103,332 results match your criteria Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry[Journal]


Is China's coastal engineered defences valuable for storm protection?

Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 28;657:103-107. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia; National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, ROC.

China has a long history of building hard engineered coastal defences for storm protection, which enables us to examine the economic effects of the hard engineering to mitigate storm damage. Examining historical storm impacts between 1989 and 2016, a significant negative relationship exists between the relative economic damages (i.e. Read More

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November 2018
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Mid-calf skeletal muscle density and its associations with physical activity, bone health and incident 12-month falls in older adults: The Healthy Ageing Initiative.

Bone 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Lower skeletal muscle density, indicating greater infiltration of adipose tissue into muscles, is associated with higher fracture risk in older adults. We aimed to determine whether mid-calf muscle density is associated with falls risk and bone health in community-dwelling older adults.

Methods: 2214 community-dwelling men and women who participated in the Healthy Ageing Initiative (Sweden) study at age 70 were included in this analysis. Read More

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December 2018
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Simple, rapid and inexpensive typing of common HLA class I alleles for immunological studies.

J Immunol Methods 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, The University of Queensland, Translational Research Institute, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address:

Current HLA-typing methods are typically designed to provide exquisitely-detailed identification of multiple HLA-alleles to satisfy the requirements for organ and bone marrow transplantation or genetic studies. Many human immunological studies, on the other hand, focus around only a small number of HLA alleles that are abundant or of relevance to specific diseases. Consequently, for such studies, many HLA typing approaches are not cost-effective and are potentially complicated, slow and not easily performed in-house. Read More

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December 2018

Re: Evaluation of the trauma triage accuracy in a Level 1 Australian trauma centre.

Authors:
Mitchell Cameron

Emerg Med Australas 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Royal Darwin Hospital ICU, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.

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December 2018

Understanding barriers to effective management of influenza outbreaks by residential aged care facilities.

Australas J Ageing 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Sydney Local Health District, Public Health Unit, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To identify the perceived barriers to the implementation of the Australian national guidelines on influenza outbreak management with Sydney Local Health District (SLHD) residential aged care facility (RACF) staff.

Methods: All SLHD RACFs were invited to participate in a telephone interview. The questionnaire collected information about demographic characteristics and participants' level of agreement with statements regarding perceived barriers to implementing the national guidelines for influenza outbreak management. Read More

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December 2018

Mitochondrial Function Modulates Touch Signalling in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Plant J 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Department of Animal, Plant and Soil Science, School of Life Science, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, La Trobe University, 5 Ring Road, Bundoora, 3086, Victoria, Australia.

Plants respond to short- and long-term mechanical stimuli, via altered transcript abundance and growth respectively. Jasmonate, gibberellic acid and calcium have been implicated in mediating responses to mechanical stimuli. Previously it was shown that the transcript abundance for the outer mitochondrial membrane protein of 66 kDa (OM66), is induced several-fold after 30 min in response to touch. Read More

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December 2018
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Talking about trauma in therapy: Perspectives from young people with post-traumatic stress symptoms and first episode psychosis.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: Despite recommendations from national guidelines, individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP) are currently unlikely to have the effects of their traumatic experiences assessed and treated within psychosis treatment. This may be due to the mismatch between the objectives of trauma-specific treatments (directly targeting post-traumatic stress symptoms by talking about the trauma) and trauma-informed care (limiting practices that may retraumatise clients). We aimed to gain an understanding of what it was like for young people to talk about trauma in FEP treatment, and how their experiences related to the broad conceptualisations of trauma-informed and trauma-specific treatment approaches. Read More

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December 2018

Exploring the use of resources to support gender equality in Australian workplaces.

Health Promot J Austr 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Centre for Health through Action on Social Exclusion (CHASE), Teaching and Learning Coordinator (Internationalisation), School of Health & Social Development, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Melbourne Burwood Campus, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, VIC, 3125.

Issue Addressed: Numerous resources exist to support workplaces to undertake gender equality work, however, it is often unclear which existing resources are being utilised by Australian workplaces. One group that can provide insight into the use of existing resources is the professionals who have undertaken gender equality work in their organisation.

Methods: Purposive sampling was used to identify informants with experience undertaking gender equality work. Read More

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December 2018

Anaemia in pregnancy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women of Far North Queensland: A retrospective cohort study.

Nutr Diet 2018 Nov;75(5):457-467

Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: Anaemia during pregnancy is common worldwide. In Australia between 7.1% and 11% of mothers have been reported to have anaemia in pregnancy. Read More

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November 2018
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Benchmarking life quality support interventions in long-term care using the Long-Term Care Quality of Life scale.

Nurs Health Sci 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Nursing, Midwifery & Paramedicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

We aimed to develop a graphical procedure for benchmarking quality of life care results using the Long-Term Care Quality of Life (LTC-QoL) scale. While clinical care quality benchmarking is now well established, similar research for quality of life (QOL) aged care benchmarking has received scant attention. Data from 10 facilities utilizing the LTC-QoL scale were analysed to establish baseline statistics for developing a graphical procedure for QOL benchmarking. Read More

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December 2018
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How mountains shape biodiversity: the role of the Andes in biogeography, diversification and reproductive biology in South America's most species rich lizard radiation (Squamata: Liolaemidae).

Evolution 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Division of Ecology and Evolution, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, 0200, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Testing hypotheses on the drivers of clade evolution and trait diversification provides insight into many aspects of evolutionary biology. Often, studies investigate only the intrinsic biological properties of organisms as the causes of diversity, however extrinsic properties of a clade's environment, particularly geological history, may also offer compelling explanations. The Andes are a young mountain chain known to have shaped many aspects of climate and diversity of South America. Read More

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December 2018

Toll-like receptor 2 regulates metabolic reprogramming in gastric cancer via superoxide dismutase 2.

Int J Cancer 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of General Surgery, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200080, China.

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play critical roles in host defence following recognition of conserved microbial- and host-derived components, and their dysregulation is a common feature of various inflammation-associated cancers, including gastric cancer (GC). Despite the recent recognition that metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of cancer, the molecular effectors of altered metabolism during tumorigenesis remain unclear. Here, using bioenergetics function assays on human GC cells, we reveal that ligand-induced activation of TLR2, predominantly through TLR1/2 heterodimer, augments both oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and glycolysis, with a bias towards glycolytic activity. Read More

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December 2018

Architectural Design of 3D Printed Scaffolds Controls the Volume and Functionality of Newly Formed Bone.

Adv Healthc Mater 2018 Dec 7:e1801353. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Australian Research Council Centre in Innovative BioEngineering, School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

The successful regeneration of functional bone tissue in critical-size defects remains a significant clinical challenge. To address this challenge, synthetic bone scaffolds are widely developed, but remarkably few are translated to the clinic due to poor performance in vivo. Here, it is demonstrated how architectural design of 3D printed scaffolds can improve in vivo outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Response to Invited Editorial: Intravenous iron use in pregnancy: Ironing out the issues and evidence.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Dec;58(6):E28-E29

Department of Obstetrics and Maternal/Fetal Medicine, Canberra Hospital and Health Service, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

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December 2018

We need to treat pregnant women as adults: Women should be consented for an attempt at normal vaginal birth as for operative delivery, with risks and potential complications explained.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Dec;58(6):701-703

Sydney Law School, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Since the mid-90s, Australian law has required doctors to disclose material risks of proposed treatment. Medical practitioners have had two decades to adapt, and, by and large, patient autonomy is acknowledged and respected by obtaining 'informed consent'. While problems with obtaining consent do surface in medico-legal litigation, practitioners are generally aware of the need to do so and usually comply with requirements. Read More

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December 2018

Vaginal delivery: An argument against requiring consent.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Dec;58(6):704-706

ANU Medical School, ANU College of Health and Medicine, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Birth by vaginal delivery is an evolutionary process refined over millennia to create a sustainable and safe method of human reproduction. A key argument against requiring consent for vaginal birth acknowledges that from an evolutionary point of view, vaginal delivery has successfully accompanied human development and remains the natural and default form of human birth. Concern has been raised by the Montgomery court case in the United Kingdom; however, the ruling does not mean consent is required for normal birth. Read More

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December 2018

Iron in pregnancy.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Dec;58(6):E29-E30

Australian National University Medical School, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

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December 2018

What exactly is excellence in women's health?

Authors:
Steve Robson

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Dec;58(6):603-605

President, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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December 2018

Response to Setting the record straight on obstetric gaps.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 Dec;58(6):E34-E35

Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

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December 2018

Smarter through group living: A response to Smulders.

Learn Behav 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn Campus, Treliever Road, Penryn, TR10 9FE, UK.

We recently identified a strong, positive relationship between group size and individual cognitive performance, and a strong, positive relationship between female cognitive performance and reproductive success (Ashton, Ridley, Edwards, & Thornton in Nature, 554, 364-367, 2018). An opinion piece by Smulders (Learning & Behavior, https://doi.org/10. Read More

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December 2018
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Thyroidectomy Then and Now: A 50-Year Australian Perspective.

World J Surg 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of General Surgery, Monash University Endocrine Surgery Unit, The Alfred Hospital, 55 Commercial Rd, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia.

Background: Since the mid-1800s, thyroidectomy has transformed from a procedure associated with high to near-zero mortality. Nonetheless, surgeons must continue to strive to improve patient care. Using historical records and contemporary data, this study compares the practice and outcomes of thyroid surgery at a tertiary institution during two periods, 50 years apart. Read More

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December 2018
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School-Age Developmental and Educational Outcomes Following Cardiac Procedures in the First Year of Life: A Population-Based Record Linkage Study.

Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Child Population Health Research, Westmead Clinical School, The Children's Hospital, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

The purpose of the study was to evaluate school-age developmental and educational outcomes for children with and without a cardiac procedure in the first year of life to improve understanding of longer-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in children who have had a cardiac procedure for congenital heart disease, the most common serious congenital anomaly. A population-based cohort study using record linkage of state-wide data was undertaken, evaluating children born in New South Wales, Australia, 2001-2007. Those with and without a cardiac procedure in the first year of life with a linked developmental (Australian version Early Development Instrument testing result, age 4-6 years) and/or educational outcome (Australian National Assessment Program result, age 7-9 years) were included. Read More

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December 2018

The complexity of neuroinflammation consequent to traumatic brain injury: from research evidence to potential treatments.

Acta Neuropathol 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia.

This review recounts the definitions and research evidence supporting the multifaceted roles of neuroinflammation in the injured brain following trauma. We summarise the literature fluctuating from the protective and detrimental properties that cytokines, leukocytes and glial cells play in the acute and chronic stages of TBI, including the intrinsic factors that influence cytokine responses and microglial functions relative to genetics, sex, and age. We elaborate on the pros and cons that cytokines, chemokines, and microglia play in brain repair, specifically neurogenesis, and how such conflicting roles may be harnessed therapeutically to sustain the survival of new neurons. Read More

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December 2018

Approaches to Deprescribing Psychotropic Medications for Changed Behaviours in Long-Term Care Residents Living with Dementia.

Drugs Aging 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Dementia Centre for Research Collaboration, School of Psychiatry, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Psychotropic medications have a high risk of serious adverse events and small effect size for changed behaviours for people with dementia. Non-pharmacological approaches are recommended as first-line treatment for changed behaviours, yet psychotropic medications remain highly prevalent in long-term aged care settings. This narrative review describes the current evidence regarding deprescribing psychotropic medications for people with dementia in long-term care. Read More

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December 2018

"Death is certain, the time is not": mortality and survival in Game of Thrones.

Inj Epidemiol 2018 Dec 10;5(1):44. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Faculty of Science and Engineering, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Game of Thrones is a popular television series known for its violent and graphic portrayal of the deaths of its characters. This study aimed to examine the mortality and survival of important characters in Game of Thrones.

Methods: Important characters appearing in Seasons 1 to 7 of Game of Thrones were included, and data on sociodemographic factors, time to death, and circumstances of death were recorded. Read More

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December 2018

Cane toads (Rhinella marina) rely on water access, not drought tolerance, to invade xeric Australian environments.

Oecologia 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, 85287-4501, USA.

The invasion of habitats with novel environmental challenges may require physiological tolerances not seen in conspecifics from the native range. We used a combination of field and laboratory-based experiments to assess physiological tolerance to limited water access at four sites distributed across the historical invasion path of cane toads (Rhinella marina) in Australia that, from east to west, alternated between mesic and seasonally xeric habitats. Toads from all locations were well hydrated at the time of capture. Read More

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December 2018

The Y-Maze for Assessment of Spatial Working and Reference Memory in Mice.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:105-111

Laboratory of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

The Y-maze can be used to assess short term memory in mice. Spontaneous alternation, a measure of spatial working memory, can be assessed by allowing mice to explore all three arms of the maze and is driven by an innate curiosity of rodents to explore previously unvisited areas. A mouse with intact working memory, and hence intact prefrontal cortical functions, will remember the arms previously visited and show a tendency to enter a less recently visited arm. Read More

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January 2019

The Open Field Test for Measuring Locomotor Activity and Anxiety-Like Behavior.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:99-103

Laboratory of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

The open field test is used in studies of the neurobiological basis of anxiety and screening for novel drug targets and anxiolytic compounds. This test uses a camera to measure movement of the test animal in the peripheral and central zones of a 42 × 42 × 42 cm polyvinyl chloride box. This chapter describes a protocol for carrying out the open-field test for assessment of locomotion and anxiety-like behavior in mice. Read More

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January 2019

Free Dyadic Social Interaction Test in Mice.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:93-97

Laboratory of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

Psychiatric disorders affect approximately one quarter of people worldwide at some point in their lifetime. This chapter provides a step-by-step guide to conduct behavioral tests in adult mice for investigations of social behavior, without the need for specific equipment. This test should allow the identification of key abnormalities in social interactions that can be followed up by targeted, more complex, behavioral analysis aimed at identification of new biomarkers and potential drug targets. Read More

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January 2019

The Nest Building Test in Mice for Assessment of General Well-Being.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:87-91

Laboratory of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

This chapter presents a method for assessing general behavior, well-being, and sensorimotor gating. A detailed protocol is given for assessment of nest building performance in female mice using a strict scoring system. The test can be used for assessing moods and behaviors associated with psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. Read More

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January 2019
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Object Burying Test for Assessment of Obsessive Compulsive Behaviors in Mice.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:81-85

Laboratory of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) can occur in several psychiatric illnesses such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and it is more prevalent in children. This condition is characterized by repeated and apparently meaningless behaviors such as frequent hand washing, counting, tapping, and rocking. This can disrupt normal socialization and in some cases lead to self-harm. Read More

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January 2019

The Forced Swim Test for Depression-Like Behavior in Rodents.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:75-80

Laboratory of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

The forced swim test assesses learned helplessness, which is a feature of depression-like behavior in rodents. This test has also been used in testing the efficacy of existing and novel antidepressant drugs. It is based on the natural tendency of rodents to escape from water. Read More

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January 2019

The Elevated Plus Maze Test for Measuring Anxiety-Like Behavior in Rodents.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1916:69-74

Laboratory of Psychiatric Neuroscience, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

The elevated plus maze test is used to measure anxiety-like behavior in rodents. It can be used to gain insight into conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other conditions marked by anxious behavior. It can also be used as a component in screening of novel compounds for anxiolytic properties. Read More

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January 2019

Modelled Economic Evaluation of Nivolumab for the Treatment of Second-Line Advanced or Metastatic Squamous Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer in Australia Using Both Partition Survival and Markov Models.

Appl Health Econ Health Policy 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Discipline of Pharmacy and Experimental Pharmacology, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Newcastle, MS108, Medical Sciences Building, University Drive, Callaghan, 2308, NSW, Australia.

Objectives: To assess the cost-effectiveness of nivolumab for patients with advanced or metastatic squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progressed on or after platinum-based chemotherapy using a modelled economic evaluation.

Methods: Both partition survival (PS) and Markov models, comprised of three health states, were adopted to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of nivolumab compared to docetaxel from an Australian healthcare system perspective with a 6-year time horizon. Reconstructed individual patient data (IPD) were derived from published Kaplan-Meier curves from the pivotal trial for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) using a validated algorithm. Read More

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December 2018

Effect of cultural background and healthcare environment on postoperative opioid requirement.

Can J Anaesth 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Purpose: The objective of this prospective observational study was to investigate the interactions between cultural background, healthcare environment, and postoperative pain experience.

Methods: We enrolled 128 Chinese patients living in rural mainland China and 134 patients in Hong Kong with a higher level of Western cultural influences (defined by educational attainment, place of residence, and ability to understand English). All patients had major abdominal surgery and received patient-controlled analgesia with intravenous morphine for postoperative pain relief. Read More

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December 2018

Mapping resistance to Phytophthora root rot identifies independent loci from cultivated (Cicer arietinum L.) and wild (Cicer echinospermum P.H. Davis) chickpea.

Theor Appl Genet 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, PMB1, Glen Osmond, SA, 5064, Australia.

Key Message: Major QTL for Phytophthora root rot resistance have been identified in three mapping populations with independent sources of resistance contributed by C. echinospermum and C. arietinum. Read More

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December 2018
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3.790 Impact Factor

Tropomyosin Tpm 2.1 loss induces glioblastoma spreading in soft brain-like environments.

J Neurooncol 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Children's Cancer Research Unit, Kids Research Institute, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Locked Bag 4001, Westmead, NSW, 2145, Australia.

Introduction: The brain is a very soft tissue. Glioblastoma (GBM) brain tumours are highly infiltrative into the surrounding healthy brain tissue and invasion mechanisms that have been defined using rigid substrates therefore may not apply to GBM dissemination. GBMs characteristically lose expression of the high molecular weight tropomyosins, a class of actin-associating proteins and essential regulators of the actin stress fibres and focal adhesions that underpin cell migration on rigid substrates. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of molecular weight on PNIPAM brush modified colloidal silica particles.

Soft Matter 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Priority Research Centre for Advanced Particle Processing and Transport, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia.

The effect of molecular weight and temperature on the phase transition and internal structure of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) brush modified colloidal silica particles was investigated using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and small angle neutron scattering (SANS) between 15 and 45 °C. Dry particle analysis utilising transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) all confirmed the thickness of the polymer brush shell increased as a function of polymerisation time. Hydrodynamic diameter and electrophoretic mobility results revealed that the brush modified particles transitioned from swollen shells to a collapsed conformation between 15 and 35 °C. Read More

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December 2018

Combining different diagnostic studies of lymphatic filariasis for risk mapping in Papua New Guinea: a predictive model from microfilaraemia and antigenaemia prevalence surveys.

Trop Med Health 2018 4;46:41. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

3College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD 4870 Australia.

Background: The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis has encouraged countries to follow a set of guidelines to help them assess the need for mass drug administration and evaluate its progress. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is one of the highest priority countries in the Western Pacific for lymphatic filariasis and the site of extensive research on lymphatic filariasis and surveys of its prevalence. However, different diagnostic tests have been used and thresholds for each test are unclear. Read More

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December 2018

Genome Sequences of Three Isolates of Fusarium verticillioides.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Aug 30;7(8). Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Agriculture and Food, Queensland, Australia.

Fusarium verticillioides is an important pathogen of maize worldwide. Here, three Australian isolates of F. verticillioides, originally obtained from maize or sorghum, were sequenced using Illumina technology to expand the available genomic resources for this important pathogen. Read More

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Complete Genome Sequence of a Staphylococcus aureus Sequence Type 612 Isolate from an Australian Horse.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Aug 2;7(4). Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute and School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Staphylococcus aureus is a serious pathogen of humans and animals. Multilocus sequence type 612 is dominant and highly virulent in South African hospitals but relatively uncommon elsewhere. We present the complete genome sequence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain SVH7513, isolated from a horse at a veterinary clinic in New South Wales, Australia. Read More

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Draft Genome Sequence of a Non-O1/O139 Vibrio cholerae Strain Isolated from a Patient Presenting with Dysuria.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Jul 26;7(3). Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Infection and Immunity, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Vibrio cholerae is the causative agent of cholera and, more rarely, nondiarrheal opportunistic infections. We report here a draft genome sequence of a non-O1/O139 V. cholerae strain isolated from the urine of a patient presenting with dysuria at a South Australian health care facility. Read More

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Complete Genome Sequence of WM99c, an Antibiotic-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Global Clone 2 (GC2) Strain Representing an Australian GC2 Lineage.

Microbiol Resour Announc 2018 Dec 6;7(22). Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

The extensively antibiotic-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolate WM99c recovered in Sydney, Australia, in 1999 is an early representative of a distinct lineage of global clone 2 (GC2) seen on the east coast of Australia. We present the complete 4.121-Mbp genome sequence (chromosome plus 2 plasmids), generated via long-read sequencing (PacBio). Read More

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December 2018

Effect of Internet-based Cognitive Behavioral Humanistic and Interpersonal Training vs. Internet-based General Health Education on Adolescent Depression in Primary Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Nov;1(7)

Department of General Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Importance: Although 13-20% of American adolescents experience a depressive episode annually, no scalable primary care model for adolescent depression prevention is currently available.

Objective: To study whether CATCH-IT (Competent Adulthood Transition with Cognitive Behavioral Humanistic and Interpersonal Training) reduces the hazard for depression in at-risk adolescents identified in primary care, as compared to a general health education attention control (HE).

Design: The Promoting AdolescenT Health (PATH) study compares CATCH-IT and HE in a phase 3 single-blind multicenter randomized attention control trial. Read More

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November 2018
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Exploring mechanisms that affect coral cooperation: symbiont transmission mode, cell density and community composition.

PeerJ 2018 3;6:e6047. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

The coral symbiosis is the linchpin of the reef ecosystem, yet the mechanisms that promote and maintain cooperation between hosts and symbionts have not been fully resolved. We used a phylogenetically controlled design to investigate the role of vertical symbiont transmission, an evolutionary mechanism in which symbionts are inherited directly from parents, predicted to enhance cooperation and holobiont fitness. Six species of coral, three vertical transmitters and their closest horizontally transmitting relatives, which exhibit environmental acquisition of symbionts, were fragmented and subjected to a 2-week thermal stress experiment. Read More

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December 2018

Ornithopod diversity in the Griman Creek Formation (Cenomanian), New South Wales, Australia.

PeerJ 2018 4;6:e6008. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Australian Opal Centre, Lightning Ridge, NSW, Australia.

During the Early Cretaceous, dinosaur communities of the Australian-Antarctic rift system (Eumeralla and Wonthaggi formations) cropping out in Victoria were apparently dominated by a diverse small-bodied 'basal ornithopod' fauna. Further north, in Queensland (Winton and Mackunda formations), poorly-represented small-bodied ornithopods coexisted with large-bodied iguanodontians. Our understanding of the ornithopod diversity from the region between the Australian-Antarctic rift and Queensland, represented by Lightning Ridge in central-northern New South Wales (Griman Creek Formation), has been superficial. Read More

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December 2018

Stable Quantitative Resistance Loci to Blackleg Disease in Canola ( L.) Over Continents.

Front Plant Sci 2018 23;9:1622. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

IGEPP, INRA, Agrocampus Ouest, Université Rennes, Le Rheu, France.

The hemibiotrophic fungus, is the most devastating pathogen, causing blackleg disease in canola ( L). To study the genomic regions involved in quantitative resistance (QR), 259-276 DH lines from Darmor-/Yudal (DYDH) population were assessed for resistance to blackleg under shade house and field conditions across 3 years. In different experiments, the broad sense heritability varied from 43 to 95%. Read More

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November 2018
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Taxonomy of myid bivalves from fragmented brackish-water habitats in India, with a description of a new genus (Myidae, Myoidea, Myidae).

Zookeys 2018 28(799):21-46. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Marine Biology, Microbiology and Biochemistry, School of Marine Sciences, Cochin University of Science &Technology, Lakeside campus, Cochin 682016, India Cochin University of Science &Technology Cochin India.

A group of small bivalves inhabiting Indian brackish-water estuaries and lagoons (known locally as backwaters), variously assigned to , , and , are reviewed and, based on shell characters, shown to be congeneric. Molecular (COI) and morphological data indicate that this group belongs to the family Myidae. Furthermore, the combined data suggest that these Indian myids are a sister taxon of the genus . Read More

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November 2018

Child protection outcomes of the Australian Nurse Family Partnership Program for Aboriginal infants and their mothers in Central Australia.

PLoS One 2018 7;13(12):e0208764. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Central Australian Aboriginal Congress Aboriginal Corporation, Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia.

Background: The Nurse Family Partnership Program developed in the USA, designed to improve mother and infant/child outcomes, has reported lower rates of child protection system involvement. The study tested the hypothesis that an adapted Nurse Family Partnership Program implemented in an Aboriginal community in Central Australia (the FPP) would improve Child Protection outcomes.

Methods: This was a retrospective and prospective cohort study drawing on linked administrative data, including birth registry, primary health care client information system, FPP program data, and child protection data. Read More

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December 2018

Parent-embryo acoustic communication: a specialised heat vocalisation allowing embryonic eavesdropping.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 7;8(1):17721. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life & Environmental Sciences, Deakin University Geelong, Geelong, Australia.

Sound is arguably the external cue most accessible to embryos of many species, and as such may constitute an unrivalled source of early information. Recent evidence shows that prenatal sounds, similarly to maternal effects, may shape developmental trajectories. Establishing whether parental vocalisations are signals directed at embryos, or parental cues on which embryos eavesdrop, can elucidate whether parents or embryos control developmental outcomes. Read More

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December 2018