3,419 results match your criteria BMC Psychiatry[Journal]


Post traumatic stress disorder and coping strategies among adult survivors of earthquake, Nepal.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 18;19(1):118. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Gandaki Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Tribhuvan University, Pokhara, Nepal.

Background: Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is the most frequently reported psychiatric morbidity among the survivors of natural disasters. It is the main hindrance to rehabilitate their life. However its prevalence particularly in Nepal is largely unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2090-yDOI Listing

Motivations and experiences of volunteers and patients in mental health befriending: a thematic analysis.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 17;19(1):116. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, WHO Collaborating Centre for Mental Health Services Development, Newham Centre for Mental Health, Glen Road, London, E13 8SP, UK.

Background: Volunteers frequently participate in befriending schemes with people with mental illness. This study aimed to explore the motivations and experiences of volunteer befrienders engaging in these schemes in addition to the experiences of befriending recipients.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 38 volunteers and 23 befriending recipients, across 12 mental health befriending schemes in the UK, and analysed using Thematic Analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2102-yDOI Listing

Recovery-focused mental health care planning and co-ordination in acute inpatient mental health settings: a cross national comparative mixed methods study.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 16;19(1):115. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre for Mental Health Research, School of Health Sciences, City, University of London, Northampton, Square, EC1V 0HB, UK.

Background: Involving mental health service users in planning and reviewing their care can help personalised care focused on recovery, with the aim of developing goals specific to the individual and designed to maximise achievements and social integration. We aimed to ascertain the views of service users, carers and staff in acute inpatient wards on factors that facilitated or acted as barriers to collaborative, recovery-focused care.

Methods: A cross-national comparative mixed-methods study involving 19 mental health wards in six service provider sites in England and Wales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2094-7DOI Listing

Real-life assessment of aripiprazole monthly (Abilify Maintena) in schizophrenia: a Canadian naturalistic non-interventional prospective cohort study.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 16;19(1):114. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: With previously established efficacy of aripiprazole once-monthly injectable formulation (AOM) in pre-registration randomized controlled trials, the current study was designed to evaluate its effectiveness in patients treated for schizophrenia in regular clinical settings in Canada.

Methods: Following their clinicians' decision to prescribe AOM, 193 patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, were recruited from 17 Canadian community or hospital-based settings. The primary outcome of global functioning was assessed with the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) at 3-month intervals for 1 year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2103-xDOI Listing

Altered expression of the CSMD1 gene in the peripheral blood of schizophrenia patients.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15;19(1):113. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Wuxi Mental Health Center, Nanjing Medical University, 156 Qianrong Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, 214151, China.

Background: Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a heritable, refractory, and devastating psychiatric disorder. Previous studies have shown that the variants of CUB and sushi multiple domains 1 (CSMD1) demonstrate significant genome-wide association with SCZ. However, few studies have been conducted on the effect of antipsychotics on the expression levels of CSMD1. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2089-4DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mental health in young mothers, single mothers and their children.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 11;19(1):112. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Children's and Women's health, Linköping University, SE-581 83, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Parenthood is a life transition that can be especially demanding for vulnerable individuals. Young maternal age and maternal single status have been reported to increase the risk for adverse outcomes for both mother and child. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of young maternal age and maternal single status on maternal and child mental health and child development at age 3. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2082-yDOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Acceptability of palliative care approaches for patients with severe and persistent mental illness: a survey of psychiatrists in Switzerland.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 11;19(1):111. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Division of Psychiatry Research and Psychogeriatric Medicine, Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Some patients develop severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) which is therapy-refractory. The needs of these patients sometimes remain unmet by therapeutic interventions and they are at high risk of receiving care that is inconsistent with their life goals. Scholarly discourse has recently begun to address the suitability of palliative care approaches targeting at enhancing quality of life for these patients, but remains to be developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2091-xDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Saccadic eye movements in different dimensions of schizophrenia and in clinical high-risk state for psychosis.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 8;19(1):110. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Bialystok, Białystok, Plac Brodowicza 1, 16-070, Choroszcz, Poland.

Background: Oculomotor dysfunction is one of the most replicated findings in schizophrenia. However the association between saccadic abnormalities and particular clinical syndromes remains unclear. The assessment of saccadic movements in schizophrenia patients as well as in clinical high-risk state for psychosis individuals (CHR) as a part of schizophrenia continuum may be useful in validation of saccadic movements as a possible biomarker. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2093-8DOI Listing

Correction to: Stability of personality traits over a five-year period in Swedish patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder and nonpsychotic individuals: a study using the Swedish universities scales of personality.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 8;19(1):109. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Human Brain Informatics (HUBIN), Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatric Research, Psychiatry Section, Karolinska Institutet and Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

After publication of the original article [1], it was brought to our attention that some of the numbers in Table 3were incorrect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2086-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452510PMC

Association between NRGN gene polymorphism and resting-state hippocampal functional connectivity in schizophrenia.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 5;19(1):108. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110001, People's Republic of China.

Background: Based on genome-wide association studies, a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the NRGN gene (rs12807809) is considered associated with schizophrenia (SZ). Moreover, hippocampal dysfunction is associated with rs12807809. In addition, converging evidence suggests that hippocampal dysfunction is involved in SZ pathophysiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2088-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451258PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Prevalence of behavioral disorders and attention deficit/hyperactive disorder among school going children in Southwestern Uganda.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 3;19(1):105. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

International Center for Child Health and Development, P.O. Box 1988, Circular Rd, Masaka, Uganda.

Background: Disruptive Behavioral Disorders (DBDs) and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are chronic, impairing, and costly child and adolescent mental health challenges which, when untreated, can result in disruptions in school performance, friendships and family relations. Yet, there is dearth of prevalence data on child and adolescent behavioral challenges within sub-Saharan Africa, including Uganda. This study aims to estimate the prevalence rate of behavioral challenges and ADHD among young school going children and early adolescents (ages 8-13 at study enrollment), utilizing a school-based sample in southwest Uganda. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2069-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446353PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Evaluation of a collaborative care model for integrated primary care of common mental disorders comorbid with chronic conditions in South Africa.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 3;19(1):107. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Alan J Flisher Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: The rise in multimorbid chronic conditions in South Africa, large treatment gap for common mental disorders (CMDs) and shortage of mental health specialists demands a task sharing approach to chronic disease management that includes treatment for co-existing CMDs to improve health outcomes. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate a task shared integrated collaborative care package of care for chronic patients with co-existing depressive and alcohol use disorder (AUD) symptoms.

Methods: The complex intervention strengthened capacity of primary care nurse practitioners to identify, diagnose and review symptoms of CMDs among chronic care patients; and implemented a stepped up referral system, that included clinic-based psychosocial lay counsellors, doctors and mental health specialists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2081-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448306PMC
April 2019
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The cytokine profile of women with severe anxiety and depression during pregnancy.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 3;19(1):104. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Unidad de Investigación en Reproducción Humana, Instituto Nacional de Perinatología-Facultad de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 04510, (Mexico City), CD MX, Mexico.

Background: Controversial findings regarding the association between pro-inflammatory cytokines and depression have been reported in pregnant subjects. Scarce data about anxiety and its relationships with cytokines are available in pregnant women. To understand the association between anxiety and cytokines during pregnancy, we conducted the present study in women with or without depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2087-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446269PMC
April 2019
1 Read

A systematic review of palliative care tools and interventions for people with severe mental illness.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Apr 3;19(1):106. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Nivel. Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, P.O. Box 1568, Utrecht, 3500 BN, The Netherlands.

Background: Increasing attention to palliative care for the general population has led to the development of various evidence-based or consensus-based tools and interventions. However, specific tools and interventions are needed for people with severe mental illness (SMI) who have a life-threatening illness. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the scientific evidence on tools and interventions in palliative care for this group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2078-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446277PMC

Searching for the optimal number of response alternatives for the distress scale of the four-dimensional symptom questionnaire.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 29;19(1):103. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Education and Research, Friesland Mental Health Services, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands.

Background: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a self-report questionnaire designed to measure distress, depression, anxiety, and somatization. Prior to computing scale scores from the item scores, the three highest response alternatives ('Regularly', 'Often', and 'Very often or constantly present') are usually collapsed into one category to reduce the influence of extreme responding on item- and scale scores. In this study, we evaluate the usefulness of this transformation for the distress scale based on a variety of criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2070-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439967PMC

Mortality, cause of death and risk factors in patients with alcohol use disorder alone or poly-substance use disorders: a 19-year prospective cohort study.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 28;19(1):101. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Concurrent Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Ottestad, Norway.

Background: This study investigated cause of death, mortality rates and explored if baseline characteristics were associated with risk of death in patients with alcohol use disorder alone or poly-substance use disorders.

Methods: This was a prospective, longitudinal study of patients followed for 19 years after entering specialized treatment for substance use disorders. At baseline 291 patients (mean age 38. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2077-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437965PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Associations between provider communication and personal recovery outcomes.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 29;19(1):102. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

RAND Corporation, 1776 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA, USA.

Background: This study examined whether two types of provider communication considered important to quality of care (i.e., shows respect and explains understandably) are associated with mental health outcomes related to personal recovery (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2084-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439978PMC

Does Mental Health First Aid training improve the mental health of aid recipients? The training for parents of teenagers randomised controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 27;19(1):99. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia.

Background: There is well-established evidence that Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training improves knowledge about how to support someone developing a mental health problem, but less evidence that this support improves the mental health of the recipient of aid. This randomised controlled trial aimed to assess the long-term effects of MHFA training of parents on the mental health of their adolescent children.

Methods: 384 Australian parents of an adolescent aged 12-15 were randomised to receive either the 14-h Youth MHFA course or the 15-h Australian Red Cross Provide First Aid course. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2085-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437895PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Antidepressants for depression after concussion and traumatic brain injury are still best practice.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 27;19(1):100. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of British Columbia, 4255 Laurel St, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 2G9, Canada.

Background: Depression is a common complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). New evidence suggests that antidepressant medication may be no more effective than placebo in this population.

Main Body: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are recommended as first-line treatment for depression in contemporary expert consensus clinical practice guidelines for management of TBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2076-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438030PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Assessment of need for inpatient treatment for mental disorder among female prisoners: a cross-sectional study of provincially detained women in Ontario.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 27;19(1):98. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) and University of Toronto, Unit 3, 1001 Queen St West, Toronto, M6J 1H4, Canada.

Background: International studies show a consistent finding of women in prisons as having a high prevalence of mental disorder. Most will be treated within the prison however the most severely ill require transfer to a hospital facility. The primary aim of our study was to survey the total provincial female prison population in Ontario, Canada, to determine the proportion that require treatment in a psychiatric hospital, and the security level required. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2083-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437954PMC

Selective micro-structural integrity impairment of the isthmus subregion of the corpus callosum in alcohol-dependent males.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 25;19(1):96. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230022, Anhui Province, China.

Background: Previous studies have provided evidence that alcohol-dependent patients have abnormality in corpus callosum (CC); however, it is unclear whether micro-structural integrity of the CC subregions is differentially affected in this disorder.

Methods: In this study, a total of 39 male individuals, including 19 alcohol-dependent patients and 20 age-matched healthy controls, underwent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). CC was reconstructed by DTI tractography and was divided into seven subregions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2079-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6434796PMC

How do adolescents with depression experience improvement in psychodynamic psychotherapy? A qualitative study.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 21;19(1):95. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

University of Oslo, Institute of Clinical Medicine, P.O. box 1171, 0318, Blindern, Oslo, Norway.

Background: There is emerging evidence for the effectiveness of psychodynamic psychotherapy for depressive disorders. However, we know less of how this relation-focused therapy mode is experienced and what the patients themselves identify as helpful. Hence, the purpose of this study is to explore adolescents' experiences of factors promoting improvement in psychodynamic therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2080-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429792PMC

Maternal unwanted and intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm, obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression in the perinatal period: study protocol.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 21;19(1):94. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Background: Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harm-related to the infant are reported by the vast majority of new mothers, with half of all new mothers reporting unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harming their infant on purpose. Thoughts of intentional harm, in particular, are distressing to women, their partners and the people who care for them. While maternal, unwanted and intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm are known to be associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, preliminary evidence suggests that they are not associated with an increased risk of harm to infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2067-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429780PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Efficacy and feasibility of a humor training for people suffering from depression, anxiety, and adjustment disorder: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 20;19(1):93. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg, Hellbrunner Straße 34, 5020, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Humor trainings have positive effects on mental health and well-being. However, studies investigating the effects of humor trainings in clinical samples are still rare. This study investigated the efficacy and feasibility of a humor training for people suffering from depression, anxiety and adjustment disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2075-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425626PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Decision making on (dis)continuation of long-term treatment in mental health services is an interpersonal negotiation rather than an objective process: qualitative study.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 18;19(1):92. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Research Group Clinical Psychology, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Research into termination of long-term psychosocial treatment of mental disorders is scarce. Yearly 25% of people in Dutch mental health services receive long-term treatment. They account for many people, contacts, and costs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2072-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421659PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Hazardous alcohol use in a sample of first episode psychosis patients in Singapore.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 15;19(1):91. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore, 539747, Singapore.

Background: Hazardous alcohol use has often been found to be more prevalent amongst psychiatric outpatients than the general population. Additionally, it has also been associated with poorer outcomes. The study aimed to investigate (1) the prevalence and (2) socio-demographic and clinical correlates of hazardous alcohol use, as well as (3) the relationship between hazardous alcohol use and quality of life in an outpatient sample with First Episode Psychosis (FEP) in Singapore. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2073-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419799PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Efficacy of an internet-based self-management intervention for depression or dysthymia - a study protocol of an RCT using an active control condition.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 14;19(1):90. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty, University Leipzig, Semmelweisstr. 10, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: The treatment of major depressive disorder, a highly prevalent disorder associated with pronounced burden, is a large challenge to healthcare systems worldwide. Internet based self-management interventions seem to be a cost effective way to complement the treatment of depressed patients, but the accumulating evidence is mainly based on the comparison to waitlist controls and treatment as usual, which might lead to an overestimation of effects. Furthermore, studies assessing long-term effects and possible negative outcomes are still rare. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2063-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419490PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

Depression and associated factors among prisoners in Bahir Dar Prison, Ethiopia.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 11;19(1):88. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Health Promotion & Behavioral Sciences, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally there is a rapid increase in prison population, and one out of nine inmates suffers from mental disorders like depression. In Ethiopia, although a mental health strategy is in place, little attention is given to prisoners and studies which focus on depression among prisoners are still scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of depression and factors associated with it among prisoners. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2071-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417090PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Sense of coherence is linked to post-traumatic growth after critical incidents in Austrian ambulance personnel.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 11;19(1):89. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

University Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 31, A-8036, Graz, Austria.

Background: Ambulance personnel, as well as other emergency services like fire-fighters or the police force, are regularly confronted with experiences of extreme psychological distress and potentially traumatizing events in the line of their daily duties. As a consequence, this occupational group is exposed to an elevated risk of developing symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress (PTSS). Subsequently, symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress have been observed as potentially co-occurring with Post-Traumatic Growth (PTG) in ambulance personnel as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2065-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417083PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Risk factors for impaired maternal bonding when infants are 3 months old: a longitudinal population based study from Japan.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 8;19(1):87. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Psychological Support and Research Center for Human Development, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: Impaired maternal bonding has been associated with antenatal and postnatal factors, especially postpartum depression. Only a few population-based, longitudinal studies have examined the association between maternal depression and bonding in outside western countries. In addition, little is known about the association between psychosocial factors during pregnancy and impaired maternal bonding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2068-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408752PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Efficacy of an internet-based exposure treatment for flying phobia (NO-FEAR Airlines) with and without therapist guidance: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 6;19(1):86. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Universitat Jaume I, Av. Vicente Sos Baynat s/n, 12006, Castellón, Spain.

Background: Internet-based treatments appear to be a promising way to enhance the in vivo exposure approach, specifically in terms of acceptability and access to treatment. However, the literature on specific phobias is scarce, and, as far as we know, there are no studies on Flying Phobia (FP). This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of an Internet-based exposure treatment for FP (NO-FEAR Airlines) that includes exposure scenarios composed of images and sounds, versus a waiting-list control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2060-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6404352PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Associations of mood symptoms with NYHA functional classes in angina pectoris patients: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 5;19(1):85. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, No.106 Zhongshan Er Road, Guangzhou, 510080, People's Republic of China.

Background: Depression and anxiety are prevalent and associated with a worse prognosis in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients. However, the influence of disease severity on mood symptoms is unknown. The specific associations of mood symptoms with NYHA classes remain unexplored. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2061-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402172PMC
March 2019
9 Reads

Prevalence of mental disorders and epidemiological associations in post-conflict primary care attendees: a cross-sectional study in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 4;19(1):83. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Background: Experiencing conflict and displacement can have a negative impact on an individual's mental health. Currently, prevalence of mental health disorders (MHDs) at the primary care level in post-conflict areas within the Northern Province of Sri Lanka is unknown. We aimed to explore this prevalence in conflict-affected populations attending primary care, using a structured package of validated screening tools for MHDs. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2064-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399832PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Comparison of exhaustion symptoms in patients with stress-related and other psychiatric and somatic diagnoses.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 4;19(1):84. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Several rating scales assessing stress-related symptoms of exhaustion have emerged in recent years. However, more knowledge is needed about the performance of these rating scales in patients with stress-related disorders as well as in other patient groups. With the recently developed Karolinska Exhaustion Disorder Scale (KEDS), we compared symptoms of exhaustion in different patient groups that were sorted according to diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2066-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399825PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Prevalence and associated factors of depression among tuberculosis patients in Eastern Ethiopia.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Mar 1;19(1):82. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Haramaya University, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, P.O.Box-138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

Background: Depression among tuberculosis patients, especially in settings with low economic status is common. Screening for depression in all levels of health facilities can identify patients who need support and treatment for depression.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among tuberculosis patients in Eastern Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2042-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6397440PMC
March 2019
3 Reads
2.210 Impact Factor

The validity of the patient health Questionnaire-9 to screen for depression in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus in non-communicable diseases clinics in Malawi.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 27;19(1):81. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Epidemiology Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health, 135 Dauer Dr, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.

Background: Depression is a global problem, affecting populations worldwide, but is too often under-diagnosed. The identification of depression among patients with diabetes is important because depression is prevalent in this group and can complicate diabetes management.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9 in the detection of depression among patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus attending non-communicable diseases (NCD) clinics in Malawi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2062-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391834PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Cognitive predictors of treatment outcome for exposure therapy: do changes in self-efficacy, self-focused attention, and estimated social costs predict symptom improvement in social anxiety disorder?

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 22;19(1):80. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Psychology, Westfälische Wilhelms-University Münster, Fliednerstraße 21, 48149, Münster, Germany.

Background: Cognitions play an important role in the development and maintenance of social anxiety disorder (SAD).

Methods: To investigate whether changes in cognitions during the first six sessions of exposure therapy are associated with treatment outcome, we assessed reported self-focused attention, self-efficacy in social situations, and estimated social costs in 60 participants (M = 36.9 years) diagnosed with SAD who received in vivo or virtual reality exposure therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2054-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387557PMC
February 2019
1 Read
2.210 Impact Factor

Clinical and metabolic response to vitamin D plus probiotic in schizophrenia patients.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 21;19(1):77. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R, Iran.

Background: This study determined the effects of a novel combination of vitamin D and probiotic on metabolic and clinical symptoms in chronic schizophrenia.

Methods: This trial was conducted among 60 patients with chronic schizophrenia to receive either 50,000 IU vitamin D3 every 2 weeks plus 8 × 10 CFU/day probiotic (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks.

Results: Vitamin D and probiotic co-supplementation was associated with a significant improvement in the general (- 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2059-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383260PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Polypharmacy in a hospitalized psychiatric population: risk estimation and damage quantification.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 21;19(1):78. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Instituto Jalisciense de Salud Mental, Avenida Zoquipan 1000-A, Zip code 45170, Zapopan, Jalisco, México.

Background: Polypharmacy increases the risk of pharmacological interactions, prevalence of secondary effects and with this the lack of adherence to treatment. It is estimated that between 10 and 40% of patients hospitalized in psychiatric institutions are prescribed more than one antipsychotic. The objective of the present study was to identify the prevalence of polypharmacy, evaluate adverse effects associated to the use of psych drugs and to estimate the risk in specific groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2056-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6383213PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

The impact of the Paris terrorist attacks on the mental health of resident physicians.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 21;19(1):79. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Service Hospitalo-Universitaire, Centre Hospitalier Sainte Anne, Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Faculté de Médecine Paris Descartes, Paris, France.

Background: On November 13, 2015, terrorist attacks took place in Paris. One hundred and twenty-nine people were immediately killed and 302 needed emergency care. Many resident physicians were on the front line of the medical response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2058-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385411PMC
February 2019

Characteristics and quality of clinical practice guidelines for depression in adults: a scoping review.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20;19(1):76. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Unidad de Investigación para la Generación y Síntesis de Evidencias en Salud, Av. La Fontana 550, La Molina, Lima, Peru.

Background: Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) should follow an adequate methodology using an evidence-based approach in order to provide reliable recommendations. However, little is known regarding the quality of CPGs for Depression, which precludes its adequate use by stakeholders and mental health professionals. Thus, the aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review to describe the characteristics and quality of CPGs for Depression in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2057-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381686PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The burden, support and needs of primary family caregivers of people experiencing schizophrenia in Beijing communities: a qualitative study.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 20;19(1):75. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of General Practice and Continuing Education, Capital Medical University, No. 10, Xitoutiao, You An Men Wai, Fengtai District, Beijing, 100069, China.

Background: Family caregivers play crucial roles in taking care of people experiencing schizophrenia in the community. The burdens on and needs of caregivers of these patients should be emphasized. This study aimed to explore the perspective of family caregivers of people experiencing schizophrenia in the communities of Beijing in terms of the burdens of care and the acquisition and further need for support in order to provide guidance to health care providers regarding how to target therapeutic interventions for families of individuals experiencing schizophrenia and to provide recommendations for policy makers to tailor countermeasures and services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2052-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381607PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A case report of cholinergic rebound syndrome following abrupt low-dose clozapine discontinuation in a patient with type I bipolar affective disorder.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 19;19(1):73. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Psychopharmacology Unit, Clinical pharmacology and toxicology division, Acute Medicine Department, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Rebound cholinergic syndrome is a rare, but well known unwanted phenomenon occurring after abrupt clozapine discontinuation. There have been previous reported cases of cholinergic rebound in the literature; however, these reports described cholinergic rebound following cessation of high doses of clozapine in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. Here, we report a case of rebound cholinergic syndrome and catatonia in a male patient three days after abrupt discontinuation of 50 mg of clozapine prescribed for type I bipolar affective disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2055-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381751PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Remote assessment of disease and relapse in major depressive disorder (RADAR-MDD): a multi-centre prospective cohort study protocol.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 18;19(1):72. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Background: There is a growing body of literature highlighting the role that wearable and mobile remote measurement technology (RMT) can play in measuring symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD). Outcomes assessment typically relies on self-report, which can be biased by dysfunctional perceptions and current symptom severity. Predictors of depressive relapse include disrupted sleep, reduced sociability, physical activity, changes in mood, prosody and cognitive function, which are all amenable to measurement via RMT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2049-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379954PMC
February 2019

A stepped wedge cluster randomised trial of a cognitive remediation intervention in alcohol and other drug (AOD) residential treatment services.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13;19(1):70. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Ministry of Health NSW, 73 Miller St, North Sydney, NSW, 2060, Australia.

Background: Executive functioning impairment is common in substance use disorder and is a major risk factor for poor treatment outcomes, including treatment drop-out and relapse. Cognitive remediation interventions seek to improve executive functioning and offer a promising approach to increase the efficacy of alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatments and improve long-term therapeutic outcomes. This protocol describes a study funded by the NSW Agency for Clinical Innovation that assesses the effectiveness of delivering a six-week group-based intervention of cognitive remediation in an ecologically valid sample of people attending residential AOD treatment services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2044-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372999PMC
February 2019

Cannabidiol enhancement of exposure therapy in treatment refractory patients with phobias: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13;19(1):69. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Experimental Psychology and Helmholtz Institute, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Phobic anxiety disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and are burdensome in terms of loss of quality of life and work productivity. Evidence-based treatments are relatively successful in the majority of patients, especially exposure therapy. However, a substantial subset of patients fails to achieve or stay in remission. Read More

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https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2022-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373100PMC
February 2019
11 Reads

Mental distress and associated factors among Aksum University students, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13;19(1):71. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Aksum University College of Health Science, Referral Hospital, P.O. Box: 1010, Aksum, Ethiopia.

Background: Mental distress is becoming a common health problem in Ethiopia. The prevalence of mental distress is higher among university students than the general population. However, there is inadequate information in this regard in Ethiopia situations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2051-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6375136PMC
February 2019
1 Read