3,978 results match your criteria BMC Psychiatry[Journal]


Socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, multi-morbid conditions and depressive symptoms among Nepalese older adults.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 26;20(1):261. Epub 2020 May 26.

Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Depressive symptoms (DS) are a well-recognized public health problem across the world. There is limited evidence with regard to DS and its associates, such as socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors and chronic conditions in low-income countries like Nepal. In this study, we aimed to assess the level of DS and its relationship with socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors and chronic disease conditions among community dwelling older people in Nepal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02680-3DOI Listing

Problematic internet use in children and adolescents: associations with psychiatric disorders and impairment.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 27;20(1):252. Epub 2020 May 27.

Healthy Brain Network, Child Mind Institute, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Problematic internet use (PIU) is an increasingly worrisome issue, as youth population studies are establishing links with internalizing and externalizing problems. There is a need for a better understanding of psychiatric diagnostic profiles associated with this issue, as well as its unique contributions to impairment. Here, we leveraged the ongoing, large-scale Child Mind Institute Healthy Brain Network, a transdiagnostic self-referred, community sample of children and adolescents (ages 5-21), to examine the associations between PIU and psychopathology, general impairment, physical health and sleep disturbances. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02640-xDOI Listing

Correction to: Psychometric properties of the perceived stress scale in a community sample of Chinese.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 25;20(1):260. Epub 2020 May 25.

National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02670-5DOI Listing

The relation between dietary intakes and psychological disorders in Iranian adults: a population-based study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 24;20(1):257. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Background: Previous studies showed an association between dietary intakes and psychological disorders. This study aimed to assess the association between dietary intakes and psychiatric disorders in Iran.

Methods: In this cross sectional research, the data on 9965 adults were extracted from enrollment phase of Yazd Health Study (YaHS); a population-based cohort study on Iranian adults which was conducted during 2014 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02678-xDOI Listing

Cognitive behavioral group therapy for panic disorder in a general clinical setting: a prospective cohort study with 12 to 31-years follow-up.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 24;20(1):259. Epub 2020 May 24.

Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: The long-term prognosis after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in outpatient groups for panic disorder and agoraphobia is not well known. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term outcomes in terms of psychological health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), quality of life (QoL) and treatment satisfaction after CBT for panic disorder and agoraphobia.

Methods: The sample consisted of 68 patients (61% response rate), who were assessed at pretreatment; at the start and end of treatment; and after 3 months, after 1 year, and over the long term (M = 24 years; SD = 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02679-wDOI Listing

Comparison of child abuse history in patients with and without functional abdominal pain: a case-control study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 24;20(1):258. Epub 2020 May 24.

Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are ranked first amongst medical diseases as a trigger of requests for mental health counselling. Child abuse has been regarded as one of the main causes of the development of functional abdominal pain (FAP) in children. This study aimed, therefore, to compare the prevalence of child abuse experience among two groups of patients with and without FAP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02675-0DOI Listing

Metabolic syndrome associated with the onset of depressive symptoms among women but not men in rural Northeast China.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 24;20(1):254. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Cardiology, First Hospital of China Medical University, 155 Nanjing North Street, Heping District, Shenyang, 110001, China.

Background: The present study aimed to assess the cumulative incidence of major depressive disorder (MDD) among rural Chinese residents. Furthermore, we intended to estimate whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) was associated with MDD by both cross-sectional and prospective analysis.

Method: Data of 11,675 residents (46. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02668-zDOI Listing

Potential trauma events and the psychological consequences for Yazidi women after ISIS captivity.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 24;20(1):256. Epub 2020 May 24.

Department of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Traumatic war experiences, like the ones the Yazidi had to undergo due to the attack of the so-called Islamic State (ISIS) in August 2014, are often followed by psychological consequences such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. A more detailed analysis of such specific survivor groups is needed, to develop and implement appropriate reparation and support measures.

Methods: In this study, 194 Yazidi women were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02671-4DOI Listing

C reactive protein elevation among children or among mothers' of children with autism during pregnancy, a review and meta-analysis.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 24;20(1):251. Epub 2020 May 24.

McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To evaluate if children with ASD, or mothers of ASD children have elevated CRP during pregnancy.

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder with incidence of 1 in 68 children occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. Economic burden between $11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02619-8DOI Listing

Disability and severe depression among Peruvian older adults: analysis of the Peru Demographic and Family Health Survey, ENDES 2017.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 24;20(1):253. Epub 2020 May 24.

Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Unidad de Investigación para la Generación y Síntesis de Evidencias en Salud, Av. La Fontana 750, La Molina, Lima, Peru.

Background: Depression is considered a mental health-related disability that affects approximately 350 million people worldwide. On the other hand, it is estimated that 15% of the world's population lives with some form of disability, and this scenario is currently riddled with the global burden of mental disorders, non-communicable diseases and other age-related comorbidities.

Aim: To assess the association between disability and depression among Peruvian older adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02664-3DOI Listing

Early detection of mental illness for women suffering high-risk pregnancies: an explorative study on self-perceived burden during pregnancy and early postpartum depressive symptoms among Chinese women hospitalized with threatened preterm labour.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 20;20(1):250. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Haartmaninkatu 2, 00290, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: The mental health of pregnant women, particularly those with elevated risks, has been an issue of global concern. Thus far, few studies have addressed the mental health of pregnant women with threatened preterm labour (TPL). This study investigated the prevalence of self-perceived burden (SPB) among Chinese women hospitalized due to TPL during pregnancy and early postpartum depressive disorders, exploring the effect of SPB and other potential risk factors on the early signs of postpartum depressive disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02667-0DOI Listing

Loneliness as a predictor of outcomes in mental disorders among people who have experienced a mental health crisis: a 4-month prospective study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 20;20(1):249. Epub 2020 May 20.

Division of Psychiatry, University College London, Maple House, 149 Tottenham Court Road, London, W1T 7NF, UK.

Background: Loneliness has not until recently been a prominent focus in research on outcomes of mental illness. The aim of this study was to determine whether loneliness at baseline predicts poor outcomes at 4-month follow-up for individuals who have experienced mental health crises. The outcomes in this study included overall symptom severity, affective symptoms, self-rated recovery and health-related quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02665-2DOI Listing

High-dose omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation might be more superior than low-dose for major depressive disorder in early therapy period: a network meta-analysis.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 20;20(1):248. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510630, China.

Background: The application of n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (n-3 PUFAs) supplementation for major depressive disorder (MDD) has been widely discussed in recent years, but its efficacy and application are still controversial. This network meta-analysis was conducted to compare the efficacy of different dosages of n-3 PUFAs on MDD patients in the early period of treatment.

Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) exploring the efficacy of n-3 PUFA supplementation for patients with MDD were retrieved from the databases of Pubmed, Embase and the Cochrane Library. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02656-3DOI Listing

Predictors of remission from body dysmorphic disorder after internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy: a machine learning approach.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 19;20(1):247. Epub 2020 May 19.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, M46, SE-141 86, Huddinge, Sweden.

Background: Previous attempts to identify predictors of treatment outcomes in body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) have yielded inconsistent findings. One way to increase precision and clinical utility could be to use machine learning methods, which can incorporate multiple non-linear associations in prediction models.

Methods: This study used a random forests machine learning approach to test if it is possible to reliably predict remission from BDD in a sample of 88 individuals that had received internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for BDD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02655-4DOI Listing

Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the cardiac depression scale tested on Jordanian patients with cardiovascular diseases.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 19;20(1):246. Epub 2020 May 19.

Community and Psychiatric Health Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box: 3030, Irbid, 22110, Jordan.

Background: The Cardiac Depression Scale (CDS) is an instrument to screen for depression, specifically in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the CDS in the Jordanian population.

Method: A cross-sectional design was used for 304 participants diagnosed with CVD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02651-8DOI Listing

Prevalence and factors associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms among Palestinian medical students.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 19;20(1):244. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.

Background: Co-existence of depression and anxiety can be associated with severe detrimental consequences to the physical, mental and social wellbeing of the affected populations. This study was conducted to determine prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms among Palestinian medical students and to investigate associations between sociodemographic factors of the students with depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Methods: This study was conducted in a cross-sectional observational design using a questionnaire in the period between September 2018 and April 2019 in a major university in the West Bank of Palestine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02658-1DOI Listing

A qualitative research of adolescents with behavioral problems about their experience in a dialectical behavior therapy skills training group.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 19;20(1):245. Epub 2020 May 19.

Psychiatry Service, Basurto University Hospital, Avda Montevideo, 18 48013, Bilbao, Spain.

Background: Several quantitative studies support the effectiveness of the Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) psychosocial skills training group component for adolescents with impulse-control disorder and/or emotional dysregulation. However, qualitative research to assess this psychotherapeutic tool in the adolescent population is sparse. This study aims to examine the subjective experience of adolescents with behavioral issues who have completed DBT skills training group, as well as using this experience to extract hypotheses regarding its usefulness which can then be verified at a later time by means of quantitative instruments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02649-2DOI Listing

The role of patient-provider communication: a qualitative study of patient attitudes regarding co-occurring depression and chronic diseases in Malawi.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 19;20(1):243. Epub 2020 May 19.

Malawi Ministry of Health and Population, Non-communicable Diseases and Mental Health Clinical Services, P.O Box 30377, Lilongwe, 3, Malawi.

Background: Globally, depression is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality particularly in Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are also increasing in LMICs, the conditions frequently co-occur and exacerbate NCD outcomes. Depression interventions alone are not effective at improving NCD outcomes, resulting in wide-reaching calls for integrated services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02657-2DOI Listing

Peripheral non-enzymatic antioxidants in patients with schizophrenia: a case-control study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 15;20(1):241. Epub 2020 May 15.

Shandong Mental Health Center, 49# Wenhua Eastern Road, Jinan, 250014, China.

Background: Recent studies show that oxidative stress is associated with the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. There are two major types of antioxidant systems in vivo, namely enzymatic antioxidants and non-enzymatic antioxidants. This study investigated differences of non-enzymatic antioxidants between schizophrenia patients and healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02635-8DOI Listing

Validity and reliability of social anxiety disorder diagnoses in the Swedish National Patient Register.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 15;20(1):242. Epub 2020 May 15.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Gävlegatan 22 (Entré B), floor 8, SE-11330, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Population-based administrative registers are often used for research purposes. However, their potential usefulness depends on the validity of the registered information. This study assessed the validity of the recorded codes for social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, in the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02644-7DOI Listing
May 2020
2.210 Impact Factor

Evaluating the national multisite implementation of dialectical behaviour therapy in a community setting: a mixed methods approach.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 14;20(1):235. Epub 2020 May 14.

National Suicide Research Foundation, University College Cork, Western Gateway Building, Cork, Ireland.

Background: The implementation of evidence-based interventions for borderline personality disorder in community settings is important given that individuals with this diagnosis are often extensive users of both inpatient and outpatient mental health services. Although work in this area is limited, previous studies have identified facilitators and barriers to successful DBT implementation. This study seeks to expand on previous work by evaluating a coordinated implementation of DBT in community settings at a national level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02610-3DOI Listing

Improved patient-reported outcomes after interprofessional training in mental health: a nonrandomized intervention study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 14;20(1):236. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen and Psychiatry Slagelse, Region Zealand Mental Health Service, Fælledvej 6, 4200, Slagelse, Denmark.

Background: Collaborative interprofessional practices are essential in caring for people with complex mental health problems. Despite the difficulties of demonstrating positive impacts of interprofessional education (IPE), it is believed to enhance interprofessional practices. We aimed to assess impacts on patient satisfaction, self-reported psychological distress and mental health status in a psychiatric ward. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02616-xDOI Listing

Gaps and challenges: WHO treatment recommendations for tobacco cessation and management of substance use disorders in people with severe mental illness.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 14;20(1):237. Epub 2020 May 14.

Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: People with severe mental disorders (SMD) experience premature mortality mostly from preventable physical causes. The World Health Organization (WHO) have recently produced guidelines on the management of physical health conditions in SMD. This paper presents the evidence which led to the recommendations for tobacco cessation and management of substance use disorders in SMD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02623-yDOI Listing

Interpretation of within-group change in randomised trials.

Authors:
Kypros Kypri

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 14;20(1):239. Epub 2020 May 14.

Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

In medicine, it is common to observe improvement after intervention, at least partly because patients present for care in extremis and would have improved without intervention. Controlling for this counterfactual explanation for improvement is the principle reason to conduct a trial in which patients are randomised to treatment or a control group. Accordingly, it is not reasonable to infer that both interventions are effective when the groups show similar improvements in outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02641-wDOI Listing

Validation of the Arabic version of the "self-evaluation of negative symptoms" scale (SNS).

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 14;20(1):240. Epub 2020 May 14.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: The self-evaluation of negative symptoms scale (SNS) is a new easy-to-use self-administered questionnaire allowing clinicians to understand the clinical and genetic factors affecting the negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. There was a need to translate and validate this scale in Arabic so that Arab-speaking patients benefit from it. Therefore, the aim of our study was to validate the Arabic version of the SNS in a sample of Lebanese patients with schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02647-4DOI Listing

Trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from the antenatal period to 24-months postnatal follow-up: findings from the 2015 Pelotas birth cohort.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 14;20(1):233. Epub 2020 May 14.

Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, nº 1160 3º andar, Pelotas, CEP 96020-220, Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil.

Background: Maternal depression may be chronic and recurrent, with negative effects both on the health of mothers and children. Many studies have shown trajectories of postnatal depressive symptoms but few studies in low- and middle-income countries have evaluated the trajectories of depressive symptoms starting during pregnancy. This study aims to identify the different trajectories of depressive symptoms among mothers in the Pelotas 2015 birth cohort, from pregnancy to the second year of the child's life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02533-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222527PMC

Association between health behaviours and depression: findings from a national cross-sectional study in South Korea.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 14;20(1):238. Epub 2020 May 14.

Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Depression is a leading cause of disability, and it has been reported that more than 264 million people worldwide have depression. The causes of depression may be numerous, and physical health has also been linked to depression. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of health behaviours on depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02628-7DOI Listing

Perceptions of procedural justice and coercion among forensic psychiatric patients: a study protocol for a prospective, mixed-methods investigation.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 13;20(1):230. Epub 2020 May 13.

Complex Care and Recovery Program, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1001 Queen Street West, Toronto, Ontario, M6J 1H4, Canada.

Background: The risk and recovery paradigms are the dominant frameworks informing forensic mental health services and have been the focus of increasing research interest. Despite this, there are significant gaps in our understanding of the nature of mental health recovery in forensic settings (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02629-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222335PMC

Decomposing socioeconomic inequality in poor mental health among Iranian adult population: results from the PERSIAN cohort study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 13;20(1):229. Epub 2020 May 13.

Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Socioeconomic inequality in mental health in Iran is poorly understood. This study aimed to assess socioeconomic inequality in poor mental health among Iranian adults.

Methods: The study used the baseline data of PERSIAN cohort study including 131,813 participants from 17 geographically distinct areas of Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02596-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218818PMC
May 2020
2.210 Impact Factor

Risk and risk factors for disability pension among patients with treatment resistant depression- a matched cohort study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 13;20(1):232. Epub 2020 May 13.

Centre for Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Treatment resistant depression (TRD) is common among patients with depression, and is associated with clinical and functional disability. However, the risk and risk factors for being granted disability pension (DP) among patients with TRD have not been investigated.

Methods: All antidepressant initiators in Sweden with a diagnosis of depression in specialized care were identified in nationwide registers 2006-2013 and followed regarding treatment trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02642-9DOI Listing

Depression, anxiety and associated factors among housemaids working in Addis Ababa Ethiopia.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 13;20(1):231. Epub 2020 May 13.

, Postcode 1971, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Housemaids are part of women with low socioeconomic status and most of them are migrant from rural to central part of Ethiopia, less educated, either with poor, separated, single or divorced family and/or dead parents. Housemaid may experience problems like depression and anxiety more than other groups of women. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude and determinants of those problems among housemaids. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02638-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222301PMC

Symptomatic remission affects employment outcomes in schizophrenia patients.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):219. Epub 2020 May 12.

Taoyuan Psychiatric Center, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: Remission criteria were proposed by Andreasen et al. for classifying patients with schizophrenia according to the severity of psychopathology. Up to the present time, there have been no cohort studies exploring the association between remission status and employment outcomes in patients with schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02630-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216656PMC

Social interactions, experiences with adverse life events and depressive symptoms in individuals with visual impairment: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):224. Epub 2020 May 12.

Section for Trauma, Catastrophes and Forced Migration - Adults and Elderly, Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, PB 181 Nydalen, Oslo, NO-0409, Norway.

Background: Knowledge about the high rates of depression in people with visual impairment (VI) remains unclear. The study aimed to examine whether depressive symptoms in people with VI were associated with social isolation, perceived social support and lifetime exposure to bullying, physical abuse or sexual abuse.

Methods: An anonymous telephone survey was conducted from January to May 2017 in an age-stratified sample of adults with VI who were members of the Norwegian Association of the Blind and Partially Sighted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02652-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216619PMC

Dimensionality of the system usability scale among professionals using internet-based interventions for depression: a confirmatory factor analysis.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):218. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Research and Innovation, GGZ inGeest, Specialized Mental Health Care, Oldenaller 1, 1081, Amsterdam, HJ, Netherlands.

Background: The System Usability Scale (SUS) is used to measure usability of internet-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (iCBT). However, whether the SUS is a valid instrument to measure usability in this context is unclear. The aim of this study is to assess the factor structure of the SUS, measuring usability of iCBT for depression in a sample of professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02627-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216472PMC

A cross-sectional study on spouse and parent differences in caregiving experiences of people living with schizophrenia in rural China.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):226. Epub 2020 May 12.

Division of Prevention and Community Research, Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, 389 Whitney Avenue, New Haven, CT, 06511, USA.

Background: Conflicting evidence exists on whether parent or spouse caregivers experience better outcomes when caring for family members with schizophrenia. The current study aims to examine relative caregiving experiences and impacts of spouse and parent caregivers for people living with schizophrenia (PLS) in China.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 264 community-dwelling primary family caregivers of PLS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02633-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216408PMC

The impact of parental psychopathology and sociodemographic factors in selective mutism - a nationwide population-based study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):221. Epub 2020 May 12.

Research Centre for Child Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Lemminkäisenkatu 3 / Teutori (3rd floor), 20014, Turku, Finland.

Background: Selective mutism (SM) is nowadays considered a relatively rare anxiety disorder characterized by children failing to speak in certain situations. Research on risk factors for SM are limited in comparison to other psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to examine several potential risk factors for SM in a large nationwide cohort, namely parental psychopathology, parental age, maternal SES, urbanicity, maternal marital status and parental immigration status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02637-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216734PMC

Validation of the French version of the McLean screening instrument for borderline personality disorder (MSI-BPD) in an adolescent sample.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):222. Epub 2020 May 12.

GHU Paris Psychiatrie et Neurosciences, Paris, France.

Background: The study examines the psychometric properties of the French version of the McLean Screening Instrument for Borderline Personality Disorder (MSI-BPD) created by M. Zanarini to screen borderline personality disorder in clinical and non-clinical populations.

Method: In this multicentric longitudinal study from the European Network on Borderline Personality Disorder, a sample of 84 adolescent patients from five psychiatric centres and 85 matched controls without psychiatric comorbidity completed the MSI-BPD, French version, and were interviewed with the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality (SIDP-IV), in order to assess the presence or absence of borderline personality disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02643-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216676PMC

Perinatal mental distress in a rural Ethiopian community: a critical examination of psychiatric labels.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):223. Epub 2020 May 12.

Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Dawson Building, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, UK.

Background: Perinatal mental distress poses a heavy burden in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study investigated perceptions and experiences of perinatal mental distress among women in a rural Ethiopian community, in an effort to advance understanding of cross-cultural experiences of perinatal mental distress.

Methods: We employed a sequential explanatory study design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02646-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216512PMC

Post traumatic stress symptoms, anxiety, and depression in patients after intensive care unit discharge - a longitudinal cohort study from a LMIC tertiary care centre.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):220. Epub 2020 May 12.

Black County Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, Wolverhampton, UK.

Background: Data on intensive care unit (ICU) related psychiatric morbidity from Low Middle-Income Countries are sparse. We studied the ICU related posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), anxiety, and depression symptoms in a cohort of patients from Eastern India.

Methods: We included adults admitted more than 24 h to a mixed ICU. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02632-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216410PMC
May 2020
2.210 Impact Factor

Depression, anxiety, and associated factors in patients with diabetes: evidence from the anxiety, depression, and personality traits in diabetes mellitus (ADAPT-DM) study.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 12;20(1):227. Epub 2020 May 12.

Lifestyle Science Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, SAINS@BERTAM, 13200, Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Background: Depression and anxiety are common psychiatric complications affecting patients with diabetes mellitus. However, data on the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and associated factors among Malaysian diabetic patients is scarce. The Anxiety, Depression, and Personality Traits in Diabetes Mellitus (ADAPT-DM) study aimed to determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety, and their associated factors in the Malaysian diabetic population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02615-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218550PMC

Protocol Across study: longitudinal transdiagnostic cognitive functioning, psychiatric symptoms, and biological parameters in patients with a psychiatric disorder.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 11;20(1):212. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam University Medical Centers (location AMC), University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 5, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Patients with psychiatric disorders, such as major depressive disorder, schizophrenia or obsessive-compulsive disorder, often suffer from cognitive dysfunction. The nature of these dysfunctions and their relation with clinical symptoms and biological parameters is not yet clear. Traditionally, cognitive dysfunction is studied in patients with specific psychiatric disorders, disregarding the fact that cognitive deficits are shared across disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02624-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216345PMC
May 2020
2.210 Impact Factor

The biological classification of mental disorders (BeCOME) study: a protocol for an observational deep-phenotyping study for the identification of biological subtypes.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 11;20(1):213. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Translational Research in Psychiatry, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Kraepelinstr. 2-10, 80804, Munich, Germany.

Background: A major research finding in the field of Biological Psychiatry is that symptom-based categories of mental disorders map poorly onto dysfunctions in brain circuits or neurobiological pathways. Many of the identified (neuro) biological dysfunctions are "transdiagnostic", meaning that they do not reflect diagnostic boundaries but are shared by different ICD/DSM diagnoses. The compromised biological validity of the current classification system for mental disorders impedes rather than supports the development of treatments that not only target symptoms but also the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02541-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216390PMC

Psychiatric disorders risk in patients with iron deficiency anemia and association with iron supplementation medications: a nationwide database analysis.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 11;20(1):216. Epub 2020 May 11.

Clinical Medicine Research Center, Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, No. 539, Zhongxiao Rd., East District, Chia-Yi City, Taiwan, 60002.

Background: It has been shown that iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is associated with psychosocial consequences and psychiatric morbidity. However, the association between adults with IDA and psychiatric disorders has not been clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychiatric disorder morbidity of an IDA group in comparison with a non-IDA group and to examine the risk of psychiatric disorders in IDA patients treated with iron supplementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02621-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216322PMC

An exploration of the conditions for deploying self-management strategies: a qualitative study of experiential knowledge in depression.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 11;20(1):210. Epub 2020 May 11.

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9101, Nijmegen, 6500 HB, The Netherlands.

Background: Living with recurrent, and/or chronic depression requires long-term management in addition to active coping on a day-to-day basis. Previous research on long-term management, and coping with depression mainly focused on identifying self-management strategies. However, research on the conditions for deploying self-management strategies in depression is lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02559-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212680PMC

How did the use of psychotropic drugs change during the Great Recession in Portugal? A follow-up to the National Mental Health Survey.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 May 11;20(1):215. Epub 2020 May 11.

Comprehensive Health Research Centre (CHRC), Lisbon Institute of Global Mental Health. Nova Medical School, Nova University of Lisbon. Rua do Instituto Bacteriológico, n°5, 1150-190, Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: Research suggests that economic recessions might be associated with a higher use of psychotropic drugs, but literature is scarce and contradictory in identifying the most vulnerable groups. This study aims to assess possible changes in the use of psychotropic drugs due to the economic recession in Portugal, by comparing self-reported consumption in 2008/09 and 2015/16.

Methods: Data from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative Portugal (2008/09) and the National Mental Health Survey Follow-Up (2015/16) were used (n = 911). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02620-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7216710PMC