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    1340 results match your criteria BMC Geriatrics [Journal]

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    The rehabilitation enhancing aging through connected health (REACH) study: study protocol for a quasi-experimental clinical trial.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 20;17(1):221. Epub 2017 Sep 20.
    Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
    Background: Mobility limitations among older adults increase the risk for disability and healthcare utilization. Rehabilitative care is identified as the most efficacious treatment for maintaining physical function. However, there is insufficient evidence identifying a healthcare model that targets prevention of mobility decline among older adults. Read More

    Potentially inappropriate medication use in nursing homes: an observational study using the NORGEP-NH criteria.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 19;17(1):220. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
    Department of General Practice/Family Medicine, HELSAM, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, P.o. Box 1130 Blindern, 0318, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Frail residents in the nursing home sector call for extra care in prescribing. The Norwegian General Practice Nursing Home (NORGEP-NH) list of 34 explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in nursing homes was developed explicitly for this population. The aim of this study was to employ the NORGEP-NH Criteria to study the extent of potentially inappropriate medication use among nursing home residents and explore possible associated factors. Read More

    Dementia and cognitive disorder identified at a forensic psychiatric examination - a study from Sweden.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 18;17(1):219. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Few studies have addressed the relationship between dementia and crime. We conducted a study of persons who got a primary or secondary diagnosis of dementia or cognitive disorder in a forensic psychiatric examination.

    Methods: In Sweden, annually about 500 forensic psychiatric examinations are carried out. Read More

    Prevalence of frailty and its associated factors in older hospitalised patients in Vietnam.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 15;17(1):216. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Department of Gerontology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam.
    Background: Frailty is an emerging issue in geriatrics and gerontology. The prevalence of frailty is increasing as the population ages. Like many developing countries, Vietnam has a rapidly ageing population. Read More

    Self-detection of atrial fibrillation in an aged population: three-year follow-up of the LietoAF intervention study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 16;17(1):218. Epub 2017 Sep 16.
    Heart Centre, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, Box 52, FIN-20521, Turku, PO, Finland.
    Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is often asymptomatic and undiagnosed until an ischaemic stroke occurs. An irregular pulse is a key manifestation of AF. We assessed whether pulse self-palpation is feasible in screening of AF. Read More

    Informed decision-making with and for people with dementia - efficacy of the PRODECIDE education program for legal representatives: protocol of a randomized controlled trial (PRODECIDE-RCT).
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 15;17(1):217. Epub 2017 Sep 15.
    Unit of Health Sciences and Education, Faculty of Mathematics, Informatics and Natural Sciences (MIN), University of Hamburg, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg, Germany.
    Background: In Germany, the guardianship system provides adults who are no longer able to handle their own affairs a court-appointed legal representative, for support without restriction of legal capacity. Although these representatives only rarely are qualified in healthcare, they nevertheless play decisive roles in the decision-making processes for people with dementia. Previously, we developed an education program (PRODECIDE) to address this shortcoming and tested it for feasibility. Read More

    A randomized controlled trial of physical activity with individual goal-setting and volunteer mentors to overcome sedentary lifestyle in older adults at risk of cognitive decline: the INDIGO trial protocol.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 13;17(1):215. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Academic Unit for Psychiatry of Old Age, Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
    Background: Increasing physical activity (PA) effectively in those who are inactive is challenging. For those who have subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) this is a greater challenge necessitating the need for more engaging and innovative approaches. The primary aim of this trial is to determine whether a home-based 6-month PA intervention with individual goal-setting and peer mentors (GM-PA) can significantly increase PA levels in insufficiently active older adults at increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Read More

    Development of a home-based training program for post-ward geriatric rehabilitation patients with cognitive impairment: study protocol of a randomized-controlled trail.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 12;17(1):214. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    AGAPLESION Bethanien Hospital Heidelberg, Geriatric Centre of the University of Heidelberg, Rohrbacher Str. 149, 69126, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Background: Geriatric patients with cognitive impairment (CI) show an increased risk for a negative rehabilitation outcome and reduced functional recovery following inpatient rehabilitation. Despite this obvious demand, evidence-based training programs at the transition from rehabilitation to the home environments are lacking. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a feasible and cost-effective home-based training program to improve motor performance and to promote physical activity, specifically-tailored for post-ward geriatric patients with CI. Read More

    Preliminary evaluation of prototype footwear and insoles to optimise balance and gait in older people.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 11;17(1):212. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Discipline of Podiatry, School of Allied Health, College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, 3086, Australia.
    Background: Footwear has the potential to influence balance in either a detrimental or beneficial manner, and is therefore an important consideration in relation to falls prevention. The objective of this study was to evaluate balance ability and gait patterns in older women while wearing prototype footwear and insoles designed to improve balance.

    Methods: Older women (n = 30) aged 65 - 83 years (mean 74. Read More

    Does dual task training improve walking performance of older adults with concern of falling?
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 11;17(1):213. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Health Science, Neuroscience Research Australia, University of New South Wales, Margarete Ainsworth Building, Barker Street, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, 2031, Australia.
    Background: Older adults with concerns of falling show decrements of gait stability under single (ST) and dual task (DT) conditions. To compare the effects of a DT training integrating task managing strategies for independent living older adults with and without concern about falling (CoF) to a non-training control group on walking performance under ST and DT conditions.

    Methods: Single center parallel group single blind randomized controlled trial with group-based interventions (DT-managing balance training) compared to a control group (Ninety-five independent living older adults; 71. Read More

    Factors that influence the levels of cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers in memory clinic patients.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 11;17(1):210. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
    Background: The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers amyloid β (Aβ), phospho tau (P-tau) and total tau (T-tau) are used increasingly to support a clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. The diagnostic power of these biomarkers has been reported to vary among different studies' results. The results are poorer when heterogeneous groups of patients have been included compared to studies where patients with Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and healthy controls have been studied. Read More

    Meeting psychosocial needs for persons with dementia in home care services - a qualitative study of different perceptions and practices among health care providers.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 11;17(1):211. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Nursing Science and Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Lovisenberggaten 15b, 0456, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: The majority of persons with dementia are home-dwelling. To enable these persons to stay in their own homes as long as possible, a holistic, individual and flexible care is recommended. Despite a requirement for meeting psychological, social and physical needs, home care services seem to focus on patients' physical needs. Read More

    Evaluation design of Urban Health Centres Europe (UHCE): preventive integrated health and social care for community-dwelling older persons in five European cities.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 11;17(1):209. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Wytemaweg 80, 3015, CN, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Older persons often have interacting physical and social problems and complex care needs. An integrated care approach in the local context with collaborations between community-, social-, and health-focused organisations can contribute to the promotion of independent living and quality of life. In the Urban Health Centres Europe (UHCE) project, five European cities (Greater Manchester, United Kingdom; Pallini (in Greater Athens Area), Greece; Rijeka, Croatia; Rotterdam, the Netherlands; and Valencia, Spain) develop and implement a care template that integrates health and social care and includes a preventive approach. Read More

    Cognitive function in very old men does not correlate to biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 8;17(1):208. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences/Geriatrics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Background: The Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain displays atrophy with amyloid-β (Aβ) and tau deposition, whereas decreased Aβ42 and increased tau are measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The aim of this study was to relate cognitive performance to the degree of brain atrophy, CSF biomarker levels and neuropathology in a cohort of aged men.

    Methods: Fifty-eight 86-92-year-old men from the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM) cohort underwent cognitive testing, brain computed tomography and lumbar puncture. Read More

    Correlates of alcohol consumption among Germans in the second half of life. Results of a population-based observational study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 8;17(1):207. Epub 2017 Sep 8.
    Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
    Background: Several studies have investigated the predictors of alcohol consumption behavior among adolescents and young adults. However, the body of evidence about the relationship between in particular psychological factors and alcohol consumption among individuals in the second half of life is still limited. Hence, we aimed at identifying factors associated with alcohol consumption among individuals aged 40 and above, especially focusing on psychological correlates. Read More

    Derivation of a frailty index from the resident assessment instrument - home care adapted for Switzerland: a study based on retrospective data analysis.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 7;17(1):205. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Geneva Institution for Homecare and Assistance (imad), Avenue du Cardinal Mermillod 36, 1227, Carouge, Switzerland.
    Background: The screening of frail individuals at risk for functional health decline and adverse health outcomes lies in the evolving agenda of home care providers. Such a screening can be based on a frailty index (FI) derived from data collected with interRAI instruments used in clinical routines to define care plans. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of deriving an FI from the Resident Assessment Instrument - Home Care adapted for Switzerland (Swiss RAI-HC). Read More

    Dysphoric symptoms in relation to other behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, among elderly in nursing homes.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 7;17(1):206. Epub 2017 Sep 7.
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden.
    Background: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common and varied in the elderly. The aim of the current study was to explore associations between BPSD and dysphoric symptoms at different levels of cognitive impairment.

    Methods: Assessments of 4397 elderly individuals living in nursing homes in Sweden were performed. Read More

    The impact of frailty on healthcare utilisation in Ireland: evidence from the Irish longitudinal study on ageing.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 5;17(1):203. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.
    Introduction: To examine the impact of frailty on medical and social care utilisation among the Irish community-dwelling older population to inform strategies of integrated care for older people with complex needs.

    Methods: Participants aged ≥65 years from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) representative of the Irish community-dwelling older population were analysed (n = 3507). The frailty index was used to examine patterns of utilisation across medical and social care services. Read More

    The association of falls with loneliness and social exclusion: evidence from the DEAS German Ageing Survey.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 5;17(1):204. Epub 2017 Sep 5.
    Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.
    Background: It remains an open question whether falls are related with social relations, covering subjective (e.g., perceived loneliness) and more objective dimensions (e. Read More

    Injurious falls and subsequent adverse drug events among elderly - a Swedish population-based matched case-control study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 4;17(1):202. Epub 2017 Sep 4.
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Widerströmska huset 4:th floor, Tomtebodavägen 18A, SE 17177, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Background: Fall injuries are stressful and painful and they have a range of serious consequences for older people. While there is some clinical evidence of unintentional poisoning by medication following a severe fall injuries, population-based studies on that association are lacking. This is investigated in the current study, in which attention is also paid to different clinical conditions of the injured patients. Read More

    Distinctive subgroups derived by cluster analysis based on pain and psychological symptoms in Swedish older adults with chronic pain - a population study (PainS65+).
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 2;17(1):200. Epub 2017 Sep 2.
    Pain and Rehabilitation Centre and Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH), Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, 581 85, Linköping, SE, Sweden.
    Background: Improved knowledge based on clinical features of chronic pain in older adults would be valuable in terms of patient-orientated approaches and would provide support for health care systems in optimizing health care resources. This study identifies subgroups based on pain and psychological symptoms among Swedish older adults in the general population and compares derived subgroups with respect to socio-demographics, health aspects, and health care costs.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study uses data collected from four registers and one survey. Read More

    Association between life-course socioeconomic position and inflammatory biomarkers in older age: a nationally representative cohort study in Taiwan.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 2;17(1):201. Epub 2017 Sep 2.
    Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Mailing address: Rm. 517, 5F., No. 17, Xuzhou Rd., Zhongzheng Dist, Taipei City, 100, Taiwan.
    Background: Evidence of an association between low socioeconomic position (SEP) and inflammatory markers is scant. This study aimed to examine how life-course SEP predicted C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin (IL-6) in older age from a national cohort.

    Methods: We collected data from 1036 participants in the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study in Taiwan. Read More

    Self-medication among the elderly in Iran: a content analysis study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 1;17(1):198. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry-School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Self-medication is described as the use of drugs without a physician's prescription to treat self-recognized illness or symptoms, and an important health issue among the elderly. Despite the wide range of different definitions, recognizing all forms of self-medication among older adults, particularly, in developing countries, help healthcare professionals and providers to reduce harmful effects of self-medication. The purpose of this study is to describe the practice of self-medication and its related factors among elderly people in Iran based on the experiences of people who are involved in this phenomenon. Read More

    Cost-effectiveness analysis of a multifactorial fall prevention intervention in older home care clients at risk for falling.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Sep 1;17(1):199. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Centre for Excellence in Economic Analysis Research, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 1W8, Canada.
    Background: Falls among older adults can cause serious morbidity and pose economic burdens on society. Older age is a known risk factor for falls and age has been shown to influence the effectiveness of fall prevention programs. To our knowledge, no studies have explicitly investigated whether cost-effectiveness of a multifactorial fall prevention intervention (the intervention) is influenced by age. Read More

    Disability and ageing in China and India - decomposing the effects of gender and residence. Results from the WHO study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE).
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 31;17(1):197. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    Unit of Epidemiology and Global Health, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Umeå University, SE-901 87, Umeå, Sweden.
    Background: China and India are the world's two most populous countries. Although their populations are growing in number and life expectancies are extending they have different trajectories of economic growth, epidemiological transition and social change. Cross-country comparisons can allow national and global insights and provide evidence for policy and decision-making. Read More

    A multi-center, randomized, controlled trial to assess the efficacy of optimization of drug prescribing in an elderly population, at 18 months of follow-up, in the evolution of functional autonomy: the OPTIM study protocol.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 30;17(1):195. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Research Clinic Centre (CRC) - VCF (Aging - Brain - Frailty), Charpennes Hospital, University Hospital of Lyon, Villeurbanne, France.
    Background: Pharmacotherapy is necessary for the management of many diseases which number increased with aging. However, potentially inappropriate prescriptions and polymedication increases iatrogenic risks and can lead to adverse events. To limit the consequences of potentially harmful prescriptions, optimization of drug prescribing is a major stake of improving quality and safety of care in the elderly. Read More

    A four-domain approach of frailty explored in the Doetinchem Cohort Study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 30;17(1):196. Epub 2017 Aug 30.
    Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, P.O. Box 1, 3720, Bilthoven, BA, The Netherlands.
    Background: Accumulation of problems in physical, psychological, cognitive, or social functioning is characteristic for frail individuals. Using a four-domain approach of frailty, this study explored how sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, life events and health are associated with frailty.

    Methods: The study sample included 4019 men and women (aged 40-81 years) examined during the fifth round (2008-2012) of the Doetinchem Cohort Study. Read More

    Psychological determinants of influenza vaccination.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 29;17(1):194. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistraße 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany.
    Background: Previous studies investigated the determinants of individuals' decision to vaccinate against influenza primarily focusing on social as well as certain proximal determinants, for example, behavioral beliefs. Thus, so far, the analysis of psychological factors as determinants of influenza vaccination was mainly limited to beliefs, attitudes or perceptions that were directly related to influenza vaccination and its perceived impact. However, considering general psychological factors, like general self-efficacy, optimism or subjective well-being, might further enhance the understanding of why certain people vaccinate while others do not. Read More

    Toscana virus meningo-encephalitis: an important differential diagnosis for elderly travellers returning from Mediterranean countries.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 29;17(1):193. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Clinical Microbiology, University Hospitals of Leicester, NHS Trust, Level 5 Sandringham Building, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Infirmary Square, Leicester, LE1 5WW, UK.
    Background: Elderly patients have a long list of differentials for causes of acute confusion and altered consciousness levels, including infectious agents. In addition, elderly, retired patients often have more time to travel for tourism, particularly to exotic, warmer locations. Mediterranean countries such as Spain and Italy are popular holiday destinations for British and other tourists, especially during the winter months. Read More

    Effects of horticultural therapy on elderly' health: protocol of a randomized controlled trial.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 29;17(1):192. Epub 2017 Aug 29.
    Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
    Background: Due to a rapidly ageing population in the world, it is increasingly pertinent to promote successful ageing strategies which are cost-effective, easily accessible, and more likely to be acceptable to the elderly. Past research associates exposure to natural environments and horticultural therapy (HT) with positive psychological, social and physical health benefits. This Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) is designed to evaluate the efficacy of HT in promoting Asian elderly' mental health, cognitive functioning and physical health. Read More

    Handgrip strength values of Portuguese older adults: a population based study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 23;17(1):191. Epub 2017 Aug 23.
    Department of Biomedicine, Biochemistry Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Rua Dr. Plácido da Costa, 4200-450, Porto, Portugal.
    Background: Handgrip strength is used to identify sarcopenia and frailty phenotypes, being a potential predictor of mortality in older adults. However, uniformity is lacking in the reference values. This study aimed to describe handgrip strength values of older population aged ≥65 years in Portugal, considering the possible influence of anthropometric parameters. Read More

    Origins and consequences of technology acquirement by independent-living seniors: towards an integrative model.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 22;17(1):189. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Institute of Allied Health Professions, Chair of Health Innovations and Technology, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Background: Living independently can be challenging for seniors. Technologies are expected to help older adults age in place, yet little empirical research is available on how seniors develop a need for technologies, how they acquire these technologies, and how these subsequently affect their lives. Aging is complex, dynamic and personal. Read More

    Regular group exercise contributes to balanced health in older adults in Japan: a qualitative study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 22;17(1):190. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Graduate School of Health Management and Sports Medicine Research Center, Keio University, 4-1-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 223-8521, Japan.
    Background: While community-wide interventions to promote physical activity have been encouraged in older adults, evidence of their effectiveness remains limited. We conducted a qualitative study among older adults participating in regular group exercise to understand their perceptions of the physical, mental, and social changes they underwent as a result of the physical activity.

    Methods: We conducted a qualitative study with purposeful sampling to explore the experiences of older adults who participated in regular group exercise as part of a community-wide physical activity intervention. Read More

    The impact of frailty and sarcopenia on postoperative outcomes in older patients undergoing gastrectomy surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 21;17(1):188. Epub 2017 Aug 21.
    The Center of Gerontology and Geriatrics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, #37 Guoxuexiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China.
    Background: Gastric cancer is a major health problem, and frailty and sarcopenia will affect the postoperative outcomes in older people. However, there is still no systematic review to determine the role of frailty and sarcopenia in predicting postoperative outcomes among older patients with gastric cancer who undergo gastrectomy surgery.

    Methods: We searched Embase, Medline through the Ovid interface and PubMed websites to identify potential studies. Read More

    Association between sarcopenia with lifestyle and family function among community-dwelling Chinese aged 60 years and older.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 18;17(1):187. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Department of Geriatrics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 37 Guoxue Lane, Chengdu, NO, 610041, China.
    Background: Sarcopenia is defined as the age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass and function. The risk factors and causes of sarcopenia must be identified to develop prevention and treatment strategies for this syndrome. Our aim was to examine the association between sarcopenia with lifestyle and family function among community-dwelling Chinese people aged 60 years and older. Read More

    Latent class analysis of multimorbidity patterns and associated outcomes in Spanish older adults: a prospective cohort study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 18;17(1):186. Epub 2017 Aug 18.
    Research, Innovation and Teaching Unit, Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, Carrer Dr. Antoni Pujadas, 42, Esplugues de Llobregat, 08830, Barcelona, Spain.
    Background: This study sought to identify multimorbidity patterns and determine the association between these latent classes with several outcomes, including health, functioning, disability, quality of life and use of services, at baseline and after 3 years of follow-up.

    Methods: We analyzed data from a representative Spanish cohort of 3541 non-institutionalized people aged 50 years old and over. Measures were taken at baseline and after 3 years of follow-up. Read More

    Association between migration and cognitive status among middle-aged and older adults: a systematic review.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 17;17(1):184. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    New York University Rory Meyers College of Nursing, New York, NY, USA.
    Background: This study aimed to synthesize the current literature examining the association between migration and cognitive function among middle-aged and older adults.

    Methods: We used the PRISMA as a guideline for this systematic review and searched the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Global Health.

    Results: Twenty-five published studies were included. Read More

    Can resources moderate the impact of levels of frailty on adverse outcomes among (pre-) frail older people? A longitudinal study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 17;17(1):185. Epub 2017 Aug 17.
    Centre of Research Autonomy and Participation for Persons with a Chronic Illness, Faculty of Health, Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, P.O. Box 550, 6400 AN, Heerlen, The Netherlands.
    Background: Higher levels of frailty result in higher risks of adverse frailty outcomes such as hospitalisation and mortality. There are, however, indications that more factors than solely frailty play a role in the development of these outcomes. The presence of resources, e. Read More

    Cohort study on living arrangements of older men and women and risk for basic activities of daily living disability: findings from the AGES project.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 16;17(1):183. Epub 2017 Aug 16.
    Center for Preventive Medical Science, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.
    Background: Living arrangements of older adults have changed worldwide with increasing solitary and non-spouse households, which could affect social care systems. However, the relationship between these households and disability onset has remained unclear. We examined the relationship between living arrangements and the onset of basic activities of daily living disability in older adults, with a focus on gender differences and cohabitation status of those without a spouse. Read More

    Survival analysis of increases in care needs associated with dementia and living alone among older long-term care service users in Japan.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 15;17(1):182. Epub 2017 Aug 15.
    Department of Healthcare Economics and Quality Management, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Yoshida Konoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.
    Background: Japan is known for its long life expectancy and rapidly aging society that there are various demands of older adults need to be fulfilled with, and one of them is long-term care needs. Therefore, Japan implemented the Long-Term Care Insurance in year 2000 for citizens who are above 65-year old and citizens who are above 40-year old in needs of long-term care services. This study was undertaken to longitudinally examine the influence of dementia and living alone on care needs increases among older long-term care insurance service users in Japan. Read More

    Factors associated with change in objectively measured physical activity in older people - data from the physical activity cohort Scotland study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 14;17(1):180. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    School of Medicine, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK.
    Background: Cross-sectional relationships between physical activity and health have been explored extensively, but less is known about how physical activity changes with time in older people. The aim of this study was to assess baseline predictors of how objectively measured physical activity changes with time in older people.

    Methods: Longitudinal cohort study using data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland. Read More

    Study protocol: pragmatic randomized control trial of an internet-based intervention (My tools 4 care) for family carers.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 14;17(1):181. Epub 2017 Aug 14.
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Level 3 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, 11405 87 Avenue, Edmonton, AB, T6G 1C9, Canada.
    Background: Family carers of older persons with Alzheimer's' disease and related dementia (ADRD) and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) experience significant, complex, and distressing transitions such as changes to their environment, roles and relationships, physical health, and mental health. An online intervention (My Tools 4 Care) was developed for family carers of persons with ADRD and MCC living at home, with the aim of supporting these carers through transitions and increasing their self-efficacy, hope, and health related quality of life (HRQoL). This study will evaluate My Tools 4 Care (MT4C) by asking the following research questions: 1. Read More

    Septic arthritis significantly increased the long-term mortality in geriatric patients.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 9;17(1):178. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, 901 Zhonghua Road, Yongkang District, Tainan City, 710, Taiwan.
    Background: The elderly are predisposed to septic arthritis (SA) because of the aging nature and increasing comorbidities. SA may in turn increase the long-term mortality in the geriatric patients; however, it remains unclear. We conducted this prospective nationwide population-based cohort study to clarify this issue. Read More

    Perceived consequences of ageing with late effects of polio and strategies for managing daily life: a qualitative study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 9;17(1):179. Epub 2017 Aug 9.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Box 157, SE-221 00, Lund, Sweden.
    Background: New or increased impairments may develop several decades after an acute poliomyelitis infection. These new symptoms, commonly referred to as late effects of polio (LEoP), are characterised by muscular weakness and fatigue, generalised fatigue, pain at rest or during activities and cold intolerance. Growing older with LEoP may lead to increased activity limitations and participation restrictions, but there is limited knowledge of how these persons perceive the practical and psychological consequences of ageing with LEoP and what strategies they use in daily life. Read More

    Gender differences in functional disability and self-care among seniors in Bangladesh.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 8;17(1):177. Epub 2017 Aug 8.
    University Research Center and School of Medicine, Nihon University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: Disability among older adults is a public health concern. To date there are no in-depth and comprehensive analyses on older adults' disabilities in Bangladesh. This study investigated gender differences in the prevalence of disability and the socio-demographic factors associated with disability among older adults in Bangladesh. Read More

    Hand-grip strength among older adults in Singapore: a comparison with international norms and associative factors.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 4;17(1):176. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Buangkok Green Medical Park, 10 Buangkok View, Singapore, 539747, Singapore.
    Background: Hand-grip strength (HGS) serves as a proxy measure for muscle function and physical health. Studies have shown that low HGS is associated with common age-related disorders including frailty and sarcopenia. The aim of the present study was to establish the normative values of HGS among older adults in Singapore and to compare it with data from Western and other Asian countries. Read More

    Predictors of activity involvement in dementia care homes: a cross-sectional study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 4;17(1):175. Epub 2017 Aug 4.
    Department of Clinical, Neuro and Developmental Psychology, Faculty of Behavioral and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Background: Despite the finding that involvement in activities is one of the most important needs of residents with dementia living in care homes, care facilities struggle to fulfill this need. Over the years, various factors are suggested which may contribute to or disable activity provision in dementia care homes. These include limited financial resources, task oriented staff and disease-related characteristics of residents. Read More

    Comparison of procalcitonin and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein for the diagnosis of sepsis and septic shock in the oldest old patients.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 1;17(1):173. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, 1# Shuai Fu Yuan, Dong Cheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.
    Background: Although the role of serum procalcitonin (PCT) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in the diagnosis of sepsis and septic shock is well studied, it has not been investigated among oldest old patients. The aim of our study is to determine the role of PCT and hs-CRP in the assessment of sepsis and septic shock in this specific group of patients in the ICU.

    Methods: This is a prospective observational study. Read More

    Relationship between oral health and Fried's frailty criteria in community-dwelling older persons.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Aug 1;17(1):174. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    Health Services Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Route de la Corniche 10, 1010, Lausanne, CH, Switzerland.
    Background: Oral health and frailty might be linked through several pathways, but previous studies are scarce. This study examined the association between oral health and components of Fried's frailty phenotype.

    Methods: This cross-sectional analysis was based on a sample of 992 community-dwelling persons aged 73 to 77 years observed in the 2011 follow-up of the Lausanne 65+ cohort (Lc65+) study. Read More

    Factors associated with consumption of alcohol in older adults - a comparison between two cultures, China and Norway: the CLHLS and the HUNT-study.
    BMC Geriatr 2017 Jul 31;17(1):172. Epub 2017 Jul 31.
    The Norwegian Advisory unit for Aging and Health, Vestfold Health Trust, Tønsberg, Norway.
    Background: There is little knowledge about the consumption of alcohol among Chinese and Norwegian older adults aged 65 years and over. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors related to alcohol consumption among older adults in China and Norway.

    Methods: The Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) data in 2008-2009 conducted in China and The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study data in 2006-2008 (HUNT3) conducted in Norway were used. Read More

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