15,041 results match your criteria BMC Public Health[Journal]


Dropout at Danish vocational schools: does the school's health promotion capacity play a role? A survey- and register-based prospective study.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 26;20(1):786. Epub 2020 May 26.

Health Promotion, Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Niels Steensens vej 6, 2820, Gentofte, Denmark.

Background: School dropout rates and risky health behavior is common among students in vocational education and training (VET) schools. Students with poor physical and mental health are more likely to drop out, and as such VET schools may be an important setting for health promotion initiatives, not only to support a healthy lifestyle, but also to assure completion of education. A common feature of successful health promotion at VET schools is a high health promotion capacity at the school level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08955-4DOI Listing

Combined effects of gender affirmation and economic hardship on vulnerability to HIV: a qualitative analysis among U.S. adult transgender women.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 26;20(1):782. Epub 2020 May 26.

Louisiana State University Health New Orleans School of Nursing, 1900 Gravier Street, Room 5B14, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA.

Background: Transgender women ("trans women"), particularly African-American and Latina trans women, have disproportionately high prevalence of HIV in the United States (U.S.). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08902-3DOI Listing

Attitude, practice and its associated factors towards Diabetes complications among type 2 diabetic patients at Addis Zemen District hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 26;20(1):785. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: This study aimed to assess the level of attitude, practices, and its associated factors towards complications of diabetes mellitus among type 2 diabetes patients.

Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was done on type 2 diabetes patients coming to the diabetes outpatient department at Addis Zemen District Hospital in Northwest Ethiopia. Interviewer-administered structured questionnaires were used to collect data from 402 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08953-6DOI Listing

Decreasing trend in preterm birth and perinatal mortality, do disparities also decline?

BMC Public Health 2020 May 26;20(1):783. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: In the Netherlands, several initiatives started after the publication of the PERISTAT findings that showed the perinatal mortality risk was higher than in other European countries. The objective of this study is 1) to report recent trends in perinatal mortality and in intermediate risk groups (preterm birth, congenital anomalies and small for gestational age (SGA)), 2) describing perinatal mortality risk among children born preterm, with congenital anomalies or SGA, and born in maternal high risk groups (parity, age, ethnicity and socio-economic status (SES)).

Methods: A nationwide cohort study in the Netherlands among 996,423 singleton births in 2010-2015 with a gestational age between 24. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08925-wDOI Listing

Lonely places or lonely people? Investigating the relationship between loneliness and place of residence.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 27;20(1):778. Epub 2020 May 27.

College of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Clinical Sciences, Kingston Lane, Brunel University London, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, UK.

Background: Loneliness in later life is largely presented as a problem of the individual focusing upon antecedents such as demographic or health factors. Research examining the role of the broader living environments is much rarer. We examined the relationship between loneliness and three dimensions of the lived environment: geographical region, deprivation, and area classification (urban or rural). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08703-8DOI Listing

Effectiveness of mobile SMS based counselling intervention in improving the knowledge, attitude, and practices of HIV/AIDS patients enrolled in hospitals/NGOs in Terengganu, Malaysia: a mixed mode study protocol.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 26;20(1):787. Epub 2020 May 26.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: HIV/AIDS is one of the most serious problems in many parts of the world, and is a high priority for health managers and decision-makers. The aim of the qualitative part of this study will be to develop a mobile SMS (short messaging services) counselling intervention to prevent HIV/AIDS, while the quantitative part will be to test the effectiveness of a mobile SMS counselling intervention to improve the knowledge, attitude, and practices of patients concerning the prevention of HIV/AIDS.

Method: A mixed methods approach will be used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08910-3DOI Listing

Comparing national dementia plans and strategies in Europe - is there a focus of care for people with dementia from a migration background?

BMC Public Health 2020 May 26;20(1):784. Epub 2020 May 26.

German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Site Rostock/Greifswald, Ellernholzstraße 1-2, 17489, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: People with migration background and dementia are a vulnerable group. Providing care for this group is a public health challenge in Europe. An increasing number of countries are issuing national dementia plans, but a systematic overview of national dementia plans of European countries focusing on care for people with migration background is lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08938-5DOI Listing

Use and awareness of and willingness to self-test for HIV: an analysis of cross-sectional population-based surveys in Malawi and Zimbabwe.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 25;20(1):779. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Clinical Research and Infection Disease, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Many southern African countries are nearing the global goal of diagnosing 90% of people with HIV by 2020. In 2016, 84 and 86% of people with HIV knew their status in Malawi and Zimbabwe, respectively. However, gaps remain, particularly among men. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08855-7DOI Listing

Correction to: Informal payments for inpatient health care in post-health transformation plan period: evidence from Iran.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 25;20(1):781. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08924-xDOI Listing

Relationships between changes in HIV risk perception and condom use in East Zimbabwe 2003-2013: population-based longitudinal analyses.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):756. Epub 2020 May 24.

MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Background: Perceiving a personal risk for HIV infection is considered important for engaging in HIV prevention behaviour and often targeted in HIV prevention interventions. However, there is limited evidence for assumed causal relationships between risk perception and prevention behaviour and the degree to which change in behaviour is attributable to change in risk perception is poorly understood. This study examines longitudinal relationships between changes in HIV risk perception and in condom use and the public health importance of changing risk perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08815-1DOI Listing

Implementing a layperson post-crash first aid training programme in Tanzania: a qualitative study of stakeholder perspectives.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):750. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: In low and middle-income countries (LMICs), laypersons play a significant role in providing initial care to injured victims of traffic accidents. Post-crash first aid (PFA) training programmes for laypersons have become an important response to addressing knowledge and skills gaps in pre-hospital care. However, little is known about factors influencing effective implementation of such programmes from stakeholders' point of view. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08692-8DOI Listing

Acceptability and feasibility of a behavioral and mobile health intervention (COMBIND) shown to increase uptake of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) care in India.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):752. Epub 2020 May 24.

Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: A cluster-randomized trial recently demonstrated that an integrated behavioral and mobile technology intervention improved uptake of key components of a Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Option B+ program, among HIV- infected pregnant/breastfeeding women in India. To guide scale-up and optimize programmatic implementation, we conducted a mixed-methods evaluation of the feasibility and acceptability of this intervention.

Methods: The COMmunity Home Based INDia (COMBIND) study, was conducted in four districts of Maharashtra, India and randomized 119 integrated counseling and testing centers (ICTC) and their outreach workers (ORWs) to the COMBIND intervention, an integrated mHealth application that allowed digital data capture, PMTCT educational videos, SMS alerts for missed visits and reminder for visits, combined with personal empowerment and motivational interviewing training for ORWs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08706-5DOI Listing

The impact of health literacy environment on patient stress: a systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):749. Epub 2020 May 24.

Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, 4006, Australia.

Background: There exists little literature on situational health literacy - that is, how an individual's health literacy varies across different health literacy environments. However, one can consider the role of stress when examining the relationship between health situations and decision-making ability, and by proxy health literacy. The aim of this study was to assess the strength of the evidence on the relationship between health situations and patient stress, considered in the context of health professional perception, and determine what health situations act to influence patient stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08649-xDOI Listing

Substantial and sustained reduction in under-5 mortality, diarrhea, and pneumonia in Oshikhandass, Pakistan: evidence from two longitudinal cohort studies 15 years apart.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):759. Epub 2020 May 24.

Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.

Background: Oshikhandass is a rural village in northern Pakistan where a 1989-1991 verbal autopsy study showed that diarrhea and pneumonia were the top causes of under-5 mortality. Intensive surveillance, active community health education and child health interventions were delivered in 1989-1996; here we assess improvements in under-5 mortality, diarrhea, and pneumonia over this period and 15 years later.

Methods: Two prospective open-cohort studies in Oshikhandass from 1989 to 1996 (Study 1) and 2011-2014 (Study 2) enrolled all children under age 60 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08847-7DOI Listing

Health demands and care of children with congenital Zika syndrome and their mothers in a Brazilian state.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):762. Epub 2020 May 24.

Instituto Integrado de Saúde, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil.

Background: A Zika virus (ZIKV) infection outbreak occurred in Brazil in 2015, accompanied by a marked increase in the number of newborns presenting with microcephaly and other neurological disorders. This characteristic set of birth defects was later termed congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). The therapeutic itinerary of mothers and children infected by ZIKV can be determined by several factors, including the relationship established with existing healthcare services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08880-6DOI Listing

Association between obesity status and successful aging among older people in China: evidence from CHARLS.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):767. Epub 2020 May 24.

West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, No.17 Section 3, Renmin South Road, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Background: The paper aimed to examine the association between obesity status and successful aging among elderly adults in China and further find gender differences in the effect of components of successful aging on obesity status.

Methods: The data came from the follow-up survey(2015) of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) and 4019 dwellers age 60 and over are included. Obesity status were defined by the body mass index (BMI) according to Chinese criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08899-9DOI Listing

Understanding factors influencing care seeking for sick children in Ebonyi and Kogi States, Nigeria.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):746. Epub 2020 May 24.

Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP), John Snow, Inc. (JSI), 2733 Crystal Dr 4th Floor, Arlington, VA, 22202, USA.

Background: Nigeria has one of the highest child mortality rates in the world, with an estimated 750,000 deaths annually among children under age five. The majority of these deaths are due to pneumonia, malaria, or diarrhea. Many parents do not seek sick-child care from trained, biomedical providers, contributing to this high rate of mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08536-5DOI Listing

Occupational post-traumatic stress disorder: an updated systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):768. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 06591, Republic of Korea.

Background: Although numerous studies on occupational post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been conducted prior to the 1950-2010 seminal systematic review by Skogstad et al., the prevalence, risk factors, and impact of this disorder following traumatic events in occupational settings remain unclear. This study aims to address this knowledge gap by reviewing the literature published after 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08903-2DOI Listing

Delays in diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis within a context of medium incidence, Medellín, Colombia, 2017: an operational research.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):757. Epub 2020 May 24.

Epidemiology Research Group, National School of Public Health, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Background: Delay in tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis is one of the first obstacles for controlling the disease. Delays generate greater deterioration of the health of the patients and increase the possibilities of transmission and infection at home and in the community. The aim of the study was to identify profiles and individual variables associated with patient delays and health care system delays in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Medellín, Colombia, a city that notifies 1400 new cases per year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08829-9DOI Listing

Adapting a nurse-led primary care initiative to cardiovascular disease control in Ghana: a qualitative study.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):745. Epub 2020 May 24.

Arnhold Institute for Global Health, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1216 5th Avenue, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

Background: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality in Ghana, where rural primary health care is provided mainly by the Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative. CHPS locates nurses in community-level clinics for basic curative and preventive health services and provides home and outreach services. But CHPS currently lacks capacity to screen for or treat CVD and its risk factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08529-4DOI Listing

Promotion of awareness and utilization of youth friendly service through multi-sectoral cooperation mechanism in China.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):747. Epub 2020 May 24.

National Center for Non-communicable Disease Prevention and Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 27 Nanwei Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Youth friendly services (YFS) was established in pilot areas in China. This study aimed to explore the promoting level on the awareness and utilization of YFS after the implementing of a multi-sectoral cooperation mechanism (MSCM) supported by social network theory (SNT) among multiple sectors related to young people reproductive health (YRH) closely.

Methods: A cross-sectional study with two separate self-administered questionnaire surveys was conducted before and after the implementing of a MSCM supported by SNT in both in-school and out-school unmarried young people aged 12-24 year-old in pilot areas in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8313-9DOI Listing

Association between morbidity of non-communicable disease and employment status: a comparison between Korea and the United States.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):763. Epub 2020 May 24.

Korea Medical Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Globally, the prevalence of chronic disease continues to rise and is likely to grow further over the coming decades due to population ageing. Since older age is associated closely with development of chronic disease, it stands to reason that demographic changes will increase the proportion of older workers with chronic disease. The aim of the present study was to determine how chronic diseases affect employment status in Korea and the USA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08883-3DOI Listing

Full vaccination coverage among children aged 12-23 months in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):777. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia.

Background: Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective means of public health interventions to prevent childhood deaths from infectious diseases. Although several fragmented studies have been conducted concerning full vaccination coverage among children aged 12-23 months in Ethiopia, the pooled estimate has not been determined so far. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aims to estimate the pooled prevalence of full vaccination coverage among children aged 12-23 months in Ethiopian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08940-xDOI Listing
May 2020
2.264 Impact Factor

Individual and community level factors associated with anemia among lactating mothers in Ethiopia using data from Ethiopian demographic and health survey, 2016; a multilevel analysis.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):775. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Maternal anemia is a worldwide public health problem especially in developing countries including Ethiopia. The anemia burden among lactating mothers was higher in Africa particularly in Ethiopia, and scant attention was paid. To date, there is limited evidence on community level determinants of anemia among lactating mothers in Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08934-9DOI Listing

Characterising urban green space density and footpath-accessibility in models of BMI.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):760. Epub 2020 May 24.

Economic and Social Research Institute, Whitaker Square, Sir John Rogerson's Quay, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Background: While exposure to urban green spaces has been associated with various physical health benefits, the evidence linking these spaces to lower BMI, particularly among older people, is mixed. We ask whether footpath availability, generally unobserved in the existing literature, may mediate exposure to urban green space and help explain this volatility in results. The aim of this study is to add to the literature on the association between urban green space and BMI by considering alternative measures of urban green space that incorporate measures of footpath availability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08853-9DOI Listing

A gendered analysis of living with HIV/AIDS in the Eastern Region of Ghana.

Authors:
Adobea Yaa Owusu

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):751. Epub 2020 May 24.

Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research, University of Ghana - Legon, P. O. Box LG 74, Legon, Ghana.

Background: A gender gap exists in knowledge regarding persons living with HIV/AIDS in Ghana. Women living with HIV/AIDS (WLHIV) greatly outnumber males living with HIV/AIDS (MLHIV) in Ghana and Sub-Saharan Africa generally. This necessitates more gender-nuanced evidence-based information on HIV/AIDS to guide individuals, healthcare workers, and other stakeholders in Ghana particularly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08702-9DOI Listing

Returning to care after incarceration with HIV: the French Guianese experience.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):754. Epub 2020 May 24.

Inserm CIC Antilles-Guyane INSERM 1424 (Pole Guyane), Universite de Guyane, Cayenne, France.

Background: HIV prevalence in correctional facilities may be 2 to 10 times higher than in the general adult population. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) interruption is frequent after an incarceration. This, in combination with post-release high-risk behaviors, may have detrimental consequences on the epidemic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08772-9DOI Listing

Anatomy of provincial level inequality in maternal mortality in China during 2004-2016: a new decomposition analysis.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):758. Epub 2020 May 24.

Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, USA.

Background: The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is an important indicator of maternal health and socioeconomic development. Although China has experienced a large decline in MMR, substantial disparities across regions are still apparent. This study aims to explore causes of socioeconomic related inequality in MMR at the province-level in China from 2004 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08830-2DOI Listing

'The public health turn on violence against women': analysing Swedish healthcare law, public health and gender-equality policies.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):753. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

This article focuses on policy and law concerning violence against women as a public health issue. In Sweden, violence against women is recently recognized as a public health problem; we label this shift "The public health turn on violence against women". The new framing implies increased demands on the Swedish healthcare sector and its' ability to recognise violence and deal with it in terms of prevention and interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08766-7DOI Listing

Medical schools in India: pattern of establishment and impact on public health - a Geographic Information System (GIS) based exploratory study.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):755. Epub 2020 May 24.

Indian Institute of Public Health, New Delhi, India.

Background: Indian medical education system is on the brink of a massive reform. The government of India has recently passed the National Medical Commission Bill (NMC Bill). It seeks to eliminate the existing shortage and maldistribution of health professionals in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08797-0DOI Listing
May 2020
2.264 Impact Factor

The association between new graphic health warning labels on tobacco products and attitudes toward smoking among south Korean adolescents: a national cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):748. Epub 2020 May 24.

Institute of Health and Environment, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea.

Background: Graphic health warning labels (GHWLs) on tobacco products are more effective than text warnings for communicating the risk of smoking. The implementation of GHWLs can prevent adolescents from initiating smoking. Therefore, this study examined the association between GHWLs newly implemented on December 23, 2016, in South Korea and attitudes toward smoking among adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08638-0DOI Listing

Rural chronic disease research patterns in the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand: a systematic integrative review.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):770. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Rural Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, 'The Chalet' Docker street, Wangaratta, VIC, 3677, Australia.

Background: People living in rural and remote communities commonly experience significant health disadvantages. Geographical barriers and reduced specialist and generalist services impact access to care when compared with metropolitan context. Innovative models of care have been developed for people living with chronic diseases in rural areas with the goal of overcoming these inequities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08912-1DOI Listing

Factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and heart rate variability among cleaners - cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):774. Epub 2020 May 24.

Physical Therapy Department, Laboratory of Preventive Physical Therapy and Ergonomics (LAFIPE), Physical Therapy Postgraduate Program, Federal University of São Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luís, km 235, Monjolinho, São Carlos, SP, 13565-905, Brazil.

Background: The professionals who perform cleaning activity constitute a major economic sector in Brazil. Cleaners may develop health problems related to the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. It is necessary to understand the working and health conditions of cleaners in Brazil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08928-7DOI Listing

Identification of transmission foci of Schistosoma mansoni: narrowing the intervention target from district to transmission focus in Ethiopia.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):769. Epub 2020 May 24.

School of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Schistosoma mansoni (S. mansoni) infection is a significant public health problem in Ethiopia, and has wide distribution in the country. The impact of the disease is particularly high on school-age children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08904-1DOI Listing

The levels and trends of contraceptive use before first birth in India (2015-16): a cross-sectional analysis.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):771. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Statistics,Amity Institute of Applied Sciences, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, 201303, India.

Background: Indian women are more prone to first birth at a relatively younger age after marriage. Also, we do not have sufficient literature available that focuses on contraceptive use before first birth. The analysis of the present study was done using data from the fourth round of National Family Health Survey (2015-16), India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08917-wDOI Listing

The association between physical fitness and mental health in Norwegian adolescents.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):776. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Education and Sport Science, University of Stavanger, 4036, Stavanger, Norway.

Background: Studies indicate that health-related components of physical fitness are associated with mental health outcomes. However, research is scarce concerning this relationship in young adolescents in general and non-existent in Norwegian populations specifically. The aim of the study was to examine whether body composition, muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness were associated with self-reported mental health in Norwegian adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08936-7DOI Listing

Positive health beliefs are associated with improvement of glycated hemoglobin and lipid profiles in Mexican patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):761. Epub 2020 May 24.

Clinical Epidemiology Research Unit, "Carlos Mac Gregor Sánchez Navarro" Hospital, Mexican Social Security Institute (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, IMSS), Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Health beliefs are relevant to consider in patients with type 2 diabetes since disease control depends mainly on the patient's behaviour. The aim of this study was to assess the association between health beliefs and glycated hemoglobin levels in Mexican patients with type 2 diabetes.

Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted, and 336 patients were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08866-4DOI Listing

Associations of socio-demographic factors with adiposity among immigrants in Norway: a secondary data analysis.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):772. Epub 2020 May 24.

Unit for Migration & Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH), P.O.Box 222, 0213, Oslo, Skøyen, Norway.

Background: Obesity is becoming an important public health challenge, especially among immigrants coming from low and middle income to high-income countries. In this study we examined the relationship between overweight/obesity and various socio-demographic indicators among different immigrant groups in Norway.

Methods: We used data from the Living Conditions Survey among Immigrants 2016, conducted by Statistics Norway. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08918-9DOI Listing

Levels of support for the licensing of tobacco retailers in Australia: findings from the National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2004-2016.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 24;20(1):773. Epub 2020 May 24.

Rural Department of Community Health, La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, P.O Box 199, Bendigo, VIC, 3552, Australia.

Background: Assessing public opinion towards tobacco policies is important, particularly when determining the possible direction of future public health policies. The aim of this study was to describe the implementation of tobacco retailer licensing systems by state and territory governments in Australia, and to use the National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) to assess levels of public support for a retailer licensing system in each jurisdiction over time and by a range of socio-demographic and behavioural attributes.

Methods: National and state/territory estimates of public support for a tobacco retailer licensing system were derived as proportions using NDSHS data from 2004 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08920-1DOI Listing

The evaluation of Suchana, a large-scale development program to prevent chronic undernutrition in north-eastern Bangladesh.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 22;20(1):744. Epub 2020 May 22.

Nutrition and Clinical Services Division, icddrb, 68 Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed Sarani, Mohakhali, Dhaka, 1212, Bangladesh.

Evidence of the impact of community-based nutrition programs is uncommon for two main reasons: the lack of untreated controls, and implementation does not account for the evaluation design. Suchana is a large-scale program to prevent malnutrition in children in Sylhet division, Bangladesh by improving the livelihoods and nutrition knowledge of poor and very poor households. Suchana is being implemented in 157 unions, the smallest administrative unit of government, in two districts of Sylhet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08769-4DOI Listing

Stunting and overweight among children in Northeast Brazil: prevalence, trends (1992-2005-2015) and associated risk factors from repeated cross-sectional surveys.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 20;20(1):736. Epub 2020 May 20.

Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Alagoas, Campus A.C. Simões, BR 104 Norte - Km 96.7 - Tabuleiro do Martins, CEP, Maceió, AL, 57072-970, Brazil.

Background: A study involving children from Alagoas (Northeast Brazil) revealed that, as a consequence of a drastic reduction in the prevalence of stunting between 1992 to 2005, (22.5 to 11.4%) combined with an increase in overweight prevalence (6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08869-1DOI Listing

Mismatch between self-perceived and calculated cardiometabolic disease risk among participants in a prevention program for cardiometabolic disease: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 20;20(1):740. Epub 2020 May 20.

Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, P.O. Box 85500, 3508, GA, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: The rising prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) calls for effective prevention programs. Self-assessment of CMD risk, for example through an online risk score (ORS), might induce risk reducing behavior. However, the concept of disease risk is often difficult for people to understand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08906-zDOI Listing

Heat-not-burn tobacco, electronic cigarettes, and combustible cigarette use among Japanese adolescents: a nationwide population survey 2017.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 20;20(1):741. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Public Health, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama-shi, Okayama, Japan.

Background: From among the global public health concerns, smoking remains one of the most crucial challenges. Especially for adolescents, the increase in the use of electronic cigarettes is controversial, as its use may lead to established smoking. In Japan, where a unique tobacco regulation system exists, the heat-not-burn tobacco market has been growing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08916-xDOI Listing

Yield of household contact investigation of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in southern Ethiopia.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 20;20(1):737. Epub 2020 May 20.

The Global Fund, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Household Contacts (HHCs) of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) have a higher risk of developing TB. Contact investigation is recommended to reach this group and identify undiagnosed cases. In this study, we have determined the yield of contact investigation among HHCs of patients with smear-positive PTB, and estimated TB burden. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08879-zDOI Listing

Implementation of an interactive organ donation education program for Dutch lower-educated students: a process evaluation.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 20;20(1):739. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Health Promotion, CAPHRI Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: As organ donation registration rates remain low, especially among lower-educated people, it is important to support this group in making their registration decision. To prepare lower-educated students in the Netherlands for making a well-informed decision, an interactive educational program was developed. We aim to understand both the (quality of) implementation as well as to contextualize the effects of this program in a lower-educated school setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08900-5DOI Listing

"We never boil our milk, it will cause sore udders and mastitis in our cows"- consumption practices, knowledge and milk safety awareness in Senegal.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 20;20(1):742. Epub 2020 May 20.

Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health Group, Department of Pathobiology and Population Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, Herts, Hatfield, UK.

Background: Milk is a nutrient-rich food that makes an important contribution to diets in several Low and Middle Income Countries such as Senegal. Milk can also harbour several pathogenic microorganisms. As in other low and middle income countries, the dairy industry in Senegal is growing, with an expansion of farms to meet rapidly growing demand in the cities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08877-1DOI Listing

A cross-sectional analysis of falsified, counterfeit and substandard medicines in a low-middle income country.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 20;20(1):743. Epub 2020 May 20.

School of Pharmacy, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, S. Zorig street, Ulaanbaatar, Sukhbaatar District, 14210, Mongolia.

Background: High prevalence of falsified, counterfeit and substandard medicines pose a threat to public health and treatment failure. This study aimed to investigate the quality of selected essential medicines available in Mongolia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study collected essential medicines from pharmacy outlets in Mongolia, during June and July, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08897-xDOI Listing

Migrants and imported disease: Trends of admission in an Italian infectious disease ward during the migration crisis of 2015-2017.

BMC Public Health 2020 May 20;20(1):738. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Health Sciences (DiSSal), Infectious Diseases Clinic, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Since 2014, the migrant population residing in Europe has dramatically increased. Migrants' unmet health needs represent a barrier to integration and should be promptly addressed, without stigma, in order to favour resettlement.

Methods: All-cause of admissions in the migrant population at the Infectious Disease Clinic of Policlinico San Martino Hospital in Genoa between 2015 and 2017 were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08886-0DOI Listing