7,944 results match your criteria Australian nursing & midwifery journal[Journal]


Current trauma care system in Saudi Arabia: A scoping literature review.

Accid Anal Prev 2020 Jul 3;144:105653. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Alfred Health Clinical School, La Trobe University, Prahran, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death worldwide with millions of people dying each year, particularly in low or middle-income countries. This paper describes and evaluates the current trauma system (TS) in Saudi Arabia (SA).

Methods: A scoping literature review was performed, incorporating an extensive search of Medline and Embase databases for refereed literature, as well as a search of grey literature to locate unpublished articles or reports in English or Arabic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2020.105653DOI Listing

Prostate Cancer Survivorship Essentials Framework: Guidelines for Practitioners.

BJU Int 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Division of Research and Innovation, University of Southern Queensland, Springfield, QLD, Australia.

Objective: To develop contemporary and inclusive prostate cancer survivorship guidelines for the Australian setting.

Subjects/patients And Methods: A four round iterative Policy Delphi was utilised with a 47-member expert panel that included leaders from key Australian and New Zealand clinical and community groups and consumers from diverse backgrounds including LGBTQIA, regional, rural and urban settings. The first three rounds were undertaken using an online survey (94% to 96% response) followed by a fourth final face-to-face panel meeting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bju.15159DOI Listing

A profile of Australian occupational therapy academic workforce job satisfaction.

Aust Occup Ther J 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Introduction: There has been an increase in the number of Australian occupational therapy education programmes and student enrolment numbers in existing programmes, whereas there is a perceived current and predicted future workforce shortage of qualified university academics. The aim of the study was to map the current Australian occupational therapy academic workforce and investigate the group's job satisfaction.

Methods: The research was a cross-sectional online survey of Australian occupational therapy academics employed part-time or full-time in fixed or ongoing positions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1630.12683DOI Listing

Prevention and treatment of pressure injuries: A meta-synthesis of Cochrane Reviews.

J Tissue Viability 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/WChaboyer.

Background: There are many high-quality systematic reviews to inform practice around pressure injury (PI) prevention and treatment. However, they are often unable to provide recommendations for practice and research due to low quality trials.

Objectives: To evaluate current systematic review evidence on the prevention and treatment of PI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtv.2020.05.004DOI Listing

Acceptability of online sun exposure awareness-raising interventions among young Australian women: an exploratory mixed-methods study.

Health Promot Int 2020 Jul 5. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Flinders Centre for Innovation in Cancer, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University of South Australia, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia.

Melanoma is the most common cancer among young Australians. Despite school-based programs such as 'Sun Smart' leading to increased knowledge among children of the harmful effects of sun exposure, many young adults continue to desire a darker skin tone because of a general perception among their peers that tanned skin is attractive. This 'tanned-ideal' may be challenged through exposure to material posted on social media. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daaa048DOI Listing

Hyperoxia in patients with cardiogenic shock after myocardial infarction supported with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Aust Crit Care 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Alfred Intensive Care Unit, Alfred Health, 55 Commercial Road, Melbourne, 3181, Victoria, Australia; Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) improves perfusion and oxygenation in patients with cardiogenic shock. However, it can also result in supranormal oxygen exposure. Recent evidence suggests hyperoxia may be harmful, particularly in critically ill patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2020.04.154DOI Listing

Caring for the carers in a public health district: A wellbeing initiative to support healthcare professionals.

J Clin Nurs 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

Aims And Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of the proactive organisational resource allocation in terms of a 6-week wellbeing initiative to support public healthcare professionals' workplace engagement, wellbeing and job satisfaction.

Background: Burnout of healthcare professionals can be a major cost to the Australian economy and public healthcare sector. According to the social exchange theory, when healthcare professionals perceive that their organisation proactively allocates resources to caring for its employees, then they are more likely to reciprocate and become more engaged in their work roles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15398DOI Listing

Designing a multi-component intervention (P3-MumBubVax) to promote vaccination in antenatal care in Australia.

Health Promot J Austr 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Australia.

Issue addressed Coverage of maternal influenza and pertussis vaccines remains suboptimal in Australia, and pockets of low childhood vaccine coverage persist nationwide. Maternal vaccine uptake is estimated to be between 35% and 60% for influenza vaccination and between 65% and 80% for pertussis vaccination. Australian midwives are highly trusted and ideally-placed to discuss vaccines with expectant parents, but there are no evidence-based interventions to optimise these discussions and promote maternal and childhood vaccine acceptance in the Australian public antenatal setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hpja.382DOI Listing

Clinical impact of antipsychotic and benzodiazepine reduction: findings from a multicomponent psychotropic reduction program within long-term aged care.

Int Psychogeriatr 2020 Jun 18:1-13. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia.

Objectives: To explore the relationships between dose changes to antipsychotic and/or benzodiazepine medications and resident outcomes, including variations in neuropsychiatric symptoms, quality of life (QoL), and social withdrawal, within a multicomponent, interdisciplinary antipsychotic and benzodiazepine dose reduction program.

Design: Prospective, observational, longitudinal study.

Intervention: The Reducing Use of Sedatives (RedUSe) project involved 150 Australian Long-Term Care Facilities (LTCFs) incorporating auditing and benchmarking of prescribing, education, and multidisciplinary sedative reviews. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610220000940DOI Listing

DNA methylation patterns from peripheral blood separate coronary artery disease patients with and without heart failure.

ESC Heart Fail 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Aims: Natriuretic peptides are useful for diagnosis and prognostication of heart failure of any cause. Now, research aims to discover novel biomarkers that will more specifically define the heart failure phenotype. DNA methylation plays a critical role in the development of cardiovascular disease with the potential to predict fundamental pathogenic processes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.12810DOI Listing

Prevalence of Frailty in Older Men and Women: Cross-Sectional Data from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study.

Calcif Tissue Int 2020 Jul 2. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Epi-Centre for Healthy Ageing, IMPACT-the Institute for Mental and Physical Health and Clinical Translation, School of Medicine , Deakin University (Barwon Health), PO Box 281, Geelong, VIC, 3220, Australia.

Few studies have investigated the prevalence of frailty in the Australian general population. This study determined the prevalence of frailty in a population-based sample of older adults and examined the relationship between frailty and comorbid conditions. Men (n = 347) and women (n = 360) aged ≥ 60 year from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study (GOS) were assessed between 2016-2019 and 2011-2014, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00223-020-00713-3DOI Listing

Validation of the Australian version of the Chronic Kidney Disease Self-Management instrument.

Int J Nurs Pract 2020 Jul 2:e12857. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Kidney Health Service, Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of the modified Chronic Kidney Disease Self-Management instrument in an English-speaking population.

Background: There is growing evidence that self-management behaviours can improve outcomes for people with chronic kidney disease. However, there are few suitable instruments available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12857DOI Listing

Implementing a prospective surveillance and early intervention model of care for breast cancer-related lymphedema into clinical practice: application of the RE-AIM framework.

Support Care Cancer 2020 Jun 29. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Vanderbilt University School of Nursing, Nashville, TN, USA.

Purpose: Chronic lymphedema following breast cancer (BC) affects individuals physically, functionally, psychologically, and financially. Despite national guidelines and evidence-based research supporting a prospective surveillance and early intervention model of care (PSM), bridging the gap between research and clinical practice has been difficult.

Method: As part of an international randomized controlled trial (RCT), Australian women with BC from four hospitals were recruited, monitored for lymphedema at regular intervals over a 3-year period, and were provided a compression garment if intervention was triggered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-020-05597-5DOI Listing

Rates of PRN Medication Administration in Australian Residential Aged Care.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Centre for Medicine Use and Safety, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate administration of pro re nata (PRN) medications and nurse-initiated medications (NIMs) in Australian aged care services over a 12-month period.

Design: Twelve-month longitudinal audit of medication administrations.

Setting And Participants: Three hundred ninety-two residents of 10 aged care services in regional Victoria, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2020.04.033DOI Listing

Working together in Aboriginal health: a framework to guide health professional practice.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Jul 1;20(1):601. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia, 5001, Australia.

Background: Working effectively with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is important for maximising the effectiveness of a health care interaction between and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients and a health professional. This paper presents a framework to guide health professional practice in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health.

Methods: This qualitative study was based in a social constructionist epistemology and was guided by a critical social research methodology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05462-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7329497PMC

Financing Maternity and Early Childhood Healthcare in The Australian Healthcare System: Costs to Funders in Private and Public Hospitals Over the First 1000 Days.

Int J Health Policy Manag 2020 May 12. Epub 2020 May 12.

Children's Hospital at Westmead Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Maternity care is a significant contributor to overall healthcare expenditure, and private care is seen as a mechanism to reduce the cost to public funders. However, public funders may still contribute to part of the cost of private care. The paper aims to quantify (1) the cost to different funders of maternal and early childhood healthcare over the first 1000 days for both women giving birth in private and public hospitals; (2) any variation in cost to different funders by birth type; and (3) the cost of excess caesarean sections in public and private hospitals in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2020.68DOI Listing

"It's Not Smooth Sailing": Bridging the Gap Between Methods and Content Expertise in Public Health Guideline Development.

Int J Health Policy Manag 2020 Aug 1;9(8):335-343. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Charles Perkins Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: The development of reliable, high quality health-related guidelines depends on explicit and transparent processes, methods aimed at minimising risks of bias and the inclusion of all relevant expertise and perspectives. While the methodological aspects of guidelines have been a focus to improve their quality, less is known about the social processes involved, for example, how guideline group members interact and communicate with one another, and how the evidence is considered in informing recommendations. With this in in mind, we aimed to empirically examine the perspectives and experiences of the key participants involved in developing public health guidelines for the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2019.137DOI Listing

The Prospective Studies of Atherosclerosis (Proof-ATHERO) Consortium: Design and Rationale.

Gerontology 2020 Jul 1:1-13. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria,

Atherosclerosis - the pathophysiological mechanism shared by most cardiovascular diseases - can be directly or indirectly assessed by a variety of clinical tests including measurement of carotid intima-media thickness, carotid plaque, -ankle-brachial index, pulse wave velocity, and coronary -artery calcium. The Prospective Studies of Atherosclerosis -(Proof-ATHERO) consortium (https://clinicalepi.i-med. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000508498DOI Listing

Supporting community-dwelling older people with cognitive impairment to stay at home: A modelled cost analysis.

Australas J Ageing 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Rehabilitation, Aged and Extended Care, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Objective: To model the potential financial implications of Australian programs supporting cognitively impaired community-dwelling older people.

Methods: Markov cohort models of (a) an observational study of a residential dyadic training program for carers and people with dementia (GTSAH) and (b) a frailty intervention (FIT) in a cognitively impaired subgroup. Direct health and social welfare costs accrued over 5 years (2018 $AUD prices) were captured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajag.12818DOI Listing

Talking about sex with friends: perspectives of older adults from the study in Australia.

Cult Health Sex 2020 Jul 1:1-16. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

This qualitative study explored the barriers and facilitators to sexual communication between older adults and friends. Fifty-three women and men aged 58 and older were interviewed about their intimate relationships and sexual behaviours and attitudes. Findings indicated that talking about sex with friends played an important role in providing support and sharing information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2019.1710568DOI Listing

Supporting Australian clinical learners in a collaborative clusters education model: a mixed methods study.

BMC Nurs 2020 26;19:57. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Associate Professor, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University & Gold Coast Hospital and Health Service, Southport, QLD Australia.

Background: Nursing student numbers have risen in response to projected registered nurse shortfalls, increasing numbers of new graduates requiring transitional support and pressure on clinical placements. A Collaborative Clusters Education Model, in which Entry to Practice facilitators coach ward-based registered nurses to support students' and new graduates' learning, may address placement capacity. The research aim was to evaluate the acceptability of the Collaborative Clusters Education Model to stakeholders by examining their perceptions of the facilitators and barriers to the model in its implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12912-020-00451-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318499PMC

Women's experiences of planning a vaginal birth after caesarean in different models of maternity care in Australia.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2020 Jun 30;20(1):381. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

Background: Vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) is a safe mode of birth for most women but internationally VBAC rates remain low. In Australia women planning a VBAC may experience different models of care including continuity of care (CoC). There are a limited number of studies exploring the impact and influence of CoC on women's experiences of planning a VBAC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03075-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7325036PMC

The Essential Steps of Medication Administration Practices Project medication administration improvement practices among acute inpatients in a tertiary hospital: a best practice implementation project.

Int J Evid Based Healthc 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: The current project aimed to conduct an audit of nursing medication administration practices, to implement evidence-based best practice recommendations and assess the effectiveness of these changes in maximizing medication administration safety and reducing the risks of adverse incidents across 10 wards/units in a large tertiary hospital.

Introduction: Medications are the most common treatment used in healthcare. Because they are so commonly used, medications are associated with a higher incidence of errors and adverse events than other healthcare interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/XEB.0000000000000236DOI Listing

Impact of human visceral and glutealfemoral adipose tissue transplant on glycemic control in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia.

Regional distribution of adipose tissue is an important factor in conferring cardiometabolic risk and obesity-related morbidity. We tested thehypothesis that human visceral adipose tissue (VAT) impairs glucose homeostasis, whereas subcutaneous glutealfemoral adipose tissue (GFAT)protects against the development of impaired glucose homeostasis in mice.VAT and GFAT were collected from patients undergoing bariatric surgery and grafted onto the epididymal adipose tissue of weight and age-matched severe combined immunodeficient mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00373.2019DOI Listing

Characteristics of personal protective equipment training programs in Australia and New Zealand hospitals: A survey.

Infect Dis Health 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, 176 Hawkesbury Rd, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia; Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia; The University of Sydney Westmead Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Using personal protective equipment (PPE) is one of several fundamental measures to prevent the transmission of infection and infectious diseases and is particularly pertinent in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Appropriate use of PPE by healthcare workers is, however, often suboptimal. Training and monitoring of PPE competency are essential components of an infection prevention and control program but there is a paucity of research and data on the content of such training programs across Australasia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2020.05.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318937PMC

Scoping review of Australian evaluations of healthcare delivery models: are we making the most of the evidence?

Aust Health Rev 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Healthcare delivery models describe the organisation of healthcare practitioners and other resources to provide health care for a defined patient population. The organisation of health care has a predominant effect on the receipt of timely and appropriate health care. Efforts to improve healthcare delivery should be evidence informed, and large numbers of evaluations of healthcare delivery models have been undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AH19188DOI Listing

Associations between Cognitive Function, Hospitalizations and Costs in Nursing Homes: A Cross-sectional Study.

J Aging Soc Policy 2020 Jun 30:1-16. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Rehabilitation, Aged and Extended Care, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University , Adelaide, Australia.

In an Australian nursing home population, associations between cognitive function and 12-month hospitalizations and costs were examined. Participants with dementia had 57% fewer hospitalizations compared to those without dementia, with 41% lower mean hospitalization costs; poorer cognition scores were also associated with fewer hospitalizations. The cost per admission for those with dementia was 33% greater due to longer hospital stays (5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08959420.2020.1777824DOI Listing

Exploring the needs and experiences of educators in facilitating use of the Bass Model of Holistic Reflection.

Nurse Educ Pract 2020 May 27;46:102805. Epub 2020 May 27.

School of Nursing & Midwifery, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria, 3125, Australia.

Health professionals are required to reflect on practice to evaluate and improve care in rapidly changing health care environments. This study explored the professional development needs of educators facilitating development of reflective capacity in midwifery students using the Bass Model of Holistic Reflection. Thirteen midwifery academics at two Australian universities took part in the study conducted in three phases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2020.102805DOI Listing

'It is always worth the extra effort': Organizational structures and barriers to collaboration with consumers in mental health research: Perspectives of non-consumer researcher allies.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Australian College of Applied Psychology, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

Consumer collaboration in mental health research has demonstrated significant benefits and reflects both contemporary research practice and policy goals for the expected genuine involvement of consumers in all aspects of mental health service delivery. Notable barriers have been identified as impeding consumer researcher positions that must be better understood and ultimately addressed. The aim of this research was to better understand these barriers from the perspectives of non-consumer researchers who have worked collegially with consumer researchers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/inm.12757DOI Listing

Prevalence of device use and transmission based precautions in nineteen large Australian acute care public hospitals: Secondary outcomes from a national healthcare associated infection point prevalence survey.

Infect Dis Health 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: The use of invasive devices increases the risk of healthcare associated infections (HAI). The recent national HAI point prevalence survey secondary outcomes aimed to estimate the prevalence of patients with an indwelling urinary catheter device and vascular access devices; and also identify prevalence of those managed under transmission based precautions (TBP); and those colonised or infected with a multi drug resistant organism (MDRO).

Methods: A point prevalence study was conducted in large acute care Australian public hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2020.05.006DOI Listing

Core components of a staff wellness strategy in emergency departments: A clinician-informed nominal group study.

Emerg Med Australas 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: Busy, high-stress EDs prompt many work-based interventions to address staff wellness, with mixed success. The aim of the present study was to enable ED clinicians to systematically identify core components of a work-based strategy to improve their working environment and/or coping.

Methods: Purposively sampled ED doctors and nurses from one health service were invited to participate in modified nominal group technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13561DOI Listing

No benefit of flat head positioning in early moderate-severe acute ischaemic stroke: a HeadPoST study subgroup analysis.

Stroke Vasc Neurol 2020 Jun 25. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sidney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Although the Head Positioning in acute Stroke Trial (HeadPoST) showed no effect of the flat head position (FP; vs sitting up head position (SUP)) on functional outcome, we hypothesised that it could still offer benefits if commenced early in those with acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) of at least moderate severity.

Methods: Subgroup analysis of HeadPoST in participants with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores ≥7, ≥10 and ≥14, randomised to FP or SUP <4.5 hours of AIS onset on functional outcomes defined by a shift in scores on the modified Rankin scale (mRS) and death/disability (mRS scores 3-6), and any cardiovascular serious adverse event. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/svn-2020-000387DOI Listing

'Calibrating to scale: a framework for humanitarian health organizations to anticipate, prevent, prepare for and manage climate-related health risks'.

Global Health 2020 Jun 26;16(1):54. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Fenner School of Environment and Society & Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam, Germany.

Climate Change is adversely affecting health by increasing human vulnerability and exposure to climate-related stresses. Climate change impacts human health both directly and indirectly, through extreme weather events, changing distribution of health risks, increased risks of undernutrition, population displacement, and greater risks of injuries, disease, and death (Ebi, K., Campbell-Lendrum, D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-020-00582-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318416PMC

General practitioners' reported application of DSM major depressive disorder criteria after removal of the bereavement exclusion criterion.

Death Stud 2020 Jun 26:1-8. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Deakin University School of Psychology, Geelong, Australia.

The removal of the bereavement exclusion criterion from major depressive disorder (MDD) in the 5th edition of generated concerns of over-diagnosing grief. Eight Australian General Practitioners (GPs) were interviewed to explore their application of MDD criteria to recently-bereaved individuals. Thematic analysis found GPs were unaware of the change and reluctant to apply MDD criteria two weeks post-bereavement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1782533DOI Listing

Incorporating competing risk theory into evaluations of changes in cancer survival: making the most of cause of death and routinely linked sociodemographic data.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 26;20(1):1002. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Health Economics and Data Analytics, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Curtin University, Kent St, Bentley, 6102, Western Australia.

Background: Relative survival is the most common method used for measuring survival from population-based registries. However, the relative survival concept of 'survival as far as the cancer is concerned' can be biased due to differing non-cancer risk of death in the population with cancer (competing risks). Furthermore, while relative survival can be stratified or standardised, for example by sex or age, adjustment for a broad range of sociodemographic variables potentially influencing survival is not possible. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09084-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318745PMC

Induced Second Trimester Abortion and Associated Factors at Debre Markos Referral Hospital: Cross-Sectional Study.

Womens Health (Lond) 2020 Jan-Dec;16:1745506520929546

The Australian Centre for Public and Population Health Research (ACPPHR), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, Australia.

Background: Although most induced abortions in Ethiopia are performed in the first trimester, many women will still require second trimester abortions. While access to abortion in Ethiopia is limited, few data are being available concerning the demand for and associated outcomes of second trimester abortions. This knowledge is important for planning the health service response to abortion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745506520929546DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7315676PMC

Impact of the Method of Delivering Electronic Health Behavior Change Interventions in Survivors of Cancer on Engagement, Health Behaviors, and Health Outcomes: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2020 Jun 23;22(6):e16112. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Increased accessibility to the internet and mobile devices has seen a rapid expansion in electronic health (eHealth) behavior change interventions delivered to patients with cancer and survivors using synchronous, asynchronous, and combined delivery methods. Characterizing effective delivery methods of eHealth interventions is required to enable improved design and implementation of evidence-based health behavior change interventions.

Objective: This study aims to systematically review the literature and synthesize evidence on the success of eHealth behavior change interventions in patients with cancer and survivors delivered by synchronous, asynchronous, or combined methods compared with a control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/16112DOI Listing

Perinatal psychosocial assessment of women of refugee background.

Women Birth 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Centre for Educational Development Appraisal and Research, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom; Centre for Developmental Psychiatry & Psychology, Department of Psychiatry, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Women of refugee background may be particularly vulnerable to perinatal mental illness, possibly due to increased exposure to psychosocial stressors associated with their forced migration and post-resettlement adjustment.

Aim: This study aimed to compare psychosocial risk factors reported by women of refugee background receiving maternity services at a public hospital, to those reported by Australian-born women in the same hospital. It further aimed to examine the referrals offered, and accepted, by the women of refugee background reporting psychosocial risk factors for perinatal mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2020.05.009DOI Listing

Editorial: COVID-19 and what it means for end-of-life care in ICU: Balancing the priorities.

Collegian 2020 Jun 16;27(3):248-249. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2020.05.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297167PMC

Effectiveness of Decision Aid in Men with Localized Prostate Cancer: a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial at Tertiary Referral Hospitals in an Asia Pacific Country.

J Cancer Educ 2020 Jun 20. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

There are several treatment options for localized prostate cancer with very similar outcome but vary in terms of technique and side effect profiles and risks. Considering the potential difficulty in choosing the best treatment, a patient decision aid (PDA) is used to help patients in their decision-making process. However, the use and applicability of PDA in a country in Asia Pacific region like Malaysia is still unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13187-020-01801-6DOI Listing

Palliative care needs and utilization of specialist services for people imminently dying with dementia: A national population-based study.

Int J Nurs Stud 2020 Jun 1;109:103655. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Monash Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Clayton Campus, Level 1, 10 Chancellors Walk, Wellington Road, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia; Supportive and Palliative Care, Eastern Health, 251 Mountain Highway, Wantirna, VIC, 3152, Australia; Australian Health Services Research Institute, Building 234 (iC Enterprise 1) Innovation Campus, University of Wollongong, Wollongong NSW 2522, Australia; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Perth, WA 6009 Australia. Electronic address:

Background: There is a growing emphasis on the importance of availability of specialist palliative care for people living with dementia. However, for people imminently dying with dementia, we still have little knowledge about their palliative care needs and utilization of different specialist services.

Objectives: To (i) assess palliative care needs and other clinical and social characteristics of people imminently dying with dementia on their last admission in the context of community and inpatient palliative care services before death; (ii) compare care needs between patients requiring community-based and inpatient services; (iii) determine how and whether such care needs affect utilization of different palliative care services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103655DOI Listing
June 2020
2.248 Impact Factor

A Web-Based Intervention for Young Adults Whose Parents Have a Mental Illness or Substance Use Concern: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2020 Jun 18;9(6):e15626. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Faculty of Education, Monash University, Clayton, Australia.

Background: One in 5 young people grow up in a family where one parent has experienced a mental health problem or substance use concern. Compared with their same-aged peers, these youth are at a higher risk of academic failure and acquiring a substance abuse and/or mental health issue. There is a paucity of accessible, age-appropriate interventions that address their needs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/15626DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7333071PMC

Implementing a collaborative medicine and pharmacy educational activity in two countries.

Med Educ Online 2020 Dec;25(1):1780697

Faculty of Medicine, Nursing, and Health Sciences, Monash University , Clayton, Australia.

Background: To promote better collaboration for patient care, interprofessional education (IPE) is required in many health professions courses. However, successful IPE implementation at scale can be challenging because of complicated logistics and competing priorities. Implementing across multiple geographies adds further complexity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10872981.2020.1780697DOI Listing
December 2020

Association between yogurt consumption and plasma soluble CD14 in two prospective cohorts of US adults.

Eur J Nutr 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: Although evidence suggests an inverse association between yogurt consumption and the risk of disorders, such as type 2 diabetes and certain cancers, the mechanisms remain poorly understood. We aimed to examine the association between yogurt consumption and concentrations of plasma soluble CD14, a marker of gut barrier dysfunction.

Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 632 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1989-1990) and 444 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1993-1994) with soluble CD14 concentrations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-020-02303-3DOI Listing

Socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of complex multimorbidity in a Norwegian population: findings from the cross-sectional HUNT Study.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 15;10(6):e036851. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

HUNT Research Centre, Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Levanger, Trøndelag, Norway.

Objectives: Multimorbidity, the co-occurrence of multiple long-term conditions, is common and increasing. Definitions and assessment methods vary, yielding differences in estimates of prevalence and multimorbidity severity. Sociodemographic characteristics are associated with complicating factors of multimorbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-036851DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7299021PMC

Prevalence of multimorbidity with frailty and associations with socioeconomic position in an adult population: findings from the cross-sectional HUNT Study in Norway.

BMJ Open 2020 Jun 15;10(6):e035070. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, HUNT Research Centre, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway.

Objectives: To explore prevalences and occupational group inequalities of two measures of multimorbidity with frailty.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT), Norway, a total county population health survey, 2006-2008. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7299023PMC

Spontaneous vaginal birth following induction with intravenous oxytocin: Three oxytocic regimes to minimise blood loss post birth.

Women Birth 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Curtin University, Bentley, Perth, Western Australia 6102, Australia; Department of Nursing and Midwifery Education and Research, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Subiaco, Perth, Western Australia, 6008, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: No evidence was identified in relation to the downward titration/cessation of intravenous oxytocin post spontaneous vaginal birth, in the absence of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH); suggesting clinicians' management is based on personal preference in the absence of evidence.

Aim: To determine the proportion of induced women with a spontaneous vaginal birth and PPH, when intravenous oxytocin was utilised intrapartum and ceased 15, 30 or 60minutes post birth.

Methods: This three armed pilot randomised controlled trial, was undertaken on the Birth Suite of an Australian tertiary obstetric hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2020.05.006DOI Listing

Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Progression as Surrogate Marker for Cardiovascular Risk: Meta-Analysis of 119 Clinical Trials Involving 100,667 Patients.

Circulation 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Neurology, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

To quantify the association between effects of interventions on carotid intimamedia thickness (cIMT) progression and their effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. We systematically collated data from randomized controlled trials. cIMT was assessed as the mean value at the common-carotid-artery; if unavailable, the maximum value at the common-carotid-artery or other cIMT measures were utilized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.046361DOI Listing