4,055 results match your criteria BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders[Journal]
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 19;19(1):193. Epub 2018 Jun 19.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, No.111, Hsing-Long Road, Section 3, Taipei, 116, Taiwan.
Background: Lateral epicondylitis is frequently seen in racquet sport players and the treatments are usually symptomatic rather than curative. Taping therapy is cheap and easy to apply in the sport field. In this study we valued the effectiveness of Kinesio taping (KT) on immediate pain control for patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 19;19(1):194. Epub 2018 Jun 19.
Department of Orthopedics, the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, No. 1, Tongdao North Road, Hohhot, 010050, The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.
Background: Ulna coronoid fracture is a complicated injury and occurred in the coronal plane. Undeniably, there is no universally accepted approach for treating ulna coronoid fractures. Therefore, this study aimed at exploring the efficacy of different surgical treatments for Regan-Morrey type II and III ulna coronoid fractures. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 15;19(1):192. Epub 2018 Jun 15.
Department of Health Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Background: Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a prevalent condition in adults over the age of 55 years. The condition is associated with activity limitations that are related to increased pain when engaging in weight-bearing activities, such as walking and standing, and release of pain while sitting down or bending forward. The limitation on ambulation is also associated with impaired balance although the types of balance problems are sparsely described in this patient group. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 13;19(1):191. Epub 2018 Jun 13.
Department of Pain, YangLing Demonstration Zone Hospital, No.15 Kangle street, Yang ling, Xi'an, 712100, China.
Background: To investigate the clinical effectiveness of intravenous (IV) and topical tranexamic acid (TXA) in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) by comparing safety, efficacy and patient-reported outcomes.
Methods: In this prospective single-blind clinical trial, 64 patients were randomized into two groups (n = 32 each). The Intravenous Group was administered TXA 10 mg/kg IV (Reyong, Shandong, China) 10 min prior to tourniquet deflation. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 9;19(1):190. Epub 2018 Jun 9.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, No. 21, Sec. 2, Nanya S. Rd., Banciao Dist, New Taipei City, 220, Taiwan.
Background: There have been many studies regarding nongeriatric femoral neck fractures (FNFs), which included patients of a wide age range (between 20 and 60 years old). We aimed to determine whether internal fixation provided acceptable outcomes for middle-aged patients with displaced FNFs, and identify predictors of successful internal fixation.
Methods: A total of 117 patients, aged 50-60 years and who underwent closed reduction and unilateral internal fixation using cannulated screws, were included. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 9;19(1):189. Epub 2018 Jun 9.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Yokohama City University, 3-9 Fukuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Japan.
Background: A postoperative change in femoral rotation following total hip arthroplasty (THA) might be the cause of dislocation due to the change in combined anteversion. However, very few studies have evaluated the femoral rotation angle following THA, or the factors that influence femoral rotation. We aimed to evaluate changes in femoral rotation after THA, and to investigate preoperative patient factors that influence femoral rotation after THA. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 7;19(1):187. Epub 2018 Jun 7.
Department of Orthopaedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.
Upon publication of this article , it was requested that: the corresponding author, Hong Wang's affiliation address be changed from. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 8;19(1):188. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Barzilai Medical Center, 2 Hahistadrut Street, 78278, Ashkelon, Israel.
Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is considered a successful surgical procedure. It can be performed by several surgical approaches. Although the posterior and anterolateral approaches are the most common, there has been increased interest in the direct anterior approach. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 6;19(1):186. Epub 2018 Jun 6.
Department of Musculoskeletal Oncology, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, China.
Background: Few studies have been done on robot-assisted sacral surgery. This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of seven patients with benign sacral or presacral tumors treated with a robotic surgical system at a single center.
Methods: All patients with benign sacral or presacral tumors who underwent transperitoneal resection (between June 2015 and June 2016) using the da Vinci Si HD robotic surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 6;19(1):185. Epub 2018 Jun 6.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, 920-8641, Japan.
Background: Epiphyseal-preservation surgery for osteosarcoma is an alternative method which has been indicated carefully to selected patients. The tumor-devitalised autograft treated with liquid nitrogen procedure is one of the biological reconstruction method to reconstruct the defect after tumor excision. The limb length discrepancy is usually appeared in children with their growth after limb-sparing surgery. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 4;19(1):184. Epub 2018 Jun 4.
Department of Anatomy, Medical School, Institute for Medical Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, 561-180, South Korea.
Background: Sciatic nerve injuries following total hip arthroplasty are disabling complications. Although degrees of injury are variable from neuropraxia to neurotmesis, mechanical irritation of sciatic nerve might be occurred by protruding hardware. This case shows endoscopic decompression for protruded acetabular screw irritating sciatic nerve, the techniques described herein may permit broader arthroscopic/endoscopic applications for management of complications after reconstructive hip surgery. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 2;19(1):183. Epub 2018 Jun 2.
School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, PO Box 127, Ourimbah, NSW, 2258, Australia.
Background: Accurate measurement of ankle dorsiflexion is important in both research and clinical practice as restricted motion has been associated with many foot pathologies and increased risk of ulcer in people with diabetes. This study aimed to determine the level of association between non-weight bearing versus weight bearing ankle dorsiflexion in adults with and without diabetes, and to evaluate the reliability of the measurement tools.
Methods: One hundred and thirty-six adults with diabetes and 30 adults without diabetes underwent ankle dorsiflexion measurement non-weight bearing, using a modified Lidcombe template, and weight bearing, using a Lunge test. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 1;19(1):182. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
Institute for Medical Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Informatics, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle/Saale, Germany.
Background: There is consistent evidence from observational studies of an association between occupational lifting and carrying of heavy loads and the diagnosis of hip osteoarthritis. However, due to the heterogeneity of exposure estimates considered in single studies, a dose-response relationship between cumulative physical workload and hip osteoarthritis could not be determined so far.
Methods: This study aimed to analyze the dose-response relationship between cumulative physical workload and hip osteoarthritis by replacing the exposure categories of the included studies with cumulative exposure values of an external reference population. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 1;19(1):180. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Kent, Medway Building, Chatham Maritime, Chatham, Kent, ME4 4AG, UK.
Background: Chronic lower back pain is still regarded as a poorly understood multifactorial condition. Recently, the thoracolumbar fascia complex has been found to be a contributing factor. Ultrasound imaging has shown that people with chronic lower back pain demonstrate both a significant decrease in shear strain, and a 25% increase in thickness of the thoracolumbar fascia. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 1;19(1):179. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Orthopaedics, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Remissgatan 4, 221 85, Lund, Sweden.
Background: Knee arthroscopy is one of the most common surgical procedures worldwide and the number of arthroscopies has substantially increased in the last 30 years. Thus, our aim was to provide updated estimates on the risk of complications and compare it with the background risk in the general population.
Methods: We identified patients aged 15-84 years with knee arthroscopy in the years 2005-2016 in southern Sweden. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Jun 1;19(1):181. Epub 2018 Jun 1.
School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
Background: Many people with musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders wait several months or years for Consultant Doctor appointments, despite often not requiring medical or surgical interventions. To allow earlier patient access to orthopaedic and rheumatology services in Ireland, Advanced Practice Physiotherapists (APPs) were introduced at 16 major acute hospitals. This study performed the first national evaluation of APP triage services. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 30;19(1):177. Epub 2018 May 30.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, No.88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, 310009, People's Republic of China.
Background: Aseptic loosening and osteolysis are the most common indications after TKA for revision surgery. This meta-analysis which included high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aimed to analyze the effect of bisphosphonates (BPs) on maintaining periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) after total knee arthroplasty.
Methods: PubMed, AMED, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, ISI Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were systematically searched, five RCTs were included and the total number of participants was 188. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 30;19(1):176. Epub 2018 May 30.
Spotorno Foundation c/o San Michele Clinics, Viale Pontelungo, 79, 17031, Albenga, SV, Italy.
Background: The social impact of degenerative diseases is steadily increasing, because of the continued rise in the mean age of the active population. Articular cartilage lesions are generally associated with disability and symptoms such as joint pain and reduced function, and remain a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. Several non-invasive solution have been proposed, but the results achieved to date are far from being completely satisfactory. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 30;19(1):178. Epub 2018 May 30.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa, 259-1193, Japan.
Background: Computed tomography (CT) analyses have reported that the prevalence of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in Japan is 8.7-27.1%. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 29;19(1):174. Epub 2018 May 29.
Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu City, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.
Background: The relationships between radiographic hallux valgus (HV) and various physical functions independent of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were examined among residents of a mountain village in Japan.
Methods: Study participants were recruited from mountain village residents aged ≥50 years. Participants' height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were measured, and baseline data, including age, sex, and foot pain, were obtained using interviews and questionnaires. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 29;19(1):172. Epub 2018 May 29.
Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, The University of Adelaide and Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia.
Background: This prospective study evaluates outcomes and reoperation rates for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) from a single non-designer surgeon using relatively extended criteria of degenerative changes of grade 2 or above in either or both non-operated compartments.
Methods: 187 consecutive medial mobile bearing UKA implants were included after history, clinical assessment and radiological evaluation. 91 patients had extended clinical outcomes. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 29;19(1):173. Epub 2018 May 29.
Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, 30602, USA.
Background: Volumetric muscle loss (VML) injuries occur due to orthopaedic trauma or the surgical removal of skeletal muscle and result in debilitating long-term functional deficits. Current treatment strategies do not promote significant restoration of function; additionally appropriate evidenced-based practice physical therapy paradigms have yet to be established. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate early rehabilitation paradigms of passive range of motion and electrical stimulation in isolation or combination to understand the genetic and functional response in the tissue remaining after a multi-muscle VML injury. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 29;19(1):175. Epub 2018 May 29.
Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Social Services, Saitama Prefectural University, 820 Sannomiya, Koshigaya-shi, Saitama, 343-8540, Japan.
Background: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is responsible for braking forward movement of the tibia relative to the femur and for tibial rotation. After ACL injury, this braking performance deteriorates, inducing abnormal joint movement. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effects of controlled abnormal joint movement on the molecular biological response in intra-articular tissues during the acute phase of ACL injury. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 28;19(1):171. Epub 2018 May 28.
Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
Background: It has been suggested that the quantification of paravertebral muscle composition and morphology (e.g. size/shape/structure) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic potential in contributing to overall musculoskeletal health. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 24;19(1):166. Epub 2018 May 24.
Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science (INB), NTNU, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, N-7491, Trondheim, Norway.
Background: Nonspecific low back pain is characterized by a wide range of possible triggering and conserving factors, and initial screening needs to scope widely with multilevel addressment of possible factors contributing to the pain experience. Screening tools for classification of patients have been developed to support clinicians. The primary aim of this study was to assess the criterion validity of STarT Back Screening Tool (STarT Back) against the more comprehensive Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ), in a Norwegian sample of patients referred to secondary care for low back pain. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 24;19(1):163. Epub 2018 May 24.
Arthritis Clinic and Research Center, Peking University, People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, People's Republic of China.
Background: Angioleiomyoma is a very rare benign solitary soft tissue neoplasm originating from smooth muscle layer of blood vessels. The tumor is usually located in the subcutis or the superficial fasciae, but less often in the deep fasciae, especially rare in the knee joint cavity. Diagnosis is frequently delayed or misdiagnosed as loose body or anterior knee pain because of its rare occurrence and poor awareness of physicians. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 24;19(1):170. Epub 2018 May 24.
Department of Sports Medicine, Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Shenzhen First Affiliated Hospital, Shenzhen University, No.3002 Sungang West Road, Futian district, Shenzhen City, 518000, Guangdong Province, China.
Background: Rockwood type IV acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) dislocation is a trauma usually needs surgical treatment. Paired EndoButton technique (PET) is used in treating such condition. However, the effect of using different types of PET (single versus double PET) for fixation remains controversial. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 24;19(1):169. Epub 2018 May 24.
Department of Trauma Surgery, Orthopaedics and Plastic Surgery, University Medical Center Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Straße 40, 37075, Göttingen, Germany.
Background: Cartilage calcification (CC) is associated with osteoarthritis (OA) in weight-bearing joints, such as the hip and the knee. However, little is known about the impact of CC and degeneration on other weight-bearing joints, especially as it relates to the occurrence of OA in the ankles. The goal of this study is to analyse the prevalence of ankle joint cartilage calcification (AJ CC) and to determine its correlation with factors such as histological OA grade, age and BMI in the general population. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 24;19(1):167. Epub 2018 May 24.
Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
Background: Displaced transverse fractures of the body of the patella are usually associated with disruption of extensor mechanism and should be fixed surgically. The most common method is a tension band wiring (TBW) technique. Some surgeons concurrently employ an augmented circumferential cerclage wiring (ACCW) technique to help fracture stabilization and aid in fracture healing; however, its role and effect on the treatment outcomes is unclear. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 24;19(1):164. Epub 2018 May 24.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu City, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.
Background: The progression of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration leads to rupture within IVD tissues. The location and appearance of areas of gaseous radiolucency in the IVD, known as vacuum phenomena (VPs), are considered to indirectly indicate the position and extent of IVD rupture. The clinical significance of VPs in degenerated IVDs is not fully understood. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 24;19(1):168. Epub 2018 May 24.
G.E.R.N. Tissue Replacement, Regeneration & Neogenesis, Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical Center - Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Hugstetter Straße 55, 79106, Freiburg, Germany.
Background: Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a therapy for articular cartilage and osteochondral lesions that relies on notch- or trochlea-derived primary chondrocytes. An alternative cell source for ACI could be osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) fragment-derived chondrocytes. Assessing the potential of these cells, we investigated their characteristics ex vivo and after monolayer expansion, as monolayer expansion is an integral step of ACI. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 24;19(1):165. Epub 2018 May 24.
Department of Sports Medicine and Adult Reconstructive Surgery, Drum Tower Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, 321 Zhongshan Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210008, People's Republic of China.
Background: Previous studies that have described the prevalence of patellofemoral pain (PFP) have been limited to samples of military personnel or sporting populations, and convincing data in the general Chinese population are lacking. The present study defined the prevalence of PFP and knee pain in the general population of Chinese young adults and evaluated whether gender, age, or body mass index (BMI) were associated with PFP.
Methods: An anonymous online questionnaire survey was open to the general public in China. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):157. Epub 2018 May 22.
Central Research Lab., Research & Development Div., Seikagaku Corporation, 1253, Tateno 3-chome, Higashiyamato-shi, Tokyo, 207-0021, Japan.
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder worldwide and one of the leading causes of disability in the elderly. We have investigated the novel sodium hyaluronate derivative chemically linked with diclofenac (DF), diclofenac etalhyaluronate (SI-613), which is a potentially safer and more effective treatment for OA knee pain. In this study, we evaluated the pharmacological effects of SI-613 in experimental arthritis models. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):160. Epub 2018 May 22.
University of Toronto, 410 Sherbourne Street, 4th Floor, Toronto, ON, M4X 1K2, Canada.
Background: Dutasteride is a potent inhibitor of 5-alpha reductase enzymes that reduces concentrations of dihydrotestosterone to a greater extent than finasteride. Whether this has adverse implications for bone health is unknown. We compared the risk of osteoporosis and fractures in older men treated with dutasteride or finasteride. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):159. Epub 2018 May 22.
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Duisburg-Essen, Virchowstraße 174, 45147, Essen, Germany.
Background: As findings regarding predictors for good outcome after total joint arthroplasty are highly inconsistent, aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the psychosocial variables sense of coherence and social support as well as mental distress on physical outcome after surgery. It should be investigated if different predictors are important in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
Methods: In a prospective design, 44 patients undergoing THA and 61 patients undergoing TKA were examined presurgery and 6 and 12 weeks after surgery using WOMAC (disease-specific outcome), SF-36 (health-related quality of life), BSI (psychological distress), SOC-13 (sense of coherence), and F-SozU (social support). Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):155. Epub 2018 May 22.
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Helsinki, and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
Background: The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) is a commonly used knee assessment and outcome tool in both clinical work and research. However, it has not been formally translated and validated in Finnish. The purpose of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the KOOS questionnaire into Finnish and to determine its validity and reliability among Finnish middle-aged patients with knee injuries. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):162. Epub 2018 May 22.
Department of Orthopaedics, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Na Bulovce Hospital, Budínova 2, 180 81, Prague 8, Czech Republic.
Background: Outcomes of total knee replacement in cases of hemophilic patients are worse than in patients who undergo operations due to osteoarthritis. Previous publications have reported varying rates of complications in hemophilic patients, such as infection and an unsatisfactory range of motion, which have influenced the survival of prostheses. Our retrospective study evaluated the data of hemophilic patients regarding changes in the development of the range of motion. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):156. Epub 2018 May 22.
Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Via Giuseppe Verdi 8, 10124, Turin, Italy.
Background: Based on the conservation of resource (COR) theory by Hobfoll, the aim of the present study was to test whether the relationships among relational demands, work meaning, and intention to leave vary as a function of the presence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
Method: The study was cross-sectional and non-randomized. Analyses were carried out on a dataset consisting of 429 preschool teachers, who filled out a self-report questionnaire. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):158. Epub 2018 May 22.
Health Science Institute, Federal University of Bahia, Av. Reitor Miguel Calmon, s/n, Vale do Canela, Salvador, BA, 40110-100, Brazil.
Background: The purpose of our study was to evaluate safety, feasibility and clinical results of bone marrow mononuclear cell (BMC) implantation for early-stage osteonecrosis of the knee (OK) secondary to sickle cell disease.
Methods: Thirty-three SCD patients (45 knees) with OK treated with BMC implantation in the osteonecrotic lesion were clinically and functionally evaluated through the American Knee Society Clinical Score (KSS), Knee Functional Score (KFS) and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) pain score. MRI and radiographic examinations of the knee were assessed during a period of five years after intervention. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):154. Epub 2018 May 22.
Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang City, 330006, Jiangxi Province, China.
Background: Since disc sequestration that mimics a tumor is rare and sometimes presents with an atypical appearance upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is often confused with other more common epidural and intradural neoplasms, particularly neurinoma. Open surgery is necessary due to the difficult of achieving a definitive diagnosis using computed tomography, MRI, and gadolinium- enhanced MRI prior to operation. Herein, we describe the use of coronal MR images of 3D fast-field echo with water selective excitation in the diagnosis of disc sequestration mimicking a tumor. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 22;19(1):161. Epub 2018 May 22.
US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, 10 General Greene Ave, Natick, MA, 01760, USA.
Background: A stress fracture (SF) is a highly debilitating injury commonly experienced in United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT). Body fat (BF) may be associated with this injury but previous investigations (in athletes) have largely used SF self-reports and lacked sufficient statistical power. This investigation developed an equation to estimate %BF and used that equation to examine the relationship between %BF and SF risk in BCT recruits. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 17;19(1):152. Epub 2018 May 17.
Musculoskeletal Oncology, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Campus Grosshadern, Marchioninistr. 15, D-81377, Munich, Germany.
Background: Atypical lipomatous tumours (ALT) are common adipocytic tumours. Due to their large size and deep-seated location, wide resection might result in severe functional deficits. The question which margins should be aimed is hence discussed controversially. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 17;19(1):153. Epub 2018 May 17.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Zaifu-cho 5, Hirosaki, Aomori, 036-8562, Japan.
Background: The physical and biochemical factors responsible for cervical disc degeneration, and resulting in various spinal disorders, remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between cervical spinal canal stenosis and degeneration of intervertebral discs, and to analyze the factors related to disc degeneration in the Japanese population.
Methods: Three hundred and forty-four Japanese general residents underwent investigations, including magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine, in our health check project. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 16;19(1):148. Epub 2018 May 16.
Bureau of Health Information, Level 11, 67 Albert Avenue, Chatswood, NSW, 2067, Australia.
Background: Clinical evidence shows knee arthroscopy has little benefit for degenerative conditions and considerable variation in the incidence of knee arthroscopy in Australia has been identified. This study aimed to evaluate a clinician-led evidence-based policy which was implemented in one local health district in New South Wales (NSW) in 2012 to reduce the use of knee arthroscopy for patients aged 50 years or over.
Methods: Trends in rates and volume of knee arthroscopy for patients 50 years or over in NSW between 2004 and 2015 by district were examined. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 16;19(1):151. Epub 2018 May 16.
Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Artificial Joints Engineering and Technology Research Center of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330006, People's Republic of China.
Background: Pain and disability associated with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) results in significant burden on both the patients' quality of life and healthcare costs. Currently, there is controversy regarding the specificity of spinopelvic measures of sagittal plane alignment with respect to DLS. Moreover, the correlation among spinopelvic parameters of sagittal plane alignment remains to be clarified. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 16;19(1):150. Epub 2018 May 16.
Orthopaedic Department, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Forchstrasse 340, CH-8008, Zurich, Switzerland.
Background: Most studies demonstrated, that training on a virtual reality based arthroscopy simulator leads to an improvement of technical skills in orthopaedic surgery. However, how long and what kind of training is optimal for young residents is unknown. In this study we tested the efficacy of a standardized, competency based training protocol on a validated virtual reality based knee- and shoulder arthroscopy simulator. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 16;19(1):149. Epub 2018 May 16.
Medical Radiation Physics, Department of Translational Medicine, Lund University, Inga Marie Nilssons gata 49, SE-205 02, Malmö, Sweden.
Background: dGEMRIC (delayed Gadolinium Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Image of Cartilage) is a well-established technique for cartilage quality assessment in osteoarthritis at clinical field strengths. The method is robust, but requires injection of contrast agent and a cumbersome examination procedure. New non-contrast-agent-based techniques for cartilage quality assessment are currently being developed at 7 T. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 15;19(1):147. Epub 2018 May 15.
Rehabilitation Medicine Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.
Background: Lower limb strengthening, especially the quadriceps training, is of much necessity for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Previous studies suggest that strengthening of the hip muscles, especially the hip abductor, can potentially relieve the KOA-associated symptoms. Nevertheless, the effects of quadriceps combined with hip abductor strengthening remain unclear. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 14;19(1):145. Epub 2018 May 14.
Department of Medical Sciences, University of Trieste, Cattinara Teaching Hospital, Strada di Fiume 449, 34149, Trieste, Italy.
Background: Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a syndrome characterized by abnormal proliferation of skin and periosteal tissues of the extremities. It can be a rare hereditary disease (pachydermoperiostosis) or can be secondary to various diseases, though mostly lung malignancies. Here, we report an unusual clinical presentation of HOA. Read More
BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 May 14;19(1):143. Epub 2018 May 14.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Yamanashi, 1110, Shimokato, Chuo, Yamanashi, 409-3898, Japan.
Background: Identification of poor prognostic factors for OVF is important but has not yet been clearly established. Despite paraspinal muscles could play an important role in the etiology of OVF, what influence time-dependent changes in paraspinal muscles have after OVF, and the impact on conservative treatments for patients who have an OVF remain largely unknown. The purposes of this study were to (1) evaluate time-dependent changes of the paraspinal musculature using MRI after injury in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs), and (2) compare paraspinal muscles between conservatively treated patients with OVF who have successful union and those failed to conservative treatment. Read More