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    8641 results match your criteria Australian Veterinary Journal [Journal]

    1 OF 173

    One Health, veterinarians and the nexus between disease and food security.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Nov 8. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
    School of Veterinary Science, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Charles Perkins Centre and the Marie Bashir Institute, University of Sydney, Australia.
    Achieving ecologically sustainable food systems for people and animals is one of the greatest challenges facing our world today. Four interdisciplinary approaches that promote a holistic, systems approach to disease prevention and food security are introduced. Current domestic and international initiatives that link disease prevention with food and nutrition security are presented, with an emphasis on animal-source food and examples from Australia, Tanzania and Timor-Leste. Read More

    Pulmonary adiaspiromycosis in critically endangered northern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus krefftii).
    Aust Vet J 2017 Nov;95(11):431-436
    The University of Queensland School of Veterinary Science, Gatton Campus, Gatton, Queensland 4343, Australia.
    Background: The northern hairy-nosed wombat (Lasiorhinus krefftii) is critically endangered, with only 200 individuals remaining in the wild. Individuals are rarely available for detailed pathological assessment and identification of disease threats to individuals is critically important to species conservation.

    Case Report: Two male northern hairy-nosed wombats, part of the Richard Underwood Nature Refuge population, were presented for necropsy, 5 months apart. Read More

    Factors affecting colostrum quality in Australian pasture-based dairy herds.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Nov;95(11):421-426
    The Vet Group, Timboon, VIC, Australia.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting colostrum quality in dairy cattle.

    Methods: Colostrum samples were collected from lactating dairy cows (n = 990) from nine commercial dairy herds in south-west Victoria. Colostrum quality was measured using an optical Brix refractometer. Read More

    Examination of the use of intraovarian administration of CaCl2 and zinc gluconate as potential chemosterilants in Bos indicus heifers.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Nov;95(11):403-415
    College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia.
    Objective: To investigate if administration of potential chemosterilants by transvaginal, ultrasound-guided intraovarian injection is an alternative to surgical sterilisation.

    Design: Randomised control study.

    Methods: Bos indicus heifers were treated with intraovarian injections of saline (n = 10), CaCl2 (n = 10), zinc gluconate (ZG; n = 10) or a combination of CaCl2 and ZG (CaCl2 + ZG; n = 10). Read More

    Metastatic mineralisation caused by vitamin D intoxication in hand-raised short-beaked echidnas (Tachyglossus aculeatus).
    Aust Vet J 2017 Nov;95(11):427-430
    Gribbles Pathology, Clayton, VIC, Australia.
    Case Report: Two cases of metastatic mineralisation caused by dietary excess of vitamin D are reported in hand-raised short-beaked echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus) puggles at the Australian Wildlife Health Centre. Oversupplementation was attributed to excessive levels of vitamin D in Wombaroo Echidna Milk Replacer fed to the puggles. No information exists regarding the naturally occurring vitamin D levels in echidna milk, but, given the low serum levels that have been observed in free-ranging animals, it is likely to be low. Read More

    Elevated serum creatinine and hyponatraemia as prognostic factors in canine acute pancreatitis.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Nov;95(11):444-447
    Veterinary Teaching Hospital "Mario Modenato", Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pisa, via Livornese Lato monte, San Piero a Grado, 56122 Pisa, Italy.
    Objective: To evaluate prognostic factors for canine acute pancreatitis (AP) based on clinical and laboratory data that can be easily assessed in veterinary practice.

    Design: Retrospective study between January 2010 and December 2013.

    Methods: The diagnosis of AP was based on clinical signs and an abnormal SNAP® cPL™ test result, concurrently with an ultrasound pattern suggestive of pancreatitis. Read More

    Horse-keeping practices in Australia: findings from a national online survey of horse owners.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Nov;95(11):437-443
    School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.
    Objective: To gain an understanding of general horse-keeping practices in Australia, including shelter, social contact, exercise, watering and supplementary feeding.

    Methods: An online survey was conducted with 505 owners in relation to one 'representative' horse in their care.

    Results: The majority (83%) of horses were managed at pasture. Read More

    Prevalence of subchondral bone pathological changes in the distal metacarpi/metatarsi of racing Thoroughbred horses.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Oct;95(10):362-369
    Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Hwy, Werribee 3030, Victoria, Australia.
    Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of microscopic subchondral bone injury in the distal metacarpi/tarsi of Thoroughbred racehorses and associations with recent and cumulative training history.

    Methods: Metacarpi/metatarsi were obtained from postmortem examination of Thoroughbred racehorses. The severity of palmar/plantar osteochondral disease (POD) was graded in forelimbs from 38 horses and in hindlimbs from a separate cohort of 45 horses. Read More

    Incidence of laminitis and survey of dietary and management practices in pleasure horses and ponies in south-eastern Australia.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Oct;95(10):370-374
    Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.
    Objectives: The aims of this study were to (1) report the incidence of laminitis among a population of horses and ponies attending Pony Clubs in Victoria, Australia, and (2) describe the dietary and management practices of the sample population.

    Methods: Researchers visited 10 Pony Clubs over a 10-month period. Horse and pony owners completed a questionnaire to provide information on management relating to diet and exercise. Read More

    Prevalence of exon 11 internal tandem duplications in the C-KIT proto-oncogene in Australian canine mast cell tumours.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Oct;95(10):386-391
    School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences (SAVS), University of Adelaide, Roseworthy 5371, South Australia, Australia.
    Objective: To measure the prevalence of internal tandem duplications (ITDs) in exon 11 of the proto-oncogene C-KIT in a sample of Australian cutaneous canine mast cell tumours (MCTs) drawn from general practice and to evaluate relationships between tumour mutation status and prognostic factors including signalment, tumour histological grade, tumour anatomical location and tumour size.

    Methods: C-KIT exon 11 ITDs were detected by PCR in DNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded canine MCTs sourced from three veterinary diagnostic laboratories in Adelaide and Melbourne. Tumours were graded according to two different systems (Patnaik and Kiupel systems) by board-certified anatomical pathologists blinded to the PCR results. Read More

    Survey of systemic antimicrobial prescribing for dogs by Victorian veterinarians.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Oct;95(10):375-385
    Translational Research and Animal Clinical Trials Group (TRACTs), Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, 250 Princes Highway, Werribee 3030, Victoria, Australia.
    Objective: Investigate the current antimicrobial prescribing patterns of veterinarians in Victoria for dogs and compare these results to patterns described 20 years ago.

    Methods: A questionnaire was sent to 1380 veterinarians in Victoria. The first section collected demographic information of respondents. Read More

    An unusual mortality event in Johnstone River snapping turtles Elseya irwini (Johnstone) in Far North Queensland, Australia.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Oct;95(10):355-361
    College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia.
    Background: An unusual mortality event in Johnstone River snapping turtles (Elseya irwini) in Far North Queensland, Australia, occurred during the summer months of December 2014 and January 2015. We report the data collected during the mortality event, including counts of sick and dead animals, clinical appearance and one necropsy.

    Outbreak Description: Moribund animals appeared lethargic with variable degrees of necrotising dermatitis. Read More

    Survey of Victorian small ruminant herds for mycoplasmas associated with contagious agalactia and molecular characterisation of Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies capri isolates from one herd.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Oct;95(10):392-400
    Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.
    Objective: Regarded as one of the most expensive production diseases of dairy sheep and goats, contagious agalactia (CA) is caused by any of four agents: Mycoplasma agalactiae, M. mycoides subspecies capri (Mmc), M. capricolum subspecies capricolum (Mcc) and M. Read More

    Primary, congenital neuroaxonal dystrophy with peripheral nerve demyelination in Merino-Border Leicester × Polled Dorset lambs.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Nov 13;95(11):416-420. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    DEDJTR Victoria, Animal Health and Welfare, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.
    Case Report: Clinicopathological features of neuroaxonal dystrophy (NAD) in newborn, Merino-Border Leicester × Polled Dorset lambs are described. The affected lambs were unable to walk at birth and microscopic examination of brainstem and spinal cord sections revealed bilaterally symmetrical accumulations of axonal swellings (spheroids), the histological hallmark of primary NAD. The neurological deficit was also exacerbated by myelin loss and secondary axonal degeneration, particularly in the spinal cord and sciatic nerves, but also, to a more limited extent, in brainstem and spinal nerves. Read More

    Assessment of florfenicol as a possible treatment for chlamydiosis in koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus).
    Aust Vet J 2017 Sep;95(9):343-349
    Sydney School of Veterinary Science The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Objective: Because of limited availability of chloramphenicol to veterinary suppliers, a preliminary study was performed to predict whether an analogue, florfenicol, is an efficacious treatment for chlamydiosis in koalas.

    Methods: Florfenicol was administered to koalas with naturally occurring chlamydiosis at 20 mg/kg SC (n = 3) and at 5 mg/kg (n = 3) and 10 mg/kg (n = 3) IV. The estimated areas under the plasma concentration versus time curves (AUC) were compared with the minimum inhibitory concentration to inhibit Chlamydia pecorum. Read More

    Overground endoscopy in 311 Thoroughbred racehorses: findings and correlation to resting laryngeal function.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Sep;95(9):338-342
    University of Queensland, UQ Gatton Campus, Gatton, Queensland, Australia.
    Objective: To review a large number of equine overground endoscopy (OGE) examinations to determine the incidence of dynamic upper airway obstructions (DUAO); correlations were explored with laryngeal endoscopy findings at rest and abnormal exercising respiratory noise.

    Methods: Retrospective analysis of horses presenting for OGE because of perceived poor performance and/or history of abnormal exercising respiratory noise between 2010 and 2014. Signalment, history and examination findings during resting laryngeal endoscopy and OGE were reviewed. Read More

    Demographics, farm and reproductive management strategies used in Australian automatic milking systems compared with regionally proximal conventional milking systems.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Sep;95(9):325-332
    Faculty of Veterinary Science, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Camden, NSW, Australia.
    Objective: To determine the management practices utilised in automatic milking systems (AMS) that affect reproductive management and performance and how these compare with the management practices used in regionally proximal conventional milking systems (CMS).

    Methods: This study examined demographic and management data from AMS and CMS dairy farms through a survey, with a specific focus on reproductive management procedures.

    Results: Overall, responses from AMS and CMS dairy farms showed little difference in terms of respondent demographics, farm size, herd structure and most farm management strategies. Read More

    Effect of insemination site and diameter of the pre-ovulatory follicle on the odds of pregnancy in heifers using sexed or non-sexed semen.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Sep;95(9):317-324
    Livestock Veterinary Teaching and Research Unit, Faculty of Veterinary Science, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Camden, New South Wales, Australia.
    Objective: To determine if insemination site or pre-ovulatory follicle diameter at fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) affects the odds of pregnancy when heifers are inseminated with sexed semen.

    Methods: The study was conducted in 422 Holstein heifers enrolled into 531 inseminations. Inseminations were randomly allocated to 1 of 16 treatment combinations involving three variables: semen type (sexed vs non-sexed), insemination site (uterine horn vs uterine body) and one of four sires. Read More

    Use of cabergoline for oestrus induction in multiparous anoestrous Beagle bitches.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Sep;95(9):350-352
    Ishiyama Co. Ltd, Mukawa, Hokuto, Yamanashi, Japan.
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of daily cabergoline administration on oestrus induction in bitches.

    Methods And Results: Of 20 multiparous Beagle bitches, 15 were not mated with sires in their last oestrus and 5 bitches that had been mated whelped. All bitches were in early or mid-anoestrus and received 5 μg/kg/day cabergoline PO. Read More

    Neuroendodermal cyst in the fourth ventricle of a dog.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Aug;95(8):294-298
    Section of Anatomic Pathology, Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.
    Case Report: We describe the MRI appearance and surgical outcome of a rare neuroendodermal cyst in the fourth ventricle of a German Shorthaired Pointer. The dog presented with uncoordinated gait and occasional falling that increased when she became excited. The MRI appearance is shown and the surgical treatment described. Read More

    Maxillary unicystic ameloblastoma in a 6-week-old filly evaluated with computed tomography.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Aug;95(8):299-303
    School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Queensland 4343, Australia.
    Case Report: A 6-week-old Thoroughbred filly was presented for evaluation of an expansile mass overlying the right nasal passage and causing respiratory stertor. On skull radiographs, there was a loculated, soft tissue-opaque mass identified dorsal to the right upper premolars and effacing the right nasal cavity. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a locally extensive mass with relatively benign characteristics located centrally on the tooth root apices of the deciduous second premolar (506). Read More

    Chemical stability of morphine and methadone, and of methadone in combination with acepromazine, medetomidine or xylazine, during prolonged storage in syringes.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Aug;95(8):289-293
    Translational Research and Animal Clinical Trials (TRACTs) Group, Melbourne Veterinary School, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Princes Highway, Werribee 3030, Victoria, Australia.
    Objective: To assess the chemical and physical stability of morphine and methadone stored in syringes for 12 months and of methadone when mixed with acepromazine, medetomidine or xylazine.

    Methods: A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technique was developed and validated for the analysis of morphine and methadone. Morphine and methadone were dispensed into syringes and stored at 25°C/60% relative humidity (RH) and 40°C/75% RH. Read More

    Effects of GnRH, a progesterone-releasing device, and energy balance on an oestrus synchronisation program in anoestrous dairy cows.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Aug;95(8):281-288
    Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
    Objective: The aim of this research was to study the roles of the day 0 energy balance and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and progesterone levels on dominant follicle (DF) and corpus luteum (CL) development during the first 7 days of a gonadotrophin-prostaglandin-gonadotrophin (GPG) + progesterone (P4) program in anoestrous dairy cows.

    Methods: Cows (n = 81) were allocated to one of the three treatments: (1) GPG + P4 (days 0 and 9, 100 µg GnRH; day 0-7, intravaginal P4 device; day 7, 500 µg PGF2α ); (2) GPG (as for treatment 1 but excluding the P4 device) and (3) prostaglandin + GnRH + P4 (as for treatment 1, but excluding day 0 GnRH). DF and CL size, plasma concentrations of insulin, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) were measured on days 0 and 7. Read More

    Prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy of Australian-registered insecticide formulations against Old World screwworm (Chrysomya bezziana) infestation.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Aug;95(8):265-272
    Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia.
    Objective: To determine the prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy of Australian-registered insecticide formulations against Old World screwworm (OWS) myiases for potential use in screwworm containment and eradication programs.

    Methods: The longevity of protection provided by six insecticidal formulations (subcutaneous ivermectin, doramectin and abamectin, a topically applied aqueous formulation of spinosad, ivermectin controlled-release capsule and a dicyclanil spray-on formulation) was tested using implants of 1st-instar OWS larvae on Javanese thin-tail sheep. Therapeutic efficacy of four formulations (topical ivermectin, chlorfenvinphos/cypermethrin mixture, aerosol spinosad formulation and a formulation containing propetamphos and eucalyptus oil) was tested against 2- and 4-day-old OWS strikes. Read More

    Artificial infection of sheep with multiple strains of Dichelobacter nodosus to induce footrot.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Aug;95(8):273-280
    Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Sydney, Camden, New South Wales, Australia.
    Objectives: To establish multiple strains of Dichelobacter nodosus in two flocks of sheep and to assess the virulence of five of these strains.

    Methods: In experiment 1, sheep were challenged with five D. nodosus strains, which varied in both virulence and serotype. Read More

    Comparison of the effects of topical application of UMF20 and UMF5 manuka honey with a generic multifloral honey on wound healing variables in an uncontaminated surgical equine distal limb wound model.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Sep 17;95(9):333-337. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Research and Clinical Trials Unit, University Veterinary Teaching Hospital Camden, University of Sydney, 410 Werombi Road, Camden, New South Wales 2570, Australia.
    Objective: To compare the effect of application of manuka honey with unique manuka factor (UMF) 5 or 20 with a generic multifloral honey on equine wound healing variables.

    Methods: Two full-thickness skin wounds (2.5 × 2. Read More

    Genotype disclosure in the genomics era: roles and responsibilities.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Sep 5;95(9):308-316. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Principal Policy Analyst, NSW Department of Premier & Cabinet, Orange, New South Wales 2800, Australia.
    Disclosure of affected breed without disclosure of major progenitors has been the usual practice in scientific papers reporting recessive heritable disorders of cattle. Before molecular genetics, carrier identity could not be used by breeders to control causal mutations because phenotypically normal heterozygotes among genetically related animals could not be detected other than by test mating. Accurate, low-cost DNA tests fundamentally changed this situation. Read More

    Factors associated with colostrum immunoglobulin G concentration in northern-Victorian dairy cows.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jul;95(7):237-243
    Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.
    Objectives: To determine the proportion of first-milking colostrum samples produced on four northern-Victorian dairy farms that meet industry standards in terms of immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration and to identify risk factors that affect colostrum quality.

    Methods: Colostrum IgG concentrations from 442 dairy cows on four farms were estimated using a Brix refractometer and risk factors for colostrum IgG concentration were determined using multivariable logistic regression.

    Results: Only 39% of samples met the definition of high quality. Read More

    Outbreaks of sarcoptic mange in free-ranging koala populations in Victoria and South Australia: a case series.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jul;95(7):244-249
    Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Werribee, Victoria, Australia.
    Objective: To describe outbreaks of sarcoptic mange caused by Sarcoptes scabiei in free-ranging koalas in Victoria (December 2008 to November 2015) and South Australia (October 2011 to September 2014).

    Methods: Koalas affected by mange-like lesions were reported by wildlife carers, veterinary practitioners or State Government personnel to the Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences at The University of Melbourne and the School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences at The University of Adelaide. Skin scrapings were taken from live and dead koalas and S. Read More

    Long-term control of olfactory neuroblastoma in a dog treated with surgery and radiation therapy.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jul;95(7):227-231
    Vetnostics, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia.
    Background: Olfactory neuroblastoma is a rare malignancy of the nasal cavity in dogs that is thought to arise from specialised sensory neuroendocrine olfactory cells derived from the neural crest.

    Case Report: An 8-year-old dog was presented for reclusiveness and pacing. On CT and MRI, a contract-enhancing mass was disclosed within the rostral fossa, extending caudally from the cribriform plate into the left nasal sinus. Read More

    Cricopharyngeal dysphagia and phenobarbitone-responsive sialoadenosis in a Miniature Poodle.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jul;95(7):232-236
    Translational Research and Animal Clinical Trial Study (TRACTS) group, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, 250 Princes Hwy, Werribee 3030, Victoria, Australia.
    Case Report: An 11-year-old male neutered Miniature Poodle was investigated for ptyalism, weight loss and anorexia. Cricopharyngeal dysphagia was diagnosed using fluoroscopy, and non-inflammatory salivary disease was diagnosed using a combination of cytology and computed tomography. The dog was successfully managed with phenobarbitone. Read More

    Hyperoxaluria, hyperglycoluria and renal oxalosis in Gilbert's potoroos (Potorous gilbertii).
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jul;95(7):250-258
    Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
    Case Report: Six Gilbert's potoroos (Potorous gilbertii) in a captive colony, five of which were closely related, died or were euthanased with severe renal disease. Clinical signs were mostly non-specific. Renal calculi were seen on ultrasound of two affected potoroos and oxalate crystalluria was seen in two of three affected potoroos that had urine samples examined. Read More

    Efficacy of a commercial vaccine against different strains of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jul;95(7):223-226
    Virology Laboratory, Elizabeth Macarthur Agriculture Institute, Private Mail Bag 4008, Narellan 2567, New South Wales, Australia.
    Background: This study investigated the ability of a commercial rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) vaccine (Cylap®) to protect rabbits from disease caused by two different strains of the virus (v351 and K5) that are used or proposed to be used for wild rabbit control in Australia. These strains of the RHDV1 genotype belong to the 'classical RHDV' and 'antigenic variant RHDVa' subtypes, respectively.

    Methods: Vaccinated rabbits were exposed to very high doses of the virus either by direct oral dosing or by exposure to infected rabbit livers. Read More

    Trypanosomiasis in an Australian little red flying fox (Pteropus scapulatus).
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jul;95(7):259-261
    School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Case Report: An adult female Australian little red flying fox (Pteropus scapulatus) presented with icterus and anaemia. Examination of a blood smear revealed numerous trypanosomes 20.4-30. Read More

    Prevalence and effect of Theileria orientalis infection in homebred calves in the Gloucester region of New South Wales, Australia.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jun;95(6):211-216
    School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Locked Bag 588, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales 2678, Australia.
    Objectives: To examine the prevalence of Theileria orientalis in the Gloucester area of New South Wales and its effect on individual animals.

    Methods: Blood samples (EDTA and clotted blood) were collected from a total of 55 calves and their dams from 6 properties over a 16-week period. A total of 202 and 190 blood samples were collected from the calves and dams, respectively, and were examined via blood film for the presence of intraerythrocytic T. Read More

    Relationship between sources of pet acquisition and euthanasia of cats and dogs in an animal shelter: a pilot study.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jun;95(6):194-200
    School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton 4343, Queensland, Australia.
    Objective: Approximately 140,000 unwanted dogs and cats are culled in Australia annually. There is a paucity of information linking sources of pet acquisition with subsequent euthanasia, which may inform evidence-based strategies to reduce euthanasia rates. This pilot study aimed to determine whether there is a higher risk of euthanasia related to the source of acquisition for pets surrendered to an animal shelter. Read More

    Students' opinions on welfare and ethics issues for companion animals in Australian and New Zealand veterinary schools.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jun;95(6):189-193
    Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Objective: To determine what veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand consider important competences in companion animal welfare and ethics (AWE) required on their first day of practice, and to explore how their priorities relate to gender and stage of study.

    Methods: Undergraduate students at all veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand were sent an online survey. A subset of questions required participants to rank the importance of preselected AWE topics pertaining to companion animals. Read More

    Lowland copperhead (Austrelaps superbus) envenomation causing severe neuromuscular paralysis in a dog.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jun;95(6):207-210
    Animal Emergency Centre Hallam, 18/151-159 Princes Hwy, Hallam, Victoria 3803, Australia.
    Case Report: A case of lowland copperhead snake (Austrelaps superbus) envenomation in a dog is described. The dog developed severe and prolonged neuromuscular paralysis, including ventilatory failure. The dog was treated successfully with antivenom, intravenous fluids and mechanical ventilation. Read More

    End-to-side anastomosis of the left ventral colon to the small colon in a neonatal foal with segmental agenesis of the large colon.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jun;95(6):217-219
    Research and Clinical Training Unit, Veterinary Teaching Hospital Camden, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
    Case Report: A newborn foal was referred for evaluation because it had not passed meconium, despite the administration of four enemas. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasound scans showed generalised gaseous distension of the intestine and there was no observable meconium in the colon. Positive contrast colography showed contrast medium extending to the transverse colon. Read More

    A suspected case of intermediate syndrome in a dog with carbamate toxicosis.
    Aust Vet J 2017 Jun;95(6):201-206
    University of Melbourne Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Princes Highway, Werribee, Victoria 3030, Australia.
    Case Report: A 7-year-old female spayed Labrador Retriever was managed for suspected carbamate toxicosis after confirmed ingestion of a large amount of methiocarb. Therapy included decontamination, supportive care and management for aspiration pneumonia. On the third day of hospitalisation, after an initial clinical improvement, the dog developed respiratory muscle weakness, inspiratory dyspnoea and pronounced cervical muscle weakness. Read More

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