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    Subtypes in clinical burnout patients enrolled in an employee rehabilitation program: differences in burnout profiles, depression, and recovery/resources-stress balance.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 17;18(1):10. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Psychology, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 2/DG, 8010, Graz, Austria.
    Background: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Read More

    The SyBil-AA real-time fMRI neurofeedback study: protocol of a single-blind randomized controlled trial in alcohol use disorder.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 17;18(1):12. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Central Institute of Mental Health (ZI), University of Heidelberg/Medical Faculty Mannheim, J5, 68159, Mannheim, Germany.
    Background: Alcohol Use Disorder is a highly prevalent mental disorder which puts a severe burden on individuals, families, and society. The treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder is challenging and novel and innovative treatment approaches are needed to expand treatment options. A promising neuroscience-based intervention method that allows targeting cortical as well as subcortical brain processes is real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging neurofeedback. Read More

    Problematic internet use and psychiatric co-morbidity in a population of Japanese adult psychiatric patients.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 17;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 465 Kajii-cho, Kawaramachi-Hirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, 602-8566, Japan.
    Background: Many studies reported the high prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among adolescents (13-50%), and PIU was associated with various psychiatric symptoms. In contrast, only a few studies investigated the prevalence among the adult population (6%). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PIU and psychiatric co-morbidity among adult psychiatric patients. Read More

    Associations among maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain and risk of autism in the Han Chinese population.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 17;18(1):11. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Institute of Mental Health, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University; National Clinical Research Center on Mental Disorders, The National Technology Institute on Mental disorders; Hunan Key Laboratory of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Changsha, China.
    Background: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an unclear etiology. Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) have been suggested to play a role in the etiology of autism. The current study explores the associations among maternal pre-pregnancy BMI, GWG and the risk of autism in the Han Chinese population. Read More

    Binge eating disorder and depressive symptoms among females of child-bearing age: the Korea Nurses' Health Study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 17;18(1):13. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    College of Nursing, Konyang University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Most studies regarding the relationship between binge eating disorder (BED) and depression have targeted obese populations. However, nurses, particularly female nurses, are one of the vocations that face these issues due to various reasons including high stress and shift work. This study investigated the prevalence of BED and the correlation between BED and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among female nurses in South Korea. Read More

    A pilot feasibility randomised controlled trial of an adjunct brief social network intervention in opiate substitution treatment services.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 15;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Institute of Clinical Trials and Methodology, University College London, London, UK.
    Background: Approximately 3% of people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in the UK manage to achieve abstinence from prescribed and illicit drugs within three years of commencing treatment. Involvement of families and wider social networks in supporting psychological treatment may be an effective strategy in facilitating recovery, and this pilot study aimed to evaluate the impact of a social network-focused intervention for patients receiving OST.

    Methods: A two-site, open feasibility trial randomised patients receiving OST for at least 12 months but still reporting illicit opiate use in the past 28 days to one of three treatments: 1) treatment as usual (TAU), 2) Brief Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (B-SBNT) + TAU, or 3) Personal Goal Setting (PGS) + TAU. Read More

    Gender differences in mental health problems among adolescents and the role of social support: results from the Belgian health interview surveys 2008 and 2013.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 10;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Sociology Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Brussel, Belgium.
    Background: To investigate how social support relates to mental health problems for Belgian late adolescents and young adults 15-25 years of age. Additionally, we examine changes in mental health problems between 2008 and 2013 and investigate gender differences.

    Methods: Multivariate analysis of variance was used to investigate (1) psychological distress, (2) anxiety and (3) depression among 713 boys and 720 girls taken from two successive waves (2008 and 2013) of a representative sample of the Belgian population (Belgian Health Interview survey). Read More

    ADHD medication in offspring of immigrants - does the income level of the country of parental origin matter?
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 8;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, 171 76, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Child psychiatric treatment facilities vary greatly worldwide and are virtually non-existent in many low-income countries. One of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood is ADHD, with an estimated prevalence of 3-5% in Sweden. Previous studies have shown a similar prevalence of ADHD in minority and majority children in Sweden and the UK. Read More

    Does presence of metabolic syndrome impact anxiety and depressive disorder screening results in middle aged and elderly individuals? A population based study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 8;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Neuroscience Institute, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Background: Depressive and anxiety disorders are common in primary care setting but often remain undiagnosed. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is also prevalent in the general population and can impair recognition of common mental disorders due to significant co-morbidity and overlap with psychiatric symptoms included in self-reported depression/anxiety screening tools. We investigated if MetS has an impact on the accuracy of current major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) screening results using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS). Read More

    Testing decision-making competency of schizophrenia participants in clinical trials. A meta-analysis and meta-regression.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Galați, Romania.
    Background: The process of assessing the decision-making capacity of potential subjects before their inclusion in clinical trials is a legal requirement and a moral obligation, as it is essential for respecting their autonomy. This issue is especially important in psychiatry patients (such as those diagnosed with schizophrenia). The primary purpose of this article was to evaluate the degree of impairment in each dimension of decision-making capacity in schizophrenia patients compared to non-mentally-ill controls, as quantified by the (MacCAT-CR) instrument. Read More

    Attentional bias modification in reducing test anxiety vulnerability: a randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Psychiatry 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Faculty of Psychology and Mental Health, Second Military Medical University, Xiangyin Road 800, Shanghai, 200433, China.
    Background: A tendency to selectively process a threat to positive information may be involved in the etiology of anxiety disorders. The aim of this study is to examine whether attentional bias modification (ABM) can be used to modify high test-anxiety individuals' attention to emotional information and whether this change is related to anxiety vulnerability.

    Methods: Seventy-seven undergraduates were included: 28 individuals received a 5-day modified dot probe task as ABM training, 29 individuals received a 5-day classic dot probe task as placebo, and 20 individuals did not receive an intervention between the two test sections. Read More

    Economic evaluation of an experience sampling method intervention in depression compared with treatment as usual using data from a randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 29;17(1):415. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Interdisciplinary Center Psychopathology and Emotion regulation (ICPE), Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Centre Groningen (UMCG), Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Background: Experience sampling, a method for real-time self-monitoring of affective experiences, holds opportunities for person-tailored treatment. By focussing on dynamic patterns of positive affect, experience sampling method interventions (ESM-I) accommodate strategies to enhance personalized treatment of depression-at potentially low-costs. This study aimed to investigate the cost-effectiveness of an experience sampling method intervention in patients with depression, from a societal perspective. Read More

    Readiness to change and therapy outcomes of an innovative psychotherapy program for surgical patients: results from a randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 29;17(1):417. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Operative Intensive Care Medicine (CCM, CVK), Charité - Universitätsmedizin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: Readiness to change is a pivotal construct for psychotherapy research and a major target of motivational interventions. Our primary objective was to examine whether pre-treatment readiness to change moderated therapy effects of Bridging Intervention in Anesthesiology (BRIA), an innovative psychotherapy approach for surgical patients. This stepped care program aims at motivating and supporting surgical patients with mental disorders to engage in psychosocial mental health care. Read More

    Randomised control trial of the effectiveness of an integrated psychosocial health promotion intervention aimed at improving health and reducing substance use in established psychosis (IMPaCT).
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 28;17(1):413. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Science, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Kings College London, Denmark Hill, London, UK.
    Background: People with psychosis have a reduced life expectancy of 10-20 years, largely due to cardiovascular disease. This trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of a modular health promotion intervention (IMPaCT Therapy) in improving health and reducing cardiovascular risk in psychosis.

    Methods: A multicentre, two arm, parallel cluster RCT was conducted across five UK mental health NHS trusts. Read More

    Health care use, drug treatment and comorbidity in patients with schizophrenia or non-affective psychosis in Sweden: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 29;17(1):416. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Department of Healthcare Development, Public Health Care Services, Stockholm County Council, Box 6909, 102 39, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: This study investigated the prevalence of schizophrenia (ICD-10 F 20) and of other non-affective psychosis (NAP, ICD-10 F 21 - F 29) in Sweden. It further assessed health care use, comorbidity and medication for these patient groups. Most studies either have a study population of patients with strictly defined schizophrenia or a psychosis population of which strict schizophrenia cases form a smaller set. Read More

    The health and wellbeing needs of veterans: a rapid review.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 29;17(1):414. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Flinders Human Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.
    Background: For the majority of serving members, life in the military has a positive effect on wellbeing. However, the type, intensity and duration of service, along with the transition from fulltime military to civilian life, may have a negative effect on veterans' wellbeing. Such negative consequences, alongside the growing veteran population, indicate the need for greater exploration of veterans' physical, mental and social wellbeing. Read More

    Gender differences in patterns of drug use and sexual risky behaviour among crack cocaine users in Central Brazil.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 28;17(1):412. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Faculty of Nursing, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.
    Background: The aim of this study was to compare sociodemographic characteristics, patterns of drug use, and risky sexual behaviour among female and male users of crack cocaine.

    Methods: Between 2012 and 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 919 crack cocaine users (783 men and 136 women) in Central Brazil using face-to-face interviews. Blood samples were collected to test for syphilis. Read More

    Validating the psychiatric nurses methods of coping questionnaire: Arabic version.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 28;17(1):410. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    School of Nursing, Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health, University of Wollongong, Northfields Ave, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia.
    Background: The aim of the study was to undertake a psychometric analysis of the Psychiatric Nurses Methods of Coping Questionnaire (PNMCQ) - Arabic version when used to measure coping skills in psychiatric nurses in Jordan.

    Method: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was adopted in this study. A demographic questionnaire and the 35-item PNMCQ -Arabic were the measures used to collect data. Read More

    Is meat consumption associated with depression? A meta-analysis of observational studies.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 28;17(1):409. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Infectious Disease, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, 410008, China.
    Background: A number of epidemiological studies have examined the effect of meat consumption on depression. However, no conclusion has been reached. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between meat consumption and depression. Read More

    Validation of the Farsi version of the revised Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale (ASHSr): a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 28;17(1):408. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    University of Basel, Department of Sport, Exercise and Health, Division of Sport and Psychosocial Health, St. Jakob-Turm, Birsstrasse 320B, 4052, Basel, Switzerland.
    Background: Restoring sleep is associated with a broad variety of favorable cognitive, emotional, social and behavioral benefits during the day. This holds particularly true for adolescents, as maturational, social, cognitive, emotional and behavioral changes might unfavorably impact on adolescents' sleep. Among adolescents, poor sleep hygiene practices are a potentially modifiable risk factor that can be addressed via appropriate interventions. Read More

    Randomised controlled trial to improve health and reduce substance use in established psychosis (IMPaCT): cost-effectiveness of integrated psychosocial health promotion.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 22;17(1):407. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience at King's College London, London, UK.
    Background: There is mounting evidence that people with severe mental illness have unhealthy lifestyles, high rates of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, and greater risk of early mortality. This study aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of a health promotion intervention seeking to improve physical health and reduce substance use in people with psychosis.

    Methods: Participants with a psychotic disorder, aged 18-65 years old and registered on an enhanced care approach programme or equivalent were recruited from community mental health teams in six mental health trusts in England. Read More

    The influence of caregiver depression on adolescent mental health outcomes: findings from refugee settlements in Uganda.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 19;17(1):405. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Program on Forced Migration and Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 60 Haven Avenue, New York City, NY, 10032, USA.
    Background: Family-level predictors, including caregiver depression, are considered important influences on adolescent mental health. Adolescent depression and anxiety in refugee settings is known to be a significant public health concern, yet there is very limited literature from humanitarian settings focusing on the relationship between caregiver mental health and adolescent mental health. In the context of a larger study on child protection outcomes in refugee settings, researchers explored the relationship between caregiver depression and adolescent mental health in two refugee settlements, Kiryandongo and Adjumani, in Uganda. Read More

    Variability of activity patterns across mood disorders and time of day.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 19;17(1):404. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Mental Health, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Background: Few actigraphy studies in mood disorders have simultaneously included unipolar (UP) and bipolar (BD) depression or BD mixed states as a separate subgroup from mania. This study compared objectively measured activity in UP, BD depression, mania and mixed states and examined if patterns differed according to time of day and/or diagnostic group.

    Methods: Eighty -eight acutely admitted inpatients with mood disorders (52 UP; 18 mania; 12 BD depression; 6 mixed states) underwent 24 hours of actigraphy monitoring. Read More

    The Autism-Tics, ADHD and other Comorbidities inventory (A-TAC): previous and predictive validity.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 16;17(1):403. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Centre for Ethics Law and Mental Health (CELAM) Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, SU Rättspsykiatri, Rågårdsvägen 5, Enhet CELAM Hus 1, SE-424 57 Gunnilse, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Background: Reliable and easy to administer screening instruments focusing on neurodevelopmental disorders and associated conditions are scarce. The Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory (A-TAC) has previously been validated and reporting good- excellent validity for several disorders. This article aims to expand these findings by including more conditions in a substantially larger sample augmented with the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR). Read More

    Depressive symptoms and negative life events: What psycho-social factors protect or harm left-behind children in China?
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 15;17(1):402. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    School of Psychology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China.
    Background: In China, children under 18 years old who are left at rural residences for at least 6 months by either one or both of their parents migrating to work in cities are called "left-behind children (LBC)". Due to restricted family support, they are at a greater risk of developing depressive symptoms than non-left-behind children (NLBC). The objective of this study is to explore how depressive symptoms and stress induced by negative life events such as interpersonal conflicts, punishment and loss, as well as their relationships vary for LBC with different left-behind-related characteristics. Read More

    German general practitioners' self-reported management of patients with chronic depression.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 13;17(1):401. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Institute of General Practice and Family Medicine, Jena University Hospital, Bachstraße 18, D-07743, Jena, Germany.
    Background: Patients with chronic depression (persisting symptoms for ≥2 years) are a clinically relevant group with extensive (co)morbidity, high functional impairment and associated costs in primary care. The General Practitioner (GP) is the main health professional attending to these patients. The aim of this study was to examine the GPs' perception on managing patients with chronic depression. Read More

    Correlation of occupational stress with depression, anxiety, and sleep in Korean dentists: cross-sectional study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 12;17(1):398. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
    Background: This study aimed to investigate the degree of occupational stress and the clinical mental state of dentists. In addition, we investigated the correlation of occupational stress with depression, anxiety, and sleep among dentists in Korea.

    Methods: A cross-sectional survey on 231 dentists was conducted using the Doctor Job Stress Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), State-Trait Anxiety Index (STAI), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Read More

    Anxiety and depression among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and general population in rural Nepal.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 12;17(1):397. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Department of General Practice, Okhaldhunga Community Hospital, Okhaldhunga, Nepal.
    Background: Anxiety and depression are usually under diagnosed among the patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which has a negative impact on patient quality of life through restriction of activities, loss of independence, and decreased social functioning. The purpose of this study was to describe the levels and characteristics of anxiety and depression in patients with COPD in Nepal as compared to the general population.

    Methods: A hospital-based observational comparative analytical study was conducted in the United Mission Hospital, Tansen and the Okhaldhunga Community Hospital, Okhaldhunga, Nepal from June 1st 2015 to April 15th 2016. Read More

    How effective is the comprehensive approach to rehabilitation (CARe) methodology? A cluster randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 11;17(1):396. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Tranzo Scientific Center for Care and Welfare, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000, LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
    Background: The CARe methodology aims to improve the quality of life of people with severe mental illness by supporting them in realizing their goals, handling their vulnerability and improving the quality of their social environment. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the CARe methodology for people with severe mental illness on their quality of life, personal recovery, participation, hope, empowerment, self-efficacy beliefs and unmet needs.

    Methods: A cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) was conducted in 14 teams of three organizations for sheltered and supported housing in the Netherlands. Read More

    The association between neighbourhood-level deprivation and depression: evidence from the south african national income dynamics study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 11;17(1):395. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Alan J Flisher Centre for Public Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Background: Depression contributes substantially to the burden of disease in South Africa. Little is known about how neighbourhoods affect the mental health of the people living in them.

    Methods: Using nationally representative data (N=11,955) from the South African National Income Dynamics Study and the South African Indices of Multiple Deprivation (SAIMD) modelled at small-area level, this study tested associations between neighbourhood-level deprivation and depression, after controlling for individual-level covariates. Read More

    Potential diagnostic markers of olanzapine efficiency for acute psychosis: a focus on peripheral biogenic amines.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 8;17(1):394. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Department of Addictions, Department of personalized psychiatry and neurology, V.M. Bekhterev National Medical Research Center Psychiatry and Neurology, ul. Bekhterev, d. 3, Saint-Petersburg, 192019, Russia.
    Background: Biomarkers are now widely used in many fields of medicine, and the identification of biomarkers that predict antipsychotic efficacy and adverse reactions is a growing area of psychiatric research. Monoamine molecules of the peripheral bloodstream are possible prospective biomarkers based on a growing body of evidence indicating that they may reflect specific changes in neurotransmitters in the brain. The aim of this study was to detect peripheral biogenic amine indicators of patients with acute psychosis and to test the correlations between the biological measures studied and the psychopathological status of the patients. Read More

    Mental health literacy among pediatric hospital staff in the United Arab Emirates.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 8;17(1):390. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Mental Health, Centre for Health Research, School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia.
    Background: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g. Read More

    Impaired mixed emotion processing in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia: an fMRI study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 8;17(1):391. Epub 2017 Dec 8.
    Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Semmelweis University, Balassa 6, Budapest, 1083, Hungary.
    Background: Schizophrenia has a negative effect on the activity of the temporal and prefrontal cortices in the processing of emotional facial expressions. However no previous research focused on the evaluation of mixed emotions in schizophrenia, albeit they are frequently expressed in everyday situations and negative emotions are frequently expressed by mixed facial expressions.

    Methods: Altogether 37 subjects, 19 patients with schizophrenia and 18 healthy control subjects were enrolled in the study. Read More

    Guidance by physicians and pharmacists during antidepressant therapy: patients' needs and suggestions for improvement.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 4;17(1):388. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80082, 3508 TB, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Background: Guidance of patients treated with antidepressants is paramount for successful therapy. The aim was to assess patients' needs and suggestions for improvement of guidance by physicians and pharmacists during second generation antidepressant (SGA) therapy.

    Methods: Five focus group discussions were held with a total of 34 patients using an SGA. Read More

    Depression: point-prevalence and risk factors in a North Cyprus household adult cross-sectional study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 4;17(1):387. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Department of Psychological Counselling and Guidance, Near East University, Faculty of Education, Lefkosa-Kibris, Mersin 10, Turkey.
    Background: Depression is one of the most common diagnosed psychiatric disorders in the world. Besides individual risk factors, it is also found that environment and socio-cultural factors are the other main risk factors for depression. In this article, the results of the 2016 national household survey of depression in North Cyprus (NC) are presented. Read More

    Use of medical administrative data for the surveillance of psychotic disorders in France.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 4;17(1):386. Epub 2017 Dec 4.
    Direction of Non Communicable Diseases and Trauma, French National Public Health Agency, 12, rue du Val d'Osne, 94415, Saint-Maurice cedex, France.
    Background: Psychotic disorders are among the most severe psychiatric disorders that have great effects on the individuals and the society. For surveillance of chronic low prevalence conditions such as psychotic disorders, medical administrative databases can be useful due to their large coverage of the population, their continuous availability and low costs with possibility of linkage between different databases. The aims of this study are to identify the population with psychotic disorders by different algorithms based on the French medical administrative data and examine the prevalence and characteristics of this population in 2014. Read More

    Cultural adaptation and validity of the Malay version of the brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS-M) among patients with schizophrenia in a psychiatric clinic.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 2;17(1):384. Epub 2017 Dec 2.
    Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, UNIMAS, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Background: This study evaluates the psychometric properties of the Malay version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-M) among patients with schizophrenia in a psychiatric outpatient clinic.

    Methods: Ninety-nine schizophrenia outpatients were administered the Malay version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-M), Malay version of Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Malay version of Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) and Malay version of World Health Organization Quality of Life - Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF).

    Results: An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of BPRS-M produced a seven-factor solution which accounted for 71. Read More

    Identifying levels of general distress in first line mental health services: can GP- and eHealth clients' scores be meaningfully compared?
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1;17(1):382. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Department of Psychometrics and Statistics, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Background: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) (Huisarts Wetenschap 39: 538-47, 1996) is a self-report questionnaire developed in the Netherlands to distinguish non-specific general distress from depression, anxiety, and somatization. This questionnaire is often used in different populations and settings and there is a paper-and-pencil and computerized version.

    Methods: We used item response theory to investigate whether the 4DSQ measures the same construct (structural equivalence) in the same way (scalar equivalence) in two samples comprised of primary mental health care attendees: (i) clients who visited their General Practitioner responded to the 4DSQ paper-and-pencil version, and (ii) eHealth clients responded to the 4DSQ computerized version. Read More

    Self-assessment of the mental health status in older adults in Poland: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1;17(1):383. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Department of Statistics and Medical Informatics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.
    Background: Demographic aging of society poses numerous challenges, including the provision of health care to the elderly population. According to World Health Organization data, the most frequent mental disorders in the senior population are: dementia, depression, and drug and alcohol addiction. The aim of this study was to subjectively assess mental health status (the severity of non-psychotic symptoms of mental functions and depressive symptoms) in older adults of Bialystok (Poland). Read More

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