BMC Vet Res 2021 Jun 7;17(1):210. Epub 2021 Jun 7.
Department of Graduate Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL, 36088, USA.
Background: The poultry industry in Egypt has been suffering from endemic highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus, subtype H5N1 since 2006. However, the emergence of H9N2, H5N8, and H5N2 in 2011, 2016, and 2019 respectively, has aggravated the situation. Our objective was to evaluate how effective are the mitigation strategies by a Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) model which used daily outbreak data of HPAI-H5N1 subtype in Egypt, stratified by different successive epidemic waves from 2006 to 2016. Read More