168,646 results match your criteria Autoimmune Hepatitis


A robust pipeline with high replication rate for detection of somatic variants in the adaptive immune system as a source of common genetic variation in autoimmune disease.

Hum Mol Genet 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

KU Leuven - Department of Neurosciences, Laboratory for Neuroimmunology, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.

The role of somatic variants in diseases beyond cancer is increasingly being recognized, with potential roles in autoinflammatory and autoimmune diseases. However, as mutation rates and allele fractions are lower, studies in these diseases are substantially less tolerant of false positives and bio-informatics algorithms require high replication rates. We developed a pipeline combining two variant callers, MuTect2 and VarScan2, with technical filtering and prioritization. Read More

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December 2018

1,25‑Dihydroxyvitamin D regulates macrophage polarization and ameliorates experimental inflammatory bowel disease by suppressing miR-125b.

Int Immunopharmacol 2018 Dec 9;67:106-118. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Department of Immunology, Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang 157011, China; Key Laboratory of Tumor Prevention and Treatment of Heilongjiang Province, Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang 157011, China; Institute of Neural Tissue Engineering, Mudanjiang Medical University, Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang 157011, China. Electronic address:

Macrophages are highly plastic cells. Depending on stimulation, macrophages rapidly polarize to functionally distinct phenotypes that are involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). 1,25‑Dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)D) has immunomodulatory activity, and 1,25(OH)D deficiency is correlated with autoimmune diseases, especially IBD. Read More

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December 2018

Risk Factors for Pancreatic Stone Formation in Type 1 Autoimmune Pancreatitis: A Long-term Japanese Multicenter Analysis of 624 Patients.

Pancreas 2019 Jan;48(1):49-54

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Objective: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has the potential to transform into chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic stone involvement. This retrospective investigation sought to clarify the risk factors for stone formation in type 1 AIP.

Methods: Questionnaires on patients with type 1 AIP were sent to 22 high-volume medical centers across Japan to compare the clinical features of patients with and without pancreatic stone formation. Read More

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January 2019

Voluntary wheel running reveals sex specific nociceptive factors in murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

Pain 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G 2E1.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, neurodegenerative autoimmune disease associated with sensory and motor dysfunction. Although estimates vary, ∼50% of patients with MS experience pain during their disease. The mechanisms underlying the development of pain are not fully understood and no effective treatment for MS related pain is available. Read More

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December 2018

Neutrophils in lupus nephritis.

Curr Opin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Center for Excellence in Vascular Biology, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital & Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multiorgan autoimmune disease characterized by IgG-autoantibodies to nuclear antigens that can deposit in the kidney and trigger lupus nephritis. Neutrophils accumulate in the kidneys of patients with proliferative LUPUS NEPHRITIS and neutrophil products and a subset of granulocytes, called low-density granulocytes (LDG) may contribute to lupus nephritis pathogenesis. Here, we will discuss recent studies implicating neutrophils in the pathogenesis of human SLE nephritis and then examine studies that provide mechanistic insights into how these cells are recruited to the glomerulus following immune complex deposition and how their products may promote lupus nephritis. Read More

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December 2018

PD-1 Polymorphisms Are Associated with Susceptibility of Acute Anterior Uveitis in Chinese Population.

DNA Cell Biol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

1 The Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University , Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China .

Acute anterior uveitis (AAU) is an ordinary type of uveitis, which is an autoimmune disease produced by T cells. Programmed apoptosis protein 1 (PD-1) is a vital negative regulatory protein of immune tolerance. We detect the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs41386349, rs10204525, and rs2227982 of PD-1 to investigate the correlation between PD-1 polymorphisms and AAU. Read More

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December 2018

Distinct Binding Characteristics of Pathogenic Anti-Platelet Factor-4/Polyanion Antibodies to Antigens Coated on Different Substrates: A Perspective on Clinical Application.

ACS Nano 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute for Immunology and Transfusion Medicine , University Medicine Greifswald , 17475 Greifswald , Germany.

The polyanion heparin, which is frequently used in patients, complexes with the platelet-derived cationic chemokine platelet factor (PF4, CXCL4). This results in the formation of anti-PF4/heparin antibodies (anti-PF4/H Abs). Anti-PF4/H Abs are classified into three groups: (i) nonpathogenic Abs (group 1) with no clinical relevance; (ii) pathogenic heparin-dependent Abs (group 2), which activate platelets and can cause the severe adverse drug effect heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT); and (iii) pathogenic autoimmune-HIT Abs (group 3), in which group 3 anti-PF4/H Abs causes a HIT-like autoimmune disease in the absence of heparin. Read More

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December 2018

One-pot stapling of interchain disulfides of antibodies using an isobutylene motif.

Org Biomol Chem 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, CB2 1EW Cambridge, UK. and Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Egas Moniz, 1649-028 Lisboa, Portugal.

Monoclonal antibodies have emerged as an important class of therapeutics in oncological and autoimmune diseases due to their several attractive properties, such as high binding affinity and specificity. However, it has recently become clear that antibodies recovered from serum show a significantly decreased potency owing to various reasons, including deamidation, oxidation, fragment antigen binding (Fab) exchange, and disulfide shuffling. Fab exchange and disulfide shuffling result because of the instability of disulfides in serum. Read More

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December 2018

New-Onset Geriatric Epilepsy in China: A Single-Center Study.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2018 Dec;131(24):2915-2920

Department of Neurology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

Background: Few studies have been published on new-onset geriatric epilepsy especially in older Chinese people. This study was to have a comprehensive understanding of new-onset geriatric epilepsy and find a more reasonable diagnosis and management of epilepsy in older people.

Methods: One hundred and three patients with onset age 60 years and older were admitted between January 2008 and December 2016. Read More

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December 2018
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The metabolic signature of Primary Biliary Cholangitis and its comparison with Coeliac Disease.

J Proteome Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic autoimmune liver disease characterized by ongoing inflammatory destruction of the interlobular bile ducts, eventually leading to chronic cholestasis and biliary cirrhosis. This study primarily aims to define the metabolomic signature of PBC after comparison with healthy controls (HC). Secondly it aims at evaluating the possible metabolic association between PBC and coeliac disease (CD), an immune-mediated disorder frequently associated with PBC. Read More

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December 2018
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Determination of Rheumatoid Factors by ELISA.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:263-270

Department of Autoimmunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

IgM and IgA autoantibodies binding to IgG are called rheumatoid factors (RFs) and occur with high frequency in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and with lower frequency in other autoimmune diseases. RFs have diagnostic and prognostic value in RA, but they also have a high potential to cause false positive reactions in other immunoassays, especially sandwich assays. For these reasons it is imperative to be able to measure RFs in serum samples from patients suspected of RA or other autoimmune diseases and in serum samples to be analyzed by sandwich immunoassay for various clinical parameters. Read More

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January 2019

Determination of Autoantibodies by Line Immunoblotting.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:255-262

Department of Autoimmunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Autoantibody detection is a useful and obligatory tool for clinicians and researchers in diagnosing autoimmune diseases. Line blotting is a simple, sensitive, and flexible technique for fast semiquantitative detection of multiple antibodies. Line blotting enables the detection of antibodies on membrane strips coated with thin parallel lines of several purified, biochemically characterized antigens, which are fixed onto a synthetic support. Read More

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January 2019

Detection of SSA and SSB Antibodies Associated with Primary Sjögren's Syndrome Using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:229-237

Department of Autoimmunology and Biomarkers, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Antibodies to Ro52/Ro60 (SSA) and La (SSB) are strongly associated to the autoimmune disease primary Sjögren's syndrome and are important in the serologic diagnosis of the disease. Several methods for detection of these antibodies exist such as indirect immunofluorescence, commercial western blot kits, in-house assays, and numerous commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Dependent on the type of assay, sensitivity and specificity may vary notably. Read More

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January 2019

Measurement of Autoantibodies to Gastric H+,K+-ATPase (ATP4A/B) Using a Luciferase Immunoprecipitation System (LIPS).

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:113-131

Division of Genetics and Cell Biology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.

The Luciferase Immuno Precipitation System (LIPS) enables the detection of specific serum antibodies by immunoprecipitation of recombinant antigens tagged with a luciferase reporter. Here we describe LIPS assays for the quantification of autoantibodies to the H+, K+-ATPase A (ATP4A) and B (ATP4B) subunits, two serological markers of autoimmune atrophic gastritis and pernicious anemia. In particular, we will describe the expression of luciferase-tagged recombinant ATP4A and ATP4B, their immunoprecipitation with test sera, the recovery and washing of immune-complexes with a protein-A coated resin, and the quantification of autoantibodies by addition of a luciferase substrate and the measurement of the light output from captured luciferase-tagged antigens. Read More

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January 2019

Determination of Autoantibodies to Salivary Gland Antigens.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:103-112

UCLA School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a systemic autoimmune disease marked by dry mouth/dry eye symptoms as a result of the destruction of the salivary and lacrimal glands. Patients with pSS may be at risk for the development of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Testing of autoantibodies in the oral fluid of patients with pSS or MALT lymphoma using immunoassays may lead to a simple and noninvasive clinical tool for diagnostic or prognostic applications. Read More

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January 2019

Determination of Subset-Restricted Anti-neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies (ANCA) by Immunofluorescence Cytochemistry.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:63-77

Oral Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Neutrophils have long been considered a homogeneous cell type where all circulating cells of a particular individual express the same proteins. Lately, however, this view is changing and distinct neutrophil subsets, defined by the presence or absence of different proteins, are being increasingly recognized. At least two separate protein markers, CD177 and Olfactomedin-4 (OLFM4) are known to be expressed by some, but not all, circulating neutrophils of a given individual. Read More

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January 2019

Nonspecific Binding in Immunoassays for Autoantibodies.

Authors:
Gunnar Houen

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:13-17

Department of Autoimmunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Immunoassays are invaluable for detection and quantification of numerous analytes, including autoantibodies. However, human sera often yield high nonspecific binding in such assays, and this may result in false positive or sometimes false negative results. The causes of nonspecific binding are numerous and it correlates with inflammatory parameters. Read More

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January 2019

Autoantibodies as Diagnostic Tools.

Authors:
Gunnar Houen

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1901:1-11

Department of Autoimmunology, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Autoimmune diseases are very diverse and include many common diseases of unknown etiology.Diagnosis can be challenging but can be facilitated by the identification of characteristic autoantibodies (AuAbs), which are present in varying frequencies. Identification of such AuAbs requires a range of different techniques, depending on the autoantigens in question. Read More

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January 2019

Epitope Mapping via Phage Display from Single-Gene Libraries.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1904:353-375

Abteilung Biotechnologie, Institut für Biochemie, Biotechnologie und Bioinformatik, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.

Antibodies are widely used in a large variety of research applications, for diagnostics and therapy of numerous diseases, primarily cancer and autoimmune diseases. Antibodies are binding specifically to target structures (antigens). The antigen-binding properties are not only dependent on the antibody sequence, but also on the discrete antigen region recognized by the antibody (epitope). Read More

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January 2019

An Efficient Method to Generate Monoclonal Antibodies from Human B Cells.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1904:109-145

Department of Medicine, Section of Rheumatology, The Knapp Center for Lupus and Immunology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

In the age of personalized medicine, an efficient method to generate monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is essential for biomedical and immunotherapeutic research. Numerous aspects of basic B-cell biology can be studied at the monoclonal level, including B-cell development, antibody responses to infection or vaccination, and autoimmune responses. Single-cell B-cell receptor cloning allows for the rapid generation of antigen-specific mAbs in a matter of several weeks. Read More

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January 2019

IgM Natural Autoantibodies in Physiology and the Treatment of Disease.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1904:53-81

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Antibodies are vital components of the adaptive immune system for the recognition and response to foreign antigens. However, some antibodies recognize self-antigens in healthy individuals. These autoreactive antibodies may modulate innate immune functions. Read More

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January 2019

Inflammation-Nature's Way to Efficiently Respond to All Types of Challenges: Implications for Understanding and Managing "the Epidemic" of Chronic Diseases.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2018 27;5:316. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Siloed or singular system approach to disease management is common practice, developing out of traditional medical school education. Textbooks of medicine describe a huge number of discrete diseases, usually in a systematic fashion following headings like etiology, pathology, investigations, differential diagnoses, and management. This approach suggests that the body has a multitude of ways to respond to harmful incidences. Read More

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November 2018
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Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria in an Adult with Respiratory Syncytial Virus.

Case Rep Hematol 2018 13;2018:7586719. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) is a rare form of cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia first discovered in the early 20th century in adults with tertiary syphilis. Today, it is more commonly seen in children as a life-threatening anemia during a viral upper respiratory tract infection (URI). Although respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has previously been reported to cause PCH in a child, herein we present the first documented case in an adult. Read More

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November 2018

Antibodies to and reproductive health issues in women with SLE: a case-control study.

Lupus Sci Med 2018 21;5(1):e000293. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Department of Immunology and Allergy, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: SLE is an autoimmune condition affecting predominantly women. Little is known regarding infection in women with SLE, which may drive autoimmunity and contribute to obstetrical and vascular complications.

Methods: This single-centre, case-control study set primary endpoint in the comparative seropositivity rate to major outer membrane protein (MOMP) and chlamydial heat-shock protein-60 (cHSP60) in age-matched subjects. Read More

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November 2018
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Tacrolimus in non-Asian patients with SLE: a real-life experience from three European centres.

Lupus Sci Med 2018 2;5(1):e000274. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rheumatology Unit, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Objectives: To analyse the real-life practice on the use of Tacrolimus (TAC) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from three European SLE referral centres.

Methods: Adult patients with SLE regularly followed at three European referral centres were included. Demographics, cumulative organ involvement, treatment history, Systemic Lupus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), laboratory features and physician's judgement were collected at baseline and at 3-6-12 months after starting TAC. Read More

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November 2018

Groove Pancreatitis Masquerading as Pancreatic Carcinoma-Detected on F-FDG PET/CT.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Dec 20;52(6):473-474. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

2Department of Gastroenterology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Groove pancreatitis is a rare form of chronic pancreatitis that affects the groove area adjacent to the second part of the duodenum. Clinical and biochemical features often overlap with other subsets of chronic pancreatitis, while the imaging features resemble that of carcinoma of the head of pancreas. We present a 38-year-old man with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and loss of weight who underwent F-FDG PET/CT to rule out a pancreatic malignancy. Read More

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December 2018

Revisiting the Concept of Targeting NFAT to Control T Cell Immunity and Autoimmune Diseases.

Front Immunol 2018 27;9:2747. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Life Science, College of Natural Sciences, Hanyang University, Seoul, South Korea.

The nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) family of transcription factors, which includes NFAT1, NFAT2, and NFAT4, are well-known to play important roles in T cell activation. Most of NFAT proteins are controlled by calcium influx upon T cell receptor and costimulatory signaling results increase of IL-2 and IL-2 receptor. NFAT3 however is not shown to be expressed in T cells and NFAT5 has not much highlighted in T cell functions yet. Read More

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November 2018

Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy With Concurrent Membranous Nephropathy: An Anti-paranode and Podocyte Protein Antibody Study and Literature Survey.

Front Neurol 2018 27;9:997. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Several case reports have described the concurrence of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and membranous nephropathy (MN). The presence of autoantibodies against podocyte antigens phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) and thrombospondin type 1 domain containing 7A (THSD7A) in MN suggests an autoimmune mechanism. Some CIDP patients also harbor autoantibodies against paranodal proteins such as neurofascin 155 (NF155) and contactin-1 (CNTN1). Read More

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November 2018

Bidirectional Role of β2-Adrenergic Receptor in Autoimmune Diseases.

Front Pharmacol 2018 27;9:1313. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Key Laboratory of Anti-Inflammatory and Immune Medicine, Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center of Anti-Inflammatory and Immune Medicine, Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Disorder of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is closely related to the pathogenesis of various autoimmune diseases (ADs). Catecholamine triggered beta2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) signaling is important in creating a bidirectional response in the progression of ADs due to factors including diverse expression patterns, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), biased signals, and desensitization of β2-AR, as well as different subtypes of Gα binding to β2-AR. In this review, we summarize the actions of β2-AR signaling in regulating the functions of immunocytes and in the pathogenesis of ADs, and the application of β2-AR agonists or antagonists in treating major types of ADs is also discussed. Read More

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November 2018

A 10-point plan for avoiding hyaluronic acid dermal filler-related complications during facial aesthetic procedures and algorithms for management.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2018 23;11:603-611. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Institute of Medical and Biomedical Education, St George's University of London, London, UK.

The recent rapid growth in dermal filler use, in conjunction with inadequate product and injector control, has heralded a concerning increase in filler complications. The 10-point plan has been developed to minimize complications through careful preconsideration of causative factors, categorized as patient, product, and procedure related. Patient-related factors include history, which involves a preprocedural consultation with careful elucidation of skin conditions, systemic disease, medications, and previous cosmetic procedures. Read More

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November 2018
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Structural and functional comparability study of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody with reference product.

Biologics 2018 23;12:159-170. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited, Tandalja, Vadodara 390 012, India,

Background: Cell surface protein, CD20, is extensively expressed on the surface of B cells. Antibodies targeting CD20 protein are being used to treat B-cell malignancies and B-cell mediated autoimmune diseases. Considering the cost of therapy with innovator monoclonal antibodies for these diseases, development of biosimilar products for the treatment of such diseases provides affordable solution to rising healthcare costs. Read More

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November 2018

[Odd Aspects of Hemochromatosis, a Widespread Disease].

Praxis (Bern 1994) 2018 ;107(25):1413-1418

1 Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, St. Gallen.

Odd Aspects of Hemochromatosis, a Widespread Disease Abstract. This case series is written to investigate the odd aspects of hemochromatosis, a frequently encountered disease in our latitudes (and even a widespread disease in Ireland). One patient presented with bilateral digital artery occlusion and another one with bilateral rib fractures. Read More

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January 2018

Collagen II-primed Foxp3 Transduced T Cells Ameliorate Collagen-induced Arthritis in Rats: The Effect of Antigenic Priming on T Regulatory Cell Function.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018 Aug 12;17(4):361-371. Epub 2018 Aug 12.

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Molecular Immunology Research Center, Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a major role in the prevention of autoimmune diseases. Transfer of Foxp3 gene into conventional T cells converts their phenotype to regulatory T cells. Therefore, the question arises as to whether adoptively transferred in vitro differentiated Treg cells specific for a locally expressed antigen might have better inhibitory effects on the progression of the disease as compared with antigen-nonspecific T reg cells. Read More

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GPCR-specific autoantibody signatures are associated with physiological and pathological immune homeostasis.

Nat Commun 2018 12 6;9(1):5224. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, 23538, Germany.

Autoantibodies have been associated with autoimmune diseases. However, studies have identified autoantibodies in healthy donors (HD) who do not develop autoimmune disorders. Here we provide evidence of a network of immunoglobulin G (IgG) autoantibodies targeting G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) in HD compared to patients with systemic sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and ovarian cancer. Read More

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December 2018

Natural products: Potential therapeutic agents in multiple sclerosis.

Int Immunopharmacol 2018 Dec 8;67:87-97. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Murad Research Center for Modernized Chinese Medicine, Institute of Interdisciplinary Integrative Medicine Research, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China; Key Laboratory of Smart Drug Delivery, Fudan University, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 201203, China. Electronic address:

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune neurodegenerative disease, which usually caused by inflammation, demyelination, and axonal injury. The currently available medications for multiple sclerosis do not directly promote myelin sheath repair. Therefore, many researches have attempted to achieve better therapeutic effects through promoting remyelination. Read More

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December 2018

Health utility scores of atopic dermatitis in US adults.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR.

Background: The impact of atopic dermatitis (AD) on health related quality of life and health utility in the United States adult population is not well-established.

Objectives: To determine the health utilities and quality of life adjusted years (QALYs) lost in adults with vs. without AD among the US population. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia following hematopoietic stem cell transplant: A critical review of the literature.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2018 Dec 10:e27569. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Hematology/Oncology Section, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Autoimmune cytopenias (AIC) post-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) are rare but exceptionally challenging complication. We conducted a comprehensive literature review and identified a pooled incidence of post-HSCT autoimmune hemolytic anemia and/or immune thrombocytopenia of 2.66% (SE = 0. Read More

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December 2018

An in vitro assessment for evaluating the efficiency of β-d-mannuronic acid (M2000) in myelodysplastic syndrome.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Immunology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

β-d-Mannuronic acid (M2000), a novel non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with immunosuppressive properties, has been previously shown to exhibit potential therapeutic effects on autoimmune diseases. Immunosuppression therapy has been a standard approach for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) for many years. We evaluated the effect of M2000 on isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with MDS. Read More

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December 2018
3.839 Impact Factor

Human anti-NKp46 antibody for studies of NKp46-dependent NK cell function and its applications for type 1 diabetes and cancer research.

Eur J Immunol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

The Lautenberg Center for General and Tumor Immunology, The BioMedical Research Institute Israel Canada of the Faculty of Medicine (IMRIC), The Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, 91120, Jerusalem, Israel.

Natural Killer (NK) cells are innate lymphocytes that efficiently eliminate cancerous and infected cells. NKp46 is an important NK activating receptor shown to participate in recognition and activation of NK cells against pathogens, tumor cells, virally infected cells, and self-cells in autoimmune conditions, including type I and II diabetes. However, some of the NKp46 ligands are unknown and therefore investigating human NKp46 activity and its critical role in NK cell biology is problematic. Read More

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December 2018

Molecular and cellular basis of depigmentation in vitiligo patients.

Exp Dermatol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Institut Curie, PSL Research University, INSERM U1021, Normal and Pathological Development of Melanocytes, Orsay, France.

Vitiligo is a chronic skin disease characterized by the appearance of zones of depigmentation. It is mostly described as an autoimmune disease in which the immune system destroys the melanocytes. Consistent with this origin, genetic studies have implicated genes encoding proteins mediating the immune response targeting melanocytes in the etiology of this disease, together with proteins specific to these cells. Read More

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December 2018
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Dimethyl fumarate: Regulatory effects on the immune system in the treatment of multiple sclerosis.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an important oral treatment option for various autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and psoriasis. DMF and its dynamic metabolite, monomethyl fumarate (MMF) are the major compounds that exert therapeutic effects on several pathologic conditions in part, through downregulation of immune responses. The exact mechanism of DMF is yet to be fully understood even though its beneficial effects on the immune system are extensively studied. Read More

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December 2018
3.839 Impact Factor

In vitro modulatory effect of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate on apoptosis and expression of apoptosis-related genes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Rheumatology Diseases Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematosus‌ (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by hyperactive B cells that produce various autoantibodies. Sex hormones have been documented to influence the development of SLE, in which women with SLE have low plasma level of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS). A strong conclusion about the effect of DHEAS on apoptosis in SLE patients has not been provided. Read More

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December 2018

[Crazy Paving Pattern of the Lung].

Pneumologie 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Abteilung für Pneumologie, Fachklinik für Lungenerkrankungen Donaustauf, Donaustauf.

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare pulmonary disease. PAP results from impaired surfactant clearance. In adults, autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is present in 90 - 95 % of the cases. Read More

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December 2018

Genetics of Inflammasomes.

Exp Suppl 2018 ;108:321-341

Laboratório de Imunogenética, Departamento de Imunologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Mutations in inflammasome genes are responsible for rare monogenic and polygenic autoinflammatory diseases. On the other side, genetic polymorphisms in the same molecules contribute to the development of common multifactorial diseases (i.e. Read More

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January 2018

Prognosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia in critically ill patients.

Ann Hematol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Medical Intensive Care Unit, Saint-Louis Teaching Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, France.

Patients with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) may require intensive care unit (ICU) admission. In order to describe the characteristics of AIHA patients in ICU and identify prognosis factors, clinical and biological data from 44 patients admitted in one ICU between 2002 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The main reasons for ICU admission were profound anemia without any organ failure in 19 patients (either for safer transfusion or continuous monitoring only). Read More

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December 2018

Pulmonary hypertension in Spanish patients with systemic sclerosis. Data from the RESCLE registry.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Autoimmune Diseases Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Our objective was to evaluate the pulmonary hypertension (PH) data for Spanish patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), define the PH types and determine the associated factors.

Method: Descriptive study of PH-related data from the multicentre RESCLE registry. Estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (esPAP), measured via echocardiogram was considered elevated if ≥ 35 mmHg. Read More

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December 2018

[Clinical picture and diagnosis of neurotrophic keratopathy].

Authors:
E M Messmer

Ophthalmologe 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Augenklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Mathildenstr. 8, 80336, München, Deutschland.

Background: Neurotrophic keratopathy is characterized by corneal surface alterations, persistent corneal epithelial defects and/or corneal ulcerations associated with corneal sensory abnormalities. Due to the variable clinical picture neurotrophic keratopathy is often overlooked or diagnosed too late in the course of the disease.

Objective: Discussion of the clinical picture of neurotrophic keratopathy and recommendations for correct diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The MAGI2 gene polymorphism rs2160322 is associated with Graves' disease but not with Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

J Endocrinol Invest 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Emergency, Jinshan Hospital of Fudan University, No. 1508 Longhang Road, Jinshan District, Shanghai, 201508, China.

Purpose: Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) are chronic organ-specific autoimmune disorders, predominantly including Graves' disease (GD), and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). This study aimed to investigate whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MAGI2 and MAGI3 gene contributed to the etiology of AITDs.

Methods: We conducted a case-control study including 1001 patients with AITDs (625 GD, 376 HT) and 846 healthy controls. Read More

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December 2018

Macrophage activation syndrome in a patient with axial spondyloarthritis on adalimumab.

Clin Rheumatol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA.

Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a rare and potentially fatal condition characterized by excessive activation and uncontrolled proliferation of T lymphocytes and macrophages, leading to overwhelming systemic inflammation and cytokine release. MAS has been reported with viral infections, autoimmune disorders, malignancies, and medications. We describe a case of a patient with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) treated with adalimumab, who presented with MAS. Read More

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December 2018

Lack of the pH-sensing Receptor TDAG8 [GPR65] in Macrophages Plays a Detrimental Role in Murine Models of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

J Crohns Colitis 2018 Oct 9. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Zürich, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Tissue inflammation in inflammatory bowel diseases [IBD] is associated with local acidification. Genetic variants in the pH-sensing G protein-coupled receptor 65, also known as T cell death-associated gene 8 [TDAG8], have been implicated in IBD and other autoimmune diseases. Since the role of TDAG8 in intestinal inflammation remains unclear, we investigated the function of TDAG8 using murine colitis models. Read More

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October 2018
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