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    413 results match your criteria BMC International Health and Human Rights [Journal]

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    Transgender women in Malaysia, in the context of HIV and Islam: a qualitative study of stakeholders' perceptions.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Oct 18;17(1):30. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    UKM Medical centre, Faculty of Medicine, International Centre for Casemix and Clinical Coding, National University of Malaysia, Jalaan Yaacob Latif, Kuala Lumpur, 56000 Cheras, Malaysia.
    Background: Globally, one of the key groups considered to be at high risk of acquiring HIV are transgender women, often a marginalised group. In the Malaysian context there has been a scarcity of published research relating to transgender women, a sensitive issue in a Muslim majority country, where Islam plays an influential role in society. Furthermore, there has been a paucity of research relating to how such issues relate to HIV prevention in transgender women in Malaysia. Read More

    Should community health workers offer support healthcare services to survivors of sexual violence? a systematic review.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Oct 12;17(1):28. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Department of Global Health and Development, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.
    Background: Sexual violence is widespread, yet relatively few survivors receive healthcare or complete treatment. In low and middle-income countries, community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to provide support services to large numbers of survivors. The aim of this review was to document the role of CHWs in sexual violence services. Read More

    "It is good to take her early to the doctor" - mothers' understanding of childhood pneumonia symptoms and health care seeking in Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Sep 22;17(1):27. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Global Health - Health System and Policy Research Group, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Pneumonia is among the leading causes of avoidable deaths for young children globally. The main burden of mortality falls on children from poor and rural families who are less likely to obtain the treatment they need, highlighting inequities in access to effective care and treatment. Caretakers' illness perceptions and care-seeking practices are of major importance for children with pneumonia to receive adequate care. Read More

    Online surveillance of media health event reporting in Nepal: digital disease detection from a One Health perspective.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Sep 21;17(1):26. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    HealthMap, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
    Background: Traditional media and the internet are crucial sources of health information. Media can significantly shape public opinion, knowledge and understanding of emerging and endemic health threats. As digital communication rapidly progresses, local access and dissemination of health information contribute significantly to global disease detection and reporting. Read More

    Curbing the lifestyle disease pandemic: making progress on an interdisciplinary research agenda for law and policy interventions.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Sep 18;17(1):25. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Faculty of Arts, Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat 26, 9712 EK, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    By 2030, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) will be the leading cause of death in every region in the world. While law and policy have an important role to play in curbing this pandemic, our current understanding of how they can most effectively be used is still limited. This contribution identifies a number of gaps in current research and insists on an interdisciplinary research agenda between law, health science and international relations aimed at designing concrete proposals for laws and policies to curb the NCD pandemic, both globally and domestically. Read More

    Perceptions about Iranian-Kurds' ethnic-inequality in health.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Sep 12;17(1):24. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Evidence shows ethnic-inequality is a very effective variable in the Community and individual health associated outcomes. This study focused on gaining a deeper understanding of people's perception on inequality of health in Iranian-Kurds and its determinants.

    Methods: The study was conducted in the three cities of Marivan, Sanandaj (capital of Kurdistan province in Iran) and Tehran (capital of the country). Read More

    Determinants of internal migrant health and the healthy migrant effect in South India: a mixed methods study.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Sep 12;17(1):23. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada.
    Background: Internal labour migration is an important and necessary livelihood strategy for millions of individuals and households in India. However, the precarious position of migrant workers within Indian society may have consequences for the health of these individuals. Previous research on the connections between health and labour mobility within India have primarily focused on the negative health outcomes associated with this practice. Read More

    Perspectives of basic wheelchair users on improving their access to wheelchair services in Kenya and Philippines: a qualitative study.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Aug 17;17(1):22. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    Jhpiego, 1615 Thames St, Baltimore, MD, 21231-3492, USA.
    Background: The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. Yet little is known about the extent to which appropriate wheelchairs are available and provided according to international guidelines. Read More

    Realizing Universal Health Coverage in East Africa: the relevance of human rights.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Aug 3;17(1):21. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
    Kenya Legal & Ethical Issues Network (KELIN), Geneva, Switzerland.
    Applying a robust human rights framework would change thinking and decision-making in efforts to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC), and advance efforts to promote women's, children's, and adolescents' health in East Africa, which is a priority under the Sustainable Development Agenda. Nevertheless, there is a gap between global rhetoric of human rights and ongoing health reform efforts. This debate article seeks to fill part of that gap by setting out principles of human rights-based approaches (HRBAs), and then applying those principles to questions that countries undertaking efforts toward UHC and promoting women's, children's and adolescents' health, will need to face, focusing in particular on ensuring enabling legal and policy frameworks, establishing fair financing; priority-setting processes, and meaningful oversight and accountability mechanisms. Read More

    Key populations and human rights in the context of HIV services rendition in Ghana.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Aug 2;17(1):20. Epub 2017 Aug 2.
    Center for Bioethics, University of Minnesota, 410 Church Street S.E MN, Minneapolis, 55455-0346, USA.
    Background: In line with its half century old penal code, Ghana currently criminalizes and penalizes behaviors of some key populations - populations deemed to be at higher risk of acquiring or transmitting Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Men who have sex with men (MSM), and sex workers (SWs) fit into this categorization. This paper provides an analysis of how enactment and implementation of rights-limiting laws not only limit rights, but also amplify risk and vulnerability to HIV in key and general populations. Read More

    Sexual violence against female university students in Ethiopia.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Jul 24;17(1):19. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
    School of Education and Behavioral sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia.
    Background: Though many women are suffering the consequences of sexual violence, only few victims speak out as it is sensitive and prone to stigma. This lack of data made it difficult to get full picture of the problem and design proper interventions. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with sexual violence among female students of Wolaita Sodo University, south Ethiopia. Read More

    Analysis of the association between millennium development goals 4 & 5 and the physician workforce across international economic strata.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Jul 18;17(1):18. Epub 2017 Jul 18.
    St. Joseph's Family Medicine Residency, Syracuse, USA.
    Background: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 international development goals voluntarily adopted by 189 nations. The goals included health related aims to reduce the under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds (MDG4), and to reduce the maternal mortality ratio by three-quarters (MDG5). To assess the relationship between the healthcare workforce and MDGs 4-5, we examined the physician workforces of countries around the globe, in terms of the Physician Density Level (PDL, or number of physicians per 1000 population), and compared this rate across a number of years to several indicator variables specified as markers of progress towards MDG4 and MDG5. Read More

    An investigation of the relationship between autonomy, childbirth practices, and obstetric fistula among women in rural Lilongwe District, Malawi.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Jun 19;17(1):17. Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi.
    Background: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. Read More

    Scrambling for access: availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality of healthcare for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people in South Africa.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 May 30;17(1):16. Epub 2017 May 30.
    Gender, Health and Justice Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Room 1.01.5, Health Sciences Faculty, Anzio Rd, Observatory, Cape Town, 7925, South Africa.
    Background: Sexual orientation and gender identity are social determinants of health for people identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT), and health disparities among sexual and gender minority populations are increasingly well understood. Although the South African constitution guarantees sexual and gender minority people the right to non-discrimination and the right to access to healthcare, homo- and transphobia in society abound. Little is known about LGBT people's healthcare experiences in South Africa, but anecdotal evidence suggests significant barriers to accessing care. Read More

    Effective implementation of the UNCRPD by Thailand State Party: challenges and potential remedies.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 May 25;17(1):15. Epub 2017 May 25.
    International Health Policy Program, MOPH, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Background: The Thai government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2008, and the first progress report by the State Party was issued in 2012. This study assesses and identifies gaps in the Government's implementation of the Convention.

    Methods: Using the Deming Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle as an analytical framework for continuous quality improvement, we reviewed five documents which are: the 2012 State Party report; the list of issues by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; the 2015 replies to the list of issues by the Thai government; an alternative report produced by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); and an alternative report produced by the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand. Read More

    HIV prevalence, risky behaviors, and discrimination experiences among transgender women in Cambodia: descriptive findings from a national integrated biological and behavioral survey.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 May 23;17(1):14. Epub 2017 May 23.
    Division of Health Research, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Background: Transgender people are disproportionately affected by HIV. Despite their high vulnerability to HIV, lack of adequate epidemiological and surveillance data related to this population in many countries prevents provision of appropriate services. This paper summarizes descriptive findings from a national integrated biological and behavioral survey and discusses policy implications of the findings on HIV prevention among transgender women in Cambodia. Read More

    Assessing the impoverishment effects of out-of-pocket healthcare payments prior to the uptake of the national health insurance scheme in Ghana.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 May 22;17(1):13. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Health Economics Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory, South Africa.
    Background: There is a global concern regarding how households could be protected from relatively large healthcare payments which are a major limitation to accessing healthcare. Such payments also endanger the welfare of households with the potential of moving households into extreme impoverishment. This paper examines the impoverishing effects of out-of-pocket (OOP) healthcare payments in Ghana prior to the introduction of Ghana's national health insurance scheme. Read More

    Premarital HIV testing in Malaysia: a qualitative exploratory study on the views of major stakeholders involved in HIV prevention.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 May 10;17(1):12. Epub 2017 May 10.
    International Centre for Casemix and Clinical Coding, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Malaysia, PPUKM Complex, Jalan Yaacob Latiff, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, 56000, Malaysia.
    Background: HIV screening has existed in numerous methods as an important part of HIV prevention efforts over the years. Premarital HIV testing for couples who wish to marry has been implemented in a number of regions, which often operate in a mandatory rather than voluntary basis and is considered a contentious issue, with viewpoints held in favour and against. One such region is Malaysia which has a policy of mandatory premarital HIV testing of prospective Muslim married couples. Read More

    "When they know that you are a sex worker, you will be the last person to be treated": Perceptions and experiences of female sex workers in accessing HIV services in Uganda.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 May 5;17(1):11. Epub 2017 May 5.
    Department of Community Health & Behavioral Sciences, Makerere University School of Public Health, Kampala, Uganda.
    Background: HIV prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) in high burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa varies between 24 and 72%, however their access to HIV services remains limited. This study explored FSWs' perspectives of the barriers and opportunities to HIV service access in Uganda.

    Methods: The cross-sectional qualitative study was conducted between October and December 2013. Read More

    Health and legal literacy for migrants: twinned strands woven in the cloth of social justice and the human right to health care.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Apr 13;17(1):10. Epub 2017 Apr 13.
    Department of Anthropology, Université de Montréal, PO Box 6128 Station Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
    Background: Based on an analysis of published literature, this paper provides an over-view of the challenges associated with delivering on the right to access quality health care for international migrants to industrialized countries, and asks which group of professionals is best equipped to provide services that increase health and legal literacy. Both rights and challenges are approached from a social justice perspective with the aim of identifying opportunities to promote greater health equity. That is, to go beyond the legal dictates enshrined in principles of equality, and target as an ethical imperative a situation where all migrants receive the particular assistance they need to overcome the barriers that inhibit their equitable access to health care. Read More

    Challenges in the delivery of public HIV testing and counselling (HTC) in Douala, Cameroon: providers perspectives and implications on quality of HTC services.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Apr 8;17(1). Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), 1595 Boul. Alphonse-Desjardins, UQAR, Campus de Lévis, Lévis, Québec, Canada.
    Background: The Cameroon government has made HIV testing and counselling (HTC) a priority in its HIV/AIDS strategic plan. However, there is a dearth of literature on the perspectives of providers on the quality of HTC services. The aim of this study was to explore challenges in the provision of HTC services and their implications on quality of HTC services in Douala's district hospitals. Read More

    Prevalence of, and barriers to the disclosure of HIV status to infected children and adolescents in a district of Ghana.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Apr 8;17(1). Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Public Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
    Background: Globally there are about 3.3million children under the age of 15 years living with HIV. Of this number, 88% live in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

    Bibliometric analysis of medicine - related publications on refugees, asylum-seekers, and internally displaced people: 2000 - 2015.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Mar 20;17(1). Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    Department of Physiology, Pharmacology, and Toxicology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
    Background: Wars and violent domestic conflicts have forced millions of people to move outside their homes. Meeting the basic health needs of those people requires an understanding of research activity and research output on this topic. The objective of this study was to shed light on the quantity and impact of medicine - related publications on refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people (IDP). Read More

    Wife beating refusal among women of reproductive age in urban and rural Ethiopia.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Mar 16;17(1). Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Population and Gender Research Unit, Institute of Development and Policy Research, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Background: Wife beating is the most common and widespread form of intimate partner violence in Ethiopia. It results in countless severe health, socio-economic and psychological problems and has contributed to the violation of human rights including the liberty of women to enjoy conjugal life. The main purpose of this study is to assess the levels and patterns of wife beating refusal and its associated socio-cultural and demographic factors in rural and urban Ethiopia. Read More

    Perceptions of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health and rights: a cross-sectional study in Lahore District, Pakistan.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Feb 23;17(1). Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Department of Public Health Medicine, Bielefeld University, School of Public Health, P.O. Box 100 131, 33501, Bielefeld, Germany.
    Background: Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is a significant aspect of adolescents' growth, safeguarded by SRH rights (SRHR). Despite various global efforts to promote adolescents SRHR (ASRHR), the majority of adolescents still lack awareness and autonomy to access SRH related information and services. This research aimed to explore the knowledge and perceptions of adolescents' sexual and reproductive health rights and highlights key constraints hindering adolescents from accessing and exercising SRHR in the district of Lahore, Pakistan. Read More

    Methods to increase reporting of childhood sexual abuse in surveys: the sensitivity and specificity of face-to-face interviews versus a sealed envelope method in Ugandan primary school children.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Feb 23;17(1). Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.
    Background: Underreporting of childhood sexual abuse is a major barrier to obtaining reliable prevalence estimates. We tested the sensitivity and specificity of the face-to-face-interview (FTFI) method by comparing the number of disclosures of forced sex against a more confidential mode of data collection, the sealed-envelope method (SEM). We also report on characteristics of individuals associated with non-disclosure in FTFIs. Read More

    Fine and Gray competing risk regression model to study the cause-specific under-five child mortality in Bangladesh.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Jan 28;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 28.
    Department of Statistics, Biostatistics & Informatics, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, 1000, Bangladesh.
    Background: The cause-specific under-five mortality of Bangladesh has been studied by fitting cumulative incidence function (CIF) based Fine and Gray competing risk regression model (1999). For the purpose of analysis, Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS), 2011 data set was used.

    Methods: Three types of mode of mortality for the under-five children are considered. Read More

    Unpacking early infant male circumcision decision-making using qualitative findings from Zimbabwe.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Jan 9;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Centre for Sexual Health & HIV/AIDS Research (CeSHHAR), 9 Monmouth Road Avondale West, Harare, Zimbabwe.
    Background: Early infant male circumcision (EIMC) has been identified as a key HIV prevention intervention. Exploring the decision-making process for adoption of EIMC for HIV prevention among parents and other key stakeholders is critical for designing effective demand creation interventions to maximize uptake, roll out and impact in preventing HIV. This paper describes key players, decisions and actions involved in the EIMC decision-making process. Read More

    Sexual abuse and risky sexual behaviors among young female hawkers in Burkina Faso: a mixed method study.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2017 Jan 4;17(1). Epub 2017 Jan 4.
    National Yang-Ming University, Institute of Public Health, International Health Program, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Background: Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-demographic status and work characteristics of young female hawkers, describe their sexual behavior and their experience with regards to sex-related violence at the workplace.

    Methods: The study used a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative methods. Read More

    Sex trafficking and sexual exploitation in settings affected by armed conflicts in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: systematic review.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Dec 28;16(1):34. Epub 2016 Dec 28.
    Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, Kings Cross, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.
    Background: Sex trafficking and sexual exploitation has been widely reported, especially in conflict-affected settings, which appear to increase women's and children's vulnerabilities to these extreme abuses.

    Methods: We conducted a systematic search of ten databases and extensive grey literature to gather evidence of sex trafficking and sexual exploitation in conflict-affected settings. International definitions of "sexual exploitation" and "sex trafficking" set the indicator parameters. Read More

    Assessing the universal health coverage target in the Sustainable Development Goals from a human rights perspective.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Dec 15;16(1):33. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    University of Connecticut School of Medicine, 263 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT, 06030, USA.
    Background: The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted in September 2015, include a comprehensive health goal, "to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being at all ages." The health goal (SDG 3) has nine substantive targets and four additional targets which are identified as a means of implementation. One of these commitments, to achieve universal health coverage (UHC), has been acknowledged as central to the achievement of all of the other health targets. Read More

    Why the Convention on the Rights of the Child must become a guiding framework for the realization of the rights of children affected by tuberculosis.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Dec 8;16(1):32. Epub 2016 Dec 8.
    Centre for International Child Health, Department of Paediatrics 2nd Floor, Medical School Building, St Mary's Campus, Imperial College London, London, W2 1PG, UK.
    Background: Until recently, paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has been relatively neglected by the broader TB and the maternal and child health communities. Human rights-based approaches to children affected by TB could be powerful; however, awareness and application of such strategies is not widespread.

    Discussion: We summarize the current challenges faced by children affected by TB, including: consideration of their family context; the limitations of preventive, diagnostic and treatment options; paucity of paediatric-specific research; failure in implementation of interventions; and stigma. Read More

    Race trouble: experiences of Black medical specialist trainees in South Africa.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Dec 3;16(1):31. Epub 2016 Dec 3.
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Background: This research aimed to identify and explore the experiences of Black registrars in their training in the Western Cape's academic hospitals in order to identify structures, practices, attitudes and ideologies that may promote or impede the advancement of Black doctors into specialist medicine. This is justified by the requirement for universities to work towards monitoring and evaluating efforts to create non-discriminatory and inclusive training environments.

    Methods: This study employed qualitative research methods. Read More

    Knowledge and exercise of human rights, and barriers and facilitators to claiming rights: a cross-sectional study of female sex workers and high-risk men who have sex with men in Andhra Pradesh, India.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Nov 17;16(1):29. Epub 2016 Nov 17.
    HIV and AIDS Program, Population Council, 142 Golf Links, New Delhi, 110003, India.
    Background: HIV prevention interventions recognize the need to protect the rights of key populations and support them to claim their rights as a vulnerability reduction strategy. This study explores knowledge of human rights, and barriers and facilitators to claiming rights, among female sex workers (FSWs) and high-risk men who have sex with men (HR-MSM) who are beneficiaries of a community mobilization intervention in Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Methods: Data are drawn from a cross-sectional survey (2014) among 2400 FSWs and 1200 HR-MSM. Read More

    Condoms and sexual health education as evidence: impact of criminalization of in-call venues and managers on migrant sex workers access to HIV/STI prevention in a Canadian setting.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Nov 17;16(1):30. Epub 2016 Nov 17.
    Gender and Sexual Health Initiative, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, St. Paul's Hospital, 608-1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada.
    Background: Despite a large body of evidence globally demonstrating that the criminalization of sex workers increases HIV/STI risks, we know far less about the impact of criminalization and policing of managers and in-call establishments on HIV/STI prevention among sex workers, and even less so among migrant sex workers.

    Methods: Analysis draws on ethnographic fieldwork and 46 qualitative interviews with migrant sex workers, managers and business owners of in-call sex work venues in Metro Vancouver, Canada.

    Results: The criminalization of in-call venues and third parties explicitly limits sex workers' access to HIV/STI prevention, including manager restrictions on condoms and limited onsite access to sexual health information and HIV/STI testing. Read More

    Is the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Impacting Mental Health Laws and Policies in High-Income Countries? A Case Study of Implementation in Canada.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Nov 11;16(1):28. Epub 2016 Nov 11.
    Global Strategy Lab, Centre for Health Law, Policy & Ethics, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, 57 Louis Pasteur Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5, Canada.
    Background: Persons with psychosocial disabilities face disparate access to healthcare and social services worldwide, along with systemic discrimination, structural inequalities, and widespread human rights abuses. Accordingly, many people have looked to international human rights law to help address mental health challenges. On December 13, 2006, the United Nations formally adopted the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) - the first human rights treaty of the 21st century and the fastest ever negotiated. Read More

    The impact of a microsavings intervention on reducing violence against women engaged in sex work: a randomized controlled study.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Oct 28;16(1):27. Epub 2016 Oct 28.
    Columbia University School of Social Work, 1255 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY, 10027, USA.
    Background: Women who engage in sex work are at risk for experiencing violence from numerous perpetrators, including paying partners. Empirical evidence has shown mixed results regarding the impact of participation in microfinance interventions on women's experiences of violence, with some studies demonstrating reductions in intimate partner violence (IPV) and others showing heightened risk for IPV. The current study reports on the impact of participation in a microsavings intervention on experiences of paying partner violence among women engaged in sex work in Mongolia. Read More

    Early child health in an informal settlement in the Peruvian Amazon.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Oct 12;16(1):26. Epub 2016 Oct 12.
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Background: Informal settlements are common throughout the developing world. In Peru, land occupations, commonly "invasions" in Spanish, are a means by which the extremely poor attempt to obtain access to land. Here, we examine difference in child health between two communities in the Peruvian Amazon, one well-established and one newly formed by 'invasion', as captured incidentally by a prospective epidemiological cohort study. Read More

    Knowledge and utilization of sexual and reproductive healthcare services among Thai immigrant women in Sweden.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Oct 10;16(1):25. Epub 2016 Oct 10.
    Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 564, 751 22, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: Migration from Thailand to Sweden has increased threefold over the last 10 years. Today Thailand is one of the most common countries of origin among immigrants in Sweden. Since the year 2000, new HIV cases are also more prevalent among Thai immigrants compared to other immigrant nationalities in Sweden. Read More

    Does the operations of the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in Ghana align with the goals of Primary Health Care? Perspectives of key stakeholders in northern Ghana.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Sep 5;16(1):23. Epub 2016 Sep 5.
    Navrongo Health Research Centre, Ghana Health Service, P.O.Box 114, Navrongo, Ghana.
    Background: In 2005, the World Health Assembly (WHA) of the World Health Organization (WHO) urged member states to aim at achieving affordable universal coverage and access to key promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative health interventions for all their citizens on the basis of equity and solidarity. Since then, some African countries, including Ghana, have taken steps to introduce national health insurance reforms as one of the key strategies towards achieving universal health coverage (UHC). The aim of this study was to get a better understanding of how Ghana's health insurance institutions interact with stakeholders and other health sector programmes in promoting primary health care (PHC). Read More

    Diabetes self-management among Arab Americans: patient and provider perspectives.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Aug 31;16(1):22. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    Department of Pharamacy Practice, Wayne State University, 259 Mack Ave, Detroit, MI, 48201, USA.
    Background: Arab Americans have a high burden of diabetes and poor outcomes compared to the general U.S.

    Population: Diabetes self-management (DSM) requires a partnership between patients and providers that fosters mutual understanding and shared decision-making. Read More

    Does the operations of the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in Ghana align with the goals of Primary Health Care? Perspectives of key stakeholders in northern Ghana.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Aug 30;16(1):21. Epub 2016 Aug 30.
    Navrongo Health Research Centre, Ghana Health Service, P. O. Box 114, Navrongo, Ghana.
    Background: In 2005, the World Health Assembly (WHA) of the World Health Organization (WHO) urged member states to aim at achieving affordable universal coverage and access to key promotive, preventive, curative, rehabilitative and palliative health interventions for all their citizens on the basis of equity and solidarity. Since then, some African countries, including Ghana, have taken steps to introduce national health insurance reforms as one of the key strategies towards achieving universal health coverage (UHC). The aim of this study was to get a better understanding of how Ghana's health insurance institutions interact with stakeholders and other health sector programmes in promoting primary health care (PHC). Read More

    Assessment of prison life of persons with disability in Ghana.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Aug 8;16(1):20. Epub 2016 Aug 8.
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.
    Background: Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) are a unique group that are often overlooked in many developing countries due to systemic weaknesses, lack of political commitment and inadequate support from government and non-governmental agencies. The population of these individuals is however steadily on the increase and currently corresponds to 15 % of the world population. Although much data exist on lifestyle and conditions of prisoners with disabilities in the western world, scanty information is available in Africa. Read More

    Civil society advocacy in Nigeria: promoting democratic norms or donor demands?
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Jul 11;16(1):19. Epub 2016 Jul 11.
    Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT, USA.
    Background: Civil society organizations (CSOs) are often assumed to be institutions that facilitate communication between citizens and policymakers. However, CSO advocacy is only as effective as the space allowed by government, the resources available from funders, and their own internal capacity. This article presents findings from a study in Nigeria that explores the advocacy and service delivery roles of CSOs working in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention and mitigation. Read More

    "It's for us -newcomers, LGBTQ persons, and HIV-positive persons. You feel free to be": a qualitative study exploring social support group participation among African and Caribbean lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender newcomers and refugees in Toronto, Canada.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Jul 2;16(1):18. Epub 2016 Jul 2.
    Black Coalition for AIDS Prevention, 20 Victoria Street, 4th Floor, Toronto, M5C 2N8, ON, Canada.
    Background: Stigma and discrimination harm the wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people and contribute to migration from contexts of sexual persecution and criminalization. Yet LGBT newcomers and refugees often face marginalization and struggles meeting the social determinants of health (SDOH) following immigration to countries such as Canada. Social isolation is a key social determinant of health that may play a significant role in shaping health disparities among LGBT newcomers and refugees. Read More

    Maternity care and Human Rights: what do women think?
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Jul 2;16(1):17. Epub 2016 Jul 2.
    Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Mnazi Mmoja Hospital, Stone Town Zanzibar, Tanzania.
    Background: A human rights approach to maternal health is considered as a useful framework in international efforts to reduce maternal mortality. Although fundamental human rights principles are incorporated into legal and medical frameworks, human rights have to be translated into measurable actions and outcomes. So far, their substantive applications remain unclear. Read More

    Persistent misconceptions about HIV transmission among males and females in Malawi.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Jun 7;16(1):16. Epub 2016 Jun 7.
    Department of Geography, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, London, ON, Canada.
    Background: The prevalence of HIV in Malawi is one of the highest in sub-Saharan Africa, and misconceptions about its mode of transmission are considered a major contributor to the continued spread of the virus.

    Methods: Using the 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey, the current study explored factors associated with misconceptions about HIV transmission among males and females.

    Results: We found that higher levels of ABC prevention knowledge were associated with lower likelihood of endorsing misconceptions among females and males (OR = 0. Read More

    Understanding the futility of countries' obligations for health rights: realising justice for the global poor.
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2016 Jun 3;16(1):15. Epub 2016 Jun 3.
    Department of Philosophy, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Background: Although health is a right of all individuals without any distinction, the realisation of this right has remained very difficult for the marginalised populations of poor countries. Inequitable distribution of health opportunities globally is a major factor in explaining why this is the case. Whereas the Protection, Promotion and Fulfilment of the health rights of poor country citizens are a joint responsibility of both domestic and external governments, most governments flout their obligations. Read More

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