107,588 results match your criteria Australian Forestry[Journal]


Population density is beneficially associated with 12-year diabetes risk marker change among residents of lower socio-economic neighborhoods.

Health Place 2019 Apr 16;57:74-81. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, 75 Commercial Road, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia; Swinburne University of Technology, John Street, Hawthorne, VIC 3122, Hawthorn, Australia.

We examined associations of neighborhood population density with 12-year changes in diabetes risk (post-challenge plasma glucose), and potential moderation by neighborhood socio-economic status (SES) among 4,816 Australians. In lower SES neighborhoods, post-challenge plasma glucose increased by 6% in low-density, remained stable in medium-density and decreased by 3% in high-density neighborhoods. In medium SES neighborhoods, glucose remained stable in high-density, but increased by 2% and 3% in medium- and low-density neighborhoods, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.02.006DOI Listing

Development of LEU-based targets for radiopharmaceutical manufacturing: A review.

Appl Radiat Isot 2019 Mar 18;148:225-231. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

University of Wollongong, Australia.

Mo is an essential medical isotope that comprises of at least 70% of radioactive procedures globally. Currently an essential component of Mo manufacturing is the uranium target from which Mo is produced by fission. As the world moves towards low enriched uranium (LEU) targets due to non-proliferation concerns it is becoming of interest to find methods to increase the efficiency of the LEU targets in order to reduce the ever increasing nuclear waste levels of which a long term solution for disposal or treatment has yet to be satisfactorily found. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09698043183094
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2019.03.019DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Do glucocorticoids or carotenoids mediate plumage coloration in parrots? An experiment in Platycercus elegans.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Australia; School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom; School of Biosciences, Cardiff University, United Kingdom.

Conspicuous coloration can indicate phenotypic quality, and may reflect exposure or vulnerability to stress, or access to essential nutrients such as pigments. Although the production of pigmented colours is well understood, much less is known about how structural colours are affected by physiological state. In this study, we tested whether glucocorticoids (corticosterone) predicted expression of plumage coloration in an Australian parrot, the crimson rosella (Platycercus elegans). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygcen.2019.04.014DOI Listing

Loss of cytoplasmic incompatibility in Wolbachia-infected Aedes aegypti under field conditions.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Apr 19;13(4):e0007357. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Pest and Environmental Adaptation Research Group, Bio21 Institute and the School of BioSciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Wolbachia bacteria are now being introduced into Aedes aegypti mosquito populations for dengue control. When Wolbachia infections are at a high frequency, they influence the local transmission of dengue by direct virus blocking as well as deleterious effects on vector mosquito populations. However, the effectiveness of this strategy could be influenced by environmental temperatures that decrease Wolbachia density, thereby reducing the ability of Wolbachia to invade and persist in the population and block viruses. Read More

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http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007357
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007357DOI Listing
April 2019
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A coarse-grained red blood cell membrane model to study stomatocyte-discocyte-echinocyte morphologies.

PLoS One 2019 19;14(4):e0215447. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

An improved red blood cell (RBC) membrane model is developed based on the bilayer coupling model (BCM) to accurately predict the complete sequence of stomatocyte-discocyte-echinocyte (SDE) transformation of a RBC. The coarse-grained (CG)-RBC membrane model is proposed to predict the minimum energy configuration of the RBC from the competition between lipid-bilayer bending resistance and cytoskeletal shear resistance under given reference constraints. In addition to the conventional membrane surface area, cell volume and bilayer-leaflet-area-difference constraints, a new constraint: total-membrane-curvature is proposed in the model to better predict RBC shapes in agreement with experimental observations. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215447PLOS

Colonic dilation and altered ex vivo gastrointestinal motility in the neuroligin-3 knockout mouse.

Autism Res 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Physiology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction is commonly reported by people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; autism) but the cause is unknown. Mutations in genes encoding synaptic proteins including Neuroligin-3 are associated with autism. Mice lacking Neuroligin-3 (Nlgn3 ) have altered brain function, but whether the enteric nervous system (ENS) is altered remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aur.2109DOI Listing

Time-Restricted Feeding Improves Glucose Tolerance in Men at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the effects of 9-hour time-restricted feeding (TRF), early (TRFe) or delayed (TRFd), on glucose tolerance in men at risk for type 2 diabetes.

Methods: Fifteen men (age 55 ± 3 years, BMI 33.9 ± 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22449DOI Listing

Exploring Australian residents cycling engagement - Differences in self-reported cycling behaviour between urban and rural dwelling Queenslanders.

Health Promot J Austr 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

World Safety Organisation Collaborating Centre for Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Issue Addressed: Cycling participation rates in Australia and Queensland remain low. Rural residents typically do not have distinct cycling infrastructure available for use. Investigating current cycling participation and barriers to cycling engagement will inform future work to promote cycling engagement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hpja.254DOI Listing

Systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials examining the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in people with diabetes-related lower limb ulcers.

Diabet Med 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

Aim: To examine the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in healing diabetes-related lower limb ulcers through a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Methods: A literature search was conducted to identify appropriate clinical trials. Inclusion required randomized study design and reporting of the proportion of diabetes-related lower limb ulcers that healed. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/dme.13975
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dme.13975DOI Listing
April 2019
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The Impact of Environmental Stress on Cognitive Performance: A Systematic Review.

Hum Factors 2019 Apr 19:18720819839817. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

University of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Objective: In this review, we detail the impact of environmental stress on cognitive and military task performance and highlight any individual characteristics or interventions which may mitigate any negative effect.

Background: Military personnel are often deployed in regions markedly different from their own, experiencing hot days, cold nights, and trips both above and below sea level. In spite of these stressors, high-level cognitive and operational performance must be maintained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018720819839817DOI Listing

Factors associated with spontaneous stone passage in a contemporary cohort of patients presenting with acute ureteric colic. Results from the MIMIC Study (A Multi-centre cohort study evaluating the role of Inflammatory Markers In patients presenting with acute ureteric Colic).

BJU Int 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

British Urology Researchers in Surgical Training (BURST), London, United Kingdom.

Objectives: There is conflicting data on the role of white blood cell count (WBC) and other inflammatory markers in spontaneous stone passage in patients with acute ureteric colic. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship of WBC and other routinely collected inflammatory and clinical markers including stone size, stone position and Medically Expulsive Therapy use (MET) with spontaneous stone passage (SSP) in a large contemporary cohort of patients with acute ureteric colic.

Subjects And Methods: Multi-centre retrospective cohort study coordinated by the British Urology Researchers in Surgical Training (BURST) Research Collaborative at 71 secondary care hospitals across 4 countries (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Australia and New Zealand). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bju.14777DOI Listing

Assessing the role of different dissolved organic carbon and bromide concentrations for disinfection by-product formation using chemical analysis and bioanalysis.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Australian Rivers Institute, School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Southport, QLD, 4222, Australia.

Concerns regarding disinfection by-product (DBP) formation during drinking water treatment have led water utilities to apply treatment processes to reduce the concentration of DBP precursor natural organic matter (NOM). However, these processes often do not remove bromide, leading to high bromide to dissolved organic carbon (DOC) ratios after treatment, which can increase the formation of more toxic brominated DBPs. In the current study, we investigated the formation and effect of DBPs in a matrix of synthetic water samples containing different concentrations of bromide and DOC after disinfection with chlorine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05017-0DOI Listing

Toward DNA-Based T-Cell Mediated Vaccines to Target HIV-1 and Hepatitis C Virus: Approaches to Elicit Localized Immunity for Protection.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2019 3;9:91. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Virology Laboratory, Basil Hetzel Institute for Translational Health Research, Discipline of Surgery, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are major contributors to the global disease burden with many experts recognizing the requirement of an effective vaccine to bring a durable end to these viral epidemics. The most promising vaccine candidates that have advanced into pre-clinical models and the clinic to eliminate or provide protection against these chronic viruses are viral vectors [e.g. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fcimb.2019.00091
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fcimb.2019.00091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456646PMC
April 2019
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Field Testing Integrated Interventions for Schistosomiasis Elimination in the People's Republic of China: Outcomes of a Multifactorial Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial.

Front Immunol 2019 3;10:645. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Infectious Diseases Division, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Despite significant progress, China faces the challenge of re-emerging schistosomiasis transmission in currently controlled areas due, in part, to the presence of a range of animal reservoirs, notably water buffalo and cattle, which can harbor infections. Environmental, ecological and social-demographic changes in China, shown to affect the distribution of oncomelanid snails, can also impact future schistosomiasis transmission. In light of their importance in the , lifecycle, vaccination has been proposed as a means to reduce the excretion of egg from cattle and buffalo, thereby interrupting transmission from these reservoir hosts to snails. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456715PMC
April 2019
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Adult Mental Health Outpatients Who Have Minor Children: Prevalence of Parents, Referrals of Their Children, and Patient Characteristics.

Front Psychiatry 2019 2;10:163. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Health Services Research, SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway.

A strong connection exists between parental mental illness and lifetime mental health risk for their children. Thus, it is important to determine, when parents attend for treatment for their illness, the prevalence and characteristics of parents with a mental illness and identify referral actions for their children. Previous studies indicate that 12-45% of adult mental health service patients are parents with minor children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00163DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456127PMC

Chlamydia pecorum prevalence in South Australian koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) populations: Identification and modelling of a population free from infection.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 18;9(1):6261. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Roseworthy, 5371, South Australia, Australia.

Chlamydia pecorum is an established and prevalent infection that produces severe clinical disease in many koala populations, contributing to dramatic population declines. In wild South Australian koala populations, C. pecorum occurrence and distribution is unknown. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-42702-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42702-zDOI Listing
April 2019
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Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(MgNb)O-PbTiO single crystals.

Science 2019 Apr 18;364(6437):264-268. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Materials Research Institute, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.

High-performance piezoelectrics benefit transducers and sensors in a variety of electromechanical applications. The materials with the highest piezoelectric charge coefficients () are relaxor-PbTiO crystals, which were discovered two decades ago. We successfully grew Sm-doped Pb(MgNb)O-PbTiO (Sm-PMN-PT) single crystals with even higher values ranging from 3400 to 4100 picocoulombs per newton, with variation below 20% over the as-grown crystal boule, exhibiting good property uniformity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw2781DOI Listing

Complete Genome Sequences of from Australian Barramundi ().

Microbiol Resour Announc 2019 Apr 18;8(16). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development Western Australia, DPIRD Diagnostics and Laboratory Services, Perth, Australia.

The complete RNA-1 and RNA-2 genome sequences of were obtained from Australian barramundi (). Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the sequences have closest homology to the red spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) species and share between 91 and 98% homology with the other two published complete/near-complete sequences of isolates from Australian fish. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00081-19DOI Listing

Allosteric regulation of AMP-activated protein kinase by adenylate nucleotides and small-molecule drugs.

Biochem Soc Trans 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia

The AMP (adenosine 5'-monophosphate)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a key regulator of cellular and whole-body energy homeostasis that co-ordinates metabolic processes to ensure energy supply meets demand. At the cellular level, AMPK is activated by metabolic stresses that increase AMP or adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) coupled with falling adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and acts to restore energy balance by choreographing a shift in metabolism in favour of energy-producing catabolic pathways while inhibiting non-essential anabolic processes. AMPK also regulates systemic energy balance and is activated by hormones and nutritional signals in the hypothalamus to control appetite and body weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BST20180625DOI Listing

An assessment of the utility and functionality of wearable head impact sensors in Australian Football.

J Sci Med Sport 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Surgery, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: To assess the utility and functionality of the X-Patch as a measurement tool to study head impact exposure in Australian Football. Accuracy, precision, reliability and validity were examined.

Designs: Laboratory tests and prospective observational study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14402440183055
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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Lidocaine and phenylephrine versus saline placebo nasal spray for the pain and distress of nasogastric tube insertion in young children and infants: a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Paediatric Emergency Department, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Nasogastric tube insertion is a common but distressing procedure in young children. We aimed to compare the efficacy of topical local anaesthetic and vasoconstrictor nasal spray with placebo for distress related to nasogastric tube insertion.

Methods: We did a prospective, randomised, controlled, double-blind, superiority trial in a single tertiary paediatric emergency department in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30058-6DOI Listing

Interactive antimicrobial and toxicity profiles of Pittosporum angustifolium Lodd. extracts with conventional antimicrobials.

J Integr Med 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia; Environmental Futures Research Institute, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: Pittosporum angustifolium Lodd. is used to treat a variety of pathogenic diseases and inflammation by Australian aborigines. Practitioners of complementary medicine frequently use herbal medicines concurrently with conventional antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joim.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Reduced exploitation is associated with an altered sex ratio and larger length at maturity in southwest Pacific (east Australian) Pomatomus saltatrix.

Mar Environ Res 2019 Mar 3. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia; Sydney Institute of Marine Science, Building 19, Chowder Bay Road, Mosman, NSW, 2088, Australia.

Pomatomus saltatrix is an important recreational fishing species with seven major populations worldwide. The reproductive biology of the southwest Pacific Ocean (east Australian) population is uncertain, with both an extended spawning and multiple spawning periods previously hypothesised. Here we demonstrate an altered sex ratio biased towards females and a larger length at 50% maturity (L) compared to those recorded for the population 40 years ago, before comprehensive management strategies were implemented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2019.02.012DOI Listing

Dynamic characterization of wine astringency profiles using modified progressive profiling.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 22;120:244-254. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

School of Agriculture, Food & Wine, The University of Adelaide, Waite Campus, PMB 1, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia. Electronic address:

Wine astringency is important for quality and consumer acceptance. Perception of this mouthfeel is temporal and can be separated further into unique textural sub-qualities. Quantitative data on these astringent sub-qualities in wine however are poorly understood. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969193012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.02.041DOI Listing
June 2019
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Increasing prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in remote Australian communities: implications for patients and clinicians.

Pathology 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Medicine, Cairns Hospital, Cairns, Qld, Australia; The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2018.11.015DOI Listing

Cytochrome P450 2D6 profiles and their relationship with outcomes of primaquine anti-relapse therapy in Australian Defence Force personnel deployed to Papua New Guinea and East Timor.

Malar J 2019 Apr 18;18(1):140. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Australian Defence Force Malaria and Infectious Disease Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Background: Primaquine, an 8-aminoquinoline with anti-hypnozoite activity against Plasmodium vivax, is metabolized by human cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) to its active metabolite. Human CYP2D6 activities may influence the metabolism of primaquine and the risk of experiencing Plasmodium relapses following primaquine anti-relapse therapies (PART). In this study, the CYP2D6 profile and its relationship with outcomes of PART in Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel is retrospectively investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-019-2774-2DOI Listing

NAV-KIDS trial: protocol for a multi-centre, staggered randomised controlled trial of a patient navigator intervention in children with chronic kidney disease.

BMC Nephrol 2019 Apr 18;20(1):134. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Kidney Research at The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a devastating illness associated with increased mortality, reduced quality of life, impaired growth, neurocognitive impairment and psychosocial maladjustment in children. There is growing evidence of socioeconomic disparities in health outcomes among children with CKD. Patient navigators are trained non-medical personnel who assist patients with chronic conditions journey through the continuum of care and transit across different care settings. Read More

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https://bmcnephrol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12882
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1325-yDOI Listing
April 2019
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The Social and Emotional Impact of Involving Individuals With Mental Illness in the Research Process.

Qual Health Res 2019 Apr 19:1049732319837232. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

1 Black Dog Institute, The University of New South Wales, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

There is a need to involve individuals with a lived experience in health and medical research. Some organizations have developed mechanisms to seek the input of people with a lived experience. However, there are few examples of qualitative research into the impacts of participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049732319837232DOI Listing

"I'm Trying to Stop Things Before They Happen": Carers' Contributions to Patient Safety in Hospitals.

Qual Health Res 2019 Apr 19:1049732319841021. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

2 Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.

Patient safety policies increasingly encourage carer (i.e., family or friends) involvement in reducing health care-associated harm in hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049732319841021DOI Listing

Changes in Metal Ion Concentrations in a Chardonnay Wine Related to Oxygen Exposure during Vinification.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

The Australian Wine Research Institute, P.O. Box 197, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia.

The impact of oxygen exposure during winemaking on metal ion concentrations in wine were investigated throughout the winemaking process in a Chardonnay wine. The concentrations of Al, Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Sn, and Zn were determined using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Oxygen exposure significantly impacted 13 metal ions at different phases of winemaking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081523DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Flooding in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia, in February 2019 and Its Effects on Mosquito-Borne Diseases.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia.

In February 2019, a major flooding event occurred in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia. Here we present a prediction of the occurrence of mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs) after the flooding. We used a mathematical modelling approach based on mosquito population abundance, survival, and size as well as current infectiousness to predict the changes in the occurrences of MBDs due to flooding in the study area. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/16/8/1393
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081393DOI Listing
April 2019
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Physical Activity of Children with Physical Disabilities: Associations with Environmental and Behavioral Variables at Home and School.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Apr 17;16(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Physical Education Unit, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

The purpose of this study was to examine the physical activity (PA) of children with physical disabilities (PD) and its associated environmental and behavioral factors at home and at school. One hundred and forty-seven Hong Kong children (mean age = 13.5 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081394DOI Listing

Surface Functionalization of Exposed Core Glass Optical Fiber for Metal Ion Sensing.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale BioPhotonics, Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing, School of Physical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

One of the biggest challenges associated with exposed core glass optical fiber-based sensing is the availability of techniques that can be used to generate reproducible, homogeneous and stable surface coating. We report a one step, solvent free method for surface functionalization of exposed core glass optical fiber that allows achieving binding of fluorophore of choice for metal ion sensing. The plasma polymerization-based method yielded a homogeneous, reproducible and stable coating, enabling high sensitivity aluminium ion sensing. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/19/8/1829
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081829DOI Listing
April 2019
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The effect of blueberry interventions on cognitive performance and mood: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Brain Behav Immun 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

IMPACT Strategic Research Centre, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, 3216, Australia. Electronic address:

Blueberries are rich in polyphenols that may be beneficial to cognitive performance and mood. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of blueberries and blueberry products on measures of cognition and mood. In total, eleven articles (that included 12 studies) were identified using freeze-dried blueberries (n=9 studies), whole blueberries (n=2) and blueberry concentrate (n=1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Video strategies improved health professional knowledge across different contexts: a helix counterbalanced randomised controlled study.

J Clin Epidemiol 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Building G, School of Primary and Allied Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University Peninsula Campus, McMahons Road, Frankston, 3199 Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to apply a novel helix counterbalanced randomised controlled trial design to evaluate the effectiveness of video versus written knowledge translation strategies for improving health professional knowledge of evidence provided in scientific journal articles.

Study Design And Setting: A Helix counterbalanced randomised controlled trial was used to compare the impact of delivering research information via video or written modalities compared to a no-information control across three health contexts. Interventions were delivered and data collected via an online survey to nursing and allied health professionals across five hospitals within a public health service in Melbourne, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2019.04.003DOI Listing

'It's turned our world upside down': Support needs of parents of critically injured children during Emergency Department admission - A qualitative inquiry.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 23;21(4):137-142. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Susan Wakil School of Nursing and Midwifery Sydney, The University of Sydney, 88 Mallet Street Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia; Australian Catholic University & North Western Mental Health, Level 1 North, City Campus, The Royal Melbourne Hospital Grattan Street, Parkville, Victoria 3050, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Childhood injury is the largest cause of paediatric hospitalisation in Australia. Parents' psychological wellbeing is important in enabling them to support their children's recovery, however little is known about parents' psychosocial support needs during their child's admission to the emergency department. This study explores the experiences and support needs of parents of critically injured children in the emergency department. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018

Pragmatic evaluation of an observational pain assessment scale in the emergency department: The Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) scale.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 27;21(4):131-136. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Faculty of Health University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia; Research and Practice Development Unit, Level 7, Kolling Building, Royal North Shore Hospital, Northern Sydney Local Health District, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia.

Background: Pain assessment is challenging in older people with cognitive impairment who present to the emergency department and may result in suboptimal management. Therefore, the usefulness of the Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) tool for older people with cognitive impairment presenting with a painful injury was evaluated.

Methods: In this multi-centre observational sub-study, older people (≥65 years) suspected of a long bone fracture were screened for cognitive impairment using the Six Item Screening (SIS) tool. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.09.001DOI Listing
November 2018

A Retrospective Study Investigating: Factors associated with mode of arrival and emergency department management for patients with acute stroke.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Aug 17;21(3):99-104. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Australia; Royal Melbourne Hospital, Emergency Department, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Presentation by ambulance to the emergency department is critical for stroke patients to receive time dependent treatments. However, little is known of the factors that influence presentation by ambulance.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of all patients with an emergency department medical diagnosis of stroke who presented to one of three Victorian emergency departments over a three-year period (2011-2013). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.07.001DOI Listing

Do consumers who identify as Muslim experience culturally safe care (CSC) in the Emergency Department (ED)? A scoping review.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Aug 1;21(3):93-98. Epub 2018 Sep 1.

School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Faculty of Health, University of Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC 4558, Queensland, Australia.

Lack of awareness about cultural and religious values and beliefs of patients presenting to Emergency Departments (ED) can compromise patient care and safety. Muslim Australians represent the fastest growing religious demographic group, with over a 77% growth in the last decade. The changing face of the Australian population requires that Australian health care carefully consider the dominant Western cultural paradigm currently influencing health care delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.08.001DOI Listing

Paediatric emergency nurses' perceptions of parents' understanding of discharge information: A qualitative study.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 May 1;21(2):56-63. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Purpose: To identify paediatric emergency department nurses' perceptions of factors influencing parents' understanding of discharge information.

Procedures: Content analysis was used to analyse data from three semi-structured focus groups with nurses from a paediatric ED.

Findings: Findings were interpreted within the three domains of structure, process, and outcomes from the Donabedian model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.05.001DOI Listing

Phylogeny of the Australian Solanum dioicum group using seven nuclear genes, with consideration of Symon's fruit and seed dispersal hypotheses.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0207564. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Biological Sciences & Stillinger Herbarium, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, United States of America.

The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanum taxa (the "S. dioicum group") of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. This is especially true for plant-animal interactions, including the influence of fruit form and calyx morphology on seed dispersal. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0207564PLOS

Auditory Training for Adult Cochlear Implant Users: A Survey and Cost Analysis Study.

Ear Hear 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: The aims of this study were as follows: (a) to describe audiologists' practices toward auditory training (AT) for adult cochlear implant (CI) users with a postlingual hearing loss; and (b) to assess the cost of different AT methods for clients and service providers in comparison with no AT delivery.

Design: A survey was distributed to approximately 230 Australian CI audiologists to investigate the range, magnitude, and rationale of AT practices adopted as part of rehabilitation services with adult CI users. The cost of these different AT practices was then estimated from the perspectives of both clients and service providers, and compared against no AT delivery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000724DOI Listing

Graphitic Carbon Nitride (g-C N )-Derived N-Rich Graphene with Tuneable Interlayer Distance as a High-Rate Anode for Sodium-Ion Batteries.

Adv Mater 2019 Apr 18:e1901261. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia.

Heteroatom-doped carbon materials with expanded interlayer distance have been widely studied as anodes for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). However, it remains unexplored to further enlarge the interlayer spacing and reveal the influence of heteroatom doping on carbon nanostructures for developing more efficient SIB anode materials. Here, a series of N-rich few-layer graphene (N-FLG) with tuneable interlayer distance ranging from 0. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.2019012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201901261DOI Listing
April 2019
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17.493 Impact Factor

Cognitive workload measurement and modeling under divided attention.

J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Division of Psychology, University of Tasmania.

Motorists often engage in secondary tasks unrelated to driving that increase cognitive workload, resulting in fatal crashes and injuries. An International Standards Organization method for measuring a driver's cognitive workload, the detection response task (DRT), correlates well with driving outcomes, but investigation of its putative theoretical basis in terms of finite attention capacity remains limited. We address this knowledge gap using evidence-accumulation modeling of simple and choice versions of the DRT in a driving scenario. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/xhp0000638
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000638DOI Listing
April 2019
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Community intervention to prevent adolescent health behavior problems: Evaluation of communities that care in Australia.

Health Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute.

Objective: A major challenge for health psychologists is to ensure the implementation of evidence-based interventions to improve population health. To reduce high rates of adolescent alcohol use and related health problems, trials of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention process were implemented in Australia beginning in 2001. The process assists communities to strategically plan and monitor implementation of evidence-based preventative interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000735DOI Listing

Immediate and long-term efficacy of executive functions cognitive training in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Psychol Bull 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University.

There has been growing interest in enhancing cognition in older adulthood via computerized cognitive training (CCT), though, there is controversy surrounding the efficacy of CCT in promoting improvements to functional everyday activities. As core executive-functions (EFs)-cognitive-flexibility, inhibition, working memory-are applicable to most aspects of daily living, CCT targeting these processes would likely promote gains on trained tasks, and potentially on similar untrained tasks (near-transfer), and general cognitive performance (far-transfer). We report two meta-analyses investigating the immediate (pretest to posttest) and long-term efficacy (pretest to follow-up) of core-EF CCT in improving cognition among older adults. Read More

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http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/bul0000196
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000196DOI Listing
April 2019
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Using response time distributions and race models to characterize primacy and recency effects in free recall initiation.

Psychol Rev 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Psychological Science.

Primacy and recency effects are common benchmarks for models of free recall and episodic memory. In this work, we show that RT distributions carry diagnostic information about how items enter into competition for recall, and how that competition impacts on the dynamics of recall and leads to novel conclusions about the forms of primacy and recency effects. We jointly fit RT distributions and serial position functions for free recall initiation with both a racing diffusion model and the linear ballistic accumulator (LBA: Brown & Heathcote, 2008). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rev0000149DOI Listing

Police lineups of the future?

Am Psychol 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Psychology.

Problems associated with eyewitness identification decisions have long been highlighted by memory researchers (e.g., Loftus, 1979), with overwhelming evidence that witnesses can err, sometimes with disastrous consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000465DOI Listing

Differential associations of ferritin and 25-hydroxyvitamin D with fasting glucose and diabetes risk in community dwelling older men.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2019 Apr 18:e3172. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Medical School, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia.

Aims: We examined associations of ferritin and 25-hydroxyvitamin D with fasting glucose and prevalent diabetes in older men.

Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 4,153 community-dwelling men aged 70-89 years in Western Australia. Plasma ferritin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D and glucose were assayed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dmrr.3172DOI Listing