4,597 results match your criteria Australasian Plant Pathology[Journal]

Advancing leadership in Australasian emergency medicine: Taking stock and looking ahead.

Emerg Med Australas 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Since 2018, the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine has collaborated with the Swinburne University of Technology on a research project to understand and enhance the leadership capacity of emergency physicians, beginning with Australasian Directors of Emergency Medicine (DEMs). Over the last 3 years, this research programme has revealed the complexity of leadership in emergency medicine, illuminating the strengths and limitations of extant research and suggesting promising new directions for emergency medicine leadership and leadership development research. This programme has also shed new light on the knowledge, skills and abilities that DEMs need to develop to catalyse change in the systems where DEMs practice both medicine and leadership. Read More

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Elective abdominal wall hernia repair surgical mortality-A systematic review of the literature and peer review of mortality in Australia.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Surgery, The University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: This study systematically reviewed the literature regarding perioperative mortality in human adults undergoing elective surgical abdominal wall hernia repair, including an audit of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) Australian and New Zealand Audit of Surgical Mortality (ANZASM) database.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA guidelines for the reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analysis of observational studies. Cochrane Library, PubMed, MEDLINE and Embase database searches and data extraction were conducted from June 1979 to October 2019. Read More

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An Evaluation of Gaming-Related Harms in Relation to Gaming Disorder and Loot Box Involvement.

Int J Ment Health Addict 2021 Jun 7:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

College of Education, Psychology and Social Work, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.

The specific nature of harm and functional impairment in the context of gaming disorder (GD) has received limited attention. In this study, we present one of the first concerted attempts to measure the types and degree of harm experienced by people displaying signs of problem gaming. Attempts were made to assess the extent to which types of harm were attributable to gaming as opposed to other factors. Read More

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One small step: starting a career in surgical research during COVID-19.

ANZ J Surg 2021 06;91(6):1059-1060

University of Adelaide, Discipline of Surgery, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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ANZ Journal of Surgery: soon to make the shift from print to digital publishing.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Jun;91(6):1051

Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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Emergency clinicians' knowledge, preparedness and experiences of managing COVID-19 during the 2020 global pandemic in Australian healthcare settings.

Australas Emerg Care 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia; Susan Wakil School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia; New South Wales Biocontainment Centre and Department of Infectious Diseases and Sexual Health, Westmead Hospital, Western Sydney Local Health District, Westmead, NSW, Australia; Nursing, Midwifery and Clinical Governance Directorate, Western Sydney Local Health District, Westmead, NSW, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Emergency clinicians have a crucial role during public health emergencies and have been at the frontline during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study examined the knowledge, preparedness and experiences of Australian emergency nurses, emergency physicians and paramedics in managing COVID-19.

Methods: A voluntary cross-sectional study of members of the College of Emergency Nursing Australasia, the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, and the Australasian College of Paramedicine was conducted using an online survey (June-September 2020). Read More

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Far eastern curlew and whimbrel prefer flying low - wind support and good visibility appear only secondary factors in determining migratory flight altitude.

Mov Ecol 2021 Jun 13;9(1):32. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Centre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Science, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Background: In-flight conditions are hypothesized to influence the timing and success of long-distance migration. Wind assistance and thermal uplift are thought to reduce the energetic costs of flight, humidity, air pressure and temperature may affect the migrants' water balance, and clouds may impede navigation. Recent advances in animal-borne long-distance tracking enable evaluating the importance of these factors in determining animals' flight altitude. Read More

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Evaluation of the utility of early routine computed tomography angiography in subarachnoid hemorrhage patient outcomes.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Jul 10;89:133-138. Epub 2021 May 10.

Neurosurgical Service, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: The role of an early CTA approach in neurologically stable patients with nontraumatic SAH has not been assessed. This study explored the use of CTA in clinically stable SAH patients to pre-emptively identify cerebral vasospasm, to evaluate whether this approach is associated with improved clinical outcomes.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of SAH patients presenting between July 2007 and December 2016 in a single academic center. Read More

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Vulval lichen sclerosus: An Australasian management consensus.

Australas J Dermatol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Northern Clinical School, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

Background/objectives: Vulval lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition predominantly affecting the anogenital region in women and children. To date, there is lack of agreement amongst experts on a severity scale to aid assessment, research and treatment stratification on VLS. Furthermore, literature on best practice for long-term management of VLS is lacking. Read More

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Infection related mortality in adults and children undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation: An Australian registry report.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

National Centre for Infection in Cancer, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Australia; Department of Infectious Diseases, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Australia; Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia.

Background: Infection related mortality (IRM) is the most common non-relapse mortality reported post allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Information on the incidence and timing of specific infective organisms and the risk factors for IRM is essential to developing prevention strategies.

Objective: This report provides the first account of IRM in adults and children undergoing HCT in Australia. Read More

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Personalizing First-Line Systemic Therapy in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Is There a Role for Initial Low-Intensity Therapy in 2021 and Beyond? A Perspective From Members of the Australasian Gastrointestinal Trials Group.

Clin Colorectal Cancer 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Medical Oncology, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia.

Palliative chemotherapy is the cornerstone of treatment for the majority of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, with the aim of increasing length and quality of life. Although guidelines outline the available treatment options in the first line, they provide limited guidance on choice and intensity of the chemotherapy backbone. Data from the TRIBE and TRIBE2 studies confirm a survival benefit with triplet FOLFOXIRI and bevacizumab, and this is a preferred option for younger patients with good performance status able to tolerate it. Read More

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Improving the safety of distracted pedestrians with in-ground flashing lights. A railway crossing field study.

J Safety Res 2021 06 30;77:170-181. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Optometry and Vision Science, Australia.

Introduction: Current signage at intersections is designed for attentive pedestrians who are looking ahead. Such signage may not be sufficient when distracted by smartphones. Illuminated in-ground LED lights at crossings are an innovative solution to alert distracted pedestrians. Read More

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Recent aspects on epidemiology, clinical disease, and genetic diversity of Toxoplasma gondii infections in Australasian marsupials.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jun 5;14(1):301. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Molecular Parasitology Section, Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20895, USA.

Background: Toxoplasma gondii infections are common in humans and animals worldwide. Among all intermediate hosts of T. gondii, captive marsupials from Australia and New Zealand are highly susceptible to clinical toxoplasmosis. Read More

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The impact of different responses to negative body talk on body satisfaction, shame, and future fat talk likelihood: A UK sample.

Body Image 2021 Jun 1;38:325-333. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

School of Psychology, Counselling, and Psychotherapy, The Cairnmillar Institute, Australia. Electronic address:

A recent online experiment found that, following a negative body talk induction task, receiving a response of ignoring the comment, compared with reassuring, reciprocating, and challenging, led to worse body satisfaction and socio-emotional outcomes for Australian women. The current online study aimed to replicate and extend this study by examining the effects of these four negative body talk responses on body satisfaction, shame, and future negative body talk likelihood in UK-based women. Participants (N = 156, M = 25. Read More

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Implementation of 3D conformal radiotherapy technology at the National Cancer Centre Mongolia: A successful Asia-Pacific collaborative initiative.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Canterbury Regional Cancer and Haematology Service, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Introduction: Mongolia has a population of 3.3 million and is classified by the WHO as a lower middle-income country. Cancer is now a major public health issue and one of the leading causes of mortality. Read More

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Evidence-based update on Australasian pharmaceutical prescribing approaches for recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC) is a subtype of vulvovaginal candidiasis, with debilitating effects on physical and emotional well-being affecting up to 10% of Australian women. Current evidence suggests that the induction and maintenance approach for RVVC is not particularly effective with post-treatment relapse rates as high as 57%. Frequently accessed Australasian RVVC prescribing resources and guidelines were examined showing a variety of adaptations of current evidence-based induction and maintenance therapies, making it difficult to select best treatment in clinical practice. Read More

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A Blue-Enriched, Increased Intensity Light Intervention to Improve Alertness and Performance in Rotating Night Shift Workers in an Operational Setting.

Nat Sci Sleep 2021 24;13:647-657. Epub 2021 May 24.

Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose: This study examined the efficacy of a lighting intervention that increased both light intensity and short-wavelength (blue) light content to improve alertness, performance and mood in night shift workers in a chemical plant.

Patients And Methods: During rostered night shifts, 28 workers (46.0±10. Read More

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Captopril, a Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitor, Attenuates Features of Tumor Invasion and Down-Regulates C-Myc Expression in a Mouse Model of Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastasis.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 31;13(11). Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Surgery, Austin Health Precinct, The University of Melbourne, Austin Health, Lance Townsend Building, Level 8, 145 Studley Road, Heidelberg, VIC 3084, Australia.

(1) Background: Recent clinical and experimental data suggests that the liver's regenerative response following partial hepatectomy can stimulate tumor recurrence in the liver remnant. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway plays important roles in both colorectal cancer carcinogenesis and liver regeneration. Studies have shown that the Wnt/β-catenin pathway regulates multiple renin-angiotensin system (RAS) genes, whilst RAS inhibition (RASi) reduces tumor burden and progression. Read More

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NADomics: Measuring NAD and Related Metabolites Using Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry.

Life (Basel) 2021 May 31;11(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

School of Medical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia.

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and its metabolome (NADome) play important roles in preserving cellular homeostasis. Altered levels of the NADome may represent a likely indicator of poor metabolic function. Accurate measurement of the NADome is crucial for biochemical research and developing interventions for ageing and neurodegenerative diseases. Read More

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Methodical Design of Viral Vaccines Based on Avant-Garde Nanocarriers: A Multi-Domain Narrative Review.

Biomedicines 2021 May 6;9(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Supreme NanoBiotics Co. Ltd. and Supreme Pharmatech Co. Ltd., 399/90-95 Moo 13 Kingkaew Rd. Soi 25/1, T. Rachateva, A. Bangplee, Samutprakan 10540, Thailand.

The current health crisis caused by coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) and associated pathogens emphasize the urgent need for vaccine systems that can generate protective and long-lasting immune responses. Vaccination, employing peptides, nucleic acids, and other molecules, or using pathogen-based strategies, in fact, is one of the most potent approaches in the management of viral diseases. However, the vaccine candidate requires protection from degradation and precise delivery to the target cells. Read More

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The ADIPS Pilot National Diabetes in Pregnancy Benchmarking Programme.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 4;18(9). Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, 2560 Sydney, Australia.

Background: To test the feasibility of benchmarking the care of women with pregnancies complicated by hyperglycaemia.

Methods: A retrospective audit of volunteer diabetes services in Australia and New Zealand involving singleton pregnancies resulting in live births between 2014 and 2020. Ranges are shown and compared across services. Read More

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Variation in Peritoneal Dialysis-Related Peritonitis Outcomes in the Peritoneal Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (PDOPPS).

Am J Kidney Dis 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Division of Nephrology, St. Michael's Hospital and the Keenan Research Center in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Rationale & Objective: Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis is a significant PD-related complication. We describe the likelihood of cure following a peritonitis episode, exploring its association with various patient, peritonitis, and treatment characteristics.

Study Design: Observational prospective cohort study. Read More

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Genetic characterization of an H5N6 avian influenza virus with multiple origins from a chicken in southern China, October 2019.

BMC Vet Res 2021 May 28;17(1):200. Epub 2021 May 28.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, 330045, Jiangxi, China.

Background: Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) of H5 subtype pose a great threat to the poultry industry and human health. In recent years, H5N6 subtype has rapidly replaced H5N1 as the most predominate HPAIV subtype circulating in domestic poultry in China. In this study, we describe the genetic and phylogenetic characteristics of a prevalent H5N6 strain in Guangdong, China. Read More

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Not all that glitters is cancer: Not all enlarged lateral pelvic mass is a metastasis.

ANZ J Surg 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

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Acute oxygen use in hospitalised patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is guideline discordant.

Intern Med J 2021 May;51(5):780-783

Monash Lung and Sleep, Monash Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Ample evidence supports an association between acute oxygen over-administration and harm. Australian and international guidelines consistently recommend lower oxygen saturation aims in populations with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We assessed adherence to acute oxygen use guidelines and outcomes in hospitalised patients with COPD at a large Australian metropolitan hospital network. Read More

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Surgeons' Responses to a Surgical Mortality Audit: Accepting and Improving: A Cross Sectional Survey.

J Surg Res 2021 May 24;266:306-310. Epub 2021 May 24.

Queensland Audit of Surgical Mortality (QASM), Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Surgeons strive to provide the best care possible to their patients. The Australian and New Zealand Audit of Surgical Mortality is a process for improving surgical care and outcomes via peer-review assessment of mortality cases. This article examines the acceptability of the assessments to Queensland surgeons, in addition to examining their impact on surgical care. Read More

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Childhood cancer mortality trends in the Americas and Australasia: An update to 2017.

Cancer 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences L. Sacco, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Background: Marked reductions in childhood cancer mortality occurred over the last decades in high-income countries and, to a lesser degree, in middle-income countries. This study aimed to monitor mortality trends in the Americas and Australasia, focusing on areas showing unsatisfactory trends.

Methods: Age-standardized mortality rates per 100,000 children (aged 0-14 years) from 1990 to 2017 (or the last available calendar year) were computed for all neoplasms and 8 leading childhood cancers in countries from the Americas and Australasia, using data from the World Health Organization database. Read More

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Patient-reported outcome measures for pain in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: A systematic review.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(5):e0252479. Epub 2021 May 27.

Australasian Kidney Trials Network, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Pain is a common symptom in people with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), but it is assessed and reported inconsistently in research, and the validity of the measures remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics, content, and psychometric properties of measures for pain used in ADPKD. We conducted a systematic review including all trials and observational studies that reported pain in people with ADPKD. Read More

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Outcomes collected in female pelvic floor surgical procedure registries and databases: a scoping review.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, 3004, Australia.

Introduction And Hypothesis: The objective was to overview the literature on the existing pelvic floor procedure registries and databases and to identify patient demographic, clinical and/or patient-reported data items for inclusion in the Australasian Pelvic Floor Procedure Registry (APFPR) Minimum Data Set (MDS).

Methods: We conducted a literature search on the MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and PsycINFO databases in addition to Google Scholar and grey literature to identify studies in the period January 2008 to January 2020. All were English studies of registries and databases on female adults undergoing surgery for pelvic floor disorders including stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Read More

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Description of the growth hormone gene of the Australasian snapper, Chrysophrys auratus, and associated intra- and interspecific genetic variation.

J Fish Biol 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.

The growth hormone (GH) gene of the marine teleost, the Australasian snapper (Chrysophrys auratus), was identified and characterized from the reference genome showing it was approximately 5577 bp in length and consisted of six exons and five introns. Large polymorphic repeat regions were found in the first and third introns, and putative transcription factor binding sites were identified. Phylogenetic analysis of the GH genes of perciform fish showed largely conserved coding regions and highly variable noncoding regions among species. Read More

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