7,659 results match your criteria BMC Research Notes [Journal]


Expression patterns of SLIT/ROBO mRNAs reveal a characteristic feature in the entorhinal-hippocampal area of macaque monkeys.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 27;13(1):262. Epub 2020 May 27.

Division of Brain Biology, National Institute for Basic Biology, 38 Nishigonaka Myodaiji, Okazaki, 444-8585, Japan.

Objective: SLITs are secreted glycoproteins that bind to Roundabouts (ROBOs) which are a family member of transmembrane receptors. SLIT signaling has well-conserved roles in mediating axon repulsion in a developing nervous system. We previously reported that SLIT1 mRNA is enriched in middle layers of the prefrontal cortex of macaque monkeys in a developmentally regulated manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05100-7DOI Listing

Therapeutic abortion in Iran: an epidemiologic study of legal abortion in 2 years.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 27;13(1):261. Epub 2020 May 27.

Legal Medicine Research Center, Iranian Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Unsafe abortion is one of the most important causes of death and disability among mothers in countries where abortion is illegal. These conditions have changed since then. The present study has investigated the cases who were referred to the legal medicine organization to receive abortion permission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05098-yDOI Listing

Multiplex PCR for identification of two butterfly sister species: Eurema mandarina and Eurema hecabe.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 27;13(1):260. Epub 2020 May 27.

Graduate School of Horticulture, Chiba University, Matsudo, Chiba, 271-8510, Japan.

Objective: In insects, closely related species are often difficult or impossible to distinguish solely by morphological traits. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) markers are often useful and reliable for distinguishing closely related species. However, useful mtDNA markers can be unavailable, particularly when such species pairs experienced hybrid introgression in the past. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05093-3DOI Listing

Aescin and diosmin each alone or in low dose- combination ameliorate liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 27;13(1):259. Epub 2020 May 27.

Biology Department, UAE University, Al Ain, UAE.

Objective: This study evaluated hepatoprotective effect of aescin (AES) and diosmin (DIO), individually or in low-dose combination in chemically induced liver injury in rats. Rats were divided into 6 groups; Group 1, control, Group 2, injected with a single dose of a mixture of corn oil and carbon tetrachloride (CCl) to induce hepatic toxicity. Before CCl injection, Groups 3-6 were treated daily for 14 days with silymarin (SIL) (200 mg/kg), aescin (AES; 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05094-2DOI Listing

Socioeconomic impacts of elimination of onchocerciasis in Abu-Hamed focus, northern Sudan: lessons after elimination.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 26;13(1):256. Epub 2020 May 26.

Public and Tropical Health Programmes, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.

Objectives: Onchocerciasis is one of the most devastating neglected tropical diseases and it is mostly prevalent in Africa. The disease has important heavy social and economic burdens on the infected populations including low productivity, unemployment, social isolation, and stigma. A cross-sectional study was implemented using a well-established questionnaire to investigate the socio-economic impacts of Onchocerciasis elimination in Abu-Hamed, River Nile State, Sudan in 2015; 512 participants in ten affected communities were interviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05101-6DOI Listing

Managing acute pain in HIV+/AIDS patients: knowledge and practice trends among emergency physicians of major tertiary care centers of a developing country.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 26;13(1):255. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To assess knowledge and practice trends in managing acute pain in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+) or having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among emergency physicians of four tertiary care hospitals. Acute pain management in such patients is complex because of multiple concomitant painful conditions related to their disease. After obtaining ethical approval and written informed consent, emergency physicians were requested to fill out a questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05095-1DOI Listing

Surgical management of sarcoma in adolescent and young adult patients.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 26;13(1):257. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kindai University Hospital, 377-2 Ohno-Higashi, Osaka-Sayama City, Osaka, 589-8511, Japan.

Objective: To examine the clinical features and outcomes of adolescent and young adult sarcoma patients who underwent surgical management and clarify important factors associated with prognosis. We reviewed 18 young adult sarcoma patients sarcoma patients treated surgically in our hospital. The tumor site, histology, grade, stage, and American Society of Anesthesiologists-Physical Status before surgery, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications, surgical margin, local recurrence, metastasis, and outcomes were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05107-0DOI Listing

Efflux pump activity, biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance profile of Klebsiella spp. isolated from clinical samples at Lagos University Teaching Hospital.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 26;13(1):258. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Microbiology, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.

Objective: Nosocomial and community acquired multidrug resistant Klebsiella infections are wide spread resulting in high morbidity and mortality due to limited number of antibiotics treatment options. This study investigated efflux pump activity, biofilm forming potential and antibiotic susceptibility profile of Klebsiella spp. isolated from clinical samples in a tertiary hospital in Lagos Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05105-2DOI Listing

Biphasic human insulin 30 thrice daily, is it reasonable?

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 24;13(1):250. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of thrice daily Biphasic Human Insulin 30 (BHI 30) versus the traditional twice-daily regimen in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. It's a cross over single clinical study. Twenty-two diabetic patients who were already using BHI 30 in twice or thrice daily regimens with or without metformin were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05090-6DOI Listing

Weight-for-age distributions among children with HIV on antiretroviral therapy in the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) multiregional consortium.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 24;13(1):249. Epub 2020 May 24.

The Medical Practice Evaluation Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: Pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) for children with HIV (CHIV) must be dosed appropriately for children's changing weights as they grow. To inform accurate estimates of ART formulations and doses needed, we described weight-for-age distributions among CHIV on ART in the IeDEA global pediatric collaboration between 2004 and 2016, using data from six regions (East, West, Central, and Southern Africa, Asia-Pacific, and Central/South America and the Caribbean).

Results: Overall, 59,862 children contributed to the analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05081-7DOI Listing

High malaria parasitemia among outpatient febrile children in low endemic area, East-Central Tanzania in 2013.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 24;13(1):251. Epub 2020 May 24.

Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, P.O. Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Objective: This study investigated the prevalence and distribution patterns of malaria in Kilosa district as part of non-malaria causes of febrile illnesses in children study. We enrolled febrile patients aged 2-13 years presenting at the outpatient department during the rainy and dry seasons, in 2013. For each participant, we tested for malaria parasites and identified parasite species using microscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05092-4DOI Listing

Preliminary study on HIV status disclosure to perinatal infected children: retrospective analysis of administrative records from a pediatric HIV clinic in the southern United States.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 24;13(1):253. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.

Objective: The World Health Organization recommends disclosing HIV-status between 6 and 12 years; American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children are informed at "school age." Neither suggests an optimal age when children should learn of their status to improve viral load suppression. Considering that virally suppressed people do not transmit HIV and that interrupting the transmission cycle is critical to ending the HIV epidemic, our objective is to examine the relationship between age of disclosure and viral load suppression by evaluating data from a pediatric HIV clinic in the southern United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05097-zDOI Listing

Study on biodegradation kinetics of di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate by newly isolated halotolerant Ochrobactrum anthropi strain L1-W.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 24;13(1):252. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, 430079, China.

Objective: Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) pollution is one of the major environmental concerns all over the world. This research aimed at studying the biodegradation kinetics of DEHP by a newly isolated bacterial strain. Water and sediment samples were collected from Wuhan South Lake and potent bacterial isolates were screened for DEHP degradation, characterized by biochemical, physiological, morphological and 16S rDNA gene sequencing, and optimized under suitable pH, temperature, NaCl and DEHP concentrations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05096-0DOI Listing

Structure-based screening of chemical libraries to identify small molecules that are likely to bind with the SET and RING-associated (SRA) domain of Ubiquitin-like, PHD and Ring Finger-containing 1 (UHRF1).

Authors:
Debasis Patnaik

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 24;13(1):254. Epub 2020 May 24.

Meliorate Inc., North Weymouth, MA, 02191, USA.

Objectives: UHRF1 is a multi-domain protein that recognizes both histone and DNA modification marks on chromatin. UHRF1 is involved in various cellular processes that lead to tumorigenesis and thus attracted considerable attention as a potential anti-cancer drug target. The SRA domain is a unique to the UHRF family. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05103-4DOI Listing

Negative social interactions and coping behaviors: experiences of Japanese mothers caring for children with special needs in disaster areas.

Authors:
Miyako Kimura

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 20;13(1):247. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Preventive Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1, Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa, 216-8511, Japan.

Objective: This study aims to identify the challenging experiences pertaining negative social interactions and the coping behaviors of mothers of children with special needs after two major earthquakes in Japan. A qualitative content analysis was conducted based on the interviews of 26 mothers of children with special needs who had experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011 or Kumamoto Earthquake in 2016.

Results: The themes extracted were "perceiving pressures and unfairness," "failing to obtain support and deeper understanding," "realizing child's characteristics that are difficult for others to understand," and "tackling challenges on their own in different ways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05087-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238524PMC

Predicting breast cancer metastasis from whole-blood transcriptomic measurements.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 20;13(1):248. Epub 2020 May 20.

Laboratoire MAP5 (UMR CNRS 8145), Université Paris Descartes, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Objective: In this exploratory work we investigate whether blood gene expression measurements predict breast cancer metastasis. Early detection of increased metastatic risk could potentially be life-saving. Our data comes from the Norwegian Women and Cancer epidemiological cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05088-0DOI Listing

Impact of an antimicrobial stewardship program in the antimicrobial-resistant and prevalence of clostridioides difficile infection and amount of antimicrobial consumed in cancer patients.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 19;13(1):246. Epub 2020 May 19.

Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: The The impact of a hospital antimicrobial stewardship was determined on antimicrobial-resistant, Clostridioides difficile rates and the amount of antimicrobial consumed in cancer patients.The intervention effects of antimicrobial stewardship (ASP) plans in 2017-2018 and 2018-2019 were respectively evaluated among hematology/oncology and bone marrow transplant patients in Ayatollah Taleghani University Hospital, Tehran, Iran. In this interventional quasi-experimental study, the ASP repository was utilized to capture four survey questions encompassed in these immunocompromised patients: amount of antibiotics (meropenem and vancomycin) consumption gr-year, the number of positive Clostridioides difficile infection and multidrug-resistant positive cases in blood cultures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05085-3DOI Listing

Correction to: Antimalarial combination therapies increase gastric ulcers through an imbalance of basic antioxidative-oxidative enzymes in male Wistar rats.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 18;13(1):245. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Kampala International University, Western Campus, Box 71, Bushenyi, Uganda.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05084-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7236118PMC

Misconceptions about transmission, symptoms and prevention of HIV/AIDS among adolescents in Ebonyi state, South-east Nigeria.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 14;13(1):244. Epub 2020 May 14.

Health Policy Research Group, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria.

Objectives: Nigeria has the second largest number of adolescents and young people living with HIV/AIDS in the world. Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS contribute to spread of HIV, and constrain uptake of preventive services. This paper explored misconceptions about HIV/AIDS among adolescents in south-east Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05086-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227299PMC

Correction to: Validity and reliability of a dish-based semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire for assessment of energy and nutrient intake among Iranian adults.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 14;13(1):243. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Nutrition Research, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, No. 7, Hafezi St., Farahzadi Blvd., P.O.Box: 19395-4741, Tehran, 1981619573, Iran.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05079-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222457PMC

Relocating a pediatric hospital: Does antimicrobial resistance change?

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 13;13(1):242. Epub 2020 May 13.

Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University Hospital Leipzig, Liebigstraße 20a, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Objective: Analyze the changes in antimicrobial drug resistance patterns due to hospital relocation. To this end, we conducted a retrospective analysis of microbiological results, especially minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of all isolates from blood, urine and bronchial secretions, in our pediatric university hospital before and after moving to a new building.

Results: While the number of tests done did not change, the fraction of those positive increased, more MICs were determined and certain microbes (A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05065-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218827PMC

Microarray analysis of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded follicular thyroid carcinoma samples from patients who developed postoperative distant metastasis.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 13;13(1):241. Epub 2020 May 13.

Laboratory of Biological Macromolecules, Department of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life & Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1‑1 Gakuen‑cho, Sakai, 599‑8531, Japan.

Objective: Although follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) generally has a good prognosis, it occasionally metastasises, leading to poor prognosis. Unfortunately, minimally invasive FTC (mi-FTC) and encapsulated angioinvasive FTC (ea-FTC) cannot be distinguished cytopathologically from thyroid follicular adenoma (FTA), a benign tumour with a good prognosis. Therefore, a molecular diagnosis to distinguish mi- or ea-FTC from FTA is needed for clinical treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05080-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218651PMC

Immunohistochemistry of advanced glycation end product N-(carboxymethyl)lysine in coronary arteries in relation to cardiac fibrosis and serum N-terminal-pro basic natriuretic peptide in forensic autopsy cases.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 12;13(1):239. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Legal Medicine, Teikyo University School of Medicine, 2-11-1, Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8605, Japan.

Objective: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are known to play important roles in the development of diabetes mellitus and atherosclerosis. N-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) is the major AGE, and is found in the arterial walls in the heart. The CML involvement in myocardial ischemia has been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05082-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216670PMC

Bio-banding in junior soccer players: a pilot study.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 12;13(1):240. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department for Elite Sport, Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen, Alpenstrasse 18, 2532, Magglingen, Switzerland.

Objective: Bio-banding (BB) has been introduced to account for varying maturity and to improve the talent development of junior soccer players. To date, research that investigated the physiological and technical effects of BB is sparse. Therefore, the aim of the study was to compare effects of BB with CA on selected technical and tactical parameters in U13 and U14 soccer players. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05083-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216411PMC

Correction to: Factors associated with poor treatment outcome of tuberculosis in Debre Tabor, northwest Ethiopia.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 7;13(1):238. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Following publication of the original article [1], similarity with another article by the same authors was reported. The authors would like to clarify that the current study [1] is an update of previous work that used the same data set in the analysis [2]. In Melese and Zeleke [1], the authors found that factors associated with poor treatment outcome were not sufficiently addressed previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05062-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7204037PMC

The association of low serum salivary and pancreatic amylases with the increased use of lipids as an energy source in non-obese healthy women.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 6;13(1):237. Epub 2020 May 6.

School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health and Social Services, Kanagawa University of Human Services, 1-10-1 Heisei-cho, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, 238-8522, Japan.

Objective: It is unknown whether low serum levels of salivary and pancreatic amylases are associated with the high combustion of carbohydrates or lipids for energy. Elevated blood ketones and a low respiratory quotient (RQ) can reflect the preferential combustion of lipids relative to carbohydrates. Therefore, using the data from our previous study, we investigated if low levels of serum amylases were associated with a high serum ketone level and low RQ in 60 healthy non-obese young women aged 20-39 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05078-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7201991PMC

Is real time PCR preferable to the direct immunofluorescence in the diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in HIV-infected patients?

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 1;13(1):235. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Objectives: In this study, we compared IFA and real-time PCR in bronchoalveolar lavage specimens of HIV infected patients. A total of 66 BALs from 62 HIV patients were included in the study. 30 IFA positive and 36 IFA negative specimens were tested with real-time PCR, targeting the major surface glycoprotein. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05075-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195742PMC

A randomized controlled trial on the effects of oxymetazoline nasal spray after dacryocystorhinostomy among adult patients.

BMC Res Notes 2020 May 1;13(1):236. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of the Philippines Manila - Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines.

Objectives: The study aimed to determine the effect of oxymetazoline nasal spray on the patency of the fistula created after dacryocystorhinostomy, specifically: to compare the success of fistula formation with oxymetazoline versus placebo, and to compare the incidence of post-operative congestion, pain and bleeding with oxymetazoline versus placebo.

Results: The study was a single-center, randomized controlled, triple-masked study involving the patients of the Plastic-Lacrimal service of a national university hospital. Block randomization was done. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05076-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7195701PMC

Prevalence of trypanosomes associated with drug resistance in Shimba Hills, Kwale County, Kenya.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 29;13(1):234. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Nairobi, Kenya.

Objective: Animal African trypanosomiasis (AAT) is a life-threatening vector-borne disease, caused by trypanosome parasites, which are principally transmitted by tsetse flies. In Kenya, the prevalence of drug-resistant trypanosomes in endemic regions remains poorly understood. The objective of this study was to establish AAT point prevalence, drug susceptibility of associated trypanosomes, and measure infectivity by multiple AAT mammalian hosts to tsetse flies in Shimba hills, a resource-poor region with high bovine trypanosomiasis prevalence and morbidity rates at the coast of Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05077-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191804PMC

Detection of endometriosis using immunocytochemistry of P450 Aromatase expressions in eutopic endometrial cells obtained from menstrual sloughing: a diagnostic study.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 28;13(1):233. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Oncology and Stem Cell Working Group, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Eijkman No. 38, Bandung, 40161, West Java, Indonesia.

Objective: To explore the possibility of a new diagnostic approach of endometriosis based on immunocytochemistry scoring of Aromatase P450 expressions in endometrial cells collected from menstrual sloughing. This is a case control study. Immuncytochemistry scores vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05070-wDOI Listing

Drinking or smoking while breastfeeding and later developmental health outcomes in children.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 26;13(1):232. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Faculty of Medicine, Health and Human Sciences, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Objectives: Prenatal intake of alcohol and tobacco have been associated with negative outcomes in children. Consumption of alcohol while breastfeeding has also been associated with dose-dependent decreases in abstract reasoning ability and academic scores in children at later ages. Using longitudinal data from The Growing Up in Australia Study, the current study aimed to investigate whether intake of alcohol or tobacco while breastfeeding was related to later developmental health outcomes in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05072-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7184702PMC

Correction to: Determinants of none-exclusive breast feeding practice among HIV positive women at selected Health Institutions in Ethiopia: case control study.

BMC Res Notes 2020 04 24;13(1):231. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

The authorship list on the original article [1] was incorrect and should instead show as Aklilu Abera Ayele, Kemal Ahmed Seid and Oumer Sada Muhammed. The authors apologise for this error. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05074-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7181523PMC

Antimalarial combination therapies increase gastric ulcers through an imbalance of basic antioxidative-oxidative enzymes in male Wistar rats.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 23;13(1):230. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Kampala International University, Western Campus, Box 71, Bushenyi, Uganda.

Objective: Antimalarials are globally used against plasmodium infections, however, information on the safety of new antimalarial combination therapies on the gastric mucosa is scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Artesunate-Amodiaquine and Artemether-Lumefantrine on ulcer induction. Malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH) and major histological changes in male Wistar rats following ulcer induction using Indomethacin were investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05073-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178572PMC

A protocol for automated a posteriori adaptive meshing with SimVascular: a test case.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 22;13(1):229. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Bioengineering, Clemson University, Fluor Daniel Building, Clemson, SC, 29634, USA.

Objective: Operational details regarding the use of the adaptive meshing (AM) algorithm available in the SimVascular package are scarce despite its application in several studies. Lacking these details, novice users of the AM algorithm may experience undesirable outcomes post-adaptation such as increases in mesh error metrics, unpredictable increases in mesh size, and losses in geometric fidelity. Here we present a test case using our proposed iterative protocol that will help prevent these undesirable outcomes and enhance the utility of the AM algorithm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05057-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178633PMC

The impact of propranolol on nitric oxide and total antioxidant capacity in patients with resistant hypertension-evidence from the APPROPRIATE trial.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 21;13(1):228. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Objectives: The objective was to assess the effect of propranolol on oxidative stress and anti-oxidant potential in patients with resistant hypertension as a secondary analysis of the APPROPRIATE trial. This randomized double blinded clinical trial recruited patients with resistant hypertension and allocated forty patients to propranolol and placebo in 1:1 ratio. The pro-oxidant state (nitrate and nitrite) was assessed using modified Griess assay. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05067-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7175567PMC

Correction to: Investigating psychometric properties of the Thai version of the Zarit Burden Interview using rasch model and confirmatory factor analysis.

BMC Res Notes 2020 04 20;13(1):227. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, 110 Intawaroros Rd. Tambon Sriphoom, Amphur Mueng, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand.

Following the publication of the original article [1], the authors unfortunately became aware of the following errors in Table 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05051-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171755PMC

Patient satisfaction and quality of life in breast reconstruction: assessment of outcomes of immediate, delayed, and nonreconstruction.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 19;13(1):223. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, Brazil.

Objectives: This study was conducted aiming to assess the quality of life and satisfaction of women who had mastectomy treated with and without breast reconstruction.

Results: A total of 81 women who had mastectomy were included, of whom 53 (65.4%) underwent breast reconstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05058-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7169023PMC

Functional adrenal insufficiency among tuberculosis-human immunodeficiency virus co-infected patients: a cross-sectional study in Uganda.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 19;13(1):224. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Infectious Diseases Institute, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Objective: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of adrenal insufficiency in resource-limited settings. The adrenal gland is the most commonly affected endocrine organ in TB infection. We assessed factors associated with functional adrenal insufficiency (FAI) among TB-HIV patients with and without drug-resistance in Uganda. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05064-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7169013PMC

Evaluating the expression level of miR-9-5p and miR-192-5p in gastrointestinal cancer: introducing novel screening biomarkers for patients.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 19;13(1):226. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 37517, Iran.

Objective: It has been indicated that there is a tight association between cancer and different factors, such as environment and genetics, including aberrantly expressed microRNAs. The crucial role of microRNAs in the regulation of diverse signaling pathways in gastrointestinal cancer has been established in several studies. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the expression of microRNA-9 and -192 in colon and gastric cancers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05071-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7168809PMC

Lighter serum copper isotopic composition in patients with early non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 19;13(1):225. Epub 2020 Apr 19.

Department of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences-Gut Liver Immunopharmacology Unit, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10 entrance 36-floor 3, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Objective: The occurrence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is globally increasing. To challenge the current incidence of NAFLD, non-invasive markers that could identify patients at risk or monitor disease progression are an important need. Copper intake and organ copper concentrations have earlier been linked to NAFLD progression, but serum copper does not adequately represent the disease state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05069-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7168815PMC

BMPR-1B, BMP-15 and GDF-9 genes structure and their relationship with litter size in six sheep breeds reared in Egypt.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 10;13(1):215. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Animal and Fish Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture (Alshatby), Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Objective: The aim of this work was to investigate three different mutations; Fec-B, FecX, Fec-G at three candidate genes; Bone morphogenetic protein receptor IB, Bone morphogenetic protein 15 and Growth Differentiation Factor 9, respectively, in six sheep breeds reared in Egypt namely; Rahmani, Barki, Rahmani X Barki cross, Awassi, Awassi X Suffolk cross, and Ossimi and their association with litter size.

Results: Genomic DNA of 132 sheep was investigated for the Fec-B, FecX, and Fec-G mutations by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformation Polymorphism and DNA sequencing. The results revealed that all breeds did not carry Fec-B mutation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05047-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7160958PMC

Is routine post-sleeve gastrografin needed? Profile of 98 cases.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 16;13(1):219. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Surgical Department, King Fahd Specialist Hospital, P.O. Box 2290, Alnaziyah, Buraidah, 52366, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most commonly performed bariatric procedures. Some surgeons still perform routine post-sleeve gastrografin (RSG) study believing that it would detect post-LSG complications, especially leak. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of RSG by considering the cost of the study, length of hospital stay and complications-related costs RSG could prevent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05060-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164338PMC

Energy-dense nutrient-poor snacks and risk of non-alcoholic fattyliver disease: a case-control study in Iran.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 16;13(1):221. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to determine the association between energy-dense nutrient-poor snacks intake and the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Iranian adults. For this purpose, a total of 143 cases with a newly confirmed diagnosis of NAFLD and 471 controls free of the disease were studied. Dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05063-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164180PMC

Effect of oncolytic ECHO-7 virus strain Rigvir on uveal melanoma cell lines.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 16;13(1):222. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Rigvir, Atlasa iela 7C, LV-1026, Riga, Latvia.

Objective: Uveal melanoma is a rare intraocular malignancy. Half of the patients diagnosed will develop metastases within 10 to 30 years, most commonly in the liver. Although there has been a significant development in the treatment of melanoma, no effective treatment to prevent or treat metastases of uveal melanoma is available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05068-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164219PMC

High concentration of MSG alters antioxidant defence system in lobster cockroach Nauphoeta cinerea (Blattodea: Blaberidae).

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 16;13(1):217. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas (CCNE), Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

Objective: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a food additive that has been shown to be toxic to rodents at high concentrations. The available studies in Drosophila melanogaster suggest that MSG toxicity depends on concentration and gender, thus the safety of MSG as a food enhancer still requires further investigation. We have documented impaired locomotor activity and altered oxidative stress markers in cockroaches co-exposed to methylmercury and monosodium glutamate (MSG). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05056-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164354PMC

The relationship between severity of liver steatosis and metabolic parameters in a sample of Iranian adults.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 16;13(1):218. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Nutrition Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, 5166614711, Iran.

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the relationship between severity of liver steatosis and metabolic parameters in a sample of Iranian adults. In this cross-sectional study, a total of 95 subjects aged > 20 years newly diagnosed with NAFLD were recruited. NAFLD was diagnosed using ultrasonography by a single expert radiologist in a fasting state. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05059-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164143PMC

Effects of industrial effluents on the quality of water in Namanve stream, Kampala Industrial and Business Park, Uganda.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 16;13(1):220. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Biological and Physical Sciences, Moi University, Uasin Gishu County, P.O. Box 3900-30100, Eldoret, Kenya.

Objective: Kampala Industrial and Business Park (KIBP) is one of the premier and the most successful Ugandan industrial complexes that impact the inner Murchison bay of Lake Victoria. The current study aimed at evaluating the effect of industrial effluents on the physicochemical and microbiological quality of water taken from four different sites along Namanve stream in KIBP, Wakiso district, Uganda.

Results: All the water quality parameters were below WHO maximum permissible limits except turbidity, electrical conductivity and Escherichia coli count. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05061-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164339PMC

Assessing two methods for estimating excess mortality of chronic diseases from aggregated data.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 10;13(1):216. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Institute for Biometry and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Auf'm Hennekamp 65, 40225, Duesseldorf, Germany.

Objective: To assess the numerical properties of two recently published estimation techniques for excess mortality based on aggregated data about diabetes in Germany.

Results: Application of the new methods to the claims data yields implausible findings for the excess mortality of type 2 diabetes in ages below 50 years of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05046-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7161167PMC

The role of routine flexible sigmoidoscopy in patients presenting with fistula-in-ano: an observational study.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Apr 16;13(1):214. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, P.O. Box 271, Kynsey Road, Colombo 8, Western Province, Sri Lanka.

Objective: Flexible sigmoidoscopy is useful to look for an underlying aetiology in fistula-in-ano. This study was aimed to assess the yield of routine flexible sigmoidoscopy in patients presenting with fistula-in-ano. A retrospective analysis of 159 consecutive patients with fistula-in-ano who underwent routine flexible sigmoidoscopy was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-05066-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7160965PMC

Development of microsatellite markers for three at risk tiger beetles Cicindela dorsalis dorsalis, C. d. media, and C. puritana.

BMC Res Notes 2020 Mar 23;13(1):171. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

U.S. Geological Survey, Leetown Science Center, 11649 Leetown Road, Kearneysville, WV, 25430, USA.

Objective: Tiger beetles inhabiting sandy beaches and cliffs along the east coast of the United States are facing increasing habitat loss due to erosion, urbanization, and sea level rise. The northeastern beach tiger beetle Cicindela dorsalis dorsalis and Puritan tiger beetle Cicindela puritana are both listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, while the white beach tiger beetle Cicindela dorsalis media is not listed but has been declining. Extirpation of these beetles, in some cases from entire states, has isolated many populations reducing gene flow and elevating the risk for the loss of genetic variation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-020-04985-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7092472PMC