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    2966 results match your criteria Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health[Journal]

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    Public support for bicycling and transport policies in inner Sydney, Australia: a cross-sectional survey.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.
    Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies, University of Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To describe the degree of community support - and factors associated with this support - for a number of potential transport policy options among an inner-city sample of residents in Sydney, Australia.

    Methods: This study analysed data collected from a cross-sectional online survey: Wave 3 of the Sydney Transport and Health Study, conducted in September-October 2015 (n=418).

    Results: There was a high level of overall support for policies to make public transport cheaper (85%), have more bicycle paths separated from motor vehicles (82%) and have a public bike-share program (72%), with similar levels of support across usual commute mode, age and sex. Read More

    Adolescent and young adult substance use in Australian Indigenous communities: a systematic review of demand control program outcomes.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.
    Indigenous Education and Research Centre, James Cook University, Queensland.
    Objective: Identifying preventative approaches to substance use in Indigenous communities is the foundation for developing evidence-based responses. This study reports the findings of a systematic review of the published literature evaluating the impact of substance use programs on Australian Indigenous youth.

    Methods: Evidence about the impact of substance use programs for Indigenous young people was identified from a systematic review of the literature conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Read More

    Fluoride concentration in drinking water samples in Fiji.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.
    School of Dentistry, Fiji National University, Fiji.
    Objective: The main aim of this study was to determine the content of fluoride in drinking water from sources within the sampling areas for the National Oral Health Survey (NOHS) 2011 from the Central, Northern, Western and Eastern Divisions in the Fiji Islands.

    Method: Drinking water samples were collected from taps, a waterfall, wells, creeks, streams, springs, rivers, boreholes and rain water tanks in a diverse range of rural and urban areas across the Fiji Islands. A total of 223 areas were sampled between December 2014 and June 2015. Read More

    Coverage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nutrition in major Australian newspapers, 1996-2015.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.
    School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Victoria.
    Objective: To examine the extent and nature of coverage of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nutrition issues in major Australian newspapers over two decades.

    Methods: Content and framing analysis of Australian newspaper articles published between 1996 and 2015 that included the terms 'Aboriginal or Indigenous' and 'nutrition or diet' in the headline and/or lead paragraph. Analysis focused on the nature of coverage, trends over time, stakeholder representation and how coverage related to policy. Read More

    Youth perceptions of alcohol advertising: are current advertising regulations working?
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 26. Epub 2018 Apr 26.
    National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Western Australia.
    Objectives: We investigated young people's exposure to alcohol advertising, their intentions to consume and purchase alcohol products following the viewing of advertisements, and whether they perceived the actors in the advertisements as being under the age of 25 years.

    Methods: Face-to-face interviews were completed with 351 risky drinking 16-19-year-old Australians, with a sub-sample (n=68) responding to a range of alcohol advertisements in an in-depth interview.

    Results: Participants were exposed to alcohol advertisements from an average of seven specific contexts in the past 12 months, with younger adolescents more likely to recall TV and outdoor billboards (n=351). Read More

    Impact of the Make Healthy Normal mass media campaign (Phase 1) on knowledge, attitudes and behaviours: a cohort study.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health and Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To determine the impact of the first phase of the Make Healthy Normal mass media campaign on NSW adults' active living and healthy eating knowledge, attitudes, intentions and behaviour.

    Methods: Cohort design with NSW adults, followed up three times over 12 months, with n=939 participants completing all three waves. We used generalised linear mixed models to examine campaign awareness, knowledge, attitudes, intentions and behaviours over time. Read More

    Constructing whole of population cohorts for health and social research using the New Zealand Integrated Data Infrastructure.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Section of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Population Health, The University of Auckland, New Zealand.
    Objectives: To construct and compare a 2013 New Zealand population derived from Statistics New Zealand's Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI) with the 2013 census population and a 2013 Health Service Utilisation population, and to ascertain the differences in cardiovascular disease prevalence estimates derived from the three cohorts.

    Methods: We constructed three national populations through multiple linked administrative data sources in the IDI and compared the three cohorts by age, gender, ethnicity, area-level deprivation and District Health Board. We also estimated cardiovascular disease prevalence based on hospitalisations using each of the populations as denominators. Read More

    An outbreak of Q fever associated with parturient cat exposure at an animal refuge and veterinary clinic in southeast Queensland.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Queensland Health - Communicable Diseases Branch, Queensland.
    Objective: To determine the source of a Q fever outbreak in humans at an animal refuge and veterinary clinic in southeast Queensland from October to December 2016.

    Methods: Case interviews and a retrospective cohort study of animal refuge and veterinary clinic staff using a self-administered questionnaire related to clinical history of Q fever, Q fever vaccination status and workplace activities during the exposure period.

    Results: Seven cases (six confirmed, one probable) were identified. Read More

    Housing conditions associated with recurrent gastrointestinal infection in urban Aboriginal children in NSW, Australia: findings from SEARCH.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Tharawal Aboriginal Corporation, New South Wales.
    Objective: To examine the associations between housing and gastrointestinal infection in Aboriginal children in urban New South Wales.

    Methods: A total of 1,398 Aboriginal children were recruited through four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services. Multilevel regression modelling of survey data estimated associations between housing conditions and recurrent gastrointestinal infection, adjusting for sociodemographic and health factors. Read More

    Strategies associated with low-risk drinking: a population-based study.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Victoria.
    Objective: To examine the relative frequency of use of seven strategies to moderate drinking (SMD) among low-risk and risky drinkers.

    Methods: Cross-sectional data from the 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey was used. The analytical sample included 11,462 Australians aged 18-64 who had consumed alcohol in the previous year. Read More

    Exploring the use of economic evidence to inform investment in disease prevention - a qualitative study.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 13;42(2):200-206. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales.
    Objective: In the context of growing financial pressures on health budgets, cost-effective prevention strategies are needed to address the burden from non-communicable disease in Australia. We explored how decision makers use economic evidence to inform such investment and how such evidence generated can more effectively meet the needs of end users.

    Methods: Thematic analysis of in-depth interviews with 15 high level stakeholders (Treasury, state health departments and the insurance industry), supplemented by documentary analysis. Read More

    Prevalence of appropriate colorectal cancer screening and preferences for receiving screening advice among people attending outpatient clinics.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Mar 12. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Hunter Medical Research Institute, New South Wales.
    Objective: To examine among people attending outpatient clinics aged 50-74 at average risk of colorectal cancer (CRC): 1) The proportion who report: a) faecal occult blood test (FOBT) within the past two years; and b) colonoscopy within the past five years, including the reasons for undergoing colonoscopy; 2) characteristics associated with under-screening; 3) For those who are under-screened, the proportion who are: a) willing to receive help and the acceptability of different methods of receiving help, and; b) unwilling to receive help and reasons for this.

    Methods: Cross-sectional survey of 197 participants attending a major regional hospital in New South Wales, Australia. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine correlates of under-screening. Read More

    Intentional self-harm and assault hospitalisations and treatment cost of children in Australia over a 10-year period.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Mar 12. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Sydney Nursing School, The University of Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To examine the magnitude, 10-year temporal trends and treatment cost of intentional injury hospitalisations of children aged ≤16 years in Australia.

    Method: A retrospective examination of linked hospitalisation and mortality data for children aged ≤16 years during 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2012 with self-harm or assault injuries. Negative binomial regression examined temporal trends. Read More

    Uneven progress in reducing exposure to violence at home for New Zealand adolescents 2001-2012: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey series.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Mar 12. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    School of Nursing, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
    Objective: To explore trends, and identify risk factors, that may explain changes in adolescent exposure to family violence over time.

    Methods: Data for this study was drawn from the Youth 2000 series of cross-sectional surveys, carried out with New Zealand high school students in 2001, 2007 and 2012. Latent class analysis was used to understand different patterns of exposure to multiple risks for witnessing violence at home among adolescents. Read More

    The association between adolescent condom use and individual and environmental resilience protective factors.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Mar 12. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    Hunter New England Population Health, Hunter New England Local Health District, New South Wales.
    Objective: Individual and environmental resilience protective factors are suggested to be associated with adolescent condom use; however, previous studies have not comprehensively examined such associations. This study aimed to determine the associations between condom use, and numerous individual and environmental resilience protective factors in sexually active Australian adolescents.

    Methods: Participants were Grade 10 students attending 28 Australian government high schools (n=1,688). Read More

    Prevalence of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use among youth globally: a systematic review and meta-analysis of country level data.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Mar 12. Epub 2018 Mar 12.
    School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, New South Wales.
    Objective: To describe the prevalence and change in prevalence of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use in youth by country and combustible smoking status.

    Methods: Databases and the grey literature were systematically searched to December 2015. Studies describing the prevalence of ENDS use in the general population aged ≤20 years in a defined geographical region were included. Read More

    Socioeconomic status and multimorbidity: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 14;42(2):186-194. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Centre for Research Excellence in Women's Health in the 21st Century, Centre for Longitudinal and Life Course Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Queensland.
    Objectives: We performed a systematic review to identify, critically appraise and synthesise the existing literature on the association between SEP and multimorbidity occurrence.

    Methods: We searched Medline and Embase from inception to December 2014. Where possible we performed meta-analysis to obtain summary odds ratios (ORs), exploring heterogeneity between studies through sub-group analysis. Read More

    The long history of health inequality in New Zealand: occupational class and lifespan in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 14;42(2):175-179. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Department of Public Health, University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Objective: As relatively little is known about how socioeconomic position might have affected health prior to the Second World War, we aimed to study lifespan by occupational class in two cohorts in New Zealand.

    Methods: The first study included men on the electoral rolls in Dunedin in the period 1893 to 1902. The second study used an established cohort of male military personnel who were recruited for the First World War. Read More

    Supporting youth wellbeing with a focus on eating well and being active: views from an Aboriginal community deliberative forum.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 14;42(2):127-132. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    School of Public Health, The University of Adelaide, South Australia.
    Objective: Including and prioritising community voice in policy development means policy is more likely to reflect community values and priorities. This project trialled and evaluated a storyboard approach in a deliberative community forum to engage Australian Aboriginal people in health policy priority setting.

    Methods: The forum was co-constructed with two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations. Read More

    Increasing injuries as trampoline parks expand within Australia: a call for mandatory standards.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 14;42(2):153-156. Epub 2018 Feb 14.
    Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To quantify an apparent increase in indoor trampoline park related injuries in children and young people across Australia, and to understand the implications for current regulatory standards.

    Methods: Retrospective analyses of three state-based Injury Surveillance databases, identifying children and adolescents presenting to emergency departments between the years 2005 and 2017, who had sustained injuries during trampolining activity at an indoor trampoline park.

    Results: Across the three datasets, 487 cases were identified. Read More

    Factors relating to high psychological distress in Indigenous Australians and their contribution to Indigenous-non-Indigenous disparities.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 31;42(2):145-152. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Aboriginal Health, Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Victoria.
    Objective: To explore factors associated with high psychological distress among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians and their contribution to the elevated distress prevalence among Aboriginal people.

    Methods: Questionnaire data from 1,631 Aboriginal and 233,405 non-Aboriginal 45 and Up Study (NSW, Australia) participants aged ≥45 years were used to calculate adjusted prevalence ratios for high psychological distress (Kessler-10 score ≥22) for socio-demographic, health and disability-related factors, and to quantify contributions to differences in distress prevalence.

    Results: While high-distress prevalence was increased around three-fold in Aboriginal versus non-Aboriginal participants, distress-related risk factors were similar. Read More

    Age and cause-of-death contributions to area socioeconomic, sex and remoteness differences in life expectancy in New South Wales, 2010-2012.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 31;42(2):180-185. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Public Health Observatory, Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objectives: To determine age group- and cause-of-death-specific contributions to area socioeconomic status (SES), sex and remoteness life expectancy inequalities.

    Methods: Mortality and estimated residential population data from New South Wales, Australia, over 2010-2012 was used to calculate life expectancy. Inequalities by sociodemographic groups were partitioned into age group- and cause-of-death-specific contributions. Read More

    Awareness and use of family planning methods among iTaukei women in Fiji and New Zealand.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Objective: iTaukei women's awareness and practice of family planning methods was investigated in New Zealand and Fiji to ascertain differences in behaviour within the context of changing developmental settings.

    Methods: The study was cross-sectional in nature and recruited women aged 18 years and over from three suburbs in Suva, Fiji, and five cities in New Zealand.

    Results: Overall, 352 women participated in the study, 212 in Fiji and 140 in New Zealand. Read More

    A citizens' jury on regulation of McDonald's products and operations in Australia in response to a corporate health impact assessment.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 31;42(2):133-139. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Southgate Institute for Health, Society and Equity, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, South Australia.
    Objectives: 1) To report outcomes from a citizens' jury examining regulatory responses to the health impacts of McDonald's Australia; 2) To determine the value of using citizens' juries to develop policy recommendations based on the findings of health impact assessment of transnational corporations (TNCs).

    Methods: A citizens' jury engaged 15 randomly selected and demographically representative jurors from metropolitan Adelaide to deliberate on the findings of a Corporate Health Impact Assessment, and to decide on appropriate policy actions.

    Results: Jurors unanimously called for government regulation to ensure that transnational fast food corporations pay taxes on profits in the country of income. Read More

    Epidemic forecasts as a tool for public health: interpretation and (re)calibration.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Feb 27;42(1):69-76. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Modelling and Simulation Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria.
    Objective: Recent studies have used Bayesian methods to predict timing of influenza epidemics many weeks in advance, but there is no documented evaluation of how such forecasts might support the day-to-day operations of public health staff.

    Methods: During the 2015 influenza season in Melbourne, Australia, weekly forecasts were presented at Health Department surveillance unit meetings, where they were evaluated and updated in light of expert opinion to improve their accuracy and usefulness.

    Results: Predictive capacity of the model was substantially limited by delays in reporting and processing arising from an unprecedented number of notifications, disproportionate to seasonal intensity. Read More

    A potential Human Rights Act in Queensland and inclusion of the right to health.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 27;42(2):120-126. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland.
    Objective: To identify the level of public support for a Human Rights Act for Queensland (HRAQ) and for inclusion of the right to health by participants in a public inquiry process.

    Methods: We reviewed the 492 written submissions to the Legal Affairs and Community Safety Committee's Inquiry into a potential HRAQ and the transcripts documenting the public hearings held by the Committee in 2016.

    Results: A total of 465 written submissions were analysed; 419 (90%) were for a HRAQ. Read More

    An intercept study to measure the extent to which New Zealand university students pre-game.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Feb 27;42(1):30-34. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Objective: We aimed to quantify the degree to which students pre-gamed in New Zealand, using self-report and breathalysers.

    Methods: A total of 569 New Zealand undergraduate students were interviewed (men = 45.2%; first year = 81. Read More

    The Australian NHMRC guidelines for alcohol consumption and their portrayal in the print media: a content analysis of Australian newspapers.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Feb 27;42(1):43-45. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Population Health Research Group, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute.
    Objective: To measure and characterise unpaid coverage in the Australian print media of the 2001, 2007 and 2009 National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol.

    Methods: A total of 172 articles published in Australian newspapers between 1999 and 2014 were content analysed using a coding framework aimed to define the article descriptors, article prominence, content, slant and guidelines.

    Results: The majority (62. Read More

    Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of routine breast cancer screening practices among migrant-Australian women.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Feb 13;42(1):98-103. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To evaluate breast cancer screening (BCS) practice and explore the relationship between sociodemographic factors and breast awareness (BA), clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography in migrant-Australian women.

    Method: Secondary analysis was performed on the pooled sample (n=1,744) from five cross-sectional studies of BCS rates among immigrant-Australian women, and the associated sociodemographic factors.

    Results: Only 19% of women participated in routine BA, 27. Read More

    An assessment of Australian school physical activity and nutrition policies.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Feb 13;42(1):16-21. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland.
    Objective: This study's objective was to identify and assess existing physical activity and nutrition policies for Australian schools.

    Methods: Policies were identified through a search of the websites of national and state/territory education departments and school associations, and were subsequently assessed against specific criteria.

    Results: Policies were identified for government schools, but only for one non-government school association. Read More

    Characteristics of healthy weight advertisements in three countries.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Feb 13;42(1):27-29. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Victoria.
    Objective: High rates of population obesity have resulted in the dissemination of mass media campaigns that focus on achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. The aim of the present study was to analyse advertising techniques used in such campaigns to identify common and differential approaches in three countries with similar cultures and rates of obesity (Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States).

    Methods: An Internet search was conducted to identify healthy weight television advertisements aired in the three countries. Read More

    Relation of child, caregiver, and environmental characteristics to childhood injury in an urban Aboriginal cohort in New South Wales, Australia.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Apr 13;42(2):157-165. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Australian Health Services Research Institute, University of Wollongong, New South Wales.
    Objective: Despite being disproportionately affected by injury, little is known about factors associated with injury in Aboriginal children. We investigated factors associated with injury among urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia.

    Methods: We examined characteristics of caregiver-reported child injury, and calculated prevalence ratios of 'ever-injury' by child, family, and environmental factors. Read More

    Improving alcohol and mental health treatment for lesbian, bisexual and queer women: Identity matters.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2018 Feb 13;42(1):35-42. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Turning Point, Eastern Health, Victoria.
    Objective: Lesbian, bisexual and queer (LBQ) women experience substantial unmet alcohol and mental health treatment needs. This paper explores the way in which sexual identity shapes experience, and needs, in relation to alcohol and mental health treatment, and presents key messages for improving treatment.

    Methods: Twenty-five in-depth interviews were undertaken with same-sex attracted Australian women, aged 19-71. Read More

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