 890-0065, Japan.
    Background: Renal biopsy is an essential tool for the diagnosis of proteinuric kidney diseases in dogs, and evaluation of immune complexes (IC) by immunofluorescence (IF) of frozen sections (IF-F) is required for the diagnosis of IC-mediated glomerulonephritis (ICGN). However, the use of frozen sections from renal biopsies can have limitations. The aim of this study was to develop a reliable IF method using formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) sections to detect ICs in dog ICGN. Read More

    Asymptomatic infections with highly polymorphic Chlamydia suis are ubiquitous in pigs.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Dec 1;13(1):370. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Yangzhou University College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Chlamydia suis is an important, globally distributed, highly prevalent and diverse obligate intracellular pathogen infecting pigs. To investigate the prevalence and genetic diversity of C. suis in China, 2,137 nasal, conjunctival, and rectal swabs as well as whole blood and lung samples of pigs were collected in 19 regions from ten provinces of China in this study. Read More

    Combined double chambered right ventricle, tricuspid valve dysplasia, ventricular septal defect, and subaortic stenosis in a dog.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Nov 29;13(1):367. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    The Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture Food and Environment, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, 76100, Rehovot, Israel.
    Background: Double chambered right ventricle (DCRV) is a congenital heart anomaly where the right ventricle is divided into two chambers. We describe, for the first time, an unusual combination of DCRV combined with some other congenital heart defects.

    Case Presentation: A 1. Read More

    Gene expression profiling in pbMEC - in search of molecular biomarkers to predict immunoglobulin production in bovine milk.
    BMC Vet Res 2017 Nov 29;13(1):369. Epub 2017 Nov 29.
    Chair of Animal Physiology and Immunology, Technische Universität München, Weihenstephaner Berg 3, 85354, Freising, Germany.
    Background: Optimization of the immunoglobulin (Ig) yield in bovine milk used as therapeutic immune milk or whey for the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in humans is of great importance to improve the economic efficiency of production. Individual dairy cows have diverse immune responses upon vaccination, resulting in a variable Ig yield in blood and milk. Therefore, it is advisable to pre-select cows with the best ability to produce and secrete high yields of specific Igs. Read More

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