2,452 results match your criteria Australian Academic & Research Libraries[Journal]


Molecular patterns in salivary duct carcinoma identify prognostic subgroups.

Mod Pathol 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Kinghorn Cancer Centre and Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Salivary duct carcinoma (SDCa) is a rare cancer with high rate of metastases and poor survival despite aggressive multimodality treatment. This study analyzes the genetic changes in SDCa, their impact on cancer pathways, and evaluates whether molecular patterns can identify subgroups with distinct clinical characteristics and outcome. Clinicopathologic details and tissue samples from 66 patients (48 males, 18 females) treated between 1995 and 2018 were obtained from multiple institutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41379-020-0576-2DOI Listing

Collaborative Care for Primary Care Treatment of Late-Life Depression in Singapore: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2020 May 26. Epub 2020 May 26.

Formerly, Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore.

Background: The effectiveness and portability of the collaborative care model in the primary care treatment of depression has not been demonstrated in many randomized controlled trials in healthcare settings across the world. We determined the effectiveness of collaborative care management of elderly depression in the primary care setting in Singapore.

Method: Eligible participants with depressive symptoms were randomized to six-month duration usual care (UC, N = 112) or collaborative care (CC, N = 102). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.5353DOI Listing

Conduit arterial wave reflection promotes pressure transmission, but impedes hydraulic energy transmission, to the microvasculature.

Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Heart Research, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Australia.

Current thinking suggests that wave reflection in arteries limits pulse pressure and hydraulic energy (HE) transmission to the microvasculature, and that this protective effect reduces with advancing age. However, according to transmission line theory, pressure transmission (T) and reflection (R) coefficients are proportional (T=1+R), implying that wave reflection would promote rather than limit pressure transmission. We hypothesized that increased distal pulse pressure (PPd) with age is instead related to increasing proximal pulse pressure (PPp) and its forward component, and that these are modulated by arterial compliance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00733.2019DOI Listing

Investigating the rigour of research findings in experimental studies assessing the effects of breaking up prolonged sitting - extended scoping review.

Braz J Phys Ther 2020 May 15. Epub 2020 May 15.

Physical Activity Laboratory, Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia; Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: Sedentary behaviour research is a relatively new field, much of which has emerged since the widespread acceptance of clinical trial registration. The aim of this study was to investigate the trial registration and related issues in studies investigating the effect of frequent activity interruptions to prolonged sitting-time.

Methods: Secondary analysis of a scoping review including systematic searches of databases and trial registries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjpt.2020.04.007DOI Listing

Student evaluations of teaching (SET): implications for medical education in psychiatry and an approach to evaluating SET and student performance.

Australas Psychiatry 2020 May 22:1039856220924327. Epub 2020 May 22.

Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine, Australian National University Medical School, Canberra Hospital, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Objective: We present reflections on student evaluation of teaching (SET) in the context of recent higher educational research that assesses SET, as well as concurrent and/or subsequent student performance.

Conclusions: In a sense, there is in-built cynicism in SET, with more favourable SET for easier assessment. There is emerging evidence that SET is inversely proportional to the performance of students in subsequent courses, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1039856220924327DOI Listing

Cannabidiol (CBD) and Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) for chronic insomnia disorder ('CANSLEEP' trial): protocol for a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, proof-of-concept trial.

BMJ Open 2020 May 18;10(5):e034421. Epub 2020 May 18.

Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Centre for Sleep and Chronobiology, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Introduction: Insomnia is a highly prevalent and costly condition that is associated with increased health risks and healthcare utilisation. Anecdotally, cannabis use is frequently reported by consumers to promote sleep. However, there is limited research on the effects of cannabis on sleep and daytime function in people with insomnia disorder using objective measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034421DOI Listing

Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein-associated disorders are associated with HLA subtypes in a Chinese paediatric-onset cohort.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Neurology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China

Objective: Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein-associated disorders (MOGADs) are a rare new neurological autoimmune disease with unclear pathogenesis. Since a linkage of the disease to the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) has not been shown, we here investigated whether MOGAD is associated with the HLA locus.

Methods: HLA genotypes of 95 patients with MOGADs, assessed between 2016 and 2018 from three academic centres, were compared with 481 healthy Chinese Han individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2019-322115DOI Listing

Proximal and distal predictors of self-regulatory change in children aged 4 to 7 years.

BMC Pediatr 2020 May 18;20(1):226. Epub 2020 May 18.

Early Start, School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Background: Growth in early self-regulation skills has been linked to positive health, wellbeing, and achievement trajectories across the lifespan. While individual studies have documented specific influences on self-regulation competencies in early childhood, few have modelled a comprehensive range of predictors of self-regulation change across health, development, and environment simultaneously. This study aimed to examine the concurrent associations among a range of proximal and distal influences on change in children's self-regulation skills over 2 years from age 4-5 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02133-6DOI Listing

Pressure ulcer/injury classification today: An international perspective.

J Tissue Viability 2020 May 1. Epub 2020 May 1.

Curtin University, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Australia; LaTrobe University, Australian Centre for Evidence Based Aged Care, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Australia; Australian National University, ANU Medical School, Academic Unit of General Practice, Australia.

There has been an ongoing debate in the healthcare community about what pressure ulcers/injuries are, and how to name, define and classify them. The aim of this discussion paper is to provide a brief theoretical background about pressure ulcer/injury classification, to explain the approach the Guideline Governance Group has taken during the 2019 update of the International Guideline for 'Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Ulcers/Injuries' and to share views on how to best implement pressure ulcer/injury classification. First formal pressure ulcer/injury classifications were introduced in the 1950s and today various pressure ulcer/injury classification systems are used worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtv.2020.04.003DOI Listing

Baseline White Matter Is Associated With Physical Fitness Change in Preclinical Alzheimer's Disease.

Front Aging Neurosci 2020 29;12:115. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Medicine and Radiology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

White matter (WM) microstructure is a sensitive marker to distinguish individuals at risk of Alzheimer's disease. The association of objective physical fitness (PF) measures and WM microstructure has not been explored and mixed results reported with physical activity (PA). Longitudinal studies of WM with PA and PF measures have had limited investigation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2020.00115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7202286PMC

Australian contribution to global otolaryngology research: 2008-2018.

ANZ J Surg 2020 May 14. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Obtaining research funding in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (ORL-HNS) can be challenging. In this paper, an analysis of research output in ORL-HNS in Australia and worldwide between 2008 and 2018 was conducted and then adjusted for the number of specialist surgeons in each country.

Methods: Scopus by Elsevier was used to measure research output of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) surgeons in Australia between 2008 and 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15950DOI Listing

Prediction of childhood brain outcomes in infants born preterm using neonatal MRI and concurrent clinical biomarkers (PREBO-6): study protocol for a prospective cohort study.

BMJ Open 2020 May 12;10(5):e036480. Epub 2020 May 12.

Consumer Representative, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: Infants born very preterm are at risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes, including cognitive deficits, motor impairments and cerebral palsy. Earlier identification enables targeted early interventions to be implemented with the aim of improving outcomes.

Methods And Analysis: Protocol for 6-year follow-up of two cohorts of infants born <31 weeks gestational age (PPREMO: Prediction of Preterm Motor Outcomes; PREBO: Prediction of Preterm Brain Outcomes) and a small term-born reference sample in Brisbane, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036480DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7228524PMC

Accuracy of acupuncture point location among first-year acupuncture students: A pilot study evaluating the impact of training and use of an adjustable ruler.

Acupunct Med 2020 May 13:964528420920302. Epub 2020 May 13.

Australian Research Centre in Complementary and Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: The proportional method of acupuncture point location (APL) currently taught at Endeavor College of Natural Health and advocated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific (WPRO) was found to be imprecise and/or inaccurate in previous student studies. The ruler and elastic methods of APL were identified as more accurate or precise than the proportional method of APL but were not well received by student participants. Use of an adjustable ruler may overcome barriers to uptake of the more accurate APL methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0964528420920302DOI Listing

Bleeding Severity in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) and Its Impact on Short-Term Clinical Outcomes.

J Clin Med 2020 May 11;9(5). Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Victoria, Australia.

Bleeding severity in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), defined by the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC), portends adverse prognosis. We analysed data from 37,866 Australian patients undergoing PCI enrolled in the Victorian Cardiac Outcomes Registry (VCOR), and investigated the association between increasing BARC severity and in-hospital and 30-day major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) (a composite of mortality, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, target vessel revascularisation, or stroke). Independent predictors associated with major bleeding (BARC groups 3&5), and MACCE were also assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051426DOI Listing

Androgens In Men Study (AIMS): protocol for meta-analyses of individual participant data investigating associations of androgens with health outcomes in men.

BMJ Open 2020 May 11;10(5):e034777. Epub 2020 May 11.

School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Introduction: This study aims to clarify the role(s) of endogenous sex hormones to influence health outcomes in men, specifically to define the associations of plasma testosterone with incidence of cardiovascular events, cancer, dementia and mortality risk, and to identify factors predicting testosterone concentrations. Data will be accrued from at least three Australian, two European and four North American population-based cohorts involving approximately 20 000 men.

Methods And Analysis: Eligible studies include prospective cohort studies with baseline testosterone concentrations measured using mass spectrometry and 5 years of follow-up data on incident cardiovascular events, mortality, cancer diagnoses or deaths, new-onset dementia or decline in cognitive function recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034777DOI Listing

Can a teacher-led mindfulness intervention for new school entrants improve child outcomes? Protocol for a school cluster randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2020 May 10;10(5):e036523. Epub 2020 May 10.

Centre for Community Child Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: The first years of school are critical in establishing a foundation for positive long-term academic, social and well-being outcomes. Mindfulness-based interventions may help students transition well into school, but few robust studies have been conducted in this age group. We aim to determine whether compared with controls, children who receive a mindfulness intervention within the first years of primary school have better: (1) immediate attention/short-term memory at 18 months post-randomisation (primary outcome); (2) inhibition, working memory and cognitive flexibility at 18 months post-randomisation; (3) socio-emotional well-being, emotion-regulation and mental health-related behaviours at 6 and 18 months post-randomisation; (4) sustained changes in teacher practice and classroom interactions at 18 months post-randomisation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036523DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7223282PMC

How Can Quality of Dementia Care Be Measured? The Development of Clinical Quality Indicators for an Australian Pilot Dementia Registry.

J Alzheimers Dis 2020 May 4. Epub 2020 May 4.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: A clinical quality registry (CQR) for dementia provides benefits to those living with dementia and their carers by improving the quality and experience of care through benchmarking and monitoring patient outcomes. CQRs use data collected to form clinical quality indicators (CQIs) through which variations in clinical processes and outcomes between different services and jurisdictions can be highlighted.

Objective: This modified Delphi study aimed to develop CQIs for a pilot Australian CQR for dementia and mild cognitive impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-191044DOI Listing

An Electronic Clinical Decision Support System for the Management of Low Back Pain in Community Pharmacy: Development and Mixed Methods Feasibility Study.

JMIR Med Inform 2020 May 11;8(5):e17203. Epub 2020 May 11.

Institute for Musculoskeletal Health, Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, Australia.

Background: People with low back pain (LBP) in the community often do not receive evidence-based advice and management. Community pharmacists can play an important role in supporting people with LBP as pharmacists are easily accessible to provide first-line care. However, previous research suggests that pharmacists may not consistently deliver advice that is concordant with guideline recommendations and may demonstrate difficulty determining which patients require prompt medical review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/17203DOI Listing

The Role of Negative Affectivity in Concurrent Relations Between Caregiver Psychological Distress and Social-Emotional Difficulties in Infants With Early Signs of Autism.

Autism Res 2020 May 11. Epub 2020 May 11.

The AICES Team in Alphabetical Order: Josephine Barbaro, Stefanie Dimov, Murray Maybery, Michelle Renton, Nancy Sadka, Scott Wakeling, and John Wray.

Recent evidence suggests the link between caregiver psychological distress and offspring social-emotional difficulties may be accounted for by offspring temperament characteristics. However, existing studies have only focused on neurotypical children; thus, the current study sought to provide an initial examination of this process among children with varying levels of early autism features. Participants included 103 infants aged 9-16 months (M = 12. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aur.2296DOI Listing

Validation of a revised General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire for Australia.

Public Health Nutr 2020 May 8:1-11. Epub 2020 May 8.

Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Faculty of Health, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Kelvin Grove, Qld4059, Australia.

Objective: This study aimed to validate a nutrition knowledge questionnaire appropriate for use in Australia.

Design: Nutrition knowledge is essential in establishing and maintaining strategies that reduce the burden of disease and promote wellbeing. The General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire (GNKQ) was developed in the United Kingdom in 1999 and validated for Australia in 2008. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019005135DOI Listing

Mendelian randomization analysis does not support causal associations of birth weight with hypertension risk and blood pressure in adulthood.

Authors:
Yan Zheng Tao Huang Tiange Wang Zhendong Mei Zhonghan Sun Tao Zhang Christina Ellervik Jin-Fang Chai Xueling Sim Rob M van Dam E-Shyong Tai Woon-Puay Koh Rajkumar Dorajoo Seang-Mei Saw Charumathi Sabanayagam Tien Yin Wong Preeti Gupta Peter Rossing Tarunveer S Ahluwalia Rebecca K Vinding Hans Bisgaard Klaus Bønnelykke Yujie Wang Mariaelisa Graff Trudy Voortman Frank J A van Rooij Albert Hofman Diana van Heemst Raymond Noordam Angela C Estampador Tibor V Varga Cornelia Enzenbach Markus Scholz Joachim Thiery Ralph Burkhardt Marju Orho-Melander Christina-Alexandra Schulz Ulrika Ericson Emily Sonestedt Michiaki Kubo Masato Akiyama Ang Zhou Tuomas O Kilpeläinen Torben Hansen Marcus E Kleber Graciela Delgado Mark McCarthy Rozenn N Lemaitre Janine F Felix Vincent W V Jaddoe Ying Wu Karen L Mohlke Terho Lehtimäki Carol A Wang Craig E Pennell Heribert Schunkert Thorsten Kessler Lingyao Zeng Christina Willenborg Annette Peters Wolfgang Lieb Veit Grote Peter Rzehak Berthold Koletzko Jeanette Erdmann Matthias Munz Tangchun Wu Meian He Caizheng Yu Cécile Lecoeur Philippe Froguel Dolores Corella Luis A Moreno Chao-Qiang Lai Niina Pitkänen Colin A Boreham Paul M Ridker Frits R Rosendaal Renée de Mutsert Chris Power Lavinia Paternoster Thorkild I A Sørensen Anne Tjønneland Kim Overvad Luc Djousse Fernando Rivadeneira Nanette R Lee Olli T Raitakari Mika Kähönen Jorma Viikari Jean-Paul Langhendries Joaquin Escribano Elvira Verduci George Dedoussis Inke König Beverley Balkau Oscar Coltell Jean Dallongeville Aline Meirhaeghe Philippe Amouyel Frédéric Gottrand Katja Pahkala Harri Niinikoski Elina Hyppönen Winfried März David A Mackey Dariusz Gruszfeld Katherine L Tucker Frédéric Fumeron Ramon Estruch Jose M Ordovas Donna K Arnett Dennis O Mook-Kanamori Dariush Mozaffarian Bruce M Psaty Kari E North Daniel I Chasman Lu Qi

Eur J Epidemiol 2020 May 7. Epub 2020 May 7.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, 1440 Canal St, Suite 1724, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA.

Epidemiology studies suggested that low birthweight was associated with a higher risk of hypertension in later life. However, little is known about the causality of such associations. In our study, we evaluated the causal association of low birthweight with adulthood hypertension following a standard analytic protocol using the study-level data of 183,433 participants from 60 studies (CHARGE-BIG consortium), as well as that with blood pressure using publicly available summary-level genome-wide association data from EGG consortium of 153,781 participants, ICBP consortium and UK Biobank cohort together of 757,601 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-020-00638-zDOI Listing
May 2020
5.339 Impact Factor

Mental Health Considerations for International Students.

Issues Ment Health Nurs 2020 May 7:1-6. Epub 2020 May 7.

School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Collectively, universities and other tertiary education providers globally, attract significant numbers of international students each year. However, the extent and significance of the benefits derived by the host society from this international mobility is often misunderstood, or at best, underestimated. International students commonly provide multiple benefits to the financial and cultural health of the host institution and country but the economic benefit (for the host) is typically the primary consideration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01612840.2020.1716123DOI Listing

Predicting speech-sound disorder outcomes in school-age children with hearing loss: The VicCHILD experience.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Congenital hearing loss is the most common birth anomaly, typically influencing speech and language development, with potential for later academic, social and employment impacts. Yet, surprisingly, the nuances of how speech is affected have not been well examined with regards to the subtypes of speech-sound disorder (SSD). Nor have the predictors of speech outcome been investigated within a sizeable population cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12536DOI Listing

Detecting Genotype-Population Interaction Effects by Ancestry Principal Components.

Front Genet 2020 21;11:379. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Australian Centre for Precision Health, University of South Australia Cancer Research Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Heterogeneity in the phenotypic mean and variance across populations is often observed for complex traits. One way to understand heterogeneous phenotypes lies in uncovering heterogeneity in genetic effects. Previous studies on genetic heterogeneity across populations were typically based on discrete groups in populations stratified by different countries or cohorts, which ignored the difference of population characteristics for the individuals within each group and resulted in loss of information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2020.00379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7186421PMC

Trajectory of performance: The role of selection criteria on student achievement in a Bachelor of Oral Health programme.

Eur J Dent Educ 2020 May 3. Epub 2020 May 3.

Australian Centre for Population Oral Health (ARCPOH), The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: To determine whether discontinuing the Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admissions Test (UMAT) in 2011 for selection and changes to the South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE) requirements in 2012 when the new Australian Tertiary Admissions Rank (ATAR) was introduced impacted on students' accumulative level of achievement and performance in the Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) programme.

Methods: Board of Examiner's course results for end of year performance were collected for BOH cohorts from 2006 to 2017 (n = 347). Overall performance and achievement level attained were calculated and formed the dependent variables, Performance and Achievement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eje.12538DOI Listing

Refractive Outcomes of the Yamane Flanged Intrascleral Haptic Fixation Technique.

Ophthalmology 2020 Apr 3. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Centre for Eye Research Australia, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Surgery (Ophthalmology), University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.03.032DOI Listing

Contact with Mental Health Services After Acute Care for Self-Harm Among Adults Released from Prison: A Prospective Data Linkage Study.

Suicide Life Threat Behav 2020 May 2. Epub 2020 May 2.

Justice Health Unit, Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic., Australia.

Objective: To determine the care pathway and rate and predictors of mental health care contact within seven days of discharge from acute care following self-harm.

Method: In a representative cohort of adults released from prisons in Queensland, Australia, we probabilistically linked person-level, statewide ambulance, emergency department, and hospital records, both prospectively and retrospectively, and community mental health service and Medicare records prospectively, to baseline survey data. We fit multivariate modified log-linked Poisson regression models to examine the association between sociodemographic, health, and criminal justice factors and mental health care contact after self-harm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12639DOI Listing

Pregabalin and gabapentin for pain.

BMJ 2020 Apr 28;369:m1315. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1315DOI Listing

Personality factors and cerebral glucose metabolism in community-dwelling older adults.

Brain Struct Funct 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, 2109, Australia.

Personality factors have been associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia, but they have not been examined against markers of regional brain glucose metabolism (a primary measure of brain functioning) in older adults without clinically diagnosed cognitive impairment. The relationship between personality factors derived from the five-factor model and cerebral glucose metabolism determined using positron emission tomography (PET) with [18F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG-PET) was examined in a cohort of 237 non-demented, community-dwelling older adults aged 60-89 years (M ± SD = 73.76 ± 6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00429-020-02071-0DOI Listing

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS/AMERICAN COLLEGE OF ENDOCRINOLOGY CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF POSTMENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROSIS-2020 UPDATE .

Endocr Pract 2020 Apr 27. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Director, Mercy Health Osteoporosis and Bone Health Services, Cincinnati, OH.

The development of these guidelines is sponsored by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPG). Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols. The Executive Summary of this 2020 updated guideline contains 52 recommendations: 21 Grade A (40%), 24 Grade B (46%), 7 Grade C (14%), and no Grade D (0%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4158/GL-2019-0524DOI Listing

The dissemination of the Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Ulcers Clinical Practice Guideline 2014 in the academic literature.

Wound Repair Regen 2020 Apr 26. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Curtin University, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Paramedicine, Perth, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wrr.12823DOI Listing

Development and feasibility of an intervention featuring individual supported work placements to aid return to work for unemployed people living with chronic pain.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2020 22;6:49. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

1Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry, CV4 7AL UK.

Background: Working in good jobs is associated with good health. High unemployment rates are reported in those disabled with musculoskeletal pain. Supported employment interventions work well for helping people with mental health difficulties to gain and retain employment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40814-020-00581-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7175501PMC

Global injury morbidity and mortality from 1990 to 2017: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017.

Authors:
Spencer L James Chris D Castle Zachary V Dingels Jack T Fox Erin B Hamilton Zichen Liu Nicholas L S Roberts Dillon O Sylte Nathaniel J Henry Kate E LeGrand Ahmed Abdelalim Amir Abdoli Ibrahim Abdollahpour Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader Aidin Abedi Akine Eshete Abosetugn Abdelrahman I Abushouk Oladimeji M Adebayo Marcela Agudelo-Botero Tauseef Ahmad Rushdia Ahmed Muktar Beshir Ahmed Miloud Taki Eddine Aichour Fares Alahdab Genet Melak Alamene Fahad Mashhour Alanezi Animut Alebel Niguse Meles Alema Suliman A Alghnam Samar Al-Hajj Beriwan Abdulqadir Ali Saqib Ali Mahtab Alikhani Cyrus Alinia Vahid Alipour Syed Mohamed Aljunid Amir Almasi-Hashiani Nihad A Almasri Khalid Altirkawi Yasser Sami Abdeldayem Amer Saeed Amini Arianna Maever Loreche Amit Catalina Liliana Andrei Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam Carl Abelardo T Antonio Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah Jalal Arabloo Morteza Arab-Zozani Zohreh Arefi Olatunde Aremu Filippo Ariani Amit Arora Malke Asaad Babak Asghari Nefsu Awoke Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla Getinet Ayano Martin Amogre Ayanore Samad Azari Ghasem Azarian Alaa Badawi Ashish D Badiye Eleni Bagli Atif Amin Baig Mohan Bairwa Ahad Bakhtiari Arun Balachandran Maciej Banach Srikanta K Banerjee Palash Chandra Banik Amrit Banstola Suzanne Lyn Barker-Collo Till Winfried Bärnighausen Lope H Barrero Akbar Barzegar Mohsen Bayati Bayisa Abdissa Baye Neeraj Bedi Masoud Behzadifar Tariku Tesfaye Bekuma Habte Belete Corina Benjet Derrick A Bennett Isabela M Bensenor Kidanemaryam Berhe Pankaj Bhardwaj Anusha Ganapati Bhat Krittika Bhattacharyya Sadia Bibi Ali Bijani Muhammad Shahdaat Bin Sayeed Guilherme Borges Antonio Maria Borzì Soufiane Boufous Alexandra Brazinova Nikolay Ivanovich Briko Shyam S Budhathoki Josip Car Rosario Cárdenas Félix Carvalho João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela Giulio Castelpietra Ferrán Catalá-López Ester Cerin Joht S Chandan Wagaye Fentahun Chanie Soosanna Kumary Chattu Vijay Kumar Chattu Irini Chatziralli Neha Chaudhary Daniel Youngwhan Cho Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury Dinh-Toi Chu Samantha M Colquhoun Maria-Magdalena Constantin Vera M Costa Giovanni Damiani Ahmad Daryani Claudio Alberto Dávila-Cervantes Feleke Mekonnen Demeke Asmamaw Bizuneh Demis Gebre Teklemariam Demoz Desalegn Getnet Demsie Afshin Derakhshani Kebede Deribe Rupak Desai Mostafa Dianati Nasab Diana Dias da Silva Zahra Sadat Dibaji Forooshani Kerrie E Doyle Tim Robert Driscoll Eleonora Dubljanin Bereket Duko Adema Arielle Wilder Eagan Aziz Eftekhari Elham Ehsani-Chimeh Maysaa El Sayed Zaki Demelash Abewa Elemineh Shaimaa I El-Jaafary Ziad El-Khatib Christian Lycke Ellingsen Mohammad Hassan Emamian Daniel Adane Endalew Sharareh Eskandarieh Pawan Sirwan Faris Andre Faro Farshad Farzadfar Yousef Fatahi Wubalem Fekadu Tomas Y Ferede Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad Eduarda Fernandes Pietro Ferrara Garumma Tolu Feyissa Irina Filip Florian Fischer Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan Masoud Foroutan Joel Msafiri Francis Richard Charles Franklin Takeshi Fukumoto Biniyam Sahiledengle Geberemariyam Abadi Kahsu Gebre Ketema Bizuwork Gebremedhin Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel Berhe Gebremichael Getnet Azeze Gedefaw Birhanu Geta Mansour Ghafourifard Farhad Ghamari Ahmad Ghashghaee Asadollah Gholamian Tiffany K Gill Alessandra C Goulart Ayman Grada Michal Grivna Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen Gubari Rafael Alves Guimarães Yuming Guo Gaurav Gupta Juanita A Haagsma Nima Hafezi-Nejad Hassan Haghparast Bidgoli Brian James Hall Randah R Hamadeh Samer Hamidi Josep Maria Haro Md Mehedi Hasan Amir Hasanzadeh Soheil Hassanipour Hadi Hassankhani Hamid Yimam Hassen Rasmus Havmoeller Khezar Hayat Delia Hendrie Fatemeh Heydarpour Martha Híjar Hung Chak Ho Chi Linh Hoang Michael K Hole Ramesh Holla Naznin Hossain Mehdi Hosseinzadeh Sorin Hostiuc Guoqing Hu Segun Emmanuel Ibitoye Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi Irena Ilic Milena D Ilic Leeberk Raja Inbaraj Endang Indriasih Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam M Mofizul Islam Rebecca Q Ivers Kathryn H Jacobsen Mohammad Ali Jahani Nader Jahanmehr Mihajlo Jakovljevic Farzad Jalilian Sudha Jayaraman Achala Upendra Jayatilleke Ravi Prakash Jha Yetunde O John-Akinola Jost B Jonas Nitin Joseph Farahnaz Joukar Jacek Jerzy Jozwiak Suresh Banayya Jungari Mikk Jürisson Ali Kabir Rajendra Kadel Amaha Kahsay Leila R Kalankesh Rohollah Kalhor Teshome Abegaz Kamil Tanuj Kanchan Neeti Kapoor Manoochehr Karami Amir Kasaeian Hagazi Gebremedhin Kassaye Taras Kavetskyy Hafte Kahsay Kebede Peter Njenga Keiyoro Abraham Getachew Kelbore Bayew Kelkay Yousef Saleh Khader Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie Nauman Khalid Ibrahim A Khalil Rovshan Khalilov Mohammad Khammarnia Ejaz Ahmad Khan Maseer Khan Tripti Khanna Habibolah Khazaie Fatemeh Khosravi Shadmani Roba Khundkar Daniel N Kiirithio Young-Eun Kim Daniel Kim Yun Jin Kim Adnan Kisa Sezer Kisa Hamidreza Komaki Shivakumar K M Kondlahalli Vladimir Andreevich Korshunov Ai Koyanagi Moritz U G Kraemer Kewal Krishan Burcu Kucuk Bicer Nuworza Kugbey Vivek Kumar Nithin Kumar G Anil Kumar Manasi Kumar Girikumar Kumaresh Om P Kurmi Oluwatosin Kuti Carlo La Vecchia Faris Hasan Lami Prabhat Lamichhane Justin J Lang Van C Lansingh Dennis Odai Laryea Savita Lasrado Arman Latifi Paolo Lauriola Janet L Leasher Shaun Wen Huey Lee Tsegaye Lolaso Lenjebo Miriam Levi Shanshan Li Shai Linn Xuefeng Liu Alan D Lopez Paulo A Lotufo Raimundas Lunevicius Ronan A Lyons Mohammed Madadin Muhammed Magdy Abd El Razek Narayan Bahadur Mahotra Marek Majdan Azeem Majeed Jeadran N Malagon-Rojas Venkatesh Maled Reza Malekzadeh Deborah Carvalho Malta Navid Manafi Amir Manafi Ana-Laura Manda Narayana Manjunatha Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei Borhan Mansouri Mohammad Ali Mansournia Joemer C Maravilla Lyn M March Amanda J Mason-Jones Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi Benjamin Ballard Massenburg Pallab K Maulik Gebrekiros Gebremichael Meles Addisu Melese Zeleke Aschalew Melketsedik Peter T N Memiah Walter Mendoza Ritesh G Menezes Meresa Berwo Mengesha Melkamu Merid Mengesha Tuomo J Meretoja Atte Meretoja Hayimro Edemealem Merie Tomislav Mestrovic Bartosz Miazgowski Tomasz Miazgowski Ted R Miller G K Mini Andreea Mirica Erkin M Mirrakhimov Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh Prasanna Mithra Babak Moazen Masoud Moghadaszadeh Efat Mohamadi Yousef Mohammad Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad Aso Mohammad Darwesh Naser Mohammad Gholi Mezerji Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani Milad Mohammadoo-Khorasani Reza Mohammadpourhodki Shafiu Mohammed Jemal Abdu Mohammed Farnam Mohebi Mariam Molokhia Lorenzo Monasta Yoshan Moodley Mahmood Moosazadeh Masoud Moradi Ghobad Moradi Maziar Moradi-Lakeh Farhad Moradpour Lidia Morawska Ilais Moreno Velásquez Naho Morisaki Shane Douglas Morrison Tilahun Belete Mossie Atalay Goshu Muluneh Srinivas Murthy Kamarul Imran Musa Ghulam Mustafa Ashraf F Nabhan Ahamarshan Jayaraman Nagarajan Gurudatta Naik Mukhammad David Naimzada Farid Najafi Vinay Nangia Bruno Ramos Nascimento Morteza Naserbakht Vinod Nayak Duduzile Edith Ndwandwe Ionut Negoi Josephine W Ngunjiri Cuong Tat Nguyen Huong Lan Thi Nguyen Rajan Nikbakhsh Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum Chukwudi A Nnaji Peter S Nyasulu Felix Akpojene Ogbo Onome Bright Oghenetega In-Hwan Oh Emmanuel Wandera Okunga Andrew T Olagunju Tinuke O Olagunju Ahmed Omar Bali Obinna E Onwujekwe Kwaku Oppong Asante Heather M Orpana Erika Ota Nikita Otstavnov Stanislav S Otstavnov Mahesh P A Jagadish Rao Padubidri Smita Pakhale Keyvan Pakshir Songhomitra Panda-Jonas Eun-Kee Park Sangram Kishor Patel Ashish Pathak Sanghamitra Pati George C Patton Kebreab Paulos Amy E Peden Veincent Christian Filipino Pepito Jeevan Pereira Hai Quang Pham Michael R Phillips Marina Pinheiro Roman V Polibin Suzanne Polinder Hossein Poustchi Swayam Prakash Dimas Ria Angga Pribadi Parul Puri Zahiruddin Quazi Syed Mohammad Rabiee Navid Rabiee Amir Radfar Anwar Rafay Ata Rafiee Alireza Rafiei Fakher Rahim Siavash Rahimi Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar Muhammad Aziz Rahman Ali Rajabpour-Sanati Fatemeh Rajati Ivo Rakovac Kavitha Ranganathan Sowmya J Rao Vahid Rashedi Prateek Rastogi Priya Rathi Salman Rawaf Lal Rawal Reza Rawassizadeh Vishnu Renjith Andre M N Renzaho Serge Resnikoff Aziz Rezapour Ana Isabel Ribeiro Jennifer Rickard Carlos Miguel Rios González Luca Ronfani Gholamreza Roshandel Anas M Saad Yogesh Damodar Sabde Siamak Sabour Basema Saddik Saeed Safari Roya Safari-Faramani Hamid Safarpour Mahdi Safdarian S Mohammad Sajadi Payman Salamati Farkhonde Salehi Saleh Salehi Zahabi Marwa R Rashad Salem Hosni Salem Omar Salman Inbal Salz Abdallah M Samy Juan Sanabria Lidia Sanchez Riera Milena M Santric Milicevic Abdur Razzaque Sarker Arash Sarveazad Brijesh Sathian Monika Sawhney Susan M Sawyer Sonia Saxena Mehdi Sayyah David C Schwebel Soraya Seedat Subramanian Senthilkumaran Sadaf G Sepanlou Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi Feng Sha Faramarz Shaahmadi Saeed Shahabi Masood Ali Shaikh Mehran Shams-Beyranvand Morteza Shamsizadeh Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini Hamid Sharifi Aziz Sheikh Mika Shigematsu Jae Il Shin Rahman Shiri Soraya Siabani Inga Dora Sigfusdottir Pankaj Kumar Singh Jasvinder A Singh Dhirendra Narain Sinha Catalin-Gabriel Smarandache Emma U R Smith Amin Soheili Bija Soleymani Ali Reza Soltanian Joan B Soriano Muluken Bekele Sorrie Ireneous N Soyiri Dan J Stein Mark A Stokes Mu'awiyyah Babale Sufiyan Hafiz Ansar Rasul Suleria Bryan L Sykes Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos Karen M Tabb Biruk Wogayehu Taddele Degena Bahrey Tadesse Animut Tagele Tamiru Ingan Ukur Tarigan Yonatal Mesfin Tefera Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi Merhawi Gebremedhin Tekle Gebretsadkan Hintsa Tekulu Ayenew Kassie Tesema Berhe Etsay Tesfay Rekha Thapar Asres Bedaso Tilahune Kenean Getaneh Tlaye Hamid Reza Tohidinik Roman Topor-Madry Bach Xuan Tran Khanh Bao Tran Jaya Prasad Tripathy Alexander C Tsai Lorainne Tudor Car Saif Ullah Irfan Ullah Maida Umar Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan Era Upadhyay Olalekan A Uthman Pascual R Valdez Tommi Juhani Vasankari Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian Francesco S Violante Vasily Vlassov Yasir Waheed Girmay Teklay Weldesamuel Andrea Werdecker Taweewat Wiangkham Haileab Fekadu Wolde Dawit Habte Woldeyes Dawit Zewdu Wondafrash Temesgen Gebeyehu Wondmeneh Adam Belay Wondmieneh Ai-Min Wu Rajaram Yadav Ali Yadollahpour Yuichiro Yano Sanni Yaya Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi Paul Yip Engida Yisma Naohiro Yonemoto Seok-Jun Yoon Yoosik Youm Mustafa Z Younis Zabihollah Yousefi Yong Yu Chuanhua Yu Hasan Yusefzadeh Telma Zahirian Moghadam Zoubida Zaidi Sojib Bin Zaman Mohammad Zamani Maryam Zamanian Hamed Zandian Ahmad Zarei Fatemeh Zare Zhi-Jiang Zhang Yunquan Zhang Sanjay Zodpey Lalit Dandona Rakhi Dandona Louisa Degenhardt Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne Simon I Hay Ali H Mokdad Robert C Reiner Benn Sartorius Theo Vos

Inj Prev 2020 Apr 24. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Past research in population health trends has shown that injuries form a substantial burden of population health loss. Regular updates to injury burden assessments are critical. We report Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 Study estimates on morbidity and mortality for all injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043494DOI Listing
April 2020
1.941 Impact Factor

The Embedded Health Management Academic: A Boundary Spanning Role for Enabling Knowledge Translation Comment on "CIHR Health System Impact Fellows: Reflections on 'Driving Change' Within the Health System".

Int J Health Policy Manag 2020 Apr 1;9(4):170-174. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Australian Institute of Health Service Management (AIHSM), University of Tasmania, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Healthcare organisations are looking at strategies and activities to improve patient outcomes, beyond clinical interventions. Increasingly, health organisations are investing significant resources in leadership, management and team work training to optimise professional collaboration, shared decision-making and, by extension, high quality services. Embedded clinical academics are a norm in, and considered a strength of, healthcare organisations and universities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2019.108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7182145PMC

How are nicotine vaping products represented to pharmacists? A content analysis of Australian pharmacy news sources.

Int J Pharm Pract 2020 Apr 20. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia.

Background: With the growing popularity and use of nicotine vaping products (NVPs), it is important that pharmacists have evidence-based information in order to provide guidance to their customers. The news media can play an important role in shaping how pharmacists think, feel and act regarding NVPs. This paper examines how NVPs are portrayed and framed in Australian pharmacy news sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijpp.12623DOI Listing

Forced Disruption of Anatomy Education in Australia and New Zealand: An Acute Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic.

Anat Sci Educ 2020 Apr 18. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Centre for Human Anatomy Education, Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Australian and New Zealand universities commenced a new academic year in February/March 2020 largely with "business as usual." The subsequent Covid-19 pandemic imposed unexpected disruptions to anatomical educational practice. Rapid change occurred due to government-imposed physical distancing regulations from March 2020 that increasingly restricted anatomy laboratory teaching practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ase.1968DOI Listing

Associations between meeting sleep, physical activity or screen time behaviour guidelines and academic performance in Australian school children.

BMC Public Health 2020 Apr 17;20(1):520. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Background: Current guidelines suggest too little sleep, too little physical activity, and too much sedentary time are associated with poor health outcomes. These behaviours may also influence academic performance in school children. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between sleep, physical activity, or sedentary behaviours and academic performance in a school with a well-developed and integrated technology use and well-being program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08620-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7165394PMC

In-course and career outcomes predicted by medical school selection procedures based on personal qualities.

Med Teach 2020 Apr 16:1-3. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia.

This paper reports a 40-year follow-up of 57 graduates from the initial intake to an Australian medical school who were selected on the basis of either academic criteria alone or desirable personal qualities as assessed by non-cognitive tests and an interview (with a third small group satisfying both criteria). Both students and teaching staff have remained blind to the basis for selection until the present day. Analysis of their under- and post-graduate careers indicates that 'academic' entrants were more likely to complete an intercalated BMedSci degree and to become specialists, while 'personal qualities' entrants were more likely to graduate with honours, become GPs, and win higher degrees after graduation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2020.1747605DOI Listing

Selecting top candidates for medical school selection interviews- a non-compensatory approach.

BMC Med Educ 2020 Apr 15;20(1):113. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Office of Medical Education, the University of New South Wales, UNSW, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Background: Medical schools apply a range of selection methods to ensure that admitted students succeed in the program. In Australia, selection tools typically include measures of academic achievement (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12909-020-02031-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7161246PMC

Children and tutor's perspectives on a homework support program in Melbourne: A university-school partnership.

Health Soc Care Community 2020 Apr 14. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

ACU Engagement, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

This study focuses on a homework program where an Australian University partnered with a school to support children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Undergraduate tutors, paired with a child each semester, provided weekly learning support. This exploratory study aimed to understand the experiences of the children participating in the program and any benefits received. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12986DOI Listing

Usual care and a self-management support programme versus usual care and a relaxation programme for people living with chronic headache disorders: a randomised controlled trial protocol (CHESS).

BMJ Open 2020 Apr 12;10(4):e033520. Epub 2020 Apr 12.

University College London Queen Square Institute of Neurology and The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK.

Introduction: Chronic headaches are poorly diagnosed and managed and can be exacerbated by medication overuse. There is insufficient evidence on the non-pharmacological approaches to helping people living with chronic headaches.

Methods And Analysis: Chronic Headache Education and Self-management Study is a pragmatic randomised controlled trial to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a self-management education support programme on top of usual care for patients with chronic headaches against a control of usual care and relaxation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033520DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7200026PMC

An innovative STRoke Interactive Virtual thErapy (STRIVE) online platform for community-dwelling stroke survivors: a randomised controlled trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Apr 10. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia; Physical Education and Sports Science Academic Group, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the STRoke Interactive Virtual thErapy (STRIVE) intervention on upper-extremity clinical outcomes in community-dwelling stroke survivors.

Design: Assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial.

Setting: Study screening and testing was conducted in a University clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.03.011DOI Listing

Publisher Correction: MEMOTE for standardized genome-scale metabolic model testing.

Nat Biotechnol 2020 Apr;38(4):504

Science for Life Laboratory, KTH -Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41587-020-0477-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7138757PMC
April 2020
41.514 Impact Factor

Incidence, progression and risk factors of age-related cataract in Malays: The Singapore Malay Eye Study.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2020 Apr 7. Epub 2020 Apr 7.

Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore.

Importance: Long-term data on age-related cataract, a leading cause of blindness and visual impairment, is scarce in Asian populations.

Background: We report the 6-year incidence and progression of age-related cataract and associated risk factors in Malay adults living in Singapore.

Design: Population-based cohort study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13757DOI Listing
April 2020
1.953 Impact Factor

Bulk and Surface Properties Regulation of Single/Double Perovskites to Realize Enhanced Oxygen Evolution Reactivity.

ChemSusChem 2020 Apr 6. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, 211816, P. R. China.

Perovskite-based oxides have emerged as promising oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalysts. The performance is closely related to the lattice, electronic, and defect structure of the oxides, which determine surface and bulk properties and consequent catalytic activity and durability. Further, interfacial interactions between phases in a nanocomposite may affect bulk transportation and surface adsorption properties in a similar manner to phase doping except without solubility limits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202000704DOI Listing

Exploring academics beliefs about the meaning of life to inform mental health clinical practice.

Arch Psychiatr Nurs 2020 04 11;34(2):36-42. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Electronic address:

The aim of this research was to understand academic's beliefs about the meaning of life to gain knowledge to inform mental health clinical practice and research. Qualitative research was conducted using descriptive text and interviews from a sample of Australian midlife academic staff from one university who described their beliefs about the meaning of life. Their beliefs included that: life is a journey of self-development, is about religious or non-religious beliefs, is about living well, is about family, love and relationships, and is about making a difference. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2020.02.009DOI Listing

Drinking or Smoking While Breastfeeding and Later Academic Outcomes in Children.

Nutrients 2020 Mar 20;12(3). Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Faculty of Medicine, Health and Human Sciences, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Balaclava Road, North Ryde, NSW 2109, Australia.

Alcohol consumed by breastfeeding mothers has been associated with reduced grammatical comprehension and cognition in children. This study examined whether drinking or smoking while breastfeeding was associated with reductions in Australian National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy assessments. Data was sourced from The Growing Up in Australia Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12030829DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7146206PMC

Duplicate and salami publication: a prevalence study of journal policies.

Int J Epidemiol 2020 02;49(1):281-288

Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

Background: Duplicate and salami publication are unethical, but are common practices with substantial consequences for science and society at large. Scientific journals are the 'gatekeepers' of the publication process. We investigated journal policies on duplicate and salami publication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz187DOI Listing
February 2020

Long-term cost-effectiveness of screening for fracture risk in a UK primary care setting: the SCOOP study.

Osteoporos Int 2020 Apr 1. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Centre for Metabolic Diseases, University of Sheffield Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield, S10 2RX, UK.

Community-based screening and treatment of women aged 70-85 years at high fracture risk reduced fractures; moreover, the screening programme was cost-saving. The results support a case for a screening programme of fracture risk in older women in the UK.

Introduction: The SCOOP (screening for prevention of fractures in older women) randomized controlled trial investigated whether community-based screening could reduce fractures in women aged 70-85 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-020-05372-6DOI Listing