8 results match your criteria Australian Journal Of Agricultural And Resource Economics[Journal]

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Analysing the impact of COVID-19 on urban transitions and urban-regional dynamics in Australia.

Aust J Agric Resour Econ 2021 Oct 12;65(4):878-899. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

In this paper, we draw on insights from economic theory on urban growth, large shocks and spatial dynamics to assess COVID-19 flow-on effects and potential disruptive legacy in urban-regional dynamics. Urban dynamics in Australia are assessed at national, regional and intra-urban scales. Long-term and short-term urban dynamics are analysed against random growth, locational fundamentals and increasing returns theories of urban growth and adjustment. Read More

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October 2021

Novel methods for an interesting time: Exploring U.S. local food systems' impacts and initiatives to respond to COVID.

Aust J Agric Resour Econ 2021 Oct 1;65(4):848-877. Epub 2021 Nov 1.

The COVID-19 pandemic and associated public health and social distancing mandates caused unprecedented shifts and disruptions for local and regional food systems (LRFS). The pandemic also brought new and heightened attention to the structure and resiliency of US food systems, and LRFS appeared to be positioned to significantly increase the scope and scale of their market reach as a result. Researchers from three universities collaborated with staff from the U. Read More

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October 2021

The impacts of COVID-19 containment on the Australian economy and its agricultural and mining industries.

Aust J Agric Resour Econ 2021 Oct 1;65(4):776-801. Epub 2021 Nov 1.

We simulate the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Australian economy using VURM, a detailed computable general equilibrium model for Australia. We identify five sources of economic perturbations: changes to productivity due to changing work practices, changes in household demand imposed by voluntary and mandated social distancing behaviour, changes in international trade due to a weakened world economy and severe curtailment of international travel, reduced population growth due to lower net migration and large debt-financed fiscal stimulus. Variants of these shocks and associated recovery paths are simulated in VURM, with three scenarios describing potential recovery arcs. Read More

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October 2021

COVID-19's impact on Australian wine markets and regions.

Aust J Agric Resour Econ 2021 Aug 9. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

This paper provides an empirical case study of impacts of COVID-19 on Australia's wine sector. Wine exports were subject to disruptions and, like domestic wine sales, were adversely affected not only by temporary declines in consumers' expected incomes but also by the social distancing measures and self-isolation that led to closure of restaurants, bars, cafes and clubs plus declines in international travel and tourism. Partly offsetting this has been a boost to off-premise and direct e-commerce sales. Read More

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Coping with seasonality in a quarterly CGE model: COVID-19 and U.S. agriculture.

Aust J Agric Resour Econ 2021 Jul 18. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Most dynamic CGE models work with periods of 1 year. This limits their applicability for analysing the effects of shocks that operate over a short period or with different intensities through a year. It is relatively easy to convert an annual CGE model to shorter periodicity, for example a quarter, if we ignore seasonal differences in the pattern of economic activity, but this is not acceptable for agriculture. Read More

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On the joint volatility dynamics in international dairy commodity markets.

Aust J Agric Resour Econ 2021 Jul 21;65(3):704-728. Epub 2021 May 21.

The present study investigates the price (co)volatility of four dairy commodities-skim milk powder, whole milk powder, butter, and cheddar cheese-in three major dairy markets. It uses a multivariate factor stochastic volatility model for estimating the time-varying covariance and correlation matrices by imposing a low-dimensional latent dynamic factor structure. The empirical results support four factors representing the European Union and Oceania dairy sectors as well as the milk powder markets. Read More

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Drought-tolerant rice, weather index insurance, and comprehensive risk management for smallholders: evidence from a multi-year field experiment in India.

Aust J Agric Resour Econ 2020 Apr 15;64(2):421-454. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

International Food Policy Research Institute Washington District of Columbia USA.

In rainfed production systems throughout India, agricultural activities are dependent upon the summer monsoon, and any aberration in monsoon rainfall patterns can have severe consequences for rice production. There is considerable policy interest in designing programs to lower small-scale farmers' exposure to these types of risk given the regularity with which adverse monsoon events occur. This paper introduces a field experiment conducted with two risk management options in the state of Odisha: a drought-tolerant rice cultivar; and a weather index insurance product designed to complement the performance of the cultivar. Read More

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