503 results match your criteria BMC International Health and Human Rights [Journal]


"An ethnographic exploration of factors that drive policing of street-based female sex workers in a U.S. setting - identifying opportunities for intervention".

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 May 14;20(1):12. Epub 2020 May 14.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health, Behavior and Society, 624 N Broadway, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: Building on a broader sociological discourse around policing approaches towards vulnerable populations, increasing public health and human rights evidence points to policing practices as a key health determinant, particularly among street-based sex workers. Despite the importance of policing as a structural health determinant, few studies have sought to understand the factors that underlie and shape harmful policing practices towards sex workers. This study therefore aimed to explore the drivers for policing attitudes and practices towards street-based cisgender female sex workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00232-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7227297PMC

Community perspectives on the extent to which transactional sex is viewed as sexual exploitation in Central Uganda.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 May 1;20(1):11. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: Definitions of child sexual exploitation vary. Sexual exploitation violates children's rights and exposes them to mental and physical harm. There exist differences in views of behaviour that is considered exploitative, including transactional sex. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00228-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7193338PMC

Scheduling medicines as controlled substances: addressing normative and democratic gaps through human rights-based analysis.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 Apr 21;20(1):10. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Box 453, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Recent years have seen contentious debate about efforts to schedule medicines such as ketamine and tramadol under the international drug control conventions. Proponents argue that misuse poses a significant risk to public health and that scheduling would help address these problems. However, scheduling of medicines can negatively affect their availability, accessibility and affordability for medical purposes, with serious health consequences for patients, especially in low and middle-income countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00231-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7171726PMC

Misoprostol for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage in Mozambique: an analysis of the interface between human rights, maternal health and development.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 Apr 8;20(1). Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Bixby Center for Population, Health and Sustainability, University of California-Berkeley, University Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720-6390, USA.

Background: Mozambique has high maternal mortality which is compounded by limited human resources for health, weak access to health services, and poor development indicators. In 2011, the Mozambique Ministry of Health (MoH) approved the distribution of misoprostol for the prevention of post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) at home births where oxytocin is not available. Misoprostol can be administered by a traditional birth attendant or self-administered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00229-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7140325PMC

Assessing medical impoverishment and associated factors in health care in Ethiopia.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 Mar 30;20(1). Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Health Economics Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Health Sciences Faculty, University of Cape Town, Anzio Road, Observatory, Cape Town, 7925, South Africa.

Background: About 5% of the global population, predominantly in low- and middle-income countries, is forced into poverty because of out-of-pocket (OOP) health spending. In most countries in sub-Saharan Africa, the share of OOP health spending in current health expenditure exceeds 35%, increasing the likelihood of impoverishment. In Ethiopia, OOP payments remained high at 37% of current health expenditure in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00227-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7106681PMC

Expanding the role of paralegals: supporting realization of the right to health for vulnerable communities.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 Mar 30;20(1). Epub 2020 Mar 30.

USC Institute on Inequalities in Global Health, University of Southern California, 2001 N Soto St, Los Angeles, USA.

Background: All around the world, the paralegal program prepares members of marginalized communities to face the legal system. Having a common background with their clients and being capable of conducting flexible work, paralegals' role moves beyond enlarging the beneficiaries of legal aid to addressing intersectional issues around health-related rights. This study assesses the health and other impacts of paralegals recruited by Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Masyarakat (LBHM), a human rights organization which provides legal assistance and operates in Jakarta, Indonesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00226-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7106642PMC

Community mobilisation to prevent violence against women and girls in eastern India through participatory learning and action with women's groups facilitated by accredited social health activists: a before-and-after pilot study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 Mar 25;20(1). Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Almost one in three married Indian women have ever experienced physical, sexual, or emotional violence from husbands in their lifetime. We aimed to investigate the preliminary effects of community mobilisation through participatory learning and action groups facilitated by Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), coupled with access to counselling, to prevent violence against women and girls in Jharkhand, eastern India.

Methods: We piloted a cycle of 16 participatory learning and action meetings with women's groups facilitated by ASHAs in rural Jharkhand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00224-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7093987PMC

Sexual and reproductive health rights knowledge and reproductive health services utilization among rural reproductive age women in Aleta Wondo District, Sidama zone, Ethiopia: community based cross-sectional study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 03 11;20(1). Epub 2020 Mar 11.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Various countries in the world have achieved promising progress in promoting, protecting and guaranteeing sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHRs) since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo. However, SRHRs have not been recognized to their maximum potential in Ethiopia, despite the domestication of the international instruments related to their successful implementation. This study was intended to determine the magnitude of SRHRs knowledge, reproductive health services utilization and their independent predictors among rural reproductive-age women in the Aleta Wondo District, Ethiopia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00223-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7065338PMC

Sexual and reproductive health of women living with HIV in Muslim-majority countries: a systematic mixed studies review.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 03 11;20(1). Epub 2020 Mar 11.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: The number of women living with the human immunodeficiency virus (WLHIV) in Muslim-majority countries has increased significantly in the last decade. These women are often marginalized and face insecure sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs and rights. However, little is known about the multi-faceted factors influencing these women's fertility, contraceptive, and perinatal decisions and sexual life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00225-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066758PMC

Exploring barriers to seeking health care among Kenyan Somali women with female genital mutilation: a qualitative study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 01 28;20(1). Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Africa Coordinating Centre for the Abandonment of FGM/C (ACCAF), University of Nairobi, P.O Box 19676-00202, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a cultural practice associated with health consequences, women rights and deprivation of dignity. Despite FGM/C-related health consequences, circumcised women may encounter additional challenges while seeking interventions for reproductive health problems. Experiences of women/girls while accessing health services for reproductive health problems including FGM/C-related complications in poor, remote and hard to reach areas is poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-0222-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6986153PMC
January 2020

Trends in prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence against women in Zimbabwe, 2005-2015.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 01 20;20(1). Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Health Sciences Bremen, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a widespread problem affecting all cultures and socioeconomic groups. This study explored the trends in prevalence and risk factors associated with IPV among Zimbabwean women of reproductive age (15-49 years) from 2005 to 2015.

Methods: Data from the 2005/2006, 2010/2011 and 2015 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) on 13,409 women (survey year: 2005/2006; n = 4081), (survey year: 2010/2011; n = 4411) and (survey year: 2015; n = 4917) were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0220-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6971918PMC
January 2020

The patient voice: a survey of worries and anxieties during health system transition in HIV services in Vietnam.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2020 01 10;20(1). Epub 2020 Jan 10.

AIDS Clinical Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-21-1, Toyama, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan.

Background: Vietnam is shifting toward integrating HIV services into the public health system using social health insurance (SHI), and the HIV service delivery system is becoming decentralized. The study aim was to investigate current SHI coverage and patients' perspectives on this transition.

Methods: A survey of 1348 HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy (aged ≥18 years) was conducted at an HIV outpatient clinic at a central-level hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam, in October and November 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0221-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6954624PMC
January 2020

Prevalence of child marriage and its impact on fertility outcomes in 34 sub-Saharan African countries.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 12 19;19(1):33. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Background: The issue of child marriage is a form of human rights violation among young women mainly in resource-constrained countries. Over the past decades, child marriage has gained attention as a threat to women's health and autonomy. This study explores the prevalence of child marriage among women aged 20-24 years in sub-Saharan Africa countries and examines the association between child marriage and fertility outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0219-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6924035PMC
December 2019

Protocol of a longitudinal study on the specific needs of Syrian refugee families in Switzerland.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 12 16;19(1):32. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Department of Vulnerabilities and Social Medicine, Center for Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), University of Lausanne, Rue du Bugnon 44, CH-1011, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: The ongoing Syrian civil war has led to massive population displacements, leading to the reorganization of the asylum policies of several countries. Accordingly, like other European countries, the Swiss government has recently chosen to implement a specific resettlement program. This program is characterized by the fact that the whole nuclear family is granted a work and residence permit upon arrival, and benefits from enhanced integration services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0216-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6916107PMC
December 2019

Sexual and gender minorities rights in Latin America and the Caribbean: a multi-country evaluation.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 11 6;19(1):31. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Although the extent of legal inequities experienced by sexual and gender minorities (SGM) has declined during recent decades, this population still enjoys fewer legal protections and benefits than the non-gender-variant, heterosexual population. Herein we analyze the current scenario of SGM rights in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

Methods: Policy documents and governmental strategies addressing SGM rights were analyzed within a timeline framework by three major LAC sub-regions: the Caribbean, Mesoamerica and South America. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0217-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6836409PMC
November 2019

Rethinking obstetric violence and the "neglect of neglect": the silence of a labour ward milieu in a South African district hospital.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 10 30;19(1):30. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South Africa.

Background: Research into the mistreatment of women during childbirth has increased over recent years. Overt violence is an important focus of research, but recently there has been increasing recognition that there are other ways in which women in labour may be uncared for or even hurt. As part of a larger study focussing on staff responses to stillbirths, we wanted to gain contextual information on how high risk pregnancies are handled in general in Khayelitsha Hospital, a district hospital in an impoverished urban setting in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0218-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6822362PMC
October 2019

Prevalence of intimate partner violence against women in the Arab world: a systematic review.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 10 22;19(1):29. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

Center for Research on Population and Health at the Faculty of Health Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Violence against women has particular importance for women's health and wellbeing in the Arab world, where women face persistent barriers to social, political and economic equality. This review aims to summarize what is known about the prevalence of physical, sexual and emotional/psychological intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in the 22 countries of the Arab League, including geographic coverage, quality and comparability of the evidence.

Methods: A systematic review of IPV prevalence in Arab countries was carried out among peer-reviewed journal articles and national, population-based survey reports published by international research programmes and/or governments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0215-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6805386PMC
October 2019

Social support attenuates the link between torture exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder among male and female Syrian refugees in Sweden.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 09 5;19(1):28. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

Department of Health Sciences, The Swedish Red Cross University College, PO Box 1059, SE-141 21, Huddinge, Sweden.

Background: The aim of this study is threefold: (i) to establish the psychometric properties and gender invariance of ENRICHD Social Support Inventory (ESSI), which was used for the first time in the present study in the population of Syrian refugees resettled in Sweden; (ii) to assess whether gender moderates the associations between social support, exposure to torture and PTSD; (iii) to assess whether social support mediates the association between exposure to torture and PTSD, and whether this mediation is in turn moderated by gender.

Methods: Data from a cross-sectional and population-based study of a random sample of Syrian refugees (n = 1215) resettled in Sweden 2011-2013 was analyzed within a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) framework.

Results: Our results indicate adequate fit and gender invariance for a unidimensional model of ESSI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0214-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6727543PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Perceptions of brazilian nursing faculty members regarding literacy of human rights related to health in nursing undergraduate programs.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 08 28;19(1):27. Epub 2019 Aug 28.

University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900 Campus Universitário - Bairro Monte Alegre, Ribeirão Preto, SP, CEP: 14040-902, Brazil.

Background: In the context of global health, the work of nurses is of key importance, given their role as diplomats in global health and as fundamental forces in the construction of global partnerships. This study seeks to identify the understanding and perceptions of Brazilian nursing faculty members regarding literacy of human rights related to health in nursing undergraduate programs.

Methods: Methodological, quantitative and cross-sectional study carried out with nursing faculty members from 20 Brazilian higher education institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0213-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6712850PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Health care providers' and mothers' perceptions about the medicalization of female genital mutilation or cutting in Egypt: a cross-sectional qualitative study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 08 27;19(1):26. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

Population Council, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a traditional harmful practice that has been prevalent in Egypt for many years. The medicalization of FGM/C has been increasing significantly in Egypt making it the country with the highest rate of medicalization. In this qualitative study, we explored the drivers and motives behind why healthcare professionals perform FGM/C and why mothers rely on them to perform the practice on their daughters. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0202-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6712689PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Child marriage among boys in high-prevalence countries: an analysis of sexual and reproductive health outcomes.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 08 16;19(1):25. Epub 2019 Aug 16.

Data and Analytics Section, Division of Data, Research and Policy, UNICEF, New York, USA.

Background: While the determinants and impacts of child marriage among girls have been well documented, little research exists on the practice among boys. This paper explores the sociodemographic profile of men who married by age 18 and assesses whether they are more or less advantaged than their peers in terms of their sexual and reproductive health outcomes.

Methods: This analysis used the most recent data from nationally representative household surveys for the 15 countries with the highest prevalence of marriage by age 18 among men aged 20-24 at the time of the survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0212-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6697949PMC
August 2019
4 Reads

Effects of the Convention on the Rights of the Child on child mortality and vaccination rates: a synthetic control analysis.

Authors:
Gary W Reinbold

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 08 2;19(1):24. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Department of Public Administration and Institute for Legal, Legislative, and Policy Studies, University of Illinois at Springfield, Springfield, IL, 62703, USA.

Background: Scholars have long been sceptical about the effectiveness of human rights treaties in changing the behaviour of states parties and prior empirical research has often justified that scepticism. However, only a few prior studies have considered the effects of adoption of core human rights treaties on health outcomes and only one prior study has analysed the effects of adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) on children's health outcomes.

Methods: In this study, we estimated the effects of CRC adoption on child mortality rates and vaccination rates in less developed countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0211-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6679427PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Studying the impoverishing effects of procuring medicines: a national study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 07 31;19(1):23. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: One of the main treatment procedures is through medicine prescription. Considering the rising burden of drug costs, we conducted this study to estimate the impoverishing effects of medicine on Iranian households.

Method: We carried out calculations based on the Iranian National Household Survey for the year 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0210-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6670235PMC
July 2019
8 Reads

A model explaining refugee experiences of the Australian healthcare system: a systematic review of refugee perceptions.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 07 18;19(1):22. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Townsville Multicultural Support Group Incorporated, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Refugees have significant unmet health needs. Delivering services to refugees continues to be problematic in the Australian healthcare system. A systematic review and thematic synthesis of the literature exploring refugee perceptions of the Australian healthcare system was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0206-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6637597PMC
July 2019
1 Read

Current care for victims of sexual violence and future sexual assault care centres in Belgium: the perspective of victims.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 06 27;19(1):21. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, UZP114, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: Sexual violence is a global health problem. After ratifying the Convention of Istanbul in 2016, this Belgian study was set up to map the perspective of victims of rape on the current sexual violence care provision in Belgium and to inquire on their need for more specialised and holistic care in future Sexual Assault Care Centres.

Methods: Sixteen rape victims participated in this sub-study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0207-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6598354PMC
June 2019
4 Reads

Quality of health care for refugees - a systematic review.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 06 13;19(1):20. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Institute of Family Medicine, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Luebeck, Germany.

Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to identify quality indicators (QI) developed for health care for refugees.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review of international QI databases such as the Agency for Health care Research and Quality in addition to a systematic search in PubMed, Cochrane library and Web of Science, using the terms "refugee" and "quality indicator", complemented by a search in reference lists and grey literature. All papers which included QIs for refugees, especially for health care were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0205-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6567514PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Community-based surveillance of unaccompanied and separated children in drought-affected northern Ethiopia.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 06 10;19(1):19. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.

Background: Children separated from their caregivers in humanitarian emergencies are vulnerable to multiple risks. However, no field-tested methods exist to capture ongoing changes in the frequency and nature of separation in these contexts over the course of a protracted crisis.

Methods: Recognizing this gap, a mobile phone-based surveillance system was established in a drought-affected district in northern Ethiopia to assess the feasibility of using community focal points to monitor cases of unaccompanied and separated children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0203-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6558760PMC
June 2019
4 Reads

Coping with ill-health: health care facility, chemist or medicinal plants? Health-seeking behaviour in a Kenyan wetland.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 06 6;19(1):18. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

GeoHealth Centre, Institute for Hygiene and Public Health, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Background: Sub-Saharan African wetlands, settlement areas to growing populations, expose their users to diseases as necessary health infrastructure remains underdeveloped.

Methods: Mixed methods were adopted to assess the health-seeking behaviour of different exposure groups (farmers, pastoralists, service sector workers) in a Kenyan wetland community. Based on a cross-sectional survey (n = 400), syndromic surveillance was linked to health-seeking event analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0199-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6554869PMC
June 2019
2 Reads

Prison health situation and health rights of young people incarcerated in sub-Saharan African prisons and detention centres: a scoping review of extant literature.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 05 22;19(1):17. Epub 2019 May 22.

College of Health Sciences, Centre for Evaluation of Public Health Interventions, Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Treatment and special protection of the rights of incarcerated young people in prisons are mandated under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), as well as under United Nations (UN) human rights instruments.

Methods: A scoping review mapped what is currently known about prison conditions and health situation of detained and incarcerated young people in sub- Saharan African (SSA) prisons. A systematic search collected and reviewed all available and relevant published and grey literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0200-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6532240PMC
May 2019
2 Reads

Assessing the influence of conflict on the dynamics of sex work and the HIV and HCV epidemics in Ukraine: protocol for an observational, ethnographic, and mathematical modeling study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 05 20;19(1):16. Epub 2019 May 20.

Centre for Global Public Health, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, R070 Med Rehab Bldg, 771 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3E 0T6, Canada.

Background: Armed conflict erupted in eastern Ukraine in 2014 and still continues. This conflict has resulted in an intensification of poverty, displacement and migration, and has weakened the local health system. Ukraine has some of the highest rates of HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV) in Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0201-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6528269PMC
May 2019
2 Reads

An investigation into the association of pre- and post-migration experiences on the self-rated health status among new resettled adult humanitarian refugees to Australia: a protocol for a mixed methods study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 04 30;19(1):15. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

Department of General Practice, School of Primary Health Care, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Refugees are one of the most vulnerable groups in our society. They are at risk of poor physical and mental health outcomes, much of this attributed to traumatic events prior to migration and the additional risk factors refugees face in the host nations. However, how migration factors shape the health of resettling refugees is not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0198-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6492333PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Human rights' interdependence and indivisibility: a glance over the human rights to water and sanitation.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 8;19(1):14. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

René Rachou Institute - Fiocruz Minas, Augusto de Lima Avenue, 1715 CEP: 30, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 190-002, Brazil.

Background: In 1948 the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was drawn up. The content of this document was further reflected two treaties, the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. To try to maintain the interrelationship between the rights contained in each document, the idea that all rights are interdependent and indivisible was stressed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0197-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408851PMC
March 2019
20 Reads

Leishmaniasis patients' pilgrimage to access health care in rural Bolivia: a qualitative study using human rights to health approach.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1):12. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, SE-901-85, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease endemic in Bolivia that disproportionately affects people with little social and political capital. Although the treatment is provided free of charge by the Bolivian government, there is an under-utilization of treatments in relation to the estimated affected population. This study explores the experiences of patients with leishmaniasis and the challenges faced when searching for diagnosis and treatment in Bolivia using a human rights approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0196-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402110PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

'Mankind owes to the child the best that it has to give': prison conditions and the health situation and rights of children incarcerated with their mothers in sub-Saharan African prisons.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1):13. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

College of Health Sciences, Centre for Evaluation of Public Health Interventions, Department of Community Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: In recent times, sub-Saharan African (SSA) prisons have seen a substantial increase in women prisoners, including those incarcerated with children.

Methods: A scoping review mapped what is currently known about the health situation and unique rights violations of children incarcerated with their mothers in SSA prisons. A systematic search collected and reviewed all available and relevant published and grey literature (2000-2018). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0194-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6402132PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The relationship between depression and sexual health service utilization among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1):11. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Center for Public Health and Human Rights, Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, E7146, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Background: In Cote D'Ivoire, there has been limited coverage of evidence-based sexual health services specifically supporting men who have sex with men (MSM). To date, there has been limited study of the determinants of engagement in these services including multiple intersecting stigmas and depression.

Methods: 1301 MSM aged 18 years and older, were recruited using respondent-driven sampling in Abidjan, Yamoussoukro, Gagnoa and Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire from January 2015 to October 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0186-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399955PMC
March 2019
28 Reads

Impact of health insurance status among migrants from sub-Saharan Africa on access to health care and HIV testing in Germany: a participatory cross-sectional survey.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1):10. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Division for HIV/AIDS, STI and Blood-borne Infections, Robert Koch Institute, Seestr. 10, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Among all newly diagnosed HIV cases in Germany in 2015, 16% originated from sub-Saharan Africa. Twelve percent of these infections were contracted within Germany and migrants from sub-Saharan Africa (misSA) are diagnosed later than Germans. Migrants, specifically those without health insurance, face many barriers accessing health care due to their residence status and cultural, socio-economic, legal and linguistic barriers. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0189-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399910PMC
March 2019
21 Reads

Experiences of gender-based violence among female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender women in Latin America and the Caribbean: a qualitative study to inform HIV programming.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

FHI 360, 359 Blackwell Street, Durham, NC, 27707, USA.

Background: Female sex workers, MSM, and transgender women-collectively referred to as key populations (KPs)-are disproportionately affected by gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV, yet little is known about the violence they face, its gender-based origins, and responses to GBV. The purpose of this study was to understand the nature and consequences of GBV experienced, to inform HIV policies and programming and to help protect KPs' human rights.

Methods: Using a participatory approach, FSWs, MSM, and transgender women in Barbados, El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago, and Haiti conducted 278 structured interviews with peers to understand their experiences of and responses to GBV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0187-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399914PMC
March 2019
31 Reads

Sex work stigma and non-disclosure to health care providers: data from a large RDS study among FSW in Brazil.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 03 5;19(1). Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Institute of Scientific Communication and Information on Public Health of Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: Stigma in health services may be detrimental to health seeking attitudes and practices. This study investigates non-disclosure of sex work to health care providers among female sex workers (FSW) in Brazil and its association with the utilization of health care services.

Methods: This study used cross-sectional respondent-driven sampling, carried out in 12 Brazilian cities to identify HIV risk behaviors among FSW. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0193-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6399834PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

A cross-sectional survey of parental attitudes towards Human papillomavirus vaccination exclusion categories in Brazil.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 02 28;19(1). Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop 1518-002-7BB, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.

Background: In 1988, Brazil established a constitutional right to health and universal access to health care for all Brazilians through the creation of the Unified Health System (SUS). As part of its efforts to fulfill this right, the quadrivalent Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was introduced into the national immunization program in 2014. The non-discriminatory provision of healthcare goods, facilities, and services is a fundamental part of the right to health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0195-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394080PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Health of Syrian unaccompanied asylum seeking adolescents (UASA) at first medical examination in Germany in comparison to UASA from other world regions.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 02 26;19(1). Epub 2019 Feb 26.

School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, PO Box 100131, 33501, Bielefeld, Germany.

Background: The war in Syria has led to the biggest refugee crisis of our time. Unaccompanied asylum seeking adolescents (UASA) are a particularly vulnerable subgroup of refugees. This study aims to describe the weight status, health behaviour and disease spectrum of Syrian UASA in comparison to UASA from other world regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0192-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6390530PMC
February 2019
29 Reads

Health status of children left behind in rural areas of Sichuan Province of China: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 01 28;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macao, China.

Background: In recent decades, many workers from rural areas in China migrated to urban cities in search of a better livelihood. Due to the household registration policy and other financial barriers, more than 40 million of children were left behind in their rural home by their migrated parents in 2015. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to investigate the influence of being left behind on these children's physical and mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0191-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350297PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

The recovery experience of people who were sex trafficked: the thwarted journey towards goal pursuit.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 01 22;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: In 2010, a shelter programme was established in the Netherlands to provide social and health services for trafficked people. This article describes how service users in this programme conceptualized and experienced their own process of recovery.

Methods: In 2012, 14 people of non-Dutch nationality who had been trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation were interviewed at all three shelters of the programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0185-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341539PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Sewing shirts with injured fingers and tears: exploring the experience of female garment workers health problems in Bangladesh.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 01 21;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 21.

School of Medicine, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.

Background: The ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh not only contributes to the nation's economic development, but has created income opportunities for women, benefiting their whole family. However, these benefits come at considerable cost to the women. This research examines how the work environment and gendered family role in this conservative society affect the health of the female industrial workers. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0188-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341570PMC
January 2019
22 Reads

The MuSeS project: a mixed methods study to increase understanding of the role of settlement and multicultural services in supporting migrant and refugee women experiencing violence in Australia.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2019 01 7;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 7.

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.

Background: Violence against women is a major human rights and public health issue globally. The experience of violence affects women across Australia, including the large number of migrant and refugee women who permanently or temporarily resettle in the country. Many women who experience violence find it difficult to access support, and evidence suggests women who have resettled in Australia face additional barriers to violence-specific services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0184-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322334PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Global Abortion Policies Database: a descriptive analysis of the legal categories of lawful abortion.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 12 20;18(1):44. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Reproductive Health and Research and UNDP-UNFPA-UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH-1211, 27, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Texts and interpretations on the lawfulness of abortion and associated administrative requirements can be vague and confusing. It can also be difficult for a woman or provider to know exactly where to look for and how to interpret laws on abortion. To increase transparency, the Global Abortion Policies Database (GAPD), launched in 2017, facilitates the strengthening of knowledge and understanding of the complexities and nuances around lawful abortion as explicitly stated in laws and policies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0183-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302420PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Mandatory minimum sentencing policies and cocaine use in the U.S., 1985-2013.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 11 29;18(1):43. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: As of May 2017, the United States federal government renewed its prioritization for the enforcement of mandatory minimum sentences for illicit drug offenses. While the effect of such policies on racial disparities in incarceration is well-documented, less is known about the extent to which these laws are associated with decreased drug use. This study aims to identify changes in cocaine use associated with mandatory minimum sentencing policies by examining differential sentences for powder and crack cocaine set by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act (ADAA) (100:1) and the Fair Sentencing Act (FSA), which reduced the disparate sentencing to 18:1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0182-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6267913PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

A harmful traditional practice exposing young girls to experience virgin pregnancy (Shilshalo): a qualitative study in Argoba community, Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 11 20;18(1):42. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Gender and Health Expert, Addis Ababa City Administration Rehabilitation Project Office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: There are various harmful traditional practices and beliefs across the different parts of Ethiopia. Shilshalo, which is yet little known about, is one of these practices existing in Argoba, a community in Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia. This study was conducted to explore the various features associated with the practice of Shilshalo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0179-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247749PMC
November 2018
31 Reads

Words matter: a call for humanizing and respectful language to describe people who experience incarceration.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 11 16;18(1):41. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Division of Prison Health, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Ch. du Petit-Bel-Air 2, CH-1225, Chêne-Bourg, Switzerland.

Background: Words matter when describing people involved in the criminal justice system because language can have a significant impact upon health, wellbeing, and access to health information and services. However, terminology used in policies, programs, and research publications is often derogatory, stigmatizing, and dehumanizing.

Discussion: In response, health experts from Europe, the United States, and Australia recommend that healthcare professionals, researchers, and policy makers working with people in detention follow key principles that foster constructive and humanizing language. Read More

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https://bmcinthealthhumrights.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0180-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240232PMC
November 2018
31 Reads

"We need good nutrition but we have no money to buy food": sociocultural context, care experiences, and newborn health in two UNHCR-supported camps in South Sudan.

BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2018 11 12;18(1):40. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, 312-B, Ottawa, ON, K1N6N5, Canada.

Background: Determinants of newborn health and survival exist across the reproductive life cycle, with many sociocultural and contextual factors influencing outcomes beyond the availability of, and access to, quality health services. In order to better understand key needs and opportunities to improve newborn health in refugee camp settings, we conducted a multi-methods qualitative study of the status of maternal and newborn health in refugee camps in Upper Nile state, South Sudan.

Methods: In 2016, we conducted 18 key informant interviews with health service managers and front-line providers and 13 focus group discussions in two Sudanese refugee camps in Maban County, South Sudan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12914-018-0181-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233510PMC
November 2018
3 Reads