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    1990 results match your criteria BMC Medical Education [Journal]

    1 OF 40

    Correction to: An audit of clinical training exposure amongst junior doctors working in Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery in 101 hospitals in the United Kingdom.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Feb 19;18(1):28. Epub 2018 Feb 19.
    Botnar Research Centre, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LD, England.
    Correction: Following publication of the original article [1], the corresponding author wrote to say that he had missed the names of some of the collaborators in the list he sent to the typesetters. In addition, there was a spelling error in one of the author's names: instead of Nagriz Seyidova it should read Nargiz Seyidova. The complete list of collaborators is as follows. Read More

    A randomised controlled trial to test the effectiveness of decision training on assessors' ability to determine optimal fitness-to-drive recommendations for older or disabled drivers.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Feb 13;18(1):27. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
    Background: Driving licensing jurisdictions require detailed assessments of fitness-to-drive from occupational therapy driver assessors (OTDAs). We developed decision training based on the recommendations of expert OTDAs, to enhance novices' capacity to make optimal fitness-to-drive decisions. The aim of this research was to determine effectiveness of training on novice occupational therapists' ability to make fitness-to-drive decisions. Read More

    Why nutrition education is inadequate in the medical curriculum: a qualitative study of students' perspectives on barriers and strategies.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Feb 12;18(1):26. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    School of Health Professions Education, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Background: The provision of nutrition care by doctors is important in promoting healthy dietary habits, and such interventions can lead to reductions in disease morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. However, medical students and doctors report inadequate nutrition education and preparedness during their training at school. Previous studies investigating the inadequacy of nutrition education have not sufficiently evaluated the perspectives of students. Read More

    Correction to: Strengthening medical training programmes by focusing on professional transitions: a national bridging programme to prepare medical school graduates for their role as medical interns in Botswana.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Feb 12;18(1):25. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, QLD, Townsville, Australia.
    Following publication of the original article [1], one of the authors reported that prior to publication her surname had changed from 'Kerlen' to 'van der Kruk', but that this change had not been incorporated in the final version. Read More

    How the study of online collaborative learning can guide teachers and predict students' performance in a medical course.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Feb 6;18(1):24. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    School of Computing, University of Eastern Finland, PO Box 111, Joensuu, Finland.
    Background: Collaborative learning facilitates reflection, diversifies understanding and stimulates skills of critical and higher-order thinking. Although the benefits of collaborative learning have long been recognized, it is still rarely studied by social network analysis (SNA) in medical education, and the relationship of parameters that can be obtained via SNA with students' performance remains largely unknown. The aim of this work was to assess the potential of SNA for studying online collaborative clinical case discussions in a medical course and to find out which activities correlate with better performance and help predict final grade or explain variance in performance. Read More

    Factors deterring dentistry, medical, pharmacy, and social science undergraduates from pursuing nursing as a healthcare career: a cross-sectional study in an Asian university.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 26;18(1):23. Epub 2018 Jan 26.
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Level 2, Clinical Research Centre, Block MD11 10 Medical Drive, Singapore, 117597, Singapore.
    Background: Globally more registered nurses need to be recruited to meet the needs of aging populations and increased co-morbidity. Nursing recruitment remains challenging when compared to other healthcare programs. Despite healthcare students having similar motivation in joining the healthcare industry, many did not consider nursing as a career choice. Read More

    Multiple mini interview (MMI) for general practice training selection in Australia: interviewers' motivation.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 25;18(1):21. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Sydney Medical School - Northern, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Background: Multiple Mini Interviews (MMIs) are being used by a growing number of postgraduate training programs and medical schools as their interview process for selection entry. The Australian General Practice and Training (AGPT) used a National Assessment Centre (NAC) approach to selection into General Practice (GP) Training, which include MMIs. Interviewing is a resource intensive process, and implementation of the MMI requires a large number of interviewers, with a number of candidates being interviewed simultaneously. Read More

    Changes in patient-centered attitude and confidence in communicating with patients: a longitudinal study of resident physicians.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 25;18(1):20. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Department of Health Communication, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.
    Background: Patient-centered care has been one of the most frequently discussed principles in medical practice. However, there is a serious concern that the patient-centered attitudes of physicians diminish over the course of their medical education. This longitudinal study examined changes in resident physicians' patient-centered attitudes and their confidence in communicating with patients, and explored the relationship between the two traits. Read More

    Cross-validation of a learning climate instrument in a non-western postgraduate clinical environment.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 25;18(1):22. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Department of Educational Development and Research, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands.
    Background: In postgraduate training, there is a need to continuously assess the learning and working conditions to optimize learning. Students or trainees respond to the learning climate as they perceive it. The Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test (D-RECT) is a learning climate measurement tool with well-substantiated validity. Read More

    Students´ perception of interprofessional education in the bachelor programme "Interprofessional Health Care" in Heidelberg, Germany: an exploratory case study.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 25;18(1):19. Epub 2018 Jan 25.
    Institue of Family Medicine, Ratzeburger Allee 160, Haus 50, 23538, Lübeck, Germany.
    Background: Interprofessional education is receiving increased attention worldwide. This has led to the development of a bachelor programme "Interprofessional Health Care" at the University of Heidelberg, Germany beginning in the winter semester 2011. Aim of this study was to evaluate the students' perception of this innovative programme regarding interprofessional learning. Read More

    Ethnic bias and clinical decision-making among New Zealand medical students: an observational study.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 23;18(1):18. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
    Māori/Indigenous Health Institute (MIHI), University of Otago Christchurch, PO Box 4345, Christchurch, 8140, New Zealand.
    Background: Health professional racial/ethnic bias may impact on clinical decision-making and contribute to subsequent ethnic health inequities. However, limited research has been undertaken among medical students. This paper presents findings from the Bias and Decision-Making in Medicine (BDMM) study, which sought to examine ethnic bias (Māori (indigenous peoples) compared with New Zealand European) among medical students and associations with clinical decision-making. Read More

    What motivates medical students to select medical studies: a systematic literature review.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 17;18(1):16. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    Department of Health Services Research, Care and Public Health Research Institute, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
    Background: There is a significant shortage of health workers across and within countries. It is of utmost importance to determine the factors that motivate students to opt for medical studies. The objective of this study is to group and review all the studies that investigated the motivational factors that underpin students' selection of medical study in recent years. Read More

    Training programmes to improve evidence uptake and utilisation by physiotherapists: a systematic scoping review.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 15;18(1):14. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Division of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Francie van Zijl Drive, Tygerberg, Cape Town, 7505, South Africa.
    Background: Research training programmes are a knowledge translation (KT) intervention which aim to improve research evidence uptake by clinicians. Whilst KT training programmes have been reported to significantly improve evidence uptake by physiotherapists, it is unclear which aspects of training optimally assist KT into physiotherapy practice. The purpose of the review was to establish the body of evidence regarding KT training programmes to improve physiotherapists' use of evidence-based practice (EBP) and clinical practice guidelines (CPG). Read More

    Choosing a career in oncology: results of a nationwide cross-sectional study.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 15;18(1):15. Epub 2018 Jan 15.
    Medical Oncology Department, University Hospital of Paris (Saint-Louis Hospital), 1 avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75010, Paris, France.
    Background: Little information is currently available concerning young medical students desire to pursue a career in oncology, or their career expectations.

    Methods: This project is a cross-sectional epidemiological study. A voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was distributed to all young oncologists studying in France between the 2nd of October 2013 and the 23rd of February 2014. Read More

    Resilience and well-being of university nursing students in Hong Kong: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 12;18(1):13. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.
    Background: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Read More

    Psychosocial issues discovered through reflective group dialogue between medical students.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 10;18(1):12. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Department of Human Development and Psychology, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan.
    Background: The biopsychosocial model is a comprehensive approach emphasizing holistic medical care. However, medical curricula that incorporate narrative reflective writing and group dynamic discussion of psychosocial issues among patients and their family members in reflective dialogue groups are currently underutilized. The aim of this study was to determine psychosocial issues among patients and their family members through medical students' reflective dialogue groups. Read More

    Interprofessional education in graduate medical education: survey study of residency program directors.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 10;18(1):11. Epub 2018 Jan 10.
    Dwight D. Eisenhower Army Medical Center, Fort Gordon, Georgia, USA.
    Background: The overarching purpose of this study is to examine the current trends in interprofessional education (IPE) within graduate medical education in the Unites States.

    Methods: A survey was sent to program directors across with different specialties between March and April 2016. The survey was completed by 233 out of 1757 program directors, which represents a response rate of 13. Read More

    Enhancing the defensibility of examiners' marks in high stake OSCEs.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 6;18(1):10. Epub 2018 Jan 6.
    Faculty of Medicine, UNSW, Sydney, Australia.
    Background: Most assessments in health professions education consist of knowledge-based examinations as well as practical and clinical examinations. Among the most challenging aspects of clinical assessments is decision making related to borderline grades assigned by examiners. Borderline grades are commonly used by examiners when they do not have sufficient information to make clear pass/fail decisions. Read More

    The UK medical education database (UKMED) what is it? Why and how might you use it?
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    General Medical Council, Regents Place, 350 Euston Road, London, NW1 3JN, UK.
    Background: Educating doctors is expensive and poor performance by future graduates can literally cost lives. Whilst the practice of medicine is highly evidence based, medical education is much less so. Research on medical school selection, undergraduate progression, Fitness to Practise (FtP) and postgraduate careers has been hampered across the globe by the challenges of uniting the data required. Read More

    Voluntary vs. compulsory student evaluation of clerkships: effect on validity and potential bias.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
    Background: Students evaluations of their learning experiences can provide a useful source of information about clerkship effectiveness in undergraduate medical education. However, low response rates in clerkship evaluation surveys remain an important limitation. This study examined the impact of increasing response rates using a compulsory approach on validity evidence. Read More

    Do senior medical students meet recommended emergency medicine curricula requirements?
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, 17666, United Arab Emirates.
    Background: Emergency departments (EDs) offer a variety of learning opportunities for undergraduate medical students. It is however, difficult to evaluate whether they are receiving recommended training during their emergency medicine (EM) clerkship without identifying their clinical activities. We aimed to evaluate the clinical exposure of the final year medical students at our College during their EM clerkship. Read More

    Medical school clinical placements - the optimal method for assessing the clinical educational environment from a graduate entry perspective.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 5;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Graduate Entry Medical School, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.
    Background: Educational environment is a strong determinant of student satisfaction and achievement. The learning environments of medical students on clinical placements are busy workplaces, composed of many variables. There is no universally accepted method of evaluating the clinical learning environment, nor is there consensus on what concepts or aspects should be measured. Read More

    Training the next generation of physician researchers - Vanderbilt Medical Scholars Program.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 4;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    Translational Science, Center for Asthma Research, Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.
    Background: As highlighted in recent reports published by the Physician-Scientist Workforce Working Group at the National Institutes of Health, the percentage of physicians conducting research has declined over the past decade. Various programs have been put in place to support and develop current medical student interest in research to alleviate this shortage, including The Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Medical Scholars Program (MSP). This report outlines the long-term program goals and short-term outcomes on career development of MSP alumni, to shed light on the effectiveness of research training programs during undergraduate medical training to inform similar programs in the United States. Read More

    Experiences of pressure to conform in postgraduate medical education.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 3;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 3.
    Departments of Community Health Sciences and Surgery, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.
    Background: Perception of pressure to conform prevents learners from actively participating in educational encounters. We expected that residents would report experiencing different amounts of pressure to conform in a variety of educational settings.

    Methods: A total of 166 residents completed questionnaires about the frequency of conformity pressure they experience across 14 teaching and clinical settings. Read More

    The GP tests of competence assessment: which part best predicts fitness to practise decisions?
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 2;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Research Department of Medical Education, University College London, London, UK.
    Background: The General Medical Council (GMC) conducts Tests of Competence (ToC) for doctors referred for Fitness to Practise (FtP) issues. GPs take a single best answer knowledge test, an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), and a Simulated Surgery (SimSurg) assessment which is a simulated GP consultation. The aim of this study was to examine the similarities between OSCEs and SimSurg to determine whether each assessment contributed something unique to GP ToCs. Read More

    An audit of clinical training exposure amongst junior doctors working in Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery in 101 hospitals in the United Kingdom.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 2;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    Botnar Research Centre, Windmill Road, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7LD, England.
    Background: There are concerns regarding early years' training for junior doctors in Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery (T&O) in the United Kingdom. Our primary objective was to audit the clinical activities undertaken by junior doctors working in Trauma & Orthopaedic (T&O) surgery in the National Health Service (NHS) in a typical workweek. A secondary objective was to audit the clinical exposure of junior surgeons in training to the Joint Committee on Surgical Training (JCST) standards for minimum weekly clinical exposure in T&O surgery. Read More

    Medical student experiences in prison health services and social cognitive career choice: a qualitative study.
    BMC Med Educ 2018 Jan 2;18(1). Epub 2018 Jan 2.
    School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.
    Background: One of the purposes of undergraduate medical education is to assist students to consider their future career paths in medicine, alongside the needs of the societies in which they will serve. Amongst the most medically underserved groups of society are people in prison and those with a history of incarceration. In this study we examined the experiences of medical students undertaking General Practice placements in a prison health service. Read More

    Dental hygienists' perceptions of professionalism are multidimensional and context-dependent: a qualitative study in Japan.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 29;17(1):267. Epub 2017 Dec 29.
    Hiroshima University, Graduate School of Letters, 1-2-3 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima, 739-8522, Japan.
    Background: Due to the declining birth rate and aging of Japanese society, the roles and responsibilities of dental hygienists are continuously expanding. Medical professionalism needs to be pursued continuously throughout one's career in order to improve dental care and treatment. Although conceptualising professionalism is essential to the education of health professionals, professionalism in the field of dental hygiene has not been defined or adequately examined in Japan. Read More

    Risk factors associated with academic difficulty in an Australian regionally located medical school.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 28;17(1):266. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, QLD, Townsville, Australia.
    Background: Despite the highly selective admission processes utilised by medical schools, a significant cohort of medical students still face academic difficulties and are at a higher risk of delayed graduation or outright dismissal.

    Methods: This study used survival analysis to identify the non-academic and academic risk factors (and their relative risks) associated with academic difficulty at a regionally located medical school. Retrospective non-academic and academic entry data for all medical students who were enrolled at the time of the study (2009-2014) were collated and analysed. Read More

    A one-day surgical-skill training course for medical students' improved surgical skills and increased interest in surgery as a career.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 28;17(1):265. Epub 2017 Dec 28.
    Department of Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
    Background: Despite many high-quality programs in basic surgical-skill education, the surgical skill of junior doctors varies widely. This, together with the waning interest in surgery as a career among medical students, is a serious issue confronted by hospitals and healthcare systems worldwide. We, therefore, developed and implemented an intensive one-day surgical-skill training course for two purposes; it would improve surgical skills and increase interest in surgery among medical students. Read More

    Implementation of a novel population panel management curriculum among interprofessional health care trainees.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 22;17(1):264. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Background: Gaps in chronic disease management have led to calls for novel methods of interprofessional, team-based care. Population panel management (PPM), the process of continuous quality improvement across groups of patients, is rarely included in health professions training for physicians, nurses, or pharmacists. The feasibility and acceptance of such training across different healthcare professions is unknown. Read More

    Process-oriented evaluation of an international faculty development program for Asian developing countries: a qualitative study.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 21;17(1):260. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    Department of Medical Education, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 103 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Non-English-speaking developing countries in Southeast Asia have been provided only limited opportunities for faculty development in the education of health professions. Although there exist a few programs that have been shown to be effective, they are frequently presented with few explanations on how and why the programs work due to their outcome-oriented nature. This study explores the process of the Lee Jong-Wook Fellowship for Health Professional Education, an international faculty development program designed for capacity building of educators of health professions in Southeast Asian developing countries. Read More

    Situational awareness within objective structured clinical examination stations in undergraduate medical training - a literature search.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 21;17(1):262. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    National University Ireland Galway, School of Medicine, University Road, Galway, H91TK33, Ireland.
    Background: Medical students may not be able to identify the essential elements of situational awareness (SA) necessary for clinical reasoning. Recent studies suggest that students have little insight into cognitive processing and SA in clinical scenarios. Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) could be used to assess certain elements of situational awareness. Read More

    Strengthening medical training programmes by focusing on professional transitions: a national bridging programme to prepare medical school graduates for their role as medical interns in Botswana.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 21;17(1):261. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    Botswana-Harvard Partnership, Gaborone, Botswana.
    Background: The improvement of existing medical training programmes in resource-constrained settings is seen as key to addressing the challenge of retaining medical graduates trained at considerable cost both in-country and abroad. In Botswana, the establishment of the national Medical Internship Training Programme (MIT) in 2014 was a first step in efforts to promote retention through the expansion and standardization of internship training, but MIT faces a major challenge related to variability between incoming trainees due to factors such as their completion of undergraduate medical training in different settings. To address this challenge, in August 2016 we piloted a bridging programme for foreign and locally trained medical graduates that aimed to facilitate their transition into internship training. Read More

    Correction to: More than visual literacy: art and the enhancement of tolerance for ambiguity and empathy.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 21;17(1):263. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
    Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Safed Campus, P.O. Box 1589, Ramat Gan, Israel.
    Correction: Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that the corrections they had requested for Table 3 had not been implemented, and that the title for Table 2 included an unnecessary indication for remark/reference ("a" in a superscript font) at the end of the title. Also, the affiliation of the authors had not been clearly stated: it should read 'Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Safed Campus, P.O. Read More

    Teaching young GPs to cope with psychosocial consultations without prescribing: a durable impact of an e-module on determinants of benzodiazepines prescribing.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 19;17(1):259. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Clinical Pharmacology Research Unit, Ghent University, Heymans Institute of Pharmacology, Ghent, Belgium.
    Background: Despite guidelines and campaigns to change prescribing behavior, General Practitioners (GPs) continue to overprescribe benzodiazepines (BZDs). New approaches to improve prescribing are needed. Using behavior change techniques and tailoring interventions to user characteristics are vital to promote behavior change. Read More

    Content validation of an interprofessional learning video peer assessment tool.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 16;17(1):258. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, 2006, Australia.
    Background: Large scale models of interprofessional learning (IPL) where outcomes are assessed are rare within health professional curricula. To date, there is sparse research describing robust assessment strategies to support such activities. We describe the development of an IPL assessment task based on peer rating of a student generated video evidencing collaborative interprofessional practice. Read More

    Palliative care and the arts: vehicles to introduce medical students to patient-centred decision-making and the art of caring.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 16;17(1):257. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Ottawa, Hamilton, Canada.
    Background: Medical Schools are challenged to improve palliative care education and to find ways to introduce and nurture attitudes and behaviours such as empathy, patient-centred care and wholistic care. This paper describes the curriculum and evaluation results of a unique course centred on palliative care decision-making but aimed at introducing these other important competencies as well.

    Methods: The 20 h-long optional course, presented in an art museum, combined different learning methods, including reflections on art, case studies, didactic sessions, personal experiences of faculty, reflective trigger videos and group discussions. Read More

    Perceived Medical School stress of undergraduate medical students predicts academic performance: an observational study.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 16;17(1):256. Epub 2017 Dec 16.
    Chair of Health Sciences, Friedensau Adventist University, An der Ihle 19, 39291, Möckern-Friedensau, Germany.
    Background: Medical students are exposed to high amounts of stress. Stress and poor academic performance can become part of a vicious circle. In order to counteract this circularity, it seems important to better understand the relationship between stress and performance during medical education. Read More

    Medical student researchers in Colombia and associated factors with publication: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 15;17(1):254. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    Universidad Libre de Cali, Cali, Colombia.
    Background: Gaps between evidence-based research and clinical-public health practice have been evident for decades. One of the aims of medical student research is to close this gap. Accordingly, evaluating individual and environmental factors that influence participation of medical students in research are needed to understand and identify potential targets for action. Read More

    The role of emotion in clinical decision making: an integrative literature review.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 15;17(1):255. Epub 2017 Dec 15.
    School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Hogbin Drive, Coffs Harbour, NSW, Australia.
    Background: Traditionally, clinical decision making has been perceived as a purely rational and cognitive process. Recently, a number of authors have linked emotional intelligence (EI) to clinical decision making (CDM) and calls have been made for an increased focus on EI skills for clinicians. The objective of this integrative literature review was to identify and synthesise the empirical evidence for a role of emotion in CDM. Read More

    Nursing faculty academic incivility: perceptions of nursing students and faculty.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 13;17(1):253. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Ministry of Health, Directorate of Nursing and Midwifery, Government of Sultanate of Oman, Muscat, Oman.
    Background: Incivility in nursing education can adversely affect the academic environment, the learning outcomes, and safety. Nursing faculty (NF) and nursing students (NS) contribute to the academic incivility. Little is known about the extent of NF academic incivility in the Middle East region. Read More

    Medical student INtervention to promote effective nicotine dependence and tobacco HEalthcare (MIND-THE-GAP): single-centre feasibility randomised trial results.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 11;17(1):249. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Division of Population Health Sciences (Psychology), Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin 2, Ireland.
    Background: Although brief cessation advice from healthcare professionals increases quit rates, smokers typically do not get this advice during hospitalisation, possibly due to resource issues, lack of training and professionals' own attitudes to providing such counselling. Medical students are a potentially untapped resource who could deliver cessation counselling, while upskilling themselves and changing their own attitudes to delivering such advice in the future; however, no studies have investigated this. We aimed to determine if brief student-led counselling could enhance motivation to quit and smoking cessation behaviours among hospitalised patients. Read More

    Assessing physical therapist students' self-efficacy: measurement properties of the Physiotherapist Self-Efficacy (PSE) questionnaire.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 12;17(1):250. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    HAN University of Applied Sciences, Research group Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, Kapittelweg 33, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Background: Apart from skills, and knowledge, self-efficacy is an important factor in the students' preparation for clinical work. The Physiotherapist Self-Efficacy (PSE) questionnaire was developed to measure physical therapy (TP) students' self-efficacy in the cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neurological clinical areas. The aim of this study was to establish the measurement properties of the Dutch PSE questionnaire, and to explore whether self-efficacy beliefs in students are clinical area specific. Read More

    Advances in clinical pharmacy education in Germany: a quasi-experimental single-blinded study to evaluate a patient-centred clinical pharmacy course in psychiatry.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 12;17(1):251. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Molecular and Clinical Pharmacy, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany.
    Background: The pharmacy profession has shifted towards patient-centred care. To meet the new challenges it is necessary to provide students with clinical competencies. A quasi-experimental single-blinded teaching and learning study was carried out using a parallel-group design to evaluate systematically the benefits of clinical teaching in pharmacy education in Germany. Read More

    Individual class evaluation and effective teaching characteristics in integrated curricula.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 12;17(1):252. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
    Background: In an integrated curriculum, multiple instructors take part in a course in the form of team teaching. Accordingly, medical schools strive to manage each course run by numerous instructors. As part of the curriculum management, course evaluation is conducted, but a single, retrospective course evaluation does not comprehensively capture student perception of classes by different instructors. Read More

    The influence of early research experience in medical school on the decision to intercalate and future career in clinical academia: a questionnaire study.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 11;17(1):245. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, Scotland.
    Background: Currently, only one in three UK medical students undertake an intercalated degree. This has often been implicated as a result of financial obstacles or a lack of interest in research due to inadequate exposure to academic medicine. The aims of this study were to determine whether exposure to research early in medical school, through the initiation of an early years clinical academic training programme has a positive influence on the decision-making related to intercalating and a career long interest in research. Read More

    Correcting the predictive validity of a selection test for the effect of indirect range restriction.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 11;17(1):246. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, D-20246, Hamburg, Germany.
    Background: The validity of selection tests is underestimated if it is determined by simply calculating the predictor-outcome correlation found in the admitted group. This correlation is usually attenuated by two factors: (1) the combination of selection variables which can compensate for each other and (2) range restriction in predictor and outcome due to the absence of outcome measures for rejected applicants.

    Methods: Here we demonstrate the logic of these artifacts in a situation typical for student selection tests and compare four different methods for their correction: two formulas for the correction of direct and indirect range restriction, expectation maximization algorithm (EM) and multiple imputation by chained equations (MICE). Read More

    Communicating wisely: teaching residents to communicate effectively with patients and caregivers about unnecessary tests.
    BMC Med Educ 2017 Dec 11;17(1):248. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
    Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    Background: With rising healthcare costs and a focus on quality, there is a growing need to promote resource stewardship in medical education. Physicians need to be able to communicate effectively with patients/caregivers seeking tests and treatments that are unnecessary. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an interactive workshop on residents' knowledge of resource stewardship and communication skills when counseling patients/caregivers about requests for unnecessary testing. Read More

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