473 results match your criteria B-Scan Ocular Ultrasound

[Orbital melanotic neuroectodermal tumor in an infant].

Y X Wu M Y Ren

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;57(5):372-374

Department of Orbital Disease and Ocular Tumor, Hebei Eye Hospital, Xingtai 054001, China.

A 3-month-old infant patient presented with a 1-week history of a quickly progressive mass in the left eye. A hard, irregularly shaped tumor was found in the superolateral orbit. B-scan showed an uneven hypoecho and an undefined lesion. Read More

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Choroidal melanoma in phakomatosis pigmentovascularis with overlapping Sturge-Weber syndrome and Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

From the Ocular Oncology Service, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Purpose: T' trunk, along with hemi-hypertrophy of the left side of the face and left upper limb, presented for evaluation of an intraocular mass of the left eye (OS). Anterior examination OS showed diffuse episcleral and iris melanocytosis. Fundus examination OS showed diffuse choroidal melanocytosis as well as an elevated choroidal lesion. Read More

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A Rare Case of Abiotrophia defectiva Bleb Associated Endophthalmitis.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Washington Eye Institute, 908 Jefferson St, 98104, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Purpose: To report a rare case of Abiotrophia defectiva bleb associated endophthalmitis (BAE).

Methods: In this case report of a patient with BAE, the authors describe the features of severe and rapid onset, associated retinitis, and a favorable outcome after aggressive early intervention.

Results: A 75-year old female presented that decreased visual acuity of hand motions with elevated intraocular pressure of 39 mm Hg in the left eye. Read More

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Nodular Posterior Scleritis Masquerading as a Subretinal Mass.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2020 Oct-Dec;27(4):231-234. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Neurosciences, Division of Ophthalmology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

This is the case report of a 50-year-old female with no systemic comorbidities who presented to the eye clinic with a 1-month history of right-sided eye pain and visual loss. Examination revealed no signs of inflammation in the right eye, with no proptosis or conjunctival injection. A relative afferent pupillary defect was present with no inflammatory cells in the vitreous. Read More

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January 2021

Anterior chamber tap cytology in acute postoperative endophthalmitis: a case-control study.

Br J Ophthalmol 2021 Feb 11. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Ophthalmology, Centre Hospitalier National d'Ophtalmologie des Quinze-Vingts, Paris, Île-de-France, France

Aims: To determine anterior chamber tap cytology characteristics in acute postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis.

Methods: 488 eyes of 488 patients were included in this retrospective case-control study. The study group included 93 eyes with bacteriologically documented endophthalmitis and 85 eyes with clinical endophthalmitis. Read More

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February 2021

Retinoblastoma in an older Hispanic child masquerading as pars planitis: A case report.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Feb 10:1120672121994487. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Ocular Oncology Service, Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico.

Introduction: To report a case of a Hispanic girl with late-onset Retinoblastoma (Rb) who was misdiagnosed as a pars planitis prior to referral. Nearly 95% of all Rb cases are detected before age 5, and this patient was 8 years-old.

Methods: Case report of a late-onset Retinoblastoma with anterior chamber (AC) involvement plus the presence of an Ahmed valve. Read More

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February 2021

Pyogenic Liver Abscess and Endogenous Endophthalmitis Due to K64-ST1764 Hypervirulent : A Case Report.

Infect Drug Resist 2021 12;14:71-77. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Wuxi Second People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, People's Republic of China.

Rationale: (, KP) are divided into two types: classic (cKP) and hypervirulent (hvKP). hvKP causes liver abscess and metastatic infection. Here, we report one case with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) and endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) due to a relatively rarely reported serotype of in China. Read More

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January 2021

Multifocal Intraretinal Tumour Deposits following Treatment of an Ipsilateral Choroidal Melanoma.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2020 Dec 16;6(6):410-415. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Scottish Ocular Oncology Service, Tennent Institute of Ophthalmology, Gartnavel General Hospital, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Background/aims: The aim of this study was to report a patient who, following plaque brachytherapy for a choroidal melanoma, developed two separate retinal foci of malignant melanoma in the same eye, and suggest possible mechanisms that might explain such an occurrence.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective case report.

Results: A 79-year-old Caucasian male developed a left inferotemporal choroidal melanoma in 2016 and subsequently underwent ruthenium-106 plaque brachytherapy under the care of the Scottish Ocular Oncology Service. Read More

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December 2020

Choroidal macrovessels: multimodal imaging findings and review of the literature.

Br J Ophthalmol 2021 Jan 4. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Ocular Oncology Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background/aims: To describe clinical and multimodal imaging features in a cohort of choroidal macrovessels.

Methods: Demographics and multimodal imaging features of 16 eyes of 13 patients with choroidal macrovessels were reviewed. The multimodal imaging included colour fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), spectral domain enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (OCT), en face OCT, OCT-angiography (OCT-A), B-scan ultrasonography (US), fluorescein angiography (FFA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Read More

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January 2021

Clinical features and treatment outcomes of endogenous endophthalmitis: a 12-year review.

Int J Ophthalmol 2020 18;13(12):1933-1940. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Prince of Wales Hospital, New Territories, Hong Kong, China.

Aim: To identify the clinical features and treatment outcomes of endogenous endophthalmitis and investigate prognostic factors of poor visual outcome.

Methods: The clinical records of all patients diagnosed with endogenous endophthalmitis between January 2007 to December 2018 in Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong, China were retrospectively reviewed. Thorough ophthalmological examination findings were recorded in the case note, including visual acuity testing, slit-lamp examination, indirect ophthalmoscopy and B-scan ultrasonography if media opacity precluded fundus viewing. Read More

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December 2020

Incidence of posterior vitreous detachment after congenital cataract surgery: an ultrasound evaluation.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 12;259(4):1045-1051. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Eye Hospital and School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou Xueyuan Road, Wenzhou, 325102, Zhejiang, China.

Background: To investigate the incidence of developing posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) in children after congenital cataract surgery.

Methods: This is a prospective study which recruited 131 children with congenital cataracts who underwent cataract surgery between June 1, 2015, and September 1, 2018. The patients were divided into two groups depending on their post-operation phakic status (with or without IOL implantation). Read More

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The Outcome of Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery and Anterior Vitrectomy for Persistent Fetal Vasculature in an 18-Year-Old Woman: A One-Year Follow-Up.

Ejike Egbu

Cureus 2020 Sep 23;12(9):e10605. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Ophthalmology, Lily Hospitals Limited, Warri, NGA.

The surgical management of persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) is challenging and the visual outcome can be compromised by coexisting ocular pathologies and amblyopia. It can be considered for relief of retinal traction and improved cosmetic appeal when a squint or a posterior capsular cataract is present. In the case presented in this report, the intermittent exotropia improved from 45 to 30 degrees in one year, which suggests an improvement in binocular single vision. Read More

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September 2020

B-scan ultrasound, visual electrophysiology and perioperative videoendoscopy for predicting functional results in keratoprosthesis candidates.

Br J Ophthalmol 2020 Oct 22. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Background/aims: We analysed the ability of B-scan ultrasound, ocular electrophysiology testing and videoendoscopic examination for predicting visual prognosis in Boston Type 1 keratoprosthesis (KPro-1) candidates. Indirect anatomical and electrophysiological findings and results from direct endoscopic evaluations were correlated with postoperative functional data.

Methods: In this prospective and interventional study, we included 13 individuals who had previously been indicated for Kpro-1 surgery. Read More

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October 2020

Carotid-cavernous fistula from the perspective of an ophthalmologist A Review.

Čmelo Jozef

Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2020 ;1(Ahead of print):1-8

Carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication - vascular connection between arteries and veins in the cavernous sinus. Classification according to etiology is traumatic vs spontaneous. According to blood flow rate per high flow vs low flow fistula. Read More

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November 2020

Subclinical subretinal fluid detectable only by optical coherence tomography in choroidal naevi-the SON study.

Eye (Lond) 2020 Oct 14. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Eye Clinic, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science "Luigi Sacco", Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Background: Subretinal fluid is a risk factor for growth and malignant transformation of choroidal naevi, however it is unclear if this applies to subclinical fluid that is only detectable by optical coherence tomography (OCT). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associations of subclinical but OCT-detectable subretinal fluid over choroidal naevi.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of 309 consecutive cases of choroidal naevi imaged by OCT between July 2017 to January 2019. Read More

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October 2020

Bilateral temporal dacryops in a cat.

Federica Maggio

Vet Ophthalmol 2020 Nov 9;23(6):1025-1030. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Tufts Veterinary Emergency Treatments and Specialties, Walpole, MA, USA.

A 1-year-old Maine Coon female spayed cat was presented for a 7-week history of bilateral pinkish masses located over the dorsotemporal conjunctival quadrants. Ophthalmic examination revealed the presence of bilateral temporal, slightly hyperemic, subconjunctival masses, fluctuant, and nonpainful. The remainder of the ocular examination was unremarkable. Read More

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November 2020

Adult onset unilateral high myopia in a female patient: A case report.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Dec 29;20:100941. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Samaya Specialised Eye Center, Al Bateen Street, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Purpose: We report a rare case of unilateral progressive adult-onset myopia in a healthy 27 year old female patient.

Observations: The patient presented to our clinic in 2014 with gradual decrease in vision in the right eye since one and a half years. Her uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) in the right eye was 0. Read More

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December 2020

Ultrasound findings in a case of Eales' disease and ocular trauma with anterior chamber cholesterolosis.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 Oct 6;20(1):393. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Department of Glaucoma, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, 7 Jinsui Road, Guangzhou, 510623, China.

Background: Anterior chamber cholesterolosis is a rare phenomenon which occurs mostly in chronically blind eyes. We present the anterior and posterior ultrasound findings in a case of anterior chamber cholesterolosis secondary to Eales' disease and ocular trauma, which may contribute to the understanding of the potential mechanism of this phenomenon.

Case Presentation: A 48-year-old man presented with "sparking" right eye, which appeared soon after the ocular trauma. Read More

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October 2020

Retinal Vasoproliferative Tumor in Ocular Albinism.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Sep 8;21:e925926. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Vitreoretinal Division, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital (KKESH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

BACKGROUND Retinal vasoproliferative tumor (VPT) is a type of ocular vascular tumor that commonly occurs idiopathically and can be associated with secondary ocular diseases. Ocular albinism is an X-linked inherited disease and distinguished from oculocutaneous albinism by less hair and skin involvement. CASE REPORT A 42-year-old man with ocular albinism and moderate myopia presented with a history of insidious decrease in vision in both eyes over a period of months. Read More

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September 2020

Pseudophakic glaucoma and angle closure in a patient with an anterior chamber intraocular lens.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Dec 16;20:100877. Epub 2020 Aug 16.

Viterbi Family Department of Ophthalmology, Shiley Eye Institute, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Purpose: To report use of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and anterior segment ocular coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in a case of pseudophakic glaucoma in a patient with an anterior chamber intraocular lens.

Observations: UBM and AS-OCT were critical in determining a non-drug related etiology of angle closure. Images indicated anterior obstruction of the pupil secondary to anterior chamber intraocular lens, but also posterior obstruction of the pupil secondary to the anterior hyaloid face. Read More

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December 2020

Impact of Artifacts From Optical Coherence Tomography Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer and Macula Scans on Detection of Glaucoma Progression.

Am J Ophthalmol 2021 01 17;221:235-245. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of artifacts on segmented spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) images and assess their impact on the interpretation of glaucomatous progression in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) profile and macular thickness map.

Design: Retrospective reliability analysis.

Methods: Retrospective review of glaucoma and glaucoma suspect eyes imaged with SDOCT during a 1-month period. Read More

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January 2021

Choroidal detachment-induced secondary angle-closure after trabeculectomy in patient with ocular venous congestion: A case report.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Sep 15;19:100782. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Frontier Medical Science and Technology for Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of 
Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Purpose: To report a particular circumstance that led to the abnormal complication of choroidal detachment (CD)-induced secondary angle-closure after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC).

Observations: An 82-year-old Japanese male patient with underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and suspicion of ocular venous congestion in both eyes whom diagnosed as primary open-angle glaucoma with uncontrolled intraocular pressure (IOP) of his left eye then underwent an uneventful trabeculectomy with MMC. After the surgery, his left eye had high IOP with a shallow anterior chamber (A/C) but the bleb was hyperfiltration. Read More

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September 2020

Clinical Review of Microbial Corneal Ulcers Resulting in Enucleation and Evisceration in a Tertiary Eye Care Center in Hungary.

J Ophthalmol 2020 18;2020:8283131. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

Purpose: To analyse the clinical and microbiological characteristics and preexisting ophthalmic and systemic conditions of infectious keratitis resulting in enucleation/evisceration in a large tertiary referral center in a developed country (Hungary) over a period of 12 years. . A retrospective review of enucleated/eviscerated eyes undergoing surgery between 2007 and 2018 at the Department of Ophthalmology of Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, with infectious keratitis as the primary indication for enucleation or evisceration. Read More

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Focal Scleral Nodule: A New Name for Solitary Idiopathic Choroiditis and Unifocal Helioid Choroiditis.

Ophthalmology 2020 11 22;127(11):1567-1577. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Purpose: To evaluate multimodal imaging findings of solitary idiopathic choroiditis (SIC; also known as unifocal helioid choroiditis) to clarify its origin, anatomic location, and natural course.

Design: Multicenter retrospective observational case series.

Participants: Sixty-three patients with SIC in 1 eye. Read More

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November 2020

Silicone Oil-Associated Extensive Intraocular Ossification: A case report.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 5:1120672120925785. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Wenshang County Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong, China.

Background: Intraocular ossification is an uncommon calcium deposition process associated with trauma, chronic inflammation, tumor, and long-standing retinal detachment. This is the first reported extensive intraocular bone formation associated with silicone oil.

Case Presentation: A 30-year-old Han Chinese man came to us with complaint of red, painful blind right eye. Read More

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Posterior staphylomas in non-highly myopic eyes with retinitis pigmentosa.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 Sep 2;40(9):2159-2168. Epub 2020 May 2.

Oculogenetic Laboratory LR14SP01, Tunis El Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia.

Purpose: Our aim was to highlight the presence and the frequency of posterior staphyloma (PS) in non-highly myopic retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients and to study the relationship between PS and choroidal thickness (CT).

Methods: This was a retrospective case-control study of 77 eyes (39 patients) with RP, axial length inferior to 26 mm and clinically preserved macular area. All patients underwent fundus photography, A- and B-scan ocular ultrasonography, fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Read More

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September 2020

Ultrasonographic measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter in dysthyroid optic neuropathy.

Eye (Lond) 2021 Feb 30;35(2):568-574. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in eyes with dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) and its relationship with clinical characteristics and disease severity.

Methods: Patients diagnosed as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), with or without DON, and healthy participants were recruited. Vertical and horizontal sectional images of the optic nerve were collected by B-scan ultrasonography. Read More

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February 2021

Late Choroidal Effusion after Phacoemulsification in Eyes with Previous Trabeculectomy.

Folia Med (Plovdiv) 2019 12;61(4):506-511

Medical University of Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria.

Aim: To present 5 cases of late choroidal detachment occurring spontaneously in pseudophakic glaucomatous eyes with previous trabeculectomy before cataract surgery. We discuss the causes, risk factors, frequency, diagnostic methods, differential diagnosis, and treatment of this disease.

Materials And Methods: In the presented 5 cases the choroidal effusion is proved by ophthalmoscopy and echography. Read More

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December 2019

Bilateral uveitis associated with nivolumab therapy for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Jun 7;18:100691. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute And, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine 900 NW 17th Street, Miami, FL, 33136, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of bilateral uveitis secondary to intravenous nivolumab therapy in a patient with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

Observations: A 53-year-old male with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer presented with gradual onset of blurry vision in the left eye for nine days after completion of the first cycle of intravenous nivolumab chemotherapy. At initial presentation, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/25 in the right eye and 20/30 in the left eye. Read More

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Coincidental retinal dysplasia in patients presenting with pseudohypopyon: a series of two cases.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Apr 15;13(4). Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Ocular Oncology, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Clinical diagnosis is always challenging in cases with atypical presentation. Herein, we present two cases which masqueraded as ocular infection/inflammation on presentation, were clinically suspicious for retinoblastoma, and histopathology revealed the diagnosis of retinal dysplasia. Case 1 had left corneal perforation with anterior chamber exudates on presentation. Read More

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