107,554 results match your criteria Australian health review : a publication of the Australian Hospital Association[Journal]


The effect of blueberry interventions on cognitive performance and mood: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Brain Behav Immun 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

IMPACT Strategic Research Centre, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, 3216, Australia. Electronic address:

Blueberries are rich in polyphenols that may be beneficial to cognitive performance and mood. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of blueberries and blueberry products on measures of cognition and mood. In total, eleven articles (that included 12 studies) were identified using freeze-dried blueberries (n=9 studies), whole blueberries (n=2) and blueberry concentrate (n=1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Video strategies improved health professional knowledge across different contexts: a helix counterbalanced randomised controlled study.

J Clin Epidemiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Building G, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University Peninsula Campus, McMahons Road, Frankston, 3199 Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to apply a novel helix counterbalanced randomised controlled trial design to evaluate the effectiveness of video versus written knowledge translation strategies for improving health professional knowledge of evidence provided in scientific journal articles.

Study Design And Setting: A Helix counterbalanced randomised controlled trial was used to compare the impact of delivering research information via video or written modalities compared to a no-information control across three health contexts. Interventions were delivered and data collected via an online survey to nursing and allied health professionals across five hospitals within a public health service in Melbourne, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2019.04.003DOI Listing

'It's turned our world upside down': Support needs of parents of critically injured children during Emergency Department admission - A qualitative inquiry.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 23;21(4):137-142. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Susan Wakil School of Nursing and Midwifery Sydney, The University of Sydney, 88 Mallet Street Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia; Australian Catholic University & North Western Mental Health, Level 1 North, City Campus, The Royal Melbourne Hospital Grattan Street, Parkville, Victoria 3050, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Childhood injury is the largest cause of paediatric hospitalisation in Australia. Parents' psychological wellbeing is important in enabling them to support their children's recovery, however little is known about parents' psychosocial support needs during their child's admission to the emergency department. This study explores the experiences and support needs of parents of critically injured children in the emergency department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018

Pragmatic evaluation of an observational pain assessment scale in the emergency department: The Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) scale.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 27;21(4):131-136. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Faculty of Health University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia; Research and Practice Development Unit, Level 7, Kolling Building, Royal North Shore Hospital, Northern Sydney Local Health District, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia.

Background: Pain assessment is challenging in older people with cognitive impairment who present to the emergency department and may result in suboptimal management. Therefore, the usefulness of the Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) tool for older people with cognitive impairment presenting with a painful injury was evaluated.

Methods: In this multi-centre observational sub-study, older people (≥65 years) suspected of a long bone fracture were screened for cognitive impairment using the Six Item Screening (SIS) tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.09.001DOI Listing
November 2018

A Retrospective Study Investigating: Factors associated with mode of arrival and emergency department management for patients with acute stroke.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Aug 17;21(3):99-104. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Australia; Royal Melbourne Hospital, Emergency Department, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Presentation by ambulance to the emergency department is critical for stroke patients to receive time dependent treatments. However, little is known of the factors that influence presentation by ambulance.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients with an emergency department medical diagnosis of stroke who presented to one of three Victorian emergency departments over a three-year period (2011-2013). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.07.001DOI Listing

Do consumers who identify as Muslim experience culturally safe care (CSC) in the Emergency Department (ED)? A scoping review.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Aug 1;21(3):93-98. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Faculty of Health, University of Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC 4558, Queensland, Australia.

Lack of awareness about cultural and religious values and beliefs of patients presenting to Emergency Departments (ED) can compromise patient care and safety. Muslim Australians represent the fastest growing religious demographic group, with over a 77% growth in the last decade. The changing face of the Australian population requires that Australian health care carefully consider the dominant Western cultural paradigm currently influencing health care delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.08.001DOI Listing

Paediatric emergency nurses' perceptions of parents' understanding of discharge information: A qualitative study.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 1;21(2):56-63. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Purpose: To identify paediatric emergency department nurses' perceptions of factors influencing parents' understanding of discharge information.

Procedures: Content analysis was used to analyse data from three semi-structured focus groups with nurses from a paediatric ED.

Findings: Findings were interpreted within the three domains of structure, process, and outcomes from the Donabedian model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.05.001DOI Listing

Phylogeny of the Australian Solanum dioicum group using seven nuclear genes, with consideration of Symon's fruit and seed dispersal hypotheses.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0207564. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biological Sciences & Stillinger Herbarium, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, United States of America.

The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanum taxa (the "S. dioicum group") of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. This is especially true for plant-animal interactions, including the influence of fruit form and calyx morphology on seed dispersal. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207564PLOS

Auditory Training for Adult Cochlear Implant Users: A Survey and Cost Analysis Study.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: The aims of this study were as follows: (a) to describe audiologists' practices toward auditory training (AT) for adult cochlear implant (CI) users with a postlingual hearing loss; and (b) to assess the cost of different AT methods for clients and service providers in comparison with no AT delivery.

Design: A survey was distributed to approximately 230 Australian CI audiologists to investigate the range, magnitude, and rationale of AT practices adopted as part of rehabilitation services with adult CI users. The cost of these different AT practices was then estimated from the perspectives of both clients and service providers, and compared against no AT delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000724DOI Listing

Graphitic Carbon Nitride (g-C N )-Derived N-Rich Graphene with Tuneable Interlayer Distance as a High-Rate Anode for Sodium-Ion Batteries.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1901261. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia.

Heteroatom-doped carbon materials with expanded interlayer distance have been widely studied as anodes for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). However, it remains unexplored to further enlarge the interlayer spacing and reveal the influence of heteroatom doping on carbon nanostructures for developing more efficient SIB anode materials. Here, a series of N-rich few-layer graphene (N-FLG) with tuneable interlayer distance ranging from 0. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201901261DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
17.493 Impact Factor

Cognitive workload measurement and modeling under divided attention.

J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Division of Psychology, University of Tasmania.

Motorists often engage in secondary tasks unrelated to driving that increase cognitive workload, resulting in fatal crashes and injuries. An International Standards Organization method for measuring a driver's cognitive workload, the detection response task (DRT), correlates well with driving outcomes, but investigation of its putative theoretical basis in terms of finite attention capacity remains limited. We address this knowledge gap using evidence-accumulation modeling of simple and choice versions of the DRT in a driving scenario. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000638DOI Listing

Community intervention to prevent adolescent health behavior problems: Evaluation of communities that care in Australia.

Health Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute.

Objective: A major challenge for health psychologists is to ensure the implementation of evidence-based interventions to improve population health. To reduce high rates of adolescent alcohol use and related health problems, trials of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention process were implemented in Australia beginning in 2001. The process assists communities to strategically plan and monitor implementation of evidence-based preventative interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000735DOI Listing

Immediate and long-term efficacy of executive functions cognitive training in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University.

There has been growing interest in enhancing cognition in older adulthood via computerized cognitive training (CCT), though, there is controversy surrounding the efficacy of CCT in promoting improvements to functional everyday activities. As core executive-functions (EFs)-cognitive-flexibility, inhibition, working memory-are applicable to most aspects of daily living, CCT targeting these processes would likely promote gains on trained tasks, and potentially on similar untrained tasks (near-transfer), and general cognitive performance (far-transfer). We report two meta-analyses investigating the immediate (pretest to posttest) and long-term efficacy (pretest to follow-up) of core-EF CCT in improving cognition among older adults. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000196
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000196DOI Listing
April 2019
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Using response time distributions and race models to characterize primacy and recency effects in free recall initiation.

Psychol Rev 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Psychological Science.

Primacy and recency effects are common benchmarks for models of free recall and episodic memory. In this work, we show that RT distributions carry diagnostic information about how items enter into competition for recall, and how that competition impacts on the dynamics of recall and leads to novel conclusions about the forms of primacy and recency effects. We jointly fit RT distributions and serial position functions for free recall initiation with both a racing diffusion model and the linear ballistic accumulator (LBA: Brown & Heathcote, 2008). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rev0000149DOI Listing

Police lineups of the future?

Am Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Psychology.

Problems associated with eyewitness identification decisions have long been highlighted by memory researchers (e.g., Loftus, 1979), with overwhelming evidence that witnesses can err, sometimes with disastrous consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000465DOI Listing

Differential associations of ferritin and 25-hydroxyvitamin D with fasting glucose and diabetes risk in community dwelling older men.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2019 Apr 18:e3172. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Medical School, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia.

Aims: We examined associations of ferritin and 25-hydroxyvitamin D with fasting glucose and prevalent diabetes in older men.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 4,153 community-dwelling men aged 70-89 years in Western Australia. Plasma ferritin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D and glucose were assayed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dmrr.3172DOI Listing

Demographic and Psychosocial Predictors of Housing Security in Older Lesbian and Gay Australians.

Int J Aging Hum Dev 2019 Apr 18:91415019843449. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

8 COTA Australia, Canberra, Australia.

This study examined housing security among 679 lesbian women and gay men aged 60 years and older living in Australia. We examined a range of potential demographic and psychosocial predictors of whether participants felt that their housing situation was secure. Overall, most participants (89%) felt that their housing situation was secure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0091415019843449DOI Listing

Effect of high polyphenol extra virgin olive oil on markers of cardiovascular disease risk in healthy Australian adults (OLIVAUS): A protocol for a double-blind randomised, controlled, cross-over study.

Nutr Diet 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Dietetics, Nutrition and Sport, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, College of Science, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Previous clinical studies have suggested that high polyphenol extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) provides a superior cardioprotective effect compared to low polyphenol olive oil. However, further studies are required to replicate these results in non-Mediterranean populations.

Aim: To investigate the effect of high polyphenol EVOO versus low polyphenol olive oil with known polyphenol composition on markers of cardiovascular disease risk in a healthy non-Mediterranean cohort. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1747-0080.12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1747-0080.12531DOI Listing
April 2019
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Mainstreaming human and large carnivore coexistence through institutional collaboration.

Conserv Biol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Centre for Integrative Ecology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia.

Achieving human-large carnivore coexistence in Human Dominated Landscapes (HDL) is a key challenge for societies globally. This challenge cannot be adequately met with the current sectoral approaches of HDL governance and an academic sector largely dominated by disciplinary silos. In this essay, we urge academia (universities and other research institutions and organisations) to take a more active role in embracing societal challenges around large carnivore conservation in HDL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13334DOI Listing

Generation of a nitric oxide signaling pathway in mesenchymal stem cells promotes endothelial lineage commitment.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

School of Health, Medicine and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.

Enhancing differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to endothelial cells may improve their ability to vascularize tissue and promote wound healing. This study describes a novel role for nitric oxide (NO) in reprogramming MSCs towards an endothelial lineage and highlights the role of Wnt signaling and epigenetic modification by NO. Rat MSCs were transduced with lentiviral vectors expressing endothelial nitric oxide synthase (pLV-eNOS) and a mutated caveolin gene (pLV-CAV-1 ) to enhance NO generation resulting in increased in vitro capillary tubule formation and endothelial marker gene expression. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jcp.28640
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28640DOI Listing
April 2019
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Reproductive outcomes following treatment for a gynecological cancer diagnosis: a systematic review.

J Cancer Surviv 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Kids Cancer Centre, Sydney Children's Hospital, Sydney, NSW, 2031, Australia.

Purpose: Fertility treatments are available for women diagnosed with a gynecological malignancy, which is important for women who desire a biological family subsequent to treatment. The objective of this study was to report reproductive outcomes following fertility-sparing treatment for a gynaecological cancer.

Methods: Electronic databases were searched to identify studies that reported on reproductive outcomes after treatment for a gynecological malignancy. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11764-019-00749-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11764-019-00749-xDOI Listing
April 2019
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Droplet-based single cell RNAseq tools: a practical guide.

Lab Chip 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

St Vincent's School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia and Tumour Development, The Kinghorn Cancer Centre, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Droplet based scRNA-seq systems such as Drop-seq, inDrop and Chromium 10X have been the catalyst for the wide adoption of high-throughput scRNA-seq technologies in the research laboratory. In order to understand the capabilities of these systems to deeply interrogate biology; here we provide a practical guide through all the steps involved in a typical scRNA-seq experiment. Through comparing and contrasting these three main droplet based systems (and their derivatives), we provide an overview of all critical considerations in obtaining high quality and biologically relevant data. Read More

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http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C8LC01239C
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8lc01239cDOI Listing
April 2019
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Dementia Stigma Reduction (DESeRvE): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of an online intervention program to reduce dementia-related public stigma.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2019 Jun 29;14:100351. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Dementia is considered to be a highly stigmatized condition leading to significant negative effects on the health and well-being of people with dementia and people supporting someone living with dementia. Even though there has been an increasing amount of research on dementia-related stigma over the past two decades, research on effective, evidence-based approaches to reduce dementia-related public stigma is still lacking.

Methods: A 2 × 2 factorial randomized controlled trial (RCT) is being conducted to evaluate the feasibility and short-term efficacy of an online intervention program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2019.100351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453665PMC

A multilevel study of neighborhood disadvantage, individual socioeconomic position, and body mass index: Exploring cross-level interaction effects.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Jun 25;14:100844. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Health and Social Development, Centre for Population Health Research, Deakin University, Australia.

This study examined associations between neighborhood disadvantage and body mass index (BMI), and tested whether this differed by level of individual socioeconomic position (SEP). Data were from 9953 residents living in 200 neighborhoods in Brisbane, Australia in 2007. Multilevel linear regression analyses were undertaken by gender to determine associations between neighborhood disadvantage, individual SEP (education, occupation and household income) and BMI (from self-reported height and weight); with cross-level interactions testing whether the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and BMI differed by level of individual SEP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100844DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453828PMC

The time for lipoprotein(a) based intervention has arrived: where will the light shine?

J Thorac Dis 2019 Mar;11(Suppl 3):S433-S436

South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.11.54DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424751PMC

The discovery of three new hare lagoviruses reveals unexplored viral diversity in this genus.

Virus Evol 2019 Jan 9;5(1):vez005. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, Charles Perkins Centre, School of Life and Environmental Sciences and Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Our knowledge of mammalian viruses has been strongly skewed toward those that cause disease in humans and animals. However, recent metagenomic studies indicate that most apparently healthy organisms carry viruses, and that these seemingly benign viruses may comprise the bulk of virus diversity. The bias toward studying viruses associated with overt disease is apparent in the lagoviruses (family that infect rabbits and hares: although most attention has been directed toward the highly pathogenic members of this genus-rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus and European brown hare syndrome virus-a number of benign lagoviruses have also been identified. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ve/article/doi/10.1093/ve/vez005/54
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ve/vez005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456799PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Productivity costs of cardiovascular disease mortality across disease types and socioeconomic groups.

Open Heart 2019 16;6(1):e000939. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Centre for Economic Impacts of Genomic Medicine, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the single largest contributor to global mortality. Premature mortality due to CVD results in a loss of productivity, with associated economic and policy implications that are often overlooked.

Methods: A human capital approach was adopted to project the long-term impacts of Australian CVD deaths in 2003 on labour force participation and the present value of lifetime income (PVLI) forgone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2018-000939DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6443138PMC
February 2019

Correction: What is the fundamental ion-specific series for anions and cations? Ion specificity in standard partial molar volumes of electrolytes and electrostriction in water and non-aqueous solvents.

Chem Sci 2019 Mar 4;10(11):3430-3433. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Applied Mathematics , Research School of Physics and Engineering , The Australian National University , Canberra , ACT 2601 , Australia . Email:

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1039/C7SC02691A.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c9sc90050kDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6432621PMC

Differential stability of variant gene transcripts in myopic patients.

Mol Vis 2019 17;25:183-193. Epub 2019 Mar 17.

Centre for Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Lions Eye Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.

Purpose: In Bornholm eye disease, a defect in the splicing of transcripts from a variant opsin gene leads to a depletion in spliced transcript levels and, consequently, a reduction in photopigment in photoreceptors expressing the variant gene.

Methods: Myopic and age-matched control subjects were drawn from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study and the Norfolk Island Eye Study groups. The opsin gene was amplified using long-range PCR methodology and was fully sequenced. Read More

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Needle-like structures discovered on positively charged lightning branches.

Nature 2019 Apr 17;568(7752):360-363. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

ASTRON, Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Dwingeloo, The Netherlands.

Lightning is a dangerous yet poorly understood natural phenomenon. Lightning forms a network of plasma channels propagating away from the initiation point with both positively and negatively charged ends-called positive and negative leaders. Negative leaders propagate in discrete steps, emitting copious radio pulses in the 30-300-megahertz frequency band that can be remotely sensed and imaged with high spatial and temporal resolution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1086-6DOI Listing

A Domain-General Role for the Angular Gyrus in Retrieving Internal Representations of the External World.

J Neurosci 2019 Apr;39(16):2978-2980

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3231-18.2019DOI Listing

Incident haemodialysis and outcomes in the Top End of Australia.

Aust Health Rev 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The Northern Territory has the highest incidence of haemodialysis care for end-stage kidney disease in Australia. Although acute kidney injury (AKI) is a recognised risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD), the effect of AKI causing incident haemodialysis (iHD) is unknown. Audits identifying antecedents of iHD may inform health service planning. Read More

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http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=AH18230
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AH18230DOI Listing
April 2019
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Comment on Di Marco, N., Kaufman, J., Rodda, C.P. Shedding Light on Vitamin D Status and Its Complexities during Pregnancy, Infancy and Childhood: An Australian Perspective. 2019, (4), 538, doi:10.3390/ijerph16040538.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 16;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Blizard Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London E12AT, UK.

In their report on the roles of vitamin D status during early life development in Australia, Di Marco et al [... Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081373DOI Listing

Simultaneous Determination of Ten Kinds of Organochlorine Insecticides in Beef by Gas Chromatography.

J Food Prot 1989 Feb;52(2):92-95

A simple and rapid method for simultaneous determination of 10 kinds of organochlorine insecticides (ß-BHC, heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDD, t-chlordane) in beef was established. The pesticides were extracted from samples with acetone hexane (3:1) mixture, and purified by Florisil column chromatography, then determined by use of a gas chromatograph equipped with an electron capture detector (ECD-GLC). Recoveries of the 10 pesticides added to beef at 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-52.2.92DOI Listing
February 1989

Gaming National Emergency Access Target performance using Emergency Treatment Performance definitions and emergency department short stay units.

Emerg Med Australas 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Sax Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To evaluate potential gaming of the 4 h ED length of stay metric known as the National Emergency Access Target (NEAT) in Australia and Emergency Treatment Performance (ETP) in New South Wales (NSW).

Methods: Descriptive statistical analysis was used to recalculate and compare the scores for NEAT and the NSW ETP using variations in the definitions of their measurement on 32 184 presentations during 2016. A computer simulation using a discrete event model illustrated the effect of the use of ED short stay beds on the ETP scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13295DOI Listing

Evaluating the Effect of Monitoring through Telephone (Tele-Monitoring) on Self-Care Behaviors and Readmission of Patients with Heart Failure after Discharge.

Appl Clin Inform 2019 Mar 17;10(2):261-268. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Nursing & Emergency Medicine, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran.

Background:  Heart failure is one of the serious cardiovascular diseases, which poses a global pandemic and places a heavy burden on health care systems worldwide. The incidence of this disease in Iran is higher than in other Asian countries. To reduce patients' complications, readmission rates, and health care expenditures, it is necessary to design interventions, which are culturally appropriate and based on community needs. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1685167
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1685167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469982PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Genomic Sequences from Papua New Guinea: Lack of Genetic Connectivity with Northern Australian or East Timorese Genomes, and New Recombination Findings.

Plant Dis 2019 Apr 16:PDIS09181666RE. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

2 UWA Institute of Agriculture, Faculty of Science, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

(ZYMV) isolates were obtained in Papua New Guinea (PNG) from cucumber () or pumpkin ( spp.) plants showing mosaic symptoms growing at Kongop in the Mount Hagen District, Western Highlands Province, or Zage in the Goroka District, Eastern Highlands Province. The samples were blotted onto FTA cards, which were sent to Australia, where they were subjected to high-throughput sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-09-18-1666-REDOI Listing

To pool or not to pool? Trends and predictors of banking arrangements within Australian couples.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0214019. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

ARC Centre of Excellence for Children and Families over the Life Course, Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

The study of domestic money goes at the heart of debates about independence and equality in intimate relationships. It provides an important window on the individualization of family life and how couples reconcile ideals around egalitarian marriage ideologies with enduring gender inequality in society and the labor market. This study approaches these issues from the prism of couples' banking arrangements (separate vs. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214019PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

Clinical and Ethical Challenges in Undertaking LIMPRINT in Vulnerable Populations.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):155-162

9 College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University and ACH Group, Adelaide, South Australia.

To estimate the prevalence of chronic edema (CO) and wounds within two vulnerable populations, a male high security prison in the East Midlands (United Kingdom) and residential and nursing homes in the United Kingdom and Australia. Methods for screening for CO and wounds were adapted from the main LIMPRINT methodology. In total, 195 inmates were recruited with 22 (11%) having CO. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2018.0083
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0083DOI Listing
April 2019
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LIMPRINT in Australia.

Lymphat Res Biol 2019 Apr;17(2):173-177

7 School of Social Sciences, Nottingham University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Australia was one of nine participating countries in the epidemiology Phase II Lymphoedema Impact and Prevalence - International (LIMPRINT) project to determine the number of people with chronic edema (CO) in local health services. Data collection occurred through questionnaire-based interviews and clinical assessment with provided LIMPRINT tools. Four different types of services across three states in Australia participated. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lrb.2018.0087
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2018.0087DOI Listing
April 2019
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Aboriginal mothers in prison in Australia: a study of social, emotional and physical wellbeing.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, New South Wales.

Objective: To describe the social, emotional and physical wellbeing of Aboriginal mothers in prison.

Methods: Cross-sectional survey, including a Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (5-item version) administered to Aboriginal women who self-identified as mothers.

Results: Seventy-seven Aboriginal mothers in New South Wales (NSW) and 84 in Western Australia (WA) participated in the study. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1753-6405.12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12892DOI Listing
April 2019
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Examining Australia's heaviest drinkers.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, La Trobe University, Victoria.

Objective: This study examined the distribution of alcohol consumption in Australia, identifying the heaviest drinking 10% of the population and examining their sociodemographic characteristics and their alcohol consumption and purchasing practices.

Methods: Data came from the 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey and the 2013 International Alcohol Control Study. The heaviest drinking 10% of the population identified based on estimates of annual alcohol consumption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12901DOI Listing
April 2019
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A cluster of acute rheumatic fever cases among Aboriginal Australians in a remote community with high baseline incidence.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Northern Territory Centre for Disease Control, Northern Territory.

Objectives: We report a cluster of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) cases and the public health response in a high-burden Australian setting.

Methods: The public health unit was notified of an increase in ARF cases in a remote Australian Aboriginal community. A multi-disciplinary group coordinated the response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12893DOI Listing

The power of public health officers to curb greenhouse gas emissions.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Australian National University, School of Medicine, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1753-6405.12
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12898DOI Listing
April 2019
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Family violence laws: Traditional narratives and the (in)visibility of lesbian relationships and lesbian-parented families.

J Lesbian Stud 2019 Apr 17:1-26. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

a Faculty of Law , University of Tasmania , Tasmania , Australia.

Feminist advocacy and activism over the last 40 years broke historic ground in shining a light on "domestic" or "family" violence, traditionally conceptualized as male violence against female intimate partners and their children. This has resulted in a large body of research, particularly in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, and similar jurisdictions, around the gendered nature of family violence and violence within heterosexual relationships and heterosexual-parented families. As a consequence, the predominant narrative-in political, policy, and advocacy settings-is largely heteronormative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10894160.2019.1599241DOI Listing

Calibrating temperature reconstructions from fish otolith oxygen isotope analysis for California's critically-endangered Delta Smelt.

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, UC Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.

Rationale: Oxygen isotope ratios (δ O values) of fish otoliths (ear bones) are valuable geochemical tracers of water conditions and thermal life history. Delta Smelt (Hypomesus transpacificus) are osmerid forage fish endemic to the San Francisco Estuary, California, USA and are on the verge of extinction. These fish exhibit a complex life history that allows them to survive in a dynamic estuarine environment; however, a rapidly warming climate threatens this thermally-sensitive species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8464DOI Listing

Scaling of cardiac morphology is interrupted by birth in the developing sheep Ovis aries.

J Anat 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Zoological Sciences, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Scaling of the heart across development can reveal the degree to which variation in cardiac morphology depends on body mass. In this study, we assessed the scaling of heart mass, left and right ventricular masses, and ventricular mass ratio, as a function of eviscerated body mass across fetal and postnatal development in Horro sheep Ovis aries (~50-fold body mass range; N = 21). Whole hearts were extracted from carcasses, cleaned, dissected into chambers and weighed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joa.12990DOI Listing

The stoichiometric legacy of fire regime regulates the roles of micro-organisms and invertebrates in decomposition.

Ecology 2019 Apr 16:e02732. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Griffith School of Environment and Science and the Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD, Australia.

Decadal-scale increases in fire frequency have the potential to deplete ecosystems of essential nutrients and consequently impede nutrient-limited biological processes via stoichiometric imbalance. Decomposition, a fundamental ecosystem function and strong driver of future fire occurrence, is highly sensitive to nutrient availability and is, therefore, particularly important in this context. Here we show that forty years of quadrennial (4yB) and biennial (2yB) prescribed burning result in severely P- and N-depleted litter stoichiometry, respectively, relative to fire exclusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2732DOI Listing