150,973 results match your criteria Australian Forestry[Journal]


Examining the prevalence of disordered eating in a cohort of young Australians presenting for mental health care at a headspace centre: results from a cross-sectional clinical survey study.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 10;12(8):e061734. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

The Brain and Mind Centre, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of disordered eating in young people attending a headspace centre, an enhanced primary care centre providing early intervention services for mental health disorders for young people aged 12-25 years, in metropolitan Sydney.

Design: Cross-sectional assessment of disordered eating symptoms and behaviours.

Setting: An enhanced primary care youth mental health service in inner urban Sydney, Australia. Read More

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Time-efficient physical activity intervention for older adolescents with disability: rationale and study protocol for the Burn 2 Learn adapted (B2La) cluster randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 10;12(8):e065321. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

School of Education, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia

Introduction: Physical activity declines during adolescence, with the lowest levels of activity observed among those with disability. Schools are ideal settings to address this issue; however, few school-based interventions have been specifically designed for older adolescents with disability. Our aim is to investigate the effects of a school-based physical activity programme, involving high-intensity interval training (HIIT), on physical, mental and cognitive health in older adolescents with disability. Read More

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Positivity and Risk Factors for Trichomonas Vaginalis Among Women Attending a Sexual Health Clinic in Melbourne, 2006-2019.

Sex Transm Dis 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Trichomonas vaginalis is not a notifiable disease in Australia in most states, resulting in limited Australian epidemiological studies. This study aimed to examine the positivity of T. vaginalis in women attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre (MSHC) and identify associated factors. Read More

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Associations between three diet quality indices, genetic risk and body composition: A prospective cohort study.

Clin Nutr 2022 Jul 10;41(9):1942-1949. Epub 2022 Jul 10.

Deakin University, Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Geelong, VIC 3220, Australia. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Diet and genetic predisposition to adiposity are independent predictors of body composition, yet few cohort studies have examined the association between overall diet quality indices, genetic risk and body composition. This study examined the prospective association of three diet quality indices and a polygenic risk score (PRS) with trunk fat mass, total fat mass, lean mass and bone mineral content.

Methods: Adults from UK Biobank cohort were included. Read More

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Effectiveness of school-based nutrition intervention components on fruit and vegetable intake and nutrition knowledge in children aged 4-12 years old: an umbrella review.

Nutr Rev 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition (PRCPAN), University of Newcastle, Callaghan, New South Wales, Australia.

Context: School-based nutrition interventions can support healthy eating in children.

Objective: To identify components of school-based nutrition interventions and synthesize the impact on consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) and nutrition knowledge (NK) in children aged 4-12 y.

Data Sources: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and PICOS inclusion criteria, relevant systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses, written in English, published between 2010 and August 2020, across 6 databases were identified. Read More

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Judicial Opinions 112-122.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2022 Aug;72(8)

Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures, Inhoffenstrasse 7B, D-38124 Braunschweig, Germany.

Opinion 112 denies the request to place Aristovskaya and Parinkina 1963 (Approved Lists 1980) on the list of rejected names because the information provided is insufficient. For the same reason, Opinion 113 denies the request to reject Lee . 2006 and Opinion 114 denies the request to reject the name Khunthongpan . Read More

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Sex differences in rates of permanent pacemaker implantation and in-hospital complications: A statewide cohort study of over 7 million persons from 2009-2018.

PLoS One 2022 10;17(8):e0272305. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Cardiology, Concord Hospital, The University of Sydney, Concord, NSW, Australia.

Background: Whether a bias exists in the implantation of permanent pacemakers (PPI) and complications according to sex and age in the Australian population is unclear.

Hypothesis: Population rate of PPI and its complications differed between men and women.

Methods: We examined the prevalence of PPI from January-2009 to December-2018 from datasets held by the New South Wales (NSW) Centre-for-Health-Record-Linkage, including patient's characteristics and in-hospital complications. Read More

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The Criterion Validity and Between-Day Reliability of the Perch for Measuring Barbell Velocity During Commonly Used Resistance Training Exercises.

J Strength Cond Res 2022 Aug 4. Epub 2022 Aug 4.

Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; and.

Abstract: Weakley, J, Munteanu, G, Cowley, N, Johnston, R, Morrison, M, Gardiner, C, Pérez-Castilla, A, and García-Ramos, A. The criterion validity and between-day reliability of the Perch for measuring barbell velocity during commonly used resistance training exercises. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2022-This study aimed to assess the criterion validity and between-day reliability (accounting for technological and biological variability) of mean and peak concentric velocity from the Perch measurement system. Read More

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A clinical and electrophysiological case study of a child with a novel frame shift mutation in the CACNA1F and missense variation of RIMS1 genes.

Doc Ophthalmol 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, SA, 5006, Australia.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a case study illustrating the importance of electrophysiological investigation in the diagnosis and serial monitoring of isolated congenital nystagmus.

Results: Serial electophysiological monitoring was undertaken in the male proband over a 9-year period commencing with initial assessment at 12 weeks of age: Skin electroretinograms (sERGs) were initially absent but subsequently revealed low-amplitude responses, electronegative morphologies and notched flicker responses suggestive of incomplete congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB2), but with an absent dark-adapted rod-specific response, while flash visual evoked potentials (fVEPs) demonstrated persistent crossed asymmetry, typical of albinoid misrouting of the optic nerves. Molecular investigation confirmed a novel hemizygous frame shift mutation in the CACNA1F gene, considered to be pathogenic and causative of X-linked CSNB2; additionally, a novel heterozygous missense variation in one copy of the RIMS1 gene was identified, pathogenic mutations of which underpin late-onset autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy (type 7). Read More

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CD39 in the development and progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Purinergic Signal 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Australian Centre for Blood Diseases, Central Clinical School, Monash University and Alfred Health, Monash AMREP Building, Level 1, Walkway, via The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC, 3004, Australia.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating progressive disease characterised by pulmonary arterial vasoconstriction and vascular remodelling. Endothelial dysfunction has emerged as a contributing factor in the development of PAH. However, despite progress in the understanding of the pathophysiology of this disease, current therapies fail to impact upon long-term outcomes which remain poor in most patients. Read More

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Preferences for a polygenic test to estimate cancer risk in a general Australian population.

Genet Med 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Department of General Practice, Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Centre for Cancer Research, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose: There is significant interest in the use of polygenic risk score (PRS) tests to improve cancer risk assessment and stratified prevention. Our current understanding of preferences regarding different aspects of this novel testing approach is limited. This study examined which attributes of a PRS test most influence the likelihood of testing. Read More

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βIII-tubulin suppression enhances the activity of Amuvatinib to inhibit cell proliferation in c-Met positive non-small cell lung cancer cells.

Cancer Med 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Children's Cancer Institute, Lowy Cancer Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney, Australia.

Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC) remains a leading cause of cancer death. Resistance to therapy is a significant problem, highlighting the need to find new ways of sensitising tumour cells to therapeutic agents. βIII-tubulin is associated with aggressive tumours and chemotherapy resistance in a range of cancers including NSCLC. Read More

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The night before night shift: Chronotype impacts total sleep and rapid eye movement sleep during a strategically delayed sleep.

J Sleep Res 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Appleton Institute for Behavioural Science, Central Queensland University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Transition to night shift may be improved by strategically delaying the main sleep preceding a first night shift. However, the effects of delayed timing on sleep may differ between chronotypes. Therefore, the study aim was to compare the impacts of chronotype on sleep quality and architecture during a normally timed sleep opportunity and a delayed sleep opportunity. Read More

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Integrative analysis of genomic and exposomic influences on youth mental health.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2022 Aug 10. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Center for Precision Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Understanding complex influences on mental health problems in young people is needed to inform early prevention strategies. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to influence youth mental health, but a more comprehensive picture of their interplay, including wide-ranging environmental exposures - that is, the exposome - is needed. We perform an integrative analysis of genomic and exposomic data in relation to internalizing and externalizing symptoms in a cohort of 4,314 unrelated youth from the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. Read More

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Cultural diffusion dynamics depend on behavioural production rules.

Proc Biol Sci 2022 Aug 10;289(1980):20221001. Epub 2022 Aug 10.

Cognitive and Cultural Ecology Research Group, Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior, Am Obstberg 1, Radolfzell 78315, Germany.

Culture is an outcome of both the acquisition of knowledge about behaviour through social transmission, and its subsequent production by individuals. Acquisition and production are often discussed or modelled interchangeably, yet to date no study has explored the consequences of their interaction for cultural diffusions. We present a generative model that integrates the two, and ask how variation in production rules might influence diffusion dynamics. Read More

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The therapeutic role of nutraceuticals targeting the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in liver cancer.

J Food Biochem 2022 Aug 9:e14357. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, India.

Liver cancer (L.C.) is the most common cause of cancer death in the United States and the fifth most common globally. Read More

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Early access to a cardio-oncology clinic in an Australian context: a qualitative exploration of patient experiences.

Cardiooncology 2022 Aug 9;8(1):14. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Hunter Medical Research Institute, Level 4 West Wing, Lot 1, Kookaburra Cct, New Lambton Heights, Newcastle, NSW, 2305, Australia.

Background: Dedicated cardio-oncology services are emerging rapidly around the world in order to provide cardiovascular care (CV) for cancer patients. The perspectives of patients regarding their experience of cardiac surveillance during their cancer journey has not been qualitatively evaluated.

Methods: An interpretative qualitative study. Read More

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The burden of bacterial skin infection, scabies and atopic dermatitis among urban-living Indigenous children in high-income countries: a protocol for a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2022 Aug 9;11(1):159. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.

Background: Bacterial skin infections and scabies disproportionately affect children in resource-poor countries as well as underprivileged children in high-income countries. Atopic dermatitis is a common childhood dermatosis that predisposes to bacterial skin infection. In Australia, at any one time, almost half of all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children living remotely will have impetigo, and up to one-third will also have scabies. Read More

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Competing public narratives in nutrition policy: insights into the ideational barriers of public support for regulatory nutrition measures.

Health Res Policy Syst 2022 Aug 9;20(1):86. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, 266 Herston Rd, Herston, QLD, 4006, Australia.

Background: Enacting evidence-based public health policy can be challenging. One factor contributing to this challenge is a lack of public support for specific policies, which may stem from limited interest or conviction by policy arguments. This can happen when messaging strategies regarding policy do not resonate with the target group and/or policy narratives compete in public discourse. Read More

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From motorised to active travel: using GPS data to explore potential physical activity gains among adolescents.

BMC Public Health 2022 Aug 9;22(1):1512. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Geelong, VIC, 3125, Australia.

Background: A high proportion of adolescents worldwide are not doing enough physical activity for health benefits. Replacing short motorised trips with walking or cycling has the potential to increase physical activity at the population level. This study aimed to estimate the proportion of short distance motorised trips that could be replaced with walking or cycling, and the potential physical activity gains by sociodemographic and trip characteristics. Read More

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Prevalence of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) in Australian primary care patients: only part of the story?

BMC Public Health 2022 Aug 9;22(1):1516. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.

Background: ME/CFS is a disorder characterized by recurrent fatigue and intolerance to exertion which manifests as profound post-exertional malaise. Prevalence studies internationally have reported highly variable results due to the 20 + diagnostic criteria. For Australia, the prevalence of ME/CFS based on current case definitions is unknown. Read More

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Modelling prevalent cardiovascular disease in an urban Indigenous population.

Can J Public Health 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objective: Studies have highlighted the inequities between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations with respect to the burden of cardiovascular disease and prevalence of predisposing risks resulting from historical and ongoing impacts of colonization. The objective of this study was to investigate factors associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) within and specific to the Indigenous peoples living in Toronto, Ontario, and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the resulting model in a similar population.

Methods: The Our Health Counts Toronto study measured the baseline health of Indigenous community members living in Toronto, Canada, using respondent-driven sampling. Read More

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One-year mortality after hip fracture surgery: urban-rural differences in the Colombian Andes.

Arch Osteoporos 2022 Aug 9;17(1):111. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Research Group On Geriatrics and Gerontology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de Caldas, Manizales, Colombia.

To determine urban-rural differences influencing mortality in patients with hip fracture in Colombian Andes Mountains over a 1-year period.

Purpose: To identify the urban-rural differences of sociodemographic variables, fracture-related characteristics, and preoperative and postoperative clinical factors associated with 1-year mortality in patients over 60 years old who underwent hip fracture surgery in the Andes Mountains.

Methods: A total of 126 patients with a fragility hip fracture during 2019-2020 were admitted to a tertiary care hospital. Read More

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Quality assessment and chemical diversity of Australian propolis from Apis mellifera bees.

Sci Rep 2022 Aug 9;12(1):13574. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

School of Science, Technology and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, QLD, 4558, Australia.

The propolis industry is well established in European, South American and East Asian countries. Within Australia, this industry is beginning to emerge with a few small-scale producers. To contribute to the development of the Australian propolis industry, the present study aimed to examine the quality and chemical diversity of propolis collected from various regions across Australia. Read More

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Respiratory indications for ECMO: focus on COVID-19.

Intensive Care Med 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons/New York-Presbyterian Hospital, 622W168th St, PH 8 East, Room 101, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly being used for patients with severe respiratory failure and has received particular attention during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Evidence from two key randomized controlled trials, a subsequent post hoc Bayesian analysis, and meta-analyses support the interpretation of a benefit of ECMO in combination with ultra-lung-protective ventilation for select patients with very severe forms of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). During the pandemic, new evidence has emerged helping to better define the role of ECMO for patients with COVID-19. Read More

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Computational modeling of orthostatic intolerance for travel to Mars.

NPJ Microgravity 2022 Aug 9;8(1):34. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

College of Health and Medicine, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Astronauts in a microgravity environment will experience significant changes in their cardiopulmonary system. Up until now, there has always been the reassurance that they have real-time contact with experts on Earth. Mars crew however will have gaps in their communication of 20 min or more. Read More

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Affinity scores: An individual-centric fingerprinting framework for neuropsychiatric disorders.

Transl Psychiatry 2022 Aug 9;12(1):322. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Melbourne Neuropsychiatry Centre, Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, VIC, Australia.

Population-centric frameworks of biomarker identification for psychiatric disorders focus primarily on comparing averages between groups and assume that diagnostic groups are (1) mutually-exclusive, and (2) homogeneous. There is a paucity of individual-centric approaches capable of identifying individual-specific 'fingerprints' across multiple domains. To address this, we propose a novel framework, combining a range of biopsychosocial markers, including brain structure, cognition, and clinical markers, into higher-level 'fingerprints', capable of capturing intra-illness heterogeneity and inter-illness overlap. Read More

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Inclusion, fairness and non-discrimination in sport: a wider lens.

Br J Sports Med 2022 Aug 9. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland, USA.

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Severe cyanobacterial blooms in an Australian lake; causes and factors controlling succession patterns.

Harmful Algae 2022 Aug 6;117:102284. Epub 2022 Jul 6.

School of Life Sciences, University of Technology Sydney, PO Box 123, Broadway, NSW, 2000, Australia.

Cyanobacterial blooms have major impacts on the ecological integrity and anthropogenic value of freshwater systems. Chrysosporum ovalisporum, a potentially toxic cyanobacteria has been rare in Australian waters until recently when is has bloomed in a number of lake and river systems. The aim of this study was to determine drivers of its growth and growing dominance. Read More

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Effects of terrestrial dissolved organic matter on a bloom of the toxic cyanobacteria, Raphidiopsis raciborskii.

Harmful Algae 2022 Aug 8;117:102269. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia.; Griffith Institute for Drug Discovery, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, Australia.

The concentration of coloured terrestrial dissolved organic matter (tDOM) from vegetation appears to be increasing in lakes in some regions of the world, leading to the term brownification. The light attenuating effect of coloured tDOM on phytoplankton growth has been a major focus of attention, but the phytotoxic effects of tDOM, particularly on cyanobacterial blooms, are less well understood. This mesocosm study tested whether coloured tDOM, leached from the leaves of a Eucalyptus tree species, inhibited a naturally occurring bloom of the toxic cyanobacterium, Raphidiopsis raciborskii, in a reservoir over a 10 day period. Read More

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