1,201 results match your criteria Autism[Journal]


UK parents' experiences of their child receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review of the qualitative evidence.

Autism 2019 Apr 17:1362361319841488. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Nottingham, UK.

The purpose of this article is to systematically identify, appraise and synthesise qualitative research concerning UK parents' experiences of their child receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. In total, 11 articles were located through a systematic search of five databases, reference lists, citations and grey literature. These were critically appraised and their results synthesised using meta-ethnography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319841488DOI Listing

International comparisons of autism spectrum disorder behaviors in preschoolers rated by parents and caregivers/teachers.

Autism 2019 Apr 17:1362361319839151. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

2 University of Vermont, USA.

This study tested international similarities and differences in scores on a scale comprising 12 items identified by international mental health experts as being very consistent with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) category of autism spectrum disorder. Participants were 19,850 preschoolers in 24 societies rated by parents on the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5; 10,521 preschoolers from 15 societies rated by caregivers/teachers on the Caregiver-Teacher Report Form, and 7380 children from 13 societies rated by both types of informant. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319839151DOI Listing

Broader autism phenotype and couple interactions in parents of children with autism.

Autism 2019 Apr 17:1362361319841312. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

The broader autism phenotype refers to sub-clinical autism spectrum disorder characteristics involving socially and emotionally aloof and rigid personality traits and social communication difficulties. Relatives of individuals with autism spectrum disorder, including parents, evidence an increased rate of broader autism phenotype. The goal of this study was to evaluate the association between actor (one's own) and partner (their partner's) broader autism phenotype and the self-reported, observed, and physiological (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319841312DOI Listing

Resilience in autism: Research and practice prospects.

Autism 2019 Apr;23(3):539-541

Child and Youth Mental Health Collaborative, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319842964DOI Listing

The therapeutic alliance in cognitive-behavioral therapy for school-aged children with autism and clinical anxiety.

Autism 2019 Apr 8:1362361319841197. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

University of California Los Angeles, USA.

Little is known about the alliance between therapists and children with autism spectrum disorder who are receiving psychological therapies in outpatient treatment settings. This study examined the therapeutic alliance in children with autism spectrum disorder and clinical anxiety, who were receiving cognitive behavioral therapy in a randomized, controlled trial. The Therapeutic Alliance Scale for Children was administered to a sample of children and youth with autism spectrum disorder and anxiety ( N = 64; aged 7-14) as well as to their parents and therapists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319841197DOI Listing

Use, costs, and predictors of psychiatric healthcare services following an autism spectrum diagnosis: Population-based cohort study.

Autism 2019 Apr 4:1362361319840229. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

1 University of Montreal, Canada.

A number of cross-sectional studies report extensive use of psychiatric services and high healthcare costs in autistic youths. However, little is known about how the use of these services evolves from the time of diagnosis, as children grow up. Our objectives were to investigate the use, costs, and predictors of psychiatric services following autism spectrum diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319840229DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Altered bodily self-consciousness and peripersonal space in autism.

Autism 2019 Apr 3:1362361319838950. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

1 Anglia Ruskin University, UK.

There is some evidence that disordered self-processing in autism spectrum disorders is linked to the social impairments characteristic of the condition. To investigate whether bodily self-consciousness is altered in autism spectrum disorders as a result of multisensory processing differences, we tested responses to the full body illusion and measured peripersonal space in 22 adults with autism spectrum disorders and 29 neurotypical adults. In the full body illusion set-up, participants wore a head-mounted display showing a view of their 'virtual body' being stroked synchronously or asynchronously with respect to felt stroking on their back. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319838950DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Factors underlying cross-cultural differences in stigma toward autism among college students in Lebanon and the United States.

Autism 2019 Apr 3:1362361318823550. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

5 Lebanese American University, Lebanon.

Although stigma negatively impacts autistic people globally, the degree of stigma varies across cultures. Prior research suggests that stigma may be higher in cultures with more collectivistic orientations. This study aimed to identify cultural values and other individual differences that contribute to cross-cultural differences in autism stigma (assessed with a social distance scale) between college students in Lebanon ( n = 556) and those in the United States ( n = 520). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318823550DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The AASPIRE practice-based guidelines for the inclusion of autistic adults in research as co-researchers and study participants.

Autism 2019 Apr 3:1362361319830523. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

3 Community Council, Academic Autism Spectrum Partnership in Research and Education, Portland, OR, USA.

As interest in autism in adulthood grows, so does the need for methods to promote the inclusion of autistic adults in research. Our objective was to create practice-based guidelines for the inclusion of autistic adults, both as research team members and as study participants. We conducted an institutional ethnography of three closely related research partnerships that used participatory methods with autistic adults over the years 2006-2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319830523DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder: Another name for the Broad Autism Phenotype?

Autism 2019 Apr 1:1362361318822503. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Rutgers University, USA.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' (5th ed.) Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder is meant to capture the social elements of communication dysfunction in children who do not meet autism spectrum disorder criteria. It is unclear whether Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder captures these elements without overlapping with Autism Spectrum Disorder or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders' (5th ed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318822503DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Parents' perceptions of raising children with autism spectrum disorders in the United States and Arab countries: A comparative review.

Autism 2019 Mar 28:1362361319833929. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

1 The University of Jordan, Jordan.

Four databases were searched to identify studies published by Arab researchers on parents' perceptions of autism spectrum disorder and studies conducted by US researchers and published in systematic reviews of this topic. The electronic search resulted in 14 studies published by Arab researchers and 55 studies published by US researchers. The results showed that autism spectrum disorder has many of the same effects on Arab and American families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319833929DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Parents' views and experiences of talking about autism with their children.

Autism 2019 Mar 27:1362361319836257. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

2 Macquarie University, Australia.

The way an autism diagnosis is disclosed to parents has been found to play a crucial role in their acceptance of, and the way they cope with, their child's diagnosis. Yet, research into parents' subsequent experiences of disclosing a diagnosis to their children, and talking to their families about autism more generally, is limited. Using an online survey, the current study examined 558 parents' experiences of talking about autism with their autistic and non-autistic children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319836257DOI Listing

Leadership profiles associated with the implementation of behavioral health evidence-based practices for autism spectrum disorder in schools.

Autism 2019 Mar 27:1362361319834398. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

3 University of Washington, USA.

Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the education system is a public health priority. Leadership is a critical driver of EBP implementation but little is known about the types of leadership behaviors exhibited by school leaders and how this influences the context of EBP implementation, particularly for students with ASD. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the leadership profiles of principals involved in EBP implementation for students with ASD and (2) how these leadership profiles related to school characteristics and implementation climate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319834398DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Assuming ability of youth with autism: Synthesis of methods capturing the first-person perspectives of children and youth with disabilities.

Autism 2019 Mar 27:1362361319831487. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 McGill University, Canada.

Most research regarding youth with autism spectrum disorder has not focused on their first-person perspectives providing limited insight into methodologies best suited to eliciting their voices. We conducted a synthesis of methods previously used to obtain the first-person perspectives of youth with various disabilities, which may be applicable to youth with autism spectrum disorder. Two-hundred and eighty-four articles met the inclusion criteria of our scoping review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319831487DOI Listing

Familial confounding on the ability to read minds: A co-twin control study.

Autism 2019 Mar 21:1362361319836380. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

1 Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

Alterations in social cognition are hypothesized to underlie social communication challenges in autism spectrum disorder. However, the etiologic underpinnings driving this association, as well as the impact of other psychiatric conditions on the association, remain unclear. Using a co-twin control design, we examined n = 308 twins (mean age = 16. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319836380DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Needs, strain, coping, and mental health among caregivers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder: A moderated mediation analysis.

Autism 2019 Mar 20:1362361319833678. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

2 Virginia Tech, USA.

This study investigated the relationships among caregiving strain, coping, and mental health among caregivers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the mediational moderation of caregiver needs. One hundred and ninety-three caregivers of individuals with ASD completed an online survey. Results showed that maladaptive coping behaviors were significant in mediating the relationship between strain and mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319833678DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Assessment of racial and ethnic bias in autism spectrum disorder prevalence estimates from a US surveillance system.

Autism 2019 Mar 20:1362361319827510. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

1 University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

This study assessed potential under-ascertainment of autism spectrum disorder due to missing administrative information for Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black children within the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network. We analyzed data from two Network sites (Colorado and Wisconsin) for surveillance years 2012 and 2014 to determine whether children excluded from autism spectrum disorder prevalence estimates due to missing residency and other information differed from those included by race and ethnicity. We used multiple approaches to impute missing information to evaluate impacts on racial and ethnic disparities in autism spectrum disorder prevalence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319827510DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Conceptualizing bullying in children with autism spectrum disorder: Using a mixed model to differentiate behavior types and identify predictors.

Autism 2019 Mar 19:1362361318813997. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Binghamton University, State University of New York, USA.

Children with autism spectrum disorder experience bullying more frequently than their typical peers. Inconsistent definitions for and imprecise measurement of bullying in the literature impede a better understanding of this difference, and multiple types of bullying topographies create additional dimensions for analysis. In this study, participants rated the severity of bullying depicted in written vignettes of child-dyadic interactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318813997DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Longitudinal stability of reading profiles in individuals with higher functioning autism.

Autism 2019 Mar 13:1362361318812423. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

3 University of California, Davis, USA.

The reading difficulties of individuals with autism spectrum disorders have been established in the literature, with particular attention drawn toward reading comprehension difficulties. Recent papers have highlighted the heterogeneous nature of reading abilities in this population by utilizing statistical methods that allow for investigations of unique reading profiles. This article extends this literature by investigating reading profiles longitudinally, to investigate the stability of reader profiles across time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318812423DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Actual and perceived speedy diagnoses are associated with mothers' unresolved reactions to a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder for a child.

Autism 2019 Mar 12:1362361319833676. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

2 Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, UK.

Reaction to a child's diagnosis can strongly affect the parent, but little is known about the aspects of the diagnostic process associated with such reactions. The pre-diagnostic levels of anxiety, depression, and parenting stress of 67 volunteer mothers of children subsequently diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder were assessed, along with the children's functioning. The speed and number of professionals involved in the diagnosis were recorded, and mothers completed a post-diagnosis assessment of their perceptions of the process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319833676DOI Listing

Variability in first impressions of autistic adults made by neurotypical raters is driven more by characteristics of the rater than by characteristics of autistic adults.

Autism 2019 Mar 8:1362361318824104. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

1 The University of Texas at Dallas, USA.

Previous work indicates that first impressions of autistic adults are more favorable when neurotypical raters know their clinical diagnosis and have high understanding about autism, suggesting that social experiences of autistic adults are affected by the knowledge and beliefs of the neurotypical individuals they encounter. Here, we examine these patterns in more detail by assessing variability in first impression ratings of autistic adults ( N = 20) by neurotypical raters ( N = 505). Variability in ratings was driven more by characteristics of raters than those of autistic adults, particularly for items related to "intentions to interact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318824104DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Autism severity, co-occurring psychopathology, and intellectual functioning predict supportive school services for youth with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2019 Mar 8:1362361318809690. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Stony Brook University, USA.

Supportive school services are a primary service modality for youth with autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder, as well as co-occurring psychiatric symptoms and low intellectual abilities, interfere with academic achievement and therefore influence decisions about school services. Therefore, we examined the association of parent, teacher, and clinician ratings of autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring psychiatric symptom severity and intellectual functioning with school services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318809690DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Separate contributions of autistic traits and anxious apprehension, but not alexithymia, to emotion processing in faces.

Autism 2019 Mar 8:1362361319830090. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

3 Brigham Young University, USA.

Reduced eye fixation has been commonly reported in autistic samples but may be at least partially explained by alexithymia (i.e., difficulty understanding and describing one's emotional state). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319830090DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

He said, she said: Autism spectrum diagnosis and gender differentially affect relationships between executive functions and social communication.

Autism 2019 Mar 1:1362361318815639. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

1 Department of Psychiatry at the School of Medicine, Ireland.

Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulties with social communication, with a preponderance in males. Evidence supports a relationship between metacognitive executive functions (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318815639DOI Listing

'I definitely feel more in control of my life': The perspectives of young autistic people and their parents on emerging adulthood.

Autism 2019 Feb 28:1362361319830029. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

3 Macquarie University, Australia.

Long-term outcomes studies often paint a discouraging picture of the lives lived by autistic adults. Yet, their outcomes are often measured against normative markers of traditional adult roles, which may not apply to autistic people making the transition to adulthood. Here, we investigated the transition experiences of a group of young autistic people who were followed from childhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319830029DOI Listing
February 2019

Mortality in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: Predictors over a 20-year period.

Autism 2019 Feb 28:1362361319827412. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Research has shown that individuals with autism spectrum disorder have higher rates of health problems throughout childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and that this may result in elevated risk of early mortality. This study reported the rate, timing, and causes of death in a large community-based cohort of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder ( n = 406) over a 20-year period (1998-2018) and identified predictors of mortality. Over this period, 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319827412DOI Listing
February 2019

Negatively phrased items of the Autism Spectrum Quotient function differently for groups with and without autism.

Autism 2019 Feb 28:1362361319828361. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

1 University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The Autism Spectrum Quotient is a widely used instrument for the detection of autistic traits. However, the validity of comparisons of Autism Spectrum Quotient scores between groups may be threatened by differential item functioning. Differential item functioning entails a bias in items, where participants with equal values of the latent trait give different answers because of their group membership. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319828361DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Animal-assisted activity improves social behaviors in psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism.

Autism 2019 Feb 28:1362361319827411. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

3 Purdue University, USA.

There is preliminary research suggesting that animal-assisted activities can improve social interactions of children with autism spectrum disorder. This pilot study sought to investigate the benefits of animal-assisted activities with dogs and psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism spectrum disorder. Participants were recruited from a specialized inpatient psychiatric hospital unit for youth with autism spectrum disorder and other developmental disabilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319827411DOI Listing
February 2019

'People should be allowed to do what they like': Autistic adults' views and experiences of stimming.

Autism 2019 Feb 28:1362361319829628. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

1 University of Exeter, UK.

'Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements' are characterised as core features in the diagnosis of autism, yet many autistic adults (and the neurodiversity movement) have reclaimed them as 'stimming'. Supported by a growing body of scientific research, autistic adults argue that these behaviours may serve as useful coping mechanisms, yet little research has examined stimming from the perspective of autistic adults. Through interviews and focus groups, we asked 32 autistic adults to share their perceptions and experiences of stimming, including the reasons they stim, any value doing so may hold for them and their perceptions of others' reactions to stimming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319829628DOI Listing
February 2019

Child and parent outcomes following parent interventions for child emotional and behavioral problems in autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Autism 2019 Feb 28:1362361319830042. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

2 King's College London, UK.

There is growing interest in the development of behavioral parent interventions targeting emotional and behavioral problems in children with autism spectrum disorders. Such interventions have potential to improve a number of child and parental well-being outcomes beyond disruptive child behavior. This systematic review and meta-analysis assesses evidence for the efficacy of behavioral parent interventions for disruptive and hyperactive child behavior in autism spectrum disorders, as well as parenting efficacy and stress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319830042DOI Listing
February 2019

Delay of gratification in preschoolers with and without autism spectrum disorder: Individual differences and links to executive function, emotion regulation, and joint attention.

Autism 2019 Feb 22:1362361319828678. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Teachers College, Columbia University, USA.

This study examined delay of gratification behaviors in preschool-aged children with and without autism spectrum disorder. Recent research has found that elementary-aged children with autism spectrum disorder showed challenges with delay of gratification and that there were individual differences in terms of children's behaviors during the wait. We extend this work to a younger sample of children with autism spectrum disorder to understand whether these difficulties emerge by the preschool years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319828678DOI Listing
February 2019

Job interview training targeting nonverbal communication using an android robot for individuals with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2019 Feb 22:1362361319827134. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

1 Kanazawa University, Japan.

Job interviews are significant barriers for individuals with autism spectrum disorder because these individuals lack good nonverbal communication skills. We developed a job interview training program using an android robot. The job interview training program using an android robot consists the following three stages: (1) tele-operating an android robot and conversing with others through the android robot, (2) a face-to-face mock job interview with the android robot, and (3) feedback based on the mock job interview and nonverbal communication exercises using the android robot. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1362361319827134
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319827134DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Sex differences in employment and supports for adults with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2019 Feb 7:1362361319827417. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

3 Kennedy Krieger Institute, USA.

This study explored sex differences in employment, reasons for unemployment, benefits, and supports among a large, international sample of adults with autism spectrum disorder. The sample included 443 adults with autism spectrum disorder (60% female; 74% residing in the United States) who consented to be part of an autism research registry and completed an Internet survey. Outcome variables included current employment status, number of hours working, number of jobs in the past 5 years, reasons for unemployment, as well as the number of benefits received and the amount of financial support currently being received from families of origin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319827417DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Using interpretative phenomenological analysis in autism research.

Autism 2019 Jan 23:1362361318823902. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

University of Cambridge, UK.

Qualitative studies within autism research are gaining prominence, yet there is little evidence about the usefulness of particular qualitative approaches in reflecting the perspectives and experiences of autistic participants. This short report serves to introduce interpretative phenomenological analysis as one among a range of qualitative approaches to autism research. We argue that certain features of interpretative phenomenological analysis, including its commitment to an equality of voice and researcher reflexivity, may help to illuminate the experiences of autistic individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318823902DOI Listing
January 2019

Examining the impact of physical activity on sleep quality and executive functions in children with autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled trial.

Autism 2019 Jan 20:1362361318823910. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

5 Castle Peak Hospital, Hong Kong.

Sleep disturbance and executive dysfunction have been widely reported in children with autism spectrum disorder. While the positive impacts of physical activity on sleep quality and cognition are documented in children with typical development, similar studies in children with autism spectrum disorder are scarce. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of physical activity on sleep quality and cognition in children with autism spectrum disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318823910DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Clinical effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment in children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders: A systematic review.

Autism 2019 Jan 20:1362361318822502. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

1 Keio University School of Medicine, Japan.

Neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder, are common in children and adolescents, but treatment strategies remain limited. Although repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation has been studied for neurodevelopmental disorders, there is no clear consensus on its therapeutic effects. This systematic review examined literature on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders published up to 2018 using the PubMed database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318822502DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

When social and action spaces diverge: A study in children with typical development and autism.

Autism 2019 Jan 20:1362361318822504. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

1 University of Bologna, Italy.

The space around the body has been defined as action space ( peripersonal space) and a social space ( interpersonal space). Within the current debate about the characteristics of these spaces, here we investigated the functional properties and plasticity of action and social space in developmental age. To these aims, children with typical development and autism spectrum disorders were submitted to Reaching- and Comfort-distance tasks, to assess peripersonal and interpersonal space, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318822504DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Disability, functioning, and quality of life among treatment-seeking young autistic adults and its relation to depression, anxiety, and stress.

Autism 2019 Jan 17:1362361318823925. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

1 The University of Sydney, Australia.

In this study, we consecutively recruited treatment-seeking young autistic adults without intellectual impairment aged 16-30 years who presented to a mental health service and evaluated general health (distress, quality of life, and disability), functioning (work loss days and social functioning), and mood symptoms (depression, anxiety, and stress) in those diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder ( n = 96). This group was compared to young adults presenting to the same service with primary mental health disorders (depression, n = 343; bipolar, n = 132; psychosis, n = 166; and anxiety, n = 303). This study also investigated the influence of mood symptoms on general health and functioning in the autism spectrum disorder group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318823925DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Willingness to try and lifetime use of complementary and alternative medicine in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder in Germany: A survey of parents.

Autism 2019 Jan 17:1362361318823545. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

1 Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany.

Regardless of their limited evidence and potential adverse effects, use of complementary and alternative medicine is common in children with autism spectrum disorder. Nevertheless, data on complementary and alternative medicine use in children with autism spectrum disorder in Germany are lacking. Therefore, a questionnaire survey on the use of complementary and alternative medicine was distributed to parents of children with autism spectrum disorder from three academic autism spectrum disorder outpatient clinics in Germany. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318823545DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

It's the fear of the unknown: Transition from higher education for young autistic adults.

Authors:
Jonathan Vincent

Autism 2019 Jan 11:1362361318822498. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

York St John University, UK.

More young people with a diagnosis of autism are enrolling and successfully completing higher education courses than ever before and this is set to increase; however, while there is a burgeoning body of literature surrounding the transition into this stage of education, there is a paucity of research that investigates the transition as this population exit higher education. This exploratory qualitative study is one of the first to identify the specific experiences of young autistic adults making this transition, drawing on semi-structured interviews with 21 students and recent graduates. Findings indicate that transition out of higher education is challenging on both practical and psychological levels, manifested by feelings of anxiety and loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318822498DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Profiles and academic trajectories of cognitively gifted children with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2019 Jan 11:1362361318804019. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

3 University of California, Merced, CA, USA.

Gifted children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often referred to as twice-exceptional, the term that highlights the co-occurrence of exceptional challenges and exceptional giftedness. This study performed secondary data analysis on samples of twice-exceptional children from the Pre-Elementary Education Longitudinal Study and the Special Education Elementary Longitudinal Study datasets. The results provide a descriptive profile of twice-exceptional (e. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1362361318804019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318804019DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

A novel method for measuring learning opportunities provided by parents to young children with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2019 Jan 9:1362361318817303. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

4 Medical Investigaton of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (MIND) Institute, University of California, Davis Medical Center, USA.

The aim of this study was to develop a measurement approach to assess the learning opportunities provided by parents to their young children with autism spectrum disorder during a free play task and to examine the relationship between learning opportunities and child performance on measures of cognition, autism spectrum disorder symptoms, and language. Participants were 91 children with autism spectrum disorder ages 12-24 months and their parents. Ordinary least squares regression was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318817303DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Anglo-Latino differences in parental concerns and service inequities for children at risk of autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2019 Jan 7:1362361318818327. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

1 University of California, Riverside, USA.

In an evaluation of Anglo and Latina mothers and their children at risk of autism, this study compared mother-reported child behavioral concerns to staff-observed symptoms of autism. Within Latina mothers, the impact of primary language (English/Spanish), mothers' education, and child age on ratings of developmental concerns was examined. Participants were 218 mothers (Anglo = 85; Latina = 133) of children referred to a no-cost autism screening clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318818327DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Validation of the Arabic version of the Social Communication Questionnaire.

Autism 2019 Jan 3:1362361318816065. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

5 Neurological Disorders Research Center, Qatar Biomedical Research Institute, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar.

Validated screening and diagnostic tools for autism spectrum disorder for use in Arabic-speaking individuals are scarce. This study validated the Arabic version of the Social Communication Questionnaire. The total study sample included 206 children with autism spectrum disorder and 206 typically developing children (73. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1362361318816065
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318816065DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Autism and the transition to university from the student perspective.

Autism 2018 Dec 22:1362361318803935. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

2 University of Bath, UK.

University provides individuals with the opportunity to develop greater independence in living skills and social networks, while also gaining valuable qualifications. Despite a high proportion of autistic individuals aspiring to attend university, many either do not seek or gain entry or drop out prematurely. Although some steps have been taken to develop effective support, a recent review highlighted the scarcity of research into programmes designed to support autistic students transitioning to university. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318803935DOI Listing
December 2018

Development, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of an employment-related social skills intervention for young adults with high-functioning autism.

Autism 2018 Dec 22:1362361318801345. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

1 Michigan State University, USA.

This article details the iterative development, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of an 8-week work-related social skills intervention, Assistive Soft Skills and Employment Training, for young adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. In this mixed-methods study, pre- and post-intervention surveys, interviews, and functional measures were used to gather information on the program's feasibility, user acceptability, practicality, and preliminary efficacy. Results indicate that Assistive Soft Skills and Employment Training graduates showed significant improvements in work-related social skills knowledge, social functioning, and social/empathy self-efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318801345DOI Listing
December 2018
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Neurodiversity: An insider's perspective.

Autism 2019 Feb 17;23(2):271-273. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318820762DOI Listing
February 2019

Experience of mental health diagnosis and perceived misdiagnosis in autistic, possibly autistic and non-autistic adults.

Autism 2018 Dec 14:1362361318818167. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

1 Coventry University, UK.

Previous research shows that autistic people have high levels of co-occurring mental health conditions. Yet, a number of case reports have revealed that mental health conditions are often misdiagnosed in autistic individuals. A total of 420 adults who identified as autistic, possibly autistic or non-autistic completed an online survey consisting of questions regarding mental health diagnoses they received, whether they agreed with those diagnoses and if not why. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1362361318818167
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December 2018
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Impairments in cognitive empathy and alexithymia occur independently of executive functioning in college students with autism.

Autism 2018 Dec 14:1362361318817716. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

1 Leiden University, The Netherlands.

Reduced empathy and alexithymic traits are common across the autism spectrum, but it is unknown whether this is also true for intellectually advanced adults with autism spectrum disorder. The aim of this study was to examine whether college students with autism spectrum disorder experience difficulties with empathy and alexithymia, and whether this is associated with their cognitive levels of executive functioning. In total, 53 college students with autism spectrum disorder were compared to a gender-matched group of 29 neurotypical students on cognitive and affective dimensions of empathy and alexithymia. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1362361318817716
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318817716DOI Listing
December 2018
11 Reads

Current profiles and early predictors of reading skills in school-age children with autism spectrum disorders: A longitudinal, retrospective population study.

Autism 2018 Dec 7:1362361318811153. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1 Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

This study explores current reading profiles and concurrent and early predictors of reading in children with autism spectrum disorder. Before the age of 3 years, the study cohort underwent a neurodevelopmental assessment following identification in a population-based autism screening. At age 8 years, reading, language and cognition were assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361318811153DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read