5,389 results match your criteria BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders[Journal]


Quality of life outcomes in patients undergoing knee replacement surgery: longitudinal findings from the QPro-Gin study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 4;21(1):436. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

National Research Council, Neuroscience Institute - Aging Branch, via Giustiniani, 2, 35128, Padova, Italy.

Background: Many patients report postoperative pain, limited improvement in physical function and poor quality of life (QOL) after knee replacement surgery. Our study uses baseline predictors of change to investigate the QOL of patients with knee osteoarthritis 3-months after knee replacement surgery.

Methods: A prospective observational study was designed to evaluate patients (n = 132) scheduled for uni-compartmental or total knee replacement surgery who were assessed at baseline (preoperatively) and 3-months after. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03456-2DOI Listing

Alterations of kinematics in knees after single versus multiple radius femoral prostheses total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 4;21(1):434. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Division of Joint Osteopathy and Traumatology, Center of Orthopedics Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, South China University of Technology, 106 Zhongshaner Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, 510080, PR China.

Background: Design modifications in prostheses may cause alterations in gait kinematics, thus influencing functional restoration of knees after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the study was to investigate the differences in gait kinematics and clinical outcomes after single radius (SR) versus multiple radius (MR) TKA.

Method: The present retrospective study included 38 unilateral TKA involving 20 knees using MR design implant and 18 knees using SR design implant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03425-9DOI Listing

Exercise for people with a fragility fracture of the pelvis or lower limb: a systematic review of interventions evaluated in clinical trials and reporting quality.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 4;21(1):435. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: To aid design of exercise trials for people with pelvic and lower limb fragility fractures a systematic review was conducted to identify what types of exercise interventions and mobility outcomes have been assessed, investigate intervention reporting quality, and evaluate risk of bias in published trials.

Methods: Systematic searches of electronic databases (CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PEDro) 1996-2019 were conducted to identify randomised controlled trials of exercise for pelvic or lower limb fragility fractures. Two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03361-8DOI Listing

Understanding cartilage protection in OA and injury: a spectrum of possibilities.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 3;21(1):432. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

McCaig Institute for Bone & Joint Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent musculoskeletal disease resulting in progressive degeneration of the hyaline articular cartilage within synovial joints. Current repair treatments for OA often result in poor quality tissue that is functionally ineffective compared to the hyaline cartilage and demonstrates increased failure rates post-treatment. Complicating efforts to improve clinical outcomes, animal models used in pre-clinical research show significant heterogeneity in their regenerative and degenerative responses associated with their species, age, genetic/epigenetic traits, and context of cartilage injury or disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03363-6DOI Listing

Association between musculoskeletal function deterioration and locomotive syndrome in the general elderly population: a Japanese cohort survey randomly sampled from a basic resident registry.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 3;21(1):431. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Rehabilitation Center, Shinshu University Hospital, Asahi 3-1-1, Matsumoto, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan.

Background: Locomotive syndrome (LoS) is defined as the loss of mobility due to age-related impairment of motor organs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of LoS, muscular strength and balancing ability, and prevalence of sarcopenia in relation to the presence of LoS according to sex and age groups ranging between 50 and 89 years.

Methods: Male and female participants between the ages of 50-89 were randomly selected in the resident registry of a cooperating town. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03469-xDOI Listing

Estimation of the ideal correction of lumbar lordosis to prevent reoperation for symptomatic adjacent segment disease after lumbar fusion in older people.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 3;21(1):429. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Spinal Surgery, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 150# Jimo RD, Pudong New Area, Shanghai, 200120, China.

Background: Symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASDis) is a major complication following spinal fusion. Sagittal spinopelvic imbalance may contribute to the development of ASDis. However, the exact ideal correction of lumbar lordosis (LL) is unknown for different ages of people to prevent ASDis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03463-3DOI Listing

Deformity progression in congenital posteromedial bowing of the tibia: a report of 44 cases.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 3;21(1):430. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Unit of Pediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.

Background: congenital posteromedial bowing of tibia (CPMBT) is a very rare birth defect, characterized by shortened bowed leg and ankle deformity. We described a single institution experience in the management of CPMBT.

Methods: we identified 44 CPMBT in 44 children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03408-wDOI Listing

Is intrinsic lumbar spine shape associated with lumbar disc degeneration? An exploratory study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 3;21(1):433. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Sackler MSK LAB, Sir Michael Uren Hub, Imperial College London, White City Campus, 86 Wood Lane, London, W12 0BZ, UK.

Background: Lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) is a condition associated with recurrent low back pain (LBP). Knowledge regarding effective management is limited. As a step towards the identification of risk, prognostic or potentially modifiable factors in LDD patients, the aim of this study was to explore the hypothesis that intrinsic lumbar spine shape is associated with LDD and clinical outcomes in symptomatic adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03346-7DOI Listing

The risk of fracture and prevalence of osteoporosis is elevated in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: cross-sectional study from a single Hungarian center.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 2;21(1):426. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Division of Clinical Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Móricz Zsigmond út 22, Debrecen, H-4032, Hungary.

Background: The prevalence of osteoporosis and risk of fractures is elevated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but we have limited information about the bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in patients with inflammatory myopathies. We intended to ascertain and compare fracture risk, bone mineral density and the prevalence of vertebral fractures in patients with inflammatory myositis and rheumatoid arthritis and to assess the effect of prevalent fractures on the quality of life and functional capacity.

Methods: Fifty-two patients with myositis and 43 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03448-2DOI Listing

The correlation between follow-up MRI findings and laboratory results in pyogenic spondylodiscitis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 2;21(1):428. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Radiology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

Background: Although MRI is the gold-standard imaging method in the diagnosis of spondylodiscitis, role of follow-up imaging is debated and there can be discrepancies with regard to the significance of bony or soft tissue responses to treatment. Purpose of our study is to test whether the MRI changes on follow-up imaging correlate with laboratory findings of treatment response.

Methods: A total of 48 patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis who underwent baseline and follow-up MRI were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03446-4DOI Listing

Structure and mechanical properties of high-weight-bearing and low-weight-bearing areas of hip cartilage at the micro- and nano-levels.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 2;21(1):425. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Orthopaedics, Orthopaedic Institute, the First Affiliated Hospital, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215006, People's Republic of China.

Background: Articular cartilage has a high-weight-bearing area and a low-weight-bearing area, the macroscopic elastic moduli of the two regions are different. Chondrocytes are affected by the applied force at the microscopic level. Currently, the modulus of the two areas at the micro and nano levels is unknown, and studies on the relationship between macro-, micro- and nano-scale elastic moduli are limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03468-yDOI Listing

Effectiveness and safety of surgical interventions for treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a Bayesian meta-analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 2;21(1):427. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Orthopedics, Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital, No.83 Zhongshan East Road, Guiyang, 550000, Guizhou, China.

Background: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most common form of spinal deformity in children and adolescents which presents as complex three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the spine and rib cage. This study aimed to estimate the effectiveness and safety of surgical interventions for AIS using Bayesian meta-analysis.

Methods: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials were searched through Oct 1, 2019, without language restrictions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03233-1DOI Listing

Is laminectomy and fusion the better choice than laminoplasty for multilevel cervical myelopathy with signal changes on magnetic resonance imaging? A comparison of two posterior surgeries.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 2;21(1):423. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Spine Surgery, Hong Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, No. 76 Nanguo Road, Nanshao gate, Xi'an, 710054, Shaan'xi Province, China.

Background: This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and complications between laminectomy and fusion (LF) and laminoplasty (LP) for multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) with increased signal intensity (ISI) on T2-weighted images (T2WI).

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed 52 patients with MCSM with ISI on T2WI who underwent laminoplasty (LP group). The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, the physical and mental component scores (PCS and MCS) of Short-Form 36 (SF-36), and the extension and flexion ranges of motion (ROMs) were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03435-7DOI Listing

Alterations in articular cartilage T2 star relaxation time following mechanical disorders: in vivo canine supraspinatus tendon resection models.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 2;21(1):424. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea University Engineering Campus, Innovation Hall, Room 306, Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, South Korea.

Background: The role of altered joint mechanics on cartilage degeneration in in vivo models has not been studied successfully due to a lack of pre-injury information. We aimed 1) to develop an accurate in vivo canine model to measure the changes in joint loading and T2 star (T2*) relaxation time before and after unilateral supraspinatus tendon resections, and 2) to find the relationship between regional variations in articular cartilage loading patterns and T2* relaxation time distributions.

Methods: Rigid markers were implanted in the scapula and humerus of tested dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03447-3DOI Listing

A 3D-printed, personalized, biomechanics-specific beta-tricalcium phosphate bioceramic rod system: personalized treatment strategy for patients with femoral shaft non-union based on finite element analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 1;21(1):421. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai, 200233, China.

Background: Although double-plate fixation (DP), i.e., fixation with a combination of a main lateral plate (LP) and a support medial plate (MP), is a relatively mature method for treating femoral shaft non-union with bone defect causes complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03465-1DOI Listing

Nobody says to you "come back in six months and we'll see how you're doing": a qualitative interview study exploring young adults' experiences of sport-related knee injury.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 1;21(1):419. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK.

Background: Regular exercise is vital for overall health, and key to the maintenance of joint health. However, whilst people are encouraged to participate in sport and exercise, many are unaware that they could be at risk of developing post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in the years following sport-related injury. Younger adults (< 40 years) with PTOA can experience declining quality of life, comorbid health conditions, and symptoms that place a chronic burden on health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03428-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329431PMC

Effect of bisphosphonates or teriparatide on mechanical complications after posterior instrumented fusion for osteoporotic vertebral fracture: a multi-center retrospective study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 1;21(1):420. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

Background: The optimal treatment of osteoporosis after reconstruction surgery for osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF) remains unclear. In this multicentre retrospective study, we investigated the effects of typically used agents for osteoporosis, namely, bisphosphonates (BP) and teriparatide (TP), on surgical results in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures.

Methods: Retrospectively registered data were collected from 27 universities and affiliated hospitals in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03452-6DOI Listing

Adult spinal deformity and its relationship with height loss: a 34-year longitudinal cohort study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jul 1;21(1):422. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Furano Kyokai Hospital, Furano, Japan.

Background: Age-related height loss is a normal physical change that occurs in all individuals over 50 years of age. Although many epidemiological studies on height loss have been conducted worldwide, none have been long-term longitudinal epidemiological studies spanning over 30 years. This study was designed to investigate changes in adult spinal deformity and examine the relationship between adult spinal deformity and height loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03464-2DOI Listing

Surgical intra- and extra-articular anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a meta-analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 30;21(1):414. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University Hospital of Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Campus Großhadern, Marchioninistraße 15, 81377, Munich, Germany.

Background: It is still controversial whether the combination of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and extra-articular reconstruction (EAR) have good clinical efficacy. This meta-analysis aims systematically to compare the clinical effectiveness of ACL reconstruction and combined reconstruction.

Methods: Electronic databases, including Medline/PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library, were systematically searched to identify targeted studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03438-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325370PMC

The impact of limb loading and the measurement modality (2D versus 3D) on the measurement of the limb loading dependent lower extremity parameters.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 30;21(1):418. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Orthopedics, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, Forchstrasse 340, 8008, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: Deformity assessment and preoperative planning of realignment surgery are conventionally based on weight-bearing (WB) radiographs. However, newer technologies such as three-dimensional (3D) preoperative planning and surgical navigation with patient-specific instruments (PSI) rely on non-weight bearing (NWB) computed tomography (CT) data. Additionally, differences between conventional two-dimensional (2D) and 3D measurements are known. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03449-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329436PMC

Is retrospective assessment of health-related quality of life valid?

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 30;21(1):415. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Whitlam Orthopaedic Research Centre, Level 2, Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research South Western Sydney Clinical School, UNSW Sydney, 1 Campbell St, Liverpool, Sydney, NSW, AUS 2170, Australia.

Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a commonly used health outcome. For many acute conditions (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03434-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329482PMC

Prevalence and risk factors for bone loss in Southern Chinese with rheumatic diseases.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 30;21(1):416. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Division of Rheumatology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510630, China.

Backgroud: This study is to explore the prevalence of different stages of bone loss and the potential risk factors in rheumatic patients.

Method: A cross-sectional study recruits 1398 rheumatic patients and 302 healthy subjects. Demographic data, blood, and bone mineral density (BMD) tests are collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03403-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329556PMC

Women's experiences of the journey to chronic widespread pain: a qualitative study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 30;21(1):417. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, P.O. Box 823, S-301 18, Halmstad, Sweden.

Background: Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is a musculoskeletal disorder that affects approximately 10% of the population. It is more common in women than in men. It is important to understand how CWP develops and how it is maintained in order to prevent poor pain prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03442-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329526PMC

Cerebrospinal fluid-cutaneous fistula associated with post-traumatic Charcot spinal arthropathy: a case report and review of literature.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 29;21(1):412. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 63-ro 10 Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, 07345, South Korea.

Background: Charcot spinal arthropathy, also known as Charcot spine and neuropathic spinal arthropathy, is a progressive and destructive condition that affects an intervertebral disc and the adjacent vertebral bodies following loss of spinal joint innervation. We report the first case of Charcot spinal arthropathy (CSA) associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-cutaneous fistula.

Case Presentation: A 54-year-old male who underwent T10-L2 posterior instrumented spinal fusion seven years prior for treatment of T11 burst fracture and accompanying T11 complete paraplegia visited our department complaining of leakage of clear fluid at his lower back. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03451-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325221PMC

Comparison of radiological and clinical outcomes, complications, and implant removals in anatomically pre-contoured clavicle plates versus reconstruction plates - a propensity score matched retrospective cohort study of 106 patients.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 29;21(1):413. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, 102 Pok Fu Lam Road, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Plate fixation is frequently used to treat displaced midshaft clavicular fractures, however the ideal plate choice remains subject to discussion; reconstruction locking compression plates (RLCPs) are cheaper and can be easily contoured, whereas anatomically pre-contoured locking compression plates (ALCPs) are thought to provide better stability and therefore lower rates of mechanical failure. To compare the incidence of mechanical failures, functional and radiological outcomes in patients with midshaft clavicular fractures treated with ALCPs versus RLCPs.

Methods: A propensity score matched retrospective cohort study was conducted across two centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03445-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325088PMC

Anti-rheumatic treatment and prosthetic joint infection: an observational study in 494 elective hip and knee arthroplasties.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 29;21(1):410. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Orthopaedics, Skåne University Hospital, SE-221 85, Lund, Sweden.

Background: Surgical site infections are more frequent among patients with rheumatic disease. To what extent this is related to immunosuppressive antirheumatic drugs is unclear, as is the value of discontinuing medication perioperatively. The aim of study was to assess the rate of surgical site infections after knee and hip replacement in patients with inflammatory joint disease, with an emphasis on periprosthetic joint infection, and to investigate the influence of treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in this regard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03459-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325063PMC

Arthroscopic tri-pulley Technology reduction and internal fixation of pediatric Tibial Eminence fracture: a retrospective analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 29;21(1):408. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

First Department of Orthopedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710000, China.

Background: Fixing a tibial eminence fracture with a tri-pulley is a new technique. The purpose of this study was to present the early clinical outcome of arthroscopic tri-pulley suture fixation for tibial eminence fractures in children.

Methods: Twenty-one pediatric patients with type II or type III anterior tibial eminence fractures were included in this retrospective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03421-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325093PMC

Scalpel can achieve better clinical outcomes compared with electric cautery in primary total knee arthroplasty: a comparison study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 29;21(1):409. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, No. 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang, 050051, Hebei, People's Republic of China.

Background: Whether using the scalpel can provide better and faster recovery after the primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is still controversial. The aim of this research was to compare the clinical outcomes of using the scalpel and the electric cautery in primary TKA.

Methods: From January 2016 to December 2017, a retrospective cohort study was conducted in 313 patients who underwent unilateral primary TKA by using the scalpel (group S). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03457-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325273PMC

Comparison of cylindrical and tapered stem designs for femoral revision hip arthroplasty.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 29;21(1):411. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, 99 Huaihai Road, Xuzhou, 221002, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Both cylindrical and tapered stems are commonly used in revision total hip arthroplasty. However, whether the geometry of prosthesis stem has an effect on patient prognosis is unclear. We assume that the tapered stem results in better clinical outcome than the cylindrical stem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03461-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325076PMC

Comparison between minimally invasive deltoid-split and extended deltoid-split approach for proximal humeral fractures: a case-control study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 27;21(1):406. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Shangcai Village Ouhai District, Wenzhou, 325000, Zhejiang, China.

Background: With the rapid aging of the population, the incidence of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) has increased. However, the optimal method for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) remains controversial.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with PHF who underwent locking plate internal fixation at our institution from January 2016 to December 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03417-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7321543PMC

Patient-specific instrument-assisted minimally invasive internal fixation of calcaneal fracture for rapid and accurate execution of a preoperative plan: A retrospective study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 27;21(1):407. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Orthopedics, Xiangya Hospital Central South University, No.87 Xiangya Road, Changsha, 410008, Hunan, China.

Background: Traditional methods for minimally invasive internal fixation (MIIF) of calcaneal fractures require extensive intraoperative fluoroscopy, and fracture recovery is usually not ideal. We developed a new surgical procedure using digital surgical simulation and constructed a patient-specific instrument (PSI) for calcaneal fracture that we used during the operation. This study investigated whether PSI-assisted MIIF of calcaneal fracture enables rapid and accurate execution of the preoperative plan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03439-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7321547PMC

Evaluation of Judet view radiographs accuracy in classification of acetabular fractures compared with three-dimensional computerized tomographic scan: a retrospective study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 26;21(1):405. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Rasul-e Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Nyaiesh Ave, Tehran, Iran.

Background: In the current diagnostic procedure, generally, both plain radiographs and 3D-CT scans are used for the diagnosis of acetabular fractures. There is no consensus regarding the value of a three-dimensional computerized tomographic (3D-CT) scan alone in the classification of acetabular fractures. In this study, we compared the accuracy of 3D-CT scan and plain radiography through the evaluation of their agreement with the intraoperative surgeon's classification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03441-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320535PMC

Paraspinal back muscles in asymptomatic volunteers: quantitative and qualitative analysis using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 26;21(1):403. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hallym University Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, 7, Keunjaebong-gil, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, 18450, South Korea.

Background: To evaluate paraspinal back muscles of asymptomatic subjects using qualitative and quantitative analysis on CT and MRI and correlate the results with demographic data.

Methods: Twenty-nine asymptomatic subjects were enrolled prospectively (age: mean 34.31, range 23-50; 14 men, 15 women) from August 2016 to April 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03432-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320566PMC

Evaluation of the efficacy of an internet-based pain education and exercise program for chronic musculoskeletal pain in comparison with online self-management booklet: a protocol of a randomised controlled trial with assessor-blinded, 12-month follow-up, and economic evaluation.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 26;21(1):404. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Masters and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo, Rua Cesário Galeno, 448/475, Tatuape, São Paulo, 03071-000, Brazil.

Background: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is one of the main causes of years lived with disability and generates the highest cost of health care among chronic pain conditions. Internet-based treatments have been shown to be an alternative for the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, in addition to reducing barriers such as travel, high demands on the public health system, lack of time, lack of insurance coverage for private care, and high costs for long-term treatment. The aim of this clinical trial is to develop and test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of, an internet-based self-management program based on pain education and exercise for people with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03423-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7320555PMC

A decreased ratio of height of lateral femoral condyle to anteroposterior diameter is a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament rupture.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 23;21(1):402. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopaedics, People's Hospital of Deyang City, No. 173, section 3, North Taishan Road, Deyang, 618000, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: Studies have shown that the spherical shape of the lateral femoral condyle has a clear relationship with the relative axial movement of tibiofemoral joint and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. The purpose of this study was to describe the distal curvature of the lateral femoral condyle by ratio of height of lateral femoral condyle to anteroposterior diameter (HAPR), and evaluate its correlation with ACL rupture.

Methods: A retrospective case-control study of 64 patients was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03440-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313127PMC

Return to play after hip arthroscopy among tennis players: outcomes with minimum five-year follow-up.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 23;21(1):400. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

American Hip Institute Research Foundation, Des Plaines, IL, 60018, USA.

Background: Playing tennis is associated with various movements that can lead to labral injuries and may require arthroscopic surgery. While hip arthroscopies have demonstrated good outcomes in athletes, there is limited literature reporting patient reported outcomes (PROs) and return to sport (RTS) in competitive or recreational tennis players after arthroscopic hip surgery. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to (1) report minimum five-year PROs and RTS in tennis players who underwent arthroscopic hip surgery and (2) compare outcomes between recreational and competitive tennis players. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03424-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313220PMC

The "slide technique"-a novel free-hand method of subaxial cervical pedicle screw placement.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 23;21(1):399. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Rehabilitation, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Background: Cervical Pedicle Screw (CPS) placement is a challenging work due to the high risk of neurovascular complications. Although there have been several different free-hand or navigation assisted techniques for CPS placement, perforations may occur during screw insertion, especially lateral perforation. The objective of this manuscript is to describe a novel free-hand technique for subaxial CPS placement (C3-C7) and to evaluate if it decreases the chances of perforation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03420-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313203PMC

Minimal important differences for the WOMAC osteoarthritis index and the Forgotten Joint Score-12 in total knee arthroplasty patients.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 23;21(1):401. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, Rorschacher Strasse 95, CH-9000, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis. Patient reported-outcome measures (PROMs) capture the patients' perception of the success of an intervention. The minimal important difference (MID) is an important characteristic of the PROM, which helps to interpret results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03415-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7313217PMC

Functional outcomes and complications of intramedullary fixation devices for Midshaft clavicle fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 22;21(1):395. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Operating Rooms, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Enschede, The Netherlands.

Background: An alternative to the current gold standard in operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures (DMCF) using plate osteosynthesis, is internal fixation by means of intramedullary fixation devices. These devices differ considerably in their specifications and characteristics and an evaluation of their clinical results is warranted. The aim of this systematic review is to generate an overview of functional outcomes and complications in the management of DMCF per available intramedullary device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03256-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310279PMC

Multiple primary tumors: a case report and review of the literature.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 22;21(1):394. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Musculoskeletal Tumor Center, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, China.

Background: Multiple primary tumors, especially quadruple primary neoplasms is extremely rare. Fibrous dysplasia (FD), osteosarcoma (OS), and giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) are three bone tumors with low incidence while primary pulmonary meningioma is a rare disease. In this case report, we present a unique synchronous occurrence of these four separate pathological conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03426-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310446PMC

Spinal cord injury in an adult patient with thoracic butterfly vertebra: a case report and review of the literature.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 22;21(1):392. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Postgraduate School, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, 116000, Liaoning, China.

Background: Butterfly vertebrae are a rare congenital vertebral anomaly. An overlap of this spinal anomaly with other diseases has been reported. However, to the authors' knowledge, the coexistence of butterfly vertebrae and spinal cord injury has not been reported in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03433-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310430PMC

Interference of functional dual-tasks on gait in untrained people with Parkinson's disease and healthy controls: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 22;21(1):396. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Behavioral Sciences Methodology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Blasco Ibánez Avenue, 13, 46010, Valencia, Spain.

Background: In Parkinson's disease (PD) population, performing secondary tasks while walking further deteriorates gait and restrict mobility in functional contexts of daily life. This study (1) analyzed the interference of functional cognitive and motor secondary task on untrained people with PD and (2) compared their walking with healthy subjects.

Methods: Forty people with PD (aged 66. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03431-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310477PMC

Treatment effects of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty - a simple method to measure outcomes at 6, 12, 24 and 60 months for each patient.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 22;21(1):397. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Musculoskeletal Research Unit, Translational Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Learning & Research Building, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, BS10 5NB, UK.

Background: Although shoulder arthroplasty is less common than knee or hip arthroplasty, the number of procedures being performed is increasing rapidly. The treatment effect is a simple method to measure outcome of joint replacement. The method was applied to measure results of total hip/knee arthroplasty but not yet for shoulder arthroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03427-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310507PMC

High rate of unexpected positive cultures in presumed aseptic revision of stiff shoulders after proximal humerus osteosynthesis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 22;21(1):393. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery, Charité - University Medicine Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Charitéplatz 1, D-10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of positive microbiology samples after osteosynthesis of proximal humerus fractures at the time of revision surgery and evaluate clinical characteristics of patients with positive culture results.

Methods: All patients, who underwent revision surgery after locked platting, medullary nailing or screw osteosynthesis of proximal humeral fractures between April 2013 and July 2018 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients with acute postoperative infections, those with apparent clinical signs of infection and those with ≤1 tissue or only sonication sample obtained at the time of implant removal were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03430-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310400PMC

Associations between pre-surgical daily opioid use and short-term outcomes following knee or hip arthroplasty: a prospective, exploratory cohort study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 22;21(1):398. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Ingham Institute Applied Medical Research, 2 Campbell St, Liverpool, Liverpool, NSW, 2170, Australia.

Background: Retrospective studies have found that daily opioid use pre-arthroplasty predicts worse longer-term service, clinical and patient-reported outcomes. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these observations. This prospective, exploratory study aimed to determine: the proportion of total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA, THA) patients who use opioids regularly (daily) pre-surgery; if opioid use pre-surgery is associated with acute and sub-acute outcomes to 12-weeks post-surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03413-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7310486PMC

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Arabic version of the functional index for hand osteoarthritis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 19;21(1):390. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Department of Rheumatology B, El Ayachi Hospital, Ibn Sina University Hospital, Rabat, Morocco.

Background: The Functional Index of Hand Osteoarthritis (FIHOA) is a clinically and methodologically validated score used to assess functional impact in patients with hand osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of the study was to translate the FIHOA into classical Arabic, and to validate the psychometric properties of the translated version.

Methods: The FIHOA was translated into Arabic (FIHOA-AR) according to cross-cultural adaptation guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03418-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305589PMC

On-site multi-component intervention to improve productivity and reduce the economic and personal burden of neck pain in Swiss office-workers (NEXpro): protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 19;21(1):391. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

ZHAW School of Health Professions, Technikumstrasse 71, 8400, Winterthur, Switzerland.

Background: Non-specific neck pain and headache are major economic and individual burden in office-workers. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a multi-component intervention combining workstation ergonomics, health promotion information group workshops, neck exercises, and an app to enhance intervention adherence to assess possible reductions in the economic and individual burden of prevalent and incident neck pain and headache in office workers.

Methods/design: This study is a stepped wedge cluster-randomized controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03388-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7305619PMC

Prognostic factors for overall survival in patients with spinal metastasis secondary to prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 17;21(1):388. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tianjin First Central Hospital, 24 Fukang Rd, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300192, China.

Background: To guide the selection of treatments for spinal metastases, the expected survival time is one of the most important determinants. Few scoring systems are fully applicable for spinal metastasis secondary to prostate cancer (PCa). This study aimed to identify the independent factors to predict the overall survival (OS) of patients with spinal metastases from PCa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03412-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298793PMC

Work ability and percentage of hours worked related to limitations in patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders: a cross-sectional cohort study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 18;21(1):389. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, Meibergdreef 9, PO Box 22660, 1100, DE, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between self-reported work ability and hours worked at the current time in Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disorders (UEMSD) patients. To further investigate this relationship, the association of work ability and working hours with several limitations in daily and working life were explored.

Methods: In this cross-sectional cohort study, a questionnaire was sent out to members of the UEMSD patient organisation, containing self-reported work ability, questions on working hours and limitations in work due to UEMSD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03387-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7304180PMC

The effect of treatment with a non-invasive foot worn biomechanical device on subjective and objective measures in patients with knee osteoarthritis- a retrospective analysis on a UK population.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 16;21(1):386. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Sport and Exercise Science Research Centre, Department of Life Sciences, University of Roehampton, 19 Conifer drive, Brentwood, London, CM14 5TZ, UK.

Background: Osteoarthritis is a major cause of pain and disability worldwide, therefore ways of treating this condition are paramount to a successful health system. The purpose of the study was to investigate the changes in spatial-temporal gait parameters and clinical measurements following treatment with a non-invasive foot-worn biomechanical device on patients with knee osteoarthritis within the UK.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out on 455 patients with knee osteoarthritis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03382-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7298846PMC