8,704 results match your criteria Australian Veterinary Journal [Journal]


Virulence-associated gene profiling, DNA fingerprinting and multilocus sequence typing of Haemophilus parasuis isolates in Australia.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jun;96(6):196-202

Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, Level 2A EcoSciences Precinct, The University of Queensland, Boggo Road, Dutton Park, Queensland 4102, Australia.

Objective: Determine if there is a link between virulence-associated genes of Haemophilus parasuis and the genotype and serovar of isolates.

Methods: Isolates of H. parasuis from 38 farms across six Australian states, representing all serovars present in Australia, were assessed for the presence of virulence-associated genes (vtaA, hhdBA, fhuA, lsgB and capD). Read More

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First detection of bovine noroviruses and detection of bovine coronavirus in Australian dairy cattle.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jun;96(6):203-208

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background And Objective: Noroviruses have been recognised as a significant cause of neonatal enteritis in calves in many countries, but there has been no investigation of their occurrence in Australian cattle. This study aimed to establish whether bovine noroviruses could be detected in faecal samples from Australian dairy cattle. It also sought to determine whether bovine coronaviruses, also associated with neonatal enteritis in calves, could be detected in the same faecal samples. Read More

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James Pitney 1923-2017.

Authors:
Bob Knight

Aust Vet J 2018 Jun;96(6):194

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Sudden death of a crossbred calf associated with a myocardial adenomatoid tumour.

Authors:
R F Slocombe

Aust Vet J 2018 Jun;96(6):209-211

Veterinary Pathology, Veterinary Clinical Centre, University of Melbourne, 252 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria, 3030, Australia.

The only lesion found in a crossbred calf that died suddenly was a rare tumour in the myocardium of the left ventricle. The mass appeared similar to tumours discovered incidentally in the hearts of abattoir specimens in Italy, described as adenomatoid tumours. These are bimorphic tumours presumed to have a mesothelial origin. Read More

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Review of 20 years of human acute Q fever notifications in Victoria, 1994-2013.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jun;96(6):223-230

Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: To describe the epidemiological and clinical features of acute Q fever in Victoria from 1994 to 2013.

Design: Retrospective case series and spatiotemporal analyses of human notification data.

Methods: Records for all confirmed cases of Q fever in Victoria notified between 1994 and 2013 were reviewed. Read More

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Equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction: current understanding and recommendations from the Australian and New Zealand Equine Endocrine Group.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jun 3. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Samford Valley Veterinary Hospital, Samford, QLD, Australia.

The purpose of this article is to provide a review of the current knowledge and opinions about the epidemiology, clinical findings (including sequelae), diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction, particularly in the Australian context. This information and the recommendations provided will assist practitioners in making informed decisions regarding the diagnosis and management of this disorder. Read More

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Veterinary education: how we got to where we are.

Authors:
T Heath

Aust Vet J 2018 Jun 2;96(6):216-222. Epub 2018 May 2.

11 Sixth Avenue, St Lucia, 4067, Queensland, Australia.

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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a Clydesdale gelding.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jun 29;96(6):212-215. Epub 2018 Apr 29.

College of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia.

Case Report: A 7-year-old Clydesdale gelding was referred with a history of progressive lethargy and ventral oedema. The horse developed diarrhoea after treatment with antibiotics by the referring veterinarian. History, clinical signs, imaging and laboratory findings were consistent with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy complicated by antibiotic-associated colitis. Read More

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Outbreaks of diarrhoea ('winter scours') in weaned Merino sheep in south-eastern Australia.

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):176-183

Mackinnon Project, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia.

Objective: Identify the cause of outbreaks of diarrhoea during winter that are not attributable to gastrointestinal nematodes in weaned Merino sheep in the high rainfall regions of south-eastern Australia and determine the efficacy of antimicrobials used to treat this syndrome.

Methods: We investigated 45 outbreaks on 24 farms. Faecal samples from affected animals were cultured for Yersinia, Campylobacter and Salmonella spp. Read More

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May 2018
1 Read

Survey of rabies vaccination status of Queensland veterinarians and veterinary students.

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):155-160

College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Background: To determine the rabies vaccination status of Queensland veterinarians and veterinary students and their perception of zoonotic risk from Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV).

Design: Cross-sectional questionnaire surveys.

Methods: Questionnaires were sent by post in 2011 to veterinary surgeons registered in Queensland, to final-year veterinary students at James Cook University via SurveyMonkey® in 2013 and to final-year veterinary students at James Cook University and University of Queensland via SurveyMonkey® in 2014. Read More

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Ralph Salisbury 1938-2017.

Authors:
D A Watt

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):150

Parramatta, NSW.

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Primary tonsillar mast cell tumour in a dog.

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):184-187

QML Vetnostics, Murrarie, QLD, Australia.

Case Report: A 6-year-old speyed female Bull Arab-cross dog was found to have a small tonsillar nodule. Histological examination revealed a well-differentiated mast cell tumour (MCT). At initial staging, no evidence of concurrent cutaneous or visceral MCTs was found on a complete blood count, a single lateral thoracic radiograph, abdominal ultrasound or cytology of the spleen and regional lymph nodes. Read More

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Virus-neutralising antibody responses in horses following vaccination with Equivac® HeV: a field study.

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):161-166

College of Public Health, Medicine and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: To determine the antibody responses to a commercial Hendra virus vaccine (Equivac® HeV) in a field environment.

Methods: A group of 61 horses received a primary vaccination course comprising two doses administered 3-6 weeks apart (V1, V2) and a 3rd dose (V3) given 6 months after the second. This was followed by booster vaccinations at 12 monthly intervals (V4, V5). Read More

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Necropsy findings of koalas from the Mount Lofty Ranges population in South Australia.

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):188-192

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Adelaide, Roseworthy campus, Roseworthy, South, Australia 5371, Australia.

Objective: This study reports necropsy findings of koalas from the Mount Lofty Ranges region in order to identify health threats to this mainland South Australian population.

Methods: Koalas from the Mount Lofty Ranges region (n = 85) that had died or been euthanased on welfare grounds were examined at necropsy during 2012-13 at the School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, University of Adelaide. Disease findings, approximate age, sex and body condition of koalas were recorded. Read More

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Boyd Parkinson 1927-2017.

Authors:
I Wells K Crotty

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):149

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Antimicrobial labelling in Australia: a threat to antimicrobial stewardship?

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):151-154

Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Antimicrobial resistance is a public health emergency, placing veterinary antimicrobial use under growing scrutiny. Antimicrobial stewardship, through appropriate use of antimicrobials, is a response to this threat. The need for antimicrobial stewardship in Australian veterinary practices has had limited investigation. Read More

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Tissue distribution, shedding and environmental detection of infectious bursal disease virus genome following infection of meat chickens at two ages.

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):167-175

Animal Science, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, Australia.

Objective: To compare the effects of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection of commercial meat chickens at 0 and 16 days old (d.o.) and determine if IBDV vRNA is quantifiable in litter and dust samples. Read More

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Sydney John Miller 1926-2017.

Authors:
C Wise

Aust Vet J 2018 May;96(5):166

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Prevalence and risk factors for medical events following exercise at Australian Greyhound race meetings.

Aust Vet J 2018 Apr;96(4):120-126

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Melbourne Veterinary School, The University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria, 3030, Australia.

Aim: A prospective, observational study to determine the prevalence of post-exercise conditions at Australian Greyhound race meetings and to assess association with race performance and other environmental, race- and dog-related factors was undertaken.

Methods: A total of 4020 starters were observed (2813 Greyhounds, 1009 trainers, 536 races, 52 race meets, 48 race dates and 11 race tracks) following a race. The presence of diaphragmatic flutter (DF), ataxia, seizure, collapse or sudden death was recorded. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Antimicrobial susceptibility testing by Australian veterinary diagnostic laboratories.

Aust Vet J 2018 Apr;96(4):142-146

Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.

Background: The national strategy for tackling antimicrobial resistance highlights the need for antimicrobial stewardship in veterinary practice and for surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility in veterinary pathogens. Diagnostic laboratories have an important role in facilitating both of these processes, but it is unclear whether data from veterinary diagnostic laboratories are similar enough to allow for compilation and if there is consistent promotion of appropriate antimicrobial use embedded in the approaches of different laboratories to susceptibility testing.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of antimicrobial susceptibility testing and reporting procedures by Australian veterinary diagnostic laboratories was conducted in 2017 using an online questionnaire. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

A survey of northern Victorian dairy farmers to investigate dairy calf management: calf-rearing practices.

Aust Vet J 2018 Apr;96(4):107-110

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: To describe the calf-rearing practices carried out in northern Victorian dairy herds and to identify weaknesses that may affect calf health and welfare by comparing the results with current industry recommendations.

Methods: Survey of dairy farms from Rochester and the surrounding farming area.

Results: The response rate was 39% (58/150). Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Reproductive performance of cows after fixed-time artificial insemination with ovulation synchronisation and re-synchrony in southern Australian dairy herds.

Aust Vet J 2018 Apr;96(4):111-119

Jemora Pty Ltd, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To describe reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows after fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) with ovulation synchronisation and re-synchrony in Australian dairy herds, and to compare reproductive outcomes with those of conventional mating programs.

Methods: The study was conducted in two seasonally calving dairy herds in which lactating dairy cows (n = 675) were enrolled into three treatment groups: group 1, oestrus detection and AI for 34 days followed by a natural service period; group 2, FTAI on day 1 followed by re-synchrony of all cows prior to ultrasound pregnancy diagnosis at day 31 and FTAI of cows diagnosed not pregnant at day 34, then a natural service period; group 3, FTAI on day 1 followed by oestrus detection and AI for 34 days, then a natural service period. First-service conception rate (FSCR), 6-week in-calf (6WIC) rate and proportions pregnant at the end of mating were compared using logistic regression with farm fitted as a fixed effect. Read More

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April 2018
1 Read

A survey of northern Victorian dairy farmers to investigate dairy calf management: colostrum feeding and management.

Aust Vet J 2018 Apr;96(4):101-106

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: To describe colostrum management practices carried out in northern Victorian dairy herds and to identify weaknesses in these areas that may affect calf health and welfare by comparing the results with the current industry recommendations METHODS: A questionnaire to obtain information about colostrum management and calf-rearing practices was sent to commercial dairy farming clients of Rochester Veterinary Practice between June and September 2013. The questionnaire consisted of a general herd overview and colostrum harvesting practices.

Results: The response rate was 39% (58/150). Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

Behavioural repertoire of free-range laying hens indoors and outdoors, and in relation to distance from the shed.

Aust Vet J 2018 Apr;96(4):127-131

Animal Welfare Science Centre, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Access to an outdoor area is believed to allow free-range hens to express a greater behavioural repertoire. However, very little research has been done in this area. We hypothesised that the type and frequency of behaviours would differ between areas that vary in their characteristics and distance from the shed. Read More

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April 2018
3 Reads

Internal fixation of proximal fractures of the 2nd and 4th metacarpal and metatarsal bones using bioabsorbable screws.

Aust Vet J 2018 Mar;96(3):76-81

Tierklinik Lüsche GmbH, 49456, Bakum-Lüsche, Germany.

Objective: Fractures involving the proximal one-third of the splint bone are relatively rare and are challenging to treat. A variety of management techniques have been reported in the literature. The aim of this retrospective case series was to describe the clinical presentation and evaluate the efficacy of bioabsorbable polylactic acid screws in internal fixation of proximal fractures of the 2nd and 4th metacarpal and metatarsal bones in horses. Read More

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March 2018
4 Reads

Effect of pre-milking teat disinfection on clinical mastitis incidence in a dairy herd in Northern Queensland, Australia.

Aust Vet J 2018 Mar;96(3):69-75

Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Objective: To determine if a pre-milking teat disinfection protocol would reduce the incidence of clinical mastitis by greater than 50%.

Methods: Two pre-milking routines were compared in a natural exposure trial. Cows from a single dairy herd were randomly assigned to control (n = 246) and experimental (pre-milking teat disinfection [PMTD]; n = 244) groups. Read More

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March 2018
5 Reads

Abattoir surveillance of Sarcocystis spp., Cysticercosis ovis and Echinococcus granulosus in Tasmanian slaughter sheep, 2007-2013.

Aust Vet J 2018 Mar;96(3):62-68

University of Sydney, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Camden, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of macroscopic Sarcocystis spp., Cysticercus ovis and Echinococcus granulosus recorded at routine postmortem inspection of Tasmanian slaughter sheep during 2007 to 2013.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of routine postmortem meat inspection data maintained on 352,325 Tasmanian adult slaughter sheep inspected across nine abattoirs in Tasmania, Victoria and South Australia as part of the National Sheep Health Monitoring Project (NSHMP). Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Laparoscopic ovariectomy in eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) and red kangaroos (Macropus rufus).

Aust Vet J 2018 Mar;96(3):86-92

Eurofins SCEC Pty Ltd, PO Box 211, Northbridge 1560, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To develop a technique for permanent sterilisation of female eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) and red kangaroos (M. rufus) as part of a large-scale macropod management program on an enclosed 1545-ha site in western Sydney.

Methods: Free-ranging female kangaroos (n = 1409: 1285 eastern grey kangaroos, 124 red kangaroos) were anaesthetised via remote anaesthetic drug delivery of tiletamine/zolazepam, medetomidine and acepromazine prior to inhalational anaesthesia using isoflurane-oxygen. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Spillover of avian haemosporidian parasites (Haemosporidia: Plasmodium) and death of captive psittacine species.

Aust Vet J 2018 Mar;96(3):93-97

School of Animal & Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Boorooma St, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, 2678, Australia.

Case Report: During February 2014, a yellow-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus funereus) and glossy black cockatoo (C. lathami) housed in aviaries on a property in Wamuran, Queensland, were submitted for postmortem. Histopathology and molecular diagnostics demonstrated the presence of Plasmodium sp. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

The potential for occupational exposure of veterinarians to ketamine resulting in positive drug tests.

Authors:
R B Cope

Aust Vet J 2018 Mar;96(3):59-61

Health Products Regulation Group, Commonwealth Department of Health, Australia.

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March 2018
3 Reads

Temporary spontaneous regression of feline non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Authors:
J Elliott

Aust Vet J 2018 Mar;96(3):83-85

Willows Veterinary Centre and Referral Service, Highlands Road, Solihull B90 4NH, UK.

Case Report: A 6-year-old neutered male British Shorthair cat presented with two rapidly growing subcutaneous masses, one over each thoracic wall. High-grade, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was confirmed following histopathology, immunohistochemistry and PCR analysis for antigen receptor re-arrangements. Following biopsy there was rapid regression of the remaining neoplastic tissue with no medical treatment. Read More

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March 2018
1 Read

Investigation of the effect of Equivac® HeV Hendra virus vaccination on Thoroughbred racing performance.

Aust Vet J 2018 Apr 4;96(4):132-141. Epub 2018 Feb 4.

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, 425 Werombi Road, Camden, New South Wales 2570, Australia.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of Equivac® HeV Hendra virus vaccine on Thoroughbred racing performance.

Design: Retrospective pre-post intervention study.

Methods: Thoroughbreds with at least one start at one of six major south-eastern Queensland race tracks between 1 July 2012 and 31 December 2016 and with starts in the 3-month periods before and after Hendra virus vaccinations were identified. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Modified rib pivot lateral thoracotomy: a case series.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan;96(1-2):28-32

College of Veterinary Medicine, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia.

Objective: To describe a modified rib pivot thoracotomy and its clinical application in client-owned dogs and cats.

Study Design: Case series of 24 dogs and 1 cat requiring a thoracotomy.

Methods: A lateral thoracic incision over the required thoracic segment was made. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Peter Bryan Spradbrow 1934-2017.

Authors:
A Frost B Vanselow

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan;96(1-2)

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January 2018
1 Read

Genetic diversity and toxin gene distribution among serovars of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae from Australian pigs.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan;96(1-2):17-23

EcoSciences Precinct, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, Boggo Road, Dutton Park, Queensland 4102, Australia.

Objective: To explore the diversity among isolates of the Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovars most common in Australia (serovars 1, 5, 7 and 15) and to examine the Apx toxin profiles in selected representative isolates.

Design: A total of 250 isolates selected from different farms were examined for their genotypic profiles and a subset of 122 isolates for their toxin profiles.

Methods: The isolates of serovars 1, 5, 7 and 15 selected for this study came from different farms and different Australian states and were submitted for serotyping to the reference laboratory. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Australian veterinarians - global challenges.

Authors:
M Schipp

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan 22;96(1-2):4-10. Epub 2017 Dec 22.

The Office of the Australian Chief Veterinary Officer (ACVO), Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, GPO Box 858, Canberra, Australia Capital Territory, 2601, Australia.

This paper discusses the wide range of roles that Government veterinarians play both in Australia and globally. The paper was presented as a plenary session at the National Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads

Survey of equine castration techniques, preferences and outcomes among Australian veterinarians.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan 19;96(1-2):39-45. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: (1) To collect the perceptions of veterinarians performing equine castrations in Australia on techniques, preferences and outcomes, (2) to investigate veterinarian use and experience with the Henderson castrating instrument and (3) to investigate potential associations between demographics, castration methods and techniques, and complications.

Design: Online survey of members of the Australian Veterinary Association's Special Interest Group, Equine Veterinarians Australia (EVA).

Methods: A link to the survey was included in the EVA e-newsletter and practices on the EVA website were contacted by telephone and follow-up email. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Effect of reducing inspired oxygen concentration on oxygenation parameters during general anaesthesia in horses in lateral or dorsal recumbency.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan 19;96(1-2):46-53. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Research and Clinical Trials Unit, University Veterinary Teaching Hospital Camden, School of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, 410 Werombi Road, Camden, New South Wales, 2570, Australia.

Objective: To compare the effects of two concentrations of oxygen delivered to the anaesthetic breathing circuit on oxygenation in mechanically ventilated horses anaesthetised with isoflurane and positioned in dorsal or lateral recumbency.

Methods: Selected respiratory parameters and blood lactate were measured and oxygenation indices calculated, before and during general anaesthesia, in 24 laterally or dorsally recumbent horses. Horses were randomly assigned to receive 100% or 60% oxygen during anaesthesia. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Genome sequence of an Australian strain of canid alphaherpesvirus 1.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan 19;96(1-2):24-27. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: Characterisation of a complete genome sequence of an Australian strain of canid alphaherpesvirus 1 (CHV-1) and its phylogenetic relationship with other varicellovirus species.

Methods: Standard pathology and PCR methods were used to initially detect herpesvirus in hepatic tissue from an infected 4-week-old Labrador Retriever puppy. The complete CHV-1 genome was sequenced using next-generation sequencing technology followed by de novo and reference assembly, and genome annotation. Read More

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January 2018
3 Reads

Cross-sectional survey of health management and prevalence of vector-borne diseases, endoparasites and ectoparasites in Samoan dogs.

Aust Vet J 2017 Dec;95(12):462-468

Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of selected canine vector-borne diseases (Leishmania infantum, Anaplasma spp., Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi and Dirofilaria immitis) and endo- and ectoparasites in Samoan dogs presenting for surgical sterilisation and to report on the general health management of the dogs.

Methods: This study was a prospective serological cross-sectional survey. Read More

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December 2017
6 Reads

Initial steps in defining the environment of the prepuce of the bull by measuring pH and temperature.

Aust Vet J 2017 Dec;95(12):480-482

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA.

Objective: To determine the baseline pH and temperature of the preputial cavity of bulls.

Methods: We enrolled 55 bulls ranging in age from 15 to 84 months. The preputial temperature and pH were measured by insertion of temperature and pH probes, respectively, into the preputial orifice prior to routine breeding soundness examinations. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Evaluation of Australian surveillance for freedom from bovine tuberculosis.

Aust Vet J 2017 Dec;95(12):474-479

Animal Health Australia, 95 Northbourne Avenue, Turner, Australia Capital Territory 2612, Australia.

Background: Australia declared freedom from bovine tuberculosis (TB) in accordance with international guidelines in 1997 and has since maintained ongoing surveillance for this disease, primarily through abattoir surveillance of cattle carcases (meat inspection) for TB-like granulomas. The objectives of this study were to estimate the sensitivity of Australia's surveillance system and quantify the probability that Australia is free from bovine TB at the specified design prevalence.

Methods: The analysis included approximately 80 million records of individual cattle slaughtered and meat inspected at Australian abattoirs between 2005 and 2015 calendar years. Read More

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December 2017
4 Reads

Dorsal surgical stabilisation using tension bands for treatment of traumatic atlanto-occipital instability in a cat.

Aust Vet J 2017 Dec;95(12):469-473

University College of Dublin, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Case Report: An atlanto-occipital instability secondary to a dog bite was diagnosed in a 4-year-old Persian cat. Dorsal stabilisation of the instability was made with two OrthoFiber prostheses (Securos), which were used as tension bands between the nuchal crests of the occipital bone and the spinous process of the axis. Total recovery was achieved 4 days after surgery. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Beak and feather disease virus carriage by Knemidocoptes pilae in a sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita).

Aust Vet J 2017 Dec;95(12):486-489

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: This paper describes the pathology associated with psittacine beak and feather disease in a wild sulphur-crested cockatoo with concurrent knemidocoptic mange, cestodiasis and mycotic encephalitis.

Methods & Results: Large numbers of Knemidocoptes pilae Lavoipierre and Griffiths, 1951 (Acari: Epidermoptidae, Knemidokoptinae) were identified in affected skin associated with enhanced expression of beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) determined by immunohistochemistry. Also, BFDV antigen was demonstrated in high concentration in the gut and faecal sacs of mites, raising the possibility of ectoparasites as fomites and vectors of BFDV transmission. Read More

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December 2017
4 Reads

Isolation of [Actinobacillus] rossii from an aborted piglet.

Aust Vet J 2017 Dec;95(12):483-485

Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute, Menangle, New South Wales, Australia.

Case Report: This report describes an investigation into the cause of abortions on a commercial pig farm in Victoria in October 2015 in which six sows aborted over a 2-month period. Four of the abortions occurred in the 3 weeks prior to the sows' anticipated farrowing dates and the other two occurred in the second trimester of pregnancy. An analysis of farm data showed that the abortion rate in the previous 12 months (2014-15) was more than twice that of the previous 2 years (1. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Equine gestational length and location: is there more that the research could be telling us?

Aust Vet J 2017 Dec;95(12):454-461

CSIRO Agriculture, FD McMaster Laboratory, New England Highway, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.

Clear definitions of 'normal' equine gestation length (GL) are elusive, with GL being subject to a considerable number of internal and external variables that have confounded interpretation and estimation of GL for over 50 years. Consequently, the mean GL of 340 days first established by Rossdale in 1967 for Thoroughbred horses in northern Europe continues to be the benchmark value referenced by veterinarians, breeders and researchers worldwide. Application of a 95% confidence limit to reported GL range values indicates a possible connection between geographic location and GL. Read More

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December 2017
3 Reads

Analysis of the costs of veterinary education and factors associated with financial stress among veterinary students in Australia.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan 12;96(1-2):11-16. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Veterinary Practitioners Board of NSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objective: To investigate the course-related and other costs involved in obtaining a veterinary education in Australia and how these costs are met. The study also aimed to identify sociodemographic and course-related factors associated with increased financial stress.

Methods: Students from seven Australian veterinary schools were surveyed using an online questionnaire. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Successful medical management of pseudomembranous cystitis in three cats with lower urinary tract obstruction.

Aust Vet J 2018 Jan 10;96(1-2):33-38. Epub 2017 Dec 10.

Hospital Clínic Veterinari, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain.

Case Report: The present case series describes the clinical course and outcome of three cats diagnosed with pseudomembranous cystitis. This is an uncommon presentation of lower urinary tract obstruction but can be easily be identified by ultrasonography, revealing severe bladder wall thickening and thin hyperechoic luminal strips. The condition can be secondary to severe bacterial urinary tract infection. Read More

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January 2018
4 Reads