5,089 results match your criteria Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences In Medicine[Journal]

Residents' perspectives of mobile X-ray services in support of healthcare-in-place in residential aged care facilities: a qualitative study.

BMC Geriatr 2022 Jun 25;22(1):525. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Adelaide Geriatrics Training and Research With Aged Care (GTRAC) Centre, Adelaide Medical School, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, 37a Woodville Rd, Woodville South, South Australia, 5011, Australia.

Background: Mobile X-ray services (MXS) could be used to investigate clinical issues in aged care residents within familiar surroundings, reducing transfers to and from emergency departments and enabling healthcare to be delivered in residential aged care facilities. There is however little research exploring consumer perspectives about such services. The objective of this research was to explore the perspectives and preferences of residents about the provision of MXS in residential aged care facilities, including their knowledge about the service, perceived benefits, and factors that require consideration for effective implementation. Read More

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Referral to radiation oncology prior to prostatectomy: Referral rates in a New Zealand tertiary Centre.

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Radical prostatectomy and radical radiotherapy have equivalent survival outcomes in the treatment of localised prostate cancer but differing side-effect profiles. The 2018 Faculty of Radiation Oncology of the Royal Australasian College of Radiologists (RANZCR) position statement recommends that patients have the opportunity to discuss all suitable treatment options, ideally with the relevant specialist. This study aimed to determine the number and characteristics of men referred to radiation oncology before undergoing radical prostatectomy in the years immediately preceding the 2018 RANZCR position statement. Read More

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The Incidence of Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia in the Midland Region of New Zealand over a 12-Year Period.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 9;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1010, New Zealand.

The epidemiology of severe PAD, as characterized by short-distance intermittent claudication (IC) and chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI), remains undefined in New Zealand (NZ). This was a retrospective observational cohort study of the Midland region in NZ, including all lower limb PAD-related surgical and percutaneous interventions between the 1st of January 2010 and the 31st of December 2021. Overall, 2541 patients were included. Read More

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A review of snorkelling and scuba diving fatalities in Queensland, Australia, 2000 to 2019.

John Lippmann

Diving Hyperb Med 2022 Jun;52(2):108-118

Australasian Diving Safety Foundation, Canterbury, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: This study examined all known diving-related fatalities in Queensland, Australia, from 2000 to 2019 to determine likely causes and potential countermeasures.

Methods: Data were extracted from the Australasian Diving Safety Foundation fatality database, including previously published reports. The National Coronial Information System was searched to identify diving-related deaths in Queensland for 2014-2019 and data were extracted, analysed, and combined with previously published data covering the period 2000-2013. Read More

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Updated guideline on equipment to manage difficult airways: Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists.

Anaesth Intensive Care 2022 Jun 19:310057X221082664. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Safety and Advocacy Unit, Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists, Melbourne, Australia.

The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) recently reviewed and updated the guideline on equipment to manage a difficult airway. An ANZCA-established document development group, which included representatives from the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine and the College of Intensive Care Medicine of Australia and New Zealand, performed the review, which is based on expert consensus, an extensive literature review, and bi-nationwide consultation. The guideline (PG56(A) 2021, https://www. Read More

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Overview of Radiation Treatment Volume Variations in Anal Cancer Contouring Guidelines.

Soumon Rudra

Pract Radiat Oncol 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, 30308. Electronic address:

Recently, the XXX guideline was published to describe recommended treatment volumes in patients with diagnosis of early-stage anal cancer. There are notable differences in descriptions for the both the primary target and elective nodal volumes when comparing this guideline with established guidelines from the United Kingdom National Cancer Research Institute, Australasian Gastrointestinal Trials Group and Radiation Therapy Oncology Group. Support for these volume differences is based on retrospective data, but ultimately, prospective data from ongoing clinical trials are needed to validate these approaches. Read More

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Current breeding distributions and predicted range shifts under climate change in two subspecies of Black-tailed Godwits in Asia.

Glob Chang Biol 2022 Jun 18. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Conservation Ecology Group, Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

Habitat loss and shifts associated with climate change threaten global biodiversity, with impacts likely to be most pronounced at high latitudes. With the disappearance of the tundra breeding habitats, migratory shorebirds that breed at these high latitudes are likely to be even more vulnerable to climate change than those in temperate regions. We examined this idea using new distributional information on two subspecies of Black-tailed Godwits Limosa limosa in Asia: the northerly, bog-breeding L. Read More

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An automated artifact detection and rejection system for body surface gastric mapping.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2022 Jun 14:e14421. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Alimetry Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Body surface gastric mapping (BSGM) is a new clinical tool for gastric motility diagnostics, providing high-resolution data on gastric myoelectrical activity. Artifact contamination was a key challenge to reliable test interpretation in traditional electrogastrography. This study aimed to introduce and validate an automated artifact detection and rejection system for clinical BSGM applications. Read More

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A novel scalable electrode array and system for non-invasively assessing gastric function using flexible electronics.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2022 Jun 14:e14418. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Surgery, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Disorders of gastric function are highly prevalent, but diagnosis often remains symptom-based and inconclusive. Body surface gastric mapping is an emerging diagnostic solution, but current approaches lack scalability and are cumbersome and clinically impractical. We present a novel scalable system for non-invasively mapping gastric electrophysiology in high-resolution (HR) at the body surface. Read More

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Expansion of a retrovirus lineage in the koala genome.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2022 Jun 13;119(25):e2201844119. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, SE-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden.

Retroviruses have left their legacy in host genomes over millions of years as endogenous retroviruses (ERVs), and their structure, diversity, and prevalence provide insights into the historical dynamics of retrovirus-host interactions. In bioinformatic analyses of koala () whole-genome sequences, we identify a recently expanded ERV lineage () that is related to the New World squirrel monkey retrovirus. This ERV expansion shares many parallels with the ongoing koala retrovirus (KoRV) invasion of the koala genome, including highly similar and mostly intact sequences, and polymorphic ERV loci in the sampled koala population. Read More

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Surgical inter-hospital transfers: life saver or resource drainer?

ANZ J Surg 2022 06;92(6):1300-1301

Discipline of Surgery, The University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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A comparison of arteriovenous fistula failure between Malaysian and Australian and New Zealand participants enrolled in the FAVOURED trial.

J Vasc Access 2022 Jun 10:11297298221099134. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Aim: To describe and compare de novo arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure rates between Australia and New Zealand (ANZ), and Malaysia.

Background: AVFs are preferred for haemodialysis access but are limited by high rates of early failure.

Methods: A post hoc analysis of 353 participants from ANZ and Malaysia included in the FAVOURED randomised-controlled trial undergoing de novo AVF surgery was performed. Read More

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Proteomic Profiling and Biomarker Discovery in Colorectal Liver Metastases.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 May 29;23(11). Epub 2022 May 29.

Bowel Cancer and Biomarker Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Medical Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

Colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) are the leading cause of death among patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). As part of multimodal therapy, liver resection is the mainstay of curative-intent treatment for select patients with CRLM. However, effective treatment of CRLM remains challenging as recurrence occurs in most patients after liver resection. Read More

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Dialysis modality utilization patterns and mortality in older persons initiating dialysis in Australia and New Zealand.

Nephrology (Carlton) 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: The benefits of dialysis in the older population remain highly debated, particularly for certain dialysis modalities. This study aimed to explore the dialysis modality utilization patterns between in-centre haemodialysis (ICHD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) and home haemodialysis (HHD) and their association with outcomes in older persons.

Methods: Older persons (≥75 years) initiating dialysis in Australia and New Zealand from 1999 to 2018 reported to the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) registry were included. Read More

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- An Interview with Sonja Cabarkapa: 'Think Globally, Act Locally'.

Oliver Robertson

Australas Psychiatry 2022 06;30(3):289

Trainee Editor, Australasian Psychiatry.

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Using Facebook™ as a Platform for Remote Patient Care to Address Rehabilitation Needs in a Resource-Limited Environment During a Crisis.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2022 Jun;290:1038-1039

Ochre Medical Centre Deniliquin, Australasian Institute of Digital Health, Australia.

The Covid 19 Pandemic affected Physiotherapy Clinics as much as it did all Clinical Services Provisions all over the world. This paper discusses a model where Facebook social media platform was successfully used as an emergency platform to deliver clinical services to the clients of a Physiotherapy Clinic in a Developing Country, during the Covid 19 pandemic. Read More

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Patient-centred clinical trial design.

Nat Rev Nephrol 2022 Jun 6. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Patient involvement in clinical trial design can facilitate the recruitment and retention of participants as well as potentially increase the uptake of the tested intervention and the impact of the findings on patient outcomes. Despite these benefits, patients still have very limited involvement in designing and conducting trials in nephrology. Many trials do not address research questions and outcomes that are important to patients, including patient-reported outcomes that reflect how patients feel and function. Read More

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The Utilization and National Variation of Plain X-Ray Services by Australian Residents of Long-Term Care Facilities.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2022 Jun 3. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Surgical Specialities, University of Adelaide, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woodville, South Australia, Australia; Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Kent Town, South Australia, Australia.

Objectives: To (1) estimate incidence, trends, and determinants of government-subsidized diagnostic radiography (ie, plain x-ray) services utilization by Australian long-term care facility (LTCF) residents between 2009 and 2016; (2) examine national variation in services used.

Design: A repeated cross-sectional study.

Setting And Participants: Australian LTCF residents who were ≥65 years old. Read More

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Prevalence of Coronary Artery Anomalies in Young and Middle-Aged Sudden Cardiac Death Victims (from a Prospective State-Wide Registry).

Am J Cardiol 2022 Jul 31;175:127-130. Epub 2022 May 31.

Sports Cardiology, Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia; Cardiology Department, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Cardiology Department, St. Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) have been previously implicated as a major cause of young sudden cardiac death (SCD), particularly in exercise-related SCD, with a prevalence of up to 33%. A state-wide prospective out-of-hospital cardiac arrest registry identified all patients aged 1 to 50 years who experienced an SCD and underwent autopsy from April 2019 to April 2021. Rates of normal anatomy, normal variants, and CAAs were identified, and circumstances and causes of death for patients with CAAs examined. Read More

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Skin grafts: A survey study of Australasian Mohs surgeons.

Australas J Dermatol 2022 Jun 4. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Oxford Dermatology, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

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Experience and perspectives of infection prevention staff of the COVID-19 response in Australian hospitals.

Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2022 Jun 2;11(1):77. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Alfred Hospital and Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Hospital infection prevention and control (IPC) staff have played a key role in adapting and implementing jurisdictional COVID-19 policy during the current pandemic. We aimed to describe the experiences of IPC staff in Australian hospitals during the COVID-19 pandemic to inform future pandemic preparedness plans.

Methods: A cross-sectional study involving an online survey distributed to IPC practitioners employed in Australian hospitals. Read More

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Dental care experiences and clinical phenotypes in children on the autism spectrum.

Spec Care Dentist 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Telethon Kids Institute, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Aims: Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder may be at higher likelihood of experiencing poorer oral health and difficulties accessing dental health care. However, identifying which children on the autism spectrum may be more vulnerable to experiencing dental care difficulties is still unknown. This study investigated parental reports of oral health and dental service needs of children diagnosed with autism and explored relationships with clinical phenotypes. Read More

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Gaps in coastal wetlands World Heritage list.

Science 2022 06 2;376(6597):1060-1061. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Princeton School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA.

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ACPSEM position paper on the clinical implementation of image registration.

Phys Eng Sci Med 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Icon Cancer Centres, Concord, NSW, 2139, Australia.

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Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of Ixodes granulatus (Ixodidae) and its phylogenetic implications.

Parasitol Res 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Integrated Laboratory of Pathogenic Biology, College of Preclinical Medicine, Dali University, Dali, 671000, People's Republic of China.

Ticks are deemed to be second only to mosquitoes as the most common vector of human infectious diseases worldwide that give rise to human and animal diseases and economic losses to livestock production. Our understanding of the phylogenetic analysis between tick lineages has been restricted by the phylogenetic markers of individual genes. Genomic data research could help advance our understanding of phylogenetic analysis and molecular evolution. Read More

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Cardiac mitochondrial energetics of the Australasian red spiny lobster, Jasus edwardsii, when exposed to isoeugenol within the commercial anaesthetic AQUI-S.

J Exp Biol 2022 Jun 14;225(12). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.

The anaesthetic isoeugenol has been used as metabolic suppressant for commercial transport of live lobsters in order to decrease energy expenditure and improve survival. Given the central role of mitochondria in metabolism and structural similarities of isoeugenol to the mitochondrial electron carrier coenzyme Q, we explored the influence on mitochondrial function of isoeugenol. Mitochondrial function was measured using high-resolution respirometry and saponin-permeabilised heart fibres from the Australasian red spiny lobster, Jasus edwardsii. Read More

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Real-world trends in incidence of bacterial sexually transmissible infections among gay and bisexual men using HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in Australia following nationwide PrEP implementation: an analysis of sentinel surveillance data.

Lancet Infect Dis 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Burnet Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Although data from large implementation trials suggest that sexually transmissible infection (STI) risk increases among gay and bisexual men who initiate HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), there are few data on the trends in population-level STI incidence in the years following widespread PrEP implementation. We aimed to describe trends in bacterial STI incidence among gay and bisexual men using PrEP across Australia in the context of broad PrEP availability through Australia's subsidised medicines scheme.

Methods: We analysed linked clinical data from HIV-negative gay and bisexual men aged 16 years or older who had been prescribed PrEP across a sentinel surveillance clinical network, including 37 clinics in Australia, between Jan 1, 2016, and Dec 31, 2019. Read More

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Variation in Peritoneal Dialysis Time on Therapy by Country: Results from the Peritoneal Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2022 Jun;17(6):861-871

St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Background And Objectives: Quantifying contemporary peritoneal dialysis time on therapy is important for patients and providers. We describe time on peritoneal dialysis in the context of outcomes of hemodialysis transfer, death, and kidney transplantation on the basis of the multinational, observational Peritoneal Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (PDOPPS) from 2014 to 2017.

Design, Setting, Participants, & Measurements: Among 218 randomly selected peritoneal dialysis facilities (7121 patients) in the PDOPPS from Australia/New Zealand, Canada, Japan, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and the United States, we calculated the cumulative incidence from peritoneal dialysis start to hemodialysis transfer, death, or kidney transplantation over 5 years and adjusted hazard ratios for patient and facility factors associated with death and hemodialysis transfer. Read More

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