371 results match your criteria BJR case reports[Journal]


Cervical cancer with bilateral ovarian metastases: case report and review of literature.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 1;4(4):20180047. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Obstretics and Gynaecology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Cervical cancers only rarely metastasize to the ovaries. Most of the reported cases are in Western and Asian literature and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of cervical cancer presenting with bilateral ovarian metastasis in sub-Saharan Africa. We present a case report of a 44-year-old female with an 8-month history of irregular per vaginal bleeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438394PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

MRI findings of the brain in human African trypanosomiasis: a case series and review of the literature.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 18;4(4):20180039. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Radiology, University College Hospital, London, UK.

Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) is a neglected tropical disease that affected 3797 people worldwide in 2014. Without treatment mortality approaches 100%. Due to its low incidence and non-specific clinical features, diagnosis can be challenging and the role of MRI in diagnosis of HAT has not been evaluated outside of case reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438401PMC
December 2018

A case of malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the prostatic urethra.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 1;4(4):20180034. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Urology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Japan.

A 68-year-old male with dementia presented with gross hematuria. On plain CT, a mass was found at the base of the prostate with intravesical protrusion. On MRI, the mass was well-circumscribed and showed slight hyperintensity compared to the skeletal muscle on  weighted imaging and high intensity on  weighted imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438398PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Technical note: can resting state functional MRI assist in routine clinical diagnosis?

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 30;4(4):20180030. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford, Essex, , UK.

Despite some differences in clinical presentation, it is often difficult to differentiate between dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), clinical Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and Parkinson's disease dementia. However, differentiation can be crucial, especially as patients with DLB characteristically have a hypersensitivity to most antiemetic and neuroleptic drugs as they affect the cholinergic and dopaminergic system, potentially leading to life-threatening catatonia, loss of cognitive function and muscle rigidity. The aim of this study is to evaluate if resting state (RS) functional MRI (fMRI) can be used in routine practice on a 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438408PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Report of a case of giant rhinoscleroma: CT and MRI.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 10;4(4):20180027. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Radiology, Kasr Elainy, Faculty of medicine, Cairo university, Giza, Egypt.

Rhinoscleroma is a chronic granulomatous bacterial infection caused by the gram-negative bacillus . It predominately involves the nasal cavities but it can also involve the rest of the upper respiratory tract. Hypertrophic stage of rhinoscleroma may cause large tumor masses which could mimic neoplasm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180027DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438406PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Successful recanalization of acute extensive portal vein thrombosis by aspiration thrombectomy and thrombolysis via an operatively placed mesenteric catheter: a case report.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 21;4(4):20180024. Epub 2018 May 21.

Department of Radiology, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) after hepatobiliary surgery is rare but can cause lethal and severe complications. If early diagnosis and recanalization can be achieved, the PVT is expected to be eliminated. A 70-year-old male was diagnosed as having hepatocellular carcinoma occupying the right lobe of the liver. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438407PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Splenosis of the abdomen and pelvis complicated by torsion of a splenic implant clinically mimicking an acute bowel ischemia.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 24;4(4):20180024. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of General and Emergency Surgery, Ca' Granda IRCSS Maggiore Policlinico Hospital Foundation Trust, Milan, Italy.

We present a case of splenosis of the abdomen and pelvis complicated by torsion of a splenic implant in a young female patient clinically mimicking an acute bowel ischemia. Splenosis is a benign condition defined as heterotopic auto-transplantation of splenic tissue throughout different body areas. It may occur after rupture of the spleen, either traumatic or secondary to surgical procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438399PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Rare and lethal complication of barium enema intravasation.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 24;4(4):20180017. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of General Surgery, Selayang Hospital, Lebuhraya Selayang Kepong, Batu Caves, Selangor, Malaysia.

Barium enema investigation is regarded as a safe investigative procedure. Rarely, it may cause complications such as colonic perforation and barium intravasation. Barium intravasation may be caused by the inadvertent introduction of the catheter into the vagina, thereby into the vaginal venous plexus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438402PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Coil embolization of saccular frontopolar artery aneurysm.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 1;4(4):20180016. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Neuroradiology, Lahore General hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.

In this case report, a distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysm was presented. While most distal anterior aneurysms occur at the bifurcation of the pericallosal and callosomarginal arteries, this particular aneurysm occurred at the frontopolar artery, a case rarely reported in published literature. The aneurysm had a recurrent subarachnoid haemorrhage due to the rupture of a saccular aneurysm and was treated through endovascular coiling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438396PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Role of MRI in uterine didelphys with co-existing endometrial carcinosarcoma.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 31;4(4):20180010. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Imaging Department, Western Health and Social Care Trust, Londonderry, UK.

A case report reviewing MRI in a patient diagnosed with carcinosarcoma and uterine didelphys following presentation with post-menopausal bleeding. Staging MRI images demonstrate the anatomical anomaly and pathological features in these co-existing conditions. This report presents an interesting case of carcinosarcoma in a uterine didelphys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438403PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Intra-peritoneal mature benign cystic teratoma deposits: an unusual complication from previous surgical resection of an ovarian mature benign cystic teratoma.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 10;4(4):20180008. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Radiology, Aintree University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK.

In this case, we describe multiple unusual intra-peritoneal lesions containing fat, soft tissue and calcification. These were found radiologically and histologically to be in keeping with mature benign cystic teratoma intra-peritoneal deposits, also described as dermoid cysts. These were presumed to be due to seeding from surgical resection of ovarian mature benign cystic teratoma 5 years previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438404PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Gastrogastric intussusception in adults: a case report with review of the literature.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 10;4(4):20180006. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Radiology, Good Hope Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

Intussusception of the gastrointestinal viscera is rarely encountered in adult patients and is frequently associated with a polypoidal lead point, which is often malignant. We would like to present the case of a 68-year-old male with a history of decompensated liver disease and multiple medical comorbidities, who was discovered to have an incidental gastrogastric intussusception on CT. No polypoidal lead point was seen and we believe this to be the first case of its kind to be described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20180006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438400PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Gastrocolic fistula, a rare complication.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 31;4(4):20170121. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Radiology, Royal Oldham Hospital, Pennine Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, Manchester, UK.

A 77-year-old male presented with diarrhoea, weight loss and faeculent vomiting. CT scan identified a stricturing lesion in the transverse colon. The man, however, had no features suggestive of large bowel obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438397PMC
December 2018

Abdominal viscus penetration by laparoscopic-adjustable gastric band tubing: case report and review.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 24;4(4):20170097. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of General Surgery, The Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Laparoscopic-adjustable gastric band (LAGB) complications are increasingly recognised as follow-up time increases. These are most commonly related to the gastric band or port site, but complications of the connecting tubing are also reported. We present a case of LAGB tubing penetration through the transverse colon causing abdominal sepsis in a complex surgical abdomen and review prior published cases of abdominal viscus penetration by LAGB tubing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438395PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A rare cause of adult ileocolic intussusception: ileal leiomyoma.

BJR Case Rep 2018 Dec 24;4(4):20170094. Epub 2018 May 24.

Diagnostic Imaging Department, Monash Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Intussusception is a rare condition in adulthood and, unlike in children, is usually caused by an identifiable underlying lesion, most commonly a gastrointestinal tumour. The clinical presentation is non-specific and often there are intermittent symptoms making the diagnosis difficult based solely on history and examination. Plain radiography may reveal signs of bowel obstruction, however, CT is the gold standard to diagnose and localise an intussusception in adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170094DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438405PMC
December 2018

Huge chondromyxoid fibroma of the right iliac wing with tremendous soft tissue extensions.

BJR Case Rep 2018 21;4(1):20170014. Epub 2017 Oct 21.

Department of Radiology, Benha University, Benha, Egypt.

This report describes a huge chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) that developed in the right iliac crest and wing. The tumour is rare, perhaps the rarest of all bone tumours, and its occurrence in the iliac crest and wing of a 63-year-old male is extraordinarily uncommon. The patient complained of gradual onset of right groin pain over a period of more than 2 years and low back pain and tender swelling of the right gluteal region over a period of another 1 year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159151PMC
October 2017
15 Reads

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome while receiving irinotecan with fluorouracil and folinic acid for metastatic gastric cancer.

BJR Case Rep 2018 17;4(1):20170033. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

Department of Internal medicine-Division of gastroenterology, Henry Ford Health System, Gastroenterology, Detroit, MI, USA.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical-radiographic syndrome with seizures, headache, altered mental status and visual disturbances. It is typically associated with posterior cerebral white matter oedema on neuroimaging. There is an increasing number of cases of PRES reported with different chemotherapeutic protocols. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170033DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159153PMC
November 2017
2 Reads

Cystic degeneration of hepatic adenoma: a rare complication of hepatic adenoma.

BJR Case Rep 2018 17;4(1):20170056. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland.

This case report describes a rare complication of hepatic adenomata in a 33-year-old female. The patient initially presented with abdominal pain, and baseline imaging demonstrated several hepatic adenomas, the largest of which (approximately 8 cm) was adjacent to the inferior vena cava. Owing to the location of this adenoma, surgical/vascular intervention was deemed inappropriate. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170056
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159147PMC
November 2017
17 Reads

Cutaneous metastases as initial presentation of malignancy.

BJR Case Rep 2018 13;4(1):20170059. Epub 2017 Sep 13.

Department of General Medicine, Midlands Regional Hospital, Portlaoise, Co-Laois, Ireland.

We describe a case of 73-year-old female who presented with dry cough, chest pain and light-headedness. On examination, multiple subcutaneous masses were noticed on the chest wall, bilateral breast, anterior abdomen and both arms. Subsequent CT-TAP and CT-brain showed multiple subcutaneous nodules in scalp, neck, anterior chest wall, breast and abdomen. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170059
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159141PMC
September 2017
15 Reads

Cystic duct remnant: a rare cause for post-cholecystectomy syndrome.

Authors:
Priyank S Chatra

BJR Case Rep 2018 22;4(1):20170043. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Department of Medical Imaging, Geraldton Regional Hospital, Geraldton, WA, Australia.

Post-cholecystectomy syndrome is a group of disorders resulting from complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Here we report a case of a 59-year-old female patient with history of cholecystectomy who presented with right hypochondrium pain and bloating. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatogram revealed a tubular cystic lesion with calculus in the gallbladder fossa in keeping with cystic duct remnant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170043DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159148PMC
November 2017

Bronchoesophageal fistula: a rare complication of aortic endograft infection.

BJR Case Rep 2018 3;4(1):20170061. Epub 2017 Nov 3.

Department of Radiology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair is an increasingly common approach for aortic aneurysm repair. Infection of the prosthetic is a rare, but devastating complication which may result in the well-known aortoenteric or aortobronchial fistulae. Bronchoesophageal fistula resulting from an infected aortic endograft has not yet been reported in the literature. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170061
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159143PMC
November 2017
13 Reads

Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the mid-left anterior descending coronary artery: association with acute myocardial infarction.

BJR Case Rep 2018 7;4(1):20170031. Epub 2017 Sep 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Congenital abnormalities of the coronary arteries are uncommon but can be associated with important cardiac events depending on their location and the course of the aberrant artery. Conventional angiography has been the gold standard for the diagnosis of these anomalies. The recent development of cardiac CT has allowed accurate and non-invasive depiction of coronary artery anomalies in terms of their origin, course and termination. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159140PMC
September 2017
4 Reads

Olfactory neuroblastoma treated with minimally invasive surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy: a case report and review of the literature.

BJR Case Rep 2018 10;4(2):20170077. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Ivrea Community Hospital, Ivrea, Italy.

Olfactory neuroblastoma (ON) is a rare tumour of the olfactory neuroepithelium that is characterized by a pattern of slow growth and local recurrences. Combination of surgery and radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy, is considered to be the standard of care for primary site disease. Recent literature supports the view that endoscopic resection followed by adjuvant radiotherapy correlates with better outcome. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170077
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170077DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159119PMC
January 2018
22 Reads

Solitary fibrous tumour of the mesentery: a case report.

BJR Case Rep 2018 4;4(1):20170057. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Medical Imaging Department, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta.

We present the case of a male with an asymptomatic abdominal mass, where imaging-guided biopsy confirmed the lesion as a solitary fibrous tumour arising from the mesentery. This is a notably rare location for solitary fibrous tumours with only a few reported cases in the literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159145PMC
October 2017
10 Reads

A cause of recurrent strokes: carotid webs detected by CT angiogram.

BJR Case Rep 2018 9;4(1):20170066. Epub 2017 Nov 9.

Department of Stroke Medicine, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Carotid webs are an uncommon cause of recurrent ischaemic strokes. They are considered a form of fibromuscular dysplasia, possibly developmental in origin, with non-inflammatory and non-atherosclerotic features and a characteristic appearance on CT angiography. They have been described as a thin intraluminal filling defect along the posterior wall of the carotid bulb in oblique sagittal reformats and a septum on axial CT angiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159149PMC
November 2017

Atypical hepatic haemangiomas.

BJR Case Rep 2018 1;4(1):20170029. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Radiology, Pablo Tobón Uribe y Dinámica IPS Hospital, Medellín, Colombia.

Hepatic haemangioma is the most common benign liver lesion in the general population. It often exhibits a uniform pattern of characteristics, thus being called "typical." However, a certain number of hepatic haemangiomas have special or uncommon characteristics and are termed "atypical. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170029
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159142PMC
November 2017
14 Reads

Ruptured gastric artery aneurysms: two cases and emergency imaging findings.

BJR Case Rep 2018 10;4(1):20170075. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Department of Radiology, St Mary's Hospital, London, UK.

A ruptured gastric artery aneurysm is a rare but important possible cause of massive intra-abdominal or gastrointestinal haemorrhage, and carries a high risk of mortality. Although aneurysms of the gastric arteries are uncommon, emergency radiologists and clinicians should be familiar with the clinical presentation, imaging findings and pathophysiology. We present two cases of massive intra-abdominal haemorrhage and haemodynamic shock secondary to acute rupture of previously occult gastric artery aneurysm and review the relevant anatomy, imaging findings and pathophysiology of gastric and other visceral artery aneurysms. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170075
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159152PMC
November 2017
16 Reads

Isolated fungus ball in sphenoid sinus: tips and pitfalls of hyperintense lesions.

BJR Case Rep 2018 10;4(2):20170081. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

Department of Hemathology and Medical Oncology, Unit of Pathology, Ospedale Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, San Giovanni Rotondo, Puglia, Italy.

Isolated sphenoid sinus fungus ball is a very rare condition. CT is the most used imaging investigation for diagnosis. In some cases, MRI may provide further information to evaluate the extracompartmental invasion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159120PMC
January 2018

Endovascular pharmacomechanical thrombolysis-a novel treatment for circumaortic left renal vein and inferior vena cava thrombosis in a paediatric patient with relapsing nephrotic syndrome.

BJR Case Rep 2018 8;4(2):20170082. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Department of Paediatrics, Division of Nephrology, British Columbia Children's Hospital, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

While venous thromboembolism (VTE) in children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) remains an uncommon clinical entity, it represents one of the disease's most severe and potentially fatal complications. As such, clinicians and radiologists must maintain a high level of suspicion for VTE and low threshold for performing diagnostic imaging studies in children with NS, thereby ensuring prompt diagnosis and early management initiation. Despite the recent advances and development of image-guided endovascular procedures, there remains a marked paucity of literature describing the use of endovascular intervention for the treatment of acute VTE in NS, and a clear consensus on the gold standard for management has yet to be fully elucidated. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170082
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170082DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159121PMC
November 2017
6 Reads

Four cases of endometrioid borderline ovarian tumour: case reports and literature review.

BJR Case Rep 2018 21;4(1):20170062. Epub 2017 Oct 21.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Endometrioid borderline tumours (EBTs) of the ovary are uncommon tumours of low malignant potential. They consist of atypical endometrioid cells lacking destructive stromal invasion. As the prognosis of EBT is excellent, excessive treatment should be avoided and preoperative diagnosis is important. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170062
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170062DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159154PMC
October 2017
19 Reads

Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease of the spinal dura mater: a case report.

BJR Case Rep 2018 7;4(1):20170049. Epub 2017 Oct 7.

Departments of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystal deposition disease is characterized by the accumulation of CPPD crystal in articular and periarticular tissues, but CPPD crystal deposition along the spinal dura mater has not been previously reported. We report a 54-year-old male presenting with progressive neck pain and numbness of the extremities. CT showed diffuse dorsal epidural calcification from C3-T6 which resulted in spinal canal stenosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159146PMC
October 2017
17 Reads

Simultaneous occurrence of five prothrombotic induced vaso-occlusive phenomena and focal nodular hyperplasia due to prolonged use of combined oral contraceptive pills.

BJR Case Rep 2018 15;4(2):20170070. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

M.P Shah Hospital, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

This is a rare case of a patient simultaneously presenting with five complications associated with the prolonged (5 years) use of combined oral contraceptives. The two main ingredients of combined oral contraceptives responsible for thromboembolism are estrogen (estradiol) and progestogen (progestin). Progestins are linked with occlusion of arteries while estrogens can induce both arterial and venous thrombosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159115PMC
December 2017
3 Reads

Abernethy malformation: beware in cases of unexplained hepatic encephalopathy in adults-case report and review of the relevant literature.

BJR Case Rep 2018 16;4(2):20170054. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Department of Radiology, Centro Hospitalar de Entre o Douro e Vouga, Santa Maria da Feira, Portugal.

The Abernethy malformation consists of a congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt and is believed to be extremely rare in humans. The potential implications of abnormal portovenous shunting and decreased hepatic portal flow are numerous and potentially serious. Although congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts are increasingly suspected and diagnosed in specialized centres, much of their clinical presentation and natural history is not fully understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170054DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159114PMC
November 2017
1 Read

Interdisciplinary complication management of dislodged lumbar interbody spacer in pulmonary artery.

BJR Case Rep 2018 17;4(2):20170047. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany.

We report the case of an intraoperatively dislodged transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion spacer with creation of a traumatic arteriovenous fistula and device migration to the pulmonary artery. Successful minimally invasive angiographic retrieval of the spacer is discussed with special reference to angiographic and surgical treatment strategies and pitfalls. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170047
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170047DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159109PMC
November 2017
1 Read

Vertebroplasty in the treatment of recalcitrant lower back pain attributed to Modic 1 changes.

BJR Case Rep 2018 12;4(2):20170092. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

Department of Radiology, Cappagh National Orthopaedic Hospital of Ireland, Finglas, Dublin, Ireland.

Vertebroplasty is a recognised treatment for osteoporotic and pathological compression fractures. We present the case of TF, a 70-year-old male patient with a history of poor left ventricular function presenting with refractory lower back pain, thought to be secondary to Modic Type1 changes in the L2 and L3 vertebrae, accompanying L2-L3 degenerative disc disease. He was treated conservatively for approximately 9 months without success. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170092
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159118PMC
February 2018
18 Reads

Update on a rare mandibular osteolytic lesion in childhood: the buccal bifurcation cyst.

BJR Case Rep 2018 9;4(2):20170109. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

Department of Imaging and Pathology, OMFS-IMPATH Research Group, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Buccal bifurcation cyst is a rare, uncommon buccal cystic lesion associated with the permanent mandibular first molar in children just prior to tooth eruption, and is categorized by the World Health Organization as an odontogenic cyst occurring in a vital tooth, near the buccal cervical margin of the lateral aspect of a root, as a result of an inflammatory process in a periodontal pocket. The aim of this study is to present a series of three similar mandibular buccal bifurcation cyst cases, by providing clinical, radiological and histological characterization of the lesion, in order to lead clinicians through the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up process and contribute to deeper knowledge of this rare pathological entity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159116PMC
February 2018
19 Reads

Organizing pneumonia after pancreatic cancer treatment with nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine: a case report.

BJR Case Rep 2018 5;4(2):20170086. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy.

The incidence of pancreatic cancer is increasing. Most patients have advanced disease at diagnosis, and therapeutics is limited in this setting. Gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel combination is indicated as first-line treatment in patients with metastatic cancer of pancreas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159108PMC
February 2018
13 Reads

Infected abdominal aortic aneurysm graft complicated by lumbar discitis.

BJR Case Rep 2018 9;4(2):20170101. Epub 2018 Feb 9.

Department of Radiology, Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Poole, UK.

We present the case of a 68-year-old male, who underwent open abdominal aortic graft in August 2016 owing to a ruptured large infrarenal abdominal aneurysm. He subsequently presented 6 months later with back pain, general weakness, reduced mobility and cachexia. He underwent CT, MRI and fluorodeoxyglucose (PDG)-PET spinal imaging, all modalities showing signs of aortic graft infection complicated by L4/5 discitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159111PMC
February 2018
15 Reads

Off-label magnetic resonance imaging of an InterStim II sacral nerve stimulator device.

BJR Case Rep 2018 13;4(1):20170064. Epub 2017 Oct 13.

Department of Medical Imaging and Medical Physics, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

The InterStim II (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN) sacral nerve stimulator has been approved for MRI scanning of the head only. All other body areas are contraindicated by the manufacturer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159144PMC
October 2017
5 Reads

Invasive sarcomatoid mesothelioma resulting in spinal cord compression: case report.

BJR Case Rep 2018 10;4(2):20170068. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Oncology, Colchester Hospital University Foundation Trust, Cancer Services, Colchester, Essex, UK.

Mesothelioma is more likely to metastasize by local invasion, and metastases to the nervous system are rare. There are currently 10 reported cases of spinal cord compression as a result of mesothelioma. We report a 74-year-old patient with sarcomatoid mesothelioma that spreads across the dura into the spinal cord at T4/T5 level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159112PMC
November 2017
16 Reads

Two cases of mimics of bone metastasis in breast cancer.

BJR Case Rep 2018 16;4(2):20170091. Epub 2017 Dec 16.

Department of Radiology, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK.

In patients with breast cancer, the appearance of sclerotic bone lesions on imaging should raise the suspicion of skeletal metastases. However, before making the diagnosis it is important to consider the clinical context and remember that there are conditions that can mimic bone metastasis. We present two cases of mimics of bone metastasis: systemic mastocytosis and osteopoikilosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159113PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

MRI evaluation of diffuse subcutaneous neurofibroma of the lower limb in a low resource setting.

BJR Case Rep 2018 15;4(2):20170090. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

An unusual type of neurofibroma predominantly seen in children and young adults is diffuse neurofibroma. We present a 25-year-old female with recurring soft tissue masses in her right lower limb. MRI showed areas of iso-intensity and hyperintensity relative to skeletal muscle within the subcutaneous fat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159117PMC
December 2017
1 Read

Anastomosing haemangioma with fatty changes in the perirenal space: a lesion mimicking liposarcoma.

BJR Case Rep 2018 1;4(2):20170022. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences,Hiroshima University, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, Japan.

Anastomosing haemangioma is a rare subtype of capillary haemangioma. Pathologically, anastomosing haemangioma presents with anastomosing sinusoidal capillary-sized vessels in an architecture reminiscent of the splenic parenchyma. Its anastomosing architecture pathologically can lead to concern for angiosarcoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159110PMC
November 2017
4 Reads

Ureteral pseudodiverticulosis accompanied by urothelial carcinoma diagnosed by CT urography: a case report and review of the literature.

BJR Case Rep 2018 18;4(2):20170111. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Ureteral pseudodiverticulosis is a relatively rare condition and has been diagnosed by retrograde urography and excretory urography. Ureteral pseudodiverticulosis is also suspected to be a potential risk factor for the development of urothelial carcinoma. We report the case of a male in his 70 s who was suspected to have right ureteral pseudodiverticulosis accompanied by multifocal urothelial carcinoma based on CT urography findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170111DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159122PMC
January 2018
18 Reads

Diagnostic imaging of deep vein thrombosis secondary to osteochondroma formation.

BJR Case Rep 2017 29;3(4):20170042. Epub 2017 Aug 29.

Department of Radiology, Galway University Hospital, Saolta University Healthcare Group, Galway, Ireland.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition classically associated with blood stasis, hypercoagulability or injury to the vasculature. As blood stasis is usually associated with patient immobility, DVT occurrence in young active patients with no underlying haematological conditions is a rarity. An exostosis, also known as osteochondroma, is a cartilage capped lesion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159169PMC
August 2017
19 Reads

Bilobed spleen: an extremely rare imaging finding.

BJR Case Rep 2017 7;3(4):20170021. Epub 2017 Aug 7.

Radiology Department, Benha University, Benha, Egypt.

The spleen has a wide range of congenital anomalies regarding its shape, location, number and size. Unsuspected splenic congenital anomalies are commonly depicted on sonography orCT and sometimes pose a diagnostic dilemma for the radiologists and clinicians. The bilobed spleen is an extremely rarely encountered condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159183PMC

Imaging of the spectrum of bony injuries in the diabetic foot: a case series with emphasis on non-Charcot fractures.

BJR Case Rep 2017 4;3(4):20170026. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Diagnostic Imaging Department, Monash Health, Melbourne, Australia.

Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of lower limb injuries. Peripheral neuropathy, often associated with diabetes, has been demonstrated to increase the risk of fracture almost two-fold and is associated with complications related to fracture healing. Detection of neuropathy-related foot injury is frequently delayed owing to the paucity of symptoms and low degree of suspicion by the clinician. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159173PMC
August 2017
5 Reads

May-Thurner variant secondary to degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: a case report.

BJR Case Rep 2017 4;3(4):20170011. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Radiology Department, Stoke Mandeville Hospital, Buckinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Aylesbury, UK.

May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is a rare condition in which patients develop iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis due to an anatomical variant in which the right common iliac artery overlies and compresses the left common iliac vein against the lumbar spine. We report a case of variant MTS, where vascular distortion secondary to spontaneous spinal arthrodesis of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis resulted in left common iliac vein compression and iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis. While the common complications of degenerative spondylolisthesis, such as spinal stenosis, are well described; the potential for pelvic vascular distortion secondary to anterior translation of the lumbar spine is not well recognized. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159168PMC
August 2017
12 Reads

Use of single photon metal artefact reduction in the detection of an impacted capsule endoscope.

BJR Case Rep 2017 4;3(4):20170050. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Monash Medical Centre, Monash Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Wireless capsule endoscopy was introduced over a decade ago and is now a widely used tool in the investigation of gastrointestinal pathologies. Despite its ubiquity, the full profile of indications, contraindications and complications is still being developed. Metal artefact reduction is a software technique which can significantly reduce the artefact produced by metallic objects on CT scans. Read More

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http://www.birpublications.org/doi/10.1259/bjrcr.20170050
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170050DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159178PMC
August 2017
12 Reads

Highlighting an atypical cause of the Face of the Giant Panda sign.

BJR Case Rep 2018 4;4(1):20170046. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Department of Medical Imaging, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta.

The "Face of the Giant Panda" and the "Panda Cub" signs are neuroimaging features originally described in patients with Wilson's disease. We present a case with similar imaging findings in a different clinical context and highlight other differential diagnoses to be considered when presented with this particular radiological sign. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjrcr.20170046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159150PMC