3,095 results match your criteria BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth [Journal]


Cord pilot trial, comparing alternative policies for timing of cord clamping before 32 weeks gestation: follow-up for women up to one year.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 21;19(1):78. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK.

Background: The Cord Pilot Trial compared two alternative policies for cord clamping at very preterm birth at eight UK maternity units: clamping after at least 2 min and immediate neonatal care (if needed) with cord intact, or clamping within 20 s and neonatal care after clamping. This paper reports follow-up of the women by two self-completed questionnaires up to one year after the birth.

Methods: Women were given or posted the first questionnaire between four and eight weeks after birth, usually before their baby was discharged, and were posted a second similar questionnaire at one year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2223-9DOI Listing
February 2019

Complications and adverse outcomes in pregnancy and childbirth among women who conceived by assisted reproductive technologies: a nationwide birth cohort study of Japan environment and children's study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 20;19(1):77. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Medical Support Center for Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS), National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Okura, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, 157-8535, Japan.

Background: Although pregnancies conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) have a higher risk of maternal/perinatal complications, the overall risk of adverse outcomes necessitating advanced obstetric care has not been closely examined. The present study aimed to assess and compare the risk of maternal/perinatal complications and adverse outcomes in pregnancy and childbirth conceived by ART with those conceived naturally.

Methods: This study was conducted as a part of the Japan environment and children's study (JECS), an ongoing nationwide birth cohort study in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2213-yDOI Listing
February 2019

The effect of an exercise program in pregnancy on vitamin D status among healthy, pregnant Norwegian women: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 20;19(1):76. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Vitamin D insufficiency is common in pregnant women worldwide. Regular prenatal exercise is considered beneficial for maternal and fetal health. There is a knowledge gap regarding the impact of prenatal exercise on maternal vitamin D levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2220-zDOI Listing
February 2019

The role of maternal homocysteine concentration in placenta-mediated complications: findings from the Ottawa and Kingston birth cohort.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 19;19(1):75. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

The Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Homocysteine is an intermediate metabolite implicated in the risk of placenta-mediated complications, including preeclampsia, placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, and pregnancy loss. Large cohort and case-control studies have reported inconsistent associations between homocysteine and these complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether elevated maternal plasma homocysteine concentration in the early to mid-second trimester is associated with an increased risk of placenta-mediated complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2219-5DOI Listing
February 2019

The importance of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway at the maternal-fetal interface.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 19;19(1):74. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Pecs, Medical School, 7624 Pecs, 12 Szigeti Street, Pecs, Hungary.

Background: Our goal with this study was to investigate the contribution of PD-1/PD-L1 immune-checkpoint pathway to maternal immunotolerance mechanisms.

Methods: Thirteen healthy pregnant women and 10 non-pregnant controls were involved in this project. PBMCs and DICs were isolated from peripheral blood and from decidual tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2218-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the breastfeeding self-efficacy scale to assess exclusive breastfeeding.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 18;19(1):73. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Anthropology & Global Health, Northwestern University, 1810 Hinman Avenue, Evanston, IL, 60208, USA.

Background: Increasing the prevalence of optimal breastfeeding practices, including exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, could prevent an estimated 823,000 child deaths annually. Self-efficacy is an important determinant of breastfeeding behaviors. However, existing measures do not specifically assess exclusive breastfeeding self-efficacy, but rather self-efficacy for any breastfeeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2217-7DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Epidemiology of influenza in pregnant women hospitalized with respiratory illness in Moscow, 2012/2013-2015/2016: a hospital-based active surveillance study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 15;19(1):72. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, FSBI "N.F. Gamaleya NRCEM", 16, Gamaleya str, Moscow, Russia Moscow, 123098, Russian Federation.

Background: To better understand the impact of seasonal influenza in pregnant women we analyzed data collected during four seasons at a hospital for acute respiratory infection that specializes in treating pregnant women.

Methods: This was a single-center active surveillance study of women 15-44 years of age hospitalized for acute respiratory diseases between 2012/2013 and 2015/2016 in Moscow, Russian Federation. Women had to have been hospitalized within 7 days of the onset of symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2192-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

"We are the ones who should make the decision" - knowledge and understanding of the rights-based approach to maternity care among women and healthcare providers.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 15;19(1):42. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Centre for Maternal and Newborn Health, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK.

Background: Experiences and perceptions of poor quality of care is a powerful determinant of utilisation of maternity services. With many reports of disrespect and abuse in healthcare facilities in low-resource settings, women's and healthcare providers' understanding and perception of disrespect and abuse are important in eliminating disrespect and abuse, but these are rarely explored together.

Methods: This was a qualitative study assessing the continuum of maternity care (antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal care) at the Maternity Unit of Bwaila Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2189-7DOI Listing
February 2019

EQUIPTT: The Evaluation of the QUiPP app for Triage and Transfer protocol for a cluster randomised trial to evaluate the impact of the QUiPP app on inappropriate management for threatened preterm labour.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 13;19(1):68. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Women's Health, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, King's College London, 10th Floor, North Wing, St Thomas's Hospital Campus, London, SE1 7EH, UK.

Background: Accurate diagnosis of preterm labour is needed to ensure correct management of those most at risk of preterm birth and to prevent the maternal and fetal risks incurred by unnecessary interventions given to the large majority of women, who do not deliver within a week of presentation. Intervention "just-in-case" results in many avoidable admissions, women being transferred out of their local hospital unnecessarily and most women receiving unwarranted drugs, such as steroids and tocolytics. It also precludes appropriate transfers for others as neonatal cots are blocked pre-emptively, resulting in more dangerous ex-utero transfers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2210-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

What he knows about her and how it affects her? Husband's knowledge of pregnancy complications and maternal health care utilization among tribal population in Maharashtra, India.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 13;19(1):70. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Population Policies and Programmes, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India.

Background: Husbands' knowledge and awareness of pregnancy complications have a positive impact on their wives' utilization of maternal health care services. In this study, we examined whether husbands' knowledge and awareness of pregnancy complications can serve as determinants of maternal health service utilization among wives from the tribal population.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural Gadchrioli district of Maharashtra, India, during November 2014-March 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2214-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Determinants of early initiation of breastfeeding in Ethiopia: a population-based study using the 2016 demographic and health survey data.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 13;19(1):69. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW, Australia.

Background: Timely breastfeeding initiation is a simple but important measure that has protective effects on infants and mothers. This study aims to determine the predictors of early breastfeeding initiation among mothers residing in Ethiopia.

Methods: This study employed the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2211-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Using fetal scalp stimulation with Doppler ultrasonography to enhance intermittent auscultation in low-resource settings: a diagnostic trial from Tanzania.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 13;19(1):71. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Hubert-Yeargan Center for Global Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Hypoxia during labor contributes to 2.2 million intrapartum and early neonatal deaths each year. An additional 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2212-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Antenatal care as a means to increase participation in the continuum of maternal and child healthcare: an analysis of the poorest regions of four Mesoamérican countries.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 12;19(1):66. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2301 5th Ave, Suite, Seattle, WA, 600, USA.

Background: Antenatal care (ANC) is a means to identify high-risk pregnancies and educate women so that they might experience a healthier delivery and outcome. There is a lack of evidence about whether receipt of ANC is an effective strategy for keeping women in the system so they partake in other maternal and child interventions, particularly for poor women. The present analysis examines whether ANC uptake is associated with other maternal and child health behaviors in poor mothers in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Mexico (Chiapas). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2207-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371485PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Full versus half dose of antenatal betamethasone to prevent severe neonatal respiratory distress syndrome associated with preterm birth: study protocol for a randomised, multicenter, double blind, placebo-controlled, non-inferiority trial (BETADOSE).

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 12;19(1):67. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Université Paris Diderot, Site Villemin, 10 avenue de Verdun, 75010, Paris, France.

Background: Although antenatal betamethasone is recommended worldwide for women at risk of preterm delivery, concerns persist regarding the long-term effects associated with this treatment. Indeed, adverse events, mainly dose-related, have been reported. The current recommended dose of antenatal betamethasone directly derives from sheep experiments performed in the late 60's and has not been challenged in 45 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2206-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Facility delivery and postnatal care services use among mothers who attended four or more antenatal care visits in Ethiopia: further analysis of the 2016 demographic and health survey.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 11;19(1):64. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Background: Antenatal care provides the best opportunity to promote maternal and child health services use. But many Ethiopian mothers deliver at home and fail to attend postnatal care. Therefore, this study was done to identify factors associated with health facility delivery among mothers who attended four or more antenatal care visits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2216-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371418PMC
February 2019

Understanding health behaviour in pregnancy and infant feeding intentions in low-income women from the UK through qualitative visual methods and application to the COM-B (Capability, Opportunity, Motivation-Behaviour) model.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 12;19(1):56. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Centre for Public Health, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Queens University Belfast, Belfast, UK, Ireland.

Background: Health behaviours during pregnancy and the early years of life have been proven to affect long term health, resulting in investment in interventions. However, interventions often have low levels of completion and limited effectiveness. Consequently, it is increasingly important for interventions to be based on both behaviour change theories and techniques, and the accounts of pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2156-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371518PMC
February 2019

Implementation of gestational weight gain guidelines - what's more effective for ensuring weight recording in pregnancy?

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 12;19(1):19. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Dietetics and Foodservices, Mater Health, Brisbane, Queensland, 4101, Australia.

Background: Pregnant women who gain weight in accordance with guidelines have the lowest risk of pregnancy and birth-related complications. However, evidence-practice gaps often exist. To address pregnancy weight management barriers, a stepped implementation science approach was used, comprising targeted in-services, provision of scales for clinic rooms, and changes to routine weight recording in a hospital electronic medical record. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2162-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A qualitative study on stakeholders' views on the participation of pregnant women in the APOSTEL VI study: a low-risk obstetrical RCT.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 11;19(1):65. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medical Humanities, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, P.O. box 85500, 3508 GA, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Bioethicists argue that inclusion of pregnant women in clinical research should be more routine to increase the evidence-base for pregnant women and foetuses. Yet, it is unknown whether pregnant women and others directly involved are willing to be routinely included. Therefore, we first need to establish what these stakeholders think about research participation in regular pregnancy-related research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2209-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371564PMC
February 2019

Causes and contributory factors of maternal mortality: evidence from maternal and perinatal death surveillance and response in Ogun state, Southwest Nigeria.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 11;19(1):63. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Ogun State Primary Health Care Board, Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Background: Nigeria still ranks second globally in the number of maternal deaths. Most maternal death reviews in Nigeria are isolated research based reports from a single health facility. This study determined causes and contributory factors of maternal mortality in Ogun statefollowing a periodic State-widematernal and perinatal deaths surveillance and response (MPDSR) review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2202-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371466PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Pregnancy intervals after stillbirth, neonatal death and spontaneous abortion and the risk of an adverse outcome in the next pregnancy in rural Bangladesh.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 9;19(1):62. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of International Health and International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Studies have revealed associations between preceding short and long birth-to-birth or birth-to-pregnancy intervals and poor pregnancy outcomes. Most of these studies, however, have examined the effect of intervals that began with live births. Using data from Bangladesh, we examined the effect of inter-outcome intervals (IOI) starting with a non-live birth or neonatal death, on outcomes in the next pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2203-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368961PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

How diet, physical activity and psychosocial well-being interact in women with gestational diabetes mellitus: an integrative review.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 7;19(1):60. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Institute of Higher Education and Research in Healthcare (IUFRS), University of Lausanne, 1010, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is associated with future cardio-metabolic risks for the mother and her child. In addition, one-third of women with recent GDM develop postpartum depression. Given these adverse impacts of GDM on the health of the mother and her offspring, it is important to intervene on modifiable factors, such as diet, physical activity, and psychosocial well-being. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2185-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367798PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Overcoming Challenges to Treating Tobacco use During Pregnancy - A Qualitative study of Australian General Practitioners Barriers.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 7;19(1):61. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Centre for Brain & Mental Health Research, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, 2308, Australia.

Background: General practitioners can play an important role in addressing smoking among pregnant women but studies suggest they rarely do so. The aim of this study was to explore general practitioners perceptions about the management of smoking in pregnancy, and what would enable them to provide better care.

Methods: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted (Feb-July 2017), with 19 Australian general practitioners recruited from a sample that participated in a national survey on managing smoking during pregnancy; and through a national conference. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2208-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367814PMC
February 2019
8 Reads
2.190 Impact Factor

Integrated mental health care in a multidisciplinary maternal and child health service in the community: the findings from the Suzaka trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 6;19(1):58. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Research Center for Overwork-Related Disorders, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan Organization of Occupational Health and Safety, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Perinatal mental health problems such as mood disorders are common. We propose a new multidisciplinary health service intervention program providing continuous support to women and their children from the start of pregnancy till after childbirth. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the program with respect to making women's mental health better in the postpartum period and improving the state of care for women and their children in the perinatal period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2179-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364479PMC
February 2019

Pregnancy and early motherhood among adolescents in five East African countries: a multi-level analysis of risk and protective factors.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 6;19(1):59. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

African Population and Health Research Centre, APHRC Campus, Manga Close, P.O. Box 10787-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Adolescent pregnancy remains a major challenge in both developed and developing countries. Early and unintended pregnancies among adolescents are associated with several adverse health, educational, social and economic outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify the contextual factors that influence adolescent pregnancy and early motherhood in five East African countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2204-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366026PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Assessing the risk factors before pregnancy of preterm births in Iran: a population-based case-control study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 6;19(1):57. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Student Research Committee, Epidemiology Department, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Preterm birth is a major cause of prenatal and postnatal mortality particularly in developing countries. This study investigated the maternal risk factors associated with the risk of preterm birth.

Methods: A population-based case-control study was conducted in several provinces of Iran on 2463 mothers referred to health care centers. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2183-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364407PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Factors associated with common and atypical chromosome abnormalities after positive combined first-trimester screening in Chinese women: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 4;19(1):55. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Background: When cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing is used as a secondary screening tool following combined first-trimester screening (cFTS), cFTS is used to estimate the prior risk for chromosome abnormalities. This study aimed to assess the factors that are associated with common and atypical abnormalities following cFTS, including cFTS risk, advanced maternal age, increased nuchal translucency (NT) ≥3.5 mm, and abnormal levels of serum markers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2205-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360741PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Comparison of ferric Carboxymaltose and iron sucrose complex for treatment of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy- randomised controlled trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Feb 4;19(1):54. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose. (FCM) in comparison with intravenous Iron sucrose complex (ISC) for treatment of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy.

Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted from (January 2016-August 2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2200-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360702PMC
February 2019
1 Read
2.190 Impact Factor

Depression among HIV positive pregnant women in Zimbabwe: a primary health care based cross-sectional study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 31;19(1):53. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry & Research Support Centre, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Depression is a common psychiatric disorder that is highly prevalent among people living with HIV (PLWH). Depression is linked to poor adherence to anti-retroviral medication while in the peri-natal period may affect birth outcomes. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been linked to depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2193-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357405PMC
January 2019

Epidural analgesia and its implications in the maternal health in a low parity comunity.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 30;19(1):52. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Unit of Anesthesiology, Resuscitation and Pain Treatment, Clinic University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain.

Background: In regard to obstetrical analgesia management there are different results related to the use of epidural analgesia versus mechanical adverse outcomes at delivery.

Methods: Cohort study of 23,183 consecutive, term, singleton vaginal deliveries, including spontaneous and induced labours, at a single institution from January 2004 to June 2016 to determine the association between epidural analgesia and different mechanical complications affecting maternal health such as severe perineal tears (SPT), abnormal foetal head position at delivery, instrumental delivery and caesarean section (CS). Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to evaluate the risk factors of these mechanical complications with respect to possible cofounders. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2191-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354357PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Singleton pregnancies after in vitro fertilization in Estonia: a register-based study of complications and adverse outcomes in relation to the maternal socio-demographic background.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 29;19(1):51. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu 42, 11619, Tallinn, Estonia.

Background: An increased risk of adverse conditions related to in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancies has been repeatedly reported. Our study aimed to summarize outcome differences between pregnancies after IVF and after spontaneous conception (SC) in Estonia.

Methods: Data on all liveborn singletons to primiparas women aged 25-40 years during the period 2005-2014 were obtained from the Estonian Medical Birth Registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2194-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352442PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Process evaluation of a peer-led antenatal breastfeeding class for fathers: perceptions of facilitators and participants.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 29;19(1):48. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: The Parent Infant Feeding Initiative (PIFI) was a factorial, randomised controlled trial that aimed to prolong exclusive breastfeeding by targeting expecting fathers. One of the intervention strategies evaluated was a father-focused breastfeeding class facilitated by a male peer facilitator. The aim of this mixed-methods descriptive study was to 1) evaluate the feedback provided from participants of the class and 2) explore the motivations and experiences of volunteer male peer facilitators trained to deliver the class. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2198-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352333PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Antenatal depressive symptoms and early initiation of breastfeeding in association with exclusive breastfeeding six weeks postpartum: a longitudinal population-based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 29;19(1):49. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University Hospital, 751 85, Uppsala, SE, Sweden.

Background: Depressive symptoms negatively impact on breastfeeding duration, whereas early breastfeeding initiation after birth enhances the chances for a longer breastfeeding period. Our aim was to investigate the interplay between depressive symptoms during pregnancy and late initiation of the first breastfeeding session and their effect on exclusive breastfeeding at six weeks postpartum.

Methods: In a longitudinal study design, web-questionnaires including demographic data, breastfeeding information and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) were completed by 1217 women at pregnancy weeks 17-20, 32 and/or at six weeks postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2195-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352434PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Mood and quality of life changes in pregnancy and postpartum and the effect of a behavioral intervention targeting excess gestational weight gain in women with overweight and obesity: a parallel-arm randomized controlled pilot trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 29;19(1):50. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA, 70808, USA.

Background: Intensive lifestyle interventions in pregnancy have shown success in limiting gestational weight gain, but the effects on mood and quality of life in pregnancy and postpartum are less known. The purpose was to quantify changes in mental and physical quality of life and depressive symptoms across pregnancy and the postpartum period, to determine the association between gestational weight gain and change in mood and quality of life, and to assess the effect of a behavioral intervention targeting excess gestational weight gain on these outcomes.

Methods: A three group parallel-arm randomized controlled pilot trial of 54 pregnant women who were overweight or obese was conducted to test whether the SmartMoms® intervention decreased the proportion of women with excess gestational weight gain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2196-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352352PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Barriers to men's participation in perinatal care: a qualitative study in Iran.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 28;19(1):45. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: The role of men's participation in prenatal, delivery and postpartum care is very important, well defined and cannot be over emphasized. Very few studies exist about men's role in promoting the health of the mother and barriers to their participation in perinatal care in Iran; hence, the present study was conducted to determine the barriers to men's participation in perinatal care.

Methods: The present qualitative study was carried out on 45 participants who were selected employing purposeful sampling technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2201-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350307PMC
January 2019

Adherence to initial exclusive breastfeeding among Chinese born and native Spanish mothers.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 28;19(1):44. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Nursing Department, School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid (UEM), Edificio A. Departamento de Enfermería. c/ Tajo, s/n, 28670, Villaviciosa de Odón, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Benefits of breastfeeding on the health of children, mothers and society are well known. However, breastfeeding rates vary according to the population examined. Chinese-born women migrated to high-income countries have shown low breastfeeding rates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2161-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348660PMC
January 2019

Factors influencing the adoption of health promoting behaviors in overweight pregnant women: a qualitative study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 28;19(1):43. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The ability to adopt and implement health promotion behaviors is one of the most important determinants of health status. Various factors affect the successful changing of behaviors and choosing a healthy lifestyle. The present study aims at exploring the experiences of overweight pregnant women in terms of the factors influencing selection and adoption of health promoting behaviors during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2199-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348618PMC
January 2019

Does knowledge on socio-cultural factors associated with maternal mortality affect maternal health decisions? A cross-sectional study of the Greater Accra region of Ghana.

Authors:
Lily Yarney

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 28;19(1):47. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Public Administration & Health Services Management, University of Ghana Business School, Accra, Ghana.

Background: The concern of all maternal health stakeholders is to improve maternal health and reduce maternal deaths to the barest minimum. This remains elusive in low and middle-income countries as the majority of factors that drive maternal deaths stem from the socio-cultural environment especially in rural settings. This study was aimed at finding out if knowledge on socio-cultural factors related to maternal mortality affects maternal health decisions in rural Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2197-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350397PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A review of surrogate motherhood regulation in south American countries: pointing to a need for an international legal framework.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 28;19(1):46. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Joint Masters Program in Health Policy and Law, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, CA, USA.

Background: Advances in science and technology coupled with globalization are changing access to and utilization of reproductive health services. This includes the transnational phenomenon of families who use surrogate mothers to reproduce, with forms of altruistic and commercial surrogacy becoming more commonplace. Simultaneously, changes in law, regulation, and policy are necessary to protect surrogates, intended parents, and resulting children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2182-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350392PMC
January 2019
1 Read
2.190 Impact Factor

Simulation-enhanced nurse mentoring to improve preeclampsia and eclampsia care: an education intervention study in Bihar, India.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 23;19(1):41. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California San Francisco, 550 16th Street, Box 1224, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.

Background: Inadequately treated, preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E) may rapidly lead to severe complications in both mothers and neonates, and are estimated to cause 60,000 global maternal deaths annually. Simulation-based training on obstetric and neonatal emergency management has demonstrated promising results in low- and middle-income countries. However, the impact of simulation training on use of evidence-based practices for PE/E diagnosis and management in low-resource settings remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2186-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6344989PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Lifting the veil on disrespect and abuse in facility-based child birth care: findings from South West Nigeria.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 22;19(1):39. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Background: Eliminating disrespect and abuse in health care facilities during childbirth could be a contributory factor in improving pregnancy outcomes and avoiding preventable illnesses and deaths. This study aims to provide evidence of disrespect and abuse in this community in order to create awareness about its occurrence.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 384 recently delivered women who visited the postnatal and immunization clinics of a primary and tertiary health facility in Ile-Ife. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2188-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341591PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Poverty, urban-rural classification and term infant mortality: a population-based multilevel analysis.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 22;19(1):40. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, WARF Office Building, Room 675A, 610 Walnut St, Madison, WI, 53726, USA.

Background: U.S. mortality rate of term infants is higher than most other developed countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2190-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343321PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Quality of intrapartum and newborn care in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 18;19(1):37. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Quality intrapartum and newborn care is considered to be poor in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, studies done in Ethiopia are limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the magnitude and factors associated with quality intrapartum and newborn care in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2184-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339373PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Quality of care in early detection and management of pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in health facilities in Afghanistan.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 18;19(1):36. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Jhpiego, 1615 Thames Street, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Afghanistan faces a high burden of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, including pre-eclampsia and eclampsia (PE/E), are among the most common causes of maternal and neonatal complications. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy can lead to fatal complications for both the mother and fetus. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2143-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339332PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Intramuscular injection, intravenous infusion, and intravenous bolus of oxytocin in the third stage of labor for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage: a three-arm randomized control trial.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 18;19(1):38. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Gynuity Health Projects, 220 East 42nd St, Suite 710, New York, NY, 10010, USA.

Background: Oxytocin for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) prophylaxis is commonly administered by either intramuscular (IM) injection or intravenous (IV) infusion with both routes recommended equally and little discussion of potential differences between the two. This trial assesses the effectiveness and safety of 10 IU oxytocin administered as IM injection versus IV infusion and IV bolus during the third stage of labor for PPH prophylaxis.

Methods: In two tertiary level Egyptian maternity hospitals, women delivering vaginally without exposure to pre-delivery uterotonics were randomized to one of three prophylactic oxytocin administration groups after delivery of the baby. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2181-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339323PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Correlates of knowledge on birth defects and associated factors among antenatal mothers in Galle, Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional analytical study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 17;19(1):35. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Galle, Sri Lanka.

Background: Birth defects (BD) are considered a leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Personal, cultural, and health care system barriers may increase the incidence of BD in low and middle income countries. In this study we assessed the knowledge of antenatal mothers on BD, associated factors, and prevention and management. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2163-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337825PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Feasibility of smart wristbands for continuous monitoring during pregnancy and one month after birth.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 17;19(1):34. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Nursing Science, University of Turku, FI-20014 University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Background: Smart wristbands enable the continuous monitoring of health parameters, for example, in maternity care. Understanding the feasibility and acceptability of these devices in an authentic context is essential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a smart wristband to collect continuous activity, sleep and heart rate data from the beginning of the second trimester until one month postpartum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2187-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337833PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A much valued tool that also brings ethical dilemmas - a qualitative study of Norwegian midwives' experiences and views on the role of obstetric ultrasound.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 16;19(1):33. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Midwives are the main providers of routine antenatal care services including the routine ultrasound examination in Norway. The ultrasound examination can be perceived by expectant parents not only as a medical examination but also as a social event facilitating attachment to their fetus. This study explores Norwegian midwives' experiences and views on the role of ultrasound in clinical management of pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2178-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335783PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Conditional cash transfers to prevent mother-to-child transmission in low facility-delivery settings: evidence from a randomised controlled trial in Nigeria.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 16;19(1):32. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 770 University Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720-7360, USA.

Background: Nigeria suffers from the highest burden of mother-to-child transmission worldwide. To increase retention in care and prevention programmes, we piloted and evaluated a conditional cash transfer (CCT) programme for preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in Akwa Ibom, Nigeria.

Methods: In a randomised controlled trial, pregnant women testing positive for HIV during antenatal care registration at three public hospitals were randomised to one of two study arms: (1) offered enrolment into the CCT programme or (2) continue in standard care for (PMTCT). Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2172-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335681PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Reduced fetal growth velocities and the association with neonatal outcomes in appropriate-for-gestational-age neonates: a retrospective cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 15;19(1):31. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, GROW School of Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC), PO Box 5800, 6202, AZ, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: Fetal growth restriction is, despite advances in neonatal care and uptake of antenatal ultrasound scanning, still a major cause of perinatal morbidity. Neonates with birth weight > 10th percentile are assumed to be appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA), although many are at increased risk of perinatal morbidity, because of undetected mild restriction of growth potential. We hypothesized that within AGA neonates, reduced fetal growth velocities are associated with adverse neonatal outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2167-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332558PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Clinical evaluation of prophylactic abdominal aortic balloon occlusion in patients with placenta accreta: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Jan 15;19(1):30. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

The Department of Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Background: Severe obstetric hemorrhage caused by placenta accreta results in significant maternal morbidity and mortality. As a new technology, abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (AABO) is becoming an important treatment for patients with placenta accreta. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of AABO, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of previous studies. Read More

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https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2175-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332886PMC
January 2019
6 Reads