244 results match your criteria BJPsych open[Journal]


How dangerousness evolves after court-ordered compulsory psychiatric admission: explorative prospective observational cohort study.

BJPsych Open 2019 May;5(3):e32

Psychiatrist,Professor of Public Mental Health,Epidemiological and Social Psychiatric Research Institute,Department of Psychiatry,Erasmus University Medical Centre,Rotterdam,The Netherlands.

Background: Compulsory admission is commonly regarded as necessary and justified for patients whose psychiatric condition represents a severe danger to themselves and others. However, while studies on compulsory admissions have reported on various clinical and social outcomes, little research has focused specifically on dangerousness, which in many countries is the core reason for compulsory admission.AimsTo study changes in dangerousness over time in adult psychiatric patients admitted by compulsory court order, and to relate these changes to these patients' demographic and clinical characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2019.21DOI Listing

Changing nurses' views of the therapeutic environment: randomised controlled trial.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e17

Professor of Social Psychiatry,Institute of Psychiatry,Psychology and Neuroscience,King's College London,UK.

Background: Although patients value evidence-based therapeutic activities, little is known about nurses' perceptions.AimsTo investigate whether implementing an activities training programme would positively alter staff perceptions of the ward or be detrimental through the increased workload (trial registration: ISRCTN 06545047).

Method: We conducted a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial involving 16 wards with psychology-led nurse training as the intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.87DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381414PMC
January 2019

Digital mental health apps and the therapeutic alliance: initial review.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e15

Director of Digital Psychiatry,Departments of Psychiatry and Clinical Informatics,Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center,Harvard Medical School,USA.

Background: As mental healthcare expands to smartphone apps and other technologies that may offer therapeutic interventions without a therapist involved, it is important to assess the impact of non-traditional therapeutic relationships.AimsTo determine if there were any meaningful data regarding the digital therapeutic alliance in smartphone interventions for serious mental illnesses.

Method: A literature search was conducted in four databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase and Web of Science). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.86DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381418PMC
January 2019
7 Reads

Adjunctive simvastatin for treatment-resistant depression: study protocol of a 12-week randomised controlled trial.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e13

Chair of Mood Disorders,Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience,King's College London,UK.

Background: A third of patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) experience treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Relatively few pharmacological agents have established efficacy for TRD. Therefore, the evaluation of novel treatments for TRD is a pressing priority. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.84DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381416PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Cost-effectiveness, cost-utility and the budget impact of antidepressants versus preventive cognitive therapy with or without tapering of antidepressants.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e12

Professor of Clinical Psychology in Psychiatry,Amsterdam UMC, location AMC,Department of Psychiatry,University of Amsterdam,the Netherlands.

Background: As depression has a recurrent course, relapse and recurrence prevention is essential.AimsIn our randomised controlled trial (registered with the Nederlands trial register, identifier: NTR1907), we found that adding preventive cognitive therapy (PCT) to maintenance antidepressants (PCT+AD) yielded substantial protective effects versus antidepressants only in individuals with recurrent depression. Antidepressants were not superior to PCT while tapering antidepressants (PCT/-AD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.81DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381417PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Care experiences of young people with eating disorders and their parents: qualitative study.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e6

Professor of Health Economics, King's Health Economics, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience,King's College London,UK.

Background: Perspectives of young people with eating disorders and their parents on helpful aspects of care should be incorporated into evidence-based practice and service design, but data are limited.AimsTo explore patient and parent perspectives on positive and negative aspects of care for young people with eating disorders.

Method: Six online focus groups with 19 young people aged 16-25 years with existing or past eating disorders and 11 parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.78DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343117PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Inhibited autonomy for promoting physical health: qualitative analysis of narratives from persons living with severe mental illness.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e10

Project Leader, Mental Health Promotion Project,Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science,Japan.

Background: Autonomy is a key factor in the reduction of inequitable physical healthcare among people with severe mental illness compared with the general population.AimsTo clarify the critical mechanism underlying autonomy in physical health promotion based on the perspectives of people with severe mental illness.

Method: We employed a conventional content analysis of narrative data from the Healthy Active Lives in Japan (HeAL Japan) workshop meetings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.77DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343122PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Anxiety scales used in pregnancy: systematic review.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e5

Professor of Maternal and Child Health and Deputy Director, Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Professions Research Unit,University of Stirling,UK.

Background: Anxiety disorders and self-reported symptoms are highly prevalent in pregnancy. Despite their negative impact on maternal and child outcomes, uncertainty remains regarding which symptoms can be considered accurate indicators of antenatal anxiety.AimsTo examine and synthesise the evidence in relation to the psychometric properties and content of self-report scales used to detect anxiety symptoms in pregnant women. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.75DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343118PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Use of videotaped personal compulsions to enhance motivation in obsessive-compulsive disorder.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e11

Professor and Psychiatrist,Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry,Amsterdam Public Health and GGZ ingeest,the Netherlands.

Background: Watching videotaped personal compulsions together with a therapist might enhance the effect of cognitive-behavioural therapy in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) but little is known about how patients experience this.AimsTo performed a qualitative study that describes how watching these videos influences motivation for treatment and whether patients report any adverse events.

Method: In this qualitative study, data were gathered in semi-structured interviews with 24 patients with OCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.76DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381413PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Cost-effectiveness analysis of telephone cognitive-behaviour therapy for adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e7

Professor of Health Economics,Health Service and Population Research Department, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience at King's College London,UK.

Background: Telephone cognitive-behaviour therapy (TCBT) may be a cost-effective method for improving access to evidence-based treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in young people.AimsEconomic evaluation of TCBT compared with face-to-face CBT for OCD in young people.

Method: Randomised non-inferiority trial comparing TCBT with face-to-face CBT for 72 young people (aged 11 to 18) with a diagnosis of OCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.73DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343121PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Court diversion for those with psychosis and its impact on re-offending rates: results from a longitudinal data-linkage study.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e9

Program Head,Justice Health Research Program, Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales,Australia.

Background: With significant numbers of individuals in the criminal justice system having mental health problems, court-based diversion programmes and liaison services have been established to address this problem.AimsTo examine the effectiveness of the New South Wales (Australia) court diversion programme in reducing re-offending among those diagnosed with psychosis by comparing the treatment order group with a comparison group who received a punitive sanction.

Method: Those with psychoses were identified from New South Wales Ministry of Health records between 2001 and 2012 and linked to offending records. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.71DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343116PMC
January 2019

Associations between childhood maltreatment and inflammatory markers.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e3

Honorary Lecturer and Medical Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow, Social,Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre, King's College London,UK.

Background: Childhood maltreatment is one of the strongest predictors of adulthood depression and alterations to circulating levels of inflammatory markers is one putative mechanism mediating risk or resilience.AimsTo determine the effects of childhood maltreatment on circulating levels of 41 inflammatory markers in healthy individuals and those with a major depressive disorder (MDD) diagnosis.

Method: We investigated the association of childhood maltreatment with levels of 41 inflammatory markers in two groups, 164 patients with MDD and 301 controls, using multiplex electrochemiluminescence methods applied to blood serum. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.80DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343120PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Brain imaging in psychiatric disorders: target or screen?

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e4

Consultant Neuropsychiatrist and Director, Neuropsychiatry Unit,Royal Melbourne Hospital; andMelbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre,Melbourne Health and University of Melbourne,Australia.

SummaryThere is currently debate about when a clinician should consider neuroimaging for patients with a known psychiatric illness. We consider this topic and propose a set of 'red flags' to use to aid decision-making.Declaration of interestNone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.79DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343113PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Long-term mental health and social support in victims of disaster: comparison with a general population sample.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e2

Senior Researcher,Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies,Norway.

Background: Trauma and traumatic bereavement have well-known consequences for mental health, but little is known about long-term adjustment, particularly with respect to health-protective factors.AimsTo assess the levels of anxiety/depression and perceived social support among the survivors and the bereaved 26 years after the Scandinavian Star ferry disaster compared with expected levels from the general population.

Method: Anxiety/depression and social support were assessed in face-to-face interviews with the survivors and the bereaved (N = 165, response rate 58%). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.74DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343115PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Major depressive disorder in women and risk for future generations: population-based three-generation study.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e8

Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine,Linköping University,Sweden.

Background: The well-known adverse consequences of maternal depression prompts consideration of the importance of learning more about intergenerational transmission in order to identify individuals at risk of developing depressive disorders.AimsTo follow two generations of women with major depressive disorder (MDD) and to examine the risk of MDD in the third-generation children.

Method: A register-based, retrospective cohort study of all women born in Sweden between 1973 and 1982 who had given birth during the study period, their mothers and their children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.83DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343114PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Mental health presentations to acute psychiatric services: 3-year study of prevalence and readmission risk for personality disorders compared with psychotic, affective, substance or other disorders.

BJPsych Open 2019 Jan;5(1):e1

Professor of Psychology,School of Psychology,University of Wollongong,Australia.

Background: The relative burden and risk of readmission for people with personality disorders in hospital settings is unknown.AimsTo compare hospital use of people with personality disorder with that of people with other mental health diagnoses, such as psychoses and affective disorders.

Method: Naturalistic study of hospital presentations for mental health in a large community catchment. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.72DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343119PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Subclinical psychosis in adult migrants and ethnic minorities: systematic review and meta-analysis.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 23;4(6):510-518. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

U955-15, INSERM and Pôle de Psychiatrie et d'Addictologie, DHU PePSY, Hôpitaux universitaires Henri-Mondor, AP-HP and Fondation FondaMental and Faculté de médecine, University Paris-Est Créteil, France.

Background: It is well established that migration and ethnic minority status are risk factors for psychotic disorders. Recent studies have aimed to determine if they are also associated with subclinical psychosis (psychotic-like experiences and schizotypal traits).

Aims: We aimed to determine to what extent migrant and ethnic minority groups are associated with higher risk of subclinical psychosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.68DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293451PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Individuals' experiences of involuntary admissions and preserving control: qualitative study.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 16;4(6):501-509. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Professor in Mental Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland.

Background: A theoretical model of individuals' experiences before, during and after involuntary admission has not yet been established.

Aims: To develop an understanding of individuals' experiences over the course of the involuntary admission process.

Method: Fifty individuals were recruited through purposive and theoretical sampling and interviewed 3 months after their involuntary admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.59DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293449PMC
November 2018

Predictors of involuntary patients' satisfaction with care: prospective study.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 16;4(6):492-500. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Professor of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway and HRB Clinical Research Facility, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland.

Background: Involuntary admission can be traumatic and is associated with negative attitudes that persist after the episode of illness has abated.

Aims: We aimed to prospectively assess satisfaction with care at the points of involuntary admission and symptomatic recovery, and identify their sociodemographic, clinical and service experience predictors.

Method: Levels of satisfaction with care, and clinical and sociodemographic variables were obtained from a representative cohort of 263 patients at the point of involuntary admission and from 155 of these patients 3 months after termination of the involuntary admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.65DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293452PMC
November 2018

Potential value of the current mental health monitoring of children in state care in England.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 14;4(6):486-491. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Reader, MRC/CSO Social & Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, UK.

Background: Routine screening to identify mental health problems in English looked-after children has been conducted since 2009 using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).

Aims: To investigate the degree to which data collection achieves screening aims (identifying scale of problem, having an impact on mental health) and the potential analytic value of the data set.

Method: Department for Education data (2009-2017) were used to examine: aggregate, population-level trends in SDQ scores in 4/5- to 16/17-year-olds; representativeness of the SDQ sample; attrition in this sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.70DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6293450PMC
November 2018

Work-related variables associated with perceptions of recovery-oriented care among Quebec mental health professionals.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 5;4(6):478-485. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Research Agent, Douglas Mental Health University Institute Research Centre, Canada.

Background: Provider working conditions are important in mental health service delivery.

Aims: To identify variables associated with perceived recovery-oriented care among mental health professionals.

Method: A total of 315 mental health professionals and 41 managers across four Quebec service networks completed questionnaires. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.66DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235999PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

The prognosis of out-patient alcohol treatment among parents with childcare responsibility.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 6;4(6):471-477. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Associate Professor, Research Director, Unit of Clinical Alcohol Research, Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Background: Despite expansive knowledge on the detrimental effects of growing up with parents with alcohol use disorders (AUDs), little is known about the prognosis of alcohol treatment among parents with childcare responsibility.

Aims: This observational cohort study aimed to examine the prognosis of patients with and without childcare responsibility, in a conventional out-patient alcohol treatment clinic.

Method: A consecutive AUD sample ( = 2201), based on ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research, was assessed with the European Addiction Severity Index during the clinical routine, at treatment entry and conclusion. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.69DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235993PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Exploring the genetic correlations of antisocial behaviour and life history traits.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 5;4(6):467-470. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Associate Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Department of Epidemiology and Department of Family and Community Medicine, Saint Louis University, USA.

Prior evolutionary theory provided reason to suspect that measures of development and reproduction would be correlated with antisocial behaviours in human and non-human species. Behavioural genetics has revealed that most quantitative traits are heritable, suggesting that these phenotypic correlations may share genetic aetiologies. We use genome-wide association study data to estimate the genetic correlations between various measures of reproductive development ( = 52 776-318 863) and antisocial behaviour ( = 31 968). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.63DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235975PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Neuropsychiatric profile and psychotropic medication use in adults with autism spectrum disorder: results from the Australian Longitudinal Study of Adults with Autism.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 13;4(6):461-466. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Chair, Intellectual Disability Mental Health and Head of Department, Department of Developmental Disability Neuropsychiatry, School of Psychiatry, UNSW Sydney and Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Australia.

Background: Children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are a highly medicated group. Few studies have examined the neuropsychiatric profile and patterns of psychotropic medication use among adults with ASD.

Aims: To describe and compare the neuropsychiatric profile and psychotropic medication use in a cohort of adults with ASD and non-autistic controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.64DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235990PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Predictive factors for hyperglycaemic progression in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 30;4(6):454-460. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Professor, Hokkaido University Hospital Clinical Research and Medical Innovation Center, Japan.

Background: Patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Aims: To identify predictive factors for hyperglycaemic progression in individuals with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder and to determine whether hyperglycaemic progression rates differ among antipsychotics in regular clinical practice.

Method: We recruited 1166 patients who initially had normal or prediabetic glucose levels for a nationwide, multisite, l-year prospective cohort study to determine predictive factors for hyperglycaemic progression. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.56DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235992PMC
November 2018
16 Reads

Understanding the role of the family physician in early psychosis intervention.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 30;4(6):447-453. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Project Coordinator, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, Canada.

Background: The family physician is key to facilitating access to psychiatric treatment for young people with first-episode psychosis, and this involvement can reduce aversive events in pathways to care. Those who seek help from primary care tend to have longer intervals to psychiatric care, and some people receive ongoing psychiatric treatment from the family physician.

Aims: Our objective is to understand the role of the family physician in help-seeking, recognition and ongoing management of first-episode psychosis. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.67DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235978PMC
November 2018
26 Reads

Mental health in medical, dentistry and veterinary students: cross-sectional online survey.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 25;4(6):441-446. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Professor of Epidemiology, Population Health Sciences, Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol and National Institute for Health Research Bristol Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospitals Bristol, National Health Science Foundation Trust and University of Bristol, UK.

Background: The mental health of university students, especially medical students, is of growing concern in the UK.

Aim: To estimate the prevalence of mental disorder in health sciences students and investigate help-seeking behaviour.

Method: An online survey from one English university ( = 1139; 53% response rate) collected data on depression (using the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire), anxiety (seven-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder Assessment), alcohol use (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), self-harm and well-being, as well as help seeking. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.61DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235980PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Guidelines for the public on how to provide mental health first aid: narrative review.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 22;4(6):427-440. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Research Assistant, Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Expert-consensus guidelines have been developed for how members of the public should assist a person with a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis.

Aims: This review aimed to examine the range of guidelines that have been developed and how these have been implemented in practice.

Method: A narrative review was carried out based on a systematic search for literature on the development or implementation of the guidelines. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.58DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235998PMC
November 2018
21 Reads

Reconfiguring in-patient services for adults with mental health problems: changing the balance of care.

BJPsych Open 2018 Nov 15;4(6):420-426. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Professor of Community Care Research and Director, Personal Social Services Research Unit, University of Manchester, UK.

Background: Research suggests that a significant minority of hospital in-patients could be more appropriately supported in the community if enhanced services were available. However, little is known about these individuals or the services they require.

Aims: To identify which individuals require what services, at what cost. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.60DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6235991PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Demographic and clinical predictors of response to internet-enabled cognitive-behavioural therapy for depression and anxiety.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 2;4(5):411-418. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Chief Scientific Officer, Clinical Science Laboratory at Ieso, Ieso Digital Health, UK.

Background: Common mental health problems affect a quarter of the population. Online cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is increasingly used, but the factors modulating response to this treatment modality remain unclear.

Aims: This study aims to explore the demographic and clinical predictors of response to one-to-one CBT delivered via the internet. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.57DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171334PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Development and clinimetric assessment of a nurse-administered screening tool for movement disorders in psychosis.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 27;4(5):404-410. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Neurologist, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Canada.

Background: Movement disorders associated with exposure to antipsychotic drugs are common and stigmatising but underdiagnosed.

Aims: To develop and evaluate a new clinical procedure, the ScanMove instrument, for the screening of antipsychotic-associated movement disorders for use by mental health nurses.

Method: Item selection and content validity assessment for the ScanMove instrument were conducted by a panel of neurologists, psychiatrists and a mental health nurse, who operationalised a 31-item screening procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.55DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171333PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Deaths in custody in the Irish prison service: 5-year retrospective study of drug toxicology and unnatural deaths.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 21;4(5):401-403. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Senior Registrar, National Forensic Mental Health Service, Central Mental Hospital, Dundrum and Department of Psychiatry, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.

Mental health and substance misuse disorders are associated with unnatural deaths in prisoners. Deaths in Irish prisons between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively analysed using coroner's findings, including post-mortem toxicology. There were 69 deaths in custody, 38 of which met inclusion criteria. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.53DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171332PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Metacognitive therapy versus cognitive-behavioural therapy in adults with generalised anxiety disorder.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 11;4(5):393-400. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Professor, School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester and Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Background: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is the treatment of choice for generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), yielding significant improvements in approximately 50% of patients. There is significant room for improvement in the outcomes of treatment, especially in recovery.

Aims: We aimed to compare metacognitive therapy (MCT) with the gold standard treatment, CBT, in patients with GAD (clinicaltrials. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.54DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6171331PMC
September 2018
3 Reads

Characteristics of patients expressing an interest in ketamine treatment: results of an online survey.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 5;4(5):389-392. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Clinical Practitioner, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust and Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, UK.

Background: Off-label ketamine treatment has shown acute antidepressant effects that offer hope for patients with therapy-resistant depression. However, its potential for integration into treatment algorithms is controversial, not least because the evidence base for maintenance treatment with repeated ketamine administration is currently weak. Ketamine is also a drug of misuse, which has raised concerns regarding the target population. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.51DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127959PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Trauma-intrusive hallucinations and the dissociative state.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 30;4(5):385-388. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Consultant Psychiatrist and Clinical Senior Lecturer, University of Western Australia, Joondalup Mental Health Service, Australia.

Background: Research has supported a model of dissociation mediating the experience of hearing voices in traumatised individuals.

Aims: To further understand this model by examining subtypes of the dissociative experience involved in trauma-intrusive hallucinations.

Method: The study involved four hospitals, 11 psychiatrists and 69 participants assessed using the Psychotic Symptoms Rating scale, the PTSD Symptoms Scale Interview and the Dissociative Subtype of PTSD Score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.52DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127963PMC
September 2018
84 Reads

Psychological interventions for bipolar disorder in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 30;4(5):375-384. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Associate Professor, College of Health Sciences, Department of Psychiatry and Centre for Innovative Drug Development and Therapeutic Studies for Africa (CDT-Africa), Collage of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia and Department of Global Health and Infection, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, University of Sussex and Center for Affective Disorders, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Psychological Medicine, King's College London, UK.

Background: Adjunctive psychological interventions for bipolar disorder have demonstrated better efficacy in preventing or delaying relapse and improving outcomes compared with pharmacotherapy alone.

Aims: To evaluate the efficacy of psychological interventions for bipolar disorder in low- and middle-income countries.

Method: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO, Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane database for systematic review, Cochrane central register of controlled trials, Latin America and Caribbean Center on Health Science Literature and African Journals Online databases with no restriction of language or year of publication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.46DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127962PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Discharge pathways and relapse following treatment from early intervention in psychosis services.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 30;4(5):368-374. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, UK.

Background: Early intervention in psychosis (EIP) services are the dominant service model in the treatment of first-episode psychosis. They are a time-limited intervention and little is known about discharge destinations and outcomes once EIP treatment has concluded.

Aims: To understand discharge pathways and predictors of relapse in an EIP service. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.50DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127960PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Persistence of anxiety symptoms after elective caesarean delivery.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 17;4(5):354-360. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Professor, Biomedicine Division, School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, UK.

Background: In the UK, 11.8% of expectant mothers undergo an elective caesarean section (ELCS) representing 92 000 births per annum. It is not known to what extent this procedure has an impact on mental well-being in the longer term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.48DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127961PMC
September 2018
23 Reads

Cardiorespiratory fitness and response to exercise treatment in depression.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 14;4(5):346-351. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Associate Professor, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Sweden.

Background: Exercise improves cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and reduces depressive symptoms in people with depression. It is unclear if changes in CRF are a predictor of the antidepressant effect of exercise in people with depression.

Aims: To investigate whether an increase in CRF is a predictor of depression severity reduction after 12 weeks of exercise (trial registration: DRKS study ID, DRKS00008745). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.45DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094184PMC
September 2018
29 Reads

Method of levels therapy for first-episode psychosis: rationale, design and baseline data for the feasibility randomised controlled Next Level study.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 14;4(5):339-345. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Senior Lecturer in Clinical Psychology, School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Manchester, UK.

Background: Method of levels (MOL) is an innovative transdiagnostic cognitive therapy with potential advantages over existing psychological treatments for psychosis.

Aims: The Next Level study is a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT) of MOL for people experiencing first-episode psychosis. It aims to determine the suitability of MOL for further testing in a definitive trial (trial registration ISRCTN13359355). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.44DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094182PMC
September 2018
26 Reads

Stigma experienced by family members of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities: multidimensional construct.

BJPsych Open 2018 Sep 15;4(5):332-338. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Senior Lecturer, Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, UK.

Background: There is a lack of good-quality instruments measuring stigma experienced by family members of stigmatised people.

Aims: To develop a self-report measure of stigma among families of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and examine associations between family stigma and other variables.

Method: The new Family Stigma Instrument (FAMSI) was tested with 407 family carers, 53% of whose offspring had an autism spectrum disorder in addition to intellectual disability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.39DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6094883PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Skin autofluorescence assessment of cardiovascular risk in people with severe mental illness.

BJPsych Open 2018 Jul 25;4(4):313-316. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Psychiatrist, Department of Old-Age Psychiatry, GGNet Mental Health, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands and Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Centre Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: People with severe mental illness (SMI) show significantly shorter life expectancy, mostly due to more prevalent cardiovascular disease. Although age is a prominent contributor to contemporary risk assessment and SMI usually affects younger people, these assessments still do not reveal the actual risk. By assessing advanced glycation end products (AGEs), cardiovascular risk can be assessed independent of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.34DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6066984PMC
July 2018
15 Reads

Negative effects in psychotherapy: commentary and recommendations for future research and clinical practice.

BJPsych Open 2018 Jul 25;4(4):307-312. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Professor, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden and Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.

Background: Psychotherapy can alleviate mental distress and improve quality of life, but little is known about its potential negative effects and how to determine their frequency.

Aims: To present a commentary on the current understanding and future research directions of negative effects in psychotherapy.

Method: An anonymous survey was distributed to a select group of researchers, using an analytical framework known as strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.42DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6066991PMC

An online survey of young adolescent girls' use of the internet and smartphone apps for mental health support.

BJPsych Open 2018 Jul 25;4(4):302-306. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Professor of Child and Family Mental Health, Department for Health, University of Bath, UK and Head of Psychological Services, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, UK.

Background: Adolescents are digital natives, with the majority now owning their own smartphones and having internet access. Although the internet and smartphone applications (apps) can provide mental health support, little is known about how young adolescents use digital technology for mental health purposes. There are many digital health resources available for young people, but the assumption that they will be open to use them has been largely untested. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.43DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6066993PMC

Tackling obesity in mental health secure units: a mixed method synthesis of available evidence.

BJPsych Open 2018 Jul 24;4(4):294-301. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Professor of Public Health, School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Background: The prevalence and incidence of obesity are high in people with severe mental illness (SMI). In England, around 6000 people with SMI access care from secure mental health units. There is currently no specific guidance on how to reduce the risk of obesity-related morbidity and mortality in this population. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier//type/jour
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2018.26DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6066985PMC
July 2018
2 Reads