103,502 results match your criteria Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health[Journal]


The structure and stability of the disulfide-linked γS-crystallin dimer provide insight into oxidation products associated with lens cataract formation.

J Mol Biol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Research School of Chemistry, The Australian National University, Acton, ACT, 2601, Australia. Electronic address:

The reducing environment in the eye lens diminishes with age, leading to significant oxidative stress. Oxidation of lens crystallin proteins is the major contributor to their destabilization and deleterious aggregation that scatters visible light, obscures vision and ultimately leads to cataracts. However, the molecular basis for oxidation-induced aggregation is unknown. Read More

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December 2018
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Effectiveness of a theory-based sun-safe randomised behavioural change trial among Australian adolescents.

Psychooncology 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.

Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Mt Gravatt, Queensland.

Objective: Sun safety is crucial for preventing skin cancer. This study evaluated a school-based intervention based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) which aimed to encourage sun-protective behaviour among adolescents.

Methods: Secondary school students (N=382; 61. Read More

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December 2018
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Scutellarein inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclast formation in vitro and prevents LPS-induced bone loss in vivo.

J Cell Physiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Trauma Orthopedic and Hand Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.

Osteoporosis, arthritis, Peget's disease, bone tumor, periprosthetic joint infection, and periprosthetic loosening have a common characteristic of osteolysis, which is characterized by the enhanced osteoclastic bone resorptive function. At present, the treatment target of these diseases is to interfere with osteoclastic formation and function. Scutellarein (Scu), a flavonoids compound, can inhibit the progress of tumor and inflammation. Read More

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December 2018

Flow-Mediated Drug Transport from Drug-Eluting Stents is Negligible: Numerical and In-vitro Investigations.

Ann Biomed Eng 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

UNSW Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Prior numerical studies have shown that the blood flow patterns surrounding drug-eluting stents can enhance drug uptake in stented arteries. However, these studies employed steady-state simulations, wherein flow and drug transport parameters remained constant with respect to time. In the present study, numerical simulations and in-vitro experiments were performed to determine whether luminal blood flow patterns can truly enhance drug uptake in stented arteries. Read More

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December 2018

Characterizing coral skeleton mineralogy with Raman spectroscopy.

Authors:
Thomas M DeCarlo

Nat Commun 2018 Dec 14;9(1):5325. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

School of Earth Sciences and Oceans Graduate School, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA, 6009, Australia.

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December 2018

Definition of whole person care in general practice in the English language literature: a systematic review.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e023758. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Psycho-Oncology Co-operative Research Group, Sydney Health Ethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: The importance of 'whole person' or 'holistic' care is widely recognised, particularly with an increasing prevalence of chronic multimorbidity internationally. This approach to care is a defining feature of general practice. However, its precise meaning remains ambiguous. Read More

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December 2018

Predicting 7-year mortality for use with evidence-based guidelines for Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) testing: findings from a large prospective study of 123 697 Australian men.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022613. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: To develop and validate a prediction model for short-term mortality in Australian men aged ≥45years, using age and self-reported health variables, for use when implementing the Australian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Testing and Early Management of Test-Detected Prostate Cancer. Implementation of one of the Guideline recommendations requires an estimate of 7-year mortality.

Design: Prospective cohort study using questionnaire data linked to mortality data. Read More

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December 2018

haplotypes confer different sulfite tolerance when expressed in a null mutant.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

The Australian Wine Research Institute, PO Box 197, Glen Osmond, Adelaide, South Australia, 5064, Australia.

SO addition is practiced in the wine industry to mitigate the risk of microbial spoilage and to extend wine shelf-life. Generally, this strategy does not interfere with primary alcoholic fermentation as wine strains of exhibit significant SO tolerance, largely driven by the efflux pump Ssu1p. One of the key yeast species responsible for wine spoilage is , which also exhibits strain-dependent SO tolerance, although this occurs via unknown mechanisms. Read More

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December 2018

Phase IIa, placebo-controlled, randomised study of lutikizumab, an anti-interleukin-1α and anti-interleukin-1β dual variable domain immunoglobulin, in patients with erosive hand osteoarthritis.

Ann Rheum Dis 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Immunology Development, AbbVie, North Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: To assess the efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the anti-interleukin (IL)-1α/β dual variable domain immunoglobulin lutikizumab (ABT-981) in erosive hand osteoarthritis (HOA).

Methods: Patients with ≥1 erosive and ≥3 tender and/or swollen hand joints were randomised to placebo or lutikizumab 200 mg subcutaneously every 2 weeks for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was change in Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN) pain subdomain score from baseline to 16 weeks. Read More

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December 2018

Pipeline shield with single antiplatelet therapy in aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: multicentre experience.

J Neurointerv Surg 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Neurological Sciences, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: The Pipeline Embolisation Device with Shield technology (PED-Shield) is suggested to have reduced thrombogenicity. This reduced thrombogenicity may make it possible to use safely in the acute treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) on single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT).

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the off-label use of PED-Shield with SAPT for the acute treatment of aSAH. Read More

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December 2018

White matter organization in developmental coordination disorder: A pilot study exploring the added value of constrained spherical deconvolution.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.

Previous studies of white matter organization in sensorimotor tracts in developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have adopted diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), a method unable to reconcile pathways with 'crossing fibres'. In response to limitations of the commonly adopted DTI approach, the present study employed a framework that can reconcile the 'crossing fibre' problem (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

The biological standard of living in Indonesia during the 20th century: Evidence from the age at menarche.

Econ Hum Biol 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Economics, Konkuk University, 120 Neungdongro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, South Korea. Electronic address:

This article analyses long-term changes in the mean age at menarche (MAM) as a biological indicator of changes in the standard of living in Indonesia. It finds that MAM was about 15.5 for birth cohorts in the late-19th century, decreasing to 14. Read More

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November 2018

Current and ceased users of sit stand workstations: a qualitative evaluation of ergonomics, safety and health factors within a workplace setting.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 14;18(1):1374. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Centre for Ergonomics and Human Factors, School of Psychology and Public Health, College of Science, Health and Engineering, Latrobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Many workplaces have implemented sit-stand workstations (SSW), which enable a worker to transition between sitting and standing as they perform their work activities. The factors which determine the initial adoption, sustainability or cessation of use for a SSW, remain largely unexamined. This study investigates the experiences of workers who had previously used or were currently using a SSW. Read More

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December 2018

Frequency of Adverse Events Following Q Fever Immunisation in Young Adults.

Vaccines (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia.

Q fever is a zoonosis of concern in many countries. Vaccination is the most effective means of prevention, and since 1989, Australia has had a licensed Q fever vaccine, Q-VAX. This vaccine was also used in the Netherlands in 2011 following the largest recorded Q fever outbreak globally. Read More

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December 2018

Establishment of in vitro and in vivo anti-colon cancer efficacy of essential oils containing oleo-gum resin extract of Mesua ferrea.

Biomed Pharmacother 2019 Jan 15;109:1620-1629. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

EMAN Testing and Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universti Sains Malaysia, Penang, 11800, Malaysia; ACRF Department of Cancer Biology and Therapeutics, The John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Australia. Electronic address:

Proven the great potential of essential oils as anticancer agents, the current study intended to explore molecular mechanisms responsible for in vitro and in vivo anti-colon cancer efficacy of essential oil containing oleo-gum resin extract (RH) of Mesua ferrea. MTT cell viability studies showed that RH had broad spectrum cytotoxic activities. However, it induced more profound growth inhibitory effects towards two human colon cancer cell lines i. Read More

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January 2019
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A Pilot Study on the Physiological Effects of Three Essential Oils in Humans.

Nat Prod Commun 2016 Oct;11(10):1561-1564

In the present study, the physiological effects on 32 humans exposed to experimental stress provoked by inhalation of the essential oils of East Indian sandalwood (Santalum album L.), Western Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum R.Br. Read More

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October 2016
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Multi-segment spine kinematics: Relationship with dance training and low back pain.

Gait Posture 2018 Dec 4;68:274-279. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Centre for Sport Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC 3125, Australia; Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, 17 Antares Place, Rosedale, Auckland 0632, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Background: Spine posture, range of motion (ROM) and movement asymmetry can contribute to low back pain (LBP). These variables may have greater impact in populations required to perform repetitive spine movements, such as dancers; however, there is limited evidence to support this.

Research Question: What is the influence of dance and LBP on spinal kinematics?

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, multi-segment spinal kinematics were examined in 60 female participants, including dancers (n = 21) and non-dancers (n = 39) with LBP (n = 33) and without LBP (n = 27). Read More

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December 2018
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Strategies in scheduling marine protected area establishment in a network system.

Ecol Appl 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Instantaneous implementation of systematic conservation plans at regional scales is rare. More typically, planned actions are applied incrementally over periods of years or decades. During protracted implementation, the character of the connected ecological system will change as a function of external anthropogenic pressures, local metapopulation processes, and environmental fluctuations. Read More

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December 2018

Phenology of Trichodesmium spp. blooms in the Great Barrier Reef lagoon, Australia, from the ESA-MERIS 10-year mission.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0208010. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Canberra, Australia.

Trichodesmium, a filamentous bloom-forming marine cyanobacterium, plays a key role in the biogeochemistry of oligotrophic ocean regions because of the ability to fix nitrogen. Naturally occurring in the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), the contribution of Trichodesmium to the nutrient budget may be of the same order as that entering the system via catchment runoff. However, the cyclicity of Trichodesmium in the GBR is poorly understood and sparsely documented because of the lack of sufficient observations. Read More

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December 2018

Randomized Controlled Trial of Symptom Management Patient Education for People With Acute Coronary Syndrome.

J Nurs Care Qual 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Southern Cross University and Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia (Dr Stolic); Menzies Health Institute Queensland and Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia (Dr Lin); and Intensive Care Unit, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Griffith University and Menzies Health Institute, Brisbane, Australia (Dr Mitchell).

Background: Poorly managed acute coronary syndrome symptoms increase the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of symptom management patient education on the knowledge of sublingual nitroglycerin for people with acute coronary syndrome.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial was used to evaluate the 3-resource intervention. Read More

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December 2018

Enoldiazosulfones for Highly Enantioselective [3 + 3]-Cycloaddition with Nitrones Catalyzed by Copper(I) with Chiral BOX Ligands.

Org Lett 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Chemistry , University of Texas at San Antonio , San Antonio , Texas 78249 , United States.

Enoldiazosulfones undergo [3 + 3]-cycloaddition with nitrones when catalyzed by copper(I) catalysts, but not with dirhodium(II) catalysts. Under mild reaction conditions with chiral bisoxazoline ligands, copper(I) catalysts produce 1,2-oxazine-sulfone derivatives in high yields and enantioselectivities. Dirhodium(II) catalysts form stable donor-acceptor cyclopropenes that undergo uncatalyzed [3 + 2]-cycloaddition reactions with nitrones. Read More

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December 2018

Social cues affect quantitative genetic variation and covariation in animal personality traits.

Evolution 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Crawley.

The social environment is expected to have substantial effects on behavior, and as a consequence its heritability and evolvability. We investigated these effects by exposing Australian field crickets (Teleogryllus oceanicus) to either silence or recordings of male acoustic sexual signals. We used a combined pedigree and full-sib/half-sib breeding design to estimate the repeatability, heritability, and evolvability of behaviors related to boldness, exploration, and activity. Read More

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December 2018

The serine protease testisin is present on the surface of capacitated stallion spermatozoa and interacts with key zona pellucida binding proteins.

Andrology 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Priority Research Centre for Reproductive Science, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Serine proteases are emerging as important players in the spermatozoon's acquisition of functional competence. This study aimed to characterize the serine protease testisin (PRSS21) in stallion spermatozoa, examining its surface expression, possible origins in the testis and epididymis, and changes in response to capacitation and acrosome reaction, as well as its capacity to form high molecular weight complexes and interact with other proteins.

Materials And Methods: The role of serine proteases in spontaneous capacitation and acrosome reaction of stallion spermatozoa was established using the serine protease inhibitor, AEBSF. Read More

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December 2018

Climate change impact and adaptation for wheat protein.

Glob Chang Biol 2019 Jan 22;25(1):155-173. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation INRES, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Wheat grain protein concentration is an important determinant of wheat quality for human nutrition that is often overlooked in efforts to improve crop production. We tested and applied a 32-multi-model ensemble to simulate global wheat yield and quality in a changing climate. Potential benefits of elevated atmospheric CO concentration by 2050 on global wheat grain and protein yield are likely to be negated by impacts from rising temperature and changes in rainfall, but with considerable disparities between regions. Read More

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January 2019
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Changes in Australian practice patterns for glaucoma management.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology, The University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Importance: The demand for glaucoma care is projected to increase significantly with the ageing population.

Background: To characterise trends in Australian practice patterns for glaucoma management over the 15-year period between 2003 and 2017.

Design: Retrospective audit. Read More

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December 2018
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Pothole-rich Ultrathin WO Nanosheets that Trigger N≡N Bond Activation of Nitrogen for Direct Nitrate Photosynthesis.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, CAS Centre for Excellence in Nanoscience, iCHEM, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, P. R. China.

Nitrate is a raw ingredient for the production of fertilizer, gunpowder, and explosives. Developing an alternative approach to activate the N≡N bond of naturally abundant nitrogen to form nitrate under ambient conditions will be of importance. Herein, pothole-rich WO was used to catalyse the activation of N≡N covalent triple bonds for the direct nitrate synthesis at room temperature. Read More

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November 2018

Mental health carers' experiences of an Australian Carer Peer Support program: Tailoring supports to carers' needs.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Psychosocial Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Coburg, Victoria, Australia.

Carer Peer Support Workers (CPSWs) are people who have lived experience as carers/family members of persons with a mental illness, and are employed to provide support to other carers/family members. This qualitative study aimed to explore carers' experiences within a community-based CPSW pilot program in an Australian mental health service. Semi-structured phone interviews were conducted with 20 carer participants in 2015, 5-10 months following their last contact with the service. Read More

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December 2018

Age but no sex effects on subareas of the amygdala.

Hum Brain Mapp 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

The amygdala, an anatomical composite of several nuclei that have been grouped anatomically and functionally into three major subareas, has been reported to decrease in size with increasing age and to differ in size between male and female brains. However, findings are rather inconsistent across existing studies, possibly reflecting differences in the cohorts examined or the approaches chosen to define and measure the dimensions of the amygdala. Here, we investigated possible effects of age and sex on the amygdala as well as age-by-sex interactions in 100 healthy subjects (50 men/50 women) aged 18-69 years. Read More

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December 2018
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Amino Acid Transport Across the Mammalian Intestine.

Compr Physiol 2018 Dec 13;9(1):343-373. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.

The small intestine mediates the absorption of amino acids after ingestion of protein and sustains the supply of amino acids to all tissues. The small intestine is an important contributor to plasma amino acid homeostasis, while amino acid transport in the large intestine is more relevant for bacterial metabolites and fluid secretion. A number of rare inherited disorders have contributed to the identification of amino acid transporters in epithelial cells of the small intestine, in particular cystinuria, lysinuric protein intolerance, Hartnup disorder, iminoglycinuria, and dicarboxylic aminoaciduria. Read More

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December 2018
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The impact of an alcohol consumption intervention in community sports clubs on safety and participation: an RCT.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

The University of Newcastle, New South Wales.

Objective: Sports clubs have been identified as settings where high levels of risky alcohol consumption occurs. Settings characterised by such behaviour are likely to negatively impact on levels of safety, participation and amenity.

Design: The study was part of a randomised control trial, designed to help community sports clubs responsibly manage the sale and consumption of alcohol; the primary outcome was reduction in alcohol consumption. Read More

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December 2018

The health and wellbeing of Australian lesbian, gay and bisexual people: a systematic assessment using a longitudinal national sample.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland.

Objective: This study revisits disparities in health and wellbeing by sexual identity in Australia, identifying which domains demand priority policy intervention, documenting differences between gay/lesbian vs. bisexual populations, and examining change over time in the relative health and wellbeing of sexual minorities.

Method: I fitted multivariable ordinary least squares and random-effect panel regression models on 20 outcomes to compare the health and wellbeing of heterosexual, gay/lesbian and bisexual people, using 2012/2016 data from a national probability sample - the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey. Read More

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December 2018

What young Australians think about a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Medicine, Deakin University, Victoria.

Objective: To determine support for a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among young Australian adults and the potential impact on SSB consumption if a tax is introduced.

Methods: Cross-sectional convenience survey of Australians aged 18-30 years sampled in the City of Greater Geelong, Australia, in November-December 2017.

Results: A total of 1,793 responses were recorded. Read More

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December 2018

A Fluorogenic Probe for Cell Surface Phosphatidylserine Using an Intramolecular Indicator Displacement Sensing Mechanism.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Nov 22. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

University of Sydney, School of Chemistry, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

The detection of externalized phosphatidylserine (PS) on the cell surface is commonly used to distinguish between living, apoptotic, and necrotic cells. The tools of choice for many researchers to study apoptosis are annexin V-fluorophore conjugates. However, the use of this 35 kDa protein is associated with several drawbacks, including temperature sensitivity, Ca dependence, and slow binding kinetics. Read More

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November 2018

Sharpening the focus on ophthalmology teaching: has anything changed?

Authors:
Catherine Green

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Dec;46(9):981-983

Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

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December 2018
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Responsive Upconversion Nanoprobe for Background-Free Hypochlorous Acid Detection and Bioimaging.

Small 2018 Dec 13:e1803712. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.

Responsive nanoprobes play an important role in bioassay and bioimaging, early diagnosis of diseases and treatment monitoring. Herein, a upconversional nanoparticle (UCNP)-based nanoprobe, Ru@UCNPs, for specific sensing and imaging of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is reported. This Ru@UCNP nanoprobe consists of two functional components,, i. Read More

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December 2018

CropSNPdb: a database of SNP array data for Brassica crops and hexaploid bread wheat.

Plant J 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Biological Sciences and Institute of Agriculture, The University of Western Australia, Perth, 6009, WA, Australia.

Advances in sequencing technology have led to a rapid rise in the genomic data available for plants, driving new insights into the evolution, domestication and improvement of crops. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are a major component of crop genomic diversity and are invaluable as genetic markers in research and breeding programs. High-throughput SNP arrays, or 'SNP chips', can generate reproducible sets of informative SNP markers and have been broadly adopted. Read More

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December 2018

In vitro antimicrobial activity of seven adjuvants against common pathogens associated with canine otitis externa.

Vet Dermatol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Australian Centre for Antimicrobial Resistance Ecology, School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, South Australia, 5371, Australia.

Background: An antibiotic adjuvant is a chemical substance used to modify or augment the effectiveness of primary antimicrobial agents against drug-resistant micro-organisms. Its use provides an alternative approach to address the global issue of antimicrobial resistance and enhance antimicrobial stewardship.

Hypothesis/objectives: To determine the antimicrobial activity of a panel of potential antimicrobial adjuvants against common pathogens associated with canine otitis externa (OE). Read More

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December 2018
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Hospitalised burns in children up to 16 years old: A 10-year population-based study in Australia.

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim: Globally, burns remain a significant public health issue that disproportionately affect young children. The current study examines the 10-year epidemiological profile of burn hospitalisations, hospital treatment cost and health outcomes by age group for children ≤16 years in Australia.

Methods: National, population-based, linked hospital and mortality data from 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2012 were used to identify burn-related hospitalisations. Read More

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December 2018

A meta-synthesis of how parents of children with autism describe their experience of advocating for their children during the process of diagnosis.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

The diagnostic process for children with autism can be complex for parents to navigate as they advocate for their child in order to obtain answers to their concerns, and receive the subsequent support they need. Gaining an understanding of parents' experiences during this process, will assist service providers in supporting families adequately. This systematic review was undertaken to consolidate in-depth qualitative data from parents of their experience of advocating for their child with autism, during the process of diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

Uptake of direct acting antiviral therapies for the treatment of hepatitis C virus among people who inject drugs in a universal health-care system.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Introduction And Aims: Direct acting antiviral (DAA) treatment can reduce hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection incidence and mortality, although large scale uptake of these treatments is necessary to achieve those reductions. Targeting people who inject drugs (PWID) will be crucial to achieve the necessary reductions. Previously, treatment uptake has been very low (1-2%) among PWID, but these new DAAs have been subsidised in Australia since March 2016. Read More

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December 2018

A comparison of the EU regulatory approach to directed mutagenesis with that of other jurisdictions, consequences for international trade and potential steps forward.

New Phytol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Biotechnology Directorate, Ministry of AgroIndustry, Buenos Aires, Argentina; National University of Quilmes, Bernal, Argentina.

A special regulatory regime applies to products of recombinant nucleic acid modifications. A ruling from the European Court of Justice has interpreted this regulatory regime in a way that it also applies to emerging mutagenesis techniques. Elsewhere regulatory progress is also ongoing. Read More

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December 2018

Using photo-elicitation and interpretative phenomenological analysis to explore possessions as links to self-concept and the identities of others in hoarding disorder.

Psychol Psychother 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the importance of possessions as extensions of self-concept and connections to significant others for people that hoard.

Design: A total of 10 participants were recruited through hoarding group treatment programmes. Participants photographed significant possessions in their home and discussed these in semi-structured interviews. Read More

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December 2018

Investigation of radiation-protection knowledge, attitudes, and practices of North Queensland dentists.

J Investig Clin Dent 2018 Dec 12:e12374. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: Queensland has current radiation-protection guidelines; however, with the absence of data exploring compliance and implementation, the efficacy is unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes on radiation protection among private North Queensland (NQ) dentists.

Methods: A quantitative methodology was employed in an observational and descriptive study using questionnaires for data collection. Read More

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December 2018

The assessment, incidence and factors associated with urinary incontinence in older Aboriginal Australians.

Intern Med J 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Aged Care, Melbourne Health and University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Little is known about urinary incontinence in older Aboriginal Australians.

Aim: To describe urinary incontinence assessment, prevalence, incidence, and associated conditions in older Aboriginal Australians.

Methods: Wave 1 consisted of 363 Aboriginal participants aged ≥45 years from Western Australia. Read More

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December 2018

The Australian Trauma Registry.

ANZ J Surg 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Metro North Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: Injuries are a major cause of disability and lost productivity. The case for a national trauma registry has been recognized by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care and at a policy level.

Background: The need was flagged in 1993 by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Australasian Trauma Society. Read More

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December 2018

Recent Advances in 3D Graphene Architectures and Their Composites for Energy Storage Applications.

Small 2018 Dec 12:e1803858. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials (ISEM), Australian Institute for Innovative Materials (AIIM), University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia.

Graphene is widely applied as an electrode material in energy storage fields. However, the strong π-π interaction between graphene layers and the stacking issues lead to a great loss of electrochemically active surface area, damaging the performance of graphene electrodes. Developing 3D graphene architectures that are constructed of graphene sheet subunits is an effective strategy to solve this problem. Read More

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December 2018
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Prospects for early childhood feeding interventions: An exploration of parent's concerns and acceptability towards social media intervention opportunities.

Nutr Diet 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

University of Queensland, School of Medicine, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: The present study aims to (i) consult with parents regarding child feeding concerns, as relevant to child feeding interventions, (ii) determine parents' willingness to participate in online and social media-based interventions and (iii) determine differences in intervention acceptability based on geographic diversity and demographic characteristics.

Methods: Three hundred thirty Australian parents of children (2.0-5. Read More

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December 2018

Opportunities for better use of collective action theory in research and governance for invasive species management.

Conserv Biol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

W.A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana, 440 CHCB, 32 Campus Drive, Missoula, MT 59812, U.S.A.

Controlling invasive species presents a public-good dilemma. Although environmental, social, and economic benefits of control accrue to society, costs are borne by only a few individuals and organizations. For decades, policy makers have used incentives and sanctions to encourage or coerce individual actors to contribute to the public good, with limited success. Read More

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December 2018