107,608 results match your criteria Australian Journal Of Management[Journal]


Factors affecting knee abduction during weight-bearing activities in individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Phys Ther Sport 2019 Apr 12;38:8-15. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, Australia.

Objective: To investigate if muscle strength and muscle activation patterns are associated with increased knee abduction during two functional tasks, commonly used in rehabilitation for individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Laboratory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Local weather, flooding history and childhood diarrhoea caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium spp.: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Mar 28;674:300-306. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Building 62, Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Acton, Canberra 2602, Australia.

Scientists have long predicted the impacts of climate-related infectious disease emergence. Yet, the combined effect of local socioeconomic and demographic factors and weather variation on child health is poorly understood. With a focus on childhood diarrhoea caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.365DOI Listing

Ingenol mebutate for mycosis fungoides.

Br J Dermatol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Ingenol mebutate is a macrocyclic diterpene ester, naturally found in the sap of the Australian plant Euphorbia peplus, which proved efficacious for actinic keratosis. In clinical routine, we observed local improvement of MF upon application of ingenol mebutate in MF patients treated for coincidental actinic keratosis within direct proximity of/overlapping with MF skin lesions. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess the effect of topical ingenol mebutate on MF skin lesions. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/bjd.18018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.18018DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Energy costs of salt tolerance in crop plants.

New Phytol 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, SA, 5064, Australia.

Agriculture is expanding into regions that are affected by salinity. This review considers energy costs of salinity tolerance in crop plants and provides a framework for a quantitative assessment of costs. Different sources of energy, and modifications of root system architecture that would maximise water versus ion uptake are addressed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.15864DOI Listing

Empathy for others' pain is disrupted at the neurophysiological level in schizophrenia.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: Previous research has shown that empathy for pain is disrupted at the neural level in people with schizophrenia. However, many of these studies have failed to assess key background contextual variables that have previously been linked to neurophysiological responding. Moreover, no study to date has examined the potential influence of schizotypal characteristics on neurophysiological responding in non-clinical individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12220DOI Listing

Quantitative EEG measures in REM and NREM sleep are associated with AHI and nocturnal hypoxemia in men.

Sleep 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

The Health Observatory, Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Campus, Woodville, South Australia, Australia.

Study Objectives: Quantitative EEG measures of sleep may identify vulnerability to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) sequelae, however, small clinical studies of sleep microarchitecture in OSA show inconsistent alterations. We examined relationships between quantitative EEG measures during rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep and OSA severity among a large population-based sample of men while accounting for insomnia.

Methods: All-night EEG (F4-M1) recordings from full in-home polysomnography (Embletta X100) in 664 men with no prior OSA diagnosis (age ≥40) were processed following exclusion of artefacts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsz092DOI Listing

Data gaps and opportunities for comparative and conservation biology.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Interdisciplinary Center on Population Dynamics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense M, Denmark;

Biodiversity loss is a major challenge. Over the past century, the average rate of vertebrate extinction has been about 100-fold higher than the estimated background rate and population declines continue to increase globally. Birth and death rates determine the pace of population increase or decline, thus driving the expansion or extinction of a species. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1816367116DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Postvaccination Febrile Seizure Severity and Outcome.

Pediatrics 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

National Centre for Immunisation Research and Surveillance, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Febrile seizures (FSs) are a common pediatric condition caused by a sudden rise in temperature, affecting 3% to 5% of children aged ≤6 years. Although vaccination can cause FSs, little is known on whether FSs occurring in the time soon after vaccination (vaccine-proximate febrile seizures [VP-FSs] differ clinically from non-vaccine-proximate febrile seizures [NVP-FSs]). We compared the clinical profile and outcomes of VP-FS to NVP-FS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2120DOI Listing

"A natural progression" - Australian women's attitudes about an individualised breast screening model.

Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Parkville Familial Cancer Centre, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre.

Individualised screening is our logical next step to improve population breast cancer screening in Australia. In order to explore breast screening participants' views of the current program in Victoria, Australia, examine their openness to change and attitudes toward an individualised screening model this qualitative work was performed. This work was designed to inform the development of a decision aid to facilitate women's decisions about participating in individualised screening, and to elicit Australian consumer perspectives on the international movement toward individualised breast screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-18-0443DOI Listing
April 2019
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Candida auris arriving on our shores: an Australian microbiology laboratory's experience.

Pathology 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Microbiology Department, Melbourne Health, Parkville, Vic, Australia; Pathology Department, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Vic, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2019.01.009DOI Listing

Characteristics of yoga and meditation users among older Australian women - results from the 45 and up study.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 6;35:219-223. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia; Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine, Kliniken Essen-Mitte, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.

Background And Purpose: Yoga and meditation are predominantly utilised by healthy well-educated young women, but little is known about utilisation by older chronically ill women. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of yoga and meditation use among middle-to-higher aged Australian women with chronic conditions.

Materials And Methods: This is a sub-study of the 45 and Up Study including 1925 Australian women aged 53-95 years diagnosed with chronic conditions (asthma, depression, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17443881183055
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.03.001DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

The prevalence, characteristics, expenditure and predictors of complementary medicine use in Australians living with gastrointestinal disorders: A cross-sectional study.

Complement Ther Clin Pract 2019 May 13;35:158-169. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

The University Sydney School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, 2006, NSW, Australia; The Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine (ARCCIM), Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, 2007, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Aims: To determine the prevalence, characteristics, expenditure and predictors of complementary medicine (CM) use in Australian adults living with gastrointestinal disorders (GID).

Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 2,025 Australian adults was conducted. Participants were recruited through purposive convenience sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2019.02.008DOI Listing

A reference set of Health State Utility Values for gambling problem behaviour, a survey of the Australian general population: implications for future healthcare evaluations.

Authors:
Foruhar Moayeri

Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

a Eastern Health Clinical School, Eastern Health , Monash University , 110 Church Street, Richmond , VIC , 3121 , Australia.

Objectives Health state utility value (HSUV) measures have been widely used in health policy evaluations. This study sought to investigate the impact of gambling habits on HSUVs and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using SF-36 measure in the Australian general population. Methods Using the 2015 wave of Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australian survey (n=17,606). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737167.2019.1610397DOI Listing

Short Cationic Peptidomimetic Antimicrobials.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;8(2). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Chemistry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

The rapid growth of antimicrobial resistance against several frontline antibiotics has encouraged scientists worldwide to develop new alternatives with unique mechanisms of action. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have attracted considerable interest due to their rapid killing and broad-spectrum activity. Peptidomimetics overcome some of the obstacles of AMPs such as high cost of synthesis, short half-life in vivo due to their susceptibility to proteolytic degradation, and issues with toxicity. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6382/8/2/44
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics8020044DOI Listing
April 2019
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Consumer Neuroscience and Digital/Social Media Health/Social Cause Advertisement Effectiveness.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Mental Health, Faculty of Health, Art and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, Australia.

This research investigated the use of consumer neuroscience to improve and determine the effectiveness of action/emotion-based public health and social cause (HSC) advertisements. Action-based advertisements ask individuals to 'do something' such as 'act', 'share', make a 'pledge' or complete a 'challenge' on behalf of a brand, such as doing 'something good, somewhere, for someone else'. Public health messages as noncommercial advertisements attempt to positively change behavioural intent or increase awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/bs9040042DOI Listing

Systems Biology and Multi-Omics Integration: Viewpoints from the Metabolomics Research Community.

Metabolites 2019 Apr 18;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E8, Canada.

The use of multiple omics techniques (i.e., genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics) is becoming increasingly popular in all facets of life science. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2218-1989/9/4/76
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/metabo9040076DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Food Marketing Influences Children's Attitudes, Preferences and Consumption: A Systematic Critical Review.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 18;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Psychological Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Bedford Street South, Liverpool L69 7ZA, UK.

Exposure to the marketing of unhealthy foods and beverages is a widely acknowledged risk factor for the development of childhood obesity and noncommunicable diseases. Food marketing involves the use of numerous persuasive techniques to influence children's food attitudes, preferences and consumption. This systematic review provides a comprehensive contemporary account of the impact of these marketing techniques on children aged 0-18 years and critically evaluates the methodologies used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040875DOI Listing

Population density is beneficially associated with 12-year diabetes risk marker change among residents of lower socio-economic neighborhoods.

Health Place 2019 Apr 16;57:74-81. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, 75 Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia; Swinburne University of Technology, John Street, Hawthorne, VIC 3122, Hawthorn, Australia.

We examined associations of neighborhood population density with 12-year changes in diabetes risk (post-challenge plasma glucose), and potential moderation by neighborhood socio-economic status (SES) among 4,816 Australians. In lower SES neighborhoods, post-challenge plasma glucose increased by 6% in low-density, remained stable in medium-density and decreased by 3% in high-density neighborhoods. In medium SES neighborhoods, glucose remained stable in high-density, but increased by 2% and 3% in medium- and low-density neighborhoods, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Development of LEU-based targets for radiopharmaceutical manufacturing: A review.

Appl Radiat Isot 2019 Mar 18;148:225-231. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

University of Wollongong, Australia.

Mo is an essential medical isotope that comprises of at least 70% of radioactive procedures globally. Currently an essential component of Mo manufacturing is the uranium target from which Mo is produced by fission. As the world moves towards low enriched uranium (LEU) targets due to non-proliferation concerns it is becoming of interest to find methods to increase the efficiency of the LEU targets in order to reduce the ever increasing nuclear waste levels of which a long term solution for disposal or treatment has yet to be satisfactorily found. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09698043183094
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2019.03.019DOI Listing
March 2019
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Do glucocorticoids or carotenoids mediate plumage coloration in parrots? An experiment in Platycercus elegans.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Australia; School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom; School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, United Kingdom.

Conspicuous coloration can indicate phenotypic quality, and may reflect exposure or vulnerability to stress, or access to essential nutrients such as pigments. Although the production of pigmented colours is well understood, much less is known about how structural colours are affected by physiological state. In this study, we tested whether glucocorticoids (corticosterone) predicted expression of plumage coloration in an Australian parrot, the crimson rosella (Platycercus elegans). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2019.04.014DOI Listing

Loss of cytoplasmic incompatibility in Wolbachia-infected Aedes aegypti under field conditions.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Apr 19;13(4):e0007357. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Pest and Environmental Adaptation Research Group, Bio21 Institute and the School of BioSciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Wolbachia bacteria are now being introduced into Aedes aegypti mosquito populations for dengue control. When Wolbachia infections are at a high frequency, they influence the local transmission of dengue by direct virus blocking as well as deleterious effects on vector mosquito populations. However, the effectiveness of this strategy could be influenced by environmental temperatures that decrease Wolbachia density, thereby reducing the ability of Wolbachia to invade and persist in the population and block viruses. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007357
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007357DOI Listing
April 2019
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A coarse-grained red blood cell membrane model to study stomatocyte-discocyte-echinocyte morphologies.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215447. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

An improved red blood cell (RBC) membrane model is developed based on the bilayer coupling model (BCM) to accurately predict the complete sequence of stomatocyte-discocyte-echinocyte (SDE) transformation of a RBC. The coarse-grained (CG)-RBC membrane model is proposed to predict the minimum energy configuration of the RBC from the competition between lipid-bilayer bending resistance and cytoskeletal shear resistance under given reference constraints. In addition to the conventional membrane surface area, cell volume and bilayer-leaflet-area-difference constraints, a new constraint: total-membrane-curvature is proposed in the model to better predict RBC shapes in agreement with experimental observations. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215447PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

Colonic dilation and altered ex vivo gastrointestinal motility in the neuroligin-3 knockout mouse.

Autism Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Physiology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction is commonly reported by people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; autism) but the cause is unknown. Mutations in genes encoding synaptic proteins including Neuroligin-3 are associated with autism. Mice lacking Neuroligin-3 (Nlgn3 ) have altered brain function, but whether the enteric nervous system (ENS) is altered remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aur.2109DOI Listing

Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Glucose Tolerance in Men at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the effects of 9-hour time-restricted feeding (TRF), early (TRFe) or delayed (TRFd), on glucose tolerance in men at risk for type 2 diabetes.

Methods: Fifteen men (age 55 ± 3 years, BMI 33.9 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22449DOI Listing

Exploring Australian residents cycling engagement - Differences in self-reported cycling behaviour between urban and rural dwelling Queenslanders.

Health Promot J Austr 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

World Safety Organisation Collaborating Centre for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Issue Addressed: Cycling participation rates in Australia and Queensland remain low. Rural residents typically do not have distinct cycling infrastructure available for use. Investigating current cycling participation and barriers to cycling engagement will inform future work to promote cycling engagement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hpja.254DOI Listing

Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials examining the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in people with diabetes-related lower limb ulcers.

Diabet Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

Aim: To examine the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in healing diabetes-related lower limb ulcers through a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Methods: A literature search was conducted to identify appropriate clinical trials. Inclusion required randomized study design and reporting of the proportion of diabetes-related lower limb ulcers that healed. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/dme.13975
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dme.13975DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

The Impact of Environmental Stress on Cognitive Performance: A Systematic Review.

Hum Factors 2019 Apr 19:18720819839817. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

University of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Objective: In this review, we detail the impact of environmental stress on cognitive and military task performance and highlight any individual characteristics or interventions which may mitigate any negative effect.

Background: Military personnel are often deployed in regions markedly different from their own, experiencing hot days, cold nights, and trips both above and below sea level. In spite of these stressors, high-level cognitive and operational performance must be maintained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018720819839817DOI Listing

Factors associated with spontaneous stone passage in a contemporary cohort of patients presenting with acute ureteric colic. Results from the MIMIC Study (A Multi-centre cohort study evaluating the role of Inflammatory Markers In patients presenting with acute ureteric Colic).

BJU Int 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

British Urology Researchers in Surgical Training (BURST), London, United Kingdom.

Objectives: There is conflicting data on the role of white blood cell count (WBC) and other inflammatory markers in spontaneous stone passage in patients with acute ureteric colic. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship of WBC and other routinely collected inflammatory and clinical markers including stone size, stone position and Medically Expulsive Therapy use (MET) with spontaneous stone passage (SSP) in a large contemporary cohort of patients with acute ureteric colic.

Subjects And Methods: Multi-centre retrospective cohort study coordinated by the British Urology Researchers in Surgical Training (BURST) Research Collaborative at 71 secondary care hospitals across 4 countries (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Australia and New Zealand). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bju.14777DOI Listing

Assessing the role of different dissolved organic carbon and bromide concentrations for disinfection by-product formation using chemical analysis and bioanalysis.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Australian Rivers Institute, School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Southport, QLD, 4222, Australia.

Concerns regarding disinfection by-product (DBP) formation during drinking water treatment have led water utilities to apply treatment processes to reduce the concentration of DBP precursor natural organic matter (NOM). However, these processes often do not remove bromide, leading to high bromide to dissolved organic carbon (DOC) ratios after treatment, which can increase the formation of more toxic brominated DBPs. In the current study, we investigated the formation and effect of DBPs in a matrix of synthetic water samples containing different concentrations of bromide and DOC after disinfection with chlorine. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11356-019-05017-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05017-0DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Toward DNA-Based T-Cell Mediated Vaccines to Target HIV-1 and Hepatitis C Virus: Approaches to Elicit Localized Immunity for Protection.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2019 3;9:91. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Virology Laboratory, Basil Hetzel Institute for Translational Health Research, Discipline of Surgery, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are major contributors to the global disease burden with many experts recognizing the requirement of an effective vaccine to bring a durable end to these viral epidemics. The most promising vaccine candidates that have advanced into pre-clinical models and the clinic to eliminate or provide protection against these chronic viruses are viral vectors [e.g. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fcimb.2019.00091
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2019.00091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456646PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Field Testing Integrated Interventions for Schistosomiasis Elimination in the People's Republic of China: Outcomes of a Multifactorial Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Immunol 2019 3;10:645. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Infectious Diseases Division, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Despite significant progress, China faces the challenge of re-emerging schistosomiasis transmission in currently controlled areas due, in part, to the presence of a range of animal reservoirs, notably water buffalo and cattle, which can harbor infections. Environmental, ecological and social-demographic changes in China, shown to affect the distribution of oncomelanid snails, can also impact future schistosomiasis transmission. In light of their importance in the , lifecycle, vaccination has been proposed as a means to reduce the excretion of egg from cattle and buffalo, thereby interrupting transmission from these reservoir hosts to snails. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456715PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Adult Mental Health Outpatients Who Have Minor Children: Prevalence of Parents, Referrals of Their Children, and Patient Characteristics.

Front Psychiatry 2019 2;10:163. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Health Services Research, SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway.

A strong connection exists between parental mental illness and lifetime mental health risk for their children. Thus, it is important to determine, when parents attend for treatment for their illness, the prevalence and characteristics of parents with a mental illness and identify referral actions for their children. Previous studies indicate that 12-45% of adult mental health service patients are parents with minor children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00163DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456127PMC

Chlamydia pecorum prevalence in South Australian koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) populations: Identification and modelling of a population free from infection.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6261. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, 5371, South Australia, Australia.

Chlamydia pecorum is an established and prevalent infection that produces severe clinical disease in many koala populations, contributing to dramatic population declines. In wild South Australian koala populations, C. pecorum occurrence and distribution is unknown. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42702-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42702-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(MgNb)O-PbTiO single crystals.

Science 2019 Apr 18;364(6437):264-268. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Materials Research Institute, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.

High-performance piezoelectrics benefit transducers and sensors in a variety of electromechanical applications. The materials with the highest piezoelectric charge coefficients () are relaxor-PbTiO crystals, which were discovered two decades ago. We successfully grew Sm-doped Pb(MgNb)O-PbTiO (Sm-PMN-PT) single crystals with even higher values ranging from 3400 to 4100 picocoulombs per newton, with variation below 20% over the as-grown crystal boule, exhibiting good property uniformity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw2781DOI Listing
April 2019
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Complete Genome Sequences of from Australian Barramundi ().

Microbiol Resour Announc 2019 Apr 18;8(16). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development Western Australia, DPIRD Diagnostics and Laboratory Services, Perth, Australia.

The complete RNA-1 and RNA-2 genome sequences of were obtained from Australian barramundi (). Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the sequences have closest homology to the red spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) species and share between 91 and 98% homology with the other two published complete/near-complete sequences of isolates from Australian fish. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00081-19DOI Listing

Allosteric regulation of AMP-activated protein kinase by adenylate nucleotides and small-molecule drugs.

Biochem Soc Trans 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia

The AMP (adenosine 5'-monophosphate)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key regulator of cellular and whole-body energy homeostasis that co-ordinates metabolic processes to ensure energy supply meets demand. At the cellular level, AMPK is activated by metabolic stresses that increase AMP or adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) coupled with falling adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and acts to restore energy balance by choreographing a shift in metabolism in favour of energy-producing catabolic pathways while inhibiting non-essential anabolic processes. AMPK also regulates systemic energy balance and is activated by hormones and nutritional signals in the hypothalamus to control appetite and body weight. Read More

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http://www.biochemsoctrans.org/lookup/doi/10.1042/BST2018062
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BST20180625DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

An assessment of the utility and functionality of wearable head impact sensors in Australian Football.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Surgery, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: To assess the utility and functionality of the X-Patch as a measurement tool to study head impact exposure in Australian Football. Accuracy, precision, reliability and validity were examined.

Designs: Laboratory tests and prospective observational study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14402440183055
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Lidocaine and phenylephrine versus saline placebo nasal spray for the pain and distress of nasogastric tube insertion in young children and infants: a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Paediatric Emergency Department, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Nasogastric tube insertion is a common but distressing procedure in young children. We aimed to compare the efficacy of topical local anaesthetic and vasoconstrictor nasal spray with placebo for distress related to nasogastric tube insertion.

Methods: We did a prospective, randomised, controlled, double-blind, superiority trial in a single tertiary paediatric emergency department in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30058-6DOI Listing

Interactive antimicrobial and toxicity profiles of Pittosporum angustifolium Lodd. extracts with conventional antimicrobials.

J Integr Med 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia; Environmental Futures Research Institute, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: Pittosporum angustifolium Lodd. is used to treat a variety of pathogenic diseases and inflammation by Australian aborigines. Practitioners of complementary medicine frequently use herbal medicines concurrently with conventional antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joim.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Reduced exploitation is associated with an altered sex ratio and larger length at maturity in southwest Pacific (east Australian) Pomatomus saltatrix.

Mar Environ Res 2019 Mar 3. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia; Sydney Institute of Marine Science, Building 19, Chowder Bay Road, Mosman, NSW, 2088, Australia.

Pomatomus saltatrix is an important recreational fishing species with seven major populations worldwide. The reproductive biology of the southwest Pacific Ocean (east Australian) population is uncertain, with both an extended spawning and multiple spawning periods previously hypothesised. Here we demonstrate an altered sex ratio biased towards females and a larger length at 50% maturity (L) compared to those recorded for the population 40 years ago, before comprehensive management strategies were implemented. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01411136183089
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2019.02.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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Dynamic characterization of wine astringency profiles using modified progressive profiling.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 22;120:244-254. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

School of Agriculture, Food & Wine, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, PMB 1, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia. Electronic address:

Wine astringency is important for quality and consumer acceptance. Perception of this mouthfeel is temporal and can be separated further into unique textural sub-qualities. Quantitative data on these astringent sub-qualities in wine however are poorly understood. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969193012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.041DOI Listing
June 2019
1 Read

Increasing prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in remote Australian communities: implications for patients and clinicians.

Pathology 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Medicine, Cairns Hospital, Cairns, Qld, Australia; The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2018.11.015DOI Listing

Cytochrome P450 2D6 profiles and their relationship with outcomes of primaquine anti-relapse therapy in Australian Defence Force personnel deployed to Papua New Guinea and East Timor.

Malar J 2019 Apr 18;18(1):140. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Australian Defence Force Malaria and Infectious Disease Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline with anti-hypnozoite activity against Plasmodium vivax, is metabolized by human cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) to its active metabolite. Human CYP2D6 activities may influence the metabolism of primaquine and the risk of experiencing Plasmodium relapses following primaquine anti-relapse therapies (PART). In this study, the CYP2D6 profile and its relationship with outcomes of PART in Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel is retrospectively investigated. Read More

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https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-019-2774-2DOI Listing
April 2019
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NAV-KIDS trial: protocol for a multi-centre, staggered randomised controlled trial of a patient navigator intervention in children with chronic kidney disease.

BMC Nephrol 2019 Apr 18;20(1):134. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Kidney Research at The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a devastating illness associated with increased mortality, reduced quality of life, impaired growth, neurocognitive impairment and psychosocial maladjustment in children. There is growing evidence of socioeconomic disparities in health outcomes among children with CKD. Patient navigators are trained non-medical personnel who assist patients with chronic conditions journey through the continuum of care and transit across different care settings. Read More

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https://bmcnephrol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12882
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1325-yDOI Listing
April 2019
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The Social and Emotional Impact of Involving Individuals With Mental Illness in the Research Process.

Qual Health Res 2019 Apr 19:1049732319837232. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

1 Black Dog Institute, The University of New South Wales, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

There is a need to involve individuals with a lived experience in health and medical research. Some organizations have developed mechanisms to seek the input of people with a lived experience. However, there are few examples of qualitative research into the impacts of participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049732319837232DOI Listing

"I'm Trying to Stop Things Before They Happen": Carers' Contributions to Patient Safety in Hospitals.

Qual Health Res 2019 Apr 19:1049732319841021. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

2 Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.

Patient safety policies increasingly encourage carer (i.e., family or friends) involvement in reducing health care-associated harm in hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049732319841021DOI Listing

Changes in Metal Ion Concentrations in a Chardonnay Wine Related to Oxygen Exposure during Vinification.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

The Australian Wine Research Institute, P.O. Box 197, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia.

The impact of oxygen exposure during winemaking on metal ion concentrations in wine were investigated throughout the winemaking process in a Chardonnay wine. The concentrations of Al, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Sn, and Zn were determined using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Oxygen exposure significantly impacted 13 metal ions at different phases of winemaking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081523DOI Listing
April 2019
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Flooding in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia, in February 2019 and Its Effects on Mosquito-Borne Diseases.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia.

In February 2019, a major flooding event occurred in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia. Here we present a prediction of the occurrence of mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs) after the flooding. We used a mathematical modelling approach based on mosquito population abundance, survival, and size as well as current infectiousness to predict the changes in the occurrences of MBDs due to flooding in the study area. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/8/1393
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081393DOI Listing
April 2019
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Physical Activity of Children with Physical Disabilities: Associations with Environmental and Behavioral Variables at Home and School.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Physical Education Unit, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

The purpose of this study was to examine the physical activity (PA) of children with physical disabilities (PD) and its associated environmental and behavioral factors at home and at school. One hundred and forty-seven Hong Kong children (mean age = 13.5 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081394DOI Listing