3,691 results match your criteria Australasian Plant Pathology[Journal]


Lidocaine and phenylephrine versus saline placebo nasal spray for the pain and distress of nasogastric tube insertion in young children and infants: a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Paediatric Emergency Department, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Nasogastric tube insertion is a common but distressing procedure in young children. We aimed to compare the efficacy of topical local anaesthetic and vasoconstrictor nasal spray with placebo for distress related to nasogastric tube insertion.

Methods: We did a prospective, randomised, controlled, double-blind, superiority trial in a single tertiary paediatric emergency department in Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30058-6DOI Listing

Change of name and extension of scope for the Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal.

Authors:
Julia Morphet

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Feb 21;21(1). Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Executive Director, College of Emergency Nursing Australasia (CENA), Australia; Chair, CENA Research Committee, Australia; Director of Education, Nursing & Midwifery, Monash University, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.02.002DOI Listing
February 2018

Australasian Emergency Care: Uniting the professions of emergency care.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Feb 21;21(1). Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Senior Editors.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.02.001DOI Listing
February 2018

Development and preliminary testing of an online software system to facilitate assessment of accuracy and consistency in applying the Australasian Triage Scale.

Australas Emerg Care 2018 Nov 16;21(4):150-158. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Prince of Wales Hospital Emergency Department, Barker Street, Sydney, Australia.

Purpose: The aim of this project was to design and evaluate an online software system to facilitate the assessment of triage decision accuracy and consistency in applying the Australasian Triage Scale.

Background: Triage is a critical component of emergency nursing practice, which affects patient access to emergency care. Accurate and consistent triage decisions are vital to ensuring patient safety, timely access to care and ED operation. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2588994X183004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.auec.2018.10.001DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Correction: Mapping wader biodiversity along the East Asian-Australasian flyway.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215877. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215877PLOS

Gaming National Emergency Access Target performance using Emergency Treatment Performance definitions and emergency department short stay units.

Emerg Med Australas 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Sax Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To evaluate potential gaming of the 4 h ED length of stay metric known as the National Emergency Access Target (NEAT) in Australia and Emergency Treatment Performance (ETP) in New South Wales (NSW).

Methods: Descriptive statistical analysis was used to recalculate and compare the scores for NEAT and the NSW ETP using variations in the definitions of their measurement on 32 184 presentations during 2016. A computer simulation using a discrete event model illustrated the effect of the use of ED short stay beds on the ETP scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13295DOI Listing

Safety and effectiveness of aspirin and enoxaparin for venous thromboembolism prophylaxis after total hip and knee arthroplasty: a systematic review.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and HTA, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: Patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are at risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Australian orthopaedic guidelines recommend aspirin and low-molecular-weight heparin (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15122DOI Listing

Quality of Life and 1-Year Survival in Patients With Early Septic Shock: Long-Term Follow-Up of the Australasian Resuscitation in Sepsis Evaluation Trial.

Crit Care Med 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objectives: To examine long-term survival and quality of life of patients with early septic shock.

Design: Prospective, randomized, parallel-group trial.

Setting: Fifty-one hospitals in Australia, New Zealand, Finland, Hong Kong, and the Republic of Ireland. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000003762DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Arboviral diseases and malaria in Australia, 2014–15: Annual report of the National Arbovirus and Malaria Advisory Committee

Commun Dis Intell (2018) 2019 Apr 15;43. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Royal Darwin Hospital Northern Territory; Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Northern Territory

This report describes the epidemiology of mosquito-borne diseases of public health importance in Australia during the 2014–15 season (1 July 2014 to 30 June 2015) and includes data from human notifications, sentinel chicken, vector and virus surveillance programs. The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System received notifications for 12,849 cases of disease transmitted by mosquitoes during the 2014–15 season. The Australasian alphaviruses Barmah Forest virus and Ross River virus accounted for 83% (n=10,723) of notifications. Read More

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April 2019
2 Reads

Social Complexity and Brain Evolution: Comparative Analysis of Modularity and Integration in Ant Brain Organization.

Brain Behav Evol 2019 Apr 12:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Graduate Program for Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

The behavioral demands of living in social groups have been linked to the evolution of brain size and structure, but how social organization shapes investment and connectivity within and among functionally specialized brain regions remains unclear. To understand the influence of sociality on brain evolution in ants, a premier clade of eusocial insects, we statistically analyzed patterns of brain region size covariation as a proxy for brain region connectivity. We investigated brain structure covariance in young and old workers of two formicine ants, the Australasian weaver ant Oecophylla smaragdina, a pinnacle of social complexity in insects, and its socially basic sister clade Formica subsericea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497267DOI Listing

Efficacy of endovascular thrombectomy in patients with M2 segment middle cerebral artery occlusions: meta-analysis of data from the HERMES Collaboration.

J Neurointerv Surg 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Background: The Society of Neurointerventional Surgery revised its operational definition of emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) recently to include proximal M2 segment middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusions. We sought to assess the benefit of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) over best medical care for M2 segment MCA occlusion.

Methods: Patient level data from trials in the HERMES Collaboration were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/neurintsurg-2018-014678DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Judgement: clinical decision-making as a core surgical competency.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

School of Health Professions Education, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15098DOI Listing

Mitogenomics of historical type specimens of Australasian turtles: clarification of taxonomic confusion and old mitochondrial introgression.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 9;9(1):5841. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Museum of Zoology, Senckenberg Dresden, 01109, Dresden, Germany.

Diagnosability is central to taxonomy as are type specimens which define taxa. New advances in technologies and the discovery of new informative traits must be matched with previous taxonomic decisions based on name-bearing type specimens. Consequently, the challenge of sequencing highly degraded DNA from historical types becomes an inevitability to resolve the very many taxonomic issues arising from, by modern standards, poor historical species descriptions leading to difficulties to assign names to genetic clusters identified from fresh material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42310-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456567PMC

CQI approaches for evaluating management development programs: A case study with health service managers from geographically remote settings.

Eval Program Plann 2019 06 2;74:91-101. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

The Cairns Institute and the College of Arts Society and Education, James Cook University, Cairns, Australia.

Health systems are known for being complex. Yet, there is a paucity of evidence about programs that successfully develop competent frontline managers to navigate these complex systems. There is even less evidence about developing frontline managers in areas of contextual complexity such as geographically remote and isolated health services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2019.03.003DOI Listing

Osteoarthritis- a systematic review of long-term safety implications for osteoarthritis of the knee.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Apr 9;20(1):151. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Australasian College of Sport and Exercise Physicians, 257 Collins Street, Melbourne, VIC, 3000, Australia.

Background: There is no cure for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and typically patients live approximately 30-years with the disease. Most common medical treatments result in short-term palliation of symptoms with little consideration of long-term risk. This systematic review aims to appraise the current evidence for the long-term (≥12 months) safety of common treatments for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Read More

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https://bmcmusculoskeletdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2525-0DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Peer review of mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy in Australia.

HPB (Oxford) 2019 Apr 4. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Discipline of Surgery, University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Australia.

Background: The data within the Australian and New Zealand Audit of Surgical Mortality (ANZASM) provides a unique opportunity to consider the contributing factors to perioperative deaths as determined by peer review. Consideration of the factors contributing to mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) can provide greater insight into how deaths can be prevented.

Methods: ANZASM data from 1 January 2010 to 30 Jun 2017 was reviewed and all deaths following PD were selected for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hpb.2019.03.356DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Severe Asthma Global Evaluation (SAGE): An Electronic Platform for Severe Asthma.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Severe asthma is complex and heterogeneous; ad hoc outpatient assessment can be suboptimal. Systematic evaluation improves outcomes and is recommended by international guidelines. Electronic templates improve physician performance and clinical processes, and may be useful in severe asthma systematic evaluation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2019.02.042DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

A multi-locus phylogeny for the Neotropical Anomospermeae (Menispermaceae): Implications for taxonomy and biogeography.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2019 Apr 2;136:44-52. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address:

Neotropical rainforests cover about half of the world's tropical rainforests and house most of the biodiversity available on Earth. Australasia has been suggested as a potential source for Neotropical diversity. However, it remains unclear whether megathermal lineages could indeed have migrated to South America though Antarctica. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
3.916 Impact Factor

Nutraceuticals and nutritional supplements for the treatment of bipolar disorder: protocol for a systematic review.

BMJ Open 2019 Apr 4;9(4):e025640. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

IMPACT Strategic Resarch Centre, School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: First line pharmacological treatments for bipolar disorder (BD) can leave shortfalls in recovery leading to patients seeking alternative and adjunctive treatments such as nutraceuticals. This protocol for a systematic review and proposed meta-analysis aims to answer the research question: in patients with BD, how does use of nutraceutical treatments compare with placebo in reducing depressive and mania symptoms?

Methods And Analysis: Clinical trials will be identified through database searches using PubMed via PubMed, EMBASE via embase.com, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials (CENTRAL) via cochranelibrary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025640DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Use of multi-attribute decision-making to inform prioritisation of cochrane review topics relevant to rehabilitation.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Cochrane Australia, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Limited resources imply the need for prioritisation; this also applies to the conduct of Cochrane Reviews. Therefore, processes for identifying the most important topics for review should be determined.

Aim: To describe some examples of prioritisation approaches used within Cochrane; to introduce the concept of multi-criteria decision analysis, provide an example of how this is being used to determine the relative importance of research questions in musculoskeletal health by the Australasian Musculoskeletal Clinical Trials (ANZMUSC) network and how a similar approach could be used to inform Cochrane Rehabilitation priorities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S1973-9087.19.05787-3DOI Listing

The role of the environment in the evolution of nest shape in Australian passerines.

Authors:
Iliana Medina

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 3;9(1):5560. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

School of BioSciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, 3010, VIC, Australia.

Avian nests present great variation in structure but, after excluding cavity nesters, probably the most obvious difference is that between open and domed nests. Some species lay their eggs in open structures, exposed to environmental variables, while other species build domed, enclosed nests with a roof, which are suggested to protect eggs and nestlings from weather conditions, high radiation levels, and predation. To date it is unclear which variables drove the evolution of different nest types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41948-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447541PMC

Exploring the relationship between Big Food corporations and professional sports clubs: a scoping review.

Public Health Nutr 2019 Apr 2:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

1School of Social and Political Sciences,College of Social Sciences,University of Glasgow,27 Bute Gardens,GlasgowG12 8RS,UK.

Objective: Professional sport occupies a prominent cultural position in societies across the globe and commercial organisations make use of this to promote their products. The present scoping review explores existing academic literature on the relationship between professional sports clubs and food and drink marketing and considers how this relationship may impact upon the public's health.

Design: The scoping review searched six databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019000545DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Systematic study of truffles in the genus Ruhlandiella, with the description of two new species from Patagonia.

Mycologia 2019 Apr 1:1-16. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

a Department of Plant Pathology , University of Florida , Gainesville , Florida 32611.

Ruhlandiella is a genus of exothecial, ectomycorrhizal fungi in the order Pezizales. Ascomata of exothecial fungi typically lack a peridium and are covered with a hymenial layer instead. Ruhlandiella species have nonoperculate asci and highly ornamented ascospores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2019.1574490DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Can pre-hospital administration reduce time to initial antibiotic therapy in septic patients?

Emerg Med Australas 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To quantify the potential time saved with pre-hospital antibiotic therapy in sepsis.

Methods: Study data for adult patients transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV), and enrolled into the Australasian Resuscitation In Sepsis Evaluation (ARISE), were linked with pre-hospital electronic records.

Results: An AV record was identified for 240 of 341 ARISE patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.13282DOI Listing

Resolving the invasion paradox: pervasive scale and study dependence in the native-alien species richness relationship.

Ecol Lett 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Bio-Protection Research Centre, Lincoln University, PO Box 84, Lincoln, 7647, New Zealand.

The degree to which plant communities are vulnerable to invasion by alien species has often been assessed using the relationship between native and alien plant species richness (NAR). Variation in the direction and strength of the NAR tends to be negative for small plot sizes and study extents, but positive for large plots and extents. This invasion paradox has been attributed to different processes driving species richness at different spatial scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.13261DOI Listing

Caregiver's readiness for change as a predictor of outcome and attendance in an intervention programme for children and adolescents with obesity: a secondary data analysis.

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 27;9(3):e023195. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective/design: It remains unclear as to the efficacy of readiness for change measurements in child and adolescent obesity intervention programmes. This observational study aimed to determine whether the caregiver's stage of change could predict outcome and adherence to treatment in an intensive intervention programme for children and adolescents with obesity.

Setting: Participants were from the Whānau Pakari randomised clinical trial, a community based multi-disciplinary intervention programme for obesity in Taranaki, New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023195DOI Listing

Fish oil and aspirin effects on arteriovenous fistula function: Secondary outcomes of the randomised omega-3 fatty acids (Fish oils) and Aspirin in Vascular access OUtcomes in REnal Disease (FAVOURED) trial.

PLoS One 2019 26;14(3):e0213274. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) for haemodialysis often experience early thrombosis and maturation failure requiring intervention and/or central venous catheter (CVC) placement. This secondary and exploratory analysis of the FAVOURED study determined whether omega-3 fatty acids (fish oils) or aspirin affected AVF usability, intervention rates and CVC requirements.

Methods: In 567 adult participants planned for AVF creation, all were randomised to fish oil (4g/d) or placebo, and 406 to aspirin (100mg/d) or placebo, starting one day pre-surgery and continued for three months. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0213274PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6435148PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities are dominated by mammalian dispersed truffle-like taxa in north-east Australian woodlands.

Mycorrhiza 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

College of Science and Engineering, Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science, Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, 4878, Australia.

Mycorrhizal fungi are very diverse, including those that produce truffle-like fruiting bodies. Truffle-like fungi are hypogeous and sequestrate (produced below-ground, with an enclosed hymenophore) and rely on animal consumption, mainly by mammals, for spore dispersal. This dependence links mycophagous mammals to mycorrhizal diversity and, assuming truffle-like fungi are important components of mycorrhizal communities, to plant nutrient cycling and ecosystem health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00572-019-00886-2DOI Listing

Climbing adaptations, locomotory disparity and ecological convergence in ancient stem 'kangaroos'.

R Soc Open Sci 2019 Feb 6;6(2):181617. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Museum of Evolution, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 16, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden.

Living kangaroos, wallabies and rat-kangaroos (Macropodoidea) constitute the most ecologically diverse radiation of Australasian marsupials. Indeed, even their hallmark bipedal hopping gait has been variously modified for bounding, walking and climbing. However, the origins of this locomotory adaptability are uncertain because skeletons of the most ancient macropodoids are exceptionally rare. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.181617DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408368PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Multiple habitat use by declining migratory birds necessitates joined-up conservation.

Ecol Evol 2019 Mar 18;9(5):2505-2515. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

School of Biological Sciences University of Queensland St Lucia Queensland Australia.

Many species depend on multiple habitats at different points in space and time. Their effective conservation requires an understanding of how and when each habitat is used, coupled with adequate protection. Migratory shorebirds use intertidal and supratidal wetlands, both of which are affected by coastal landscape change. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4895DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6405493PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

The Prevalence, Impact, and Risk Factors for Persistent Pain After Breast Cancer Surgery in a New Zealand Population.

Pain Med 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective: Few Australasian studies have assessed persistent pain after breast cancer surgery. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence, impact, and risk factors of moderate to severe persistent pain after breast cancer surgery in a New Zealand population.

Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study of patients who underwent breast cancer surgery between six and 48 months previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnz049DOI Listing

Quality and Safety in Aged Care Virtual Issue: What Australian research published in the Australasian Journal on Ageing tells us.

Australas J Ageing 2019 Mar;38(1):E1-E6

Lincoln Centre for Research on Ageing, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To review studies published in the Australasian Journal on Ageing (AJA) about the aged care workforce, and to identify influences on quality of care and potential policy directions.

Methods: Articles in the AJA on the aged care workforce published from 2009 to 2018 were identified, grouped into themes and rated for quality.

Results: Twenty-eight articles were identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajag.12638DOI Listing

What factors contributed to the misconduct of health practitioners? An analysis of Australian cases involving the diversion and supply of pharmaceutical drugs for non-medical use between 2010 and 2016.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Drug Policy Modelling Program, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Introduction And Aims: Increasing quantities of pharmaceutical drugs are used non-medically around the world, including in Australia, resulting in rising harms. This study examines the role of health practitioners (HP) in diversion and the circumstances surrounding their misconduct in Australia.

Design And Methods: Tribunal decisions were obtained from the Australasian Legal Information Institute for 117 complaints against HPs for inappropriately prescribing/supplying or misappropriating drugs, representing a comprehensive search of cases from 2010 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dar.12918DOI Listing

Does adolescent heavier alcohol use predict young adult aggression and delinquency? Parallel analyses from four Australasian cohort studies.

Aggress Behav 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW Australia, Sydney, Australia.

While the association between heavy alcohol consumption and aggression has been well documented, the causal direction of this association, particularly at a population level, is disputed. A number of causal sequences have been proposed. First, that aggression leads to heavy alcohol use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ab.21828DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Is it really safe to cut psychiatric beds in Western Sydney by 15%? A reply to Atkinson et al.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2019 Mar 18:4867419835949. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

5 Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004867419835949DOI Listing
March 2019
3.407 Impact Factor

Alcohol and parenthood: An integrative analysis of the effects of transition to parenthood in three Australasian cohorts.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2019 Apr 13;197:326-334. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Aims: To determine the extent to which the transition to parenthood protects against heavy and problematic alcohol consumption in young men and women.

Design: Integrated participant-level data analysis from three population-based prospective Australasian cohort studies.

Setting: General community; participants from the Australian Temperament Study, the Christchurch Health and Development Study, and the Victorian Adolescent Health Cohort Study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Longitudinal Fibular Deficiency: A Cross-Sectional Study Comparing Lower Limb Function of Children and Young People with That of Unaffected Peers.

Children (Basel) 2019 Mar 15;6(3). Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales 2109, Australia.

Longitudinal fibular deficiency (LFD), or fibular hemimelia, is congenital partial or complete absence of the fibula. We aimed to compare the lower limb function of children and young people with LFD to that of unaffected peers. A cross-sectional study of Australian children and young people with LFD, and of unaffected peers, was undertaken. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/children6030045DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463130PMC

Oral health care: The experience of Australian paediatricians.

J Paediatr Child Health 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim: Many Australian children have dental decay in their deciduous teeth. Poor oral health can negatively impact a child's ability to eat, speak, sleep and socialise, with adverse impacts later in life. Paediatricians are well placed to examine children's teeth and to provide advice and education about oral health. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/jpc.14426
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14426DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Australasian Gastrointestinal Pathology Society (AGPS) consensus guidelines for universal defective mismatch repair testing in colorectal carcinoma.

Pathology 2019 Apr 6;51(3):233-239. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Envoi Specialist Pathologists, Brisbane, Qld, Australia; Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia; Department of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic, Australia. Electronic address:

Lynch syndrome is the most common hereditary form of colorectal carcinoma caused by a constitutional pathogenic mutation in a DNA mismatch repair gene. Identifying Lynch syndrome is essential to initiate intensive surveillance program for the patient and affected relatives. On behalf of the Australasian Gastrointestinal Pathology Society (AGPS), we present in this manuscript consensus guidelines for Lynch syndrome screening in patients with colorectal carcinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pathol.2018.11.014DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

The Apolipoprotein E4 polymorphism and outcomes from traumatic brain injury: a living systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Neurotrauma 2019 Mar 8. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

University of Cambridge, Head, Division of Anaesthesia, Cambridge, Cambs, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ;

The mortality of traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been largely static despite advances in monitoring and imaging techniques. Substantial variance exists in outcome, not fully accounted for by baseline characteristics or injury severity, and genetic factors likely play a role in this variance. The aims of this systematic review were to examine the evidence for a link between the Apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) polymorphism and TBI outcomes and, where possible, to quantify the effect size via meta-analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2018.6052DOI Listing

Clinical practice visits: a rapid review.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Surgery, Middlemore Hospital, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Practice visits are a peer review activity where one or more healthcare providers visit the practice of another in the same field. The purpose of this exercise is for visitors to observe and review a host's practice in a non-punitive manner and provide them with constructive feedback as required; ultimately to improve practice quality and patient care.

Methods: A rapid review of three biomedical databases was conducted to identify relevant literature published up until 9 April 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15051DOI Listing

Measuring 21 low-value hospital procedures: claims analysis of Australian private health insurance data (2010-2014).

BMJ Open 2019 Mar 5;9(3):e024142. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Menzies Centre for Health Policy, University of Sydney School of Public Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To examine the prevalence, costs and trends (2010-2014) for 21 low-value inpatient procedures in a privately insured Australian patient cohort.

Design: We developed indicators for 21 low-value procedures from evidence-based lists such as Choosing Wisely, and applied them to a claims data set of hospital admissions. We used narrow and broad indicators where multiple low-value procedure definitions exist. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6429894PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

A quantitative model to predict pathogenicity of missense variants in the TP53 gene.

Hum Mutat 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Germline pathogenic variants in the TP53 gene cause Li-Fraumeni syndrome, a condition that predisposes individuals to a wide range of cancer types. Identification of individuals carrying a TP53 pathogenic variant is linked to clinical management decisions, such as the avoidance of radiotherapy and use of high-intensity screening programs. The aim of this study was to develop an evidence-based quantitative model that integrates independent in silico data (Align-GVGD and BayesDel) and somatic to germline ratio (SGR), to assign pathogenicity to every possible missense variant in the TP53 gene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.23739DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The Paediatric electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration (PaedePPOC): establishment of a binational system for benchmarking children's persistent pain services.

Pain 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Australian Health Services Research Institute, Faculty of Business, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Chronic or persistent pain is a growing global health problem. Effective management of pain emerging in childhood may prevent long-term health and vocational consequences. Internationally, paediatric pain services are a limited resource and, as such, must strive to improve equity, outcomes, and value for money. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001548DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Effect of centre and patient related factors on uptake of haemodiafiltration in australia and new zealand: A Cohort study using anzdata.

Nephrology (Carlton) 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Centre for Transplant and Renal Research, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Australia.

Background: The use of haemodiafiltration (HDF) for management of patients with end-stage kidney failure is increasing worldwide. Factors associated with HDF use have not been studied and may vary in different countries and jurisdictions. The aim of this study was to document the pattern of increase and variability in uptake of HDF in Australia and New Zealand, and to describe patient- and centre-related factors associated with its use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nep.13574DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Searching for the link; mechanisms underlying liver regeneration and recurrence of colorectal liver metastasis post partial hepatectomy.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Mar 3. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Surgery, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Despite excellent treatment of primary colorectal cancer, the majority of deaths occur as a result of metastasis to the liver. Recent population studies have estimated that one quarter of patients with colorectal cancer will incur synchronous or metachronous colorectal liver metastasis. However, only one quarter of these patients will be eligible for potentially curative resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgh.14644DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Scholarship Program evaluation snapshot: success breeds success.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Mar;89(3):146-147

Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.14888DOI Listing

Foundation for Surgery scholarship programme: a flagship of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

Authors:
Ian C Bennett

ANZ J Surg 2019 Mar;89(3):143-144

Department of Surgery, The University of Queensland, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.14972DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

A search for trachoma in Timor-Leste: no evidence to justify undertaking population-based prevalence surveys.

Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2018 Dec;25(sup1):131-137

j Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases , World Health Organization , Geneva , Switzerland.

Purpose: We sought evidence to justify undertaking population-based trachoma surveys in Timor-Leste, believing that in the absence of such evidence, the country could be categorized as not needing interventions to eliminate trachoma.

Methods: We undertook a systematic review of published literature on trachoma in Timor-Leste, with results updated to 28 April 2018. We also undertook a series of clinic- and field-based screening exercises, consisting of: (1) in October 2015, conjunctival examination of all children attending a school in Vila, Atauro Island; (2) from 1 November 2016 to 30 April 2017, examination for trichiasis, by specifically-trained frontline eye workers, of all individuals presenting to the ophthalmic clinics of six referral hospitals and five district eye clinics; and (3) house-to-house case searches in a total of 110 households, drawn from three communities that were reported by investigators from the 2016 Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) to include residents with trachoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09286586.2018.1545037DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Gender differences in Australasian ophthalmologists' experiences of the workplace.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019 Feb 22. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Importance: Gender differences were identified in experiences of the workplace and family responsibilities amongst Australian and New Zealand ophthalmologists.

Background: To survey ophthalmologists regarding their balance of career, family and workplace experiences and to identify gender differences.

Design: Online questionnaire sent to 1000 randomly selected Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists (RANZCO) Fellows in 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ceo.13487DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read