2,345 results match your criteria BMC Medical Education [Journal]


Disciplinary boundaries and integrating care: using Q-methodology to understand trainee views on being a good doctor.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 15;19(1):59. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Cardiff University School of Postgraduate Medical and Dental Education, Cardiff, UK.

Background: Rising numbers of patients with multiple-conditions and complex care needs mean that it is increasingly important for doctors from different specialty areas to work together, alongside other members of the multi-disciplinary team, to provide patient centred care. However, intra-professional boundaries and silos within the medical profession may challenge holistic approaches to patient care.

Methods: We used Q methodology to examine how postgraduate trainees (n = 38) on a range of different specialty programmes in England and Wales could be grouped based on their rankings of 40 statements about 'being a good doctor'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1493-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Empathy and big five personality model in medical students and its relationship to gender and specialty preference: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 14;19(1):57. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Institute for Biomedical research in Lleida Dr. Pifarré Foundation (IRBLleida), Lleida, Spain.

Background: Given the influence that personality can have on empathy, this study explores the relationship between empathy and personality, using three different measures of empathy, and taking into account gender and specialty preference.

Methods: Cross-sectional study. One hundred and ten medical students completed the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Empathy Quotient, and the NEO-FFI Big Five personality model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1485-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 13;19(1):56. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

Background: Ensuring physiotherapy students are well prepared to work safely and effectively in culturally diverse societies upon graduation is vital. Therefore, determining whether physiotherapy programs are effectively developing the cultural responsiveness of students is essential. This study aimed to evaluate the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness of entry level physiotherapy students during their training, and explore the factors that might be associated with these levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1487-0DOI Listing
February 2019

A pilot study of a pharmacist-led prescribing program for final-year medical students.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 12;19(1):54. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia.

Background: Junior doctors undertake a significant amount of prescribing; however, they are not well prepared for this, and report they would like more training in their undergraduate courses. To address this we tested a pharmacist-led prescribing program for final-year medical students.

Methods: Sixteen final-year students took part in the program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1486-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Professional identity formation of female doctors in Japan - gap between the married and unmarried.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 12;19(1):55. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Medical Education Center, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: During professional identity formation (PIF), medical students and young doctors enter the process of socialization in medicine with their preexisting personal identities. Here, the authors focused on how gender influences both the professional and personal identities of doctors. The authors' particular research question was how the professional and personal identities of female doctors are formed in Japan, a patriarchal and highly masculinized country, especially before and after marriage and childbirth. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1479-0DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

A simple and short microbiology practical improves undergraduate nursing students' awareness of bacterial traits and ability to avoid spreading infections.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 11;19(1):53. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: Nurses are responsible for implementing appropriate measures to reduce hospital infections, especially with multidrug resistant bacteria, so nursing students should learn about microbiology. This helps them to understand bacterial dissemination and infectious disease control. Because of tight schedules, however, its teaching is limited in undergraduate nursing classes in Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1483-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Building health system capacity to improve maternal and newborn care: a pilot leadership program for frontline staff at a tertiary hospital in Ghana.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 11;19(1):52. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 107 W. Main Street, Apartment F, Carrboro, North Carolina, 27510, USA.

Background: Frontline healthcare workers are critical to meeting the maternal, newborn and child health Sustainable Development Goals in low- and middle-income countries. The World Health Organization has identified leadership development as integral to achieving successful health outcomes, but few programs exist for frontline healthcare workers in low-resource settings.

Methods: An 18-month pilot leadership development program was designed and implemented at Greater Accra Regional Hospital, a tertiary care facility in Ghana. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1463-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Self-regulated learning in physical therapy education: a non-randomized experimental study comparing self-directed and instruction-based learning.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 8;19(1):50. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

HAN University of Applied Sciences, Research group Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: There is a concern that traditional instruction based methods of learning do not adequately prepare students for the challenges of physical therapy practice. Self-directed learning is considered to be the most appropriate educational approach to enhance life-long learning as it enhances self-efficacy. This study compares outcomes in two educational approaches: self-directed learning (SDL), and traditional instruction based learning (IBL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1484-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368688PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Specific feedback makes medical students better communicators.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 8;19(1):51. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

TUM Medical Education Center, TUM School of Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: Feedback is regarded a key element in teaching communication skills. However, specific aspects of feedback have not been systematically investigated in this context. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of communication skills training (CST) integrating specific, structured and behavioral feedback. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1470-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368801PMC
February 2019

The impact of an interprofessional training ward on the development of interprofessional competencies: study protocol of a longitudinal mixed-methods study.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 7;19(1):48. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Nursing Science, University Tübingen, Geissweg 5/1, D-72076, Tuebingen, Germany.

Background: To meet the patients' needs and to provide adequate health care, students need to be prepared for interprofessional collaborative practice during their undergraduate education. On interprofessional training wards (IPTW) undergraduates of various health care professions potentially develop a mutual understanding and improve their interprofessional competencies in clinical practice. To enhance collaboration of 6th-year medical students and nursing trainees in the third year of their vocational training an IPTW (Heidelberger Interprofessionelle Ausbildungsstation - HIPSTA) was implemented at the University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1478-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367825PMC
February 2019

Applications of the reflective practice questionnaire in medical education.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 7;19(1):47. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Medical Humanities, Rocky Vista University, 8401 S. Chambers Road, Parker, CO, 80134, USA.

Background: We sought to determine whether the Reflective Practice Questionnaire (RPQ) is a reliable measure of reflective capacity and related characteristics in medical students. We also planned to learn how the RPQ could be used in medical education.

Methods: The RPQ is a 40 item self-report questionnaire that includes a multi-faceted approach to measuring reflective capacity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1481-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367754PMC
February 2019

Designing faculty development: lessons learnt from a qualitative interpretivist study exploring students' expectations and experiences of clinical teaching.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 7;19(1):49. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Centre for Health Professions Education, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: Clinical teaching plays a crucial role in the transition of medical students into the world of professional practice. Faculty development initiatives contribute to strengthening clinicians' approach to teaching. In order to inform the design of such initiatives, we thought that it would be useful to discover how senior medical students' experience of clinical teaching may impact on how learning during clinical training might be strengthened. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1480-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6367744PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Interprofessional assessment of medical students' competences with an instrument suitable for physicians and nurses.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 6;19(1):46. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, D-20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Physicians need a set of specific competences to perform well in interprofessional teams in their first year of residency. These competences should be achieved with graduation from medical school. Assessments during undergraduate medical studies are mostly rated by supervisors only. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1473-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364398PMC
February 2019

Application of a three-session-procedure based on experiential learning in a tooth brushing course for Chinese dental students.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 4;19(1):44. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Department of Preventive Dentistry, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Background: Chinese dentists are obliged to provide reliable guidance to patients about tooth brushing. However, attitudes and behaviours of Chinese dental students regarding oral health have been insufficient. Traditionally, dental students were taught how to brush, but not how to evaluate tooth brushing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1471-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360665PMC
February 2019

Change in subjective well-being over 20 years at two Norwegian medical schools and factors linked to well-being today: a survey.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 4;19(1):45. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Research and Development, Division of Mental Health Care, St. Olavs Trondheim University Hospital, Postbox 3250 Torgarden, NO-7006, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: There is a lack of studies on factors in the curriculum, study environment and individual differences that can promote well-being among medical students as a response to the frequent reports on the negative health effects of study demands among medical students worldwide.

Objective: This study investigates differences in well-being among today's Norwegian medical students compared with students 20 years ago, the most important predictors of well-being today, and whether there have been any changes in the levels of some of these factors since the period analysed.

Methods: We analysed cross-sectional survey data among all medical students (63. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1476-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360750PMC
February 2019

The role of empathy and psychological need satisfaction in pharmacy students' burnout and well-being.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Feb 4;19(1):43. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Sheikh Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi Foundation for Policy Research, P.O. Box 12050, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates.

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between Korean pharmacy students' empathy and psychological need satisfaction and their levels of burnout and psychological well-being, using structural equation modeling.

Methods: The participants were 452 pharmacy students from five South Korean universities. The Jefferson Scale of Empathy (Health Professions Students version), the Activity-Feeling States Scale, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey were used to assess empathy, psychological need satisfaction, and burnout, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1477-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360713PMC
February 2019

Responding to experienced and anticipated discrimination (READ): anti -stigma training for medical students towards patients with mental illness - study protocol for an international multisite non-randomised controlled study.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 31;19(1):41. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Health Service and Population Research Department, David Goldberg Centre, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Background: Stigma and discrimination are a significant public health concern and cause great distress to people with mental illness. Healthcare professionals have been identified as one source of this discrimination. In this article we describe the protocol of an international, multisite controlled study, evaluating the effectiveness of READ, an anti-stigma training for medical students towards patients with mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1472-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357462PMC
January 2019

Randomized study showing the benefit of medical study writing multiple choice questions on their learning.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 31;19(1):42. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Internal Medicine, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Avenida Pío XII, 36, 31008, Pamplona, Spain.

Background: Writing multiple choice questions may be a valuable tool for medical education. We asked medical students to generate multiple choice questions and studied its effect on their exams. We hypothesized that students generating questions would improve their learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1469-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357371PMC
January 2019

Translatability and validation of non-technical skills scale for trauma (T-NOTECHS) for assessing simulated multi-professional trauma team resuscitations.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 30;19(1):40. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Surgery, Central Finland Health Care District, Jyväskylä, Finland.

Background: The 5-item non-technical skills scale for trauma (T-NOTECHS) with five response categories is developed to assess non-technical skills in trauma team resuscitations. This validated instrument assesses behavioral aspects in teamwork. Outcome instruments should undergo a robust adaptation process followed by psychometric validation to maintain their measurement properties when translated into different languages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1474-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354341PMC
January 2019

Internet skills of medical faculty and students: is there a difference?

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 30;19(1):39. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Graduate Entry Medical School, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

Background: The shift from a more didactic to student-centred pedagogical approach has led to the implementation of new information communication technology (ICT) innovations and curricula. Consequently, analysis of the digital competency of both faculty and students is of increasing importance. The aim of this research is to measure and compare the internet skills of medical school faculty and students and to investigate any potential skills gap between the two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1475-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354327PMC
January 2019

Response to 'using social media to support small group learning'.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 29;19(1):38. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, SW17 0RE, UK.

This letter serves to respond to the article from the point of view of medical students. It offers critical perspectives on how to take the research further in certain areas and alternatives that can be investigated. It also reinforces conclusions made by the article, as well as bringing to light new ideas, advantages, and limitations of the findings of the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1458-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350277PMC
January 2019

Transferring knowledge into practice? Exploring the feasibility of action learning for improving knowledge, skills and confidence in clinical communication skills.

Authors:
Jane Dowson

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 28;19(1):37. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Effective communication between patients and practitioners is fundamental to the delivery of high-quality care. This is particularly important in the complex and challenging nature of working in palliative and end of life care. Following specialist communication skills training, a group of healthcare professionals explored the impact of action learning (AL) on the perceptions of their knowledge, skills and confidence in communication skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1467-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350350PMC
January 2019

Assessment of burnout in medical undergraduate students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 25;19(1):34. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Clinical & Applied Research Department, Research Center, King Fahad Medical City, P.O. Box 59046, Riyadh, 11525, Saudi Arabia.

Background: To assess the prevalence of burnout symptoms among preclinical and clinical medical students studying at AlFaisal University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire on 276 medical students from Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study was approved by Alfaisal University research ethics committee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1468-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347822PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Willingness, concerns, incentives and acceptable remuneration regarding an involvement in teaching undergraduates - a cross-sectional questionnaire survey among German GPs.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 25;19(1):33. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Institute of General Practice and Family Medicine, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle/Saale, Germany.

Background: Worldwide, many undergraduate general practice curricula include community-based courses at general practitioners' (GPs') offices. Usually the academic general practice departments collaborate with networks of affiliated teaching practices. To successfully master the challenge of network development and extension, more information is needed about GPs' willingness to be involved in different teaching formats, important influencing factors, incentives, barriers, and the need for financial compensation. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1445-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347773PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Medical students: what educational resources are they using?

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 25;19(1):36. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

The University of Sydney School of Medicine - Education Office, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Background: The number of resources available to medical students studying a degree in medicine is growing exponentially. In addition to traditional learning resources such as lectures and textbooks, students are increasingly using e-learning tools like commercially available question banks to supplement their learning. Student preference for learning resources has not been described in detail, and a better understanding of the tools perceived to be useful could provide essential information to medical educators when designing and implementing medical curricula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1462-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347772PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Understanding compassion for people with dementia in medical and nursing students.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 25;19(1):35. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Centre for Dementia Studies, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Trafford Centre, Univeristy of Sussex, Falmer, East Sussex, BN1 9RY, UK.

Background: Compassion is an essential component of good quality care. Compassion towards people with dementia in health systems is often suboptimal, which can have negative impacts on clinical outcomes and patient experience. Attitudes are formed early in training and the literature on healthcare student compassion towards those with dementia is limited. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1460-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6347776PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Rating of physiotherapy student clinical performance: is it possible to gain assessor consistency?

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 24;19(1):32. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

School of Physiotherapy, Australian Catholic University, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Reliable interpretation of the Assessment of Physiotherapy Practice (APP) tool is necessary for consistent assessment of physiotherapy students in the clinical setting. However, since the APP was implemented, no study has reassessed how consistently a student performance is evaluated against the threshold standards. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to determine the consistency among physiotherapy educators when assessing a student performance using the APP tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1459-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346544PMC
January 2019

Preclinical curriculum of prospective case-based teaching with faculty- and student-blinded approach.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 23;19(1):31. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1265 Welch Road, MSOB x152, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

Background: Case-based teaching with real patient cases provides benefit of simulating real-world cognition. However, while clinical practice involves a prospective approach to cases, preclinical instruction typically involves full disclosure of case content to faculty, introducing hindsight bias into faculty teaching in medical curricula.

Methods: During 2015-2018, we piloted an optional medical school curriculum involving 6-7 one-hour sessions over a 3-month period each year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1453-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343267PMC
January 2019

Using electronic patient records: defining learning outcomes for undergraduate education.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 22;19(1):30. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Manchester Medical School, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.

Background: Healthcare professionals are required to access, interpret and generate patient data in the digital environment, and use this information to deliver and optimise patient care. Healthcare students are rarely exposed to the technology, or given the opportunity to use this during their training, which can impact on the digital competence of the graduating workforce. In this study we set out to develop and define domains of competence and associated learning outcomes needed by healthcare graduates to commence working in a digital healthcare environment. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1466-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341543PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Combining learning for educators and participants in a paediatric CPD programme.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 21;19(1):28. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Pediatrics, NU-Hospital Group, Uddevalla, Sweden.

Background: Most continuing professional development (CPD) programmes do not include an educational training module. In our country, educational practice in the areas of CPD and continuing medical education relies traditionally on conventional lectures. This is in sharp contrast to the educational research that clearly demonstrates that educational programmes emphasising adult learning methods have greater potential to change physicians' clinical practice. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1461-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341706PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

High-fidelity is not superior to low-fidelity simulation but leads to overconfidence in medical students.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 21;19(1):29. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1 (A1), 48149, Münster, Germany.

Background: Simulation has become integral to the training of both undergraduate medical students and medical professionals. Due to the increasing degree of realism and range of features, the latest mannequins are referred to as high-fidelity simulators. Whether increased realism leads to a general improvement in trainees' outcomes is currently controversial and there are few data on the effects of these simulators on participants' personal confidence and self-assessment. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1464-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341720PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Interprofessional clinical training in mental health improves students' readiness for interprofessional collaboration: a non-randomized intervention study.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 18;19(1):27. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen and Psychiatry Slagelse, Region Zealand, Fælledvej 6, 4200, Slagelse, Denmark.

Background: Over the past decades, the health sector in general has increasingly acknowledged the effectiveness of interprofessional clinical training in enhancing teamwork. In psychiatry, however, knowledge of the benefits of collaborative clinical training is sparse. This study aimed to investigate the impact of interprofessional training on students' readiness for interprofessional collaboration in a psychiatric ward. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1465-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339379PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Exam preparatory course for the 2nd part of the German medical examination in obstetrics and gynecology - a potential tool for the recruitment of new residents during the occupational decision process before the practical year?

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 17;19(1):24. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: The "Second Stage of the Physician Exam" at the end of the 5th year of medical school in Germany is the final step before the "Practical Year." An exam preparatory class can cover the complete content of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) in two days. We raise the question of whether such training might promote students' interest in the given specialty during occupational decision making and whether it could even be used by hospitals as a recruitment tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1457-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335710PMC
January 2019
1 Read
1.409 Impact Factor

Validity of the scan of postgraduate educational environment domains (SPEED) questionnaire in a rural general practice training setting.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 17;19(1):25. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, QLD, Townsville, Australia.

Background: The educational environment is critical to learning and is determined by social interactions. Trainee satisfaction translates to career commitment, retention and a positive professional attitude as well as being an important factor in assessing the impact of the training program. This study aimed to validate the Scan of Postgraduate Educational Environment Domain (SPEED) tool and assess its appropriateness in evaluating the quality of General Practice (GP) rural postgraduate educational environment. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1455-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337755PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Selection and academic success of medical students in Hamburg, Germany.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 16;19(1):23. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Martinistr, 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Student selection at Hamburg medical school is based on the combination of a natural science knowledge test (HAM-Nat) and pre-university educational attainment.

Method: Of the 1565 medical students enrolled in Hamburg from 2012 to 2015 about half were admitted by an entrance test, half by quotas. First, we analysed sociodemographic determinants of entrance test performance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1443-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335698PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Need for ensuring cultural competence in medical programmes of European universities.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 15;19(1):21. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Danish Research Centre for Migration, Ethnicity and Health, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Oester Farimagsgade 5A, 1014, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Europe is becoming more social and cultural diverse as a result of the increasing migration, but the medical doctors are largely unprepared. The medical education programmes and teachers have not evolved in line with development of the population. Culturally competent curricula and teachers are needed, to ensure cultural competence among medical doctors and to tackle inequalities in health between different ethnic groups. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1449-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332889PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

The development and implementation of a 12-month simulation-based learning curriculum for pediatric emergency medicine fellows utilizing debriefing with good judgment and rapid cycle deliberate practice.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 15;19(1):22. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Johns Hopkins Medical Simulation Center, Johns Hopkins University, 600 North Wolfe Street, Blalock 701, Office 702A, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

Background: There are currently training gaps, primarily procedural and teamwork skills, for pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows. Simulation-based learning (SBL) has been suggested as an educational modality to help fill those gaps. However, there is little evidence suggesting how to do so. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1417-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334393PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Improving clinical judgment by simulation: a randomized trial and validation of the Lasater clinical judgment rubric in Chinese.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 14;19(1):20. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

School of Nursing, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan, China.

Background: The development and assessment of clinical judgment ability are essential in nursing education. The Lasater Clinical Judgment Rubric (LCJR) was shown to be valid in evaluating nursing students' learning outcomes and skills in western cultures but has not been validated in mainland China. This study aimed to compare a simulation-teaching model with a traditional teaching method in enhancing the clinical judgment ability of nursing undergraduate students and to validate the Chinese version of the Lasater Clinical Judgment Rubric (C-LCJR). Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1454-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332860PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

Core competencies in genetics for healthcare professionals: results from a literature review and a Delphi method.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 11;19(1):19. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Sezione di Igiene, Istituto di Sanità Pubblica, Roma, Italy.

Background: Advances in genetics and genomics require that healthcare professionals manage and incorporate new technologies into the appropriate clinical practice. The aim of this study was to identify core competencies in genetics for non-geneticists, both physicians and non-physicians.

Methods: We performed a literature review by searching MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and ISI Web of Science databases to identify studies reporting competencies in genetics in terms of knowledge, attitudes and abilities for non-genetic healthcare professionals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1456-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329113PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Perception of the usability and implementation of a metacognitive mnemonic to check cognitive errors in clinical setting.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 10;19(1):18. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA.

Background: Establishing a diagnosis is a complex, iterative process involving patient data gathering, integration and interpretation. Premature closure is a fallacious cognitive tendency of closing the diagnostic process before sufficient data have been gathered. A proposed strategy to minimize premature closure is the use of a checklist to trigger metacognition (the process of monitoring one's own thinking). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1451-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327396PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Challenges and adaptations in implementing an English-medium medical program:a case study in China.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 9;19(1):15. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Foreign Languages, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China.

Background: Increasingly, non-English speaking countries use English as the medium of instruction (EMI) to teach academic subjects. This study investigated the challenges and adaptation strategies of teachers and students in an EMI medical education program in China.

Methods: Data were collected on EMI and non-EMI students' test performances and student and teacher perceptions of the program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1452-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325837PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Sources of Health care providers' Self-efficacy to deliver Health Education: a qualitative study.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 9;19(1):16. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of the English Language, Faculty of Medicine, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Lorestan, Iran.

Background: The self-efficacy of educators plays a crucial role in their professional competence and subsequent provision of care. The present study aims to explain the main sources contributing to the development of self-efficacy beliefs among healthcare providers in delivering health education.

Methods: This qualitative study was conducted from 2015 to 2016 in various settings of Isfahan such as hospitals, doctor's offices, and healthcare centers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1448-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327583PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Cross-sectional comparison of spiral versus block integrated curriculums in preparing medical students to diagnose and manage concussions.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 9;19(1):17. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

School of Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia Okanagan, ART 180, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, V1V 1V7, BC, Canada.

Background: An integrated curriculum is designed to be repetitive yet progressive and the concept has rapidly established itself within medical education. National organizations have recommended a shift to a spiral curriculum design, which uses both vertical and horizontal integration. This study examined differences between the recently implemented integrated spiral (class of 2019) and conventional block (classes of 2016-2018) MD curricula at the University of British Columbia (UBC) with respect to knowledge of concussion. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1439-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327552PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

A cognitive forcing tool to mitigate cognitive bias - a randomised control trial.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 8;19(1):12. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Centre for Medical Education, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.

Background: Cognitive bias is an important source of diagnostic error yet is a challenging area to understand and teach. Our aim was to determine whether a cognitive forcing tool can reduce the rates of error in clinical decision making. A secondary objective was to understand the process by which this effect might occur. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1444-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325867PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Judging residents' performance: a qualitative study using grounded theory.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 8;19(1):13. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Centre for Education Development and Research in Health Professions, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Background: Although program directors judge residents' performance for summative decisions, little is known about how they do this. This study examined what information program directors use and how they value this information in making a judgment of residents' performance and what residents think of this process.

Methods: Sixteen semi-structured interviews were held with residents and program directors from different hospitals in the Netherlands in 2015-2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1446-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325830PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Simulation-based training of junior doctors in handling critically ill patients facilitates the transition to clinical practice: an interview study.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 8;19(1):11. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation, Herlev Hospital, Capital Region of Denmark and Copenhagen University, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730 Herlev, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Junior doctors lack confidence and competence in handling the critically ill patient including diagnostic skills, decision-making and team working with other health care professionals. Simulation-based training on managing emergency situations can have substantial effects on satisfaction and learning. However, there are indications of problems when applying learned skills to practice. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1447-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6323692PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Cultural awareness workshops: limitations and practical consequences.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 8;19(1):14. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science, Swinburne University of Technology, Alphington, Australia.

Cultural awareness training for health professionals is now commonplace across a variety of sectors. Its popularity has spawned several alternatives (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1450-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325797PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Assessing core competences of medical students with a test for flight school applicants.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 7;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Important competences of physicians regarding patient safety include communication, leadership, stress resistance, adherence to procedures, awareness, and teamwork. Similarly, while selected, prospective flight school applicants are tested for the same set of skills. The aim of our study was to assess these core competences in advanced undergraduate medical students from different medical schools. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1438-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322305PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Effects of gender in resident evaluations and certifying examination pass rates.

BMC Med Educ 2019 Jan 7;19(1):10. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX, 75390-8830, USA.

Background: Though the proportion of female Internal Medicine (IM) residents and faculty has increased, there is minimal large scale modern data comparing resident performance by gender. This study sought to examine the effects of resident and faculty gender on resident evaluations.

Methods: Retrospective observational study over 5 years in a single IM program. Read More

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https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12909
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1440-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322320PMC
January 2019
2 Reads