Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Dec;95(49):e5477
aDepartment of Epidemiology bDepartment of Ophthalmology cDepartment of Radiology dDepartment of Neurology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands eDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts fDepartment of Retinal Signal Processing, Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience gDepartment of Ophthalmology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam hDepartment of Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden iDepartment of Internal Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Vitamin D has been linked to various cardiovascular risk factors including indices of large-vessel disease. However, it remains unclear whether vitamin D is also associated with microvascular damage. In a community-dwelling population, we studied associations between vitamin D serum levels and retinal microvascular damage defined as retinopathy signs, narrower arterioles, and wider venules. Read More