4,403 results match your criteria BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders[Journal]


The effect of manual therapy and stabilizing exercises on forward head and rounded shoulder postures: a six-week intervention with a one-month follow-up study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 18;20(1):86. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport sciences, Department of Biomechanics and Sport injuries, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a six-week combined manual therapy (MT) and stabilizing exercises (SEs), with a one-month follow-up on neck pain and improving function and posture in patients with forward head and rounded shoulder postures (FHRSP).

Methods: Sixty women with neck pain and FHRSP were randomized into three groups: Group 1 performed SE and received MT (n = 20), Group 2 performed SE (n = 20) and Group 3 performed home exercises (n = 20) for six weeks. The follow-up time was one month after the post test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2438-yDOI Listing
February 2019

GLA:D Back: implementation of group-based patient education integrated with exercises to support self-management of back pain - protocol for a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 18;20(1):85. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Reassuring patient education and exercise therapy are widely recommended interventions for back pain in clinical guidelines. However, many patients are offered non-guideline endorsed options, and strategies for effective implementation of guideline-based care have not yet been developed. This protocol outlines the evaluation of a strategy for nationwide implementation of standardised patient education and exercise therapy for people with persistent or recurrent back pain in a hybrid implementation-effectiveness design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2443-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Relationship between lower-extremity defects and body mass among polish children: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 18;20(1):84. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland.

Background: Lower extremity defects in healthy children raises interest of researchers as confirmed by numerous published original and review articles. The relationship between lower extremity postural defects and body mass are unclear as published data are inconclusive. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to analyse the prevalence of lower extremity defects in a large group of 8- to 12-year-old children; and further to assess the probability of defects associated with values of body mass variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2460-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Educational inequalities in mortality associated with rheumatoid arthritis and other musculoskeletal disorders in Sweden.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 18;20(1):83. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Orthopaedics, Skåne University Hospital, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Remissgatan 4, SE-221 85, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders are less likely to be reported as an underlying cause of death (UCD) and since cause of death studies are generally limited to the UCD, little is known about socioeconomic inequalities in MSK disorders as cause of death in the general population. Using multiple-cause-of-death data, we aimed to quantify and compare educational inequalities in musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders- with non-MSK disorders-related mortality.

Methods: All residents aged 30-99 years in the Skåne region, Sweden, during 1998-2013 (n = 999,148) were followed until their 100th birthday, death, relocation outside Skåne, or end of 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2465-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Complications after direct anterior versus Watson-Jones approach in total hip arthroplasty: results from a matched pair analysis on 1408 patients.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 14;20(1):77. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

University Hospital Marburg, Center for Orthopedics and Traumatology, Baldingerstrasse, 35043, Marburg, Germany.

Background: The direct anterior approach (DAA) has gained popularity in total hip arthroplasty (THA) over the past decade. A large number of studies have compared the DAA to other approaches with inclusion of a learning curve phase. The aim of this study was to compare the complication rate and bleeding between the DAA and the anterolateral approach after the learning curve phase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2463-xDOI Listing
February 2019

The systematic review and meta-analysis of X-ray detective rate of Kashin-Beck disease from 1992 to 2016.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 14;20(1):78. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Key Laboratory of Trace Elements and Endemic Diseases, National Health and Family Planning Commission, No.76 Yanta West Road, 710061, Xi'an, People's Republic of China.

Background: Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a serious human endemic chronic osteochondral disease. However, quantitative syntheses of X-ray detective rate studies for KBD are rare. We performed an initial systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the X-ray detective rate of KBD in China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2461-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1.898 Impact Factor

Does isolated greater trochanter implication affect hip abducent strength and functions in intertrochanteric fracture?

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 14;20(1):79. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University People's Hospital, Peking, 100044, China.

Background: A fracture in the isolated greater trochanter is an infrequent type of femoral intertrochanteric fracture. The gluteus medius and gluteus minimus are abducent muscle groups with attachments located on the greater trochanter. Thus, a fracture of the greater trochanter could cause avulsion injury of these attachment points and eventually affect the abducent function of the hip joint and cause chronic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2457-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Effect of Vitamin D supplementation on synovial tissue volume and subchondral bone marrow lesion volume in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 14;20(1):76. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Data from a recent clinical trial of vitamin D therapy in knee OA suggests that, compared to placebo, vitamin D therapy may be associated with a reduction in effusion-synovitis. Our aim was, using contrast-enhanced (CE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to examine the effect of vitamin D therapy on synovial tissue volume (STV) and also subchondral bone marrow lesion (BML) volume in men and women with symptomatic knee OA.

Methods: Data was acquired from participants who took part in a randomised placebo-controlled trial (UK VIDEO) investigating the effect of vitamin D therapy (800 IU cholecalciferol daily) on radiographic joint space narrowing. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2424-4DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Patellofemoral kinematic characteristics in anterior cruciate ligament deficiency and reconstruction.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 14;20(1):82. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Orthopedics, Academy of Orthopedics, Guangdong Province, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, 183 Zhongshan Avenue West, Guangzhou, 510665, China.

Background: It is very important to dynamically evaluate the functional outcome in the knee after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction under physiological weight bearing. The objective of the current study is that we would like to compare the patellofemoral joint kinematics in three ACL status: ACL intact, ACL deficiency, ACL reconstruction.

Methods: Twenty patients with unilateral ACL deficient knees were recruited as preoperative group. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2456-9DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Diagnostic delay is common among patients with hypophosphatasia: initial findings from a longitudinal, prospective, global registry.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 14;20(1):80. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, 2301 Erwin Rd, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.

Background: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare, systemic disease caused by mutation(s) within the ALPL gene encoding tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (ALP). HPP has a heterogeneous presentation, which coupled with its rarity, often leads to missed/delayed diagnosis and an incomplete understanding of its natural history. To better understand the epidemiology and clinical course of HPP, including timing of diagnosis after first reported manifestation, we present baseline data for patients enrolled in the Global HPP Registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2420-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparison of CPG's for the diagnosis, prognosis and management of non-specific neck pain: a systematic review.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 14;20(1):81. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Health Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Neck pain (NP) is a very common musculoskeletal condition with potential for a high burden in disability and length of disorder. Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) give recommendations to clinicians for providing optimal care for patients however best practice recommendations are often contradictory. The purpose for this review was to conduct a SR of CPGs to assess the management recommendations for NP (diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, imaging). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2441-3DOI Listing
February 2019

Gorham's disease: treatment with an autologous iliac bone graft and a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 13;20(1):73. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

The Department of Orthopedics, North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital, No.73 Jianshe South Road, Tangshan, Hebei, 063000, People's Republic of China.

Background: Gorham's disease (GSD) is a rare osteolytic disease with unclear etiology, and no known prevention or effective treatment. Here we report a new surgical treatment for a case of GSD in September 2017.

Case Presentation: We report GSD in a 52-year-old woman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2436-0DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Effects of mobilisation with movement (MWM) on anatomical and clinical characteristics of chronic ankle instability: a randomised controlled trial protocol.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 13;20(1):75. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia.

Background: Up to 40% of individuals who sprain their ankle develop chronic ankle instability (CAI). One treatment option for this debilitating condition is joint mobilisation. There is preliminary evidence that Mulligan's Mobilisation With Movement (MWM) is effective for treating patients with CAI, but the mechanisms by which it works are unclear, with Mulligan suggesting a repositioning of the fibula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2447-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Developing strategic priorities in osteoarthritis research: Proceedings and recommendations arising from the 2017 Australian Osteoarthritis Summit.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 13;20(1):74. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, Department of Physiotherapy, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: There is a pressing need to enhance osteoarthritis (OA) research to find ways of alleviating its enormous individual and societal impact due to the high prevalence, associated disability, and extensive costs.

Methods: Potential research priorities and initial rankings were pre-identified via surveys and the 1000Minds process by OA consumers and the research community. The OA Summit was held to decide key research priorities that match the strengths and expertise of the Australian OA research community and align with the needs of consumers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2455-xDOI Listing
February 2019

The recovery after Achilles tendon rupture: a protocol for a multicenter prospective cohort study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 11;20(1):69. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Surgery, Martini Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) is a common sports injury, with a rising incidence and significant impairments. Due to the lack of treatment guidelines, there is no consensus about diagnostic methods, primary treatment (non-surgical or surgical) and rehabilitation. It is hypothesized that this lack of consensus and guidelines leads to sub-optimal recovery and higher societal costs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2437-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The commercial pig as a model of spontaneously-occurring osteoarthritis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 11;20(1):70. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Institute of Inflammation and Ageing, MRC-ARUK Centre for Musculoskeletal Ageing Research, School of Immunity, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Preclinical osteoarthritis models where damage occurs spontaneously may better reflect the initiation and development of human osteoarthritis. The aim was to assess the commercial pig as a model of spontaneous osteoarthritis development by examining pain-associated behaviour, joint cartilage integrity, as well as the use of porcine cartilage explants and isolated chondrocytes and osteoblasts for ex vivo and in vitro studies.

Methods: Female pigs (Large white x Landrace x Duroc) were examined at different ages from 6 weeks to 3-4 years old. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2452-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Integrating Mobile-health, health coaching, and physical activity to reduce the burden of chronic low back pain trial (IMPACT): a pilot randomised controlled trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 11;20(1):71. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Low back pain is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal conditions and the highest contributor to disability in the world. It is characterized by frequent relapses leading to additional care-seeking. Engagement in leisure physical activity is associated with lower recurrences and better prognosis and potentially reduced care-seeking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2454-yDOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Living in immigrant communities does not impact total knee arthroplasty outcomes: experience from a high-volume center in the United States.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 9;20(1):67. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 E 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, USA.

Background: Community characteristics such as poverty affect total knee arthroplasty (TKA) outcomes. However, it is unknown whether other community factors such as immigrant proportion (IP) also affect outcomes. Our objective was to determine the association of neighborhood IP on preoperative (pre-op) and 2-year postoperative (post-op) Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain and function after elective TKA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2446-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368727PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Randomized placebo-controlled double-blind phase II study of zaltoprofen for patients with diffuse-type and unresectable localized tenosynovial giant cell tumors: a study protocol.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 9;20(1):68. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa, 920-8641, Japan.

Background: A tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a locally aggressive benign neoplasm arising from intra- or extra-articular tissue. Diffuse TGCT (D-TGCT) most commonly develops in the knee, followed by the hip, ankle, elbow, and shoulder. Surgical removal is the only effective treatment option for the patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2453-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368706PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Hip pain in children with cerebral palsy: a population-based registry study of risk factors.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):62. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Orthopedics, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Hip pain is prevalent in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Hip displacement is a known risk factor for hip pain. However, many children do not have displaced hips but still have hip pain and the aetiologies are poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2449-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368700PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Gait analysis after total hip arthroplasty using direct anterior approach versus anterolateral approach: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):63. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, South Korea.

Background: Comparative studies of total hip arthroplasty using the direct anterior approach (DAA) compared with the anterolateral approach (ALA) by gait analysis compared the results of the two groups, the damage to the abductor muscle, with objective and detailed kinematic as well as kinetic data of actual gait. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze the differences in gait such as time-dependent parameters, kinetics, and kinematics after THA using the DAA compared with ALA.

Methods: PubMed Central, OVID Medline, Cochrane Collaboration Library, Web of Science, EMBASE and AHRQ carried out a comprehensive search for all relevant randomized controlled trials and comparative studies, up to December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2450-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368707PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Prevalence and factors associated with low back pain among health care workers in southwestern Saudi Arabia.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):56. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The purpose was to measure the prevalence and related risk factors of low back pain (LBP) among health care workers (HCWs) at different levels of health care in southwestern Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among HCWs providing primary, secondary and tertiary health care services in the Aseer region, southwestern Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire collected data regarding having LBP in the past 12 months, socio-demographics, work conditions and history of chronic diseases, regular physical exercise and overexertional back trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2431-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368758PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A longitudinal investigation of the factors associated with increased RISk of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders in MUsic students (RISMUS): a study protocol.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):64. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Queen Margaret University, Centre of Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: The achievement and improvement of skills in musical techniques to reach the highest levels of performance may expose music students to a wide range of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). In order to establish effective solutions for PRMDs and to develop future preventive measures, it is fundamental to firstly identify the main risk factors that play a significant role in the development of musculoskeletal conditions and symptoms. The aim of the study is to identify those factors associated with increased risk of PRMDs among music students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2440-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368778PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Two stage revision with a proximal femur replacement.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):58. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Orthopedics and Tumor Orthopedics, Muenster University Hospital, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, 48149, Muenster, Germany.

Background: Despite very good prosthesis retention times, the growing numbers of primary implantations of hip endoprostheses are leading to increasing numbers of revision operations. Periprosthetic infection, particularly in revision implants, often leads to a massive loss of bone stock, so that in a two-stage exchange the only option left is implantation of a megaendoprosthesis. This retrospective study investigated the clinical and functional outcome for patients who received megaendoprostheses in the proximal femur in two-stage exchange procedures. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2442-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368731PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

The role of wearables in spinal posture analysis: a systematic review.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):55. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

NeuroSpine Surgery Research Group (NSURG), Sydney, Australia.

Background: Wearables consist of numerous technologies that are worn on the body and measure parameters such as step count, distance travelled, heart rate and sleep quantity. Recently, various wearable systems have been designed capable of detecting spinal posture and providing live biofeedback when poor posture is sustained. It is hypothesised that long-term use of these wearables may improve spinal posture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2430-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368717PMC
February 2019
1 Read
1.898 Impact Factor

Comparing Australian orthopaedic surgeons' reported use of thromboprophylaxis following arthroplasty in 2012 and 2017.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):57. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Division of Pharmacy, School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 26, Hobart, Tasmania, 7001, Australia.

Background: It is generally accepted that all arthroplasty patients should receive venous thromboembolism (VTE) and bleeding risk assessments, and that postoperative thromboprophylaxis be routinely prescribed where appropriate. Guideline recommendations regarding what to prescribe, however, have been inconsistent over the years, particularly regarding the appropriateness of aspirin. Our aim was to explore thromboprophylaxis patterns in use following hip and knee arthroplasty in Australia, and to examine associated variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2409-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368726PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Percutaneous periarticular multi-drug injection at one day after total knee arthroplasty as a component of multimodal pain management: a randomized control trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):61. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, 1-1 Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya City, Hyogo, 663-8501, Japan.

Background: Although intraoperative periarticular multi-drug injection has been used for postoperative pain control after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the injection has the inherent shortcoming of limited acting time. This randomized controlled trial was performed to assess whether adding percutaneous periarticular multi-drug injection at the day following TKA would improve the postoperative pain relief.

Methods: A total of 43 participants were randomly assigned to receive additional periarticular injection at 08:30, postoperative day 1 or no additional injection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2451-1DOI Listing
February 2019

The efficacy of using 3D printing models in the treatment of fractures: a randomised clinical trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):65. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, 109 Xue Yuan Xi Road, Wenzhou, 325000, Zhejiang, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the use of three-dimensional (3D) printing models for preoperative planning in cases of complex fracture.

Methods: In total, 48 patients with AO type C fractures of the distal radius were enrolled in the study between January 2014 and January 2015. They were divided randomly into 3D model (n = 23) and routine treatment (n = 25) groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2448-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368738PMC
February 2019

Lengthening of free fibular grafts for reconstruction of the residual leg length discrepancy.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):66. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Orthopedics, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, 139# Middle Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan, 410011, People's Republic of China.

Background: We evaluated our results of lengthening of free vascularized fibular grafts using a unilateral external fixator in patients with residual leg length discrepancy after free vascularized fibular graft for lower limb reconstruction.

Cases Presentation: Two patients were administrated to our hospital with residual tibial length discrepancy after vascularized free fibular graft surgery. Lengthening of the free vascularized fibular graft with a unilateral external fixator was performed to correct the leg length discrepancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2445-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368813PMC
February 2019

Does thread shape affect the fixation strength of the bioabsorbable interference screws for anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions? A biomechanical study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):60. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Edificio de Ingenierías, Campus de Tafira, 35017, Las Palmas, Spain.

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical behaviour of two bioabsorbable interference screws with different geometries.

Methods: Two different pitch (2.5 and 5 mm) bioabsorbable interference screws, both 9 × 30 mm, were tested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2435-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368747PMC
February 2019

Patients with non-operated traumatic primary or recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation have equally poor self-reported and measured shoulder function: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 8;20(1):59. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern, Campusvej 55, DK-5230, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Patients with non-operated traumatic primary anterior shoulder dislocation (PASD) are assumed to have less shoulder impairment than patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations (RASD). This may impact treatment decision strategy. The aim was to study whether patients with non-operated traumatic PASD have less shoulder impairment than those with RASD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2444-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368725PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Comparation and evaluation of the accuracy of the sulcus localization method to establish the medial patellofemoral ligament femoral tunnel: a cadaveric and clinical study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 7;20(1):53. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Sports Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai, 200233, China.

Background: In anatomic medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction, malpositioning of the MPFL femoral tunnel is common. A palpable sulcus reportedly exists at the anatomic femoral attachment of the MPFL. The present study aimed to investigate the accuracy of the sulcus localization method to establish the MPFL femoral tunnel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2439-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367746PMC
February 2019

Reliability of four tests to assess body posture and the range of selected movements in individuals with spinal muscular atrophy.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 7;20(1):54. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Marymoncka 34, 00-968, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: The majority of individuals with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) experience progressive skeletal deformities which may affect the quality of life and mobility. To date, no studies have evaluated the reliability of tests assessing body posture and joint mobility in SMA patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of Cervical Rotation test (CR), Supine Angle of Trunk Rotation test (SATR), Hip Extension test (HE) and Pelvic Obliquity test (PO) developed to evaluate the musculoskeletal system in SMA individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2389-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367749PMC
February 2019

Validation of inertial measurement units with optical tracking system in patients operated with Total hip arthroplasty.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 6;20(1):52. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy,University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University, 413 45, Göteborg, SE, Sweden.

Background: Patient reported outcome measurement (PROMs) will not capture in detail the functional joint motion before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Therefore, methods more specifically aimed to analyse joint movements may be of interest. An analysis method that addresses these issues should be readily accessible and easy to use especially if applied to large groups of patients, who you want to study both before and after a surgical intervention such as THA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2416-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364439PMC
February 2019

Pathophysiology behind prolonged whiplash associated disorders: study protocol for an experimental study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 2;20(1):51. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: There is insufficient knowledge of pathophysiological parameters to understand the mechanism behind prolonged whiplash associated disorders (WAD), and it is not known whether or not changes can be restored by rehabilitation. The aims of the projects are to investigate imaging and molecular biomarkers, cervical kinaesthesia, postural sway and the association with pain, disability and other outcomes in individuals with longstanding WAD, before and after a neck-specific exercise intervention. Another aim is to compare individuals with WAD with healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2433-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359872PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Imaging use for low back pain by Ontario primary care clinicians: protocol for a mixed methods study - the Back ON study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Feb 2;20(1):50. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada.

Background: At any one time, one in every five Canadians has low back pain (LBP), and LBP is one of the most common health problems in primary care. Guidelines recommend that imaging not be routinely performed in patients presenting with LBP without signs or symptoms indicating a potential pathological cause. Yet imaging rates remain high for many patients who present without such indications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2427-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6359752PMC
February 2019

Distal femoral reconstruction following failed total knee arthroplasty is accompanied with risk for complication and reduced joint function.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 31;20(1):47. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma-Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Substantial bone loss following failed total knee arthroplasty (TKA) represents a major challenge in revision arthroplasty, that can require distal femoral reconstruction (DFR). In this study, we aimed to assess the clinical outcome and the complication frequencies of individuals who underwent DFR with modular megaprostheses. Additionally, we aimed to compare functional outcome measures after DFR in these sophisticated cases to an age-matched control group of total knee prostheses to quantify the potential loss of function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2432-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357401PMC
January 2019

Biomechanics following skip-level cervical disc arthroplasty versus skip-level cervical discectomy and fusion: a finite element-based study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 31;20(1):49. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guo Xue Rd, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Background: Moderately increased motion at the intermediate segment (IS) after skip-level fusion may accelerate disc degeneration. However, limited biomechanical data are available that examine the effects on the IS following cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA). The purpose of this study is to investigate the biomechanical changes in the IS of the cervical spine after skip-level fusion or skip-level arthroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2425-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357490PMC
January 2019
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Musculoskeletal pains and cardiovascular autonomic function in the general Northern Finnish population.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 31;20(1):45. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Faculty of Medicine, Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, FI-90014, Oulu, Finland.

Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) measurements provide means for the objective assessment of cardiovascular autonomic function. As previous studies have associated chronic pain with abnormal autonomic function, we aimed to characterize the relationship between the number of musculoskeletal pain sites (NPS), pain intensity, and cardiovascular autonomic function among the population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966.

Methods: At the age of 46, cohort members self-reported their musculoskeletal pains (enabling the determination of NPS [0-8] and pain intensity [Numerical Rating Scale, NRS, 0-10]) and underwent clinical assessments of cardiovascular autonomic function in seated and standing positions (HRV variables: heart rate [HR] and root mean square of successive differences in beat-to-beat intervals [rMSSD] for the entire cohort; BRS variables: low-frequency systolic blood pressure variability [SBPV] and cross-spectral baroreflex sensitivity [BRS] for those attending the examination in Oulu, Finland). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2426-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357438PMC
January 2019
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Evaluation of health-related quality of life after total hip arthroplasty: a case-control study in the Iranian population.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 31;20(1):46. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

MSc Student of Education Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.

Background: As the total hip arthroplasty (THA) mainly aims to improve the quality of life of the patients, study of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after THA has attracted much attention. Yet, the results considerably vary between studies. Here, we evaluate the HRQoL of the patient after THA, for the first time in the Iranian population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2428-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357390PMC
January 2019

Analysis of patellofemoral arthrokinematic motion quality in open and closed kinetic chains using vibroarthrography.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 31;20(1):48. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Institute of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, Prószkowska 76, 45-758, Opole, Poland.

Background: Knee movements performed in open (OKC) and closed (CKC) kinetic chains generate various patterns of muscle activities and especially distinct contact stresses in the patellofemoral joint (PFJ). In contrast to these features, the arthrokinematic motion quality (AMQ) of the PFJ has not been compared between mentioned conditions. In this study we performed vibroarthrographic analysis of AMQ in movements performed in OKC and CKC, in healthy subjects and individuals with chondromalacia patellae, to assess which of the test conditions is more efficient in differentiation between healthy and deteriorated joints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2429-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357468PMC
January 2019

Prevalence and potential risk factors of flight-related neck, shoulder and low back pain among helicopter pilots and crewmembers: a questionnaire-based study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 29;20(1):44. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Sport Science of the University of Innsbruck, A-6020, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Flight-related neck, shoulder and low back pain are the most common musculoskeletal disorders among helicopter pilots and their crewmembers, thus becoming a growing concern. Information on the combined prevalence of these types of pain and related risks are scarce. The aim of this study was therefore to estimate pain prevalence and to evaluate potential risk factors for neck pain among helicopter pilots and crewmembers within the armed forces, the airborne police and airborne rescue organizations in Austria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2421-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352326PMC
January 2019

Mid-term follow-up results of calcaneal reconstruction for calcaneal malunion.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 29;20(1):43. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, 1174 Jung-1-dong, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon-si, Gyunggi-do, 420-767, Republic of Korea.

Background: We hypothesized that calcaneal reconstruction can relieve chronic pain due to calcaneal malunion. We report the mid-term follow-up results of calcaneal reconstruction for calcaneal malunion.

Methods: We reviewed the records of 10 male patients (10 ft) who underwent calcaneal reconstruction for calcaneal malunion between January 2009 and July 2014 at the mid-term follow-up. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2419-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352372PMC
January 2019
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What is the evidence to support early supervised exercise therapy after primary total knee replacement? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 29;20(1):42. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Bond University, 14 University Drive, Robina, QLD, 4226, Australia.

Background: Total knee replacement (TKR) patients participate in early supervised exercise therapy programs, despite a lack of evidence for such programs or the optimal type, duration or frequency to provide the best clinical outcomes. As hospital stay rates decrease worldwide, the first days after joint replacement surgery are of increasing clinical importance. The purpose of this study was to investigate any reported effects of published early exercise therapy following TKR surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2415-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352456PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Revisiting the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) and QuickDASH in rheumatoid arthritis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 25;20(1):41. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Division of Nursing, Midwifery & Social Work, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: Limitations in upper limb functioning are common in Musculoskeletal disorders and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand scale (DASH) has gained widespread use in this context. However, various concerns have been raised about its construct validity and so this study seeks to examine this and other psychometric aspects of both the DASH and QuickDASH from a modern test theory perspective.

Methods: Participants in the study were eligible if they had a confirmed diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2414-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347833PMC
January 2019
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Rehabilitation and management outcomes of musculoskeletal injuries in a major referral hospital in Ghana.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 24;20(1):40. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Teaching and Examinations Unit, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Background: The devastating impact of musculoskeletal injury (MSI) on human lives, the economy, and health services cannot be overemphasised. This has ignited discussion at international fora, as countries have been exhorted to prioritise management of MSI in order to maintain a healthy society. In the Ghanaian context, the knowledge base management of MSI is very low, which has provided the impetus to explore the management of MSI and the rehabilitation systems at a tertiary hospital in Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2423-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346525PMC
January 2019
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Screw fixation of ACPHT acetabular fractures offers sufficient biomechanical stability when compared to standard buttress plate fixation.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 24;20(1):39. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Trauma, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Geriatric acetabular fractures require fixation with sufficient primary stability to allow for immediate full-weight bearing. Minimally-invasive procedures would be desirable in order to keep perioperative morbidity low. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical strength of lag screw-only fixation of anterior column posterior hemi-transverse (ACPHT) acetabular fractures to standard anatomical plate fixation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2422-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346571PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Correlations between pain in the back and neck/upper limb in the European Working Conditions Survey.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 23;20(1):38. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK.

Background: Recent research has suggested that wide international variation in the prevalence of disabling regional pain among working populations is driven largely by factors predisposing to musculoskeletal pain in general and not specific to individual anatomical sites. We sought to confirm this finding, using data from an independent source.

Methods: Using data from the fifth (2010) and sixth (2015) European Working Conditions Surveys, we explored correlations between the one-year prevalence of pain in the back and neck/upper limb among people of working age across 33 European countries, and between changes in pain prevalence at the two anatomical sites from 2010 to 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2404-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345048PMC
January 2019

Prevalence of low Back pain among adolescents in relation to the weight of school bags.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jan 22;20(1):37. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Box: 24923, 13110, Safat, Kuwait.

Background: The association between the weight of school bag and Low Back Pain (LBP) amongst students remains under intense debate worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of LBP amongst public high school students (14 to 19 years) in Kuwait and to investigate the association between LBP and the weight of school bags.

Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study using multistage cluster random sampling with probability proportional to size was conducted on a total of 950 public high school students from all governorates. Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2398-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343268PMC
January 2019
5 Reads