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    3708 results match your criteria BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders[Journal]

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    Treatment and outcomes of tumor-induced osteomalacia associated with phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors: retrospective review of 12 patients.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 21;18(1):403. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Department of Endocrinology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Xicheng District, Xinjiekoudongjie No. 31, Beijing, 100035, China.
    Background: Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by severe hypophosphatemia and osteomalacia. Nonspecific symptoms make the diagnosis elusive. In addition, locating the responsible tumor(s) is challenging. Read More

    Knee pain and related health in the community study (KPIC): a cohort study protocol.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 21;18(1):404. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    Academic Rheumatology, Division of Rheumatology, Orthopedics and Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham City Hospital, Nottingham, NG5 1PB, United Kingdom.

    Development of the "Treatment beliefs in knee and hip OsteoArthritis (TOA)" questionnaire.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 19;18(1):402. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of Rheumatology, Sint Maartenskliniek, Sint Maartenskliniek, P.O. Box 9011, 6500, GM, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Background: Use of conservative treatment modalities in osteoarthritis (OA) is suboptimal, which appears to be partly due to patients' beliefs about treatments. The aim of this study was to develop a research instrument assessing patients' beliefs about various treatment modalities of hip and knee OA: the 'Treatment beliefs in OA (TOA) questionnaire'.

    Methods: The item pool that was retrieved from interviews with patients and healthcare providers comprised beliefs regarding five treatment modalities: physical activity, pain medication, physiotherapy, injections and arthroplasty. Read More

    Dry needling in a manual physiotherapy and therapeutic exercise protocol for patients with chronic mechanical shoulder pain of unspecific origin: a protocol for a randomized control trial.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 18;18(1):400. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Physical Therapy and Pain Group, Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Spain.
    Background: Shoulder pain of musculoskeletal origin is the main cause of upper limb pain of non-traumatic origin. Despite being one of the most common reasons for consultation, there is no established protocol for treatment due to the complexity of its etiology. However, it has been shown that the presence of myofascial trigger points on the shoulder muscles is a common condition associated with patients suffering from shoulder pain. Read More

    Comparison of volar-flexion, ulnar-deviation and functional position cast immobilization in the non-operative treatment of distal radius fracture in elderly patients: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial study protocol.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 18;18(1):401. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    University of Tampere, School of Medicine, 33014, Tampere, Finland.
    Background: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are the second most common fractures, after hip fractures, seen in clinical practice. The high incidence of low-energy trauma DRFs in elderly patients raises questions about the best treatment method in terms of function, pain, and quality of life. Although the majority of these fractures are treated non-operatively with cast immobilization, valid scientific evidence of the optimal cast immobilization is lacking. Read More

    Paradoxical tunnel enlargement after ACL reconstruction with hamstring autografts when using β-TCP containing interference screws for tibial aperture fixation- prospectively comparative study.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 16;18(1):398. Epub 2017 Sep 16.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kang-Dong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical Center, Gil-dong, Seoul, 134-701, South Korea.
    Background: Tibial aperture fixation with a bioabsorbable interference screw is a popular fixation method in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). An interference screw containing β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) to improve bony integration and biocompatibility was recently introduced. This study aims to compare the clinical outcomes and radiological results of tunnel enlargement effect between the 2 bioabsorbable fixative devices of pure poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) interference screws and β-TCP-containing screws, for tibial interference fixation in ACLR using hamstring autografts. Read More

    Prevalence and predictors of persistent pelvic girdle pain 12 years postpartum.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 16;18(1):399. Epub 2017 Sep 16.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Background: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is not always a self-limiting condition. Women with more pronounced persistent PGP (PPGP) report poorer health status compared to women with less pronounced symptoms. The knowledge concerning the long-term consequences of PPGP is limited, thus more knowledge in this area is needed. Read More

    Improved clinical outcome measures of knee pain and function with concurrent resolution of subchondral Bone Marrow Edema Lesion and joint effusion in an osteoarthritic patient following Pentosan Polysulphate Sodium treatment: a case report.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 12;18(1):396. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    The International Musculoskeletal Research Institute Inc, 13 Laffers Road, Belair, South Australia, 5052, Australia.
    Background: At present, there are no registered products for the treatment of subchondral Bone Marrow Edema Lesion (BML) and associated knee pain. Patients who do not respond to current anti-inflammatory therapies are left with limited treatment options, and may resort to operative management with Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). We report the use of Pentosan Polysulphate Sodium (PPS) for the treatment of BMLs of the knee. Read More

    Systematic review of quantitative imaging biomarkers for neck and shoulder musculoskeletal disorders.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 12;18(1):395. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Department of Radiology, Temple University Medical School, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Background: This study systematically summarizes quantitative imaging biomarker research in non-traumatic neck and shoulder musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). There were two research questions: 1) Are there quantitative imaging biomarkers associated with the presence of neck and shoulder MSDs?, 2) Are there quantitative imaging biomarkers associated with the severity of neck and shoulder MSDs?

    Methods: PubMed and SCOPUS were used for the literature search. One hundred and twenty-five studies met primary inclusion criteria. Read More

    Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis of anterior talofibular ligament in lateral chronic ankle instability ankles pre- and postoperatively.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 12;18(1):397. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Department of Sports Medicine, Huashan Hospital, No 12, Wulumuqi Zhong Road, Shanghai, 200040, People's Republic of China.
    Background: The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate and characterize the dimension and signal intensity of anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) using 3.0 T MRI in the mechanical ankle instability group pre- and postoperatively.

    Methods: A total of 97 participants were recruited retrospectively in this study, including 56 with mechanical chronic ankle instability (CAI group) and 41 without ankle instability (Control group). Read More

    Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 deficiency enhances subchondral osteopenia after induction of osteoarthritis in mice.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 11;18(1):392. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Physiology and Regenerative Medicine, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, 377-2 Ohnohigashi, Osakasayama, Osaka, 589-8511, Japan.
    Background: Subchondral osteopenia is important for the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA). Although previous studies suggest that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), an inhibitor of fibrinolysis, is related to bone metabolism, its role in OA remains unknown. We therefore investigated the roles of PAI-1 in the subchondral bone in OA model mice. Read More

    Neuroimmune expression in hip osteoarthritis: a systematic review.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 11;18(1):394. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    i3S - Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do Porto, Rua Alfredo Allen, 4200-135, Porto, Portugal.
    Background: Neuroimmune axis is central in the physiopathology of hip osteoarthritis (OA), but its specific pathways are still unclear. This systematic review aims to assess the nervous and immune system profile of patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) when compared to healthy controls.

    Methods: A systematic review followed PRISMA guidelines was conducted. Read More

    Damage control surgery - experiences from a level I trauma center.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 11;18(1):391. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringerguertel 18-20, A-1090, Vienna, Austria.
    Background: There is still no evidence in literature for damage control orthopaedics (DCO), early total care (ETC) or using external fixation solely in fractures of the long bones in multi-system-trauma. The aim of this study was to determine parameters influencing the choice of treatment in clinical routine (DCO, ETC, or EF) in femoral or tibial shaft fractures in combination with multi-system-trauma, severe soft tissue damage or both.

    Methods: Data of 236 patients with 280 fractures of long bones of the lower extremities treated at a level I trauma center were analysed. Read More

    The added value of musculoskeletal ultrasound to clinical evaluation in the treatment decision of rheumatoid arthritis outpatients: physician experience matters.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 11;18(1):390. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Immunology and Rheumatology. Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga 15, colonia sección XVI, Tlalpan, 14000, México City, Mexico.
    Background: Musculoskeletal ultrasound improves the accuracy of detecting the level of disease activity (DA) in RA patients, although its impact on the final treatment decision in a real clinical setting is uncertain. The objectives were to define the percentage of clinical scenarios from an ongoing cohort of RA outpatients in which the German Ultrasound Score on 7 joints (GUS-7) impacted the treatment and to explore if the impact differed between a senior rheumatologist (SR) vs. a trainee (TR). Read More

    Is additional balloon Kyphoplasty safe and effective for acute thoracolumbar burst fracture?
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 11;18(1):393. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
    Background: Burst fracture is a common thoracolumbar injury that is treated using posterior pedicle instrumentation and fusion combined with transpedicular intracorporeal grafting after reduction. In this study, we compared the outcome of these two techniques by using radiologic imaging and functional outcome.

    Methods: Sixty-one patients with acute thoracolumbar burst fracture were operated with kyphoplasty (n = 31) or vertebroplasty (n = 30) and retrospectively reviewed in our institution between 2011 and 2014. Read More

    Changes in ankle joint motion after Supramalleolar osteotomy: a cadaveric model.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 9;18(1):389. Epub 2017 Sep 9.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,Bucheon Hospital, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, 1174 Jung-1-dong, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon-si, Gyunggi-do, 420-767, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Malalignment of the ankle joint has been found after trauma, by neurological disorders, genetic predisposition and other unidentified factors, and results in asymmetrical joint loading. For a medial open wedge supramalleolar osteotomy(SMO), there are some debates as to whether concurrent fibular osteotomy should be performed. We assessed the changes in motion of ankle joint and plantar pressure after supramalleolar osteotomy without fibular osteotomy. Read More

    Hospital volume and the risk of revision in Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in the Nordic countries -an observational study of 14,496 cases.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 7;18(1):388. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    The Norwegian Arthroplasty Register, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.
    Background: High procedure volume and dedication to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has been suggested to improve revision rates. This study aimed to quantify the annual hospital volume effect on revision risk in Oxfordu nicompartmental knee arthroplasty in the Nordic countries.

    Methods: 14,496 cases of cemented medial Oxford III UKA were identified in 126 hospitals in the four countries included in the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA) database from 2000 to 2012. Read More

    Effects of hyaluronic acid combined with anti-inflammatory drugs compared with hyaluronic acid alone, in clinical trials and experiments in osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 6;18(1):387. Epub 2017 Sep 6.
    Animal Bone and Joint Research Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50100, Thailand.
    Background: The objectives are to compare the efficacy of intra-articular hyaluronic acid (IA-HA) alone and in combination with anti-inflammatory drugs (IA-HA + AI), corticosteroids (CS) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in clinical trials and in vivo and in vitro studies of osteoarthritis (OA).

    Methods: Data in the BIOSIS, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE and Medline databases were collected and analyzed. Random effects models were used to compute the effect size (ES) of the mean difference in pain reduction scores from baseline and the relative risk (RR) of adverse events. Read More

    Effects of dietary gelatin hydrolysates on bone mineral density in magnesium-deficient rats.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 5;18(1):385. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Graduate School of Health and Sports Science, Juntendo University, Chiba, Japan.
    Background: The major types of commercially available gelatin hydrolysates are prepared from mammals or fish. Dietary gelatin hydrolysates from mammals were reported to improve bone mineral density (BMD) in some animal models. In contrast, there is limited study showing the effects of dietary gelatin hydrolysates from fish on BMD. Read More

    Effectiveness of a specific manual approach to the suboccipital region in patients with chronic mechanical neck pain and rotation deficit in the upper cervical spine: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 5;18(1):384. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
    Background: Mechanical neck pain is a highly prevalent problem in primary healthcare settings. Many of these patients have restricted mobility of the cervical spine. Several manual techniques have been recommended for restoring cervical mobility, but their effectiveness in these patients is unknown. Read More

    Monobloc implants in cementless total hip arthroplasty in patients with Legg-Calve-Perthes disease: a long-term follow-up.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 5;18(1):386. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital/West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, 37# Wuhou Guoxue Road, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.
    Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate 10-year outcomes in cementless monobloc total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a group of hips with Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD).

    Methods: We reviewed 71 patients (88 hips) who underwent cementless THA with a diagnosis of LCPD from 2003 to 2009. From the total of 71 patients, 34 men and 37 women with an average age of 49. Read More

    Elution kinetics of vancomycin and gentamicin from carriers and their effects on mesenchymal stem cell proliferation: an in vitro study.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 2;18(1):381. Epub 2017 Sep 2.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, Sokolska 581, 500 05, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.
    Background: Musculoskeletal infections remain a major complication in orthopedic surgery. The local delivery of antibiotics provides the high levels required to treat an infection without systemic toxicity. However, the local toxicity of antibiotic carriers to the mesenchymal stem cells, as a result of both the peak concentrations and the type of carrier, may be significant. Read More

    Application of postoperative autotransfusion in total joint arthroplasty reduces allogeneic blood requirements: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 2;18(1):378. Epub 2017 Sep 2.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Medical College of Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
    Background: Total joint arthroplasty is associated with significant blood loss and often requires blood transfusion. However, allogeneic blood transfusion (ABT) may lead to severe problems, such as immunoreaction and infection. Postoperative autotransfusion, an alternative to ABT, is controversial. Read More

    Predicting outcome in frozen shoulder (shoulder capsulitis) in presence of comorbidity as measured with subjective health complaints and neuroticism.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 2;18(1):380. Epub 2017 Sep 2.
    Research Group, Section for General Practice, Department of Global health and Primary care, University of Bergen, Kalfarveien 31, N-5018, Bergen, Norway.
    Background: There is a substantive lack of knowledge about comorbidity in patients with frozen shoulder. The aim of this study was to investigate whether subjective health complaints and Neuroticism would predict treatment outcome in patients diagnosed with frozen shoulder as measured by the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) and change in SPADI.

    Methods: A total of 105 patients with frozen shoulder were recruited for a randomised controlled trial, where 69 were in the intervention group and received intraarticular corticosteroid injections and 36 patients served as control group. Read More

    Silver-coated modular Megaendoprostheses in salvage revision arthroplasty after periimplant infection with extensive bone loss - a pilot study of 34 patients.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 2;18(1):383. Epub 2017 Sep 2.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Trauma Surgery and Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 20, D-04103, Leipzig, Germany.
    Background: Hip and knee replacements in patients with bone defects after infection correlates with high rates of reinfection. In this vulnerable patient population, the prevention of reinfection is to be considered superordinate to the functionality and defect bridging. The use of silver coating of aseptic implants as an infection prophylaxis is already proven; however, the significance of these coatings in septic reimplantation of large implants is still not sufficiently investigated. Read More

    Patient's perspective of sustained remission in rheumatoid arthritis.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 2;18(1):379. Epub 2017 Sep 2.
    Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Colonia Belisario Domínguez, Sección XVI, 14080, México City, CP, Mexico.
    Background: During the course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), patients have profound negative effects on their patient-reported-outcomes (PRO); in addition, the impact of sustained remission (SR) on PROs may differ for each particular outcome. The objectives of this study were to identify SR from an inception cohort of RA patients and to examine the impact of SR in an ample spectrum of PROs.

    Methods: The study was developed in a well characterized and ongoing cohort of RA patients with recent onset disease recruited from 2004 onwards. Read More

    Risk factors for failure of revision total hip arthroplasty using a Kerboull-type acetabular reinforcement device.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Sep 2;18(1):382. Epub 2017 Sep 2.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan.
    Background: The present study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) failure using a Kerboull-type (KT) plate.

    Methods: We analyzed 77 revision THAs using cemented acetabular components with a KT plate for aseptic loosening between May 2000 and March 2012. We examined the association of bone graft type, acetabular bone defects, age at the time of surgery, preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, postoperative JOA hip score, and body mass index, with radiographic failure as the outcome. Read More

    Analysis of DNA methylation in chondrocytes in rats with knee osteoarthritis.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 31;18(1):377. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Department of Surgery, Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, 200040, China.
    Background: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a degenerative knee disease commonly found in the ageing population. DNA methylation works with histone acetylation to participate in aging. Alterations of DNA methylation may involve the joint chondrocyte degeneration in KOA. Read More

    Efficacy and safety of collagenase clostridium histolyticum for Dupuytren disease nodules: a randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 30;18(1):374. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    OrthoCarolina, 1915 Randolph Rd, Charlotte, NC, 28207, USA.
    Background: To determine the safety and efficacy of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection for the treatment of palmar Dupuytren disease nodules.

    Methods: In this 8-week, double-blind trial, palpable palmar nodules on one hand of adults with Dupuytren disease were selected for treatment. Patients were randomly assigned using an interactive web response system to receive a dose of 0. Read More

    Fibroma of tendon sheath around large joints: clinical characteristics and literature review.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 30;18(1):376. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan.
    Background: Fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS) is a benign tumor arising from the synovium of the tendon sheath that occurs mostly around small joints such as the fingers, hands, and wrist. However, FTS rarely arises around a large joint (knee, shoulder, elbow, and ankle) with intra-articular or extra-articular involvement. The clinical characteristics of FTS arising around a large joint are unclear. Read More

    Combination of measures of handgrip strength and red cell distribution width can predict in-hospital complications better than the ASA grade after hip fracture surgery in the elderly.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 30;18(1):375. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Department of Orthopedics, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, South Korea.
    Background: Early detection of a high-risk patient following hip fracture surgery is of paramount clinical importance. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grading is an easy and efficient index in predicting a worse outcome. The red cell distribution width (RDW) and handgrip strength, are gaining interest as a prediction tool as well. Read More

    Measurement of acetabular inclination and anteversion via CT generated 3D pelvic model.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 29;18(1):373. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Orthopaedics, Wuhan Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430022, China.
    Background: Inclination and anteversion were the main factors that determined the reliability of the acetabulum. Inclination and anteversion measurements included anatomical, operational and radiographic methods. The aim of our present study was to exhibit divergence of inclination and anteversion via the three measurements. Read More

    Measurements of the trapezius and erector spinae muscles using virtual touch imaging quantification ultrasound-Elastography: a cross section study.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 25;18(1):370. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Department of Internal Medicine III, Ulm University Hospital, Albert-Einstein-Allee 23, Ulm, 89081, Germany.
    Background: This study uses virtual touch imaging quantification (VTIQ) technology for the first time to conduct measurements of the trapezius and erector spinae muscles in a large study population. The significance of various influencing factors, such as age and sex, are also examined.

    Method: The study population comprised 278 subjects. Read More

    Differences in lumbar spine and lower extremity kinematics in people with and without low back pain during a step-up task: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 25;18(1):369. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    San Diego State University Doctor of Physical Therapy Program, San Diego, CA, USA.
    Background: Low back pain (LBP) affects more than one third of the population at any given time, and chronic LBP is responsible for increased medical costs, functional limitations and decreased quality of life. A clear etiology is often difficult to identify, but aberrant posture and movement are considered contributing factors to chronic LBP that are addressed during physiotherapy intervention. Information about aberrant movement during functional activities in people with LBP can help inform more effective interventions. Read More

    Comparison of outcomes according to fixation technique following the modified Ludloff osteotomy for hallux valgus in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 25;18(1):371. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hanyang University College of Medicie, 222-1 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, 04763, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Clinical and radiological outcomes including fixation stability of osteotomy site were compared in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who underwent modified Ludloff osteotomy to correct hallux valgus with osteotomy site fixation using two screws versus those who underwent additional fixation using a plate.

    Methods: The fixation technique performed with two screws was used to fix the osteotomy sites following modified Ludloff osteotomy in 15 patients (15 feet, Group S), while the augmented plate fixation technique was used in 14 patients (16 feet, Group P). Surgical outcomes were analysed using the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores, and radiologic parameters measured before surgery and during follow-up examinations. Read More

    The transverse abdominal muscle is excessively active during active straight leg raising in pregnancy-related posterior pelvic girdle pain: an observational study.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 25;18(1):372. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
    Vondellaan Clinic Vondellaan, 35Ac 2332AA, Leiden, The Netherlands.
    Background: Many studies suggest that impairment of motor control is the mechanical component of the pathogenesis of painful disorders in the lumbo-sacral region; however, this theory is still unproven and the results and recommendations for intervention remain questionable. The need for a force to compress both innominate bones against the sacrum is the basis for treatment of pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PGP). Therefore, it is advised to use a pelvic belt and do exercises to enhance contraction of the muscles which provide this compression. Read More

    "Take me seriously and do something!" - a qualitative study exploring patients' perceptions and expectations of an upcoming orthopaedic consultation.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 24;18(1):367. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology at Sahlgrenska Academy , Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Box 430, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Background: Patients' perceptions of care is an important factor in evaluation of health care, in quality assessment, and in improvement efforts. Expectations of assessments or procedures such as surgery have been found to be related to perceptions of outcome as well as satisfaction, and are therefore of interest to both clinicians and researchers. Increased understanding of these patient views is important so that orthopaedic assessments, regardless of who performs them, can be further developed and patient-centred to better meet patients' needs. Read More

    Lack of association between AKAP2 and the susceptibility of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in the Chinese population.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 24;18(1):368. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Spine Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Zhongshan Road 321, Nanjing, 210008, China.
    Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a well characterized spinal deformity that affects millions of children world-wide. The role of genetic factor in the development of AIS has been of great interest, since obvious hereditary trend has been observed in AIS families. In a recent study of Chinese population, a novel mutation of AKAP2 was observed in a family with AIS, which was believed to play a role in the aetiopathogenesis of AIS. Read More

    Comparison and analysis of reoperations in two different treatment protocols for trochanteric hip fractures - postoperative technical complications with dynamic hip screw, intramedullary nail and Medoff sliding plate.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 24;18(1):364. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Orthopedics, Helsingborg Hospital, S-251 87, Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Background: In treatment of unstable trochanteric fractures dynamic hip screw and Medoff sliding plate devices are designed to allow secondary fracture impaction, whereas intramedullary nails aim to maintain fracture alignment. Different treatment protocols are used by two similar Swedish regional emergency care hospitals. Dynamic hip screw is used for fractures considered as stable within the respective treatment protocol, whereas one treatment protocol (Medoff sliding plate/dynamic hip screw) uses biaxial Medoff sliding plate for unstable pertrochanteric fractures and uniaxial Medoff sliding plate for subtrochanteric fractures, the second (intramedullary nail/dynamic hip screw) uses intramedullary nail for subtrochanteric fractures and for pertrochanteric fractures with intertrochanteric comminution or subtrochanteric extension. Read More

    Which patient-specific and surgical characteristics influence postoperative pain after THA in a fast-track setting?
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 24;18(1):363. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Reinier de Graaf Hospital, Delft, the Netherlands.
    Background: In our hospital a fast-track setting including a multimodal pain protocol is used for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Despite this multimodal pain protocol there is still a large range in reported postoperative pain between patients, which hinders mobilization and rehabilitation postoperatively. The goal of this study was to identify which patient-specific and surgical characteristics influence postoperative pain after THA in a fast-track setting. Read More

    Impact of midfoot and Hindfoot involvement on functional disability in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 24;18(1):365. Epub 2017 Aug 24.
    Department of Rheumatology, Hanyang University Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Seoul, South Korea.
    Background: Foot involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients has been reported to severely affect functional capacity and quality of life. We aimed to determine the impact of midfoot and hindfoot involvement on functional disability in Korean patients with RA.

    Methods: We evaluated the RA involvement and deformity of three regions of the foot (forefoot, midfoot and hindfoot) and ankle using conventional radiography in Korean patients with RA. Read More

    Prospective comparison of the anterior and lateral approach in hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures: a study protocol.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 23;18(1):361. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Department of Surgery, Haaglanden Medical Centre, P.O. Box 432, 2501, CK, The Hague, the Netherlands.
    Background: The Direct Anterior Approach (DAA) is an alternative approach to the currently most used Lateral Approach (LA) for hip replacement in femoral neck fracture patients. Compared to the LA, the DAA minimizes soft tissue damage. Sparing muscle tissue may facilitate early and improved postoperative mobility. Read More

    Predictive ability of the start back tool: an ancillary analysis of a low back pain trial from Danish general practice.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 23;18(1):360. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Research Unit for General Practice in Aalborg, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Fyrkildevej 7, 1. sal, lejl. 3, 9220, Aalborg Øst, Denmark.
    Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of contact with the primary healthcare sector. In some patients, symptoms quickly resolve, but others develop long-lasting pain and disability. To improve the care pathway for patients with LBP, the STarT Back Tool (STarT) questionnaire has been developed. Read More

    Full fusion of proximal thoracic curve helps to prevent postoperative cervical tilt in Lenke type 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with right-elevated shoulder.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 23;18(1):362. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    The Department of Spine Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Zhongshan Road 321, Nanjing, 210008, China.
    Background: To date, no study had reported the phenomenon of deteriorated postoperative cervical tilt in Lenke type 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cervical tilt in Lenke type 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with right-elevated shoulder treated by either full fusion or partial/non fusion of the proximal thoracic curve.

    Methods: A total of 30 Lenke type 2 AIS patients with preoperative right-elevated shoulder underwent posterior spinal instrumentation from 2009 to 2011 were included in this study. Read More

    The preventive effect of the bounding exercise programme on hamstring injuries in amateur soccer players: the design of a randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 22;18(1):355. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Rehabilitation, Physical Therapy Science and Sports, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neurosciences, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Background: Hamstring injuries are the most common muscle injury in amateur and professional soccer. Most hamstring injuries occur in the late swing phase, when the hamstring undergoes a stretch-shortening cycle and the hamstring does a significant amount of eccentric work. The incidence of these injuries has not decreased despite there being effective injury prevention programmes focusing on improving eccentric hamstring strength. Read More

    Comparison of continuous infusion versus bolus injection of factor concentrates for blood management after total knee arthroplasty in patients with hemophilia.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 22;18(1):356. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 892, Dongnam-ro, Gangdong-Gu, Seoul, 05278, Korea.
    Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become the treatment of choice for end-stage hemophilic arthropathy of the knee. Theoretically in hemophilia A, perioperative continuous infusion (CI) of factor VIII (FVIII) would provide a more consistent FVIII level than general bolus injections (BI) in TKA. Current study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of CI of coagulation factor concentrates during the perioperative period compared to BI. Read More

    Tourniquet use in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 22;18(1):358. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan.
    Background: To assess the effects of tourniquet use in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery.

    Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared surgical outcomes following tourniquet use against non-tourniquet use during ACL reconstruction surgery. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE for relevant RCTs. Read More

    Prevalence and risk factors of low bone mineral density in spondyloarthritis and prevalence of vertebral fractures.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 22;18(1):357. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Rheumatology Department, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, 58 Rue Montalembert, FR 63003, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
    Background: Investigate the prevalence and risk factors of low bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis as well as investigating the prevalence of vertebral fractures.

    Methods: Patients underwent BMD measurements with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in the anterior-posterior lumbar spine, lateral spine and hip. We screened for vertebral fractures using vertebral fracture assessment, and then checked for syndesmophytes on the VFA images. Read More

    Total knee Arthroplasty: risk factors for allogeneic blood transfusions in the South Asian population.
    BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2017 Aug 23;18(1):359. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.
    Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the recommended treatment for end-stage knee osteoarthritis. Considering the various risks associated with intra and postoperative blood transfusions, better understanding is required with respect to the risk factors contributing to a greater possibility of blood transfusion during or after surgery. Although literature highlights several such factors, our study is among the first to identify these risk factors in the South Asian population which differs from other populations in several ways. Read More

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