486 results match your criteria BJR case reports[Journal]


Elevated glycine detected on in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy in a breast cancer patient: case report and literature review.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190090. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Radiology, Breast Imaging Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a promising non-invasive diagnostic method that can detect and quantify endogenous tissue metabolites. High glycine levels obtained from breast MRS have been associated with poor prognosis; however, glycine evaluation has not been reported regarding MRS. We report our finding in a breast cancer patient in whom pre-treatment but not post-treatment MRS showed elevated glycine and discuss the implications of this finding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068099PMC

Arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190079. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Arrhythmogenic ventricular cardiomyopathy (AVC) is a heritable heart muscle disorder characterized by fibrofatty infiltration of the myocardium. Intramyocardial fat deposition is considered arrhythmogenic and predisposes patients to life-threatening arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. The classic subtype of AVC is characterized by fibrofatty replacement of the right ventricular myocardium ( arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068103PMC

An unusual association of ulnar hemimelia with mesoaxial synostotic syndactyly.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190073. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

University of Health Sciences, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Department of Radiology, Ankara, Turkey.

Ulnar hemimelia, also referred to as post-axial longitudinal deficiency of the upper limb, is a very rare skeletal anomaly characterized by the partial or complete absence of the ulna. The majority of the reported cases are sporadic and more common in males. The disorder is mostly unilateral, right-sided and incomplete. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068096PMC

Incidental non-complicated posterior rectus sheath hernia.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190072. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

East Surrey Hospital, Redhill, Surrey, United Kingdom.

Posterior rectus sheath hernia is a truly rare finding, with only 11 documented cases since the first report in 1937. A posterior rectus sheath hernia is herniation of bowel and/or omentum through the posterior portion of the rectus sheath, but not through any other structure. This can only occur medial to the spigelian fascia, differentiating it from a spigelian hernia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190072DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068098PMC

Dealing with a soft tissue lesion that is scheduled for CT-guided biopsy and that has decreased in size on preprocedural planning CT.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190071. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Medical Imaging Centre, Department of Radiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

On planning CT before CT-guided biopsy, the target lesion may have decreased in size compared to previous imaging. Radiologists frequently face the dilemma of whether to biopsy these shrinking lesions or not. There is currently a lack of literature on how often such a situation is encountered in clinical practice, how it is dealt with, and if the perceived lesion size reduction always implies benignancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068100PMC

Acute ischaemic stroke in meningoencephalitis.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190068. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

East Kest Hospitals University NHS Trust, Margate, United Kingdom.

is the third most frequent cause of bacterial meningitis and has a predilection for elderly patients and the immunosuppressed. A small number of patients with meningoencephalitis have previously been reported to experience stroke-like symptoms that were attributed to microabscess formation and the mass effect of collections of infection in the brain. These infections led to temporary neurological deficits that resolved with antimicrobial treatment, rather than to true strokes with permanent neurological deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068084PMC

MDCT of unique drainage of the anterior interventricular coronary vein into the left atrium: two case reports.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190062. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Madina Cardiac Center, 23411 AL Madinah Al munawwrah, Khaled Bin Al Waleed Road, Medina, Saudi Arabia.

Pre-procedural CT mapping of the coronary venous system is advised by the current guidelines before many interventional procedures. The published literature for variants of the coronary venous system is scarce. The variant of anterior interventricular vein (AIV) drainage into the left atrium is extremely rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068091PMC

Desmoplastic small round cell tumour in the Afro-Caribbean population: case report with imaging findings.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190060. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Pathology, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston, Jamaica.

Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumour (DSRCT) is a rare malignancy that has only a few cases documented in the literature. We report a case of DSRCT in the abdomen and pelvis that was identified following ultrasound-guided biopsy of one of the numerous liver lesions seen on imaging in a 13-year-old Afro-Caribbean female with increased abdominal girth. The tumour was characterized by all routine imaging modalities available at the time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068089PMC

Per-oral interstitial brachytherapy catheter insertion for boost in case of recurrent tonsillar carcinoma: dosimetry and clinical outcome.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190059. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

High-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy (HDR-ISBT) is relatively rarely applied for the head and neck cancer. However, its dose distribution is more confined than intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and can deliver higher dose while sparing surrounding normal tissues. In this case report, the effectiveness of HDR-ISBT as a boost following IMRT for post-operative recurrent oropharyngeal cancer patient was indicated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068101PMC

Uncommon trans-iliac bone faecal fistula in a leukaemic patient.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190056. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Haematology Service of Internal Medicine Department, Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University - UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil.

This is a rare case of an elderly woman diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia secondary to myelodysplastic syndrome who presented a spontaneous trans-iliac bone faecal fistula probably related to an incarcerated inguinal hernia and neutropaenia. As far as we know, this is the first described case of a trans-iliac bone faecal fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068086PMC

Cerebral schistosomiasis in a patient travelling from São Tomé and Príncipe.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190055. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Neurology Unit, Hospital Vila Franca Xira, Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal.

Aiming to raise awareness for the possibility of schistosomal involvement of the central nervous system in travellers returning from endemic areas and/or immigrants to nonendemic areas, the authors report a case of neuroschistosomiasis in a Portuguese patient coming from the Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe with good clinical outcome following praziquantel therapy. This is the first case of neuroschistosomiasis associated with São Tomé and Príncipe reported in literature and further studies are needed to confirm which species of this parasite are endemic of that region. We conclude that early diagnosis is key to reduce clinical severity and therefore validation of new diagnostic techniques and establishment of consensual treatment guidelines would be important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068093PMC

Paraumbilical vein aneurysm: case report.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190052. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Consultant Radiologist, St Mary's Hospital, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom.

A 48-year-old female patient was found to have a paraumbilical vein saccular aneurysm, which is a rare consequence of portal hypertension. She presented with right upper quadrant pain and had a known diagnosis of alcoholic liver disease. This had progressed since her last admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190052DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068087PMC

Fibrosing mediastinitis mimicking as chronic pulmonary thromboembolism.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190049. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Radiology, Aster CMI Hospital, Bangalore, India.

Fibrosing mediastinitis is an uncommon, benign, progressive disorder caused by proliferation of fibrous tissue within mediastinum resulting in encasement of vital mediastinal broncho-vascular structures. Due to its rarity and variable clinical presentation, it is often misdiagnosed. We are presenting a case of fibrosing mediastinitis in an Ethiopian origin young male presenting with pulmonary hypertension due to simultaneous occlusion of pulmonary vein and arteries, clinically misdiagnosed as chronic pulmonary thromboembolism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068094PMC

Urinary bladder metastasis from breast cancer: a rare cause of hematuria.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190048. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Oncology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Pakistan.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women globally as well as in Kenya. The most common sites of metastases reported include the bones, liver and lung. Metastasis to the urinary bladder is relatively uncommon with only a few case reports in literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068102PMC

Multi-imaging study in a patient with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: radiology, clinic and pathology correlation of a rare condition.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190047. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, "Federico II" University of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare metabolic disease with autosomal recessive inheritance. It is caused by mutations of the CYP27A1 gene, which codifies for sterol 27-hydroxylase, an enzyme that is responsible for the synthesis of cholic acids. In CTX, cholic acid synthesis is impaired, leading to accumulation of the precursor chenodessossicholic acid) in various organs and tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068097PMC

Adrenal schwannoma: a case report.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190044. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan -Via Carlo Pascal 35, 20133, Milan, Italy.

Retroperitoneum is an uncommon site for Schwannoma tumors and among adrenal incidentaloma the Schwannoma is rare. This condition lacks of a specific clinical and radiological features, but correct diagnosis before pathological examination should be very important for clinical management and surgical decision. We describe a case of voluminous retroperitoneal incidental mass, that was proved to be an adrenal Schwannoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068090PMC

Percutaneous embolization of sporadic lumbar nerve root haemangioblastoma under local anaesthesia.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190037. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

Pre-operative embolization of spinal tumours are mainly performed using a transarterial approach. Percutaneous embolization of spinal tumours are undertaken much less frequently, though its use has been reported in hypervascular spinal metastases and spinal paraganglioma. We present a patient in whom pre-operative percutaneous embolization has been performed to a recurrent lumbar nerve root haemangioblastoma that had previously been embolized using a transarterial approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190037DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068088PMC

Radiation therapy for oligometastatic oropharyngeal cancer.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190021. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Department of Oncology, Radiation Oncology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

At presentation, isolated metastasis from oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is rare. Liver is a relatively uncommon first site of failure, especially in the absence of other distant metastases, particularly without diagnosis of lung metastases. We report on a case of HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma with synchronous liver metastasis treated with radiation therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068095PMC

Patulous eustachian tubes and an unusual case of fused retropharangeal internal carotid arteries with an aberrant course through the clivus and dorsum sellae.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20190017. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Diagnostic Radiology and Imaging, University of Pretoria, Hatfield, Pretoria, South Africa.

Aberrant course of internal carotid arteries (ICA) is rarely seen. In patients who are asymptomatic, anomalies may be detected incidentally during head and neck examination. Symptomatic patients may present with hearing loss, pulsatile tinnitus, dysphagia or a foreign body sensation in the posterior pharynx. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068092PMC

Delayed response to proton beam treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

BJR Case Rep 2020 Mar 12;6(1):20180125. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Radiology, Case Western Reserve University, ClevelandOH, United States.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. There has been anecdotal report regarding the effectiveness of proton beam treatment for HCC. In this pre-clinical investigation, the woodchuck model of viral hepatitis infection-induced HCC was used for proton beam treatment experiment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180125DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068085PMC

Bone and lymph node metastases from occult mammary carcinoma: a case report of carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) Syndrome.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190064. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphologic and Functional Imaging, Policlinico Universitario G. Martino, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Cancer of unknown provenance is a rare disease, accounting approximately for up to 1% of all breast cancers. A 68-year-old female was admitted to the Medical Oncology Unit of Policlinico Universitario G.Martino because of diffused bone-involvement, with mixed (osteolytic/osteoblastic) features, which interested almost every skeletal structure of the body (vertebral bodies of the entire column, costal skeleton, sternum, proximal third of both humeri, scapulae, clavicles, pelvis and femurs), suspicious for metastatic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945249PMC
December 2019

Surgicel on the post-operative CT: an old trap for radiologists.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190041. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

General Surgery Department, Aintree University Hospital, Liverpool, UK.

Percutaneous drainage of post-operative collections following abdominopelvic surgery has become standard practice and is a routine procedure in many interventional radiology (IR) departments. Such collections are commonly diagnosed on CT studies where the presence of Surgicel can mimic an abscess and lead to unnecessary procedures. We present a case where a duodenal perforation was masked by post-operative Surgicel in the gallbladder fossa, which in turn was mistaken for an infected biloma and referred for percutaneous interventional radiology drainage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945253PMC
December 2019

Suspected pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis relapse after lung transplantation: a case report and literature review.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190040. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

MULTIMEDICA IRCCS S. Giuseppe Hospital, Milan, Italy.

Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a very rare lung disease characterized by dense fibrous thickening of the visceral pleura and intraalveolar fibrosis containing prominent elastosis, with typical upper lobe predominance. PPFE usually shows progressive restrictive ventilatory impairment refractory to medical treatment; bilateral lung transplantation currently remains the only available therapeutic option. In this report, we describe a case of suspected PPFE relapse after lung transplantation that, to our knowledge, has never been described in the medical literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190040DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945250PMC
December 2019

Trichodentoosseous syndrome: a case report and review of literature.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190039. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diagnostic Sciences, University of Florida College of Dentistry, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Trichodentoosseous (TDO) syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by various dental and non-dental findings such as taurodontism, amelogenesis imperfecta, osseous dysplasia, mandibular prognathism, curly hair, dysplastic nails, which may be symptomatic or asymptomatic. TDO syndrome is divided into three subtypes that helps to categorize different features seen in patients. There are very few cases reported in the literature of TDO syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945255PMC
December 2019

Middle interhemispheric variant of holoprosencephaly in an asymptomatic adult.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190035. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, University of Health Sciences, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Middle interhemispheric variant of holoprosencephaly is an uncommon subtype of holoprosencephaly which is characterized by a midline connection of the two cerebral hemispheres in the posterior frontal and parietal regions with the separation of the anterior frontal and occipital lobes. It usually presents in early childhood with facial dysmorphism, seizures, motor dysfunction and mental-motor retardation. We herein present an unusual case of middle interhemispheric variant of holoprosencephaly which was asymptomatic and incidentally found in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190035DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945265PMC
December 2019

Renal arteriovenous malformation mimicking hydronephrosis-hidden danger.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190034. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Imaging Department, Royal Stoke University Hospital, Newcastle Road, Stoke-on-Trent ST4 6QG, United Kingdom.

Renal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare, with an incidence of approximately 0.04%. Diagnosis is often challenging due to mimics of AVMs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945260PMC
December 2019

Squamous cell carcinoma arising from Warthin's tumor in the parotid gland.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190032. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

The malignant transformation of Warthin's tumor in the parotid gland is extremely rare. In addition, among the various types of the malignant change of Warthin's tumor, squamous cell carcinoma is the rarest one. The pathogenesis of this rare disease entity is uncertain till now. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945251PMC
December 2019

Report of a case of cavernous haemangioma of the cavernous sinus.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190031. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, Professor of Radiodiagnosis, Kasr Al Ainy Hospital, Egypt.

Cavernous haemangioma of the cavernous sinus is a rare vascular malformation. It's often confused with other parasellar masses. Here, we report a case of a female with a left parasellar mass which was misdiagnosed as schwannoma meningioma using CT and MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945263PMC
December 2019

Transthoracic ultrasound sign in severe asthmatic patients: a lack of "gliding sign" mimic pneumothorax.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190030. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Unit of Interventional and Diagnostic Ultrasound of Internal Medicine IRCCS Fondazione Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.

Transthoracic ultrasound (TUS) is a validate complementary technique widely used in everyday medical practice. TUS is the gold-standard for studying pleural effusion and for echo-guided thoracentesis, moreover, it is employed in detection of pleural and pulmonary lesions adherent to pleural surface and their ccho-guided percutaneous needle biopsy (PTNB). We used TUS technique to study severe asthma patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945254PMC
December 2019

Acute necrotizing encephalopathy in an adult as a complication of H1N1 infection.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190028. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Anesthesia and intensive care department, Faculty of medicine, AL-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Acute necrotizing encephalitis is one of the recognized influenza-associated encephalopathies which has a characteristic multifocal symmetric involvement of the thalami bilaterally with only very few cases were reported in adults. We present a case of a young adult female who was presented with post-H1N1 Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy with full neurological recovery after proper clinicoradiological diagnosis and rapid treatment with steroids and intravenous immunoglobulins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945259PMC
December 2019

Plasma cell myeloma lytic lesions mimicking vanishing bone syndrome in a young patient.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190025. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Plasma cell myeloma is a bone marrow disorder characterized by neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells within the bone marrow replacing normal cells. We present a case report of a 25-year-old female with bilateral lower and upper limb pains. She had been seen in various health facilities for the past 2 years with progressively worsening disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190025DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945256PMC
December 2019

Transient perivascular inflammation of the carotid artery; a rare cause of intense neck pain.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190014. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Carotidynia or Transient Perivascular Inflammation of the Carotid Artery (TIPIC) syndrome is a rare cause of atypical neck pain. Exact aetiopathogenesis of this clinical entity is poorly understood. A 43-year-old female presented with progressively increasing right side neck pain of 3 days duration associated with focal tenderness over the right carotid pulse corresponding to the level of upper border of thyroid cartilage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945257PMC
December 2019

A rare case of arteriovenous fistula formation in a patient with inferior vena cava thrombosis, successfully managed with endovascular recanalisation.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190007. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

St Peter's Hospital, Chertsey, United Kingdom.

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are recommended for patients with proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT) who are not eligible for anticoagulation. Long-dwelling filters are well-known to be associated with the development of IVC thrombosis. Chronic caval occlusion can lead to a severe post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS), with manifestations of chronic venous insufficiency in the lower extremities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945264PMC
December 2019

Facial mucocele and brain complications: diagnostic priorities.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20190006. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, Clinical Hospital, Valladolid, Spain.

We present the case of a male with a history of nasal polyposis underwent bilateral nasosinusal endoscopic surgery. He went to the emergency department because of having behavioral changes and left frontal headache. An emergency CT showed nasal-sinus polyposis and several nodular lesions with a characteristic "ring" enhancement and perilesional edema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945258PMC
December 2019

Not everything in the gallbladder is gallstones: an unusual case of biliary ascariasis.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20180123. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

AOUI Veron, Verona, Italy.

A 25-year-old female presented with a sore throat, fever and epigastric pain after coming from India. She had an obstructive pattern of liver function tests and an ultrasound scan abdomen showed features suggestive of acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis, with no obvious gallstones. She made no improvement with intravenous antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945261PMC
December 2019

Basilar Tip Aneurysm in Takayasu Arteritis.

Authors:
Saima Ahmad

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20180114. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Consultant Radiologist, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

Takayasu arteritis is a chronic, inflammatory, progressive and idiopathic disease that mainly effects the aorta, its branches and pulmonary artery. It causes narrowing and occlusion of major vessels which manifest as a cerebrovascular insufficiency. Intracranial aneurysms are rarely observed in these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945252PMC
December 2019

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in A term newborn: atypical radiographic and ct appearances.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4):20180081. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Assistant Professor in Neonatology, Department of Neonatology, University Hospital of Heraklion, University of Crete, Greece.

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in the term newborn is relatively rare. We aim to emphasize the significance of Radiographic and CT features of spontaneous pneumomediastinum. We present an otherwise healthy 4-hour-old male, born by a caesarean section, presenting with sudden bulging of the left hemithorax and moderate respiratory distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945266PMC
December 2019

Biopsy-diagnosed renal granuloma after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy for bladder carcinoma: a case series and review of the literature.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Dec 15;5(4). Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.

Renal granuloma is a rare complication affecting the kidneys after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy for bladder carcinoma. Our case series review describes the imaging and histopathological findings of BCG-induced renal granulomas. All three renal granulomas, which were located in the upper pole, had a solitary mass-like appearance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6945262PMC
December 2019

Hyperpolarised C MRI: a new horizon for non-invasive diagnosis of aggressive breast cancer.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 15;5(3):20190026. Epub 2019 May 15.

The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London.

Hyperpolarised C MRI (HP-MRI) is a novel imaging technique that allows real-time analysis of metabolic pathways . The technology to conduct HP-MRI in humans has recently become available and is starting to be clinically applied. As knowledge of molecular biology advances, it is increasingly apparent that cancer cell metabolism is related to disease outcomes, with lactate attracting specific attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750630PMC
September 2019
3 Reads

Sonographic findings of mass-forming extramammary Paget's disease in the scrotum.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 29;5(3):20190018. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Department of Dermatology, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of medicine, Incheon, South Korea.

Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare cutaneous malignancy involving the scrotum and may be confused with other scrotal malignancy. We describe the sonographic findings of an extremely rare case of mass-forming EMPD of the scrotal wall. Ultrasonography, which shows mild heterogeneous hyperechoic masses with a stalk connected to the dermis, can help predict the depth of vertical invasion of the lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750622PMC
September 2019

A case of retroperitoneal fibrosis secondary to chronic periaortitis.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 29;5(3):20190011. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Aga khan university hospital, Nairob, Kenya.

Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare inflammatory disorder causing increased fibrotic deposition in the retroperitoneum, often leading to ureteral obstruction. We present a case report of a 33-year-old male with 2-month history of back pain. Initial imaging showed thickening around the infrarenal aorta. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750632PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Multiple myeloma of young adult presented with paraplegia, rare case report in Saudi Arabia.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 29;5(3):20190008. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Multiple myeloma is the second most common hematologic malignancy. It is characterized by the neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow, leading to excessive production of monoclonal immunoglobulin. The mean age at diagnosis is 65 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750636PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Catheter directed hepatic artery thrombolysis following liver transplantation. Case report and review of the literature.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 29;5(3):20190005. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Mexico.

Hepatic artery thrombosis is the most frequent vascular complication following orthotopic liver transplantation, and often results in biliary complications, early graft loss and death. Surgical revascularization and retransplantation are considered the mainstay of treatment. However, intraarterial endovascular therapy is an alternative that has shown low morbidity and mortality, thereby avoiding the need for retransplantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750628PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Life-threatening mesenchymal hamartoma of the chest wall in a neonate.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 18;5(3):20190004. Epub 2019 May 18.

Department of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London.

Mesenchymal hamartomas of the chest wall are unusual tumours diagnosed in neonates. They mostly resolve spontaneously hence conservative management has been advocated. Some compress vital structures in the thoracic cavity or bleed warranting surgical intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20190004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750625PMC
September 2019

A case of pulmonary tuberculosis with multiple nodules mimicking lung metastases.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 1;5(3):20180124. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Radiology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Tuberculosis (TB) may present as multiple pulmonary nodules mimicking lung metastases. Many asymptomatic cases of TB are detected incidentally on chest radiography, and patients are often negative for acid-fast bacilli staining and culture in spite of having active TB. It is important to know the imaging findings characteristic of pulmonary TB and its variant forms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180124DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750623PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Intracardiac melanoma metastases on F-FDG PET-CT-a case report and review of literature with imaging features.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 28;5(3):20180118. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Royal Free Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.

Cutaneous malignant melanoma is one of the few malignancies that can metastasize to the heart. It is important not to miss cardiac metastases on imaging as they are often clinically asymptomatic, but if present and undiagnosed could lead to significant cardiac compromise, arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, cardiac tamponade or transient ischaemic attacks. Identifying intracardiac metastases on imaging often requires a multimodality approach as they can evade detection due to cardiac motion artefact; be confused with intracardiac thrombus, or be misinterpreted as a normal/anatomical finding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750626PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Congenital absence of pericardium: two cases and a comprehensive review of the literature.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 14;5(3):20180117. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Azienda Ospedaliera di Cremona, Cremona, Italy.

Congenital absence of pericardium (CAP) is a rare condition, generally asymptomatic or paucisymptomatic, nevertheless sporadic cases complicated by sudden death are described. CAP can be diagnosed by CT and MRI. It is classified as total or partial, and partial defects are divided into left defects and right defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750629PMC
September 2019

Imaging appearance on CT post laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass using bioabsorbable prosthesis with fibrin glue fixation to prevent a Petersen's space hernia.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 9;5(3):20180111. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Surgery, St George Private Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Imaging post bariatric surgery is becoming more common over the past decade due to increasing incidence of obesity in the population and subsequent treatment. In recent years, the use of topical haemostatic agents and bioabsorbable prostheses has increased leading to higher likelihood of encountering these agents on post-operative imaging. Imaging in the post-operative period is occasionally performed to assess for complications such as obstruction, leak and abscess formation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750627PMC
September 2019
3 Reads

Perineal recurrence of prostate cancer post-brachytherapy.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 29;5(3):20180104. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust.

We present a rare case of perineal recurrence of prostate cancer post low dose rate brachytherapy. Increased levels of prostate-specific antigen were recorded 12 years post brachytherapy. Pelvic CT and MRI visualized a nodular lesion in the perineum, and positron emission tomography demonstrated choline-avidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750620PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Radiographic and HRCT imaging findings of chronic pulmonary schistosomiasis: review of 10 consecutive cases.

BJR Case Rep 2019 Sep 16;5(3):20180088. Epub 2019 May 16.

Centre for Tropical Diseases, IRCCS Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar, Verona, Italy.

Objective: To describe the chest radiography (CR) and the high resolution CT (HRCT) imaging findings of chronic pulmonary schistosomiasis (CPS).

Methods And Materials: This retrospective study included 10 patients suffering from CPS, studied between September 2013 and October 2016 by using CR and HRCT. Images were reviewed by two experienced radiologists in consensus, blinded to clinical data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180088DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6750631PMC
September 2019
1 Read