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    2903 results match your criteria Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health[Journal]

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    Barriers and facilitators for health professionals referring Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tobacco smokers to the Quitline.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Population Health Research, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute.
    Objective: To examine the barriers and facilitators among health professionals to providing referrals to Quitline for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients who smoke.

    Methods: A brief online survey, based on the Theoretical Domains Framework, was completed by 34 health professionals who work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in South Australia and the Northern Territory.

    Results: Respondents who frequently made referrals had higher domain scores than less frequent referrers for 'Skills and knowledge' (M=4. Read More

    A comparison of dietary estimates from the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey to food and beverage purchase data.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Wellbeing and Preventable Chronic Diseases Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Royal Hospital Campus, Northern Territory.
    Objective: We compared self-reported dietary intake from the very remote sample of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (VR-NATSINPAS; n=1,363) to one year of food and beverage purchases from 20 very remote Indigenous Australian communities (servicing ∼8,500 individuals).

    Methods: Differences in food (% energy from food groups) and nutrients were analysed using t-test with unequal variance.

    Results: Per-capita energy estimates were not significantly different between the surveys (899 MJ/person/day [95% confidence interval -152,1950] p=0. Read More

    Surveying all public drinking water fountains in a city: outdoor field observations and Google Street View.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Department of Public Health, University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Objective: Drinking fountains are a public amenity that may help counter the obesogenic environment (sugary beverages) and reduce the risk of heat stroke during heat waves. As a case study, we aimed to survey all public fountains in a city: Wellington, New Zealand, and to determine the utility of Google Street View in studying drinking fountains.

    Methods: Using a sample of all public drinking fountains in a City Council map, a field observer assessed their exact location and tap functionality, and photographed them. Read More

    The impact of coaches providing healthy snacks at junior sport training.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Centre for Sport and Social Impact, La Trobe University, Victoria.
    Objective: Sports clubs provide an opportunity to tackle childhood obesity rates through targeted interventions. Our study aimed to investigate if coaches providing healthy snacks to participants before junior netball sessions at five clubs in Melbourne, Australia, increased consumption of healthy foods and influenced coach perceptions of participants' attention/participation levels.

    Methods: Coaches provided healthy snacks to participants before each netball session for one school term. Read More

    Obesity-related health impacts of active transport policies in Australia - a policy review and health impact modelling study.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Centre for Research Excellence in Obesity Policy and Food Systems (APPID 1041020), Deakin Health Economics, School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Victoria.
    Objective: To review Australian policies on active transport, defined as walking and cycling for utilitarian purposes. To estimate the potential health impact of achieving four active transport policy scenarios.

    Methods: A policy review was undertaken, using key words to search government websites. Read More

    Socio-demographic factors drive regional differences in participation in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program - An ecological analysis.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Institute for Resilient Regions, University of Southern Queensland.
    Objective: To examine if geographic variations in the participation rates in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) are related to population-level socio-demographic characteristics.

    Methods: Data reflecting participation in the NBCSP for 504 Local Government Areas (LGAs) between July 2011 and June 2013 were extracted from the Social Health Atlas of Australia. Logistic regression models were used to examine independent associations (odds ratios [ORs]) between participation, Remoteness Area (RA) and selected socio-demographic variables. Read More

    What do children observe and learn from televised sports betting advertisements? A qualitative study among Australian children.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems and High Risk Behaviours, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
    Objective: To explore children's awareness of sports betting advertising and how this advertising may influence children's attitudes, product knowledge and desire to try sports betting.

    Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 48 children (8-16 years) from Melbourne, Victoria. The interview schedule explored children's recall and interpretations of sports betting advertising, strategies within advertisements that may appeal to children, children's product knowledge and understanding of betting terminology, and factors that may encourage gambling. Read More

    Prevalence and socio-demographic predictors of food insecurity among regional and remote Western Australian children.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 14. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Western Australia.
    Objective: Inequities can negatively impact the health outcomes of children. The aims of this study were to: i) ascertain the prevalence of food insecurity (FI) among regional and remote Western Australian (WA) children; and ii) determine which socio-demographic factors predicted child FI.

    Methods: Caregiver-child dyads (n=219) completed cross-sectional surveys. Read More

    Skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents; findings from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania.
    Objective: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents.

    Methods: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Read More

    Knowledge, attitudes and opinions towards measles and the MMR vaccine across two NSW cohorts.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, New South Wales.
    Objective: Although the number of national measles cases has greatly decreased since 1980s, there has been resurgence in disease incidence in recent years. While parental knowledge and attitudes toward both disease and vaccinations are known to influence vaccine uptake, the contribution of these factors toward vaccination rates in NSW populations has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and opinions on measles and MMR vaccine in NSW Central and North Coast regions. Read More

    What do we know about the diets of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia? A systematic literature review.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    The George Institute for Global Health, New South Wales.
    Objective: To provide an overview of published research on the dietary intake of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

    Methods: Peer-reviewed literature from 1990 to October 2016 was searched to identify studies that measured the dietary intake of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Study quality was assessed using a purposely devised quality appraisal tool. Read More

    Using appreciative inquiry methodology to develop a weight management program for obese children in New Zealand.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Department of Native Hawaiian Health, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, USA.
    Objectives: Paediatric obesity predicts adult obesity, and alarming new data in New Zealand reveals that obesity among the young continues to rise. In this study, we used a novel solution-focused paradigm, or appreciative inquiry perspective, to explore the factors that influence not just obese but non-obese states (that is, healthy weight as well as obesity), in Pacific adolescents (aged 13-17) living in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods.

    Methods: Sixty-eight parents and adolescents from 30 families were recruited and interviewed, resulting in 15 obese and 15 healthy weight adolescents participating in the study. Read More

    Pacific Islands Families (PIF) Study: housing and psychological distress among Pacific mothers.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, United States.
    Objective: In a sample of Pacific mothers living in New Zealand, we examined: 1) maternal reports about seven specific major housing problems (too small, difficult to get to from the street, in poor condition, damp, cold, presence of pests, too expensive); and 2) associations between these housing problems and maternal psychological distress, adjusting for some maternal sociodemographic characteristics.

    Methods: The Pacific Islands Families longitudinal study follows a cohort of Pacific children born in Auckland, New Zealand, in 2000 and their parents. At the 14-year phase, mothers (n=844) were asked about housing conditions and psychological distress. Read More

    Cumulative incidence of admission to permanent residential aged care for Australian women - A competing risk analysis.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Research Centre for Generational Health & Ageing, HMRI Building, University of Newcastle, New South Wales.
    Objective: To provide a direct estimate of the risk of admission to permanent residential aged care among older women while accounting for death, according to housing type and other variables.

    Methods: A competing risk analysis from 8,867 Australian women born 1921-26, using linked data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH), Residential Aged Care (RAC), and the Australian National Death Index.

    Results: After accounting for deaths, around 35% of women will be admitted to RAC between ages 73 and 90. Read More

    Immunisation for refugees in Australia: a policy review and analysis across all States and Territories.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, UNSW Medicine, University of New South Wales, New South Wales.
    Objective: Although people of refugee background are likely to be under-immunised before and after resettlement, no study to date has evaluated refugee specific immunisation policies in Australia. We developed a framework to analyse immunisation policies across Australia to highlight the strengths and gaps so as to inform development of more effective refugee specific immunisation policies.

    Methods: We sourced publicly available immunisation policy documents from state and territory government websites. Read More

    Inclusion of equity in economic analyses of public health policies: systematic review and future directions.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Deakin Health Economics, Centre for Population Health Research, Deakin University, Victoria.
    Objectives: To assess current approaches to inclusion of equity in economic analysis of public health interventions and to recommend best approaches and future directions.

    Methods: We conducted a systematic review of studies that have used socioeconomic position (SEP) in cost-effectiveness analyses. Studies were identified using MedLine, EconLit and HEED and were evaluated based on their SEP specific inputs and methods of quantification of the health and financial inequalities. Read More

    Removing the Australian tax exemption on healthy food adds food stress to families vulnerable to poor nutrition.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    School of Public Health, Curtin University, Western Australia.
    Objective: To assess the impact of changing the Australian Goods and Services Tax (GST) on household food stress, which occurs when >25% of disposable income needs to be spent on food.

    Methods: Weekly healthy meal plan costs for average-income (AI), low-income (LI) and welfare-dependent (WDI) families were calculated using the 2013 Western Australian (WA) Food Access and Costs Survey. Four GST scenarios were compared: 1) status quo; 2) increasing GST to 15%; 3) expanding base to include exempt foods at 10% GST; and 4) expanding base to include exempt foods and increasing the tax to 15%. Read More

    Housing tenure as a focus for reducing inequalities in the home safety environment: evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):530-534. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Centre for Longitudinal Research - He Ara ki Mua, The University of Auckland, New Zealand.
    Objectives: To determine whether specific demographic characteristics are associated with the presence or absence of household safety strategies.

    Methods: This study was conducted within Growing Up in New Zealand, a contemporary longitudinal study of New Zealand (NZ) children. Multivariable analyses were used to examine the maternal (self-prioritised ethnicity, education, age, self-reported health) and household (area-level deprivation, tenure, crowding, residential mobility, dwelling type) determinants of household safety strategies being present in the homes of young children. Read More

    A simulation of dementia epidemiology and resource use in Australia.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Jul 27. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Centre for Applied Health Economics, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Queensland.
    Objectives: The number of people in the developed world who have dementia is predicted to rise markedly. This study presents a validated predictive model to assist decision-makers to determine this population's future resource requirements and target scarce health and welfare resources appropriately.

    Methods: A novel individual patient discrete event simulation was developed to estimate the future prevalence of dementia and related health and welfare resource use in Australia. Read More

    Free smoking cessation mobile apps available in Australia: a quality review and content analysis.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Jul 27. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    National Health and Medical Research Council's Centre for Research Excellence in Mental Health and Substance Use, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
    Objectives: This review aimed to identify free, high-quality, smoking cessation mobile applications (apps) that adhere to Australian smoking cessation treatment guidelines.

    Methods: A systematic search of smoking cessation apps was conducted using Google. The technical quality of relevant apps was rated using the Mobile Application Rating Scale. Read More

    The Marulu Strategy 2008-2012: overcoming Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the Fitzroy Valley.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):467-473. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    The Centre for Values, Ethics and Law in Medicine, University of Sydney New South Wales.
    Objective: Aboriginal leaders concerned about high rates of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the Fitzroy Valley, remote north-western Australia, introduced restrictions on access to take-away full-strength alcohol. Following this, Aboriginal leaders engaged strategic partners in a broader strategy to address FASD in the region. The aim of this study was to develop and implement a community-led, researcher-supported, FASD strategy. Read More

    Regional survey supports national initiative for 'water-only' schools in New Zealand.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):508-511. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Regional Public Health, Hutt Hospital Campus, New Zealand.
    Objective: To support a national initiative to remove sugary drinks from schools and limit drinks to water or unflavoured milk ('water-only').

    Methods: We emailed all 201 schools with primary school aged children in the Greater Wellington region with a survey on (1) current status of, (2) support needs for, and (3) barriers to or lessons learned from, a 'water-only' school policy.

    Results: Only 78 (39%) of schools responded. Read More

    A descriptive study of intentional self-poisoning from New Zealand national registry data.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):535-540. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Wellington Regional Hospital, Wellington, New Zealand.
    Objective: Understanding which population groups intentionally poison themselves by overdose and which substances are used are key to developing prevention efforts for such injuries. This paper uses Ministry of Health (MOH) data to explore the demographic characteristics of those who intentionally self-poison and the substances used, identifies limitations of existing data collections and makes recommendations for the future.

    Methods: MOH mortality data from 2000 to 2012, and public hospital presentation data from 2000-2014 of cases of intentional self-poisoning (ISP), and poisoning of undetermined intent (UDP), were examined. Read More

    New Zealand adolescents' discouragement of smoking among their peers.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):497-501. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Health Promotion Agency, PO Box 2142, Wellington 6140.
    Objective: This study examines the extent to which young people are acting as 'agents of change' in discouraging smoking among their peers.

    Methods: This study used data from a survey of 2,919 New Zealand secondary school students who participated in the 2014 national Youth In-depth Survey. Relevant questions were used to assess the extent to which students engaged in behaviours to discourage or promote smoking among their peers. Read More

    Experts' views regarding Australian school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):502-507. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Centre for Physical Activity Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Victoria.
    Objective: To explore Australian experts' views regarding strengths and gaps in school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems ( N&FS) and factors that influence that knowledge.

    Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 highly experienced food-related experts in Australia. Qualitative data were analysed thematically using Attride-Stirling's thematic network framework. Read More

    The facilitators and barriers of physical activity among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander regional sport participants.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):474-479. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Central Queensland University, School of Human, Health, and Social Sciences, Physical Activity Research Group, Rockhampton, Queensland.
    Background: Disparities in health perspectives between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations are major concerns in many of the world's well-developed nations. Indigenous populations are largely less healthy, more prone to chronic diseases, and have an earlier overall mortality than non-Indigenous populations. Low levels of physical activity (PA) contribute to the high levels of disease in Indigenous Australians. Read More

    School-based systems change for obesity prevention in adolescents: outcomes of the Australian Capital Territory 'It's Your Move!'
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):490-496. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Centre for Population Health Research, Deakin University, Victoria.
    Objective: The Australian Capital Territory 'It's Your Move!' (ACT-IYM) was a three-year (2012-2014) systems intervention to prevent obesity among adolescents.

    Methods: The ACT-IYM project involved three intervention schools and three comparison schools and targeted secondary students aged 12-16 years. The intervention consisted of multiple initiatives at individual, community, and school policy level to support healthier nutrition and physical activity. Read More

    Trends in prevalence of leisure time physical activity and inactivity: results from Australian National Health Surveys 1989 to 2011.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Jul 27. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To examine trends in leisure time physical activity and inactivity in Australians aged 15 years or older from 1989 to 2011.

    Method: We used data from six Australian National Health Surveys conducted from 1989/90 to 2011/12 in which physical activity was assessed using comparable questions. Analyses examined trends in the prevalence of sufficient physical activity (≥150 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) and of inactivity (<30 minutes/week moderate-to-vigorous physical activity). Read More

    Declining prevalence of undiagnosed HIV in Melbourne: results from community-based bio-behavioural studies of gay and bisexual men.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Jul 27. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Centre for Social Research in Health, UNSW, New South Wales.
    Objective: To measure changes in undiagnosed HIV among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Melbourne.

    Methods: Undiagnosed HIV was compared between GBM recruited anonymously in 2008 in gay venues only and GBM anonymously or confidentially (results delivery) recruited in 2014 at gay venues and a community festival. Surveys were completed and oral fluid specimens collected for HIV testing; positive tests among GBM reporting being HIV-negative or unknown/untested were classified as undiagnosed. Read More

    Indigenous health program evaluation design and methods in Australia: a systematic review of the evidence.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 27;41(5):480-482. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Research School of Population Health, The Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory.
    Objective: Indigenous Australians experience a disproportionately higher burden of disease compared to non-Indigenous Australians. High-quality evaluation of Indigenous health programs is required to inform health and health services improvement. We aimed to quantify methodological and other characteristics of Australian Indigenous health program evaluations published in the peer-reviewed literature. Read More

    Perspectives on childhood resilience among the Aboriginal community: an interview study.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Aug 16;41(4):405-410. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    The Sax Institute, New South Wales.
    Objective: To describe Aboriginal community members' perspectives on the outcomes and origins of resilience among Aboriginal children.

    Methods: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 36 Aboriginal adults (15 health service professionals, 8 youth workers and 13 community members) at two urban and one regional Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in New South Wales. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically. Read More

    Towards a harmonised approach to reducing quad-related fatal injuries in Australia and New Zealand: a cross-sectional comparative analysis.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 16;41(5):524-529. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Injury Prevention Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Objective: This study compares the patterns of quad-related fatal injuries between Australia and New Zealand (NZ).

    Method: Fatal injuries from July 2007 to June 2012 involving a quad (quad bike or all-terrain vehicle) were identified from coronial files. Data described the socio-demographic, injury, vehicle and environment factors associated with incidents. Read More

    The incidence of public sector hospitalisations due to dog bites in Australia 2001-2013.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Aug 16;41(4):377-380. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Advanced Animal Dentistry, Queensland.
    Objective: To estimate the incidence of dog bite-related injuries requiring public sector hospitalisation in Australia during the period 2001-13.

    Methods: Summary data on public sector hospitalisations due to dog bite-related injuries with an ICD 10-AM W54.0 coding were sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for the study period 2001-2013. Read More

    What Indigenous Australian clients value about primary health care: a systematic review of qualitative evidence.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Aug 16;41(4):417-423. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    School of Public Health, University of Adelaide, South Australia.
    Objective: To synthesise client perceptions of the unique characteristics and value of care provided in Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations (ACCHOs) compared to mainstream/general practitioner services, and implications for improving access to quality, appropriate primary health care for Indigenous Australians.

    Method: Standardised systematic review methods with modification informed by ethical and methodological considerations in research involving Indigenous Australians.

    Results: Perceived unique valued characteristics of ACCHOs were: 1) accessibility, facilitated by ACCHOs welcoming social spaces and additional services; 2) culturally safe care; and 3) appropriate care, responsive to holistic needs. Read More

    Mapping progress in chronic hepatitis B: geographic variation in prevalence, diagnosis, monitoring and treatment, 2013-15.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Jul 16. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Viral Hepatitis, The Doherty Institute, Victoria.
    Objective: To measure progress towards Australia's National Hepatitis B Strategy 2014-17 targets, and assess geographic variation in disease burden and access to care for those living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB).

    Methods: Data were generated from routinely collected sources, including risk-group prevalence and population data, infectious diseases notifications, Medicare records, and immunisation registry data, and assessed nationally and according to geographic area for 2013-15.

    Results: CHB prevalence in 2015 was 239,167 (1. Read More

    Sexual violence associated with poor mental health in women attending Australian general practices.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 16;41(5):518-523. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, Victoria.
    Objective: Sexual violence (SV) against adult women is prevalent and associated with a range of mental health issues. General practitioners could potentially have a role in responding, however, there is little information to help guide them. Data around prevalence of all forms of adult SV (not just rape) is inconsistent, particularly in clinical samples, and the links between other forms of SV and mental health issues are not well supported. Read More

    Substance misuse intervention research in remote Indigenous Australian communities since the NHMRC 'Roadmap'.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Aug 16;41(4):424-431. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Queensland.
    Objective: Describe program theories of substance misuse interventions with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) since the 'Roadmap' for Indigenous health.

    Methods: Projects funded 2003-2013 were categorised by intervention strategies. Realist concepts informed the program theory: intended resources and responses; influence of context on outcomes; explicit and implicit program assumptions. Read More

    Farm injury hospitalisations in New South Wales (2010 to 2014).
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Aug 16;41(4):388-393. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, New South Wales.
    Objective: To examine gender differences in the characteristics, treatment costs and health outcomes of farm injuries resulting in hospitalisation of New South Wales (NSW) residents.

    Method: A population-based study of individuals injured on a farm and admitted to hospital using linked hospital admission and mortality records from 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 in NSW. Health outcomes, including injury severity, hospital length of stay (LOS), 28-day readmission and 30-day mortality were examined by gender. Read More

    Comparative evaluation of human heat stress indices on selected hospital admissions in Sydney, Australia.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Aug 16;41(4):381-387. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Climate Change Research Centre, University of New South Wales.
    Objective: To find appropriate regression model specifications for counts of the daily hospital admissions of a Sydney cohort and determine which human heat stress indices best improve the models' fit.

    Methods: We built parent models of eight daily counts of admission records using weather station observations, census population estimates and public holiday data. We added heat stress indices; models with lower Akaike Information Criterion scores were judged a better fit. Read More

    Socioeconomic differences in the cost, availability and quality of healthy food in Sydney.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Jul 16. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales.
    Objective: To compare the cost of a basket of staple foods, together with the availability and quality of fresh fruit and vegetables, by supermarket store type in high and low socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney.

    Methods: A food basket survey was undertaken in 100 supermarkets in the 20 highest and 20 lowest socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. We assessed the cost of 46 foods, the range of 30 fresh fruit and vegetables and the quality of ten fresh fruit and vegetables. Read More

    Judicial intervention in alcohol regulation: an empirical legal analysis.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Aug 29;41(4):365-370. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: While governments draft law and policy to promote public health, it is through cases put before the judiciary that the implementation of law can be challenged and where its practical implications are typically determined. In this paper, we examine the role of court judgements on efforts in Australia to regulate the harmful use of alcohol.

    Methods: Australian case law (2010 to June 2015) involving the judicial review of administrative decisions relating to development applications or liquor licences for retail liquor outlets (bottle shops), hotels, pubs and clubs was identified using a case law database (WestLaw AU). Read More

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