3,150 results match your criteria BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth [Journal]


Glucose screening within six months postpartum among Chinese mothers with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 18;19(1):134. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for diabetes mellitus. The 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test is recommended for mothers with a history of GDM to screen for diabetes in the postnatal period. The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of glucose screening within 6 months postpartum among Chinese mothers with a history of GDM, and to identify its predictors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2276-9DOI Listing

Derivation and validation of a model predicting the likelihood of vaginal birth following labour induction.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 16;19(1):130. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: There is high-quality evidence supporting induction of labour (IOL) for a number of maternal and fetal indications. However, one fifth of inductions fail to result in vaginal births, requiring cesarean deliveries. This has negative clinical, emotional and resource implications. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2232-8DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Pregnancy and infant loss: a survey of families' experiences in Ontario Canada.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 16;19(1):129. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Pregnancy and Infant Loss (PAIL) Network, Women and Babies Program, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Pregnancy and infant loss has a pervasive impact on families, health systems, and communities. During and after loss, compassionate, individualized, and skilled support from professionals and organizations is important, but often lacking. Historically, little has been known about how families in Ontario access existing care and supports around the time of their loss and their experiences of receiving such care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2270-2DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Measuring the quality of maternal and care processes at the time of delivery in sub-Saharan Africa: development and validation of a short index.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 16;19(1):133. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: There is a growing recognition that quality of care must improve in facility-based deliveries to achieve further global reductions in maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity. Better measurement of care quality is needed, but the unpredictable length of labor and delivery hinders the feasibility of observation, the gold standard in quality assessment. This study evaluated whether a measure restricted to actions at or immediately following delivery could provide a valid assessment of the quality of the process of intrapartum and immediate postpartum care (QoPIIPC), including essential newborn care. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2281-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Spatial and temporal trends of cesarean deliveries in Uganda: 2012-2016.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 16;19(1):132. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Cesarean section (CS) is an important intervention in complicated births when the safety of the mother or baby is compromised. Despite worldwide concerns about the overutilization of CS in recent years, many African women and their newborns still die because of limited or no access to CS services. We evaluated temporal and spatial trends in CS births in Uganda and modeled future trends to inform programming. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2279-6DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Preferences for aspects of antenatal and newborn screening: a systematic review.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 16;19(1):131. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Manchester Centre for Health Economics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.

Background: Many countries offer screening programmes to unborn and newborn babies (antenatal and newborn screening) to identify those at risk of certain conditions to aid earlier diagnosis and treatment. Technological advances have stimulated the development of screening programmes to include more conditions, subsequently changing the information required and potential benefit-risk trade-offs driving participation. Quantifying preferences for screening programmes can provide programme commissioners with data to understand potential demand, the drivers of this demand, information provision required to support the programmes and the extent to which preferences differ in a population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2278-7DOI Listing

Perspectives and pregnancy outcomes of maternal Ramadan fasting in the second trimester of pregnancy.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 15;19(1):128. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Basic Science, College of Basic Science, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.

Background: There are controversies over the effects of Ramadan fasting on pregnancy outcomes, and women's perspectives of fasting are diverse. This study aimed to assess the perspectives and pregnancy outcomes of maternal Ramadan fasting in the second trimester of pregnancy.

Methods: A case-control study was conducted at Hawler Maternity Teaching Hospital of Erbil, Iraq from October 2017 to January 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2275-xDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Factors associated with choice of antenatal, delivery and postnatal services between HIV positive and HIV negative women in Zambia.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 15;19(1):127. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, UNU-Merit, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Background: Previous research has shown that developing countries account for the majority of maternal deaths around the world. Relatively high maternal mortality in developing countries has been linked to high HIV prevalence rates in these countries. Several studies have shown that women living with HIV are more vulnerable and are thus more likely to die during maternity than those who are not. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2272-0DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Mother-infant bonding is not associated with feeding type: a community study sample.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 11;19(1):125. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Obstetrics & Gynecology, Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Ha-Lochamim 62, Holon, Israel.

Background: Bonding refers to emotions and cognitions towards one's infant. Breastfeeding is believed to facilitate bonding, yet only a handful of studies have empirically tested this assertion. This study aimed to confirm whether a positive association between breastfeeding and bonding exists and whether breastfeeding may be protective against the negative consequences of mood and sleep disturbances on bonding. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2264-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458683PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

An evaluation of whether a gestational weight gain of 5 to 9 kg for obese women optimizes maternal and neonatal health risks.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 11;19(1):126. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, 77843-4475, USA.

Background: Maternal obesity has a wide range of health effects on both the pregnant woman and developing fetus. The clinical significance of these disorders, combined with a dramatically increasing prevalence of obesity among pregnant women has precipitated a major health crisis in the United States. The most commonly used recommendations for gestational weight gain were established by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 2009 and have become well known and often adopted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2273-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Factors associated with knowledge of obstetric danger signs and perceptions of the need for obstetric care among married men in northern Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 11;19(1):123. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Palladium, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: Male involvement in maternal, newborn and child health contributes to better health outcomes for women and their children, especially in restrictive societies. There is evidence that when men have better understanding of women's health needs, attitudes toward utilization of maternal and child health services, of both women and men, are improved. Given the role of men as the ultimate decision makers in families in northern Nigerian society, this study assessed the determinants of men's knowledge of danger signs in pregnancy and the continuum of obstetric care, and their perceptions of the importance of antenatal care utilization and health facility delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2271-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458632PMC
April 2019
1 Read

A cohort study of the association between maternal serum Inhibin-A and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a population-based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 11;19(1):124. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand.

Background: To compare the rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes between women with normal and abnormal inhibin-A levels.

Methods: Based on a prospective database of Down syndrome screening program, the consecutive records were comprehensively reviewed. Pregnancies were classified into three groups: normal, high (> 2 MoM) and low (< 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2266-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458687PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

Fetal weight estimation at term - ultrasound versus clinical examination with Leopold's manoeuvres: a prospective blinded observational study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 11;19(1):122. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Division of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Fetal weight estimation is of key importance in the decision-making process for obstetric planning and management. The literature is inconsistent on the accuracy of measurements with either ultrasound or clinical examination, known as Leopold's manoeuvres, shortly before term. Maternal BMI is a confounding factor because it is associated with both the fetal weight and the accuracy of fetal weight estimation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2251-5DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Contraceptive use, prevalence and predictors of pregnancy planning among female sex workers in Uganda: a cross sectional study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 8;19(1):121. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences Makerere University, P.O. Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Unintended pregnancies are associated with negative consequences to both mother and baby. Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are at high risk of unintended/unplanned pregnancies. However, prevalence of pregnancy planning and its predictors among FSWs has not been comprehensively investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2260-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454679PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and seroprevalence for brucellosis in pregnant women exposed to goats or raw goat products in southern Thailand: a prospective cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 5;19(1):118. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

Background: Pregnant women infected with brucellosis have been shown to have higher odds of having been exposed to goats and raw goat products and adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, information on these associations in asymptomatic pregnant women is limited, particularly in the brucellosis-endemic areas. This study aimed to assess the association of a history of exposure to goats and/or raw goat products and the serological status of anti-Brucella abortus immunoglobulin G (IgG) with adverse pregnancy outcomes among pregnant women, and explore factors associated with having exposure to goats and/or raw goat products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2267-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451268PMC

Low autopsy acceptance after stillbirth in a disadvantaged French district: a mixed methods study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 04 5;19(1):117. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Inserm UMR 1153, Obstetrical, Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team (Epopé), Center for Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité, DHU Risks in Pregnancy, Paris Descartes University, Maternité de Port Royal, 53, av. de l'Observatoire, 75014, Paris, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2261-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451265PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Interpregnancy change in body mass index and infant outcomes in Texas: a population-based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 5;19(1):119. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

UTHealth School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, 1200 Pressler Street, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Background: Maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) is associated with several infant outcomes, but it is unclear whether these associations reflect causal relationships. We conducted a study of interpregnancy change in BMI (IPC-BMI) to improve understanding of the associations between BMI and large for gestational age (LGA), small for gestational age (SGA), and preterm birth (PTB).

Methods: Birth certificate data from 2481 linked sibling pairs (Texas, 2005-2012) were used to estimate IPC-BMI and evaluate its association with LGA, SGA, and PTB in the younger sibling of the pair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2265-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451298PMC

Determinants of utilization of antenatal care services in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Western Ethiopia: a study based on demographic and health survey.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 3;19(1):115. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: Utilization of antenatal care (ANC) in Ethiopia was low. There was also a variation of this underutilization of ANC service from region to region in the country. Therefore, this study aimed at providing a comprehensive analysis on socio-economic and demographic determinants of utilizing ANC services in Benishangul Gumuz Region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2259-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448260PMC
April 2019
1 Read

A successful pregnancy in a patient with secondary hypertension caused by adrenal adenoma: a case report.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 3;19(1):116. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of cardiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: Secondary hypertension is a rare complication in pregnancy that causes poor outcomes, such as preeclampsia, premature delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, stillbirths, spontaneous abortion or intrauterine death. Cushing's disease caused by an adrenal adenoma is rare during pregnancy and may be overlooked by obstetricians and physicians, but can lead to hypertension, diabetes mellitus and an increased risk of fetal and maternal morbidity. Approximately 200 cases have been reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2262-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6448298PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Effects of antenatal corticosteroids in twin neonates with late preterm birth (ACTWIN [Antenatal Corticosteroids in TWIN late preterm neonates] trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 3;19(1):114. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Antenatal corticosteroids have been proven to prevent adverse outcomes including respiratory morbidities in preterm neonates before 34 weeks of gestation. Recently, it has been suggested that antenatal corticosteroids may also be effective in singleton late preterm pregnancies, and guidelines recommend the use of corticosteroids in singleton pregnant women who are at risk for late preterm birth. On the contrary, there is a paucity of information regarding the effectiveness of corticosteroids in twin neonates with late preterm birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2235-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446272PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Validity of self-reported receipt of iron supplements during pregnancy: implications for coverage measurement.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 2;19(1):113. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Maryland, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy is an underlying cause of maternal deaths, and reducing risk through routine iron supplementation is a key component of antenatal care (ANC) programs in most low- and middle income countries. Supplementation coverage during pregnancy is estimated from maternal self-reports in population-based household surveys, yet recall bias and social desirability bias lead to errors of unknown magnitude.

Methods: We linked data from household and health facility surveys from 16 countries to estimate input-adjusted coverage of iron supplementation during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2247-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446307PMC
April 2019
1 Read

A large proportion of poor birth outcomes among Aboriginal Western Australians are attributable to smoking, alcohol and substance misuse, and assault.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 2;19(1):110. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Aboriginal Health Domain, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Aboriginal infants have poorer birth outcomes than non-Aboriginal infants. Harmful use of tobacco, alcohol, and other substances is higher among Aboriginal women, as is violence, due to factors such as intergenerational trauma and poverty. We estimated the proportion of small for gestational age (SGA) births, preterm births, and perinatal deaths that could be attributed to these risks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2252-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444570PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

Determinants of vitamin D status among Black and White low-income pregnant and non-pregnant reproductive-aged women from Southeast Louisiana.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 2;19(1):111. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Global Environmental Health Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2100, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70112, USA.

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a growing public health problem, with pregnant women being particularly vulnerable due to its influences on maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, there are limited data published about mediators of vitamin D status in Louisiana women. We aimed to assess the vitamin D status and its determinants among low-income pregnant and non-pregnant reproductive-aged women from southeast Louisiana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2246-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446262PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Simulation TRaining for Operative vaginal Birth Evaluation: study protocol for an observational stepped-wedge interrupted time-series study (STROBE).

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 2;19(1):109. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Translational Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol, BS8 2PS, UK.

Background: Operative vaginal birth is a common procedure used to expedite birth after full cervical dilatation where there is a clinical need to do so (15% of births in the UK in 2016). The acquisition of skills for operative vaginal birth is dependent on the exposure of junior obstetricians to situations in which they can undertake directly supervised learning from senior accouchers. The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists has recently introduced the first structured course in operative vaginal birth. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2222-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6444670PMC
April 2019
9 Reads

Association of first trimester maternal vitamin D, ferritin and hemoglobin level with third trimester fetal biometry: result from cohort study on vitamin D status and its impact during pregnancy and childhood in Indonesia.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 2;19(1):112. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

dr Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia.

Introduction: The role of vitamin D in placental functions and fetal growth had been addressed in many reports with conflicting results. However, such report is limited for Indonesian population. The aim of this study was to explore the association between maternal vitamin D level in the first trimester and fetal biometry in the later stage of pregnancy with adjusted OR for other determinants like hemoglobin and ferritin level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2263-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446282PMC

Predictors of neonatal mortality in Assosa zone, Western Ethiopia: a matched case control study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):108. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Epidemiology, Colleage of Public Health and Medical Science, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Background: Benshangul Gumuze region is one of the regional states in Ethiopia, with highest rate of neonatal mortality rate. The trend increased at alarming rate from 42/1000 live birth in 2005 to 62/ 1000 live birth in 2011. Hence, identifying predictors of neonatal death and implement evidence based interventions at community level is crucial to reduce the mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2243-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6441179PMC

Maternal reasons for requesting planned cesarean section in Norway: a qualitative study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):102. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, 5018, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Pregnant women who request a cesarean section in the absence of obstetric indication have become a highly debated issue in academic as well as popular literature. In order to find adequate, targeted treatment and preventive strategies, we need a better understanding of this phenomenon. The aim of this study is to provide a qualitative exploration of maternal requests for a planned cesarean section in Norway, in the absence of obstetric indications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2250-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440101PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Management of bleeding from morbidly adherent placenta during elective repeat caesarean section: retrospective -record -based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):106. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia Maternity and Children University Hospital, Minia University, Elsalam, Eloboor, Maghaghaga City, Minya, Egypt.

Background: Controlling massive haemorrhage from morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) at caesarean section is a major surgical challenge to obstetricians. This study compares different intra-operative interventions to control haemorrhage from morbidly adherent placenta and its impact on maternal morbidity.

Methods: Retrospective analysis was done for baseline characteristics, intra-operative and postoperative complications of 125 patients with morbidly adherent placenta who had elective CS at 35-38 weeks gestation in the period from 01/2012 to 01/2017. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2244-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439998PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Influence of different preoperative fasting times on women and neonates in cesarean section: a retrospective analysis.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):104. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Guangdong Women and Children Hospital, No.13 Guangyuan West Road, Guangzhou, 510010, China.

Background: This study was to evaluate the impact of different preoperative fasting conditions on women and neonates through a retrospective analysis.

Methods: A total of 1599 women were divided into 5 groups according to different preoperative fasting times: group A: solid food ≥8 h; clear fluids ≥6 h; B: solid food ≥8 h; clear fluids ≥2 h < 6 h; C: solid food ≥6 h < 8 h; clear fluids < 2 h; D: solid food ≥2 h < 6 h; clear fluids < 2 h; E: solid food < 2 h; clear fluids < 2 h.

Results: Incidence rate of vomiting of women was lower in group C (solid food ≥6 h < 8 h and clear fluids < 2 h) than other groups (P <  0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2254-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440150PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Childbearing desires and behaviour: a prospective assessment in Nairobi slums.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 28;19(1):100. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Background: Advancing an understanding of childbearing desires is an important precursor to achievement of the policy goal of reducing unintended pregnancies. It has been long debated that concepts of fertility desires and planning may be particularly problematic in sub-Saharan Africa. However, examination of the utility of fertility preference measures and their link to reproductive behaviour is still rare in the region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2245-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437922PMC

The effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress and pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetes.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):107. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR, Iran.

Background: Diabetes is the most common medical condition in pregnant women and its complications affect both mother and fetus. The beneficial effects of vitamin D on gestational diabetes have been shown, though data on the effects of co-administration of vitamin D with other nutrients on pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetes (GDM) are scarce. This study was aimed to determine the effects of magnesium-zinc-calcium-vitamin D co-supplementation on parameters of inflammation and oxidative stress, and pregnancy outcomes among women with GDM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2258-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440090PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Effect of team training and monitoring on the rate of failed mid and low cavity vacuum extraction: a hospital based intervention study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):101. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska University Hospital at Huddinge, K57, 141 86, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Clinical team training has been advocated as a means to improve delivery care, and failed extractions is a suggested variable for clinical audit in instrumental vaginal delivery. Other activities may also have intended or unintended effects on care processes or outcomes.

Methods: We retrospectively observed 1074 mid and low vacuum extraction deliveries during three time periods (prevalence periods): Baseline (period 0), implemented team training (period 1 and 2) and monitoring of traction force during vacuum extraction (period 2). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2257-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440163PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Successful laparoscopic management of diaphragmatic pregnancy:a rare case report and brief review of literature.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 28;19(1):99. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Departments of Gynecology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital Of Hangzhou Medical College, No. 158 Shangtang Rd, Hangzhou, 310014, People's Republic of China.

Background: Abdominal ectopic pregnancies are rare category of ectopic pregnancies.We describe a ectopic pregnancy implanted on the surface of diaphragm and highlight the difficult clinical course of an abdominal ectopic pregnancy managed with strategic procedural intervention.

Case Presentation: A 33-year-old Chinese woman with abdominal pain was diagnosed with ectopic pregnancy implanted in the liver according to CT and advised to transfer the patient to tertiary referral center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2248-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438013PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Maternal body mass index and risk of neonatal adverse outcomes in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):105. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

School of Public Health, China Medical University, No.77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, 110122, People's Republic of China.

Background: Maternal body mass index is linked to short- and long-term unfavorable health outcomes both for child and mother. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based cohort studies to evaluate maternal BMI and the risk of harmful neonatal outcomes in China.

Methods: Six databases identified 2454 articles; 46 met the inclusion criteria for this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2249-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440121PMC
March 2019
1 Read
2.190 Impact Factor

Evaluation of the Maternal Death Surveillance and response system in Hwange District, Zimbabwe, 2017.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 29;19(1):103. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Health Studies Office, P. O Box CY 1122 Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR) system was established to provide information that effectively guides actions to eliminate preventable maternal mortality. In 2016, Hwange district sent six maternal death notification forms (MDNF) to the province without maternal death audit reports. Timeliness of MDNF reaching the province is a challenge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2255-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440131PMC
March 2019
1 Read
2.190 Impact Factor

Maternal and neonatal outcome of reverse breech extraction of an impacted fetal head during caesarean section in advanced stage of labour: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 27;19(1):98. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Division of Obstetrics, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Caesarean section with extraction of a deeply impacted fetal head is technically challenging and is associated with serious maternal and neonatal complications. The purpose of the study was to identify risks and evaluate selected outcome parameters associated with difficult fetal head extraction during caesarean section in advanced labour comparing two different extraction techniques (head pushing vs. reverse breech). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2253-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6437943PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Reasons given by pregnant women for participating in a clinical trial aimed at preventing premature delivery: a qualitative analysis.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 20;19(1):97. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil.

Background: In clinical trials, pregnant women are potentially vulnerable, and the fetus is exposed to the intervention. This study aimed to identify the reasons that led pregnant women at a high risk of premature delivery to participate in a randomized clinical trial.

Methods: The women participating in the main trial were contacted by telephone postpartum and invited to answer an open questionnaire in a cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2240-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425624PMC

Determinants of puerperal sepsis among post partum women at public hospitals in west SHOA zone Oromia regional STATE, Ethiopia (institution BASEDCASE control study).

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 18;19(1):95. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of midwifery, Ambo University College of medicine and health science, Ambo, Ethiopia.

Background: Puerperal sepsis is an infection of the genital tract, which occurs from rupture of amniotic sacs and within 42day after delivery. It happens mainly after discharge in the 1st 24 h of parturition. It is the third leading cause of direct maternal mortality in developing nations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2230-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423770PMC

Establishing a valid construct of fear of childbirth: findings from in-depth interviews with women and midwives.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 18;19(1):96. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Liverpool Women's Hospital Foundation Trust, Crown Street, Liverpool, L8 7SS, UK.

Background: Fear of childbirth (FOC) can have a negative impact on a woman's psychological wellbeing during pregnancy and her experience of birth. It has also been associated with adverse obstetric outcomes and postpartum mental health difficulties. However the FOC construct is itself poorly defined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2241-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423809PMC

Predisposing factors and neonatal outcomes for twin-twin transfusion syndrome cases developing transient donor hydrops after fetoscopic laser coagulation: a case control study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 11;19(1):87. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan.

Background: Transient donor hydrops (TDH) is defined as donor hydrops developed within days after laser therapy for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) followed by resolution later. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, neonatal outcomes and predisposing factors of post laser therapy TDH in severe TTTS.

Methods: A total of 142 patients with severe TTTS who received laser therapy were included into this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2236-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6419449PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Obstetrical and epidemiological factors influence the severity of anal incontinence after obstetric anal sphincter injury.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 14;19(1):94. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Departement of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is one of the most severe obstetrical complications. Although risk factors for OASI have been identified, little is known about various parameters that can influence symptoms' severity. The aim of this study is to explore whether obstetrical and epidemiological factors can have an effect on the severity of symptoms after OASI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2238-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417116PMC

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in pregnancy: a case report and literature review.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 12;19(1):89. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aga Khan University, P.O. Box 30270-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is rare in pregnancy and is characterized by left ventricular dysfunction with apical ballooning. This transient cardiac dysfunction may affect women of childbearing age in the antepartum, intrapartum or postpartum period. Most patients respond well to medical management with resolution of cardiac dysfunction within weeks. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2233-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416971PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Factors associated with perinatal mortality in Nepal: evidence from Nepal demographic and health survey 2001-2016.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 11;19(1):88. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Edward Ford Building (A27), Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

Background: Perinatal mortality is a devastating pregnancy outcome affecting millions of families in many low and middle-income countries including Nepal. This paper examined the more distant factors associated with perinatal mortality in Nepal.

Methods: A sample of 23,335 pregnancies > 28 weeks' gestation from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey datasets for the period (2001-2016) was analysed. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2234-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417106PMC
March 2019
21 Reads

Surgical treatment of postpartum haemorrhage: national survey of French residents of obstetrics and gynecology.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 13;19(1):91. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and one of the leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide. Many medical treatments and interventions are available nowadays, but surgical treatment is sometimes required when less invasive methods are unsuccessful. This study aimed to assess the theoretical and practical knowledge of French residents of Obstetrics and Gynecology concerning the surgical treatment of postpartum haemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2237-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415489PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Women who have not utilized health Service for Delivery in Nigeria: who are they and where do they live?

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 13;19(1):93. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Warwick-Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery (WCAHRD), Division of Health Sciences, University of Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK.

Background: Health facility delivery has been described as one of the major contributors to improved maternal and child health outcomes. In sub-Saharan Africa where 66% of the global maternal mortality occurred, only 56% of all births take place in health facility. This study examined the individual and contextual predictors of non-use of health service for delivery in Nigeria where less than 40% births occur in health facility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2242-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416870PMC
March 2019
2.190 Impact Factor

Baby survival in Zambia: stillbirth and neonatal death in a local hospital setting.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 12;19(1):90. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Ehime University, Ehime, Japan.

Background: Globally, 2.6 million stillbirths occur every year. Of these, 98% occur in developing countries. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2231-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417123PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of risk factors' importance on adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in women aged 40 years or older.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 13;19(1):92. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. Linköping University, SE-581 85, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: Women of advanced age (40 years or older) are generally, at risk for pregnancy and delivery related problems. In addition, there is limited knowledge on being of advanced age and having been given Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) and its association with negative obstetric outcomes. Therefore, data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register was used to investigate pregnancy and neonatal outcomes for women aged 40 or more who had given birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2239-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6416921PMC

Adverse pregnancy outcomes, 'stillbirths and early neonatal deaths' in Mutare district, Zimbabwe (2014): a descriptive study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 6;19(1):86. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

School of Health Systems and Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, HW Snyman Building (North), 31 Bophelo Road, Gezina, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: Perinatal deaths account for 7% of the global burden of disease, with developing countries contributing about 98% of deaths. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and factors contributing to adverse pregnancy outcomes, particularly perinatal death, among women at Sakubva hospital, Mutare district, Zimbabwe from January to June 2014.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 346 patient records, of women who delivered at Sakubva hospital and those referred from Mutare district facilities to Mutare Provincial Hospital, between January and June 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2229-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402130PMC

Single- versus double-layer closure of the caesarean (uterine) scar in the prevention of gynaecological symptoms in relation to niche development - the 2Close study: a multicentre randomised controlled trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Mar 4;19(1):85. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Research institutes 'Amsterdam Cardiovascular Sciences' and 'Amsterdam Reproduction and Development', Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: Double-layer compared to single-layer closure of the uterus after a caesarean section (CS) leads to a thicker myometrial layer at the site of the CS scar, also called residual myometrium thickness (RMT). It possibly decreases the development of a niche, which is an interruption of the myometrium at the site of the uterine scar. Thin RMT and a niche are associated with gynaecological symptoms, obstetric complications in a subsequent pregnancy and delivery and possibly with subfertility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2221-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399840PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Option B plus antiretroviral therapy adherence and associated factors among HIV positive pregnant women in Southern Ethiopia.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 28;19(1):82. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Adherence to Option B plus Antiretroviral Therapy plays a vital role in preventing mother to child transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and development of drug resistance. This study was aimed to assess adherence to option B plus ART and associated factors among HIV positive pregnant women at public Hospitals in Southern Ethiopia.

Methods: Facility based cross sectional study was conducted on HIV positive pregnant mothers attending public health facilities' antenatal care unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2228-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394094PMC
February 2019
1 Read
2.190 Impact Factor