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    2933 results match your criteria Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health[Journal]

    1 OF 59

    Epidemic forecasts as a tool for public health: interpretation and (re)calibration.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Modelling and Simulation Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria.
    Objective: Recent studies have used Bayesian methods to predict timing of influenza epidemics many weeks in advance, but there is no documented evaluation of how such forecasts might support the day-to-day operations of public health staff.

    Methods: During the 2015 influenza season in Melbourne, Australia, weekly forecasts were presented at Health Department surveillance unit meetings, where they were evaluated and updated in light of expert opinion to improve their accuracy and usefulness.

    Results: Predictive capacity of the model was substantially limited by delays in reporting and processing arising from an unprecedented number of notifications, disproportionate to seasonal intensity. Read More

    A potential Human Rights Act in Queensland and inclusion of the right to health.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland.
    Objective: To identify the level of public support for a Human Rights Act for Queensland (HRAQ) and for inclusion of the right to health by participants in a public inquiry process.

    Methods: We reviewed the 492 written submissions to the Legal Affairs and Community Safety Committee's Inquiry into a potential HRAQ and the transcripts documenting the public hearings held by the Committee in 2016.

    Results: A total of 465 written submissions were analysed; 419 (90%) were for a HRAQ. Read More

    An intercept study to measure the extent to which New Zealand university students pre-game.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Objective: We aimed to quantify the degree to which students pre-gamed in New Zealand, using self-report and breathalysers.

    Methods: A total of 569 New Zealand undergraduate students were interviewed (men = 45.2%; first year = 81. Read More

    The Australian NHMRC guidelines for alcohol consumption and their portrayal in the print media: a content analysis of Australian newspapers.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 27. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Population Health Research Group, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute.
    Objective: To measure and characterise unpaid coverage in the Australian print media of the 2001, 2007 and 2009 National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol.

    Methods: A total of 172 articles published in Australian newspapers between 1999 and 2014 were content analysed using a coding framework aimed to define the article descriptors, article prominence, content, slant and guidelines.

    Results: The majority (62. Read More

    Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of routine breast cancer screening practices among migrant-Australian women.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To evaluate breast cancer screening (BCS) practice and explore the relationship between sociodemographic factors and breast awareness (BA), clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography in migrant-Australian women.

    Method: Secondary analysis was performed on the pooled sample (n=1,744) from five cross-sectional studies of BCS rates among immigrant-Australian women, and the associated sociodemographic factors.

    Results: Only 19% of women participated in routine BA, 27. Read More

    An assessment of Australian school physical activity and nutrition policies.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland.
    Objective: This study's objective was to identify and assess existing physical activity and nutrition policies for Australian schools.

    Methods: Policies were identified through a search of the websites of national and state/territory education departments and school associations, and were subsequently assessed against specific criteria.

    Results: Policies were identified for government schools, but only for one non-government school association. Read More

    Characteristics of healthy weight advertisements in three countries.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Victoria.
    Objective: High rates of population obesity have resulted in the dissemination of mass media campaigns that focus on achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. The aim of the present study was to analyse advertising techniques used in such campaigns to identify common and differential approaches in three countries with similar cultures and rates of obesity (Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States).

    Methods: An Internet search was conducted to identify healthy weight television advertisements aired in the three countries. Read More

    Relation of child, caregiver, and environmental characteristics to childhood injury in an urban Aboriginal cohort in New South Wales, Australia.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Australian Health Services Research Institute, University of Wollongong, New South Wales.
    Objective: Despite being disproportionately affected by injury, little is known about factors associated with injury in Aboriginal children. We investigated factors associated with injury among urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia.

    Methods: We examined characteristics of caregiver-reported child injury, and calculated prevalence ratios of 'ever-injury' by child, family, and environmental factors. Read More

    Improving alcohol and mental health treatment for lesbian, bisexual and queer women: Identity matters.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 13. Epub 2017 Dec 13.
    Turning Point, Eastern Health, Victoria.
    Objective: Lesbian, bisexual and queer (LBQ) women experience substantial unmet alcohol and mental health treatment needs. This paper explores the way in which sexual identity shapes experience, and needs, in relation to alcohol and mental health treatment, and presents key messages for improving treatment.

    Methods: Twenty-five in-depth interviews were undertaken with same-sex attracted Australian women, aged 19-71. Read More

    Disability-based discrimination and health: findings from an Australian-based population study.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Gender and Women's Health Unit, Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria.
    Objective: Among working-age Australian adults with a disability, we assess the association between disability-based discrimination and both overall health and psychological distress.

    Methods: Using data from the 2015 Australian Bureau of Statistics Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers we estimated the proportion of working-age women and men (15-64 years) with disability who report disability-based discrimination by socio-demographic characteristics and assessed the association between disability-based discrimination and self-reported health and psychological distress.

    Results: Nearly 14% of Australians with disability reported disability-based discrimination in the previous year. Read More

    Hepatitis C virus prevalence and associated risk factors among Indigenous Australians who inject drugs.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    The Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To examine factors associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among a national sample of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people who inject drugs (PWID) in Australia.

    Methods: Respondents were recruited from Australia's Needle Syringe Program Survey; an annual bio-behavioural surveillance project that monitors HCV antibody prevalence among PWID. Data from 2006-2015 were de-duplicated to retain only one record where individuals participated in >1 survey round. Read More

    Aboriginal children and penicillin injections for rheumatic fever: how much of a problem is injection pain?
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Northern Territory.
    Objective: To explore young Aboriginal people's and clinicians' experiences of injection pain for the 10 years of penicillin injections children are prescribed to prevent rheumatic fever recurrences.

    Methods: Aboriginal children on the penicillin regimen and clinicians were purposively recruited from four remote sites in Australia. Semi-structured interviews and participant observations were conducted. Read More

    Multiplicity of skin cancers in Queensland and their cost burden to government and patients.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Population Health Department, Queensland.
    Objective: To determine the cost burden to government and patients for individuals with multiple skin cancers.

    Methods: We used self-reported baseline data on socio-demographics, phenotype and sun exposure behaviours from participants in the QSkin Sun and Health Study with at least one histopathologically confirmed keratinocyte cancer or melanoma (n=5,673). Linkage to Australian Medicare data (2011-2014) provided resource data and government and out-of-pocket patient costs. Read More

    Association between adolescents' consumption of total and different types of sugar-sweetened beverages with oral health impacts and weight status.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, New South Wales.
    Objective: To examine the associations between adolescents' intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with oral health impacts (OHI) and weight status.

    Methods: Cross-sectional health survey with anthropometry and self-report OHI (toothache and avoiding some foods because of oral problems) and SSB intake (fruit juice, flavoured water, soft, diet, sports and energy drinks) collected in 2015.

    Results: A total of 3,671 adolescents participated (50% girls; mean age 13. Read More

    An Australian hospital's training program and referral pathway within a multi-disciplinary health-justice partnership addressing family violence.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    The University of Melbourne, Victoria.
    Objective: An innovative health-justice partnership was established to deliver legal assistance to women experiencing family violence who attended an Australian hospital. This paper reports on a multifaceted response to build capacity and willingness of health professionals to identify signs of family violence and engage with referral pathways to on-site legal assistance.

    Methods: A Realistic Evaluation analysed health professionals' knowledge and attitudes towards identification, response and referral for family violence before and after training; and use of referral pathways. Read More

    Rehabilitation and convalescent hospital stay in New South Wales: an analysis of 3,979 women aged 75.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, New South Wales.
    Objectives: With a rapidly ageing population, it is imperative to examine health service costs and plan appropriately for the future. This paper determines the factors related to extended hospital stay for 'Rehabilitation' or 'Convalescence', as defined by ICD-10 coding, in acute hospital settings for older women in New South Wales, Australia.

    Methods: Participants were from the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Read More

    Physical activity coaching by Australian Exercise Physiologists is cost effective for patients referred from general practice.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Newcastle, New South Wales.
    Objective: Interventions to promote physical activity for sedentary patients seen in general practice may be a way to reduce the burden of chronic disease. Coaching by an exercise physiologist is publicly funded in Australia, but cost effectiveness has not been documented.

    Methods: In a three-arm randomised controlled trial, face-to-face coaching and telephone coaching over 12 weeks were compared with a control group using the outcome of step count for one week at baseline, three months and twelve months. Read More

    A novel public health threat - high lead solder in stainless steel rainwater tanks in Tasmania.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Nov 22. Epub 2017 Nov 22.
    Public Health Services, Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services.
    Objective: We identified two water tanks in Tasmania with water lead concentrations exceeding the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG) limit; they had been constructed with stainless steel and high-lead solder from a single manufacturer. An investigation was initiated to identify all tanks constructed by this manufacturer and prevent further exposure to contaminated water.

    Methods: To identify water tanks we used sales accounts, blood and water lead results from laboratories, and media. Read More

    Barriers and facilitators for health professionals referring Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tobacco smokers to the Quitline.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 18;41(6):631-634. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Population Health Research, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute.
    Objective: To examine the barriers and facilitators among health professionals to providing referrals to Quitline for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients who smoke.

    Methods: A brief online survey, based on the Theoretical Domains Framework, was completed by 34 health professionals who work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in South Australia and the Northern Territory.

    Results: Respondents who frequently made referrals had higher domain scores than less frequent referrers for 'Skills and knowledge' (M=4. Read More

    A comparison of dietary estimates from the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey to food and beverage purchase data.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 18;41(6):598-603. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Wellbeing and Preventable Chronic Diseases Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Royal Hospital Campus, Northern Territory.
    Objective: We compared self-reported dietary intake from the very remote sample of the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (VR-NATSINPAS; n=1,363) to one year of food and beverage purchases from 20 very remote Indigenous Australian communities (servicing ∼8,500 individuals).

    Methods: Differences in food (% energy from food groups) and nutrients were analysed using t-test with unequal variance.

    Results: Per-capita energy estimates were not significantly different between the surveys (899 MJ/person/day [95% confidence interval -152,1950] p=0. Read More

    Surveying all public drinking water fountains in a city: outdoor field observations and Google Street View.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Department of Public Health, University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Objective: Drinking fountains are a public amenity that may help counter the obesogenic environment (sugary beverages) and reduce the risk of heat stroke during heat waves. As a case study, we aimed to survey all public fountains in a city: Wellington, New Zealand, and to determine the utility of Google Street View in studying drinking fountains.

    Methods: Using a sample of all public drinking fountains in a City Council map, a field observer assessed their exact location and tap functionality, and photographed them. Read More

    The impact of coaches providing healthy snacks at junior sport training.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 18;41(6):561-566. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Centre for Sport and Social Impact, La Trobe University, Victoria.
    Objective: Sports clubs provide an opportunity to tackle childhood obesity rates through targeted interventions. Our study aimed to investigate if coaches providing healthy snacks to participants before junior netball sessions at five clubs in Melbourne, Australia, increased consumption of healthy foods and influenced coach perceptions of participants' attention/participation levels.

    Methods: Coaches provided healthy snacks to participants before each netball session for one school term. Read More

    Obesity-related health impacts of active transport policies in Australia - a policy review and health impact modelling study.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 18;41(6):611-616. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Centre for Research Excellence in Obesity Policy and Food Systems (APPID 1041020), Deakin Health Economics, School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Victoria.
    Objective: To review Australian policies on active transport, defined as walking and cycling for utilitarian purposes. To estimate the potential health impact of achieving four active transport policy scenarios.

    Methods: A policy review was undertaken, using key words to search government websites. Read More

    Socio-demographic factors drive regional differences in participation in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program - An ecological analysis.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Oct 18. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Institute for Resilient Regions, University of Southern Queensland.
    Objective: To examine if geographic variations in the participation rates in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) are related to population-level socio-demographic characteristics.

    Methods: Data reflecting participation in the NBCSP for 504 Local Government Areas (LGAs) between July 2011 and June 2013 were extracted from the Social Health Atlas of Australia. Logistic regression models were used to examine independent associations (odds ratios [ORs]) between participation, Remoteness Area (RA) and selected socio-demographic variables. Read More

    What do children observe and learn from televised sports betting advertisements? A qualitative study among Australian children.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 18;41(6):604-610. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems and High Risk Behaviours, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
    Objective: To explore children's awareness of sports betting advertising and how this advertising may influence children's attitudes, product knowledge and desire to try sports betting.

    Methods: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 48 children (8-16 years) from Melbourne, Victoria. The interview schedule explored children's recall and interpretations of sports betting advertising, strategies within advertisements that may appeal to children, children's product knowledge and understanding of betting terminology, and factors that may encourage gambling. Read More

    Prevalence and socio-demographic predictors of food insecurity among regional and remote Western Australian children.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 14;41(6):585-590. Epub 2017 Sep 14.
    School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Western Australia.
    Objective: Inequities can negatively impact the health outcomes of children. The aims of this study were to: i) ascertain the prevalence of food insecurity (FI) among regional and remote Western Australian (WA) children; and ii) determine which socio-demographic factors predicted child FI.

    Methods: Caregiver-child dyads (n=219) completed cross-sectional surveys. Read More

    Skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents; findings from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 12;41(6):572-578. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania.
    Objective: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents.

    Methods: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Read More

    Knowledge, attitudes and opinions towards measles and the MMR vaccine across two NSW cohorts.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 12;41(6):641-646. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, New South Wales.
    Objective: Although the number of national measles cases has greatly decreased since 1980s, there has been resurgence in disease incidence in recent years. While parental knowledge and attitudes toward both disease and vaccinations are known to influence vaccine uptake, the contribution of these factors toward vaccination rates in NSW populations has not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and opinions on measles and MMR vaccine in NSW Central and North Coast regions. Read More

    What do we know about the diets of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia? A systematic literature review.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 12;41(6):579-584. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    The George Institute for Global Health, New South Wales.
    Objective: To provide an overview of published research on the dietary intake of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

    Methods: Peer-reviewed literature from 1990 to October 2016 was searched to identify studies that measured the dietary intake of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Study quality was assessed using a purposely devised quality appraisal tool. Read More

    Using appreciative inquiry methodology to develop a weight management program for obese children in New Zealand.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Department of Native Hawaiian Health, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, USA.
    Objectives: Paediatric obesity predicts adult obesity, and alarming new data in New Zealand reveals that obesity among the young continues to rise. In this study, we used a novel solution-focused paradigm, or appreciative inquiry perspective, to explore the factors that influence not just obese but non-obese states (that is, healthy weight as well as obesity), in Pacific adolescents (aged 13-17) living in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods.

    Methods: Sixty-eight parents and adolescents from 30 families were recruited and interviewed, resulting in 15 obese and 15 healthy weight adolescents participating in the study. Read More

    Pacific Islands Families (PIF) Study: housing and psychological distress among Pacific mothers.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, United States.
    Objective: In a sample of Pacific mothers living in New Zealand, we examined: 1) maternal reports about seven specific major housing problems (too small, difficult to get to from the street, in poor condition, damp, cold, presence of pests, too expensive); and 2) associations between these housing problems and maternal psychological distress, adjusting for some maternal sociodemographic characteristics.

    Methods: The Pacific Islands Families longitudinal study follows a cohort of Pacific children born in Auckland, New Zealand, in 2000 and their parents. At the 14-year phase, mothers (n=844) were asked about housing conditions and psychological distress. Read More

    Cumulative incidence of admission to permanent residential aged care for Australian women - A competing risk analysis.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Research Centre for Generational Health & Ageing, HMRI Building, University of Newcastle, New South Wales.
    Objective: To provide a direct estimate of the risk of admission to permanent residential aged care among older women while accounting for death, according to housing type and other variables.

    Methods: A competing risk analysis from 8,867 Australian women born 1921-26, using linked data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH), Residential Aged Care (RAC), and the Australian National Death Index.

    Results: After accounting for deaths, around 35% of women will be admitted to RAC between ages 73 and 90. Read More

    Immunisation for refugees in Australia: a policy review and analysis across all States and Territories.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 12;41(6):635-640. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, UNSW Medicine, University of New South Wales, New South Wales.
    Objective: Although people of refugee background are likely to be under-immunised before and after resettlement, no study to date has evaluated refugee specific immunisation policies in Australia. We developed a framework to analyse immunisation policies across Australia to highlight the strengths and gaps so as to inform development of more effective refugee specific immunisation policies.

    Methods: We sourced publicly available immunisation policy documents from state and territory government websites. Read More

    Inclusion of equity in economic analyses of public health policies: systematic review and future directions.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Sep 12. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    Deakin Health Economics, Centre for Population Health Research, Deakin University, Victoria.
    Objectives: To assess current approaches to inclusion of equity in economic analysis of public health interventions and to recommend best approaches and future directions.

    Methods: We conducted a systematic review of studies that have used socioeconomic position (SEP) in cost-effectiveness analyses. Studies were identified using MedLine, EconLit and HEED and were evaluated based on their SEP specific inputs and methods of quantification of the health and financial inequalities. Read More

    Removing the Australian tax exemption on healthy food adds food stress to families vulnerable to poor nutrition.
    Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Dec 12;41(6):591-597. Epub 2017 Sep 12.
    School of Public Health, Curtin University, Western Australia.
    Objective: To assess the impact of changing the Australian Goods and Services Tax (GST) on household food stress, which occurs when >25% of disposable income needs to be spent on food.

    Methods: Weekly healthy meal plan costs for average-income (AI), low-income (LI) and welfare-dependent (WDI) families were calculated using the 2013 Western Australian (WA) Food Access and Costs Survey. Four GST scenarios were compared: 1) status quo; 2) increasing GST to 15%; 3) expanding base to include exempt foods at 10% GST; and 4) expanding base to include exempt foods and increasing the tax to 15%. Read More

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