71,049 results match your criteria Avitaminosis A


Investigation of Vitamin D levels in medical staff in a dental clinic.

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Apr;22(4):573-577

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey.

Aims: Recently, Vitamin D deficiency is pandemic now. The main reason of vitamin D deficiency is inadequate exposure to sunlight. Vitamin D level in nutrients is low and it can be ineffective to meet the daily requirements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_523_18DOI Listing

Vitamin D Supplementation to Treat Statin-Associated Muscle Symptoms: A Review.

Sr Care Pharm 2019 Apr;34(4):253-257

For the past 15 years, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States and worldwide. With an aging population, there has been increasing use of statin therapy to reduce the risk of CVD. However, statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) remain an obstacle to this treatment, leading to discontinuation and nonadherence to statin therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4140/TCP.n.2019.253.DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Adefovir Dipivoxil-induced Fanconi's Syndrome and Osteomalacia Following Multiple Bone Fractures in a Patient with Chronic Hepatitis B].

Yakugaku Zasshi 2019 ;139(4):641-645

Department of Pharmacy, Okayama University Hospital.

We herein present the case of a 66-year-old Japanese man with Fanconi's syndrome. He had been receiving adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) for the treatment of entecavir (ETV)-resistant chronic hepatitis B (CHB) for four years in his 8-year treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but was referred to our hospital after increased levels of bone pain in his ribs, knees, and ankles. Renal dysfunction, hypophosphatemia, and increased levels of bone alkaline phosphatase were found by a hematology test after admission for treatment of HCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/yakushi.18-00170DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Evaluation of children with macrocytosis: clinical study.

Pan Afr Med J 2018;31:54. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine, Paediatric Hematology and Oncology, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.31.54.15498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6431413PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Wernicke´s encephalopathy as rare complication after sleeve gastrectomy.

Rozhl Chir Winter 2019;98(2):66-70

The authors report a case study of a 24-year-old female patient after sleeve gastrectomy with subsequent manifestation of Wernickes encephalopa-thy. After 5 weeks following the surgery, which were uneventful, the patient was repeatedly hospitalized in the surgical department for extreme vomiting; however, her health status rapidly improved with infusion therapy followed by careful re-alimentation. At the same time, her GIT was closely examined without any clear finding. Read More

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Vitamin D-Binding Protein Deficiency and Homozygous Deletion of the Gene.

N Engl J Med 2019 03;380(12):1150-1157

From the Departments of Laboratory Medicine (C.M.H., S.L.F., T.J.L., K.J.J., A.N.H.) and Medicine (A.N.H.) and the Kidney Research Institute (A.N.H.), University of Washington, Seattle; and the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism (H.B.) and the Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute (B.A.), University of Calgary, and the Division of Medical Genetics, Alberta Children's Hospital (R.L., P.F., J.L.M.), Calgary, and the Department of Pathology, Children's & Women's Health Centre of British Columbia, Vancouver (L.B.) - all in Canada.

A 58-year-old woman with debilitating ankylosing spondylitis who was born to consanguineous parents was found to have an apparent severe vitamin D deficiency that did not respond to supplementation. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry showed the absence of circulating vitamin D-binding protein, and chromosomal microarray confirmed a homozygous deletion of the group-specific component () gene that encodes the protein. Congenital absence of vitamin D-binding protein resulted in normocalcemia and a relatively mild disruption of bone metabolism, in this case complicated by severe autoimmune disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1807841DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Nutritional and vitamin status in patients with neuroendocrine neoplasms.

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Mar;25(10):1171-1184

Neuroendocrine Tumour Unit, King's College Hospital ENETS Centre of Excellence, London SE5 9RS, United Kingdom.

Symptoms of gastroenteropancreatic located neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) are often related to food intake and manifest as abdominal pain or diarrhoea which can influence patients nutritional status. Malnutrition is common in cancer patients and influences quality of life, treatment options and survival but is also present in up to 40% of patients with GEP-NENs. As part of malnutrition there are often deficiencies in fat-soluble vitamins, mainly vitamin D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i10.1171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421241PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Interplay between mitochondria and diet mediates pathogen and stress resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans.

PLoS Genet 2019 03 13;15(3):e1008011. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of BioSciences, Rice University, Houston TX, United States of America.

Diet is a crucial determinant of organismal biology; interactions between the host, its diet, and its microbiota are critical to determining the health of an organism. A variety of genetic and biochemical means were used to assay stress sensitivity in C. elegans reared on two standard laboratory diets: E. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1008011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1008011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6415812PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Wernicke encephalopathy concurrent with polyradiculoneuropathy in a young man after bariatric surgery: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(10):e14808

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, China Medical University Hospital.

Rationale: Bariatric surgery is the recommended treatment for morbid obesity because of its rapid and sustained body weight loss effect. Nutrient deficiency-related neurological complications after bariatric surgery are often disabling. Thus, early recognition of these complications is important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014808DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417542PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Surgical Considerations for Vitamin D Deficiency in Foot and Ankle Surgery.

Orthop Clin North Am 2019 Apr 12;50(2):259-267. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Orthopaedics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address:

Vitamin D deficiency affects nearly one-sixth of the world's population and is common in patients undergoing foot and ankle surgery. Vitamin D is critical for calcium homeostasis and plays an important role in the maintenance of bone health. Patients undergoing foot and ankle procedures can be evaluated preoperatively with vitamin D level testing, and deficiencies can be addressed with either preoperative or postoperative supplementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocl.2018.10.008DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Surgical Considerations in Managing Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, and Vitamin D Deficiency During Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair.

Orthop Clin North Am 2019 Apr;50(2):233-243

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Rothman Institute-Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Osteopenia and osteoporosis are common in older adults and are associated with increased risk of fragility fractures. Vitamin D deficiency caused by chronic disease, poor nutrition, and inadequate sun exposure affects bone quality. Chronic rotator cuff tears can deteriorate the bone mineral density of the greater tuberosity and have been linked to reduced anchor pullout strength and high re-tear rate after repair especially in older patients with larger tear size. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocl.2018.10.006DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The Role of Vitamin D in Pediatric Orthopedics.

Orthop Clin North Am 2019 Apr;50(2):181-191

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Medical Park 2, Suite 400, Columbia, SC 29203, USA.

Understanding the role of vitamin D is an important component of the proper care of the pediatric orthopedic patient. Vitamin D is an essential component of bone metabolism in the growth and development of the pediatric skeleton, which can be acutely affected by changes to the body's vitamin D, calcium, and phosphate levels, resulting in pathologic conditions such as rickets or fractures. This article reviews the main areas in which vitamin D relates to pediatric orthopedics and highlights some of the areas where future research is being directed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocl.2018.10.002DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Vitamin D and Metabolic Supplementation in Orthopedic Trauma.

Orthop Clin North Am 2019 Apr;50(2):171-179

Level One Orthopedics, Orlando Health, Orlando Health Orthopaedic Institute, 1222 South Orange Avenue, MP 43, Orlando, FL 32806, USA. Electronic address:

Active assessment and management of hypovitaminosis D among orthopedic patients is low-risk and low-cost while retaining significant potential to improve patient care. Vitamin D has an established role in musculoskeletal development and calcium homeostasis, and vitamin D deficiency is pervasive in orthopedic trauma populations. Clinical guidelines for screening and supplementation for hypovitaminosis D are lacking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocl.2018.12.001DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Vitamin D serum levels in children with vernal keratoconjunctivitis and disease control.

Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2019 Jan-Dec;33:2058738419833468

5 Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the control of ocular symptoms with cyclosporine or with tacrolimus in eye drops allows to improve sun exposure and therefore serum level of vitamin D (VD; 25OHD), in the more severe forms of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Out of 242 children followed for active VKC, 94 were treated with 1% cyclosporine or 0.1% tacrolimus eye drops, while the other 148 with mild VKC did not need to be treated with immunomodulators. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2058738419833468DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407325PMC
March 2019
7 Reads

The relationship between plasma homocysteine levels and MTHFR gene variation, age, and sex in Northeast China.

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Mar;22(3):380-385

Chinese Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is the risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke. However, the impacts on the genetic variation of methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) on plasma homocysteine levels in the Northeast Chinese population have not been studied. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the relationship between HHcy and MTHFR gene variation, and whether it was influenced by age and sex of the population in Northeast China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_291_18DOI Listing

Relationship between low maternal vitamin D status and the risk of severe preeclampsia: A case control study.

Pregnancy Hypertens 2019 Jan 17;15:161-165. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Low maternal vitamin D status has been associated with several adverse outcomes during pregnancy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the vitamin D levels in preeclamptic and healthy pregnant women and the role of vitamin D deficiency in the etiology of preeclampsia.

Methods: In this case-control study, 80 preeclamptic women and 80 healthy pregnant women were selected from Motahari hospital in Urmia, Iran. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019

The association between body lead levels and childhood rickets: A meta-analysis based on Chinese cohort.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(8):e14680

The Second Department of Pediatrics.

China has serious lead pollution and a high incidence of childhood rickets. High lead levels have been reported in childhood rickets, but the results were inconsistent.To evaluate the association between body lead levels and childhood rickets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014680DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6407931PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Vitamin D Deficiency is not Associated with Higher Levels of SYNTAX Score.

Braz J Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Jan-Feb;34(1):57-61

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Objective: To evaluate the association between serum vitamin D (vitD) level and SYNTAX (synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery) score (SS).

Methods: The medical records of consecutive patients, who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery, were retrospectively reviewed. The study group consisted of 158 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21470/1678-9741-2018-0178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6385829PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Human health in relation to exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation under changing stratospheric ozone and climate.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2019 Mar 27;18(3):641-680. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

QIMR Berghofer Institute of Medical Research, Herston, Brisbane, Australia and School of Public Health, University of Queensland, Australia.

The Montreal Protocol has limited increases in the UV-B (280-315 nm) radiation reaching the Earth's surface as a result of depletion of stratospheric ozone. Nevertheless, the incidence of skin cancers continues to increase in most light-skinned populations, probably due mainly to risky sun exposure behaviour. In locations with strong sun protection programs of long duration, incidence is now reducing in younger age groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8pp90060dDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Metabolomic study of altered energy metabolism during global forebrain ischemia and ischemic precoditioning in blood plasma in homocysteine treated rats.

J Physiol Pharmacol 2018 Dec 21;69(6). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Division of Neuroscience, Biomedical Center BioMed, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Martin, Slovakia.

Elevated homocysteine (Hcy) level is a well known risk factor for cardiovascular and neuropsychiatric diseases. In this study, we investigated metabolic changes in blood plasma in Hcy-treated rats. In combination with Hcy injections to induce hyperhomocysteinemia-like state, we used an animal model of global cerebral ischemia to investigate metabolic changes after 24 h reperfusion in rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26402/jpp.2018.6.04DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Platelet and Red Blood Cell Counts, as well as the Concentrations of Uric Acid, but Not Homocysteinaemia or Oxidative Stress, Contribute Mostly to Platelet Reactivity in Older Adults.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019 16;2019:9467562. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Chair of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Haemostatic Disorders, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lodz, ul. Mazowiecka 6/8, 92-215 Lodz, Poland.

Purpose: The goal of this study was to estimate the hierarchical contribution of the most commonly recognized cardiovascular risk factors associated with atherogenesis to activation and reactivity of blood platelets in a group of men and women at ages 60-65.

Methods: Socioeconomic and anthropometric data were taken from questionnaires. Blood morphology and biochemistry were measured with standard diagnostic methods. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/omcl/2019/9467562/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9467562DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360040PMC
March 2019
10 Reads

Methylmalonic Acid and Homocysteine as Indicators of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in Patients with Gastric Cancer after Gastrectomy.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 21;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06351, Korea.

Vitamin B12 deficiency is a common complication in patients after gastrectomy. Elevated methylmalonic acid (MMA) and homocysteine are better indications of vitamin B12 deficiency than vitamin B12 serum level. We compared MMA and homocysteine levels of patients with gastric cancer after gastrectomy ( = 151) with controls ( = 142) and evaluated the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency using MMA and homocysteine in patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412945PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Lessons Learned from the Testing of Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 21;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Research Center for Vitamins and Vaccines, Bandim Health Project, Statens Serum Institut, 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark.

A total of 12 trials have tested the effect of neonatal vitamin A supplementation (NVAS) on mortality. Overall, NVAS had no effect on mortality, but results were heterogeneous. Two competing hypotheses have been put forward to explain the divergent effects: A) NVAS works by preventing vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and not all countries have VAD; B) NVAS interacts negatively with subsequent diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) vaccine, increasing mortality in females; in countries with low DTP coverage NVAS may have a beneficial effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020449DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413202PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Vitamin D status and its correlates in Saudi male population.

BMC Public Health 2019 Feb 20;19(1):211. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Community Medicine Department, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Vitamin-D deficiency is a universal health problem caused primarily by inadequate exposure to sunlight. This study aimed to assess the vitamin D status and investigate the factors affecting vitamin D distribution among Saudi males.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the King Saud University Medical City from December 2015 to August 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6527-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381691PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Reversible encephalopathy caused by an inborn error of cobalamin metabolism.

Lancet 2019 02 14;393(10172):e29. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Neurology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Ji'nan, China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30043-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Vitamin B Status in Pregnant Adolescents and Their Infants.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Vitamin B deficiency has been associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Few prospective studies have investigated the burden or determinants of vitamin B deficiency early in life, particularly among pregnant adolescents and their children. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of vitamin B deficiency and to examine associations between maternal and neonatal vitamin B status in a cohort study of healthy pregnant adolescents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020397DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413223PMC
February 2019

Folic Acid and Vitamin B12 Administration in CKD, Why Not?

Nutrients 2019 Feb 13;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Experimental Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine (DIMES), Nephrology, Dialysis and Renal Transplant Unit, S. Orsola Hospital, University of Bologna, 40138 Bologna, Italy.

Patients affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) experience a huge cardiovascular risk and cardiovascular events represent the leading causes of death. Since traditional risk factors cannot fully explain such increased cardiovascular risk, interest in non-traditional risk factors, such as hyperhomocysteinemia and folic acid and vitamin B12 metabolism impairment, is growing. Although elevated homocysteine blood levels are often seen in patients with CKD and ESRD, whether hyperhomocysteinemia represents a reliable cardiovascular and mortality risk marker or a therapeutic target in this population is still unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413093PMC
February 2019

A genetic variant of CYP2R1 identified in a cat with type 1B vitamin D-dependent rickets: a case report.

BMC Vet Res 2019 Feb 18;15(1):62. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, 1-7-1 Kyonan-cho, Musashino, Tokyo, 180-8602, Japan.

Background: Vitamin D-dependent rickets is rare in animals and humans. Several types of this condition are associated with genetic variants related to vitamin D metabolism. This is the first report of type 1B vitamin D-dependent rickets in a cat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-019-1784-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378717PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Association of vitamin D deficiency with insulin resistance in middle-aged type 2 diabetics.

Clin Chim Acta 2019 May 14;492:95-101. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Symbiosis School of Biological Sciences (Formerly Symbiosis School of Biomedical Sciences), Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India. Electronic address:

Background: Vitamin D deficiency contributes to the pathophysiology of insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We investigated the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with IR and β-cell function in middle-aged participants.

Methods: We enrolled 90 controls and 90 T2DM patients of both genders aged 30-50 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2019.02.014DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Assessment of Vitamin Status in Patients with Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease: Potential Role of Vitamin A as a Risk Factor.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 5;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06351, Korea.

As microbiological diagnostic techniques improve and the frequency of nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) infection increases worldwide, NTM-PD is becoming increasingly important to clinicians and researchers. Vitamin activity has been associated with the host immune response in tuberculosis; however, such information is very limited in NTM-PD. We performed a case-control study in 150 patients with NTM-PD and 150 healthy controls to investigate serum vitamin status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412884PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Case 5-2019: A 48-Year-Old Woman with Delusional Thinking and Paresthesia of the Right Hand.

N Engl J Med 2019 Feb;380(7):665-674

From the Departments of Psychiatry (C.H., O.F., A.I.), Radiology (B.P.L.), Hematology (J.C.T.C.), and Pathology (J.M.B.), Massachusetts General Hospital, and the Departments of Psychiatry (C.H., O.F., A.I.), Radiology (B.P.L.), Hematology (J.C.T.C.), and Pathology (J.M.B.), Harvard Medical School - both in Boston.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcpc1807495DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Diabetic regulation of subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with serum vitamin D levels.

Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) 2019 Jan;65(1):51-55

Abant Izzet Baysal University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Bolu, Turkey.

Objective: Vitamin D deficiency is not only associated with bone metabolism but also with diabetes mellitus. We aimed to study the possible association between serum vitamin D concentration and HbA1c level in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in this retrospective report.

Methods: Patients with T2DM were enrolled to the study either in regulated or non-regulated T2DM groups, according to HbA1c levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.65.1.51DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Mixed cerebrovascular disease in an elderly patient with mixed vascular risk factors: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2019 Feb 12;19(1):26. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, Guizhou Province, China.

Background: Mixed cerebrovascular disease is a diagnostic entity that presents with hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke clinically and/or subclinically. Here, we report a patient with mixed vascular risk factors, who presented with multiple intracerebral hemorrhages and a simultaneously occurring cerebral infarction with hemorrhagic transformation.

Case Presentation: A 63-year-old male with no history of trauma or prior neurological disease presented with a sudden onset of weakness in his right limbs, followed by an episode of focal seizure without impaired awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-019-1248-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371517PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis due to hyperhomocysteinemia with cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) gene mutation: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(6):e14349

Department of Neurology.

Rationale: Risk factors of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) are usually divided into acquired risks (e.g., trauma and pregnancy) and genetic risks (inherited thrombophilia). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6380785PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Evaluation of vitamin D plasma levels after mild exposure to the sun with photoprotection.

An Bras Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;94(1):56-61

Discipline of Dermatology, Department of Dermatology and Radiotherapy, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu (SP), Brasil.

Background: Most of the organism's vitamin D (VD) is obtained through the cutaneous synthesis after exposure to the sun's UVB radiation. Sunscreens are indicated for the prevention of actinic damage to the skin, however, there are few clinical trials assessing the synthesis of cutaneous VD in real-life situations of sun exposure with ordinary clothing and usual photoprotection.

Objectives: To evaluate the synthesis of VD with suberythemal sun exposure in healthy adults using topical photoprotection (SPF 30). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20198070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360984PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The impact of homocysteine, B, and D vitamins levels on functional neurocognitive performance in HIV-positive subjects.

BMC Infect Dis 2019 Feb 4;19(1):105. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Clinic of Infectious Diseases - Department of Medicine and Science of Aging, University "G. d'Annunzio" Chieti-Pescara, Pescara, Italy.

Background: The correlation among high levels of total homocysteine, low levels of Bvitamin, and neurocognitive impairment in HIV negative patients has been the main research topic in some of the latest reviews. The aim of this study was to examine if the alteration of homocysteine, B vitamin, and D vitamins plasma levels was present in HIV-positive, and their relationship with cognitive function.

Methods: 57 HIV infected were enrolled and underwent the serum measurement of homocysteine, B, and D vitamins. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3742-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360746PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Comparative Bioavailability of Synthetic B12 and Dietary Vitamin B12 Present in Cow and Buffalo Milk: A Prospective Study in Lactovegetarian Indians.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 1;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Pathology, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Center, Pune 411004, India.

We assessed improvements in the vitamin B12 status of Indian lactovegetarians receiving four weeks supplementation with natural B12 in milk versus cyano-B12 in capsules. Three groups ( = 22, 23, 22) received daily oral doses of cyano-B12 (2 × 0.76 µg) or milk (2 × 200 mL) from a cow or buffalo (amounting to B12 ≈ 2 × 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020304DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412291PMC
February 2019

Driving Policy Change to Improve Micronutrient Status in Women of Reproductive Age and Children in Southeast Asia: The SMILING Project.

Matern Child Health J 2019 Jan;23(Suppl 1):79-85

Institute of Research for Development (IRD), UMR 204 Nutripass IRD/UM/SupAgro, Montpellier, France.

Objective The SMILING (Sustainable Micronutrient Interventions to Control Deficiencies and Improve Nutritional Status and General Health in Asia) project aimed at creating awareness and improving policies around micronutrient deficiencies in five Southeast Asian countries (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia). Results The project showed large gaps in recent data on micronutrient status in most of the five countries. By updating existing, or creating national food composition tables, the SMILING project enabled analyses of food consumption in women of reproductive age and young children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10995-018-02730-zDOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Passive Commuting and Higher Sedentary Time Is Associated with Vitamin D Deficiency in Adult and Older Women: Results from Chilean National Health Survey 2016⁻2017.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 31;11(2). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology "José Mataix", Center of Biomedical Research, University of Granada, Avda. del Conocimiento s/n. Armilla, 18016 Granada, Spain.

The aim was to investigate the associations between different physical activity (PA) patterns and sedentary time (ST) with vitamin D deficiency (<12 ng/mL) in a large sample of Chilean women. In this cross-sectional study, the final sample included 1245 adult and 686 older women. The PA levels, mode of commuting, ST, and leisure-time PA were self-reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020300DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412538PMC
January 2019
17 Reads

Fat-soluble vitamin deficiency in pediatric patients with chronic liver disease.

Authors:
Chun-Yan Yeung

Pediatr Neonatol 2019 02;60(1):1-2

Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, MacKay Children's Hospital, No.92, Sec.2, Chung Shan North Road, 10449, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Medicine, MacKay Medical College, No.46, Sec. 3, Zhongzheng Rd., Sanzhi Dist., New Taipei City, 252, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedneo.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular pathology.

Ter Arkh 2018 Sep;90(9):144-150

Federal state Autonomous educational institution of higher professional education First Moscow state medical University named after I.M. Sechenov of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

Vitamin D deficiency is widespread worldwide and present in about 30-50% of population. In most cases, this problem is associated with musculoskeletal system pathology: rickets in children, and osteomalacia or osteoporosis in adults. However, in recent years, convincing data was obtained on the links between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/terarkh2018909144-150DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Vitamin D Status and Association of Genetic Polymorphism to Risk of Breast Cancer in Ethiopia.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 29;11(2). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden.

Emerging evidence associates vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D receptor () genetic variations with risk for breast cancer. This study investigated the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its association with tumor characteristics and the implications of genetic variations for risk of breast cancer in Ethiopia. This unmatched case⁻control study involved 392 female breast cancer patients and 193 controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412905PMC
January 2019
3 Reads
3.148 Impact Factor

Low levels of vitamin D and the relationship between vitamin D and Th2 axis-related cytokines in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Mar 25;61:22-27. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Neurology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The impact of vitamin D have been studied in neuroinflammation disorders, and as the newly discovered Th2-related cytokines, IL-25, IL-31 and IL-33 may also play important roles in the lesions of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). This study sought to investigate the clinical profiles of vitamin D and Th2 axis-related cytokines and their relationships in patients with NMOSD.

Methods: Eighty-four NMOSD patients and 84 healthy controls (HC) were evaluated for serum levels of the total vitamin D [25(OH)D], 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 [25(OH)D2] and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] by means of high performance liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.11.024DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Serum vitamin D levels in Berliners of Turkish descent -a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2019 Jan 28;19(1):119. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Luisenstr. 57, 10117, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Vitamin D levels may differ between migrant and non-migrant populations, especially among non-western immigrants living in a country with limited sun exposure such as Germany. This study examined serum vitamin D concentration and associated factors among Berliners with and without Turkish background.

Methods: Two samples (with and without Turkish roots) were recruited in the inner city of Berlin for a cross-sectional study assessing serum vitamin D concentration. Read More

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https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6446-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350357PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Scurvy Outbreak Among South Sudanese Adolescents and Young Men - Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya, 2017-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019 Jan 25;68(3):72-75. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Scurvy is a relatively rare micronutrient deficiency disease that can occur among refugees dependent on food aid (1). Inadequate access to fresh fruits and vegetables in refugee camps can result in scurvy (2,3). Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya's Turkana District is home to 148,000 refugees, mostly from Somalia and South Sudan, who receive food assistance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6803a4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6348760PMC
January 2019
22 Reads

The Association Between Vitamin D Status, Vitamin D Supplementation, Sunlight Exposure, and Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Jan 23;25:666-674. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Neurorehabilitation, Shanghai Second Rehabilitation Hospital, Shanghai, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This literature review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the association between deficiency of vitamin D, or 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and Parkinson's disease, and whether vitamin D from supplements and sunlight improves the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS A literature review and meta-analysis were performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Systematic literature review was performed using databases that included the Web of Science, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Embase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.912840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352758PMC
January 2019
1 Read

The Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Hepcidin, Iron Status, and Inflammation in Pregnant Women in the United Kingdom.

Nutrients 2019 Jan 18;11(1). Epub 2019 Jan 18.

MRC Elsie Widdowson Laboratory, Cambridge CB1 9NL, UK.

Iron and vitamin D deficiencies are common during pregnancy. Our aim was to identify whether antenatal vitamin D₃ supplementation affects iron status (via hepcidin suppression) and/or inflammation. Using a subset of the UK multicenter Maternal Vitamin D Osteoporosis Study (MAVIDOS)-a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial (ISRCTN82927713; EudraCT2007-001716-23)-we performed a secondary laboratory analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11010190DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356300PMC
January 2019
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Identification of Recent Trends in Research on Vitamin D: A Quantitative and Co-Word Analysis.

Med Sci Monit 2019 Jan 22;25:643-655. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Nutrition, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND In recent years, many studies on vitamin D have been published. We combed these data for hot spot analyses and predicted future research topic trends. MATERIAL AND METHODS Articles (4625) concerning vitamin D published in the past 3 years were selected as a study sample. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.913026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350455PMC
January 2019
12 Reads

Non-surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism.

Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 12 28;32(6):821-835. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address:

The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the options available for patients with primary hyperparathyrodism (PHPT) not undergoing parathyroidectomy (PTx). Adequate hydration should be recommended in all patients. Calcium intake should not be restricted and vitamin D deficiency should be corrected aiming at a serum concentration of 25OHD of >20 ng/mL or even higher (>30 ng/mL according to some opinion leaders). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beem.2018.09.006DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Vitamin D prevents experimental lung fibrosis and predicts survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2019 04 16;55:17-24. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

1st Academic Department of Respiratory Medicine, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hospital for Diseases of the Chest, "Sotiria", Athens, Greece; Biomedical Sciences Research Center, "Alexander Fleming", Division of Immunology, Athens, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: Vitamin D (VitD) is a steroid hormone with cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. Epidemiological studies have suggested a link between VitD deficiency and risk of development of chronic lung diseases. Its role in lung fibrosis is largely unknown. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10945539183023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pupt.2019.01.003DOI Listing
April 2019
14 Reads