252 results match your criteria Avicenna journal of medicine[Journal]


Building mental health and resilience: regional and global perspectives from the inaugural Syrian American Medical Society Mental Health Mission Trip (July 2 to July 7, 2019).

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):54-59. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Psychology, Florida State University, United States.

The Syrian conflict has resulted in the most significant refugee crisis since World War II. Current estimates suggest there are over 13.5 million Syrians in need of comprehensive humanitarian assistance as a direct result of the conflict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_157_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014995PMC
January 2020

Instructions for kidney recipients and donors (In English for medical providers and in Arabic for patients and donors).

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):41-53. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Adult Transplant Nephrology, The Organ Transplant Center at King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Medical providers are often asked by their kidney recipients and donors about what to do or to avoid. Common questions include medications, diet, isolation, return to work or school, pregnancy, fasting Ramadan, or hajj and . However, there is only scant information about these in English language and none in Arabic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_120_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014992PMC
January 2020

Evaluation of knowledge of the United Arab Emirates population on measles and its control, following a nationwide campaign.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):35-40. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Medical Students, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Introduction: In 2015, a nationwide campaign to eradicate measles was launched by the health authorities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This study aimed to assess the UAE society's knowledge of measles and its control following this campaign.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among UAE residents above the age of 18 years from March to May 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_56_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014998PMC
January 2020

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among clinical laboratory workers.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):29-34. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

College of Medicine, King Saud ben Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among clinical laboratory workers.

Materials And Methods: This questionnaire-based cross-sectional study included the clinical laboratory departments of six governmental tertiary and secondary hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The selected instrument was a self-administered adapted standardized questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_67_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014994PMC
January 2020

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis: national trends and in-hospital outcomes.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):22-28. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Wayne State University, Detroit Medical Center, Detroit Heart Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Background: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is considered the most common congenital heart disease and the main etiology of aortic valve stenosis (AS) in young adults. Although transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is routinely used in high- and intermediate-risk patients with AS, BAV patients with AS were excluded from all pivotal trials that led to TAVR approval. We sought, therefore, to examine in-hospital outcomes of patients with BAV who underwent TAVR in comparison with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_134_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014993PMC
January 2020

Knowledge about imaging modalities, risks, and protection in radiology among medical students at the University of Hail.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):15-21. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Interventional Radiologist, Radiology, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate awareness and knowledge about radiation risks and safety principles among medical students at the College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia, in their clinical years.

Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study, an anonymous electronic questionnaire was sent to 174 randomly selected students in clinical years 4-6. The questionnaire contained 38 questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_49_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7015000PMC
January 2020

The status of drug wastage in the pediatric emergency department of a tertiary hospital.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):10-14. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Pediatrics, Adiyaman University School of Medicine, Adiyaman, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate surplus drugs left over from medications used via the intravenous and intramuscular routes in a pediatric emergency unit of a tertiary hospital in Turkey and to determine the financial burden imposed by drug wastage.

Materials And Methods: The study was planned prospectively on patients presenting to the pediatric emergency department of a tertiary university hospital between January 1 and April 30, 2017, on weekdays and between 08:00 and 16:00, for any reason, and receiving intravenous and/or intramuscular drug administration resulting in drug wastage after treatment.

Results: The number of patients enrolled in the clinical trial was 1620 (35. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_58_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014997PMC
January 2020

Status of 25-hydroxy vitamin D level in simple febrile seizures and its correlation with recurrence of seizures.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):6-9. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Medicine, Vikas hospital private Limited Najafgarh, New Delhi, India.

Background: Febrile seizures are associated with a lot of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors. Extensive research is currently going on to discover more and more risk factors of febrile seizures, so that they can be modified to decrease their incidence and recurrence.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the status of 25-hydroxy vitamin D in children presented with simple febrile seizures and to find its correlation with recurrence of seizures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_57_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014999PMC
January 2020

Childhood horse and donkey bites; a single tertiary health center experience in a rural area.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Jan-Mar;10(1):1-5. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Pediatric Infectious Disease, Adıyaman University School of Medicine, Adıyaman, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of patients presenting to a pediatric emergency department in a rural province of Turkey due to horse and donkey bites and to analyze whether these features differ from those of more common animal bites in rural areas.

Materials And Methods: The records of patients presenting to the pediatric emergency department of a tertiary hospital due to horse and donkey bites over a 3-year period were examined retrospectively. Demographic data, month of presentation, animal species involved (horse or donkey), the body area bitten, treatment applied to the wound site, whether tetanus and rabies vaccinations were administered, and whether or not antibiotics were prescribed on discharge from the emergency department were recorded from these files. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_158_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014996PMC
January 2020

Gemella endocarditis: A case report and a review of the literature.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Oct-Dec;9(4):164-168. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Division of Infectious Disease, Ascension Saint John Hospital and Medical Center, Detroit, USA.

Infective endocarditis (IE) remains a prevalent disease with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Recent changes have been noted in the profile of causative microorganisms. In this report, we describe a case of -related endocarditis and review the related literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_3_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796301PMC
October 2019

Nonmetastatic renal cell carcinoma presenting with persistent cough: Case report with literature review.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Oct-Dec;9(4):160-163. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Department of Hematology Oncology, TriHealth Cancer Institute, Good Samaritan Hospital, TriHealth, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Renal cell carcinomas (RCC), constitute 80- 85% of primary renal neoplasms. The classic triad of RCC (flank pain, hematuria, and a palpable abdominal renal mass) occurs in approximately 9% of patients; it strongly suggests locally advanced disease. RCC may also be associated with a number of paraneoplastic syndromes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_47_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796308PMC
October 2019

Trends in the performance of Syrian physicians in the National Resident Matching Program between 2017 and 2019.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Oct-Dec;9(4):154-159. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Mayo Evidence Based Practice Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Purpose: International medical graduates (IMGs) make up one-fourth of the physician workforce in the US and a significant proportion of them come from Syria. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of Syrian physicians seeking residency positions in the US and to examine the effects of visa restrictions on their Match outcome.

Methods: An online survey administered to IMGs from Syria was used to probe their residency application characteristics as well as their experiences with visa restrictions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_140_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796307PMC
October 2019

Are cardiac patients in Saudi Arabia provided adequate instructions when they should not drive?

Avicenna J Med 2019 Oct-Dec;9(4):148-153. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Qassim University, El Qassim, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Driving capability can be significantly affected by different heath disorders; cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) should be considered when assessing patients for medical fitness to drive (MFTD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the awareness of Saudi patients about driving recommendations and to assess the incidence of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) among cardiac patients.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey-based study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_69_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796302PMC
October 2019

Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among university female students, Gaza, Palestine.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Oct-Dec;9(4):143-147. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Ecosystems and Environment Research Centre and Biomedical Research Centre School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, UK.

Background: The intestinal parasites are still endemic among children, women, and men in Gaza Strip.

Objectives: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of intestinal parasites among young female students of Islamic University of Gaza to report the existence and prevalence of intestinal parasites.

Methods: A total of 305 stool samples were collected from female students in all faculties and were examined by wet mount and formal ether sedimentation technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_8_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796305PMC
October 2019

Combination of low-dose glucocorticosteroids and mineralocorticoids as adjunct therapy for adult patients with septic shock: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials and observational studies.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Oct-Dec;9(4):134-142. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Department of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA.

Background: The role of the combination of glucocorticosteroids and mineralocorticosteroids in treating septic shock is not well-defined. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the randomized controlled trials and observational studies assessing the effect of low-dose hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone on patients with septic shock.

Materials And Methods: MEDLINE, Scopus, and Cochrane databases were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_97_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796303PMC
October 2019

The prevalence and associated factors of cigarette smoking and its association with opium use among outpatients in Afghanistan: A cross-sectional study in Andkhoy city.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Oct-Dec;9(4):129-133. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Dr. Mohammad Hashem Hamah's Curative Clinic, Andkhoy, Faryab, Afghanistan.

Purpose: The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of cigarette smoking and the association between cigarette smoking and opium use among patients visiting an outpatient clinic in Afghanistan.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on consecutive patients aged 18 years and older from January 2018 to April 2018. Data on patients' sociodemographic characteristics and clinical variables were collected using an interview-based survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_40_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796306PMC
October 2019

Antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation and coronary artery disease.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Oct-Dec;9(4):123-128. Epub 2019 Oct 3.

Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiology, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, Ohio, USA.

Atrial fibrillation and coronary artery disease are commonly coexisting conditions that necessitate the use of an oral anticoagulant as well as dual antiplatelet therapy. Commonly referred to as triple oral antithrombotic therapy (TT), this helps prevent ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction but comes at the expense of an increased risk of bleeding. There is a growing body of evidence that the omission of aspirin from TT has the same preventive efficacy in terms of major adverse cardiacvascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) with significantly lower bleeding events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_73_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6796304PMC
October 2019

Focal seizure as a manifestation of serotonin syndrome: case report.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):119-121

Department of Neurology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.

Serotonin syndrome is a life-threatening condition. Seizure is one of the complications of serotonin syndrome that may delay diagnosis and complicate management. We report a patient who had a focal seizure with abnormal electroencephalogram in the setting of serotonin syndrome with no prior history of epilepsy or seizure-provoking factors (fever, electrolyte abnormalities, specific medication combinations, and specific medication overdosing). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_7_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6647915PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Women's health in Northwestern Syria: Findings from Healthy-Syria 2017 study.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):94-106

Department of Paediatrics, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Since the uprising in 2011, there have been limited health-care data from inside Syria regarding women's health. This study aimed to provide an updated account of women's health, including pregnancy, perinatal care, childbirth, and other conditions to identify obstacles and challenges to health-care delivery in Northwestern Syria.

Methods: This is a prospective data registry study, using a medical electronic records system that builds on the () codes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_190_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6647916PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia: A single-center experience from Saudi Arabia.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):89-93

College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To report our single-center experience in terms of patient clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and chemotherapy-related toxicities in patients with low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN).

Materials And Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study (2008-2013) was conducted at a tertiary health-care hospital in Saudi Arabia. Forty-four ( = 44) patients met the inclusion criteria for low-risk GTN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_188_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6647918PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Sweet hydrothorax: a common presentation of a rare condition.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):111-114

Nephrology Associates of Toledo, Maumee, Ohio, United States of America.

Sweet hydrothorax is a known, yet rare, complication of peritoneal dialysis. It can be life-threatening. This case is about a 70-year-old lady who presented with acute respiratory failure due to massive right-sided hydrothorax that developed insidiously over 3 months of starting peritoneal dialysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_131_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6647920PMC
August 2019
4 Reads

Overprescription of antibiotics in patients with community-acquired pneumonia in the intensive care unit.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):107-110

Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Purpose: We aimed to assess factors associated with therapy failure in patients with community-acquired pneumonia in the intensive care unit (ICU).

Methods: Electronic charts of patients with , , codes of pneumonia who were admitted to the ICU at a tertiary academic medical center in Southern Arizona were reviewed.

Results: Antipseudomonal coverage and anti-methicillin-resistant (MRSA) coverage were often prescribed (58. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_189_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6647917PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Late presentation of anomalous left coronary artery arising from pulmonary artery with acute coronary syndrome.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):115-118

Department of Cardiology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Congenital anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is associated with early infant mortality and adult sudden death. The use of advanced cardiac imaging has resulted in an increase in the number of diagnosed ALCAPA cases, especially in the adult population, sometimes even asymptomatic. The extent of collateral circulation that develops between the right coronary artery (RCA) and left coronary artery (LCA) determines the outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_186_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6647919PMC
August 2019
1 Read

Transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):86-88

Wayne State University, Detroit Medical Center, Detroit Heart Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_207_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6530269PMC
May 2019
23 Reads

Ileal volvulus secondary to cystic lymphangioma: A rare case report with a literature review.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):82-85

Medical Intern, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Baha University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Lymphangioma is a benign malformation of the lymphatic system. It usually affects the neck, head, and rarely, the abdomen. Volvulus is a serious condition, which occurs as a result of bowel twisting around itself or around the mesentery leading to severe consequences such as obstruction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_203_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6530267PMC
May 2019
8 Reads

Rare morbidity of permanent quadriplegia caused by neurenteric cyst of the cervical cord.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):78-81

Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Sultanah Aminah Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia.

The incidence of neurenteric cyst (NC) is rare, accounting for 0.3%-1.3% of all spine tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_153_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6530270PMC
May 2019
4 Reads

Epidural analgesia for percutaneous kyphoplasty in a patient with multiple medical comorbidities.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):75-77

Department of Anesthesia, Great Lakes Anesthesiology, John R. Oishei Children's Hospital, Buffalo, New York, USA.

Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure intended to stabilize the fractured bone and restore bone height. It involves percutaneous introduction of an inflatable bone tamp into a fractured vertebral body, followed by injection of bone cement into the ballooned pocket. Anesthetic options typically considered for this procedure include intravenous sedation or general anesthesia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_73_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6530273PMC
May 2019
12 Reads

Child and adolescent health in northwestern Syria: findings from Healthy-Syria 2017 study.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):61-74

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Since the uprising in 2011, there has been limited health-care data from inside Syria in the academic literature. This study aims to provide an updated account of pediatric health needs in the northwestern part of Syria; this should help inform the management and delivery of health-care services in this population.

Methods: This is a prospective study, using a data registry, of all pediatric patients seen in a single center in northwestern Syria, between February and December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_184_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6530271PMC
May 2019
29 Reads

Comparative assessment of conventional chromosomal analysis and fluorescence hybridization in the evaluation of suspected myelodysplastic syndromes: a single institution experience.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):55-60

Division of Hematopathology, Barbara Ann Karmanos Center and Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA.

Background: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are a heterogeneous group of clonal hematopoietic neoplasms, roughly half of which harbor cytogenetic abnormalities with diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic significance. Fluorescence hybridization (FISH) for the most commonly seen abnormalities (5/5q, -7/7q, +8, and -20/20q-) is routinely performed alongside conventional cytogenetics (CC) in the evaluation of suspected MDS despite conflicting reports of its relative contribution compared to CC alone.

Objectives: To assess the additional diagnostic and prognostic value of performing concurrent FISH versus CC alone in cases of suspected MDS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_183_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6530274PMC
May 2019
6 Reads

Left ventricular dyssynchrony assessment using tissue synchronization imaging in acute myocardial infarction.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):48-54

Department of Cardiology, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: To assess left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Background: Mechanical synchronization disorder leads to a decrease in LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and stroke volume, an abnormal distribution of wall tension, and increase in workload during cardiac contraction.

Methods: We enrolled 56 participants, 36 with acute STEMI and 20 healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_168_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6530268PMC
May 2019
15 Reads

Hepatitis B: Knowledge and awareness among preclinical year medical students.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Apr-Jun;9(2):43-47

Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh.

Background And Objective: Hepatitis B is an occupational health hazard to health-care workers. The complete knowledge of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission and prevention is indispensable for medical students. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and awareness of hepatitis B among preclinical year medical students. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_164_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6530272PMC
May 2019
9 Reads

Mediastinal lymphoma-induced superior vena cava syndrome and chylopericardium in a pregnant lady: A case report.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):89-92. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Mediastinal malignancies are a commonly identified etiology in superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), and despite the known management of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or a combination of both, this can prove to be a dilemma during pregnancy. Reported cases of SVCS management during pregnancy are scarce. Chylopericardium is a rare entity with a myriad of causes, the most common of which is a primary idiopathic origin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_51_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7252616PMC

Xanthoma disseminatum with extensive respiratory involvement effectively treated with cladribine: A case report.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):83-88. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of pulmonary medicine, Al Assad University Hospital, Damascus, Syria.

Xanthoma disseminatum (XD) is a rare and benign proliferative systemic disease that usually affects the skin and mucosal membranes with variable extent. Extensive systemic involvement can be associated with higher morbidity. There is paucity in the literature describing this rare pathological entity, and the ideal management remains controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_177_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7252612PMC

Technology's role in promoting physical activity and healthy eating in working rural women: A cross-sectional quantitative analysis.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):76-82. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Clinical and Nursing Research, Education and Practice, Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Aims: This exploratory study evaluated sociodemographic predictors of healthy eating and physical activity (PA) in a sample of working rural women and their access to and interest in using technology for health promotion.

Settings And Design: This study is a cross-sectional quantitative analysis.

Materials And Methods: A 32-item questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of = 60 women, working at a regional healthcare facility in the Pacific Northwest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_175_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7252614PMC

How to read a published clinical trial: A practical guide for clinicians.

Avicenna J Med 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):68-75. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Evidence-Based Practice Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Over the last 5 years, there have been more than 140 new drug approvals in the field of Oncology alone, all based on newly published clinical trials. These approvals have led to an ongoing change in clinical practice, offering new therapeutic options for patients. Therefore, it is important for healthcare providers to be able to appraise a clinical trial and determine its validity, understand its results, and be able to apply such results to their patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_186_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7252615PMC

Update on the etiology, classification, and management of glomerular diseases.

Authors:
Mohammad Tinawi

Avicenna J Med 2020 Apr-Jun;10(2):61-67. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Nephrology Specialists, Munster, Indiana, USA.

In this brief review, the reader will find a timely update regarding some of the most commonly encountered glomerular diseases. The review will include an update on the etiology with a focus on new genetic and molecular discoveries. New classifications will be elucidated, and management will be updated in broad strokes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.ajm_136_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7252613PMC

Aggressive orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in adulthood: A case report in a public hospital in Damascus, Syria.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):38

Department of Pediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_137_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335876PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Promoting an academic culture in the Arab world: correspondence.

Authors:
Ahmad Kaako

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):39-41

Hospitalist Section, Department of Medicine, Mercy Hospital Fort Smith, Fort Smith, Arkansas, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_169_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335880PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Aggressive recurrent orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in adulthood.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):37

Department of Ophthalmology, Yusuf Al-Azma Hospital, Damascus, Syria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_149_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335881PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Taking horse to the pond: Applying Bourdieu's concepts in undergraduate student research.

Authors:
V Dinesh Kumar

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):35-36

Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_127_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335878PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Possible acute rejection associated with the use of the new anti-hepatitis C virus medications.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):32-34

Division of Nephrology, Tawam Hospital, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Hepatitis C virus infection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. It remains a major challenge for management and treatment, especially in patients with renal transplant. The new direct-acting antiviral agents gave big hopes to both clinicians and patients that they can overcome this challenge without major side effects. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=245372
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_171_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335885PMC
January 2019
26 Reads

Primary central nervous system Hodgkin Lymphoma: A case discussion and a hypothesis on the etiology.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):28-31

Hematogenix Laboratory Services, Tinley Park, IL, USA.

Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) is a systemic disease with involvement of the cervical, supraclavicular, and mediastinal lymph nodes. It is commonly diagnosed in patients within the second and third decades of their lives. Diagnosis is usually made based on the distinct morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics, with the tissue biopsy being the cornerstone of workup. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=240257
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_104_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335883PMC
January 2019
29 Reads

Predictive and prognostic value of 256-slice computed tomography angiography in patients with suspected coronary artery diseases.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):23-27

Department of Cardiology, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center Qassim, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraydah, Al-Qassim Province, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is commonly used to diagnose coronary artery diseases (CADs). We aimed to determine the utility of CCTA among patients suspected with CAD at the Prince Sultan Cardiac Center Qassim.

Materials And Methods: CCTA results of 425 cardiac patients, complaining of chest pain with suspected CAD, were used to classify coronary artery stenosis into two types: obstructive if the luminal stenosis was ≥50% or nonobstructive if it was <50%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_94_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335882PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Gender differences in practicing standard precautions against blood-borne pathogens among surgeons at a tertiary care center: A cross-sectional study.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):15-22

Department of Surgery, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Surgeons are at an increased risk of contracting blood-borne pathogens. The aim of this study was to evaluate gender difference, surgical position, surgical experience, and subspecialty regarding surgeons' compliance to standard precautions.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed using a purposive sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_146_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335877PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Barriers to research activities as perceived by medical university students: A cross-sectional study.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):8-14

Student Research Committee, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Context: The importance of research is revealed by the fact that the top seven science producing countries in the world are the same seven countries worldwide in terms of the research facilities.

Aim: To explore the barriers to research activities among the students of the Hormozgan Medical University.

Settings And Design: A total of 400 students affiliated with the Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences participated in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=245368
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_121_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335879PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Knowledge and attitude toward first aid: A cross-sectional study in the United Arab Emirates.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):1-7

Departments of Basic and Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Injury is an important cause of mortality and morbidity. It is the second most common cause of death in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) for the last 15 years, claiming more than 1200 lives annually. Those numbers can be significantly reduced through first aid (FA) education and training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_140_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335884PMC
January 2019

Skull osteomyelitis as a rare complication of cat scratch disease.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):157-159

Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

, the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD), is one of the most common causes of regional lymphadenitis in children. Other less common manifestations of infection including fever of unknown origin, neuroretinitis, and osteomyelitis are being increasingly recognized. We describe a 3-year-old female with a recent history of typical CSD involving lymph nodes who developed osteomyelitis of the skull, a very rarely recognized complication of this infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_81_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178564PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with unusual presentation of peripheral neuropathy and ophthalmoplegia.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):153-156

Department of Neurology, Allegheny General Hospital, Western Pennsylvania Hospital Medical Education Consortium, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a well-described disease. It is characterized by rapidly progressive dementia, myoclonus, ataxia, pyramidal, and extrapyramidal signs. There are well-defined electroencephalogram and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and markers found in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_77_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178565PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Infectious diseases in the era of refugees: Hepatitis A outbreak in Lebanon.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):147-152

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: The Syrian crisis has altered the epidemiology of infectious diseases in countries hosting large numbers of refugees. Lebanon witnessed several outbreaks linked to the presence of significant numbers of Syrian refugees, namely, Hepatitis A virus (HAV). We explore the epidemiology of HAV in Lebanon and the impact of the Syrian war during the 2014 outbreak and suggest solutions to prevent and minimize the HAV spread amid the current socioeconomic conditions. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/4/147/242765
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_130_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178566PMC
October 2018
84 Reads

Vitamin D deficiency in elderly: Risk factors and drugs impact on vitamin D status.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):139-146

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Introduction: Vitamin D (VD) deficiency is a major public health problem worldwide. In spite of its high prevalence, particularly among elderly people, VD deficiency is still underestimated by many physicians. Increasingly, VD deficiency is associated with several known geriatric syndromes. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/4/139/242766
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_20_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178567PMC
October 2018
2 Reads