216 results match your criteria Avicenna journal of medicine[Journal]


Aggressive orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in adulthood: A case report in a public hospital in Damascus, Syria.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):38

Department of Pediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_137_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335876PMC
February 2019

Promoting an academic culture in the Arab world: correspondence.

Authors:
Ahmad Kaako

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):39-41

Hospitalist Section, Department of Medicine, Mercy Hospital Fort Smith, Fort Smith, Arkansas, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_169_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335880PMC
January 2019

Aggressive recurrent orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in adulthood.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):37

Department of Ophthalmology, Yusuf Al-Azma Hospital, Damascus, Syria.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_149_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335881PMC
January 2019

Taking horse to the pond: Applying Bourdieu's concepts in undergraduate student research.

Authors:
V Dinesh Kumar

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):35-36

Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_127_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335878PMC
January 2019

Possible acute rejection associated with the use of the new anti-hepatitis C virus medications.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):32-34

Division of Nephrology, Tawam Hospital, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Hepatitis C virus infection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. It remains a major challenge for management and treatment, especially in patients with renal transplant. The new direct-acting antiviral agents gave big hopes to both clinicians and patients that they can overcome this challenge without major side effects. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=245372
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_171_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335885PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Primary central nervous system Hodgkin Lymphoma: A case discussion and a hypothesis on the etiology.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):28-31

Hematogenix Laboratory Services, Tinley Park, IL, USA.

Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) is a systemic disease with involvement of the cervical, supraclavicular, and mediastinal lymph nodes. It is commonly diagnosed in patients within the second and third decades of their lives. Diagnosis is usually made based on the distinct morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics, with the tissue biopsy being the cornerstone of workup. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=240257
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_104_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335883PMC
January 2019
12 Reads

Predictive and prognostic value of 256-slice computed tomography angiography in patients with suspected coronary artery diseases.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):23-27

Department of Cardiology, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center Qassim, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraydah, Al-Qassim Province, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is commonly used to diagnose coronary artery diseases (CADs). We aimed to determine the utility of CCTA among patients suspected with CAD at the Prince Sultan Cardiac Center Qassim.

Materials And Methods: CCTA results of 425 cardiac patients, complaining of chest pain with suspected CAD, were used to classify coronary artery stenosis into two types: obstructive if the luminal stenosis was ≥50% or nonobstructive if it was <50%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_94_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335882PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Gender differences in practicing standard precautions against blood-borne pathogens among surgeons at a tertiary care center: A cross-sectional study.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):15-22

Department of Surgery, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Surgeons are at an increased risk of contracting blood-borne pathogens. The aim of this study was to evaluate gender difference, surgical position, surgical experience, and subspecialty regarding surgeons' compliance to standard precautions.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed using a purposive sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_146_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335877PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Barriers to research activities as perceived by medical university students: A cross-sectional study.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):8-14

Student Research Committee, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Context: The importance of research is revealed by the fact that the top seven science producing countries in the world are the same seven countries worldwide in terms of the research facilities.

Aim: To explore the barriers to research activities among the students of the Hormozgan Medical University.

Settings And Design: A total of 400 students affiliated with the Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences participated in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/preprintarticle.asp?id=245368
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_121_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335879PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Knowledge and attitude toward first aid: A cross-sectional study in the United Arab Emirates.

Avicenna J Med 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):1-7

Departments of Basic and Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Injury is an important cause of mortality and morbidity. It is the second most common cause of death in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) for the last 15 years, claiming more than 1200 lives annually. Those numbers can be significantly reduced through first aid (FA) education and training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_140_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335884PMC
January 2019

Skull osteomyelitis as a rare complication of cat scratch disease.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):157-159

Department of Pediatrics and Human Development, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

, the causative agent of cat scratch disease (CSD), is one of the most common causes of regional lymphadenitis in children. Other less common manifestations of infection including fever of unknown origin, neuroretinitis, and osteomyelitis are being increasingly recognized. We describe a 3-year-old female with a recent history of typical CSD involving lymph nodes who developed osteomyelitis of the skull, a very rarely recognized complication of this infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_81_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178564PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with unusual presentation of peripheral neuropathy and ophthalmoplegia.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):153-156

Department of Neurology, Allegheny General Hospital, Western Pennsylvania Hospital Medical Education Consortium, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a well-described disease. It is characterized by rapidly progressive dementia, myoclonus, ataxia, pyramidal, and extrapyramidal signs. There are well-defined electroencephalogram and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and markers found in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_77_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178565PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Infectious diseases in the era of refugees: Hepatitis A outbreak in Lebanon.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):147-152

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: The Syrian crisis has altered the epidemiology of infectious diseases in countries hosting large numbers of refugees. Lebanon witnessed several outbreaks linked to the presence of significant numbers of Syrian refugees, namely, Hepatitis A virus (HAV). We explore the epidemiology of HAV in Lebanon and the impact of the Syrian war during the 2014 outbreak and suggest solutions to prevent and minimize the HAV spread amid the current socioeconomic conditions. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/4/147/242765
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_130_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178566PMC
October 2018
41 Reads

Vitamin D deficiency in elderly: Risk factors and drugs impact on vitamin D status.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):139-146

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Introduction: Vitamin D (VD) deficiency is a major public health problem worldwide. In spite of its high prevalence, particularly among elderly people, VD deficiency is still underestimated by many physicians. Increasingly, VD deficiency is associated with several known geriatric syndromes. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/4/139/242766
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_20_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178567PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Cost reduction associated with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia panel ordering for enoxaparin versus heparin for prophylactic and therapeutic use: A retrospective analysis in a community hospital setting.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):133-138

Departments of Medicine and Pharmacy, Inspira Health Network, Vineland, New Jersey, USA.

Background: Most hospitals still use unfractionated heparin (UFH) as the primary agent for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in the hospital setting due to ease of use and insignificant cost. However, the risk of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) has led some groups to favor other options for therapeutic and prophylactic anticoagulation. This is particularly relevant in light of recent data demonstrating a lower rate of HIT in patients receiving enoxaparin compared with UFH. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/4/133/240260
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_78_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178568PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Patterns of pituitary dysfunction three months or more after traumatic brain injury.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Oct-Dec;8(4):125-132

Department of Medicine, Basrah College of Medicine, Faiha Specialized Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism Center, Basrah, Iraq.

Purpose: Chronic posttraumatic brain injury (TBI) pituitary dysfunction is not a newly discovered subject, it has been reported more frequently, probably due to increasing chances of exposure to its causes, mainly the road traffic accidents, sport-related injuries, falls, and injuries during wars. This study aims to estimate the frequency of pituitary dysfunction 3 months or more after head trauma and the patterns of hormonal deficiencies.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2016 and August 2017. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/4/125/240258
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_2_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178569PMC
October 2018
15 Reads

Promoting an academic culture in the Arab world.

Authors:
Khaled Moustafa

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):120-123

Chief Editor of the Arabic Science Archive (arabixiv.org). E-mail:

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/3/120/236387
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_166_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057164PMC
August 2018
5 Reads

Chiclero's ulcer: An unusual presentation of in Syria.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):117-119

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has been an endemic disease in Syria for decades. The first reports of CL from the Syrian city Aleppo date back to the 17 century. The recent crisis has further empowered the spread of this infection not only in Syria, but also in the neighboring countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_145_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057168PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Human menopausal gonadotropin-induced bioprosthetic valve thrombosis.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):114-116

Department of Cardiology, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center Qassim, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraydah, Al-Qassim Province, Saudi Arabia.

Bioprosthetic valve thrombosis (BPVT) is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) is commonly used for ovulation induction and has been associated with arterial and venous thrombosis. We reported a case of BPVT related to fertilization in a 39-year-old female, who underwent redo mitral valve replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_83_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057167PMC

Aggressive orbital rhabdomyosarcoma in adulthood: A case report in a public hospital in Damascus, Syria.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):110-113

Department of Ophthalmology, Yusuf Al-Azma Hospital, Damascus, Syria.

Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a highly malignant tumor that originates mainly from mesenchymal tissue. It is considered a rare childhood malignancy; therefore, presentation in adulthood is scarce. In this case report, a 36-year-old male patient presented with a rapidly progressive RMS of the left orbit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_62_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057160PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Delayed bilateral obturator nerve injury due to compressing bilateral pelvic lymphoceles after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and bilateral lymphadenectomy for prostatic carcinoma.

Authors:
Ayman Aljomaa

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):107-109

Department of General, Visceral, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Klinikum Bremerhaven-Reinkenheide, Bremen, Germany.

A clinically significant obturator nerve injury is uncommon after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and lymphadenectomy. If the injury is due to a direct intraoperative event such as transection or stretching of the nerve, the patients present typically in the immediate postoperative period. On the other hand, an indirect injury through compression of the nerve through a pelvic fluid collection (hematoma or lymphocele) progresses insidiously and delays the presentation of these patients making a dilemma in recognizing these patients and differentiating them from those with other causes of neurological deficits. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/3/107/236393
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_215_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057161PMC
August 2018
5 Reads

Knowledge, attitude, and practices associated with the diagnosis and management of skin and soft-tissue infections among medical students, residents, and attending physicians.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):104-106

Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are commonly encountered by medical students, residents, and trainees. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has updated its recommendations regarding SSTI diagnosis and management in June 2014. We assessed knowledge, attitude, and practices toward diagnosis and management of SSTIs using an online survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_200_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057159PMC

Prevalence, diagnosis, and management of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia among Syrian children in a major outpatient center in Damascus, Syria.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):92-103

Program of Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Pharmacy, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.

Background: Given the public health significance of anemia, the long-term sequelae of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) on children, the expected effect of war on the trends of anemia in Syrian society, and the lack of assessment on the national burden of anemia and/or iron deficiency (ID) data, there is a vital need to investigate all-cause anemia, ID, and IDA in Syria during the crisis.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of ID and IDA in Syrian children, the effectiveness of oral iron supplements in the management of ID, and the diagnostic effectiveness of conventional iron markers.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on hemoglobin (Hb) levels in 4-month-old to 14-year-old children and a prospective study on hematological (complete blood count, reticulocytes, and reticulocyte Hb content) and biochemical iron indices (serum ferritin, iron, and total iron-binding capacity) of infants visiting the primary care clinic at Children's Hospital in Damascus, Syria. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/3/92/236388
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_169_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057158PMC
August 2018
16 Reads

Evaluating the efficacy of best practice alerts to improve early detection in hospital settings: A 6-month interim analysis of the 2-year prospective study.

Authors:
Ahmad Kaako

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):87-91

Department of Medicine, Mercy Hospital, Fort Smith, AR, USA.

Introduction: infection (CDI) is a leading cause of hospital-associated gastrointestinal illness with high burden on the health-care system.

Design: Observational, retrospective, prospective, pre- and post-intervention study on the incidence and prevalence rates of CDIs. The primary outcome is the healthcare-onset CDIs (HO-CDIs) incidence rate and proportion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_85_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057162PMC
August 2018
22 Reads

Qat-induced intestinal obstruction: A case series of a new entity.

Authors:
Mhd Firas Safadi

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):82-86

Department of Surgery, Yemeni-Egyptian Hospital, Sanaa, Yemen, Darmstadt, Germany.

Background: Qat-induced intestinal obstruction is an acute manifestation of qat chewing which was not described previously in the literature. The aim of this case series is to describe the clinical presentation, the diagnostic and therapeutic measures, and the course of the disease.

Methods: This retrospective case series included all patients who presented with qat-induced intestinal obstruction between July 1, 2013, and December 31, 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_198_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057166PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Cases of thallium intoxication in Syria: A diagnostic and a therapeutic challenge.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):78-81

Data and Research Committee, Syrian American Medical Society, Washington, DC 20005, USA.

In mid-March 2015, a mother and her teenage daughter and son from Syria presented to a Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS) refugee clinic in the Beqaa Valley in Lebanon with the chief complaints of hair loss together with weakness and numbness of their lower extremities. They reported that on March 1, a military foe of their relative had given him several boxes of Middle Eastern cookies which were consumed by over 20 members of their families and neighbors. Soon after the consumption, most members of the households developed symptoms including abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and constipation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_17_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057163PMC
August 2018
17 Reads

Prophylactic mastectomy for the prevention of breast cancer: Review of the literature.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):67-77

Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

The high incidence and recurrence rate of breast cancer has influenced multiple strategies such as early detection with imaging, chemoprevention and surgical interventions that serve as preventive measures for women at high risk. Prophylactic mastectomy is one of the growing strategies of breast cancer risk reduction that is of a special importance for breast cancer gene mutation carriers. Women with personal history of cancerous breast lesions may consider ipsilateral or contralateral mastectomy as well. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_21_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6057165PMC
August 2018
16 Reads

Hypertension management in older adults.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):65-66

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Hurley Medical Center, Michigan State University, Flint, MI, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_194_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898187PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Modified three-stitch hernioplasty technique.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):63-64

Department of Anatomy and Surgical Anatomy, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_160_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898186PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

CD4-positive lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma: Report of unusual case.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):58-62

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

We are reporting an unusual case of lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma (LELC) in an 8-year-old female patient where the tumor cells showed unusual CD4 expression. The lesion was found in the left submandibular neck region, in the vicinity of the submandibular gland. The salivary gland was not infiltrated by the tumor, and the tumor exhibited a classic LELC with single and clusters of tumor cells surrounded by many hematolymphoid cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_135_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898185PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Submandibular lipoblastoma: Case report of a rare tumor in childhood.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):55-57

Department of Pathology, Salah Azaiez Institute, Tunis 1006, Tunisia.

Lipoblastoma is a rare, benign tumor usually occurring in childhood. It is essentially localized in the extremities and trunk, with few cases reported in the neck. We report the case of a 2-year-old girl with a rapidly enlarging, painless neck mass. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2018/8/2/55/229501
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_81_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898184PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Significance of bacteriuria in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):51-54

Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

The significance of bacteriuria in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis (HD) is unclear. It is not known whether treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria is associated with lower rates of urinary tract infection or readmission. Adult patients with ESRD on HD were retrospectively evaluated to assess factors associated with the recurrence of bacteriuria and readmission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_199_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898183PMC

Identification of extended spectrum beta lactamases, AmpC and carbapenemase production among isolates of in North Indian tertiary care centre.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):46-50

Department of Microbiology, Pt BD Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Introduction: Identification of Extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL), AmpC production and carbapenemase production among isolates of , helps clinician to rationalize the choice of antibiotics. However, there is a lack of simple and effective method for simultaneous identification of these beta lactamases.

Aim: To determine the concurrent production of beta lactamases using twelve disc method on isolates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_156_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898182PMC
April 2018
5 Reads

Visual versus fully automated assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Apr-Jun;8(2):41-45

Department of Cardiology, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: The aim of this study is to compare three different echocardiographic methods commonly used in the assessment of left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction (EF).

Methods: All patients underwent full echocardiography including LVEF assessed using M-mode, automated EF (Auto-EF), and visual estimation by two readers.

Results: We enrolled 268 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_209_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5898181PMC
April 2018
1 Read

Type I Kounis syndrome variant: A case report and literature review.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):37-39

Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Clair Memorial Hospital, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Kounis syndrome defined as the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome in the setting of allergic reaction due to mast cells activation and inflammatory mediators release that induces coronary vasospasm, plaque erosion, or even stent thrombosis. A 25-year-old postpartum female with asthma and recurrent episodes of chest pain was admitted with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in the setting of coronary artery spasms. The patient was started on calcium channel blockers and nitrite-based medication with no improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_114_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5782419PMC
February 2018
3 Reads

Nivolumab-induced new-onset seronegative rheumatoid arthritis in a patient with advanced metastatic melanoma: A case report and literature review.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):34-36

Department of Rheumatology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas, USA.

Immune-related adverse events have been reported in patients treated with anti-programmed death-1 receptor drugs such as nivolumab. We present a case of a new-onset seronegative rheumatoid arthritis in a patient with metastatic melanoma treated with nivolumab. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_127_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5782418PMC
February 2018
1 Read

Attitudes, barriers, and practices toward research and publication among medical students at the University of Damascus, Syria.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):24-33

Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye an Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: Research is crucial for health-care delivery. However, medical students may not participate in research during their training, which might negatively affect their understanding of the importance of research and their future ability to conduct research projects. This is more prominent in developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_116_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5782417PMC
February 2018

The prevalence of restless leg syndrome among pregnant Saudi women.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):18-23

Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Division, Sleep Disorders Center, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Saud University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common among pregnant women, but it has not been documented in pregnant Saudi Arabian women. The main purpose of this study was to estimate the extent of the prevalence of RLS and identify both the associated factors and the associated risk factors among pregnant Saudi women.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women visiting obstetric clinics at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh (KAMC-Riyadh) over the period from June 1 to November 1, 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_123_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5782416PMC
February 2018
1 Read

Pilot study: Comparing efficacy of 14-day triple therapy Clarithromycin versus levofloxacin on eradication of infection in Syrian population single-center experience.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):14-17

Department of Digestive Disease, Damascus Hospital, Damascus, Syria.

Context: Goals: To compare the efficacy of standard triple therapy with clarithromycin versus triple therapy with levofloxacin for treatment of -positive infection in a referral hospital in Damascus, Syria.

Design: pilot prospective open-label randomized controlled trial.

Subjects And Methods: Eighty treatment-naive patients who tested positive for gastric infection were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups with randomization ratio of 50/50. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_70_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5782415PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

The Islamic tradition and health inequities: A preliminary conceptual model based on a systematic literature review of Muslim health-care disparities.

Avicenna J Med 2018 Jan-Mar;8(1):1-13

Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify mechanisms by which Islamic beliefs, values, and Muslim identity might contribute to health inequities among Muslim populations.

Methods: A systematic literature review of empirical studies in Medline from 1980 to 2009 was conducted. The search strategy used three terms covering health-care disparities, ethnicity, and location to uncover relevant papers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_134_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5782414PMC
February 2018
3 Reads

A new primary health-care system in the Syrian opposition territories: Good effort but far from being perfect.

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):189-192

Department of Neurology, Clinical Associate Professor, University of Alberta, Senior consultant Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Objectives: The primary health-care system in Syria has suffered a great deal of damage over the past 6 years. A large number of physicians and health-care providers have left the country. The objectives of this study are to describe our experience in establishing a primary health-care system in the opposition territories (OTs) in Syria and report the most common treated diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_67_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655651PMC
November 2017
18 Reads

Can acute-phase response biomarkers differentiate infection from inflammation postpediatric cardiac surgery?

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):182-188

Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Infection is a common serious complication postpediatric cardiac surgery. Diagnosis of infection after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is difficult in the presence of surgical stress, hemodynamic instability, and inflammatory reaction.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the value of available inflammatory biomarkers and its validity to differentiate infection from inflammation postpediatric cardiac surgery and to find the trend and the change in the level of these biomarkers shortly after cardiac surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_51_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655650PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Pediatric care during a short-term medical mission to a Syrian refugee camp in Northern Jordan.

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):176-181

Department of Pediatrics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Introduction: The Syrian refugee crisis, now in its 6 year, has displaced millions. Refugees depend on support from host nation governments and humanitarian organizations like the Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS). We describe the delivery of pediatric care during a SAMS short-term medical mission to a refugee camp in Northern Jordan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_100_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655649PMC
November 2017
1 Read

Gluten-free diet among school-age children in Olmsted County, Minnesota.

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):171-175

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of gluten-free diet (GFD) among school-age children in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and compare it with the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in the same age group.

Methods: We performed a population-based study in Olmsted County using a survey to collect information from the six school districts in the county for the academic year 2014-2015. The survey contained questions to (1) assess the prevalence of GFD among school-age children in the public schools of Olmsted County; (2) assess the prevalence of CD among school-age children in Olmsted County; and (3) determine the indications for GFD in these children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_42_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655648PMC
November 2017
1 Read

Awareness of health effects of exposure to secondhand smoke from cigarettes: A cross-sectional study of never-smoked adult primary care patients in Eastern Nigeria.

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):164-170

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria.

Background: Cigarette smoking whether actively or passively is a growing public health problem. Despite the wealth of information on the hazards of active cigarette smoking, awareness of the health effects of passive smoking on human population is often neglected in Nigeria.

Aim: The study was aimed at describing the awareness of health effects of exposure to secondhand smoke from cigarettes among never-smoked adult primary care patients in Eastern Nigeria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_23_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655647PMC
November 2017

Cardiac manifestations of Familial Mediterranean fever.

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):158-163

Department of Internal Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is autoinflammatory disorder characterized by sporadic attacks of fever, peritonitis, pleuritis, and arthritis. It is mainly seen in patients from Mediterranean origins, but it is now reported more frequently in Europe and North America due to immigration. To analyze the data on the cardiovascular manifestations in FMF patients, we searched PubMed using the terms "Familial Mediterranean Fever" or "FMF" in combination with other key words including "cardiovascular diseases" "pericardial diseases" "atherosclerosis" "coronary artery diseases" "cardiomyopathy" "pulmonary hypertension" or "valvular diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_78_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655646PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Adnexal masses in pregnancy: An updated review.

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):153-157

College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Adnexal masses in pregnancy are not commonly encountered. The majority of these masses are discovered incidentally during routine follow-up. However, some of these masses become symptomatic due to their size, location, and impingement of adjacent structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_22_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655645PMC
November 2017
8 Reads

Metastatic breast cancer: Endocrine therapy landscape reshaped.

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):144-152

Department of Medicine, West Virginia University Cancer Institute, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA.

Endocrine therapy (ET) of hormone receptor (HR)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-(HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC) historically focused on estrogen deprivation and antagonism. The identification of several intracellular pathways promoting resistance to antiestrogen therapy led to the introduction of novel endocrine drug combinations that reformed treatment schema and expanded therapeutic options. There is no doubt that efforts to overcome or delay resistance to ET are fruiting, particularly with the introduction of cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors such as palbociclib and ribociclib, and mechanistic target of rapamycin inhibitors such as everolimus. Read More

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http://www.avicennajmed.com/text.asp?2017/7/4/144/216482
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_20_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655644PMC
November 2017
1 Read

Minimizing nocebo effect: Pragmatic approach.

Avicenna J Med 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):139-143

Department of Cardiology, King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

The nocebo effect, the inverse of the placebo effect, is a well-established phenomenon, yet under-appreciated. It refers to nonpharmacological, harmful, or undesirable effects occurring after active or inactive therapy. The frequency of adverse events can dramatically increase by informing patients about the possible side effects of the treatment, and by negative expectations on the part of the patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajm.AJM_59_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5655643PMC
November 2017
1 Read

Retraction: Topical vasodilator response in skeletonized internal mammary artery: Is there really a difference?

Authors:

Avicenna J Med 2017 Jul-Sep;7(3):137

[This retracts the article on p. 23 in vol. 7, PMID: 28182034. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2231-0770.210055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5525470PMC