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    5821 results match your criteria Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry[Journal]

    1 OF 117

    The efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese people: A meta-analysis.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417741555. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    Department of Social Work and Social Administration, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
    Objective: Over the past decade, cognitive behavioral therapy has been applied to an increasingly wider range of disorders and problems in Chinese societies. However, no meta-analysis has been conducted to synthesize the studies on cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese clients. The purpose of this meta-analytic study was to examine the overall efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for Chinese people. Read More

    Time for a new zeitgeist in perinatal mental health.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417741553. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Perinatal depression, and to a lesser extent anxiety, has been the focus of interest for perinatal psychiatrists for several decades. Policy and substantial funding has supported this. We argue that it is now time to change this focus and to invest greater funding to support clinical and research effort in 'high-risk' caregivers and their infants. Read More

    Decreased activation and subsyndromal manic symptoms predict lower remission rates in bipolar depression.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417741982. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
    Objective: Activation encompasses energy and activity and is a central feature of bipolar disorder. However, the impact of activation on treatment response of bipolar depression requires further exploration. The aims of this study were to assess the association of decreased activation and sustained remission in bipolar depression and test for factors that could affect this association. Read More

    The Population Mean Mood Predicts The Prevalence of Depression in an Australian Context.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417740207. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    7 Cancer Research Division, Cancer Council New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Background: The mean population mood has been demonstrated to strongly correlate with the prevalence of depression in European populations. Mean population mood has, therefore, been proposed as both a metric to measure the impact of population-level interventions to prevent depression and a target for public health policy.

    Aim: To demonstrate the relationship between mean population mood and the prevalence of depression using Australian data in order to broaden the applicability of this finding to the Australian population. Read More

    A systematic review of cost-effectiveness studies of prevention and treatment for eating disorders.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417739690. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Deakin Health Economics, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC, Australia.
    Background: Eating disorders are serious mental disorders and are associated with substantial economic and social burden. The aim of this study is to undertake a systematic review of the cost-effectiveness studies of both preventive and treatment interventions for eating disorder.

    Method: Electronic databases (including the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, Global Health, CINAHL complete, Health Business Elite, Econlit, Health Policy Reference Center and ERIC) were searched for published cost-effectiveness studies of eating disorder prevention and treatment including papers published up to January 2017. Read More

    Research into Australian emergency services personnel mental health and wellbeing: An evidence map.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417738054. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 Phoenix Australia Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, VIC, Australia.
    Background: Evidence maps are a method of systematically characterising the range of research activity in broad topic areas and are a tool for guiding research priorities.

    Aims: 'Evidence-mapping' methodology was used to quantify the nature and distribution of recent peer-reviewed research into the mental health and wellbeing of Australian emergency services personnel.

    Methods: A search of the PsycINFO, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases was performed for primary research articles that were published between January 2011 and July 2016. Read More

    Latent profiles of early developmental vulnerabilities in a New South Wales child population at age 5 years.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417740208. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 UNSW Research Unit for Schizophrenia Epidemiology, School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia.
    Objective: Detecting the early emergence of childhood risk for adult mental disorders may lead to interventions for reducing subsequent burden of these disorders. We set out to determine classes of children who may be at risk for later mental disorder on the basis of early patterns of development in a population cohort, and associated exposures gleaned from linked administrative records obtained within the New South Wales Child Development Study.

    Methods: Intergenerational records from government departments of health, education, justice and child protection were linked with the Australian Early Development Census for a state population cohort of 67,353 children approximately 5 years of age. Read More

    Severity of illness and adaptive functioning predict quality of care of children among parents with psychosis: A confirmatory factor analysis.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417731526. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    1 The University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.
    Objective: Parenthood is central to the personal and social identity of many people. For individuals with psychotic disorders, parenthood is often associated with formidable challenges. We aimed to identify predictors of adequate parenting among parents with psychotic disorders. Read More

    A three-decade repeated cross-sectional survey on mental health of the Chinese Jino minority.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1;51(11):1134-1141. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    2 Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China.
    Objective: As there is growing evidence outlining varying degrees of social, economic and cultural changes among minority groups in China, there was a need to undertake research to determine whether modernization and urbanization of China has had an impact on the mental health of individuals from minority groups. In 1979, the Jino ethnic minority group was the last minority group to be designated a minority by the Chinese Central Government. As a direct result of the Chinese Government intervention, the Jino society began transitioning from a traditional rural lifestyle existence to that of a more modern urban lifestyle. Read More

    Treating anxiety and depression in young adults: A randomised controlled trial comparing clinician-guided versus self-guided Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Oct 1:4867417738055. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    eCentreClinic, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Background: Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy may increase access by young adults to evidence-based treatments for anxiety and depression.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of an Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy intervention designed for adults aged 18-24 years, when delivered in clinician-guided versus self-guided formats.

    Design: The intervention, the Mood Mechanic Course, is a transdiagnostic treatment that simultaneously targets symptoms of anxiety and depression using cognitive and behavioural skills. Read More

    Neuropsychology and emotion processing in violent individuals with antisocial personality disorder or schizophrenia: The same or different? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Oct 1:4867417731525. Epub 2017 Oct 1.
    4 Research and Development, Sovereign Health Group, San Clemente, CA, USA.
    Objectives: To assess whether there are shared or divergent (a) cognitive and (b) emotion processing characteristics among violent individuals with antisocial personality disorder and/or schizophrenia, diagnoses which are commonly encountered at the interface of mental disorder and violence. Cognition and emotion processing are incorporated into models of violence, and thus an understanding of these characteristics within and between disorder groups may help inform future models and therapeutic targets.

    Methods: Relevant databases (OVID, Embase, PsycINFO) were searched to identify suitable literature. Read More

    Deep brain stimulation for severe treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder: An open-label case series.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Sep 1:4867417731819. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Neuropsychiatry Unit, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia.
    Objective: Deep brain stimulation can be of benefit in carefully selected patients with severe intractable obsessive-compulsive disorder. The aim of this paper is to describe the outcomes of the first seven deep brain stimulation procedures for obsessive-compulsive disorder undertaken at the Neuropsychiatry Unit, Royal Melbourne Hospital. The primary objective was to assess the response to deep brain stimulation treatment utilising the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale as a measure of symptom severity. Read More

    Lower antioxidant capacity in the prefrontal cortex of individuals with schizophrenia.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Sep 1:4867417728805. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Schizophrenia Research Institute, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Objective: The glutathione (GSH) pathway is the main antioxidant system to protect against oxidative stress in the human brain. In this study, we tested whether molecular components of the GSH antioxidant system are changed in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex tissue from people with schizophrenia compared to controls.

    Method: The levels of total glutathione and reduced GSH were determined by fluorometric assay via quantifying thiols in extracts from frontal cortex of 68 people. Read More

    Treating body, treating mind: The experiences of people with psychotic disorders and their general practitioners - Findings from the Australian National Survey of High Impact Psychosis.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Sep 1:4867417728806. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology Research Unit, Division of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Objectives: To describe from the perspective of people living with psychotic illness their use of general practitioner services over a 12-month period and the experiences, attitudes and challenges general practitioners face providing health care to this population.

    Methods: A two-phase design was used. Phase 1, screening for psychosis, occurred in public specialised mental health services and non-government organisations within seven catchment sites across Australia. Read More

    Borderline personality disorder and polycystic ovary syndrome: A review of the literature.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Sep 1:4867417730650. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    1 Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre (MAPrc), Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Objective: This review examines the existing evidence for the relationship between borderline personality disorder and polycystic ovary syndrome, and to identify commonalities in etiological mechanisms of borderline personality disorder and polycystic ovary syndrome that might explain the relationship between these seemingly disparate disorders.

    Methods: A search of Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Central was undertaken on 5 December 2016 to identify studies investigating women with borderline personality disorder and polycystic ovary syndrome (or symptoms and markers specific to polycystic ovary syndrome).

    Results: Nine studies were identified, including three cross-sectional studies investigating symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome in women with borderline personality disorder, two cross-sectional and one cohort study examining the prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and three case reports of comorbid borderline personality disorder and polycystic ovary syndrome. Read More

    An appraisal of practice guidelines for smoking cessation in people with severe mental illness.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 31;51(11):1106-1120. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    1 School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Herston, QLD, Australia.
    Objective: To review the quality of current smoking cessation guidelines that include recommendations for people with severe mental illness.

    Methods: A systematic search of scientific databases, central government health authority websites, psychiatry peak bodies, guideline clearing houses and Google was undertaken for relevant smoking cessation guidelines. Three reviewers independently assessed guideline quality using the AGREE II (Appraisal of Guidelines for REsearch and Evaluation II) instrument. Read More

    Getting RID of the blues: Formulating a Risk Index for Depression (RID) using structural equation modeling.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 31;51(11):1121-1133. Epub 2017 Aug 31.
    2 Department of Statistics, Data Science and Epidemiology, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Objective: While risk factors for depression are increasingly known, there is no widely utilised depression risk index. Our objective was to develop a method for a flexible, modular, Risk Index for Depression using structural equation models of key determinants identified from previous published research that blended machine-learning with traditional statistical techniques.

    Methods: Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (2009-2010, N = 5546) were utilised. Read More

    A framework to create more mentally healthy workplaces: A viewpoint.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Aug 1:4867417726174. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    1 School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
    Mental illness is now the leading cause of long-term sickness absence among Australian workers, with significant costs to the individual, their employers and society more broadly. However, to date, there has been little evidence-informed guidance as to what workplaces should be doing to enhance their employees' mental health and wellbeing. In this article, we present a framework outlining the key strategies employers can implement to create more mentally healthy workplaces. Read More

    ICD-11 and DSM-5 personality trait domains capture categorical personality disorders: Finding a common ground.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Aug 1:4867417727867. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
    4 Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Objective: The five personality disorder trait domains in the proposed International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition are comparable in terms of Negative Affectivity, Detachment, Antagonism/Dissociality and Disinhibition. However, the International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition model includes a separate domain of Anankastia, whereas the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition model includes an additional domain of Psychoticism. This study examined associations of International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition trait domains, simultaneously, with categorical personality disorders. Read More

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