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    1086 results match your criteria BMC Oral Health [Journal]

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    Amelogenesis imperfecta: therapeutic strategy from primary to permanent dentition across case reports.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 15;18(1):108. Epub 2018 Jun 15.
    Centre de référence des maladies rares orales et dentaires Orares, Hopital Rothschild, APHP, Paris, France.
    Background: Hereditary enamel defect diseases are regrouped under the name "Amelogenesis Imperfecta" (AIH). Both dentitions are affected. Clinical expression is heterogeneous and varies between patients. Read More

    Comparative evaluation of the vertical fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots filled with Gutta-percha and Resilon: a meta-analysis of in vitro studies.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 13;18(1):107. Epub 2018 Jun 13.
    College of Stomatology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
    Background: Teeth treated endodontically are more susceptible to vertical root fracture (VRF). Some studies have suggested that obturating the root canals with Gutta-percha or Resilon can reinforce endodontically treated teeth, but a few others have presented conflicting results. These inconsistent results cannot guide clinicians in determining clinical approaches. Read More

    Oral manifestation of Langerhans cell histiocytosis: a case report.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 8;18(1):106. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
    Clinic of Cranio-Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, University of Zurich, University Hospital Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, CH-8032, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Background: Bone necrosis of the jaw is a serious condition with a broad differential diagnosis of pathologies such as cutaneous histiocytosis, bone metastases or malignant tumours. In addition to the most common cause, medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), one must consider a number of other causes, such as histiocytosis. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a histiocytic disorder with a large spectrum of clinical manifestations and with possible involvement of a variety of organs. Read More

    Dental caries and their association with socioeconomic characteristics, oral hygiene practices and eating habits among preschool children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates - the NOPLAS project.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 8;18(1):104. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
    School of Molecular Sciences, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Perth, WA, 6009, Australia.
    Background: Dental caries are a global public health problem and influence the overall health of children. The risk factors for caries include biological, socio-behavioral and environmental factors. This cross-sectional study assessed dental caries and their associations with socioeconomic factors, oral hygiene practices and eating habits among Emirati and non-Emirati children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Read More

    Visual and radiographic caries detection: a tailored meta-analysis for two different settings, Egypt and Germany.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 8;18(1):105. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
    Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.
    Background: Diagnostic meta-analyses on caries detection methods should assist practitioners in their daily practice. However, conventional meta-analysis estimates may be inapplicable due to differences in test conduct, applied thresholds and assessed population between settings. Our aim was to demonstrate the impact of tailored meta-analysis of visual and radiographic caries detection to different settings using setting-specific routine data. Read More

    Influence on interradicular bone volume of Invisalign treatment for adult crowding with interproximal enamel reduction: a retrospective three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography study.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 8;18(1):103. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
    Department of Orthodontics, University Hospital Giessen and Marburg, Campus Marburg, Georg-Voigt-Strasse 3, 35039, Marburg, Germany.
    Background: The aim of this study was to use three-dimensional datasets to identify associations between treatment for adult crowding, using Invisalign aligner and interproximal enamel reduction (IER), and changes in the volume of interradicular bone.

    Methods: A total of 60 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans from 30 adult patients (28 women, two men; 30 CBCTs pre-treatment, 30 post-treatment) were examined retrospectively in order to measure bone volume three-dimensionally. The patients' average age was 36. Read More

    The prevalence of dental anxiety and its association with pain and other variables among adult patients with irreversible pulpitis.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 7;18(1):101. Epub 2018 Jun 7.
    Stomatological Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 426 Song Shi Bei Road, Chongqing, 401147, China.
    Background: The aim is to investigate the prevalence of dental anxiety and its association with pain and other related factors in adult patients with irreversible pulpitis.

    Methods: One hundred and thirty patients with irreversible pulpitis were included in this cross-sectional study. Participants were asked to fill out an information table and a battery of questionnaires to assess their level of dental anxiety, pain at their first and most recent dental experience, and pain intensity before/during the present endodontic treatment. Read More

    Diverticulum of the buccal mucosa: a rare case report and review of the literature.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 7;18(1):102. Epub 2018 Jun 7.
    Department of Oral Surgery, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South-1, West-16, Chuo-ku, Sapporo, 060-8543, Japan.
    Background: Cases of diverticula of the buccal mucosa are extremely rare. Literature searches of databases such as PubMed/MEDLINE for this condition have revealed only 10 case reports. In this case report, we describe our experience in the management of this rare condition and review the previous 10 previously reported cases. Read More

    Using focus groups to design systems science models that promote oral health equity.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 4;18(1):99. Epub 2018 Jun 4.
    Department of Geography, The State University of New York at Buffalo, 115 Wilkeson Quad, Ellicott Complex, Buffalo, NY, 14261-0055, USA.
    Background: While the US population overall has experienced improvements in oral health over the past 60 years, oral diseases remain among the most common chronic conditions across the life course. Further, lack of access to oral health care contributes to profound and enduring oral health inequities worldwide. Vulnerable and underserved populations who commonly lack access to oral health care include racial/ethnic minority older adults living in urban environments. Read More

    Children's dental fear and anxiety: exploring family related factors.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 4;18(1):100. Epub 2018 Jun 4.
    Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, 3rd Floor, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 34 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong.
    Background: Dental fear and anxiety (DFA) is a major issue affecting children's oral health and clinical management. This study investigates the association between children's DFA and family related factors, including parents' DFA, parenting styles, family structure (nuclear or single-parent family), and presence of siblings.

    Methods: A total of 405 children (9-13 years old) and their parents were recruited from 3 elementary schools in Hong Kong. Read More

    Oral health knowledge, behavior, and care seeking among pregnant and recently-delivered women in rural Nepal: a qualitative study.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 1;18(1):97. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street W5009, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.
    Background: Oral health behavior and attitudes of pregnant women in low-income countries are rarely examined, yet should be considered when designing preventative or therapeutic studies to reduce burden of oral diseases. We aimed to understand dental care-seeking behavior, as well as oral health knowledge and attitudes of oral health among pregnant women in rural Nepal.

    Methods: Semi-structured in-depth interviews (n = 16) and focus group discussions (3 groups, n = 23) were conducted among pregnant and recently-delivered women in Sarlahi, Nepal. Read More

    Oral health promotion practices: a survey of Florida child care center directors.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 1;18(1):96. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
    Department of Family and Community Medicine - Research Programs, Baylor College of Medicine, 3701 Kirby Drive, Suite 600, Houston, TX, 77098, USA.
    Background: To understand the oral health promotion practices (OHPPs) in Florida licensed childcare centers (CCCs), we surveyed the childcare center directors (CCCDs) employed at these centers. We determined if CCC's affiliation with Early Head Start/Head Start (EHS/HS) programs was associated with the number of OHPPs implemented.

    Methods: For this cross-sectional study we emailed a pretested 45-item online survey to unduplicated email addresses of 5142 licensed CCCDs as listed in the publicly available Florida Department of Child and Family services database. Read More

    Novel caries loci in children and adults implicated by genome-wide analysis of families.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Jun 1;18(1):98. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
    Center for Craniofacial and Dental Genetics, Department of Oral Biology, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Suite 500 Bridgeside Point, 100 Technology Drive, Pittsburgh, PA, 15219, USA.
    Background: Dental caries is a common chronic disease among children and adults alike, posing a substantial health burden. Caries is affected by multiple genetic and environmental factors, and prior studies have found that a substantial proportion of caries susceptibility is genetically inherited.

    Methods: To identify such genetic factors, we conducted a genome-wide linkage scan in 464 extended families with 2616 individuals from Iowa, Pennsylvania and West Virginia for three dental caries phenotypes: (1) PRIM: dichotomized as zero versus one or more affected primary teeth, (2) QTOT1: age-adjusted quantitative caries measure for both primary and permanent dentitions including pre-cavitated lesions, and (3) QTOT2: age-adjusted quantitative caries excluding pre-cavitated lesions. Read More

    Applying the theory of planned behavior to self-report dental attendance in Norwegian adults through structural equation modelling approach.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 31;18(1):95. Epub 2018 May 31.
    Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, PO Box 7804, N-5020, Bergen, Norway.
    Background: Understanding factors that affect dental attendance behavior helps in constructing effective oral health campaigns. A socio-cognitive model that adequately explains variance in regular dental attendance has yet to be validated among younger adults in Norway. Focusing a representative sample of younger Norwegian adults, this cross-sectional study provided an empirical test of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) augmented with descriptive norm and action planning and estimated direct and indirect effects of attitudes, subjective norms, descriptive norms, perceived behavioral control and action planning on intended and self-reported regular dental attendance. Read More

    Root form and canal morphology of maxillary first premolars of a Yemeni population.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 31;18(1):94. Epub 2018 May 31.
    Restorative and Prosthodontic Department, College of Dentistry, University of Science and Technology, Sana'a, Yemen.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate variations in the root canal systems of permanent maxillary first premolars in a Yemeni population using a clearing technique.

    Methods: Two hundred fifty permanent maxillary first premolar teeth extracted from Yemeni individuals were collected. A small hole in the center of the occlusal surface of each tooth was prepared and pulp tissue was removed by immersion in 5. Read More

    Perceived oral health and its association with symptoms of psychological distress, oral status and socio-demographic characteristics among elderly in Norway.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 31;18(1):93. Epub 2018 May 31.
    The Public Dental Health Service. Competence Centre of Northern Norway (TkNN), Tromsø, Norway.
    Background: There is poor knowledge about the extent to which psychological distress influences oral health in older people in Norway. The aim of this study was two-fold: i) to describe the oral health of Norwegian elderly and their levels of psychological distress; and ii) to examine the relationship of psychological distress with self-rated oral health, while controlling for oral status and socio-demographic characteristics, in Norwegian elderly.

    Methods: Data were retrieved from a national cross-sectional survey conducted by Statistics Norway in 2012 and included information about self-rated oral health, psychological distress (measured using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist 25; HSCL-25), gender, age, civil status, smoking, self-reported number of teeth present and dental attendance for 949 non-institutionalised adults aged 65 years or older. Read More

    Effects of dental treatment and systemic disease on oral health-related quality of life in Korean pediatric patients.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 29;18(1):92. Epub 2018 May 29.
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul National University Dental Hospital, 101, Daehakno, Jongno-gu, 03080, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Background: The findings that not only dental caries but also systemic disease can exert a negative effect on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and that dental treatment can improve OHRQoL have been confirmed in multiple studies. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of dental treatment on OHRQoL of Korean pediatric patients and the differences in OHRQoL between patients with and without systemic disease.

    Methods: All the primary caregivers of pediatric patients who underwent dental treatments under either general anesthesia or intravenous deep sedation at Seoul National University Dental Hospital completed abbreviated versions of the Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP-14) and Family Impact Scale (FIS-12) surveys on OHRQOL pre- and post-treatment (average: 2. Read More

    Knowledge of orthodontic tooth movement through the maxillary sinus: a systematic review.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 23;18(1):91. Epub 2018 May 23.
    State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.
    Background: To investigate the feasibility, safety and stability of current interventions for moving teeth through the maxillary sinus (MTTMS) by performing a systematic review of the literature.

    Methods: The electronic databases PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI and SIGLE were searched without a language restriction. The primary outcomes were parameters related to orthodontic treatment, including orthodontic protocols, magnitude of forces, type of tooth movement, duration and rate of tooth movement, and remolding of alveolar bone and the maxillary sinus floor. Read More

    Perceptions and attitudes toward performing risk assessment for periodontal disease: a focus group exploration.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 21;18(1):90. Epub 2018 May 21.
    Center for Biomedical Informatics, Regenstrief Institute, Inc. Indiana University School of Medicine, 1101 West Tenth Street, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA.
    Background: Currently, many risk assessment tools are available for clinicians to assess a patient's periodontal disease risk. Numerous studies demonstrate the potential of these tools to promote preventive management and reduce morbidity due to periodontal disease. Despite these promising results, solo and small group dental practices, where most people receive care, have not adopted risk assessment tools widely, primarily due to lack of studies in these settings. Read More

    Rapid urease test (RUT) for evaluation of urease activity in oral bacteria in vitro and in supragingival dental plaque ex vivo.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 18;18(1):89. Epub 2018 May 18.
    Department of Oral Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Box 450, SE 40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Background: Urease is an enzyme produced by plaque bacteria hydrolysing urea from saliva and gingival exudate into ammonia in order to regulate the pH in the dental biofilm. The aim of this study was to assess the urease activity among oral bacterial species by using the rapid urease test (RUT) in a micro-plate format and to examine whether this test could be used for measuring the urease activity in site-specific supragingival dental plaque samples ex vivo.

    Methods: The RUT test is based on 2% urea in peptone broth solution and with phenol red at pH 6. Read More

    Cone beam computed tomography in implant dentistry: recommendations for clinical use.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 15;18(1):88. Epub 2018 May 15.
    OMFS IMPATH Research Group, Department of Imaging and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 33, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.
    Background: In implant dentistry, three-dimensional (3D) imaging can be realised by dental cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), offering volumetric data on jaw bones and teeth with relatively low radiation doses and costs. The latter may explain why the market has been steadily growing since the first dental CBCT system appeared two decades ago. More than 85 different CBCT devices are currently available and this exponential growth has created a gap between scientific evidence and existing CBCT machines. Read More

    Palatal dimensions at different stages of dentition in 5 to 18-year-old Iranian children and adolescent with normal occlusion.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 15;18(1):87. Epub 2018 May 15.
    Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology Department, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
    Background: This study was purposed to evaluate palatal width, height, and height index at various stages of dentition in Iranian children and adolescent with normal occlusion.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of 237 children (45% male and 55% female, aged 5-18 years) with normal occlusion selected from kindergartens and elementary and high schools in Hamadan, Iran. The subjects were clinically examined and classified based on dentition to primary (21. Read More

    Patient awareness/knowledge towards oral cancer: a cross-sectional survey.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 15;18(1):86. Epub 2018 May 15.
    Center for Oral and Systemic Health, Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, 1000 North Oak Avenue, Marshfield, 54449, WI, United States of America.
    Background: Oral cancer (OC) is associated with multiple risk factors and high mortality rates and substantially contributes to the global cancer burden despite being highly preventable. This cross-sectional study sought to assess current knowledge, awareness, and behaviors of patients in rural communities surrounding OC risk.

    Methods: An anonymous 21-question survey was distributed to patients in waiting rooms of a large integrated medical-dental health system serving north-central Wisconsin. Read More

    A novel method for periapical microsurgery with the aid of 3D technology: a case report.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 10;18(1):85. Epub 2018 May 10.
    Department of Digital Dental Center, Key Laboratory of Oral Medicine, Guangzhou Institute of Oral Disease, Stomatology Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, 59 Huangsha Road, Guangzhou, 510140, Guangdong Province, China.
    Background: Three-dimensional (3D) technology has gained wide acceptance in dentistry. It has been used for treatment planning and surgical guidance. This case report presented a novel treatment approach to remove cortical bone and root-end during periapical surgery with the help of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), Computer Aided Design (CAD) and three-dimensional (3D) printing technology. Read More

    E-learning or educational leaflet: does it make a difference in oral health promotion? A clustered randomized trial.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 10;18(1):81. Epub 2018 May 10.
    Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Damascus University, Damascus city, Syria.
    Background: The early recognition of technology together with great ability to use computers and smart systems have promoted researchers to investigate the possibilities of utilizing technology for improving health care in children. The aim of this study was to compare between the traditional educational leaflets and E-applications in improving oral health knowledge, oral hygiene and gingival health in schoolchildren of Damascus city, Syria.

    Methods: A clustered randomized controlled trial at two public primary schools was performed. Read More

    Postoperative dental morbidity in children following dental treatment under general anesthesia.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 10;18(1):84. Epub 2018 May 10.
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan, Republic of China.
    Background: General anesthesia has been widely used in pediatric dentistry in recent years. However, there remain concerns about potential postoperative dental morbidity. The goal of this study was to identify the frequency of postoperative dental morbidity and factors associated with such morbidity in children. Read More

    Using community participation to assess demand and uptake of scaling and polishing in rural and urban environments.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 10;18(1):80. Epub 2018 May 10.
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, UNTH, Enugu, Nigeria.
    Background: One of the control tools for periodontal disease besides individual home care is professional oral prophylaxis that is, Scaling and Polishing (S&P).The aim of this study is to assess the effect of oral health awareness on the demand and uptake of scaling and polishing among dwellers of rural and urban environments.

    Methods: This interventional study was conducted in Enugu, Nigeria. Read More

    An in vitro study evaluating the effect of ferrule design on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated mandibular premolars after simulated crown lengthening or forced eruption methods.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 10;18(1):83. Epub 2018 May 10.
    College of Stomatology, Nanjing Medical University, 136 Hanzhong Road, Nanjing, 210029, Jiangsu Province, China.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of ferrule design on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated mandibular first premolars after simulated crown lengthening and orthodontic forced eruption methods restored with a fiber post-and-core system.

    Methods: Forty extracted and endodontically treated mandibular first premolars were decoronated to create lingual-to-buccal oblique residual root models, with a 2.0 mm height of the lingual dentine wall coronal to the cemento-enamel junction, and the height of buccal surface at the cemento-enamel junction. Read More

    An observation on the severity of periodontal disease in past cigarette smokers suffering from rheumatoid arthritis- evidence for a long-term effect of cigarette smoke exposure?
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 10;18(1):82. Epub 2018 May 10.
    Faculty of Medicine, Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, University of Szeged, 6725 Kálvária sugárút, Szeged, 57, Hungary.
    Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and cigarette smoking are both risk factors for periodontal disease (PD). Previous research suggests that systemic inflammatory conditions and cigarette smoking may act in synergy, and their co-occurrence leads to a much higher risk of developing severe stage PD than what the combination of their individual risks would suggest. We originally sought to test this in the case of RA, but it turned out that the majority of our patients were former smokers, who smoked for prolonged periods in the past. Read More

    Relationship between the burden of major periodontal bacteria and serum lipid profile in a cross-sectional Japanese study.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 4;18(1):77. Epub 2018 May 4.
    Department of Preventive Dentistry, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1-8 Yamadaoka, Suita-Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.
    Background: The association of periodontal bacteria with lipid profile alteration remains largely unknown, although it has been suggested that chronic periodontitis increases the atherosclerotic risk. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between the prevalence and total burden of periodontal bacteria and serum lipid profile.

    Methods: Saliva from enrolled participants was collected to detect 4 major periodontal bacteria (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia, and Prevotella intermedia) using Polymerase Chain Reaction method. Read More

    Influence of denture surface roughness and host factors on dental calculi formation on dentures: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 4;18(1):78. Epub 2018 May 4.
    Department of Geriatric Dentistry, Showa University, School of Dentistry, 2-1-1 kitasenzoku Ota Ward, Tokyo, 145-8515, Japan.
    Background: Dental calculi formation on dentures can worsen the oral cavity environment by complicating oral hygiene. However, few studies have investigated the effect of how patients use and manage their dentures, denture surface roughness, and host factors such as oral cavity dryness and saliva properties on denture cleanliness and denture dental calculi formation. Accordingly, we conducted the present survey to evaluate these factors to clarify the strength of the influence of each factor. Read More

    Lead exposure may affect gingival health in children.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 4;18(1):79. Epub 2018 May 4.
    Department of Dental Hygiene, Daegu Health College, 15 Youngsong-Ro, Buk-Gu, Daegu, 702-722, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Several studies have reported the harmful effects of lead poisoning. However, the relationship between lead exposure and oral health of children has not been well defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between blood lead level (BLL) and oral health status of children. Read More

    Association of mastication and factors affecting masticatory function with obesity in adults: a systematic review.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 4;18(1):76. Epub 2018 May 4.
    Department of International Health and Collaboration, National Institute of Public Health, 2-3-6, Minami, Wako, Saitama, 351-0197, Japan.
    Background: A substantial number of adults suffer from obesity, that is caused by the risk factor, masticatory dysfunction. The association between mastication and obesity, however, is inconclusive. This systematic review aims to provide literature regarding the association between mastication and factors affecting masticatory function, and obesity in adults. Read More

    A retrospective study on molar furcation assessment via clinical detection, intraoral radiography and cone beam computed tomography.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 3;18(1):75. Epub 2018 May 3.
    Department of Periodontics & Dental Hygiene, University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston, 7500 Cambridge Street, Houston, TX, 77054, USA.
    Background: Accurate determination of bone loss at the molar furcation region by clinical detection and intraoral radiograph is challenging in many instances. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is expected to open a new horizon in periodontal assessment. The purpose of this study was to compare and correlate accuracy of molar furcation assessment via clinical detection, intraoral radiography and CBCT images. Read More

    Dental health between self-perception, clinical evaluation and body image dissatisfaction - a cross-sectional study in mixed dentition pre-pubertal children.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 3;18(1):74. Epub 2018 May 3.
    Department 14 Microbiology, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timișoara, 16 Victor Babes Bvd, 300226, Timișoara, Romania.
    Background: Self-perception of oral health status is a multidimensional construct that includes psychological, psychosocial and functional aspects of oral health. Contemporary concepts suggest that the evaluation of health needs should focus on clinical standards and socio-dental indicators that measure the impact of health/disease on the individual quality of life. Oral health cannot be dissociated from general health. Read More

    Evaluation of concordance between CAD/CAM and clinical positions of abutment shoulder against mucosal margin: an observational study.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 2;18(1):73. Epub 2018 May 2.
    Private Dental Practice, Białystok, Poland.
    Background: While working on CAD/CAM-customized abutments, the use of standard impression copings with a circular diameter produces inconsistency within the emergence profile. It may begin with a collapse of the supra-implant mucosa during impression taking, then lead to a computer-generated mismatch of the position and outline of the abutment shoulder, and consequently result in a compromised outcome of anticipated treatment. The aim of the study was to compare the virtual and clinical positions of the abutment shoulder in relation to the mucosal margin after the abutment delivery. Read More

    Complex patterns of response to oral hygiene instructions: longitudinal evaluation of periodontal patients.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 May 2;18(1):72. Epub 2018 May 2.
    Departments of Oral Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine, 412 Salk Pavilion, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA.
    Background: Oral hygiene instruction is an intervention widely practiced but increased knowledge about oral health does not necessarily dramatically impact oral disease prevalence in populations. We aimed to measure plaque and bleeding in periodontal patients over time to determine patterns of patient response to oral hygiene instructions.

    Methods: Longitudinal plaque and bleeding index data were evaluated in 227 periodontal patients to determine the impact of oral hygiene instructions. Read More

    Factors that cause endodontic failures in general practices in Japan.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 27;18(1):70. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
    Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka, Japan.
    Background: Bacterial biofilms that develop on root surfaces outside apical foramens have been found to be associated with refractory periapical periodontitis. However, several other factors cause endodontic failures apart from extraradicular biofilms. The aim of this study was to identify the factors causing endodontic failures in general practices in Japan. Read More

    A structural equation model to test a conceptual framework of oral health in Japanese edentulous patients with an item weighting method using factor score weights: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 27;18(1):71. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
    Gerodontology and Oral Rehabilitation, Department of Gerontology and Gerodontology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Yushima Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8549, Japan.
    Background: To investigate Locker's multidimensional model of oral health in Japanese edentulous patients with an item weighting method using factor score weights, which is more accurate than the sum scoring method. A previous study tested Locker's model in edentulous elders in the UK, using empirical evidence from the Short-Form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Investigating the model using the OHIP for edentulous subjects (OHIP-EDENT), which contains 19 items suitable for these patients, may complement that study. Read More

    Association between maternal acculturation and health beliefs related to oral health of Latino children.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 24;18(1):67. Epub 2018 Apr 24.
    Center for Native Oral Health Research, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, USA.
    Background: This report is presenting the association of maternal acculturation, measured by preferred language, and oral health-related psychosocial measures in an urban Latino population.

    Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 100 mother-child dyads from the Dental Center at the Children's Hospital Colorado, the University of Colorado. A portion of Basic Research Factors Questionnaire capturing information about parental dental knowledge, attitudes, behavior and psychosocial measures was used to collect data from the participating mothers. Read More

    Assessment of oral health and cost of care for a group of refugees in Germany: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 27;18(1):69. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
    Institute of Family Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Luebeck, Germany.
    Background: There is a research gap concerning the evaluation of the oral healthcare of refugees. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health of refugees and to estimate the costs of oral care.

    Methods: The study was conceptualized as a pilot study. Read More

    Inequalities in oral health among adolescents in Gangneung, South Korea.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 24;18(1):68. Epub 2018 Apr 24.
    Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 02447, South Korea.
    Background: This study aims to evaluate inequality in oral health among adolescents and to explain the mechanisms of such inequalities in Gangneung, South Korea.

    Methods: One thousand two hundred sixty-seven students in their first year from four vocational and three general schools participated in the baseline survey of 2011, and 84.7% of them were surveyed again in 2013. Read More

    General anxiety, dental anxiety, digit sucking, caries and oral hygiene status of children resident in a semi-urban population in Nigeria.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 20;18(1):66. Epub 2018 Apr 20.
    Oral Habit Study Group, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
    Background: Digit sucking can represent untreated anxiety or other emotional problems. The aim of this study was to determine if digit sucking is a predictor of general anxiety and dental anxiety; and if general and dental anxiety are associated with caries and oral hygiene status of children resident in sub-urban Nigeria.

    Methods: This was a secondary data analysis of a household survey conducted in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Read More

    Glass hybrid restorations as an alternative for restoring hypomineralized molars in the ART model.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 18;18(1):65. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade de Brasília, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasília, DF, 70910-900, Brazil.
    Background: This study aimed to evaluate the survival rate of glass hybrid restorations placed under the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) technique in first permanent molars affected by molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH).

    Methods: Sixty teeth with severe MIH associated to carious dentin lesions without pulp involvement were included. Treatments were performed by one trained dentist using the ART approach and restored with a glass hybrid restorative system (Equia Forte, GC®) on school premises. Read More

    Molecular and clinical analyses of Helicobacter pylori colonization in inflamed dental pulp.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 16;18(1):64. Epub 2018 Apr 16.
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Division of Oral Infection and Disease Control, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, 1-8 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.
    Background: Recently, dental pulp has been considered a possible source of infection of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in children. We previously developed a novel PCR system for H. Read More

    Serum and salivary ferritin and Hepcidin levels in patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 10;18(1):63. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
    Department of Stomatology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 139 Renmin Middle Road, Changsha, 410011, Hunan, China.
    Background: Iron disorder and abnormal expression of hepcidin play important roles in many diseases, but it is still unclear in chronic periodontitis (CP) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to assess ferritin and hepcidin levels in serum and saliva of CP patients with or without T2DM.

    Methods: Serum and unstimulated whole saliva samples were collected from 88 participants, who were categorized into 4 groups based on the presence or absence of CP or T2DM. Read More

    What is the influence of tonsillectomy on the level of periodontal pathogens on the tongue dorsum and in periodontal pockets.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 6;18(1):62. Epub 2018 Apr 6.
    Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariologiy, Center of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
    Background: For periodontal treatment, the full mouth disinfection approach suggests disinfection of oral soft tissues, such as tongue and tonsils concomitant to scaling and root planning since patients might benefit from treatment of these oral niches either. Periodontopathogenes in tonsillar tissue support this hypothesis. This prospective controlled clinical study investigated the change in the oral flora of patients who underwent tonsillectomy. Read More

    How do we incorporate patient views into the design of healthcare services for older people: a discussion paper.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 6;18(1):61. Epub 2018 Apr 6.
    Gerodontology and Removable Prosthodontics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Background: Across the European Union costs for the treatment of oral disease is expected to rise to €93 Billion by 2020 and be higher than those for stroke and dementia combined. A significant proportion of these costs will relate to the provision of care for older people. Dental caries severity and experience is now a major public health issue in older people and periodontal disease disproportionately affects older adults. Read More

    Role of cathepsin S In periodontal wound healing-an in vitro study on human PDL cells.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 5;18(1):60. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    Section of Experimental Dento-Maxillo-Facial Medicine, Center of Dento-Maxillo-Facial Medicine, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
    Background: Cathepsin S is a cysteine protease, which is expressed in human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells under inflammatory and infectious conditions. This in vitro study was established to investigate the effect of cathepsin S on PDL cell wound closure.

    Methods: An in vitro wound healing assay was used to monitor wound closure in wounded PDL cell monolayers for 72 h in the presence and absence of cathepsin S. Read More

    Consequences of early extraction of compromised first permanent molar: a systematic review.
    BMC Oral Health 2018 Apr 5;18(1):59. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80209, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia.
    Background: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to determine the sequelae of early extraction of compromised first permanent molars (FPMs) with regard to the skeletal and dental development of 5- to 15-year-old children. Meta-analysis was conducted when applicable.

    Methods: Our research protocol included a search strategy, inclusion/exclusion criteria, and a data extraction plan. Read More

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