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    Exposure to a community-wide campaign is associated with physical activity and sedentary behavior among Hispanic adults on the Texas-Mexico border.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 16;17(1):883. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Public Health, Brownsville Regional Campus, Houston, Texas, USA.
    Background: Despite evidence for the use of community-wide campaigns to promote physical activity, few evaluations of community-wide campaigns in Hispanic communities exist. This study assessed the associations of exposure to a community-wide campaign with physical activity and sedentary behavior among Hispanic adults living on the Texas-Mexico border.

    Methods: The intervention, Tu Salud ¡Si Cuenta! (Your Health Matters!; TSSC), included a newsletter, community health worker discussion, TV and radio segments, which were conducted from 2005 to 2010. Read More

    Impact of a decision aid about stratified ovarian cancer risk-management on women's knowledge and intentions: a randomised online experimental survey study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 16;17(1):882. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
    Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.
    Background: Risk stratification using genetic and other types of personal information could improve current best available approaches to ovarian cancer risk reduction, improving identification of women at increased risk of ovarian cancer and reducing unnecessary interventions for women at lower risk. Amounts of information given to women may influence key informed decision-related outcomes, e.g. Read More

    Available studies fail to provide strong evidence of increased risk of diarrhea mortality due to measles in the period 4-26 weeks after measles rash onset.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):783. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.
    Background: Measles vaccination effectiveness studies showed dramatic decreases in all-cause mortality in excess of what would be expected from the prevention of measles disease alone. This invited speculation that measles infection may increase the risk of diarrhea morbidity and mortality subsequent to the acute phase of the disease. The aim of the present systematic review is to summarize the existing evidence in the publically available literature pertaining to the putative causal link between measles and diarrhea in the period 4-26 weeks following measles rash onset. Read More

    Using the Lives Saved Tool to aid country planning in meeting mortality targets: a case study from Mali.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):777. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Institute for International Programs, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: Mali is one of four countries implementing a National Evaluation Platform (NEP) to build local capacity to answer evaluation questions for maternal, newborn, child health and nutrition (MNCH&N). In 2014-15, NEP-Mali addressed questions about the potential impact of Mali's MNCH&N plans and strategies, and identified priority interventions to achieve targeted mortality reductions.

    Methods: The NEP-Mali team modeled the potential impact of three intervention packages in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) from 2014 to 2023. Read More

    All things to all people: trade-offs in pursuit of an ideal modeling tool for maternal and child health.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):785. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: Modeling tools have potential to aid decision making for program planning and evaluation at all levels, but are still largely the domain of technical experts, consultants, and global-level staff. One model that can improve decision making for maternal and child health is the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). We examined respondents' perceptions of LiST's strengths and weaknesses, to identify ways in which LiST - and similar modeling tools - can adapt to be more accessible and helpful to policy makers. Read More

    Modelling stunting in LiST: the effect of applying smoothing to linear growth data.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):778. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a widely used resource for evidence-based decision-making regarding health program scale-up in low- and middle-income countries. LiST estimates the impact of specified changes in intervention coverage on mortality and stunting among children under 5 years of age. We aimed to improve the estimates of the parameters in LiST that determine the rate at which the effects of interventions to prevent stunting attenuate as children get older. Read More

    Modelling stillbirth mortality reduction with the Lives Saved Tool.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):784. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Centre for Global Child Health, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, M5G 0A4, Canada.
    Background: The worldwide burden of stillbirths is large, with an estimated 2.6 million babies stillborn in 2015 including 1.3 million dying during labour. Read More

    The effects of family planning and other factors on fertility, abortion, miscarriage, and stillbirths in the Spectrum model.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):775. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Avenir Health, Glastonbury, CT, USA.
    Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) estimates the effects of maternal and child health interventions on mortality rates and the number of deaths. The family planning module in Spectrum interacts with LiST by providing estimates of the effects of scaling up family planning use on the number of live births, miscarriages, abortions, and stillbirths.

    Methods: We use the proximate determinants of fertility framework to estimate the effects of changes in contraceptive use, proportion married, postpartum insusceptibility, abortion and sterility on the total fertility rate. Read More

    Effects of deworming on child and maternal health: a literature review and meta-analysis.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):830. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: Soil-transmitted helminth infections are widespread. Many studies have been published on the topic of deworming. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a software package that uses a deterministic mathematical model to estimate the effect of scaling up interventions on maternal and child health outcomes. Read More

    How is the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) used in the global health community? Results of a mixed-methods LiST user study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):773. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a computer-based model that estimates the impact of scaling up key interventions to improve maternal, newborn and child health. Initially developed to inform the Lancet Child Survival Series of 2003, the functionality and scope of LiST have been expanded greatly over the past 10 years. This study sought to "take stock" of how LiST is now being used and for what purposes. Read More

    Linking household surveys and health facility assessments to estimate intervention coverage for the Lives Saved Tool (LiST).
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):780. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.
    Background: Calls have been made for improved measurement of coverage for maternal, newborn and child health interventions. Recently, methods linking household and health facility surveys have been used to improve estimation of intervention coverage. However, linking methods rely the availability of household and health facility surveys which are temporally matched. Read More

    Water, sanitation and hygiene interventions for acute childhood diarrhea: a systematic review to provide estimates for the Lives Saved Tool.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):776. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Centre for Global Child Health, The Hospital for Sick Children, 686 Bay Street, Toronto, ON, M6S 1S6, Canada.
    Background: In the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) era, there is growing recognition of the responsibilities of non-health sectors in improving the health of children. Interventions to improve access to clean water, sanitation facilities, and hygiene behaviours (WASH) represent key opportunities to improve child health and well-being by preventing the spread of infectious diseases and improving nutritional status.

    Methods: We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating the effects of WASH interventions on childhood diarrhea in children 0-5 years old. Read More

    Impact of malaria interventions on child mortality in endemic African settings: comparison and alignment between LiST and Spectrum-Malaria model.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):781. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Avenir Health, 655 Winding Brook Drive, Glastonbury, CT-06033, USA.
    Background: In malaria-endemic countries, malaria prevention and treatment are critical for child health. In the context of intervention scale-up and rapid changes in endemicity, projections of intervention impact and optimized program scale-up strategies need to take into account the consequent dynamics of transmission and immunity.

    Methods: The new Spectrum-Malaria program planning tool was used to project health impacts of Insecticide-Treated mosquito Nets (ITNs) and effective management of uncomplicated malaria cases (CMU), among other interventions, on malaria infection prevalence, case incidence and mortality in children 0-4 years, 5-14 years of age and adults. Read More

    Predicting high risk births with contraceptive prevalence and contraceptive method-mix in an ecologic analysis.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):786. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: Increased contraceptive use has been associated with a decrease in high parity births, births that occur close together in time, and births to very young or to older women. These types of births are also associated with high risk of under-five mortality. Previous studies have looked at the change in the level of contraception use and the average change in these types of high-risk births. Read More

    A method for estimating maternal and newborn lives saved from health-related investments funded by the UK government Department for International Development using the Lives Saved Tool.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):779. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department for International Development, East Kilbride, UK.
    Background: In 2010, the UK Government Department for International Development (DFID) committed through its 'Framework for results for reproductive, maternal and newborn health (RMNH)' to save 50,000 maternal lives and 250,000 newborn lives by 2015. They also committed to monitoring the performance of this portfolio of investments to demonstrate transparency and accountability. Methods currently available to directly measure lives saved are cost-, time-, and labour-intensive. Read More

    The impact of eliminating within-country inequality in health coverage on maternal and child mortality: a Lives Saved Tool analysis.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):734. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe St., Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.
    Background: Inequality in healthcare across population groups in low-income countries is a growing topic of interest in global health. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST), which uses health intervention coverage to model maternal, neonatal, and child health outcomes such as mortality rates, can be used to analyze the impact of within-country inequality.

    Methods: Data from nationally representative household surveys (98 surveys conducted between 1998 and 2014), disaggregated by wealth quintile, were used to create a LiST analysis that models the impact of scaling up health intervention coverage for the entire country from the national average to the rate of the top wealth quintile (richest 20% of the population). Read More

    Lives Saved Tool (LiST) costing: a module to examine costs and prioritize interventions.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):782. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Avenir Health, 655 Winding Brook Drive, Glastonbury, CT, 06033, USA.
    Background: Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals will require careful allocation of resources in order to achieve the highest impact. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) has been used widely to calculate the impact of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) interventions for program planning and multi-country estimation in several Lancet Series commissions. As use of the LiST model increases, many have expressed a desire to cost interventions within the model, in order to support budgeting and prioritization of interventions by countries. Read More

    Using the missed opportunity tool as an application of the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) for intervention prioritization.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(Suppl 4):735. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF, 3 UN Plaza, New York City, NY10017, USA.
    Background: The Missed Opportunity tool was developed as an application in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) to allow users to quickly compare the relative impact of interventions. Global Financing Facility (GFF) investment cases have been identified as a potential application of the Missed Opportunity analyses in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania, to use 'lives saved' as a normative factor to set priorities.

    Methods: The Missed Opportunity analysis draws on data and methods in LiST to project maternal, stillbirth, and child deaths averted based on changes in interventions' coverage. Read More

    Users' experiences of wearable activity trackers: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 15;17(1):880. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
    Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), School of Health Sciences & Sansom Institute for Health Research, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.
    Background: Wearable activity trackers offer considerable promise for helping users to adopt healthier lifestyles. This study aimed to explore users' experience of activity trackers, including usage patterns, sharing of data to social media, perceived behaviour change (physical activity, diet and sleep), and technical issues/barriers to use.

    Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was developed and administered to Australian adults who were current or former activity tracker users. Read More

    Quantifying the need for enhanced case management for TB patients as part of TB cohort audit in the North West of England: a descriptive study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 15;17(1):881. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
    Department of Clinical Sciences Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK.
    Background: Patients with TB have diverse and often challenging clinical and social needs that may hamper successful treatment outcomes. Understanding the need for additional support during treatment (enhanced case management, or ECM) is important for workforce capacity planning. North West England TB Cohort Audit (TBCA) has introduced a 4-level ECM classification system (ECM 0-3) to quantify the need for ECM in the region. Read More

    Worklife expectancy in a cohort of Danish employees aged 55-65 years - comparing a multi-state Cox proportional hazard approach with conventional multi-state life tables.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 15;17(1):879. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment (NRCWE), Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100, Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.
    Background: Work life expectancy (WLE) expresses the expected time a person will remain in the labor market until he or she retires. This paper compares a life table approach to estimating WLE to an approach based on multi-state proportional hazards models. The two methods are used to estimate WLE in Danish members and non-members of an early retirement pensioning (ERP) scheme according to levels of health. Read More

    A comparative content analysis of media reporting of sports betting in Australia: lessons for public health media advocacy approaches.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 14;17(1):878. Epub 2017 Nov 14.
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Background: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media. Read More

    Less healthy breakfast cereals are promoted more frequently in large supermarket chains in Canada.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 13;17(1):877. Epub 2017 Nov 13.
    Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 25 University Private, Ottawa, ON, K1N 6N5, Canada.
    Background: The majority of food expenditures are made in supermarkets and this environment influences our purchasing and food intake. Breakfast cereals are frequently marketed as healthy food choices. The objective of this study was to examine the frequency of in-store promotions for cold breakfast cereals in Canadian supermarkets and to determine whether healthier or less healthy breakfast cereals are promoted more frequently. Read More

    Dilemma between health and environmental motives when purchasing animal food products: sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics of consumers.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 10;17(1):876. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
    Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologies et Biostatistiques, Inserm (U1153), Inra, Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, F-93017, Bobigny, France.
    Background: Dietary guidelines in France give quantitative recommendations for intake of meat, fish and dairy products whereas consumers are increasingly concerned by the environmental impacts associated with the production of these foods. This potentially leads to consumer dilemmas when purchasing food products. The present study aimed at investigating the sociodemographic profiles of individuals reporting health and environmental dilemmas when purchasing meat, fish and dairy products, and comparing diet quality of individuals with and without dilemma. Read More

    Evaluation of a physical activity intervention for new parents: protocol paper for a randomized trial.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 9;17(1):875. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
    Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.
    Background: Identifying critical life transitions in people's physical activity behaviors may illuminate the most opportune intervention apertures for chronic disease prevention. A substantive evidence base now indicates that parenthood is one of these critical transition points for physical activity decline. This study will examine whether a brief theory-based intervention can prevent a decline in physical activity among new parents over 6 months following intervention. Read More

    Correction to: Ideas, actors and institutions: lessons from South Australian Health in All Policies on what encourages other sectors' involvement.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 8;17(1):873. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    Health Determinants and Policy, Department for Health and Ageing, Adelaide, Australia.
    After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that Table 1 has been formatted poorly in the original version so that the columns are not aligned with their corresponding information. The correct version of the table is presented below. The original version of the article has now been revised. Read More

    Ice-associated norovirus outbreak predominantly caused by GII.17 in Taiwan, 2015.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(1):870. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Taiwan Centers for Disease Control, No.6, Linsen S. Rd., Jhongjheng District, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Background: On 5 March 2015, Taiwan Centers for Disease Control was notified of more than 200 students with gastroenteritis at a senior high school during excursion to Kenting. We conducted an outbreak investigation to identify the causative agent and possible vehicle of the pathogen.

    Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by using a structured questionnaire to interview all students for consumed food items during their stay at the resort. Read More

    The MATEX cohort - a Finnish population register birth cohort to study health effects of prenatal exposures.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(1):871. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Department of Public Health Solutions, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Kuopio, Finland.
    Background: The prevalence of chronic diseases, such as immune, neurobehavioral, and metabolic disorders has increased in recent decades. According to the concept of Developmental Origin of Health and Disease (DOHaD), developmental factors associated with environmental exposures and maternal lifestyle choices may partly explain the observed increase. Register-based epidemiology is a prime tool to investigate the effects of prenatal exposures over the whole life course. Read More

    To vaccinate or not to vaccinate? Perspectives on HPV vaccination among girls, boys, and parents in the Netherlands: a Q-methodological study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 7;17(1):872. Epub 2017 Nov 7.
    Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3062, PA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Despite the introduction of Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in national immunization programs (NIPs), vaccination rates in most countries remain relatively low. An understanding of the reasons underlying decisions about whether to vaccinate is essential in order to promote wider spread of HPV vaccination. This is particularly important in relation to policies seeking to address shortfalls in current HPV campaigns. Read More

    Correction to: Effects of a multi-level intervention on the pattern of physical activity among in-school adolescents in Oyo state Nigeria: a cluster randomised trial.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 6;17(1):866. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    African Regional Health Education Centre, Department of Health Promotion and Education, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
    Correction: After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that there is an error in figure 1. The number of excluded secondary schools should read "50" and not "72". The rest of the data in the figure is accurate. Read More

    Social capital and health in China: exploring the mediating role of lifestyle.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 6;17(1):863. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    School of Public Finance & Taxation, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, No.182 South Lake Avenue, East Hi-tech Development Zone, Wuhan, 430073, China.
    Background: Although social capital as a key determinant of health has been well established in various studies, little is known about how lifestyle factors mediate this relationship. Understanding the cross-relationships between social capital, health, and lifestyle factors is important if health promotion policies are to be effective. The purpose of this study is to explore whether different dimensions of social capital and lifestyle factors are related, and whether lifestyle factors mediate the association between social capital and self-rated health (SRH) and psychological well-being (PWB) in China. Read More

    Correction to: The GREENH-City interventional research protocol on health in all policies.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 6;17(1):865. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    ARENES, (UMR/CNRS 6051), University of Rennes 1 Institut d'Etudes Politiques, 104 Boulevard de la Duchesse Anne, 35700, Rennes, France.
    After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that in the original publication the third author's name was spelt incorrectly. The correct spelling is "Emmanuelle Faure". This was previously spelt as "Emmannuelle Faure". Read More

    Correction to: The effectiveness of a life style modification and peer support home blood pressure monitoring in control of hypertension: protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 6;17(1):864. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Centre for Public Health, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, Ireland.
    After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that the methodology outlined in the original article was not able to be fully carried out. The article planned a two armed randomized control trial. However, due to a lower response than expected and one housing complex dropping out from the study, the method was changed to pre- and post-intervention with no control group. Read More

    A comparison of licensed and un-licensed artisanal and small-scale gold miners (ASGM) in terms of socio-demographics, work profiles, and injury rates.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 6;17(1):862. Epub 2017 Nov 6.
    Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School Of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.
    Background: Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) represents one of the most hazardous work environments. While formalization of this sector has been suggested (e.g. Read More

    Psychosocial predictors of breast self-examination behavior among female students: an application of the health belief model using logistic regression.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 3;17(1):861. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    Patient Safety Research Center, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, P. O. Box: 57561-15111, Urmia, Iran.
    Background: Breast cancer is a life-threatening condition affecting women around the world. The early detection of breast lumps using a breast self-examination (BSE) is important for the prevention and control of this disease. The aim of this study was to examine BSE behavior and its predictive factors among female university students using the Health Belief Model (HBM). Read More

    Associations between the structural and functional aspects of social relations and poor mental health: a cross-sectional register study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 3;17(1):860. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
    Public Health and Epidemiology Group, Department of Health and Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Niels Jernes vej 12, -9220, Aalborg, DK, Denmark.
    Background: Social relations influence mental health through different pathways. To capture the complexity of social relations, it is beneficial to consider both the structural (e.g. Read More

    Effect of prohibiting the use of Paraquat on pesticide-associated mortality.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 2;17(1):858. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
    Background: Paraquat is associated with a high rate of fatalities in acute poisoning. This study aimed to examine the association between the national public health policy that banned the use of paraquat and the incidence of pesticide-associated mortality.

    Methods: All external causes of death from 2009 to 2013 of Korea were analyzed. Read More

    "Active Team" a social and gamified app-based physical activity intervention: randomised controlled trial study protocol.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Nov 2;17(1):859. Epub 2017 Nov 2.
    Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition, and Activity, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
    Background: Physical inactivity is a leading preventable cause of chronic disease and premature death globally, yet over half of the adult Australian population is inactive. To address this, web-based physical activity interventions, which have the potential to reach large numbers of users at low costs, have received considerable attention. To fully realise the potential of such interventions, there is a need to further increase their appeal to boost engagement and retention, and sustain intervention effects over longer periods of time. Read More

    Prevalence and associated risk factors for Giardia and Cryptosporidium infections among children of northwest Mexico: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 30;17(1):852. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Sonora, Campus Cajeme, Cd. Obregón, Sonora, México.
    Background: G. intestinalis and Cryptosporidium spp. are responsible for gastrointestinal infections worldwide. Read More

    Waist-to-height ratio is a useful index for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in children and adolescents: a secondary data analysis.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 30;17(1):851. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    College of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi, Taiwan.
    Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a global problem and pediatric obesity has risen dramatically. Early NAFLD might progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or liver cirrhosis and significantly increase liver disease-related mortality. We looked for NAFLD predictors in children and adolescents. Read More

    The long-term financial consequences of breast cancer: a Danish registry-based cohort study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 30;17(1):853. Epub 2017 Oct 30.
    Department of Social Medicine, Aalborg University Hospital, Havrevangen 1, 2. Sal, 9000, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Background: A breast cancer diagnosis affects an individual's affiliation to labour market, but the long-term consequences of breast cancer on income in a Danish setting have not been examined. The present study investigated whether breast cancer affected future income among Danish women that participated in the work force. We also examined the roles of sociodemographic factors and prior psychiatric medical treatment. Read More

    A comparison of arsenic exposure in young children and home water arsenic in two rural West Texas communities.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 27;17(1):850. Epub 2017 Oct 27.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Texas, 500 W University, El Paso, 79968, USA.
    Background: In a previously conducted Health Impact Assessment of a well-water dependent southwest community, arsenic (As) levels greater than the EPA Maximum Contaminant Level (10 μg/L) were identified in home water samples. The goals of this study were to test whether children from the previously studied well-water dependent community (Community 1) had higher blood As levels than children from a demographically similar and geographically nearby community dependent on a municipal water supply (Community 2); to test whether home water As levels predicted child As blood levels; and to examine how child As blood levels changed over time.

    Methods: This was an observational study of 252 children aged 4 to 12 years from two communities. Read More

    Changes in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension from 2004 to 2014 among 25-74-year-old citizens in the Yangon Region, Myanmar.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 26;17(1):847. Epub 2017 Oct 26.
    Department of Community Medicine and Global Health, Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Hypertension is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and little is known about trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment and the control of hypertension in Myanmar. This study aims at evaluating changes from 2004 to 2014 in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in the Yangon Region, Myanmar, and to compare associations between hypertension and selected socio-demographic, behavioural- and metabolic risk factors in 2004 and 2014.

    Methods: In 2004 and 2014, household-based cross-sectional studies were conducted in urban and rural areas of Yangon Region using the WHO STEPS protocol. Read More

    The relationship between multiple chronic diseases and depressive symptoms among middle-aged and elderly populations: results of a 2009 korean community health survey of 156,747 participants.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 25;17(1):844. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Institute for Health and Society, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Sungdong-Gu, Seoul, 04763, South Korea.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between multiple chronic diseases and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly populations.

    Methods: This study was performed using the 2009 Korean Community Health Survey, which targeted adults over the age of 40 (N = 156,747 participants, 88,749 aged 40-59 years and 67,998 aged ≥60 years). The Korean version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-K) was used as the measurement tool for depressive symptoms (CES-D-K score over 16). Read More

    Schistosomiasis mansoni incidence data in Rwanda can improve prevalence assessments, by providing high-resolution hotspot and risk factors identification.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 25;17(1):845. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Rwanda Biomedical Centre/ Malaria and Other Parasitic Diseases Division, P. O. Box 2514, Kigali, Rwanda.
    Background: Schistosomiasis mansoni constitutes a significant public health problem in Rwanda. The nationwide prevalence mapping conducted in 2007-2008 revealed that prevalence per district ranges from 0 to 69.5% among school children. Read More

    High variability of TB, HIV, hepatitis C treatment and opioid substitution therapy among prisoners in Germany.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 25;17(1):843. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, HIV/AIDS, STI and Blood-borne Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: In Germany, medical care of prisoners is completely separated from extramural health care. The extent and quality of medical care among prisoners in Germany are therefore largely unknown. We performed a secondary data analysis of pharmacy sales data for tuberculosis (TB), HIV, hepatitis C (HCV) and opioid substitution treatment (OST) delivered to prisons in 11 federal states (FS) in Germany between 01/2012 and 03/2013. Read More

    Obesity and socioeconomic disadvantage in midlife female public sector employees: a cohort study.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 24;17(1):842. Epub 2017 Oct 24.
    Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Background: The two-way relationship between obesity and socioeconomic disadvantage is well established but previous studies on social and economic consequences of obesity have primarily focused on relatively young study populations. We examined whether obesity is associated with socioeconomic disadvantage through the 10-12-year follow-up, and how obesity-related socioeconomic inequalities develop during midlife among women.

    Methods: Baseline data were derived from the female population of the Helsinki Health Study cohort, comprising 40-60 -year-old employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland in 2000-2002 (n = 6913, response rate 69%). Read More

    Correction to: longitudinal associations between built environment characteristics and changes in active commuting.
    BMC Public Health 2017 Oct 23;17(1):839. Epub 2017 Oct 23.
    MRC Epidemiology Unit & UKCRC Centre for Diet and Activity Research (CEDAR), University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Box 285, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK.

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