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    5870 results match your criteria Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry[Journal]

    1 OF 118

    Finding the optimal treatment model: A systematic review of treatment for co-occurring alcohol misuse and depression.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Feb 1:4867418758922. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    1 Health Behaviour Research Collaborative, School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.
    Objectives: Alcohol misuse and depression are commonly co-occurring conditions. To date, no review has examined the most efficacious treatment model for psychosocial treatment of co-occurring alcohol misuse and depression. This systematic review determined the: (i) methodological quality of publications examining psychosocial treatment of co-occurring alcohol misuse and depression using a sequential, parallel or integrated treatment model; and (ii) effectiveness of each dual treatment model compared to single treatment for those with co-occurring alcohol misuse and depression. Read More

    Helping adolescents to better support their peers with a mental health problem: A cluster-randomised crossover trial of teen Mental Health First Aid.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Feb 1:4867417753552. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    1 Population Mental Health Group, Centre for Mental Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Background: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme.

    Methods: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students. Read More

    Clinical response to treatment in inpatients with depression correlates with changes in activity levels and psychomotor speed.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Feb 1:4867417753549. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    1 Clinical Research Unit, Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.
    Background: Monitoring clinical response to treatment in depressed inpatients, particularly identifying early improvement, may be sub-optimal. This may impact adversely on patients through longer admissions and sub-optimal pharmacotherapy. Psychomotor speed is a prominent neuropsychological function which changes as recovery occurs. Read More

    Depression literacy and help-seeking in Australian police.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Feb 1:4867417753550. Epub 2018 Feb 1.
    2 Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Gloabl Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Objective: To assess depression literacy, help-seeking and help-offering to others in members of the police force in the state of Victoria, Australia.

    Methods: All staff in police stations involved in a cluster randomised controlled trial of an integrated workplace mental health intervention were invited to participate. Survey questions covered sociodemographic and employment information, recognition of depression in a vignette, stigma, treatment beliefs, willingness to assist co-workers with mental health problems, help-giving and help-seeking behaviours, and intentions to seek help. Read More

    Cortical surface area reduction in identification of subjects at high risk for post-traumatic stress disorder: A pilot study.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:4867417750757. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    1 Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, P.R. China.
    Objective: Victims of motor vehicle accidents often develop post-traumatic stress disorder, which causes significant social function loss. For the difficulty in treating post-traumatic stress disorder, identification of subjects at high risk for post-traumatic stress disorder is essential for providing possible intervention. This paper aims to examine the cortical structural traits related to susceptibility to post-traumatic stress disorder. Read More

    A systematic review of risk factors for methamphetamine-associated psychosis.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:4867417748750. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    1 Turning Point, Eastern Health, Fitzroy, VIC, Australia.
    Objective: Chronic methamphetamine use is commonly associated with the development of psychotic symptoms. The predictors and correlates of methamphetamine-associated psychosis are poorly understood. We sought to systematically review factors associated with psychotic symptoms in adults using illicit amphetamine or methamphetamine. Read More

    The prevalence and burden of mental and substance use disorders in Australia: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:4867417751641. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    1 Discipline of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
    Objectives: Timely and accurate assessments of disease burden are essential for developing effective national health policies. We used the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 to examine burden due to mental and substance use disorders in Australia.

    Methods: For each of the 20 mental and substance use disorders included in Global Burden of Disease Study 2015, systematic reviews of epidemiological data were conducted, and data modelled using a Bayesian meta-regression tool to produce prevalence estimates by age, sex, geography and year. Read More

    Patient predictors of response to cognitive behaviour therapy and schema therapy for depression.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 1:4867417750756. Epub 2018 Jan 1.
    2 Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.
    Objective: Few studies have examined differential predictors of response to psychotherapy for depression. Greater understanding about the factors associated with therapeutic response may better enable therapists to optimise response by targeting therapy for the individual. The aim of the current exploratory study was to examine patient characteristics associated with response to cognitive behaviour therapy and schema therapy for depression. Read More

    Electroconvulsive therapy in the continuation and maintenance treatment of depression: Systematic review and meta-analyses.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1:4867417743343. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    4 Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
    Objective: Acute course of electroconvulsive therapy is effective in inducing remission from depression, but recurrence rate is unacceptably high following termination of electroconvulsive therapy despite continued pharmacotherapy. Continuation electroconvulsive therapy and maintenance electroconvulsive therapy have been studied for their efficacy in preventing relapse and recurrence of depression. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the efficacy of continuation electroconvulsive therapy and maintenance electroconvulsive therapy in preventing relapse and recurrence of depression in comparison to antidepressant pharmacotherapy alone. Read More

    Pathways to functional outcomes following a first episode of psychosis: The roles of premorbid adjustment, verbal memory and symptom remission.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1:4867417747401. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.
    Objective: Most studies have investigated either the singular or relative contributions of premorbid adjustment, verbal memory and symptom remission to functional outcomes in first-episode psychosis. Fewer studies have examined the pathways of these factors in impacting functioning. Our study addresses this gap. Read More

    Altered cerebellar functional connectivity in remitted bipolar disorder: A resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1:4867417745996. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    2 Institute of Molecular and Functional Imaging, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.
    Objectives: Several recent studies have reported a strong association between the cerebellar structural and functional abnormalities and psychiatric disorders. However, there are no studies to investigate possible changes in cerebellar functional connectivity in bipolar disorder. This study aimed to examine the whole-brain functional connectivity pattern of patients with remitted bipolar disorder II, in particular in the cerebellum. Read More

    A latent class analysis of psychotic symptoms in the general population.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1:4867417744255. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    5 Univ. Lille, CNRS UMR 9193-PsyCHIC-SCALab, & CHU Lille, Pôle de Psychiatrie, Unité CURE, Lille, France.
    Objective: Individuals with psychotic symptoms may actually correspond to various subgroups, characterized by different patterns of psychotic symptoms as well as specific sociodemographic and clinical correlates. We aimed to identify groups of individuals from the general population with specific patterns of psychotic symptoms.

    Methods: In a 38,694-subject survey, a latent class analysis was performed to identify subgroups based on the distribution of seven psychotic symptoms taken from the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Read More

    Sex differences in the relationship between prolactin levels and impaired processing speed in early psychosis.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1:4867417744254. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Parc Taulí Hospital Universitari, I3PT, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, CIBERSAM, Sabadell, Spain.
    Introduction: Hyperprolactinaemia is commonly observed in people with psychotic disorders due to D2 receptor blockade by antipsychotic drugs, although it may also exist in drug-naïve patients with first-episode psychosis. Recent studies suggest that hyperprolactinaemia may have a negative impact on cognitive function in people with early psychosis. We aimed to explore whether there are sex differences in the association between prolactin levels and cognitive performance in early psychosis patients. Read More

    Structural and functional changes in the somatosensory cortex in euthymic females with bipolar disorder.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1:4867417746001. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    1 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
    Objective: Current evidence from neuroimaging data suggests possible dysfunction of the fronto-striatal-limbic circuits in individuals with bipolar disorder. Somatosensory cortical function has been implicated in emotional recognition, risk-taking and affective responses through sensory modalities. This study investigates anatomy and function of the somatosensory cortex in euthymic bipolar women. Read More

    Electroconvulsive therapy stimulus titration: Not all it seems.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Dec 1:4867417743793. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    St John of God Health Services, Burwood NSW, Australia.
    Objective: To examine the provenance and implications of seizure threshold titration in electroconvulsive therapy.

    Background: Titration of seizure threshold has become a virtual standard for electroconvulsive therapy. It is justified as individualisation and optimisation of the balance between efficacy and unwanted effects. Read More

    A profile of social, separation and generalized anxiety disorders in an Australian nationally representative sample of children and adolescents: Prevalence, comorbidity and correlates.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417741981. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    2 Graduate School of Education, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Objective: To examine (1) the 12-month prevalence of social anxiety disorder (SOC), separation anxiety disorder (SEP) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in a large, nationally representative sample of Australian youth; (2) patterns of comorbidity between these disorders; (3) demographic and socio-environmental correlates and (4) the psychosocial impact and service use associated with each condition.

    Method: Data are from the 2013/2014 Australian national, face-to-face household Young Minds Matter survey of mental health and wellbeing. Informants were parents or carers reporting on 6310, 4- to 17-year-olds (55% of eligible households). Read More

    Psychological distress and unmet mental health needs among urban taxi drivers: A cross-sectional survey.
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2017 Nov 1:4867417741556. Epub 2017 Nov 1.
    The University of Melbourne, Carlton, VIC, Australia.
    Objectives: The taxi industry relies on a male-dominated, predominately immigrant workforce who face multiple risk factors for poor mental health including shift work, low pay and threats of violence. Despite these risk factors, no previous study has documented the prevalence of psychological distress in the taxi industry. We investigated psychological distress among urban taxi drivers and explored the factors associated with high levels of distress. Read More

    Corrigendum.
    • Authors:
    Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2018 Jan 24;52(1):98-99. Epub 2017 Nov 24.
    Corrigendum to: Carter G, Page A, Large M, et al. (2016) Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guideline for the management of deliberate self-harm. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 50: 939-1000. Read More

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