862 results match your criteria BMC Urology[Journal]


Prognosis and risk factors of patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma and postoperative recurrence of bladder cancer in central China.

BMC Urol 2019 Apr 18;19(1):24. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450052, Henan, China.

Background: To investigate the prognostic risk factors and postoperative recurrence of bladder cancer in patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs).

Methods: Data of 439 UTUC patients were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up and analysis of smoking effects, consumption of traditional Chinese medicine containing aristolochic acid, history of bladder cancer, age, sex, presence or absence of diabetes mellitus (DM), metformin use, tumor characteristics (number, location, stage, grade), and open or laparoscopic surgery on the prognosis of UTUCs were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0457-5DOI Listing

Three-dimensional greyscale transrectal ultrasound-guidance and biopsy core preembedding for detection of prostate cancer: Dutch clinical cohort study.

BMC Urol 2019 Apr 16;19(1):23. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Electrical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

Background: To overcome the limitations regarding two dimensional (2D) greyscale (GS) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy in prostate cancer (PCa) detection and tissue packaging in biopsy processing, there is an ongoing focus on new imaging and pathology techniques. A three-dimensional (3D) model of the prostate with biopsy needle guidance can be generate by the Navigo™ workstation (UC-care, Israel). The SmartBX™ system (UC-care, Israel) provides a prostate biopsy core preembedding method. Read More

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https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0455-7DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Penoscrotal edema: a case report and literature review.

BMC Urol 2019 Apr 15;19(1):22. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 20 Chazhong Road, Fuzhou, 350005, China.

Background: Penoscrotal edema is typically caused by lymphatic obstruction, which can have both primary and secondary causes. Studies describing congenital penoscrotal edema are rare. Surgery can be divided into two types: The first approach involves extensive removal of diseased tissue and tissue reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0456-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466797PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Prostatic utricles without external genital anomalies in children: our experience, literature review, and pooling analysis.

BMC Urol 2019 Apr 3;19(1):21. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Urology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No. 136, Zhongshan 2 RD, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400014, China.

Background: It has been recognized that the incidence of prostatic utricle in boys is increasing and is closely associated with diseases such as hypospadias. However, the clinical features of prostatic utricle with normal external genitalia have received little attention.

Methods: Based on this, a series of 22 male children with prostatic utricles has been compiled by adding our 3 patients to 19 cases reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0450-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446365PMC
April 2019
1 Read
1.937 Impact Factor

Intrarenal arteriovenous malformation following flexible ureterorenoscopy and holmium laser stone fragmentation: report of a case.

BMC Urol 2019 Mar 22;19(1):20. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Po Box 17666, Al Ain, UAE.

Background: Flexible ureterorenoscopy (FURS) and holmium laser lithotripsy is currently considered as one of the treatment options for large renal calculi. It has been shown to be safer than percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The latter can sometimes be complicated by the formation of intrarenal arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0447-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429714PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Literature review of the burden of prostate cancer in Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Canada.

BMC Urol 2019 Mar 18;19(1):19. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Ossian Health Economics and Communications GmbH, Bäumleingasse 20, 4051, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Prostate cancer is the most frequently reported cancer in males in Europe, and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. The aim of the current review was to characterize the clinical, economic and humanistic burden of disease associated with prostate cancer in France, Germany, the UK and Canada.

Methods: Literature searches were conducted using the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases to identify studies reporting incidence and/or mortality rates, costs and health state utilities associated with prostate cancer in the settings of interest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0448-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421711PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Outcome of buccal mucosa graft urethroplasty: a detailed analysis of success, morbidity and quality of life in a contemporary patient cohort at a referral center.

BMC Urol 2019 Mar 18;19(1):18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Urology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: To evaluate outcome of buccal mucosa graft urethroplasty (BMGU) for the treatment of urethral stricture disease, including a detailed analysis of success, morbidity and quality of life (QoL).

Methods: Between 12/05/2008 and 07/21/2010, 187 patients with urethral stricture disease, who were treated with BMGU at our University Medical Center, received a standardized questionnaire, evaluating postoperative success, morbidity and QoL. The primary endpoint was the success, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0449-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421675PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of combination of tamsulosin plus dutasteride compared with tamsulosin monotherapy in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia.

BMC Urol 2019 Mar 11;19(1):17. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Urology, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University, Yantai, NO. 20 East Yuhuangding Road, Yantai, 264000, Shandong, China.

Background: We performed a meta-analysis to confirm the efficacy and safety of the combination of tamsulosin plus dutasteride compared with tamsulosin monotherapy in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) during a treatment cycle of at least 1 year.

Methods: Randomized controlled trials were searched by using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register. Systematic review was carried out using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0446-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419503PMC

The unveiling of a new risk factor associated with bladder cancer in Lebanon.

BMC Urol 2019 Mar 5;19(1):16. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, P.o.Box: 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Riad El Solh, Beirut, 110 72020, Lebanon.

Background: No accurate evaluation of smoking and water pollution on bladder cancer has been conducted in the Lebanese population. Our aim is to examine the significance of smoking and one of the main water pollutants Trihalomethanes (THM) on bladder cancer risk.

Methods: Population Attributable Fraction (PAF) was used to quantify the contribution of the risk factors smoking and THMs on bladder cancer in Lebanon. Read More

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https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0445-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402117PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

The relationship between prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and body mass index and mid-abdominal circumference in men in a resource-poor community in Southeast Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Urol 2019 Feb 21;19(1):15. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Surgery, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: There is paucity of information on the community-based prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men who are 40 years and older in the southeast region of Nigeria. This study seeks to determine the community-based prevalence of LUTS and the relationship between LUTS, and body mass index (BMI) and mid-abdominal circumference (MAC) in men.

Methods: An interviewer-administered, questionnaire-based survey. Read More

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https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0444-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385379PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Urethral cavernous hemangioma: a highly misdiagnosed disease (a case report of two patients and literature review).

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 31;19(1):13. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen university, Guangzhou, 510080, China.

Background: Diagnosis of urethral cavernous hemangioma (UCH) is very rare. It can be easy to misdiagnose and mistreat due to its atypical clinical manifestations and a lack of relevant knowledge. The study is to explore the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of UCH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0441-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357368PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Sneeze and pop: a ruptured varicocele; analysis of literature, guided by a well-documented case-report.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 31;19(1):14. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Urology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: An acute scrotal hematoma, secondary to a spontaneous rupture of a varicocele is still a rare presentation in daily practice. However, multiple case reports have been reported. Sudden increase in abdominal pressure, resulting to an increased venous pressure can lead to a rupture of the varicocele. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0442-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357415PMC
January 2019
2 Reads
1.937 Impact Factor

Treatment of urinary calculi after Yang-Monti ileal ureter reconstruction: a case report.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 30;19(1):12. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Urology, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital, No. 83 East Zhongshan Road, Guiyang, 550002, Guizhou, China.

Background: The development of ureteral calculi after Yang-Monti ileal ureter reconstruction has not been reported. This study was performed to explore the safety and effectiveness of ureteroscopy combined with laser lithotripsy in the treatment of ipsilateral lower ureteral calculi and lower calyceal calculi after Yang-Monti ileal ureter reconstruction.

Case Presentation: A 48-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with ipsilateral distal ureteral calculi and ipsilateral lower calyceal calculi. Read More

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https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0443-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354340PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Transurethral resection of the prostate versus prostatic artery embolization in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a meta-analysis.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 28;19(1):11. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Urology, The Affiliated Hospital of Hang Zhou Normal University, Hangzhou, 310015, China.

Background: To compare the clinical efficiency and safety of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and prostatic artery embolization (PAE) for the treatment of Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Methods: We searched PUBMED, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register for studies from May 1998 to May 2018 for studies comparing the efficiency and safety of TURP with PAE. Four studies met the inclusion criteria for our meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0440-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350315PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Association between De Ritis ratio (aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase) and oncological outcomes in bladder cancer patients after radical cystectomy.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 24;19(1):10. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.

Background: New biological prognostic predictors have been studied; however, some factors have limited clinical application due to tissue-specific expression and high cost. There is the need for a promising predictive factor that is simple to detect and that is closely linked to oncological outcomes in patients with urothelial bladder cancer (BC) who have undergone radical cystectomy (RC). Therefore, we investigated the clinical prognostic value of the preoperative De Ritis ratio (aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase) on oncological outcomes in patients with urothelial BC after RC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0439-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345026PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Safety and effectiveness of high-power thulium laser enucleation of the prostate in patients with glands larger than 80 mL.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 21;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Shutien Uro Clinic, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: The efficacy of thulium laser prostate enucleation (ThuLEP) for large prostates is unclear. This study aimed to explore the expanded utility of 150-200-W ThuLEP by studying patients with a large prostate (> 80 mL).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed records of 125 patients with large prostate glands (> 80 mL) who underwent ThuLEP performed by a single surgeon from June 2012 to June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0437-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341629PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The importance of sexuality, changes in erectile functioning and its association with self-esteem in men with localized prostate cancer: data from an observational study.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 21;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Institute of Medical Psychology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, D-10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Treatment for localized prostate cancer (PCa) can cause long-term changes in erectile functioning. However, data on the importance of sexuality and possible consequences of altered erectile functioning on self-esteem in men with localized PCa are lacking.

Methods: Self-report questionnaires were completed by 292 men with PCa, initially managed with active surveillance (AS) or radical prostatectomy (RP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0436-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341743PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

The impact of Mirabegron on sexual function in women with idiopathic overactive bladder.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 21;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Insubria, Varese, 21100, Italy.

Background: Overactive bladder (OAB) can frequently exert a negative effect on female sexual function. Mirabegron, a β3 receptor agonist, improves OAB symptoms, but there are very few information about its role on female sexual dysfunction (FSD). Aim of the study was to assess the impact of Mirabegron on FSD in women affected by OAB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-019-0438-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341751PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Experience with AMS 700 LGX penile prostheses for preserving penile length in Korea.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 16;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Adams Urology Clinic, 513, Teheran-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06169, Republic of Korea.

Background: The purpose of this study was to report the outcomes of patients who underwent penile implantation with AMS 700 LGX inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) in a single center by a single surgeon.

Methods: A total of 342 patients with erectile dysfunction who underwent AMS 700 LGX IPP implantation between October 2014 and April 2016 were included in this study. All patients were evaluated using the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0425-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335802PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

The application of barbed suture during the partial nephrectomy may modify perioperative results: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 10;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology (Laboratory of Reconstructive Urology), West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Barbed sutures can avoid knot tying and speed the suture placement in the PN(partial nephrectomy). On account of the impact on clinical outcomes are ambiguous, this study is determined to identify the application of barbed suture during PN.

Methods: ClinicalTrials. Read More

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https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0435-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329109PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Unbiased data mining identifies cell cycle transcripts that predict non-indolent Gleason score 7 prostate cancer.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 7;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Patients with newly diagnosed non-metastatic prostate adenocarcinoma are typically classified as at low, intermediate, or high risk of disease progression using blood prostate-specific antigen concentration, tumour T category, and tumour pathological Gleason score. Classification is used to both predict clinical outcome and to inform initial management. However, significant heterogeneity is observed in outcome, particularly within the intermediate risk group, and there is an urgent need for additional markers to more accurately hone risk prediction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0433-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322345PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Definitive external-beam radiotherapy versus radical prostatectomy in clinically localized high-risk prostate cancer: a retrospective study.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 5;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey.

Background: Optimal treatment of high-risk prostate cancer remains controversial. We aimed to compare treatment outcomes of prostate cancer patients treated with definitive external-beam radiotherapy (ExRT) or radical prostatectomy (RP).

Methods: The records of 120 high-risk clinical stage T2b-T4 N0 M0 prostate cancer patients treated with definitive ExRT or RP were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0432-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321694PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Paroxetine in the treatment of premature ejaculation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 3;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Urology & Nephrology, Ningbo First Hospital, The affiliated hospital of ZheJiang University, 59, Liuting Street, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Paroxetine is one of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) used in the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE). However, this use is not approved in many countries. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to review the efficacy and safety of paroxetine for PE patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0431-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318994PMC
January 2019
18 Reads

Effect of prostate gland weight on the surgical and oncological outcomes of extraperitoneal robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.

BMC Urol 2019 Jan 3;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Urology, Severance Hospital, Urological Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1, Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.

Background: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is performed by urologists as one of the surgical procedures for treating prostate cancer. Numerous studies have been published with regard to the impact of prostate weight on performing RARP but were limited by the insufficient number of patients and use of the transperitoneal approach. This study aimed to determine the effect of prostate gland weight on the surgical and short-term oncological outcomes of RARP using the extraperitoneal approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0434-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318996PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Effect of sample time on urinary lithogenic risk indexes in healthy and stone-forming adults and children.

BMC Urol 2018 Dec 19;18(1):116. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Laboratory of Renal Lithiasis Research, University Institute of Health Sciences Research (IUNICS-IdISBa), University of Balearic Islands, Ctra Valldemossa, km 7.5, 07122, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

Background: The diagnosis and follow-up of stone forming patients is usually performed by analysis of 24-h urine samples. However, crystallization risk varies throughout the day, being higher at night. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the urinary crystallization risk in adults and children by calculating risk indexes based on different collection periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0430-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299942PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

The evaluation of nocturia in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia and the analysis of the curative effect after medical or placebo therapy for nocturia: a randomized placebo-controlled study.

BMC Urol 2018 Dec 13;18(1):115. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Urology, Beijing Huairou Hospital, Beijing, 101400, China.

Background: To study nocturia in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) after medical or placebo treatment.

Methods: Patients with LUTS suggestive of BPH from several community clinics were included. Patients completed the International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS) questionnaire and a 3-day voiding diary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0426-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293598PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Systemic analysis of urinary stones from the Northern, Eastern, Central, Southern and Southwest China by a multi-center study.

BMC Urol 2018 Dec 13;18(1):114. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

The Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Sixth People's Hospital of Nansha, Xingye Road No. 7, Dagang Town, Nansha, Guangzhou, 511470, People's Republic of China.

Background: To provide some basis for the prevention of urinary stones in general population, we did a systemic analysis of urinary stones from Northern, Eastern, Central, Southern and Southwest China by a multi-center study.

Methods: A total of 11,157 urinary stones from Northern, Eastern, Central, Southern and Southwest China were obtained and analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Combined with scanning electron microscopy and X-ray energy spectrometer, urinary stones were classified into different types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0428-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293513PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with pelvic re-peritonealization: the technique and initial clinical outcomes.

BMC Urol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):113. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Urology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, China.

Background: Delayed bowel function recovery and postoperative ileus are relatively serious complications of laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC). Our study aimed to determine whether performing pelvic re-peritonealization reduces the incidence of these complications.

Methods: Clinical data of 78 patients who had undergone LRC with pelvic re-peritonealization from August 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively collected and compared with those of 92 patients who had undergone LRC alone between January 2013 and July 2015 in our institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0424-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291951PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Early post-operative serum albumin level predicts survival after curative nephrectomy for kidney cancer: a retrospective study.

BMC Urol 2018 Dec 6;18(1):111. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: Previous studies have shown that albumin-related systemic inflammation is associated with the long-term prognosis of cancer, but the clinical significance of an early (≤ 7 days) post-operative serum albumin level has not been well-documented as a prognostic factor in patients with renal cell cancer.

Methods: We retrospectively included patients hospitalized for kidney cancer from January 2009 to May 2014. First, the receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to define the best cut-off of an early post-operative serum albumin level in determining the prognosis, from which survival analysis was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0427-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282248PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Supra-costal tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy is not associated with increased complication rate: a prospective study of safety and efficacy of supra-costal versus sub-costal access.

BMC Urol 2018 Dec 11;18(1):112. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

From the Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Changhua Christian Hospital, 135, Nanxiao St., Changhua City, Changhua County, 500, Taiwan.

Background: To assess the morbidities of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) using supra-costal access and re-evaluate traditional concept of increased complications with supra-costal access.

Methods: From January 2010 to December 2014, a single surgeon performed 118 consecutive one-stage fluoroscopic guided PCNL's for complex renal and upper ureteral stone. Our definition for complex renal stone is defined as partial or complete staghorn stone, multiple renal stones in more than 2 calyxes, obstructive uretero-pelvic stone > 2 cm, and a renal stone in single functional kidney. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0429-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290519PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Abiraterone acetate for chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: a single-centre prospective study of efficacy, safety, and prognostic factors.

BMC Urol 2018 Dec 3;18(1):110. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200127, China.

Background: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of abiraterone acetate (AA) plus prednisone compared with prednisone alone in Asian patients with chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), and to identify predictive factors.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 60 patients with chemotherapy-naive mCRPC at Renji Hospital who were treated with AA plus prednisone (n = 43) or prednisone alone (n = 17). All patients were assessed for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response, PSA progression-free survival (PSA PFS), radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS), and overall survival (OS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0416-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276197PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

SDH-deficient renal cell carcinoma - clinical, pathologic and genetic correlates: a case report.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 27;18(1):109. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Juravinski Cancer Centre, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)- deficient renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a newly identified rare subtype of RCC, having only gained acceptance from the World Health Organization in 2016. To the best of our knowledge, there are only 55 reported cases worldwide. Here, we report a new case of SDH-deficient RCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0422-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258450PMC
November 2018
13 Reads

Congenital mid-ureteral stricture: a case report of two patients.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 26;18(1):108. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and King Saud University Medical City, King Saud University, PO Box 7805, Riyadh, 11472, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Congenital hydronephrosis is a common foetal anomaly. There are numerous causes of hydronephrosis. The diagnosis of ureteral anomalies remains challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0423-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6258389PMC
November 2018
17 Reads

Ameliorative effects of rutin against cisplatin-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 21;18(1):107. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Community Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Cisplatin (CP) or cis-diammine dichloroplatinum (II) is a platinum based standard antineoplastic drug which is used against variety of solid tumors and neoplasms. The present study aimed to evaluate the shielding effects of rutin against CP induced testicular toxicity in rats.

Methods: 28 male rats were divided into four groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0421-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249881PMC
November 2018
14 Reads

Bilateral Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma: a case report.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 20;18(1):106. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Urology, Kochi University, Kochi Medical School, Kohasu, Oko, Nankoku, Kochi, 783-8505, Japan.

Background: Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare variety of a kidney neoplasm. We report a case of bilateral Xp11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0419-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6245707PMC
November 2018
19 Reads

Spontaneous regression of adrenal metastasis from renal cell carcinoma after sunitinib withdrawal: case report and literature review.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 14;18(1):105. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Urology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: The spontaneous regression of metastatic renal cell carcinoma is a rare phenomenon, with an estimated incidence of < 1%. We report a case of post-nephrectomy renal cell carcinoma adrenal metastasis, followed by the spontaneous regression of the metastasis after withdrawal of sunitinib.

Case Presentation: The patient was a 55-year-old male with clear cell type renal cell carcinoma who previously underwent a left laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0420-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236987PMC
November 2018
17 Reads

How to perform the dusting technique for calcium oxalate stone phantoms during Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 13;18(1):103. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Urology, Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 20, Boramae-ro 5-Gil, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, 156-707, Republic of Korea.

Background: To determine the most efficacious setting of Holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser with a maximum power output of 120 W with in vitro phantom-stone dusting technique.

Methods: A laser was used to treat two 4 × 3 × 3 mm sized phantom stones in 5 mL syringes with 1 mm-sized holes at the bottom. According to the pulse width (short 500, middle 750, long pulse 1000 μsec), maximal pulse repetition rates from 50 to 80 Hz were tested with pulse energy of 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0417-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234550PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Expression and clinical significance of Caveolin-1 in prostate Cancer after transurethral surgery.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 13;18(1):102. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, China.

Background: Prostate cancer is a common malignancy of the male genitourinary system that occurs worldwide. The current research aims to investigate caveolin-1 expression in prostate cancer tissue and its relationship with pathological grade, clinical pathologic staging, and preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels.

Methods: From January 2012 to December 2014, samples from 47 patients with prostate cancer who had received transurethral prostatic resection (TURP) and 20 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0418-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234622PMC
November 2018
18 Reads

Pattern of varicocele vein blood gases in patients undergoing microsurgical Varicocelectomy.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 13;18(1):104. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Physiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: Varicocele is known to be associated with infertility and sperm disorders. The exact cause of this ailment is not fully understood. There are limited numbers of studies where venous blood gases (VBGs) of varicocele veins were determined with conflicting results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0411-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234665PMC
November 2018
19 Reads

Changes in renal papillary density after hydration therapy in calcium stone formers.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 12;18(1):101. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

U.O.C. Nefrologia, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Roma, Italia.

Background: Previous studies have shown that, compared with non-stone formers, stone formers have a higher papillary density measured with computer tomography (CT) scan. The effect of increased hydration on such papillary density in idiopathic calcium stone formers is not known.

Methods: Patients with recurrent calcium oxalate stones undergoing endourological procedures for renal stones at our Institution from June 2013 to June 2014 were considered eligible for enrolment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0415-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233505PMC
November 2018
17 Reads

Non-ischemic laparoscopic partial nephrectomy using 1318-nm diode laser for small exophytic renal tumors.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 9;18(1):99. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Urology, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Muellner-Hauptstrasse 48, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

Purpose: Warm ischemia (WI) and bleeding constitute the main challenges for surgeons during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN). Current literature on the use of lasers for cutting and coagulation remains scarce and with small cohorts. We present the largest case series to date of non-ischemic LPN using a diode laser for small exophytic renal tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0405-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230292PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Epidermal growth factor expression as a predictor of chemotherapeutic resistance in muscle-invasive bladder cancer.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 9;18(1):100. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression is believed to be associated with bladder cancer (BC) progression and poor clinical outcomes. In vivo studies have linked EGFR subcellular trafficking and chemo-resistance to cisplatin-based chemotherapies. This has not been studied in the clinical adjuvant setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0413-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6234794PMC
November 2018
8 Reads

Multiparametric ultrasound: evaluation of greyscale, shear wave elastography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for prostate cancer detection and localization in correlation to radical prostatectomy specimens.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 8;18(1):98. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Martini Clinic, Prostate Cancer Center, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: The diagnostic pathway for prostate cancer (PCa) is advancing towards an imaging-driven approach. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging, although increasingly used, has not shown sufficient accuracy to replace biopsy for now. The introduction of new ultrasound (US) modalities, such as quantitative contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) and shear wave elastography (SWE), shows promise but is not evidenced by sufficient high quality studies, especially for the combination of different US modalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0409-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225621PMC
November 2018
25 Reads

PD-1 and PD-L1 are more highly expressed in high-grade bladder cancer than in low-grade cases: PD-L1 might function as a mediator of stage progression in bladder cancer.

BMC Urol 2018 Nov 6;18(1):97. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Urology, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 2360004, Japan.

Background: Bladder cancers have been characterized as a tumor group in which the immunological response is relatively well preserved. Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1, B7-H1, CD274) has been shown to be expressed in several malignancies, including bladder cancer. However, the clinicopathological impact of this biomarker has not yet been established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0414-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6219206PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

Minimally invasive surgical treatment on delayed uretero-vaginal fistula.

BMC Urol 2018 Oct 29;18(1):96. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Urology, The Fourth Hospital of China Medical University, 4 Chongshan Road, Shenyang, 110032, China.

Objective: To evaluate the procedure of endoscopic surgery for ureterovaginal fistula (UVF) and its clinical efficacy.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective analysis of 46 patients needing treatment for UVF with endourology technology was conducted (all patients had unilateral ureteric injury, 27 left and 19 right). Transurethral retrograde ureteric stenting or realignment retrograde/antegrade approach stenting was used to treat the fistula, and the relation between treatment and prognosis was analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0410-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206918PMC
October 2018
16 Reads

Is there still a place for retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in clinical stage 1 nonseminomatous testicular germ-cell tumours? A retrospective clinical study.

BMC Urol 2018 Oct 26;18(1):95. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

MVZ Hanse Histologikum, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Primary retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) ultimately lost its role as the standard management of clinical stage (CS) 1 nonseminomatous (NS) testicular germ cell tumours (GCTs) in Europe when the European Germ Cell Cancer Consensus Group released their recommendations in 2008. Current guide-lines recommend surgery only for selected patients but reasons for selection remain rather ill-defined. We evaluated the practice patterns of the management of CS1 patients and looked specifically to the role of RPLND among other standard treatment options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0412-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204050PMC
October 2018
25 Reads

The surgical technique and initial outcomes of Anatolian neobladder: a novel technique of ileal neobladder after radical cystectomy.

BMC Urol 2018 Oct 26;18(1):94. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Urology, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Fatih, 34098, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: We describe a detailed novel step-by-step approach for creation of an ileal neobladder and compare the outcomes with standart neobladder.

Methods: Between August 2009 and January 2016, 36 consecutive patients with bladder cancer underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic urinary diversion with an ileal neobladder. A novel technique of ileal neobladder construction, called the Anatolian neobladder, was designed by a single surgeon (ZT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0406-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203991PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Continuous saline bladder irrigation for two hours following transurethral resection of bladder tumors in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer does not prevent recurrence or progression compared with intravesical Mitomycin-C.

BMC Urol 2018 Oct 24;18(1):93. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles, 300 Stein Plaza, Suite 348, Los Angeles, California, 90095, USA.

Background: Intravesical Mitomycin-C (MMC) following transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT), while efficacious, is associated with side effects and poor utilization. Continuous saline bladder irrigation (CSBI) has been examined as an alternative. In this study we sought to compare the rates of recurrence and/or progression in patients with NMIBC who were treated with either MMC or CSBI after TURBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0408-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201555PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Seminal vesicle abnormalities following prostatic artery embolization for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

BMC Urol 2018 Oct 24;18(1):92. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fu-xing Rd, Beijing, 100853, People's Republic of China.

Background: Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) has been proved effective in the treatment of lower urinary tracts (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with low complications, and most of the them are due to non-target embolization of adjacent organs, such as bladder, rectum, seminal vesicles and penis. Aim of this study was to present seminal vesicle (SV) abnormalities following prostatic artery embolization (PAE) for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Methods: We reviewed 139 BPH patients who received PAE during the period of February 2009 and January 2015 at a single institution, highlighting seminal vesicle abnormalities and their clinical relevance after PAE. Read More

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https://bmcurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12894-01
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0407-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6201578PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Preoperative neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio improves recurrence prediction of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

BMC Urol 2018 Oct 22;18(1):90. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Urology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Golomb 47, 31048, Haifa, Israel.

Background: This study aims to prospectively evaluate the ability of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) to forecast recurrence in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). This is a continuation of our two previous retrospective studies that indicated the NLR > 2.5 criterion as a predictor of recurrence in patients with NMIBC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12894-018-0404-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6198354PMC
October 2018
3 Reads