1,340 results match your criteria Autism[Journal]


Work, living, and the pursuit of happiness: Vocational and psychosocial outcomes for young adults with autism.

Autism 2020 May 20:1362361320919246. Epub 2020 May 20.

King's College London, UK.

Lay Abstract: It is important to better understand how adults with autism are functioning in adulthood. Studies that have tracked individuals across the lifespan can help identify developmental factors influence differences in adult outcomes. The present study examines the independence, well-being, and functioning of 123 adults that have been closely followed since early childhood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320919246DOI Listing

Does implementing a new intervention disrupt use of existing evidence-based autism interventions?

Autism 2020 May 20:1362361320919248. Epub 2020 May 20.

University of Pennsylvania, USA.

Lay Abstract: Interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder are complex and often are not implemented successfully within schools. When new practices are introduced in schools, they often are layered on top of existing practices, with little attention paid to how introducing new practices affects the use of existing practices. This study evaluated how introducing a computer-assisted intervention, called TeachTown:Basics, affected the use of other evidence-based practices in autism support classrooms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320919248DOI Listing

Implementing early intensive behavioral intervention in community settings.

Autism 2020 May 20:1362361320919243. Epub 2020 May 20.

Michigan State University Early Learning Institute, USA.

Lay Abstract: Although research shows early intensive behavioral intervention can be very beneficial for children with autism spectrum disorder when delivered in university or private intervention centers, little is known about the best way to provide early intensive behavioral intervention within the broader community. The Michigan State University Early Learning Institute was developed to address challenges with providing early intensive behavioral intervention in community settings, with an emphasis on serving children and families on Medicaid. This short report describes the approach taken by the Early Learning Institute and reports data regarding enrollment and utilization among Medicaid families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320919243DOI Listing

Autistic peer-to-peer information transfer is highly effective.

Autism 2020 May 20:1362361320919286. Epub 2020 May 20.

The University of Edinburgh, UK.

Lay Abstract: Sharing information with other people relies on the ability to communicate well. Autism is defined clinically by deficits in social communication. It may therefore be expected that autistic people find it difficult to share information with other people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320919286DOI Listing

Systematic review of risk and protective factors associated with substance use and abuse in individuals with autism spectrum disorders.

Autism 2020 May;24(4):899-918

Simon Fraser University, Canada.

Lay Abstract: Symptoms characteristic of autism spectrum disorder were initially believed to protect individuals with autism spectrum disorder from developing substance abuse. However, recent studies suggest that up to 36% of individuals with autism spectrum disorder may have a co-occurring issue with substance abuse. In addition, substance abuse may worsen the difficulties with daily functioning some individuals with autism spectrum disorder experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320910963DOI Listing

Listening to the autistic voice: Mental health priorities to guide research and practice in autism from a stakeholder-driven project.

Autism 2020 May;24(4):822-833

Augusta University, USA.

Lay Abstract: Autistic adults commonly experience mental health conditions. However, research rarely involves autistic adults in deciding priorities for research on mental healthcare approaches that might work for them. The purpose of this article is to describe a stakeholder-driven project that involved autistic adults in co-leading and designing research about priorities to address mental health needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908410DOI Listing

Feasibility of psychosis risk assessment for adolescents diagnosed with autism.

Autism 2020 May;24(4):834-850

University of Maryland, Baltimore County, USA.

Lay Abstract: Individuals with autism may experience a variety of psychiatric symptoms that may cause distress and difficulty functioning. The tools that exist to help evaluate symptoms for psychosis for individuals with autism are limited. We investigated whether a specialized interview for symptoms of psychosis risk could be used for adolescents with autism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320909173DOI Listing

The hidden inequalities of COVID-19.

Autism 2020 May 18:1362361320927590. Epub 2020 May 18.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320927590DOI Listing

Considering efficacy and effectiveness trials of cognitive behavioral therapy among youth with autism: A systematic review.

Autism 2020 May 18:1362361320918754. Epub 2020 May 18.

York University, Canada.

Lay Abstract: Cognitive behavioral therapy is a common treatment for emotional problems in people with autism. Most studies of cognitive behavioral therapy and autism have focused on , meaning whether a treatment produces results under "ideal" conditions, like a lab or research setting. trials, by contrast, investigate whether a treatment produces results under "real-world" conditions, like a community setting (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320918754DOI Listing

Types and correlates of school non-attendance in students with autism spectrum disorders.

Autism 2020 May 18:1362361320916967. Epub 2020 May 18.

Leiden University, The Netherlands.

Lay Abstract: Our study aimed to describe school non-attendance in students with autism. We conducted an online survey. Parents of 486 students (mean age: 11 years) indicated which days their child had missed school (over a period of 1 month). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320916967DOI Listing

Motor atypicalities in infancy are associated with general developmental level at 2 years, but not autistic symptoms.

Autism 2020 May 15:1362361320918745. Epub 2020 May 15.

Uppsala University, Sweden.

Lay Abstract: Atypicalities in motor functioning are often observed in later born infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. The goal of our study was to investigate motor functioning in infants with and without familial history of autism spectrum disorder. Specifically, we investigated how infants catch a ball that is rolling toward them following a non-straight path, a task that requires both efficient planning and execution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320918745DOI Listing

Interventions to address health outcomes among autistic adults: A systematic review.

Autism 2020 May 11:1362361320913664. Epub 2020 May 11.

Autistic author, presenter, and trainer, USA.

Lay Abstract: Autistic adults have more health problems then their same-aged peers. Yet little research has been conducted that focuses on addressing these health problems. In order to guide future research, it is important to know what intervention studies have been done to improve health outcomes among autistic adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320913664DOI Listing

Determinants of an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis in childhood and adolescence: Evidence from the UK Millennium Cohort Study.

Autism 2020 May 5:1362361320913671. Epub 2020 May 5.

University College London, UK.

This study aimed to identify determinants of a late autism spectrum disorder diagnosis, including diagnoses made 'very late' (i.e., in adolescence), using the Millennium Cohort Study, a nationally representative population-based cohort in the United Kingdom. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320913671DOI Listing

The link between autism spectrum disorder and gut microbiota: A scoping review.

Autism 2020 Apr 28:1362361320913364. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

University of Ottawa, Canada.

Lay Abstract: Gastrointestinal distress and gut microbial imbalances are commonly found in children with autism spectrum disorder, and therefore may play a key role in the development of the disorder. This scoping review aimed to examine the extent, range and nature of research conducted in the past 6 years that focused on furthering our understanding of autism spectrum disorder and its association with gut microbiota. A literature review was performed with predetermined key words. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320913364DOI Listing

Public knowledge and stigma of autism spectrum disorder: Comparing China with the United States.

Autism 2020 Apr 27:1362361319900839. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

University of Georgia, USA.

Autism spectrum disorder in China differs considerably from autism spectrum disorder in the West in terms of prevalence estimates, education opportunities, and life outcomes of autistic people. The lack of autism spectrum disorder awareness could be a key factor underlying the disparities. To date, there has been no evaluation of autism spectrum disorder knowledge among the general public of China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319900839DOI Listing

When the mask comes off: Mothers' experiences of parenting a daughter with autism spectrum condition.

Autism 2020 Apr 27:1362361320913668. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

The University of Edinburgh, UK.

Lay Abstract: Parents of children with autism spectrum condition report increased stress and difficulties compared with parents of typically developing children. Our knowledge and understanding of how autism spectrum condition presents in autistic females is currently limited and parents of this population may experience challenges when raising their daughter. Given that mothers are often the main caregiver of a child with autism spectrum condition, they may have useful insights into the experiences of parenting a daughter with autism spectrum condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320913668DOI Listing

A qualitative study on perspective of parents of children with autism on the nature of parent-professional relationship in Kerala, India.

Autism 2020 Apr 24:1362361320912156. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, India.

Lay Abstract: This study explored the nature of relationship between parents of children with autism and professionals who provide therapy-based services for autism in Kerala, India. Given the shortage of professionally qualified therapists and educators (particularly in the case of autism) in low- and medium-income countries, parent-mediated interventions where professionals and parents work as partners are recommended as an effective means to meet the demand. However, for parent-mediated interventions to be effective, we first need to understand the customary nature of parent-professional relationship and develop the intervention accordingly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320912156DOI Listing

Self-guided mindfulness and cognitive behavioural practices reduce anxiety in autistic adults: A pilot 8-month waitlist-controlled trial of widely available online tools.

Autism 2020 May 8;24(4):867-883. Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Brigham Young University, USA.

Lay Abstract: Anxiety in autism is an important target for psychological therapies because it is very common and because it significantly impacts upon quality of life and well-being. Growing evidence suggests that cognitive behaviour therapies and mindfulness-based therapies can help autistic individuals learn to manage feelings of anxiety but access to such therapies remains problematic. In the current pilot study, we examined whether existing online cognitive behaviour therapy and mindfulness-based therapy self-help tools can help reduce anxiety in autistic adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320909184DOI Listing

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An unexplored co-occurrence of conditions.

Autism 2020 May 3;24(4):884-898. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Bar-Ilan University, Israel.

Lay Abstract: People with Autism Spectrum Disorder show an increased risk of experiencing traumatic events, particularly social victimization. However, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder co-occurrence was hardly studied. We examined exposure to traumatic life events and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder symptoms in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder vs typical adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320912143DOI Listing

Clinical and parental predictors of emotion regulation following cognitive behaviour therapy in children with autism.

Autism 2020 May 3;24(4):851-866. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

York University, Canada.

Lay Abstract: Children with autism commonly experience difficulty controlling their emotions. Although existing treatments are successful in teaching critical emotion regulation skills, not all children improve. It is important to identify the factors that influence treatment response to be able to reach more children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320909178DOI Listing

Interviewing autistic adults: Adaptations to support recall in police, employment, and healthcare interviews.

Autism 2020 Mar 23:1362361320909174. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

University of Bath, UK.

Lay Abstract: During many types of interviews (e.g. in employment, with the police, and in healthcare), we need to recall detailed memories of specific events, which can be difficult for autistic people in response to commonly used questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320909174DOI Listing

Trajectories of emotional and behavioral problems from childhood to early adult life.

Autism 2020 May 19;24(4):1011-1024. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

King's College London, UK.

Lay Abstract: Although mental health problems are common in autism, relatively little is known about their stability and the factors that influence their persistence or change over the life-course. To address this, we use data from the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP) cohort studied at three time-points from 12 to 23 years. Using the parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) domains of conduct, emotional, and ADHD symptoms, we evaluated the role of child, family, and contextual characteristics on these three trajectories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908972DOI Listing

Socio-emotional determinants of depressive symptoms in adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review.

Autism 2020 May 19;24(4):995-1010. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

The University of Alabama, USA.

Lay Abstract: Many adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder experience difficulty with symptoms of depression. These symptoms can contribute to poor quality of life and lack of independence for adolescents and adults. To better understand these symptoms, we conducted a review of articles that examined the presentation of depression specific to autism spectrum disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908101DOI Listing

Observed emotional reactivity in response to frustration tasks in psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2020 May 13;24(4):968-982. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

University of Pittsburgh, USA.

Lay Abstract: Large emotional reactions (e.g. outbursts, tantrums) can be common and distressing in the lives of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908108DOI Listing

How accurate are autistic adults and those high in autistic traits at making face-to-face line-of-sight judgements?

Autism 2020 Mar 13:1362361320909176. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

University of Sheffield, UK.

Lay Abstract: In order to effectively understand and consider what others are talking about, we sometimes need to follow their line-of-sight to the location at which they are looking, as this can provide important contextual information regarding what they are saying. If we are not able to follow other people's line-of-sight, this could result in social communication difficulties. Here we tested how effectively autistic and neurotypical adults are at following a social partner's line-of-sight during a face-to-face task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320909176DOI Listing

Cross-sectional and longitudinal predictors of quality of life in autistic individuals from adolescence to adulthood: The role of mental health and sleep quality.

Autism 2020 May 13;24(4):954-967. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Autism CRC, The University of Queensland, Australia.

Lay Abstract: Research shows that autistic adults are at risk of a range of physical (e.g. sleep difficulties) and mental health (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908107DOI Listing

Randomized controlled trial of a sibling support group: Mental health outcomes for siblings of children with autism.

Autism 2020 Mar 13:1362361320908979. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

The City University of New York, USA.

Lay Abstract: Typically developing siblings of a child with autism spectrum disorder may show mental health difficulties. A support group is one approach to help typically developing siblings. During support groups, typically developing siblings discuss their feelings, learn coping strategies and problem-solving skills, and develop a peer network. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908979DOI Listing

Facilitating sensorimotor integration via blocked practice underpins imitation learning of atypical biological kinematics in autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2020 Mar 13:1362361320908104. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

University College London, UK.

Lay Abstract: Autistic people sometimes find it difficult to copy another person's movement accurately, especially if the movement is unfamiliar or novel (e.g. to use chop sticks). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908104DOI Listing

The Witness-Aimed First Account (WAFA): A new technique for interviewing autistic witnesses and victims.

Autism 2020 Mar 13:1362361320908986. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

City, University of London, UK.

Lay Abstract: Autistic people may be more likely to be interviewed by police as a victim/witness, yet they experience social communication difficulties alongside specific memory difficulties that can impact their ability to recall information from memory. Police interviewing techniques do not take account of these differences, and so are often ineffective. We developed a new technique for interviewing autistic witnesses, referred to a Witness-Aimed First Account, which was designed to better support differences in the way that autistic witnesses process information in memory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908986DOI Listing

Factor structure and psychometric properties of the brief Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale for adults on the autism spectrum.

Autism 2020 Mar 13:1362361320908095. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Stanford University, USA.

Lay Abstract: Adults on the autism spectrum experience high rates of anxiety and depression, and may be particularly vulnerable to difficult and traumatic life experiences, which may contribute to the development and maintenance of these conditions. Resilience is an increasingly popular concept in research, which describes the ability to 'bounce back' following difficult emotional experiences, and the flexibility to adapt to stressful and demanding situations. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale has been used predominantly in studies involving non-autistic adults to measure resilience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908095DOI Listing

Felt but not seen: Observed restricted repetitive behaviors are associated with self-report-but not parent-report-obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms in youth with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2020 May 13;24(4):983-994. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Stony Brook University, USA.

Lay Abstract: Youth with autism spectrum disorder often exhibit symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder; however, it can be difficult for parents and clinicians to tell the difference between the restricted and repetitive behaviors often seen in autism spectrum disorder and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder. This difficulty in distinguishing symptoms may arise from the fact that these symptoms appear the same to observers but are typically differentiated based on whether the motivation for the behavior is to reduce stress (restricted and repetitive behaviors) or whether the behavior itself is stressful (obsessive-compulsive disorder). It is important to know the difference between these two symptoms as it may impact the treatment prescribed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320909177DOI Listing

Contextual determinants of parental reflective functioning: Children with autism versus their typically developing siblings.

Autism 2020 Mar 13:1362361320908096. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Stanford University, USA.

Lay Abstract: In this study, we examined parental reflective functioning using the Parental Developmental Interview when parents were talking about their interactions with their child with autism versus the child's typically developing siblings. Our sample included 30 parents who had a child between the ages of 3 and 18 years with a clinical diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and at least one typically developing child. Findings indicated that parents exhibited significantly higher reflective functioning when interacting with their child with autism spectrum disorder versus the typically developing siblings, and the difference was moderated by parental self-efficacy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908096DOI Listing

'I never realised everybody felt as happy as I do when I am around autistic people': A thematic analysis of autistic adults' relationships with autistic and neurotypical friends and family.

Autism 2020 Mar 7:1362361320908976. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

The University of Edinburgh, UK.

Lay Abstract: Although autistic people may struggle to interact with others, many autistic people have said they find interacting with other autistic people more comfortable. To find out whether this was a common experience, we did hour-long interviews with 12 autistic adults. We asked them questions about how it feels when spending time with their friends and family, and whether it felt different depending on whether the friends and family were autistic or neurotypical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320908976DOI Listing

Diagnosis of autism in adulthood: A scoping review.

Autism 2020 Feb 28:1362361320903128. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

University of New South Wales, Australia.

Lay Abstract: More adults are getting assessed for possible autism. Here, we give an overview on what is already known about autism diagnosis in adulthood and find areas that need more research. We divided results from the studies we found into six topics of (1) rates of autism in different groups; (2) the process of getting an autism diagnosis in adulthood; (3) gender; (4) personality traits, abilities and behaviours of diagnosed adults; (5) mental and physical health conditions that occur together with autism; and (6) how adults think and feel about being assessed and diagnosed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320903128DOI Listing
February 2020

Neural features of sustained emotional information processing in autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2020 May 28;24(4):941-953. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

University of Pittsburgh, USA.

Lay Abstract: Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder struggle with emotions that are intense and interfering, which is referred to as emotion dysregulation. Prior research has established that individuals with autism may be more likely than individuals who are not autistic to have repetitive thoughts. It is possible that persistent thoughts about negative or distressing stimuli may contribute to emotion dysregulation in autism spectrum disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320903137DOI Listing

Effects of pivotal response treatment on reciprocal vocal contingency in a randomized controlled trial of children with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism 2020 Feb 14:1362361320903138. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Stanford University, USA.

Lay Abstract: A recent randomized controlled trial found that children with autism spectrum disorder who received a pivotal response treatment package showed improved language and social communication skills following the intervention. The pivotal response treatment package includes clinician-delivered and parent-implemented strategies. Reciprocal vocal contingency is an automated measure of vocal reciprocity derived from daylong audio samples from the child's natural environment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320903138DOI Listing
February 2020

An association of intrapartum synthetic oxytocin dosing and the odds of developing autism.

Autism 2020 Feb 14:1362361320902903. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, USA.

Lay Abstract: Oxytocin is a hormone naturally produced in the human body that can make the womb (uterus) contract during labor. Manufactured oxytocin is frequently given to mothers in labor to strengthen the contractions or in some cases to start labor. This study compared children with a diagnosis of autism and children without autism to see whether children with autism received more oxytocin during labor. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320902903DOI Listing
February 2020

Looking or talking: Visual attention and verbal engagement during shared book reading of preschool children on the autism spectrum.

Autism 2020 Feb 12:1362361319900594. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Griffith University, Australia.

Lay Abstract: Children who have an autism diagnosis often have trouble learning to talk and read. These difficulties become noticeable before children start school and may be linked to lower attention and engagement in literacy-related activities such as sharing storybooks with their parents. To date, few researchers have looked at possible ways to measure how children on the autism spectrum engage during shared storybook reading, for example, where children look or how much they talk, and how this may be related to their letter-name knowledge and their vocabulary knowledge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319900594DOI Listing
February 2020

The role of emotion regulation and core autism symptoms in the experience of anxiety in autism.

Autism 2020 May 12;24(4):931-940. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

University of Pittsburgh, USA.

Lay Abstract: Many children with autism spectrum disorder have problems with managing their emotions (emotion regulation) and anxiety. In this study, over 1000 parents completed an online survey which showed that emotion regulation and anxiety are closely linked. Although emotion regulation and anxiety are inter-connected, the results also show that autism symptoms play an important role in anxiety in autism spectrum disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361320904217DOI Listing

Sluggish cognitive tempo: An examination of clinical correlates for adults with autism.

Autism 2020 Feb 7:1362361319900422. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

The University of Alabama, USA.

Lay Abstract: Adults with autism spectrum disorder often experience a range of co-occurring mental health problems such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity-disorder, as well as difficulties with executive function. Sluggish cognitive tempo, a cluster of behaviors including slow processing, daydreaming, and mental fogginess, has been shown to be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity-disorder, and limited research has suggested that individuals with autism spectrum disorder may experience sluggish cognitive tempo. We examined co-occurring mental health problems and executive function in 57 young adults with autism spectrum disorder, aged 16-25 years to better understand sluggish cognitive tempo in autism spectrum disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319900422DOI Listing
February 2020

A framework of evidence-based practice for digital support, co-developed with and for the autism community.

Autism 2020 Feb 6:1362361319898331. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Sorbonne University, France.

Lay Abstract: Digital supports are any type of technologies that have been intentionally developed to improve daily living in some way. A wide array of digital supports (such as apps) have been developed for the autism community specifically, but there is little or no evidence of whether they work or not. This study sought to identify what types of evidence the autistic community valued and wanted to see provided to enable an informed choice to be made regarding digital supports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319898331DOI Listing
February 2020

'When my autism broke': A qualitative study spotlighting autistic voices on menopause.

Autism 2020 Jan 31:1362361319901184. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Bournemouth University, UK.

Lay Abstract: Autistic girls are known to struggle with the onset of menstruation, reporting that during their period, sensory sensitivities are heightened, it becomes more difficult to think clearly and control their emotions and they struggle more with everyday life and self-care. Yet surprisingly, nothing is known about how autistic women handle the menopausal transition in midlife. In non-autistic women, the menopause brings many physical changes and challenging symptoms from hot flushes to feeling more anxious and depressed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319901184DOI Listing
January 2020

Emergent life events in the delivery of a caregiver-mediated evidence-based intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder in publicly funded mental health services.

Autism 2020 Jan 31:1362361319881084. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Lay Abstract: Mental health clinicians often report significant challenges when delivering evidence-based interventions (EBI) in community settings, particularly when unexpected client stressors (or emergent life events; ELEs) interfere with the therapy process. The current study sought to extend the study of ELEs to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) by examining the occurrence and impact of ELEs in the context of a collaborative, caregiver-mediated intervention for reducing challenging behaviors in children with ASD. This intervention was n ndividualized ental ealth ntervention for children with ASD (referred to as AIM HI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319881084DOI Listing
January 2020

Facilitators' perspectives on a psychoeducational program for parents of an autistic child.

Autism 2020 Jan 22:1362361319899766. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Université de Paris, France.

Lay Abstract: The recent increase of diagnosed cases of autism spectrum disorders has led to a considerable rise in the demands for autism-related services and interventions. Caring for an autistic child can be perceived as an enrichment, which coexists with stress in parents. Parents express the need to access relevant information about their child's difference, and parent support interventions appear to respond effectively to this demand, as they are knowledge-focused and offer indirect support to the child. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319899766DOI Listing
January 2020

"Different but connected": Participatory action research using Photovoice to explore well-being in autistic young adults.

Autism 2020 Jan 22:1362361319898961. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

University of South Florida, USA.

Lay Abstract: Past research has mainly focused on autistic people's deficits and poor outcomes compared to other groups of people. Little is known about their positive life experiences, and how to support them to achieve a higher quality of life. It is important to include autistic individuals in research so that they can influence how their voices are represented in a meaningful way and how the research results will be useful to them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319898961DOI Listing
January 2020

Challenges and contributors to self-efficacy for caregivers of toddlers with autism.

Autism 2020 Jan 22:1362361319899761. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Indiana University, USA.

Lay Abstract: Parent-participatory early intervention practices are linked to parents' positive views of their own and their children's capabilities, beliefs that are associated with a range of parent and child outcomes. A qualitative study was conducted with 11 mothers of toddlers with autism who had experience with both professionally directed and parent-mediated early intervention. Participants were interviewed to explore their perspectives on their roles in relation to professionals and on how they viewed their ability to support their toddlers' social learning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319899761DOI Listing
January 2020

Social language opportunities for preschoolers with autism: Insights from audio recordings in urban classrooms.

Autism 2020 Jan 22:1362361319894835. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, USA.

Lay Abstract: Early intervention is important for preschoolers on the autism spectrum, but little is known about early intervention classrooms in the community. This study found that children with better language skills and lower autism severity have more verbal interactions with their classmates, especially in classrooms with typically developing peers (inclusion settings). Findings suggest that natural language sampling is a useful method for characterizing autistic children and their early intervention settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361319894835DOI Listing
January 2020