4,158 results match your criteria Australasian Plant Pathology[Journal]


Total body irradiation in Australia and New Zealand: results of a practice survey.

Phys Eng Sci Med 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

The Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Grattan St, Melbourne, 3000, Australia.

Total body irradiation (TBI) is an important treatment modality for the preparation of patients for bone marrow transplants. It is technically challenging and the actual delivery may vary from clinic to clinic. Knowledge of the pattern of practice may be helpful for clinics to determine future practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13246-020-00878-zDOI Listing

The Australian & New Zealand Cerebral Palsy Strategy.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2020 Aug;62(8):885

Australasian Academy of Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14554DOI Listing

Hydrology-driven responses of herbivorous geese in relation to changes in food quantity and quality.

Ecol Evol 2020 Jun 20;10(12):5281-5292. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Administrative Bureau of Hunan East Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve Yueyang China.

East Dongting Lake is a Ramsar site and a particularly important wintering ground for herbivorous geese along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. The operation of the Three Gorges Dam has changed the water regime and has a significant impact on wetland ecosystems downstream. We studied the responses of two sympatric herbivorous goose species, the Lesser white-fronted goose and Bean goose , to habitat change by investigating their food conditions, habitat selection, and diet composition in the wintering periods of 2016/2017 and 2017/2018, which had early and late water recession, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6272DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319142PMC

Characteristics of personal protective equipment training programs in Australia and New Zealand hospitals: A survey.

Infect Dis Health 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Centre for Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, 176 Hawkesbury Rd, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia; Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia; The University of Sydney Westmead Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine and Health, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Using personal protective equipment (PPE) is one of several fundamental measures to prevent the transmission of infection and infectious diseases and is particularly pertinent in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Appropriate use of PPE by healthcare workers is, however, often suboptimal. Training and monitoring of PPE competency are essential components of an infection prevention and control program but there is a paucity of research and data on the content of such training programs across Australasia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2020.05.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7318937PMC

Safe surgery during the coronavirus disease 2019 crisis.

ANZ J Surg 2020 Jun 28. Epub 2020 Jun 28.

Research Audit and Academic Surgery, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has created a global pandemic. Surgical care has been impacted, with concerns raised around surgical safety, especially in terms of laparoscopic versus open surgery. Due to potential aerosol transmission of SARS-CoV-2, precautions during aerosol-generating procedures and production of surgical plume are paramount for the safety of surgical teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.16089DOI Listing

Network meta-analysis: what it is and why you should know.

ANZ J Surg 2020 Jun;90(6):954-956

Department of Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, The University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15917DOI Listing

Virtual Biobanking for Retroperitoneal Sarcoma: A Transatlantic Australasian Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Working Group (TARPSWG) Initiative.

Ann Surg Oncol 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Mount Sinai Hospital, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-020-08775-1DOI Listing

Patient and center characteristics associated with kidney transplant outcomes: a binational registry analysis.

Transpl Int 2020 Jun 26. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) Registry, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI), Adelaide, Australia.

This registry-based study evaluated the contribution of center characteristics to kidney transplant outcomes in adult first kidney transplant recipients in Australia and New Zealand between 2004 and 2014. Primary outcomes were mortality and graft failure Secondary outcomes were transplant complications. Overall, 6970 transplants from 17 centers were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tri.13681DOI Listing

Opportunities and Challenges for Chinese Elderly Care Industry in Smart Environment Based on Occupants' Needs and Preferences.

Front Psychol 2020 4;11:1029. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Australasian Joint Research Centre for Building Information Modelling, School of Built Environment, Curtin University, Bentley, WA, Australia.

New developments in intelligent devices for assisting elderly people can provide elders with friendly, mutual, and personalized interactions. Since the intelligent devices should continually make an important contribution to the smart elderly care industry, smart services or policies for the elders are recently provided by a large number of government programs in China. At present, the smart elderly care industry in China has attracted numerous investors' attention, but the smart elderly care industry in China is still at the beginning stage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01029DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7287208PMC

Effects of Allopurinol on the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease.

N Engl J Med 2020 06;382(26):2504-2513

From the Department of Renal Medicine, St. George Hospital (S.V.B., A.T.), the Renal and Metabolic Division, George Institute for Global Health (S.V.B., A.T., V.P.), and St. Vincent's Clinical School (R.O.D., G.R.D.J.), University of New South Wales Medicine, the Departments of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology (R.O.D.) and Chemical Pathology, SydPath (G.R.D.J.), St. Vincent's Hospital, the Centre for Transplant and Renal Research, Westmead Institute for Medical Research, University of Sydney (D.C.H., G.K.R.), the Department of Renal Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Western Sydney Local Health District (D.C.H., G.K.R.), and the Department of Nephrology, the Royal North Shore Hospital (V.P.), Sydney, the Australasian Kidney Trials Network, University of Queensland (S.V.B., E.M.P., N.B., C.M.H., D.R., L.R., D.W.J.), the Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, (B.D., C.M.H., D.W.J.), and the Translational Research Institute (D.W.J.), Brisbane, QLD, the Medical School, University of Western Australia, Perth (N.B.), the Department of Nephrology, Monash University at Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, VIC (F.G.B., J.K.), Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT (A.C.), the University of Adelaide and Central Northern Adelaide Renal and Transplantation Services, Adelaide, SA (R.F.), and the Australian National University Medical School and the Department of Nephrology, Canberra Hospital, Canberra, ACT (G.W.) - all in Australia; the Health Economics Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom (P.C.); and the Department of Medicine, University of Auckland (N.D., J.R.Z.), and the Renal Service, Waitemata District Health Board (J.R.Z.), Auckland, the Department of Medicine, University of Otago Christchurch, Christchurch (S.C.P.), and Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin (R.J.W.) - all in New Zealand.

Background: Elevated serum urate levels are associated with progression of chronic kidney disease. Whether urate-lowering treatment with allopurinol can attenuate the decline of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with chronic kidney disease who are at risk for progression is not known.

Methods: In this randomized, controlled trial, we randomly assigned adults with stage 3 or 4 chronic kidney disease and no history of gout who had a urinary albumin:creatinine ratio of 265 or higher (with albumin measured in milligrams and creatinine in grams) or an eGFR decrease of at least 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1915833DOI Listing

Screening, assessment and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents: Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group guidelines.

Med J Aust 2020 Jun 23. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD.

Introduction: The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus has increased in children and adolescents due largely to the obesity epidemic, particularly in high risk ethnic groups. β-Cell function declines faster and diabetes complications develop earlier in paediatric type 2 diabetes compared with adult-onset type 2 diabetes. There are no consensus guidelines in Australasia for assessment and management of type 2 diabetes in paediatric populations and health professionals have had to refer to adult guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50666DOI Listing

Congenital anomalies in children with pre- or perinatally acquired cerebral palsy: an international data linkage study.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2020 Jun 24. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Paediatric Department, Hospital Lillebaelt Kolding, Kolding, Denmark.

Aim: To describe the frequency and types of major congenital anomalies present in children with pre- or perinatally acquired cerebral palsy (CP), and compare clinical outcomes for children with and without anomalies.

Method: This multi-centre total population collaborative study between Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe, Australian Cerebral Palsy Register, and European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT) involved six European and three Australian regions. Data were linked between each region's CP and congenital anomaly register for children born between 1991 and 2009, and then pooled. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14602DOI Listing

Spatiotemporal distribution patterns of immature Australasian white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias).

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 23;10(1):10169. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, 2450, Australia.

In Australian and New Zealand waters, current knowledge on white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) movement ecology is based on individual tracking studies using relatively small numbers of tags. These studies describe a species that occupies highly variable and complex habitats. However, uncertainty remains as to whether the proposed movement patterns are representative of the wider population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66876-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7311443PMC

Global consensus on nutritional rickets: Implications for Australia.

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 Jun;56(6):841-846

Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Children's Hospital Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

In 2016, a global consensus on the prevention, diagnosis and management of nutritional rickets was published. The bone and mineral working group of the Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group provides a summary and highlights differences to previous Australian and New Zealand (ANZ) guidelines on vitamin D deficiency and their implications for clinicians. Key points are: (i) The International Consensus document is focused on nutritional rickets, whereas the ANZ guidelines were focused on vitamin D deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14941DOI Listing

Strategic Moves of "Superbugs" Against Available Chemical Scaffolds: Signaling, Regulation, and Challenges.

ACS Pharmacol Transl Sci 2020 Jun 13;3(3):373-400. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Australasian Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative, 8054 Monash University LPO, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.

Superbugs' resistivity against available natural products has become an alarming global threat, causing a rapid deterioration in public health and claiming tens of thousands of lives yearly. Although the rapid discovery of small molecules from plant and microbial origin with enhanced bioactivity has provided us with some hope, a rapid hike in the resistivity of superbugs has proven to be the biggest therapeutic hurdle of all times. Moreover, several distinct mechanisms endowed by these notorious superbugs make them immune to these antibiotics subsequently causing our antibiotic wardrobe to be obsolete. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsptsci.0c00005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7296549PMC

Editorial: COVID-19 and what it means for end-of-life care in ICU: Balancing the priorities.

Collegian 2020 Jun 16;27(3):248-249. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2020.05.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7297167PMC

Infographic. COFIT-19: let's get moving through the COVID-19 pandemic!

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

Exercise and Sports Science Australia, Ascot, Queensland, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-102661DOI Listing

Cost comparison of five Australasian obesity prevention interventions for children aged from birth to two years.

Pediatr Obes 2020 Jun 18:e12684. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Centre for Research Excellence in Early Prevention of Obesity in Childhood, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: In the absence of rigorous evidence of cost-effectiveness for early childhood obesity prevention interventions, the next-best option may be for decision-makers to consider the relevant costs of interventions when allocating resources.

Objectives: This study aimed to estimate systematically the cost of five obesity prevention interventions in children aged 0-2 years, undertaken in research settings in Australia and New Zealand.

Methods: A standardised costing protocol informed the costing methodology, ensuring comparability of results across interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12684DOI Listing

Scuba diving fatalities in Australia, 2001 to 2013: Diver demographics and characteristics.

Diving Hyperb Med 2020 Jun;50(2):105-114

Emergency Department, Austin Hospital, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: This study identified characteristics of victims of fatal scuba diving incidents to determine contributing factors and inform appropriate countermeasures.

Methods: The National Coronial Information System (NCIS) was searched to identify scuba diving deaths for 2001-2013, inclusive. Data were extracted from witness and police reports, medical histories and autopsies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.28920/dhm50.2.105-114DOI Listing

Medical conditions in scuba diving fatality victims in Australia, 2001 to 2013.

Diving Hyperb Med 2020 Jun;50(2):98-104

Emergency Department, Austin Hospital, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: This study identified pre-existing medical conditions among scuba diving fatalities in Australia from 2001 to 2013, inclusive, and assessed whether these conditions likely contributed to the deaths.

Methods: The National Coronial Information System (NCIS) was searched for scuba diving-related cases during 2001-2013, inclusive. Coronial findings, witness and police reports, medical histories, and autopsy and toxicology reports were scrutinised for pre-existing medical conditions and autopsy findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.28920/dhm50.2.98-104DOI Listing

Characterising the number and type of presentations to a tertiary emergency department by young people affected by drugs and alcohol.

Aust Health Rev 2020 Jun 19. Epub 2020 Jun 19.

The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and type of emergency department (ED) presentations involving drugs and/or alcohol (DA) among young people.A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients aged 14-25 years who presented to the ED at a tertiary hospital between 7 October and 25 November 2013. Data were collected on standardised data sheets, including whether DA was a factor in the patient's presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AH18247DOI Listing

Flexible Behavior of the Black-Tailed Godwit is Key to Successful Refueling during Staging at Rice Paddy Fields in Midwestern Korea.

Zoolog Sci 2020 Jun;37(3):255-262

National Migratory Birds Center, National Institute of Biological Resource, Incheon 22689, Republic of Korea,

Successful refueling at staging sites is essential for the survival and reproduction of migratory birds. Understanding their staging ecology is therefore crucial for the conservation of migrant species. Rice fields in the mid-western region of the Korean Peninsula serve as staging habitats for the black-tailed godwit (). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2108/zs190120DOI Listing

Continuing the ultrasound credentialing conversation.

Emerg Med Australas 2020 Jun 16. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Emergency Department, Redlands Hospital, Redlands, Queensland, Australia.

While the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM) encourages all emergency physicians to be competent in at least the five core areas of emergency ultrasound (US), departmental training in most hospitals does woefully little to prepare most ACEM members to attain these competencies. While full day courses are a common method of mandatory and discretionary in-service training, that method has not been adopted for US training. We propose the development of full day courses for each of the five core competencies, taught by accredited US instructors and with emphasis on hands-on training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13556DOI Listing

Post-traumatic stress disorder in Australia: 2020.

Authors:
Andrew Amos

Australas Psychiatry 2020 06;28(3):253

Deputy Editor, Australasian Psychiatry.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1039856220922245aDOI Listing

A major new alliance in Australian healthcare: the Australian consensus framework for ethical collaboration in the healthcare sector.

Intern Med J 2020 Jun;50(6):679-684

Consumers Health Forum of Australia, Deakin, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

The 'Australian Consensus Framework for Ethical Collaboration in the Healthcare Sector' (ACF) is an Australian initiative aimed at countering dysfunction and growing mistrust in the health sector through the development of a cross-sectoral consensus framework. The development of this framework arose from Australia's involvement in the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperative (APEC) and has since become the largest of its kind internationally, with over 70 signatories representing professional bodies, industry organisations, hospital and health services associations, regulators and patient and advocacy groups. In this article, we describe and critique the framework and outline its implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.14861DOI Listing

Final year dental students' career plans, work patterns, work-life balance and domestic life in New Zealand and Australia.

Eur J Dent Educ 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Oral Diagnostic and Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Introduction: Having insight into final year dental students' career planning is vital in maintaining and enhancing the quality of dental education. The aim of this study was to investigate final year dental students' career plans, work patterns, work-life balance, and domestic life, in New Zealand and Australia.

Methods: The design of the study was a two-centred cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eje.12556DOI Listing

Therapeutic Reversal of Radiotherapy Injury to Pro-fibrotic Dysfunctional Fibroblasts In Vitro Using Adipose-derived Stem Cells.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Mar 25;8(3):e2706. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Regenerative Surgery and Lymphatics Department, O'Brien Institute, St. Vincent's Institute, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia.

Cancer patients often require radiotherapy (RTx) to enhance their survival. Unfortunately, RTx also damages nearby healthy non-cancer tissues, leading to progressive fibrotic soft-tissue injury, consisting of pain, contracture, tissue-breakdown, infection, and lymphoedema. Mechanisms underlying the clinically observed ability of fat grafting to ameliorate some of these effects, however, are poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GOX.0000000000002706DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253248PMC

Geographical, temporal and individual factors influencing foraging behaviour and consistency in Australasian gannets.

R Soc Open Sci 2020 May 27;7(5):181423. Epub 2020 May 27.

School of Life and Environmental Sciences (Burwood Campus), Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria 3220, Australia.

Foraging is a behaviour that can be influenced by multiple factors and is highly plastic. Recent studies have shown consistency in individual foraging behaviour has serious ecological and evolutionary implications within species and populations. Such information is crucial to understand how species select habitats, and how such selection might allow them to adapt to the environmental changes they face. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.181423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277272PMC

Performance of a three-level triage scale in live triage encounters in an emergency department in Hong Kong.

Int J Emerg Med 2020 Jun 10;13(1):28. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

24-hour Outpatient and Emergency Department, Gleneagles Hong Kong Hospital, 1 Nam Fung Path, Wong Chuk Hang, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

Background: Despite its continued use in many low-volume emergency departments (EDs), 3-level triage systems have not been extensively studied, especially on live triage cases. We have modified from the Australasian Triage Scale and developed a 3-level triage scale, and sought to evaluate its validity, reliability, and over- and under-triage rates in real patient encounters in our setting.

Method: This was a cross-sectional study in a single ED with 24,000 attendances per year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12245-020-00288-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7288528PMC

Tenth Scientific Biennial Meeting of the Australasian Virology Society-AVS10 2019.

Viruses 2020 Jun 6;12(6). Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia.

The Australasian Virology Society (AVS) aims to promote, support and advocate for the discipline of virology in the Australasian region. The society was incorporated in 2011 after 10 years operating as the Australian Virology Group (AVG) founded in 2001, coinciding with the inaugural biennial scientific meeting. AVS conferences aim to provide a forum for the dissemination of all aspects of virology, foster collaboration, and encourage participation by students and post-doctoral researchers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v12060621DOI Listing

Evaluation of Sugarcane-Derived Polyphenols on the Pre-Weaning and Post-Weaning Growth of Gilt Progeny.

Animals (Basel) 2020 Jun 5;10(6). Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia.

Gilt progeny (GP) exhibit poorer growth compared with sow progeny (SP), particularly in the pre-weaning and post-weaning period. Late gestation/lactation sow diets and weaner diets were supplemented with 0.5% Polygain (POL), a sugarcane extract rich in polyphenols, to collectively improve GP growth in these periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10060984DOI Listing

COVID-19: Infection prevention and control guidance for all ultrasound practitioners.

Australas J Ultrasound Med 2020 May 30;23(2):90-95. Epub 2020 May 30.

Director STEAM Consulting Pty Ltd Victoria 3059 Australia.

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), an enveloped virus, is the causative agent of the disease known as COVID-19 (coronavirus disease-2019). Proper infection prevention and control measures and good hygiene practices are essential to prevent spread of COVID-19 and protect both patients and the healthcare worker. These guidelines are relevant to all ultrasound practitioners and provides guidance on cleaning and disinfection of ultrasound equipment, the environment and PPE (protective personal equipment) during the COVID-19 outbreak in the Australasian region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajum.12210DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7267166PMC

Development of teaching, mentoring and supervision skills for basic training registrars - a frustrated apprenticeship?

Intern Med J 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

House Surgeon, Waitemata DHB.

Background: Teaching, mentoring and supervision (TMS) are fundamental skills with a specific commitment within the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) professional practice framework. The new basic training standards include 'use of appropriate educational techniques to facilitate the learning of peers, junior colleagues and other health professionals and to provide supervision for junior colleagues' but it is unclear how basic physician trainees and equivalent grade doctors (hereinafter 'registrars') will provide, learn or develop TMS skills.

Aims: To explore how registrars provide, learn and develop TMS skills. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.14935DOI Listing

Referral patterns to primary mental health services in Western Sydney (Australia): an analysis of routinely collected data (2005-2018).

Int J Ment Health Syst 2020 26;14:37. Epub 2020 May 26.

Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons, Level 13, 37 York Street, Sydney, NSW Australia.

Background: Regionally-specific approaches to primary mental health service provision through Primary Health Networks (PHNs) have been a feature of recent national mental health reforms. No previous studies have been conducted to investigate local patterns of primary mental health care (PMHC) services in Western Sydney. This study is designed to (i) understand the socio-demographic and economic profiles (ii) examine the inequalities of service access, and (iii) investigate the service utilisation patterns, among those referred to PMHC services in Western Sydney, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00368-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249634PMC

Clinical utility of genomic DNA Q-PCR for the monitoring of a patient with atypical e19a2 transcripts in chronic myeloid leukemia.

Leuk Lymphoma 2020 Jun 6:1-3. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Cancer Program, Precision Medicine Theme, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2020.1772476DOI Listing

Physiological mechanisms linking cold acclimation and the poleward distribution limit of a range-extending marine fish.

Conserv Physiol 2020 26;8(1):coaa045. Epub 2020 May 26.

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia.

Extensions of species' geographical distributions, or range extensions, are among the primary ecological responses to climate change in the oceans. Considerable variation across the rates at which species' ranges change with temperature hinders our ability to forecast range extensions based on climate data alone. To better manage the consequences of ongoing and future range extensions for global marine biodiversity, more information is needed on the biological mechanisms that link temperatures to range limits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coaa045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7248536PMC

Gender Parity Remains To Be Achieved for the Range of Editorial Roles Associated with Current Australasian Medical Journals.

Cureus 2020 Apr 28;12(4):e7879. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Psychiatry, Private Practice, Melbourne, AUS.

With gender parity of medical school graduates having been achieved for well over two decades, it is timely to assess whether this has translated into gender parity for all of the editorial type roles of Australasian medical journals, reflecting a move toward gender equity. Data analysis was undertaken of the gender ratios of the current editorial roles of Australasian medical journals as compared to available Australian Health Workforce data. This reveals some variation in the gender ratios for all of the current range of editorial type positions and, hence, an absence of parity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7879DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255541PMC

Upper tidal flats are disproportionately important for the conservation of migratory shorebirds.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 Jun 3;287(1928):20200278. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.

Migratory animals play vital ecological roles in ecosystems worldwide, yet many species are threatened by human activities. Understanding the detailed patterns of habitat use throughout the migration cycle is critical to developing effective conservation strategies for these species. Migratory shorebirds undertake some of the longest known migrations, but they are also declining precipitously worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0278DOI Listing

Emergency medicine's COVID future: Facing the triple challenge after flattening the curve.

Emerg Med Australas 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Queensland Emergency Department Strategic Advisory Panel, Clinical Excellence Queensland, Queensland Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

After successfully avoiding the situations experienced by some countries, Australasian EDs now face a future in which the ongoing threat of COVID-19 is added to the traditional challenges in providing quality emergency care. The contribution of emergency medicine to the national containment strategy adds a new dimension to the demands placed on emergency medicine in Australia and similarly, to the elimination strategy employed in New Zealand. These demands will best be met by a considered, planned and resourced approach that will challenge traditional measures of 'ED efficiency'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13566DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7300666PMC

Advocacy for global surgery: a Pacific perspective.

ANZ J Surg 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Surgery, Epworth Geelong, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15972DOI Listing

Revalidation of the Argentinian pouched lamprey Geotria macrostoma (Burmeister, 1868) with molecular and morphological evidence.

PLoS One 2020 29;15(5):e0233792. Epub 2020 May 29.

Instituto de Diversidad y Evolución Austral (IDEAus-CONICET), Puerto Madryn, Chubut, Argentina.

Background: The Argentinian pouched lamprey, classified as Petromyzon macrostomus Burmeister, 1868 was first described in 1867 in De La Plata River, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and subsequently recorded in several rivers from Patagonia. Since its original description, the validity of P. macrostomus was questioned by several ichthyologists and 36 years after its original discovery it was considered a junior synonym of Geotria australis Gray, 1851. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233792PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7259705PMC

Identification and diagnosis of Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis in children.

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 May 29. Epub 2020 May 29.

Department of Gastroenterology, Sydney Children's Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis are the two main types of inflammatory bowel disease. High rates of these conditions are seen in Australasian children - furthermore, increasing rates have been evident in recent years. Children can present with typical symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, haematochezia and/or weight loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14925DOI Listing

Dietary Phosphate Consumption in Australians With Stages 3b and 4 Chronic Kidney Disease.

J Ren Nutr 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Australasian Kidney Trials Network, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: Dietary phosphate modification is a common therapy to treat hyperphosphatemia in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, current dietary intake and common food sources of phosphate typically consumed by individuals with CKD are not well characterized. This study examined a cohort of CKD patients to determine total dietary intake and common food sources of phosphate, including phosphate additives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2020.02.007DOI Listing

An Experimental Comparison of the Impact of 'Warning' and 'Health Star Rating' FoP Labels on Adolescents' Choice of Breakfast Cereals in New Zealand.

Nutrients 2020 May 26;12(6). Epub 2020 May 26.

Taieri College, 3 Green Street, Mosgiel 9024, New Zealand.

This research investigated the performance of the red, octagonal Vienna Convention traffic 'STOP' sign as a front of pack (FoP) warning nutritional label. While the Vienna Convention traffic light system is an established FoP label, the potential of the 'STOP' sign in the role has not been investigated. The performance of the 'STOP' label was compared with that of a single star (low nutritional value) Australasian Health Star Rating (HSR) label using a fractionally replicated Latin square design. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12061545DOI Listing

Novel trial strategies to enhance the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and impact of nephrology research.

Kidney Int 2020 May 25. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia; Australasian Kidney Trials Network, University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia; Translational Research Institute, Brisbane, Australia.

Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) are considered the gold-standard for evaluating the effectiveness of interventions. However, criticisms of traditional designs are that they can be inefficient, inflexible, expensive and conducted in a manner disconnected from real-life clinical practice. Novel strategies and approaches are being utilised to overcome these limitations including comprehensive consumer engagement, core outcome sets, novel trial designs, streamlined data collection, cost-effectiveness and return on investment evaluations, knowledge dissemination plans and impact evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2020.04.050DOI Listing

Reply: In the Eye of the Beholder: Changes in Perceived Emotion Expression after Smile Reanimation.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Jun;145(6):1110e-1112e

Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Concord Clinical School, Concord, New South Wales, Australia Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000006855DOI Listing

Investing in Queensland's rural medical leaders: Lessons from the Queensland Rural Generalist Program.

Aust J Rural Health 2020 Jun 27;28(3):252-262. Epub 2020 May 27.

Queensland Rural Medical Service, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Objective: To improve the leadership capacity of existing Queensland Rural Generalists and support the emerging leaders needed to assume future leadership roles.

Design: A customised leadership program for medical Rural Generalists, embedded in professional standards, was developed and delivered during 2016-2018. Pre and post-program and individual module evaluations from two Program cohorts were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12632DOI Listing