6,801 results match your criteria Australian And New Zealand Journal Of Psychiatry[Journal]


What works for whom when treating major depression with psychotherapy?

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 May 24:48674221100425. Epub 2022 May 24.

Academic Department of Psychiatry, Kolling Institute, Northern Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Saint Leonards, NSW, Australia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical recommendations for the care of people with treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder when undergoing deep brain stimulation.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 May 21:48674221100947. Epub 2022 May 21.

Centre for Mental Health, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Deep brain stimulation is an emerging therapy for treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. Yet, accessibility is limited, treatment protocols are heterogeneous and there is no guideline or consensus on the best practices. Here, we combine evidence from scientific investigations, expert opinions and our clinical expertise to propose several clinical recommendations from the pre-operative, surgical and post-operative phases of deep brain stimulation care for treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mental health service utilisation and reoffending in offenders with a diagnosis of psychosis receiving non-custodial sentences: A 14-year follow-up study.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 May 14:48674221098942. Epub 2022 May 14.

School of Population Health, UNSW Sydney, Kensington, NSW, Australia.

Objective: While psychosis is considered a risk factor for offending, little is reported about mental health service utilisation in offenders with psychosis and its relationship with reoffending. We examined the association between contact with mental health services and reoffending in those diagnosed with psychosis.

Methods: We linked health and offending records in New South Wales (Australia) and identified all individuals with a diagnosis of psychosis and a subsequent offence resulting in a non-custodial sentence between 2001 and 2012. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trends in calls to a state poisons centre and presentation to emergency departments for intentional antidepressant overdose in Victoria, Australia.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 May 14:48674221098636. Epub 2022 May 14.

Victorian Poisons Information Centre, Austin Health, Heidelberg, VIC, Australia.

Objective: To describe the rates and trends of emergency department presentations and calls to a state poisons centre for antidepressant overdose.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study utilising the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset and Victorian Poisons Information Centre call registry between January 2009 and December 2018 was conducted. This captured all presentations to Victorian emergency departments and calls to the Victorian Poisons Information Centre. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Inequity in psychiatry cannot be addressed without first embracing intersectionality.

Authors:
Zoe Kristensen

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 May 6:48674221098632. Epub 2022 May 6.

Mental Health and Addiction Services, Waitemata District Health Board, Auckland, Aotearoa, New Zealand.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Defending and demonstrating the psychodynamic orientation in psychiatry.

Authors:
Paul Cammell

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Jun 2;56(6):583-585. Epub 2022 May 2.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clomipramine as an alternative to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for patients at haemorrhagic risk.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 30:48674221096617. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Central Adelaide Local Health Network, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, Australia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The need to take a trauma history in the acute psychiatry inpatient setting.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 30:48674221097037. Epub 2022 Apr 30.

Department of Psychiatry, Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Interventional psychiatry: Why an umbrella term is useful?

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 28:48674221096616. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, Grenoble Institut Neurosciences, Inserm U1216, CHU Grenoble-Alpes, France.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Monitoring of cutaneous manifestations of lithium treatment in mental health inpatients.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 18:48674221089566. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Psychiatry Department, West Moreton Health, Ipswich. QLD, Australia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mental health symptoms in children and adolescents during COVID-19 in Australia.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 12:48674221090174. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Black Dog Institute and School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objective: COVID-19 has led to disruptions to the lives of Australian families through social distancing, school closures, a temporary move to home-based online learning, and effective lockdown. Understanding the effects on child and adolescent mental health is important to inform policies to support communities as they continue to face the pandemic and future crises. This paper sought to report on mental health symptoms in Australian children and adolescents during the initial stages of the pandemic (May to November 2020) and to examine their association with child/family characteristics and exposure to the broad COVID-19 environment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Biomarkers of neuroprogression and late staging in bipolar disorder: A systematic review.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 11:48674221091731. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Bipolar disorder may undertake a progressive course in a subset of patients, and research efforts have been made to understand the biological basis underlying this process. This systematic review examined the literature available on biological markers associated with illness progression in bipolar disorder.

Methods: Peer-reviewed articles were assessed using Embase, PsycINFO and PubMed, as well as from external sources. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Reviving academic psychiatry in Australia and New Zealand.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 05 8;56(5):425-427. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, Wacol, QLD, Australia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Systematic review of Indigenous involvement and content in mental health interventions and their effectiveness for Indigenous populations.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 5:48674221089837. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Objective: To assess the effects of psychological, psychosocial, educational and alternative interventions on mental health outcomes of Indigenous adult populations in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States and the Indigenous involvement and content in each study.

Methods: We systematically searched databases, key journals and gray literature, for records until June 2020. Eligible studies were in English or French and examined the impact of interventions on mental health outcomes including anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, psychological distress or stress for Indigenous adults (⩾16 years). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Subjective cognitive complaints and subjective cognition following electroconvulsive therapy for depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 1:48674221089231. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Subjective cognitive complaints represent a leading reason for suboptimal prescription of electroconvulsive therapy, the most acutely effective treatment for depression. However, research findings regarding their presentation are conflicting.

Objective: To describe, quantify and explain the variability in subjective cognitive complaints and subjective cognition following electroconvulsive therapy for depression. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lifestyle risk factors for obsessive-compulsive symptoms and related phenomena: What should lifestyle interventions target?

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 1:48674221085923. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

BrainPark, Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, School of Psychological Sciences, Monash Biomedical Imaging Facility, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia.

Objective: Understanding the impact of lifestyle on mental illness symptoms is important for informing psycho-education and developing interventions which target mental and physical comorbidities. Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders can have a significant impact on health-related quality of life and physical health. However, our understanding of the impact of lifestyle on obsessive-compulsive symptoms and broader compulsive and impulsive problematic repetitive behaviours is limited. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody screening in first-episode psychosis.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Apr 1:48674221089560. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Objective: The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists recommends screening for a range of antibodies in first-episode psychosis, including anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies. Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody-associated encephalitis occurs with high antibody titres and may cause cognitive dysfunction, seizures and psychiatric symptoms. However, glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies are more frequently found in lower titre in association with other autoimmune disorders (such as diabetes mellitus type 1) and in healthy individuals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Beware of serotonin syndrome during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 31:48674221090175. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Department of Emergency Medicine and Psychiatric Internal Medicine, Sunlight Brain Research Center, Hofu, Japan.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

censusADHD Study: An Australian-wide medication-based recruitment study for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 31:48674221089234. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Psychiatric Genetics, Mental Health and Neuroscience Research Program, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia.

Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder affects over 5% of children and is characterised by a persistent pattern of problems with focussing or maintaining attention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. The censusADHD Study is a richly phenotyped nationwide cohort of Australian children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The overarching aims of the study are to examine attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder medication utilisation patterns and treatment response, the impact of children's attention and behavioural problems on caregivers, and costs related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Telehealth use by mental health professionals during COVID-19.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 31:48674221089229. Epub 2022 Mar 31.

Centre for Mental Health Research, The Australian National University, Acton, ACT, Australia.

Objective: To examine and describe telehealth use and attitudes among mental health professionals in Australia and New Zealand during the initial stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: Participants completed a brief online survey between May and July 2020. Participants were recruited via peak and professional organisations and through psychology-focused social media groups and networks. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Establishing Recovery Colleges in mental healthcare services: A Royal Commission recommendation.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 28:48674221089230. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Alfred Mental and Addiction Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Recovery Colleges are an innovative education-based approach to support mental health recovery that, following the recent Royal Commission, will have to be established in every area mental health service within the state of Victoria. This paper describes the rationale, benefits and some of the key considerations to successfully establish Recovery Colleges. The establishment of Recovery Colleges has the potential to drive culture change within mental health services and embed recovery orientation within service provision as well as engaging service users in their own recovery journey. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Who are hikikomori? Demographic and clinical features of hikikomori (prolonged social withdrawal): A systematic review.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 25:48674221085917. Epub 2022 Mar 25.

Faculty of Education, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.

Objective: This review, which was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42021237988), aimed to systematically extract common elements in the hikikomori definition or criteria applied by researchers and examine cultural differences and chronological changes in the demographic characteristics of hikikomori individuals such as age, gender and hikikomori duration.

Method: For inclusion in the review, the hikikomori criteria, age and gender of the hikikomori individuals had to be specified, and the article had to be peer-reviewed and written in Japanese or English, focusing on hikikomori individuals or their families. Case studies, reviews and qualitative studies were excluded. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Avoiding pitfalls in the treatment of delirium.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 22:48674221087157. Epub 2022 Mar 22.

Department of Psychiatry, Shuang-Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The evidence for the use of long-term benzodiazepines in the setting of treatment-refractory anxiety disorders.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Jun 18;56(6):723-724. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Consortium of Australian-Academic Psychiatrists for Independent Policy and Research Analysis (CAPIPRA), Canberra, ACT, Australia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical characteristics of transformation obsessions in obsessive-compulsive disorder: A psychopathological study.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 18:48674221084241. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Obsessive, Compulsive, and Anxiety Spectrum Research Program, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: The obsession of turning into another person (transformation obsessions [TO]), and its related compulsions have been initially conceptualised as a form of mental contamination. Nevertheless, it has remained understudied in the current obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) literature. In parallel, disturbances of the self have been identified as markers of prodromal psychosis in patients with schizophrenia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cortisol and α-amylase awakening response in children and adolescents with functional neurological (conversion) disorder.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 17:48674221082520. Epub 2022 Mar 17.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Objective: Stress system dysregulation is considered to have an important role in the aetiology of paediatric functional neurological (conversion) disorder. This study examined salivary cortisol and α-amylase awakening responses in children with functional neurological disorder to determine activation patterns of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and sympathetic system. A healthy cortisol awakening response involves a robust increase in cortisol within 30 minutes of awakening. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A systematic literature review and meta-analysis of the effect of psilocybin and methylenedioxymethamphetamine on mental, behavioural or developmental disorders.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2022 Mar 12:48674221083868. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Woolloongabba, QLD, Australia.

Objectives: There is an increasing interest in combining psilocybin or methylenedioxymethamphetamine with psychological support in treating psychiatric disorders. Although there have been several recent systematic reviews, study and participant numbers have been limited, and the field is rapidly evolving with the publication of more studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, and CINAHL for randomised controlled trials of methylenedioxymethamphetamine and psilocybin with either inactive or active controls. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF