10 results match your criteria Autopsy Rate and Physician Attitudes Toward Autopsy

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Attitudes of Nurses and Physicians About Clinical Autopsy in Neonatal and Adult Hospital Care: A Survey in Sweden.

Nurs Res 2015 Jul-Aug;64(4):264-71

Berit Mjörnheim, RN, MSc, is Lecturer; Anders Rosendahl, RN, MSc, is Lecturer; and Lennart C. Eriksson, MD, PhD, is Professor, Division of Pathology, Departmentof Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Christina Takman, RN, PhD, is Senior Lecturer, Division of Nursing, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The rate of autopsies has dropped to low levels in Western countries.

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences and attitudes of registered nurses (RNs) and physicians (MD) toward clinical autopsies in neonatal and adult hospital care in Sweden.

Methods: RNs and MDs in neonatal and adult care specialized clinics at a university-affiliated hospital in Sweden were surveyed. Read More

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September 2015

Attitudes toward the autopsy--an 8-state survey.

MedGenMed 2006 Sep 21;8(3):80. Epub 2006 Sep 21.

Strategy and Business Economics Division, Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Context: National autopsy rates have declined for several decades, and the reasons for such decline remain contentious.

Objective: To elicit the opinions of one group of crucial decision makers as to the reasons for this decline and possible modes of reversal.

Design: A 2-part survey, composed of multiple choice questions and questions requesting specific data on autopsy rates and costs. Read More

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September 2006

Are personnel in transplant hospitals in favor of cadaveric organ donation? Multivariate attitudinal study in a hospital with a solid organ transplant program.

Clin Transplant 2006 Nov-Dec;20(6):743-54

Coordinación Regional de Trasplantes de la Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia, Consejería de Sanidad, Murcia, Spain.

Introduction: A considerable number of professionals who work in a hospital could be against organ donation, which means that when the time comes, they could act as an obstacle to donation. The objective of this study was to analyze the attitude of hospital professionals toward organ donation and to determine the factors that influence this attitude in a Spanish center with a transplant program.

Materials And Methods: The study was carried out in a third-level Spanish hospital with a solid organ transplant program. Read More

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February 2007

Testosterone therapy for men at risk for or with history of prostate cancer.

Curr Treat Options Oncol 2006 Sep;7(5):363-9

Men's Health Boston Harvard Medical School, One Brookline Place, Suite #624, Brookline, MA 02445, USA.

Since the early 1940s when Huggins showed that severe reductions in serum testosterone by castration or estrogen therapy caused regression of prostate cancer (PCa), it has been assumed that higher testosterone levels cause enhanced growth of PCa. For this reason, it has been considered taboo to offer testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) to any man with a prior history of PCa, even if all objective evidence suggests he has been cured. The fear has been that higher testosterone levels would "awaken" dormant cells and cause a recurrence. Read More

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September 2006

Provider attitudes about gaining consent for perinatal autopsy.

Obstet Gynecol 2001 Jun;97(6):994-8

Department of Histopathology, and Division of Paediatric Medicine, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia.

Objective: To examine the attitudes of neonatologists, obstetricians, midwives, and neonatal nurses toward perinatal autopsy and survey physicians about whom they perceive influence women's decisions on autopsy consent.

Methods: A postal survey that incorporated a questionnaire of eight fictitious case scenarios and combined three factors (confidence of antemortem diagnosis, intention to have future pregnancy, and parental attitude toward autopsy) in various permutations was sent to various Australian physicians and nurses (all consultant neonatologists working in neonatal intensive care units and a sample of consultant obstetricians, midwives, and neonatal nurses in level III maternity hospitals). Respondents were asked to rate how likely they were to seek consent for or suggest autopsies on a seven-point Likert scale (1 = certainly will not, 7 = certainly will). Read More

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Medical students' attitudes toward autopsy. How does experience with autopsies influence opinion?

M A Sanner

Arch Pathol Lab Med 1995 Sep;119(9):851-8

Department of Social Medicine, Uppsala (Sweden) University.

Objective: To assess the attitudes of medical students and compare them with those of resident physicians and the public.

Design: A survey of medical students during the term following their pathology course. Data from this survey were compared with data from previous studies conducted with resident physicians and the public. Read More

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September 1995

Older community-dwelling adults' attitudes toward and practices of health promotion and advance planning activities.

J Am Geriatr Soc 1995 Jun;43(6):645-9

Division of Geriatrics, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence 02903, USA.

Objective: To describe the attitudes toward and practice of health prevention and advance planning measures by a group of community-dwelling older adults and to examine the effect of age on these practices.

Design: A descriptive study performed by mail survey.

Participants: Members of a research registry who were 65 years of age or older. Read More

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Attitudes of pediatricians and pediatric residents toward obtaining permission for autopsy.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1994 Aug;148(8):843-7

Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey.

Objective: To investigate attending physician and resident attitudes and factors affecting autopsy consent.

Methods: A validated, self-report, multiple-choice questionnaire was administered to 158 physicians.

Results: The overall response rate was 113 (72%), with 57 (85%) of 67 pediatric residents and 51 (56%) of 91 attending physicians responding. Read More

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Physicians' attitudes toward the autopsy of patients with AIDS.

N Y State J Med 1991 Sep;91(9):386-9

Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar Program, Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles.

In spite of the value of autopsy in modern medicine, autopsy rates continue to decline. This decline has been especially pronounced for patients who die of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In this paper, we assess the attitudes of house officers toward the autopsy in AIDS patients. Read More

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September 1991

Medicine without the autopsy.

G D Lundberg

Arch Pathol Lab Med 1984 Jun;108(6):449-54

Serious, deep, and long-standing problems now confront use of the autopsy and threaten its very existence at many medical institutions. Despite many changes in the way medicine is practiced, autopsies remain of great importance for purposes of education, justice, and quality of care. Pathologists should create change toward a greatly increased rate of cost-effective autopsies by changing the behavior of other physicians, institutions, and bureaucracies . Read More

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