Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    705 results match your criteria BMC Urology[Journal]

    1 OF 15

    Clinical utility of computed tomography Hounsfield characterization for percutaneous nephrolithotomy: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Urol 2017 Nov 16;17(1):104. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Department of Urology, University of Milan, Via della Commenda 15, 20122, Milan, Italy.
    Background: Computed Tomography (CT) is considered the gold-standard for the pre-operative evaluation of urolithiasis. However, no Hounsfield (HU) variable capable of differentiating stone types has been clearly identified. The aim of this study is to assess the predictive value of HU parameters on CT for determining stone composition and outcomes in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Read More

    Upper urinary tract stone disease in patients with poor performance status: active stone removal or conservative management?
    BMC Urol 2017 Nov 16;17(1):103. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    Department of Urology, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama City, Wakayaka, 641-0012, Japan.
    Background: It remains controversial as to whether active stone removal should be performed in patients with poor performance status because of their short life expectancy and perioperative risks. Our objectives were to evaluate treatment outcomes of active stone removal in patients with poor performance status and to compare life prognosis with those managed conservatively.

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 74 patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 3 or 4 treated for upper urinary tract calculi at our four hospitals between January 2009 and March 2016. Read More

    Extraperitoneal laparoscopic resection for retroperitoneal lymphatic cysts: initial experience.
    BMC Urol 2017 Nov 13;17(1):101. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, China.
    Background: To assess the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic retroperitoneal resection for retroperitoneal lymphatic cysts.

    Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted based on clinical data from eight patients with hydronephrosis caused by retroperitoneal lymphatic cysts. All patients underwent laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymphatic cyst resection and received postoperative follow-up. Read More

    Tubeless versus standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy: an update meta-analysis.
    BMC Urol 2017 Nov 13;17(1):102. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No.1095 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan, China.
    Background: To update a previously published systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).

    Methods: A systematic literature search of EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library was performed to confirm relevant studies. The scientific literature was screened in accordance with the predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

    Correction to: Robot-assisted laparoscopic reconstructed management of multiple aneurysms in renal artery primary bifurcations: a case report and literature review.
    BMC Urol 2017 Nov 3;17(1):100. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    Department of Urology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, No. 158, Shangtang Road, Xiacheng District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310014, China.
    Correction: After publication of this work [1] it was noticed the author - Jie Wang's name was in the wrong order. The original article was corrected. The publisher apologises for this error. Read More

    Role of calcifying nanoparticles in the development of testicular microlithiasis in vivo.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 30;17(1):99. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Calcifying nanoparticles (NPs) have been proven to be associated with a variety of pathological calcification and previously detected in semen samples from patients with testicular microlithiasis (TM). The present study was designed to test the hypothesis if human-derived NPs could invade the seminiferous tubules and induce TM phenotype.

    Methods: The animals were divided into three groups. Read More

    Canadian Men's perspectives about active surveillance in prostate cancer: need for guidance and resources.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 27;17(1):98. Epub 2017 Oct 27.
    Institut du cancer de Montréal and Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, 900 St Denis St, Montreal, QC, Canada.
    Background: In prostate cancer, men diagnosed with low risk disease may be monitored through an active surveillance. This research explored the perspectives of men with prostate cancer regarding their decision-making process for active surveillance to identify factors that influence their decision and assist health professionals in having conversations about this option.

    Methods: Focus group interviews (n = 7) were held in several Canadian cities with men (N = 52) diagnosed with prostate cancer and eligible for active surveillance. Read More

    Ureteral reconstruction using a tapered non-vascularized bladder graft: an experimental study in a canine animal model.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 23;17(1):97. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, No.12 Wulumuqi Middle Road, Shanghai, 200040, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Reconstruction of ureteral defects and strictures remains problematic for urologists. We aimed to investigate the possibility of a tapered non-vascularized bladder graft as a novel substitute for ureteral reconstruction.

    Methods: This experimental study was conducted on nine beagles. Read More

    Robot-assisted laparoscopic reconstructed management of multiple aneurysms in renal artery primary bifurcations: a case report and literature review.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 16;17(1):96. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
    Department of Urology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, No. 158, Shangtang Road, Xiacheng District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310014, China.
    Background: Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is rare and its incidence in the general population remains elusive. There have been few reports on the repair of multiple aneurysms conducted with the Da Vinci robot-assisted surgical platform (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA), especially for those located in renal artery primary bifurcations. Read More

    Traumatic penile amputation: a case report.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 10;17(1):93. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Department of Urology, Indira Gandhi Medical College & Hospital, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, 171001, India.
    Background: Traumatic amputation of the penis is a rare surgical emergency. Although repair techniques have been well described in literature, failure of replantation and its causes are poorly understood and reported. Herein, we report the case of a 9 year old boy who underwent replantation of his amputated penis with delayed failure of the surgery, along with a discussion of recent advances in the management of this condition. Read More

    Acceptability of dietary and physical activity lifestyle modification for men following radiotherapy or radical prostatectomy for localised prostate cancer: a qualitative investigation.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 10;17(1):94. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    University of Bristol, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre - Nutrition, Diet and Lifestyle Theme, Level 3, University Hospitals Bristol Education Centre, Upper Maudlin Street, Bristol, BS2 8AE, England, UK.
    Background: The experience and acceptability of lifestyle interventions for men with localised prostate cancer are not well understood, yet lifestyle interventions are increasingly promoted for cancer survivors. We explored the opinions, experiences and perceived acceptability of taking part in nutritional and physical activity interventions amongst men with prostate cancer and their partners; with the ultimate plan to use such information to inform the development of nutritional and physical activity interventions for men with prostate cancer.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews with 16 men, and seven partners, undergoing curative surgery or radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Read More

    Study protocol: patient reported outcomes for bladder management strategies in spinal cord injury.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 10;17(1):95. Epub 2017 Oct 10.
    Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Utah Health Care, 30 North 1900 East, Room #3B420, Salt Lake City, UT, 84132, USA.
    Background: The majority of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients have urinary issues, such as incontinence, retention, and frequency. These problems place a significant burden on patients' physical health and quality of life (QoL). There are a wide variety of bladder management strategies available to patients with no clear guidelines on appropriate selection. Read More

    Effects of increasing the PSA cutoff to perform additional biomarker tests before prostate biopsy.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 3;17(1):92. Epub 2017 Oct 3.
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, S-171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Multi-step testing might enhance performance of the prostate cancer diagnostic pipeline. Using PSA >1 ng/ml for first-line risk stratification and the Stockholm 3 Model (S3M) blood-test >10% risk of Gleason Score > 7 prostate cancer to inform biopsy decisions has been suggested. We aimed to determine the effects of changing the PSA cutoff to perform reflex testing with S3M and the subsequent S3M cutoff to recommend prostate biopsy while maintaining the sensitivity to detect Gleason Score ≥ 7 prostate cancer. Read More

    Positive surgical margins and biochemical recurrence following minimally-invasive radical prostatectomy - An analysis of outcomes from a UK tertiary referral centre.
    BMC Urol 2017 Oct 2;17(1):91. Epub 2017 Oct 2.
    Department of Urology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle-upon-Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.
    Background: Positive surgical margins are a strong prognostic marker of disease outcome following radical prostatectomy, though prior evidence is largely from a PSA-screened population. We therefore aim to evaluate the biochemical recurrence in men with positive surgical margins (PSM) after minimally-invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP) in a UK tertiary centre.

    Methods: Retrospective study of men undergoing laparoscopic or robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy between 2002 and 2014. Read More

    Bacteriophages for treating urinary tract infections in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 26;17(1):90. Epub 2017 Sep 26.
    Neuro-Urology, Spinal Cord Injury Center & Research, University of Zürich, Balgrist University Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland.
    Background: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most prevalent microbial diseases and their financial burden on society is substantial. The continuing increase of antibiotic resistance worldwide is alarming. Thus, well-tolerated, highly effective therapeutic alternatives are urgently needed. Read More

    Design of a single-arm clinical trial of regenerative therapy by periurethral injection of adipose-derived regenerative cells for male stress urinary incontinence in Japan: the ADRESU study protocol.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 25;17(1):89. Epub 2017 Sep 25.
    Department of Urology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 466-8550, Japan.
    Background: Male stress urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition after radical prostatectomy. While the standard recommendation for the management of urine leakage is pelvic floor muscle training, its efficacy is still unsatisfactory. Therefore, we have focused on regenerative therapy, which consists of administering a periurethral injection of autologous regenerative cells from adipose tissue, separated using the Celution® system. Read More

    The validation of the Dutch SF-Qualiveen, a questionnaire on urinary-specific quality of life, in spinal cord injury patients.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 19;17(1):88. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of Urology, Erasmus MC, Wijtemaweg 80, Room Na 1724, 3015, CN, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Optimizing the patients' quality of life is one of the main goals in the urological management of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. In this study we validated the Dutch SF-Qualiveen, a short questionnaire that measures the urinary-specific quality of life, in SCI patients. No such measure is yet available for this patient group. Read More

    A low psoas muscle volume correlates with a longer hospitalization after radical cystectomy.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 18;17(1):87. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Departments of Urology and Renal Transplantation, Yokohama City University Medical Center, 4-57 Urafune-cho, Minami-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 2320024, Japan.
    Background: Recently, sarcopenia has been reported as a new predictor for patient outcomes or likelihood of post-operative complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of the psoas muscle volume with the length of hospitalization among patients undergoing radical cystectomy.

    Methods: A total of 63 (80. Read More

    The EEF1A2 gene expression as risk predictor in localized prostate cancer.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 18;17(1):86. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Urology, University Medical Centre Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167, Mannheim, Germany.
    Background: Besides clinical stage and Gleason score, risk-stratification of prostate cancer in the pretherapeutic setting mainly relies on the serum PSA level. Yet, this is associated with many uncertainties. With regard to therapy decision-making, additional markers are needed to allow an exact risk prediction. Read More

    Increasing bladder capacity by foot stimulation in rats with spinal cord injuries.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 15;17(1):85. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Urology, China Rehabilitation Research Center, Beijing, 100068, China.
    Background: This study was to explore the possibility that foot stimulation increased bladder capacity(BC) in rats with neurogenic bladder secondary to T10 spinal cord injuries.

    Methods: In 20 awake rats (stimulation group) with T10 spinal cord injuries, 5 repeat cystometrograms (CMGs) were recorded. The 1st and 2nd CMGs were performed without stimulation. Read More

    Should manual detorsion be a routine part of treatment in testicular torsion?
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 15;17(1):84. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Urology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, 06340, Sukriye, Altındağ Ankara, Turkey.
    Background: It was aimed to investigate the efficiency and reliability of the manual detorsion (MD) procedure in patients diagnosed with testicular torsion (TT).

    Methods: A retrospective analysis was made of the data of 57 patients diagnosed with TT, comprising 20 patients with successful MD (Group I), 28 patients who underwent emergency orchiopexy (Group II), and 9 patients applied with orchiectomy (Group III). The groups were compared in respect of age, and duration of pain. Read More

    Application and analysis of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with sequential segmental renal artery clamping for patients with multiple renal tumor: initial experience.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 11;17(1):82. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, China.
    Background: To explore the feasibility and safety of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with sequential segmental renal artery clamping for the patients with multiple renal tumor of who have solitary kidney or contralateral kidney insufficiency.

    Methods: Nine patients who have undergone retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with sequential segmental renal artery clamping between October 2010 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical materials and parameters during and after the operation were summarized. Read More

    Transperineal cryotherapy for unresectable muscle invasive bladder cancer: preliminary experience with 7 male patients.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 9;17(1):81. Epub 2017 Sep 9.
    Department of Urology, Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Institute of Urology, Nanjing University, 321 Zhongshan Road, Nanjing, 210008, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.
    Background: Radical cystectomy (RC) with pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) and urinary diversion (UD) is considered the standard treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). In a part of patients, RC procedure is aborted due to unresectable disease, other followed treatment like systemic chemotherapy, radiotherapy or cryotherapy may be a better option. The aim of present study was to report the preliminary results of transperineal cryotherapy for unresectable muscle invasive bladder cancer. Read More

    Can Randall's plug composed of calcium oxalate form via the free particle mechanism?
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 8;17(1):80. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    University of J.E. Purkyně, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Ústí n.L, Czech Republic.
    Background: The likelihood of a Randall's plug composed of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) forming by the free particle mechanism in a model of kidney with a structure recently described by Robertson was examined at the most favourable conditions for the considered mechanism.

    Methods: The Robertson model of the kidney is used in the following development. The classical theory of crystallization was used for calculations. Read More

    Assembling and validating data from multiple sources to study care for Veterans with bladder cancer.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 6;17(1):78. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    White River Junction VA Medical Center, 215 N Main Street, White River Junction, VT, 05009, USA.
    Background: Despite the high prevalence of bladder cancer, research on optimal bladder cancer care is limited. One way to advance observational research on care is to use linked data from multiple sources. Such big data research can provide real-world details of care and outcomes across a large number of patients. Read More

    Comparison of radiofrequency ablation and partial nephrectomy for tumor in a solitary kidney.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 6;17(1):79. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Nanjing University Medical School Affiliated Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing, 210008, China.
    Background: To estimate oncologic and functional outcomes for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) versus partial nephrectomy (PN) for tumors in a solitary kidney.

    Methods: Nineteen patients with sporadic renal cell carcinoma in a solitary kidney were treated with RFA, and 21 patients were treated with PN between November 2008 and September 2015. Basic demographic information including age, gender, operative and pathological data, complications, renal function, oncological outcomes, was obtained for each patient. Read More

    Prophylactic antibiotic use in pediatric patients undergoing urinary tract catheterization: a survey of members of the Society for Pediatric Urology.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 6;17(1):76. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Ave, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.
    Background: Current organizational guidelines regarding use of antibiotics during urinary tract catheterization are based on limited evidence and are not directly applicable to the pediatric urology population. We seek to improve understanding of this population by first evaluating current practices. This study aims to investigate practice patterns and attitudes of pediatric urologists regarding the use of antibiotics in the setting of urinary tract catheterization. Read More

    Extranodal nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma with penile involvement: a case report and review of the literature.
    BMC Urol 2017 Sep 6;17(1):77. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Department of Urology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, 36 Saohao Road, Shenyang, Liaoning, China.
    Background: Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) usually presents as a localized disease in the nasal cavity; extension to the male genitourinary system is very rare and has been characterized only recently. Most cases present with predominantly extranodal involvement, advanced stage disease, highly aggressive course, and strong association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). While metastasis is common in ENKTLs, the penis is rarely involved in both nasal and non-nasal ENKTLs and only one report was published to date. Read More

    Management of large renal stones: laparoscopic pyelolithotomy versus percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 31;17(1):75. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Guoxue Xiang#37, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China.
    Background: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) remains the standard procedure for large (≥2 cm) renal calculi; however, laparoscopic pyelolithotomy (LPL) can be used as an alternative management procedure. The aim of present study was to compare LPL and PCNL in terms of efficacy and safety for the management of large renal pelvic stones.

    Methods: A literature search was performed in Jan 2016 using electronic databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, and EMBASE) to identify relevant studies for the meta-analysis. Read More

    Retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with segmental renal artery clamping for cancer of the left upper calyx: a case report.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 31;17(1):73. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China.
    Background: Currently, the standard treatment for renal pelvis carcinoma is radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision. To describe the feasibility of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with segmental renal artery clamping for cancer of renal pelvis, we report this special case for the first time.

    Case Presentation: A 67-year-old woman received this operation. Read More

    Predictive value of C-reactive protein in patients treated with sunitinib for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 31;17(1):74. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Centre for Cancer Biomarkers CCBIO, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Background: Sunitinib has become mainstay first line treatment for patients with metastatic renal clear cell carcinoma (mRCC). Still, useful predictive markers of response are lacking and urgently needed for clinical decision making.

    Methods: In the present study we investigated the predictive value of standard serum markers as well as clinical markers, including C-reactive protein (CRP), Neutrophil to Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and early hypertension (eHTN) in an unselected prospective patient population treated with sunitinib for mRCC. Read More

    Presence of transient hydronephrosis immediately after surgery has a limited influence on renal function 1 year after ileal neobladder construction.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 31;17(1):72. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Urology, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, 036-8562, Japan.
    Background: Urinary tract obstruction and postoperative hydronephrosis are risk factor for renal function deterioration after orthotopic ileal neobladder construction. However, reports of relationship between transient hydronephrosis and renal function are limited. We assess the influence of postoperative transient hydronephrosis on renal function in patients with orthotopic ileal neobladder construction. Read More

    Evaluation of noise hazard during the holmium laser enucleation of prostate.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 31;17(1):71. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Urology, Shanghai 9th People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 639 Zhi Zaoju Road, Shanghai, 200011, China.
    Background: To evaluate noise hazard during holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP), we designed a study to detect such a risk in this procedure.

    Methods: This study was conducted over a 12-month period on 223 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 121 of whom underwent HoLEP while those remaining underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). A sound level meter was used to detect the exposure of surgeons to noise. Read More

    A modified neo-vagina procedure in a low resource urogynecological unit: a case report of a 21 year old with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (mrkh) Syndrome operated at Mbarara referral hospital, Southwestern Uganda.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 29;17(1):69. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.
    Background: Although vaginal agenesis as may occur in Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a rare condition, it is associated with not only anatomical problems but also serious psychological and social problems like painful sexual intercourse, primary amenorrhea and infertility. Surgery, which is aimed at reconstruction of a vagina of adequate length and width to serve the function, is the main method of treatment. Many methods for vaginal reconstruction have been described but each has its complications and limitations. Read More

    A gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist reduces serum adrenal androgen levels in prostate cancer patients.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 29;17(1):70. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Urology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9-22 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-8511, Japan.
    Background: Adrenal androgens play an important role in the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer therapeutics. The effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists on adrenal androgens has not been studied sufficiently. We measured testicular and adrenal androgen levels in patients treated with a GnRH antagonist. Read More

    The application of a novel integrated rigid and flexible Nephroscope in percutaneous nephrolithotomy for renal staghorn stones.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 24;17(1):67. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Dartment of Urology, Tongji Hospital,Tongji Medical School, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.
    Background: Renal staghorn stones are challenging for urologists to ensure maximum stone clearance and minimal morbidity. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has become the gold standard treatment for renal staghorn stones. To assess the safety and efficacy of a novel integrated rigid and flexible percutaneous nephroscope(Rigi-flex nephroscope) in PCNL for renal staghorn stones. Read More

    Infrarenal high intra-abdominal testis: fusion of T2-weighted and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images and pathological findings.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 24;17(1):66. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Urology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, 1, Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan.
    Background: Several recent reports have demonstrated that the preoperative sensitivity and accuracy of identifying and locating non-palpable testes increases with the use of conventional MRI, in addition to diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Therefore, pre-operative prediction of the presence and location of testes using imaging techniques may guide management of intra-abdominal testis. Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy is effective for treating patients with intra-abdominal testis; however, long-term testicular function after this procedure has not been clarified. Read More

    Alpha1A-adrenoceptor antagonist improves underactive bladder associated with diabetic cystopathy via bladder blood flow in rats.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 23;17(1):64. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Central Research Laboratories, Kissei Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, 4365-1 Kashiwabara, Hotaka, Azumino-City, Nagano-Pref, 399-8304, Japan.
    Background: Patients with diabetes experience lower urinary tract symptoms. Cystopathy may evolve into underactive bladder (UAB), depending on the degree and duration of the symptoms. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of silodosin, an alpha1A-adrenoceptor (AR) antagonist, on UAB in a rat model of diabetes mellitus (DM). Read More

    Symptom clusters and related factors in bladder cancer patients three months after radical cystectomy.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 23;17(1):65. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Molecular Oncology and Epigenetics Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No. 1 Youyi Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400016, China.
    Background: To identify symptom distress and clusters in patients 3 months after radical cystectomy and to explore their potential predictors.

    Methods: A cross-sectional design was used to investigate 99 bladder cancer patients 3 months after radical cystectomy. Data were collected by demographic and disease characteristic questionnaires, the symptom experience scale of the M. Read More

    A retrospective feasibility study of biweekly, reduced-dose docetaxel in Asian patients with castrate-resistant, metastatic prostate cancer.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 22;17(1):63. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-Ro Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 135-710, South Korea.
    Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of reduced dose, biweekly docetaxel chemotherapy for Korean patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 48 patients with metastatic CRPC who were treated with a biweekly regimen (intravenous docetaxel 40 mg/m(2) on day 1 plus prednisolone 5 mg twice daily) between 2012 and 2015 at Samsung Medical Center (Seoul, Korea). Prior to the adoption of a biweekly regimen in Oct 2013, our institutional standard chemotherapy was docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks for patients with CRPC (n = 24). Read More

    Assessment of lower urinary symptom flare with overactive bladder symptom score and International Prostate Symptom Score in patients treated with iodine-125 implant brachytherapy: long-term follow-up experience at a single institute.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 14;17(1):62. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    Department of Urology, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Nara, 634-8522, Japan.
    Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined use of the overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) as an assessment tool for urinary symptom flare after iodine-125 ((125)I) implant brachytherapy. The association between urinary symptom flare and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) bounce was investigated.

    Methods: Changes in the IPSS and OABSS were prospectively recorded in 355 patients who underwent seed implantation. Read More

    Simultaneous antegrade and retrograde endoscopic treatment of non-malignant ureterointestinal anastomotic strictures following urinary diversion.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 8;17(1):61. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    Department of Urology, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, Tsinghua University, No. 168 Litang Road, Changping District, Beijing, 102218, China.
    Background: The ureterointestinal anastomosis stricture (UAS) is a common complication of urinary diversion after radical cystectomy. For decades, open anastomotic revision remained the gold standard for the treatment of UAS. However, with the advancement in endoscopic technology, mini-invasive therapeutic approaches have been used in its management. Read More

    Heterogeneity in high-risk prostate cancer treated with high-dose radiation therapy and androgen deprivation therapy.
    BMC Urol 2017 Aug 1;17(1):60. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke's Radiation Oncology Network, Highfield Road Rathgar, Dublin, Ireland.
    Background: Our aim was to assess the heterogeneity of high-risk (HR) prostate cancer managed with high-dose external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).

    Methods: We identified 547 patients who were treated with modern EBRT from 1997 to 2013, of whom 98% received ADT. We analyzed biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS) and distant metastases-free survival (DMFS). Read More

    Efficacy of commercialised extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy service: a review of 589 renal stones.
    BMC Urol 2017 Jul 27;17(1):59. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Department of Urology, Hospitalsenheden Vest, Holstebro, Denmark.
    Background: Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the management of choice for renal stones 20 mm or smaller, with a stone clearance rate of up to 89%. The purpose of the present is to investigate the efficacy of a commercialised ESWL service, being performed as an outsourced treatment using a mobile lithotripsy system on an outpatient basis. Furthermore, the study aims to evaluate the risk of needing treatment with an internal ureteral double-J stent (JJ) after ESWL treatment. Read More

    Transcutaneous electrical stimulation of somatic afferent nerves in the foot relieved symptoms related to postoperative bladder spasms.
    BMC Urol 2017 Jul 13;17(1):58. Epub 2017 Jul 13.
    Department of Urology, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, 247 Beiyuan Street, Jinan, 250033, China.
    Background: Bladder spasm is a common side effect of urological surgery. Main treatment modalities include opioids or anticholinergic medication; however, bladder spasms still occur even after these interventions. Recent studies indicate that transcutaneous stimulation of the foot can result in 50% increase in bladder capacity in healthy adults, and inhibit bladder detrusor overactivity in spinal cord injured patients. Read More

    The influence of prior laparoscopic experience on learning laparoendoscopic single site surgery: a prospective comparative preliminary study using cystorraphy in a live porcine model.
    BMC Urol 2017 Jul 12;17(1):57. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    Department of Urology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 06591, Republic of Korea.
    Background: The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of prior laparoscopic experience on the ability to learn laparoendoscopic single site surgery (LESS) skills.

    Methods: A total of 33 urologists who completed a training program in LESS surgery were recruited for this study. After completing the educational course and training, the study participants demonstrated LESS suturing and knot-tying via a 2-cm cystotomy in a live porcine model for 15 min. Read More

    Patient driven care in the management of prostate cancer: analysis of the United States military healthcare system.
    BMC Urol 2017 Jul 11;17(1):56. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Division of Urology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
    Background: Patient preferences are assumed to impact healthcare resource utilization, especially treatment options. There is limited data exploring this phenomenon. We sought to identify factors associated with patients transferring care for prostatectomy, from military to civilian facilities, and the receipt of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP). Read More

    Polypoid arteriovenous malformation of the ureter mimicking a fibroepithelial polyp, a case report.
    BMC Urol 2017 Jul 10;17(1):55. Epub 2017 Jul 10.
    University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Background: Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) of the urinary tract are extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only three case of AVM of the ureter have been described in the literature so far.

    Case Presentation: We present an additional, fourth case of an AVM of the ureter, clinically presented as asymptomatic haematuria and an obstructive process in the left ureter. Read More

    1 OF 15