2,967 results match your criteria BMC Plant Biology [Journal]


Enhanced Nicotiana benthamiana immune responses caused by heterologous plant genes from Pinellia ternata.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 17;18(1):357. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Plant Pathology, College of Plant Science and Technology and the Key Lab of Crop Disease Monitoring & Safety Control in Hubei Province, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, Hubei Province, China.

Background: Pinellia ternata is a Chinese traditional medicinal herb, used to cure diseases including insomnia, eclampsia and cervical carcinoma, for hundreds of years. Non-self-recognition in multicellular organisms can initiate the innate immunity to avoid the invasion of pathogens. A design for pathogen independent, heterosis based, fresh resistance can be generated in F hybrid was proposed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1598-5DOI Listing
December 2018

Ozone-induced inhibition of kiwifruit ripening is amplified by 1-methylcyclopropene and reversed by exogenous ethylene.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 17;18(1):358. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Laboratory of Pomology, Department of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, University Campus, 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Understanding the mechanisms involved in climacteric fruit ripening is key to improve fruit harvest quality and postharvest performance. Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. 'Hayward') ripening involves a series of metabolic changes regulated by ethylene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1584-yDOI Listing
December 2018

Proline synthesis in developing microspores is required for pollen development and fertility.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 17;18(1):356. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Biology and Biotechnology, Sapienza University of Rome, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy.

Background: In many plants, the amino acid proline is strongly accumulated in pollen and disruption of proline synthesis caused abortion of microspore development in Arabidopsis. So far, it was unclear whether local biosynthesis or transport of proline determines the success of fertile pollen development.

Results: We analyzed the expression pattern of the proline biosynthetic genes PYRROLINE-5-CARBOXYLATE SYNTHETASE 1 & 2 (P5CS1 & 2) in Arabidopsis anthers and both isoforms were strongly expressed in developing microspores and pollen grains but only inconsistently in surrounding sporophytic tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1571-3DOI Listing
December 2018

Cucumber Phospholipase D alpha gene overexpression in tobacco enhanced drought stress tolerance by regulating stomatal closure and lipid peroxidation.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 14;18(1):355. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, 271018, People's Republic of China.

Background: Plant phospholipase D (PLD), which can hydrolyze membrane phospholipids to produce phosphatidic acid (PA), a secondary signaling molecule, has been proposed to function in diverse plant stress responses. Both PLD and PA play key roles in plant growth, development, and cellular processes. PLD was suggested to mediate the regulation of stomatal movements by abscisic acid (ABA) as a response to water deficit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1592-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293578PMC
December 2018

Characterization and functional biology of the soybean aleurone layer.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 13;18(1):354. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Plant Sciences/BIO5 Institute/University of Arizona, 1657 E. Helen St, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA.

Background: Soybean is a globally important oil seed crop. Both the high protein and oil content of soybean seeds make this crop a lucrative commodity. As in higher eukaryotic species with available genomes, the functional annotation of most of soybean's genes still remains to be investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1579-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293662PMC
December 2018

Nitrogen topdressing timing modifies free amino acids profiles and storage protein gene expression in wheat grain.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 13;18(1):353. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

National Technique Innovation Center for Regional Wheat Production / Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology and Ecology in Southern China, Ministry of Agriculture / National Engineering and technology Center for Information Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Nitrogen is one basic element of amino acids and grain protein in wheat. In field experiments, wheat plants were subjected to different timing of nitrogen topdressing treatments: at the stages of emergence of the top fifth leaf (TL5), top third leaf (TL3) and top first leaf (TL1) to test the regulatory effects of nitrogen topdressing timing on grain protein quality. The underlying mechanisms were elucidated by clarifying the relationship between proteolysis in vegetative organs and accumulation of amino acids in the endosperm cavity, conversion of amino acids, and storage protein synthesis in endosperm of wheat grain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1563-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293556PMC
December 2018

Global Methylome and gene expression analysis during early Peanut pod development.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 13;18(1):352. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Biotechnology Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Ecology and Physiology, Jinan, 250100, People's Republic of China.

Background: Early peanut pod development is an important process of peanut reproductive development. Modes of DNA methylation during early peanut pod development are still unclear, possibly because its allotetraploid genome may cause difficulty for the methylome analysis.

Results: To investigate the functions of the dynamic DNA methylation during the early development of the peanut pod, global methylome and gene expression analyses were carried out by Illumina high throughput sequencing. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1546-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293580PMC
December 2018
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High density genetic maps of St. Augustinegrass and applications to comparative genomic analysis and QTL mapping for turf quality traits.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):346. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, N.C. State University, Box 7620, Raleigh, NC, 27695-7620, USA.

Background: St. Augustinegrass [Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze] is a warm-season, perennial turfgrass species well adapted for home lawns and commercial landscapes with economic and ecological value. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1554-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292074PMC
December 2018

Transcriptome reprogramming during severe dehydration contributes to physiological and metabolic changes in the resurrection plant Haberlea rhodopensis.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 13;18(1):351. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100093, China.

Background: Water shortage is a major factor that harms agriculture and ecosystems worldwide. Plants display various levels of tolerance to water deficit, but only resurrection plants can survive full desiccation of their vegetative tissues. Haberlea rhodopensis, an endemic plant of the Balkans, is one of the few resurrection plants found in Europe. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1566-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291977PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Genome-wide association study discovered favorable single nucleotide polymorphisms and candidate genes associated with ramet number in ramie (Boehmeria nivea L.).

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):345. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute of Bast Fiber Crops, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No. 348, West Xianjiahu Road, Changsha, 410205, Hunan Province, China.

Background: Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L.) is one of the most important natural fiber crops and an important forage grass in south China. Ramet number, which is a quantitative trait controlled by multigenes, is one of the most important agronomic traits in plants because the ramet number per plant is a key component of grain yield and biomass. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1573-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6292125PMC
December 2018

Panicle Morphology Mutant 1 (PMM1) determines the inflorescence architecture of rice by controlling brassinosteroid biosynthesis.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):348. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Center of Plant Gene Research (Wuhan), Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Background: Panicle architecture is one of the main important agronomical traits that determine branch number and grain number in rice. Although a large number of genes involved in panicle development have been identified in recent years, the complex processes of inflorescence patterning need to be further characterized in rice. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of steroid phytohormones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1577-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291947PMC
December 2018

Construction of a highly saturated Genetic Map for Vitis by Next-generation Restriction Site-associated DNA Sequencing.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):347. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Horticulture, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, 110866, People's Republic of China.

Background: High-saturate molecular linkage maps are an important tool in studies on plant molecular biology and assisted breeding. Development of a large set of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) via next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based methods, restriction-site associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq), and the generation of a highly saturated genetic map help improve fine mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL).

Results: We generated a highly saturated genetic map to identify significant traits in two elite grape cultivars and 176 F plants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1575-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291968PMC
December 2018

Genome-wide analysis of cotton GH3 subfamily II reveals functional divergence in fiber development, hormone response and plant architecture.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):350. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Xinjiang Research Base, State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi, 830052, China.

Background: Auxin-induced genes regulate many aspects of plant growth and development. The Gretchen Hagen 3 (GH3) gene family, one of three major early auxin-responsive families, is ubiquitous in the plant kingdom and its members function as regulators in modulating hormonal homeostasis, and stress adaptations. Specific Auxin-amido synthetase activity of GH3 subfamily II genes is reported to reversibly inactivate or fully degrade excess auxin through the formation of amino acid conjugates. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1545-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291927PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Insights into the transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of the rice SUMOylation machinery and into the role of two rice SUMO proteases.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 12;18(1):349. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica António Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa (ITQB-UNL), Av. da República, 2780-157, Oeiras, Portugal.

Background: SUMOylation is an essential eukaryotic post-translation modification that, in plants, regulates numerous cellular processes, ranging from seed development to stress response. Using rice as a model crop plant, we searched for potential regulatory points that may influence the activity of the rice SUMOylation machinery genes.

Results: We analyzed the presence of putative cis-acting regulatory elements (CREs) within the promoter regions of the rice SUMOylation machinery genes and found CREs related to different cellular processes, including hormone signaling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1547-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291987PMC
December 2018

Differential response of silencing HvIcy2 barley plants against Magnaporthe oryzae infection and light deprivation.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 6;18(1):337. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Centro de Biotecnologia y Genomica de Plantas (CBGP, UPM-INIA), Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM) - Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Campus Montegancedo UPM, 28223, Madrid, Pozuelo de Alarcon, Spain.

Background: Phytocystatins (PhyCys) act as endogenous regulators of cysteine proteases (CysProt) involved in various physiological processes. Besides, PhyCys are involved in plant reactions to abiotic stresses like drought or darkness and have been used as effective molecules against different pests and pathogens. The barley PhyCys-CysProt system is considered a model of protease-inhibitor regulation of protein turnover. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1560-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282322PMC
December 2018

Genome-wide identification, molecular evolution, and expression analysis of auxin response factor (ARF) gene family in Brachypodium distachyon L.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 6;18(1):336. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing, 100048, China.

Background: The auxin response factor (ARF) gene family is involved in plant development and hormone regulation. Although the ARF gene family has been studied in some plant species, its structural features, molecular evolution, and expression profiling in Brachypodium distachyon L. are still not clear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1559-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282295PMC
December 2018

Root mediated uptake of Salmonella is different from phyto-pathogen and associated with the colonization of edible organs.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 11;18(1):344. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 560012, India.

Background: Pre-harvest contamination of fruits and vegetables by Salmonella in fields is one of the causes of food-borne outbreaks. Natural openings like stomata, hydathodes and fruit cracks are known to serve as entry points. While there are reports indicating that Salmonella colonize and enter root through lateral root emerging area, further investigations regarding how the accessibility of Salmonella to lateral root is different from phyto-pathogenic bacteria, the efficacy of lateral root to facilitate entry have remained unexplored. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1578-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290541PMC
December 2018

Foreign cry1Ac gene integration and endogenous borer stress-related genes synergistically improve insect resistance in sugarcane.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 10;18(1):342. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biology and Genetic Breeding, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Ministry of Agriculture, Fuzhou, 350002, Fujian, China.

Background: Sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) is considered the most globally important sugar-producing crop and raw material for biofuel. Insect attack is a major issue in sugarcane cultivation, resulting in yield losses and sucrose content reductions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1536-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288918PMC
December 2018

Genetic dissection of quantitative and qualitative traits using a minimum set of barley Recombinant Chromosome Substitution Lines.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 7;18(1):340. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, DD2 5DA, UK.

Background: Exploring the natural occurring genetic variation of the wild barley genepool has become a major target of barley crop breeding programmes aiming to increase crop productivity and sustainability in global climate change scenarios. However this diversity remains unexploited and effective approaches are required to investigate the benefits that unadapted genomes could bring to crop improved resilience. In the present study, a set of Recombinant Chromosome Substitution Lines (RCSLs) derived from an elite barley cultivar 'Harrington' as the recurrent parent, and a wild barley accession from the Fertile Crescent 'Caesarea 26-24', as the donor parent (Matus et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1527-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286510PMC
December 2018

HyPRP1 performs a role in negatively regulating cotton resistance to V. dahliae via the thickening of cell walls and ROS accumulation.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 7;18(1):339. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

North China Key Laboratory for Crop Germplasm Resources of Education Ministry, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding, 071001, China.

Background: Developing tolerant cultivars by incorporating resistant genes is regarded as a potential strategy for controlling Verticillium wilt that causes severe losses in the yield and fiber quality of cotton.

Results: Here, we identified the gene GbHyPRP1 in Gossypium barbadense, which encodes a protein containing both proline-rich repetitive and Pollen Ole e I domains. GbHyPRP1 is located in the cell wall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1565-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286592PMC
December 2018

Dosage imbalance of B- and C-class genes causes petaloid-stamen relating to F hybrid variation.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 7;18(1):341. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan, Beijing, 100093, China.

Background: Great advances have been achieved in our understanding of flower development and evolution since the establishment of the ABC model. However, it remains a challenge to define the exact context of organ identity in the component interactions of the ABC model.

Results: Through hybridization, we detected a homeotic mutant in Petrocosmea (Gesneriaceae) uniquely displayed by the 'petaloid-stamen' in the third whorl with petal identity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1562-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286610PMC
December 2018

Photoperiod response-related gene SiCOL1 contributes to flowering in sesame.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 10;18(1):343. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops of the Ministry of Agriculture, Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan, 430062, China.

Background: Sesame is a major oilseed crop which is widely cultivated all around the world. Flowering, the timing of transition from vegetative to reproductive growth, is one of the most important events in the life cycle of sesame. Sesame is a typical short-day (SD) plant and its flowering is largely affected by photoperiod. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1583-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288898PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Cloning and characterization of norbelladine synthase catalyzing the first committed reaction in Amaryllidaceae alkaloid biosynthesis.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 7;18(1):338. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Physics, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 boul. des Forges, Trois-Rivières, QC, G9A 5H7, Canada.

Background: Amaryllidaceae alkaloids (AAs) are a large group of plant-specialized metabolites displaying an array of biological and pharmacological properties. Previous investigations on AA biosynthesis have revealed that all AAs share a common precursor, norbelladine, presumably synthesized by an enzyme catalyzing a Mannich reaction involving the condensation of tyramine and 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde. Similar reactions have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1570-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286614PMC
December 2018

A phylogenetic framework of the legume genus Aeschynomene for comparative genetic analysis of the Nod-dependent and Nod-independent symbioses.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):333. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

IRD, Laboratoire des Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, UMR LSTM, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398, Montpellier, France.

Background: Among semi-aquatic species of the legume genus Aeschynomene, some have the property of being nodulated by photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium lacking the nodABC genes necessary for the synthesis of Nod factors. Knowledge of the specificities underlying this Nod-independent symbiosis has been gained from the model legume Aeschynomene evenia but our understanding remains limited due to the lack of comparative genetics with related taxa using a Nod factor-dependent process. To fill this gap, we combined different approaches to perform a thorough comparative analysis in the genus Aeschynomene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1567-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282307PMC
December 2018

Application of the CRISPR/Cas9 system for modification of flower color in Torenia fournieri.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):331. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Iwate Biotechnology Research Center, 22-174-4, Narita, Kitakami, Iwate, 024-0003, Japan.

Background: CRISPR/Cas9 technology is one of the most powerful and useful tools for genome editing in various living organisms. In higher plants, the system has been widely exploited not only for basic research, such as gene functional analysis, but also for applied research such as crop breeding. Although the CRISPR/Cas9 system has been used to induce mutations in genes involved in various plant developmental processes, few studies have been performed to modify the color of ornamental flowers. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1539-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280492PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Downstream components of the calmodulin signaling pathway in the rice salt stress response revealed by transcriptome profiling and target identification.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):335. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Calmodulin (CaM) is an important calcium sensor protein that transduces Ca signals in plant stress signaling pathways. A previous study has revealed that transgenic rice over-expressing the calmodulin gene OsCam1-1 (LOC_Os03g20370) is more tolerant to salt stress than wild type. To elucidate the role of OsCam1-1 in the salt stress response mechanism, downstream components of the OsCam1-1-mediated response were identified and investigated by transcriptome profiling and target identification. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1538-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6282272PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Simultaneously maximizing root/mycorrhizal growth and phosphorus uptake by cotton plants by optimizing water and phosphorus management.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):334. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, 830011, China.

Background: There are two plant phosphorus (P)-uptake pathways, namely the direct P uptake by roots and the indirect P uptake through arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Maximizing the efficiency of root and AMF processes associated with P acquisition by adjusting soil conditions is important for simultaneously ensuring high yields and the efficient use of available P.

Results: A root box experiment was conducted in 2015 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1550-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280356PMC
December 2018

Wheat TaMs1 is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored lipid transfer protein necessary for pollen development.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 5;18(1):332. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

University of Adelaide, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, Waite Campus, Urrbrae, South Australia, 5064, Australia.

Background: In flowering plants, lipid biosynthesis and transport within anthers is essential for male reproductive success. TaMs1, a dominant wheat fertility gene located on chromosome 4BS, has been previously fine mapped and identified to encode a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored non-specific lipid transfer protein (nsLTP). Although this gene is critical for pollen exine development, details of its function remains poorly understood. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1557-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280385PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Genome-wide characterization and phylogenetic analysis of GSK gene family in three species of cotton: evidence for a role of some GSKs in fiber development and responses to stress.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):330. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

State Key Laboratory of Cotton Biology, Key Laboratory of Biological and Genetic Breeding of Cotton, Institute of Cotton Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Anyang, 455000, Henan, China.

Background: The glycogen synthase kinase 3/shaggy kinase (GSK3) is a serine/threonine kinase with important roles in animals. Although GSK3 genes have been studied for more than 30 years, plant GSK genes have been studied only since the last decade. Previous research has confirmed that plant GSK genes are involved in diverse processes, including floral development, brassinosteroid signaling, and responses to abiotic stresses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1526-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280398PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

An integrated omics analysis reveals molecular mechanisms that are associated with differences in seed oil content between Glycine max and Brassica napus.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):328. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Crop Information Center, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Background: Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and soybean (Glycine max L.) seeds are rich in both protein and oil, which are major sources of biofuels and nutrition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1542-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280547PMC
December 2018

Expansin genes expression in growing ovaries and grains of sunflower are tissue-specific and associate with final grain weight.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):327. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Plant Production and Plant Protection Institute, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile.

Background: Grain weight (GW) is a key component of sunflower yield and quality, but may be limited by maternal tissues. Cell growth is influenced by expansin proteins that loosen the plant cell wall. This study aimed to identify spatio-temporal expression of EXPN genes in sunflower reproductive organ tissues (ovary, pericarp, and embryo) and evaluate correlations between reproductive organ growth and expansin genes expression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1535-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280438PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Identification and characterization of drought-responsive CC-type glutaredoxins from cassava cultivars reveals their involvement in ABA signalling.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):329. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Institute of Tropical Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Haikou, 571101, China.

Background: CC-type glutaredoxins (GRXs) are plant-specific glutaredoxin, play regulatory roles in response of biotic and abiotic stress. However, it is not clear whether the CC-type GRXs are involve in drought response in cassava (Manihot esculenta), an important tropical tuber root crop.

Results: Herein, genome-wide analysis identified 18 CC-type GRXs in the cassava genome, of which six (namely MeGRXC3, C4, C7, C14, C15, and C18) were induced by drought stress in leaves of two cassava cultivars Argentina 7 (Arg7) and South China 124 (SC124). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1528-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280520PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Iron and callose homeostatic regulation in rice roots under low phosphorus.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):326. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology/ Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Physiology, Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops, Agricultural College of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou University, 88 Daxue South Road, Yangzhou, 225009, People's Republic of China.

Background: Phosphorus (Pi) deficiency induces root morphological remodeling in plants. The primary root length of rice increased under Pi deficiency stress; however, the underlying mechanism is not well understood. In this study, transcriptome analysis (RNA-seq) and Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) techniques were combined with the determination of physiological and biochemical indexes to research the regulation mechanisms of iron (Fe) accumulation and callose deposition in rice roots, to illuminate the relationship between Fe accumulation and primary root growth under Pi deficient conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1486-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278065PMC
December 2018

Sequencing of organellar genomes of Gymnomitrion concinnatum (Jungermanniales) revealed the first exception in the structure and gene order of evolutionary stable liverworts mitogenomes.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 3;18(1):321. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Botany and Nature Protection, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland.

Background: Comparative analyses of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes have shown that organelle genomes in bryophytes evolve slowly. However, in contrast to seed plants, the organellar genomes are yet poorly explored in bryophytes, especially among liverworts. Discovering another organellar genomes of liverwort species by sequencing provides new conclusions on evolution of bryophytes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1558-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276189PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Preharvest application of ethephon and postharvest UV-B radiation improve quality traits of beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris) as source of colourant.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 3;18(1):316. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Section for Crop Sciences, Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Hoejbakkegaard Alle 9-13, 2630, Taastrup, Denmark.

Background: Betanins have become excellent replacers for artificial red-purple food colourants. Red beet (Beta vulgaris L. spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1556-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276243PMC
December 2018

Genome-wide identification and localization of chalcone synthase family in soybean (Glycine max [L]Merr).

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):325. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

London Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1391 Sandford Street, London, Ontario, N5V 4T3, Canada.

Background: Soybean is a paleopolyploid that has undergone two whole genome duplication events. Gene duplication is a type of genomic change that can lead to novel functions of pre-existing genes. Chalcone synthase (CHS) is the plant-specific type III polyketide synthase that catalyzes the first committed step in (iso)flavonoid biosynthesis in plants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1569-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278125PMC
December 2018

QTL mapping of melon fruit quality traits using a high-density GBS-based genetic map.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):324. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics (CRAG) CSIC-IRTA-UAB-UB, Campus UAB, 08193 Cerdanyola, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Melon shows a broad diversity in fruit morphology and quality, which is still underexploited in breeding programs. The knowledge of the genetic basis of fruit quality traits is important for identifying new alleles that may be introduced in elite material by highly efficient molecular breeding tools.

Results: In order to identify QTLs controlling fruit quality, a recombinant inbred line population was developed using two commercial cultivars as parental lines: "Védrantais", from the cantalupensis group, and "Piel de Sapo", from the inodorus group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1537-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278158PMC
December 2018

Identification and characterization of GmMYB118 responses to drought and salt stress.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 3;18(1):320. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS)/National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Triticeae Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, 100081, China.

Background: Abiotic stress severely influences plant growth and development. MYB transcription factors (TFs), which compose one of the largest TF families, play an important role in abiotic stress responses.

Result: We identified 139 soybean MYB-related genes; these genes were divided into six groups based on their conserved domain and were distributed among 20 chromosomes (Chrs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1551-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276260PMC
December 2018
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Integrated physiologic, genomic and transcriptomic strategies involving the adaptation of allotetraploid rapeseed to nitrogen limitation.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):322. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Southern Regional Collaborative Innovation Center for Grain and Oil Crops in China, College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, China.

Background: Nitrogen (N) is a macronutrient that is essential for optimal plant growth and seed yield. Allotetraploid rapeseed (AACC, 2n = 4x = 38) has a higher requirement for N fertilizers whereas exhibiting a lower N use efficiency (NUE) than cereal crops. N limitation adaptation (NLA) is pivotal for enhancing crop NUE and reducing N fertilizer use in yield production. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1507-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278020PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Deletion of high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits in wheat significantly reduced dough strength and bread-baking quality.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 3;18(1):319. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Institute of Cereal and Oil Crops, Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, 162 Hengshan Street, Shijiazhuang, 050035, China.

Background: High-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) play important roles in the elasticity of dough made from wheat. The HMW-GS null line is useful for studying the contribution of HMW-GS to the end-use quality of wheat.

Methods: In a previous work, we cloned the Glu-1Ex gene from Thinopyrum bessarabicum and introduced it into the wheat cultivar, Bobwhite. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1530-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276161PMC
December 2018

Maize male sterile 33 encodes a putative glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase that mediates anther cuticle formation and microspore development.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 3;18(1):318. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

National Maize Improvement Center of China, Beijing Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Key Laboratory of Crop Heterosis and Utilization, Ministry of Education (MOE), Center for Crop Functional Genomics and Molecular Breeding, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

Background: The anther cuticle, which is primarily composed of lipid polymers, is crucial for pollen development and plays important roles in sexual reproduction in higher plants. However, the mechanism underlying the biosynthesis of lipid polymers in maize (Zea mays. L. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1543-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276174PMC
December 2018
3.813 Impact Factor

RAD-seq reveals genetic structure of the F-generation of natural willow hybrids (Salix L.) and a great potential for interspecific introgression.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 3;18(1):317. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Systematics, Biodiversity and Evolution of Plants (with Herbarium), University Goettingen, Untere Karspüle 2, 37073, Goettingen, Germany.

Background: Hybridization of species with porous genomes can eventually lead to introgression via repeated backcrossing. The potential for introgression between species is reflected by the extent of segregation distortion in later generation hybrids. Here we studied a population of hybrids between Salix purpurea and S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1552-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276181PMC
December 2018

Precocious genotypes and homozygous tendency generated by self-pollination in walnut.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Dec 4;18(1):323. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

State Key Laboratory of Tree Genetics and Breeding, Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, 100091, China.

Background: Observations of precocious (early bearing) genotypes of walnut (Juglans regia L.) under natural conditions encouraged us to study the origin and genetic control of these fascinating traits.

Results: In this study, the self-fertility, progeny performance, and simple sequence repeat (SSR) locus variation of iron walnut (Juglans sigillata Dode), an ecotype of J. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1549-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278120PMC
December 2018
2 Reads
3.813 Impact Factor

Salt-inducible expression of OsJAZ8 improves resilience against salt-stress.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Nov 29;18(1):311. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Botanical Institute, Karlsruhe, Germany.

Background: Productivity of important crop rice is greatly affected by salinity. The plant hormone jasmonate plays a vital role in salt stress adaptation, but also evokes detrimental side effects if not timely shut down again. As novel strategy to avoid such side effects, OsJAZ8, a negative regulator of jasmonate signalling, is expressed under control of the salt-inducible promoter of the transcription factor ZOS3-11, to obtain a transient jasmonate signature in response to salt stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1521-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267056PMC
November 2018

Combined linkage and association mapping reveal QTL for host plant resistance to common rust (Puccinia sorghi) in tropical maize.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Nov 29;18(1):310. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), P.O. Box, 34443, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Background: Common rust, caused by Puccinia sorghi, is an important foliar disease of maize that has been associated with up to 50% grain yield loss. Development of resistant maize germplasm is the ideal strategy to combat P. sorghi. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1520-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267831PMC
November 2018

Comparative proteomic investigation of drought responses in foxtail millet.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Nov 29;18(1):315. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Biotechnology Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences; Key Laboratory of Genetic Improvement, Ecology and Physiology of Crops, Jinan, 250100, Shandong, China.

Background: Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L. P. Beauv) has been considered as a tractable model crop in recent years due to its short growing cycle, lower amount of repetitive DNA, inbreeding nature, small diploid genome, and outstanding abiotic stress-tolerance characteristics. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1533-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267058PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Comparative functional genomics analysis of bHLH gene family in rice, maize and wheat.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Nov 29;18(1):309. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.

Background: The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors play important roles in diverse cellular and molecular processes. Comparative functional genomics can provide powerful approaches to draw inferences about gene function and evolution among species. The comprehensive comparison of bHLH gene family in different gramineous plants has not yet been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1529-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267037PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Effects of ploidy variation on promoter DNA methylation and gene expression in rice (Oryza sativa L.).

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Nov 29;18(1):314. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

211-Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Resources and Genetic Improvement, Ministry of Education, Institute of Rice Research, Sichuan Agricultural University, Huimin Road, Chengdu, 611130, China.

Background: Polyploidy, or whole-genome duplication (WGD) promotes genetic diversification in plants. However, whether WGD is accompanied by epigenetic regulation especially DNA methylation remains yet elusive. Methylation of different region in genomic DNA play discrete role in gene regulation and developmental processes in plants. Read More

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https://bmcplantbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1553-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267922PMC
November 2018
1 Read
3.813 Impact Factor

In vivo haploid induction leads to increased frequency of twin-embryo and abnormal fertilization in maize.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Nov 29;18(1):313. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Background: In vivo haploid induction (HI) based on Stock6-derived inducer lines has been the most prevalent means of producing haploids. Nevertheless, the biological mechanism of HI is not fully understood, the twin-embryo kernels had been found during haploid induction, which may provide potential evidence for the abnormal double fertilization during HI.

Results: We investigated twin-embryo frequency in progenies of different haploid inducers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1422-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267813PMC
November 2018
1 Read
3.813 Impact Factor

Identification of genomic loci associated with 21chlorophyll fluorescence phenotypes by genome-wide association analysis in soybean.

BMC Plant Biol 2018 Nov 29;18(1):312. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Division of Plant Science, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, 65211, USA.

Background: Photosynthesis is able to convert solar energy into chemical energy in the form of biomass, but the efficiency of photosynthetic solar energy conversion is low. Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements are rapid, non-destructive, and can provide a wealth of information about the efficiencies of the photosynthetic light reaction processes. Efforts aimed at assessing genetic variation and/or mapping of genetic loci associated with chlorophyll fluorescence phenotypes have been rather limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-018-1517-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267906PMC
November 2018
3.813 Impact Factor