300 results match your criteria Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences In Medicine[Journal]


Total body irradiation in Australia and New Zealand: results of a practice survey.

Phys Eng Sci Med 2020 Jul 1. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

The Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Grattan St, Melbourne, 3000, Australia.

Total body irradiation (TBI) is an important treatment modality for the preparation of patients for bone marrow transplants. It is technically challenging and the actual delivery may vary from clinic to clinic. Knowledge of the pattern of practice may be helpful for clinics to determine future practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13246-020-00878-zDOI Listing

Global consensus on nutritional rickets: Implications for Australia.

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 Jun;56(6):841-846

Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Children's Hospital Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

In 2016, a global consensus on the prevention, diagnosis and management of nutritional rickets was published. The bone and mineral working group of the Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group provides a summary and highlights differences to previous Australian and New Zealand (ANZ) guidelines on vitamin D deficiency and their implications for clinicians. Key points are: (i) The International Consensus document is focused on nutritional rickets, whereas the ANZ guidelines were focused on vitamin D deficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14941DOI Listing

Cost comparison of five Australasian obesity prevention interventions for children aged from birth to two years.

Pediatr Obes 2020 Jun 18:e12684. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Centre for Research Excellence in Early Prevention of Obesity in Childhood, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: In the absence of rigorous evidence of cost-effectiveness for early childhood obesity prevention interventions, the next-best option may be for decision-makers to consider the relevant costs of interventions when allocating resources.

Objectives: This study aimed to estimate systematically the cost of five obesity prevention interventions in children aged 0-2 years, undertaken in research settings in Australia and New Zealand.

Methods: A standardised costing protocol informed the costing methodology, ensuring comparability of results across interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12684DOI Listing

Minocycline for the treatment of mental health and neurological conditions: study protocol of a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2020 Mar 19;10(3):e035080. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

The Institute for Mental and Physical Health and Clinical Translation, Deakin University, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Due to the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic properties of minocycline, clinical trials have evaluated the potential of this drug to treat several psychiatric and neurological disorders, including major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, stroke and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. This protocol proposes a systematic review (and potential meta-analysis) that aims to identify and critically evaluate randomised controlled trials of minocycline for treating psychiatric and neurological disorders.

Methods And Analysis: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, PsycINFO and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) will be used to identify randomised controlled trials that used minocycline to treat psychiatric and neurological disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7103827PMC

Developing a contextualised blended learning framework to enhance medical physics student learning and engagement.

Phys Med 2020 Apr 17;72:22-29. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

As a specialist field of study, medical physicists require a broad range of knowledge and skills to operate competently in their workplace. In Australia, these competencies are accredited by the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM). Education and training for medical physicists therefore consists of an exhaustive range of knowledge areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2020.03.010DOI Listing

Health-related quality-of-life in children with cystic fibrosis aged 5-years and associations with health outcomes.

J Cyst Fibros 2020 May 9;19(3):483-491. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Queensland Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia; Centre for Children's Health Research, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: The impact of early cystic fibrosis (CF) on health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) in preschool children is poorly characterised, and data on relationships between HRQOL and health outcomes in young children with CF are limited. We aimed to characterise and compare parent-proxy and child-reported HRQOL and evaluate relationships with clinical outcomes at age 5-years.

Methods: Subjects were participating in the multi-centre Australasian Cystic Fibrosis Bronchoalveolar Lavage (ACFBAL) trial investigating BAL-directed versus standard CF therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcf.2020.02.022DOI Listing

Macroevolutionary bursts and constraints generate a rainbow in a clade of tropical birds.

BMC Evol Biol 2020 02 24;20(1):32. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Ornithology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY, 10024, USA.

Background: Bird plumage exhibits a diversity of colors that serve functional roles ranging from signaling to camouflage and thermoregulation. However, birds must maintain a balance between evolving colorful signals to attract mates, minimizing conspicuousness to predators, and optimizing adaptation to climate conditions. Examining plumage color macroevolution provides a framework for understanding this dynamic interplay over phylogenetic scales. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12862-020-1577-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7041239PMC
February 2020

A global survey of surgeons' preferences and practice with regard to laxative use after elective colorectal surgery.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2020 Apr 31;35(4):759-763. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Port Road, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia.

Purpose: The role of laxatives after elective colorectal surgery is unclear, resulting in heterogenous guidelines and variability in clinical practice. This study aimed to gauge surgeons' preferences and practice with regard to laxative use following elective colorectal surgery.

Methods: A short one-minute anonymous web-based questionnaire designed in English and Chinese (Mandarin) using the Research Electronic Data Capture application (REDCap) was distributed to member surgeons of every identifiable international colorectal specialist society via email communication, physical newsletters and social media channels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-020-03521-1DOI Listing

Effectiveness of non-pharmacological strategies in the management of type 2 diabetes in primary care: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2020 01 12;10(1):e034481. Epub 2020 Jan 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, São Paulo State University/UNESP, Medical School, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil

Introduction: Despite the increasing number of drugs and various guidelines on the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), several patients continue with the disease uncontrolled. There are several non-pharmacological treatments available for managing T2DM, but various of them have never been compared directly to determine the best strategies.

Objective: This study will evaluate the comparative effects of non-pharmacological strategies in the management of T2DM in primary care or community settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-034481DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7045081PMC
January 2020

Australasian radiographers' choices of immobilisation strategies for paediatric radiological examinations.

Radiography (Lond) 2020 02 27;26(1):27-34. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Discipline of Medical Radiation Sciences, School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia, 6845, Australia; School of Health Sciences (HESAV), University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO), Av. de Beaumont 21, 1011, Lausanne, Switzerland; CISP - Centro de Investigação em Saúde Pública, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Portugal. Electronic address:

Introduction: Immobilisation may be necessary to ensure patient safety and examination success in paediatric medical imaging. Little guidance exists regarding the selection of different immobilisation methods. The purpose of this study was to explore radiographers' selection of immobilisation methods in paediatric medical imaging and the influences on their choices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2019.06.003DOI Listing
February 2020

Physical activity for people with chronic kidney disease: an international survey of nephrologist practice patterns and research priorities.

BMJ Open 2019 12 18;9(12):e032322. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Objectives: People with chronic kidney diseases (CKD) have identified exercise as a research priority. To inform the research agenda, we surveyed nephrologists on their practice patterns, available resources and research priorities for exercise and physical activity (PA) in CKD.

Design: Cross-sectional international survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032322DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936996PMC
December 2019

Excessive Weight Gain Before and During Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Management: What Is the Impact?

Diabetes Care 2020 01 5;43(1):74-81. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Diabetes Centre, Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: Conventional gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) management focuses on managing blood glucose in order to prevent adverse outcomes. We hypothesized that excessive weight gain at first presentation with GDM (excessive gestational weight gain [EGWG]) and continued EGWG (cEGWG) after commencing GDM management would increase the risk of adverse outcomes, despite treatment to optimize glycemia.

Research Design And Methods: Data collected prospectively from pregnant women with GDM at a single institution were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc19-0800DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

Immersion pulmonary edema: case reports from Oceania.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2019 Sep - Dec - Fourth Quarter;46(5):581-601

Department of Public Health and Preventative Medicine, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: We aimed to document identified cases of immersion pulmonary edema (IPE) in divers from Oceania (the Indo-Pacific region) from January 2002 to May 2018, inclusive.

Method: Cases were identified using various sources, including searches of the Divers Alert Network Asia-Pacific (DAN AP) Fatality Database, published case reports, and interviews with survivors who had reported their incident to DAN AP. Where available, investigations, pathology and autopsy results were obtained. Read More

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November 2019

Health outcomes of iron supplementation and/or food fortification in iron-replete children aged 4-24 months: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Syst Rev 2019 11 1;8(1):253. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity at The University of Melbourne, 792 Elizabeth Street, Melbourne, VIC, 3000, Australia.

Background: Direct supplementation or food fortification with iron are two public health initiatives intended to reduce the prevalence of iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) in 4-24-month-old infants. In most high-income countries where IDA prevalence is < 15%, the recommended daily intake levels of iron from supplements and/or consumption of fortified food products are at odds with World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines that recommend shorter-term (3 months/year) supplementation only in populations with IDA prevalence > 40%. Emerging concerns about delayed neurological effects of early-life iron overexposure have raised questions as to whether recommended guidelines in high-income countries are unnecessarily excessive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-019-1185-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6824107PMC
November 2019

Cerebral Palsy: Early Markers of Clinical Phenotype and Functional Outcome.

J Clin Med 2019 Oct 4;8(10). Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Research Unit iDN, Division of Phoniatrics, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria.

The Prechtl General Movement Assessment (GMA) has become a cornerstone assessment in early identification of cerebral palsy (CP), particularly during the fidgety movement period at 3-5 months of age. Additionally, assessment of motor repertoire, such as antigravity movements and postural patterns, which form the Motor Optimality Score (MOS), may provide insight into an infant's later motor function. This study aimed to identify early specific markers for ambulation, gross motor function (using the Gross Motor Function Classification System, GMFCS), topography (unilateral, bilateral), and type (spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, and hypotonic) of CP in a large worldwide cohort of 468 infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8101616DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6833082PMC
October 2019
13 Reads

Lifestyle interventions for mental health.

Authors:
Sam Manger

Aust J Gen Pract 2019 10;48(10):670-673

MBBS, BSc, FRACGP, FASLM, General Practitioner, Qld; President, The Australasian Society of Lifestyle Medicine (pro bono), Vic; Host, The GP Show Podcast (pro bono), Qld.

Background: Mental illness is the single most common reason for patient visits to a general practitioner (GP). Prevalent mental illnesses include major depression disorder and dysthymia, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorders and schizophrenia. Patients with severe mental illness have a 10-20-year shorter life expectancy when compared with the general population, primarily due to physical chronic disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31128/AJGP-06-19-4964DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

The high prevalence and impact of rheumatic heart disease in pregnancy in First Nations populations in a high-income setting: a prospective cohort study.

BJOG 2020 01 9;127(1):47-56. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

National Women's Health, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective: To describe the epidemiology of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in pregnancy in Australia and New Zealand (A&NZ).

Design: Prospective population-based study.

Setting: Hospital-based maternity units throughout A&NZ. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15938DOI Listing
January 2020
1 Read

In the Eye of the Beholder: Changes in Perceived Emotion Expression after Smile Reanimation.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2019 08;144(2):457-471

Boston, Mass.; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; and Groningen, The Netherlands From the Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical School; the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and University of Sydney; and the Department of Plastic Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen and University of Groningen.

Background: Tools to quantify layperson assessments of facial palsy are lacking. In this study, artificial intelligence was applied to develop a proxy for layperson assessments, and compare sensitivity to existing outcome measures.

Methods: Artificially intelligent emotion detection software was used to develop the emotionality quotient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0000000000005865DOI Listing
August 2019
1 Read

Towards Sustainable Environmental Quality: Priority Research Questions for the Australasian Region of Oceania.

Integr Environ Assess Manag 2019 Nov 13;15(6):917-935. Epub 2019 Sep 13.

Baylor University, Waco, Texas, USA.

Environmental challenges persist across the world, including the Australasian region of Oceania, where biodiversity hotspots and unique ecosystems such as the Great Barrier Reef are common. These systems are routinely affected by multiple stressors from anthropogenic activities, and increasingly influenced by global megatrends (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ieam.4180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6899907PMC
November 2019

Complexities of conducting research in adolescent refugees resettling in Australia.

J Paediatr Child Health 2019 Aug 22;55(8):890-894. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

Refugee Health Service, Perth Children's Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Adolescent refugees resettling in Australia are a vulnerable and marginalised population. Dedicated research to help better understand their health-care needs remains scarce. There are multiple complexities which may deter health professionals from conducting research with this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.14550DOI Listing
August 2019
3 Reads

Wearable devices for cardiac arrhythmia detection: a new contender?

Intern Med J 2019 05;49(5):570-573

Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

There has been increased consumer uptake of smart devices and wearable technology. They facilitate non-invasive, ambulatory assessment of numerous cardiac indices, including the heart rate and rhythm. Several studies have reported on the utility and deficiencies of these devices in identifying and monitoring cardiac arrhythmias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imj.14274DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Social Complexity and Brain Evolution: Comparative Analysis of Modularity and Integration in Ant Brain Organization.

Brain Behav Evol 2019 12;93(1):4-18. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Graduate Program for Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

The behavioral demands of living in social groups have been linked to the evolution of brain size and structure, but how social organization shapes investment and connectivity within and among functionally specialized brain regions remains unclear. To understand the influence of sociality on brain evolution in ants, a premier clade of eusocial insects, we statistically analyzed patterns of brain region size covariation as a proxy for brain region connectivity. We investigated brain structure covariance in young and old workers of two formicine ants, the Australasian weaver ant Oecophylla smaragdina, a pinnacle of social complexity in insects, and its socially basic sister clade Formica subsericea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497267DOI Listing
January 2020

Caregiver's readiness for change as a predictor of outcome and attendance in an intervention programme for children and adolescents with obesity: a secondary data analysis.

BMJ Open 2019 03 27;9(3):e023195. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective/design: It remains unclear as to the efficacy of readiness for change measurements in child and adolescent obesity intervention programmes. This observational study aimed to determine whether the caregiver's stage of change could predict outcome and adherence to treatment in an intensive intervention programme for children and adolescents with obesity.

Setting: Participants were from the Whānau Pakari randomised clinical trial, a community based multi-disciplinary intervention programme for obesity in Taranaki, New Zealand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023195DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6475337PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

The Prevalence, Impact, and Risk Factors for Persistent Pain After Breast Cancer Surgery in a New Zealand Population.

Pain Med 2019 09;20(9):1803-1814

Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective: Few Australasian studies have assessed persistent pain after breast cancer surgery. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence, impact, and risk factors of moderate to severe persistent pain after breast cancer surgery in a New Zealand population.

Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study of patients who underwent breast cancer surgery between six and 48 months previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pm/pnz049DOI Listing
September 2019
3 Reads

The Paediatric electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration (PaedePPOC): establishment of a binational system for benchmarking children's persistent pain services.

Pain 2019 07;160(7):1572-1585

Australian Health Services Research Institute, Faculty of Business, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Chronic or persistent pain is a growing global health problem. Effective management of pain emerging in childhood may prevent long-term health and vocational consequences. Internationally, paediatric pain services are a limited resource and, as such, must strive to improve equity, outcomes, and value for money. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001548DOI Listing
July 2019
1 Read

Filling the gaps: descriptions of unnamed species included in the latest molecular phylogeny of Pholcidae (Araneae).

Zootaxa 2019 Jan 22;4546(1):1-96. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Alexander Koenig Research Museum of Zoology, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany..

This paper provides formal descriptions of some of the unnamed taxa that were included in the most recent molecular phylogeny of pholcid spiders (Eberle et al. 2018, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 18, 141). The focus is on new genera and on species that belong to recently revised genera. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4546.1.1DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Cross-sectional comparison of health-related quality of life and other features in people with and without objective and subjective binge eating using a general population sample.

BMJ Open 2019 02 20;9(2):e024227. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Translational Health Research Institure, School of Medicine, Western Sydney, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia.

Objectives: Evidence suggests that while objective binge eating (OBE) and subjective binge eating (SBE) differ in the amount of food consumed, both are associated with impairment in people with eating disorders. However, only OBE is accounted for in the diagnostic criteria of eating disorders. This study compared the sociodemographic profile and burden of OBE versus SBE at a population level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398903PMC
February 2019

Mitogenomic evidence of close relationships between New Zealand's extinct giant raptors and small-sized Australian sister-taxa.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2019 05 10;134:122-128. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Canterbury Museum, 8013 Christchurch, New Zealand.

Prior to human arrival in the 13th century, two large birds of prey were the top predators in New Zealand. In the absence of non-volant mammals, the extinct Haast's eagle (Hieraaetus moorei), the largest eagle in the world, and the extinct Eyles' harrier (Circus teauteensis) the largest harrier in the world, had filled ecological niches that are on other landmasses occupied by animals such as large cats or canines. The evolutionary and biogeographic history of these island giants has long been a mystery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.01.026DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Craniofacial morphology and soft tissue profile outcomes for complete unilateral and complete bilateral cleft lip and palate in New Zealand.

Orthod Craniofac Res 2019 Aug 3;22(3):139-146. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Faculty of Health Science and Medicine, Department of Paediatrics, Child and Youth Health, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective: (a) To establish baseline lateral craniofacial morphology and soft tissue profile outcomes for New Zealand children with complete unilateral and complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP/CBCLP) and determine differences in relation to demographic characteristics including cleft type, sex and ethnicity and (b) To compare these outcomes to similar international studies.

Settings And Sample Population: Nation-wide prospective and retrospective cephalometric analysis of 76 patients with CUCLP and 23 patients with CBCLP pre-secondary alveolar bone graft.

Materials And Methods: Assessment was undertaken by three experienced orthodontists blinded to patient identity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ocr.12294DOI Listing
August 2019
4 Reads

ASID/ACIPC position statement - Infection control for patients with Clostridium difficile infection in healthcare facilities.

Infect Dis Health 2019 02 17;24(1):32-43. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Health Pathology, NSW, Australia; Hunter New England Health, NSW, Australia; School of Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Background: In 2011, the Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases (ASID) and the Australian Infection Control Association (AICA), now known as the Australasian College of Infection Prevention and Control (ACIPC), produced a position statement on infection control requirements for preventing and controlling Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in healthcare settings.

Methods: The statement updated in 2017 to reflect new literature available .The authors reviewed the 2011 position statement and critically appraised new literature published between 2011 and 2017 and relevant current infection control guidelines to identify where new evidence had become available or best practice had changed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idh.2018.10.001DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Identifying patient-important outcomes in polycystic kidney disease: An international nominal group technique study.

Nephrology (Carlton) 2019 Dec 2;24(12):1214-1224. Epub 2019 May 2.

Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim: Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) are at increased risk of premature mortality, morbidities and complications, which severely impair quality of life. However, patient-centered outcomes are not consistently reported in trials in ADPKD, which can limit shared decision-making. We aimed to identify outcomes important to patients and caregivers and the reasons for their priorities. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/nep.13566
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nep.13566DOI Listing
December 2019
73 Reads

Dietary assessment toolkits: an overview.

Public Health Nutr 2019 03 15;22(3):404-418. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

7Danone Nutricia Research, R.D. 128 Avenue de la Vauve, 91767 Palaiseau Cedex,France.

Objective: A wide variety of methods are available to assess dietary intake, each one with different strengths and weaknesses. Researchers face multiple challenges when diet and nutrition need to be accurately assessed, particularly in the selection of the most appropriate dietary assessment method for their study. The goal of the current collaborative work is to present a collection of available resources for dietary assessment implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980018002951DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6368251PMC
March 2019
31 Reads

Vegetables and legumes in new Australasian food launches: how are they being used and are they a healthy choice?

Nutr J 2018 11 9;17(1):104. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, 3220, Australia.

Background: Despite the health benefits of regular vegetable and legume consumption, on average Australians are consuming only half of the recommended daily intake. The reasons for this low consumption are complex, and are particularly driven by societal shifts towards convenient and ready-to-eat meal options. It is currently unknown how legumes and vegetables are being utilised in food products within the Australian context, and the nutritional value or level of processing of these products. Read More

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https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12937
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12937-018-0414-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6230301PMC
November 2018
28 Reads

Women and men in the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine: workforce survey.

Australas Phys Eng Sci Med 2019 Mar 2;42(1):33-41. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Chris O'Brien Lifehouse, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

A survey was designed to determine aspirations, motivations and workplace experiences of both female and male members of the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM). The survey collected both quantitate and qualitative data, including open ended questions. This paper reports the survey's qualitative results. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13246-018-0706-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13246-018-0706-zDOI Listing
March 2019
11 Reads

Widespread emergency department access block: a human rights issue in Australia?

Australas Psychiatry 2019 Feb 31;27(1):10-13. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Professor of Psychiatry, the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, and; Chair of Psychiatry, St Vincent's Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective:: There are increasing demands on emergency psychiatrists with higher numbers of mental health presentations, and longer stays in emergency departments (EDs). Australia, like other English speaking countries, funds considerably lower numbers of psychiatric beds than average for Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Consequently, acute bed occupancy is high, and a bed is frequently unavailable when a person needs admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1039856218810156DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads
0.560 Impact Factor

Australasian recommendations for quality assurance in kilovoltage radiation therapy from the Kilovoltage Dosimetry Working Group of the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine.

Australas Phys Eng Sci Med 2018 Dec;41(4):781-808

Genesis Cancer Care Queensland, Level 8 Premion Place, 39 White Street, Southport, QLD, 4125, Australia.

The Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM) Radiation Oncology Specialty Group (ROSG) formed a series of working groups to develop recommendations for guidance of radiation oncology medical physics practice within the Australasian setting. These recommendations provide a standard for safe work practices and quality control. It is the responsibility of the medical physicist to ensure that locally available equipment and procedures are sufficiently sensitive to establish compliance. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13246-018-0692-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13246-018-0692-1DOI Listing
December 2018
63 Reads

Normal Blood Glucose and High Blood Ketones in a Critically Unwell Patient with T1DM Post-Bariatric Surgery: a Case of Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis.

Obes Surg 2019 01;29(1):347-349

Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (FRACP), Senior Lecturer at the Rural Clinical School, University of Melbourne, Northeast Health Wangaratta, Wangaratta, Australia.

Obesity is a global epidemic. Obesity in those with type I diabetes (T1DM) contributes to poor glycemic control and complications. Bariatric surgery as management for obesity is increasing in those with T1DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-018-3548-6DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A consensus opinion amongst stakeholders as to benefits of obstructive sleep apnoea treatment for cardiovascular health.

Respirology 2019 04 4;24(4):376-381. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Monash Lung and Sleep, Monash Medical Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background And Objective: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep disorder associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Whether treatment of OSA improves cardiovascular risk remains controversial. Our aim was to determine a consensus opinion of key sleep medicine stakeholder groups as to the cardiovascular benefits of treating moderate-severe OSA. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/resp.13413
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.13413DOI Listing
April 2019
43 Reads

Engineering Anisotropic Muscle Tissue using Acoustic Cell Patterning.

Adv Mater 2018 Oct 12;30(43):e1802649. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Materials, Department of Bioengineering, and Institute for Biomedical Engineering, Imperial College London, London, SW7 2AZ, UK.

Tissue engineering has offered unique opportunities for disease modeling and regenerative medicine; however, the success of these strategies is dependent on faithful reproduction of native cellular organization. Here, it is reported that ultrasound standing waves can be used to organize myoblast populations in material systems for the engineering of aligned muscle tissue constructs. Patterned muscle engineered using type I collagen hydrogels exhibits significant anisotropy in tensile strength, and under mechanical constraint, produced microscale alignment on a cell and fiber level. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/adma.201802649
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201802649DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6386124PMC
October 2018
43 Reads

HDL subfraction changes with a low-fat, plant-based Complete Health Improvement Program (CHIP).

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2018;27(5):1002-1009

Lifestyle Research Centre, Cooranbong, NSW, Australia.

Background And Objectives: Low HDL concentrations are considered an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Interventions promoting a low-fat, plant-based eating pattern appear to reduce CVD risk while paradoxically also reducing HDL concentrations. Recent studies show HDL to comprise a range of subfractions, but the role these play in ameliorating the risk of CVD is unclear. Read More

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http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?DocI
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.052018.05DOI Listing
September 2019
26 Reads

Evaluating the impact of 2006 Australasian Clinical Practice Guidelines for nutrition in children with cystic fibrosis in Australia.

Respir Med 2018 09 19;142:7-14. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Monash Medical Centre, Monash Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: To determine the association between the implementation of the 2006 Australasian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and the nutritional status of children participating in the Australian Cystic Fibrosis Data Registry (ACFDR).

Methods: This research consisted of a quantitative study using ACFDR data and a survey of clinicians and dietitians treating children with CF. Two independent cohorts of children (2-5 years and 6-11 years) were selected from ACFDR between 1998 and 2014 (N = 2304). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2018.07.007DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

Prevalence and pathogenesis of osteopenia and osteoporosis in epidermolysis bullosa: An evidence-based review.

Exp Dermatol 2019 10 17;28(10):1122-1130. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Dermatology, St George Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Osteopenia or osteoporosis is one of the many comorbidities in patients with Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB). Current literature on the prevalence of osteoporosis in EB is scarce.

Objective: This review will analyse the current literature in the field of patients with compromised bone health in EB and any articles on the prevalence of such diseases in EB groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/exd.13771DOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads

Binational cohort study comparing the management and outcomes of pregnant women with a BMI >50-59.9 kg/m and those with a BMI ≥60 kg/m.

BMJ Open 2018 08 10;8(8):e021055. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Objectives: To compare the management, maternal and perinatal outcomes of women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥60 kg/m with women with a BMI >50-59.9 kg/m.

Design: International collaborative cohort study. Read More

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http://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-02105
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021055DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6089316PMC
August 2018
8 Reads

Medical physics workforce modelling: do we need what we want?

Authors:
Claire Dempsey

Australas Phys Eng Sci Med 2018 Sep;41(3):565-566

Calvary Mater Newcastle Hospital, Waratah, NSW, Australia.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13246-018-0663-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13246-018-0663-6DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Future forum, Hobart, October 29, 2017: examining the role of medical physics in cancer research.

Australas Phys Eng Sci Med 2018 Sep 25;41(3):571-579. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

This commentary reports on a forum held in October 2017 in Hobart, Tasmania, attended by 20 Australasian medical physicists, to consider the future role of medical physics, as well as non-medical physics and allied disciplines, in oncology research. Attendees identified important areas of oncology research which physicists can be contributing to, with these evaluated in the context of a set of "Provocative Questions" recently generated by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine. Primary perceived barriers to participation in research were identified, including a "lack of knowledge of cancer science", together with potential solutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13246-018-0659-2DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Repeat Antenatal Betamethasone and Cardiometabolic Outcomes.

Pediatrics 2018 07 12;142(1). Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Liggins Institute and

Background: Repeat dose(s) of antenatal betamethasone are recommended for women at <32 weeks with ongoing risk of preterm birth. However, there is concern that use of repeat dose(s) in fetal growth restriction (FGR) may increase the risk of later cardiometabolic disease.

Methods: We undertook secondary analysis of data from the Australasian Collaborative Trial of Repeat Doses of Corticosteroids Midchildhood Outcome Study to determine if FGR influences the effect of repeat betamethasone on growth and cardiometabolic function. Read More

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http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/ped
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-0522DOI Listing
July 2018
44 Reads

A randomized comparison of three prandial insulin dosing algorithms for children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes.

Diabet Med 2018 10 19;35(10):1440-1447. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.

Aim: To compare systematically the impact of two novel insulin-dosing algorithms (the Pankowska Equation and the Food Insulin Index) with carbohydrate counting on postprandial glucose excursions following a high fat and a high protein meal.

Methods: A randomized, crossover trial at two Paediatric Diabetes centres was conducted. On each day, participants consumed a high protein or high fat meal with similar carbohydrate amounts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dme.13703DOI Listing
October 2018
39 Reads

The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Organism-Specific Peritonitis.

Perit Dial Int 2018 May-Jun;38(3):206-214

Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada

Background: Obesity is increasingly prevalent worldwide, and a greater number of patients initiate renal replacement therapy with a high body mass index (BMI). This study aimed to evaluate the association between BMI and organism-specific peritonitis.

Methods: All adult patients who initiated peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Australia between January 2004 and December 2013 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00188DOI Listing
December 2018
36 Reads

Parental feeding practices associated with children's eating and weight: What are parents of toddlers and preschool children doing?

Appetite 2018 09 26;128:120-128. Epub 2018 May 26.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

Parental feeding practices are associated with children's eating behaviours and weight, yet current use of such practices lacks detailed description. This limits our understanding of which behaviours to target to promote healthy growth. We explored the frequency with which a range of parental feeding practices occurs in mothers of toddler and preschool children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2018.05.145DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads